September 1 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

  • 1173 – The widow Stamira sacrifices herself in order to raise the siege of Ancona by the forces of Emperor Frederick Barbarossa.
  • 1355 – King Tvrtko I of Bosnia writes In castro nostro Vizoka vocatum from the Old town of Visoki.
  • 1420 – A 9.4 MS-strong earthquake shakes Chile’s Atacama Region causing tsunamis in Chile as well as Hawaii and Japan.
  • 1449 – Tumu Crisis: The Mongols capture the Emperor of China.
  • 1529 – The Spanish fort of Sancti Spiritu, the first one built in modern Argentina, is destroyed by natives.
  • 1532 – Lady Anne Boleyn is made Marquess of Pembroke by her fiancé, King Henry VIII of England.
  • 1604 – Adi Granth, now known as Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of Sikhs, was first installed at Harmandir Sahib.
  • 1644 – Battle of Tippermuir: James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose defeats the Earl of Wemyss’s Covenanters, reviving the Royalist cause.
  • 1715 – King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years, which is the longest of any major European monarch.
  • 1763 – Catherine II of Russia endorses Ivan Betskoy’s plans for a Foundling Home in Moscow.
  • 1772 – The Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa is founded in San Luis Obispo, California.
  • 1774 – Massachusetts Bay colonists rise up in the bloodless Powder Alarm.
  • 1804 – Juno, one of the largest asteroids in the Main Belt, is discovered by the German astronomer Karl Ludwig Harding.
  • 1831 – The high honor of Order of St. Gregory the Great is established by Pope Gregory XVI of the Vatican State to recognize high support for the Vatican or for the Pope, by a man or a woman, and not necessarily a Roman Catholic.
  • 1836 – Narcissa Whitman, one of the first English-speaking white women to settle west of the Rocky Mountains, arrives at Walla Walla, Washington.
  • 1838 – Saint Andrew’s Scots School, the oldest school of British origin in South America, is established.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Chantilly: Confederate Army troops defeat a group of retreating Union Army troops in Chantilly, Virginia.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Confederate Army General John Bell Hood orders the evacuation of Atlanta, ending a four-month siege by General William Tecumseh Sherman.
  • 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: The Battle of Sedan is fought, resulting in a decisive Prussian victory.
  • 1873 – Cetshwayo ascends to the throne as king of the Zulu nation following the death of his father Mpande.
  • 1878 – Emma Nutt becomes the world’s first female telephone operator when she is recruited by Alexander Graham Bell to the Boston Telephone Dispatch Company.
  • 1880 – The army of Mohammad Ayub Khan is routed by the British at the Battle of Kandahar, ending the Second Anglo-Afghan War.
  • 1894 – Over 400 people die in the Great Hinckley Fire, a forest fire in Hinckley, Minnesota.
  • 1897 – The Tremont Street Subway in Boston opens, becoming the first underground rapid transit system in North America.
  • 1905 – Alberta and Saskatchewan join the Canadian confederation.
  • 1906 – The International Federation of Intellectual Property Attorneys is established.
  • 1911 – The armored cruiser Georgios Averof is commissioned into the Greek Navy. It now serves as a museum ship.
  • 1914 – St. Petersburg, Russia, changes its name to Petrograd.
  • 1914 – The last known passenger pigeon, a female named Martha, dies in captivity in the Cincinnati Zoo.
  • 1920 – The Fountain of Time opens as a tribute to the 100 years of peace between the United States and Great Britain following the Treaty of Ghent.
  • 1923 – The Great Kantō earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama, killing about 105,000 people.
  • 1928 – Ahmet Zogu declares Albania to be a monarchy and proclaims himself king.
  • 1934 – The first Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer animated cartoon, The Discontented Canary, is released to movie theatres.
  • 1939 – World War II: Nazi Germany and Slovakia invade Poland, beginning the European phase of World War II.
  • 1939 – General George C. Marshall becomes Chief of Staff of the United States Army.
  • 1939 – The Wound Badge for Wehrmacht, SS, Kriegsmarine, and Luftwaffe soldiers is instituted. The final version of the Iron Cross is also instituted on this date.
  • 1939 – Switzerland mobilizes its forces and the Swiss Parliament elects Henri Guisan to head the Swiss Armed Forces (an event that can happen only during war or mobilization).
  • 1939 – Adolf Hitler signs an order to begin the systematic euthanasia of mentally ill and disabled people.
  • 1941 – The Nazis execute 2,500 Jews by shooting in Ostroh, Ukraine.
  • 1951 – The United States, Australia and New Zealand sign a mutual defense pact, called the ANZUS Treaty.
  • 1952 – The Old Man and the Sea, the Pulitzer Prize-winning novel by Ernest Hemingway, is first published.
  • 1958 – Iceland expands its fishing zone, putting it into conflict with the United Kingdom, beginning the Cod Wars.
  • 1961 – The Eritrean War of Independence officially begins with the shooting of Ethiopian police by Hamid Idris Awate.
  • 1961 – The first conference of the Non-Aligned Countries is held in Belgrade, Yugoslavia.
  • 1967 – The Khmer–Chinese Friendship Association is banned in Cambodia.
  • 1967 – Six-Day War: The Khartoum Resolution is issued at the Arab Summit, and eight countries adopt the “three ‘no’s against Israel”.
  • 1969 – A coup in Libya brings Muammar Gaddafi to power.
  • 1969 – Trần Thiện Khiêm becomes Prime Minister of South Vietnam under President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu.
  • 1970 – Palestinian guerrillas attack the motorcade of King Hussein of Jordan in a failed assassination attempt.
  • 1972 – In Reykjavík, Iceland, American Bobby Fischer beats Russian Boris Spassky to become the world chess champion.
  • 1974 – The SR-71 Blackbird sets (and holds) the record for flying from New York to London in the time of 1 hour, 54 minutes and 56.4 seconds at a speed of 1,435.587 miles per hour (2,310.353 km/h).
  • 1979 – The American space probe Pioneer 11 becomes the first spacecraft to visit Saturn when it passes the planet at a distance of 21,000 kilometres (13,000 mi).
  • 1980 – Major General Chun Doo-hwan becomes President of South Korea, following the resignation of Choi Kyu-hah.
  • 1981 – A coup d’état in the Central African Republic overthrows President David Dacko.
  • 1982 – The United States Air Force Space Command is founded.
  • 1983 – Cold War: Korean Air Lines Flight 007 is shot down by a Soviet Union jet fighter when the commercial aircraft enters Soviet airspace, killing all 269 on board, including Congressman Lawrence McDonald.
  • 1985 – A joint American–French expedition locates the wreckage of the RMS Titanic.
  • 1991 – Uzbekistan declares independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 2004 – The Beslan school siege begins when armed terrorists take schoolchildren and school staff hostage in North Ossetia, Russia; by the end of the siege three days later more than 385 people are dead (including hostages, other civilians, security personnel and terrorists).
  • 2006 – The release date of roblox.

Births on September 1

  • 948 – Jing Zong, emperor of the Liao Dynasty (d. 982)
  • 1145 – Ibn Jubayr, Spanish geographer and poet (d. 1217)
  • 1288 – Elizabeth Richeza of Poland (d. 1335)
  • 1341 – Frederick III the Simple, King of Sicily (d. 1377)
  • 1453 – Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Spanish general (d. 1515)
  • 1477 – Bartolomeo Fanfulla, Italian mercenary (d. 1525)
  • 1561 – Gervase Helwys, English murderer (d. 1615)
  • 1566 – Edward Alleyn, English actor and major figure of the Elizabethan theatre; founder of Dulwich College and Alleyn’s School (d. 1626)
  • 1577 – Scipione Borghese, Italian cardinal and art collector (d. 1633)
  • 1579 – John Frederick of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince-Bishop, Roman Catholic archbishop (d. 1634)
  • 1588 – Henri, Prince of Condé (d. 1646)
  • 1592 – Maria Angela Astorch, Spanish mystic and saint (d. 1665)
  • 1606 – Nicholas Slanning, English politician (d. 1643)
  • 1608 – Giacomo Torelli, Italian stage designer, engineer, and architect (d. 1678)
  • 1647 – Princess Anna Sophie of Denmark, daughter of King Frederick III of Denmark (d. 1717)
  • 1653 – Johann Pachelbel, German organist, composer, and educator (d. 1706)
  • 1689 – Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer, Bohemian architect, designed Ss. Cyril and Methodius Cathedral (d. 1751)
  • 1711 – William IV, Prince of Orange (d. 1759)
  • 1726 – Johann Becker, German organist, composer, and educator (d. 1803)
  • 1795 – James Gordon Bennett Sr., American publisher, founded the New York Herald (d. 1872)
  • 1799 – Ferenc Gyulay, Hungarian-Austrian commander and politician (d. 1868)
  • 1811 – James Montgomrey, Leader and important benefactor of his home town of Brentford, England (d. 1883)
  • 1818 – José María Castro Madriz, Costa Rican lawyer and politician, 1st President of Costa Rica (d. 1892)
  • 1848 – Auguste Forel, Swiss myrmecologist, neuroanatomist, and psychiatrist (d. 1931)
  • 1850 – Jim O’Rourke, American baseball player and manager (d. 1919)
  • 1851 – John Clum, American journalist and agent (d. 1932)
  • 1854 – Engelbert Humperdinck, German playwright and composer (d. 1921)
  • 1855 – Innokenty Annensky, Russian poet and critic (d. 1909)
  • 1856 – Sergei Winogradsky, Ukrainian-Russian microbiologist and ecologist (d. 1953)
  • 1864 – Akashi Motojiro, Japanese general (d. 1919)
  • 1866 – James J. Corbett, American boxer (d. 1933)
  • 1867 – John Gretton, 1st Baron Gretton, English sailor and politician (d. 1947)
  • 1868 – Henri Bourassa, Canadian publisher and politician (d. 1952)
  • 1871 – J. Reuben Clark, American lawyer, civil servant, and religious leader (d. 1961)
  • 1875 – Edgar Rice Burroughs, American soldier and author (d. 1950)
  • 1876 – Harriet Shaw Weaver, English journalist and activist (d. 1961)
  • 1877 – Francis William Aston, English chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1945)
  • 1877 – Rex Beach, American author, playwright, and water polo player (d. 1949)
  • 1878 – Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1942)
  • 1878 – J. F. C. Fuller, English general and historian (d. 1966)
  • 1878 – Tullio Serafin, Italian conductor and director (d. 1968)
  • 1883 – Didier Pitre, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1934)
  • 1884 – Hilda Rix Nicholas, Australian artist (d. 1961)
  • 1884 – Sigurd Wallén, Swedish actor and director (d. 1947)
  • 1886 – Othmar Schoeck, Swiss composer and conductor (d. 1957)
  • 1886 – Shigeyasu Suzuki, Japanese general (d. 1957)
  • 1887 – Blaise Cendrars, Swiss author and poet (d. 1961)
  • 1892 – Leverett Saltonstall, American lieutenant and politician, 55th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1979)
  • 1893 – Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Japanese-American painter and photographer (d. 1953)
  • 1895 – Engelbert Zaschka, German engineer and designer, invented the Human-powered aircraft (d. 1955)
  • 1896 – A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Indian religious leader, founded the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (d. 1977)
  • 1897 – Andy Kennedy, Irish footballer (d. 1963)
  • 1898 – Violet Carson, English actress and singer (d. 1983)
  • 1899 – Richard Arlen, American actor (d. 1976)
  • 1902 – Kazimierz Dąbrowski, Polish psychiatrist and psychologist (d. 1980)
  • 1904 – George Biswell, English footballer (d. 1981)
  • 1904 – Johnny Mack Brown, American football player and actor (d. 1974)
  • 1906 – Joaquín Balaguer, Dominican lawyer and politician, 49th President of the Dominican Republic (d. 2002)
  • 1906 – Franz Biebl, German composer and educator (d. 2001)
  • 1906 – Eleanor Hibbert, English author (d. 1993)
  • 1906 – Arthur Rowe, English footballer and manager (d. 1993)
  • 1907 – Gil Puyat, Filipino businessman and politician (d. 1981)
  • 1907 – Walter Reuther, American union leader, founded United Auto Workers (d. 1970)
  • 1908 – Amir Elahi, Pakistani cricketer (d. 1980)
  • 1908 – Lou Kenton, Jewish-English soldier and potter (d. 2012)
  • 1909 – E. Herbert Norman, Canadian historian and diplomat (d. 1957)
  • 1913 – Ludwig Merwart, Austrian painter and illustrator (d. 1979)
  • 1913 – Christian Nyby, American director and producer (d. 1993)
  • 1914 – John H. Adams, American jockey (d. 1995)
  • 1916 – Dorothy Cheney, American tennis player (d. 2014)
  • 1919 – Ossie Dawson, South African cricketer (d. 2008)
  • 1919 – Hilda Hänchen, German physicist and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1920 – Liz Carpenter, American journalist, author, and activist (d. 2010)
  • 1920 – Eduardo J. Corso, Uruguayan lawyer and journalist (d. 2012)
  • 1920 – Richard Farnsworth, American actor and stuntman (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – Willem Frederik Hermans, Dutch author, poet, and playwright (d. 1995)
  • 1922 – Yvonne De Carlo, Canadian-American actress and singer (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Vittorio Gassman, Italian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1923 – Rocky Marciano, American boxer (d. 1969)
  • 1923 – Kenneth Thomson, 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet, Canadian businessman and art collector (d. 2006)
  • 1924 – Hal Douglas, American voice actor (d. 2014)
  • 1925 – Arvonne Fraser, American activist (d. 2018)
  • 1925 – Art Pepper, American saxophonist, clarinet player, and composer (d. 1982)
  • 1926 – Abdur Rahman Biswas, Bangladeshi banker and politician, 10th President of Bangladesh (d. 2017)
  • 1926 – Gene Colan, American illustrator (d. 2011)
  • 1926 – Russell Jones, Australian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2012)
  • 1927 – Soshana Afroyim, Austrian painter (d. 2015)
  • 1927 – Wyatt Cooper, American author and screenwriter (d. 1978)
  • 1929 – Mava Lee Thomas, American baseball player (d. 2013)
  • 1929 – Maurice Vachon, Canadian wrestler (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Turgut Özakman, Turkish lawyer and civil servant (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Dick Raaymakers, Dutch composer and theorist (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Charles Correa, Indian architect (d. 2015)
  • 1931 – Abdul Haq Ansari, Indian theologian and scholar (d. 2012)
  • 1931 – Beano Cook, American journalist and sportscaster (d. 2012)
  • 1931 – Cecil Parkinson, English accountant and politician, Secretary of State for Transport (d. 2016)
  • 1931 – Boxcar Willie, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1999)
  • 1932 – Derog Gioura, Nauruan politician, 23rd President of Nauru (d. 2008)
  • 1933 – Marshall Lytle, American bass player and songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1933 – Ann Richards, American educator and politician, 45th Governor of Texas (d. 2006)
  • 1933 – T. Thirunavukarasu, Sri Lankan politician (d. 1982)
  • 1933 – Conway Twitty, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1993)
  • 1935 – Nicholas Garland, English cartoonist
  • 1935 – Seiji Ozawa, Japanese conductor and director
  • 1935 – Guy Rodgers, American basketball player (d. 2001)
  • 1937 – Al Geiberger, American golfer
  • 1937 – Allen Jones, English sculptor and painter
  • 1937 – Ron O’Neal, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1937 – Allen Weinstein, American historian and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1938 – Alan Dershowitz, American lawyer and author
  • 1938 – Per Kirkeby, Danish painter, sculptor, and poet (d. 2018)
  • 1939 – Lily Tomlin, American actress, comedian, screenwriter, and producer
  • 1940 – Yaşar Büyükanıt, Turkish general (d. 2019)
  • 1941 – Graeme Langlands, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1942 – C. J. Cherryh, American author and educator
  • 1944 – Archie Bell, American soul singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1944 – Leonard Slatkin, American conductor and composer
  • 1945 – Mustafa Balel, Turkish author and translator
  • 1945 – Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi, Yemeni general and politician, 2nd President of Yemen
  • 1946 – Barry Gibb, Manx-English singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1946 – Shalom Hanoch, Israeli rock singer, lyricist and composer
  • 1946 – Roh Moo-hyun, South Korean soldier and politician, 9th President of South Korea (d. 2009)
  • 1947 – Al Green, American lawyer and politician
  • 1947 – P. A. Sangma, Indian lawyer and politician, 11th Speaker of the Lok Sabha (d. 2016)
  • 1948 – Greg Errico, American drummer and producer
  • 1948 – Józef Życiński, Polish archbishop and philosopher (d. 2011)
  • 1948 – Russ Kunkel, American drummer and producer
  • 1949 – Garry Maddox, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1949 – Alasdair McDonnell, Irish physician and politician
  • 1950 – Mikhail Fradkov, Russian politician, 36th Prime Minister of Russia
  • 1950 – Phillip Fulmer, American football player and coach
  • 1950 – Phil McGraw, American psychologist, author, and talk show host
  • 1951 – David Bairstow, English cricketer and sportscaster (d. 1998)
  • 1952 – Manuel Piñero, Spanish golfer
  • 1953 – Don Blackman, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (d. 2013)
  • 1954 – Richard Burden, English politician
  • 1954 – Dave Lumley, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1955 – Bruce Foxton, English singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1956 – Vinnie Johnson, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1956 – Bernie Wagenblast, American publisher, founded the Transportation Communications Newsletter
  • 1957 – Alexandra Aikhenvald, Australian linguist
  • 1957 – Gloria Estefan, Cuban-American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1957 – Duško Ivanović, Montenegrin basketball player and coach
  • 1959 – Keith Clearwater, American golfer
  • 1959 – Mike Duxbury, English footballer
  • 1959 – Kenny Mayne, American football player and journalist
  • 1959 – Joe Jusko, American illustrator and painter
  • 1960 – Ralf Außem, German footballer and manager
  • 1960 – Karl Mecklenburg, American football player
  • 1961 – Pete DeCoursey, American journalist (d. 2014)
  • 1961 – Jeremy Farrar, British academic and educator; director of the Wellcome Trust
  • 1961 – Christopher Ferguson, American captain, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1961 – Boney James, American saxophonist, composer, and producer
  • 1962 – Tony Cascarino, English-Irish footballer
  • 1962 – Ruud Gullit, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1963 – Stephen Kernahan, Australian footballer
  • 1964 – Brian Bellows, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1964 – Holly Golightly, American author and illustrator
  • 1964 – Dave O’Higgins, English jazz saxophonist
  • 1964 – Charlie Robison, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1965 – Craig McLachlan, Australian actor and singer
  • 1965 – Tibor Simon, Hungarian footballer and manager (d. 2002)
  • 1966 – Tim Hardaway, American basketball player and coach
  • 1966 – Ken Levine, American video game designer, co-founded Irrational Games
  • 1967 – Steve Pemberton, English actor, screenwriter and director
  • 1967 – David Whissell, Canadian engineer and politician
  • 1968 – Mohamed Atta, Egyptian terrorist (d. 2001)
  • 1969 – Henning Berg, Norwegian footballer and manager
  • 1970 – David Fairleigh, Australian rugby league player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1970 – Hwang Jung-min, South Korean actor
  • 1970 – Padma Lakshmi, Indian-American actress and author
  • 1971 – Joe Enochs, American soccer player and manager
  • 1971 – Yoshitaka Hirota, Japanese bass player and composer
  • 1971 – Hakan Şükür, Turkish footballer and politician
  • 1973 – J.D. Fortune, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1973 – Rieko Miura, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1973 – Simon Shaw, English rugby player
  • 1973 – Zach Thomas, American football player
  • 1973 – Ram Kapoor, Indian actor
  • 1974 – Burn Gorman, American-born English actor and musician
  • 1974 – Jason Taylor, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1974 – Yutaka Yamamoto, Japanese director and producer, founded Ordet Animation Studio
  • 1974 – Jhonen Vasquez, American writer, director, cartoonist, and comic illustrator
  • 1975 – Natalie Bassingthwaighte, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1975 – James Innes, English entrepreneur and author
  • 1975 – Nomy Lamm, American singer-songwriter and activist
  • 1975 – Cuttino Mobley, American basketball player
  • 1975 – Scott Speedman, English-Canadian actor
  • 1976 – Babydaddy, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1976 – Marcos Ambrose, Australian racing driver
  • 1976 – Clare Connor, English cricketer
  • 1976 – Érik Morales, Mexican boxer
  • 1976 – Sebastián Rozental, Chilean footballer
  • 1977 – David Albelda, Spanish footballer
  • 1977 – Raffaele Giammaria, Italian racing driver
  • 1977 – Arsalan Iftikhar, American lawyer and author
  • 1977 – Aaron Schobel, American football player
  • 1978 – Max Vieri, Australian-Italian footballer
  • 1980 – Sammy Adjei, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1980 – Chris Riggott, English footballer
  • 1981 – Clinton Portis, American football player
  • 1981 – Adam Quick, Australian basketball player
  • 1982 – Jeffrey Buttle, Canadian figure skater
  • 1982 – Paul Dumbrell, Australian racing driver
  • 1982 – Ryan Gomes, American basketball player
  • 1983 – Iñaki Lejarreta, Spanish cyclist (d. 2012)
  • 1983 – José Antonio Reyes, Spanish footballer (d. 2019)
  • 1983 – Jeff Woywitka, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Ludwig Göransson, Swedish film composer
  • 1984 – László Köteles, Hungarian footballer
  • 1984 – Nick Noble, American football player
  • 1984 – Rod Pelley, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Joe Trohman, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1985 – Larsen Jensen, American swimmer
  • 1986 – Anthony Allen, English rugby player
  • 1986 – Gaël Monfils, French tennis player
  • 1986 – Stella Mwangi, Kenyan-Norwegian singer-songwriter
  • 1987 – Dann Hume, New Zealand singer-songwriter, drummer, and producer
  • 1987 – Leonel Suárez, Cuban decathlete
  • 1987 – Mats Zuccarello, Norwegian ice hockey player
  • 1988 – Simona de Silvestro, Swiss racing driver
  • 1988 – Gabriel Ferrari, American soccer player
  • 1988 – Mushfiqur Rahim, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1988 – Chanel West Coast, Rapper-songwriter and model
  • 1989 – Astrid Besser, Italian tennis player
  • 1989 – Jefferson Montero, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1989 – Daniel Sturridge, English footballer
  • 1990 – Stanislav Tecl, Czech footballer
  • 1991 – Rhys Bennett, English footballer
  • 1991 – Angélica Kvieczynski, Brazilian gymnast
  • 1992 – Cristiano Biraghi, Italian footballer
  • 1992 – Kirani James, Grenadian sprinter
  • 1992 – Woo Hye-lim, South Korean singer-songwriter
  • 1993 – Mario Lemina, Gabonese footballer
  • 1994 – Anna Smolina, Russian tennis player
  • 1994 – Betty Cantrell, Miss America 2016
  • 1995 – Nathan MacKinnon, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1996 – Zendaya, American actress and singer
  • 1997 – Jungkook, South Korean singer, songwriter and record producer

