Charlotte Bronte Quiz

Charlotte Bronte Quiz Questions

1. When was Charlotte Bronte born?
a) 9 March 1814
b) 21 April 1816
c) 30 July 1818
d) 6 November 1812

2. Where was Charlotte Bronte born?
a) Hampshire
b) Dover
c) Tweed
d) Thornton

3. Which school did Charlotte Bronte attend?
a) St. Anne School
b) St. Antony School
c) Clergy Daughters’ School
d) Holy Family School

4. Where did Charlotte Bronte teach?
a) Queen Mary School
b) Miss Patchett’s School
c) Miss Wooler’s School
d) St. Patrick’s School

5. When was Jane Eyre published?
a) 1842
b) 1847
c) 1832
d) 1836

English: Signature of Charlotte Bronte

Signature of Charlotte Bronte (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

6. What was Charlotte Bronte’s pen name?
a) Currer Bell
b) Agatha Christie
c) Acton Bell
d) John Bull

7. When did Charlotte Bronte marry Arthur Bell Nichols?
a) 21 January 1865
b) 29 June 1854
c) 14 August 1842
d) 18 November 1838

8. When did Charlotte Bronte die?
a) 31 March 1855
b) 9 February 1860
c) 18 September 1852
d) 19 December 1848

9. Where did Charlotte Bronte die?
a) Belfast
b) Dublin
c) Haworth
d) London

10. Which novel of Charlotte Bronte was published posthumously?
a) Shirley
b) The Professor
c) Villette
d) The Good Earth

Charlotte Bronte Quiz Questions with Answers

English: Brontë sisters' signatures as Currer,...

Brontë sisters’ signatures as Currer, Ellis and Acton Bell  (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

1. When was Charlotte Bronte born?
b) 21 April 1816

2. Where was Charlotte Bronte born?
d) Thornton

3. Which school did Charlotte Bronte attend?
c) Clergy Daughters’ School

4. Where did Charlotte Bronte teach?
c) Miss Wooler’s School

5. When was Jane Eyre published?
b) 1847

6. What was Charlotte Bronte’s pen name?
a) Currer Bell

7. When did Charlotte Bronte marry Arthur Bell Nichols?
b) 29 June 1854

8. When did Charlotte Bronte die?
a) 31 March 1855

9. Where did Charlotte Bronte die?
c) Haworth

10. Which novel of Charlotte Bronte was published posthumously?
b) The Professor

September 2 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

  • 44 BC – Pharaoh Cleopatra VII of Egypt declares her son co-ruler as Ptolemy XV Caesarion.
  • 44 BC – Cicero launches the first of his Philippicae (oratorical attacks) on Mark Antony. He will make 14 of them over the following months.
  • 31 BC – Final War of the Roman Republic: Battle of Actium: Off the western coast of Greece, forces of Octavian defeat troops under Mark Antony and Cleopatra.
  • 1192 – The Treaty of Jaffa is signed between Richard I of England and Saladin, leading to the end of the Third Crusade.
  • 1649 – The Italian city of Castro is completely destroyed by the forces of Pope Innocent X, ending the Wars of Castro.
  • 1666 – The Great Fire of London breaks out and burns for three days, destroying 10,000 buildings, including Old St Paul’s Cathedral.
  • 1752 – Great Britain, along with its overseas possessions, adopts the Gregorian calendar.
  • 1789 – The United States Department of the Treasury is founded.
  • 1792 – During what became known as the September Massacres of the French Revolution, rampaging mobs slaughter three Roman Catholic bishops, more than two hundred priests, and prisoners believed to be royalist sympathizers.
  • 1806 – A massive landslide destroys the town of Goldau, Switzerland, killing 457.
  • 1807 – The British Royal Navy bombards Copenhagen with fire bombs and phosphorus rockets to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to Napoleon.
  • 1856 – The Tianjing incident takes place in Nanjing, China.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: United States President Abraham Lincoln reluctantly restores Union General George B. McClellan to full command after General John Pope’s disastrous defeat at the Second Battle of Bull Run.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Union forces enter Atlanta, a day after the Confederate defenders flee the city, ending the Atlanta Campaign.
  • 1867 – Mutsuhito, Emperor Meiji of Japan, marries Masako Ichijō, thereafter known as Empress Shōken.
  • 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: Battle of Sedan: Prussian forces take Napoleon III of France and 100,000 of his soldiers prisoner.
  • 1885 – Rock Springs massacre: In Rock Springs, Wyoming, 150 white miners, who are struggling to unionize so they could strike for better wages and work conditions, attack their Chinese fellow workers killing 28, wounding 15 and forcing several hundred more out of town.
  • 1898 – Battle of Omdurman: British and Egyptian troops defeat Sudanese tribesmen and establish British dominance in Sudan.
  • 1901 – Vice President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt utters the famous phrase, “Speak softly and carry a big stick” at the Minnesota State Fair.
  • 1912 – Arthur Rose Eldred is awarded the first Eagle Scout award of the Boy Scouts of America.
  • 1935 – The Labor Day Hurricane, the most intense hurricane to strike the United States, makes landfall at Long Key, Florida, killing at least 400.
  • 1939 – World War II: Following the start of the invasion of Poland the previous day, the Free City of Danzig (now Gdańsk, Poland) is annexed by Nazi Germany.
  • 1945 – World War II: Combat ends in the Pacific Theater: The Japanese Instrument of Surrender is signed by Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu and accepted aboard the battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay.
  • 1945 – Vietnam declares its independence, forming the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
  • 1946 – The Interim Government of India is formed, headed by Jawaharlal Nehru as Vice President with the powers of a Prime Minister.
  • 1957 – President Ngô Đình Diệm of South Vietnam becomes the first foreign head of state to make a state visit to Australia.
  • 1958 – United States Air Force C-130A-II is shot down by fighters over Yerevan in Armenia when it strays into Soviet airspace while conducting a sigint mission. All crew members are killed.
  • 1960 – The first election of the Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration, in history of Tibet. The Tibetan community observes this date as Democracy Day.
  • 1963 – CBS Evening News becomes U.S. network television’s first half-hour weeknight news broadcast, when the show is lengthened from 15 to 30 minutes.
  • 1968 – Operation OAU begins during the Nigerian Civil War.
  • 1970 – NASA announces the cancellation of two Apollo missions to the Moon, Apollo 15 (the designation is re-used by a later mission), and Apollo 19.
  • 1984 – Seven people are shot and killed and 12 wounded in the Milperra massacre, a shootout between the rival motorcycle gangs Bandidos and Comancheros in Sydney, Australia.
  • 1985 – Sri Lankan Civil War: Sri Lankan Tamil politicians and former MPs M. Alalasundaram and V. Dharmalingam are shot dead.
  • 1987 – In Moscow, the trial begins for 19-year-old pilot Mathias Rust, who flew his Cessna airplane into Red Square in May.
  • 1990 – Transnistria is unilaterally proclaimed a Soviet republic; the Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev declares the decision null and void.
  • 1992 – The 7.7 Mw  Nicaragua earthquake affected the west coast of Nicaragua. With a MsMw disparity of half a unit, this tsunami earthquake triggered a tsunami that caused most of the damage and casualties, with at least 116 killed. Typical runup heights were 3–8 meters (9.8–26.2 ft).
  • 1998 – Swissair Flight 111 crashes near Peggy’s Cove, Nova Scotia; all 229 people onboard are killed.
  • 1998 – The UN’s International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda finds Jean-Paul Akayesu, the former mayor of a small town in Rwanda, guilty of nine counts of genocide.
  • 2009 – The Andhra Pradesh, India helicopter crash occurred near Rudrakonda Hill, 40 nautical miles (74 km) from Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India. Fatalities included Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy, the Chief Minister of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.
  • 2010 – Israel-Palestinian conflict: the 2010 Israeli-Palestinian peace talks are launched by the United States.
  • 2013 – The Eastern span replacement of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge opens at 10:15 PM at a cost of $6.4 billion, after the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake damaged the old span.
  • 2019 – Hurricane Dorian, a category 5 hurricane, devastates the Bahamas, killing at least five.

Births on September 2

  • 1243 – Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Gloucester, 6th Earl of Hertford, English politician (d. 1295)
  • 1251 – Francis of Fabriano, Italian writer (d. 1322)
  • 1516 – Francis I, Duke of Nevers (d. 1561)
  • 1531 – Francesco Cattani da Diacceto, Bishop of Fiesole (d. 1595)
  • 1548 – Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (d. 1616)
  • 1661 – Georg Böhm, German organist and composer (d. 1733)
  • 1675 – William Somervile, English poet and author (d. 1742)
  • 1753 – Marie Joséphine of Savoy (d. 1810)
  • 1778 – Louis Bonaparte, French-Dutch king (d. 1846)
  • 1805 – Esteban Echeverría, Argentinian poet and author (d. 1851)
  • 1810 – Lysander Button, American engineer (d. 1898)
  • 1810 – William Seymour Tyler, American historian and educator (d. 1897)
  • 1814 – Ernst Curtius, German archaeologist and historian (d. 1896)
  • 1820 – Lucretia Hale, American journalist and author (d. 1900)
  • 1830 – William P. Frye, American lawyer and politician (d. 1911)
  • 1838 – Bhaktivinoda Thakur, Indian guru and philosopher (d. 1914)
  • 1838 – Liliʻuokalani of Hawaii (d. 1917)
  • 1839 – Henry George, American economist and author (d. 1897)
  • 1850 – Eugene Field, American author and poet (d. 1895)
  • 1850 – Albert Spalding, American baseball player, manager, and businessman, co-founded the Spalding Sporting Goods Company (d. 1915)
  • 1850 – Woldemar Voigt, German physicist and academic (d. 1919)
  • 1852 – Paul Bourget, French author and critic (d. 1935)
  • 1853 – Wilhelm Ostwald, Latvian-German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1932)
  • 1854 – Hans Jæger, Norwegian philosopher and activist (d. 1910)
  • 1856 – John Bowser, English-Australian politician, 26th Premier of Victoria (d. 1936)
  • 1862 – Franjo Krežma, Croatian violinist and composer (d. 1881)
  • 1865 – Simeón Ola, Filipino general and politician (d. 1952)
  • 1866 – Charles Vintcent, South African cricketer and rugby player (d. 1943)
  • 1873 – Lily Poulett-Harris, Australian cricketer and educator (d. 1897)
  • 1877 – Frederick Soddy, English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1956)
  • 1878 – Herman, Estonian-Finnish archbishop (d. 1961)
  • 1878 – Ion Dragoumis, Greek philosopher and diplomat (d. 1920)
  • 1878 – Werner von Blomberg, German field marshal (d. 1946)
  • 1883 – Archduchess Elisabeth Marie of Austria (d. 1963)
  • 1884 – Frank Laubach, American missionary and mystic (d. 1970)
  • 1892 – Dezső Kertész, Hungarian actor and film director (d. 1965)
  • 1894 – Joseph Roth, Austrian journalist and author (d. 1939)
  • 1897 – Fazlollah Zahedi, Iranian general and statesman, 36th Prime Minister of Iran (d. 1963)
  • 1901 – Andreas Embirikos, Greek psychoanalyst and poet (d. 1975)
  • 1901 – Adolph Rupp, American basketball player and coach (d. 1977)
  • 1904 – August Jakobson, Estonian author and politician (d. 1963)
  • 1907 – Pertev Naili Boratav, Turkish author and educator (d. 1998)
  • 1908 – Ruth Bancroft, American landscape and garden designer (d. 2017)
  • 1910 – Paul Saagpakk, Estonian linguist, lexicographer, and academic (d. 1996)
  • 1910 – Donald Watson, English activist, founded the Vegan Society (d. 2005)
  • 1911 – Romare Bearden, American painter and author (d. 1988)
  • 1911 – William F. Harrah, American businessman, founded the Caesars Entertainment Corporation (d. 1978)
  • 1911 – Lill Tschudi, Swiss artist (d. 2004)
  • 1912 – Ernest Bromley, Australian cricketer (d. 1967)
  • 1913 – Israel Gelfand, Russian-American mathematician and biologist (d. 2009)
  • 1913 – Bill Shankly, Scottish footballer and manager (d. 1981)
  • 1915 – Benjamin Aaron, American lawyer and scholar (d. 2007)
  • 1916 – Ömer Lütfi Akad, Turkish director and screenwriter (d. 2011)
  • 1917 – Laurindo Almeida, Brazilian-American guitarist and composer (d. 1995)
  • 1917 – Cleveland Amory, American author and critic (d. 1997)
  • 1918 – Allen Drury, American journalist and author (d. 1998)
  • 1919 – Marge Champion, American actress, dancer, and choreographer
  • 1919 – Lance Macklin, English race car driver and businessman (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – Arthur Ashkin, American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1922 – Leigh Kamman, American radio host (d. 2014)
  • 1923 – René Thom, French mathematician, biologist, and academic (d. 2002)
  • 1923 – Ramón Valdés, Mexican actor and comedian (d. 1988)
  • 1924 – Daniel arap Moi, Kenyan educator and politician, 2nd President of Kenya
  • 1925 – Hugo Montenegro, American composer and conductor (d. 1981)
  • 1927 – Milo Hamilton, American sportscaster (d. 2015)
  • 1927 – Francis Matthews, English actor (d. 2014)
  • 1928 – Jim Jordan, Canadian educator and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1928 – Horace Silver, American pianist and composer (d. 2014)
  • 1928 – Mel Stuart, American director and producer (d. 2012)
  • 1929 – Hal Ashby, American actor, director, and producer (d. 1988)
  • 1929 – Beulah Bewley, English physician and academic (d. 2018)
  • 1929 – Rex Hartwig, Australian tennis player
  • 1929 – Victor Spinetti, Welsh actor and director (d. 2012)
  • 1931 – Clifford Jordan, American saxophonist (d. 1993)
  • 1931 – Alan K. Simpson, American politician, senator of Wyoming
  • 1932 – Walter Davis, Jr., American pianist (d. 1990)
  • 1932 – Arnold Greenberg, American businessman, co-founded Snapple (d. 2012)
  • 1933 – Ed Conlin, American basketball player and coach (d. 2012)
  • 1933 – Mathieu Kérékou, Beninese soldier and politician, President of Benin (d. 2015)
  • 1934 – Hilla Becher, German Conceptual Photographer (d. 2015)
  • 1934 – Sam Gooden, American soul singer (The Impressions)
  • 1934 – Chuck McCann, American actor and screenwriter (d. 2018)
  • 1934 – Grady Nutt, American comedian, minister, and author (d. 1982)
  • 1935 – D. Wayne Lukas, American horse trainer
  • 1936 – Andrew Grove, Hungarian-American businessman, engineer, and author (d. 2016)
  • 1936 – Károly Krajczár, Hungarian-Slovene author and educator (d. 2018)
  • 1937 – Len Carlson, Canadian voice actor (d. 2006)
  • 1937 – Peter Ueberroth, American businessman
  • 1938 – Leonard Appleyard, English diplomat, British Ambassador to China
  • 1938 – Jimmy Clanton, American pop singer-songwriter
  • 1938 – Ernie Sigley, Australian television host
  • 1941 – Jyrki Otila, Finnish economist and politician (d. 2003)
  • 1941 – Sadhana Shivdasani, Indian actress (d. 2015)
  • 1941 – John Thompson, American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1943 – Rosalind Ashford, American singer
  • 1943 – Glen Sather, Canadian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1943 – Joe Simon, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1944 – Janet Simpson, English sprinter (d. 2010)
  • 1946 – Luis Ávalos, Cuban-American actor (d. 2014)
  • 1946 – Mary Goudie, Baroness Goudie, English humanitarian and politician
  • 1946 – Marty Grebb, American keyboardist, guitarist, saxophonist, and music producer/arranger (d. 2020)
  • 1946 – Billy Preston, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor (d. 2006)
  • 1946 – Walt Simonson, American author and illustrator
  • 1946 – Dan White, American assassin and politician (d. 1985)
  • 1947 – Louis Michel, Belgian educator and politician, Belgian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1947 – Jim Richards, New Zealand race car driver
  • 1948 – Nate Archibald, American basketball player and coach
  • 1948 – Terry Bradshaw, American football player, sportscaster, and actor
  • 1948 – Christa McAuliffe, American educator and astronaut (d. 1986)
  • 1949 – Moira Stuart, British broadcaster
  • 1949 – Hans-Hermann Hoppe, American economist and philosopher
  • 1950 – Rosanna DeSoto, American actress
  • 1950 – Michael Rother, German guitarist, keyboard player, and songwriter
  • 1951 – Jim DeMint, American politician
  • 1951 – Mark Harmon, American actor and producer
  • 1951 – Mik Kaminski, English musician, rock violinist
  • 1952 – Jimmy Connors, American tennis player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1952 – Mihhail Lotman, Estonian linguist, scholar, and politician
  • 1953 – Maurice Colclough, English rugby player (d. 2006)
  • 1953 – Ahmad Shah Massoud, Afghan commander and politician, Afghan Minister of Defense (d. 2001)
  • 1953 – John Zorn, American saxophonist, composer, and producer
  • 1954 – Billi Gordon, American neuroscientist, author, and actor. (d. 2018)
  • 1954 – Gai Waterhouse, Scottish-Australian horse trainer and businesswoman
  • 1956 – Mario Tremblay, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1957 – Tony Alva, American skateboarder and bass player
  • 1957 – Steve Porcaro, American keyboard player and songwriter
  • 1958 – Olivier Grouillard, French race car driver
  • 1958 – Lynne Kosky, Australian social worker and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1959 – Drungo Hazewood, American baseball player (d. 2013)
  • 1959 – Guy Laliberté, Canadian businessman, philanthropist, and poker player, founded Cirque du Soleil
  • 1960 – Eric Dickerson, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1960 – Kristin Halvorsen, Norwegian politician, Norwegian Minister of Finance
  • 1960 – Rex Hudler, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1961 – Carlos Valderrama, Colombian footballer and manager
  • 1961 – Ron Wasserman, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1962 – Eugenio Derbez, Mexican actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1962 – Alonso Lujambio, Mexican academic and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1962 – Prachya Pinkaew, Thai director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1962 – Keir Starmer, English lawyer and politician
  • 1962 – Tracy Smothers, American wrestler
  • 1963 – Sam Mitchell, American basketball player and coach
  • 1964 – Andrea Illy, Italian businessman
  • 1964 – Keanu Reeves, Lebanese-Canadian actor, singer, and producer
  • 1965 – Lennox Lewis, English-Canadian boxer
  • 1965 – Partho Sen-Gupta, Indian director and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Dino Cazares, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1966 – Massimo Cuttitta, Italian rugby player and coach
  • 1966 – Salma Hayek, Mexican-American actress, director, and producer
  • 1966 – Olivier Panis, French race car driver
  • 1966 – Tuc Watkins, American actor
  • 1967 – Frank Fontsere, American drummer and songwriter
  • 1967 – Andreas Möller, German footballer and manager
  • 1968 – David Dinsmore, Scottish journalist
  • 1968 – Cynthia Watros, American actress
  • 1969 – K-Ci, American R&B singer-songwriter
  • 1969 – Stéphane Matteau, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Dave Naz, American photographer and director
  • 1971 – Kjetil André Aamodt, Norwegian skier
  • 1971 – Pawan Kalyan, Indian actor politician
  • 1971 – Tommy Maddox, American football player and coach
  • 1971 – César Sánchez, Spanish footballer
  • 1971 – Tom Steels, Belgian cyclist
  • 1971 – Katt Williams, American comedian and actor
  • 1972 – Robert Coles, English golfer
  • 1973 – Matthew Dunn, Australian swimmer
  • 1973 – Jason Blake, American ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Indika de Saram, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1973 – Sudeep, Indian actor, filmmaker and television presenter
  • 1974 – Steven Johnson, Australian race car driver
  • 1975 – Jill Janus, American singer (d. 2018)
  • 1975 – MC Chris, American rapper, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1976 – Syleena Johnson, American R&B and soul singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1976 – Aziz Zakari, Ghanaian sprinter
  • 1977 – Frédéric Kanouté, Malian footballer
  • 1979 – Tomer Ben Yosef, Israeli footballer
  • 1979 – Brian Westbrook, American football player
  • 1980 – Dany Sabourin, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Danny Shittu, Nigerian footballer
  • 1980 – Hiroki Yoshimoto, Japanese race car driver
  • 1981 – Fariborz Kamkari, Iranian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1981 – Jennifer Hopkins, American tennis player
  • 1981 – Chris Tremlett, English cricketer
  • 1982 – Joey Barton, English footballer
  • 1982 – Jason Hammel, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Mark Phillips, English footballer
  • 1983 – Rich Boy, American rapper and producer
  • 1983 – Mark Foster, English rugby player
  • 1984 – Jack Peñate, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1985 – Keith Galloway, Australian rugby league player
  • 1986 – Gélson Fernandes, Swiss footballer
  • 1986 – Kyle Hines, American basketball player
  • 1987 – Scott Moir, Canadian ice dancer
  • 1988 – Ibrahim Šehić, Bosnian footballer
  • 1988 – Keisuke Kato, Japanese actor and singer
  • 1988 – Javi Martínez, Spanish footballer
  • 1988 – Ishant Sharma, Indian cricketer
  • 1988 – Ishmeet Singh, Indian singer (d. 2008)
  • 1989 – Marcus Morris, American basketball player
  • 1989 – Zedd, Russian-German record producer, DJ, multi-instrumentalist and songwriter
  • 1989 – Markieff Morris, American basketball player
  • 1989 – Alexandre Pato, Brazilian footballer
  • 1990 – Marcus Ericsson, Swedish race car driver
  • 1990 – Shayla Worley, American gymnast
  • 1991 – Gyasi Zardes, American footballer
  • 1992 – Xenia Knoll, Swiss tennis player
  • 1992 – Nenad Lukić, Serbian footballer
  • 1992 – Alberto Masi, Italian footballer
  • 1993 – Tom Anderson, English footballer
  • 1993 – Zaza Nadiradze, Georgian sprint canoeist
  • 1993 – Robert Rooba, Estonian ice hockey player
  • 1994 – Kishen Velani, English cricketer
  • 1995 – İbrahim Demir, Turkish footballer
  • 1995 – Deimantas Petravičius, Lithuanian footballer
  • 1995 – Kian Lawley, American internet celebrity and actor
  • 1995 – Willy Adames, Dominican baseball player
  • 1995 – Will Hernandez, American football guard
  • 1996 – Lilla Barzó, Hungarian tennis player
  • 1998 – Austin Cindric, American race car driver

