August 11 – History, Events, Births, Deaths Holidays and Observances On This Day

  • 3114 BC – The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, used by several pre-Columbian Mesoamerican civilizations, notably the Maya, begins.
  • 2492 BC – Traditional date of the defeat of Bel by Hayk, progenitor and founder of the Armenian nation.
  • 106 – The south-western part of Dacia (modern Romania) becomes a Roman province: Roman Dacia.
  • 355 – Claudius Silvanus, accused of treason, proclaims himself Roman Emperor against Constantius II.
  • 490 – Battle of Adda: The Goths under Theodoric the Great and his ally Alaric II defeat the forces of Odoacer on the Adda River, near Milan.
  • 1309 – Siege of Almería: James II of Aragon and his forces landed near Almería, beginning an unsuccessful siege of the Muslim-held city.
  • 1332 – Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Dupplin Moor: Scots under Domhnall II, Earl of Mar are routed by Edward Balliol.
  • 1473 – The Battle of Otlukbeli: Mehmed the Conqueror of the Ottoman Empire decisively defeats Uzun Hassan of Aq Qoyunlu.
  • 1675 – Franco-Dutch War: Forces of the Holy Roman Empire defeat the French in the Battle of Konzer Brücke.
  • 1786 – Captain Francis Light establishes the British colony of Penang in Malaysia.
  • 1804 – Francis II assumes the title of first Emperor of Austria.
  • 1812 – Peninsular War: French troops engage British-Portuguese forces in the Battle of Majadahonda.
  • 1813 – In Colombia, Juan del Corral declares the independence of Antioquia.
  • 1858 – The Eiger in the Bernese Alps is ascended for the first time by Charles Barrington accompanied by Christian Almer and Peter Bohren.
  • 1898 – Spanish–American War: American troops enter the city of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
  • 1918 – World War I: The Battle of Amiens ends.
  • 1920 – The Latvian–Soviet Peace Treaty, which relinquished Russia’s authority and pretenses to Latvia, is signed, ending the Latvian War of Independence.
  • 1929 – Babe Ruth becomes the first baseball player to hit 500 home runs in his career with a home run at League Park in Cleveland, Ohio.
  • 1934 – The first civilian prisoners arrive at the Federal prison on Alcatraz Island.
  • 1942 – Actress Hedy Lamarr and composer George Antheil receive a patent for a Frequency-hopping spread spectrum communication system that later became the basis for modern technologies in wireless telephones and Wi-Fi.
  • 1945 – Poles in Kraków engage in a pogrom against Jews in the city, killing one and wounding five.
  • 1952 – Hussein bin Talal is proclaimed King of Jordan.
  • 1959 – Sheremetyevo International Airport, the second-largest airport in Russia, opens.
  • 1960 – Chad declares independence.
  • 1961 – The former Portuguese territories in India of Dadra and Nagar Haveli are merged to create the Union Territory Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
  • 1962 – Vostok 3 launches from the Baikonur Cosmodrome and cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev becomes the first person to float in microgravity.
  • 1965 – Race riots (the Watts Riots) begin in the Watts area of Los Angeles, California.
  • 1969 – The Apollo 11 astronauts are released from a three-week quarantine following their liftoff from the moon.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: The last United States ground combat unit leaves South Vietnam.
  • 1975 – East Timor: Governor Mário Lemos Pires of Portuguese Timor abandons the capital Dili, following a coup by the Timorese Democratic Union (UDT) and the outbreak of civil war between UDT and Fretilin.
  • 1979 – Two Aeroflot Tupolev Tu-134s collide over the Ukrainian city of Dniprodzerzhynsk and crash, killing all 178 aboard both airliners.
  • 1982 – A bomb explodes on Pan Am Flight 830, en route from Tokyo, Japan to Honolulu, Hawaii, killing one passenger and injuring 15 others.
  • 1984 – “We begin bombing in five minutes”: United States President Ronald Reagan, while running for re-election, jokes while preparing to make his weekly Saturday address on National Public Radio.
  • 2000 – An air rage incident occurs on board Southwest Airlines Flight 1763 when 19-year-old Jonathan Burton attempts to storm the cockpit, but he is subdued by other passengers and dies from his injuries.
  • 2003 – NATO takes over command of the peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, marking its first major operation outside Europe in its 54-year-history.
  • 2003 – Jemaah Islamiyah leader Riduan Isamuddin, better known as Hambali, is arrested in Bangkok, Thailand.
  • 2006 – The oil tanker MT Solar 1 sinks off the coast of Guimaras and Negros Islands in the Philippines, causing the country’s worst oil spill.
  • 2012 – At least 306 people are killed and 3,000 others injured in a pair of earthquakes near Tabriz, Iran.
  • 2017 – At least 41 people are killed and another 179 injured after two passenger trains collide in Alexandria, Egypt.

