July 9

July 9 is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 175 days remain until the end of the year.

Events[edit]

  • 491 – Odoacer makes a night assault with his Heruli guardsmen, engaging Theoderic the Great in Ad Pinetam. Both sides suffer heavy losses, but in the end Theodoric forces Odoacer back into Ravenna.
  • 551 – A major earthquake strikes Beirut, triggering a devastating tsunami that affected the coastal towns of Byzantine Phoenicia, causing thousands of deaths.[1]
  • 660 – Korean forces under general Kim Yu-sin of Silla defeat the army of Baekje in the Battle of Hwangsanbeol.
  • 869 – The 8.4–9.0 Mw  Sanriku earthquake strikes the area around Sendai in northern Honshu, Japan. Inundation from the tsunami extended several kilometers inland.
  • 969 – The Fatimid general Jawhar leads the Friday prayer in Fustat in the name of Caliph al-Mu’izz li-Din Allah, thereby symbolically completing the Fatimid conquest of Egypt.[2]
  • 1357 – Emperor Charles IV assists in laying the foundation stone of Charles Bridge in Prague.
  • 1386 – The Old Swiss Confederacy makes great strides in establishing control over its territory by soundly defeating the Archduchy of Austria in the Battle of Sempach.
  • 1401 – Timur attacks the Jalairid Sultanate and destroys Baghdad.
  • 1540 – King Henry VIII of England annuls his marriage to his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves.
  • 1572 – Nineteen Catholics suffer martyrdom for their beliefs in the Dutch town of Gorkum.
  • 1609 – Bohemia is granted freedom of religion through the Letter of Majesty by the Holy Roman Emperor, Rudolf II.
  • 1701 – A Bourbon force under Nicolas Catinat withdraws from a smaller Habsburg force under Prince Eugene of Savoy in the Battle of Carpi.
  • 1745 – French victory in the Battle of Melle allows them to capture Ghent in the days after.
  • 1755 – The Braddock Expedition is soundly defeated by a smaller French and Native American force in its attempt to capture Fort Duquesne in what is now downtown Pittsburgh.
  • 1762 – Catherine the Great becomes Empress of Russia following the coup against her husband, Peter III.[3]
  • 1776 – George Washington orders the Declaration of Independence to be read out to members of the Continental Army in Manhattan, while thousands of British troops on Staten Island prepare for the Battle of Long Island.
  • 1789 – In Versailles, the National Assembly reconstitutes itself as the National Constituent Assembly and begins preparations for a French constitution.
  • 1790 – The Swedish Navy captures one third of the Russian Baltic fleet.
  • 1793 – The Act Against Slavery in Upper Canada bans the importation of slaves and will free those who are born into slavery after the passage of the Act at 25 years of age.
  • 1807 – The Treaties of Tilsit are signed by Napoleon I of France and Alexander I of Russia.
  • 1810 – Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland as part of the First French Empire.
  • 1811 – Explorer David Thompson posts a sign near what is now Sacajawea State Park in Washington state, claiming the Columbia District for the United Kingdom.
  • 1815 – Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord becomes the first Prime Minister of France.
  • 1816 – Argentina declares independence from Spain.
  • 1821 – Four hundred and seventy prominent Cypriots including Archbishop Kyprianos are executed in response to Cypriot aid to the Greek War of Independence.
  • 1850 – U.S. President Zachary Taylor dies after eating raw fruit and iced milk; he is succeeded in office by Vice President Millard Fillmore.
  • 1850 – Persian prophet Báb is executed in Tabriz, Persia.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The Siege of Port Hudson ends, giving the Union complete control of the Mississippi River.
  • 1868 – The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, guaranteeing African Americans full citizenship and all persons in the United States due process of law.
  • 1875 – The Herzegovina Uprising against Ottoman rule begins, which would last until 1878 and have far-reaching implications throughout the Balkans.
  • 1877 – The inaugural Wimbledon Championships begins.
  • 1893 – Daniel Hale Williams, American heart surgeon, performs the first successful open-heart surgery in United States without anesthesia.
  • 1896 – William Jennings Bryan delivers his Cross of Gold speech advocating bimetallism at the 1896 Democratic National Convention in Chicago.
  • 1900 – The Federation of Australia is given royal assent.
  • 1900 – The Governor of Shanxi province in North China orders the execution of 45 foreign Christian missionaries and local church members, including children.
  • 1918 – In Nashville, Tennessee, an inbound local train collides with an outbound express, killing 101 and injuring 171 people, making it the deadliest rail accident in United States history.
  • 1922 – Johnny Weissmuller swims the 100 meters freestyle in 58.6 seconds breaking the world swimming record and the ‘minute barrier’.
  • 1932 – The state of São Paulo revolts against the Brazilian Federal Government, starting the Constitutionalist Revolution.
  • 1937 – The silent film archives of Fox Film Corporation are destroyed by the 1937 Fox vault fire.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Allied invasion of Sicily soon causes the downfall of Mussolini and forces Hitler to break off the Battle of Kursk.
  • 1944 – World War II: American forces take Saipan, bringing the Japanese archipelago within range of B-29 raids, and causing the downfall of the Tojo government.
  • 1944 – World War II: Continuation War: Finland wins the Battle of Tali-Ihantala, the largest battle ever fought in northern Europe. The Red Army withdraws its troops from Ihantala and digs into a defensive position, thus ending the Vyborg–Petrozavodsk Offensive.
  • 1955 – The Russell–Einstein Manifesto calls for a reduction of the risk of nuclear warfare.
  • 1956 – The 7.7 Mw  Amorgos earthquake shakes the Cyclades island group in the Aegean Sea with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent). The shaking and the destructive tsunami that followed left fifty-three people dead. A damaging M7.2 aftershock occurred minutes after the mainshock.
  • 1958 – A 7.8 Mw  strike-slip earthquake in Alaska causes a landslide that produces a megatsunami. The runup from the waves reached 525 m (1,722 ft) on the rim of Lituya Bay; five people were killed.
  • 1962 – Starfish Prime tests the effects of a nuclear test at orbital altitudes.
  • 1979 – A car bomb destroys a Renault motor car owned by “Nazi hunters” Serge and Beate Klarsfeld outside their home in France in an unsuccessful assassination attempt.
  • 1982 – Pan Am Flight 759 crashes in Kenner, Louisiana, killing all 145 people on board and eight others on the ground.
  • 1986 – The New Zealand Parliament passes the Homosexual Law Reform Act legalising homosexuality in New Zealand.
  • 1993 – The Parliament of Canada passes the Nunavut Act leading to the 1999 creation of Nunavut, dividing the Northwest Territories into arctic (Inuit) and sub-arctic (Dene) lands based on a plebiscite.
  • 1995 – The Navaly church bombing is carried out by the Sri Lanka Air Force killing 125 Tamil civilian refugees.
  • 1999 – Days of student protests begin after Iranian police and hardliners attack a student dormitory at the University of Tehran.
  • 2002 – The African Union is established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, replacing the Organisation of African Unity (OAU). The organization’s first chairman is Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa.
  • 2006 – One hundred and twenty-five people are killed when S7 Airlines Flight 778, an Airbus A310 passenger jet, veers off the runway while landing in wet conditions at Irkutsk Airport in Siberia.
  • 2011 – South Sudan gains independence and secedes from Sudan.

Births[edit]

  • 1249 – Emperor Kameyama of Japan (d. 1305)
  • 1455 – Frederick IV of Baden, Dutch bishop (d. 1517)
  • 1511 – Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg (d. 1571)
  • 1526 – Elizabeth of Austria, Polish noble (d. 1545)
  • 1577 – Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, English-American soldier and politician, Colonial Governor of Virginia (d. 1618)
  • 1578 – Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1637)[4]
  • 1654 – Emperor Reigen of Japan (d. 1732)
  • 1686 – Philip Livingston, American merchant and politician (d. 1749)
  • 1689 – Alexis Piron, French epigrammatist and playwright (d. 1773)
  • 1721 – Johann Nikolaus Götz, German poet and author (d. 1781)
  • 1753 – William Waldegrave, 1st Baron Radstock, English admiral and politician, 34th Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland (d. 1825)
  • 1764 – Ann Ward, English author and poet (d. 1823)[5]
  • 1775 – Matthew Lewis, English author and playwright (d. 1818)
  • 1800 – Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, German physician, pathologist, and anatomist (d. 1885)
  • 1808 – Alexander William Doniphan, American lawyer and colonel (d. 1887)
  • 1819 – Elias Howe, American inventor, invented the sewing machine (d. 1867)
  • 1825 – A. C. Gibbs, American lawyer and politician, 2nd Governor of Oregon (d. 1886)
  • 1828 – Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano, Italian cardinal (d. 1913)
  • 1834 – Jan Neruda, Czech journalist and poet (d. 1891)
  • 1836 – Camille of Renesse-Breidbach (d. 1904)
  • 1848 – Robert I, Duke of Parma (d. 1907)
  • 1853 – William Turner Dannat, American painter (d. 1929)
  • 1856 – John Verran, English-Australian politician, 26th Premier of South Australia (d. 1932)
  • 1858 – Franz Boas, German-American anthropologist and linguist (d. 1942)
  • 1867 – Georges Lecomte, French author and playwright (d. 1958)
  • 1879 – Carlos Chagas, Brazilian physician and parasitologist (d. 1934)
  • 1879 – Ottorino Respighi, Italian composer and conductor (d. 1936)
  • 1887 – James Ormsbee Chapin, American-Canadian painter and illustrator (d. 1975)
  • 1887 – Saturnino Herrán, Mexican painter (d. 1918)
  • 1887 – Samuel Eliot Morison, American admiral and historian (d. 1976)
  • 1889 – Léo Dandurand, American-Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and referee (d. 1964)
  • 1893 – George Geary, English cricketer and coach (d. 1981)
  • 1901 – Barbara Cartland, prolific English author (d. 2000)
  • 1902 – Peter Acland, English soldier (d. 1993)
  • 1905 – Clarence Campbell, Canadian ice hockey player and referee (d. 1984)
  • 1907 – Eddie Dean, American singer-songwriter (d. 1999)
  • 1908 – Allamah Rasheed Turabi, Pakistani philosopher and scholar (d. 1973)
  • 1908 – Minor White, American photographer, critic, and educator (d. 1976)
  • 1909 – Basil Wolverton, American author and illustrator (d. 1978)
  • 1910 – Govan Mbeki, South African anti-apartheid and ANC leader and activist (d. 2001)
  • 1911 – Mervyn Peake, English author and illustrator (d. 1968)
  • 1911 – John Archibald Wheeler, American physicist and author (d. 2008)
  • 1914 – Willi Stoph, German engineer and politician, 4th Prime Minister of East Germany (d. 1999)
  • 1914 – Mac Wilson, Australian rules footballer (d. 2017)
  • 1915 – David Diamond, American composer and educator (d. 2005)
  • 1915 – Lee Embree, American sergeant and photographer (d. 2008)
  • 1916 – Dean Goffin, New Zealand composer (d. 1984)
  • 1916 – Edward Heath, English colonel and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – Krystyna Dańko, Polish orphan, survivor of Holocaust (d. 2019)
  • 1918 – Nicolaas Govert de Bruijn, Dutch mathematician and academic (d. 2012)
  • 1918 – Jarl Wahlström, Finnish 12th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – David C. Jones, American general (d. 2013)
  • 1922 – Angelines Fernández, Spanish-Mexican actress (d. 1994)
  • 1922 – Jim Pollard, American basketball player and coach (d. 1993)[6]
  • 1924 – Pierre Cochereau, French organist and composer (d. 1984)
  • 1925 – Guru Dutt, Indian actor, director, and producer (d. 1964)
  • 1925 – Charles E. Wicks, American engineer, author, and academic (d. 2010)
  • 1925 – Ronald I. Spiers, American ambassador
  • 1926 – Murphy Anderson, American illustrator (d. 2015)
  • 1926 – Ben Roy Mottelson, American-Danish physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1926 – Pedro Dellacha, Argentine football defender and coach (d. 2010)
  • 1926 – Mathilde Krim, Italian-American medical researcher and health educator (d. 2018)
  • 1927 – Ed Ames, American singer and actor
  • 1927 – Red Kelly, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and politician (d. 2019)
  • 1928 – Federico Bahamontes, Spanish cyclist
  • 1928 – Vince Edwards, American actor, singer, and director (d. 1996)
  • 1929 – Lee Hazlewood, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Jesse McReynolds, American singer and mandolin player
  • 1929 – Chi Haotian, Chinese general
  • 1929 – Hassan II of Morocco (d. 1999)
  • 1930 – K. Balachander, Indian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1930 – Buddy Bregman, American composer and conductor (d. 2017)
  • 1930 – Janice Lourie, American computer scientist and graphic artist
  • 1930 – Elsa Lystad, Norwegian actress
  • 1930 – Roy McLean, South African cricketer and rugby player (d. 2007)
  • 1931 – Haynes Johnson, American journalist and author (d. 2013)
  • 1931 – Sylvia Bacon, American judge
  • 1932 – Donald Rumsfeld, American captain and politician, 13th United States Secretary of Defense
  • 1932 – Amitzur Shapira, Israeli sprinter and long jumper (d. 1972)
  • 1933 – Oliver Sacks, English-American neurologist, author, and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1934 – Michael Graves, American architect, designed the Portland Building and the Humana Building (d. 2015)
  • 1935 – Wim Duisenberg, Dutch economist and politician, Dutch Minister of Finance (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – Mercedes Sosa, Argentinian singer and activist (d. 2009)
  • 1935 – Michael Williams, English actor (d. 2001)
  • 1936 – June Jordan, American poet and educator (d. 2002)
  • 1936 – David Zinman, American violinist and conductor
  • 1937 – David Hockney, English painter and photographer
  • 1938 – Brian Dennehy, American actor (d. 2020)[7]
  • 1938 – Sanjeev Kumar, Indian film actor (d. 1985)
  • 1940 – David B. Frohnmayer, American lawyer and politician, 12th Oregon Attorney General (d. 2015)
  • 1940 – Eugene Victor Wolfenstein, American psychoanalyst and theorist (d. 2010)
  • 1941 – Mac MacLeod, English musician
  • 1942 – David Chidgey, Baron Chidgey, English engineer and politician
  • 1942 – Richard Roundtree, American actor
  • 1943 – John Casper, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1944 – Judith M. Brown, Indian-English historian and academic
  • 1944 – John Cunniff, American ice hockey player and coach (d. 2002)
  • 1945 – Dean Koontz, American author and screenwriter
  • 1945 – Root Boy Slim, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1993)
  • 1946 – Bon Scott, Scottish-Australian singer-songwriter (d. 1980)
  • 1947 – Haruomi Hosono, Japanese singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer
  • 1947 – Mitch Mitchell, English drummer (d. 2008)
  • 1947 – O. J. Simpson, American football player and actor
  • 1947 – Patrick Wormald, English historian (d. 2004)
  • 1948 – Hassan Wirajuda, Indonesian lawyer and politician, 15th Indonesian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1949 – Raoul Cédras, Haitian military officer and politician[8]
  • 1950 – Amal ibn Idris al-Alami, Moroccan physician and neurosurgeon
  • 1950 – Adriano Panatta, Italian tennis player and sailor
  • 1950 – Viktor Yanukovych, Ukrainian engineer and politician, 4th President of Ukraine
  • 1951 – Chris Cooper, American actor
  • 1951 – Māris Gailis, Latvian politician, businessman, and former Prime Minister of Latvia
  • 1952 – John Tesh, American pianist, composer, and radio and television host
  • 1953 – Margie Gillis, Canadian dancer and choreographer
  • 1953 – Thomas Ligotti, American author
  • 1954 – Théophile Abega, Cameroonian footballer and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1954 – Kevin O’Leary, Canadian journalist and businessman
  • 1955 – Steve Coppell, English footballer and manager
  • 1955 – Lindsey Graham, American colonel, lawyer, and politician
  • 1955 – Jimmy Smits, American actor and producer
  • 1955 – Willie Wilson, American baseball player and manager
  • 1956 – Tom Hanks, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1956 – Michael Lederer, American author, poet, and playwright
  • 1957 – Marc Almond, English singer-songwriter
  • 1957 – Tim Kring, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1957 – Kelly McGillis, American actress
  • 1957 – Paul Merton, English comedian, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1958 – Abdul Latiff Ahmad, Malaysian politician
  • 1958 – Jacob Joseph, Malaysian football coach
  • 1959 – Jim Kerr, Scottish singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1959 – Kevin Nash, American wrestler
  • 1959 – Clive Stafford Smith, English lawyer and author
  • 1960 – Yūko Asano, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1960 – Wally Fullerton Smith, Australian rugby league player
  • 1960 – Eduardo Montes-Bradley, Argentinian journalist, photographer, and author
  • 1963 – Klaus Theiss, German footballer
  • 1964 – Courtney Love, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress
  • 1964 – Gianluca Vialli, Italian footballer and coach
  • 1965 – Frank Bello, American bass player
  • 1965 – Thomas Jahn, German director and screenwriter
  • 1965 – Jason Rhoades, American sculptor (d. 2006)
  • 1966 – Pamela Adlon, American actress and voice artist
  • 1966 – Zheng Cao, Chinese-American soprano and actress (d. 2013)
  • 1966 – Gary Glasberg, American television writer and producer (d. 2016)
  • 1966 – Marco Pennette, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1967 – Gunnar Axén, Swedish politician
  • 1967 – Yordan Letchkov, Bulgarian footballer
  • 1967 – Mark Stoops, American football player and coach
  • 1968 – Paolo Di Canio, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1968 – Lars Gyllenhaal, Swedish historian and author
  • 1969 – Nicklas Barker, Swedish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1969 – Jason Kearton, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1970 – Trent Green, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1970 – Masami Tsuda, Japanese author and illustrator
  • 1971 – Marc Andreessen, American software developer, co-founded Netscape
  • 1972 – Ara Babajian, American drummer and songwriter
  • 1973 – Kelly Holcomb, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1974 – Siân Berry, English environmentalist and politician
  • 1974 – Ian Bradshaw, Barbadian cricketer
  • 1974 – Gary Kelly, Irish footballer
  • 1974 – Nikola Šarčević, Swedish singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1975 – Shelton Benjamin, American wrestler
  • 1975 – Isaac Brock, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1975 – Robert Koenig, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1975 – Craig Quinnell, Welsh rugby player
  • 1975 – Jack White, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1976 – Thomas Cichon, Polish-German footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Fred Savage, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1976 – Radike Samo, Fijian-Australian rugby player
  • 1978 – Kara Goucher, American runner
  • 1978 – Nuno Santos, Portuguese footballer
  • 1979 – Gary Chaw, Malaysian Chinese singer-songwriter
  • 1981 – Lee Chun-soo, South Korean footballer
  • 1981 – Junauda Petrus, American author and performance artist[9][10]
  • 1982 – Alecko Eskandarian, American soccer player and manager
  • 1982 – Sakon Yamamoto, Japanese race car driver
  • 1984 – Chris Campoli, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Gianni Fabiano, Italian footballer
  • 1984 – Jacob Hoggard, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1984 – Ave Pajo, Estonian footballer
  • 1984 – Piia Suomalainen, Finnish tennis player
  • 1984 – LA Tenorio, Filipino basketball player
  • 1985 – Paweł Korzeniowski, Polish swimmer
  • 1985 – Ashley Young, English footballer
  • 1986 – Sébastien Bassong, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1986 – Simon Dumont, American skier
  • 1986 – Kiely Williams, American singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1987 – Gert Jõeäär, Estonian cyclist
  • 1987 – Rebecca Sugar, American animator, composer, and screenwriter
  • 1988 – Raul Rusescu, Romanian footballer
  • 1990 – Earl Bamber, New Zealand race car driver
  • 1990 – Fábio, Brazilian footballer
  • 1990 – Rafael, Brazilian footballer
  • 1991 – Mitchel Musso, American actor and singer[11]
  • 1993 – Mitch Larkin, Australian swimmer
  • 1993 – DeAndre Yedlin, American footballer
  • 1999 – Claire Corlett, American voice actress[12]

Deaths[edit]

  • 230 – Empress Dowager Bian, Cao Cao’s wife (b. 159)
  • 518 – Anastasius I Dicorus, Byzantine emperor (b. 430)
  • 715 – Naga, Japanese prince
  • 880 – Ariwara no Narihira, Japanese poet (b. 825)[13]
  • 981 – Ramiro Garcés, king of Viguera[14]
  • 1169 – Guido of Ravenna, Italian cartographer, entomologist and historian
  • 1228 – Stephen Langton, English cardinal and theologian (b. 1150)
  • 1270 – Stephen Báncsa, Hungarian cardinal (b. c. 1205)
  • 1386 – Leopold III, Duke of Austria (b. 1351)
  • 1441 – Jan van Eyck, Dutch painter
  • 1546 – Robert Maxwell, 5th Lord Maxwell, Scottish statesman (b. c. 1493)
  • 1553 – Maurice, Elector of Saxony (b. 1521)
  • 1654 – Ferdinand IV, King of the Romans (b. 1633)
  • 1706 – Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville, Canadian captain and explorer (b. 1661)
  • 1737 – Gian Gastone de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1671)
  • 1742 – John Oldmixon, English historian, poet, and playwright (b. 1673)
  • 1746 – Philip V of Spain (b. 1683)
  • 1747 – Giovanni Bononcini, Italian cellist and composer (b. 1670)
  • 1766 – Jonathan Mayhew, American minister (b. 1720)
  • 1795 – Henry Seymour Conway, English general and politician, Secretary of State for the Northern Department (b. 1721)
  • 1797 – Edmund Burke, Irish-English philosopher, academic, and politician (b. 1729)
  • 1828 – Cathinka Buchwieser, German operatic singer and actress (b. 1789)
  • 1850 – Báb, Persian religious leader, founded Bábism (b. 1819)
  • 1850 – Zachary Taylor, American general and politician, 12th President of the United States (b. 1784)
  • 1852 – Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan, American lawyer and politician, 2nd United States Secretary of the Interior (b. 1794)
  • 1856 – Amedeo Avogadro, Italian chemist and academic (b. 1776)
  • 1856 – James Strang, American religious leader and politician (b. 1813)
  • 1880 – Paul Broca, French physician and anatomist (b. 1824)
  • 1882 – Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean captain (b. 1848)
  • 1903 – Alphonse François Renard, Belgian geologist and photographer (b. 1842)
  • 1927 – John Drew, Jr., American actor (b. 1853)
  • 1932 – King Camp Gillette, American businessman, founded the Gillette Company (b. 1855)
  • 1937 – Oliver Law, American commander (b. 1899)
  • 1938 – Benjamin N. Cardozo, American lawyer and jurist (b. 1870)
  • 1947 – Lucjan Żeligowski, Polish-Lithuanian general and politician (b. 1865)
  • 1949 – Fritz Hart, English-Australian composer and conductor (b. 1874)
  • 1951 – Harry Heilmann, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1894)
  • 1955 – Don Beauman, English race car driver (b. 1928)
  • 1955 – Adolfo de la Huerta, Mexican politician and provisional president, 1920 (b. 1881)[15]
  • 1959 – Ferenc Talányi, Slovene journalist and painter (b. 1883)
  • 1962 – Georges Bataille, French philosopher, novelist, and poet (b. 1897)
  • 1961 – Whittaker Chambers, American spy and witness in Hiss case[16][17][18](b. 1901)
  • 1967 – Eugen Fischer, German physician and academic (b. 1874)
  • 1967 – Fatima Jinnah, Pakistani dentist and politician (b. 1893)
  • 1970 – Sigrid Holmquist, Swedish actress (b. 1899)
  • 1971 – Karl Ast, Estonian author and politician (b. 1886)
  • 1972 – Robert Weede, American opera singer (b. 1903)
  • 1974 – Earl Warren, American jurist and politician, 14th Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1891)
  • 1977 – Alice Paul, American activist (b. 1885)
  • 1979 – Cornelia Otis Skinner, American actress and author (b. 1899)
  • 1980 – Vinicius de Moraes, Brazilian poet, playwright, and composer (b. 1913)
  • 1984 – Edna Ernestine Kramer, American mathematician (b. 1902)[19]
  • 1985 – Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (b. 1896)
  • 1985 – Jimmy Kinnon, Scottish-American activist, founded Narcotics Anonymous (b. 1911)
  • 1986 – Patriarch Nicholas VI of Alexandria (b. 1915)
  • 1992 – Kelvin Coe, Australian ballet dancer (b. 1946)
  • 1992 – Eric Sevareid, American journalist (b. 1912)
  • 1993 – Metin Altıok, Turkish poet and educator (b. 1940)
  • 1994 – Bill Mosienko, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1921)
  • 1996 – Melvin Belli, American lawyer (b. 1907)
  • 1999 – Robert de Cotret, Canadian politician, 56th Secretary of State for Canada (b. 1944)
  • 2000 – Doug Fisher, English actor (b. 1941)
  • 2002 – Mayo Kaan, American bodybuilder (b. 1914)
  • 2002 – Rod Steiger, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – Paul Klebnikov, American journalist and historian (b. 1963)
  • 2004 – Isabel Sanford, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – Chuck Cadman, Canadian engineer and politician (b. 1948)
  • 2005 – Yevgeny Grishin, Russian speed skater (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Alex Shibicky, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – Milan Williams, American keyboard player and producer (b. 1948)
  • 2007 – Charles Lane, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 2008 – Séamus Brennan, Irish accountant and politician, Minister for Transport, Tourism and Sport (b. 1948)
  • 2010 – Jessica Anderson, Australian author and playwright (b. 1916)
  • 2011 – Don Ackerman, American basketball player (b. 1930)
  • 2011 – Facundo Cabral, Argentinian singer-songwriter (b. 1937)
  • 2012 – Shin Jae-chul, South Korean-American martial artist (b. 1936)
  • 2012 – Chick King, American baseball player (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Terepai Maoate, Cook Islander physician and politician, 6th Prime Minister of the Cook Islands (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Eugênio Sales, Brazilian cardinal (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Markus Büchel, Liechtensteiner politician, 9th Prime Minister of Liechtenstein (b. 1959)
  • 2013 – Andrew Nori, Solomon lawyer and politician (b. 1952)
  • 2013 – Kiril of Varna, Bulgarian metropolitan (b. 1954)
  • 2013 – Barbara Robinson, American author and poet (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Toshi Seeger, American activist, co-founded the Clearwater Festival (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Lorenzo Álvarez Florentín, Paraguayan violinist and composer (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – David Azrieli, Polish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Eileen Ford, American businesswoman, co-founded Ford Models (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – John Spinks, English guitarist and songwriter (b. 1953)
  • 2015 – Christian Audigier, French fashion designer (b. 1958)
  • 2015 – Saud bin Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Saudi Arabian economist and politician, Saudi Arabian Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1940)
  • 2019 – William E. Dannemeyer, American politician (b. 1929)[20]
  • 2019 – Ross Perot, American businessman and politician (b. 1930)[21]
  • 2019 – Fernando de la Rúa, 43rd President of Argentina (b. 1937)[22]
  • 2019 – Rip Torn, American actor (b. 1931)[23]
  • 2019 – Freddie Jones, English actor (b. 1927)[24]

Holidays and observances[edit]

  • Arbor Day (Cambodia)
  • Christian Feast Day:
    • Agilulfus of Cologne
    • Amandina of Schakkebroek (one of Martyrs of Southern Hunan)
    • Blessed Marija Petković
    • Everilda
    • Gregorio Grassi (one of Martyrs of Shanxi)
    • Martyr Saints of China
    • Martyrs of Gorkum
    • Our Lady of Itatí
    • Our Lady of Peace, Octave of the Visitation
    • Our Lady of the Rosary of Chiquinquirá
    • Pauline of the Agonizing Heart of Jesus
    • Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury (Anglican commemoration)
    • Veronica Giuliani
    • July 9 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Constitution Day (Australia)
  • Constitution Day (Palau)
  • Constitutionalist Revolution Day (São Paulo)
  • Day of the Employees of the Diplomatic Service (Azerbaijan)
  • Earliest day on which Martyrdom of the Báb can fall, while July 10 is the latest; observed on the 17th of Raḥmat (Bahá’í Faith)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the declaration of independence of the United Provinces of South America by the Congress of Tucumán in 1816. (Argentina)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of South Sudan from Sudan in 2011.
  • Nunavut Day (Nunavut)

December 13

December 13

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6 7 8 9 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26
27 28 29 30 31
  2019 (Friday)
  2018 (Thursday)
  2017 (Wednesday)
  2016 (Tuesday)
  2015 (Sunday)
  2014 (Saturday)
  2013 (Friday)
  2012 (Thursday)
  2011 (Tuesday)
  2010 (Monday)

December 13 is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 18 days remain until the end of the year.