Deaths on September 2

  • 421 – Constantius III, Roman emperor
  • 459 – Simeon Stylites, Byzantine saint (b. 390)
  • 595 – John IV of Constantinople
  • 1022 – Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill, king of Mide and High King of Ireland
  • 1031 – Saint Emeric of Hungary (b. 1000)
  • 1083 – King Munjong of Goryeo (b. 1019)
  • 1274 – Prince Munetaka, Japanese shōgun (b. 1242)
  • 1397 – Francesco Landini, Italian composer
  • 1540 – Dawit II of Ethiopia (b. 1501)
  • 1606 – Karel van Mander, Dutch painter and poet (b. 1548)
  • 1651 – Kosem Sultan, Ottoman Valide Sultan and regent (b.1589)
  • 1680 – Per Brahe the Younger, Swedish soldier and politician, Lord High Steward of Sweden (b. 1602)
  • 1688 – Sir Robert Vyner, 1st Baronet, English businessman and politician, Lord Mayor of London (b. 1631)
  • 1690 – Philip William, Elector Palatine, German Count Palatine of Neuburg (b. 1615)
  • 1764 – Nathaniel Bliss, English astronomer and mathematician (b. 1700)
  • 1765 – Henry Bouquet, Swiss-English colonel (b. 1719)
  • 1768 – Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician and theorist (b. 1703)
  • 1790 – Johann Nikolaus von Hontheim, German historian and theologian (b. 1701)
  • 1813 – Jean Victor Marie Moreau, French general (b. 1763)
  • 1820 – Jiaqing Emperor of China (b. 1760)
  • 1832 – Franz Xaver von Zach, Hungarian-French astronomer and academic (b. 1754)
  • 1834 – Thomas Telford, Scottish engineer and architect, designed the Menai Suspension Bridge (b. 1757)
  • 1865 – William Rowan Hamilton, Irish physicist, astronomer, and mathematician (b. 1805)
  • 1872 – N. F. S. Grundtvig, Danish pastor, philosopher, and author (b. 1783)
  • 1877 – Constantine Kanaris, Greek admiral and politician, 16th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1793)
  • 1885 – Giuseppe Bonavia, Maltese architect (b. 1821)
  • 1898 – Wilford Woodruff, American religious leader, 4th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1807)
  • 1910 – Henri Rousseau, French painter (b. 1844)
  • 1918 – John Forrest, Australian politician, 1st Premier of Western Australia (b. 1847)
  • 1921 – Henry Austin Dobson, English poet and critic (b. 1840)
  • 1922 – Henry Lawson, Australian poet and author (b. 1867)
  • 1927 – Umegatani Tōtarō II, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 20th Yokozuna (b. 1878)
  • 1934 – James Allan, New Zealand rugby player (b. 1860)
  • 1934 – Russ Columbo, American singer, violinist, and actor (b. 1908)
  • 1934 – Alcide Nunez, American clarinet player (Original Dixieland Jass Band) (b. 1884)
  • 1937 – Pierre de Coubertin, French historian and educator, founded the International Olympic Committee (b. 1863)
  • 1941 – Lloyd Seay, American race car driver (b. 1919)
  • 1942 – James Juvenal, American rower (b. 1874)
  • 1943 – Marsden Hartley, American painter and poet (b. 1877)
  • 1944 – Bella Rosenfeld, Russian-American model and author (b. 1895)
  • 1945 – Mason Phelps, American golfer (b. 1885)
  • 1948 – Sylvanus Morley, American archaeologist and spy (b. 1883)
  • 1953 – Hendrik Offerhaus, Dutch rower (b. 1875)
  • 1953 – Jonathan M. Wainwright, American general, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1883)
  • 1954 – Franz Leopold Neumann, German lawyer and political scientist (b. 1900)
  • 1962 – William Wilkerson, American publisher and businessman (b. 1890)
  • 1964 – Glenn Albert Black, American archaeologist and scholar (b. 1900)
  • 1964 – Alvin C. York, American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1887)
  • 1965 – Johannes Bobrowski, German poet and author (b. 1917)
  • 1969 – Ho Chi Minh, Vietnamese politician, 1st President of Vietnam (b. 1890)
  • 1971 – Robert Mensah, Ghanaian footballer (b. 1939)
  • 1973 – Carl Dudley, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1910)
  • 1973 – J. R. R. Tolkien, English novelist, short story writer, poet, and philologist (b. 1892)
  • 1975 – Mabel Vernon, American activist (b. 1883)
  • 1976 – Stanisław Grochowiak, Polish poet and playwright (b. 1934)
  • 1977 – Stephen Dunne, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1978 – Fred G. Meyer, American businessman, founded Fred Meyer (b. 1886)
  • 1979 – Otto P. Weyland, American general (b. 1903)
  • 1983 – Feri Cansel, Turkish-Cypriot actress (b. 1944)
  • 1984 – Manos Katrakis, Greek actor (b. 1908)
  • 1985 – M. Alalasundaram, Sri Lankan Tamil teacher and politician
  • 1985 – Abe Lenstra, Dutch footballer (b. 1920)
  • 1985 – V. Dharmalingam, Sri Lankan Tamil politician (b. 1918)
  • 1985 – Jay Youngblood, American wrestler (b. 1955)
  • 1987 – Brian Clay, Australian rugby league player (b. 1935)
  • 1990 – Robert Holmes à Court, South African-Australian businessman and lawyer (b. 1937)
  • 1991 – Alfonso García Robles, Mexican politician and diplomat, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
  • 1992 – Barbara McClintock, American geneticist and botanist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1996 – Paddy Clift, Zimbabwean cricketer (b. 1953)
  • 1997 – Rudolf Bing, Austrian-American manager (b. 1902)
  • 1997 – Viktor Frankl, Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist (b. 1905)
  • 1998 – Jackie Blanchflower, Northern Irish footballer (b. 1933)
  • 1998 – Allen Drury, American journalist and author (b. 1918)
  • 2000 – Elvera Sanchez, American dancer (b. 1905)
  • 2000 – Curt Siodmak, German-American author and screenwriter (b. 1907)
  • 2001 – Christiaan Barnard, South African surgeon and academic (b. 1922)
  • 2001 – Troy Donahue, American actor (b. 1936)
  • 2002 – Dick Reynolds, Australian footballer and coach (b. 1915)
  • 2004 – Joan Oró, Catalan biochemist and academic (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Bob Denver, American actor (b. 1935)
  • 2006 – Bob Mathias, American decathlete and politician (b. 1930)
  • 2006 – Willi Ninja, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1961)
  • 2006 – Dewey Redman, American saxophonist (b. 1931)
  • 2007 – Franz-Benno Delonge, German game designer, created TransAmerica (b. 1957)
  • 2007 – Max McNab, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1924)
  • 2008 – Bill Melendez, Mexican-American animator, director, producer, and voice actor (b. 1916)
  • 2008 – Alan Waddell, Australian walker
  • 2009 – Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy, Indian politician, 14th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh (b. 1949)
  • 2011 – Roberto Bruce, Chilean journalist (b. 1979)
  • 2011 – Felipe Camiroaga, Chilean television presenter (b. 1966)
  • 2012 – Mark Abrahamian, American guitarist (b. 1966)
  • 2012 – Jack Boucher, American photographer and director (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – John C. Marshall, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1941)
  • 2012 – Emmanuel Nunes, Portuguese-French composer and educator (b. 1941)
  • 2013 – Valérie Benguigui, French actress and director (b. 1965)
  • 2013 – Terry Clawson, English rugby player and coach (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Ronald Coase, English-American economist and author, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)
  • 2013 – David Jacobs, English radio and television host (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Frederik Pohl, American author and publisher (b. 1919)
  • 2013 – Paul Scoon, Grenadian politician, 2nd Governor-General of Grenada (b. 1935)
  • 2014 – Peter Carter, Nigerian-English diplomat, British Ambassador to Estonia (b. 1956)
  • 2014 – F. Emmett Fitzpatrick, American lawyer and politician, 20th District Attorney of Philadelphia (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Norman Gordon, South African cricketer (b. 1911)
  • 2014 – Helena Rakoczy, Polish gymnast (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Goolam Essaji Vahanvati, Indian lawyer and politician, 13th Attorney General of India (b. 1949)
  • 2015 – Ephraim Engleman, American rheumatologist, author, and academic (b. 1911)
  • 2016 – Islam Karimov, Uzbek politician, 1st President of Uzbekistan (b. 1938)

Holidays and observances on September 2

  • Christian feast day:
    • Acepsimas of Hnaita and companions (Syriac Orthodox Church)
    • Agricola of Avignon
    • Antoninus of Pamiers
    • Brocard
    • Castor of Apt
    • Diomedes
    • Eleazar
    • Hieu
    • Ingrid of Sweden
    • Justus of Lyon
    • Margaret of Louvain
    • Maxima of Rome
    • Nonnosus
    • William of Roskilde
    • September 2 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Democracy Day (Tibet)
  • Independence Day (Transnistria, unrecognized)
  • Independence Day (Artsakh, unrecognized)
  • National Blueberry Popsicle Day (United States)
  • National Day, celebrates the independence of Vietnam from Japan and France in 1945
  • Victory over Japan Day (United States)