Deaths on September 1

  • 870 – Muhammad al-Bukhari, Persian scholar (b. 810)
  • 1081 – Bishop Eusebius of Angers
  • 1159 – Pope Adrian IV (b. 1100)
  • 1198 – Dulce, Queen of Portugal (b. 1160)
  • 1215 – Otto, bishop of Utrecht
  • 1256 – Kujō Yoritsune, Japanese shōgun (b. 1218)
  • 1327 – Foulques de Villaret, Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller
  • 1339 – Henry XIV, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1305)
  • 1376 – Philip of Valois, Duke of Orléans (b. 1336)
  • 1414 – William de Ros, 6th Baron de Ros, English politician, Lord High Treasurer (b. 1369)
  • 1480 – Ulrich V, Count of Württemberg (b. 1413)
  • 1557 – Jacques Cartier, French navigator and explorer (b. 1491)
  • 1581 – Guru Ram Das, Sikh 4th of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism (b. 1534)
  • 1599 – Cornelis de Houtman, Dutch explorer (b.1565)
  • 1615 – Étienne Pasquier, French lawyer and jurist (b. 1529)
  • 1646 – Francis Windebank, English statesman (b. 1582)
  • 1648 – Marin Mersenne, French mathematician, theologian, and philosopher (b. 1588)
  • 1678 – Jan Brueghel the Younger, Flemish painter (b. 1601)
  • 1685 – Leoline Jenkins, Welsh lawyer, jurist, and politician, Secretary of State for the Northern Department (b. 1625)
  • 1687 – Henry More, English priest and philosopher (b. 1614)
  • 1706 – Cornelis de Man, Dutch painter (b. 1621)
  • 1715 – François Girardon, French sculptor (b. 1628)
  • 1715 – Louis XIV of France (b. 1638)
  • 1838 – William Clark, American soldier, explorer, and politician, 4th Governor of Missouri Territory (b. 1770)
  • 1839 – Izidor Guzmics, Hungarian theologian and educator (b. 1786)
  • 1868 – Ferenc Gyulay, Hungarian-Austrian commander and politician (b. 1799)
  • 1922 – Samu Pecz, Hungarian architect and academic (b. 1854)
  • 1930 – Peeter Põld, Estonian scientist and politician, 1st Estonian Minister of Education (b. 1878)
  • 1943 – Charles Atangana, Cameroonian ruler (b. 1880)
  • 1947 – Frederick Russell Burnham, American soldier and adventurer (b. 1861)
  • 1953 – Bernard O’Dowd, Australian journalist, author, and poet (b. 1866)
  • 1967 – Siegfried Sassoon, English captain and poet (b. 1886)
  • 1969 – Drew Pearson, American journalist and author (b. 1897)
  • 1970 – François Mauriac, French novelist, poet, and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)
  • 1971 – Alan Brown, English soldier (b. 1909)
  • 1974 – Gerd Neggo, Estonian dancer, dance teacher, and choreographer (b. 1891)
  • 1977 – Ethel Waters, American singer and actress (b. 1896)
  • 1981 – Ann Harding, American actress (b. 1901)
  • 1981 – Albert Speer, German architect and author (b. 1905)
  • 1982 – Haskell Curry, American mathematician and academic (b. 1900)
  • 1982 – Władysław Gomułka, Polish activist and politician (b. 1905)
  • 1983 – Henry M. Jackson, American lawyer and politician (b. 1912)
  • 1983 – Larry McDonald, American physician and politician (b. 1935)
  • 1984 – Madeleine de Bourbon-Busset, Duchess of Parma (b. 1898)
  • 1985 – Stefan Bellof, German racing driver (b. 1957)
  • 1986 – Murray Hamilton, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 1988 – Luis Walter Alvarez, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
  • 1989 – A. Bartlett Giamatti, American businessman and academic (b. 1938)
  • 1989 – Kazimierz Deyna, Polish footballer (b. 1947)
  • 1989 – Tadeusz Sendzimir, Polish-American engineer (b. 1894)
  • 1990 – Edwin O. Reischauer, American scholar and diplomat (b. 1910)
  • 1991 – Otl Aicher, German graphic designer and typographer (b. 1922)
  • 1997 – Zoltán Czibor, Hungarian footballer (b. 1929)
  • 1998 – Józef Krupiński, Polish poet and author (b. 1930)
  • 1998 – Cary Middlecoff, American golfer and sportscaster (b. 1921)
  • 1998 – Osman F. Seden, Turkish director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1924)
  • 1999 – W. Richard Stevens, Zambian computer scientist and author (b. 1951)
  • 2003 – Rand Brooks, American actor and producer (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Terry Frost, English painter and academic (b. 1915)
  • 2004 – Ahmed Kuftaro, Syrian religious leader, Grand Mufti of Syria (b. 1915)
  • 2004 – Alastair Morton, South African businessman (b. 1938)
  • 2005 – R. L. Burnside, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – György Faludy, Hungarian author and poet (b. 1910)
  • 2006 – Warren Mitofsky, American journalist (b. 1934)
  • 2006 – Bob O’Connor, American businessman and politician, 57th Mayor of Pittsburgh (b. 1944)
  • 2006 – Kyffin Williams, Welsh painter and educator (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Roy McKenzie, New Zealand horse racer and philanthropist (b. 1922)
  • 2008 – Thomas J. Bata, Czech-Canadian businessman (b. 1914)
  • 2008 – Jerry Reed, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (b. 1937)
  • 2010 – Wakanohana Kanji I, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 45th Yokozuna (b. 1928)
  • 2012 – Sean Bergin, South African saxophonist, flute player, and composer (b. 1948)
  • 2012 – Hal David, American songwriter and composer (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – Smarck Michel, Haitian businessman and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Haiti (b. 1937)
  • 2012 – William Petzäll, Swedish politician (b. 1988)
  • 2012 – Arnaldo Putzu, Italian illustrator (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Ignacio Eizaguirre, Spanish footballer and manager (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Gordon Steege, Australian soldier (b. 1917)
  • 2013 – Margaret Mary Vojtko, American linguist and academic (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Ken Wallis, English commander and pilot (b. 1916)
  • 2014 – Ahmed Abdi Godane, Somali militant leader (b. 1977)
  • 2014 – Roger McKee, American baseball player (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Joseph Shivers, American chemist and academic, developed spandex (b. 1920)
  • 2015 – Gurgen Dalibaltayan, Armenian general (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Dean Jones, American actor and singer (b. 1931)
  • 2015 – Richard G. Hewlett, American historian and author (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Ben Kuroki, American sergeant and pilot (b. 1917)
  • 2018 – Randy Weston, American jazz pianist and composer (b. 1926)

Holidays and observances on September 1

  • Anniversary of the Start of the Armed Struggle (Eritrea)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Constantius (Costanzo) of Aquino
    • David Pendleton Oakerhater (Anglican Communion)
    • Giles
    • Loup (Lupus) of Sens
    • Nivard (Nivo)
    • Sixtus of Reims
    • Terentian (Terrence)
    • Verena
    • Vibiana
    • The beginning of the new liturgical year (Eastern Orthodox Church and the Eastern Catholic Church)
    • September 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Constitution Day (Slovakia)
  • Disaster Prevention Day (Japan)
  • Earliest day on which Father’s Day can fall, while September 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Sunday in September. (Australia, Fiji, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea)
  • Earliest day on which Labor Day can fall, while September 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Monday in September. (Canada, United States, Palau)
  • Earliest day on which Teacher’s Day can fall, while September 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Friday in September. (Singapore)
  • First day of school in many countries in Asia, Europe and the Americas.
  • Flag Day (Honduras)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Uzbekistan from the Soviet Union in 1991.
  • Journalist Day (Taiwan)
  • Knowledge Day (Russia, Ukraine and Armenia)
  • Random Acts of Kindness Day (New Zealand)
  • Veteran’s Day (Poland)
  • Wattle Day (Australia)

September 3- History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

  • 36 BC – In the Battle of Naulochus, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, admiral of Octavian, defeats Sextus Pompey, son of Pompey, thus ending Pompeian resistance to the Second Triumvirate.
  • 301 – San Marino, one of the smallest nations in the world and the world’s oldest republic still in existence, is founded by Saint Marinus.
  • 590 – Consecration of Pope Gregory I (Gregory the Great).
  • 673 – King Wamba of the Visigoths puts down a revolt by Hilderic, governor of Nîmes (France) and rival for the throne.
  • 863 – Major Byzantine victory at the Battle of Lalakaon against an Arab raid.
  • 1189 – Richard I of England (a.k.a. Richard “the Lionheart”) is crowned at Westminster.
  • 1260 – The Mamluks defeat the Mongols at the Battle of Ain Jalut in Palestine, marking their first decisive defeat and the point of maximum expansion of the Mongol Empire.
  • 1411 – The Treaty of Selymbria is concluded between the Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Venice.
  • 1650 – Third English Civil War: In the Battle of Dunbar, English Parliamentarian forces led by Oliver Cromwell defeat an army loyal to King Charles I of England and led by David Leslie, Lord Newark.
  • 1651 – Third English Civil War: Battle of Worcester: Charles II of England is defeated in the last main battle of the war.
  • 1658 – The death of Oliver Cromwell; Richard Cromwell becomes Lord Protector of England.
  • 1666 – The Royal Exchange burns down in the Great Fire of London.
  • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: During the Battle of Cooch’s Bridge, the Flag of the United States is flown in battle for the first time.
  • 1783 – American Revolutionary War: The war ends with the signing of the Treaty of Paris by the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain.
  • 1798 – The week long battle of St. George’s Caye begins between Spain and Britain off the coast of Belize.
  • 1802 – William Wordsworth composes the sonnet “Composed upon Westminster Bridge, September 3, 1802”.
  • 1812 – Twenty-four settlers are killed in the Pigeon Roost Massacre in Indiana.
  • 1838 – Future abolitionist Frederick Douglass escapes from slavery.
  • 1843 – King Otto of Greece is forced to grant a constitution following an uprising in Athens.
  • 1855 – American Indian Wars: In Nebraska, 700 soldiers under United States General William S. Harney avenge the Grattan massacre by attacking a Sioux village and killing 100 men, women and children.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Confederate General Leonidas Polk invades neutral Kentucky, prompting the state legislature to ask for Union assistance.
  • 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: The Siege of Metz begins, resulting in a decisive Prussian victory on October 23.
  • 1875 – The first official game of polo is played in Argentina after being introduced by British ranchers.
  • 1878 – Over 640 die when the crowded pleasure boat Princess Alice collides with the Bywell Castle in the River Thames.
  • 1879 – Siege of the British Residency in Kabul: British envoy Sir Louis Cavagnari and 72 men of the Guides are massacred by Afghan troops while defending the British Residency in Kabul. Their heroism and loyalty became famous and revered throughout the British Empire.
  • 1895 – John Brallier becomes the first openly professional American football player, when he was paid US$10 by David Berry, to play for the Latrobe Athletic Association in a 12–0 win over the Jeanette Athletic Association.
  • 1914 – William, Prince of Albania leaves the country after just six months due to opposition to his rule.
  • 1914 – French composer Albéric Magnard is killed defending his estate against invading German soldiers.
  • 1914 – World War I: Start of the Battle of Grand Couronné, a German assault against French positions on high ground near the city of Nancy.
  • 1916 – World War I: Leefe Robinson destroys the German airship Schütte-Lanz SL 11 over Cuffley, north of London; the first German airship to be shot down on British soil.
  • 1925 – USS Shenandoah, the United States’ first American-built rigid airship, was destroyed in a squall line over Noble County, Ohio. Fourteen of her 42-man crew perished, including her commander, Zachary Lansdowne.
  • 1933 – Yevgeniy Abalakov is the first man to reach the highest point in the Soviet Union, Communism Peak (now called Ismoil Somoni Peak and situated in Tajikistan) (7495 m).
  • 1935 – Sir Malcolm Campbell reaches a speed of 304.331 miles per hour on the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah, becoming the first person to drive an automobile over 300 mph.
  • 1939 – World War II: France, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Australia declare war on Germany after the invasion of Poland, forming the Allies.
  • 1939 – World War II: The United Kingdom and France begin a naval blockade of Germany that lasts until the end of the war. This also marks the beginning of the Battle of the Atlantic.
  • 1941 – The Holocaust: Karl Fritzsch, deputy camp commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp, experiments with the use of Zyklon B in the gassing of Soviet POWs.
  • 1942 – World War II: In response to news of its coming liquidation, Dov Lopatyn leads an uprising in the Ghetto of Lakhva (present-day Belarus).
  • 1943 – World War II: The Allied invasion of Italy begins on the same day that U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower and Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio sign the Armistice of Cassibile aboard the Royal Navy battleship HMS Nelson off Malta.
  • 1944 – Holocaust: Diarist Anne Frank and her family are placed on the last transport train from the Westerbork transit camp to the Auschwitz concentration camp, arriving three days later.
  • 1945 – A three-day celebration begins in China, following the Victory over Japan Day on September 2.
  • 1950 – “Nino” Farina becomes the first Formula One Drivers’ champion after winning the 1950 Italian Grand Prix.
  • 1954 – The People’s Liberation Army begins shelling the Republic of China-controlled islands of Quemoy, starting the First Taiwan Strait Crisis.
  • 1954 – The German submarine U-505 begins its move from a specially constructed dock to its site at Chicago’s Museum of Science and Industry.
  • 1967 – Dagen H in Sweden: Traffic changes from driving on the left to driving on the right overnight.
  • 1971 – Qatar becomes an independent state.
  • 1976 – Viking program: The American Viking 2 spacecraft lands at Utopia Planitia on Mars.
  • 1981 – The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, an international bill of rights for women, is instituted by the United Nations.
  • 1987 – In a coup d’état in Burundi, President Jean-Baptiste Bagaza is deposed by Major Pierre Buyoya.
  • 1994 – Sino-Soviet split: Russia and the People’s Republic of China agree to de-target their nuclear weapons against each other.
  • 1997 – Vietnam Airlines Flight 815 (Tupolev Tu-134) crashes on approach into Phnom Penh airport, killing 64.
  • 2001 – In Belfast, Protestant loyalists begin a picket of Holy Cross, a Catholic primary school for girls. For the next 11 weeks, riot police escort the schoolchildren and their parents through hundreds of protesters, some of whom hurl missiles and abuse. The protest sparks fierce rioting and grabs world headlines.
  • 2004 – Beslan school siege results in over 330 fatalities, including 186 children.
  • 2016 – The U.S. and China, together responsible for 40% of the world’s carbon emissions, both formally ratify the Paris global climate agreement.
  • 2017 – North Korea conducts its sixth and most powerful nuclear test.

Births on September 3

  • 1034 – Emperor Go-Sanjō of Japan (d. 1073)
  • 1568 – Adriano Banchieri, Italian organist and composer (d. 1634)
  • 1675 – Paul Dudley, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1751)
  • 1693 – Charles Radclyffe, English captain and politician (d. 1746)
  • 1695 – Pietro Locatelli, Italian viola player and composer (d. 1764)
  • 1704 – Joseph de Jussieu, French explorer, geographer, and mathematician, (d. 1779)
  • 1710 – Abraham Trembley, Swiss biologist and zoologist (d. 1784)
  • 1724 – Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, Irish-English general and politician, 21st Governor General of Canada (d. 1808)
  • 1781 – Eugène de Beauharnais, French general and politician (d. 1824)
  • 1803 – Prudence Crandall, American educator (d. 1890)
  • 1810 – Paul Kane, Irish-Canadian painter (d. 1871)
  • 1811 – John Humphrey Noyes, American activist, founded the Oneida Community (d. 1886)
  • 1814 – James Joseph Sylvester, English mathematician and academic (d. 1897)
  • 1820 – George Hearst, American businessman and politician (d. 1891)
  • 1840 – Jacob Christian Fabricius, Danish composer (d. 1919)
  • 1841 – Tom Emmett, English cricketer (d. 1904)
  • 1849 – Sarah Orne Jewett, American novelist, short story writer and poet (d. 1909)
  • 1854 – Charles Tatham, American fencer (d. 1939)
  • 1856 – Louis Sullivan, American architect and educator, designed the Carson, Pirie, Scott and Company Building (d. 1924)
  • 1869 – Fritz Pregl, Slovenian chemist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1930)
  • 1875 – Ferdinand Porsche, Austrian-German engineer and businessman, founded Porsche (d. 1951)
  • 1878 – Dorothea Douglass Lambert Chambers, English tennis player (d. 1960)
  • 1882 – Johnny Douglas, English cricketer and boxer (d. 1930)
  • 1887 – Frank Christian, American trumpet player (d. 1973)
  • 1893 – Andrey Dikiy, Russian-American journalist, historian, and politician (d. 1977)
  • 1897 – Sally Benson, American author and screenwriter (d. 1972)
  • 1899 – Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Australian virologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1985)
  • 1900 – Percy Chapman, English cricketer (d. 1961)
  • 1900 – Urho Kekkonen, Finnish journalist, lawyer, and politician, 8th President of Finland (d. 1986)
  • 1901 – Eduard van Beinum, Dutch violinist, pianist, and conductor (d. 1959)
  • 1905 – Carl David Anderson, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1905 – John Mills, New Zealand cricketer (d. 1972)
  • 1907 – Loren Eiseley, American anthropologist, philosopher, and author (d. 1977)
  • 1908 – Lev Pontryagin, Russian mathematician and academic (d. 1988)
  • 1910 – Kitty Carlisle, American actress, singer, socialite, and game show panelist (d. 2007)
  • 1910 – Franz Jáchym, Austrian Roman Catholic archbishop (d.1984)
  • 1910 – Maurice Papon, French civil servant (d. 2007)
  • 1911 – Bernard Mammes, American cyclist and sergeant (d. 2000)
  • 1913 – Alan Ladd, American actor and producer (d. 1964)
  • 1914 – Dixy Lee Ray, American biologist and politician, 17th Governor of Washington (d. 1994)
  • 1915 – Knut Nystedt, Norwegian organist and composer (d. 2014)
  • 1915 – Memphis Slim, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1988)
  • 1916 – Eddie Stanky, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1999)
  • 1918 – Helen Wagner, American actress (d. 2010)
  • 1919 – Phil Stern, American soldier and photographer (d. 2014)
  • 1920 – Tereska Torrès, French soldier and author (d. 2012)
  • 1921 – John Aston Sr., English footballer (d. 2003)
  • 1921 – Thurston Dart, English pianist, conductor, and musicologist (d. 1971)
  • 1921 – Marguerite Higgins, American journalist and author (d. 1966)
  • 1923 – Glen Bell, American businessman, founded Taco Bell (d. 2010)
  • 1923 – Alice Gibson, Belizean chief Librarian and educator
  • 1923 – Fred Hawkins, American golfer (d. 2014)
  • 1923 – Mort Walker, American cartoonist (d. 2018)
  • 1924 – Mary Grace Canfield, American actress (d. 2014)
  • 1925 – Anne Jackson, American actress (d. 2016)
  • 1925 – Bengt Lindström, Swedish painter and sculptor (d. 2008)
  • 1925 – Hank Thompson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Alison Lurie, American author and academic
  • 1926 – Irene Papas, Greek actress
  • 1926 – Uttam Kumar, Indian Bengali actor, director, producer, singer, composer and playback singer (d. 1980)
  • 1928 – Gaston Thorn, Luxembourg lawyer and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Luxembourg (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Whitey Bulger, American organized crime boss (d. 2018)
  • 1929 – Carlo Clerici, Swiss cyclist (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Steve Rickard, New Zealand-Australian wrestler, trainer, and promoter (d. 2015)
  • 1929 – Armand Vaillancourt, Canadian sculptor and painter
  • 1930 – Cherry Wilder, New Zealand author and poet (d. 2002)
  • 1931 – Dick Motta, American basketball player and coach
  • 1931 – Guy Spitaels, Belgian academic and politician, 7th Minister-President of the Walloon Region (d. 2012)
  • 1932 – Eileen Brennan, American actress and singer (d. 2013)
  • 1933 – Basil Butcher, Guyanese cricketer (d. 2019)
  • 1933 – Tompall Glaser, American singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1934 – Freddie King, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1976)
  • 1935 – Helmut Clasen, German-Canadian motorcycle racer
  • 1936 – Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Tunisian soldier and politician, 2nd President of Tunisia (d. 2019)
  • 1936 – Pilar Pallete, Peruvian-American actress
  • 1938 – Liliane Ackermann, Jewish-French microbiologist, community leader, writer, and lecturer (d. 2007)
  • 1938 – Sarah Bradford, English historian and author
  • 1938 – Caryl Churchill, English-Canadian playwright
  • 1938 – Richard MacCormac, English architect, founded MJP Architects (d. 2014)
  • 1938 – Ryōji Noyori, Japanese chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1940 – Frank Duffy, English architect
  • 1940 – Pauline Collins, English actress
  • 1940 – Eduardo Galeano, Uruguayan journalist and author (d. 2015)
  • 1940 – Brian Lochore, New Zealand rugby player and coach
  • 1941 – Sergei Dovlatov, Russian-American journalist and author (d. 1990)
  • 1942 – Al Jardine, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1943 – Valerie Perrine, American model and actress
  • 1944 – Geoff Arnold, English cricketer and coach
  • 1944 – Ray Groom, Australian footballer, lawyer, and politician, 39th Premier of Tasmania
  • 1945 – George Biondo, American bass player and songwriter
  • 1945 – Peter Goddard, English physicist and mathematician
  • 1947 – Kjell Magne Bondevik, Norwegian minister and politician, 26th Prime Minister of Norway
  • 1947 – Michael Connarty, Scottish educator and politician
  • 1947 – Mario Draghi, Italian banker and economist
  • 1947 – Gérard Houllier, French footballer and coach
  • 1947 – Susan Milan, English flute player and composer
  • 1948 – Don Brewer, American drummer and singer-songwriter
  • 1948 – Lyudmila Karachkina, Ukrainian astronomer
  • 1948 – Fotis Kouvelis, Greek lawyer and politician, Greek Minister of Justice
  • 1948 – Levy Mwanawasa, Zambian lawyer and politician, 3rd President of Zambia (d. 2008)
  • 1949 – José Pékerman, Argentinian footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1949 – Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria (d. 2004)
  • 1950 – Doug Pinnick, American rock singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1951 – Denys Hobson, South African cricketer
  • 1953 – Jean-Pierre Jeunet, French director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1953 – George Peponis, Greek-Australian rugby league player and physician
  • 1954 – Jaak Uudmäe, Estonian triple jumper and coach
  • 1955 – Steve Jones, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1956 – Jishu Dasgupta, Indian actor and director (d. 2012)
  • 1956 – Pat McGeown, Irish republican activist (d. 1996)
  • 1956 – Stephen Woolley, English director and producer
  • 1957 – Garth Ancier, American businessman
  • 1957 – Earl Cureton, American basketball player and coach
  • 1957 – Steve Schirripa, American actor and producer
  • 1957 – Sadhguru, Indian yogi, mystic
  • 1960 – Nick Gibb, English accountant and politician
  • 1961 – Andy Griffiths, Australian author
  • 1962 – David De Roure, English computer scientist and academic
  • 1963 – Sam Adams, American politician, 51st Mayor of Portland
  • 1963 – Mubarak Ghanim, Emirati footballer
  • 1963 – Malcolm Gladwell, Canadian journalist, essayist, and critic
  • 1964 – Adam Curry, American-Dutch businessman and television host, co-founded mevio
  • 1964 – Spike Feresten, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1964 – Junaid Jamshed, Pakistani singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2016)
  • 1965 – Rachel Johnson, British journalist
  • 1965 – Vaden Todd Lewis, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1965 – Charlie Sheen, American actor and producer
  • 1966 – Steven Johnson Leyba, American painter and author
  • 1966 – Vladimir Ryzhkov, Russian historian and politician
  • 1967 – Chris Gatling, American basketball player
  • 1967 – Luis Gonzalez, Cuban-American baseball player
  • 1968 – Grace Poe, Filipino educator and politician
  • 1969 – Noah Baumbach, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1969 – John Fugelsang, American comedian, actor, and talk show host
  • 1969 – Robert Karlsson, Swedish golfer
  • 1969 – Marianna Komlos, Canadian bodybuilder, model, and wrestler (d. 2004)
  • 1969 – Matthew Offord, English journalist and politician
  • 1970 – Jeremy Glick, American businessman (d. 2001)
  • 1970 – George Lynch, American basketball player and manager
  • 1970 – Gareth Southgate, English footballer and manager
  • 1971 – Kiran Desai, Indian-American author
  • 1971 – Glen Housman, Australian swimmer
  • 1971 – Chabeli Iglesias, Portuguese-Spanish journalist
  • 1971 – Paolo Montero, Uruguayan footballer and manager
  • 1972 – Christine Boudrias, Canadian speed skater
  • 1972 – Bob Evans, American wrestler and trainer
  • 1972 – Robbie O’Davis, Australian rugby league player
  • 1972 – Martin Straka, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Damon Stoudamire, American basketball player and coach
  • 1974 – Clare Kramer, American actress, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1974 – Rahul Sanghvi, Indian cricketer
  • 1975 – Daniel Chan, Hong Kong singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1975 – Cristobal Huet, French ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Redfoo, American singer-songwriter, producer, and dancer
  • 1976 – Valery V. Afanasyev, Russian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1976 – Jevon Kearse, American football player
  • 1976 – Raheem Morris, American football player and coach
  • 1977 – Rui Marques, Angolan footballer
  • 1977 – Olof Mellberg, Swedish footballer
  • 1977 – Nate Robertson, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Terje Bakken, Norwegian singer-songwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1978 – John Curtis, English footballer
  • 1978 – Michal Rozsíval, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Nick Wechsler, American actor
  • 1979 – Júlio César, Brazilian footballer
  • 1979 – Tomo Miličević, Bosnian-American guitarist
  • 1980 – B.G., American rapper and actor
  • 1980 – Daniel Bilos, Argentinian footballer
  • 1980 – Cindy Burger, Dutch footballer
  • 1980 – Jason McCaslin, Canadian singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer
  • 1982 – Sarah Burke, Canadian skier (d. 2012)
  • 1982 – Andrew McMahon, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer
  • 1982 – Kaori Natori, Japanese singer
  • 1982 – Tiago Rannow, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Augusto Farfus, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1983 – Nicky Hunt, English footballer
  • 1983 – Marcus McCauley, American football player
  • 1983 – Valdas Vasylius, Lithuanian basketball player
  • 1984 – Garrett Hedlund, American actor
  • 1984 – T.J. Perkins, Filipino-American wrestler
  • 1985 – Scott Carson, English footballer
  • 1985 – Kelvin Wilson, English footballer
  • 1986 – Shaun White, American snowboarder, skateboarder, and guitarist
  • 1986 – OMI, Jamaican singer
  • 1987 – Allie, Canadian wrestler
  • 1987 – Modibo Maïga, Malian footballer
  • 1987 – Dawid Malan, English cricketer
  • 1987 – James Neal, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1988 – Jérôme Boateng, Ghanaian-German footballer
  • 1988 – Hana Makhmalbaf, Iranian director and producer
  • 1992 – August Alsina, American singer-songwriter
  • 1993 – Dominic Thiem, Austrian tennis player
  • 1994 – Francis Molo, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1994 – Glen Rea, English-Irish footballer
  • 1995 – Niklas Süle, German footballer
  • 1996 – Joy, South Korean idol and actress
  • 1996 – Adama Barro, Burkinabé footballer
  • 1996 – Abrahm DeVine, American swimmer
  • 1996 – Veronika Domjan, Slovenian athlete
  • 1996 – William Eskelinen, Swedish footballer
  • 1996 – Dwayne Green, Dutch footballer
  • 1996 – D. J. Hogg, American basketball player
  • 1996 – Moonga K., Zambian singer
  • 1996 – Nanda Kyaw, Burmese footballer
  • 1996 – Florian Maitre, French cyclist
  • 1996 – Callum Moore, Australian footballer
  • 1996 – Neilson Powless, American cyclist
  • 1996 – Osgar O’Hoisin, Irish tennis player
  • 1996 – Zhang Tingting, Chinese handball player
  • 1996 – Brad Walsh, Australian footballer
  • 1996 – Yoane Wissa, French footballer
  • 1997 – Andrew Austin, Irish cricketer
  • 1997 – Sulayman Bojang, Norwegian footballer
  • 1997 – Reniece Boyce, West Indian criketer
  • 1997 – Carter Kieboom, American baseball player
  • 1997 – Petar Krstić, Macedonian footballer
  • 1997 – Devin Singletary, American football player
  • 1997 – Bernard Tekpetey, Ghanaian footballer
  • 2010 – Tanitoluwa Adewumi, Nigerian-American chess player