Events[edit]

  • 1294 – Saint Celestine V resigns the papacy after only five months to return to his previous life as an ascetic hermit.
  • 1545 – The Council of Trent begins.
  • 1577 – Sir Francis Drake sets sail from Plymouth, England, on his round-the-world voyage.
  • 1636 – The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. This organization is recognized today as the founding of the National Guard of the United States.
  • 1642 – Abel Tasman is the first recorded European to sight New Zealand.
  • 1643 – English Civil War: The Battle of Alton takes place in Hampshire.
  • 1758 – The English transport ship Duke William sinks in the North Atlantic, killing over 360 people.
  • 1769 – Dartmouth College is founded by the Reverend Eleazar Wheelock, with a royal charter from King George III, on land donated by Royal governor John Wentworth.
  • 1818 – Cyril VI of Constantinople resigns from his position as Ecumenical Patriarch.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: At the Battle of Fredericksburg, Confederate General Robert E. Lee defeats Union Major General Ambrose Burnside.
  • 1867 – A Fenian bomb explodes in Clerkenwell, London, killing six.
  • 1928 – George Gershwin’s An American in Paris is first performed.
  • 1936 – An annular solar eclipse occurred and was visible from Australia, New Zealand on December 14th (Monday), and Oeno Island in Pitcairn Islands on December 13th (Sunday).[1]
  • 1937 – Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanking: The city of Nanjing, defended by the National Revolutionary Army under the command of General Tang Shengzhi, falls to the Japanese. This is followed by the Nanking Massacre, in which Japanese troops rape and slaughter hundreds of thousands of civilians.
  • 1938 – The Holocaust: The Neuengamme concentration camp opens in the Bergedorf district of Hamburg, Germany.
  • 1939 – World War II: Battle of the River Plate: Captain Hans Langsdorff of the German Deutschland-class cruiser (pocket battleship) Admiral Graf Spee engages with Royal Navy cruisers HMS ExeterHMS Ajax and HMS Achilles.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Massacre of Kalavryta by German occupying forces in Greece.
  • 1949 – The Knesset votes to move the capital of Israel to Jerusalem.
  • 1959 – Archbishop Makarios III becomes the first President of Cyprus.
  • 1960 – While Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia visits Brazil, his Imperial Bodyguard seizes the capital and proclaims him deposed and his son, Crown Prince Asfa Wossen, Emperor.
  • 1962 – NASA launches Relay 1, the first active repeater communications satellite in orbit.
  • 1967 – Constantine II of Greece attempts an unsuccessful counter-coup against the Regime of the Colonels.
  • 1968 – Brazilian President Artur da Costa e Silva issues AI-5 (Institutional Act No. 5), enabling government by decree and suspending habeas corpus.
  • 1972 – Apollo program: Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt begin the third and final extra-vehicular activity (EVA) or “Moonwalk” of Apollo 17. To date they are the last humans to set foot on the Moon.
  • 1974 – Malta becomes a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • 1977 – Air Indiana Flight 216 crashes near Evansville Regional Airport, killing 29, including the University of Evansville basketball team, support staff, and boosters of the team.
  • 1981 – General Wojciech Jaruzelski declares martial law in Poland, largely due to the actions by Solidarity.
  • 1982 – The 6.0 Ms  North Yemen earthquake shakes southwestern Yemen with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), killing 2,800, and injuring 1,500.
  • 1988 – PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat gives a speech at a UN General Assembly meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, after United States authorities refused to grant him a visa to visit UN headquarters in New York.
  • 1989 – The Troubles: Attack on Derryard checkpoint: The Provisional Irish Republican Army launches an attack on a British Army temporary vehicle checkpoint near Rosslea, Northern Ireland. Two British soldiers are killed and two others are wounded.
  • 2001 – Sansad Bhavan, the building housing the Indian Parliament, is attacked by terrorists. Twelve people are killed, including the terrorists.
  • 2002 – European Union enlargement: The EU announces that Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia will become members on May 1, 2004.
  • 2003 – Iraq War: Operation Red Dawn: Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein is captured near his home town of Tikrit.
  • 2007 – The Treaty of Lisbon is signed by members states of the European Union.
  • 2011 – A murder–suicide in Liège, Belgium, kills six and wounds 125 people at a Christmas market.
  • 2018 – A high-speed train crashes in Ankara, Turkey, killing at least nine people and injuring 84.[2]

Births[edit]

  • 1272 – King Frederick III of Sicily (d. 1337)
  • 1363 – Jean Gerson, chancellor of the University of Paris (d. 1429)[3]
  • 1476 – Lucy Brocadelli, Dominican tertiary and stigmatic (d. 1544)[4]
  • 1484 – Paul Speratus, German Lutheran (d. 1551)[5]
  • 1491 – Martín de Azpilcueta, Spanish theologian and economist (d. 1586)
  • 1499 – Justus Menius, German Lutheran pastor (d. 1558)
  • 1521 – Pope Sixtus V (d. 1590)
  • 1533 – Eric XIV of Sweden (d. 1577)
  • 1553 – Henry IV of France (d. 1610)
  • 1560 – Maximilien de Béthune, Duke of Sully, 2nd Prime Minister of France (d. 1641)
  • 1585 – William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet (d. 1649)
  • 1640 – Robert Plot, English chemist and academic (d. 1696)
  • 1662 – Francesco Bianchini, Italian astronomer and philosopher (d. 1729)
  • 1678 – Yongzheng Emperor of China (d. 1735)
  • 1720 – Carlo Gozzi, Italian playwright (d. 1804)
  • 1724 – Franz Aepinus, German astronomer and philosopher (d. 1802)
  • 1769 – James Scarlett Abinger, English judge (d. 1844)
  • 1780 – Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner, German chemist, invented the Döbereiner’s lamp (d. 1849)
  • 1784 – Archduke Louis of Austria (d. 1864)
  • 1797 – Heinrich Heine, German journalist, poet, and critic (d. 1856)
  • 1804 – Joseph Howe, Canadian journalist and politician, 5th Premier of Nova Scotia (d. 1873)
  • 1814 – Ana Néri, Brazilian nurse and philanthropist (d. 1880)
  • 1816 – Werner von Siemens, German engineer and businessman, founded Siemens (d. 1892)
  • 1818 – Mary Todd Lincoln, 16th First Lady of the United States (d. 1882)
  • 1830 – Mathilde Fibiger, Danish feminist, novelist and telegraphist (d. 1892)
  • 1836 – Franz von Lenbach, German painter and academic (d. 1904)
  • 1854 – Herman Bavinck, Dutch philosopher, theologian, and academic (d. 1921)
  • 1856 – Svetozar Boroević, Croatian-Austrian field marshal (d. 1920)
  • 1860 – Lucien Guitry, French actor (d. 1925)
  • 1864 – Emil Seidel, American woodcarver and politician, 36th Mayor of Milwaukee (d. 1947)
  • 1867 – Kristian Birkeland, Norwegian physicist and author (d. 1917)
  • 1870 – Edward LeSaint, American actor and director (d. 1940)
  • 1871 – Emily Carr, Canadian painter and author (d. 1945)
  • 1874 – Josef Lhévinne, Russian pianist and educator (d. 1944)
  • 1882 – Jane Edna Hunter, African-American social worker (d. 1971)[6]
  • 1883 – Belle da Costa Greene, American librarian and bibliographer (d. 1950)[7]
  • 1884 – Aimilios Veakis, Greek actor, director, and playwright (d. 1951)
  • 1885 – Annie Dale Biddle Andrews, American mathematician (d. 1940)
  • 1887 – George Pólya, Hungarian-American mathematician and academic (d. 1985)
  • 1887 – Alvin C. York, American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1964)
  • 1897 – Albert Aalbers, Dutch architect, designed the Savoy Homann Bidakara Hotel (d. 1961)
  • 1897 – Drew Pearson, American journalist and author (d. 1969)
  • 1900 – Jonel Perlea, Romanian-American conductor and educator (d. 1970)
  • 1901 – Olev Roomet, Estonian singer, violinist, and bagpipe player (d. 1987)
  • 1902 – Panagiotis Kanellopoulos, Greek philosopher and politician, 138th Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1986)
  • 1902 – Talcott Parsons, American sociologist and academic (d. 1979)
  • 1903 – Ella Baker, American activist (d. 1986)
  • 1903 – Carlos Montoya, Spanish guitarist and composer (d. 1993)
  • 1905 – Ann Barzel, American writer and dance critic (d. 2007)[8]
  • 1906 – Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark (d. 1968)
  • 1906 – Laurens van der Post, South African-English soldier and author (d. 1996)
  • 1908 – Plinio Corrêa de Oliveira, Brazilian historian and activist (d. 1995)
  • 1908 – Van Heflin, American actor (d. 1971)
  • 1908 – Elizabeth Alexander, British geologist, academic, and physicist (d. 1958)
  • 1911 – Trygve Haavelmo, Norwegian economist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1911 – Kenneth Patchen, American poet and painter (d. 1972)
  • 1912 – Luiz Gonzaga, Brazilian singer-songwriter and accordion player (d. 1989)
  • 1913 – Arnold Brown, English-Canadian missionary, 11th General of The Salvation Army (d. 2002)
  • 1914 – Alan Bullock, English historian and author (d. 2004)
  • 1914 – Larry Noble, English comedian and actor (d. 1993)
  • 1915 – B. J. Vorster, South African lawyer and politician, 4th State President of South Africa (d. 1983)
  • 1916 – Archie Moore, American boxer (d. 1998)
  • 1916 – Leonard Weisgard, American author and illustrator (d. 2000)
  • 1918 – Bill Vukovich, Serbian-American race car driver (d. 1955)
  • 1919 – Hans-Joachim Marseille, German captain and pilot (d. 1942)
  • 1920 – George P. Shultz, American economist and politician, 60th United States Secretary of State
  • 1921 – Turgut Demirağ, Turkish film producer, director and screenwriter (d. 1987)
  • 1923 – Philip Warren Anderson, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2020)
  • 1923 – Terence Beckett, English businessman (d. 2013)
  • 1923 – Edward Bede Clancy, Australian cardinal (d. 2014)
  • 1923 – Larry Doby, American baseball player and manager (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Dick Van Dyke, American actor, singer, and dancer
  • 1926 – Carl Erskine, American major-league baseball player
  • 1926 – George Rhoden, Jamaican runner
  • 1927 – James Wright, American poet and academic (d. 1980)
  • 1929 – Christopher Plummer, Canadian actor and producer
  • 1930 – Robert Prosky, American actor (d. 2008)
  • 1933 – Doug Mohns, Canadian-American ice hockey player (d. 2014)
  • 1934 – Richard D. Zanuck, American film producer (d. 2012)
  • 1934 – Antoinette Rodez Schiesler, American chemist (d. 1996)
  • 1935 – Joe Christopher, Virgin Islander baseball player
  • 1935 – Kenneth Hall, American football player
  • 1935 – Lindy McDaniel, American baseball player
  • 1935 – Türkan Saylan, Turkish physician and academic (d. 2009)
  • 1935 – Arthur Summons, Australian rugby player
  • 1936 – Prince Karim al-Husayn Shāh, Aga Khan IV,[9] Swiss-English businessman
  • 1936 – J. C. Martin, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1937 – Rob Houwer, Dutch director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1937 – Ulf G. Lindén, Swedish businessman (d. 2009)
  • 1938 – Gus Johnson, American basketball player (d. 1987)[10]
  • 1938 – Tom Shaw, American golfer
  • 1940 – Sanjaya Lall, Indian economist and academic (d. 2005)
  • 1941 – John Davidson, American actor and game show host
  • 1942 – Howard Brenton, English playwright and screenwriter
  • 1942 – Anna Eshoo, American lawyer and politician
  • 1943 – Ferguson Jenkins, Canadian baseball and basketball player
  • 1943 – Marti Webb, British actress and singer
  • 1944 – Hwang Jang-lee, Japanese-South Korean martial artist and actor
  • 1945 – Herman Cain, American businessman and political activist
  • 1948 – Jeff Baxter, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1948 – Lillian Board, South African-English sprinter (d. 1970)
  • 1948 – Ted Nugent, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1948 – Brian Wilson, Scottish journalist and politician, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs
  • 1949 – Robert Lindsay, English actor and singer
  • 1949 – R. A. MacAvoy, American computer programmer and author
  • 1949 – Randy Owen, American country music singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1949 – Tom Verlaine, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1950 – Linda Bellos, English businesswoman and politician
  • 1950 – Wendie Malick, American actress, model and comedian
  • 1950 – Julia Slingo, English meteorologist and academic
  • 1950 – Tom Vilsack, American lawyer and politician, 30th United States Secretary of Agriculture
  • 1952 – Junkyard Dog, American football player and wrestler (d. 1998)
  • 1952 – John Francome, English jockey and sportscaster
  • 1952 – Larry Kenon, American basketball player
  • 1952 – Jean Rouaud, French author
  • 1953 – Berton Averre, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1953 – Ben Bernanke, American economist and academic
  • 1953 – Bill Castro, Dominican baseball player and coach
  • 1953 – Jim Davidson, English comedian, actor, and television host
  • 1953 – Bob Gainey, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager
  • 1953 – Thomas Kurzhals, German keyboard player and songwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1954 – John Anderson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1954 – Steve Forbert, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1954 – Harsh Vardhan, Indian otolaryngologist and politician, Indian Minister of Science and Technology
  • 1955 – Joseph Mahmoud, Moroccan-French runner
  • 1956 – Dale Berra, American baseball player
  • 1956 – Phil Hubbard, American basketball player and coach
  • 1956 – Jean-Marie Messier, French businessman
  • 1957 – Steve Buscemi, American actor and director
  • 1957 – Eric Marienthal, American saxophonist
  • 1959 – Heino Enden, Estonian basketball player and coach
  • 1959 – Staffan William-Olsson, Swedish guitarist and composer
  • 1960 – Richard Dent, American football player
  • 1961 – Harry Gregson-Williams, English composer, conductor, and producer
  • 1961 – Irene Sáez, Venezuelan model and politician, Governor of Nueva Esparta
  • 1961 – Gary Zimmerman, American football player
  • 1962 – Roger Ilegems, Belgian cyclist
  • 1962 – Jamie Raskin, American lawyer, academic, and politician
  • 1962 – Rex Ryan, American football player and coach
  • 1962 – Rob Ryan, American football player and coach
  • 1964 – hide, Japanese recording artist, the former lead guitarist of X Japan (d. 1998)
  • 1966 – Mike Tirico, American sportscaster
  • 1967 – Jamie Foxx, American actor, singer, songwriter, producer, and comedian
  • 1967 – Bo Pelini, American football player and coach
  • 1969 – Sergei Fedorov, Russian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1970 – Tonja Buford-Bailey, American hurdler and coach
  • 1970 – Eoin Jess, Scottish footballer
  • 1970 – Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner, Austrian mountaineer
  • 1971 – Naomi Long, Northern Irish engineer and politician, 54th Lord Mayor of Belfast
  • 1971 – Park Jin-young, South Korean singer-songwriter, producer, and record executive
  • 1971 – Scott Sattler, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
  • 1971 – Leanne Wood, Welsh academic and politician
  • 1972 – Chris Grant, Australian footballer
  • 1972 – James Murdoch, Australian-American businessman, son of Rupert Murdoch
  • 1974 – Sara Cox, English broadcaster
  • 1975 – Bates Battaglia, American ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Tom DeLonge, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1975 – Kostas Kiassos, Greek footballer
  • 1975 – Matthew LeCroy, American baseball player and coach
  • 1975 – Bahar Mert, Turkish volleyball player
  • 1976 – Josh Fogg, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Søren Friis, Danish footballer
  • 1976 – Radosław Sobolewski, Polish footballer
  • 1976 – Rama Yade, Senegalese-French politician
  • 1977 – Sascha Kindred, German-English swimmer
  • 1978 – Kaspars Kambala, Latvian basketball player
  • 1978 – B.J. Penn, American mixed martial artist and wrestler
  • 1979 – Matjaž Smodiš, Slovenian basketball player
  • 1979 – Luke Steele, Australian singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1980 – Patrik Antonius, Finnish tennis player, coach, and poker player
  • 1980 – Ryan France, English footballer
  • 1980 – Danil Haustov, Estonian swimmer
  • 1981 – Amy Lee, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1981 – Mathis Bailey, American-Canadian novelist and fiction writer
  • 1982 – Dan Hamhuis, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Ayumi Kinoshita, Japanese actress and model
  • 1982 – Ricky Nolasco, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Tuka Rocha, Brazilian race car driver (d. 2019)
  • 1982 – Koutaro Tanaka, Japanese actor
  • 1982 – Dominik Werling, German footballer
  • 1983 – Matt Deis, American bass player and songwriter
  • 1983 – Otylia Jędrzejczak, Polish swimmer
  • 1983 – Janeth Jepkosgei, Kenyan runner
  • 1984 – Santi Cazorla, Spanish footballer
  • 1984 – Hanna-Maria Seppälä, Finnish swimmer[11]
  • 1985 – Michael Bumpus, American football player
  • 1985 – Laurence Leboeuf, Canadian actress
  • 1985 – Alby Mathewson, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1986 – Mathieu Gnanligo, Beninese sprinter
  • 1988 – Rickie Fowler, American golfer
  • 1988 – Olly Lancashire, English footballer
  • 1988 – James Tamou, New Zealand-Australian rugby league player
  • 1989 – Hellen Onsando Obiri, Kenyan runner[12]
  • 1989 – Ben Ridge, Australian rugby league player
  • 1989 – Taylor Swift, American singer-songwriter, record producer and actress
  • 1991 – Sénah Mango, Togolese footballer
  • 1991 – Aaron Telitz, American race car driver
  • 1996 – Gleyber Torres, Venezuelan baseball player[13]

Deaths[edit]

  • 558 – Childebert I, Frankish king (b. 496)
  • 769 – Du Hongjian, Chinese politician (b. 709)
  • 838 – Pepin I of Aquitaine (b. 797)
  • 859 – Angilbert II, archbishop of Milan
  • 1124 – Pope Callixtus II (b. 1065)
  • 1126 – Henry IX, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1075)
  • 1204 – Maimonides, Spanish rabbi and philosopher (b. 1135)
  • 1250 – Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1194)
  • 1272 – Bertold of Regensburg, German preacher
  • 1404 – Albert I, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1336)
  • 1466 – Donatello, Italian painter and sculptor (b. 1386)
  • 1516 – Johannes Trithemius, German cryptographer and historian (b. 1462)
  • 1521 – Manuel I of Portugal (b. 1469)
  • 1557 – Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia, Italian mathematician and engineer (b. 1499)
  • 1565 – Conrad Gessner, Swiss botanist and physician (b. 1516)
  • 1621 – Katarina Stenbock, queen of Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1535)
  • 1671 – Antonio Grassi, Italian Roman Catholic priest(b. 1592)
  • 1716 – Charles de La Fosse, French painter (b. 1640)
  • 1721 – Alexander Selkirk, Scottish sailor (b. 1676)
  • 1729 – Anthony Collins, English philosopher and author (b. 1676)
  • 1754 – Mahmud I, Ottoman sultan (b. 1696)
  • 1758 – Noël Doiron, Canadian Acadia leader (b. 1684)
  • 1769 – Christian Fürchtegott Gellert, German poet and hymn-writer (b. 1715)
  • 1783 – Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin, Swedish astronomer and demographer (b. 1717)
  • 1784 – Samuel Johnson, English poet and lexicographer (b. 1709)
  • 1814 – Charles-Joseph, 7th Prince of Ligne, Belgian-Austrian field marshal (b. 1735)
  • 1837 – Herman of Alaska, Russian missionary and saint (b. 1756)
  • 1849 – Johann Centurius Hoffmannsegg, German botanist and entomologist (b. 1766)
  • 1862 – Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb, American general, lawyer, and politician (b. 1823)
  • 1863 – Christian Friedrich Hebbel, German poet and playwright (b. 1813)
  • 1868 – Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, German botanist and explorer (b. 1794)
  • 1881 – August Šenoa, Croatian author and poet (b. 1838)
  • 1883 – Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (b. 1812)
  • 1893 – Georg August Rudolph, German lawyer and politician, 3rd Mayor of Marburg (b. 1816)
  • 1895 – Ányos Jedlik, Hungarian physicist and engineer (b. 1800)
  • 1908 – Augustus Le Plongeon, French photographer and historian (b. 1825)
  • 1919 – Woldemar Voigt, German physicist and academic (b. 1850)
  • 1922 – Arthur Wesley Dow, American painter and photographer (b. 1857)
  • 1922 – Hannes Hafstein, Icelandic poet and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Iceland (b. 1861)
  • 1924 – Samuel Gompers, English-born American labor leader, founded the American Federation of Labor (b. 1850)
  • 1927 – Mehmet Nadir, Turkish mathematician and academic (b. 1856)
  • 1930 – Fritz Pregl, Slovenian-Austrian chemist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1869)
  • 1931 – Gustave Le Bon, French psychologist, sociologist, and anthropologist (b. 1840)
  • 1932 – Georgios Jakobides, Greek painter and sculptor (b. 1853)
  • 1935 – Victor Grignard, French chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1871)
  • 1942 – Wlodimir Ledóchowski, Austrian-Polish religious leader, 26th Superior-General of the Society of Jesus (b. 1866)
  • 1942 – Robert Robinson Taylor, American architect (b. 1868)
  • 1944 – Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-French painter and theorist (b. 1866)
  • 1945 – Irma Grese, German concentration camp guard (b. 1923)
  • 1945 – Josef Kramer, German concentration camp commandant (b. 1906)
  • 1945 – Elisabeth Volkenrath, Polish-German concentration camp supervisor (b. 1919)
  • 1947 – Henry James, American lawyer and author (b. 1879)
  • 1947 – Nicholas Roerich, Russian archaeologist, painter, and philosopher (b. 1874)
  • 1950 – Abraham Wald, Hungarian mathematician and academic (b. 1902)
  • 1954 – John Raymond Hubbell, American director and composer (b. 1879)
  • 1955 – Egas Moniz, Portuguese psychiatrist and neurosurgeon, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1874)
  • 1960 – Dora Marsden, English author and activist (b. 1882)
  • 1961 – Grandma Moses, American painter (b. 1860)
  • 1962 – Harry Barris, American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1905)
  • 1969 – Raymond A. Spruance, American admiral and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the Philippines (b. 1886)
  • 1973 – Henry Green, English author (b. 1905)
  • 1974 – Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoğlu, Egyptian-Turkish journalist, author, and politician (b. 1889)
  • 1975 – Cyril Delevanti, English-American actor (b. 1889)
  • 1977 – Oğuz Atay, Turkish engineer and author (b. 1934)
  • 1979 – Jon Hall, American actor and director (b. 1915)
  • 1979 – Behçet Necatigil, Turkish author, poet and translator (b. 1916)
  • 1983 – Alexander Schmemann, Estonian-American priest and theologian (b. 1921)
  • 1983 – Nichita Stănescu, Romanian poet and critic (b. 1933)
  • 1986 – Heather Angel, British-American actress (b. 1909)
  • 1986 – Ella Baker, American activist (b. 1903)
  • 1986 – Smita Patil, Indian actress and journalist (b. 1955)
  • 1992 – K. C. Irving, Canadian businessman (b. 1899)
  • 1992 – Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1899)
  • 1993 – Vanessa Duriès, French author (b. 1972)
  • 1995 – Ann Nolan Clark, American author and educator (b. 1896)
  • 1996 – Edward Blishen, English author and educator (b. 1920)
  • 1997 – Don E. Fehrenbacher, American historian, author, and academic (b. 1920)
  • 1998 – Lew Grade, Ukrainian-born British impresario and media proprietor (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Richard Thomas, Royal Naval Officer (b. 1922)
  • 1998 – Wade Watts, civil rights activist (b. 1919)
  • 2001 – Michael Bradshaw, British-Canadian actor (b. 1933)
  • 2001 – Chuck Schuldiner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1967)
  • 2002 – Zal Yanovsky, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1944)
  • 2003 – Māris Čaklais, Latvian poet and journalist (b. 1940)
  • 2003 – William V. Roth, Jr., American lawyer and politician (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Andre Rodgers, Bahamian baseball player (b. 1934)
  • 2004 – David Wheeler, English computer scientist and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Stanley Williams, American gang leader, co-founded the Crips (b. 1953)
  • 2006 – Lamar Hunt, American businessman, co-founded the American Football League and World Championship Tennis (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Mark Partridge, Rhodesian lawyer and politician (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Floyd Red Crow Westerman, American actor and activist (b. 1936)
  • 2008 – John Drake, New Zealand rugby player and journalist (b. 1959)
  • 2010 – James Dibble, Australian journalist (b. 1923)
  • 2010 – Richard Holbrooke, American journalist and diplomat, 22nd United States Ambassador to the United Nations (b. 1941)
  • 2010 – Enrique Morente, Spanish singer-songwriter (b. 1942)
  • 2011 – T. J. Bass, American physician and author (b. 1932)
  • 2011 – Kabir Chowdhury, Bangladeshi author and academic (b. 1923)
  • 2011 – Russell Hoban, American author and illustrator (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – Ian Black, Scottish footballer (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Marcel Cellier, Swiss organist and producer (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Vivian Kellogg, American baseball player and manager (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Kim Kuk-tae, North Korean politician (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Harvey Littleton, American glass artist and educator (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Ernst Albrecht, German economist and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Lower Saxony (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – William E. May, American theologian and academic (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Phil Stern, American photographer (b. 1919)
  • 2014 – Taitetsu Unno, Japanese scholar and author (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Benedict Anderson, Chinese-American political scientist and academic (b. 1936)
  • 2015 – John Bannon, Australian academic and politician, 39th Premier of South Australia (b. 1943)
  • 2015 – Peter Ryan, Australian journalist and author (b. 1923)
  • 2016 – Thomas Schelling, American economist and educator (b. 1921)
  • 2016 – David Strangway, Canadian geophysicist and university administrator (b. 1934)
  • 2016 – Alan Thicke, Canadian-American actor and composer (b. 1947)
  • 2017 – Warrel Dane, American singer (b. 1961)
  • 2018 – Noah Klieger, Israeli journalist and Holocaust survivor (b. 1926)[14]

Holidays and observances[edit]

  • Acadian Remembrance Day (Acadians)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Antiochus of Sulcis
    • Judoc (Joyce)
    • Lucy, and its related observances:
      • National Day, celebrates the independence of Saint Lucia from United Kingdom in 1979.
      • Saint Lucy’s Day (mainly Scandinavia, some regions of Italy (for example, Sicily, Veneto and Trentino), Malta, Hungary and Croatia).
    • Odile of Alsace
    • December 13 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Martial Law Victims Remembrance Day (Poland)
  • Nanking Massacre Memorial Day (China)
  • Nusantara Day (Indonesia)
  • Republic Day (Malta)
  • Sailor’s Day (Brazil)

October 18

October 18 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 74 days remain until the end of the year.