September 3- History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

  • 36 BC – In the Battle of Naulochus, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, admiral of Octavian, defeats Sextus Pompey, son of Pompey, thus ending Pompeian resistance to the Second Triumvirate.
  • 301 – San Marino, one of the smallest nations in the world and the world’s oldest republic still in existence, is founded by Saint Marinus.
  • 590 – Consecration of Pope Gregory I (Gregory the Great).
  • 673 – King Wamba of the Visigoths puts down a revolt by Hilderic, governor of Nîmes (France) and rival for the throne.
  • 863 – Major Byzantine victory at the Battle of Lalakaon against an Arab raid.
  • 1189 – Richard I of England (a.k.a. Richard “the Lionheart”) is crowned at Westminster.
  • 1260 – The Mamluks defeat the Mongols at the Battle of Ain Jalut in Palestine, marking their first decisive defeat and the point of maximum expansion of the Mongol Empire.
  • 1411 – The Treaty of Selymbria is concluded between the Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Venice.
  • 1650 – Third English Civil War: In the Battle of Dunbar, English Parliamentarian forces led by Oliver Cromwell defeat an army loyal to King Charles I of England and led by David Leslie, Lord Newark.
  • 1651 – Third English Civil War: Battle of Worcester: Charles II of England is defeated in the last main battle of the war.
  • 1658 – The death of Oliver Cromwell; Richard Cromwell becomes Lord Protector of England.
  • 1666 – The Royal Exchange burns down in the Great Fire of London.
  • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: During the Battle of Cooch’s Bridge, the Flag of the United States is flown in battle for the first time.
  • 1783 – American Revolutionary War: The war ends with the signing of the Treaty of Paris by the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain.
  • 1798 – The week long battle of St. George’s Caye begins between Spain and Britain off the coast of Belize.
  • 1802 – William Wordsworth composes the sonnet “Composed upon Westminster Bridge, September 3, 1802”.
  • 1812 – Twenty-four settlers are killed in the Pigeon Roost Massacre in Indiana.
  • 1838 – Future abolitionist Frederick Douglass escapes from slavery.
  • 1843 – King Otto of Greece is forced to grant a constitution following an uprising in Athens.
  • 1855 – American Indian Wars: In Nebraska, 700 soldiers under United States General William S. Harney avenge the Grattan massacre by attacking a Sioux village and killing 100 men, women and children.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Confederate General Leonidas Polk invades neutral Kentucky, prompting the state legislature to ask for Union assistance.
  • 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: The Siege of Metz begins, resulting in a decisive Prussian victory on October 23.
  • 1875 – The first official game of polo is played in Argentina after being introduced by British ranchers.
  • 1878 – Over 640 die when the crowded pleasure boat Princess Alice collides with the Bywell Castle in the River Thames.
  • 1879 – Siege of the British Residency in Kabul: British envoy Sir Louis Cavagnari and 72 men of the Guides are massacred by Afghan troops while defending the British Residency in Kabul. Their heroism and loyalty became famous and revered throughout the British Empire.
  • 1895 – John Brallier becomes the first openly professional American football player, when he was paid US$10 by David Berry, to play for the Latrobe Athletic Association in a 12–0 win over the Jeanette Athletic Association.
  • 1914 – William, Prince of Albania leaves the country after just six months due to opposition to his rule.
  • 1914 – French composer Albéric Magnard is killed defending his estate against invading German soldiers.
  • 1914 – World War I: Start of the Battle of Grand Couronné, a German assault against French positions on high ground near the city of Nancy.
  • 1916 – World War I: Leefe Robinson destroys the German airship Schütte-Lanz SL 11 over Cuffley, north of London; the first German airship to be shot down on British soil.
  • 1925 – USS Shenandoah, the United States’ first American-built rigid airship, was destroyed in a squall line over Noble County, Ohio. Fourteen of her 42-man crew perished, including her commander, Zachary Lansdowne.
  • 1933 – Yevgeniy Abalakov is the first man to reach the highest point in the Soviet Union, Communism Peak (now called Ismoil Somoni Peak and situated in Tajikistan) (7495 m).
  • 1935 – Sir Malcolm Campbell reaches a speed of 304.331 miles per hour on the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah, becoming the first person to drive an automobile over 300 mph.
  • 1939 – World War II: France, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Australia declare war on Germany after the invasion of Poland, forming the Allies.
  • 1939 – World War II: The United Kingdom and France begin a naval blockade of Germany that lasts until the end of the war. This also marks the beginning of the Battle of the Atlantic.
  • 1941 – The Holocaust: Karl Fritzsch, deputy camp commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp, experiments with the use of Zyklon B in the gassing of Soviet POWs.
  • 1942 – World War II: In response to news of its coming liquidation, Dov Lopatyn leads an uprising in the Ghetto of Lakhva (present-day Belarus).
  • 1943 – World War II: The Allied invasion of Italy begins on the same day that U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower and Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio sign the Armistice of Cassibile aboard the Royal Navy battleship HMS Nelson off Malta.
  • 1944 – Holocaust: Diarist Anne Frank and her family are placed on the last transport train from the Westerbork transit camp to the Auschwitz concentration camp, arriving three days later.
  • 1945 – A three-day celebration begins in China, following the Victory over Japan Day on September 2.
  • 1950 – “Nino” Farina becomes the first Formula One Drivers’ champion after winning the 1950 Italian Grand Prix.
  • 1954 – The People’s Liberation Army begins shelling the Republic of China-controlled islands of Quemoy, starting the First Taiwan Strait Crisis.
  • 1954 – The German submarine U-505 begins its move from a specially constructed dock to its site at Chicago’s Museum of Science and Industry.
  • 1967 – Dagen H in Sweden: Traffic changes from driving on the left to driving on the right overnight.
  • 1971 – Qatar becomes an independent state.
  • 1976 – Viking program: The American Viking 2 spacecraft lands at Utopia Planitia on Mars.
  • 1981 – The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, an international bill of rights for women, is instituted by the United Nations.
  • 1987 – In a coup d’état in Burundi, President Jean-Baptiste Bagaza is deposed by Major Pierre Buyoya.
  • 1994 – Sino-Soviet split: Russia and the People’s Republic of China agree to de-target their nuclear weapons against each other.
  • 1997 – Vietnam Airlines Flight 815 (Tupolev Tu-134) crashes on approach into Phnom Penh airport, killing 64.
  • 2001 – In Belfast, Protestant loyalists begin a picket of Holy Cross, a Catholic primary school for girls. For the next 11 weeks, riot police escort the schoolchildren and their parents through hundreds of protesters, some of whom hurl missiles and abuse. The protest sparks fierce rioting and grabs world headlines.
  • 2004 – Beslan school siege results in over 330 fatalities, including 186 children.
  • 2016 – The U.S. and China, together responsible for 40% of the world’s carbon emissions, both formally ratify the Paris global climate agreement.
  • 2017 – North Korea conducts its sixth and most powerful nuclear test.

Births on September 3

  • 1034 – Emperor Go-Sanjō of Japan (d. 1073)
  • 1568 – Adriano Banchieri, Italian organist and composer (d. 1634)
  • 1675 – Paul Dudley, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1751)
  • 1693 – Charles Radclyffe, English captain and politician (d. 1746)
  • 1695 – Pietro Locatelli, Italian viola player and composer (d. 1764)
  • 1704 – Joseph de Jussieu, French explorer, geographer, and mathematician, (d. 1779)
  • 1710 – Abraham Trembley, Swiss biologist and zoologist (d. 1784)
  • 1724 – Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, Irish-English general and politician, 21st Governor General of Canada (d. 1808)
  • 1781 – Eugène de Beauharnais, French general and politician (d. 1824)
  • 1803 – Prudence Crandall, American educator (d. 1890)
  • 1810 – Paul Kane, Irish-Canadian painter (d. 1871)
  • 1811 – John Humphrey Noyes, American activist, founded the Oneida Community (d. 1886)
  • 1814 – James Joseph Sylvester, English mathematician and academic (d. 1897)
  • 1820 – George Hearst, American businessman and politician (d. 1891)
  • 1840 – Jacob Christian Fabricius, Danish composer (d. 1919)
  • 1841 – Tom Emmett, English cricketer (d. 1904)
  • 1849 – Sarah Orne Jewett, American novelist, short story writer and poet (d. 1909)
  • 1854 – Charles Tatham, American fencer (d. 1939)
  • 1856 – Louis Sullivan, American architect and educator, designed the Carson, Pirie, Scott and Company Building (d. 1924)
  • 1869 – Fritz Pregl, Slovenian chemist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1930)
  • 1875 – Ferdinand Porsche, Austrian-German engineer and businessman, founded Porsche (d. 1951)
  • 1878 – Dorothea Douglass Lambert Chambers, English tennis player (d. 1960)
  • 1882 – Johnny Douglas, English cricketer and boxer (d. 1930)
  • 1887 – Frank Christian, American trumpet player (d. 1973)
  • 1893 – Andrey Dikiy, Russian-American journalist, historian, and politician (d. 1977)
  • 1897 – Sally Benson, American author and screenwriter (d. 1972)
  • 1899 – Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Australian virologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1985)
  • 1900 – Percy Chapman, English cricketer (d. 1961)
  • 1900 – Urho Kekkonen, Finnish journalist, lawyer, and politician, 8th President of Finland (d. 1986)
  • 1901 – Eduard van Beinum, Dutch violinist, pianist, and conductor (d. 1959)
  • 1905 – Carl David Anderson, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1905 – John Mills, New Zealand cricketer (d. 1972)
  • 1907 – Loren Eiseley, American anthropologist, philosopher, and author (d. 1977)
  • 1908 – Lev Pontryagin, Russian mathematician and academic (d. 1988)
  • 1910 – Kitty Carlisle, American actress, singer, socialite, and game show panelist (d. 2007)
  • 1910 – Franz Jáchym, Austrian Roman Catholic archbishop (d.1984)
  • 1910 – Maurice Papon, French civil servant (d. 2007)
  • 1911 – Bernard Mammes, American cyclist and sergeant (d. 2000)
  • 1913 – Alan Ladd, American actor and producer (d. 1964)
  • 1914 – Dixy Lee Ray, American biologist and politician, 17th Governor of Washington (d. 1994)
  • 1915 – Knut Nystedt, Norwegian organist and composer (d. 2014)
  • 1915 – Memphis Slim, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1988)
  • 1916 – Eddie Stanky, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1999)
  • 1918 – Helen Wagner, American actress (d. 2010)
  • 1919 – Phil Stern, American soldier and photographer (d. 2014)
  • 1920 – Tereska Torrès, French soldier and author (d. 2012)
  • 1921 – John Aston Sr., English footballer (d. 2003)
  • 1921 – Thurston Dart, English pianist, conductor, and musicologist (d. 1971)
  • 1921 – Marguerite Higgins, American journalist and author (d. 1966)
  • 1923 – Glen Bell, American businessman, founded Taco Bell (d. 2010)
  • 1923 – Alice Gibson, Belizean chief Librarian and educator
  • 1923 – Fred Hawkins, American golfer (d. 2014)
  • 1923 – Mort Walker, American cartoonist (d. 2018)
  • 1924 – Mary Grace Canfield, American actress (d. 2014)
  • 1925 – Anne Jackson, American actress (d. 2016)
  • 1925 – Bengt Lindström, Swedish painter and sculptor (d. 2008)
  • 1925 – Hank Thompson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Alison Lurie, American author and academic
  • 1926 – Irene Papas, Greek actress
  • 1926 – Uttam Kumar, Indian Bengali actor, director, producer, singer, composer and playback singer (d. 1980)
  • 1928 – Gaston Thorn, Luxembourg lawyer and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Luxembourg (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Whitey Bulger, American organized crime boss (d. 2018)
  • 1929 – Carlo Clerici, Swiss cyclist (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Steve Rickard, New Zealand-Australian wrestler, trainer, and promoter (d. 2015)
  • 1929 – Armand Vaillancourt, Canadian sculptor and painter
  • 1930 – Cherry Wilder, New Zealand author and poet (d. 2002)
  • 1931 – Dick Motta, American basketball player and coach
  • 1931 – Guy Spitaels, Belgian academic and politician, 7th Minister-President of the Walloon Region (d. 2012)
  • 1932 – Eileen Brennan, American actress and singer (d. 2013)
  • 1933 – Basil Butcher, Guyanese cricketer (d. 2019)
  • 1933 – Tompall Glaser, American singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1934 – Freddie King, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1976)
  • 1935 – Helmut Clasen, German-Canadian motorcycle racer
  • 1936 – Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Tunisian soldier and politician, 2nd President of Tunisia (d. 2019)
  • 1936 – Pilar Pallete, Peruvian-American actress
  • 1938 – Liliane Ackermann, Jewish-French microbiologist, community leader, writer, and lecturer (d. 2007)
  • 1938 – Sarah Bradford, English historian and author
  • 1938 – Caryl Churchill, English-Canadian playwright
  • 1938 – Richard MacCormac, English architect, founded MJP Architects (d. 2014)
  • 1938 – Ryōji Noyori, Japanese chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1940 – Frank Duffy, English architect
  • 1940 – Pauline Collins, English actress
  • 1940 – Eduardo Galeano, Uruguayan journalist and author (d. 2015)
  • 1940 – Brian Lochore, New Zealand rugby player and coach
  • 1941 – Sergei Dovlatov, Russian-American journalist and author (d. 1990)
  • 1942 – Al Jardine, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1943 – Valerie Perrine, American model and actress
  • 1944 – Geoff Arnold, English cricketer and coach
  • 1944 – Ray Groom, Australian footballer, lawyer, and politician, 39th Premier of Tasmania
  • 1945 – George Biondo, American bass player and songwriter
  • 1945 – Peter Goddard, English physicist and mathematician
  • 1947 – Kjell Magne Bondevik, Norwegian minister and politician, 26th Prime Minister of Norway
  • 1947 – Michael Connarty, Scottish educator and politician
  • 1947 – Mario Draghi, Italian banker and economist
  • 1947 – Gérard Houllier, French footballer and coach
  • 1947 – Susan Milan, English flute player and composer
  • 1948 – Don Brewer, American drummer and singer-songwriter
  • 1948 – Lyudmila Karachkina, Ukrainian astronomer
  • 1948 – Fotis Kouvelis, Greek lawyer and politician, Greek Minister of Justice
  • 1948 – Levy Mwanawasa, Zambian lawyer and politician, 3rd President of Zambia (d. 2008)
  • 1949 – José Pékerman, Argentinian footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1949 – Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria (d. 2004)
  • 1950 – Doug Pinnick, American rock singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1951 – Denys Hobson, South African cricketer
  • 1953 – Jean-Pierre Jeunet, French director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1953 – George Peponis, Greek-Australian rugby league player and physician
  • 1954 – Jaak Uudmäe, Estonian triple jumper and coach
  • 1955 – Steve Jones, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1956 – Jishu Dasgupta, Indian actor and director (d. 2012)
  • 1956 – Pat McGeown, Irish republican activist (d. 1996)
  • 1956 – Stephen Woolley, English director and producer
  • 1957 – Garth Ancier, American businessman
  • 1957 – Earl Cureton, American basketball player and coach
  • 1957 – Steve Schirripa, American actor and producer
  • 1957 – Sadhguru, Indian yogi, mystic
  • 1960 – Nick Gibb, English accountant and politician
  • 1961 – Andy Griffiths, Australian author
  • 1962 – David De Roure, English computer scientist and academic
  • 1963 – Sam Adams, American politician, 51st Mayor of Portland
  • 1963 – Mubarak Ghanim, Emirati footballer
  • 1963 – Malcolm Gladwell, Canadian journalist, essayist, and critic
  • 1964 – Adam Curry, American-Dutch businessman and television host, co-founded mevio
  • 1964 – Spike Feresten, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1964 – Junaid Jamshed, Pakistani singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2016)
  • 1965 – Rachel Johnson, British journalist
  • 1965 – Vaden Todd Lewis, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1965 – Charlie Sheen, American actor and producer
  • 1966 – Steven Johnson Leyba, American painter and author
  • 1966 – Vladimir Ryzhkov, Russian historian and politician
  • 1967 – Chris Gatling, American basketball player
  • 1967 – Luis Gonzalez, Cuban-American baseball player
  • 1968 – Grace Poe, Filipino educator and politician
  • 1969 – Noah Baumbach, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1969 – John Fugelsang, American comedian, actor, and talk show host
  • 1969 – Robert Karlsson, Swedish golfer
  • 1969 – Marianna Komlos, Canadian bodybuilder, model, and wrestler (d. 2004)
  • 1969 – Matthew Offord, English journalist and politician
  • 1970 – Jeremy Glick, American businessman (d. 2001)
  • 1970 – George Lynch, American basketball player and manager
  • 1970 – Gareth Southgate, English footballer and manager
  • 1971 – Kiran Desai, Indian-American author
  • 1971 – Glen Housman, Australian swimmer
  • 1971 – Chabeli Iglesias, Portuguese-Spanish journalist
  • 1971 – Paolo Montero, Uruguayan footballer and manager
  • 1972 – Christine Boudrias, Canadian speed skater
  • 1972 – Bob Evans, American wrestler and trainer
  • 1972 – Robbie O’Davis, Australian rugby league player
  • 1972 – Martin Straka, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Damon Stoudamire, American basketball player and coach
  • 1974 – Clare Kramer, American actress, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1974 – Rahul Sanghvi, Indian cricketer
  • 1975 – Daniel Chan, Hong Kong singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1975 – Cristobal Huet, French ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Redfoo, American singer-songwriter, producer, and dancer
  • 1976 – Valery V. Afanasyev, Russian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1976 – Jevon Kearse, American football player
  • 1976 – Raheem Morris, American football player and coach
  • 1977 – Rui Marques, Angolan footballer
  • 1977 – Olof Mellberg, Swedish footballer
  • 1977 – Nate Robertson, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Terje Bakken, Norwegian singer-songwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1978 – John Curtis, English footballer
  • 1978 – Michal Rozsíval, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Nick Wechsler, American actor
  • 1979 – Júlio César, Brazilian footballer
  • 1979 – Tomo Miličević, Bosnian-American guitarist
  • 1980 – B.G., American rapper and actor
  • 1980 – Daniel Bilos, Argentinian footballer
  • 1980 – Cindy Burger, Dutch footballer
  • 1980 – Jason McCaslin, Canadian singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer
  • 1982 – Sarah Burke, Canadian skier (d. 2012)
  • 1982 – Andrew McMahon, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer
  • 1982 – Kaori Natori, Japanese singer
  • 1982 – Tiago Rannow, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Augusto Farfus, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1983 – Nicky Hunt, English footballer
  • 1983 – Marcus McCauley, American football player
  • 1983 – Valdas Vasylius, Lithuanian basketball player
  • 1984 – Garrett Hedlund, American actor
  • 1984 – T.J. Perkins, Filipino-American wrestler
  • 1985 – Scott Carson, English footballer
  • 1985 – Kelvin Wilson, English footballer
  • 1986 – Shaun White, American snowboarder, skateboarder, and guitarist
  • 1986 – OMI, Jamaican singer
  • 1987 – Allie, Canadian wrestler
  • 1987 – Modibo Maïga, Malian footballer
  • 1987 – Dawid Malan, English cricketer
  • 1987 – James Neal, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1988 – Jérôme Boateng, Ghanaian-German footballer
  • 1988 – Hana Makhmalbaf, Iranian director and producer
  • 1992 – August Alsina, American singer-songwriter
  • 1993 – Dominic Thiem, Austrian tennis player
  • 1994 – Francis Molo, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1994 – Glen Rea, English-Irish footballer
  • 1995 – Niklas Süle, German footballer
  • 1996 – Joy, South Korean idol and actress
  • 1996 – Adama Barro, Burkinabé footballer
  • 1996 – Abrahm DeVine, American swimmer
  • 1996 – Veronika Domjan, Slovenian athlete
  • 1996 – William Eskelinen, Swedish footballer
  • 1996 – Dwayne Green, Dutch footballer
  • 1996 – D. J. Hogg, American basketball player
  • 1996 – Moonga K., Zambian singer
  • 1996 – Nanda Kyaw, Burmese footballer
  • 1996 – Florian Maitre, French cyclist
  • 1996 – Callum Moore, Australian footballer
  • 1996 – Neilson Powless, American cyclist
  • 1996 – Osgar O’Hoisin, Irish tennis player
  • 1996 – Zhang Tingting, Chinese handball player
  • 1996 – Brad Walsh, Australian footballer
  • 1996 – Yoane Wissa, French footballer
  • 1997 – Andrew Austin, Irish cricketer
  • 1997 – Sulayman Bojang, Norwegian footballer
  • 1997 – Reniece Boyce, West Indian criketer
  • 1997 – Carter Kieboom, American baseball player
  • 1997 – Petar Krstić, Macedonian footballer
  • 1997 – Devin Singletary, American football player
  • 1997 – Bernard Tekpetey, Ghanaian footballer
  • 2010 – Tanitoluwa Adewumi, Nigerian-American chess player