Deaths on September 3

  • 264 – Sun Xiu, Chinese emperor (b. 235)
  • 618 – Xue Ju, emperor of Qin
  • 863 – Umar al-Aqta, Arab emir
  • 931 – Uda, emperor of Japan (b. 867)
  • 1120 – Gerard Thom (The Blessed Gerard), founder of the Knights Hospitaller (b. c. 1040)
  • 1189 – Jacob of Orléans, French Jewish scholar
  • 1301 – Alberto I della Scala, Lord of Verona
  • 1313 – Anna of Bohemia (b. 1290)
  • 1354 – Joanikije II, Serbian patriarch and saint
  • 1400 – John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter (b. c. 1352)
  • 1402 – Gian Galeazzo Visconti, Italian son of Galeazzo II Visconti (b. 1351)
  • 1420 – Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany (b. 1340)
  • 1467 – Eleanor of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress (b. 1434)
  • 1592 – Robert Greene, English author and playwright (b. 1558)
  • 1609 – Jean Richardot, Belgian diplomat (b. 1540)
  • 1634 – Edward Coke, English lawyer, judge, and politician, Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales (b. 1552)
  • 1653 – Claudius Salmasius, French scholar and author (b. 1588)
  • 1658 – Oliver Cromwell, English general and politician (b. 1599)
  • 1720 – Henri de Massue, Earl of Galway, French general and diplomat (b. 1648)
  • 1729 – Jean Hardouin, French historian and scholar (b. 1646)
  • 1766 – Archibald Bower, Scottish historian and author (b. 1686)
  • 1808 – John Montgomery, American merchant and politician (b. 1722)
  • 1857 – John McLoughlin, Canadian-American businessman (b. 1784)
  • 1866 – Konstantin Flavitsky, Russian painter (b. 1830)
  • 1877 – Adolphe Thiers, French historian and politician, 2nd President of France (b. 1797)
  • 1883 – Ivan Turgenev, Russian author and playwright (b. 1818)
  • 1886 – William W. Snow, American lawyer and politician (b. 1812)
  • 1893 – James Harrison, Scottish-Australian engineer, journalist, and politician (b. 1816)
  • 1906 – Mihály Kolossa, Hungarian author and poet (b. 1846)
  • 1914 – Albéric Magnard, French composer and educator (b. 1865)
  • 1929 – John Bigham, 1st Viscount Mersey, English jurist and politician (b. 1840)
  • 1936 – Nikita Balieff, Armenian-Russian puppeteer and director (b. 1876)
  • 1942 – Will James, Canadian-American author and illustrator (b. 1892)
  • 1942 – Séraphine Louis, French painter (b. 1864)
  • 1944 – John Lumsden, Irish physician, founded the St. John Ambulance Brigade of Ireland (b. 1869)
  • 1948 – Edvard Beneš, Czech academic and politician, 2nd President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1884)
  • 1954 – Marika Kotopouli, Greek actress (b. 1887)
  • 1961 – Robert E. Gross, American businessman (b. 1897)
  • 1962 – E. E. Cummings, American poet and playwright (b. 1894)
  • 1963 – Louis MacNeice, Irish poet and playwright (b. 1907)
  • 1967 – Francis Ouimet, American golfer and banker (b. 1893)
  • 1969 – John Lester, American cricketer and soccer player (b. 1871)
  • 1970 – Vasil Gendov, Bulgarian actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1891)
  • 1970 – Vince Lombardi, American football player and coach (b. 1913)
  • 1970 – Alan Wilson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1943)
  • 1974 – Harry Partch, American composer and theorist (b. 1901)
  • 1977 – Gianni Vella, Maltese artist (b. 1885)
  • 1980 – Barbara O’Neil, American actress (b. 1910)
  • 1980 – Duncan Renaldo, Romanian-American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1904)
  • 1981 – Alec Waugh, English soldier and author (b. 1898)
  • 1985 – Johnny Marks, American songwriter (b. 1909)
  • 1986 – Beryl Markham, English-Kenyan pilot, horse trainer, and author (b. 1902)
  • 1987 – Morton Feldman, American composer and educator (b. 1926)
  • 1988 – Ferit Melen, Turkish civil servant and politician, 14th Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1906)
  • 1989 – Gaetano Scirea, Italian footballer (b. 1953)
  • 1991 – Frank Capra, Italian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1897)
  • 1993 – David Brown, English businessman (b. 1904)
  • 1994 – James Thomas Aubrey, Jr., American screenwriter and producer (b. 1918)
  • 1994 – Billy Wright, English footballer and manager (b. 1924)
  • 1995 – Mary Adshead, English painter (b. 1904)
  • 1996 – Emily Kame Kngwarreye, Australian painter (b. 1910)
  • 2000 – Edward Anhalt, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1914)
  • 2001 – Pauline Kael, American film critic and author (b. 1919)
  • 2002 – Kenneth Hare, Canadian climatologist and academic (b. 1919)
  • 2002 – W. Clement Stone, American businessman, philanthropist, and author (b. 1902)
  • 2003 – Alan Dugan, American soldier and poet (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Rudolf Leiding, German businessman (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – R. S. R. Fitter, English biologist and author (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – William Rehnquist, American lawyer and jurist, 16th Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Carter Albrecht, American keyboard player and guitarist (b. 1973)
  • 2007 – Syd Jackson, New Zealand trade union leader and activist (b. 1939)
  • 2007 – Jane Tomlinson, English runner (b. 1964)
  • 2007 – Steve Fossett, American aviator (b. 1944)
  • 2008 – Donald Blakeslee, American colonel and pilot (b. 1917)
  • 2010 – Noah Howard, American saxophonist (b. 1943)
  • 2010 – Robert Schimmel, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1950)
  • 2012 – Griselda Blanco, Colombian drug lord (b. 1943)
  • 2012 – Harold Dunaway, American race car driver and pilot (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Michael Clarke Duncan, American actor (b. 1957)
  • 2012 – Siegfried Jamrowski, Russian-German soldier and pilot (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Sun Myung Moon, Korean religious leader and businessman, founded the Unification Church (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Charlie Rose, American lawyer and politician (b. 1939)
  • 2013 – Ralph M. Holman, American lawyer and judge (b. 1914)
  • 2013 – Pedro Ferriz Santacruz, Mexican-American journalist (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – José Ramón Larraz, Spanish director and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Janet Lembke, American author and scholar (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Don Meineke, American basketball player (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Lewis Morley, Hong Kong-Australian photographer (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Aarno Raninen, Finnish singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1944)
  • 2014 – A. P. Venkateswaran, Indian soldier and politician, 14th Foreign Secretary of India (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – Adrian Cadbury, English rower and businessman (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Judy Carne, English actress and comedian (b. 1939)
  • 2015 – Carter Lay, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1971)
  • 2015 – Zhang Zhen, Chinese general and politician (b. 1914)
  • 2017 – Walter Becker, American musician, songwriter, and record producer (b. 1950)
  • 2017 – John Ashbery, American poet (b. 1927)

Holidays and observances on September 3

  • Christian feast day:
    • Mansuetus of Toul
    • Marinus
    • Pope Gregory I
    • Remaclus
    • Prudence Crandall (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • September 3 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • China’s victory over Japan commemoration related observances:
    • Armed Forces Day (Republic of China)
    • V-J Day (People’s Republic of China)
  • Feast of San Marino and the Republic, celebrates the foundation of the Republic of San Marino in 301.
  • Broadcast Day (South Korea) – The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has assigned the call sign ‘HL’ to South Korea. 1947.
  • Flag Day (Australia)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the second independence of Qatar from the United Kingdom in 1971.
  • Levy Mwanawasa Day (Zambia)
  • Memorial Day (Tunisia)
  • Merchant Navy Remembrance Day (Canada)
  • Merchant Navy Day (United Kingdom)
  • National Welsh Rarebit Day (United States)
  • Tokehega Day (Tokelau, New Zealand)

September 4 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

  • 476 – Romulus Augustulus is deposed when Odoacer proclaims himself “King of Italy”, thus ending the Western Roman Empire.
  • 626 – Li Shimin, posthumously known as Emperor Taizong of Tang, assumes the throne over the Tang dynasty of China.
  • 929 – Battle of Lenzen: Slavic forces (the Redarii and the Obotrites) are defeated by a Saxon army near the fortified stronghold of Lenzen in Brandenburg.
  • 1260 – The Sienese Ghibellines, supported by the forces of Manfred, King of Sicily, defeat the Florentine Guelphs at Montaperti.
  • 1282 – Peter III of Aragon becomes the King of Sicily.
  • 1479 – The Treaty of Alcáçovas is signed by the Catholic Monarchs of Castile and Aragon on one side and Afonso V and his son, Prince John of Portugal.
  • 1607 – The Flight of the Earls takes place in Ireland.
  • 1666 – In London, England, the most destructive damage from the Great Fire occurs.
  • 1774 – New Caledonia is first sighted by Europeans, during the second voyage of Captain James Cook.
  • 1781 – Los Angeles is founded as El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora La Reina de los Ángeles (The Village of Our Lady, the Queen of the Angels) by 44 Spanish settlers.
  • 1797 – Coup of 18 Fructidor in France.
  • 1800 – The French garrison in Valletta surrenders to British troops who had been called at the invitation of the Maltese. The islands of Malta and Gozo become the Malta Protectorate.
  • 1812 – War of 1812: The Siege of Fort Harrison begins when the fort is set on fire.
  • 1839 – Battle of Kowloon: British vessels open fire on Chinese war junks enforcing a food sales embargo on the British community in China in the first armed conflict of the First Opium War.
  • 1862 – American Civil War Maryland Campaign: General Robert E. Lee takes the Army of Northern Virginia, and the war, into the North.
  • 1870 – Emperor Napoleon III of France is deposed and the Third Republic is declared.
  • 1882 – The Pearl Street Station in New York City becomes the first power plant to supply electricity to paying customers.
  • 1886 – American Indian Wars: After almost 30 years of fighting, Apache leader Geronimo, with his remaining warriors, surrenders to General Nelson Miles in Arizona.
  • 1888 – George Eastman registers the trademark Kodak and receives a patent for his camera that uses roll film.
  • 1912 – Albanian rebels succeed in their revolt when the Ottoman Empire agrees to fulfill their demands
  • 1919 – Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who founded the Republic of Turkey, gathers a congress in Sivas to make decisions as to the future of Anatolia and Thrace.
  • 1923 – Maiden flight of the first U.S. airship, the USS Shenandoah.
  • 1939 – World War II: William J. Murphy commands the first Royal Air Force attack on Germany.
  • 1941 – World War II: A German submarine makes the first attack of the war against a United States warship, the USS Greer.
  • 1944 – World War II: The British 11th Armoured Division liberates the Belgian city of Antwerp.
  • 1944 – World War II: Finland exits from the war with Soviet Union.
  • 1948 – Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands abdicates for health reasons.
  • 1949 – The Peekskill riots erupt after a Paul Robeson concert in Peekskill, New York.
  • 1950 – Darlington Raceway is the site of the inaugural Southern 500, the first 500-mile NASCAR race.
  • 1951 – The first live transcontinental television broadcast takes place in San Francisco, from the Japanese Peace Treaty Conference.
  • 1957 – American Civil Rights Movement: Little Rock Crisis: Orval Faubus, governor of Arkansas, calls out the National Guard to prevent African American students from enrolling in Central High School.
  • 1957 – The Ford Motor Company introduces the Edsel.
  • 1963 – Swissair Flight 306 crashes near Dürrenäsch, Switzerland, killing all 80 people on board.
  • 1964 – Scotland’s Forth Road Bridge near Edinburgh officially opens.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: Operation Swift begins when U.S. Marines engage the North Vietnamese in battle in the Que Son Valley.
  • 1970 – Salvador Allende is elected President of Chile.
  • 1971 – Alaska Airlines Flight 1866 crashes near Juneau, Alaska, killing all 111 people on board.
  • 1972 – Mark Spitz becomes the first competitor to win seven medals at a single Olympic Games.
  • 1972 – The Price Is Right premieres on CBS. As of 2018, it is the longest running game show on American television.
  • 1975 – The Sinai Interim Agreement relating to the Arab–Israeli conflict is signed.
  • 1977 – The Golden Dragon massacre takes place in San Francisco.
  • 1985 – The discovery of Buckminsterfullerene, the first fullerene molecule of carbon.
  • 1989 – In Leipzig, East Germany, the first of weekly demonstration for the legalisation of opposition groups and democratic reforms takes place.
  • 1996 – War on Drugs: Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) attack a military base in Guaviare, starting three weeks of guerrilla warfare in which at least 130 Colombians are killed.
  • 1998 – Google is founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, two students at Stanford University.
  • 2001 – Tokyo DisneySea opens to the public as part of the Tokyo Disney Resort in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan.
  • 2002 – The Oakland Athletics win their 20th consecutive game, an American League record.
  • 2007 – Three terrorists suspected to be a part of Al-Qaeda are arrested in Germany after allegedly planning attacks on both the Frankfurt International airport and US military installations.
  • 2010 – A 7.1 magnitude earthquake strikes the South Island of New Zealand causing widespread damage and several power outages.