Events[edit]

  • 320 – Pappus of Alexandria, Greek philosopher, observes an eclipse of the Sun and writes a commentary on The Great Astronomer (Almagest).
  • 614 – King Chlothar II promulgates the Edict of Paris (Edictum Chlotacharii), a sort of Frankish Magna Carta that defend the rights of the Frankish nobles while it excludes Jews from all civil employment in the Frankish Kingdom.
  • 629 – Dagobert I is crowned King of the Franks.
  • 1009 – The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, a Christian church in Jerusalem, is completely destroyed by the Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, who hacks the Church’s foundations down to bedrock.
  • 1016 – The Danes defeat the English in the Battle of Assandun.
  • 1081 – The Normans defeat the Byzantine Empire in the Battle of Dyrrhachium.
  • 1356 – Basel earthquake, the most significant historic seismological event north of the Alps, destroys the town of Basel, Switzerland.
  • 1540 – Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto’s forces destroy the fortified town of Mabila in present-day Alabama, killing Tuskaloosa.
  • 1561 – In Japan the fourth Battle of Kawanakajima was fought between the forces of Uesugi Kenshin and Takeda Shingen; resulting in a draw.
  • 1565 – Ships belonging to the Matsura clan of Japan fail to capture the Portuguese trading carrack in the Battle of Fukuda Bay, the first recorded naval battle between Japan and the West.
  • 1599 – Michael the Brave, Prince of Wallachia, defeats the Army of Andrew Báthory in the Battle of Șelimbăr, leading to the first recorded unification of the Romanian people.
  • 1648 – Boston Shoemakers form first American labor organization.
  • 1748 – Signing of the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ends the War of the Austrian Succession.
  • 1775 – African-American poet Phillis Wheatley is freed from slavery.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: The Burning of Falmouth (now Portland, Maine).
  • 1779 – American Revolutionary War: The Franco-American Siege of Savannah is lifted.
  • 1797 – Treaty of Campo Formio is signed between France and Austria
  • 1851 – Herman Melville’s Moby-Dick is first published as The Whale by Richard Bentley of London.
  • 1860 – The Second Opium War finally ends at the Convention of Peking with the ratification of the Treaty of Tientsin, an unequal treaty.
  • 1867 – United States takes possession of Alaska after purchasing it from Russia for $7.2 million. Celebrated annually in the state as Alaska Day.
  • 1898 – The United States takes possession of Puerto Rico from Spain.
  • 1912 – First Balkan War: King Peter I of Serbia issues a declaration “To the Serbian People”, as his country joins the war.
  • 1914 – The Schoenstatt Movement is founded in Germany.
  • 1921 – The Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic is formed as part of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.
  • 1922 – The British Broadcasting Company (later Corporation) is founded by a consortium, to establish a nationwide network of radio transmitters to provide a national broadcasting service.
  • 1929 – The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council overrules the Supreme Court of Canada in Edwards v. Canada when it declares that women are considered “Persons” under Canadian law.
  • 1944 – World War II: Soviet Union begins the liberation of Czechoslovakia from Nazi Germany.
  • 1944 – World War II: The state funeral of Field Marshal Erwin Rommel takes place in Ulm Germany.
  • 1945 – The USSR’s nuclear program receives plans for the United States plutonium bomb from Klaus Fuchs at the Los Alamos National Laboratory.
  • 1945 – A group of the Venezuelan Armed Forces, led by Mario Vargas, Marcos Pérez Jiménez and Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, stages a coup d’état against president Isaías Medina Angarita, who is overthrown by the end of the day.
  • 1945 – Argentine military officer and politician Juan Perón marries actress Eva Duarte.
  • 1954 – Texas Instruments announces the first transistor radio.
  • 1963 – Félicette, a black and white female Parisian stray cat becomes the first cat launched into space.
  • 1967 – The Soviet probe Venera 4 reaches Venus and becomes the first spacecraft to measure the atmosphere of another planet.
  • 1977 – German Autumn: a set of events revolving around the kidnapping of Hanns Martin Schleyer and the hijacking of a Lufthansa flight by the Red Army Faction (RAF) comes to an end when Schleyer is murdered and various RAF members allegedly commit suicide.
  • 1979 – The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) begins allowing people to have home satellite earth stations without a federal government license.
  • 1991 – The Supreme Council of Azerbaijan adopts a declaration of independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 2003 – Bolivian gas conflict: Bolivian President Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada, is forced to resign and leave Bolivia.
  • 2007 – Karachi bombing: A suicide attack on a motorcade carrying former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto kills 139 and wounds 450 more. Bhutto herself is uninjured.

Births[edit]

  • 1127 – Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan (d. 1192)
  • 1130 – Zhu Xi, Chinese philosopher (d. 1200)
  • 1405 – Pope Pius II (d. 1464)[1]
  • 1444 – John de Mowbray, 4th Duke of Norfolk (d. 1476)
  • 1482 – Philipp III, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg (d. 1538)
  • 1517 – Manuel da Nóbrega, Portuguese-Brazilian priest and missionary (d. 1570)
  • 1523 – Anna Jagiellon, daughter of Sigismund I of Poland (d. 1596)
  • 1536 – William Lambarde, English antiquarian and politician (d. 1601)
  • 1547 – Justus Lipsius, Belgian philologist and scholar (d. 1606)
  • 1553 – Luca Marenzio, Italian composer (d. 1599)
  • 1569 – Giambattista Marino, Italian poet (d. 1625)
  • 1587 – Lady Mary Wroth, English poet (d. 1651)
  • 1596 – Edward Winslow, American Pilgrim leader (d. 1655)
  • 1616 – Nicholas Culpeper, English botanist (d. 1654)
  • 1630 – Henry Powle, English politician (d. 1692)
  • 1634 – Luca Giordano, Italian painter and illustrator (d. 1705)
  • 1653 – Abraham van Riebeeck, South African-Dutch merchant and politician, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1713)
  • 1662 – Matthew Henry, Welsh minister and scholar (d. 1714)
  • 1663 – Prince Eugene of Savoy (d. 1736)
  • 1668 – John George IV, Elector of Saxony (d. 1694)
  • 1701 – Charles le Beau, French historian and author (d. 1778)
  • 1706 – Baldassare Galuppi, Italian harpsichord player and composer (d. 1785)
  • 1741 – Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, French general and author (d. 1803)
  • 1777 – Heinrich von Kleist, German author and poet (d. 1811)
  • 1785 – Thomas Love Peacock, English author and poet (d. 1866)
  • 1792 – Lucas Alamán, Mexican politician and historian (d. 1853)
  • 1804 – Mongkut, Thai king (d. 1868)
  • 1822 – Midhat Pasha, Ottoman civil servant and politician, 238th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (d. 1883)
  • 1831 – Frederick III, German Emperor (d. 1888)
  • 1836 – Frederick August Otto Schwarz, American businessman, founded FAO Schwarz (d. 1911)
  • 1850 – Basil Hall Chamberlain, English-Swiss historian, author, and academic (d. 1935)
  • 1854 – Billy Murdoch, Australian cricketer (d. 1911)
  • 1859 – Henri Bergson, French philosopher and theologian, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1941)
  • 1862 – Mehmet Esat Bülkat, Ottoman general (d. 1952)
  • 1865 – Arie de Jong, Dutch linguist and author (d. 1957)
  • 1865 – Logan Pearsall Smith, American-English author and critic (d. 1946)
  • 1868 – Ernst Didring, Swedish author (d. 1931)
  • 1870 – D. T. Suzuki, Japanese author and scholar (d. 1966)
  • 1872 – Mikhail Kuzmin, Russian poet and author (d. 1936)
  • 1873 – Ivanoe Bonomi, Italian lawyer and politician, 25th Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1951)
  • 1875 – Len Braund, English cricketer, coach, and umpire (d. 1955)
  • 1878 – James Truslow Adams, American historian and author (d. 1949)
  • 1880 – Ze’ev Jabotinsky, Ukrainian-Russian general, journalist, and theorist (d. 1940)
  • 1881 – Max Gerson, German-born American physician (d. 1959)
  • 1882 – Lucien Petit-Breton, French cyclist (d. 1917)
  • 1887 – Takashi Sakai, Japanese general and politician, Governor of Hong Kong (d. 1946)
  • 1888 – Paul Vermoyal, French actor (d. 1925)
  • 1893 – Sidney Holland, New Zealand lieutenant and politician, 25th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1961)
  • 1893 – George Ohsawa, Japanese philosopher and academic (d. 1966)
  • 1894 – H. L. Davis, American author and poet (d. 1960)
  • 1894 – Tibor Déry, Hungarian author and translator (d. 1977)
  • 1897 – Isabel Briggs Myers, American theorist and author (d. 1980)
  • 1898 – Lotte Lenya, Austrian singer and actress (d. 1981)
  • 1902 – Miriam Hopkins, American actress (d. 1972)
  • 1902 – Pascual Jordan, German physicist and theorist (d. 1980)
  • 1903 – Lina Radke, German runner and coach (d. 1983)
  • 1904 – A. J. Liebling, American journalist and author (d. 1963)
  • 1904 – Haim Shirman, Ukrainian-Israeli scholar and academic (d. 1981)
  • 1905 – Jan Gies, Dutch activist (d. 1993)
  • 1905 – Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Ivorian union leader and politician, 1st President of Côte d’Ivoire (d. 1993)
  • 1906 – James Brooks, American painter and educator (d. 1992)
  • 1909 – Norberto Bobbio, Italian philosopher and theorist (d. 2004)
  • 1914 – Raymond Lambert, Swiss mountaineer (d. 1997)
  • 1915 – Victor Sen Yung, American actor (d. 1980)
  • 1918 – Molly Geertsema, Dutch lawyer and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of the Netherlands (d. 1991)
  • 1918 – Konstantinos Mitsotakis, Greek lawyer and politician, 178th Prime Minister of Greece (d. 2017)
  • 1918 – Bobby Troup, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor (d. 1999)
  • 1919 – Ric Nordman, Canadian captain and politician (d. 1996)
  • 1919 – Anita O’Day, American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – Pierre Trudeau, Canadian lawyer, academic, and politician, 15th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 2000)
  • 1919 – Camilla Williams, American soprano and educator (d. 2012)
  • 1920 – Melina Mercouri, Greek actress, singer, and politician, 9th Greek Minister of Culture (d. 1994)
  • 1921 – Jerry Cooke, Ukrainian-American photographer and journalist (d. 2005)
  • 1921 – Jesse Helms, American soldier, journalist, and politician (d. 2008)
  • 1921 – Beatrice Helen Worsley, Mexican-Canadian computer scientist and academic (d. 1972)
  • 1923 – Jessie Mae Hemphill, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2008)
  • 1924 – Buddy MacMaster, Canadian singer-songwriter and fiddler (d. 2014)
  • 1925 – Ramiz Alia, Albanian politician, 1st President of Albania (d. 2011)
  • 1926 – Chuck Berry, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2017)
  • 1926 – Klaus Kinski, German-American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1991)
  • 1927 – Marv Rotblatt, American baseball player (d. 2013)
  • 1927 – George C. Scott, American actor and director (d. 1999)
  • 1928 – Keith Jackson, American sportscaster and actor
  • 1928 – Maurice El Mediouni, Algerian pianist and composer
  • 1928 – Dick Taverne, English lawyer and politician
  • 1929 – Violeta Chamorro, Nicaraguan publisher and politician, President of Nicaragua
  • 1929 – Hillard Elkins, American producer and manager (d. 2010)
  • 1929 – Kees Fens, Dutch author and critic (d. 2008)
  • 1930 – Flora Fraser, 21st Lady Saltoun, Scottish politician
  • 1930 – Esther Hautzig, Lithuanian-American author (d. 2009)
  • 1931 – Chris Albertson, Icelandic-American historian, journalist, and producer
  • 1931 – Roger Climpson, English-Australian journalist
  • 1931 – Ien Dales, Dutch civil servant and politician, Dutch Minister of the Interior (d. 1994)
  • 1932 – Vytautas Landsbergis, Lithuanian musicologist and politician
  • 1933 – Forrest Gregg, American football player and coach
  • 1933 – Irwin M. Jacobs, American electrical engineer, businessman, and entrepreneur
  • 1933 – Ludovico Scarfiotti, Italian race car driver (d. 1968)
  • 1934 – Inger Stevens, Swedish-American actress (d. 1970)
  • 1935 – Peter Boyle, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1936 – Jaime Lucas Ortega y Alamino, Cuban cardinal
  • 1938 – Robert Dove, American lawyer and politician
  • 1938 – Dawn Wells, American model and actress, Miss Nevada 1959
  • 1939 – Flavio Cotti, Swiss lawyer and politician, 82nd President of the Swiss Confederation
  • 1939 – Mike Ditka, American football player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1939 – Lee Harvey Oswald, American assassin of John F. Kennedy (d. 1963)
  • 1939 – Jan Erik Vold, Norwegian poet, author, and translator
  • 1940 – Cynthia Weil, American songwriter
  • 1940 – Talitha Getty, actress and model of Dutch extraction (d. 1971)
  • 1941 – Timothy Bell, Baron Bell, English businessman
  • 1941 – Martha Burk, American psychologist and author
  • 1942 – Gianfranco Ravasi, Italian cardinal and scholar
  • 1943 – Christine Charbonneau, Canadian singer-songwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1943 – Birthe Rønn Hornbech, Danish police officer and politician, Danish Minister for Ecclesiastical Affairs
  • 1945 – Huell Howser, American television host and actor (d. 2013)
  • 1945 – Chris Shays, American politician
  • 1946 – James Robert Baker, American author and screenwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1946 – Frank Beamer, American football player and coach
  • 1946 – Dafydd Elis-Thomas, Welsh academic and politician
  • 1946 – Howard Shore, Canadian composer, conductor, and producer
  • 1947 – Paul Chuckle, English comedian, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1947 – Job Cohen, Dutch scholar and politician, Mayor of Amsterdam
  • 1947 – Laura Nyro, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1997)
  • 1947 – Gary Sullivan, Australian rugby league player
  • 1948 – Hans Köchler, Austrian philosopher, author, and academic
  • 1948 – Ntozake Shange, American author, poet, and playwright
  • 1949 – Joe Egan, Scottish singer-songwriter
  • 1949 – George Hendrick, American baseball player and coach
  • 1949 – Gary Richrath, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1950 – Wendy Wasserstein, American playwright and author (d. 2006)
  • 1951 – Mike Antonovich, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1951 – Pam Dawber, American actress and producer
  • 1951 – Terry McMillan, American author and screenwriter
  • 1951 – David Normington, English civil servant and politician
  • 1951 – Nic Potter, English bass player and songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1952 – Roy Dias, Sri Lankan cricketer and coach
  • 1952 – Paul Geroski, American-English economist and academic (d. 2005)
  • 1952 – Chuck Lorre, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1952 – Patrick Morrow, Canadian mountaineer and photographer
  • 1952 – Bảo Ninh, Vietnamese soldier and author
  • 1952 – Allen Ripley, American baseball player (d. 2014)
  • 1952 – Jerry Royster, American baseball player, coach, and manager
  • 1954 – Nick Houghton, English general
  • 1954 – Arliss Howard, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1955 – Jean-Pierre Hautier, Belgian journalist and television host (d. 2012)
  • 1955 – Vanessa Briscoe Hay, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1955 – Timmy Mallett, English radio and television host
  • 1955 – Stu Mead, American painter and illustrator
  • 1955 – David Twohy, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1955 – Rita Verdonk, Dutch journalist and politician, Dutch Minister of Justice
  • 1955 – Denis Watson, Zimbabwean golfer
  • 1955 – Mark Welland, English physicist and academic
  • 1956 – Craig Bartlett, American animator, producer, screenwriter, and voice actor
  • 1956 – Martina Navratilova, Czech-American tennis player and coach
  • 1956 – Jim Talent, American lawyer and politician
  • 1957 – Jon Lindstrom, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1957 – Catherine Ringer, French singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress
  • 1958 – Thomas Hearns, American boxer
  • 1958 – Megumi Ishii, Japanese actress and politician
  • 1958 – Letitia James, American lawyer, activist and politician[2]
  • 1958 – Kjell Samuelsson, Swedish ice hockey player and coach
  • 1959 – Kirby Chambliss, American pilot
  • 1959 – Mauricio Funes, Salvadoran politician, former President of El Salvador
  • 1959 – Milcho Manchevski, Macedonian-American director and screenwriter
  • 1959 – John Nord, American wrestler
  • 1960 – Erin Moran, American actress (d. 2017)
  • 1960 – Jean-Claude Van Damme, Belgian martial artist, actor, and producer, and screenwriter
  • 1961 – Wynton Marsalis, American trumpet player, composer, and educator
  • 1961 – Rick Moody, American author and composer
  • 1961 – Gladstone Small, Barbadian-English cricketer
  • 1962 – Min Ko Naing, Burmese activist
  • 1962 – Vincent Spano, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1963 – Sigvart Dagsland, Norwegian singer, pianist and composer
  • 1964 – Dan Lilker, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1964 – Charles Stross, English journalist, author, and programmer
  • 1965 – Curtis Stigers, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1965 – Zakir Naik, an Indian Islamic preacher; founder and president of the Islamic Research Foundation (IRF)
  • 1966 – Dave Price, American journalist and game show host
  • 1967 – Eric Stuart, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and voice actor
  • 1968 – Rhod Gilbert, Welsh comedian
  • 1968 – Stuart Law, Australian cricketer and coach
  • 1968 – Michael Stich, German tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1969 – Volker Neumüller, German talent manager
  • 1969 – Nelson Vivas, Argentinian footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1970 – Doug Mirabelli, American baseball player and coach
  • 1970 – Mike Starink, Dutch television host and actor
  • 1971 – Nick O’Hern, Australian golfer
  • 1972 – Mika Ninagawa, Japanese photographer and director
  • 1972 – Alex Tagliani, Canadian race car driver
  • 1973 – Stephen Allan, Australian golfer
  • 1973 – James Foley, American photographer and journalist (d. 2014)
  • 1973 – Michalis Kapsis, Greek footballer
  • 1973 – Rachel Nichols, American journalist and sportscaster
  • 1973 – Sarah Winckless, English rower
  • 1974 – Robbie Savage, Welsh footballer and sportscaster
  • 1974 – Peter Svensson, Swedish guitarist and songwriter
  • 1974 – Zhou Xun, Chinese actress and singer
  • 1974 – Amish Tripathi, Indian author
  • 1975 – Alex Cora, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1975 – Josh Sawyer, American video game designer
  • 1977 – Flavia Colgan, Brazilian-American journalist
  • 1977 – Kunal Kapoor, Indian actor
  • 1977 – Ryan Nelsen, New Zealand-American soccer player and coach
  • 1977 – David Vuillemin, French motorcycle racer
  • 1978 – Mike Tindall, English rugby player
  • 1978 – Kenji Wu, Taiwanese singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1979 – Damon Scott, British entertainer
  • 1979 – Jaroslav Drobný, Czech footballer
  • 1979 – Hikaru Kawamura, Japanese model
  • 1979 – Ne-Yo, American singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, and actor
  • 1980 – Birsen Yavuz, Turkish sprinter and hurdler
  • 1981 – Nathan Hauritz, Australian cricketer
  • 1981 – Tina Hergold, Slovenian tennis player
  • 1981 – Greg Warren, American football player
  • 1982 – Thierry Amiel, French singer-songwriter
  • 1982 – Michael Dingsdag, Dutch footballer
  • 1982 – Mark Sampson, Welsh footballer and manager
  • 1982 – Simon Gotch, American wrestler
  • 1983 – Dante, Brazilian footballer
  • 1984 – Robert Harting, German discus thrower
  • 1984 – Freida Pinto, Indian actress and model
  • 1984 – Esperanza Spalding, American singer-songwriter and bassist
  • 1984 – Lindsey Vonn, American skier
  • 1984 – Milo Yiannopoulos, British journalist and public speaker
  • 1985 – Yoenis Céspedes, Cuban baseball player
  • 1985 – Andrew Garcia, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1986 – Wilma Elles, German actress and fashion designer
  • 1987 – Zac Efron, American actor and singer
  • 1987 – Freja Beha Erichsen, Danish model
  • 1988 – Tessa Schram, Dutch director and actress
  • 1989 – Laci Green, American YouTube personality, video blogger, sex educator, and activist
  • 1989 – Riisa Naka, Japanese model and actress
  • 1990 – Bristol Palin, American public speaker and reality television personality
  • 1990 – Brittney Griner, American professional basketball player
  • 1990 – Drew Crawford, American basketball player[3]
  • 1991 – Roly Bonevacia, Dutch footballer
  • 1992 – John John Florence, American professional surfer
  • 1993 – Ivan Cavaleiro, Portuguese professional footballer
  • 1991 – Tyler Posey, American actor and musician
  • 1994 – Pascal Wehrlein, German-Mauritian Formula One driver

Deaths[edit]

  • AD 31 – Lucius Aelius Sejanus, Roman politician (b. 20 BC)
  • 325 – Emperor Ming of Jin (b. 299)
  • AD 707 – Pope John VII (b. 650)
  • 1035 – Sancho III of Pamplona (b. 992)
  • 1081 – Nikephoros Palaiologos, Byzantine general
  • 1101 – Hugh I, Count of Vermandois (b. 1053)
  • 1141 – Leopold, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1108)
  • 1214 – John de Gray, bishop of Norwich
  • 1366 – Petrus Torkilsson, Archbishop of Uppsala
  • 1382 – James Butler, 2nd Earl of Ormond, Irish politician, Lord Justice of Ireland (b. 1331)
  • 1417 – Pope Gregory XII (b. 1326)
  • 1442 – Infante João of Portugal (b. 1400)
  • 1480 – Uhwudong, Korean dancer and poet (b. 1440)
  • 1503 – Pope Pius III (b. 1439)
  • 1508 – Patrick Hepburn, 1st Earl of Bothwell, Lord High Admiral of Scotland
  • 1511 – Philippe de Commines, French-speaking Fleming in the courts of Burgundy and France (b. 1447)
  • 1526 – Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón, Spanish explorer (b. 1475)
  • 1541 – Margaret Tudor, queen of James IV of Scotland (born 1489)
  • 1545 – John Taverner, English organist and composer (b. 1490)
  • 1558 – Mary of Hungary (b. 1505)
  • 1561 – Yamamoto Kansuke, Japanese samurai (b. 1501)
  • 1564 – Johannes Acronius Frisius, Dutch physician and mathematician (b. 1520)
  • 1570 – Manuel da Nóbrega, Portuguese-Brazilian priest and missionary (b. 1517)
  • 1604 – Igram van Achelen, Dutch lawyer and politician (b. 1528)
  • 1646 – Isaac Jogues, French priest, missionary, and martyr (b. 1607)
  • 1667 – Fasilides, Ethiopian emperor (b. 1603)
  • 1678 – Jacob Jordaens, Belgian painter illustrator (b. 1593)
  • 1739 – António José da Silva, Brazilian-Portuguese playwright (b. 1705)
  • 1744 – Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough (b. 1660)
  • 1770 – John Manners, Marquess of Granby, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Derbyshire (b. 1721)
  • 1775 – Christian August Crusius, German philosopher and theologian (b. 1715)
  • 1817 – Etienne Nicolas Méhul, French pianist and composer (b. 1763)
  • 1865 – Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, English soldier and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1784)
  • 1871 – Charles Babbage, English mathematician and engineer, invented the mechanical computer (b. 1791)
  • 1876 – Francis Preston Blair, American journalist (b. 1791)
  • 1886 – Philipp Franz von Siebold, German physician and botanist (b. 1796)
  • 1889 – Antonio Meucci, Italian-American engineer (b. 1808)
  • 1892 – William W. Chapman, American lawyer and politician (b. 1808)
  • 1893 – Charles Gounod, French composer and educator (b. 1818)
  • 1908 – Nozu Michitsura, Japanese field marshal (b. 1840)
  • 1911 – Alfred Binet, French psychologist and author (b. 1857)
  • 1921 – Ludwig III of Bavaria (b. 1845)
  • 1931 – Thomas Edison, American engineer and businessman, invented the light bulb and phonograph (b. 1847)
  • 1934 – Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish pathologist, histologist, and neuroscientist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
  • 1935 – Gaston Lachaise, French-American sculptor (b. 1882)
  • 1941 – Manuel Teixeira Gomes, Portuguese lawyer and politician, 7th President of Portugal (b. 1860)
  • 1942 – Mikhail Nesterov, Russian painter (b. 1862)
  • 1947 – Michiaki Kamada, Japanese admiral (b. 1890)
  • 1948 – Walther von Brauchitsch, German field marshal (b. 1881)
  • 1956 – Yoshio Markino, Japanese painter and author (b. 1869)
  • 1959 – Boughera El Ouafi, Algerian-French runner (b. 1898)
  • 1961 – Tsuru Aoki, Japanese-American actress (b. 1892)
  • 1962 – Iván Petrovich, Serbian-German actor and singer (b. 1894)
  • 1965 – Henry Travers, Irish-American actor (b. 1874)
  • 1966 – Elizabeth Arden, Canadian-American businesswoman, founded Elizabeth Arden, Inc. (b. 1878)
  • 1966 – S. S. Kresge, American businessman, founded Kmart (b. 1867)
  • 1973 – Margaret Caroline Anderson, American publisher, founded The Little Review (b. 1886)
  • 1973 – Walt Kelly, American illustrator and animator (b. 1913)
  • 1973 – Leo Strauss, German-American political scientist, philosopher, and academic (b. 1899)
  • 1975 – K. C. Douglas, American rural blues singer (b. 1913)
  • 1975 – Al Lettieri, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1975 – Graham Haberfield, English actor (b. 1941)
  • 1976 – Viswanatha Satyanarayana, Indian poet and author (b. 1895)
  • 1977 – Andreas Baader, German militant (b. 1943)
  • 1977 – Gudrun Ensslin, German militant leader, founded the Red Army Faction (b. 1940)
  • 1978 – Ramón Mercader, Spanish journalist, assassin of Leon Trotsky (b. 1914)
  • 1980 – Edwin Way Teale, American photographer and author (b. 1899)
  • 1982 – Dwain Esper, American director and producer (b. 1892)
  • 1982 – Pierre Mendès France, French lawyer and politician, 143rd Prime Minister of France (b. 1907)
  • 1982 – John Robarts, Canadian lawyer and politician, 17th Premier of Ontario (b. 1917)
  • 1982 – Bess Truman, American wife of Harry S. Truman, 40th First Lady of the United States (b. 1885)
  • 1983 – Diego Abad de Santillán, Spanish economist and author (b. 1897)
  • 1983 – Willie Jones, American baseball player (b. 1925)
  • 1984 – Henri Michaux, French painter and poet (b. 1899)
  • 1987 – Adriaan Ditvoorst, Dutch director and screenwriter (b. 1940)
  • 1988 – Frederick Ashton, Ecuadorian dancer and choreographer (b. 1904)
  • 2000 – Julie London, American singer and actress (b. 1926)
  • 2000 – Gwen Verdon, American actress and dancer (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Preston Smith, American businessman and politician, 40th Governor of Texas (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – Manuel Vázquez Montalbán, Spanish journalist, author, and critic (b. 1939)
  • 2005 – Johnny Haynes, English-Scottish footballer (b. 1934)
  • 2005 – Bill King, American sportscaster (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Mario Francesco Pompedda, Italian cardinal (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Anna Russell, English-Canadian singer and actress (b. 1911)
  • 2006 – Laurie Taitt, Guyanese-English hurdler (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Alan Coren, English journalist and author (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – William J. Crowe, American admiral and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Vincent DeDomenico, American businessman, founded the Napa Valley Wine Train (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Lucky Dube, South African singer-songwriter and keyboard player (b. 1964)
  • 2008 – Dee Dee Warwick, American singer (b. 1945)
  • 2009 – Adriaan Kortlandt, Dutch ethologist and biologist (b. 1918)
  • 2009 – Nancy Spero, American painter and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2010 – Marion Brown, American saxophonist and musicologist (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Brain Damage, American wrestler (b. 1977)
  • 2012 – Sylvia Kristel, Dutch model and actress (b. 1952)
  • 2012 – Slater Martin, American basketball player and coach (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – George Mattos, American pole vaulter (b. 1929)
  • 2012 – Albert Lee Ueltschi, American pilot and businessman, founded FlightSafety International (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – David S. Ware, American saxophonist and composer (b. 1949)
  • 2013 – Tom Foley, American lawyer and politician, 57th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Bum Phillips, American football player and coach (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Allan Stanley, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Bill Young, American sergeant and politician (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Mariano Lebrón Saviñón, Dominican author and academic (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Edward Regan, American academic and politician (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Sidney Shapiro, American-Chinese author and translator (b. 1915)
  • 2015 – Robert Dickerson, Australian painter (b. 1924)
  • 2015 – Gamal El-Ghitani, Egyptian journalist and author (b. 1945)
  • 2015 – Robert W. Farquhar, American engineer (b. 1932)
  • 2015 – Frank Watkins, American bass player (b. 1968)
  • 2015 – Paul West, English-American author, poet, and academic (b. 1930)

Holidays and observances[edit]

  • Alaska Day (Alaska, United States)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Justus of Beauvais
    • Luke the Evangelist
    • Peter of Alcantara, can also be celebrated on October 19.
    • October 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Independence Day (Azerbaijan), celebrates the independence of Azerbaijan from the Soviet Union in 1991.
  • Necktie Day (Croatia)
  • Persons Day (Canada)
  • World Menopause Day

October 1- History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 91 days remain until the end of the year.