Deaths on September 3

  • 264 – Sun Xiu, Chinese emperor (b. 235)
  • 618 – Xue Ju, emperor of Qin
  • 863 – Umar al-Aqta, Arab emir
  • 931 – Uda, emperor of Japan (b. 867)
  • 1120 – Gerard Thom (The Blessed Gerard), founder of the Knights Hospitaller (b. c. 1040)
  • 1189 – Jacob of Orléans, French Jewish scholar
  • 1301 – Alberto I della Scala, Lord of Verona
  • 1313 – Anna of Bohemia (b. 1290)
  • 1354 – Joanikije II, Serbian patriarch and saint
  • 1400 – John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter (b. c. 1352)
  • 1402 – Gian Galeazzo Visconti, Italian son of Galeazzo II Visconti (b. 1351)
  • 1420 – Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany (b. 1340)
  • 1467 – Eleanor of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress (b. 1434)
  • 1592 – Robert Greene, English author and playwright (b. 1558)
  • 1609 – Jean Richardot, Belgian diplomat (b. 1540)
  • 1634 – Edward Coke, English lawyer, judge, and politician, Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales (b. 1552)
  • 1653 – Claudius Salmasius, French scholar and author (b. 1588)
  • 1658 – Oliver Cromwell, English general and politician (b. 1599)
  • 1720 – Henri de Massue, Earl of Galway, French general and diplomat (b. 1648)
  • 1729 – Jean Hardouin, French historian and scholar (b. 1646)
  • 1766 – Archibald Bower, Scottish historian and author (b. 1686)
  • 1808 – John Montgomery, American merchant and politician (b. 1722)
  • 1857 – John McLoughlin, Canadian-American businessman (b. 1784)
  • 1866 – Konstantin Flavitsky, Russian painter (b. 1830)
  • 1877 – Adolphe Thiers, French historian and politician, 2nd President of France (b. 1797)
  • 1883 – Ivan Turgenev, Russian author and playwright (b. 1818)
  • 1886 – William W. Snow, American lawyer and politician (b. 1812)
  • 1893 – James Harrison, Scottish-Australian engineer, journalist, and politician (b. 1816)
  • 1906 – Mihály Kolossa, Hungarian author and poet (b. 1846)
  • 1914 – Albéric Magnard, French composer and educator (b. 1865)
  • 1929 – John Bigham, 1st Viscount Mersey, English jurist and politician (b. 1840)
  • 1936 – Nikita Balieff, Armenian-Russian puppeteer and director (b. 1876)
  • 1942 – Will James, Canadian-American author and illustrator (b. 1892)
  • 1942 – Séraphine Louis, French painter (b. 1864)
  • 1944 – John Lumsden, Irish physician, founded the St. John Ambulance Brigade of Ireland (b. 1869)
  • 1948 – Edvard Beneš, Czech academic and politician, 2nd President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1884)
  • 1954 – Marika Kotopouli, Greek actress (b. 1887)
  • 1961 – Robert E. Gross, American businessman (b. 1897)
  • 1962 – E. E. Cummings, American poet and playwright (b. 1894)
  • 1963 – Louis MacNeice, Irish poet and playwright (b. 1907)
  • 1967 – Francis Ouimet, American golfer and banker (b. 1893)
  • 1969 – John Lester, American cricketer and soccer player (b. 1871)
  • 1970 – Vasil Gendov, Bulgarian actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1891)
  • 1970 – Vince Lombardi, American football player and coach (b. 1913)
  • 1970 – Alan Wilson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1943)
  • 1974 – Harry Partch, American composer and theorist (b. 1901)
  • 1977 – Gianni Vella, Maltese artist (b. 1885)
  • 1980 – Barbara O’Neil, American actress (b. 1910)
  • 1980 – Duncan Renaldo, Romanian-American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1904)
  • 1981 – Alec Waugh, English soldier and author (b. 1898)
  • 1985 – Johnny Marks, American songwriter (b. 1909)
  • 1986 – Beryl Markham, English-Kenyan pilot, horse trainer, and author (b. 1902)
  • 1987 – Morton Feldman, American composer and educator (b. 1926)
  • 1988 – Ferit Melen, Turkish civil servant and politician, 14th Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1906)
  • 1989 – Gaetano Scirea, Italian footballer (b. 1953)
  • 1991 – Frank Capra, Italian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1897)
  • 1993 – David Brown, English businessman (b. 1904)
  • 1994 – James Thomas Aubrey, Jr., American screenwriter and producer (b. 1918)
  • 1994 – Billy Wright, English footballer and manager (b. 1924)
  • 1995 – Mary Adshead, English painter (b. 1904)
  • 1996 – Emily Kame Kngwarreye, Australian painter (b. 1910)
  • 2000 – Edward Anhalt, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1914)
  • 2001 – Pauline Kael, American film critic and author (b. 1919)
  • 2002 – Kenneth Hare, Canadian climatologist and academic (b. 1919)
  • 2002 – W. Clement Stone, American businessman, philanthropist, and author (b. 1902)
  • 2003 – Alan Dugan, American soldier and poet (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Rudolf Leiding, German businessman (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – R. S. R. Fitter, English biologist and author (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – William Rehnquist, American lawyer and jurist, 16th Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Carter Albrecht, American keyboard player and guitarist (b. 1973)
  • 2007 – Syd Jackson, New Zealand trade union leader and activist (b. 1939)
  • 2007 – Jane Tomlinson, English runner (b. 1964)
  • 2007 – Steve Fossett, American aviator (b. 1944)
  • 2008 – Donald Blakeslee, American colonel and pilot (b. 1917)
  • 2010 – Noah Howard, American saxophonist (b. 1943)
  • 2010 – Robert Schimmel, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1950)
  • 2012 – Griselda Blanco, Colombian drug lord (b. 1943)
  • 2012 – Harold Dunaway, American race car driver and pilot (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Michael Clarke Duncan, American actor (b. 1957)
  • 2012 – Siegfried Jamrowski, Russian-German soldier and pilot (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Sun Myung Moon, Korean religious leader and businessman, founded the Unification Church (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Charlie Rose, American lawyer and politician (b. 1939)
  • 2013 – Ralph M. Holman, American lawyer and judge (b. 1914)
  • 2013 – Pedro Ferriz Santacruz, Mexican-American journalist (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – José Ramón Larraz, Spanish director and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Janet Lembke, American author and scholar (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Don Meineke, American basketball player (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Lewis Morley, Hong Kong-Australian photographer (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Aarno Raninen, Finnish singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1944)
  • 2014 – A. P. Venkateswaran, Indian soldier and politician, 14th Foreign Secretary of India (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – Adrian Cadbury, English rower and businessman (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Judy Carne, English actress and comedian (b. 1939)
  • 2015 – Carter Lay, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1971)
  • 2015 – Zhang Zhen, Chinese general and politician (b. 1914)
  • 2017 – Walter Becker, American musician, songwriter, and record producer (b. 1950)
  • 2017 – John Ashbery, American poet (b. 1927)

Holidays and observances on September 3

  • Christian feast day:
    • Mansuetus of Toul
    • Marinus
    • Pope Gregory I
    • Remaclus
    • Prudence Crandall (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • September 3 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • China’s victory over Japan commemoration related observances:
    • Armed Forces Day (Republic of China)
    • V-J Day (People’s Republic of China)
  • Feast of San Marino and the Republic, celebrates the foundation of the Republic of San Marino in 301.
  • Broadcast Day (South Korea) – The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has assigned the call sign ‘HL’ to South Korea. 1947.
  • Flag Day (Australia)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the second independence of Qatar from the United Kingdom in 1971.
  • Levy Mwanawasa Day (Zambia)
  • Memorial Day (Tunisia)
  • Merchant Navy Remembrance Day (Canada)
  • Merchant Navy Day (United Kingdom)
  • National Welsh Rarebit Day (United States)
  • Tokehega Day (Tokelau, New Zealand)

September 7 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

  • AD 70 – A Roman army under Titus occupies and plunders Jerusalem.
  • 878 – Louis the Stammerer is crowned as king of West Francia by Pope John VIII.
  • 1159 – Pope Alexander III is chosen.
  • 1191 – Third Crusade: Battle of Arsuf: Richard I of England defeats Saladin at Arsuf.
  • 1228 – Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II lands in Acre, Israel, and starts the Sixth Crusade, which results in a peaceful restoration of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
  • 1303 – Guillaume de Nogaret takes Pope Boniface VIII prisoner on behalf of Philip IV of France.
  • 1571 – Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, is arrested for his role in the Ridolfi plot to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I of England and replace her with Mary, Queen of Scots.
  • 1652 – Around 15,000 Han farmers and militia rebel against Dutch rule on Taiwan.
  • 1695 – Henry Every perpetrates one of the most profitable pirate raids in history with the capture of the Grand Mughal ship Ganj-i-Sawai. In response, Emperor Aurangzeb threatens to end all English trading in India.
  • 1706 – War of the Spanish Succession: Siege of Turin ends, leading to the withdrawal of French forces from North Italy.
  • 1764 – Election of Stanisław August Poniatowski as the last ruler of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
  • 1776 – According to American colonial reports, Ezra Lee makes the world’s first submarine attack in the Turtle, attempting to attach a time bomb to the hull of HMS Eagle in New York Harbor (no British records of this attack exist).
  • 1778 – American Revolutionary War: France invades Dominica in the British West Indies, before Britain is even aware of France’s involvement in the war.
  • 1812 – French invasion of Russia: The Battle of Borodino, the bloodiest battle of the Napoleonic Wars, was fought near Moscow and resulted in a French victory.
  • 1818 – Carl III of Sweden–Norway is crowned king of Norway, in Trondheim.
  • 1822 – Dom Pedro I declares Brazil independent from Portugal on the shores of the Ipiranga Brook in São Paulo.
  • 1857 – Mountain Meadows massacre: Mormon settlers slaughter most members of peaceful, emigrant wagon train.
  • 1860 – Italian unification: Giuseppe Garibaldi enters Naples.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Union troops under Quincy A. Gillmore captures Fort Wagner in Morris Island after a 7-week siege.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Atlanta is evacuated on orders of Union General William Tecumseh Sherman.
  • 1876 – In Northfield, Minnesota, Jesse James and the James–Younger Gang attempt to rob the town’s bank but are driven off by armed citizens.
  • 1901 – The Boxer Rebellion in Qing dynasty (modern-day China) officially ends with the signing of the Boxer Protocol.
  • 1906 – Alberto Santos-Dumont flies his 14-bis aircraft at Bagatelle, France for the first time successfully.
  • 1907 – Cunard Line’s RMS Lusitania sets sail on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England, to New York City.
  • 1909 – Eugène Lefebvre crashes a new French-built Wright biplane during a test flight at Juvisy, south of Paris, becoming the first aviator in the world to lose his life in a powered heavier-than-air craft.
  • 1911 – French poet Guillaume Apollinaire is arrested and put in jail on suspicion of stealing the Mona Lisa from the Louvre museum.
  • 1916 – US federal employees win the right to Workers’ compensation by Federal Employers Liability Act (39 Stat. 742; 5 U.S.C. 751)
  • 1920 – Two newly purchased Savoia flying boats crash in the Swiss Alps en route to Finland where they would serve with the Finnish Air Force, killing both crews.
  • 1921 – In Atlantic City, New Jersey, the first Miss America Pageant, a two-day event, is held.
  • 1921 – The Legion of Mary, the largest apostolic organization of lay people in the Catholic Church, is founded in Dublin, Ireland.
  • 1923 – The International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) is formed.
  • 1927 – The first fully electronic television system is achieved by Philo Farnsworth.
  • 1929 – Steamer Kuru capsizes and sinks on Lake Näsijärvi near Tampere in Finland. One hundred thirty-six lives are lost.
  • 1932 – The Battle of Boquerón, the first major battle of the Chaco War, commences.
  • 1936 – The last thylacine, a carnivorous marsupial named Benjamin, dies alone in its cage at the Hobart Zoo in Tasmania.
  • 1940 – Romania returns Southern Dobruja to Bulgaria under the Treaty of Craiova.
  • 1940 – World War II: The German Luftwaffe begins the Blitz, bombing London and other British cities for over 50 consecutive nights.
  • 1942 – World War II: Japanese marines are forced to withdraw during the Battle of Milne Bay.
  • 1943 – A fire at the Gulf Hotel in Houston kills 55 people.
  • 1943 – World War II: The German 17th Army begins its evacuation of the Kuban bridgehead (Taman Peninsula) in southern Russia and moves across the Strait of Kerch to the Crimea.
  • 1945 – World War II: Japanese forces on Wake Island, which they had held since December 1941, surrender to U.S. Marines.
  • 1945 – The Berlin Victory Parade of 1945 is held.
  • 1953 – Nikita Khrushchev is elected first secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
  • 1963 – The Pro Football Hall of Fame opens in Canton, Ohio with 17 charter members.
  • 1965 – During an Indo-Pakistani War, China announces that it will reinforce its troops on the Indian border.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: In a follow-up to August’s Operation Starlite, United States Marines and South Vietnamese forces initiate Operation Piranha on the Batangan Peninsula.
  • 1970 – Fighting begins between Arab guerrillas and government forces in Jordan.
  • 1970 – Bill Shoemaker beats Johnny Longden’s record to become the winningest jockey in horse racing history at Del Mar racetrack
  • 1977 – The Torrijos–Carter Treaties between Panama and the United States on the status of the Panama Canal are signed. The United States agrees to transfer control of the canal to Panama at the end of the 20th century.
  • 1977 – The 300-metre-tall CKVR-DT transmission tower in Barrie, Ontario, Canada, is hit by a light aircraft in a fog, causing it to collapse. All aboard the aircraft are killed.
  • 1978 – While walking across Waterloo Bridge in London, Bulgarian dissident Georgi Markov is assassinated by Bulgarian secret police agent Francesco Gullino by means of a ricin pellet fired from a specially-designed umbrella.
  • 1979 – The Chrysler Corporation asks the United States government for US$1.5 billion to avoid bankruptcy.
  • 1981 ‐ British plantation company, Guthrie was take over by Malaysian government after successfull purchased a shares to become major shareholder. This is famously called ‘Dawn Raid attack’.
  • 1984 – An explosion on board a Maltese patrol boat disposing of illegal fireworks at sea off Gozo kills seven soldiers and policemen.
  • 1986 – Desmond Tutu becomes the first black man to lead the Anglican Diocese of Cape Town.
  • 1988 – Abdul Ahad Mohmand, the first Afghan in space, returns to Earth after nine days on the Mir space station.
  • 1996 – Rapper and hip hop artist Tupac Shakur is fatally shot in a drive-by shooting in Las Vegas, Nevada. He succumbs to his injuries six days later.
  • 1997 – Maiden flight of the Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor.
  • 1999 – The 6.0 Mw  Athens earthquake affected the area with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), killing 143, injuring 800–1,600, and leaving 50,000 homeless.
  • 2005 – Egypt holds its first-ever multi-party presidential election.
  • 2008 – The United States government takes control of the two largest mortgage financing companies in the US, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
  • 2010 – A Chinese fishing trawler collided with two Japanese Coast Guard patrol boats in disputed waters near the Senkaku Islands.
  • 2011 – A plane crash in Russia kills 43 people, including nearly the entire roster of the Lokomotiv Yaroslavl Kontinental Hockey League team.
  • 2012 – Canada officially cuts diplomatic ties with Iran by closing its embassy in Tehran and orders the expulsion of Iranian diplomats from Ottawa, over nuclear plans and purported human rights abuses.
  • 2017 – The 8.2 Mw  2017 Chiapas earthquake strikes southern Mexico, killing at least 60 people.
  • 2017 – Equifax announce a cyber-crime identity theft event potentially impacting approximately 145​12 million U.S. consumers.
  • 2019 – Ukrainian filmmaker Oleg Sentsov and 66 others are released in a prisoner exchange between Ukraine and Russia.