Births on August 11

  • 1086 – Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1125)
  • 1384 – Yolande of Aragon (d. 1442)
  • 1472 – Nikolaus von Schönberg, Catholic cardinal (d. 1537)
  • 1510 – Margaret Paleologa, Sovereign Marchioness of Montferrat (d. 1566)
  • 1673 – Richard Mead, English physician and astrologer (d. 1754)
  • 1718 – Frederick Haldimand, Swiss-English general and politician, 22nd Governor of Quebec (d. 1791)
  • 1722 – Richard Brocklesby, English physician (d. 1797)
  • 1748 – Joseph Schuster, German composer (d. 1812)
  • 1778 – Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, Prussian gymnast, educator, and politician (d. 1852)
  • 1794 – James B. Longacre, American engraver (d. 1869)
  • 1807 – David Rice Atchison, American general, lawyer, and politician (d. 1886)
  • 1808 – William W. Chapman, American lawyer and politician (d. 1892)
  • 1816 – Frederick Innes, Scottish-Australian politician, 9th Premier of Tasmania (d. 1882)
  • 1833 – Robert G. Ingersoll, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (d. 1899)
  • 1833 – Kido Takayoshi, Japanese samurai and politician (d. 1877)
  • 1836 – Warren Brown, American historian and politician (d. 1919)
  • 1837 – Marie François Sadi Carnot, French engineer and politician, 4th President of the French Republic (d. 1894)
  • 1855 – John Hodges, Australian cricketer (d. 1933)
  • 1858 – Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1930)
  • 1860 – Ottó Bláthy, Hungarian engineer and chess player (d. 1939)
  • 1870 – Tom Richardson, English cricketer (d. 1912)
  • 1874 – Princess Louise Charlotte of Saxe-Altenburg (d. 1953)
  • 1877 – Adolph M. Christianson, American lawyer and judge (d. 1954)
  • 1878 – Oliver W. F. Lodge, English poet and author (d. 1955)
  • 1881 – Aleksander Aberg, Estonian wrestler (d. 1920)
  • 1884 – Hermann Wlach, Austrian-Swiss actor (d. 1962)
  • 1885 – Stephen Butterworth, English physicist and engineer (d. 1958)
  • 1891 – Stancho Belkovski, Bulgarian architect and educator (d. 1962)
  • 1891 – Edgar Zilsel, Austrian historian and philosopher of science, linked to the Vienna Circle (d. 1944)
  • 1892 – Hugh MacDiarmid, Scottish poet and linguist (d. 1978)
  • 1892 – Eiji Yoshikawa, Japanese author (d. 1962)
  • 1897 – Enid Blyton, English author, poet, and educator (d. 1968)
  • 1897 – Louise Bogan, American poet and critic (d. 1970)
  • 1898 – Peter Mohr Dam, Faroese educator and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands (d. 1968)
  • 1900 – Charley Paddock, American sprinter (d. 1943)
  • 1900 – Philip Phillips, American archaeologist and scholar (d. 1994)
  • 1902 – Alfredo Binda, Italian cyclist (d. 1986)
  • 1902 – Lloyd Nolan, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1905 – Erwin Chargaff, Austrian-American biochemist and academic (d. 2002)
  • 1905 – Ernst Jaakson, Estonian diplomat (d. 1998)
  • 1907 – Ted a’Beckett, Australian cricketer and lawyer (d. 1989)
  • 1908 – Don Freeman, American author and illustrator (d. 1978)
  • 1908 – Torgny T:son Segerstedt, Swedish sociologist and philosopher (d. 1999)
  • 1909 – Yūji Koseki, Japanese composer (d. 1989)
  • 1909 – Uku Masing, Estonian philosopher and theologian (d. 1985)
  • 1911 – Thanom Kittikachorn, Thai field marshal and politician, 10th Prime Minister of Thailand (d. 2004)
  • 1912 – Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, German astronomer and academic (d. 1954)
  • 1912 – Raphael Blau, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – Paul Dupuis, Canadian actor (d. 1976)
  • 1913 – Bob Scheffing, American baseball player and manager (d. 1985)
  • 1913 – Angus Wilson, English author and academic (d. 1991)
  • 1915 – Morris Weiss, American author and illustrator (d. 2014)
  • 1916 – Johnny Claes, English-Belgian race car driver and trumpet player (d. 1956)
  • 1919 – Luis Olmo, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and manager (d. 2017)
  • 1920 – Mike Douglas, American singer and talk show host (d. 2006)
  • 1920 – Chuck Rayner, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2002)
  • 1921 – Alex Haley, American historian and author (d. 1992)
  • 1922 – John “Mule” Miles, American baseball player (d. 2013)
  • 1923 – Stan Chambers, American journalist and actor (d. 2015)
  • 1925 – Floyd Curry, Canadian ice hockey player and manager (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Arlene Dahl, American actress, businesswoman and writer
  • 1926 – Aaron Klug, Lithuanian-English chemist and biophysicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2018)
  • 1927 – Raymond Leppard, English harpsichord player and conductor (d. 2019)
  • 1927 – Stuart Rosenberg, American director and producer (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Fernando Arrabal, Spanish actor, director, and playwright
  • 1932 – Izzy Asper, Canadian lawyer, businessman, and politician, founded Canwest (d. 2003)
  • 1932 – Geoffrey Cass, English businessman
  • 1932 – Peter Eisenman, American architect, designed the City of Culture of Galicia
  • 1932 – John Gorrie, English director and screenwriter
  • 1933 – Jerry Falwell, American minister and television host (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Jerzy Grotowski, Polish director and producer (d. 1999)
  • 1933 – Tamás Vásáry, Hungarian pianist and conductor
  • 1934 – Bob Hepple, South African lawyer and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1936 – Andre Dubus, American short story writer, essayist, and memoirist (d. 1999)
  • 1936 – Bill Monbouquette, American baseball player and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1936 – Jonathan Spence, English-American historian and academic
  • 1937 – Anna Massey, English actress (d. 2011)
  • 1937 – Patrick Joseph McGovern, American businessman, founded International Data Group (d. 2014)
  • 1939 – Ronnie Dawson, American singer and guitarist (d. 2003)
  • 1940 – Glenys Page, New Zealand cricketer (d. 2012)
  • 1941 – John Ellison, American-Canadian musician and songwriter
  • 1942 – Mike Hugg, English drummer and keyboard player
  • 1943 – Jim Kale, Canadian bass player
  • 1943 – Pervez Musharraf, Pakistani general and politician, 10th President of Pakistan
  • 1943 – Denis Payton, English saxophonist (d. 2006)
  • 1944 – Martin Linton, Swedish-English journalist and politician
  • 1944 – Frederick W. Smith, American businessman, founded FedEx
  • 1944 – Ian McDiarmid, Scottish actor
  • 1946 – John Conlee, American singer-songwriter
  • 1946 – Marilyn vos Savant, American journalist and author
  • 1947 – Theo de Jong, Dutch footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1947 – Georgios Karatzaferis, Greek journalist and politician
  • 1948 – Don Boyd, Scottish director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1949 – Eric Carmen, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1949 – Tim Hutchinson, American lawyer and politician
  • 1949 – Ian Charleson, Scottish-English actor and singer (d. 1990)
  • 1950 – Erik Brann, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2003)
  • 1950 – Gennadiy Nikonov, Russian engineer, designed the AN-94 rifle (d. 2003)
  • 1950 – Steve Wozniak, American computer scientist and programmer, co-founded Apple Inc.
  • 1952 – Reid Blackburn, American photographer (d. 1980)
  • 1952 – Bob Mothersbaugh, American singer, guitarist, and producer
  • 1953 – Hulk Hogan, American wrestler
  • 1953 – Wijda Mazereeuw, Dutch swimmer
  • 1954 – Bryan Bassett, American guitarist
  • 1954 – Vance Heafner, American golfer and coach (d. 2012)
  • 1954 – Joe Jackson, English singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1954 – Tarmo Rüütli, Estonian footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1954 – Yashpal Sharma, Indian cricketer and umpire
  • 1955 – Marc Bureau, Canadian politician, 16th Mayor of Gatineau
  • 1955 – Sylvia Hermon, Northern Irish academic and politician
  • 1956 – Pierre-Louis Lions, French mathematician and academic
  • 1957 – Ian Stuart Donaldson, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1993)
  • 1958 – Steven Pokere, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1958 – Jah Wobble, English singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1959 – Gustavo Cerati, Argentinian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2014)
  • 1959 – Yoshiaki Murakami, Japanese businessman
  • 1959 – Taraki Sivaram, Sri Lankan journalist and author (d. 2005)
  • 1959 – Richard Scudamore, English businessman
  • 1959 – László Szlávics, Jr., Hungarian sculptor
  • 1961 – David Brooks, American journalist and author
  • 1961 – Craig Ehlo, American basketball player and coach
  • 1962 – Brian Azzarello, American author
  • 1962 – Charles Cecil, English video game designer and co-founded Revolution Software
  • 1962 – John Micklethwait, English journalist and author
  • 1962 – Rob Minkoff, American director and producer
  • 1963 – Hiromi Makihara, Japanese baseball player
  • 1964 – Jim Lee, South Korean-American author and illustrator
  • 1964 – Grant Waite, New Zealand golfer
  • 1965 – Marc Bergevin, Canadian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1965 – Embeth Davidtz, American actress
  • 1965 – Viola Davis, American actress
  • 1966 – Nigel Martyn, English footballer and coach
  • 1966 – Juan María Solare, Argentinian pianist and composer
  • 1967 – Massimiliano Allegri, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1967 – Enrique Bunbury, Spanish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1967 – Joe Rogan, American actor, comedian, and television host
  • 1967 – Petter Wettre, Norwegian saxophonist and composer
  • 1968 – Sophie Okonedo, British actress
  • 1968 – Charlie Sexton, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1970 – Dirk Hannemann, German footballer and manager
  • 1970 – Gianluca Pessotto, Italian footballer
  • 1971 – Alejandra Barros, Mexican actress and screenwriter
  • 1971 – Tommy Mooney, English footballer
  • 1973 – Kristin Armstrong, American cyclist
  • 1974 – Marie-France Dubreuil, Canadian figure skater
  • 1974 – Hadiqa Kiani, Pakistani singer, songwriter and philanthropist
  • 1974 – Audrey Mestre, French biologist and diver (d. 2002)
  • 1974 – Carolyn Murphy, American model and actress
  • 1975 – Chris Cummings, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1976 – Iván Córdoba, Colombian footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Bubba Crosby, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Will Friedle, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1976 – Ben Gibbard, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1976 – Ľubomír Višňovský, Slovak ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Gemma Hayes, Irish singer-songwriter
  • 1977 – Dênio Martins, Brazilian footballer
  • 1978 – Spyros Gogolos, Greek footballer
  • 1978 – Charlotte Leslie, British politician
  • 1978 – Lillian Nakate, Ugandan politician
  • 1978 – Isy Suttie, English comedian, musician, actress, and writer
  • 1979 – Walter Ayoví, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1980 – Daniel Lloyd, English cyclist and sportscaster
  • 1980 – Lee Suggs, American football player
  • 1981 – Daniel Poohl, Swedish journalist
  • 1983 – Chris Hemsworth, Australian actor
  • 1983 – Luke Lewis, Australian rugby league player
  • 1983 – Pavel 183, Russian painter (d. 2013)
  • 1984 – Melky Cabrera, Dominican baseball player
  • 1984 – Lucas di Grassi, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1985 – Jacqueline Fernandez, Sri Lankan actress
  • 1986 – Mokhtar Benmoussa, Algerian footballer
  • 1986 – Pablo Sandoval, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1987 – Dany N’Guessan, French footballer
  • 1987 – Drew Storen, American baseball player
  • 1988 – Rabeh Al-Hussaini, Filipino basketball player
  • 1988 – Patty Mills, Australian basketball player
  • 1988 – Mustafa Pektemek, Turkish footballer
  • 1989 – Junior Heffernan, Irish cyclist and triathlete (d. 2013)
  • 1989 – Sebastian Huke, German footballer
  • 1990 – Lenka Juríková, Slovak tennis player
  • 1991 – Cristian Tello, Spanish footballer
  • 1994 – Storm Sanders, Australian tennis player
  • 1994 – Anton Cooper, New Zealand cross-country cyclist
  • 1994 – Joseph Barbato, French footballer
  • 1997 – Sarah Clelland, Scottish footballer