Births on September 4

  • 973 – Al-Biruni, Persian physician and polymath (d. 1048)
  • 1241 – Alexander III, king of Scotland (d. 1286)
  • 1383 – Felix V, antipope of Rome (d. 1451)
  • 1454 – Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, English politician, Lord High Constable of England (d. 1483)
  • 1557 – Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, queen consort of Denmark and Norway (d. 1631)
  • 1563 – Wanli, Chinese emperor (d. 1620)
  • 1580 – George Percy, English explorer (d. 1632)
  • 1596 – Constantijn Huygens, Dutch poet and composer (d. 1687)
  • 1681 – Carl Heinrich Biber, Austrian violinist and composer (d. 1749)
  • 1717 – Job Orton, English minister and author (d. 1783)
  • 1745 – Shneur Zalman, Russian rabbi, author and founder of Chabad (d. 1812)
  • 1755 – Axel von Fersen the Younger, Swedish general and politician (d. 1810)
  • 1768 – François-René de Chateaubriand, French historian and politician, Minister of Foreign Affairs for France (d. 1848)
  • 1776 – Stephen Whitney, American businessman (d. 1860)
  • 1798 – Raynold Kaufgetz, Swiss soldier, economist, and politician (d. 1869)
  • 1809 – Manuel Montt, Chilean scholar and politician, 6th President of Chile (d. 1880)
  • 1809 – Juliusz Słowacki, Polish poet and playwright (d. 1849)
  • 1824 – Anton Bruckner, Austrian organist and composer (d. 1896)
  • 1825 – Dadabhai Naoroji, Indian academic and politician, President of the Indian National Congress (d. 1917)
  • 1826 – Martin Wiberg, Swedish philosopher and engineer (d. 1905)
  • 1832 – Antonio Agliardi, Italian cardinal (d. 1915)
  • 1846 – Daniel Burnham, American architect, designed the World’s Columbian Exposition (d. 1912)
  • 1848 – Lewis Howard Latimer, American inventor (d. 1928)
  • 1848 – Jennie Lee, American actress (d. 1925)
  • 1850 – Luigi Cadorna, Italian field marshal (d. 1928)
  • 1851 – John Dillon, Irish poet and politician (d. 1927)
  • 1885 – Antonio Bacci, Italian cardinal (d. 1971)
  • 1886 – Albert Orsborn, English 6th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1967)
  • 1887 – Roy William Neill, Irish-English director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1946)
  • 1888 – Oskar Schlemmer, German painter, sculptor, designer and choreographer (d. 1943)
  • 1890 – Gunnar Sommerfeldt, Danish actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1947)
  • 1891 – Fritz Todt, German engineer and politician (d. 1942)
  • 1892 – Darius Milhaud, French composer and educator (d. 1974)
  • 1896 – Antonin Artaud, French actor, director, and playwright (d. 1948)
  • 1901 – William Lyons, English businessman, co-founded Jaguar Cars (d. 1985)
  • 1902 – Tommy Mitchell, English cricketer (d. 1996)
  • 1905 – Mary Renault, English-South African author (d. 1983)
  • 1905 – Walter Zapp, Latvian-Estonian inventor, invented the Minox (d. 2003)
  • 1906 – Max Delbrück, German-American biophysicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)
  • 1907 – Reggie Nalder, Austrian-American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Edward Dmytryk, Canadian-American director and producer (d. 1999)
  • 1908 – Richard Wright, American novelist, short story writer, essayist, and poet (d. 1960)
  • 1909 – Eduard Wirths, German physician (d. 1945)
  • 1910 – Denis Tomlinson, Zimbabwean-South African cricketer (d. 1993)
  • 1912 – Syd Hoff, American author and illustrator (d. 2004)
  • 1912 – Alexander Liberman, Russian-American publisher, painter, photographer, and sculptor (d. 1999)
  • 1913 – Mickey Cohen, American mob boss (d. 1976)
  • 1913 – Victor Kiernan, English historian and academic (d. 2009)
  • 1913 – Stanford Moore, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1982)
  • 1913 – Kenzō Tange, Japanese architect, designed the Yoyogi National Gymnasium (d. 2005)
  • 1913 – Shmuel Wosner, Austrian-Israeli rabbi and author (d. 2015)
  • 1914 – Rudolf Leiding, German businessman (d. 2003)
  • 1917 – Henry Ford II, American businessman (d. 1987)
  • 1918 – Paul Harvey, American radio host (d. 2009)
  • 1918 – Gerald Wilson, American trumpet player and composer (d. 2014)
  • 1919 – Howard Morris, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Clemar Bucci, Argentinian race car driver (d. 2011)
  • 1920 – Craig Claiborne, American journalist, author, and critic (d. 2000)
  • 1922 – Per Olof Sundman, Swedish author and politician (d. 1992)
  • 1923 – Ram Kishore Shukla, Indian lawyer and politician (d. 2003)
  • 1924 – Joan Aiken, English author (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Justinas Lagunavičius, Lithuanian basketball player (d. 1997)
  • 1925 – Asa Earl Carter, American Ku Klux Klan leader and author (d. 1979)
  • 1926 – George William Gray, British chemist who developed liquid crystals that made displays possible (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Ivan Illich, Austrian priest and philosopher (d. 2002)
  • 1926 – Bert Olmstead, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1927 – John McCarthy, American computer scientist and academic (d. 2011)
  • 1927 – Ferenc Sánta, Hungarian author and screenwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1928 – Dick York, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1929 – Thomas Eagleton, American lawyer and politician, 38th Lieutenant Governor of Missouri (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Robert V. Keeley, Lebanese-American soldier and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Greece (d. 2015)
  • 1930 – Robert Arneson, American sculptor and academic (d. 1992)
  • 1930 – William Maxson, American general (d. 2013)
  • 1931 – Mitzi Gaynor, American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1931 – Antonios Trakatellis, Greek biochemist and politician
  • 1932 – Carlos Romero Barceló, Puerto Rican lawyer and politician, 5th Governor of Puerto Rico
  • 1932 – Vince Dooley, American football player and coach
  • 1934 – Clive Granger, Welsh-American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2009)
  • 1934 – Antoine Redin, French footballer and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1934 – Eduard Khil, Russian baritone singer (d. 2012)
  • 1934 – Jan Švankmajer, Czech filmmaker and artist
  • 1935 – Charles A. Hines, American general and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1935 – Dallas Willard, American philosopher and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1937 – Dawn Fraser, Australian swimmer and politician
  • 1937 – Gene Ludwig, American organist and composer (d. 2010)
  • 1937 – Virgil A. Richard, American general (d. 2013)
  • 1937 – Les Allen, English footballer and manager
  • 1939 – Denis Lindsay, South African cricketer and referee (d. 2005)
  • 1941 – Marilena de Souza Chaui, Brazilian philosopher and academic
  • 1941 – Ken Harrelson, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1941 – Ramesh Sethi, Kenyan cricketer and coach
  • 1941 – Sushilkumar Shinde, Indian lawyer and politician, 19th Governor of Andhra Pradesh
  • 1942 – Raymond Floyd, American golfer
  • 1942 – Jerry Jarrett, American wrestler and promoter, co-founded Total Nonstop Action Wrestling
  • 1942 – Merald “Bubba” Knight, American singer
  • 1944 – Tony Atkinson, English economist and academic (d. 2017)
  • 1944 – Dave Bassett, English footballer and manager
  • 1944 – Gene Parsons, American singer-songwriter, drummer, guitarist, and banjo player
  • 1944 – Ron Ward, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1945 – Danny Gatton, American guitarist (d. 1994)
  • 1945 – Bill Kenwright, English actor, singer, and producer
  • 1946 – Gary Duncan, American guitarist (d. 2019)
  • 1946 – Dave Liebman, American saxophonist, flute player, and composer
  • 1946 – Bryan Mauricette, Saint Lucian-Canadian cricketer
  • 1947 – Bob Jenkins, American sportscaster
  • 1947 – Paul Sait, Australian rugby league player
  • 1949 – Darryl Cotton, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2012)
  • 1949 – Dean Pees, American football player and coach
  • 1949 – Tom Watson, American golfer and sportscaster
  • 1950 – Doyle Alexander, American baseball player
  • 1951 – Martin Chambers, English drummer and singer
  • 1951 – Judith Ivey, American actress
  • 1951 – Marita Ulvskog, Swedish politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden
  • 1952 – Stephen Easley, American businessman and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1953 – Janet Biehl, American philosopher and author
  • 1953 – Michael Stean, English chess player and author
  • 1953 – Fatih Terim, Turkish footballer and manager
  • 1955 – David Broza, Israeli singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1955 – Garth Le Roux, South African cricketer
  • 1955 – Brian Schweitzer, American politician, 23rd Governor of Montana
  • 1956 – Blackie Lawless, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1957 – Khandi Alexander, American actress, dancer, and choreographer
  • 1958 – Jacqueline Hewitt, American astrophysicist and astronomer
  • 1958 – Marzio Innocenti, Italian rugby player and coach
  • 1958 – Drew Pinsky, American radio and television host
  • 1959 – Kevin Harrington, Australian actor
  • 1959 – Armin Kogler, Austrian ski jumper
  • 1960 – Kim Thayil, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1960 – Shailesh Vara, Ugandan-English lawyer and politician
  • 1960 – Damon Wayans, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1961 – Nick Blinko, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1961 – Lars Jönsson, Swedish film producer
  • 1962 – Kiran More, Indian cricketer
  • 1962 – Ulla Tørnæs, Danish politician, Danish Minister of Education
  • 1962 – Shinya Yamanaka, Japanese physician and biologist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1963 – Bobby Jarzombek, American drummer
  • 1963 – John Vanbiesbrouck, American ice hockey player, coach, and manager
  • 1963 – Sami Yaffa, Finnish singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1964 – Guy Boros, American golfer
  • 1964 – Aadesh Shrivastava, Indian singer-songwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1965 – Sergio Momesso, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1966 – Yanka Dyagileva, Russian singer-songwriter (d. 1991)
  • 1966 – Jeff Tremaine, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1967 – Darrin Murray, New Zealand cricketer and accountant
  • 1967 – Dezső Szabó, Hungarian decathlete
  • 1968 – John DiMaggio, American voice actor
  • 1968 – Mike Piazza, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Sasha, Welsh DJ and producer
  • 1969 – Ramon Dekkers, Dutch kick-boxer and mixed martial artist (d. 2013)
  • 1969 – Giorgi Margvelashvili, Georgian academic and politician, 4th President of Georgia
  • 1969 – Inga Tuigamala, Samoan-New Zealand rugby player
  • 1970 – Igor Cavalera, Brazilian drummer
  • 1970 – Deni Hines, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1970 – Ivan Iusco, Italian composer
  • 1970 – Sven Meyer, German footballer
  • 1971 – Lance Klusener, South African cricketer and coach
  • 1971 – Ione Skye, English-American actress
  • 1971 – Maik Taylor, German-Irish footballer and coach
  • 1972 – Steve Leonard, Northern Irish veterinarian and television personality
  • 1973 – Aaron Fultz, American baseball player and coach
  • 1973 – Lazlow Jones, American radio presenter, producer and screenwriter
  • 1974 – Mati Pari, Estonian footballer and coach
  • 1974 – Lincoln Roberts, Tobagonian cricketer
  • 1975 – Sergio Ballesteros, Spanish footballer
  • 1975 – Mark Ronson, English DJ, producer, and songwriter, co-founded Allido Records
  • 1975 – Dave Salmoni, Canadian zoologist, television host, and producer
  • 1976 – Denilson Martins Nascimento, Brazilian footballer
  • 1976 – Mario-Ernesto Rodríguez, Uruguayan-Italian footballer
  • 1977 – Sun-woo Kim, South Korean baseball player
  • 1977 – Lucie Silvas, English singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1977 – Kia Stevens, American wrestler
  • 1978 – Wes Bentley, American actor and producer
  • 1978 – Terence Newman, American football player
  • 1978 – Frederik Veuchelen, Belgian cyclist
  • 1978 – Christian Walz, Swedish singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1979 – Maxim Afinogenov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Pedro Macedo Camacho, Portuguese pianist, composer, and producer
  • 1979 – Kosuke Matsuura, Japanese race car driver
  • 1980 – Max Greenfield, American actor
  • 1980 – Pat Neshek, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Beyoncé, American singer-songwriter, producer, dancer, and actress
  • 1981 – Richard Garcia, Australian footballer
  • 1981 – Lacey Sturm, American singer-songwriter
  • 1982 – Whitney Cummings, American comedian, actress, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1982 – Mark Lewis-Francis, English sprinter
  • 1983 – Yuichi Nakamaru, Japanese singer-songwriter, actor, and radio host
  • 1983 – Margit Rüütel, Estonian tennis player
  • 1983 – Armands Šķēle, Latvian basketball player
  • 1984 – Jonathan Adam, Scottish race car driver
  • 1984 – Hamish McIntosh, Australian footballer
  • 1984 – Kyle Mooney, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1985 – Raúl Albiol, Spanish footballer
  • 1985 – Ri Kwang-chon, North Korean footballer
  • 1985 – Walid Mesloub, Algerian footballer
  • 1986 – Ayumi Kaihori, Japanese footballer
  • 1986 – Xavier Woods, American wrestler
  • 1987 – Wesley Blake, American wrestler
  • 1988 – John Tyler Hammons, American politician
  • 1989 – Elliott Whitehead, English rugby league player
  • 1990 – James Bay, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1990 – Jonny Lomax, English rugby player
  • 1990 – Danny Worsnop, English singer-songwriter
  • 1991 – Adrien Bart, French sprint canoeist
  • 1991 – Anders Zachariassen, Danish handball player
  • 1992 – Hanna Schwamborn, German actress
  • 1992 – Kevin Lee, American mixed martial artist
  • 1993 – Emma Brownlie, Scottish footballer
  • 1993 – Yannick Carrasco, Belgian footballer
  • 1993 – Jody Fannin, English race car driver
  • 1993 – Chantal Škamlová, Slovak tennis player
  • 1994 – Kenny McEvoy, Irish footballer
  • 1994 – Sabina Sharipova, Uzbekistan tennis player
  • 1994 – Thomas Minns, English rugby player
  • 1995 – Jazz Tevaga, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1996 – Jordan Lilley, English rugby league player
  • 1996 – Ashton Golding, English rugby league player

Deaths on September 4

  • 422 – Boniface I, pope of the Catholic Church
  • 799 – Musa al-Kadhim, Arabic imam (b. 745)
  • 1037 – Bermudo III, king of León (b. c. 1017)
  • 1063 – Tughril, Seljuq sultan (b. 990)
  • 1199 – Joan of England, queen of Sicily (b. 1165)
  • 1308 – Margaret of Burgundy, queen of Sicily (b. 1250)
  • 1323 – Gegeen Khan, Chinese emperor (b. 1302)
  • 1342 – Anna Anachoutlou, empress of Trebizond
  • 1417 – Robert Hallam, English Catholic bishop
  • 1537 – Johann Dietenberger, German theologian and translator (b. 1475)
  • 1571 – Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox, English nobleman (b. 1516)
  • 1588 – Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, English academic and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Norfolk (b. 1532)
  • 1625 – Thomas Smythe, English diplomat (b. 1558)
  • 1676 – John Ogilby, Scottish-born impresario and cartographer (b. 1600)
  • 1767 – Charles Townshend, English politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (b. 1725)
  • 1780 – John Fielding, English lawyer and judge (b. 1721)
  • 1784 – César-François Cassini de Thury, French astronomer and cartographer (b. 1714)
  • 1794 – John Hely-Hutchinson, Anglo-Irish lawyer and politician (b. 1724)
  • 1804 – Richard Somers, American lieutenant (b. 1778)
  • 1820 – Timothy Brown, English banker and merchant (b. 1743/4)
  • 1821 – José Miguel Carrera, Chilean general and politician (b. 1785)
  • 1849 – Friedrich Laun, German author (b. 1770)
  • 1852 – William MacGillivray, Scottish biologist and ornithologist (b. 1796)
  • 1864 – John Hunt Morgan, American general (b. 1825)
  • 1907 – Edvard Grieg, Norwegian pianist and composer (b. 1843)
  • 1909 – Clyde Fitch, American playwright and songwriter (b. 1865)
  • 1911 – John Francon Williams, Welsh-born writer, journalist, geographer, historian, cartographer and inventor (b. 1854)
  • 1914 – Charles Péguy, French poet and philosopher (b. 1873)
  • 1940 – George William de Carteret, French-English journalist and author (b. 1869)
  • 1944 – Erich Fellgiebel, German general (b. 1886)
  • 1963 – Robert Schuman, Luxembourgian-French politician, 130th Prime Minister of France (b. 1886)
  • 1965 – Albert Schweitzer, French-Gabonese physician, theologian, and missionary, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1875)
  • 1974 – Creighton Abrams, American general (b. 1914)
  • 1974 – Marcel Achard, French playwright and screenwriter (b. 1899)
  • 1974 – Charles Arnison, English airman (b. 1893)
  • 1974 – Lewi Pethrus, Swedish minister and hymn-writer (b. 1884)
  • 1977 – Stelios Perpiniadis, Greek singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1899)
  • 1977 – Jean Rostand, French biologist and philosopher (b. 1894)
  • 1977 – E. F. Schumacher, German-English economist and statistician (b. 1911)
  • 1982 – Jack Tworkov, Polish-American painter (b. 1900)
  • 1985 – Vasyl Stus, Ukrainian poet, publicist, and dissident (b. 1938)
  • 1985 – George O’Brien, American actor and singer (b. 1899)
  • 1986 – Otto Glória, Brazilian footballer and manager (b. 1917)
  • 1986 – Hank Greenberg, American baseball player and manager (b. 1911)
  • 1987 – Bill Bowes, English cricketer and coach (b. 1908)
  • 1989 – Georges Simenon, Belgian-Swiss author (b. 1903)
  • 1989 – Ronald Syme, New Zealand historian and author (b. 1903)
  • 1990 – Lawrence A. Cremin, American historian and author (b. 1925)
  • 1990 – Irene Dunne, American actress and singer (b. 1898)
  • 1990 – Turan Dursun, Turkish scholar and author (b. 1934)
  • 1991 – Charlie Barnet, American saxophonist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1913)
  • 1991 – Tom Tryon, American actor and author (b. 1926)
  • 1991 – Dottie West, American singer-songwriter and actress (b. 1932)
  • 1993 – Hervé Villechaize, French-American actor (b. 1943)
  • 1995 – Chuck Greenberg, American saxophonist, composer, and producer (b. 1950)
  • 1995 – William Kunstler, American lawyer and activist (b. 1919)
  • 1996 – Joan Clarke, English cryptanalyst and numismatist (b. 1917)
  • 1997 – Dharamvir Bharati, Indian author, poet, and playwright (b. 1926)
  • 1997 – Aldo Rossi, Italian architect, designed the Bonnefanten Museum and Teatro Carlo Felice (b. 1931)
  • 1998 – Ernst Jaakson, Estonian diplomat (b. 1905)
  • 1998 – Elizabeth Kata, Australian author and screenwriter (b. 1912)
  • 1999 – Georg Gawliczek, German footballer and manager (b. 1919)
  • 2002 – Vlado Perlemuter, Lithuanian-French pianist and educator (b. 1904)
  • 2003 – Lola Bobesco, Romanian-Belgian violinist and educator (b. 1921)
  • 2003 – Tibor Varga, Hungarian violinist and conductor (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Alphonso Ford, American basketball player (b. 1971)
  • 2004 – Moe Norman, Canadian golfer (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Giacinto Facchetti, Italian footballer and manager (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Steve Irwin, Australian zoologist and television host (b. 1962)
  • 2006 – Colin Thiele, Australian author, poet, and educator (b. 1920)
  • 2006 – Astrid Varnay, Swedish-American soprano (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – John Scott, 9th Duke of Buccleuch, Scottish soldier and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Roxburghshire (b. 1923)
  • 2011 – Lee Roy Selmon, American football player (b. 1954)
  • 2012 – Abraham Avigdorov, Israeli soldier (b. 1929)
  • 2012 – Albert Marre, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – George Savitsky, American football player (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Syed Mustafa Siraj, Indian author (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Hakam Sufi, Indian singer-songwriter (b. 1952)
  • 2013 – Michel Pagé, Canadian businessman and politician (b. 1949)
  • 2013 – Dick Raaymakers, Dutch composer and theorist (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Daniele Seccarecci, Italian bodybuilder (b. 1980)
  • 2013 – Stanislav Stepashkin, Russian boxer (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Casey Viator, American bodybuilder and journalist (b. 1951)
  • 2014 – Ron Mulock, Australian lawyer and politician, 10th Deputy Premier of New South Wales (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Gustavo Cerati, Argentine Musician (b.1959)
  • 2014 – Wolfhart Pannenberg, Polish-German theologian and academic (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Joan Rivers, American comedian, television host, and author (b. 1933)
  • 2015 – Graham Brazier, New Zealand singer-songwriter (b. 1952)
  • 2015 – Jean Darling, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Wilfred de Souza, Indian surgeon and politician, 7th Chief Minister of Goa (b. 1927)
  • 2015 – Warren Murphy, American author and screenwriter (b. 1933)
  • 2016 – Clarence D. Rappleyea Jr., lawyer and politician (b. 1933)
  • 2018 – Bill Daily, American actor, comedian (b. 1927)

Holidays and observances on September 4

  • Christian feast day:
    • Candida the Elder
    • Blessed Catherine of Racconigi
    • Blessed Dina Bélanger
    • Hermione of Ephesus
    • Ida of Herzfeld
    • Irmgardis (of Süchteln)
    • Moses and Aaron (Lutheran Church and Eastern Orthodox Church)
    • Paul Jones (Episcopal Church)
    • Rosalia
    • Rose of Viterbo
    • Rufinus, Silvanus, and Vitalicus
    • Thamel and companions
    • Ultan of Ardbraccan
    • September 4 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Immigrant’s Day (Argentina)
  • Newspaper Carrier Day (United States)

September 7 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

  • AD 70 – A Roman army under Titus occupies and plunders Jerusalem.
  • 878 – Louis the Stammerer is crowned as king of West Francia by Pope John VIII.
  • 1159 – Pope Alexander III is chosen.
  • 1191 – Third Crusade: Battle of Arsuf: Richard I of England defeats Saladin at Arsuf.
  • 1228 – Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II lands in Acre, Israel, and starts the Sixth Crusade, which results in a peaceful restoration of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
  • 1303 – Guillaume de Nogaret takes Pope Boniface VIII prisoner on behalf of Philip IV of France.
  • 1571 – Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, is arrested for his role in the Ridolfi plot to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I of England and replace her with Mary, Queen of Scots.
  • 1652 – Around 15,000 Han farmers and militia rebel against Dutch rule on Taiwan.
  • 1695 – Henry Every perpetrates one of the most profitable pirate raids in history with the capture of the Grand Mughal ship Ganj-i-Sawai. In response, Emperor Aurangzeb threatens to end all English trading in India.
  • 1706 – War of the Spanish Succession: Siege of Turin ends, leading to the withdrawal of French forces from North Italy.
  • 1764 – Election of Stanisław August Poniatowski as the last ruler of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
  • 1776 – According to American colonial reports, Ezra Lee makes the world’s first submarine attack in the Turtle, attempting to attach a time bomb to the hull of HMS Eagle in New York Harbor (no British records of this attack exist).
  • 1778 – American Revolutionary War: France invades Dominica in the British West Indies, before Britain is even aware of France’s involvement in the war.
  • 1812 – French invasion of Russia: The Battle of Borodino, the bloodiest battle of the Napoleonic Wars, was fought near Moscow and resulted in a French victory.
  • 1818 – Carl III of Sweden–Norway is crowned king of Norway, in Trondheim.
  • 1822 – Dom Pedro I declares Brazil independent from Portugal on the shores of the Ipiranga Brook in São Paulo.
  • 1857 – Mountain Meadows massacre: Mormon settlers slaughter most members of peaceful, emigrant wagon train.
  • 1860 – Italian unification: Giuseppe Garibaldi enters Naples.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Union troops under Quincy A. Gillmore captures Fort Wagner in Morris Island after a 7-week siege.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Atlanta is evacuated on orders of Union General William Tecumseh Sherman.
  • 1876 – In Northfield, Minnesota, Jesse James and the James–Younger Gang attempt to rob the town’s bank but are driven off by armed citizens.
  • 1901 – The Boxer Rebellion in Qing dynasty (modern-day China) officially ends with the signing of the Boxer Protocol.
  • 1906 – Alberto Santos-Dumont flies his 14-bis aircraft at Bagatelle, France for the first time successfully.
  • 1907 – Cunard Line’s RMS Lusitania sets sail on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England, to New York City.
  • 1909 – Eugène Lefebvre crashes a new French-built Wright biplane during a test flight at Juvisy, south of Paris, becoming the first aviator in the world to lose his life in a powered heavier-than-air craft.
  • 1911 – French poet Guillaume Apollinaire is arrested and put in jail on suspicion of stealing the Mona Lisa from the Louvre museum.
  • 1916 – US federal employees win the right to Workers’ compensation by Federal Employers Liability Act (39 Stat. 742; 5 U.S.C. 751)
  • 1920 – Two newly purchased Savoia flying boats crash in the Swiss Alps en route to Finland where they would serve with the Finnish Air Force, killing both crews.
  • 1921 – In Atlantic City, New Jersey, the first Miss America Pageant, a two-day event, is held.
  • 1921 – The Legion of Mary, the largest apostolic organization of lay people in the Catholic Church, is founded in Dublin, Ireland.
  • 1923 – The International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) is formed.
  • 1927 – The first fully electronic television system is achieved by Philo Farnsworth.
  • 1929 – Steamer Kuru capsizes and sinks on Lake Näsijärvi near Tampere in Finland. One hundred thirty-six lives are lost.
  • 1932 – The Battle of Boquerón, the first major battle of the Chaco War, commences.
  • 1936 – The last thylacine, a carnivorous marsupial named Benjamin, dies alone in its cage at the Hobart Zoo in Tasmania.
  • 1940 – Romania returns Southern Dobruja to Bulgaria under the Treaty of Craiova.
  • 1940 – World War II: The German Luftwaffe begins the Blitz, bombing London and other British cities for over 50 consecutive nights.
  • 1942 – World War II: Japanese marines are forced to withdraw during the Battle of Milne Bay.
  • 1943 – A fire at the Gulf Hotel in Houston kills 55 people.
  • 1943 – World War II: The German 17th Army begins its evacuation of the Kuban bridgehead (Taman Peninsula) in southern Russia and moves across the Strait of Kerch to the Crimea.
  • 1945 – World War II: Japanese forces on Wake Island, which they had held since December 1941, surrender to U.S. Marines.
  • 1945 – The Berlin Victory Parade of 1945 is held.
  • 1953 – Nikita Khrushchev is elected first secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
  • 1963 – The Pro Football Hall of Fame opens in Canton, Ohio with 17 charter members.
  • 1965 – During an Indo-Pakistani War, China announces that it will reinforce its troops on the Indian border.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: In a follow-up to August’s Operation Starlite, United States Marines and South Vietnamese forces initiate Operation Piranha on the Batangan Peninsula.
  • 1970 – Fighting begins between Arab guerrillas and government forces in Jordan.
  • 1970 – Bill Shoemaker beats Johnny Longden’s record to become the winningest jockey in horse racing history at Del Mar racetrack
  • 1977 – The Torrijos–Carter Treaties between Panama and the United States on the status of the Panama Canal are signed. The United States agrees to transfer control of the canal to Panama at the end of the 20th century.
  • 1977 – The 300-metre-tall CKVR-DT transmission tower in Barrie, Ontario, Canada, is hit by a light aircraft in a fog, causing it to collapse. All aboard the aircraft are killed.
  • 1978 – While walking across Waterloo Bridge in London, Bulgarian dissident Georgi Markov is assassinated by Bulgarian secret police agent Francesco Gullino by means of a ricin pellet fired from a specially-designed umbrella.
  • 1979 – The Chrysler Corporation asks the United States government for US$1.5 billion to avoid bankruptcy.
  • 1981 ‐ British plantation company, Guthrie was take over by Malaysian government after successfull purchased a shares to become major shareholder. This is famously called ‘Dawn Raid attack’.
  • 1984 – An explosion on board a Maltese patrol boat disposing of illegal fireworks at sea off Gozo kills seven soldiers and policemen.
  • 1986 – Desmond Tutu becomes the first black man to lead the Anglican Diocese of Cape Town.
  • 1988 – Abdul Ahad Mohmand, the first Afghan in space, returns to Earth after nine days on the Mir space station.
  • 1996 – Rapper and hip hop artist Tupac Shakur is fatally shot in a drive-by shooting in Las Vegas, Nevada. He succumbs to his injuries six days later.
  • 1997 – Maiden flight of the Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor.
  • 1999 – The 6.0 Mw  Athens earthquake affected the area with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), killing 143, injuring 800–1,600, and leaving 50,000 homeless.
  • 2005 – Egypt holds its first-ever multi-party presidential election.
  • 2008 – The United States government takes control of the two largest mortgage financing companies in the US, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
  • 2010 – A Chinese fishing trawler collided with two Japanese Coast Guard patrol boats in disputed waters near the Senkaku Islands.
  • 2011 – A plane crash in Russia kills 43 people, including nearly the entire roster of the Lokomotiv Yaroslavl Kontinental Hockey League team.
  • 2012 – Canada officially cuts diplomatic ties with Iran by closing its embassy in Tehran and orders the expulsion of Iranian diplomats from Ottawa, over nuclear plans and purported human rights abuses.
  • 2017 – The 8.2 Mw  2017 Chiapas earthquake strikes southern Mexico, killing at least 60 people.
  • 2017 – Equifax announce a cyber-crime identity theft event potentially impacting approximately 145​12 million U.S. consumers.
  • 2019 – Ukrainian filmmaker Oleg Sentsov and 66 others are released in a prisoner exchange between Ukraine and Russia.