Births on September 7

  • 923 – Suzaku, emperor of Japan (d. 952)
  • 1395 – Reginald West, 6th Baron De La Warr, English politician (d. 1427)
  • 1438 – Louis II, Landgrave of Lower Hesse (d. 1471)
  • 1448 – Henry, Count of Württemberg-Montbéliard (1473–1482) (d. 1519)
  • 1500 – Sebastian Newdigate, Carthusian monk and martyr (d. 1535)
  • 1524 – Thomas Erastus, Swiss physician and theologian (d. 1583)
  • 1533 – Elizabeth I of England (d. 1603)
  • 1629 – Sir John Perceval, 1st Baronet, Irish nobleman (d. 1665)
  • 1635 – Paul I, Prince Esterházy, Hungarian prince (d. 1713)
  • 1641 – Tokugawa Ietsuna, Japanese shōgun (d. 1680)
  • 1650 – Juan Manuel María de la Aurora, 8th duke of Escalona (d. 1725)
  • 1683 – Maria Anna of Austria (d. 1754)
  • 1694 – Johan Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg, Danish Minister of State (d. 1763)
  • 1705 – Matthäus Günther, German painter (d. 1788)
  • 1707 – Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, French mathematician, cosmologist, and author (d. 1788)
  • 1726 – François-André Danican Philidor, French chess player and composer (d. 1795)
  • 1740 – Johan Tobias Sergel, Swedish sculptor and illustrator (d. 1814)
  • 1777 – Heinrich Stölzel, German horn player and composer (d. 1844)
  • 1791 – Giuseppe Gioachino Belli, Italian poet and author (d. 1863)
  • 1795 – John William Polidori, English physician and author (d. 1821)
  • 1801 – Sarel Cilliers, South African preacher and activist (d.1871)
  • 1803 – William Knibb, English Baptist minister and Jamaican missionary (d.1845)
  • 1807 – Henry Sewell, English lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1879)
  • 1810 – Hermann Heinrich Gossen, Prussian economist and academic (d. 1858)
  • 1813 – Emil Korytko, Polish activist and translator (d. 1839)
  • 1815 – John McDouall Stuart, Scottish explorer and surveyor (d. 1866)
  • 1818 – Thomas Talbot, American businessman and politician, 31st Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1886)
  • 1819 – Thomas A. Hendricks, American lawyer and politician, 21st Vice President of the United States (d. 1885)
  • 1829 – August Kekulé, German chemist and academic (d. 1896)
  • 1831 – Alexandre Falguière, French sculptor and painter (d. 1900)
  • 1836 – Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Scottish merchant and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1908)
  • 1836 – August Toepler, German physicist and academic (d. 1912)
  • 1842 – Johannes Zukertort, Polish-English chess player, linguist, and journalist (d. 1888)
  • 1851 – Edward Asahel Birge, American zoologist and academic (d. 1950)
  • 1855 – William Friese-Greene, English photographer, director, and cinematographer (d. 1921)
  • 1860 – Grandma Moses, American painter (d. 1961)
  • 1862 – Edgar Speyer, American-English financier and philanthropist (d. 1932)
  • 1866 – Tristan Bernard, French author and playwright (d. 1947)
  • 1867 – Albert Bassermann, German-Swiss actor (d. 1952)
  • 1867 – J. P. Morgan Jr., American banker and philanthropist (d. 1943)
  • 1869 – Ben Viljoen, South African general (d. 1917)
  • 1870 – Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian pilot, explorer, and author (d. 1938)
  • 1871 – George Hirst, English cricketer and coach (d. 1954)
  • 1875 – Edward Francis Hutton, American businessman and financier, co-founded E. F. Hutton & Co. (d. 1962)
  • 1876 – Francesco Buhagiar, Maltese politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Malta (d. 1934)
  • 1876 – C. J. Dennis, Australian poet and author (d. 1938)
  • 1883 – Theophrastos Sakellaridis, Greek composer and conductor (d. 1950)
  • 1885 – Elinor Wylie, American author and poet (d. 1928)
  • 1887 – Edith Sitwell, English poet and critic (d. 1964)
  • 1892 – Eric Harrison, Australian soldier and politician, 27th Australian Minister for Defence (d. 1974)
  • 1892 – Oscar O’Brien, Canadian priest, pianist, and composer (d. 1958)
  • 1893 – Leslie Hore-Belisha, English politician, Secretary of State for War (d. 1957)
  • 1894 – Vic Richardson, Australian cricketer, footballer, and sportscaster (d. 1969)
  • 1894 – George Waggner, American actor, director, and producer (d. 1984)
  • 1895 – Jacques Vaché, French author and poet (d. 1919)
  • 1900 – Taylor Caldwell, English-American author (d. 1985)
  • 1900 – Giuseppe Zangara, Italian-American assassin of Anton Cermak (d. 1933)
  • 1903 – Margaret Landon, American missionary and author (d. 1993)
  • 1903 – Dorothy Marie Donnelly, American poet and author (d. 1994)
  • 1904 – C. B. Colby, American author (d. 1977)
  • 1907 – Ahmed Adnan Saygun, Turkish composer and musicologist (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Paul Brown, American football player and coach (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Michael E. DeBakey, American surgeon and educator (d. 2008)
  • 1908 – Max Kaminsky, American trumpet player and bandleader (d. 1994)
  • 1909 – Elia Kazan, Greek-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1911 – Todor Zhivkov, Bulgarian police officer and politician, Head of State of Bulgaria (d. 1998)
  • 1912 – David Packard, American engineer and businessman, co-founded Hewlett-Packard (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – Martin Charteris, Baron Charteris of Amisfield, English soldier and courtier (d. 1999)
  • 1913 – Anthony Quayle, English actor (d. 1989)
  • 1914 – Lída Baarová, Czech-Austrian actress (d. 2000)
  • 1914 – Graeme Bell, Australian pianist and composer (d. 2012)
  • 1914 – James Van Allen, American physicist and philosopher (d. 2006)
  • 1915 – Pedro Reginaldo Lira, Argentinian bishop (d. 2012)
  • 1915 – Kiyosi Itô, Japanese mathematician and academic (d. 2008)
  • 1917 – Leonard Cheshire, English captain, pilot, and humanitarian (d. 1992)
  • 1917 – John Cornforth, Australian-English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
  • 1917 – Jacob Lawrence, American painter and educator (d. 2000)
  • 1918 – Harold Amos, American microbiologist and academic (d. 2003)
  • 1919 – Briek Schotte, Belgian cyclist and coach (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Harri Webb, Welsh journalist and poet (d. 1994)
  • 1921 – Peter A. Peyser, American soldier and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1922 – Lucien Jarraud, French-Canadian journalist and radio host (d. 2007)
  • 1923 – Nancy Keesing, Australian author and poet (d. 1993)
  • 1923 – Peter Lawford, English-American actor (d. 1984)
  • 1923 – Louise Suggs, American golfer, co-founded LPGA (d. 2015)
  • 1924 – Daniel Inouye, American captain and politician, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2012)
  • 1924 – Leonard Rosenman, American composer and conductor (d. 2008)
  • 1925 – Laura Ashley, Welsh-English fashion designer, founded Laura Ashley plc (d. 1985)
  • 1925 – Allan Blakeney, Canadian lawyer and politician, 10th Premier of Saskatchewan (d. 2011)
  • 1925 – Bhanumathi Ramakrishna, Indian actress, singer, director, and producer (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Samuel Goldwyn Jr., American director and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1926 – Donald J. Irwin, American lawyer and politician, 32nd Mayor of Norwalk (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Patrick Jenkin, Baron Jenkin of Roding, English lawyer and politician, Secretary of State for the Environment (d. 2016)
  • 1926 – Erich Juskowiak, German footballer (d. 1983)
  • 1926 – Don Messick, American voice actor (d. 1997)
  • 1927 – Eric Hill, English-American author and illustrator (d. 2014)
  • 1927 – Claire L’Heureux-Dubé, Canadian lawyer and jurist
  • 1928 – Kathleen Gorham, Australian ballerina (d. 1983)
  • 1928 – Al McGuire, American basketball player, coach, and commentator (d. 2001)
  • 1929 – Clyde Lovellette, American basketball player (d. 2016)
  • 1930 – Baudouin of Belgium (d. 1993)
  • 1930 – Sonny Rollins, American saxophonist and composer
  • 1930 – S. Sivanayagam, Sri Lankan journalist and author (d. 2010)
  • 1931 – Charles Camilleri, Maltese composer and conductor (d. 2009)
  • 1932 – Malcolm Bradbury, English author and academic (d. 2000)
  • 1932 – John Paul Getty Jr., American-English philanthropist and book collector (d. 2003)
  • 1934 – Mary Bauermeister, German painter and illustrator
  • 1934 – Waldo de los Ríos, Argentinian composer and conductor (d. 1977)
  • 1934 – Sunil Gangopadhyay, Indian author and poet (d. 2012)
  • 1934 – Omar Karami, Lebanese lawyer and politician, 58th Prime Minister of Lebanon (d. 2015)
  • 1934 – Little Milton, American singer and guitarist (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – Abdou Diouf, Senegalese lawyer and politician, 2nd President of Senegal
  • 1935 – Dick O’Neal, American basketball player and dentist (d. 2013)
  • 1936 – Brian Hart, English race car driver and engineer, founded Brian Hart Ltd. (d. 2014)
  • 1936 – Buddy Holly, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1959)
  • 1936 – Apostolos Kaklamanis, Greek lawyer and politician, Greek Minister of Justice
  • 1937 – John Phillip Law, American actor (d. 2008)
  • 1937 – Oleg Lobov, Russian politician, Premier of the Russian SFSR (d. 2018)
  • 1939 – Latimore, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1939 – Peter Gill, Welsh actor, director, and playwright
  • 1940 – Dario Argento, Italian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1940 – Abdurrahman Wahid, Indonesian journalist and politician, 4th President of Indonesia (d. 2009)
  • 1942 – Billy Best, Scottish footballer
  • 1942 – Alan Oakes, English footballer and manager
  • 1942 – Andrew Stone, Baron Stone of Blackheath, English businessman and politician
  • 1942 – Jonathan H. Turner, American sociologist
  • 1943 – Beverley McLachlin, Canadian lawyer and jurist, 17th Chief Justice of Canada
  • 1944 – Forrest Blue, American football player (d. 2011)
  • 1944 – Bertel Haarder, Danish lawyer and politician, Education Minister of Denmark
  • 1944 – Peter Larter, English rugby player
  • 1944 – Earl Manigault, American basketball player and coach (d. 1998)
  • 1944 – Bora Milutinović, Serbian footballer and manager
  • 1944 – Houshang Moradi Kermani, Iranian author
  • 1945 – Jacques Lemaire, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1945 – Vic Pollard, English-New Zealand rugby player and footballer
  • 1945 – Curtis Price, American musicologist and academic
  • 1945 – Peter Storey, English footballer
  • 1946 – Willie Crawford, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1946 – Joe Klein, American journalist and author
  • 1946 – Suzyn Waldman, American sportscaster
  • 1947 – Sergio Della Pergola, Israeli demographer and statistician
  • 1947 – Gloria Gaynor, American singer-songwriter
  • 1948 – Susan Blakely, American actress
  • 1949 – Dianne Hayter, German-English politician
  • 1949 – Barry Siegel, American journalist and academic
  • 1950 – David Cannadine, English historian and author
  • 1950 – Johann Friedrich, German-Australian engineer (d. 1991)
  • 1950 – Julie Kavner, American actress
  • 1950 – Peggy Noonan, American author, journalist, speechwriter, and pundit
  • 1951 – Chrissie Hynde, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1951 – Morris Albert, Brazilian singer-songwriter
  • 1951 – Mark Isham, American trumpet player and composer
  • 1951 – Mark McCumber, American golfer
  • 1951 – Mammootty, Indian actor and producer
  • 1952 – Ricardo Tormo, Spanish motorcycle racer (d. 1998)
  • 1953 – Marc Hunter, New Zealand-Australian singer-songwriter (d. 1998)
  • 1953 – Benmont Tench, American keyboardist and songwriter
  • 1954 – Corbin Bernsen, American actor
  • 1954 – Michael Emerson, American actor
  • 1954 – Kerrie Holley, American software architect and academic
  • 1955 – Mira Furlan, Croatian-American actress
  • 1956 – Michael Feinstein, American singer and pianist
  • 1956 – Byron Stevenson, Welsh footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1956 – Diane Warren, American songwriter
  • 1957 – Jermaine Stewart, American singer-songwriter and dancer (d. 1997)
  • 1960 – Brad Houser, American bass player
  • 1961 – LeRoi Moore, American saxophonist and songwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1961 – Jean-Yves Thibaudet, French pianist
  • 1962 – Jennifer Egan, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1962 – George South, American wrestler
  • 1962 – Hasan Vezir, Turkish footballer and manager
  • 1963 – Eazy-E, American rapper and producer (d. 1995)
  • 1965 – Angela Gheorghiu, Romanian soprano
  • 1965 – Darko Pančev, Macedonian footballer
  • 1965 – Uta Pippig, German runner
  • 1965 – Tomáš Skuhravý, Czech footballer
  • 1965 – Andreas Thom, German footballer and manager
  • 1966 – Vladimir Andreyev, Russian race walker
  • 1966 – Lutz Heilmann, German politician
  • 1966 – Toby Jones, English actor
  • 1966 – Gunda Niemann-Stirnemann, German speed skater
  • 1966 – Andrew Voss, Australian sportscaster and author
  • 1967 – Alok Sharma, Indian-English accountant and politician
  • 1968 – Marcel Desailly, Ghanaian-French footballer
  • 1968 – Gennadi Krasnitski, Russian figure skater and coach
  • 1969 – Darren Bragg, American baseball player and coach
  • 1969 – Rudy Galindo, American figure skater
  • 1970 – Gino Odjick, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Tom Everett Scott, American actor
  • 1971 – Gene Pritsker, American composer
  • 1971 – Shane Mosley, American boxer and trainer
  • 1972 – Jason Isringhausen, American baseball player and coach
  • 1973 – Shannon Elizabeth, American model and actress
  • 1973 – Alex Kurtzman, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1974 – Mario Frick, Swiss-Liechtensteiner footballer
  • 1974 – Antonio McDyess, American basketball player
  • 1975 – Norifumi Abe, Japanese motorcycle racer (d. 2007)
  • 1975 – Harold Wallace, Costa Rican footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Wavell Hinds, Jamaican cricketer
  • 1977 – Molly Holly, American wrestler and trainer
  • 1977 – Jon Macken, English-Irish footballer
  • 1978 – Matt Cooke, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Erwin Koen, Dutch footballer
  • 1978 – Ersin Güreler, Turkish footballer
  • 1979 – Nathan Hindmarsh, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
  • 1979 – Paul Mara, American ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Owen Pallett, Canadian singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1979 – Brian Stokes, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Emre Belözoğlu, Turkish footballer
  • 1980 – Sara Carrigan, Australian cyclist
  • 1980 – Serhiy Chopyk, Ukrainian footballer
  • 1980 – Gabriel Milito, Argentinian footballer
  • 1980 – Javad Nekounam, Iranian footballer
  • 1980 – Mark Prior, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Gökhan Zan, Turkish footballer
  • 1981 – Vangelis, Mexican wrestler
  • 1982 – Andre Dirrell, American boxer
  • 1982 – George Bailey, Australian cricketer
  • 1982 – Emese Szász, Hungarian fencer
  • 1983 – Philip Deignan, Irish cyclist
  • 1983 – Annette Dytrt, German figure skater
  • 1983 – Pops Mensah-Bonsu, English-American basketball player
  • 1983 – Piri Weepu, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1984 – Ben Hollingsworth, Canadian actor
  • 1984 – Farveez Maharoof, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1984 – Miranda, Brazilian footballer
  • 1984 – Vera Zvonareva, Russian tennis player
  • 1984 – Pelin Karahan, Turkish actress
  • 1985 – Wade Davis, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Adam Eckersley, English footballer
  • 1985 – Rafinha, Brazilian footballer
  • 1986 – Charlie Daniels, English footballer
  • 1986 – Colin Delaney, American wrestler
  • 1987 – Tommy Elphick, English footballer
  • 1987 – Sammy Moore, English footballer
  • 1987 – Danny North, English footballer
  • 1987 – Evan Rachel Wood, American actress and singer
  • 1987 – Aleksandra Wozniak, Canadian tennis player
  • 1988 – Alex Harvey, Canadian skier
  • 1988 – Kevin Love, American basketball player
  • 1990 – Fedor Klimov, Russian figure skater
  • 1991 – Dale Finucane, Australian rugby league player
  • 1991 – Amar Garibović, Serbian skier (d. 2010)
  • 1993 – Taylor Gray, American actor
  • 1994 – Elinor Barker, Welsh track cyclist
  • 1994 – Herman Ese’ese, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1994 – Tom Opacic, Australian rugby league player
  • 1996 – Donovan Mitchell, American basketball player
  • 1999 – Laurie Jussaume, Canadian cyclist