Deaths on August 11

  • 480 BC – Leonidas I, Agiad King of Sparta
  • 223 – Jia Xu, Chinese politician (b. 147)
  • 353 – Magnentius, Roman usurper (b. 303)
  • 449 – Archbishop Flavian of Constantinople
  • 919 – Dhuka al-Rumi, Abbasid governor of Egypt
  • 979 – Gero, Count of Alsleben
  • 991 – Byrhtnoth, English soldier (b. 956)
  • 1044 – Sokkate, king of the Pagan dynasty of Burma (b. 1001)
  • 1204 – Guttorm of Norway (b. 1199)
  • 1253 – Clare of Assisi, Italian follower of Francis of Assisi (b. 1194)
  • 1259 – Möngke Khan, Mongolian emperor (b. 1208)
  • 1268 – Agnes of Faucigny, Dame ruler of Faucigny, Countess consort of Savoy
  • 1332 – Domhnall II, Earl of Mar
  • 1332 – Robert II Keith, Marischal of Scotland
  • 1332 – Thomas Randolph, 2nd Earl of Moray
  • 1332 – Murdoch III, Earl of Menteith
  • 1332 – Robert Bruce, Lord of Liddesdale
  • 1456 – John Hunyadi, Hungarian general and politician (b. 1387)
  • 1464 – Nicholas of Cusa, German cardinal and mystic (b. 1401)
  • 1465 – Kettil Karlsson, regent of Sweden and Bishop of Linköping (b. 1433)
  • 1486 – William Waynflete, English Lord Chancellor and bishop of Winchester (b. c. 1398)
  • 1494 – Hans Memling, German-Belgian painter (b. 1430)
  • 1519 – Johann Tetzel, German preacher (b. 1465)
  • 1556 – John Bell, English bishop
  • 1563 – Bartolomé de Escobedo, Spanish composer and educator (b. 1500)
  • 1578 – Pedro Nunes, Portuguese mathematician and academic (b. 1502)
  • 1596 – Hamnet Shakespeare, son of William Shakespeare (b. 1585)
  • 1614 – Lavinia Fontana, Italian painter (b. 1552)
  • 1656 – Ottavio Piccolomini, Austrian-Italian field marshal (b. 1599)
  • 1725 – Prince Vittorio Amedeo Theodore of Savoy (b. 1723)
  • 1774 – Charles-François Tiphaigne de la Roche, French physician and author (b. 1722)
  • 1813 – Henry James Pye, English poet and politician (b. 1745)
  • 1851 – Lorenz Oken, German botanist, biologist, and ornithologist (b. 1779)
  • 1854 – Macedonio Melloni, Italian physicist and academic (b. 1798)
  • 1868 – Halfdan Kjerulf, Norwegian pianist and composer (b. 1815)
  • 1886 – Lydia Koidula, Estonian poet and playwright (b. 1843)
  • 1890 – John Henry Newman, English cardinal and theologian (b. 1801)
  • 1892 – Enrico Betti, Italian mathematician and academic (b. 1813)
  • 1903 – Eugenio María de Hostos, Puerto Rican-American sociologist, philosopher, and lawyer (b. 1839)
  • 1908 – Khudiram Bose, Indian Bengali revolutionary (b. 1889)
  • 1919 – Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-American businessman and philanthropist, founded the Carnegie Steel Company and Carnegie Hall (b. 1835)
  • 1921 – Mary Sumner, English philanthropist, founded the Mothers’ Union (b. 1828)
  • 1936 – Blas Infante, Spanish historian and politician (b. 1885)
  • 1937 – Edith Wharton, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1862)
  • 1939 – Jean Bugatti, German-Italian engineer (b. 1909)
  • 1939 – Siegfried Flesch, Austrian fencer (b. 1872)
  • 1945 – Stefan Jaracz, Polish actor and theater producer (b. 1883)
  • 1953 – Tazio Nuvolari, Italian race car driver and motorcycle racer (b. 1892)
  • 1956 – Jackson Pollock, American painter (b. 1912)
  • 1961 – Antanas Škėma, Lithuanian-American author, playwright, actor, and director (b. 1910)
  • 1963 – Otto Wahle, Austrian-American swimmer and coach (b. 1879)
  • 1965 – Bill Woodfull, Australian cricketer and educator (b. 1897)
  • 1969 – Miriam Licette, English soprano and educator (b. 1885)
  • 1972 – Max Theiler, South African-American virologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1974 – Vicente Emilio Sojo, Venezuelan conductor and composer (b. 1887)
  • 1977 – Frederic Calland Williams, British co-inventor of the Williams-Kilborn tube, used for memory in early computer systems (b. 1911)
  • 1978 – Berta Ruck, Indian-born Welsh romance novelist (b. 1878)
  • 1979 – J. G. Farrell, English author (b. 1935)
  • 1980 – Paul Robert, French lexicographer and publisher (b. 1910)
  • 1982 – Tom Drake, American actor and singer (b. 1918)
  • 1984 – Alfred A. Knopf Sr., American publisher, founded Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. (b. 1892)
  • 1984 – Paul Felix Schmidt, Estonian–American chemist and chess player (b. 1916)
  • 1986 – János Drapál, Hungarian motorcycle racer (b. 1948)
  • 1988 – Anne Ramsey, American actress (b. 1929)
  • 1989 – John Meillon, Australian actor (b. 1934)
  • 1991 – J. D. McDuffie, American race car driver (b. 1938)
  • 1994 – Peter Cushing, English actor (b. 1913)
  • 1995 – Phil Harris, American singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1904)
  • 1996 – Rafael Kubelík, Czech conductor and composer (b. 1914)
  • 1996 – Ambrosio Padilla, Filipino basketball player and politician (b. 1910)
  • 2000 – Jean Papineau-Couture, Canadian composer and academic (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Percy Stallard, English cyclist and coach (b. 1909)
  • 2002 – Galen Rowell, American photographer and mountaineer (b. 1940)
  • 2003 – Armand Borel, Swiss-American mathematician and academic (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Herb Brooks, American ice hockey player and coach (b. 1937)
  • 2006 – Mike Douglas, American singer and talk show host (b. 1920)
  • 2008 – George Furth, American actor and playwright (b. 1932)
  • 2008 – Dursun Karataş, founding leader of the Revolutionary People’s Liberation Party–Front (DHKP-C) in Turkey (b. 1952)
  • 2009 – Eunice Kennedy Shriver, American activist, founded the Special Olympics (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – Red Bastien, American wrestler, trainer, and promoter (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Michael Dokes, American boxer (b. 1958)
  • 2012 – Lucy Gallardo, Argentinian-Mexican actress and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Raymond Delisle, French cyclist (b. 1943)
  • 2013 – Zafar Futehally, Indian ornithologist and author (b. 1919)
  • 2013 – David Howard, English ballet dancer and educator (b. 1937)
  • 2014 – Vladimir Beara, Croatian footballer and manager (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Raymond Gravel, Canadian priest and politician (b. 1952)
  • 2014 – Kika Szaszkiewiczowa, Polish author and blogger (b. 1917)
  • 2014 – Robin Williams, American actor and comedian (b. 1951)
  • 2015 – Serge Collot, French viola player and educator (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Harald Nielsen, Danish footballer and manager (b. 1941)
  • 2015 – Richard Oriani, Salvadoran-American metallurgist and engineer (b. 1920)
  • 2017 – Yisrael Kristal, Polish-Israeli supercentenarian; oldest living Holocaust survivor and one of the ten oldest men ever (b. 1903)
  • 2017 – Segun Bucknor, Nigerian musician and journalist (b. 1946)
  • 2018 – V S Naipaul, British writer (b. 1932) [7]
  • 2019 – Sergio Obeso Rivera, Mexican Roman Catholic cardinal (b. 1931)[8]