Births on September 7

  • 923 – Suzaku, emperor of Japan (d. 952)
  • 1395 – Reginald West, 6th Baron De La Warr, English politician (d. 1427)
  • 1438 – Louis II, Landgrave of Lower Hesse (d. 1471)
  • 1448 – Henry, Count of Württemberg-Montbéliard (1473–1482) (d. 1519)
  • 1500 – Sebastian Newdigate, Carthusian monk and martyr (d. 1535)
  • 1524 – Thomas Erastus, Swiss physician and theologian (d. 1583)
  • 1533 – Elizabeth I of England (d. 1603)
  • 1629 – Sir John Perceval, 1st Baronet, Irish nobleman (d. 1665)
  • 1635 – Paul I, Prince Esterházy, Hungarian prince (d. 1713)
  • 1641 – Tokugawa Ietsuna, Japanese shōgun (d. 1680)
  • 1650 – Juan Manuel María de la Aurora, 8th duke of Escalona (d. 1725)
  • 1683 – Maria Anna of Austria (d. 1754)
  • 1694 – Johan Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg, Danish Minister of State (d. 1763)
  • 1705 – Matthäus Günther, German painter (d. 1788)
  • 1707 – Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, French mathematician, cosmologist, and author (d. 1788)
  • 1726 – François-André Danican Philidor, French chess player and composer (d. 1795)
  • 1740 – Johan Tobias Sergel, Swedish sculptor and illustrator (d. 1814)
  • 1777 – Heinrich Stölzel, German horn player and composer (d. 1844)
  • 1791 – Giuseppe Gioachino Belli, Italian poet and author (d. 1863)
  • 1795 – John William Polidori, English physician and author (d. 1821)
  • 1801 – Sarel Cilliers, South African preacher and activist (d.1871)
  • 1803 – William Knibb, English Baptist minister and Jamaican missionary (d.1845)
  • 1807 – Henry Sewell, English lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1879)
  • 1810 – Hermann Heinrich Gossen, Prussian economist and academic (d. 1858)
  • 1813 – Emil Korytko, Polish activist and translator (d. 1839)
  • 1815 – John McDouall Stuart, Scottish explorer and surveyor (d. 1866)
  • 1818 – Thomas Talbot, American businessman and politician, 31st Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1886)
  • 1819 – Thomas A. Hendricks, American lawyer and politician, 21st Vice President of the United States (d. 1885)
  • 1829 – August Kekulé, German chemist and academic (d. 1896)
  • 1831 – Alexandre Falguière, French sculptor and painter (d. 1900)
  • 1836 – Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Scottish merchant and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1908)
  • 1836 – August Toepler, German physicist and academic (d. 1912)
  • 1842 – Johannes Zukertort, Polish-English chess player, linguist, and journalist (d. 1888)
  • 1851 – Edward Asahel Birge, American zoologist and academic (d. 1950)
  • 1855 – William Friese-Greene, English photographer, director, and cinematographer (d. 1921)
  • 1860 – Grandma Moses, American painter (d. 1961)
  • 1862 – Edgar Speyer, American-English financier and philanthropist (d. 1932)
  • 1866 – Tristan Bernard, French author and playwright (d. 1947)
  • 1867 – Albert Bassermann, German-Swiss actor (d. 1952)
  • 1867 – J. P. Morgan Jr., American banker and philanthropist (d. 1943)
  • 1869 – Ben Viljoen, South African general (d. 1917)
  • 1870 – Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian pilot, explorer, and author (d. 1938)
  • 1871 – George Hirst, English cricketer and coach (d. 1954)
  • 1875 – Edward Francis Hutton, American businessman and financier, co-founded E. F. Hutton & Co. (d. 1962)
  • 1876 – Francesco Buhagiar, Maltese politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Malta (d. 1934)
  • 1876 – C. J. Dennis, Australian poet and author (d. 1938)
  • 1883 – Theophrastos Sakellaridis, Greek composer and conductor (d. 1950)
  • 1885 – Elinor Wylie, American author and poet (d. 1928)
  • 1887 – Edith Sitwell, English poet and critic (d. 1964)
  • 1892 – Eric Harrison, Australian soldier and politician, 27th Australian Minister for Defence (d. 1974)
  • 1892 – Oscar O’Brien, Canadian priest, pianist, and composer (d. 1958)
  • 1893 – Leslie Hore-Belisha, English politician, Secretary of State for War (d. 1957)
  • 1894 – Vic Richardson, Australian cricketer, footballer, and sportscaster (d. 1969)
  • 1894 – George Waggner, American actor, director, and producer (d. 1984)
  • 1895 – Jacques Vaché, French author and poet (d. 1919)
  • 1900 – Taylor Caldwell, English-American author (d. 1985)
  • 1900 – Giuseppe Zangara, Italian-American assassin of Anton Cermak (d. 1933)
  • 1903 – Margaret Landon, American missionary and author (d. 1993)
  • 1903 – Dorothy Marie Donnelly, American poet and author (d. 1994)
  • 1904 – C. B. Colby, American author (d. 1977)
  • 1907 – Ahmed Adnan Saygun, Turkish composer and musicologist (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Paul Brown, American football player and coach (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Michael E. DeBakey, American surgeon and educator (d. 2008)
  • 1908 – Max Kaminsky, American trumpet player and bandleader (d. 1994)
  • 1909 – Elia Kazan, Greek-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1911 – Todor Zhivkov, Bulgarian police officer and politician, Head of State of Bulgaria (d. 1998)
  • 1912 – David Packard, American engineer and businessman, co-founded Hewlett-Packard (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – Martin Charteris, Baron Charteris of Amisfield, English soldier and courtier (d. 1999)
  • 1913 – Anthony Quayle, English actor (d. 1989)
  • 1914 – Lída Baarová, Czech-Austrian actress (d. 2000)
  • 1914 – Graeme Bell, Australian pianist and composer (d. 2012)
  • 1914 – James Van Allen, American physicist and philosopher (d. 2006)
  • 1915 – Pedro Reginaldo Lira, Argentinian bishop (d. 2012)
  • 1915 – Kiyosi Itô, Japanese mathematician and academic (d. 2008)
  • 1917 – Leonard Cheshire, English captain, pilot, and humanitarian (d. 1992)
  • 1917 – John Cornforth, Australian-English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
  • 1917 – Jacob Lawrence, American painter and educator (d. 2000)
  • 1918 – Harold Amos, American microbiologist and academic (d. 2003)
  • 1919 – Briek Schotte, Belgian cyclist and coach (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Harri Webb, Welsh journalist and poet (d. 1994)
  • 1921 – Peter A. Peyser, American soldier and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1922 – Lucien Jarraud, French-Canadian journalist and radio host (d. 2007)
  • 1923 – Nancy Keesing, Australian author and poet (d. 1993)
  • 1923 – Peter Lawford, English-American actor (d. 1984)
  • 1923 – Louise Suggs, American golfer, co-founded LPGA (d. 2015)
  • 1924 – Daniel Inouye, American captain and politician, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2012)
  • 1924 – Leonard Rosenman, American composer and conductor (d. 2008)
  • 1925 – Laura Ashley, Welsh-English fashion designer, founded Laura Ashley plc (d. 1985)
  • 1925 – Allan Blakeney, Canadian lawyer and politician, 10th Premier of Saskatchewan (d. 2011)
  • 1925 – Bhanumathi Ramakrishna, Indian actress, singer, director, and producer (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Samuel Goldwyn Jr., American director and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1926 – Donald J. Irwin, American lawyer and politician, 32nd Mayor of Norwalk (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Patrick Jenkin, Baron Jenkin of Roding, English lawyer and politician, Secretary of State for the Environment (d. 2016)
  • 1926 – Erich Juskowiak, German footballer (d. 1983)
  • 1926 – Don Messick, American voice actor (d. 1997)
  • 1927 – Eric Hill, English-American author and illustrator (d. 2014)
  • 1927 – Claire L’Heureux-Dubé, Canadian lawyer and jurist
  • 1928 – Kathleen Gorham, Australian ballerina (d. 1983)
  • 1928 – Al McGuire, American basketball player, coach, and commentator (d. 2001)
  • 1929 – Clyde Lovellette, American basketball player (d. 2016)
  • 1930 – Baudouin of Belgium (d. 1993)
  • 1930 – Sonny Rollins, American saxophonist and composer
  • 1930 – S. Sivanayagam, Sri Lankan journalist and author (d. 2010)
  • 1931 – Charles Camilleri, Maltese composer and conductor (d. 2009)
  • 1932 – Malcolm Bradbury, English author and academic (d. 2000)
  • 1932 – John Paul Getty Jr., American-English philanthropist and book collector (d. 2003)
  • 1934 – Mary Bauermeister, German painter and illustrator
  • 1934 – Waldo de los Ríos, Argentinian composer and conductor (d. 1977)
  • 1934 – Sunil Gangopadhyay, Indian author and poet (d. 2012)
  • 1934 – Omar Karami, Lebanese lawyer and politician, 58th Prime Minister of Lebanon (d. 2015)
  • 1934 – Little Milton, American singer and guitarist (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – Abdou Diouf, Senegalese lawyer and politician, 2nd President of Senegal
  • 1935 – Dick O’Neal, American basketball player and dentist (d. 2013)
  • 1936 – Brian Hart, English race car driver and engineer, founded Brian Hart Ltd. (d. 2014)
  • 1936 – Buddy Holly, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1959)
  • 1936 – Apostolos Kaklamanis, Greek lawyer and politician, Greek Minister of Justice
  • 1937 – John Phillip Law, American actor (d. 2008)
  • 1937 – Oleg Lobov, Russian politician, Premier of the Russian SFSR (d. 2018)
  • 1939 – Latimore, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1939 – Peter Gill, Welsh actor, director, and playwright
  • 1940 – Dario Argento, Italian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1940 – Abdurrahman Wahid, Indonesian journalist and politician, 4th President of Indonesia (d. 2009)
  • 1942 – Billy Best, Scottish footballer
  • 1942 – Alan Oakes, English footballer and manager
  • 1942 – Andrew Stone, Baron Stone of Blackheath, English businessman and politician
  • 1942 – Jonathan H. Turner, American sociologist
  • 1943 – Beverley McLachlin, Canadian lawyer and jurist, 17th Chief Justice of Canada
  • 1944 – Forrest Blue, American football player (d. 2011)
  • 1944 – Bertel Haarder, Danish lawyer and politician, Education Minister of Denmark
  • 1944 – Peter Larter, English rugby player
  • 1944 – Earl Manigault, American basketball player and coach (d. 1998)
  • 1944 – Bora Milutinović, Serbian footballer and manager
  • 1944 – Houshang Moradi Kermani, Iranian author
  • 1945 – Jacques Lemaire, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1945 – Vic Pollard, English-New Zealand rugby player and footballer
  • 1945 – Curtis Price, American musicologist and academic
  • 1945 – Peter Storey, English footballer
  • 1946 – Willie Crawford, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1946 – Joe Klein, American journalist and author
  • 1946 – Suzyn Waldman, American sportscaster
  • 1947 – Sergio Della Pergola, Israeli demographer and statistician
  • 1947 – Gloria Gaynor, American singer-songwriter
  • 1948 – Susan Blakely, American actress
  • 1949 – Dianne Hayter, German-English politician
  • 1949 – Barry Siegel, American journalist and academic
  • 1950 – David Cannadine, English historian and author
  • 1950 – Johann Friedrich, German-Australian engineer (d. 1991)
  • 1950 – Julie Kavner, American actress
  • 1950 – Peggy Noonan, American author, journalist, speechwriter, and pundit
  • 1951 – Chrissie Hynde, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1951 – Morris Albert, Brazilian singer-songwriter
  • 1951 – Mark Isham, American trumpet player and composer
  • 1951 – Mark McCumber, American golfer
  • 1951 – Mammootty, Indian actor and producer
  • 1952 – Ricardo Tormo, Spanish motorcycle racer (d. 1998)
  • 1953 – Marc Hunter, New Zealand-Australian singer-songwriter (d. 1998)
  • 1953 – Benmont Tench, American keyboardist and songwriter
  • 1954 – Corbin Bernsen, American actor
  • 1954 – Michael Emerson, American actor
  • 1954 – Kerrie Holley, American software architect and academic
  • 1955 – Mira Furlan, Croatian-American actress
  • 1956 – Michael Feinstein, American singer and pianist
  • 1956 – Byron Stevenson, Welsh footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1956 – Diane Warren, American songwriter
  • 1957 – Jermaine Stewart, American singer-songwriter and dancer (d. 1997)
  • 1960 – Brad Houser, American bass player
  • 1961 – LeRoi Moore, American saxophonist and songwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1961 – Jean-Yves Thibaudet, French pianist
  • 1962 – Jennifer Egan, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1962 – George South, American wrestler
  • 1962 – Hasan Vezir, Turkish footballer and manager
  • 1963 – Eazy-E, American rapper and producer (d. 1995)
  • 1965 – Angela Gheorghiu, Romanian soprano
  • 1965 – Darko Pančev, Macedonian footballer
  • 1965 – Uta Pippig, German runner
  • 1965 – Tomáš Skuhravý, Czech footballer
  • 1965 – Andreas Thom, German footballer and manager
  • 1966 – Vladimir Andreyev, Russian race walker
  • 1966 – Lutz Heilmann, German politician
  • 1966 – Toby Jones, English actor
  • 1966 – Gunda Niemann-Stirnemann, German speed skater
  • 1966 – Andrew Voss, Australian sportscaster and author
  • 1967 – Alok Sharma, Indian-English accountant and politician
  • 1968 – Marcel Desailly, Ghanaian-French footballer
  • 1968 – Gennadi Krasnitski, Russian figure skater and coach
  • 1969 – Darren Bragg, American baseball player and coach
  • 1969 – Rudy Galindo, American figure skater
  • 1970 – Gino Odjick, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Tom Everett Scott, American actor
  • 1971 – Gene Pritsker, American composer
  • 1971 – Shane Mosley, American boxer and trainer
  • 1972 – Jason Isringhausen, American baseball player and coach
  • 1973 – Shannon Elizabeth, American model and actress
  • 1973 – Alex Kurtzman, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1974 – Mario Frick, Swiss-Liechtensteiner footballer
  • 1974 – Antonio McDyess, American basketball player
  • 1975 – Norifumi Abe, Japanese motorcycle racer (d. 2007)
  • 1975 – Harold Wallace, Costa Rican footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Wavell Hinds, Jamaican cricketer
  • 1977 – Molly Holly, American wrestler and trainer
  • 1977 – Jon Macken, English-Irish footballer
  • 1978 – Matt Cooke, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Erwin Koen, Dutch footballer
  • 1978 – Ersin Güreler, Turkish footballer
  • 1979 – Nathan Hindmarsh, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
  • 1979 – Paul Mara, American ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Owen Pallett, Canadian singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1979 – Brian Stokes, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Emre Belözoğlu, Turkish footballer
  • 1980 – Sara Carrigan, Australian cyclist
  • 1980 – Serhiy Chopyk, Ukrainian footballer
  • 1980 – Gabriel Milito, Argentinian footballer
  • 1980 – Javad Nekounam, Iranian footballer
  • 1980 – Mark Prior, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Gökhan Zan, Turkish footballer
  • 1981 – Vangelis, Mexican wrestler
  • 1982 – Andre Dirrell, American boxer
  • 1982 – George Bailey, Australian cricketer
  • 1982 – Emese Szász, Hungarian fencer
  • 1983 – Philip Deignan, Irish cyclist
  • 1983 – Annette Dytrt, German figure skater
  • 1983 – Pops Mensah-Bonsu, English-American basketball player
  • 1983 – Piri Weepu, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1984 – Ben Hollingsworth, Canadian actor
  • 1984 – Farveez Maharoof, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1984 – Miranda, Brazilian footballer
  • 1984 – Vera Zvonareva, Russian tennis player
  • 1984 – Pelin Karahan, Turkish actress
  • 1985 – Wade Davis, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Adam Eckersley, English footballer
  • 1985 – Rafinha, Brazilian footballer
  • 1986 – Charlie Daniels, English footballer
  • 1986 – Colin Delaney, American wrestler
  • 1987 – Tommy Elphick, English footballer
  • 1987 – Sammy Moore, English footballer
  • 1987 – Danny North, English footballer
  • 1987 – Evan Rachel Wood, American actress and singer
  • 1987 – Aleksandra Wozniak, Canadian tennis player
  • 1988 – Alex Harvey, Canadian skier
  • 1988 – Kevin Love, American basketball player
  • 1990 – Fedor Klimov, Russian figure skater
  • 1991 – Dale Finucane, Australian rugby league player
  • 1991 – Amar Garibović, Serbian skier (d. 2010)
  • 1993 – Taylor Gray, American actor
  • 1994 – Elinor Barker, Welsh track cyclist
  • 1994 – Herman Ese’ese, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1994 – Tom Opacic, Australian rugby league player
  • 1996 – Donovan Mitchell, American basketball player
  • 1999 – Laurie Jussaume, Canadian cyclist