Deaths on September 7

  • 251 – Sima Yi, Chinese general and politician (b. 179)
  • 355 – Claudius Silvanus, Roman general
  • 859 – Emperor Xuānzong of Tang, Chinese emperor (b. 810)
  • 934 – Meng Zhixiang, Chinese general (b. 874)
  • 1134 – Alfonso the Battler, Spanish emperor (b. 1073)
  • 1151 – Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou (b. 1113)
  • 1202 – William of the White Hands, French cardinal (b. 1135)
  • 1251 – Viola, Duchess of Opole
  • 1303 – Gregory Bicskei, archbishop of Esztergom
  • 1312 – Ferdinand IV of Castile (b. 1285)
  • 1354 – Andrea Dandolo, doge of Venice (b. 1306)
  • 1362 – Joan of the Tower (b. 1321)
  • 1464 – Frederick II, Elector of Saxony (b. 1412)
  • 1496 – Ferdinand II of Naples (b. 1469)
  • 1559 – Robert Estienne, English-French printer and scholar (b. 1503)
  • 1566 – Nikola Šubić Zrinski, Croatian general (b. 1506)
  • 1573 – Joanna of Austria, Princess of Portugal (b. 1535)
  • 1601 – John Shakespeare, father of William Shakespeare (b. 1529)
  • 1619 – Melchior Grodziecki, Polish priest and saint (b. 1582)
  • 1619 – Marko Krizin, Croatian priest, missionary, and saint (b. 1589)
  • 1622 – Denis Godefroy, French lawyer and jurist (b. 1549)
  • 1626 – Edward Villiers, English noble and politician (b. c. 1585)
  • 1644 – Guido Bentivoglio, Italian cardinal and historian (b. 1579)
  • 1655 – François Tristan l’Hermite, French author and playwright (b. 1601)
  • 1657 – Arvid Wittenberg, Swedish field marshal (b. 1606)
  • 1685 – William Carpenter, English-American settler, co-founded Rhode Island and Providence Plantations (b. 1605)
  • 1729 – William Burnet, Dutch-American civil servant and politician, 21st Governor of the Province of New York (b. 1688)
  • 1741 – Blas de Lezo, Spanish admiral (b. 1689)
  • 1798 – Peter Frederik Suhm, Danish-Norwegian historian and author (b. 1728)
  • 1799 – Louis-Guillaume Le Monnier, French botanist and physicist (b. 1717)
  • 1809 – Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, Thai king (b. 1737)
  • 1833 – Hannah More, English poet, playwright, and philanthropist (b. 1745)
  • 1840 – Jacques MacDonald, French general (b. 1765)
  • 1871 – Kimenzan Tanigorō, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 13th Yokozuna (b. 1826)
  • 1871 – Mehmed Emin Aali Pasha, Ottoman politician, 217th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1815)
  • 1881 – Sidney Lanier, American poet and academic (b. 1842)
  • 1891 – Lorenzo Sawyer, American lawyer and judge (b. 1820)
  • 1892 – John Greenleaf Whittier, American poet and activist (b. 1807)
  • 1893 – Hamilton Fish, American lawyer and politician, 26th United States Secretary of State (b. 1808)
  • 1907 – Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu, Romanian philologist, journalist, and playwright (b. 1838)
  • 1910 – William Holman Hunt, English painter and soldier (b. 1827)
  • 1920 – Simon-Napoléon Parent, Canadian lawyer and politician, 12th Premier of Quebec (b. 1855)
  • 1921 – Alfred William Rich, English author and painter (b. 1856)
  • 1929 – Frederic Weatherly, English lawyer, author, and songwriter (b. 1848)
  • 1933 – Edward Grey, 1st Viscount Grey of Fallodon, English ornithologist and politician, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (b. 1862)
  • 1939 – Kyōka Izumi, Japanese author, poet, and playwright (b. 1873)
  • 1940 – José Félix Estigarribia, Paraguayan soldier and politician, President of Paraguay (b. 1888)
  • 1941 – Mario García Menocal, Cuban lawyer and politician, President of Cuba (b. 1866)
  • 1942 – Cecilia Beaux, American painter and academic (b. 1855)
  • 1949 – José Clemente Orozco, Mexican painter and illustrator (b. 1883)
  • 1951 – Maria Montez, Dominican-French actress (b. 1912)
  • 1951 – John French Sloan, American painter and etcher (b. 1871)
  • 1954 – Bud Fisher, American cartoonist (b. 1885)
  • 1956 – C. B. Fry, English cricketer, academic, and politician (b. 1872)
  • 1959 – Maurice Duplessis, Canadian lawyer and politician, 16th Premier of Quebec (b. 1890)
  • 1960 – Wilhelm Pieck, German carpenter and politician, President of East Germany (b. 1873)
  • 1961 – Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy, Dutch lawyer, jurist, and politician, 34th Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1885)
  • 1962 – Karen Blixen, Danish memoirist and short story writer (b. 1885)
  • 1962 – Graham Walker, English motorcycle racer and journalist (b. 1897)
  • 1964 – Walter A. Brown, American businessman (b. 1905)
  • 1969 – Everett Dirksen, American lieutenant and politician (b. 1896)
  • 1970 – Yitzhak Gruenbaum, Polish-Israeli journalist and politician, 1st Internal Affairs Minister of Israel (b. 1879)
  • 1971 – Spring Byington, American actress (b. 1886)
  • 1971 – Ludwig Suthaus, German tenor (b. 1906)
  • 1972 – Dimitris Poulianos, Greek painter and illustrator (b. 1899)
  • 1973 – Holling C. Holling, American author and illustrator (b. 1900)
  • 1973 – Lev Vladimirsky, Kazakhstani-Russian admiral (b. 1903)
  • 1974 – S. M. Rasamanickam, Ceylon politician (b. 1913)
  • 1978 – Cecil Aronowitz, South African-English viola player (b. 1916)
  • 1978 – Keith Moon, English drummer (The Who) (b. 1946)
  • 1978 – Charles Williams, English composer and conductor (b. 1893)
  • 1979 – I. A. Richards, English literary critic and rhetorician (b. 1893)
  • 1981 – Christy Brown, Irish author, poet, and painter (b. 1932)
  • 1982 – Ken Boyer, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1931)
  • 1984 – Joe Cronin, American baseball player and manager (b. 1906)
  • 1984 – Josyf Slipyj, Ukrainian cardinal (b. 1892)
  • 1984 – Don Tallon, Australian cricketer (b. 1916)
  • 1985 – Jacoba van Velde, Dutch author (b. 1903)
  • 1985 – José Zabala-Santos, Filipino cartoonist (b. 1911)
  • 1986 – Les Bury, English-Australian public servant and politician, 26th Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs (b. 1913)
  • 1988 – Sedad Hakkı Eldem, Turkish architect (b. 1908)
  • 1989 – Mikhail Goldstein, Ukrainian violinist and composer (b. 1917)
  • 1990 – Earle E. Partridge, American general and pilot (b. 1900)
  • 1990 – A. J. P. Taylor, English historian and journalist (b. 1906)
  • 1991 – Edwin McMillan, American physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1907)
  • 1994 – Eric Crozier, English director and playwright (b. 1914)
  • 1994 – Dennis Morgan, American actor (b. 1908)
  • 1994 – Terence Young, Chinese-English director and screenwriter (b. 1915)
  • 1995 – Russell Johnson, American cartoonist (b. 1893)
  • 1996 – Bibi Besch, Austrian-American actress (b. 1942)
  • 1997 – Mobutu Sese Seko, Congolese soldier and politician, President of Zaire (b. 1930)
  • 2000 – Bruce Gyngell, Australian-English broadcaster (b. 1929)
  • 2001 – Igor Buketoff, American conductor and educator (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Billie Lou Watt, American actress and voice artist (b. 1924)
  • 2002 – Uziel Gal, German-Israeli colonel and gun designer, designed the Uzi (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Warren Zevon, American singer-songwriter (b. 1947)
  • 2004 – Bob Boyd, American baseball player (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Hiroshi Takase, Japanese cinematographer (b. 1955)
  • 2008 – Kune Biezeveld, Dutch minister and theologian (b. 1948)
  • 2008 – Ilarion Ciobanu, Romanian rugby player and actor (b. 1931)
  • 2008 – Don Haskins, American basketball player and coach (b. 1930)
  • 2008 – Gregory Mcdonald, American author (b. 1937)
  • 2008 – Nagi Noda, Japanese director and producer (b. 1973)
  • 2010 – Amar Garibović, Serbian skier (b. 1991)
  • 2010 – William H. Goetzmann, American historian and author (b. 1930)
  • 2010 – Barbara Holland, American author (b. 1933)
  • 2010 – John Kluge, German-American businessman (b. 1914)
  • 2011 – Victims of the Lokomotiv Yaroslavl plane crash
    • Pavol Demitra, Slovakian ice hockey player (b. 1974)
    • Alexander Karpovtsev, Russian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1970)
    • Igor Korolev, Russian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1970)
    • Stefan Liv, Polish-Swedish ice hockey player (b. 1980)
    • Jan Marek, Czech ice hockey player (b. 1979)
    • Brad McCrimmon, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1959)
    • Karel Rachůnek, Czech ice hockey player (b. 1979)
    • Kārlis Skrastiņš, Latvian ice hockey player (b. 1974)
    • Ruslan Salei, Belarusian ice hockey player (b. 1974)
    • Josef Vašíček, Czech ice hockey player (b. 1980)
  • 2012 – César Fernández Ardavín, Spanish director and screenwriter (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Aleksandr Maksimenkov, Russian footballer and manager (b. 1952)
  • 2012 – Daniel Weinreb, American computer scientist and programmer (b. 1959)
  • 2013 – Albert Allen Bartlett, American physicist and academic (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Romesh Bhandari, Pakistani-Indian politician and diplomat, 13th Foreign Secretary of India (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Frank Blevins, English-Australian politician, 7th Deputy Premier of South Australia (b. 1939)
  • 2013 – Pete Hoffman, American cartoonist (b. 1919)
  • 2013 – Ilja Hurník, Czech playwright and composer (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Fred Katz, American cellist and composer (b. 1919)
  • 2014 – Kwon Ri-se, South Korean singer (b. 1991)
  • 2014 – Jack Cristil, American sportscaster and radio host (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Raul M. Gonzalez, Filipino lawyer and politician, 42nd Filipino Secretary of Justice (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Yoshiko Ōtaka, Chinese-Japanese actress, singer, and politician (b. 1920)
  • 2014 – Harold Shipp, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Dickie Moore, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 2015 – Candida Royalle, American porn actress, director, and producer (b. 1950)
  • 2015 – Guillermo Rubalcaba, Cuban pianist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1927)
  • 2015 – Voula Zouboulaki, Greek actress (b. 1924)
  • 2018 – Mac Miller, American rapper (b. 1992)

Holidays and observances on September 7

  • Air Force Day (Pakistan)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Anastasius the Fuller
    • Clodoald
    • Gratus of Aosta
    • István Pongrácz
    • Marko Krizin
    • Our Lady of Covadonga
    • Regina
    • September 7 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which National Grandparents Day can fall, while September 13 is the latest; celebrated on the first Sunday after Labor Day. (United States)
  • Constitution Day (Fiji)
  • Independence Day (Brazil), celebrates the independence of Brazil from Portugal in 1822.
  • Military Intelligence Day (Ukraine)
  • National Threatened Species Day (Australia)
  • Victory Day (Mozambique)