Holidays and observances on August 11

  • Christian Feast Day:
    • Athracht
    • Clare of Assisi
    • Fiacre
    • Gaugericus
    • John Henry Newman (Church of England)
    • Philomena
    • Susanna
    • Taurinus of Évreux
    • Tiburtius and Chromatius
    • August 11 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Flag Day (Pakistan)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Chad from France in 1960.
  • Mountain Day (Japan)

August 8 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

  • 870 – Treaty of Meerssen: King Louis the German and his half-brother Charles the Bald partition the Middle Frankish Kingdom into two larger east and west divisions.
  • 1220 – Sweden is defeated by Estonian tribes in the Battle of Lihula.
  • 1264 – Mudéjar revolt: Muslim rebel forces took the Alcázar of Jerez de la Frontera after defeating the Castilian garrison.
  • 1503 – King James IV of Scotland marries Margaret Tudor, daughter of King Henry VII of England at Holyrood Abbey in Edinburgh, Scotland.
  • 1509 – Krishnadeva Raya is crowned Emperor of Vijayanagara at Chittoor.
  • 1576 – The cornerstone for Tycho Brahe’s Uraniborg observatory is laid on the island of Hven.
  • 1585 – John Davis enters Cumberland Sound in search of the Northwest Passage.
  • 1588 – Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines: The naval engagement ends, ending the Spanish Armada’s attempt to invade England.
  • 1605 – The city of Oulu, Finland, is founded by Charles IX of Sweden.
  • 1647 – The Irish Confederate Wars and Wars of the Three Kingdoms: Battle of Dungan’s Hill: English Parliamentary forces defeat Irish forces.
  • 1648 – Mehmed IV (1648–1687) succeeds Ibrahim I (1640–1648) as Ottoman Emperor.
  • 1709 – Bartolomeu de Gusmão demonstrates the lifting power of hot air in an audience before the king of Portugal in Lisbon, Portugal.
  • 1786 – Mont Blanc on the French-Italian border is climbed for the first time by Jacques Balmat and Dr. Michel-Gabriel Paccard.
  • 1793 – The insurrection of Lyon occurs during the French Revolution.
  • 1794 – Joseph Whidbey leads an expedition to search for the Northwest Passage near Juneau, Alaska.
  • 1831 – Four hundred Shawnee people agree to relinquish their lands in Ohio in exchange for land west of the Mississippi River in the Treaty of Wapakoneta.
  • 1844 – The Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, headed by Brigham Young, is reaffirmed as the leading body of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Following his defeat in the Battle of Gettysburg, General Robert E. Lee sends a letter of resignation to Confederate President Jefferson Davis (which is refused upon receipt).
  • 1870 – The Republic of Ploiești, a failed Radical-Liberal rising against Domnitor Carol of Romania.
  • 1876 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for his mimeograph.
  • 1908 – Wilbur Wright makes his first flight at a racecourse at Le Mans, France. It is the Wright Brothers’ first public flight.
  • 1918 – World War I: The Battle of Amiens begins a string of almost continuous Allied victories with a push through the German front lines (Hundred Days Offensive).
  • 1919 – The Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919 is signed. It establishes peaceful relations between Afghanistan and the UK, and confirms the Durand line as the mutual border. In return, the UK is no longer obligated to subsidize the Afghan government.
  • 1929 – The German airship Graf Zeppelin begins a round-the-world flight.
  • 1940 – The “Aufbau Ost” directive is signed by Wilhelm Keitel.
  • 1942 – Quit India Movement is launched in India against the British rule in response to Mohandas Gandhi’s call for swaraj or complete independence.
  • 1945 – The London Charter is signed by France, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union and the United States, establishing the laws and procedures for the Nuremberg trials.
  • 1946 – First flight of the Convair B-36, the world’s first mass-produced nuclear weapon delivery vehicle, the heaviest mass-produced piston-engined aircraft, with the longest wingspan of any military aircraft, and the first bomber with intercontinental range.
  • 1963 – Great Train Robbery: In England, a gang of 15 train robbers steal £2.6 million in bank notes.
  • 1963 – The Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU), the current ruling party of Zimbabwe, is formed by a split from the Zimbabwe African People’s Union.
  • 1967 – The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is founded by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.
  • 1969 – At a zebra crossing in London, photographer Iain Macmillan takes the iconic photo that becomes the cover image of the Beatles’ album Abbey Road.
  • 1973 – Kim Dae-jung, a South Korean politician and later president of South Korea, is kidnapped.
  • 1974 – President Richard Nixon, in a nationwide television address, announces his resignation from the office of the President of the United States effective noon the next day.
  • 1988 – The 8888 Uprising begins in Rangoon (Yangon), Burma (Myanmar). Led by students, hundreds of thousands join in nationwide protests against the one-party regime. On September 18, the demonstrations end in a military crackdown, killing thousands.
  • 1988 – The first night baseball game in the history of Chicago’s Wrigley Field (game was rained out in the fourth inning).
  • 1989 – Space Shuttle program: STS-28 Mission: Space Shuttle Columbia takes off on a secret five-day military mission.
  • 1990 – Iraq occupies Kuwait and the state is annexed to Iraq. This would lead to the Gulf War shortly afterward.
  • 1991 – The Warsaw radio mast, at one time the tallest construction ever built, collapses.
  • 1993 – The 7.8 Mw  Guam earthquake shakes the island with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), causing around $250 million in damage and injuring up to 71 people.
  • 1998 – Iranian consulate in Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan is raided by Taliban leading to the deaths of ten Iranian diplomats and a journalist.
  • 2000 – Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley is raised to the surface after 136 years on the ocean floor and 30 years after its discovery by undersea explorer E. Lee Spence.
  • 2007 – An EF2 tornado touches down in Kings County and Richmond County, New York, the most powerful tornado in New York to date and the first in Brooklyn since 1889.
  • 2008 – A EuroCity express train en route from Kraków, Poland to Prague, Czech Republic strikes a part of a motorway bridge that had fallen onto the railroad track near Studénka railway station in the Czech Republic and derails, killing eight people and injuring 64 others.
  • 2010 – China Floods: A mudslide in Zhugqu County, Gansu, China, kills more than 1,400 people.
  • 2013 – A suicide bombing at a funeral in the Pakistani city of Quetta kills at least 31 people.
  • 2015 – Eight people are killed in a shooting in Harris County, Texas.
  • 2016 – Terrorists attack a government hospital in Quetta, Pakistan with a suicide blast and shooting, killing between 70 and 94 people, and injuring around 130 others.