Deaths on September 7

  • 251 – Sima Yi, Chinese general and politician (b. 179)
  • 355 – Claudius Silvanus, Roman general
  • 859 – Emperor Xuānzong of Tang, Chinese emperor (b. 810)
  • 934 – Meng Zhixiang, Chinese general (b. 874)
  • 1134 – Alfonso the Battler, Spanish emperor (b. 1073)
  • 1151 – Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou (b. 1113)
  • 1202 – William of the White Hands, French cardinal (b. 1135)
  • 1251 – Viola, Duchess of Opole
  • 1303 – Gregory Bicskei, archbishop of Esztergom
  • 1312 – Ferdinand IV of Castile (b. 1285)
  • 1354 – Andrea Dandolo, doge of Venice (b. 1306)
  • 1362 – Joan of the Tower (b. 1321)
  • 1464 – Frederick II, Elector of Saxony (b. 1412)
  • 1496 – Ferdinand II of Naples (b. 1469)
  • 1559 – Robert Estienne, English-French printer and scholar (b. 1503)
  • 1566 – Nikola Šubić Zrinski, Croatian general (b. 1506)
  • 1573 – Joanna of Austria, Princess of Portugal (b. 1535)
  • 1601 – John Shakespeare, father of William Shakespeare (b. 1529)
  • 1619 – Melchior Grodziecki, Polish priest and saint (b. 1582)
  • 1619 – Marko Krizin, Croatian priest, missionary, and saint (b. 1589)
  • 1622 – Denis Godefroy, French lawyer and jurist (b. 1549)
  • 1626 – Edward Villiers, English noble and politician (b. c. 1585)
  • 1644 – Guido Bentivoglio, Italian cardinal and historian (b. 1579)
  • 1655 – François Tristan l’Hermite, French author and playwright (b. 1601)
  • 1657 – Arvid Wittenberg, Swedish field marshal (b. 1606)
  • 1685 – William Carpenter, English-American settler, co-founded Rhode Island and Providence Plantations (b. 1605)
  • 1729 – William Burnet, Dutch-American civil servant and politician, 21st Governor of the Province of New York (b. 1688)
  • 1741 – Blas de Lezo, Spanish admiral (b. 1689)
  • 1798 – Peter Frederik Suhm, Danish-Norwegian historian and author (b. 1728)
  • 1799 – Louis-Guillaume Le Monnier, French botanist and physicist (b. 1717)
  • 1809 – Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, Thai king (b. 1737)
  • 1833 – Hannah More, English poet, playwright, and philanthropist (b. 1745)
  • 1840 – Jacques MacDonald, French general (b. 1765)
  • 1871 – Kimenzan Tanigorō, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 13th Yokozuna (b. 1826)
  • 1871 – Mehmed Emin Aali Pasha, Ottoman politician, 217th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1815)
  • 1881 – Sidney Lanier, American poet and academic (b. 1842)
  • 1891 – Lorenzo Sawyer, American lawyer and judge (b. 1820)
  • 1892 – John Greenleaf Whittier, American poet and activist (b. 1807)
  • 1893 – Hamilton Fish, American lawyer and politician, 26th United States Secretary of State (b. 1808)
  • 1907 – Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu, Romanian philologist, journalist, and playwright (b. 1838)
  • 1910 – William Holman Hunt, English painter and soldier (b. 1827)
  • 1920 – Simon-Napoléon Parent, Canadian lawyer and politician, 12th Premier of Quebec (b. 1855)
  • 1921 – Alfred William Rich, English author and painter (b. 1856)
  • 1929 – Frederic Weatherly, English lawyer, author, and songwriter (b. 1848)
  • 1933 – Edward Grey, 1st Viscount Grey of Fallodon, English ornithologist and politician, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (b. 1862)
  • 1939 – Kyōka Izumi, Japanese author, poet, and playwright (b. 1873)
  • 1940 – José Félix Estigarribia, Paraguayan soldier and politician, President of Paraguay (b. 1888)
  • 1941 – Mario García Menocal, Cuban lawyer and politician, President of Cuba (b. 1866)
  • 1942 – Cecilia Beaux, American painter and academic (b. 1855)
  • 1949 – José Clemente Orozco, Mexican painter and illustrator (b. 1883)
  • 1951 – Maria Montez, Dominican-French actress (b. 1912)
  • 1951 – John French Sloan, American painter and etcher (b. 1871)
  • 1954 – Bud Fisher, American cartoonist (b. 1885)
  • 1956 – C. B. Fry, English cricketer, academic, and politician (b. 1872)
  • 1959 – Maurice Duplessis, Canadian lawyer and politician, 16th Premier of Quebec (b. 1890)
  • 1960 – Wilhelm Pieck, German carpenter and politician, President of East Germany (b. 1873)
  • 1961 – Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy, Dutch lawyer, jurist, and politician, 34th Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1885)
  • 1962 – Karen Blixen, Danish memoirist and short story writer (b. 1885)
  • 1962 – Graham Walker, English motorcycle racer and journalist (b. 1897)
  • 1964 – Walter A. Brown, American businessman (b. 1905)
  • 1969 – Everett Dirksen, American lieutenant and politician (b. 1896)
  • 1970 – Yitzhak Gruenbaum, Polish-Israeli journalist and politician, 1st Internal Affairs Minister of Israel (b. 1879)
  • 1971 – Spring Byington, American actress (b. 1886)
  • 1971 – Ludwig Suthaus, German tenor (b. 1906)
  • 1972 – Dimitris Poulianos, Greek painter and illustrator (b. 1899)
  • 1973 – Holling C. Holling, American author and illustrator (b. 1900)
  • 1973 – Lev Vladimirsky, Kazakhstani-Russian admiral (b. 1903)
  • 1974 – S. M. Rasamanickam, Ceylon politician (b. 1913)
  • 1978 – Cecil Aronowitz, South African-English viola player (b. 1916)
  • 1978 – Keith Moon, English drummer (The Who) (b. 1946)
  • 1978 – Charles Williams, English composer and conductor (b. 1893)
  • 1979 – I. A. Richards, English literary critic and rhetorician (b. 1893)
  • 1981 – Christy Brown, Irish author, poet, and painter (b. 1932)
  • 1982 – Ken Boyer, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1931)
  • 1984 – Joe Cronin, American baseball player and manager (b. 1906)
  • 1984 – Josyf Slipyj, Ukrainian cardinal (b. 1892)
  • 1984 – Don Tallon, Australian cricketer (b. 1916)
  • 1985 – Jacoba van Velde, Dutch author (b. 1903)
  • 1985 – José Zabala-Santos, Filipino cartoonist (b. 1911)
  • 1986 – Les Bury, English-Australian public servant and politician, 26th Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs (b. 1913)
  • 1988 – Sedad Hakkı Eldem, Turkish architect (b. 1908)
  • 1989 – Mikhail Goldstein, Ukrainian violinist and composer (b. 1917)
  • 1990 – Earle E. Partridge, American general and pilot (b. 1900)
  • 1990 – A. J. P. Taylor, English historian and journalist (b. 1906)
  • 1991 – Edwin McMillan, American physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1907)
  • 1994 – Eric Crozier, English director and playwright (b. 1914)
  • 1994 – Dennis Morgan, American actor (b. 1908)
  • 1994 – Terence Young, Chinese-English director and screenwriter (b. 1915)
  • 1995 – Russell Johnson, American cartoonist (b. 1893)
  • 1996 – Bibi Besch, Austrian-American actress (b. 1942)
  • 1997 – Mobutu Sese Seko, Congolese soldier and politician, President of Zaire (b. 1930)
  • 2000 – Bruce Gyngell, Australian-English broadcaster (b. 1929)
  • 2001 – Igor Buketoff, American conductor and educator (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Billie Lou Watt, American actress and voice artist (b. 1924)
  • 2002 – Uziel Gal, German-Israeli colonel and gun designer, designed the Uzi (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Warren Zevon, American singer-songwriter (b. 1947)
  • 2004 – Bob Boyd, American baseball player (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Hiroshi Takase, Japanese cinematographer (b. 1955)
  • 2008 – Kune Biezeveld, Dutch minister and theologian (b. 1948)
  • 2008 – Ilarion Ciobanu, Romanian rugby player and actor (b. 1931)
  • 2008 – Don Haskins, American basketball player and coach (b. 1930)
  • 2008 – Gregory Mcdonald, American author (b. 1937)
  • 2008 – Nagi Noda, Japanese director and producer (b. 1973)
  • 2010 – Amar Garibović, Serbian skier (b. 1991)
  • 2010 – William H. Goetzmann, American historian and author (b. 1930)
  • 2010 – Barbara Holland, American author (b. 1933)
  • 2010 – John Kluge, German-American businessman (b. 1914)
  • 2011 – Victims of the Lokomotiv Yaroslavl plane crash
    • Pavol Demitra, Slovakian ice hockey player (b. 1974)
    • Alexander Karpovtsev, Russian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1970)
    • Igor Korolev, Russian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1970)
    • Stefan Liv, Polish-Swedish ice hockey player (b. 1980)
    • Jan Marek, Czech ice hockey player (b. 1979)
    • Brad McCrimmon, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1959)
    • Karel Rachůnek, Czech ice hockey player (b. 1979)
    • Kārlis Skrastiņš, Latvian ice hockey player (b. 1974)
    • Ruslan Salei, Belarusian ice hockey player (b. 1974)
    • Josef Vašíček, Czech ice hockey player (b. 1980)
  • 2012 – César Fernández Ardavín, Spanish director and screenwriter (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Aleksandr Maksimenkov, Russian footballer and manager (b. 1952)
  • 2012 – Daniel Weinreb, American computer scientist and programmer (b. 1959)
  • 2013 – Albert Allen Bartlett, American physicist and academic (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Romesh Bhandari, Pakistani-Indian politician and diplomat, 13th Foreign Secretary of India (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Frank Blevins, English-Australian politician, 7th Deputy Premier of South Australia (b. 1939)
  • 2013 – Pete Hoffman, American cartoonist (b. 1919)
  • 2013 – Ilja Hurník, Czech playwright and composer (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Fred Katz, American cellist and composer (b. 1919)
  • 2014 – Kwon Ri-se, South Korean singer (b. 1991)
  • 2014 – Jack Cristil, American sportscaster and radio host (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Raul M. Gonzalez, Filipino lawyer and politician, 42nd Filipino Secretary of Justice (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Yoshiko Ōtaka, Chinese-Japanese actress, singer, and politician (b. 1920)
  • 2014 – Harold Shipp, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Dickie Moore, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 2015 – Candida Royalle, American porn actress, director, and producer (b. 1950)
  • 2015 – Guillermo Rubalcaba, Cuban pianist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1927)
  • 2015 – Voula Zouboulaki, Greek actress (b. 1924)
  • 2018 – Mac Miller, American rapper (b. 1992)

Holidays and observances on September 7

  • Air Force Day (Pakistan)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Anastasius the Fuller
    • Clodoald
    • Gratus of Aosta
    • István Pongrácz
    • Marko Krizin
    • Our Lady of Covadonga
    • Regina
    • September 7 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which National Grandparents Day can fall, while September 13 is the latest; celebrated on the first Sunday after Labor Day. (United States)
  • Constitution Day (Fiji)
  • Independence Day (Brazil), celebrates the independence of Brazil from Portugal in 1822.
  • Military Intelligence Day (Ukraine)
  • National Threatened Species Day (Australia)
  • Victory Day (Mozambique)

September 9 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

  • 9 AD – Arminius’ alliance of six Germanic tribes ambushes and annihilates three Roman legions of Publius Quinctilius Varus in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest.
  • 337 – Constantine II, Constantius II, and Constans succeed their father Constantine I as co-emperors. The Roman Empire is divided between the three Augusti.
  • 533 – A Byzantine army of 15,000 men under Belisarius lands at Caput Vada (modern Tunisia) and marches to Carthage.
  • 1000 – Battle of Svolder, Viking Age.
  • 1087 – William Rufus becomes King of England, taking the title William II, (reigned until 1100).
  • 1141 – Yelü Dashi, the Liao dynasty general who founded the Qara Khitai, defeats the Seljuq and Kara-Khanid forces at the Battle of Qatwan.
  • 1320 – In the Battle of Saint George, the Byzantines under Andronikos Asen ambush and defeat the forces of the Principality of Achaea, securing possession of Arcadia.
  • 1488 – Anne becomes sovereign Duchess of Brittany, becoming a central figure in the struggle for influence that leads to the union of Brittany and France.
  • 1493 – Battle of Krbava Field, a decisive defeat of Croats in Croatian struggle against the invasion by the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1513 – James IV of Scotland is defeated and dies in the Battle of Flodden, ending Scotland’s involvement in the War of the League of Cambrai.
  • 1543 – Mary Stuart, at nine months old, is crowned “Queen of Scots” in the central Scottish town of Stirling.
  • 1561 – The ultimately unsuccessful Colloquy of Poissy opens in an effort to reconcile French Catholics and Protestants.
  • 1739 – Stono Rebellion, the largest slave uprising in Britain’s mainland North American colonies prior to the American Revolution, erupts near Charleston, South Carolina.
  • 1776 – The Continental Congress officially names its union of states the United States.
  • 1791 – Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, is named after President George Washington.
  • 1801 – Alexander I of Russia confirms the privileges of Baltic provinces.
  • 1839 – John Herschel takes the first glass plate photograph.
  • 1845 – Possible start of the Great Potato Famine.
  • 1850 – California is admitted as the thirty-first U.S. state.
  • 1850 – The Compromise of 1850 transfers a third of Texas’s claimed territory (now parts of Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Wyoming) to federal control in return for the U.S. federal government assuming $10 million of Texas’s pre-annexation debt.
  • 1855 – Crimean War: The Siege of Sevastopol comes to an end when Russian forces abandon the city.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The Union Army enters Chattanooga, Tennessee.
  • 1892 – Amalthea, third moon of Jupiter is discovered by Edward Emerson Barnard.
  • 1914 – World War I: The creation of the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade, the first fully mechanized unit in the British Army.
  • 1922 – The Greco-Turkish War effectively ends with Turkish victory over the Greeks in Smyrna.
  • 1923 – Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Republic of Turkey, founds the Republican People’s Party.
  • 1924 – Hanapepe massacre occurs on Kauai, Hawaii.
  • 1936 – The crews of Portuguese Navy frigate NRP Afonso de Albuquerque and destroyer Dão mutinied against the Salazar dictatorship’s support of General Franco’s coup and declared their solidarity with the Spanish Republic.
  • 1939 – World War II: The Battle of Hel begins, the longest-defended pocket of Polish Army resistance during the German invasion of Poland.
  • 1939 – Burmese national hero U Ottama dies in prison after a hunger strike to protest Britain’s colonial government.
  • 1940 – George Stibitz pioneers the first remote operation of a computer.
  • 1940 – Treznea Massacre in Transylvania.
  • 1942 – World War II: A Japanese floatplane drops incendiary bombs on Oregon.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Allies land at Salerno and Taranto, Italy.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Fatherland Front takes power in Bulgaria through a military coup in the capital and armed rebellion in the country. A new pro-Soviet government is established.
  • 1945 – Second Sino-Japanese War: The Empire of Japan formally surrenders to China.
  • 1947 – First case of a computer bug being found: A moth lodges in a relay of a Harvard Mark II computer at Harvard University.
  • 1948 – Kim Il-sung declares the establishment of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea).
  • 1954 – The 6.7 Mw  Chlef earthquake shakes northern Algeria with a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme). At least 1,243 people were killed and 5,000 were injured.
  • 1956 – Elvis Presley appears on The Ed Sullivan Show for the first time.
  • 1965 – The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development is established.
  • 1965 – Hurricane Betsy makes its second landfall near New Orleans, leaving 76 dead and $1.42 billion ($10–12 billion in 2005 dollars) in damages, becoming the first hurricane to cause over $1 billion in unadjusted damage.
  • 1966 – The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act is signed into law by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.
  • 1969 – In Canada, the Official Languages Act comes into force, making French equal to English throughout the Federal government.
  • 1970 – A British airliner is hijacked by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and flown to Dawson’s Field in Jordan.
  • 1971 – The four-day Attica Prison riot begins, eventually resulting in 39 dead, most killed by state troopers retaking the prison.
  • 1972 – In Kentucky’s Mammoth Cave National Park, a Cave Research Foundation exploration and mapping team discovers a link between the Mammoth and Flint Ridge cave systems, making it the longest known cave passageway in the world.
  • 1990 – Batticaloa massacre: Massacre of 184 Tamil civilians by the Sri Lankan Army in Batticaloa District.
  • 1991 – Tajikistan declares independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1993 – Israeli–Palestinian peace process: The Palestine Liberation Organization officially recognizes Israel as a legitimate state.
  • 2001 – Ahmad Shah Massoud, leader of the Northern Alliance, is assassinated in Afghanistan by two al-Qaeda assassins who claimed to be Arab journalists wanting an interview.
  • 2002 – The Rafiganj train wreck happened in Bihar, India.
  • 2009 – The Dubai Metro, the first urban train network in the Arabian Peninsula, is ceremonially inaugurated.
  • 2012 – The Indian space agency puts into orbit its heaviest foreign satellite yet, in a streak of 21 consecutive successful PSLV launches.
  • 2012 – A wave of attacks kill more than 100 people and injure 350 others across Iraq.
  • 2015 – Elizabeth II became the longest reigning monarch of the United Kingdom.
  • 2016 – The government of North Korea conducts its fifth and reportedly biggest nuclear test. World leaders condemn the act, with South Korea calling it “maniacal recklessness”.