September 8 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

  • 617 – Battle of Huoyi: Li Yuan defeats a Sui dynasty army, opening the path to his capture of the imperial capital Chang’an and the eventual establishment of the Tang dynasty.
  • 1100 – Election of Antipope Theodoric.
  • 1198 – Philip of Swabia, Prince of Hohenstaufen, is crowned King of Germany (King of the Romans)
  • 1253 – Pope Innocent IV canonises Stanislaus of Szczepanów, killed by king Bolesław II.
  • 1264 – The Statute of Kalisz, guaranteeing Jews safety and personal liberties and giving battei din jurisdiction over Jewish matters, is promulgated by Bolesław the Pious, Duke of Greater Poland.
  • 1276 – Pope John XXI is chosen.
  • 1331 – Stefan Dušan declares himself king of Serbia.
  • 1380 – Battle of Kulikovo: Russian forces defeat a mixed army of Tatars and Mongols, stopping their advance.
  • 1504 – Michelangelo’s David is unveiled in Piazza della Signoria in Florence.
  • 1514 – Battle of Orsha: In one of the biggest battles of the century, Lithuanians and Poles defeat the Russian army.
  • 1522 – Magellan–Elcano circumnavigation: Victoria arrives at Seville, technically completing the first circumnavigation.
  • 1551 – The foundation day in Vitória, Brazil.
  • 1565 – St. Augustine, Florida is founded by Spanish admiral and Florida’s first governor, Pedro Menéndez de Avilés.
  • 1565 – The Knights of Malta lift the Ottoman siege of Malta that began on May 18.
  • 1612 – The foundation day in São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil.
  • 1655 – Warsaw falls without resistance to a small force under the command of Charles X Gustav of Sweden during The Deluge, making it the first time the city is captured by a foreign army.
  • 1727 – A barn fire during a puppet show in the village of Burwell in Cambridgeshire, England kills 78 people, many of whom are children.
  • 1755 – French and Indian War: Battle of Lake George.
  • 1756 – French and Indian War: Kittanning Expedition.
  • 1761 – Marriage of King George III of the United Kingdom to Duchess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
  • 1775 – The unsuccessful Rising of the Priests in Malta.
  • 1781 – American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Eutaw Springs in South Carolina, the war’s last significant battle in the Southern theater, ends in a narrow British tactical victory.
  • 1793 – French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of Hondschoote.
  • 1796 – French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of Bassano: French forces defeat Austrian troops at Bassano del Grappa.
  • 1810 – The Tonquin sets sail from New York Harbor with 33 employees of John Jacob Astor’s newly created Pacific Fur Company on board. After a six-month journey around the tip of South America, the ship arrives at the mouth of the Columbia River and Astor’s men establish the fur-trading town of Astoria, Oregon.
  • 1831 – William IV and Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen are crowned King and Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • 1831 – November uprising: The Battle of Warsaw effectively ends the Polish insurrection.
  • 1860 – The steamship PS Lady Elgin sinks on Lake Michigan, with the loss of around 300 lives.
  • 1862 – Millennium of Russia monument is unveiled in Novgorod.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: In the Second Battle of Sabine Pass, a small Confederate force thwarts a Union invasion of Texas.
  • 1883 – The Northern Pacific Railway (reporting mark NP) was completed in a ceremony at Gold Creek, Montana. Former president Ulysses S. Grant drove in the final “golden spike” in an event attended by rail and political luminaries.
  • 1888 – Isaac Peral’s submarine is first tested.
  • 1888 – In London, the body of Jack the Ripper’s second murder victim, Annie Chapman, is found.
  • 1888 – In England, the first six Football League matches are played.
  • 1892 – The Pledge of Allegiance is first recited.
  • 1900 – Galveston hurricane: A powerful hurricane hits Galveston, Texas killing about 8,000 people.
  • 1905 – The 7.2 Mw  Calabria earthquake shakes southern Italy with a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme), killing between 557 and 2,500 people.
  • 1914 – World War I: Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during the war.
  • 1916 – In a bid to prove that women were capable of serving as military dispatch riders, Augusta and Adeline Van Buren arrive in Los Angeles, completing a 60-day, 5,500 mile cross-country trip on motorcycles.
  • 1921 – Margaret Gorman, a 16-year-old, wins the Atlantic City Pageant’s Golden Mermaid trophy; pageant officials later dubbed her the first Miss America.
  • 1923 – Honda Point disaster: Nine US Navy destroyers run aground off the California coast. Seven are lost, and twenty-three sailors killed.
  • 1925 – Rif War: Spanish forces including troops from the Foreign Legion under Colonel Francisco Franco landing at Al Hoceima, Morocco.
  • 1926 – Germany is admitted to the League of Nations.
  • 1930 – 3M begins marketing Scotch transparent tape.
  • 1933 – Ghazi bin Faisal became King of Iraq.
  • 1934 – Off the New Jersey coast, a fire aboard the passenger liner SS Morro Castle kills 137 people.
  • 1935 – US Senator from Louisiana Huey Long is fatally shot in the Louisiana State Capitol building.
  • 1941 – World War II: German forces begin the Siege of Leningrad.
  • 1943 – World War II: The O.B.S. (German General Headquarters for the Mediterranean zone) is attacked in an air raid on Frascati.
  • 1943 – World War II: United States General Dwight D. Eisenhower publicly announces the armistice with Italy.
  • 1944 – World War II: London is hit by a V-2 rocket for the first time.
  • 1945 – The division of Korea begins when United States troops arrive to partition the southern part of Korea in response to Soviet troops occupying the northern part of the peninsula a month earlier.
  • 1946 – The referendum abolishes the monarchy in Bulgaria.
  • 1952 – The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation makes its first televised broadcast on the second escape of the Boyd Gang.
  • 1954 – The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) is established.
  • 1960 – In Huntsville, Alabama, US President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally dedicates the Marshall Space Flight Center (NASA had already activated the facility on July 1).
  • 1962 – Last run of the famous Pines Express over the Somerset and Dorset Railway line (UK) fittingly using the last steam locomotive built by British Railways, BR Standard Class 9F 92220 Evening Star.
  • 1966 – The landmark American science fiction television series Star Trek premieres with its first-aired episode, “The Man Trap”.
  • 1970 – Trans International Airlines Flight 863 crashes during takeoff from John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City, killing all 11 aboard.
  • 1971 – In Washington, D.C., the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts is inaugurated, with the opening feature being the premiere of Leonard Bernstein’s Mass.
  • 1974 – Watergate scandal: US President Gerald Ford signs the pardon of Richard Nixon for any crimes Nixon may have committed while in office.
  • 1975 – Gays in the military: US Air Force Tech Sergeant Leonard Matlovich, a decorated veteran of the Vietnam War, appears in his Air Force uniform on the cover of Time magazine with the headline “I Am A Homosexual”. He is given a general discharge, later upgraded to honorable.
  • 1978 – Black Friday, a massacre by soldiers against protesters in Tehran, results in 700–3000 deaths, it marks the beginning of the end of the monarchy in Iran.
  • 1988 – Yellowstone National Park is closed for the first time in U.S. history due to ongoing fires.
  • 1989 – Partnair Flight 394 dives into the North Sea, killing 55 people. The investigation showed that the tail of the plane vibrated loose in flight due to sub-standard connecting bolts that had been fraudulently sold as aircraft-grade.
  • 1991 – The Republic of Macedonia becomes independent.
  • 1994 – USAir Flight 427, on approach to Pittsburgh International Airport, suddenly crashes in clear weather killing all 132 aboard, resulting in the most extensive aviation investigation in world history and altering manufacturing practices in the industry.
  • 2004 – NASA’s unmanned spacecraft Genesis crash-lands when its parachute fails to open.
  • 2005 – Two Ilyushin Il-76 aircraft from EMERCOM land at a disaster aid staging area at Little Rock Air Force Base; the first time Russia has flown such a mission to North America.
  • 2016 – NASA launches OSIRIS-REx, its first asteroid sample return mission. The probe will visit 101955 Bennu and is expected to return with samples in 2023.

Births on September 8

  • 685 – Emperor Xuanzong of Tang (d. 762)
  • 801 – Ansgar, German archbishop and saint (d. 865)
  • 828 – Ali al-Hadi, Hijazi (Western Arabian), 10th of the Twelve Imams (d. 868)
  • 1157 – Richard I of England (d. 1199)
  • 1209 – Sancho II of Portugal (d. 1248)
  • 1271 – Charles Martel of Anjou (d. 1295)
  • 1380 – Bernardino of Siena, Italian priest, missionary, and saint (d. 1444)
  • 1413 – Catherine of Bologna, Italian nun and saint (d. 1463)
  • 1442 – John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford, English commander and politician, Lord Great Chamberlain of England (d. 1513)
  • 1462 – Henry Medwall, first known English vernacular dramatist (d. 1501)
  • 1474 – Ludovico Ariosto, Italian playwright and poet (d. 1533)
  • 1515 – Alfonso Salmeron, Spanish priest and scholar (d. 1585)
  • 1588 – Marin Mersenne, French mathematician, philosopher, and theologian (d. 1648)
  • 1593 – Toyotomi Hideyori, Japanese nobleman (d. 1615)
  • 1611 – Johann Friedrich Gronovius, German scholar and critic (d. 1671)
  • 1621 – Louis, Grand Condé, French general (d. 1686)
  • 1633 – Ferdinand IV, King of the Romans (d. 1654)
  • 1672 – Nicolas de Grigny, French organist and composer (d. 1703)
  • 1698 – François Francoeur, French violinist and composer (d. 1787)
  • 1742 – Ozias Humphry, English painter and academic (d. 1810)
  • 1749 – Yolande de Polastron, French educator (d. 1793)
  • 1750 – Tanikaze Kajinosuke, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 4th Yokozuna (d. 1795)
  • 1752 – Carl Stenborg, Swedish opera singer, actor, and director (d. 1813)
  • 1767 – August Wilhelm Schlegel, German poet and critic (d. 1845)
  • 1774 – Anne Catherine Emmerich, German nun and mystic (d. 1824)
  • 1779 – Mustafa IV, Ottoman sultan (d. 1808)
  • 1783 – N. F. S. Grundtvig, Danish pastor, philosopher, and author (d. 1872)
  • 1804 – Eduard Mörike, German pastor, poet, and academic (d. 1875)
  • 1814 – Charles Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, French archaeologist, ethnographer, and historian (d. 1874)
  • 1815 – Giuseppina Strepponi, Italian soprano and educator (d. 1897)
  • 1822 – Karl von Ditmar, German geologist and explorer (d. 1892)
  • 1824 – Jaime Nunó, Spanish-American composer, conductor, and director (d. 1908)
  • 1828 – Joshua Chamberlain, American general and politician, 32nd Governor of Maine (d. 1914)
  • 1828 – Clarence Cook, American author and critic (d. 1900)
  • 1830 – Frédéric Mistral, French poet and lexicographer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1914)
  • 1831 – Wilhelm Raabe, German author and painter (d. 1910)
  • 1841 – Antonín Dvořák, Czech composer and academic (d. 1904)
  • 1846 – Paul Chater, Indian-Hong Kong businessman and politician (d. 1926)
  • 1851 – John Jenkins, American-Australian businessman and politician, 22nd Premier of South Australia (d. 1923)
  • 1852 – Gojong of Korea (d. 1919)
  • 1857 – Georg Michaelis, German academic and politician, 6th Chancellor of Germany (d. 1936)
  • 1863 – Mary of the Divine Heart, German nun and saint (d. 1899)
  • 1863 – W.W. Jacobs, English novelist and short story writer (d. 1943)
  • 1867 – Alexander Parvus, Belarusian-German theoretician and activist (d. 1924)
  • 1868 – Seth Weeks, American mandolin player, composer, and bandleader (d. 1953)
  • 1869 – José María Pino Suárez, Mexican politician, Vice President of Mexico, murdered in a military coup (d. 1913)
  • 1871 – Samuel McLaughlin, Canadian businessman and philanthropist, founded the McLaughlin Carriage Company (d. 1972)
  • 1872 – James William McCarthy, American judge (d. 1939)
  • 1873 – Alfred Jarry, French author and playwright (d. 1907)
  • 1873 – David O. McKay, American religious leader, 9th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1970)
  • 1876 – Inez Knight Allen, Mormon missionary and Utah politician (d. 1937)
  • 1881 – Harry Hillman, American runner and hurdler (d. 1945)
  • 1881 – Refik Saydam, Turkish physician and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Turkey (d. 1942)
  • 1884 – Théodore Pilette, Belgian race car driver (d. 1921)
  • 1886 – Siegfried Sassoon, English captain, journalist, and poet (d. 1967)
  • 1886 – Ninon Vallin, French soprano and actress (d. 1961)
  • 1889 – Robert A. Taft, American lawyer and politician (d. 1953)
  • 1894 – John Samuel Bourque, Canadian soldier and politician (d. 1974)
  • 1894 – Willem Pijper, Dutch composer and critic (d. 1947)
  • 1896 – Howard Dietz, American publicist and songwriter (d. 1983)
  • 1897 – Jimmie Rodgers, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1933)
  • 1900 – Tilly Devine, English-Australian organised crime boss (d. 1970)
  • 1900 – Claude Pepper, American lawyer and politician (d. 1989)
  • 1901 – Hendrik Verwoerd, Dutch-South African journalist and politician, 7th Prime Minister of South Africa (d. 1966)
  • 1903 – Jane Arbor, English author (d. 1994)
  • 1906 – Andrei Kirilenko, Russian engineer and politician (d. 1990)
  • 1907 – William Wentworth, Australian economist and politician, 11th Australian Minister for Human Services (d. 2003)
  • 1909 – Józef Noji, Polish runner (d. 1943)
  • 1910 – Jean-Louis Barrault, French actor and director (d. 1994)
  • 1914 – Patriarch Demetrios I of Constantinople (d. 1991)
  • 1914 – Denys Lasdun, English architect, designed the Royal National Theatre (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – N. V. M. Gonzalez, Filipino novelist, poet, and writer (d. 1999)
  • 1917 – Jan Sedivka, Czech-Australian violinist and educator (d. 2009)
  • 1918 – Derek Barton, English-American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)
  • 1919 – Gianni Brera, Italian journalist and author (d. 1992)
  • 1919 – Maria Lassnig, Austrian painter and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1921 – Harry Secombe, Welsh-English actor (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – Dinko Šakić, Croatian concentration camp commander (d. 2008)
  • 1922 – Sid Caesar, American comic actor and writer (d. 2014)
  • 1922 – Lyndon LaRouche, American politician and activist, founded the LaRouche movement (d. 2019)
  • 1923 – Rasul Gamzatov, Russian poet (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Wilbur Ware, American double-bassist (d. 1979)
  • 1924 – Wendell H. Ford, American lieutenant and politician, 53rd Governor of Kentucky (d. 2015)
  • 1924 – Marie-Claire Kirkland, American-Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician (d. 2016)
  • 1924 – Grace Metalious, American author (d. 1964)
  • 1924 – Mimi Parent, Canadian-Swiss painter (d. 2005)
  • 1925 – Jacqueline Ceballos, American activist, founded the Veteran Feminists of America
  • 1925 – Peter Sellers, English actor and comedian (d. 1980)
  • 1926 – Bhupen Hazarika, Indian singer-songwriter, poet, and director (d. 2011)
  • 1927 – Harlan Howard, American songwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1927 – Robert L. Rock, American soldier and politician, 42nd Lieutenant Governor of Indiana (d. 2013)
  • 1927 – Marguerite Frank, American-French mathematician
  • 1929 – Christoph von Dohnányi, German conductor
  • 1930 – Nguyễn Cao Kỳ, Vietnamese general and politician, 16th Prime Minister of the Republic of Vietnam (d. 2011)
  • 1931 – Marion Brown, American saxophonist and composer (d. 2010)
  • 1931 – John Garrett, English soldier and politician (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Patsy Cline, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1963)
  • 1933 – Asha Bhosle, Indian singer
  • 1933 – Michael Frayn, English author and playwright
  • 1933 – Jeffrey Koo Sr., Taiwanese banker and businessman (d. 2012)
  • 1933 – Eric Salzman, American composer, producer, and critic (d. 2017)
  • 1933 – Maigonis Valdmanis, Latvian basketball player and coach (d. 1999)
  • 1934 – Rodrigue Biron, Canadian politician
  • 1934 – Ross Brown, New Zealand rugby player (d. 2014)
  • 1934 – Peter Maxwell Davies, English composer and conductor (d. 2016)
  • 1934 – Bernard Donoughue, Baron Donoughue, English academic and politician
  • 1936 – Roy Newman, English admiral
  • 1937 – Edna Adan Ismail, Somaliland politician and activist
  • 1937 – Barbara Frum, American-Canadian journalist (d. 1992)
  • 1937 – Archie Goodwin, American author and illustrator (d. 1998)
  • 1938 – Adrian Cronauer, American sergeant and radio host (d. 2018)
  • 1938 – Kenichi Horie, Japanese sailor
  • 1938 – Sam Nunn, American lawyer and politician
  • 1939 – Carsten Keller, German field hockey player and coach
  • 1939 – Guitar Shorty, American singer and guitarist
  • 1940 – Quentin L. Cook, American religious leader
  • 1940 – Jerzy Robert Nowak, Polish historian and journalist
  • 1940 – Jack Prelutsky, American author and poet
  • 1941 – Bernie Sanders, American politician
  • 1942 – Brian Cole, American bass player (d. 1972)
  • 1942 – Judith Hann, English journalist and author
  • 1942 – Sal Valentino, American rock singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1943 – Adelaide C. Eckardt, American academic and politician
  • 1944 – Peter Bellamy, English singer-songwriter (d. 1991)
  • 1944 – Margaret Hodge, English economist and politician
  • 1944 – Terry Jenner, Australian cricketer and coach (d. 2011)
  • 1945 – Lem Barney, American football player
  • 1945 – Kelly Groucutt, English bass player (d. 2009)
  • 1945 – Ron “Pigpen” McKernan, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player (d. 1973)
  • 1945 – Vinko Puljić, Croatian cardinal
  • 1945 – Rogie Vachon, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1946 – L. C. Greenwood, American football player (d. 2013)
  • 1946 – Aziz Sancar, Turkish-American biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1947 – Valery Afanassiev, Russian pianist and conductor
  • 1947 – Halldór Ásgrímsson, Icelandic accountant and politician, 22nd Prime Minister of Iceland (d. 2015)
  • 1947 – Ann Beattie, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1947 – Benjamin Orr, American singer-songwriter and bass player (d. 2000)
  • 1947 – Marianne Wiggins, American author
  • 1948 – Great Kabuki, Japanese wrestler
  • 1948 – Jean-Pierre Monseré, Belgian cyclist (d. 1971)
  • 1949 – Edward Hinds, English physicist and academic
  • 1950 – Ian Davidson, Scottish lawyer and politician
  • 1950 – Zachary Richard, American singer-songwriter and poet
  • 1950 – Mike Simpson, American dentist and politician
  • 1951 – Tim Gullikson, American tennis player and coach (d. 1996)
  • 1951 – Tom Gullikson, American tennis player and coach
  • 1951 – John McDonnell, English politician
  • 1951 – Dezső Ránki, Hungarian pianist
  • 1952 – Will Lee, American bass player
  • 1952 – Geoff Miller, English cricketer
  • 1952 – Graham Mourie, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1953 – Pascal Greggory, French actor
  • 1953 – Stein-Erik Olsen, Norwegian guitarist
  • 1954 – Mark Lindsay Chapman, English actor
  • 1954 – Ruby Bridges, American civil rights activist
  • 1954 – Michael Shermer, American historian, author, and academic, founded The Skeptics Society
  • 1955 – David O’Halloran, Australian footballer (d. 2013)
  • 1955 – Terry Tempest Williams, American environmentalist and author
  • 1956 – Mick Brown, American drummer
  • 1956 – David Carr, American journalist and author (d. 2015)
  • 1956 – Maurice Cheeks, American basketball player and coach
  • 1956 – Stefan Johansson, Swedish race car driver
  • 1957 – Walt Easley, American football player (d. 2013)
  • 1958 – Bart Batten, American wrestler
  • 1958 – Brad Batten, American wrestler (d. 2014)
  • 1958 – Michael Lardie, American keyboard player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1960 – Aimee Mann, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress
  • 1960 – David Steele, English bass player and songwriter
  • 1960 – Aguri Suzuki, Japanese race car driver
  • 1961 – Timothy Well, American wrestler (d. 2017)
  • 1962 – Solomon Linda, South African singer-songwriter (b. 1909)
  • 1963 – Alexandros Alexiou, Greek footballer
  • 1963 – Daniel Wolpert, American scientist
  • 1964 – Michael Johns, American businessman and political activist
  • 1964 – Joachim Nielsen, Norwegian singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2000)
  • 1964 – Raven, American wrestler
  • 1965 – Darlene Zschech, Australian singer-songwriter and pastor
  • 1965 – Tutilo Burger, German Benedictine monk and abbot
  • 1966 – Peter Furler, Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1967 – Eerik-Niiles Kross, Estonian politician and diplomat
  • 1967 – James Packer, Australian businessman
  • 1967 – Kimberly Peirce, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1968 – Wolfram Klein, German footballer
  • 1968 – Ray Wilson, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1969 – Lars Bohinen, Norwegian footballer and manager
  • 1969 – Oswaldo Ibarra, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1969 – Chris Powell, English footballer and manager
  • 1969 – Gary Speed, Welsh footballer and manager (d. 2011)
  • 1970 – Neko Case, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1970 – Paul DiPietro, Canadian-Swiss ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Nidal Malik Hasan, American soldier, psychiatrist, and mass murderer
  • 1970 – Latrell Sprewell, American basketball player
  • 1970 – Lodi, American wrestler
  • 1970 – Andy Ward, Irish rugby player and coach
  • 1970 – John Welborn, Australian rugby player
  • 1971 – David Arquette, American actor, director, producer, screenwriter, and wrestler
  • 1971 – Martin Freeman, English actor
  • 1971 – Lachlan Murdoch, English-Australian businessman
  • 1971 – Dustin O’Halloran, American pianist and composer
  • 1971 – Daniel Petrov, Bulgarian boxer
  • 1971 – Pierre Sévigny, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1972 – Markus Babbel, German footballer and manager
  • 1972 – Os du Randt, South African rugby player and coach
  • 1972 – Lisa Kennedy Montgomery, American radio and television host
  • 1973 – Khamis Al-Dosari, Saudi Arabian footballer (d. 2020)
  • 1973 – Gabrial McNair, American saxophonist, keyboard player, and composer
  • 1973 – Troy Sanders, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1973 – Matteo Strukul, Italian writer and journalist
  • 1974 – Marios Agathokleous, Cypriot footballer
  • 1974 – Tanaz Eshaghian, Iranian-American director and producer
  • 1974 – Braulio Luna, Mexican footballer
  • 1974 – Rick Michaels, American wrestler
  • 1975 – Lee Eul-yong, South Korean footballer and manager
  • 1975 – Richard Hughes, English drummer
  • 1975 – Chris Latham, Australian rugby player
  • 1975 – Elena Likhovtseva, Russian tennis player
  • 1975 – Larenz Tate, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1976 – Gerald Drummond, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1976 – Jervis Drummond, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1976 – Sjeng Schalken, Dutch tennis player
  • 1977 – Jay McKee, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1978 – Gerard Autet, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1978 – Emanuele Ferraro, Italian footballer
  • 1978 – Gil Meche, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Angela Rawlings, Canadian-American author and poet
  • 1978 – Rebel, American wrestler
  • 1979 – Pink, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1981 – Kate Abdo, English journalist
  • 1981 – Selim Benachour, Tunisian footballer
  • 1981 – Māris Ļaksa, Latvian basketball player
  • 1981 – Morten Gamst Pedersen, Norwegian footballer
  • 1981 – Jonathan Taylor Thomas, American actor
  • 1982 – Travis Daniels, American football player
  • 1983 – Kate Beaton, Canadian cartoonist
  • 1983 – Diego Benaglio, Swiss footballer
  • 1983 – Will Blalock, American basketball player
  • 1983 – Chris Judd, Australian footballer
  • 1983 – Wali Lundy, American football player
  • 1983 – Lewis Roberts-Thomson, Australian footballer
  • 1983 – Sarah Stup, American writer and autism activist
  • 1984 – Bobby Parnell, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Vitaly Petrov, Russian race car driver
  • 1984 – Jürgen Säumel, Austrian footballer
  • 1984 – Tiago Treichel, Brazilian footballer
  • 1984 – Peter Whittingham, English footballer
  • 1985 – Tomasz Jodłowiec, Polish footballer
  • 1986 – Brett Anderson, Australian rugby league player
  • 1986 – Carlos Bacca, Colombian footballer
  • 1986 – Matt Grothe, American football player
  • 1986 – Dan Hunt, Australian rugby league player
  • 1986 – João Moutinho, Portuguese footballer
  • 1986 – Kirill Nababkin, Russian footballer
  • 1987 – Alexandre Bilodeau, Canadian skier
  • 1987 – Danielle Frenkel, Israeli high jumper
  • 1987 – Wiz Khalifa, Haitian rapper and actor
  • 1987 – Illya Marchenko, Ukrainian tennis player
  • 1987 – Marcel Nguyen, German gymnast
  • 1988 – Arrelious Benn, American football player
  • 1988 – Chantal Jones, American model and actress
  • 1988 – Rie Kaneto, Japanese swimmer
  • 1989 – Gylfi Sigurðsson, Icelandic footballer
  • 1989 – Avicii, Swedish electronic musician (d. 2018)
  • 1990 – Matt Barkley, American football player
  • 1990 – Tokelo Rantie, South African footballer
  • 1990 – Musa Nizam, Turkish footballer
  • 1990 – Jos Buttler, English cricketer
  • 1991 – Ignacio González, Mexican footballer
  • 1991 – Joe Sugg, British vlogger
  • 1992 – Nino Niederreiter, Swiss ice hockey player
  • 1992 – Kilian Pruschke, German footballer
  • 1993 – Will Bosisto, Australian cricketer
  • 1993 – Yoshikazu Fujita, Japanese rugby union player
  • 1994 – Cameron Dallas, American Internet personality
  • 1995 – Ellie Black, Canadian gymnast
  • 1998 – Matheus Leist, Brazilian race car driver
  • 2000 – Brennan Malone, American baseball pitcher