Births on August 8

  • 422 – Casper, ruler of the Maya city of Palenque
  • 1079 – Emperor Horikawa of Japan (d. 1107)
  • 1170 – Saint Dominic, founder of the Dominicans (d. 1221)
  • 1306 – Rudolf II, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1353)
  • 1492 – Matteo Tafuri, Italian alchemist (d. 1582)
  • 1518 – Conrad Lycosthenes, French-German scholar and author (d. 1561)
  • 1558 – George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland, English noble (d. 1605)
  • 1605 – Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, English lawyer and politician, Governor of Newfoundland (d. 1675)
  • 1640 – Amalia Catharina, German poet and composer (d. 1697)
  • 1646 – Godfrey Kneller, German-English painter (d. 1723)
  • 1673 – John Ker, Scottish spy (d. 1726)
  • 1693 – Laurent Belissen, French composer (d. 1762)
  • 1694 – Francis Hutcheson, Irish philosopher and academic (d. 1746)
  • 1709 – Hermann Anton Gelinek, German-Italian monk and violinist (d. 1779)
  • 1720 – Carl Fredrik Pechlin, Swedish general and politician (d. 1796)
  • 1754 – Hipólito Ruiz López, Spanish botanist (d. 1816)
  • 1758 – Friedrich Georg Weitsch, German painter (d. 1828)
  • 1779 – Louis de Freycinet, French navigator and explorer (d. 1842)
  • 1790 – Ferenc Kölcsey, Hungarian poet, critic, and politician (d. 1838)
  • 1807 – Emilie Flygare-Carlén, Swedish author (d. 1892)
  • 1814 – Esther Hobart Morris, American lawyer and judge (d. 1902)
  • 1822 – George Stoneman, Jr., United States Army cavalry officer (d. 1894)
  • 1839 – Nelson A. Miles, American general (d. 1925)
  • 1851 – George Turner, Australian politician, 18th Premier of Victoria (d. 1916)
  • 1856 – Thomas Anstey Guthrie, English journalist and author (d. 1934)
  • 1857 – Cécile Chaminade, French pianist and composer (d. 1944)
  • 1866 – Matthew Henson, American explorer (d. 1955)
  • 1874 – Albert Stanley, 1st Baron Ashfield, English businessman and politician, President of the Board of Trade (d. 1948)
  • 1875 – Arthur Bernardes, Brazilian lawyer and politician, 12th President of Brazil (d. 1955)
  • 1876 – Varghese Payyappilly Palakkappilly, Indian-Syrian priest, founded the Sisters of the Destitute (d. 1929)
  • 1879 – Bob Smith, American physician and surgeon, co-founded Alcoholics Anonymous (d. 1950)
  • 1879 – Emiliano Zapata, Mexican general and politician (d. 1919)
  • 1880 – Earle Page, Australian lawyer, academic, and politician, 11th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1961)
  • 1881 – Paul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist, German field marshal (d. 1954)
  • 1882 – Ladislas Starevich, Russian-French animator, screenwriter, and cinematographer (d. 1965)
  • 1884 – Sara Teasdale, American poet and educator (d. 1933)
  • 1889 – Hans Egede Budtz, Danish actor (d. 1968)
  • 1889 – Jack Ryder, Australian cricketer (d. 1977)
  • 1891 – Adolf Busch, German violinist and composer (d. 1952)
  • 1896 – Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, American author and academic (d. 1953)
  • 1898 – Marguerite Bise, French chef (d. 1965)
  • 1901 – Ernest Lawrence, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
  • 1902 – Paul Dirac, English-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1984)
  • 1904 – Achille Varzi, Italian racing driver (d. 1948)
  • 1905 – André Jolivet, French composer (d. 1974)
  • 1907 – Benny Carter, American saxophonist, trumpet player, and composer (d. 2003)
  • 1908 – Arthur Goldberg, American jurist and politician, 6th United States Ambassador to the United Nations (d. 1990)
  • 1909 – Charles Lyttelton, 10th Viscount Cobham, English cricketer and politician, 9th Governor-General of New Zealand (d. 1977)
  • 1909 – Jack Renshaw, Australian politician, 31st Premier of New South Wales (d. 1987)
  • 1909 – Bill Voce, England cricketer and coach (d. 1984)
  • 1910 – Jimmy Murphy, Welsh-English footballer and manager (d. 1989)
  • 1910 – Sylvia Sidney, American actress (d. 1999)
  • 1911 – Rosetta LeNoire, American actress (d. 2002)
  • 1915 – James Elliott, American runner and coach (d. 1981)
  • 1919 – Dino De Laurentiis, Italian actor and producer (d. 2010)
  • 1919 – John David Wilson, English animator and producer (d. 2013)
  • 1920 – Leo Chiosso, Italian songwriter and producer (d. 2006)
  • 1920 – Jimmy Witherspoon, American jump blues singer (d. 1997)
  • 1921 – William Asher, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2012)
  • 1921 – Webb Pierce, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1991)
  • 1921 – Esther Williams, American swimmer and actress (d. 2013)
  • 1922 – Rory Calhoun, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1922 – Rudi Gernreich, Austrian-American fashion designer, created the Monokini (d. 1985)
  • 1922 – Gertrude Himmelfarb, American historian, author, and academic (d. 2019)
  • 1922 – Károly Reich, Hungarian illustrator (d. 1988)
  • 1925 – Alija Izetbegović, Bosnian lawyer and politician, 1st President of Bosnia and Herzegovina (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Aziz Sattar, Malaysian actor, comedian, singer and director (d. 2014)
  • 1926 – Richard Anderson, American actor and producer (d. 2017)
  • 1927 – Johnny Temple, American baseball player and coach (d. 1994)
  • 1927 – Maia Wojciechowska, Polish-American author (d. 2002)
  • 1928 – Don Burrows, Australian saxophonist, clarinet player, and flute player (d. 2020)
  • 1929 – Larisa Bogoraz, Russian linguist and activist (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Luis García Meza Tejada, Bolivian general and politician, 68th President of Bolivia (d. 2018)
  • 1930 – Terry Nation, Welsh-American author and screenwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1930 – Jerry Tarkanian, American basketball player and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1931 – Roger Penrose, English physicist, mathematician, and philosopher
  • 1932 – Mel Tillis, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2017)
  • 1933 – Joe Tex, American soul singer-songwriter (d. 1982)
  • 1934 – Sarat Pujari, Indian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1935 – Donald P. Bellisario, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1935 – John Laws, Papua New Guinean-Australian singer and radio host
  • 1936 – Frank Howard, American baseball player and manager
  • 1936 – Jan Pieńkowski, Polish-English author and illustrator
  • 1937 – Dustin Hoffman, American actor and director
  • 1937 – Sheila Varian, American horse breeder (d. 2016)
  • 1937 – Cornelis Vreeswijk, Dutch-Swedish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (d. 1987)
  • 1938 – Jack Baldwin, English chemist and academic (d. 2020)
  • 1938 – Jacques Hétu, Canadian composer and educator (d. 2010)
  • 1938 – Connie Stevens, American actress and businesswoman
  • 1939 – Jana Andrsová, Czech actress and ballerina
  • 1939 – Viorica Viscopoleanu, Romanian long jumper
  • 1939 – Alexander Watson, American diplomat, United States Ambassador to Peru
  • 1940 – Dilip Sardesai, Indian cricketer (d. 2007)
  • 1940 – Dennis Tito, American engineer and businessman, founded Wilshire Associates
  • 1942 – James Blanchard, American diplomat and politician, 45th Governor of Michigan
  • 1942 – Dennis Canavan, Scottish educator and politician
  • 1942 – John Gustafson, English singer-songwriter and bass player (d. 2014)
  • 1942 – Vardo Rumessen, Estonian pianist and musicologist (d. 2015)
  • 1944 – John C. Holmes, American film actor (d. 1988)
  • 1944 – Michael Johnson, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2017)
  • 1944 – John Renbourn, English-Scottish guitarist and songwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1944 – Simon Taylor, English journalist and author
  • 1946 – Joe Bethancourt, American singer-songwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1947 – Ken Dryden, Canadian ice hockey player, lawyer, and politician