Births on September 9

  • 214 – Aurelian, Roman emperor (d. 275)
  • 384 – Honorius, Roman emperor (d. 423)
  • 1349 – Albert III, Duke of Austria (d. 1395)
  • 1427 – Thomas de Ros, 9th Baron de Ros, English soldier and politician (d. 1464)
  • 1466 – Ashikaga Yoshitane, Japanese shōgun (d. 1523)
  • 1558 – Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur (d. 1602)
  • 1585 – Cardinal Richelieu, French cardinal and politician (d. 1642)
  • 1629 – Cornelis Tromp, Dutch general (d. 1691)
  • 1700 – Princess Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (d. 1780)
  • 1711 – Thomas Hutchinson, English historian and politician, Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1780)
  • 1721 – Fredrik Henrik af Chapman, Swedish admiral and shipbuilder (d. 1808)
  • 1731 – Francisco Javier Clavijero, Mexican priest, historian, and scholar (d. 1787)
  • 1737 – Luigi Galvani, Italian physician and physicist (d. 1798)
  • 1754 – William Bligh, English admiral and politician, 4th Governor of New South Wales (d. 1817)
  • 1755 – Benjamin Bourne, American judge and politician (d. 1808)
  • 1777 – James Carr, American soldier and politician (d. 1818)
  • 1778 – Clemens Brentano, German poet and author (d. 1842)
  • 1789 – Menachem Mendel Schneersohn, Polish rabbi (d. 1866)
  • 1807 – Richard Chenevix Trench, Irish-English archbishop and philologist (d. 1886)
  • 1823 – Joseph Leidy, American paleontologist and academic (d. 1891)
  • 1828 – Leo Tolstoy, Russian author and playwright (d. 1910)
  • 1834 – Joseph Henry Shorthouse, English author (d. 1903)
  • 1853 – Fred Spofforth, Australian-English cricketer and merchant (d. 1926)
  • 1855 – Houston Stewart Chamberlain, English-German philosopher and author (d. 1927)
  • 1863 – Herbert Henry Ball, English-Canadian journalist and politician (d. 1943)
  • 1868 – Mary Hunter Austin, American author, poet, and critic (d. 1934)
  • 1873 – Max Reinhardt, Austrian-born American theater and film director (d. 1943)
  • 1876 – Frank Chance, American baseball player and manager (d. 1924)
  • 1877 – James Agate, English journalist, author, and critic (d. 1947)
  • 1878 – Adelaide Crapsey, American poet and critic (d. 1914)
  • 1878 – Arthur Fox, English-American fencer (d. 1958)
  • 1878 – Sergio Osmeña, Filipino lawyer and politician, 4th President of the Philippines (d. 1961)
  • 1885 – Miriam Licette, English soprano and educator (d. 1969)
  • 1887 – Alf Landon, American lieutenant, banker, and politician, 26th Governor of Kansas (d. 1987)
  • 1882 – Clem McCarthy, American sportscaster (d. 1962)
  • 1890 – Colonel Sanders, American businessman, founded KFC (d. 1980)
  • 1894 – Arthur Freed, American composer and producer (d. 1973)
  • 1894 – Humphrey Mitchell, Canadian trade union leader and politician, 14th Canadian Minister of Labour (d. 1950)
  • 1894 – Bert Oldfield, Australian cricketer and soldier (d. 1976)
  • 1898 – Frankie Frisch, American baseball player and manager (d. 1973)
  • 1899 – Neil Hamilton, American stage, film and television actor (d. 1984)
  • 1899 – Waite Hoyt, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 1984)
  • 1899 – Bruno E. Jacob, American academic, founded the National Forensic League (d. 1979)
  • 1900 – James Hilton, English-American author and screenwriter (d. 1954)
  • 1903 – Lev Shankovsky, Ukrainian military historian (d. 1995)
  • 1903 – Edward Upward, English author (d. 2009)
  • 1903 – Phyllis A. Whitney, American author (d. 2008)
  • 1904 – Feroze Khan, Indian-Pakistani field hockey player and coach (d. 2005)
  • 1904 – Arthur Laing, Canadian lawyer and politician, 9th Canadian Minister of Veterans Affairs (d. 1975)
  • 1905 – Joseph E. Levine, American film producer, founded Embassy Pictures (d. 1987)
  • 1905 – Brahmarishi Hussain Sha, Indian philosopher and poet (d. 1981)
  • 1906 – Ali Hadi Bara, Iranian-Turkish sculptor and educator (d. 1971)
  • 1907 – Leon Edel, American author and critic (d. 1997)
  • 1908 – Cesare Pavese, Italian poet and author (d. 1950)
  • 1908 – Shigekazu Shimazaki, Japanese admiral (d. 1945)
  • 1911 – Paul Goodman, American author, poet, and playwright (d. 1972)
  • 1911 – John Gorton, Australian lieutenant and politician, 19th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 2002)
  • 1914 – John Passmore, Australian philosopher and academic (d. 2004)
  • 1918 – Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, Italian lawyer and politician, 9th President of Italy (d. 2012)
  • 1919 – Gottfried Dienst, Swiss footballer and referee (d. 1998)
  • 1919 – Jimmy Snyder, American sportscaster (d. 1996)
  • 1920 – Neil Chotem, Canadian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 2008)
  • 1920 – Feng Kang, Chinese mathematician and physicist (d. 1993)
  • 1920 – Robert Wood Johnson III, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1970)
  • 1922 – Bernard Bailyn, American historian, author, and academic
  • 1922 – Hoyt Curtin, American composer and producer (d. 2000)
  • 1922 – Hans Georg Dehmelt, German-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2017)
  • 1922 – Manolis Glezos, Greek journalist and politician
  • 1922 – Warwick Estevam Kerr, Brazilian geneticist, entomologist, and engineer
  • 1923 – Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, American physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2008)
  • 1923 – Cliff Robertson, American actor (d. 2011)
  • 1924 – Jane Greer, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 1924 – Russell M. Nelson, American captain, surgeon, and religious leader
  • 1924 – Rik Van Steenbergen, Belgian cyclist (d. 2003)
  • 1926 – Louise Abeita, Isleta Pueblo (Native American) writer, poet, and educator (d. 2014)
  • 1926 – Yusuf al-Qaradawi, Egyptian theologian and author
  • 1927 – Elvin Jones, American drummer and bandleader (d. 2004)
  • 1927 – Tatyana Zaslavskaya, Russian sociologist and economist (d. 2013)
  • 1928 – Moses Anderson, American Roman Catholic bishop (d. 2013)
  • 1928 – Sol LeWitt, American painter and sculptor (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Claude Nougaro, French singer-songwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1930 – Francis Carroll, Australian archbishop
  • 1931 – Robin Hyman, English author and publisher
  • 1931 – Zoltán Latinovits, Hungarian actor and author (d. 1976)
  • 1931 – Ida Mae Martinez, American wrestler (d. 2010)
  • 1931 – Shirley Summerskill, English physician and politician
  • 1931 – Margaret Tyzack, English actress (d. 2011)
  • 1934 – Nicholas Liverpool, Dominican lawyer and politician, 6th President of Dominica (d. 2015)
  • 1934 – Sonia Sanchez, American poet, playwright, and activist
  • 1935 – Gopal Baratham, Singaporean neurosurgeon and author (d. 2002)
  • 1935 – Nadim Sawalha, Jordanian-born English actor
  • 1935 – Chaim Topol, Israeli actor, singer, and producer
  • 1936 – William Bradshaw, Baron Bradshaw, English academic and politician
  • 1938 – John Davis, English anthropologist and academic
  • 1938 – Jay Ward, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1939 – Ron McDole, American football player
  • 1940 – Hugh Morgan, Australian businessman
  • 1940 – Joe Negroni, American doo-wop singer (d. 1978)
  • 1941 – Syed Abid Ali, Indian cricketer
  • 1941 – Otis Redding, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 1967)
  • 1941 – Dennis Ritchie, American computer scientist, created the C programming language (d. 2011)
  • 1942 – Inez Foxx, American singer
  • 1942 – Danny Kalb, American singer and guitarist
  • 1943 – Frank Clark, English footballer, manager and chairman
  • 1945 – Ton van Heugten, Dutch motocross racer (d. 2008)
  • 1945 – Dee Dee Sharp, American singer
  • 1945 – Doug Ingle, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1946 – Jim Keays, Scottish-Australian singer-songwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1946 – Bruce Palmer, Canadian folk-rock bass player (d. 2004)
  • 1947 – David Rosenboom, American composer and educator
  • 1947 – Freddy Weller, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1947 – T. M. Wright, American author, poet, and illustrator (d. 2015)
  • 1949 – John Curry, English figure skater (d. 1994)
  • 1949 – Daniel Pipes, American historian and author
  • 1949 – Joe Theismann, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1949 – Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Indonesian general and politician, 6th President of Indonesia
  • 1950 – Gogi Alauddin, Pakistani squash player and coach
  • 1950 – John McFee, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1951 – Alexander Downer, Australian economist and politician, 34th Minister of Foreign Affairs for Australia
  • 1951 – Tom Wopat, American actor and singer
  • 1952 – Angela Cartwright, English-born American actress, author, and singer
  • 1952 – Per Jørgensen, Norwegian singer and trumpet player
  • 1952 – David A. Stewart, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1953 – Janet Fielding, Australian actress
  • 1955 – John Kricfalusi, Canadian voice actor, animator, director, and screenwriter
  • 1957 – Pierre-Laurent Aimard, French pianist and educator
  • 1959 – Tom Foley, American baseball player and coach
  • 1959 – Éric Serra, French composer and producer
  • 1960 – Hugh Grant, English actor and producer
  • 1960 – Bob Hartley, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1960 – Bob Stoops, American football player and coach
  • 1960 – Kimberly Willis Holt, American author
  • 1963 – Chris Coons, American lawyer and politician
  • 1963 – Roberto Donadoni, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1963 – Neil Fairbrother, English cricketer
  • 1964 – Aleksandar Hemon, Bosnian-American author and critic
  • 1964 – Skip Kendall, American golfer
  • 1965 – Dan Majerle, American basketball player and coach
  • 1965 – Marcel Peeper, Dutch footballer
  • 1966 – Georg Hackl, German luger and coach
  • 1966 – Kevin Hatcher, American ice hockey player
  • 1966 – Adam Sandler, American actor, screenwriter, and producer
  • 1966 – Brian Smith, Australian-Irish rugby player and coach
  • 1967 – B. J. Armstrong, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1967 – Chris Caffery, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1967 – Mark Shrader, American wrestler
  • 1967 – Akshay Kumar, Indian actor and producer
  • 1968 – Jon Drummond, American sprinter and coach
  • 1968 – Clive Mendonca, English footballer
  • 1968 – Julia Sawalha, English actress
  • 1969 – Rachel Hunter, New Zealand model and actress
  • 1969 – Natasha Stott Despoja, Australian politician
  • 1970 – Natalia Streignard, Spanish-Venezuelan actress
  • 1971 – Eric Stonestreet, American actor
  • 1971 – Henry Thomas, American actor and guitarist
  • 1972 – Mike Hampton, American baseball player and coach
  • 1972 – Natasha Kaplinsky, English journalist
  • 1972 – Jakko Jan Leeuwangh, Dutch speed skater
  • 1972 – Miriam Oremans, Dutch tennis player
  • 1972 – Xavi Pascual, Spanish professional basketball coach
  • 1972 – Félix Rodríguez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1972 – Goran Višnjić, Croatian-American actor
  • 1973 – Kazuhisa Ishii, Japanese baseball player
  • 1974 – Vikram Batra, Indian captain (d. 1999)
  • 1974 – Shane Crawford, Australian footballer and television host
  • 1974 – Marcos Curiel, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1974 – Jun Kasai, Japanese wrestler
  • 1974 – Gok Wan, English fashion stylist, author, and television host
  • 1975 – Michael Bublé, Canadian singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1975 – Anton Oliver, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1976 – Emma de Caunes, French actress
  • 1976 – El Intocable, Mexican wrestler
  • 1976 – Hanno Möttölä, Finnish basketball player
  • 1976 – Joey Newman, American composer and conductor
  • 1976 – Aki Riihilahti, Finnish footballer and coach
  • 1976 – Kristoffer Rygg, Norwegian singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1977 – Kyle Snyder, American baseball player and coach
  • 1977 – Fatih Tekke, Turkish footballer and manager
  • 1978 – Kurt Ainsworth, American baseball player and businessman, co-founded Marucci Sports
  • 1978 – Shane Battier, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1979 – Wayne Carlisle, Northern Irish footballer and coach
  • 1979 – Nikki DeLoach, American actress and singer
  • 1980 – Todd Coffey, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Václav Drobný, Czech footballer (d. 2012)
  • 1980 – David Fa’alogo, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1980 – Michelle Williams, American actress
  • 1981 – Julie Gonzalo, Argentine-American actress
  • 1982 – John Kuhn, American football player
  • 1982 – Graham Onions, English cricketer
  • 1982 – Ai Otsuka, Japanese singer-songwriter, pianist, and actress
  • 1982 – Eugênio Rômulo Togni, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Vitolo, Spanish footballer
  • 1983 – Kyle Davies, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Edwin Jackson, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Cleveland Taylor, English footballer
  • 1984 – Jaouad Akaddar, Moroccan footballer (d. 2012)
  • 1984 – Brad Guzan, American soccer player
  • 1984 – James Hildreth, English cricketer
  • 1984 – Michalis Sifakis, Greek footballer
  • 1985 – Martin Johnson, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1985 – Luka Modrić, Croatian footballer
  • 1985 – J. R. Smith, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Michael Bowden, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Chamu Chibhabha, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1986 – Luc Mbah a Moute, Cameroonian basketball player
  • 1986 – Keith Yandle, American hockey player
  • 1987 – Markus Jürgenson, Estonian footballer
  • 1987 – Alexis Palisson, French rugby player
  • 1987 – Andrea Petkovic, German tennis player
  • 1988 – Danilo D’Ambrosio, Italian footballer
  • 1988 – Will Middlebrooks, American baseball player
  • 1989 – Alfonzo Dennard, American football player
  • 1989 – Casey Hayward, American football player
  • 1990 – Shaun Johnson, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1990 – Haley Reinhart, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1990 – Andrew Smith, American basketball player (d. 2016)
  • 1990 – Jordan Tabor, English footballer (d. 2014)
  • 1991 – Hunter Hayes, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1991 – Oscar, Brazilian footballer
  • 1991 – Danilo Pereira, Bissauan-Portuguese footballer
  • 1992 – Shannon Boyd, Australian rugby league player
  • 1992 – Damian McGinty, Northern Irish actor and singer
  • 1992 – Kristiāns Pelšs, Latvian ice hockey player (d. 2013)
  • 1993 – Cameron Cullen, Australian rugby league player
  • 1993 – Crazy Mary Dobson, American wrestler
  • 1993 – Ryōhei Katō, Japanese gymnast
  • 1993 – Sharon van Rouwendaal, Dutch swimmer
  • 1994 – Clinton Gutherson, Australian rugby league player
  • 1997 – Billy Bainbridge, Australian rugby league player

Deaths on September 9

  • 906 – Adalbert von Babenberg, Frankish nobleman
  • 1000 – Olaf I, king of Norway
  • 1031 – Gang Gam-chan, Korean general (b. 948)
  • 1087 – William the Conqueror, English king (b. 1028)
  • 1191 – Conrad II, duke of Bohemia
  • 1271 – Yaroslav of Tver, Russian Grand Prince (b. 1230)
  • 1282 – Ingrid of Skänninge, Swedish abbes and saint
  • 1285 – Kunigunda of Halych, queen regent of Bohemia (b. 1245)
  • 1398 – James I, king of Cyprus (b. 1334)
  • 1435 – Robert Harling, English knight
  • 1438 – Edward, king of Portugal (b. 1391)
  • 1487 – Chenghua, emperor of China (b. 1447)
  • 1488 – Francis II, duke of Brittany (b. 1433)
  • 1513 – James IV, king of Scotland (b. 1473)
  • 1513 – George Douglas, Scottish nobleman (b. 1469)
  • 1513 – William Douglas of Glenbervie, Scottish nobleman (b. 1473)
  • 1513 – William Graham, 1st Earl of Montrose, Scottish politician (b. 1464)
  • 1513 – George Hepburn, Scottish bishop
  • 1513 – Adam Hepburn, 2nd Earl of Bothwell, Scottish politician, Lord High Admiral of Scotland
  • 1513 – Adam Hepburn of Craggis, Scottish nobleman
  • 1513 – David Kennedy, 1st Earl of Cassilis, Scottish soldier (b. 1478)
  • 1513 – Alexander Lauder of Blyth, Scottish politician
  • 1513 – Alexander Stewart, Scottish archbishop (b. 1493)
  • 1513 – Matthew Stewart, 2nd Earl of Lennox, Scottish politician (b. 1488)
  • 1569 – Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Dutch painter (b. 1525)
  • 1583 – Humphrey Gilbert, English explorer and politician (b. 1539)
  • 1596 – Anna Jagiellon, Polish queen (b. 1523)
  • 1603 – George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire (b. 1547)
  • 1611 – Eleanor de’ Medici, Italian nobleman (b. 1567)
  • 1612 – Nakagawa Hidenari, Japanese daimyō (b. 1570)
  • 1676 – Paul de Chomedey, Sieur de Maisonneuve, French soldier, founded Montreal (b. 1612)
  • 1680 – Henry Marten, English lawyer and politician (b. 1602)
  • 1755 – Johann Lorenz von Mosheim, German historian and author (b. 1694)
  • 1806 – William Paterson, Irish-American judge and politician, 2nd Governor of New Jersey (b. 1745)
  • 1815 – John Singleton Copley, American-English colonial and painter (b. 1738)
  • 1834 – James Weddell, Belgian-English sailor and navigator (b. 1787)
  • 1841 – Augustin Pyramus de Candolle, Swiss botanist, mycologist, and academic (b. 1778)
  • 1891 – Jules Grévy, French politician, 4th President of the French Republic (b. 1813)
  • 1893 – Friedrich Traugott Kützing, German pharmacist, botanist and phycologist (b. 1807)
  • 1898 – Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet and critic (b. 1842)
  • 1901 – Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French painter and illustrator (b. 1864)
  • 1907 – Ernest Wilberforce, English bishop (b. 1840)
  • 1909 – E. H. Harriman, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1848)
  • 1910 – Lloyd Wheaton Bowers, American lawyer and politician, United States Solicitor General (b. 1859)
  • 1915 – Albert Spalding, American baseball player, manager, and businessman, co-founded Spalding (b. 1850)
  • 1934 – Roger Fry, English painter and critic (b. 1866)
  • 1941 – Hans Spemann, German embryologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1869)
  • 1943 – Carlo Bergamini, Italian admiral (b. 1888)
  • 1943 – Charles McLean Andrews, American historian, author, and academic (b. 1863)
  • 1945 – Max Ehrmann, American poet and lawyer (b. 1872)
  • 1950 – Victor Hémery, French racing driver (b. 1876)
  • 1955 – Carl Friedberg, German pianist and educator (b. 1872)
  • 1958 – Charlie Macartney, Australian cricketer and soldier (b. 1886)
  • 1959 – Ramón Fonst, Cuban fencer (b. 1883)
  • 1960 – Jussi Björling, Swedish tenor (b. 1911)
  • 1969 – Willy Mairesse, Belgian racing driver (b. 1928)
  • 1975 – Johannes Brenner, Estonian footballer (b. 1906)
  • 1975 – John McGiver, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1976 – Mao Zedong, Chinese philosopher, academic, and politician, 1st Chairman of the Communist Party of China (b. 1893)
  • 1978 – Hugh MacDiarmid, Scottish linguist, poet, and author (b. 1892)
  • 1978 – Jack L. Warner, Canadian-American production manager and producer, co-founded Warner Bros. (b. 1892)
  • 1979 – Norrie Paramor, English composer, conductor, and producer (b. 1914)
  • 1980 – John Howard Griffin, American journalist and author (b. 1920)
  • 1981 – Robert Askin, Australian sergeant and politician, 32nd Premier of New South Wales (b. 1907)
  • 1981 – Jacques Lacan, French psychoanalyst and psychiatrist (b. 1901)
  • 1985 – Neil Davis, Australian photographer and journalist (b. 1934)
  • 1985 – Paul Flory, American chemist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)
  • 1985 – Antonino Votto, Italian conductor (b. 1896)
  • 1986 – Magda Tagliaferro, Brazilian pianist and educator (b. 1893)
  • 1990 – Nicola Abbagnano, Italian philosopher and academic (b. 1901)
  • 1990 – Samuel Doe, Liberian field marshal and politician, 21st President of Liberia (b. 1951)
  • 1990 – Alexander Men, Russian priest and scholar (b. 1930)
  • 1993 – Larry Noble, English comedian and actor (b. 1914)
  • 1993 – Helen O’Connell, American singer (b. 1920)
  • 1994 – Patrick O’Neal, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 1996 – Bill Monroe, American singer-songwriter (b. 1911)
  • 1997 – Richie Ashburn, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1927)
  • 1997 – John Hackett, Australian-English general and author (b. 1910)
  • 1997 – Burgess Meredith, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1907)
  • 1998 – Lucio Battisti, Italian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1943)
  • 1998 – Bill Cratty, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1951)
  • 1999 – Arie de Vroet, Dutch footballer and manager (b. 1918)
  • 1999 – Catfish Hunter, American baseball player (b. 1946)
  • 1999 – Ruth Roman, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 2000 – Julian Critchley, English lawyer and politician (b. 1930)
  • 2001 – Ahmad Shah Massoud, Afghan commander and politician, Afghan Minister of Defense (b. 1953)
  • 2003 – Edward Teller, Hungarian-American physicist and academic (b. 1908)
  • 2003 – Don Willesee, Australian telegraphist and politician, 29th Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – Ernie Ball, American guitarist and businessman (b. 1930)
  • 2004 – Caitlin Clarke, American actress (b. 1952)
  • 2006 – Gérard Brach, French director and screenwriter (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Richard Burmer, American composer and engineer (b. 1955)
  • 2006 – Matt Gadsby, English footballer (b. 1979)
  • 2006 – William Bernard Ziff Jr., American businessman, founded Ziff Davis (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Verghese Kurien, Indian engineer and businessman, founded Amul (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – John McCarthy, Australian footballer (b. 1989)
  • 2012 – Mike Scarry, American football player and coach (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Ron Tindall, English footballer and manager (b. 1935)
  • 2013 – Sunila Abeysekera, Sri Lankan scholar and activist (b. 1952)
  • 2013 – Alberto Bevilacqua, Italian director and screenwriter (b. 1934)
  • 2013 – Saul Landau, American journalist, director, and author (b. 1936)
  • 2014 – Montserrat Abelló i Soler, Spanish poet and translator (b. 1918)
  • 2014 – Firoza Begum, Bangladeshi singer (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – Annemarie Bostroem, German poet, playwright, and songwriter (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Einar H. Ingman Jr., American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – K. Kunaratnam, Sri Lankan physicist and academic (b. 1934)

Holidays and observances on September 9

  • Christian feast day:
    • Charles Lowder (Church of England)
    • Ciarán of Clonmacnoise
    • Constance, Nun, and her Companions (Episcopal Church)
    • Our Lady of Arantzazu (Oñati)
    • Peter Claver
    • Synaxis of Ss. Joachim and Anna, an Afterfeast. (Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches)
    • September 9 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Armored Forces Day (Ukraine)
  • California Admission Day (California, United States)
  • Children’s Day (Costa Rica)
  • Chrysanthemum Day or Kiku no Sekku (Japan)
  • Day of the Victims of Holocaust and of Racial Violence (Slovakia)
  • Emergency Services Day (United Kingdom)
  • Independence Day or Republic Day, celebrates the proclamation of Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) in 1948.
  • Independence Day (Tajikistan), celebrates the independence of Tajikistan from USSR in 1991.
  • Martyrs’ Day (Afghanistan) (date may fall on September 8, follows a non-Gregorian calendar, see List of observances set by the Solar Hijri calendar)
  • Remembrance for Herman the Cheruscan (The Troth)

August 2 – History, Events, Births, Deaths Holidays and Observances On This Day

  • 338 BC – A Macedonian army led by Philip II defeated the combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Battle of Chaeronea, securing Macedonian hegemony in Greece and the Aegean.
  • 216 BC – The Carthaginian army led by Hannibal defeats a numerically superior Roman army at the Battle of Cannae.
  • 461 – Majorian is arrested near Tortona (northern Italy) and deposed by the Suebian general Ricimer as puppet emperor.
  • 1274 – Edward I of England returns from the Ninth Crusade and is crowned King seventeen days later.
  • 1343 – After the execution of her husband, Jeanne de Clisson sells her estates and raises a force of men with which to attack French shipping and ports.
  • 1377 – Russian troops are defeated by forces of the Blue Horde Khan Arapsha in the Battle on Pyana River.
  • 1415 – Thomas Grey is executed for participating in the Southampton Plot.
  • 1610 – During Henry Hudson’s search for the Northwest Passage, he sails into what is now known as Hudson Bay.
  • 1776 – The signing of the United States Declaration of Independence took place.
  • 1790 – The first United States Census is conducted.
  • 1798 – French Revolutionary Wars: The Battle of the Nile concludes in a British victory.
  • 1830 – Charles X of France abdicates the throne in favor of his grandson Henri.
  • 1858 – The Government of India Act 1858 replaces Company rule in India with that of the British Raj.
  • 1869 – Japan’s Edo society class system is abolished as part of the Meiji Restoration reforms.
  • 1870 – Tower Subway, the world’s first underground tube railway, opens in London, England, United Kingdom.
  • 1873 – The Clay Street Hill Railroad begins operating the first cable car in San Francisco’s famous cable car system.
  • 1897 – Anglo-Afghan War: The Siege of Malakand ends when a relief column is able to reach the British garrison in the Malakand states.
  • 1903 – The Ilinden–Preobrazhenie Uprising against the Ottoman Empire begins.
  • 1914 – The German occupation of Luxembourg during World War I begins.
  • 1916 – World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto.
  • 1918 – The first general strike in Canadian history takes place in Vancouver.
  • 1922 – A typhoon hits Shantou, Republic of China killing more than 50,000 people.
  • 1923 – Vice President Calvin Coolidge becomes U.S. President upon the death of President Warren G. Harding.
  • 1932 – The positron (antiparticle of the electron) is discovered by Carl D. Anderson.
  • 1934 – Gleichschaltung: Adolf Hitler becomes Führer of Germany following the death of President Paul von Hindenburg.
  • 1937 – The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, the effect of which is to render marijuana and all its by-products illegal.
  • 1939 – Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard write a letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt, urging him to begin the Manhattan Project to develop a nuclear weapon.
  • 1943 – Jewish prisoners stage a revolt at Treblinka, one of the deadliest of Nazi death camps where approximately 900,000 persons were murdered in less than 18 months.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Motor Torpedo Boat PT-109 is rammed by the Japanese destroyer Amagiri and sinks. Lt. John F. Kennedy, future U.S. President, saves all but two of his crew.
  • 1944 – ASNOM: Birth of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia, celebrated as Day of the Republic in North Macedonia.
  • 1944 – World War II: The largest trade convoy of the world wars arrives safely in the Western Approaches.
  • 1945 – World War II: End of the Potsdam Conference.
  • 1947 – A British South American Airways Avro Lancastrian airliner crashes into a mountain during a flight from Buenos Aires, Argentina to Santiago, Chile. The wreckage would not be found until 1998.
  • 1968 – An earthquake hits Casiguran, Aurora, Philippines killing more than 270 people and wounding 261.
  • 1973 – A flash fire kills 51 people at the Summerland amusement centre at Douglas, Isle of Man.
  • 1980 – A bomb explodes at the railway station in Bologna, Italy, killing 85 people and wounding more than 200.
  • 1985 – Delta Air Lines Flight 191, a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar, crashes at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport killing 137.
  • 1989 – Pakistan is re-admitted to the Commonwealth of Nations after having restored democracy for the first time since 1972.
  • 1989 – A massacre is carried out by an Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka killing 64 ethnic Tamil civilians.
  • 1990 – Iraq invades Kuwait, eventually leading to the Gulf War.
  • 1999 – The Gaisal train disaster claims 285 lives in Assam, India.
  • 2005 – Air France Flight 358 lands at Toronto Pearson International Airport and runs off the runway, causing the plane to burst into flames leaving 12 injuries and no fatalities.
  • 2014 – At least 146 people were killed and more than 114 injured in a factory explosion in Kunshan, Jiangsu, China.