Deaths on September 8

  • 394 – Arbogast, Frankish general
  • 701 – Pope Sergius I (b. 650)
  • 780 – Leo IV the Khazar, Byzantine emperor (b. 750)
  • 869 – Ahmad ibn Isra’il al-Anbari, Muslim vizier
  • 1100 – Antipope Clement III (b. 1029)
  • 1306 – Sir Simon Fraser, Scottish knight, hung drawn and quartered by the English
  • 1397 – Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, English politician, Lord High Constable of England (b. 1355)
  • 1425 – Charles III of Navarre (b. 1361)
  • 1539 – John Stokesley, English bishop (b. 1475)
  • 1555 – Saint Thomas of Villanueva, Spanish bishop and saint(b. 1488)
  • 1560 – Amy Robsart, English noblewoman (b. 1536)
  • 1613 – Carlo Gesualdo, Italian lute player and composer (b. 1566)
  • 1637 – Robert Fludd, English physician, mathematician, and cosmologist (b. 1574)
  • 1644 – John Coke, English civil servant and politician (b. 1563)
  • 1644 – Francis Quarles, English poet and author (b. 1592)
  • 1645 – Francisco de Quevedo, Spanish poet and politician (b. 1580)
  • 1656 – Joseph Hall, English bishop (b. 1574)
  • 1682 – Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz, Spanish mathematician and philosopher (b. 1606)
  • 1721 – Michael Brokoff, Czech sculptor (b. 1686)
  • 1755 – Ephraim Williams, American soldier and philanthropist (b. 1715)
  • 1761 – Bernard Forest de Bélidor, French mathematician and engineer (b. 1698)
  • 1780 – Enoch Poor, American general (b. 1736)
  • 1784 – Ann Lee, English-American religious leader (b. 1736)
  • 1811 – Peter Simon Pallas, German zoologist and botanist (b. 1741)
  • 1831 – John Aitken, Scottish-American publisher (b. 1745)
  • 1853 – Frédéric Ozanam, French scholar, co-founded the Society of Saint Vincent de Paul (b. 1813)
  • 1882 – Joseph Liouville, French mathematician and academic (b. 1809)
  • 1916 – Friedrich Baumfelder, German pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1836)
  • 1894 – Hermann von Helmholtz, German physician and physicist (b. 1821)
  • 1909 – Vere St. Leger Goold, Irish tennis player (b. 1853)
  • 1933 – Faisal I of Iraq (b. 1883)
  • 1935 – Carl Weiss, American physician (b. 1906)
  • 1940 – Hemmo Kallio, Finnish actor (b. 1863)
  • 1942 – Rıza Nur, Turkish surgeon and politician (b. 1879)
  • 1943 – Julius Fučík, Czech journalist (b. 1903)
  • 1944 – Jan van Gilse, Dutch composer and conductor (b. 1881)
  • 1949 – Richard Strauss, German composer and manager (b. 1864)
  • 1954 – André Derain, French painter and sculptor (b. 1880)
  • 1963 – Maurice Wilks, English engineer and businessman (d. 1904)
  • 1965 – Dorothy Dandridge, American actress and singer (b. 1922)
  • 1965 – Hermann Staudinger, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1881)
  • 1969 – Bud Collyer, American game show host (b. 1908)
  • 1969 – Alexandra David-Néel, Belgian-French explorer and activist (b. 1868)
  • 1970 – Percy Spencer, American engineer, invented the microwave oven (b. 1894)
  • 1974 – Wolfgang Windgassen, French-German tenor (b. 1914)
  • 1977 – Zero Mostel, American actor and comedian (b. 1915)
  • 1980 – Willard Libby, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908)
  • 1981 – Nisargadatta Maharaj, Indian guru, philosopher, and educator (b. 1897)
  • 1981 – Roy Wilkins, American journalist and activist (b. 1901)
  • 1981 – Hideki Yukawa, Japanese physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1907)
  • 1983 – Antonin Magne, French cyclist (b. 1904)
  • 1985 – John Franklin Enders, American virologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1990 – Denys Watkins-Pitchford, English author and illustrator (b. 1905)
  • 1991 – Alex North, American composer and conductor (b. 1910)
  • 1997 – Derek Taylor, English journalist and author (b. 1932)
  • 1999 – Moondog, American-German singer-songwriter, drummer, and poet (b. 1916)
  • 1999 – Michalis Kounelis, Greek violinist (b. 1928)
  • 2001 – Bill Ricker, Canadian entomologist and author (b. 1908)
  • 2002 – Laurie Williams, Jamaican cricketer (b. 1968)
  • 2003 – Leni Riefenstahl, German actress, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1902)
  • 2004 – Frank Thomas, American animator, voice actor, and screenwriter (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Noel Cantwell, Irish cricketer, footballer, and manager (b. 1932)
  • 2005 – Donald Horne, Australian journalist, author, and critic (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Hilda Bernstein, English-South African author and activist (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Peter Brock, Australian race car driver and sportscaster (b. 1945)
  • 2007 – Vincent Serventy, Australian ornithologist, conservationist, and author (b. 1916)
  • 2008 – Ralph Plaisted, American explorer (b. 1927)
  • 2009 – Aage Bohr, Danish physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1922)
  • 2009 – Mike Bongiorno, American-Italian television host (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Ronald Hamowy, Canadian historian and academic (b. 1937)
  • 2012 – Bill Moggridge, English-American designer, author, and educator, co-founded IDEO (b. 1943)
  • 2012 – Thomas Szasz, Hungarian-American psychiatrist and academic (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Goose Gonsoulin, American football player (b. 1938)
  • 2013 – Don Reichert, Canadian painter and photographer (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Jean Véronis, French linguist, computer scientist, and blogger (b. 1955)
  • 2014 – Marvin Barnes, American basketball player (b. 1952)
  • 2014 – S. Truett Cathy, American businessman, founded Chick-fil-A (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Sean O’Haire, American wrestler, mixed martial artist, and kick-boxer (b. 1971)
  • 2014 – Magda Olivero, Italian soprano (b. 1910)
  • 2014 – Gerald Wilson, American trumpet player and composer (b. 1918)
  • 2014 – George Zuverink, American baseball player (b. 1924)
  • 2015 – Joaquín Andújar, Dominican baseball player (b. 1952)
  • 2015 – Andrew Kohut, American political scientist and academic (b. 1942)
  • 2015 – Tyler Sash, American football player (b. 1988)
  • 2015 – Joost Zwagerman, Dutch author and poet (b. 1963)
  • 2016 – Hannes Arch, Austrian race pilot (b. 1967)
  • 2016 – Dragiša Pešić, Montenegrin politician, 5th Prime Minister of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (b. 1954)
  • 2016 – Prince Buster, Jamaican singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1938)
  • 2017 – Pierre Bergé, French businessman (b. 1930)
  • 2017 – Blake Heron, American actor (b. 1982)
  • 2017 – Jerry Pournelle, American author and journalist (b. 1933)
  • 2017 – Ljubiša Samardžić, Serbian actor and director (b. 1936)
  • 2017 – Don Williams, American musician (b. 1939)
  • 2018 – Gennadi Gagulia, Prime Minister of Abkhazia (b. 1948)
  • 2018 – Chelsi Smith, American singer and beauty pageant winner (b. 1973)

Holidays and observances on September 8

  • Christian Feast Day:
    • Adrian and Natalia of Nicomedia (Roman Catholic Church)
    • Corbinian
    • Disibod
    • Nativity of Mary (Roman Catholic Church), (Anglo-Catholicism)
      • Monti Fest (Mangalorean Catholic)
    • Our Lady of Charity
    • Our Lady of Good Health of Vailankanni
    • Pope Sergius I
    • September 8 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
    • Feast Day of Our Lady of Meritxell (national holiday in Andorra)
  • Earliest day on which Auditor’s Day can fall, while September 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Sunday in September. (Church of Scientology)
  • Earliest day on which Day of the Workers in the Oil, Gas, Power, and Geological Industry can fall, while September 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Saturday in September. (Turkmenistan)
  • Earliest day on which Grandparents Day (Estonia) can fall, while September 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Sunday in September. (Estonia)
  • Earliest day on which Mid-Autumn Festival can fall, while October 8 is the latest; celebrated on the 15th day in the 8th month of Chinese calendar. (China, Chinese diaspora)
  • Earliest day on which Turkmen Bakhshi Day can fall, while September 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Sunday in September. (Turkmenistan)
  • Day of the Battle of Borodino (Russia)
  • Feast of ‘Izzat – First day of the tenth month of the Bahá’í calendar. (Bahá’í Faith)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Macedonia from Yugoslavia in 1991.
  • International Literacy Day (International)
  • Martyrs’ Day (Afghanistan) (date may fall on September 9, follows a non-Gregorian calendar)
  • National Day, also the feast of Our Lady of Meritxell (Andorra)
  • Victory Day (Pakistan)
  • Victory Day, also the feast of Our Lady of Victories or il-Vittorja (Malta)
  • World Physical Therapy Day

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