It is the first day of the fourth quarter of the year.

October 1 in history

  • 331 BC – Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela.
  • 366 – Pope Damasus I is consecrated.
  • 959 – Edgar the Peaceful becomes king of all England, in succession to Eadwig.
  • 965 – Pope John XIII is consecrated.
  • 1553 – Coronation of Queen Mary I of England.
  • 1588 – Coronation of Shah Abbas I of Persia.
  • 1730 – Ahmed III is forced to abdicate as the Ottoman sultan.
  • 1787 – Russians under Alexander Suvorov defeat the Turks at Kinburn.
  • 1791 – First session of the French Legislative Assembly.
  • 1795 – More than a year after the Battle of Sprimont, the Austrian Netherlands (present-day Belgium) are officially annexed by Revolutionary France.
  • 1800 – Via the Third Treaty of San Ildefonso, Spain cedes Louisiana to France, which would sell the land to the United States thirty months later.
  • 1814 – Opening of the Congress of Vienna, intended to redraw Europe’s political map after the defeat of Napoleon the previous spring.
  • 1827 – Russo-Persian War: The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination of Armenia.
  • 1829 – South African College is founded in Cape Town, South Africa. It will later separate into the University of Cape Town and the South African College Schools.
  • 1832 – Texian political delegates convene at San Felipe de Austin to petition for changes in the governance of Mexican Texas.
  • 1843 – The News of the World tabloid begins publication in London, UK.
  • 1861 – Mrs Beeton’s Book of Household Management is published, going on to sell 60,000 copies in its first year and remaining in print until the present day
  • 1887 – Balochistan is conquered by the British Empire.
  • 1890 – Yosemite National Park is established by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1891 – Stanford University opens its doors in California, United States.
  • 1898 – The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name k.u.k. Exportakademie.
  • 1903 – Baseball: The Boston Americans play the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first game of the modern World Series.
  • 1908 – Ford Model T automobiles are offered for sale at a price of US$825.
  • 1910 – A large bomb destroys the Los Angeles Times building, killing 21.
  • 1918 – World War I: The Egyptian Expeditionary Force captures Damascus.
  • 1918 – Sayid Abdullah becomes the last Khan of Khiva.
  • 1928 – The Soviet Union introduces its first five-year plan.
  • 1931 – The George Washington Bridge in the United States, linking New Jersey and New York, is opened.
  • 1931 – Clara Campoamor persuades the Constituent Cortes to enfranchise women in Spain’s new constitution.
  • 1936 – Francisco Franco is named head of the Nationalist government of Spain.
  • 1938 – Germany annexes the Sudetenland.
  • 1939 – World War II: After a one-month siege, German troops occupy Warsaw.
  • 1940 – The Pennsylvania Turnpike, often considered the first superhighway in the United States, opens to traffic.
  • 1942 – World War II: USS Grouper torpedoes Lisbon Maru, not knowing that she is carrying British prisoners of war from Hong Kong.
  • 1943 – World War II: After the Four Days of Naples, Allied troops enter the city.
  • 1946 – Nazi leaders are sentenced at the Nuremberg trials.
  • 1946 – The Daegu October Incident occurs in Allied-occupied Korea.
  • 1947 – The North American F-86 Sabre flies for the first time.
  • 1949 – The People’s Republic of China is established.
  • 1953 – Andhra State is formed, consisting of a Telugu-speaking area carved out of India’s Madras State.
  • 1953 – A Mutual Defense Treaty Between the United States and the Republic of Korea is concluded in Washington, D.C.
  • 1955 – The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region is established.
  • 1957 – First appearance of In God we trust on U.S. paper currency.
  • 1958 – The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics is replaced by NASA.
  • 1960 – Nigeria gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1961 – The United States Defense Intelligence Agency is formed, becoming the country’s first centralized military intelligence organization.
  • 1961 – East and West Cameroon merge to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon.
  • 1964 – The Free Speech Movement is launched on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley.
  • 1964 – Japanese Shinkansen (“bullet trains”) begin high-speed rail service from Tokyo to Osaka.
  • 1966 – West Coast Airlines Flight 956 crashes with no survivors in Oregon. This accident marks the first loss of a DC-9.
  • 1968 – Guyana nationalizes the British Guiana Broadcasting Service, which would eventually become part of the National Communications Network, Guyana.
  • 1969 – Concorde breaks the sound barrier for the first time.
  • 1971 – Walt Disney World opens near Orlando, Florida.
  • 1971 – The first practical CT scanner is used to diagnose a patient.
  • 1975 – Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines.
  • 1978 – Tuvalu gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1979 – Pope John Paul II begins his first pastoral visit to the United States.
  • 1979 – The MTR, the rapid transit railway system in Hong Kong, opens.
  • 1982 – Helmut Kohl replaces Helmut Schmidt as Chancellor of Germany through a constructive vote of no confidence.
  • 1982 – Epcot opens at Walt Disney World in Florida.
  • 1982 – Sony and Phillips launch the compact disc in Japan. On the same day, Sony released the model CDP-101 compact disc player, the first player of its kind.
  • 1985 – Israel-Palestinian conflict: Israel attacks the Palestine Liberation Organization headquarters in Tunisia during “Operation Wooden Leg”.
  • 1987 – The 5.9 Mw  Whittier Narrows earthquake shakes the San Gabriel Valley with a Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), killing eight and injuring 200.
  • 1989 – Denmark introduces the world’s first legal same-sex registered partnerships.
  • 1991 – Croatian War of Independence: The Siege of Dubrovnik begins.
  • 1994 – Palau enters a Compact of Free Association with the United States.
  • 2000 – Israel-Palestinian conflict: Palestinians protest the murder of 12-year-old Muhammad al-Durrah by the Israeli police in northern Israel, beginning the “October 2000 events”.
  • 2001 – Militants attack the state legislature building in Kashmir, killing 38.
  • 2009 – The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom takes over the judicial functions of the House of Lords.
  • 2012 – A ferry collision off the coast of Hong Kong kills 38 people and injures 102 others.
  • 2014 – A series of explosions at a gunpowder plant in Bulgaria completely destroys the factory, killing 15 people.
  • 2014 – A double bombing of an elementary school in Homs, Syria kills over 50 people.
  • 2015 – A gunman kills nine people at a community college in Oregon.
  • 2015 – Heavy rains trigger a major landslide in Guatemala, killing 280 people.
  • 2017 – An independence referendum, declared illegal by the Constitutional Court of Spain, takes place in Catalonia.
  • 2017 – Fifty-eight people are killed and 869 others injured in a mass shooting at a country music festival at the Las Vegas Strip in the United States; the gunman, Stephen Paddock, later commits suicide.

Births in October 1

  • 86 BC – Sallust, Roman historian (d. 34 BC)
  • 208 – Alexander Severus, Roman emperor (d. 235)
  • 1207 – Henry III of England (d. 1272)
  • 1476 – Guy XVI, Count of Laval (d. 1531)
  • 1480 – Saint Cajetan, Italian Catholic priest and religious reformer (d. 1547)
  • 1507 – Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Italian architect, designed the Church of the Gesù (d. 1573)
  • 1526 – Dorothy Stafford, English noble (d. 1604)
  • 1540 – Johann Jakob Grynaeus, Swiss pastor and theologian (d. 1617)
  • 1542 – Álvaro de Mendaña de Neira, Spanish explorer (d. 1595)
  • 1550 – Anne of Saint Bartholomew, Spanish Discalced Carmelite nun (d. 1626)
  • 1554 – Leonardus Lessius, Jesuit theologian (d. 1623)
  • 1620 – Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem, Dutch painter (d. 1683)
  • 1671 – Luigi Guido Grandi, Italian monk, mathematician, and engineer (d. 1742)
  • 1685 – Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1740)
  • 1691 – Arthur Onslow, English lawyer and politician, Speaker of the House of Commons (d. 1768)
  • 1712 – William Shippen, American physician and politician (d. 1801)
  • 1719 – John Bligh, 3rd Earl of Darnley, British parliamentarian (d. 1781)
  • 1724 – Giovanni Battista Cirri, Italian cellist and composer (d. 1808)
  • 1729 – Anton Cajetan Adlgasser, German organist and composer (d. 1777)
  • 1730 – Richard Stockton, American lawyer, jurist, and politician (d. 1781)
  • 1760 – William Thomas Beckford, English author and politician (d. 1844)
  • 1762 – Anton Bernolák, Slovak priest and linguist (d. 1813)
  • 1771 – Pierre Baillot, French violinist and composer (d. 1842)
  • 1791 – Sergey Aksakov, Russian soldier and author (d. 1859)
  • 1808 – Mary Anna Custis Lee, American wife of Robert E. Lee (d. 1873)
  • 1832 – Caroline Harrison, American educator, 24th First Lady of the United States (d. 1892)
  • 1832 – Henry Clay Work, American composer and songwriter (d. 1884)
  • 1835 – Ádám Politzer, Hungarian-Austrian physician and anatomist (d. 1920)
  • 1842 – S. Subramania Iyer, Indian lawyer and jurist (d. 1924)
  • 1842 – Charles Cros, French poet and author (d. 1888)
  • 1846 – Nectarios of Aegina, Greek metropolitan and saint (d. 1920)
  • 1847 – Annie Besant, English-Indian activist and author (d. 1933)
  • 1865 – Paul Dukas, French composer, scholar, and critic (d. 1935)
  • 1878 – Othmar Spann, Austrian economist, sociologist, and philosopher (d. 1950)
  • 1881 – William Boeing, American engineer and businessman, founded the Boeing Company (d. 1956)
  • 1885 – Louis Untermeyer, American poet, anthologist, critic (d. 1977)
  • 1887 – Ned Hanlon, Australian politician, 26th Premier of Queensland (d. 1952)
  • 1887 – Shizuichi Tanaka, Japanese general (d. 1945)
  • 1890 – Stanley Holloway, English actor (d. 1982)
  • 1893 – Cliff Friend, American pianist and songwriter (d. 1974)
  • 1893 – Ip Man, Chinese martial artist (d. 1972)
  • 1894 – Edgar Krahn, Estonian mathematician and academic (d. 1961)
  • 1895 – Liaquat Ali Khan, Indian-Pakistani lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 1951)
  • 1896 – Ted Healy, American actor, singer, and screenwriter (d. 1937)
  • 1899 – Ernest Haycox, American author (d. 1950)
  • 1900 – Tom Goddard, English cricketer (d. 1966)
  • 1903 – Vladimir Horowitz, Russian-born American pianist and composer (d. 1989)
  • 1903 – Pierre Veyron, French race car driver (d. 1970)
  • 1904 – Otto Robert Frisch, Austrian-English physicist and academic (d. 1979)
  • 1904 – A. K. Gopalan, Indian educator and politician (d. 1977)
  • 1906 – S. D. Burman, Indian composer and singer (d. 1975)
  • 1907 – Maurice Bardèche, French journalist, author, and critic (d. 1998)
  • 1907 – Ödön Pártos, Hungarian-Israeli viola player and composer (d. 1977)
  • 1908 – Herman David Koppel, Danish pianist and composer (d. 1998)
  • 1909 – Sam Yorty, American captain and politician, 37th Mayor of Los Angeles (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Bonnie Parker, American criminal (d. 1934)
  • 1910 – Fritz Köberle, Austrian-Brazilian physician and pathologist (d. 1983)
  • 1910 – José Enrique Moyal, Australian physicist and engineer (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Chaim Pinchas Scheinberg, Polish-Israeli rabbi and scholar (d. 2012)
  • 1911 – Irwin Kostal, American songwriter, screenwriter, and publisher (d. 1994)
  • 1911 – Heinrich Mark, Estonian lawyer and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Estonia in exile (d. 2004)
  • 1912 – Kathleen Ollerenshaw, English mathematician, astronomer, and politician, Lord Mayor of Manchester (d. 2014)
  • 1913 – Hélio Gracie, Brazilian martial artist (d. 2009)
  • 1913 – Harry Lookofsky, American violinist and producer (d. 1998)
  • 1914 – Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian, lawyer, and author, 12th Librarian of Congress (d. 2004)
  • 1915 – Jerome Bruner, American psychologist and author (d. 2016)
  • 1917 – Cahal Daly, Irish cardinal and theologian (d. 2009)
  • 1919 – Bob Boyd, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1919 – Majrooh Sultanpuri, Indian poet and songwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – David Herbert Donald, American historian and author (d. 2009)
  • 1920 – Walter Matthau, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – James Whitmore, American actor (d. 2009)
  • 1922 – Chen-Ning Yang, Chinese-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1924 – Jimmy Carter, American naval lieutenant and politician, 39th President of the United States, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1924 – Bob Geigel, American wrestler and promoter (d. 2014)
  • 1924 – Leonie Kramer, Australian academic (d. 2016)
  • 1924 – William Rehnquist, American lawyer and jurist, 16th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Roger Williams, American pianist (d. 2011)
  • 1927 – Tom Bosley, American actor (d. 2010)
  • 1927 – Sherman Glenn Finesilver, American lawyer and judge (d. 2006)
  • 1927 – Sandy Gall, Malaysian-Scottish journalist and author
  • 1928 – Laurence Harvey, Lithuanian-English actor, director, and producer (d. 1973)
  • 1928 – Willy Mairesse, Belgian race car driver (d. 1969)
  • 1928 – George Peppard, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1928 – Zhu Rongji, Chinese engineer and politician, 5th Premier of the People’s Republic of China
  • 1929 – Ken Arthurson, Australian rugby player and coach
  • 1929 – Grady Chapman, American singer (d. 2011)
  • 1929 – Bonnie Owens, American singer-songwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1930 – Frank Gardner, Australian race car driver and manager (d. 2009)
  • 1930 – Richard Harris, Irish actor (d. 2002)
  • 1930 – Naimatullah Khan, Pakistani lawyer and politician, Mayor of Karachi
  • 1930 – Philippe Noiret, French actor (d. 2006)
  • 1931 – Sylvano Bussotti, Italian violinist and composer
  • 1931 – Anwar Shamim, Pakistani general (d. 2013)
  • 1931 – Alan Wagner, American radio host and critic (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Albert Collins, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1993)
  • 1934 – Emilio Botín, Spanish banker and businessman (d. 2014)
  • 1935 – Julie Andrews, English actress and singer
  • 1935 – Walter De Maria, American sculptor and drummer (d. 2013)
  • 1936 – Duncan Edwards, English footballer (d. 1958)
  • 1937 – Saeed Ahmed, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1938 – Tunç Başaran, Turkish actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2019)
  • 1938 – Mary McFadden, American fashion designer
  • 1938 – Stella Stevens, American actress and director
  • 1939 – George Archer, American golfer (d. 2005)
  • 1939 – Geoffrey Whitehead, English actor
  • 1940 – Steve O’Rourke, English race car driver and manager (d. 2003)
  • 1940 – Marc Savoy, American accordion player, created the Cajun accordion
  • 1940 – Phyllis Chesler, American feminist psychologist, and author of the best-seller, Women and Madness (1972)
  • 1942 – Herb Fame, American R&B singer
  • 1942 – Jean-Pierre Jabouille, French race car driver and engineer
  • 1942 – Robert Lelièvre, French singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1973)
  • 1942 – David Stancliffe, English bishop and scholar
  • 1942 – Günter Wallraff, German journalist and author
  • 1943 – Jean-Jacques Annaud, French director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1943 – Angèle Arsenault, Canadian singer-songwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1943 – Jerry Martini, American saxophonist
  • 1943 – Robert Slater, American author and journalist (d. 2014)
  • 1945 – Rod Carew, Panamanian-American baseball player and coach
  • 1945 – Donny Hathaway, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (d. 1979)
  • 1946 – Dave Holland, English bassist, composer, and bandleader
  • 1946 – Tim O’Brien, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1947 – Dave Arneson, American game designer, co-created Dungeons & Dragons (d. 2009)
  • 1947 – Dalveer Bhandari, Indian lawyer and judge
  • 1947 – Buzz Capra, American baseball player and coach
  • 1947 – Aaron Ciechanover, Israeli biologist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1947 – Stephen Collins, American actor and director
  • 1947 – Nevill Drury, English-Australian journalist and publisher (d. 2013)
  • 1947 – Adriano Tilgher, Italian politician
  • 1947 – Martin Turner, English singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1947 – Mariska Veres, Dutch singer (d. 2006)
  • 1948 – Cub Koda, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2000)
  • 1949 – Isaac Bonewits, American singer-songwriter, liturgist, and author (d. 2010)
  • 1949 – Sheila Gilmore, Scottish lawyer and politician
  • 1949 – André Rieu, Dutch violinist, composer, and conductor
  • 1950 – Elpida, Greek singer-songwriter
  • 1950 – Susan Greenfield, Baroness Greenfield, English neuroscientist, academic, and politician
  • 1950 – Mark Helias, American bassist and composer
  • 1950 – Sigbjørn Johnsen, Norwegian politician, Norwegian Minister of Finance
  • 1950 – Boris Morukov, Russian physician and astronaut (d. 2015)
  • 1950 – Randy Quaid, American actor
  • 1951 – Brian Greenway, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1952 – Jacques Martin, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager
  • 1952 – Bob Myrick, American baseball player (d. 2012)
  • 1952 – Ivan Sekyra, Czech singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2012)
  • 1952 – Earl Slick, American rock guitarist and songwriter
  • 1953 – Pete Falcone, American baseball player
  • 1953 – Viljar Loor, Estonian volleyball player (d. 2011)
  • 1953 – Miguel Lopez, Salvadorian-American soccer player
  • 1953 – Grete Waitz, Norwegian runner and coach (d. 2011)
  • 1953 – Klaus Wowereit, German civil servant and politician, Governing Mayor of Berlin
  • 1955 – Howard Hewett, American R&B singer-songwriter
  • 1955 – Morten Gunnar Larsen, Norwegian pianist and composer
  • 1955 – Jeff Reardon, American baseball player
  • 1956 – Andrus Ansip, Estonian engineer and politician, 15th Prime Minister of Estonia
  • 1956 – Theresa May, English politician, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 1957 – Kang Seok-woo, South Korean actor
  • 1957 – Éva Tardos, Hungarian mathematician and educator
  • 1958 – Martin Cooper, English saxophonist, composer, and painter
  • 1958 – Masato Nakamura, Japanese bass player and producer
  • 1959 – Mark Aizlewood, Welsh footballer and manager
  • 1959 – Brian P. Cleary, American author and poet
  • 1959 – Youssou N’Dour, Senegalese singer-songwriter, musician, and politician
  • 1960 – Joshua Wurman, American scientist, DOW inventor and storm chaser
  • 1961 – Gary Ablett, Sr., Australian footballer
  • 1961 – Rico Constantino, American wrestler and manager
  • 1961 – Corrie van Zyl, South African cricketer and coach
  • 1962 – Attaphol Buspakom, Thai footballer and manager (d. 2015)
  • 1962 – Nico Claesen, Belgian footballer and coach
  • 1962 – Esai Morales, American actor
  • 1962 – Paul Walsh, English footballer and sportscaster
  • 1963 – Jean-Denis Délétraz, Swiss race car driver
  • 1963 – Mark McGwire, American baseball player and coach
  • 1964 – Max Matsuura, Japanese songwriter, producer, and manager
  • 1964 – Jonathan Sarfati, Australian-New Zealand chess player and author
  • 1964 – Christopher Titus, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1964 – Harry Hill, English comedian and author
  • 1965 – Andreas Keller, German field hockey player
  • 1965 – Chris Reason, Australian journalist
  • 1965 – Cliff Ronning, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1965 – Mia Mottley, Barbadian prime minister
  • 1966 – George Weah, Liberian footballer and politician, 25th President of Liberia
  • 1966 – José Ángel Ziganda, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1967 – Mike Pringle, American-Canadian football player
  • 1967 – Scott Young, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1968 – Sacha Dean Biyan, Canadian photographer and journalist
  • 1968 – Rob Collard, English race car driver
  • 1968 – Mark Durden-Smith, British television presenter
  • 1968 – Phil de Glanville, English rugby player
  • 1968 – Kevin Griffin, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1968 – Jon Guenther, American author and engineer
  • 1968 – Jay Underwood, American actor and pastor
  • 1969 – Zach Galifianakis, American actor, comedian, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1969 – Joseph Patrick Moore, American musician, composer and producer
  • 1969 – Ori Kaplan, Israeli-American saxophonist and producer
  • 1969 – Marcus Stephen, Nauruan weightlifter and politician, 27th President of Nauru
  • 1969 – Igor Ulanov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Simon Davey, Welsh footballer and manager
  • 1970 – Alexei Zhamnov, Russian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1971 – Yvette Hermundstad, Swedish journalist
  • 1971 – Andrew O’Keefe, Australian lawyer and television host
  • 1971 – Jim Serdaris, Australian rugby league player
  • 1972 – Ronen Altman Kaydar, Israeli author and poet
  • 1972 – Jean Paulo Fernandes, Brazilian footballer
  • 1972 – Esa Holopainen, Finnish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1972 – Nicky Morgan, British politician
  • 1973 – Christian Borle, American actor and singer
  • 1973 – Rachid Chékhémani, French runner
  • 1973 – Jana Henke, German swimmer
  • 1973 – John Mackey, American composer
  • 1973 – John Thomson, American baseball player and coach
  • 1974 – Keith Duffy, Irish singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor
  • 1974 – Nick Graham, Australian rugby player
  • 1974 – Mats Lindgren, Swedish ice hockey player and coach
  • 1975 – Justin Leppitsch, Australian rules footballer
  • 1975 – Zoltán Sebescen, German footballer and coach
  • 1976 – Denis Gauthier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Ümit Karan, Turkish footballer
  • 1976 – Richard Oakes, English guitarist and songwriter
  • 1976 – Antonio Roybal, American painter and sculptor
  • 1976 – Mark Švets, Estonian footballer
  • 1977 – Christel Takigawa, French-Japanese journalist
  • 1977 – Jeffrey van Hooydonk, Belgian race car driver
  • 1978 – Nicole Atkins, American singer-songwriter
  • 1978 – Leticia Cline, American model and journalist
  • 1978 – Joe Keith, English footballer
  • 1978 – Dominic Thornely, Australian cricketer
  • 1979 – Curtis Axel, American wrestler
  • 1979 – Rudi Johnson, American football player
  • 1979 – Gilberto Martínez, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1979 – Ryan Pontbriand, American football player
  • 1979 – Marko Stanojevic, English-Italian rugby player
  • 1980 – Sarah Drew, American actress
  • 1980 – Antonio Narciso, Italian footballer
  • 1981 – Júlio Baptista, Brazilian footballer
  • 1981 – Tom Donnelly, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1981 – Rupert Friend, English actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1981 – Gaby Mudingayi, Belgian footballer
  • 1981 – Johnny Oduya, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Arnau Riera, Spanish footballer
  • 1981 – David Yelldell, German-American soccer player
  • 1982 – Haruna Babangida, Nigerian footballer
  • 1982 – Aleksandar Đuričić, Serbian author and playwright
  • 1983 – Mohamed Abdelwahab, Egyptian footballer (d. 2006)
  • 1983 – Mirko Vučinić, Montenegrin footballer
  • 1984 – Beck Bennett, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1984 – Matt Cain, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Daniel Guillén Ruiz, Spanish footballer
  • 1985 – Nazimuddin Ahmed, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1985 – Tim Deasy, English footballer
  • 1986 – Ricardo Vaz Tê, Portuguese footballer
  • 1986 – Justin Westhoff, Australian footballer
  • 1987 – Hiroki Aiba, Japanese actor and singer
  • 1987 – Lionel Ainsworth, English footballer
  • 1987 – Mitchell Aubusson, Australian rugby league player
  • 1989 – Brie Larson, American actress
  • 1990 – Jan Kirchhoff, German footballer
  • 1990 – Pedro Filipe Mendes, Portuguese footballer
  • 1990 – Albert Prosa, Estonian footballer
  • 1991 – Conor Clifford, Irish footballer
  • 1991 – Rain Veideman, Estonian basketball player
  • 1992 – Xander Bogaerts, Aruban baseball player
  • 1995 – Lauren Hill, American basketball player (d. 2015)

Deaths in October 1

  • 630 – Tajoom Uk’ab K’ahk’, Mayan king
  • 686 – Emperor Tenmu of Japan (b. 631)
  • 804 – Richbod, archbishop of Trier
  • 895 – Kong Wei, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty
  • 918 – Zhou, empress of Former Shu
  • 959 – Eadwig, English king (b. 941)
  • 961 – Artald, archbishop of Reims
  • 1040 – Alan III, Duke of Brittany (b. 997)
  • 1126 – Morphia of Melitene, Queen of Jerusalem
  • 1310 – Beatrice of Burgundy, Lady of Bourbon (b. 1257)
  • 1404 – Pope Boniface IX (b. 1356)
  • 1416 – Yaqub Spata, Albanian ruler
  • 1450 – Leonello d’Este, Marquis of Ferrara, Italian noble (b. 1407)
  • 1499 – Marsilio Ficino, Italian astrologer and philosopher (b. 1433)
  • 1500 – John Alcock, English bishop and politician, Lord Chancellor of the United Kingdom (b. 1430)
  • 1532 – Jan Mabuse, Flemish painter
  • 1567 – Pietro Carnesecchi, Italian humanist (b. 1508)
  • 1570 – Frans Floris, Flemish painter (b. 1520)
  • 1574 – Maarten van Heemskerck, Dutch painter (b. 1498)
  • 1578 – John of Austria (b. 1547)
  • 1588 – Edward James, English priest and martyr (b. 1557)
  • 1602 – Hernando de Cabezón, Spanish organist and composer (b. 1541)
  • 1609 – Giammateo Asola, Italian priest and composer (b. 1532)
  • 1652 – Jan Asselijn, Dutch painter (d. 1610)
  • 1684 – Pierre Corneille, French playwright (b. 1606)
  • 1693 – Pedro Abarca, Spanish theologian and academic (b. 1619)
  • 1708 – John Blow, English organist and composer (b. 1649)
  • 1768 – Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician and academic (b. 1687)
  • 1788 – William Brodie, Scottish businessman and politician (b. 1741)
  • 1837 – Robert Clark, American politician (b. 1777)
  • 1838 – Charles Tennant, Scottish chemist and businessman (b. 1768)
  • 1864 – Rose O’Neal Greenhow, American spy (b. 1817)
  • 1878 – Mindon Min, Burmese king (b. 1808)
  • 1885 – John Light Atlee, American physician and surgeon (b. 1799)
  • 1901 – Abdur Rahman Khan, Afghan emir (b. 1844)
  • 1913 – Eugene O’Keefe, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1827)
  • 1929 – Antoine Bourdelle, French sculptor and painter (b. 1861)
  • 1940 – Chiungtze C. Tsen, Chinese mathematician (b. 1898)
  • 1942 – Ants Piip, Estonian lawyer and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Estonia (b. 1884)
  • 1950 – Faik Ali Ozansoy, Turkish poet, educator, and politician (b. 1876)
  • 1951 – Peter McWilliam, Scottish-English footballer and manager (b. 1878)
  • 1953 – John Marin, American painter (b. 1870)
  • 1955 – Charles Christie, American film producer, founded Christie Film Company (b. 1880)
  • 1957 – Abdülhalik Renda, Turkish civil servant and politician, 6th Turkish Minister of National Defence (b. 1881)
  • 1958 – Robert Falk, Russian painter and educator (b. 1886)
  • 1959 – Enrico De Nicola, Italian journalist, lawyer, and politician, 1st President of Italy (b. 1877)
  • 1961 – Ludwig Bemelmans, Italian-American author and illustrator (b. 1898)
  • 1970 – Raúl Riganti, Argentinian race car driver (b. 1893)
  • 1972 – Louis Leakey, Kenyan-English archaeologist and paleontologist (b. 1903)
  • 1974 – Spyridon Marinatos, Greek archaeologist and academic (b. 1901)
  • 1975 – Al Jackson, Jr., American drummer, songwriter, and producer (b. 1935)
  • 1984 – Walter Alston, American baseball player and manager (b. 1911)
  • 1985 – Ninian Sanderson, Scottish race car driver (b. 1925)
  • 1985 – E. B. White, American essayist and journalist (b. 1899)
  • 1986 – Archie League, American air traffic controller (b. 1907)
  • 1988 – Sacheverell Sitwell, English author, poet, and critic (b. 1897)
  • 1990 – Curtis LeMay, American general (b. 1906)
  • 1992 – Petra Kelly, German activist and politician (b. 1947)
  • 1994 – Paul Lorenzen, German mathematician and philosopher (b. 1915)
  • 1997 – Jerome H. Lemelson, American engineer and philanthropist (b. 1923)
  • 2002 – Walter Annenberg, American publisher and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom (b. 1908)
  • 2004 – Richard Avedon, American photographer (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Bruce Palmer, Canadian bass player (b. 1946)
  • 2004 – Robert Vaidlo, Estonian journalist and author (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Fawaz al-Rabeiee, Saudi Arabian terrorist (b. 1979)
  • 2006 – Jerald Tanner, American author and activist (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Ronnie Hazlehurst, English conductor and composer (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Chris Mainwaring, Australian footballer and journalist (b. 1965)
  • 2007 – Al Oerter, American discus thrower (b. 1936)
  • 2008 – John Biddle, American cinematographer (b. 1925)
  • 2009 – Cintio Vitier, Cuban poet and author (b. 1921)
  • 2010 – Ian Buxton, English footballer and cricketer (b. 1938)
  • 2011 – Sven Tumba, Swedish ice hockey player and golfer (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Octavio Getino, Spanish-Argentinian director and screenwriter (b. 1935)
  • 2012 – Eric Hobsbawm, Egyptian-English historian and author (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Mark R. Kravitz, American lawyer and judge (b. 1950)
  • 2012 – Moshe Sanbar, Hungarian-Israeli economist and banker (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Shlomo Venezia, Greek-Italian Holocaust survivor and author (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Arnold Burns, American lawyer and politician, 21st United States Deputy Attorney General (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Tom Clancy, American author (b. 1947)
  • 2013 – Imero Fiorentino, American lighting designer (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Israel Gutman, Polish-Israeli historian and author (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Ole Danbolt Mjøs, Norwegian physician, academic, and politician (b. 1939)
  • 2013 – Jim Rountree, American football player and coach (b. 1936)
  • 2014 – Lynsey de Paul, English singer-songwriter, pianist, and actress (b. 1948)
  • 2014 – Shlomo Lahat, Israeli general and politician (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – José Martínez, Cuban-American baseball player and coach (b. 1942)
  • 2014 – Robert Serra, Venezuelan criminologist and politician (b. 1987)
  • 2015 – Božo Bakota, Croatian footballer (b. 1950)
  • 2015 – Don Edwards, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (b. 1915)
  • 2015 – Hadi Norouzi, Iranian footballer (b. 1985)
  • 2015 – Jacob Pressman, American rabbi and academic, co-founded American Jewish University (b. 1919)
  • 2017 – Dave Strader, American sportscaster (b. 1955)
  • 2018 – Charles Aznavour, French-Armenian singer, composer, writer, filmmaker and public figure (b. 1924)
  • 2019 – Karel Gott, Сzeсh singer (b. 1939)