Births on August 2

  • 1260 – Kyawswa of Pagan, last ruler of the Pagan Kingdom (d. 1299)
  • 1455 – John Cicero, Elector of Brandenburg (d. 1499)
  • 1533 – Theodor Zwinger, Swiss physician and scholar (d. 1588)
  • 1549 – Mikołaj Krzysztof “the Orphan” Radziwiłł, Polish nobleman (d. 1616)
  • 1612 – Saskia van Uylenburgh, Dutch model and wife of Rembrandt van Rijn (d. 1642)
  • 1627 – Samuel Dirksz van Hoogstraten, Dutch painter (d. 1678)
  • 1630 – Estephan El Douaihy, Maronite patriarch (d. 1704)
  • 1646 – Jean-Baptiste du Casse, French admiral and buccaneer (d. 1715)
  • 1672 – Johann Jakob Scheuchzer, Swiss paleontologist and scholar (d. 1733)
  • 1674 – Philippe II, Duke of Orléans (d. 1723)
  • 1696 – Mahmud I, Ottoman sultan (d. 1754)
  • 1702 – Dietrich of Anhalt-Dessau (d. 1769)
  • 1703 – Lorenzo Ricci, Italian religious leader, 18th Superior General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1775)
  • 1740 – Jean Baptiste Camille Canclaux, French general (d. 1817)
  • 1754 – Pierre Charles L’Enfant, French-American architect and engineer, designed Washington, D.C. (d. 1825)
  • 1788 – Leopold Gmelin, German chemist and academic (d. 1853)
  • 1815 – Adolf Friedrich von Schack, German poet and historian (d. 1894)
  • 1820 – John Tyndall, Irish-English physicist and mountaineer (d. 1893)
  • 1828 – Manuel Pavía y Rodríguez de Alburquerque, Spanish general (d. 1895)
  • 1834 – Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, French sculptor, designed the Statue of Liberty (d. 1904)
  • 1835 – Elisha Gray, American businessman, co-founded Western Electric (d. 1901)
  • 1861 – Prafulla Chandra Ray, Indian chemist and academic (d. 1944)
  • 1865 – Irving Babbitt, American academic and critic (d. 1933)
  • 1865 – John Radecki, Australian stained glass artist (d. 1955)
  • 1867 – Ernest Dowson, English poet, novelist, and short story writer (d. 1900)
  • 1868 – Constantine I of Greece (d. 1923)
  • 1870 – Marianne Weber, German sociologist and suffragist (d. 1954)
  • 1871 – John French Sloan, American painter and illustrator (d. 1951)
  • 1872 – George E. Stewart, Australian-American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1946)
  • 1876 – Pingali Venkayya, Indian geologist, designed the Flag of India (d. 1963)
  • 1877 – Ravishankar Shukla, Indian lawyer and politician, 1st Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh (d. 1956)
  • 1878 – Aino Kallas, Finnish-Estonian author (d. 1956)
  • 1878 – Berta Ruck, Indian-born Welsh romance novelist (d. 1978)
  • 1880 – Arthur Dove, American painter and educator (d. 1946)
  • 1882 – Red Ames, American baseball player and manager (d. 1936)
  • 1882 – Albert Bloch, American painter and academic (d. 1961)
  • 1884 – Rómulo Gallegos, Venezuelan author and politician, 46th President of Venezuela (d. 1969)
  • 1886 – John Alexander Douglas McCurdy, Canadian pilot and politician, 20th Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia (d. 1961)
  • 1887 – Oskar Anderson, Bulgarian-German mathematician and statistician (d. 1960)
  • 1889 – Margaret Lawrence, American stage actress (d. 1929)
  • 1891 – Arthur Bliss, English composer and conductor (d. 1975)
  • 1891 – Viktor Zhirmunsky, Russian linguist and historian (d. 1971)
  • 1892 – Jack L. Warner, Canadian-born American production manager and producer, co-founded Warner Bros. (d. 1978)
  • 1894 – Bertha Lutz, Brazilian feminist and scientist (d.1976)
  • 1895 – Matt Henderson, New Zealand cricketer (d. 1970)
  • 1897 – Karl-Otto Koch, German SS officer (d. 1945)
  • 1897 – Max Weber, Swiss lawyer and politician (d. 1974)
  • 1898 – Ernő Nagy, Hungarian fencer (d. 1977)
  • 1899 – Charles Bennett, English director and screenwriter (d. 1995)
  • 1900 – Holling C. Holling, American author and illustrator (d. 1973)
  • 1900 – Helen Morgan, American actress and singer (d. 1941)
  • 1902 – Pope Cyril VI of Alexandria (d. 1971)
  • 1902 – Mina Rees, American mathematician (d.1997)
  • 1905 – Karl Amadeus Hartmann, German composer (d. 1963)
  • 1905 – Myrna Loy, American actress (d. 1993)
  • 1907 – Mary Hamman, American journalist and author (d. 1984)
  • 1910 – Roger MacDougall, Scottish director, playwright, and screenwriter (d. 1993)
  • 1911 – Ann Dvorak, American actress (d. 1979)
  • 1912 – Palle Huld, Danish actor (d. 2010)
  • 1912 – Håkon Stenstadvold, Norwegian painter, illustrator, and critic (d. 1977)
  • 1912 – Vladimir Žerjavić, Croatian economist and author (d. 2001)
  • 1913 – Xavier Thaninayagam, Sri Lankan scholar and academic (d. 1980)
  • 1914 – Félix Leclerc, Canadian singer-songwriter, actor, and poet (d. 1988)
  • 1914 – Big Walter Price, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 2012)
  • 1914 – Beatrice Straight, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – Gary Merrill, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1916 – Alfonso A. Ossorio, Filipino-American painter and sculptor (d. 1990)
  • 1917 – Wah Chang, Chinese-American artist and designer, best known for his work on Star Trek: The Original Series (d. 2003)
  • 1919 – Nehemiah Persoff, Israeli-American actor
  • 1920 – Louis Pauwels, French journalist and author (d. 1997)
  • 1920 – Augustus Rowe, Canadian physician and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1921 – Alan Whicker, Egyptian-English journalist (d. 2013)
  • 1922 – Betsy Bloomingdale, American philanthropist and socialite (d. 2016)
  • 1922 – Geoffrey Dutton, Australian historian and author (d. 1998)
  • 1923 – Shimon Peres, Polish-Israeli lawyer and politician, 9th President of Israel (d. 2016)
  • 1923 – Ike Williams, American boxer (d. 1994)
  • 1924 – James Baldwin, American novelist, poet, and critic (d. 1987)
  • 1924 – Joe Harnell, American pianist and composer (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Carroll O’Connor, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2001)
  • 1925 – K. Arulanandan, Ceylon-American engineer and academic (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – John Dexter, English director and producer (d. 1990)
  • 1925 – John McCormack, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2017)
  • 1925 – Jorge Rafael Videla, Argentinian general and politician, 43rd President of Argentina (d. 2013)
  • 1927 – Peter Swinnerton-Dyer, English mathematician and academic (d. 2018)
  • 1928 – Malcolm Hilton, English cricketer (d. 1990)
  • 1929 – Roy Crimmins, English trombonist and composer (d. 2014)
  • 1929 – John Gale, English director and producer
  • 1929 – Vidya Charan Shukla, Indian politician, Indian Minister of External Affairs (d. 2013)
  • 1929 – David Waddington, Baron Waddington, English lawyer and politician, Governor of Bermuda (d. 2017)
  • 1930 – Vali Myers, Australian painter and dancer (d. 2003)
  • 1931 – Pierre DuMaine, American bishop and academic (d. 2019)
  • 1931 – Eddie Fuller, South African cricketer (d. 2008)
  • 1931 – Karl Miller, English journalist and critic (d. 2014)
  • 1931 – Viliam Schrojf, Czech footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Lamar Hunt, American businessman, co-founded the American Football League and World Championship Tennis (d. 2006)
  • 1932 – Peter O’Toole, British-Irish actor and producer (d. 2013)
  • 1933 – Ioannis Varvitsiotis, Greek politician, Greek Minister of Defence
  • 1934 – Valery Bykovsky, Russian general and astronaut (d. 2019)
  • 1935 – Hank Cochran, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2010)
  • 1936 – Anthony Payne, English composer and author
  • 1937 – Ron Brierley, New Zealand businessman
  • 1937 – Billy Cannon, American football player and dentist (d. 2018)
  • 1937 – Garth Hudson, Canadian keyboard player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1938 – Dave Balon, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2007)
  • 1938 – Pierre de Bané, Israeli-Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 2019)
  • 1938 – Terry Peck, Falkland Islander soldier (d. 2006)
  • 1939 – Benjamin Barber, American theorist, author, and academic (d. 2017)
  • 1939 – Wes Craven, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1939 – John W. Snow, American businessman and politician, 73rd United States Secretary of the Treasury
  • 1940 – Angel Lagdameo, Filipino archbishop
  • 1940 – Beko Ransome-Kuti, Nigerian physician and activist (d. 2006)
  • 1940 – Will Tura, Belgian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1941 – Doris Coley, American singer (d. 2000)
  • 1941 – Jules A. Hoffmann, Luxembourgian-French biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1941 – François Weyergans, Belgian director and screenwriter
  • 1942 – Isabel Allende, Chilean-American novelist, essayist, essayist
  • 1942 – Leo Beenhakker, Dutch football manager
  • 1942 – Juan Formell, Cuban singer-songwriter and bass player (d. 2014)
  • 1942 – Nell Irvin Painter, American author and historian
  • 1943 – Herbert M. Allison, American lieutenant and businessman (d. 2013)
  • 1943 – Tom Burgmeier, American baseball player and coach
  • 1943 – Jon R. Cavaiani, English-American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2014)
  • 1943 – Rose Tremain, English novelist and short story writer
  • 1944 – Jim Capaldi, English drummer and singer-songwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1944 – Naná Vasconcelos, Brazilian singer and berimbau player (d. 2016)
  • 1945 – Joanna Cassidy, American actress
  • 1945 – Alex Jesaulenko, Austrian-Australian footballer and coach
  • 1945 – Bunker Roy, Indian educator and activist
  • 1945 – Eric Simms, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1946 – James Howe, American journalist and author
  • 1947 – Ruth Bakke, Norwegian organist and composer
  • 1947 – Lawrence Wright, American journalist, author, and screenwriter
  • 1948 – Andy Fairweather Low, Welsh singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1948 – Dennis Prager, American radio host and author
  • 1948 – James Street, American football and baseball player (d. 2013)
  • 1948 – Snoo Wilson, English playwright and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1949 – James Fallows, American journalist and author
  • 1949 – Bertalan Farkas, Hungarian general and astronaut
  • 1950 – Jussi Adler-Olsen, Danish author and publisher
  • 1950 – Ted Turner, British guitarist
  • 1951 – Andrew Gold, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2011)
  • 1951 – Steve Hillage, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1951 – Joe Lynn Turner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1951 – Per Westerberg, Swedish businessman and politician, Speaker of the Parliament of Sweden
  • 1952 – Alain Giresse, French footballer and manager
  • 1953 – Donnie Munro, Scottish singer and guitarist
  • 1953 – Butch Patrick, American actor
  • 1953 – Anthony Seldon, English historian and author
  • 1954 – Sammy McIlroy, Northern Irish footballer and manager
  • 1955 – Caleb Carr, American historian and author
  • 1955 – Tony Godden, English footballer and manager
  • 1955 – Butch Vig, American drummer, songwriter, and record producer
  • 1956 – Fulvio Melia, Italian-American physicist, astrophysicist, and author
  • 1959 – Victoria Jackson, American actress and singer
  • 1959 – Johnny Kemp, Bahamian singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1959 – Apollonia Kotero, American singer and actress
  • 1960 – Linda Fratianne, American figure skater
  • 1960 – Neal Morse, American singer and keyboard player
  • 1960 – David Yow, American singer-songwriter
  • 1961 – Pete de Freitas, Trinidadian-British drummer and producer (d. 1989)
  • 1962 – Lee Mavers, English singer, songwriter and guitarist
  • 1963 – Laura Bennett, American architect and fashion designer
  • 1963 – Uğur Tütüneker, Turkish footballer and manager
  • 1964 – Frank Biela, German race car driver
  • 1964 – Mary-Louise Parker, American actress
  • 1965 – Joe Hockey, Australian lawyer and politician, 38th Treasurer of Australia
  • 1965 – Hisanobu Watanabe, Japanese baseball player and coach
  • 1966 – Takashi Iizuka, Japanese wrestler
  • 1966 – Grainne Leahy, Irish cricketer
  • 1966 – Tim Wakefield, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1967 – Aaron Krickstein, American tennis player
  • 1967 – Aline Brosh McKenna, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1968 – Stefan Effenberg, German footballer and sportscaster
  • 1969 – Cedric Ceballos, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Fernando Couto, Portuguese footballer and manager
  • 1970 – Tony Amonte, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1970 – Kevin Smith, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1970 – Philo Wallace, Barbadian cricketer
  • 1971 – Jason Bell, Australian rugby league player
  • 1971 – Michael Hughes, Irish footballer and manager
  • 1972 – Mohamed Al-Deayea, Saudi Arabian footballer
  • 1973 – Danie Keulder, Namibian cricketer
  • 1973 – Miguel Mendonca, Zimbabwean journalist and author
  • 1973 – Susie O’Neill, Australian swimmer
  • 1974 – Phil Williams, English journalist and radio host
  • 1975 – Mineiro, Brazilian footballer
  • 1975 – Xu Huaiwen, Chinese-German badminton player and coach
  • 1975 – Tamás Molnár, Hungarian water polo player
  • 1976 – Reyes Estévez, Spanish runner
  • 1976 – Jay Heaps, American soccer player and coach
  • 1976 – Michael Weiss, American figure skater
  • 1976 – Sam Worthington, English-Australian actor and producer
  • 1976 – Mohammad Zahid, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1977 – Edward Furlong, American actor
  • 1978 – Goran Gavrančić, Serbian footballer
  • 1978 – Matt Guerrier, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Deividas Šemberas, Lithuanian footballer
  • 1978 – Dragan Vukmir, Serbian footballer
  • 1979 – Marco Bonura, Italian footballer
  • 1979 – Reuben Kosgei, Kenyan runner
  • 1980 – Ivica Banović, Croatian footballer
  • 1981 – Alexander Emelianenko, Russian mixed martial artist and boxer
  • 1981 – Tim Murtagh, Irish-English cricketer
  • 1982 – Hélder Postiga, Portuguese footballer
  • 1982 – Kerry Rhodes, American football player
  • 1982 – Grady Sizemore, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Cynthia Stevenson, American actress
  • 1983 – Michel Bastos, Brazilian footballer
  • 1984 – Giampaolo Pazzini, Italian footballer
  • 1985 – Stephen Ferris, Irish rugby player
  • 1985 – David Hart Smith, Canadian wrestler
  • 1985 – Britt Nicole, American Christian pop artist
  • 1986 – Mathieu Razanakolona, Canadian skier
  • 1988 – Rob Kwiet, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1989 – Nacer Chadli, Belgian footballer
  • 1990 – Ima Bohush, Belarusian tennis player
  • 1994 – Laura Pigossi, Brazilian tennis player
  • 1994 – Laremy Tunsil, American football player
  • 1995 – Kristaps Porziņģis, Latvian basketball player
  • 1996 – Simone Manuel, American swimmer
  • 1999 – Mark Lee, Korean-Canadian singer, member of boy-group NCT

Deaths on August 2

  • 216 BC – Gnaeus Servilius Geminus, Roman consul
  • 216 BC – Lucius Aemilius Paullus, Roman consul and general
  • 216 BC – Marcus Minucius Rufus, Roman consul
  • 257 – Pope Stephen I
  • 640 – Pope Severinus
  • 686 – Pope John V (b. 635)
  • 855 – Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Arab theologian and jurist (b. 780)
  • 924 – Ælfweard of Wessex (b. 904)
  • 1075 – Patriarch John VIII of Constantinople
  • 1100 – William II of England (b. 1056)
  • 1222 – Raymond VI, Count of Toulouse (b. 1156)
  • 1277 – Mu’in al-Din Sulaiman Pervane, Chancellor and Regent of the Sultanate of Rum
  • 1316 – Louis of Burgundy (b. 1297)
  • 1330 – Yolande of Dreux, Queen consort of Scotland and Duchess consort of Brittany (b. 1263)
  • 1332 – King Christopher II of Denmark (b. 1276)
  • 1415 – Thomas Grey, English conspirator (b. 1384)
  • 1445 – Oswald von Wolkenstein, Austrian poet and composer (b. 1376)
  • 1451 – Elizabeth of Görlitz (b. 1390)
  • 1511 – Andrew Barton, Scottish admiral (b. 1466)
  • 1512 – Alessandro Achillini, Italian physician and philosopher (b. 1463)
  • 1589 – Henry III of France (b. 1551)
  • 1605 – Richard Leveson, English admiral (b. c. 1570)
  • 1611 – Katō Kiyomasa, Japanese daimyō (b. 1562)
  • 1667 – Francesco Borromini, Swiss architect, designed San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane and Sant’Agnese in Agone (b. 1599)
  • 1696 – Robert Campbell of Glenlyon (b. 1630)
  • 1769 – Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea, English politician, Lord President of the Council (b. 1689)
  • 1788 – Thomas Gainsborough, English painter (b. 1727)
  • 1799 – Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier, French inventor, co-invented the hot air balloon (b. 1745)
  • 1815 – Guillaume Brune, French general and politician (b. 1763)
  • 1823 – Lazare Carnot, French mathematician, general, and politician, President of the National Convention (b. 1753)
  • 1834 – Harriet Arbuthnot, English diarist (b. 1793)
  • 1849 – Muhammad Ali of Egypt, Ottoman Albanian commander (b. 1769)
  • 1854 – Heinrich Clauren, German author (b. 1771)
  • 1859 – Horace Mann, American educator and politician (b. 1796)
  • 1876 – “Wild Bill” Hickok, American sheriff (b. 1837)
  • 1889 – Eduardo Gutiérrez, Argentinian author (b. 1851)
  • 1890 – Louise-Victorine Ackermann, French poet and author (b. 1813)
  • 1903 – Eduard Magnus Jakobson, Estonian missionary and engraver (b. 1847)
  • 1903 – Edmond Nocard, French veterinarian and microbiologist (b. 1850)
  • 1913 – Ferenc Pfaff, Hungarian architect and academic, designed Zagreb Central Station (b. 1851)
  • 1915 – John Downer, Australian politician, 16th Premier of South Australia (b. 1843)
  • 1917 – Jaan Mahlapuu, Estonian military pilot (b. 1894)
  • 1921 – Enrico Caruso, Italian tenor and actor (b. 1873)
  • 1922 – Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish-Canadian engineer, invented the telephone (b. 1847)
  • 1923 – Warren G. Harding, American journalist and politician, 29th President of the United States (b. 1865)
  • 1934 – Paul von Hindenburg, German field marshal and politician, 2nd President of Germany (b. 1847)
  • 1937 – Artur Sirk, Estonian soldier, lawyer, and politician (b. 1900)
  • 1939 – Harvey Spencer Lewis, American mystic and author (b. 1883)
  • 1945 – Pietro Mascagni, Italian composer and educator (b. 1863)
  • 1955 – Alfred Lépine, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1901)
  • 1955 – Wallace Stevens, American poet and educator (b. 1879)
  • 1963 – Oliver La Farge, American anthropologist and author (b. 1901)
  • 1967 – Walter Terence Stace, English-American epistemologist, philosopher, and academic (b. 1886)
  • 1970 – Angus MacFarlane-Grieve, English academic, mathematician, rower, and soldier (b. 1891)
  • 1972 – Brian Cole, American bass player (b. 1942)
  • 1972 – Paul Goodman, American psychotherapist and author (b. 1911)
  • 1972 – Helen Hoyt, American poet and author (b. 1887)
  • 1973 – Jean-Pierre Melville, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1917)
  • 1974 – Douglas Hawkes, English race car driver and businessman (b. 1893)
  • 1976 – László Kalmár, Hungarian mathematician and academic (b. 1905)
  • 1976 – Fritz Lang, Austrian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1890)
  • 1978 – Carlos Chávez, Mexican composer and conductor (b. 1899)
  • 1978 – Antony Noghès, French businessman, founded the Monaco Grand Prix (b. 1890)
  • 1979 – Thurman Munson, American baseball player (b. 1947)
  • 1981 – Stefanie Clausen, Danish diver (b. 1900)
  • 1983 – James Jamerson, American bass player (b. 1936)
  • 1986 – Roy Cohn, American lawyer and politician (b. 1927)
  • 1988 – Joe Carcione, American activist and author (b. 1914)
  • 1988 – Raymond Carver, American short story writer and poet (b. 1938)
  • 1990 – Norman Maclean, American short story writer and essayist (b. 1902)
  • 1990 – Edwin Richfield, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1921)
  • 1992 – Michel Berger, French singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1947)
  • 1996 – Michel Debré, French lawyer and politician, 150th Prime Minister of France (b. 1912)
  • 1996 – Obdulio Varela, Uruguayan footballer and manager (b. 1917)
  • 1996 – Mohamed Farrah Aidid, Somalian general and politician, 5th President of Somalia (b. 1934)
  • 1997 – William S. Burroughs, American novelist, short story writer, and essayist (b. 1914)
  • 1997 – Fela Kuti, Nigerian singer-songwriter and activist (b. 1938)
  • 1998 – Shari Lewis, American television host and puppeteer (b. 1933)
  • 1999 – Willie Morris, American writer (b. 1934)
  • 2003 – Peter Safar, Austrian-American physician and academic (b. 1924)
  • 2004 – Ferenc Berényi, Hungarian painter and academic (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – François Craenhals, Belgian illustrator (b. 1926)
  • 2004 – Heinrich Mark, Estonian lawyer and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Estonia in exile (b. 1911)
  • 2005 – Steven Vincent, American journalist and author (b. 1955)
  • 2007 – Chauncey Bailey, American journalist (b. 1950)
  • 2008 – Fujio Akatsuka, Japanese illustrator (b. 1935)
  • 2011 – José Sanchis Grau, Spanish author and illustrator (b. 1932)
  • 2012 – Gabriel Horn, English biologist and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – Magnus Isacsson, Canadian director and producer (b. 1948)
  • 2012 – Jimmy Jones, American singer-songwriter (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – John Keegan, English historian and journalist (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Bernd Meier, German footballer (b. 1972)
  • 2012 – Marguerite Piazza, American soprano (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Julius L. Chambers, American lawyer and activist (b. 1936)
  • 2013 – Richard E. Dauch, American businessman, co-founded American Axle (b. 1942)
  • 2013 – Alla Kushnir, Russian–Israeli chess player (b. 1941)
  • 2014 – Ed Joyce, American journalist (b. 1932)
  • 2014 – Billie Letts, American author and educator (b. 1938)
  • 2014 – Barbara Prammer, Austrian social worker and politician (b. 1954)
  • 2014 – James Thompson, American-Finnish author (b. 1964)
  • 2015 – Forrest Bird, American pilot and engineer (b. 1921)
  • 2015 – Giovanni Conso, Italian jurist and politician, Italian Minister of Justice (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Piet Fransen, Dutch footballer (b. 1936)
  • 2015 – Jack Spring, American baseball player (b. 1933)
  • 2016 – Terence Bayler, New Zealand actor (b. 1930)
  • 2016 – David Huddleston, American actor (b. 1930)
  • 2016 – Franciszek Macharski, Polish cardinal (b. 1927)
  • 2016 – Ahmed Zewail, Egyptian-American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1946)
  • 2017 – Judith Jones, American literary and cookbook editor (b. 1924)

Holidays and observances on August 2

  • Christian feast day:
    • Basil Fool for Christ (Russian Orthodox Church)
    • Blessed Justin Russolillo
    • Eusebius of Vercelli
    • Peter Faber
    • Peter Julian Eymard
    • Pope Stephen I
    • Our Lady of the Angels of the Portiuncula (Franciscan Order)
    • Samuel David Ferguson (Episcopal Church)
    • August 2 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of Azerbaijani cinema (Azerbaijan)
  • Our Lady of the Angels Day (Costa Rica)
  • Paratroopers Day (Russia)
  • Republic Day (North Macedonia)