  • 1947 – Larry Wilcox, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1948 – Svetlana Savitskaya, Russian engineer and astronaut
  • 1948 – Margaret Urban Walker, American philosopher
  • 1949 – Keith Carradine, American actor
  • 1949 – Ricardo Londoño, Colombian racing driver (d. 2009)
  • 1950 – Willie Hall, American drummer and producer
  • 1950 – Ken Kutaragi, Japanese businessman, created PlayStation
  • 1951 – Martin Brest, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1951 – Phil Carlson, Australian cricketer
  • 1951 – Mohamed Morsi, Egyptian engineer, academic, and politician, 5th President of Egypt (d. 2019)
  • 1951 – Mamoru Oshii, Japanese director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1951 – Randy Shilts, American journalist and author (d. 1994)
  • 1951 – Louis van Gaal, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1952 – Anton Fig, South African-American drummer
  • 1952 – Jostein Gaarder, Norwegian author
  • 1952 – Doug Melvin, Canadian baseball player and manager
  • 1952 – Robin Quivers, American nurse, radio host/personality, and author
  • 1952 – Sudhakar Rao, Indian cricketer
  • 1953 – Mark Lazarowicz, English politician
  • 1953 – Nigel Mansell, English racing driver
  • 1953 – Don Most, American actor and director
  • 1954 – Nick Holtam, English bishop
  • 1955 – Diddú, Icelandic singer-songwriter
  • 1955 – Herbert Prohaska, Austrian footballer and manager
  • 1955 – Michael Roe, Irish racing driver
  • 1956 – Chris Foreman, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1956 – David Grant, English singer
  • 1956 – Cecilia Roth, Argentinian actress
  • 1957 – Dennis Drew, American keyboard player
  • 1958 – Deborah Norville, American journalist
  • 1959 – Caroline Ansink, Dutch flute player, composer, and educator
  • 1960 – Mustafa Balbay, Turkish journalist and politician
  • 1960 – Ulrich Maly, German politician, 16th Mayor of Nuremberg
  • 1961 – The Edge, British-Irish musician, singer and songwriter
  • 1961 – Daniel House, American bass player and producer
  • 1961 – Ron Klain, American lawyer and politician, Chief of Staff to the Vice President of the United States
  • 1961 – Bruce Matthews, American football player and coach
  • 1961 – Rikki Rockett, American glam rock drummer
  • 1962 – Kool Moe Dee, American musician, singer and actor
  • 1963 – Hur Jin-ho, South Korean director and screenwriter
  • 1963 – Ron Karkovice, American baseball player and manager
  • 1963 – Emi Shinohara, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1963 – Jon Turteltaub, American director and producer
  • 1963 – Stephen Walkom, Canadian ice hockey player, referee, and manager
  • 1964 – Anastasia M. Ashman, American blogger and author
  • 1964 – Giuseppe Conte, Prime Minister of Italy
  • 1964 – Scott Sandelin, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1964 – Paul Taylor, English cricketer
  • 1965 – Angus Fraser, English cricketer, manager, and journalist
  • 1965 – Kate Langbroek, Australian talk show host
  • 1966 – Chris Eubank, English boxer
  • 1966 – John Hudek, American baseball player and coach
  • 1967 – Marcelo Balboa, American soccer player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1968 – Yvie Burnett, Scottish soprano
  • 1968 – Aldo Calderón van Dyke, Honduran journalist (d. 2013)
  • 1968 – Abey Kuruvilla, Indian cricketer and coach
  • 1968 – Huey Morgan, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1969 – Monika Tsõganova, Estonian chess player
  • 1969 – Faye Wong, Chinese singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1970 – Trev Alberts, American football player and journalist
  • 1970 – Ben G. Davis, English chemist and academic
  • 1970 – José Francisco Molina, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1970 – Chester Williams, South African rugby player and coach
  • 1971 – Johnny Balentina, Dutch baseball player
  • 1972 – Joely Collins, Canadian actress and producer
  • 1972 – Andrea de Rossi, Italian rugby player and coach
  • 1972 – Axel Merckx, Belgian cyclist
  • 1972 – Steven Tweed, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1973 – Shane Lee, Australian cricketer and guitarist
  • 1973 – Gert Olesk, Estonian footballer and manager
  • 1973 – Scott Stapp, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1973 – Mark Wills, American singer-songwriter
  • 1973 – Ilka Agricola, German mathematician
  • 1974 – Manjul Bhargava, Canadian-American mathematician and academic
  • 1974 – Scott D’Amore, Canadian wrestler and manager
  • 1974 – Brian Harvey, English singer-songwriter
  • 1974 – Andy Priaulx, Guernseyan racing driver
  • 1975 – Mick Moss, English singer-songwriter
  • 1976 – JC Chasez, American singer and dancer
  • 1976 – Drew Lachey, American singer and actor
  • 1977 – Lindsay Sloane, American actress
  • 1977 – Darren Manzella, American sergeant (d. 2013)
  • 1977 – Rocky Thompson, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1977 – Nicolas Vogondy, French cyclist
  • 1977 – Mohammad Wasim, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1978 – Alan Maybury, Irish footballer and coach
  • 1978 – Louis Saha, French footballer
  • 1978 – Miho Shiraishi, Japanese actress
  • 1979 – Richard Harwood, English cellist
  • 1979 – Rashard Lewis, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Richard Lyons, Northern Irish racing driver
  • 1980 – Craig Breslow, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Jack Cassel, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Denisse Guerrero, Mexican singer-songwriter
  • 1980 – Mike Hindert, American singer and bass player
  • 1980 – Sabine Klaschka, German tennis player
  • 1980 – Diego Markwell, Dutch baseball player
  • 1980 – Pat Noonan, American soccer player
  • 1980 – Michael Urie, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1981 – Vanessa Amorosi, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1981 – Roger Federer, Swiss tennis player
  • 1981 – Meagan Good, American actress and producer
  • 1981 – Harel Skaat, Israeli singer-songwriter
  • 1982 – David Florence, English canoe racer
  • 1982 – Ross Ohlendorf, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Guy Burnet, English actor and producer
  • 1983 – Willie Tonga, Australian rugby league player
  • 1984 – Kirk Broadfoot, Scottish footballer
  • 1984 – Norbert Michelisz, Hungarian racing driver
  • 1984 – Martrez Milner, American football player
  • 1985 – Toby Flood, English rugby player
  • 1985 – Ryan Koolwijk, Dutch footballer
  • 1985 – James Morgan, Welsh actor and producer
  • 1985 – Brett Ratliff, American football player
  • 1985 – Anita Włodarczyk, Polish track and field athlete
  • 1986 – Kateryna Bondarenko, Ukrainian tennis player
  • 1986 – Pierre Garçon, American football player
  • 1986 – Chris Pressley, American football player
  • 1987 – Pierre Boulanger, French actor
  • 1987 – Tatjana Malek, German tennis player
  • 1988 – Princess Beatrice of York
  • 1988 – Danilo Gallinari, Italian basketball player
  • 1988 – Rinku Singh, Indian baseball player
  • 1988 – Laura Slade Wiggins, American actress and singer
  • 1989 – Ken Baumann, American actor and author
  • 1989 – Anthony Rizzo, American baseball player
  • 1989 – Hannah Miley, English-Scottish swimmer
  • 1989 – Prajakta Mali, Indian actress
  • 1990 – Vladimír Darida, Czech footballer
  • 1990 – Parker Kligerman, American race car driver
  • 1990 – Aleksandra Szwed, Polish actress and singer
  • 1990 – Kane Williamson, New Zealand cricket captain
  • 1991 – Nélson Oliveira, Portuguese footballer
  • 1991 – Tyrone Peachey, Australian rugby league player
  • 1992 – Josip Drmić, Swiss footballer
  • 1998 – Shawn Mendes, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1998 – Ronan Parke, English singer-songwriter
  • 2000 – Félix Auger-Aliassime, Canadian tennis player