Holidays and observances in October 1

  • Armed Forces Day (South Korea)
  • Beginning of the United States’ Fiscal Year
  • Children’s Day (El Salvador, Guatemala, Sri Lanka); celebrated on the first Friday of October (Singapore), assignation and recognition on the first Wednesday of October (Chile)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Abai (Syriac Orthodox Church)
    • Bavo of Ghent
    • Blessed Edward James
    • Nicetius (Roman Catholic Church)
    • Remigius
    • Thérèse of Lisieux
    • Protection/Patronage of the Theotokos (Eastern Catholic Churches)
    • October 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of Prosecutors (Azerbaijan)
  • Earliest day on which Teacher’s Day can fall, while October 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Sunday of October. (Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Ukraine)
  • Earliest day on which World Habitat Day can fall, while October 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Monday of October. (International)
  • Ground Forces Day (Russia)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Cyprus from United Kingdom in 1960.
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Nigeria from United Kingdom in 1960.
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Palau from the UN Trust Territory status in 1994.
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Tuvalu from United Kingdom in 1978.
  • International Day of Older Persons
  • Lincolnshire Day (United Kingdom)
  • National Day of the People’s Republic of China (People’s Republic of China)
  • Pancasila Sanctity Day (Indonesia)
  • Teacher’s Day (Uzbekistan)
  • Unification Day (Cameroon)

October 2- History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

October 2 is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 90 days remain until the end of the year.

October 2 in history

  • 829 – Theophilos succeeds his father Michael II as Byzantine Emperor.
  • 939 – Battle of Andernach: Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, crushes a rebellion against his rule, by a coalition of Eberhard of Franconia and other Frankish dukes.
  • 1187 – Siege of Jerusalem: Saladin captures Jerusalem after 88 years of Crusader rule.
  • 1263 – The Battle of Largs is fought between Norwegians and Scots.
  • 1470 – The Earl of Warwick’s rebellion forces King Edward IV of England to flee to the Netherlands, restoring Henry VI to the throne.
  • 1528 – William Tyndale publishes The Obedience of a Christian Man, which advocates the divine right of kings.
  • 1535 – Jacques Cartier discovers the present site of Montreal.
  • 1552 – Russo-Kazan Wars: Russian troops enter Kazan.
  • 1780 – American Revolutionary War: John André, a British Army officer, is hanged as a spy by the Continental Army.
  • 1789 – The United States Bill of Rights is sent to the various States for ratification.
  • 1814 – Chilean War of Independence: Royalist troops defeat Chilean forces of Bernardo O’Higgins and José Miguel Carrera.
  • 1835 – Texas Revolution: Mexican troops attempt to disarm the people of Gonzales, but encounter stiff resistance from a hastily assembled militia.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Confederates defeat a Union attack on Saltville, Virginia. A massacre of wounded Union prisoners (most of them are from a Black cavalry unit) ensues.
  • 1870 – A plebiscite held in Rome, supports annexation of city of Rome by the Kingdom of Italy.
  • 1919 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson suffers a massive stroke, leaving him incapacitated for several weeks.
  • 1928 – The “Prelature of the Holy Cross and the Work of God”, commonly known as Opus Dei, is founded.
  • 1937 – Rafael Trujillo orders the execution of Haitians living in the northwestern region of the Dominican Republic.
  • 1941 – World War II: In Operation Typhoon, the Wehrmacht attempts to capture Moscow before the onset of winter.
  • 1942 – World War II: Ocean Liner RMS Queen Mary accidentally rams and sinks HMS Curacoa, killing 337 crewmen aboard Curacoa.
  • 1944 – World War II: German troops end the Warsaw Uprising.
  • 1958 – Guinea declares its independence from France.
  • 1959 – Rod Serling’s anthology series The Twilight Zone premieres on CBS. The first episode is “Where Is Everybody?”
  • 1967 – Thurgood Marshall is sworn in as the first African-American justice of the United States Supreme Court.
  • 1968 – Mexican President Gustavo Díaz Ordaz orders soldiers to suppress a demonstration of unarmed students, ten days before the start of the 1968 Summer Olympics.
  • 1970 – An aircraft carrying the Wichita State University football team, administrators, and supporters crashes in Colorado, killing 31 people.
  • 1980 – Michael Myers becomes the first member of either chamber of Congress to be expelled since the Civil War.
  • 1990 – Xiamen Airlines Flight 8301 is hijacked and lands at Guangzhou, where it crashes into two other airliners on the ground, killing 128.
  • 1992 – Military police storm the Carandiru Penitentiary in São Paulo, Brazil during a prison riot. The resulting massacre leaves 111 prisoners dead.
  • 1996 – Aeroperú Flight 603 crashes into the ocean near Peru, killing all 70 people on board.
  • 1996 – The Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments are signed by U.S. President Bill Clinton.
  • 2000 – The Rijndael algorithm is chosen by NIST as the AES standard.
  • 2002 – The Beltway sniper attacks begin, extending over three weeks.
  • 2004 – The first parkrun, then known as the Bushy Park Time Trial, takes place in Bushy Park, London, UK.
  • 2006 – Five Amish girls are murdered in a shooting at a school in Pennsylvania, United States.
  • 2007 – President Roh Moo-hyun of South Korea goes to North Korea for an Inter-Korean summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong-il.
  • 2016 – Ethiopian protests break out during a festival in the Oromia region, killing dozens of people.

Births in October 2

  • 1452 – Richard III of England (d. 1485)
  • 1470 – Isabella of Aragon, Duchess of Milan (d. 1524)
  • 1470 – Isabella of Aragon, Queen of Portugal, Daughter of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon (d. 1498)
  • 1527 – William Drury, English politician (d. 1579)
  • 1538 – Charles Borromeo, Italian cardinal and saint (d. 1584)
  • 1589 – Muhammad Parviz, Mughal Empire emperor (d. 1626)
  • 1644 – François-Timoléon de Choisy, French historian and author (d. 1724)
  • 1704 – František Tůma, Czech organist and composer (d. 1774)
  • 1718 – Elizabeth Montagu, English author and critic (d. 1800)
  • 1727 – Ignaz Schiffermüller, Austrian entomologist and academic (d. 1806)
  • 1768 – William Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, English general and politician (d. 1854)
  • 1798 – Charles Albert, King of Sardinia (1831–49) (d. 1849)
  • 1800 – Nat Turner, American slave and uprising leader (d. 1831)
  • 1815 – James Agnew, Northern Irish-Australian politician, 16th Premier of Tasmania (d. 1901)
  • 1821 – Alexander P. Stewart, American general (d. 1908)
  • 1824 – Henry C. Lord, American businessman (d. 1884)
  • 1828 – Charles Floquet, French lawyer and politician, 55th Prime Minister of France (d. 1896)
  • 1832 – Edward Burnett Tylor, English anthropologist and academic (d. 1917)
  • 1847 – Paul von Hindenburg, German field marshal and politician, 2nd President of Germany (d. 1934)
  • 1851 – Ferdinand Foch, French field marshal and theorist (d. 1929)
  • 1852 – William Ramsay, Scottish-English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1916)
  • 1854 – Patrick Geddes, Scottish biologist, sociologist, geographer, and philanthropist (d. 1932)
  • 1869 – Mahatma Gandhi, Indian freedom fighter, activist and philosopher (d. 1948)
  • 1871 – Cordell Hull, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 47th United States Secretary of State, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1955)
  • 1871 – Martha Brookes Hutcheson, American landscaper and author (d. 1959)
  • 1873 – Stephen Warfield Gambrill, American lawyer and politician (d. 1924)
  • 1873 – Pelham Warner, English cricketer and manager (d. 1963)
  • 1875 – Pattie Ruffner Jacobs, American suffragist (d. 1935)
  • 1879 – Wallace Stevens, American poet and educator (d. 1955)
  • 1882 – Boris Shaposhnikov, Russian colonel (d. 1945)
  • 1883 – Lesley Ashburner, American hurdler (d. 1950)
  • 1883 – Karl von Terzaghi, Czech-American geologist and engineer (d. 1963)
  • 1890 – Groucho Marx, American comedian and actor (d. 1977)
  • 1893 – Leroy Shield, American composer and conductor (d. 1962)
  • 1895 – Ruth Cheney Streeter, American colonel (d. 1990)
  • 1897 – Bud Abbott, American comedian (d. 1974)
  • 1902 – John G. Crommelin, American admiral and politician (d. 1996)
  • 1902 – Leopold Figl, Austrian engineer and politician, 18th Chancellor of Austria (d. 1965)
  • 1904 – Graham Greene, English novelist, playwright, and critic (d. 1991)
  • 1904 – Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indian academic and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of India (d. 1966)
  • 1905 – Franjo Šeper, Croatian cardinal (d. 1981)
  • 1906 – Thomas Hollway, Australian politician, 36th Premier of Victoria (d. 1971)
  • 1906 – August Komendant, Estonian-American engineer and academic (d. 1992)
  • 1907 – Víctor Paz Estenssoro, Bolivian politician, 52nd President of Bolivia (d. 2001)
  • 1907 – Alexander R. Todd, Scottish-English biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1997)
  • 1909 – Alex Raymond, American cartoonist, creator of Flash Gordon (d. 1956)
  • 1911 – Jack Finney, American author and playwright (d. 1995)
  • 1912 – Frank Malina, American engineer and painter (d. 1981)
  • 1914 – Jack Parsons, American chemist, occultist, and engineer (d. 1952)
  • 1914 – Bernarr Rainbow, English organist, conductor, and historian (d. 1998)
  • 1915 – Chuck Williams, American author and businessman, founded Williams Sonoma (d. 2015)
  • 1917 – Christian de Duve, English-Belgian cytologist and biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
  • 1917 – Charles Drake, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1919 – John W. Duarte, English guitarist and composer (d. 2004)
  • 1919 – Jan Flinterman, Dutch race car driver and pilot (d. 1992)
  • 1921 – Edmund Crispin, English writer and composer (d. 1978)
  • 1921 – Albert Scott Crossfield, American pilot and engineer (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – Robert Runcie, English archbishop (d. 2000)
  • 1925 – Wren Blair, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Jan Morris, English-Welsh historian and author
  • 1928 – George McFarland, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1928 – Wolfhart Pannenberg, Polish-German theologian and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1929 – Peter Bronfman, Canadian businessman (d. 1996)
  • 1929 – Moses Gunn, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1930 – Dave Barrett, Canadian social worker and politician, 26th Premier of British Columbia (d. 2018)
  • 1932 – Maury Wills, American baseball player, manager, and sportscaster
  • 1933 – John Gurdon, English biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1933 – Phill Niblock, American composer and director
  • 1933 – Dave Somerville, Canadian singer (The Diamonds) (d. 2015)
  • 1934 – Richard Scott, Baron Scott of Foscote, South African-English lawyer and judge
  • 1934 – Earl Wilson, American baseball player and coach (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – Omar Sívori, Italian-Argentine footballer and manager (d. 2005)
  • 1936 – Dick Barnett, American basketball player and educator
  • 1936 – Feliciano Belmonte Jr., Filipino lawyer and politician, 20th Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines
  • 1936 – Connie Dierking, American basketball player (d. 2013)
  • 1937 – Johnnie Cochran, American lawyer (d. 2005)
  • 1938 – Nick Gravenites, American singer–songwriter and guitarist
  • 1938 – Waheed Murad, Pakistani actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1983)
  • 1938 – Rex Reed, American film critic
  • 1939 – Budhi Kunderan, Indian cricketer (d. 2006)
  • 1941 – Diana Hendry, English poet and author
  • 1941 – Ron Meagher, American rock bass player
  • 1942 – Steve Sabol, American director and producer, co-founded NFL Films (d. 2012)
  • 1943 – Anna Ford, English journalist and academic
  • 1943 – Franklin Rosemont, American poet, painter, and historian (d. 2009)
  • 1943 – Henri Szeps, Australian actor
  • 1944 – Vernor Vinge, American computer scientist and author
  • 1944 – Ton Koopman, Dutch conductor, organist, and harpsichordist
  • 1945 – Martin Hellman, American cryptographer and academic
  • 1945 – Don McLean, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1946 – Sonthi Boonyaratglin, Thai general and politician
  • 1946 – Peter Kellner, English journalist and author
  • 1947 – Ward Churchill, American author and activist
  • 1947 – Paul Jackson, English director and producer
  • 1948 – Trevor Brooking, English footballer and manager
  • 1948 – Avery Brooks, American actor and singer
  • 1948 – Donna Karan, American fashion designer, founded DKNY
  • 1948 – Siim Kallas, Estonian soldier and politician, 13th Prime Minister of Estonia
  • 1948 – Persis Khambatta, Indian model and actress, Femina Miss India 1965 (d. 1998)
  • 1948 – Chris LeDoux, American singer-songwriter and sculptor (d. 2005)
  • 1949 – Richard Hell, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1949 – Annie Leibovitz, American photographer
  • 1950 – Mike Rutherford, English guitarist and songwriter
  • 1951 – Sting, English singer-songwriter, bass player, and actor
  • 1952 – Jan Švejnar, Czech-American economist and politician
  • 1953 – Vanessa Bell Armstrong, American singer
  • 1953 – Muhammad Abdul Bari, Bangladeshi-English physicist and academic
  • 1954 – Lorraine Bracco, American actress and producer
  • 1955 – Philip Oakey, English singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer
  • 1955 – Nancy Rothwell, English physiologist and academic
  • 1956 – Peter Bruce, Scottish chemist and academic
  • 1956 – Freddie Jackson, American soul singer
  • 1956 – Viatcheslav Mukhanov, Russian-German cosmologist and physicist
  • 1957 – John Cook, American golfer
  • 1957 – Wade Dooley, English rugby player and police officer
  • 1957 – Dave Faulkner, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1957 – Kate St John, English singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1958 – Robbie Nevil, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1959 – Luis Fernández, French footballer and manager
  • 1960 – Glenn Anderson, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1960 – Django Bates, English pianist and composer
  • 1960 – Johan Lammerts, Dutch cyclist
  • 1960 – Joe Sacco, American journalist and cartoonist
  • 1960 – Tom Schweich, American lawyer and politician, 36th State Auditor of Missouri (d. 2015)
  • 1960 – Dereck Whittenburg, American basketball player and coach
  • 1961 – Jaan Toomik, Estonian director and producer
  • 1962 – James Hunter, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1962 – Mark Rypien, Canadian-American football player
  • 1963 – Keith Bradshaw, Australian cricketer and accountant
  • 1964 – Dirk Brinkmann, German field hockey player
  • 1965 – Darren Cahill, Australian tennis player and coach
  • 1965 – Tom Moody, Australian cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1967 – Frankie Fredericks, Namibian sprinter
  • 1967 – Gary L. Gregg, American political scientist, author, and academic
  • 1967 – Thomas Muster, Austrian tennis player
  • 1967 – Gillian Welch, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1968 – Victoria Derbyshire, English journalist and radio host
  • 1968 – Benjie Paras, Filipino basketball player and actor
  • 1968 – Jeff Martin, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1968 – Jana Novotná, Czech tennis player and sportscaster (d. 2017)
  • 1968 – Glen Wesley, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1968 – Kelly Willis, American country music singer-songwriter
  • 1969 – Badly Drawn Boy, English indie singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist
  • 1969 – Mitch English, American talk show host, comedian, weatherman
  • 1970 – Eddie Guardado, American baseball player and coach
  • 1970 – Patricia O’Callaghan, Canadian soprano and producer
  • 1970 – Kelly Ripa, American actress, producer, and talk show host
  • 1970 – Maribel Verdú, Spanish actress
  • 1971 – Tiffany Darwish, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1971 – Jim Root, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1972 – Aaron McKie, American basketball player and coach
  • 1973 – Melissa Harris-Perry, American journalist, author, and educator
  • 1973 – Lene Nystrøm, Norwegian singer-songwriter
  • 1973 – Proof, American rapper and actor (d. 2006)
  • 1973 – Scott Schoeneweis, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Maria Wetterstrand, Swedish politician
  • 1974 – Adel Ferdosipour, Iranian journalist and sportscaster
  • 1974 – Bjarke Ingels, Danish architect
  • 1974 – Brian Knight, American baseball player and umpire
  • 1974 – Michelle Krusiec, Taiwanese-American actress and producer
  • 1974 – Matthew Nicholson, Australian cricketer
  • 1974 – Mark Porter, New Zealand race car driver (d. 2006)
  • 1974 – Sam Roberts, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1974 – Paul Teutul Jr., American motorcycle designer, co-founded Orange County Choppers
  • 1974 – Kevin Van De Wege, American firefighter and politician
  • 1975 – Baiba Broka, Latvian politician
  • 1976 – Mark Chilton, English cricketer
  • 1976 – John Thornton, American football player
  • 1977 – Didier Défago, Swiss skier
  • 1978 – Ayumi Hamasaki, Japanese singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1978 – Matthew Hancock, English economist and politician, Minister for the Cabinet Office
  • 1979 – Primož Brezec, Slovenian basketball player
  • 1979 – Francisco Fonseca, Mexican footballer
  • 1979 – Maja Ivarsson, Swedish singer-songwriter
  • 1980 – Shane Andrus, American football player
  • 1981 – Ridzuan Fatah Hasan, Singaporean footballer
  • 1981 – Santi Kolk, Dutch footballer
  • 1981 – Luke Wilkshire, Australian footballer
  • 1982 – Tyson Chandler, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Esra Gümüş, Turkish volleyball player
  • 1982 – George Pettit, Canadian singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1982 – Gary Wilkinson, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Marion Bartoli, French tennis player
  • 1985 – Çağlar Birinci, Turkish footballer
  • 1985 – Buster Davis, American football player
  • 1985 – Brandon Jackson, American football player
  • 1986 – Camilla Belle, American actress
  • 1987 – Bojana Bobusic, Australian tennis player
  • 1987 – Joe Ingles, Australian basketball player
  • 1987 – Phil Kessel, American ice hockey player
  • 1987 – Joel Reinders, American football player
  • 1987 – Ricky Stenhouse Jr., American race car driver
  • 1988 – Brittany Howard, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1989 – Aaron Hicks, American baseball player
  • 1989 – George Nash, English rower
  • 1989 – Janine Gutierrez, Filipino actress
  • 1990 – Dean Bouzanis, Australian footballer
  • 1991 – Roberto Firmino, Brazilian footballer
  • 1991 – Jeanjos Parfait, Burundian musician
  • 1992 – Sirje Roops, Estonian footballer
  • 1993 – Michy Batshuayi, Belgian footballer
  • 1993 – Aaro Vainio, Finnish race car driver
  • 1994 – Joana Eidukonytė, Lithuanian tennis player
  • 1995 – Te Maire Martin, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1995 – Tepai Moeroa, Cook Islands rugby league player
  • 1996 – Tom Trbojevic, Australian rugby league player
  • 1997 – Hana Sugisaki, Japanese actress
  • 2002 – Jacob Sartorius, American singer

Deaths in October 2

  • 534 – Athalaric, Italian king (b. 516)
  • 829 – Michael II, Byzantine emperor (b. 770)
  • 939 – Eberhard III, duke of Franconia
  • 939 – Gilbert, Duke of Lorraine (b. 890)
  • 1264 – Pope Urban IV
  • 1348 – Alice de Lacy, 4th Countess of Lincoln (b. 1281)
  • 1559 – Jacquet of Mantua, French-Italian composer (b. 1483)
  • 1588 – Bernardino Telesio, Italian philosopher and scientist (b. 1509)
  • 1626 – Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, 1st Count of Gondomar, Spanish academic and diplomat (b. 1567)
  • 1629 – Antonio Cifra, Italian composer (b. 1584)
  • 1629 – Pierre de Bérulle, French cardinal and theologian (b. 1575)
  • 1678 – Wu Sangui, Qing Chinese general (b. 1612)
  • 1685 – David Teniers III, Flemish painter (b. 1638)
  • 1708 – Anne Jules de Noailles, French general (b. 1650)
  • 1709 – Ivan Mazepa, Ukrainian diplomat (b. 1639)
  • 1724 – François-Timoléon de Choisy, French historian and author (b. 1644)
  • 1746 – Josiah Burchett, English admiral and politician (b. 1666)
  • 1764 – William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1720)
  • 1775 – Fukuda Chiyo-ni, Japanese nun and poet (b. 1703)
  • 1780 – John André, English soldier (b. 1750)
  • 1782 – Charles Lee, English-born American general (b. 1732)
  • 1786 – Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel, English admiral and politician (b. 1725)
  • 1803 – Samuel Adams, American philosopher and politician, 4th Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1722)
  • 1804 – Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, French engineer (b. 1725)
  • 1850 – Sarah Biffen, English painter (b. 1784)
  • 1853 – François Arago, French mathematician, physicist, astronomer, and politician, 25th Prime Minister of France (b. 1786)
  • 1920 – Max Bruch, German composer and conductor (b. 1838)
  • 1927 – Svante Arrhenius, Swedish physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1859)
  • 1938 – Alexandru Averescu, Romanian field marshal and politician, 24th Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1859)
  • 1938 – André Lagache, French race car driver and engineer (b. 1885)
  • 1943 – John Evans, English-Australian politician, 21st Premier of Tasmania (b. 1855)
  • 1947 – P. D. Ouspensky, Russian-English mathematician and philosopher (b. 1878)
  • 1953 – John Marin, American painter (b. 1870)
  • 1955 – Humphrey Barclay, English priest (b. 1882)
  • 1955 – William Orthwein, American swimmer and water polo player (b. 1881)
  • 1962 – Boris Yakovlevich Bukreev, Russian mathematician and author (b. 1859)
  • 1968 – Marcel Duchamp, French painter and sculptor (b. 1887)
  • 1971 – Jessie Arms Botke, American painter (b. 1883)
  • 1973 – Paul Hartman, American actor and dancer (b. 1904)
  • 1973 – Paavo Nurmi, Finnish runner (b. 1897)
  • 1974 – Vasily Shukshin, Russian actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 1975 – K. Kamaraj, Indian lawyer and politician (b. 1903)
  • 1981 – Harry Golden, American journalist and author (b. 1902)
  • 1981 – Hazel Scott, Trinidadian-American activist, actress, and musician (b. 1920)
  • 1985 – Rock Hudson, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 1987 – Madeleine Carroll, English actress (b. 1906)
  • 1987 – Peter Medawar, Brazilian-English biologist and zoologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)
  • 1988 – Alec Issigonis, Greek-English car designer, designed the Mini (b. 1906)
  • 1988 – Hamengkubuwono IX, Indonesian politician, 2nd Vice President of Indonesia (b. 1912)
  • 1991 – Hazen Argue, Canadian politician (b. 1921)
  • 1991 – Demetrios I of Constantinople (b. 1914)
  • 1994 – Harriet Nelson, American actress and singer (b. 1909)
  • 1996 – Robert Bourassa, Canadian lawyer and politician, 22nd Premier of Quebec (b. 1933)
  • 1996 – Andrey Lukanov, Bulgarian lawyer and politician, 40th Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1938)
  • 1998 – Gene Autry, American actor, singer, and guitarist (b. 1907)
  • 1998 – Olivier Gendebien, Belgian race car driver (b. 1924)
  • 1999 – Heinz G. Konsalik, German journalist and author (b. 1921)
  • 2000 – David Tonkin, Australian politician, 38th Premier of South Australia (b. 1929)
  • 2001 – Franz Biebl, German composer and academic (b. 1906)
  • 2002 – Heinz von Foerster, Austrian-American physicist and philosopher (b. 1911)
  • 2003 – John Thomas Dunlop, American scholar and politician, 14th United States Secretary of Labor (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Nipsey Russell, American comedian and actor (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – August Wilson, American author and playwright (b. 1945)
  • 2006 – Helen Chenoweth-Hage, American politician (b. 1938)
  • 2006 – Paul Halmos, Hungarian-American mathematician (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Tex Coulter, American football player (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Christopher Derrick, English author and critic (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – George Grizzard, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Dan Keating, Irish Republican Army volunteer (b. 1902)
  • 2007 – Tawn Mastrey, American radio host and producer (b. 1954)
  • 2010 – Kwa Geok Choo, Singaporean lawyer and scholar (b. 1920)
  • 2011 – Peter L. Benson, American psychologist and academic (b. 1946)
  • 2012 – Nguyễn Chí Thiện, Vietnamese-American poet and activist (b. 1939)
  • 2012 – Charles Roach, Trinidadian-Canadian lawyer and activist (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – J. Philippe Rushton, English-Canadian psychologist, theorist, academic (b. 1943)
  • 2013 – Gottfried Fischer, German psychologist, therapist, and academic (b. 1944)
  • 2013 – Herman Hugg, American painter and sculptor (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Jonathan Kaufer, American director and screenwriter (b. 1955)
  • 2013 – Abraham Nemeth, American mathematician and academic (b. 1918)
  • 2013 – Kaare Ørnung, Norwegian pianist and educator (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Robert Flower, Australian footballer (b. 1955)
  • 2014 – Vaughn O. Lang, American general (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Frederic Tamler Sommers, American philosopher and academic (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Eric Arturo Delvalle, Panamanian lawyer and politician, President of Panama (b. 1937)
  • 2015 – Brian Friel, Irish author, playwright, and director (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Rodolfo Frigeri, Argentinian economist and politician, Argentinian Minister of Finance (b. 1942)
  • 2015 – Coleridge Goode, Jamaican-English bassist and composer (b. 1914)
  • 2015 – James Mutende, Ugandan veterinarian, economist, and politician (b. 1962)
  • 2015 – Johnny Paton, Scottish footballer, coach, and manager (b. 1923)
  • 2016 – Neville Marriner, British conductor (b. 1924)
  • 2016 – Gary Reed, American comic book writer (b. 1956)
  • 2017 – Tom Petty, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1950)

Holidays and observances in October 2

  • Batik Day (Indonesia)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Memorial of the Holy Guardian Angels
    • Leodegar
    • October 2 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Gandhi’s birthday-related observances:
    • Gandhi Jayanti (India)
    • International Day of Non-Violence
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Guinea from France in 1958.
  • National Grandparents Day (Italy)

October 3- History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 89 days remain until the end of the year.

October 3 in history

  • 2457 BC – Gaecheonjeol, Hwanung (환웅) purportedly descended from heaven. South Korea’s National Foundation Day.
  • 52 BC – Vercingetorix, leader of the Gauls, surrenders to the Romans under Julius Caesar, ending the siege and battle of Alesia.
  • 42 BC – Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fight a decisive battle with Caesar’s assassins Brutus and Cassius.
  • 382 – Roman Emperor Theodosius I concludes a peace treaty with the Goths and settles them in the Balkans.
  • 1283 – Dafydd ap Gruffydd, prince of Gwynedd in Wales, is the first nobleman to be executed by hanging, drawing and quartering.
  • 1392 – Muhammed VII becomes the twelfth sultan of the Emirate of Granada.
  • 1574 – The Siege of Leiden is lifted by the Watergeuzen.
  • 1683 – Qing dynasty naval commander Shi Lang receives the surrender of the Tungning kingdom on Taiwan after the Battle of Penghu.
  • 1712 – The Duke of Montrose issues a warrant for the arrest of Rob Roy MacGregor.
  • 1739 – The Treaty of Niš is signed by the Ottoman Empire and Russia at the end of the Russian–Turkish War.
  • 1789 – George Washington proclaims a Thanksgiving Day for that year.
  • 1792 – A militia departs from the Spanish stronghold of Valdivia to quell a Huilliche uprising in southern Chile.
  • 1795 – Slave rebel leader Tula is executed in Curaçao.
  • 1863 – The last Thursday in November is declared as Thanksgiving Day by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln.
  • 1873 – Chief Kintpuash and companions are hanged for their part in the Modoc War of northern California.
  • 1912 – U.S. forces defeat Nicaraguan rebels at the Battle of Coyotepe Hill.
  • 1918 – King Boris III of Bulgaria accedes to the throne.
  • 1919 – Cincinnati Reds pitcher Adolfo Luque becomes the first Latin player to appear in a World Series.
  • 1929 – The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes is renamed to Yugoslavia by King Alexander I.
  • 1930 – The German Socialist Labour Party in Poland – Left is founded.
  • 1932 – Iraq gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1935 – Second Italo-Abyssinian War: Italy invades Ethiopia.
  • 1942 – A German V-2 rocket reaches a record 85 km (46 nm) in altitude.
  • 1943 – World War II: German forces murder 92 civilians in Lyngiades, Greece.
  • 1949 – WERD, the first black-owned radio station in the United States, opens in Atlanta.
  • 1951 – Korean War: The First Battle of Maryang San pits Commonwealth troops against communist Chinese troops.
  • 1952 – The United Kingdom successfully tests a nuclear weapon to become the world’s third nuclear power.
  • 1957 – The California State Superior Court rules that the book Howl and Other Poems is not obscene.
  • 1962 – Project Mercury: Wally Schirra in Sigma 7 launched from Cape Canaveral for a six-orbit flight.
  • 1963 – A violent coup in Honduras begins two decades of military rule.
  • 1978 – A Finnish Air Force DC-3 crashes, killing all 15 people on board.
  • 1981 – The hunger strike at the Maze Prison in Northern Ireland ends after seven months and ten deaths.
  • 1985 – The Space Shuttle Atlantis makes its maiden flight.
  • 1986 – TASCC, a superconducting cyclotron at the Chalk River Laboratories in Canada, is officially opened.
  • 1989 – A coup in Panama City is suppressed and 11 participants are executed.
  • 1990 – The German Democratic Republic is abolished and becomes part of the Federal Republic of Germany.
  • 1991 – Nadine Gordimer is announced as the winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature.
  • 1993 – An American attack against a warlord in Mogadishu fails; eighteen US soldiers and over 350 Somalis die.
  • 1995 – The O. J. Simpson murder case ended with a verdict of not guilty.
  • 2008 – The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 for the U.S. financial system is signed by President George W. Bush.
  • 2009 – Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Turkey join together in the Turkic Council.
  • 2010 – The 19th Commonwealth Games commence in Delhi.
  • 2013 – At least 360 migrants are killed when their boat sinks near the Italian island of Lampedusa.
  • 2015 – Forty-two are killed and 33 go missing in the Kunduz hospital airstrike.

Births in October 3

  • 85 BC – Gaius Cassius Longinus, Roman politician (d. 42 BC)
  • 1292 – Eleanor de Clare, English noblewoman (d. 1337)
  • 1390 – Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (d. 1447)
  • 1458 – Saint Casimir, Prince of Poland and Duke of Lithuania (d. 1484)
  • 1554 – Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke, English poet (d. 1628)
  • 1610 – Gabriel Lalemant, French-Canadian missionary and saint (d. 1649)
  • 1631 – Sebastian Anton Scherer, German organist and composer (d. 1712)
  • 1713 – Antoine Dauvergne, French violinist and composer (d. 1797)
  • 1716 – Giovanni Battista Beccaria, Italian physicist and academic (d. 1781)
  • 1720 – Johann Uz, German poet and judge (d. 1796)
  • 1790 – John Ross, American tribal chief (d. 1866)
  • 1797 – Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1870)
  • 1800 – George Bancroft, American historian and politician, 17th United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1891)
  • 1804 – Townsend Harris, American merchant, politician, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Japan (d. 1878)
  • 1804 – Allan Kardec, French author, translator, educator and founder of modern Spiritism (d. 1869)
  • 1828 – Woldemar Bargiel, German composer and educator (d. 1897)
  • 1837 – Nicolás Avellaneda, Argentinian journalist and politician, 8th President of Argentina (d. 1885)
  • 1846 – James Jackson Putnam, American neurologist and academic (d. 1918)
  • 1848 – Henry Lerolle, French painter and art collector (d. 1929)
  • 1858 – Eleonora Duse, Italian-American actress (d. 1924)
  • 1862 – Johnny Briggs, English cricketer and rugby player (d. 1902)
  • 1863 – Pyotr Kozlov, Russian archaeologist and explorer (d. 1935)
  • 1865 – Gustave Loiseau, French painter (d. 1935)
  • 1866 – Josephine Sabel, American singer & comedian (d. 1945)
  • 1867 – Pierre Bonnard, French painter (d. 1947)
  • 1869 – Alfred Flatow, German gymnast (d. 1942)
  • 1875 – Dr. Atl, Mexican painter (d. 1964)
  • 1879 – Warner Oland, Swedish-American actor and singer (d. 1938)
  • 1882 – A. Y. Jackson, Canadian painter and academic (d. 1974)
  • 1885 – Sophie Treadwell, American playwright and journalist (d. 1970)
  • 1886 – Alain-Fournier, French soldier, author, and critic (d. 1914)
  • 1888 – Wade Boteler, American actor and screenwriter (d. 1943)
  • 1889 – Carl von Ossietzky, German journalist and activist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1938)
  • 1890 – Emilio Portes Gil, Mexican politician, President of Mexico 1928-1930 (d. 1978)
  • 1894 – Elmer Robinson, American lawyer and politician, 33rd Mayor of San Francisco (d. 1982)
  • 1894 – Walter Warlimont, German general (d. 1976)
  • 1895 – Giovanni Comisso, Italian author and poet (d. 1969)
  • 1895 – Sergei Yesenin, Russian poet (d. 1925)
  • 1896 – Auvergne Doherty, Australian businesswoman (d. 1961)
  • 1896 – Gerardo Diego, Spanish poet and critic (d. 1987)
  • 1897 – Louis Aragon, French author and poet (d. 1982)
  • 1898 – Leo McCarey, American director and screenwriter (d. 1969)
  • 1898 – Adolf Reichwein, German economist and educator (d. 1944)
  • 1899 – Gertrude Berg, American actress, screenwriter and producer (d. 1966)
  • 1900 – Thomas Wolfe, American novelist (d. 1938)
  • 1901 – Jean Grémillon, French director, composer, and screenwriter (d. 1959)
  • 1904 – Ernst-Günther Schenck, German colonel and physician (d. 1998)
  • 1905 – Tekin Arıburun, Turkish soldier and politician, President of Turkey (d. 1993)
  • 1906 – Natalie Savage Carlson, American author (d. 1997)
  • 1908 – Johnny Burke, American songwriter (d. 1964)
  • 1911 – Michael Hordern, English actor (d. 1995)
  • 1915 – Ray Stark, American film producer (d. 2004)
  • 1916 – James Herriot, English veterinarian and author (d. 1995)
  • 1919 – James M. Buchanan, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
  • 1921 – Ray Lindwall, Australian cricketer and soldier (d. 1996)
  • 1923 – Edward Oliver LeBlanc, Dominican lawyer and politician, 1st Premier of Dominica (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Harvey Kurtzman, American cartoonist (d. 1993)
  • 1924 – Arkady Vorobyov, Russian weightlifter and coach (d. 2012)
  • 1925 – Gore Vidal, American novelist, screenwriter, and critic (d. 2012)
  • 1925 – George Wein, American pianist and producer, co-founded the Newport Folk Festival
  • 1928 – Erik Bruhn, Danish dancer and choreographer (d. 1986)
  • 1928 – Edward L. Moyers, American businessman (d. 2006)
  • 1928 – Shridath Ramphal, Guyanese academic and politician, 2nd Commonwealth Secretary-General
  • 1931 – Glenn Hall, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1932 – Terence English, South African-English surgeon and academic
  • 1933 – Neale Fraser, Australian tennis player
  • 1934 – Benjamin Boretz, American composer and theorist
  • 1934 – Miguel-Ángel Cárdenas, Colombian-Dutch painter and illustrator (d. 2015)
  • 1934 – Harold Henning, South African golfer (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Simon Nicholson, English sculptor and painter (d. 1990)
  • 1935 – Charles Duke, American general, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1936 – Steve Reich, American composer
  • 1938 – Eddie Cochran, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (d. 1960)
  • 1938 – David Hart Dyke, English captain
  • 1938 – Jack Hodgins, Canadian author and academic
  • 1938 – Dave Obey, American lawyer and politician
  • 1939 – Bob Armstrong, American wrestler and trainer
  • 1940 – Alan O’Day, American singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1940 – Jean Ratelle, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1940 – Mike Troy, American swimmer (d. 2019)
  • 1941 – Chubby Checker, American singer-songwriter
  • 1941 – Andrea de Adamich, Italian race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1941 – John Elliott, Australian businessman
  • 1943 – Jeff Bingaman, American soldier and politician, 25th Attorney General of New Mexico
  • 1943 – Baki İlkin, Turkish civil servant and diplomat
  • 1944 – Pierre Deligne, Belgian mathematician and academic
  • 1944 – Roy Horn, German-American magician and actor
  • 1945 – Tony Brown, English footballer and sportscaster
  • 1945 – Christopher Bruce, English dancer and choreographer
  • 1945 – Jo Ritzen, Dutch economist and politician, Dutch Minister of Education
  • 1946 – P. P. Arnold, American soul singer
  • 1947 – John Perry Barlow, American poet, songwriter, blogger, and activist (d. 2018)
  • 1947 – Ben Cauley, American trumpet player and songwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1947 – Fred DeLuca, American businessman (d. 2015)
  • 1947 – Anne Dorte of Rosenborg (d. 2014)
  • 1947 – Takis Michalos, Greek water polo player and coach (d. 2010)
  • 1949 – Lindsey Buckingham, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1949 – J. P. Dutta, Indian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1949 – Aleksandr Rogozhkin, Russian director and screenwriter
  • 1949 – Laurie Simmons, American photographer and director
  • 1950 – Ronnie Laws, American jazz, R&B, and funk saxophone player
  • 1951 – Keb’ Mo’, American blues musician and songwriter
  • 1951 – Kathryn D. Sullivan, American geologist and astronaut
  • 1951 – Dave Winfield, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1952 – Bruce Arians, American football coach
  • 1952 – Gary Troup, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1954 – Eddie DeGarmo, American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer
  • 1954 – Dennis Eckersley, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1954 – Al Sharpton, American minister, talk show host, and political activist
  • 1954 – Stevie Ray Vaughan, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 1990)
  • 1955 – Moshe Kam, American engineering educator
  • 1955 – John S. Lesmeister, American educator and politician, 30th North Dakota State Treasurer (d. 2006)
  • 1955 – Allen Woody, American bass player and songwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1955 – Buket Uzuner, Turkish author
  • 1956 – Hart Bochner, Canadian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1957 – Roberto Azevêdo, Brazilian engineer and diplomat, 6th Director-General of the World Trade Organization
  • 1957 – Tim Westwood, English radio and television host
  • 1958 – Chen Yanyin, Chinese sculptor
  • 1958 – Louise Lecavalier, Canadian dancer and choreographer
  • 1959 – Craig Bellamy, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1959 – Fred Couples, American golfer
  • 1959 – Greg Proops, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1959 – Jack Wagner, American actor and singer
  • 1961 – Rebecca Stephens, English journalist and mountaineer
  • 1961 – Ludger Stühlmeyer, German cantor, composer, and musicologist
  • 1962 – Tommy Lee, Greek-American singer-songwriter, drummer, and producer
  • 1962 – Simon Scarrow, Nigerian-English novelist
  • 1963 – Benny Anders, American basketball player
  • 1963 – Dan Goldie, American tennis player
  • 1964 – Clive Owen, English actor
  • 1965 – Annemarie Verstappen, Dutch swimmer
  • 1965 – Jan-Ove Waldner, Swedish table tennis player
  • 1966 – Darrin Fletcher, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1967 – Rob Liefeld, American author and illustrator
  • 1967 – Chris Collingwood, English-American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1968 – Paul Crichton, English footballer and manager
  • 1968 – Greg Foster, American basketball player and coach
  • 1968 – Marko Rajamäki, Finnish footballer and manager
  • 1968 – Donald Sild, Estonian javelin thrower
  • 1969 – Garry Herbert, English rower and sportscaster
  • 1969 – Gwen Stefani, American singer-songwriter, actress, and fashion designer
  • 1969 – Tetsuya, Japanese singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer
  • 1970 – Elmar Liitmaa, Estonian guitarist and songwriter
  • 1970 – Jimmy Ray, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1971 – Wil Cordero, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and coach
  • 1971 – Kevin Richardson, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1972 – Komla Dumor, Ghanaian-English journalist (d. 2014)
  • 1972 – G. Love, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and harmonica player
  • 1972 – Guy Oseary, Israeli–American talent manager and businessman
  • 1973 – Neve Campbell, Canadian actress and producer
  • 1973 – Angélica Gavaldón, American-Mexican tennis player and coach
  • 1973 – Lena Headey, British actress
  • 1973 – Eirik Hegdal, Norwegian saxophonist and composer
  • 1974 – Mike Johnson, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1974 – Marianne Timmer, Dutch speed skater
  • 1975 – India Arie, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1975 – Phil Greening, English rugby player and coach
  • 1975 – Satoko Ishimine, Japanese singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1976 – Herman Li, Hong Kong-English guitarist and producer
  • 1976 – Seann William Scott, American actor and producer
  • 1977 – Daniel Hollie, American wrestler
  • 1977 – Eric Munson, American baseball player and coach
  • 1977 – Luca Tognozzi, Italian footballer
  • 1978 – Gerald Asamoah, Ghanaian-German footballer
  • 1978 – Neil Clement, English footballer
  • 1978 – Claudio Pizarro, Peruvian footballer
  • 1978 – Jake Shears, American singer-songwriter
  • 1979 – Josh Klinghoffer, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1979 – John Morrison, American wrestler and actor
  • 1979 – Danny O’Donoghue, Irish singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1980 – Anquan Boldin, American football player
  • 1980 – Sheldon Brookbank, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Lindsey Kelk, English journalist and author
  • 1980 – Héctor Reynoso, Mexican footballer
  • 1980 – Ivan Turina, Croatian footballer (d. 2013)
  • 1981 – Danny Coid, English footballer
  • 1981 – Zlatan Ibrahimović, Swedish footballer
  • 1981 – Andreas Isaksson, Swedish footballer
  • 1981 – Jonna Lee, Swedish singer and musician
  • 1981 – Ronald Rauhe, German kayaker
  • 1981 – Matt Sparrow, English footballer
  • 1983 – Fred, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Thiago Alves, Brazilian mixed martial artist
  • 1983 – Andreas Papathanasiou, Cypriot footballer
  • 1983 – Tessa Thompson, American actress
  • 1984 – Yoon Eun-hye, South Korean singer and actress
  • 1984 – Bruno Gervais, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Jessica Parker Kennedy, Canadian actress
  • 1984 – Anthony Le Tallec, French footballer
  • 1984 – Ashlee Simpson, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1985 – Courtney Lee, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Lewis Brown, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1986 – Jackson Martínez, Colombian footballer
  • 1987 – Robert Grabarz, English high jumper
  • 1987 – Martin Plowman, English race car driver
  • 1987 – Starley, Australian pop singer
  • 1988 – Alicia Vikander, Swedish actress
  • 1988 – Dustin Gazley, American ice hockey player
  • 1988 – ASAP Rocky, American rapper and songwriter
  • 1989 – Nate Montana, American football player
  • 1989 – Alex Trimble, Irish singer
  • 1990 – Johan Le Bon, French cyclist
  • 1991 – Jenny McLoughlin, English sprinter
  • 1991 – Aki Takajo, Japanese singer
  • 1993 – Raffaele Di Gennaro, Italian footballer
  • 1994 – Victoria Bosio, Argentinian tennis player
  • 1995 – Lil Tracy, American rapper
  • 1997 – Jin Boyang, Chinese figure skater

Deaths in October 3

  • 42 BC – Gaius Cassius Longinus, Roman politician (b. 85 BC)
  • 818 – Ermengarde, queen of the Franks
  • 900 – Muhammad ibn Zayd, Tabaristan emir
  • 959 – Gérard of Brogne, Frankish abbot
  • 1078 – Iziaslav I of Kiev (b. 1024)
  • 1226 – Francis of Assisi, Italian friar and saint (b. 1181)
  • 1283 – Dafydd ap Gruffydd, Welsh prince (b. 1238)
  • 1369 – Margaret, Countess of Tyrol (b. 1318)
  • 1399 – Eleanor de Bohun, English noble (b. 1360)
  • 1568 – Elisabeth of Valois (b. 1545)
  • 1596 – Florent Chrestien, French poet (b. 1541)
  • 1611 – Charles, Duke of Mayenne (b. 1554)
  • 1629 – Giorgi Saakadze, Georgian commander and politician (b. 1570)
  • 1649 – Giovanni Diodati, Swiss-Italian clergyman and theologian (b. 1576)
  • 1653 – Marcus Zuerius van Boxhorn, Dutch linguist and academic (b. 1612)
  • 1656 – Myles Standish, English captain (b. 1584)
  • 1690 – Robert Barclay, Scottish theologian and politician, 2nd Governor of East Jersey (b. 1648)
  • 1701 – Joseph Williamson, English politician, Secretary of State for the Northern Department (b. 1633)
  • 1801 – Philippe Henri, marquis de Ségur, French general and politician, French Minister of Defence (b. 1724)
  • 1833 – François, marquis de Chasseloup-Laubat, French general and engineer (b. 1754)
  • 1838 – Black Hawk, American tribal leader (b. 1767)
  • 1860 – Rembrandt Peale, American painter and curator (b. 1778)
  • 1867 – Elias Howe, American engineer, invented the sewing machine (b. 1819)
  • 1873 – Kintpuash, American tribal leader (b. 1837)
  • 1877 – James Roosevelt Bayley, American archbishop (b. 1814)
  • 1877 – Rómulo Díaz de la Vega, Mexican general and president (1855) (b. 1800)
  • 1881 – Orson Pratt, American mathematician and religious leader (b. 1811)
  • 1890 – Joseph Hergenröther, German historian and cardinal (b. 1824)
  • 1891 – Édouard Lucas, French mathematician and theorist (b. 1842)
  • 1896 – William Morris, English author and poet (b. 1834)
  • 1907 – Jacob Nash Victor, American engineer (b. 1835)
  • 1911 – Rosetta Jane Birks, Australian suffragist (b. 1856)
  • 1917 – Eduardo Di Capua, Neapolitan composer, singer and songwriter (b. 1865)
  • 1929 – Jeanne Eagels, American actress (b. 1894)
  • 1929 – Gustav Stresemann, German politician, Chancellor of Germany, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1878)
  • 1931 – Carl Nielsen, Danish violinist, composer, and conductor (b. 1865)
  • 1936 – John Heisman, American football player and coach (b. 1869)
  • 1953 – Arnold Bax, English composer and poet (b. 1883)
  • 1959 – Tochigiyama Moriya, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 27th Yokozuna (b. 1892)
  • 1963 – Refet Bele, Turkish general (b. 1877)
  • 1965 – Zachary Scott, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1966 – Rolf Maximilian Sievert, Swedish physicist and academic (b. 1896)
  • 1967 – Woody Guthrie, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1912)
  • 1967 – Malcolm Sargent, English organist, composer, and conductor (b. 1895)
  • 1969 – Skip James, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1902)
  • 1979 – Nicos Poulantzas, Greek-French sociologist and philosopher (b. 1936)
  • 1980 – Friedrich Karm, Estonian footballer (b. 1907)
  • 1981 – Anna Hedvig Büll, Estonian-German missionary (b. 1887)
  • 1986 – Vince DiMaggio, American baseball player and manager (b. 1912)
  • 1987 – Jean Anouilh, French playwright and screenwriter (b. 1910)
  • 1987 – Kalervo Palsa, Finnish painter (b. 1947)
  • 1988 – Franz Josef Strauss, Bavarian lieutenant and politician, Minister President of Bavaria (b. 1915)
  • 1990 – Stefano Casiraghi, Italian-Monegasque businessman (b. 1960)
  • 1990 – Eleanor Steber, American soprano and educator (b. 1914)
  • 1993 – Katerina Gogou, Greek actress, poet, and author (b. 1940)
  • 1993 – Gary Gordon, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1960)
  • 1993 – Randy Shughart, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1958)
  • 1994 – John C. Champion, American producer and screenwriter (b. 1923)
  • 1994 – Dub Taylor, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1995 – Ma. Po. Si., Indian author and politician (b. 1906)
  • 1997 – Michael Adekunle Ajasin, Nigerian politician, 3rd Governor of Ondo State (b. 1908)
  • 1998 – Roddy McDowall, English-American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1999 – Akio Morita, Japanese businessman, co-founded Sony (b. 1921)
  • 2000 – Benjamin Orr, American singer-songwriter and bass player (b. 1947)
  • 2001 – Costas Hajihristos, Greek actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1921)
  • 2002 – Bruce Paltrow, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1943)
  • 2003 – Florence Stanley, American actress (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – William Steig, American sculptor, author, and illustrator (b. 1907)
  • 2004 – John Cerutti, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1960)
  • 2004 – Janet Leigh, American actress (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Ronnie Barker, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Nurettin Ersin, Turkish general (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – Lucilla Andrews, Egyptian-Scottish nurse and author (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – John Crank, English mathematician and physicist (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Peter Norman, Australian runner (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Alberto Ramento, Filipino bishop (b. 1937)
  • 2007 – M. N. Vijayan, Indian journalist, author, and academic (b. 1930)
  • 2009 – Vladimir Beekman, Estonian poet and translator (b. 1929)
  • 2009 – Olga Dahl, Swedish genealogist (b. 1917)
  • 2010 – Ben Mondor, Canadian-American businessman (b. 1925)
  • 2010 – Abraham Sarmiento, Filipino lawyer and jurist (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – Abdul Haq Ansari, Indian theologian and scholar (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Robert F. Christy, American physicist and astrophysicist (b. 1916)
  • 2012 – Billy Hullin, Welsh rugby player (b. 1942)
  • 2012 – Albie Roles, English footballer (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Sari Abacha, Nigerian footballer (b. 1978)
  • 2013 – Sergei Belov, Russian basketball player and coach (b. 1944)
  • 2013 – Bob Chance, American baseball player (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Frank D’Rone, American singer and guitarist (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Chuck Smith, American pastor, founded the Calvary Chapel movement (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Joan Thirsk, English cryptologist, historian, and academic (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Ewen Gilmour, New Zealand comedian and television host (b. 1963)
  • 2014 – Benedict Groeschel, American priest, psychologist, and talk show host (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Jean-Jacques Marcel, French footballer (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Kevin Metheny, American businessman (b. 1954)
  • 2014 – Ward Ruyslinck, Belgian author (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Denis Healey, English soldier and politician, Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer (b. 1917)
  • 2015 – Muhammad Nawaz Khan, Pakistani historian and author (b. 1943)
  • 2015 – Javed Iqbal, Pakistani philosopher and judge (b. 1925)
  • 2015 – Gerald Squires, Canadian painter and illustrator (b. 1937)
  • 2018 – Peter Wales, English cricketer (b. 1928)

Holidays and observances in October 3

  • Christian feast day:
    • Abd-al-Masih
    • Adalgott
    • Blessed Szilárd Bogdánffy
    • Dionysius the Areopagite
    • Émilie de Villeneuve
    • Ewald the Black and Ewald the Fair
    • Francis Borgia
    • George Bell and John Raleigh Mott (Episcopal Church)
    • Gerard of Brogne
    • Hesychius of Sinai
    • Théodore Guérin
    • October 3 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • German Unity Day (Germany)
  • Morazán Day (Honduras)
  • National Day, celebrates the independence of Iraq from the United Kingdom in 1932.
  • National Foundation Day or Gaecheonjeol (South Korea)
  • On social media: “Mean Girls Day”, a widespread phenomenon in celebration of the film Mean Girls
  • On social media: “Fullmetal Alchemist Day”, a similar celebration of the Japanese shōnen manga series Fullmetal Alchemist

October 4- History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

October 4 is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 88 days remain until the end of the year.