Deaths on August 8

  • 117 – Trajan, Roman emperor (b. 53)
  • 753 – Hildegar, bishop of Cologne
  • 869 – Lothair II, Frankish king (b. 835)
  • 998 – Seo Hui, Korean politician and diplomat (b. 942)
  • 1002 – Almanzor, chief minister and de facto ruler of Córdoba
  • 1171 – Henry of Blois, bishop of Winchester (b. 1111)
  • 1303 – Henry of Castile the Senator, Spanish nobleman (b. 1230)
  • 1533 – Lucas van Leyden, Dutch artist (b. 1494)
  • 1555 – Oronce Finé, French mathematician and cartographer (b. 1494)
  • 1588 – Alonso Sánchez Coello, Spanish painter (b. 1532)
  • 1604 – Horio Tadauji, Japanese daimyō (b. 1578)
  • 1616 – Cornelis Ketel, Dutch painter (b. 1548)
  • 1631 – Konstantinas Sirvydas, Lithuanian priest, lexicographer, and academic (b. 1579)
  • 1684 – George Booth, 1st Baron Delamer, English politician (b. 1622)
  • 1719 – Christoph Ludwig Agricola, German painter (b. 1667)
  • 1747 – Madeleine de Verchères, Canadian raid leader (b. 1678)
  • 1746 – Francis Hutcheson, Irish philosopher (b. 1694)
  • 1759 – Carl Heinrich Graun, German tenor and composer (b. 1704)
  • 1827 – George Canning, English lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1770)
  • 1828 – Carl Peter Thunberg, Swedish botanist and psychologist (b. 1743)
  • 1858 – Marie-Claire Heureuse Félicité Bonheur, Haitian Empress (b. 1758)
  • 1863 – Angus MacAskill, Scottish-Canadian giant (b. 1825)
  • 1879 – Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher and academic (b. 1797)
  • 1887 – Alexander William Doniphan, American colonel, lawyer, and politician (b. 1808)
  • 1897 – Jacob Burckhardt, Swiss historian and academic (b. 1818)
  • 1898 – Eugène Boudin, French painter (b. 1824)
  • 1902 – James Tissot, French painter and illustrator (b. 1836)
  • 1902 – John Henry Twachtman, American painter and academic (b. 1853)
  • 1909 – Mary MacKillop, Australian nun and saint, co-founded the Sisters of St Joseph of the Sacred Heart (b. 1842)
  • 1911 – William P. Frye, American lawyer and politician (b. 1830)
  • 1920 – Eduard Birnbaum, Polish-born German cantor (b. 1855)
  • 1921 – Juhani Aho, Finnish journalist and author (b. 1861)
  • 1928 – Stjepan Radić, Croatian politician (b. 1871)
  • 1930 – Launceston Elliot, Scottish wrestler and weightlifter (b. 1874)
  • 1934 – Wilbert Robinson, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1863)
  • 1937 – Jimmie Guthrie, Scottish motorcycle racer (b. 1897)
  • 1940 – Johnny Dodds, American clarinet player and saxophonist (b. 1892)
  • 1944 – Erwin von Witzleben, German field marshal (b. 1881)
  • 1944 – Michael Wittmann, German commander (b. 1914)
  • 1947 – Anton Denikin, Russian general (b. 1872)
  • 1950 – Fergus McMaster, Australian businessman, founded Qantas (b. 1879)
  • 1959 – Albert Namatjira, Australian painter (b. 1902)
  • 1965 – Shirley Jackson, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1916)
  • 1969 – Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, German biologist and eugenicist (b. 1896)
  • 1971 – Freddie Spencer Chapman, English lieutenant (b. 1907)
  • 1973 – Vilhelm Moberg, Swedish historian and author (b. 1898)
  • 1974 – Elisabeth Abegg, German anti-Nazi resistance fighter (b. 1882)
  • 1975 – Cannonball Adderley, American saxophonist (b. 1928)
  • 1979 – Nicholas Monsarrat, English lieutenant and author (b. 1910)
  • 1980 – Paul Triquet, Canadian general, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1910)
  • 1981 – Thomas McElwee, Irish republican and PIRA volunteer (b. 1957)
  • 1982 – Eric Brandon, English racing driver and businessman (b. 1920)
  • 1984 – Richard Deacon, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 1984 – Ellen Raskin, American author and illustrator (b. 1928)
  • 1985 – Louise Brooks, American actress (b. 1906)
  • 1987 – Danilo Blanuša, Croatian mathematician and physicist (b. 1903)
  • 1988 – Félix Leclerc, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1914)
  • 1988 – Alan Napier, English actor (b. 1903)
  • 1991 – James Irwin, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1930)
  • 1992 – Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei, Iranian religious leader and scholar (b. 1899)
  • 1996 – Nevill Francis Mott, English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
  • 1996 – Jüri Randviir, Estonian chess player and journalist (b. 1927)
  • 1998 – Mahmoud Saremi, Iranian journalist (b. 1968)
  • 2003 – Dirk Hoogendam, Dutch-German SS officer (b. 1922)
  • 2003 – Falaba Issa Traoré, Malian director and playwright (b. 1930)
  • 2004 – Leon Golub, American painter and academic (b. 1922)
  • 2004 – Fay Wray, Canadian-American actress (b. 1907)
  • 2005 – Barbara Bel Geddes, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Ahmed Deedat, South African missionary and author (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – John H. Johnson, American publisher, founded the Johnson Publishing Company (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Gene Mauch, American baseball player and manager (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Dean Rockwell, American commander, wrestler, and coach (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – Monica Sjöö, Swedish-English painter (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Ma Lik, Chinese journalist and politician (b. 1952)
  • 2007 – Melville Shavelson, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1917)
  • 2008 – Orville Moody, American golfer (b. 1933)
  • 2009 – Daniel Jarque, Spanish footballer (b. 1983)
  • 2010 – Patricia Neal, American actress (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Fay Ajzenberg-Selove, German-American physicist and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Ruth Etchells, English poet and academic (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Surya Lesmana, Indonesian footballer and manager (b. 1944)
  • 2012 – Kurt Maetzig, German director and screenwriter (b. 1911)
  • 2013 – Karen Black, American actress (b. 1939)
  • 2013 – Johannes Bluyssen, Dutch bishop (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Fernando Castro Pacheco, Mexican painter, engraver, and illustrator (b. 1918)
  • 2013 – Igor Kurnosov, Russian chess player (b. 1985)
  • 2013 – Regina Resnik, American soprano and actress (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Menahem Golan, Israeli director and producer (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Charles Keating, English-American actor (b. 1941)
  • 2014 – Leonardo Legaspi, Filipino archbishop (b. 1935)
  • 2014 – Peter Sculthorpe, Australian composer and conductor (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Red Wilson, American football and baseball player (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Christopher Marshall, English physician and biologist (b. 1948)
  • 2015 – Sean Price, American rapper (b. 1972)
  • 2015 – Gus Mortson, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1925)
  • 2015 – Sam S. Walker, American general (b. 1925)
  • 2017 – Glen Campbell, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (b. 1936)
  • 2018 – Nicholas Bett, Kenyan track and field athlete (b. 1990)