October 4 in history

  • AD 23 – Rebels sack the Chinese capital Chang’an during a peasant rebellion.
  • 1302 – The Byzantine–Venetian War comes to an end.
  • 1363 – Battle of Lake Poyang: In one of the largest naval battles in history, Zhu Yuanzhang’s rebels defeat rival Chen Youliang.
  • 1511 – Formation of the Holy League of Aragon, the Papal States and Venice against France.
  • 1535 – The Coverdale Bible is printed, with translations into English by William Tyndale and Myles Coverdale.
  • 1582 – The Gregorian Calendar is introduced by Pope Gregory XIII.
  • 1597 – Governor Gonzalo Méndez de Canço begins to suppress a native uprising against his rule in what is now Georgia.
  • 1636 – Thirty Years’ War: The Swedish Army defeats the armies of Saxony and the Holy Roman Empire at the Battle of Wittstock.
  • 1693 – Nine Years’ War: Piedmontese troops are defeated by the French.
  • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: Troops under George Washington are repelled by British troops under William Howe.
  • 1795 – Napoleon first rises to prominence by suppressing counter-revolutionary rioters threatening the National Convention.
  • 1824 – Mexico adopts a new constitution and becomes a federal republic.
  • 1830 – The Belgian Revolution takes legal form when the provisional government secedes from the Netherlands.
  • 1853 – The Crimean War begins when the Ottoman Empire declares war on the Russian Empire.
  • 1876 – The Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas opens as the first public college in Texas.
  • 1883 – First run of the Orient Express.
  • 1883 – First meeting of the Boys’ Brigade in Glasgow, Scotland.
  • 1895 – Horace Rawlins wins the first U.S. Open Men’s Golf Championship.
  • 1904 – The IFK Göteborg football club is founded in Sweden.
  • 1917 – World War I: The Battle of Broodseinde is fought between the British and German armies in Flanders.
  • 1918 – World War I: An explosion kills more than 100 people and destroys a Shell Loading Plant in New Jersey.
  • 1927 – Gutzon Borglum begins sculpting Mount Rushmore.
  • 1936 – The British Union of Fascists and various anti-fascist organizations violently clash in the Battle of Cable Street.
  • 1941 – Norman Rockwell’s Willie Gillis character debuts on the cover of The Saturday Evening Post.
  • 1957 – Sputnik 1 becomes the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth.
  • 1958 – The current constitution of France is adopted.
  • 1960 – An airliner crashes on takeoff from Boston’s Logan International Airport, killing 62 people.
  • 1963 – Hurricane Flora kills 6,000 in Cuba and Haiti.
  • 1965 – Pope Paul VI begins the first papal visit to the Americas.
  • 1966 – Basutoland becomes independent from the United Kingdom and is renamed Lesotho.
  • 1967 – Omar Ali Saifuddien III of Brunei abdicates in favour of his son.
  • 1983 – Richard Noble sets a new land speed record of 633.468 miles per hour (1,019.468 km/h) at the Black Rock Desert in Nevada.
  • 1985 – The Free Software Foundation is founded.
  • 1991 – The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty is opened for signature.
  • 1992 – The Rome General Peace Accords end a 16-year civil war in Mozambique.
  • 1992 – El Al Flight 1862 crashes into two apartment buildings in Amsterdam, killing 43 including 39 on the ground.
  • 1993 – Battle of Mogadishu occurs killing 18 U.S. Special Forces, two UN Peacekeepers and at least 600 Somalian militia men and civilians.
  • 1993 – Tanks bombard the Russian parliament, while demonstrators against President Yeltsin rally outside.
  • 1997 – The second largest cash robbery in U.S. history occurs in North Carolina
  • 2001 – Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 crashes after being struck by an errant Ukrainian missile. Seventy-eight people are killed.
  • 2003 – The Maxim restaurant suicide bombing Israel kills twenty-one Israelis, both Jews and Arabs.
  • 2004 – SpaceShipOne wins the Ansari X Prize for private spaceflight.
  • 2006 – WikiLeaks is launched.
  • 2010 – The Ajka plant accident Hungary releases a million cubic metres of liquid alumina sludge, killing nine, injuring 122, and severely contaminating two major rivers.
  • 2017 – Nigerien and U.S. Special Forces are ambushed by Islamic State militants outside the village of Tongo Tongo.

Births in October 4

  • 1160 – Alys, Countess of the Vexin, daughter of Louis VII of France (d. c. 1220)
  • 1274 – Rudolf I, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1319)
  • 1276 – Margaret of Brabant (d. 1311)
  • 1289 – Louis X of France (d. 1316)
  • 1331 – James Butler, 2nd Earl of Ormond, Irish politician, Lord Justice of Ireland (d. 1382)
  • 1379 – Henry III of Castile (d. 1406)
  • 1507 – Francis Bigod, English noble (d. 1537)
  • 1515 – Lucas Cranach the Younger, German painter (d. 1586)
  • 1522 – Gabriele Paleotti, Catholic cardinal (d. 1597)
  • 1524 – Francisco Vallés, Spanish physician (d. 1592)
  • 1532 – Francisco de Toledo, Catholic cardinal (d. 1596)
  • 1542 – Robert Bellarmine, Italian cardinal and saint (d. 1621)
  • 1550 – Charles IX of Sweden (d. 1611)
  • 1562 – Christen Sørensen Longomontanus, Danish astronomer and author (d. 1647)
  • 1570 – Péter Pázmány, Hungarian cardinal and philosopher (d. 1637)
  • 1579 – Guido Bentivoglio, Italian cardinal (d. 1644)
  • 1585 – Anna of Tyrol, Holy Roman Empress (d. 1618)
  • 1625 – Jacqueline Pascal, French nun and composer (d. 1661)
  • 1626 – Richard Cromwell, English academic and politician, Lord Protector of Great Britain (d. 1712)
  • 1633 – Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician (d. 1714)
  • 1657 – Francesco Solimena, Italian painter and illustrator (d. 1747)
  • 1694 – Lord George Murray, Scottish Jacobite General (d. 1760)
  • 1720 – Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Italian sculptor and illustrator (d. 1778)
  • 1723 – Nikolaus Poda von Neuhaus, German entomologist and author (d. 1798)
  • 1759 – Louis François Antoine Arbogast, French mathematician and academic (d. 1803)
  • 1768 – Francisco José de Caldas, Colombian naturalist, executed by royalists in the war of independence (d. 1816)
  • 1787 – François Guizot, French historian and politician, 22nd Prime Minister of France (d. 1874)
  • 1793 – Charles Pearson, English lawyer and politician (d. 1862)
  • 1807 – Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, Canadian lawyer and politician, 2nd Premier of Canada East (d. 1864)
  • 1814 – Jean-François Millet, French painter and educator (d. 1875)
  • 1822 – Rutherford B. Hayes, American general, lawyer, and politician, 19th President of the United States (d. 1893)
  • 1835 – Jenny Twitchell Kempton, American opera singer and educator (d. 1921)
  • 1836 – Juliette Adam, French author (d. 1936)
  • 1837 – Auguste-Réal Angers, Canadian judge and politician, 6th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (d. 1919)
  • 1841 – Prudente de Morais, Brazilian lawyer and politician, 3rd President of Brazil (d. 1912)
  • 1841 – Maria Sophie of Bavaria (d. 1925)
  • 1843 – Marie-Alphonsine Danil Ghattas, Palestinian nun and Catholic Saint (d. 1927)
  • 1858 – Léon Serpollet, French businessman (d. 1903)
  • 1861 – Walter Rauschenbusch, American pastor and theologian (d. 1918)
  • 1861 – Frederic Remington, American painter, sculptor, and illustrator (d. 1909)
  • 1862 – Edward Stratemeyer, American author and publisher (d. 1930)
  • 1868 – Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear, Argentinian lawyer and politician, 20th President of Argentina (d. 1942)
  • 1874 – John Ellis, English executioner (d. 1932)
  • 1876 – Florence Eliza Allen, American mathematician and suffrage activist (d. 1960)
  • 1877 – Razor Smith, English cricketer (d. 1946)
  • 1879 – Robert Edwards, American artist, musician, and writer (d. 1948)
  • 1880 – Damon Runyon, American newspaperman and short story writer. (d. 1946)
  • 1881 – Walther von Brauchitsch, German field marshal (d. 1948)
  • 1884 – Ramchandra Shukla, Indian historian and author (d. 1941)
  • 1888 – Lucy Tayiah Eads, American tribal chief (d. 1961)
  • 1888 – Oscar Mathisen, Norwegian speed skater (d. 1954)
  • 1890 – Alan L. Hart, American physician and author (d. 1962)
  • 1890 – Osman Cemal Kaygılı, Turkish writer and journalist (d. 1945)
  • 1892 – Engelbert Dollfuss, Austrian soldier and politician, 14th Federal Chancellor of Austria (d. 1934)
  • 1892 – Hermann Glauert, English aerodynamicist and author (d. 1934)
  • 1892 – Robert Lawson, American author and illustrator (d. 1957)
  • 1895 – Buster Keaton, American film actor, director, and producer (d. 1966)
  • 1895 – Richard Sorge, German journalist and spy (d. 1944)
  • 1896 – Dorothy Lawrence, English reporter, who secretly posed as a man to become a soldier during World War I (d. 1964)
  • 1900 – August Mälk, Estonian author and playwright (d. 1987)
  • 1903 – Bona Arsenault, Canadian genealogist, historian, and politician (d. 1993)
  • 1903 – John Vincent Atanasoff, American physicist and academic, invented the Atanasoff–Berry computer (d. 1995)
  • 1903 – Pierre Garbay, French general (d. 1980)
  • 1903 – Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Austrian-German lawyer and general (d. 1946)
  • 1906 – Mary Celine Fasenmyer, American mathematician (d. 1996)
  • 1907 – Alain Daniélou, French-Swiss historian and academic (d. 1994)
  • 1910 – Frankie Crosetti, American baseball player and coach (d. 2002)
  • 1910 – Cahit Sıtkı Tarancı, Turkish poet and author (d. 1956)
  • 1913 – Martial Célestin, Haitian lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Haiti (d. 2011)
  • 1914 – Jim Cairns, Australian economist and politician, 4th Deputy Prime Minister of Australia (d. 2003)
  • 1914 – Brendan Gill, American journalist and essayist (d. 1997)
  • 1916 – Vitaly Ginzburg, Russian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2009)
  • 1916 – Jan Murray, American comedian, actor, and game show host (d. 2006)
  • 1916 – George Sidney, American director and producer (d. 2002)
  • 1917 – Violeta Parra, Chilean singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1967)
  • 1918 – Kenichi Fukui, Japanese chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)
  • 1921 – Stella Pevsner, American children’s author (d. 2020)
  • 1922 – Malcolm Baldrige, Jr., American businessman and politician, 26th United States Secretary of Commerce (d. 1987)
  • 1922 – Shin Kyuk-ho, South Korean-Japanese businessman, founded Lotte Group (d. 2020)
  • 1922 – Don Lenhardt, American baseball player and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1923 – Charlton Heston, American actor, director and gun rights activist (d. 2008)
  • 1924 – Donald J. Sobol, American soldier and author (d. 2012)
  • 1925 – Roger Wood, Belgian-American journalist (d. 2012)
  • 1926 – Raymond Watson, American businessman (d. 2012)
  • 1927 – Wolf Kahn, American painter and academic
  • 1928 – Alvin Toffler, German-American journalist and author (d. 2016)
  • 1928 – Torben Ulrich, Danish-American tennis player
  • 1929 – Scotty Beckett, American actor and singer (d. 1968)
  • 1929 – John E. Mack, American psychiatrist and author (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Leroy Van Dyke, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1931 – Terence Conran, English designer and businessman
  • 1931 – Basil D’Oliveira, South African-English cricketer and footballer (d. 2011)
  • 1931 – Richard Rorty, American philosopher and author (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – German Moreno, Filipino television host and actor (d. 2016)
  • 1933 – Ann Thwaite, English author
  • 1934 – Sam Huff, American football player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1936 – Charlie Hurley, Irish footballer and manager
  • 1936 – Giles Radice, Baron Radice, English politician
  • 1937 – Jackie Collins, English-American author and actress (d. 2015)
  • 1937 – David Crocker, American philosopher and academic
  • 1937 – Gail Gilmore, Canadian-American actress and dancer (d. 2014)
  • 1937 – Lloyd Green, American steel guitar player
  • 1937 – Jim Sillars, Scottish lawyer and politician
  • 1938 – Kurt Wüthrich, Swiss chemist and biophysicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1938 – Norman D. Wilson, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1939 – Ivan Mauger, New Zealand speedway rider (d. 2018)
  • 1940 – Vic Hadfield, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1940 – Silvio Marzolini, Argentinian footballer and manager
  • 1940 – Steve Swallow, American bass player and composer
  • 1940 – Alberto Vilar, American businessman and philanthropist
  • 1941 – Roy Blount, Jr., American humorist and journalist
  • 1941 – Karen Cushman, American author
  • 1941 – Karl Oppitzhauser, Austrian race car driver
  • 1941 – Anne Rice, American author
  • 1941 – Robert Wilson, American director and playwright
  • 1942 – Bernice Johnson Reagon, American singer-songwriter
  • 1942 – Karl W. Richter, American lieutenant and pilot (d. 1967)
  • 1942 – Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir, Icelandic politician, 24th Prime Minister of Iceland
  • 1942 – Christopher Stone, American actor and screenwriter (d. 1995)
  • 1943 – H. Rap Brown, American activist
  • 1943 – Owen Davidson, Australian tennis player
  • 1943 – Karl-Gustav Kaisla, Finnish ice hockey player and referee (d. 2012)
  • 1943 – Dietmar Mürdter, German footballer
  • 1943 – Jimy Williams, American baseball player and manager
  • 1944 – Colin Bundy, South African-English historian and academic
  • 1944 – Rocío Dúrcal, Spanish singer and actress (d. 2006)
  • 1944 – Tony La Russa, American baseball player and manager
  • 1944 – John McFall, Baron McFall of Alcluith, Scottish educator and politician
  • 1945 – Clifton Davis, American singer-songwriter, actor, and minister
  • 1946 – Larry Clapp, American lawyer and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1946 – Chuck Hagel, American sergeant and politician, 24th United States Secretary of Defense
  • 1946 – Michael Mullen, American admiral
  • 1946 – Susan Sarandon, American actress and activist
  • 1947 – Julien Clerc, French singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1947 – Jim Fielder, American bass player
  • 1947 – Ann Widdecombe, English politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Health
  • 1948 – Iain Hewitson, New Zealand-Australian chef, restaurateur, author, and television personality
  • 1948 – Linda McMahon, American businesswoman and politician
  • 1948 – Duke Robillard, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1949 – Armand Assante, American actor and producer
  • 1949 – Stephen Gyllenhaal, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1951 – Bakhytzhan Kanapyanov, Kazakh poet and author
  • 1952 – Anita DeFrantz, American rower and sports administrator
  • 1952 – Jody Stephens, American rock drummer
  • 1952 – Zinha Vaz, Bissau-Guinean women’s rights activist and politician
  • 1953 – Gil Moore, Canadian singer-songwriter, drummer, and producer
  • 1953 – Andreas Vollenweider, Swiss harp player
  • 1955 – John Rutherford, Scottish rugby player
  • 1955 – Jorge Valdano, Argentinian footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1956 – Lesley Glaister, English author and playwright
  • 1956 – Charlie Leibrandt, American baseball player
  • 1956 – Sherri Turner, American golfer
  • 1956 – Christoph Waltz, Austrian-German actor
  • 1957 – Bill Fagerbakke, American actor
  • 1957 – Yngve Moe, Norwegian bass player and songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1957 – Russell Simmons, American businessman, founded Def Jam Recordings and Phat Farm
  • 1958 – Barbara Kooyman, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1958 – Anneka Rice, Welsh radio and television host
  • 1959 – Chris Lowe, English singer and keyboard player
  • 1959 – Tony Meo, English snooker player
  • 1959 – Hitonari Tsuji, Japanese author, composer, and director
  • 1960 – Joe Boever, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Henry Worsley, English colonel and explorer (d. 2016)
  • 1961 – Philippe Russo, French singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1961 – Kazuki Takahashi, Japanese author and illustrator, created Yu-Gi-Oh!
  • 1961 – Jon Secada, Cuban-American singer-songwriter
  • 1962 – Carlos Carsolio, Mexican mountaineer
  • 1963 – A. C. Green, American basketball player
  • 1963 – Koji Ishikawa, Japanese author and illustrator
  • 1964 – Francis Magalona, Filipino rapper, producer, and actor (d. 2009)
  • 1964 – Yvonne Murray, Scottish runner
  • 1965 – Olaf Backasch, German footballer
  • 1965 – Skip Heller, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1965 – Steve Olin, American baseball player (d. 1993)
  • 1965 – Micky Ward, American boxer
  • 1967 – Nick Green, Australian rower
  • 1967 – Liev Schreiber, American actor and director
  • 1968 – Richard Hancox, English footballer and manager
  • 1968 – Tim Wise, American activist and author
  • 1971 – Darren Middleton, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1972 – Kurt Thomas, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Paco León, Spanish actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1975 – Cristiano Lucarelli, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Mauro Camoranesi, Argentinian-Italian footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Elisandro Naressi Roos, Brazilian footballer
  • 1976 – Alicia Silverstone, American actress, producer, and author
  • 1976 – Ueli Steck, Swiss mountaineer and rock climber (d. 2017)
  • 1977 – Richard Reed Parry, Canadian guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1978 – Phillip Glasser, American actor and producer
  • 1978 – Kei Horie, Japanese actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1978 – Kyle Lohse, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Rachael Leigh Cook, American actress
  • 1979 – Björn Phau, German tennis player
  • 1979 – Adam Voges, Australian cricketer
  • 1980 – Sarah Fisher, American race car driver
  • 1980 – James Jones, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Tomáš Rosický, Czech footballer
  • 1981 – Shaura, Japanese singer
  • 1981 – Justin Williams, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Tony Gwynn, Jr., American baseball player
  • 1982 – Jered Weaver, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Dan Clarke, English race car driver
  • 1983 – Marios Nicolaou, Cypriot footballer
  • 1983 – Chansi Stuckey, American football player
  • 1983 – Kurt Suzuki, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Vicky Krieps, Luxembourgish actress
  • 1984 – Lena Katina, Russian singer-songwriter
  • 1984 – Álvaro Parente, Portuguese race car driver
  • 1984 – Karolina Tymińska, Polish heptathlete
  • 1985 – Shontelle, Barbadian singer-songwriter
  • 1985 – Thorsten Wiedemann, German rugby player
  • 1987 – Rawez Lawan, Swedish footballer
  • 1987 – Will Puddy, English footballer
  • 1987 – Marina Weisband, German politician
  • 1988 – Melissa Benoist, American actress and singer
  • 1988 – Caner Erkin, Turkish footballer
  • 1988 – Evgeni Krasnopolski, Israeli figure skater
  • 1988 – Derrick Rose, American basketball player
  • 1989 – Dakota Johnson, American model and actress
  • 1990 – Signy Aarna, Estonian footballer
  • 1990 – Sergey Shubenkov, Russian hurdler
  • 1993 – Mitchell Swepson, Australian cricketer
  • 1995 – Mikolas Josef, Czech Republic singer and songwriter

Deaths in October 4

  • AD 23 – Wang Mang, Emperor of China
  • 744 – Yazid III, Umayyad caliph (b. 701)
  • 863 – Turpio, Frankish nobleman
  • 1052 – Vladimir of Novgorod (b. 1020)
  • 1160 – Constance of Castile, Queen of France (b. 1141)
  • 1189 – Gerard de Ridefort, Grand Master of the Knights Templar
  • 1221 – William IV Talvas, Count of Ponthieu (b. 1179)
  • 1226 – Francis of Assisi (b. 1182)
  • 1227 – Caliph al-Adil of Morocco
  • 1250 – Herman VI, Margrave of Baden (b. 1226)
  • 1305 – Emperor Kameyama of Japan (b. 1249)
  • 1361 – John de Mowbray, 3rd Baron Mowbray, English baron (b. 1310)
  • 1497 – John, Prince of Asturias, only son of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile (b. 1478)
  • 1582 – Teresa of Ávila, Spanish nun and saint (b. 1515)
  • 1597 – Sarsa Dengel, Ethiopian emperor (b. 1550)
  • 1646 – Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel, English courtier and politician, Earl Marshal of the United Kingdom (b. 1586)
  • 1660 – Francesco Albani, Italian painter (b. 1578)
  • 1661 – Jacqueline Pascal, French nun and composer (b. 1625)
  • 1669 – Rembrandt, Dutch painter and illustrator (b. 1606)
  • 1680 – Pierre-Paul Riquet, French engineer, designed the Canal du Midi (b. 1609)
  • 1743 – John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll, Scottish commander and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Surrey (b. 1678)
  • 1749 – Baron Franz von der Trenck, Austrian soldier (b. 1711)
  • 1821 – John Rennie the Elder, Scottish engineer, designed the Waterloo Bridge (b. 1761)
  • 1827 – Grigorios Zalykis, Greek-French lexicographer and scholar (b. 1785)
  • 1851 – Manuel Godoy, Spanish general and politician, Prime Minister of Spain (b. 1767)
  • 1852 – James Whitcomb, American lawyer and politician, 8th Governor of Indiana (b. 1795)
  • 1859 – Karl Baedeker, German publisher, founded Baedeker (b. 1801)
  • 1864 – Joseph Montferrand, Canadian logger and strongman (b. 1802)
  • 1867 – Francis Xavier Seelos, German-American priest and missionary (b. 1819)
  • 1871 – Sarel Cilliers, South African spiritual leader and preacher (b. 1801)
  • 1890 – Catherine Booth, English theologian and saint, co-founded The Salvation Army (b. 1829)
  • 1903 – Otto Weininger, Austrian philosopher and author (b. 1880)
  • 1904 – Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, French sculptor, designed the Statue of Liberty (b. 1834)
  • 1904 – Carl Josef Bayer, Austrian chemist and academic (b. 1847)
  • 1910 – Sergey Muromtsev, Russian lawyer and politician (b. 1850)
  • 1935 – Jean Béraud, French painter and academic (b. 1849)
  • 1935 – Marie Gutheil-Schoder, German soprano, actress, and director (b. 1874)
  • 1943 – Irena Iłłakowicz, German-Polish lieutenant (b. 1906)
  • 1944 – Al Smith, American lawyer and politician, 42nd Governor of New York (b. 1873)
  • 1946 – Barney Oldfield, American race car driver and actor (b. 1878)
  • 1947 – Max Planck, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1858)
  • 1951 – Henrietta Lacks, American medical patient (b. 1920)
  • 1955 – Alexander Papagos, Greek general and politician, 152nd Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1883)
  • 1958 – Ida Wüst, German actress and screenwriter (b. 1884)
  • 1961 – Benjamin, Russian metropolitan (b. 1880)
  • 1963 – Alar Kotli, Estonian architect (b. 1904)
  • 1970 – Janis Joplin, American singer-songwriter (b. 1943)
  • 1974 – Anne Sexton, American poet and author (b. 1928)
  • 1975 – Joan Whitney Payson, American businesswoman and philanthropist (b. 1903)
  • 1977 – José Ber Gelbard, Argentinian activist and politician (b. 1917)
  • 1980 – Pyotr Masherov, First Secretary of the Communist Party of Byelorussia (b. 1918)
  • 1981 – Freddie Lindstrom, American baseball player and coach (b. 1905)
  • 1982 – Glenn Gould, Canadian pianist and conductor (b. 1932)
  • 1982 – Stefanos Stefanopoulos, Greek politician, 165th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1898)
  • 1988 – Zlatko Grgić, Croatian-Canadian animator, director, and screenwriter (b. 1931)
  • 1989 – Graham Chapman, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1941)
  • 1990 – Mārtiņš Zīverts, Latvian playwright (b. 1903)
  • 1992 – Denny Hulme, New Zealand race car driver (b. 1936)
  • 1994 – Danny Gatton, American guitarist (b. 1945)
  • 1997 – Otto Ernst Remer, German general (b. 1912)
  • 1997 – Gunpei Yokoi, Japanese game designer, created Game Boy (b. 1941)
  • 1998 – S. Arasaratnam, Sri Lankan historian and academic (b. 1930)
  • 1999 – Erik Brødreskift, Norwegian drummer (b. 1969)
  • 1999 – Bernard Buffet, French painter and illustrator (b. 1928)
  • 1999 – Art Farmer, American trumpet player and composer (b. 1928)
  • 2000 – Yu Kuo-hwa, Chinese politician, 32nd Premier of the Republic of China (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – Michael Smith, English-Canadian biochemist and geneticist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1932)
  • 2001 – Blaise Alexander, American race car driver (b. 1976)
  • 2001 – John Collins, American guitarist (b. 1913)
  • 2001 – Ahron Soloveichik, Russian rabbi and scholar (b. 1917)
  • 2002 – André Delvaux, Belgian-Spanish director and screenwriter (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Sid McMath, American lawyer and politician, 34th Governor of Arkansas (b. 1912)
  • 2004 – Gordon Cooper, American colonel, engineer, and astronaut (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Stanley K. Hathaway, American lawyer and politician, 40th United States Secretary of the Interior (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Qassem Al-Nasser, Jordanian general (b. 1925)
  • 2009 – Gerhard Kaufhold, German footballer (b. 1928)
  • 2009 – Günther Rall, German general and pilot (b. 1918)
  • 2010 – Norman Wisdom, English actor, comedian, and singer-songwriter (b. 1915)
  • 2011 – Doris Belack, American actress (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – David Atkinson, Canadian actor and singer (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – Stan Mudenge, Zimbabwean historian and politician, Zimbabwean Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1941)
  • 2012 – Tom Stannage, Australian footballer, historian, and academic (b. 1944)
  • 2013 – John Cloudsley-Thompson, Pakistani-English commander (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Ulric Cross, Trinidadian navigator, judge, and diplomat (b. 1917)
  • 2013 – Akira Miyoshi, Japanese composer (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Diana Nasution, Indonesian singer (b. 1958)
  • 2013 – Võ Nguyên Giáp, Vietnamese general and politician, 3rd Minister of Defence for Vietnam (b. 1911)
  • 2013 – Nicholas Oresko, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1917)
  • 2014 – Konrad Boehmer, German-Dutch composer and educator (b. 1941)
  • 2014 – Hugo Carvana, Brazilian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1937)
  • 2014 – Fyodor Cherenkov, Russian footballer and manager (b. 1959)
  • 2014 – Jean-Claude Duvalier, Haitian politician, 41st President of Haiti (b. 1951)
  • 2014 – Jewel Joseph Newman, American sergeant and politician (b. 1921)
  • 2015 – William A. Culpepper, American general, lawyer, and judge (b. 1916)
  • 2015 – Edida Nageswara Rao, Indian director and producer (b. 1934)
  • 2015 – Dave Pike, American vibraphone player and songwriter (b. 1938)
  • 2015 – Neal Walk, American basketball player (b. 1948)

Holidays and observances in October 4

  • Christian feast day:
    • Amun
    • Francis of Assisi
    • Petronius of Bologna
    • October 4 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Cinnamon Roll Day (Sweden)
  • Day of Peace and Reconciliation (Mozambique)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Lesotho from the United Kingdom in 1966.
  • The beginning of World Space Week (International)
  • World Animal Day

October 5- History, Events, Births, Deaths Holidays and Observances On This Day

October 5 is the 278th day of the year (279th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 87 days remain until the end of the year.

October 5 in history

  • 610 – Heraclius arrives at Constantinople, kills Byzantine Emperor Phocas, and becomes emperor.
  • 816 – King Louis the Pious is crowned emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by the Pope.
  • 869 – The Fourth Council of Constantinople is convened to depose patriarch Photios I.
  • 1143 – King Alfonso VII of León and Castile recognises Portugal as a Kingdom.
  • 1450 – Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria expels Jews from his jurisdiction.
  • 1550 – The city of Concepción is founded, in present-day Chile.
  • 1607 – Assassins sent by the Pope attempt to kill Venetian statesman and scientist Paolo Sarpi.
  • 1665 – The University of Kiel is founded.
  • 1789 – French Revolution: The Women’s March on Versailles effectively terminates royal authority.
  • 1813 – War of 1812: The Army of the Northwest defeats a British and Native Canadian force threatening Detroit.
  • 1838 – The Killough massacre in east Texas sees eighteen Texian settlers either killed or kidnapped.
  • 1857 – The city of Anaheim, California is founded.
  • 1869 – The Saxby Gale devastates the Bay of Fundy region in Canada.
  • 1869 – The Hennepin Island tunnel collapses during construction, nearly destroying St. Anthony Falls.
  • 1877 – The Nez Perce War in the northwestern United States comes to an end.
  • 1905 – The Wright brothers pilot the Wright Flyer III in a new world record flight of 24 miles in 39 minutes.
  • 1910 – In a revolution in Portugal the monarchy is overthrown and a republic is declared.
  • 1911 – The Kowloon–Canton Railway commences service.
  • 1914 – World War I: An aircraft successfully destroys another aircraft with gunfire.
  • 1921 – The World Series is the first to be broadcast on radio.
  • 1930 – British airship R101 crashes in France en route to India on its maiden voyage.
  • 1936 – The Jarrow March sets off for London.
  • 1938 – In Nazi Germany, Jews’ passports are invalidated.
  • 1943 – Ninety-eight American POWs are executed by Japanese forces on Wake Island.
  • 1944 – The Provisional Government of the French Republic enfranchises women.
  • 1945 – A six-month strike by Hollywood set decorators turns into a bloody riot at the gates of the Warner Brothers studio.
  • 1947 – President Truman makes the first televised Oval Office address.
  • 1948 – The Ashgabat earthquake kills between 10,000 and 110,000 people.
  • 1966 – A reactor at the Enrico Fermi Nuclear Generating Station near Detroit suffers a partial meltdown.
  • 1968 – A Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association march in Derry is violently suppressed by police.
  • 1970 – The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is founded.
  • 1970 – The British Trade Commissioner is kidnapped by members of the FLQ, triggering the October Crisis in Canada.
  • 1974 – Bombs planted by the PIRA kill four British soldiers and one civilian.
  • 1982 – Tylenol products are recalled after bottles in Chicago laced with cyanide cause seven deaths.
  • 1984 – Marc Garneau becomes the first Canadian in space.
  • 1986 – Mordechai Vanunu’s story in The Sunday Times reveals Israel’s secret nuclear weapons.
  • 1988 – A Chilean opposition coalition defeats Augusto Pinochet in his re-election attempt.
  • 1990 – After 150 years The Herald newspaper in Melbourne, Australia, is published for the last time as a separate newspaper.
  • 1991 – An Indonesian Air Force C-130 crash kills 135 people.
  • 1999 – The Ladbroke Grove rail crash in west London kills 31 people.
  • 2000 – Mass demonstrations in Serbia force the resignation of Slobodan Milošević.
  • 2011 – In the Mekong River massacre, two Chinese cargo boats are hijacked and 13 crew members murdered.

Births in October 5

  • 1274 – Al-Dhahabi, Syrian scholar and historian (d. 1348)
  • 1338 – Alexios III of Trebizond (d. 1390)
  • 1377 – Louis II of Anjou (d. 1417)
  • 1422 – Catherine, Princess of Asturias, Spanish royal (d. 1424)
  • 1487 – Ludwig of Hanau-Lichtenberg, German nobleman (d. 1553)
  • 1520 – Alessandro Farnese, Italian cardinal and diplomat (d. 1589)
  • 1524 – Rani Durgavati, Queen of Gond (d. 1564)
  • 1609 – Paul Fleming, German physician and poet (d. 1640)
  • 1641 – Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan, French mistress of Louis XIV of France (d. 1707)
  • 1658 – Mary of Modena (d. 1718)
  • 1687 – Maria Maddalena Martinengo, Italian nun (d. 1737)
  • 1695 – John Glas, Scottish minister (d. 1773)
  • 1703 – Jonathan Edwards, American pastor and theologian (d. 1758)
  • 1712 – Francesco Guardi, Italian painter (d. 1793)
  • 1713 – Denis Diderot, French philosopher and critic (d. 1784)
  • 1715 – Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau, French economist and educator (d. 1789)
  • 1728 – Chevalier d’Éon, French diplomat and spy (d. 1810)
  • 1743 – Giuseppe Gazzaniga, Italian composer and educator (d. 1818)
  • 1781 – Bernard Bolzano, Czech mathematician and philosopher (d. 1848)
  • 1792 – Joseph Crosfield, English businessman (d. 1844)
  • 1795 – Alexander Keith, Scottish-Canadian brewer and politician, 13th Mayor of Halifax (d. 1873)
  • 1803 – Friedrich Bernhard Westphal, Danish-German painter (d. 1844)
  • 1816 – Ursula Frayne, Irish-Australian nun and missionary (d. 1885)
  • 1817 – Catherine Cooper Hopley, British author and naturalist (d. 1911)
  • 1820 – David Wilber, American lawyer and politician (d. 1890)
  • 1824 – Henry Chadwick, English-American historian and author (d. 1908)
  • 1829 – Chester A. Arthur, American general, lawyer, and politician, 21st President of the United States (d. 1886)
  • 1844 – Francis William Reitz, South African lawyer and politician, 5th State President of the Orange Free State (d. 1934)
  • 1848 – Guido von List, Austrian-German journalist and poet (d. 1919)
  • 1850 – Sergey Muromtsev, Russian lawyer and politician (d. 1910)
  • 1857 – Peadar Toner Mac Fhionnlaoich, Irish author and playwright (d. 1942)
  • 1858 – Helen Churchill Candee, American journalist and author (d. 1949)
  • 1864 – Louis Lumière, French director and producer (d. 1948)
  • 1873 – Lucien Mérignac, French fencer (d. 1941)
  • 1877 – Mike O’Neill, Irish-American baseball player and manager (d. 1959)
  • 1878 – Louise Dresser, American actress (d. 1965)
  • 1879 – Francis Peyton Rous, American pathologist and virologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1970)
  • 1882 – Robert H. Goddard, American physicist, engineer, and academic (d. 1945)
  • 1883 – Ernst Pittschau, German actor (d. 1951)
  • 1885 – Arunachalam Mahadeva, Sri Lankan politician and diplomat (d. 1969)
  • 1885 – Ida Rubinstein, Russian ballerina and actress (d. 1960)
  • 1887 – René Cassin, French judge and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1976)
  • 1887 – Manny Ziener, German actress (d. 1972)
  • 1888 – Mary Fuller, American actress and screenwriter (d. 1973)
  • 1889 – Teresa de la Parra, French-Venezuelan author and educator (d. 1936)
  • 1892 – Remington Kellogg, American zoologist and paleontologist (d. 1969)
  • 1894 – Bevil Rudd, South African runner and journalist (d. 1948)
  • 1898 – Nachum Gutman, Moldovan-Israeli painter and sculptor (d. 1980)
  • 1899 – Elda Anderson, American physicist and health researcher (d. 1961)
  • 1900 – Bing Xin, Chinese author and poet, known for her contributions to children’s literature (d. 1998)
  • 1900 – Margherita Bontade, Italian politician (d. 1992)
  • 1901 – John Alton, Austrian-American director and cinematographer (d. 1996)
  • 1902 – Larry Fine, American comedian (d. 1975)
  • 1902 – Ray Kroc, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1984)
  • 1903 – M. King Hubbert, American geophysicist and academic (d. 1989)
  • 1905 – John Hoyt, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1905 – Harriet E. MacGibbon, American actress (d. 1987)
  • 1907 – Mrs. Miller, American novelty singer (d. 1997)
  • 1907 – Ragnar Nurkse, Estonian-American economist and academic (d. 1959)
  • 1908 – Mehmet Ali Aybar, Turkish lawyer and politician (d. 1995)
  • 1908 – Joshua Logan, American director and screenwriter (d. 1988)
  • 1909 – Tony Malinosky, American baseball player and soldier (d. 2011)
  • 1911 – Pierre Dansereau, Canadian ecologist and academic (d. 2011)
  • 1911 – Brian O’Nolan, Irish author and playwright (d. 1966)
  • 1912 – Fritz Fischer, German physician (d. 2003)
  • 1913 – Eugene B. Fluckey, American admiral, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2007)
  • 1914 – Zhang Zhen, Chinese general and politician (d. 2015)
  • 1916 – Stetson Kennedy, American author and activist (d. 2011)
  • 1917 – Allen Ludden, American television personality and game show host (d. 1981)
  • 1917 – Magda Szabó, Hungarian author and poet (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Donald Pleasence, English actor (d. 1995)
  • 1921 – Bill Willis, American football player and coach (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Jim Godbolt, English historian and journalist (d. 2013)
  • 1922 – José Froilán González, Argentinian racing driver (d. 2013)
  • 1922 – Bil Keane, American soldier and cartoonist (d. 2011)
  • 1922 – Jock Stein, Scottish footballer and manager (d. 1985)
  • 1923 – Philip Berrigan, American priest and activist (d. 2002)
  • 1923 – Stig Dagerman, Swedish journalist and author (d. 1954)
  • 1923 – Albert Guðmundsson, Icelandic footballer and politician (d. 1994)
  • 1923 – Glynis Johns, South African-born British actress and singer
  • 1923 – Kailashpati Mishra, Indian lawyer and politician, 18th Governor of Gujarat (d. 2012)
  • 1924 – Bill Dana, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2017)
  • 1924 – José Donoso, Chilean author (d. 1996)
  • 1924 – Barbara Kelly, Canadian actress and screenwriter (d. 2007)
  • 1924 – Frederic Morton, Austrian-American banker, journalist, and author (d. 2015)
  • 1924 – Bob Thaves, American cartoonist (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Gail Davis, American actress (d. 1997)
  • 1925 – Herbert Kretzmer, South African-English journalist and songwriter
  • 1925 – Antoine Gizenga, Congolese politician (d. 2019)
  • 1925 – Walter Dale Miller, American lawyer and politician, 29th Governor of South Dakota (d. 2015)
  • 1926 – Avraham Adan, Israeli general (d. 2012)
  • 1926 – Willi Unsoeld, American mountaineer and educator (d. 1979)
  • 1928 – Louise Fitzhugh, American author and illustrator (d. 1974)
  • 1929 – Richard F. Gordon Jr., American captain, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2017)
  • 1929 – Bill Wirtz, American businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Pavel Popovich, Ukrainian general, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2009)
  • 1930 – Reinhard Selten, German economist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2016)
  • 1931 – Rosalie Gower, Canadian nurse and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1932 – Neal Ascherson, Scottish journalist and author
  • 1932 – Dean Prentice, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1932 – Michael John Rogers, English ornithologist and police officer (d. 2006)
  • 1933 – Doug Bailey, American political consultant, founded The Hotline (d. 2013)
  • 1933 – Diane Cilento, Australian actress and author (d. 2011)
  • 1933 – Billy Lee Riley, American rockabilly musician, singer-songwriter, and record producer (d. 2009)
  • 1934 – Kenneth D. Taylor, Canadian businessman and diplomat (d. 2015)
  • 1936 – Václav Havel, Czech poet, playwright, and politician, 1st President of the Czech Republic (d. 2011)
  • 1937 – Carlo Mastrangelo, American doo-wop singer (d. 2016)
  • 1937 – Barry Switzer, American football player and coach
  • 1938 – Johnny Duncan, American country singer (d. 2006)
  • 1938 – Teresa Heinz, Mozambican-American businesswoman and philanthropist
  • 1939 – Marie-Claire Blais, Canadian author and playwright
  • 1939 – A. R. Penck, German painter and sculptor (d. 2017)
  • 1939 – Walter Wolf, Austrian-Canadian businessman, founded Walter Wolf Racing
  • 1939 – Consuelo Ynares-Santiago, Filipino lawyer and jurist
  • 1940 – Rein Aun, Estonian decathlete and coach (d. 1995)
  • 1940 – John Byrne Cooke, American author and photographer (d. 2017)
  • 1940 – Bob Cowper, Australian cricketer
  • 1941 – Roy Book Binder, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1941 – Stephanie Cole, English actress
  • 1941 – Eduardo Duhalde, Argentinian lawyer and politician, 50th President of Argentina
  • 1942 – Billy Scott, American singer-songwriter (d. 2012)
  • 1942 – Richard Street, American singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1943 – Ben Cardin, American lawyer and politician
  • 1943 – Steve Miller, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1943 – Michael Morpurgo, English author, poet, and playwright
  • 1944 – Richard Rosser, Baron Rosser, English union leader and politician
  • 1945 – Brian Connolly, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1997)
  • 1945 – Geoff Leigh, English saxophonist and flute player
  • 1946 – Zahida Hina, Pakistani journalist and author
  • 1946 – Robin Lane Fox, English historian and author
  • 1946 – Heather MacRae, American actress
  • 1946 – Jean Perron, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1946 – David Watson, English footballer
  • 1947 – Brian Johnson, English singer-songwriter
  • 1947 – Michèle Pierre-Louis, Haitian politician, 14th Prime Minister of Haiti
  • 1948 – Carter Cornelius, American singer (d. 1991)
  • 1948 – Russell Mael, American vocalist
  • 1948 – Tawl Ross, American guitarist
  • 1948 – Zoran Živković, Serbian author and academic
  • 1949 – Peter Ackroyd, English biographer, novelist and critic
  • 1949 – Ralph Goodale, Canadian lawyer and politician, 36th Canadian Minister of Finance
  • 1949 – Bill James, American historian and author
  • 1949 – B. W. Stevenson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1988)
  • 1949 – Yashiki Takajin, Japanese singer and television host (d. 2014)
  • 1950 – “Fast” Eddie Clarke, English rock guitarist (d. 2018)
  • 1950 – Jeff Conaway, American actor and singer (d. 2011)
  • 1950 – Edward P. Jones, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1950 – James Rizzi, American painter and illustrator (d. 2011)
  • 1951 – Karen Allen, American actress
  • 1951 – Bob Geldof, British singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1952 – Clive Barker, English author, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1952 – Harold Faltermeyer, German keyboard player, composer, and producer
  • 1952 – Imran Khan, Pakistani cricketer and Prime Minister
  • 1953 – Philip Hampton, English-Scottish accountant and businessman
  • 1953 – Roy Laidlaw, Scottish rugby player
  • 1955 – John Alexander, English footballer
  • 1955 – Jean-Jacques Lafon, French singer-songwriter
  • 1955 – Adair Turner, Baron Turner of Ecchinswell, English academic and businessman
  • 1957 – Mark Geragos, American lawyer
  • 1957 – Lee Thompson, English singer-songwriter and saxophonist
  • 1957 – Bernie Mac, American actor, comedian, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1958 – André Kuipers, Dutch physician and astronaut
  • 1958 – Neil Peart, Australian footballer
  • 1958 – Neil deGrasse Tyson, American astrophysicist, cosmologist, and author
  • 1959 – Maya Lin, American architect and sculptor, designed the Vietnam Veterans Memorial and Civil Rights Memorial
  • 1959 – Kelly Joe Phelps, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1959 – David Shannon, American author and illustrator
  • 1959 – Kenan İpek, Turkish lawyer and judge
  • 1960 – Careca, Brazilian footballer
  • 1960 – Daniel Baldwin, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1960 – David Kirk, New Zealand rugby player and coach
  • 1961 – Pato Banton, English singer-songwriter
  • 1961 – David Bryson, American guitarist and singer-songwriter
  • 1961 – Sharon Cheslow, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1962 – Michael Andretti, American race car driver
  • 1962 – Thomas Herbst, German footballer and manager
  • 1962 – Caron Keating, British television host (d. 2004)
  • 1963 – Laura Davies, English golfer and sportscaster
  • 1963 – Tony Dodemaide, Australian cricketer
  • 1963 – Michael Hadschieff, Austrian speed skater
  • 1963 – Nick Robinson, English journalist and blogger
  • 1964 – Dave Dederer, American guitarist and singer
  • 1964 – Philip A. Haigh, English historian and author
  • 1964 – Malik Saidullaev, Russian businessman
  • 1964 – Korina Sanchez, Filipino journalist
  • 1965 – Trace Armstrong, American football player and agent
  • 1965 – Mario Lemieux, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1965 – Patrick Roy, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1966 – Dennis Byrd, American football player (d. 2016)
  • 1966 – Sean M. Carroll, American physicist, cosmologist, and academic
  • 1966 – Terri Runnels, American wrestler and manager
  • 1966 – Jan Verhaas, Dutch snooker player and referee
  • 1967 – Rex Chapman, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1967 – Guy Pearce, English-Australian actor
  • 1967 – Dorian West, Welsh-English rugby player
  • 1970 – Josie Bissett, American actress
  • 1970 – Matthew Knights, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1970 – Audie Pitre, American singer and bass player (d. 1997)
  • 1970 – Tord Gustavsen, Norwegian pianist and composer
  • 1970 – Cal Wilson, New Zealand comedian, actress, and screenwriter
  • 1971 – Tonia Antoniazzi, British politician
  • 1971 – Mauricio Pellegrino, Argentinian footballer and manager
  • 1972 – Annely Akkermann, Estonian banker and politician
  • 1972 – Aaron Guiel, Canadian baseball player
  • 1972 – Grant Hill, American basketball player and actor
  • 1972 – Thomas Roberts, American journalist and actor
  • 1973 – Cédric Villani, French mathematician and academic
  • 1974 – Rich Franklin, American mixed martial artist and actor
  • 1974 – Colin Meloy, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1974 – Anousjka van Exel, Dutch tennis player
  • 1975 – Bobo Baldé, French-Guinean footballer
  • 1975 – Carson Ellis, American painter and illustrator
  • 1975 – Parminder Nagra, English actress
  • 1975 – Monica Rial, American voice actress, director, and screenwriter
  • 1975 – Kate Winslet, English actress
  • 1976 – Ramzan Kadyrov, Russian-Chechen general and politician, 3rd President of the Chechen Republic
  • 1976 – Royston Tan, Singaporean director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1976 – J. J. Yeley, American race car driver
  • 1977 – Hugleikur Dagsson, Icelandic author, illustrator, and critic
  • 1977 – Vinnie Paz, Italian-American rapper and producer
  • 1977 – Konstantin Zyryanov, Russian footballer
  • 1978 – Mark Gower, English footballer
  • 1978 – Jesse Palmer, Canadian football player and sportscaster
  • 1978 – Shane Ryan, Irish footballer and hurler
  • 1978 – James Valentine, American guitarist
  • 1978 – Steinar Nickelsen, Norwegian organist and composer
  • 1978 – Morgan Webb, Canadian-American television host and producer
  • 1979 – Vince Grella, Australian footballer
  • 1979 – Curtis Sanford, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Paul Thomas, American bass player
  • 1980 – James Toseland, English motorcycle racer
  • 1981 – Jeanette Antolin, American gymnast
  • 1981 – Joel Lindpere, Estonian footballer
  • 1981 – Andy Nägelein, German footballer
  • 1982 – Michael Roos, Estonian-American football player
  • 1982 – Steve Williams, Australian-German rugby player
  • 1983 – Jesse Eisenberg, American actor and writer
  • 1983 – Florian Mayer, German tennis player
  • 1983 – Mashrafe Mortaza, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1984 – Naima Adedapo, American singer and dancer
  • 1984 – Kenwyne Jones, Trinidadian footballer
  • 1985 – Nicola Roberts, English singer-songwriter
  • 1986 – Mladen Bartulović, Croatian footballer
  • 1987 – Dillon Francis, American DJ and record producer
  • 1987 – Kevin Mirallas, Belgian footballer
  • 1987 – Tim Ream, American soccer player
  • 1987 – Park So-yeon, South Korean singer, dancer, and actress
  • 1987 – Javier Villa, Spanish racing driver
  • 1987 – Luigi Vitale, Italian footballer
  • 1988 – Benny Howell, English cricketer
  • 1988 – Bahar Kızıl, German singer-songwriter
  • 1988 – Kevin Olusola, American musician, beatboxer, singer-songwriter, rapper, and record producer
  • 1988 – Maja Salvador, Filipino actress, dancer, singer, and host
  • 1989 – Kelsey Adrian, Canadian basketball player
  • 1989 – Marcel Baude, German footballer
  • 1989 – Ify Ibekwe, American basketball player
  • 1990 – Nathan Peats, Australian rugby league player
  • 1992 – Kevin Magnussen, Danish racing driver
  • 1996 – Jayden Nikorima, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1999 – Connor McLennan, Scottish footballer
  • 2000 – Taahira Butterfield, Bermudian athlete
  • 2006 – Jacob Tremblay, Canadian actor

Deaths in October 5

  • 578 – Justin II, Byzantine emperor (b. 520)
  • 610 – Phocas, Byzantine emperor
  • 989 – Henry III, duke of Bavaria (b. 940)
  • 1056 – Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1016)
  • 1111 – Robert II, count of Flanders (b. 1065)
  • 1112 – Sigebert of Gembloux, French monk, historian, and author (b. 1030)
  • 1214 – Alfonso VIII, king of Castile and Toledo (b. 1155)
  • 1225 – Al-Nasir, Abbasid caliph (b. 1158)
  • 1285 – Philip III, king of France (b. 1245)
  • 1354 – Giovanni Visconti, Italian cardinal (b. 1290)
  • 1398 – Blanche of Navarre, queen of France (b. 1330)
  • 1399 – Raymond of Capua, Italian priest and Master General (b. c. 1330)
  • 1524 – Joachim Patinir, Flemish landscape painter (b. c. 1480)
  • 1528 – Richard Foxe, English bishop and academic (b. 1448)
  • 1540 – Helius Eobanus Hessus, German poet and educator (b. 1488)
  • 1564 – Pierre de Manchicourt, Flemish composer and educator (b. 1510)
  • 1565 – Lodovico Ferrari, Italian mathematician and academic (b. 1522)
  • 1606 – Philippe Desportes, French poet and author (b. 1546)
  • 1629 – Heribert Rosweyde, Jesuit hagiographer (b. 1569)
  • 1714 – Kaibara Ekken, Japanese botanist and philosopher (b. 1630)
  • 1740 – Jean-Philippe Baratier, German astronomer and scholar (b. 1721)
  • 1777 – Johann Andreas Segner, Slovak-German mathematician, physicist, and physician (b. 1704)
  • 1802 – Sanité Bélair, Haitian freedom fighter (b. 1781)
  • 1805 – Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1738)
  • 1813 – Tecumseh, American tribal leader (b. 1768)
  • 1827 – William Mullins, 2nd Baron Ventry, Anglo-Irish politician and peer (b. 1761)
  • 1848 – Joseph Hormayr, Baron zu Hortenburg, Austrian-German historian and politician (b. 1781)
  • 1861 – Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Polish archbishop (b. 1778)
  • 1880 – Jacques Offenbach, German-French cellist and composer (b. 1819)
  • 1885 – Thomas C. Durant, American railroad tycoon (b. 1820)
  • 1895 – Ralph Tollemache, English priest (b. 1826)
  • 1913 – Hans von Bartels, German painter and educator (b. 1856)
  • 1914 – Albert Solomon, Australian politician, 23rd Premier of Tasmania (b. 1876)
  • 1918 – Roland Garros, French soldier and pilot (b. 1888)
  • 1921 – John Storey, Australian politician, 20th Premier of New South Wales (b. 1869)
  • 1927 – Sam Warner, Polish-American director, producer, and screenwriter, co-founded Warner Bros. (b. 1887)
  • 1929 – Varghese Payyappilly Palakkappilly, Indian priest, founded the Sisters of the Destitute (b. 1876)
  • 1930 – Christopher Thomson, 1st Baron Thomson, Indian-English soldier and politician, Secretary of State for Air (b. 1875)
  • 1933 – Renée Adorée, French-American actress (b. 1898)
  • 1933 – Nikolai Yudenich, Russian general (b. 1862)
  • 1936 – J. Slauerhoff, Dutch poet and author (b. 1898)
  • 1938 – Faustina Kowalska, Polish nun and saint (b. 1905)
  • 1938 – Albert Ranft, Swedish actor and director (b. 1858)
  • 1940 – Ballington Booth, English-American activist, co-founded the Volunteers of America (b. 1857)
  • 1940 – Lincoln Loy McCandless, American rancher and politician (b. 1859)
  • 1940 – Silvestre Revueltas, Mexican violinist, composer, and conductor (b. 1889)
  • 1941 – Louis Brandeis, American lawyer and jurist (b. 1856)
  • 1942 – Dorothea Klumpke, American astronomer (b. 1861)
  • 1943 – Leon Roppolo, American clarinet player and composer (b. 1902)
  • 1950 – Frederic Lewy, German-American neurologist and academic (b. 1885)
  • 1952 – Joe Jagersberger, Austrian racing driver (b. 1884)
  • 1967 – Clifton Williams, American astronaut (b. 1932)
  • 1976 – Barbara Nichols, American actress (b. 1928)
  • 1976 – Lars Onsager, Norwegian-American chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1981 – Gloria Grahame, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 1983 – Humberto Mauro, Brazilian director and screenwriter (b. 1897)
  • 1983 – Earl Tupper, American inventor and businessman, founded the Tupperware Corporation (b. 1907)
  • 1985 – Karl Menger, Austrian-American mathematician from the Vienna Circle (b. 1902)
  • 1986 – Mike Burgmann, Australian racing driver and accountant (b. 1947)
  • 1986 – Hal B. Wallis, American film producer (b. 1898)
  • 1986 – James H. Wilkinson, English mathematician and computer scientist (b. 1919)
  • 1992 – Eddie Kendricks, American singer-songwriter (b. 1939)
  • 1996 – Seymour Cray, American engineer and businessman, founded CRAY Inc (b. 1925)
  • 1997 – Brian Pillman, American football player and wrestler (b. 1962)
  • 2000 – Johanna Döbereiner, Brazilian agronomist (b. 1924)
  • 2000 – Cătălin Hîldan, Romanian footballer (b. 1976)
  • 2001 – Mike Mansfield, American soldier, politician, and diplomat, 22nd United States Ambassador to Japan (b. 1903)
  • 2002 – Chuck Rayner, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Dan Snyder, Canadian-American ice hockey player (b. 1978)
  • 2003 – Timothy Treadwell, American environmentalist, director, and producer (b. 1957)
  • 2004 – Rodney Dangerfield, American comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – William H. Dobelle, American biologist and academic (b. 1941)
  • 2004 – Maurice Wilkins, New Zealand-English physicist and biologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Antonio Peña, Mexican wrestling promoter, founded Lucha Libre AAA World Wide (b. 1953)
  • 2009 – Mike Alexander, English singer-songwriter and bass player (b. 1977)
  • 2010 – Bernard Clavel, French journalist and author (b. 1923)
  • 2010 – Mary Leona Gage, American model and actress, Miss USA 1957 (b. 1939)
  • 2010 – Steve Lee, Swiss singer-songwriter (b. 1963)
  • 2011 – Derrick Bell, American academic and scholar (b. 1930)
  • 2011 – Bert Jansch, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1943)
  • 2011 – Steve Jobs, American businessman, co-founder of Apple Inc. and Pixar (b. 1955)
  • 2011 – Charles Napier, American actor and singer (b. 1936)
  • 2011 – Fred Shuttlesworth, American activist, co-founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (b. 1922)
  • 2011 – Gökşin Sipahioğlu, Turkish photographer and journalist (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Keith Campbell, English biologist and academic (b. 1954)
  • 2012 – Vojin Dimitrijević, Croatian-Serbian lawyer and activist (b. 1932)
  • 2012 – James W. Holley, III, American dentist and politician (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Edvard Mirzoyan, Georgian-Armenian composer and educator (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – Claude Pinoteau, French director and screenwriter (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Ruth R. Benerito, American chemist and academic (b. 1916)
  • 2013 – Carlo Lizzani, Italian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Yakkun Sakurazuka, Japanese voice actress and singer (b. 1976)
  • 2014 – David Chavchavadze, English-American CIA officer and author (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Andrea de Cesaris, Italian racing driver (b. 1959)
  • 2014 – Geoffrey Holder, Trinidadian-American actor, singer, dancer, and choreographer (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Yuri Lyubimov, Russian actor and director (b. 1917)
  • 2015 – Chantal Akerman, Belgian-French actress, director, and producer (b. 1950)
  • 2015 – Joker Arroyo, Filipino lawyer and politician (b. 1927)
  • 2015 – Grace Lee Boggs, American philosopher, author, and activist (b. 1915)
  • 2015 – Henning Mankell, Swedish author and playwright (b. 1948)
  • 2016 – Brock Yates, American journalist and author (b. 1933)
  • 2017 – Eberhard van der Laan, Dutch politician, mayor of Amsterdam (b. 1955)

Holidays and observances in October 5

  • World Space Week (October 4–10)
  • Armed Forces Day (Indonesia)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Anna Schäffer
    • Faustina Kowalska
    • Blessed Francis Xavier Seelos (Roman Catholic Church)
    • Blessed Bartolo Longo
    • Thraseas
    • Hor and Susia (Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria)
    • Placid and Maurus
    • Placidus (martyr)
    • October 5 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Constitution Day (Vanuatu)
  • Engineer’s Day (Bolivia)
  • International Day of No Prostitution
  • Republic Day (Portugal)
  • Teachers’ Day (Pakistan)
  • Teachers’ Day (Russia)
  • World Teachers’ Day