Holidays and observances on August 8

  • Ceasefire Day (end of Iran-Iraq War) (Iraqi Kurdistan)
  • Christian Feast Day:
    • Altmann of Passau
    • Cyriacus
    • Dominic de Guzmán, founder of the Dominican Order.
    • Four Crowned Martyrs
    • Pope Hormisdas
    • Largus
    • Mary MacKillop
    • Smaragdus (and companions)
    • August 8 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which Children’s Day can fall, while August 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Sunday in August. (Argentina)
  • Earliest day on which Defence Forces Day can fall, while August 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Tuesday in August. (Zimbabwe)
  • Earliest day on which Father’s Day can fall, while August 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Sunday in August. (Brazil, Samoa)
  • Earliest day on which Heroes’ Day can fall, while August 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Monday in August. (Zimbabwe)
  • Earliest day on which Melon Day can fall, while August 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Sunday in August. (Turkmenistan)
  • Earliest day on which Sports Day can fall, while August 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Saturday in August. (Russia)
  • Father’s Day or Bā bā Day (爸爸節), Bā Bā is Mandarin for “father” and “8-8”, or August 8. (Mongolia, Taiwan)
  • Happiness Happens Day
  • International Cat Day
  • Namesday of the Queen (Sweden)
  • Nane Nane Day (Tanzania)
  • Signal Troops Day (Ukraine)

August 10 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

The term ‘the 10th of August’ is widely used by historians as a shorthand for the Storming of the Tuileries Palace on the 10th of August, 1792, the effective end of the French monarchy until it was restored in 1814.

  • 654 – Pope Eugene I elected to succeed Martinus I.
  • 955 – Battle of Lechfeld: Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor defeats the Magyars, ending 50 years of Magyar invasion of the West.
  • 991 – Battle of Maldon: The English, led by Byrhtnoth, Ealdorman of Essex, are defeated by a band of inland-raiding Vikings near Maldon, Essex.
  • 1030 – The Battle of Azaz ends with a humiliating retreat of the Byzantine emperor, Romanos III Argyros, against the Mirdasid rulers of Aleppo. The retreat degenerates into a rout, in which Romanos himself barely escapes capture.
  • 1270 – Yekuno Amlak takes the imperial throne of Ethiopia, restoring the Solomonic dynasty to power after a 100-year Zagwe interregnum.
  • 1316 – The Second Battle of Athenry takes place near Athenry during the Bruce campaign in Ireland.
  • 1512 – The naval Battle of Saint-Mathieu, during the War of the League of Cambrai, sees the simultaneous destruction of the Breton ship La Cordelière and the English ship The Regent.
  • 1519 – Ferdinand Magellan’s five ships set sail from Seville to circumnavigate the globe. The Basque second-in-command Juan Sebastián Elcano will complete the expedition after Magellan’s death in the Philippines.
  • 1557 – Battle of St. Quentin: Spanish victory over the French in the Italian War of 1551–59.
  • 1585 – The Treaty of Nonsuch signed by Elizabeth I of England and the Dutch Rebels.
  • 1628 – The Swedish warship Vasa sinks in the Stockholm harbour after only about 20 minutes of her maiden voyage.
  • 1641 – The Treaty of London between England and Scotland, ending the Bishops’ Wars, is signed.
  • 1675 – The foundation stone of the Royal Greenwich Observatory in London, England is laid.
  • 1680 – The Pueblo Revolt begins in New Mexico.
  • 1741 – King Marthanda Varma of Travancore defeats the Dutch East India Company at the Battle of Colachel, effectively bringing about the end of the Dutch colonial rule in India.
  • 1755 – Under the orders of Charles Lawrence, the British Army begins to forcibly deport the Acadians from Nova Scotia to the Thirteen Colonies.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: Word of the United States Declaration of Independence reaches London.
  • 1792 – French Revolution: Storming of the Tuileries Palace: Louis XVI of France is arrested and taken into custody as his Swiss Guards are massacred by the Parisian mob.
  • 1793 – The Musée du Louvre is officially opened in Paris, France.
  • 1809 – Quito, now the capital of Ecuador, declares independence from Spain. This rebellion will be crushed on August 2, 1810.
  • 1813 – Instituto Nacional, is founded by the Chilean patriot José Miguel Carrera. It is Chile’s oldest and most prestigious school. Its motto is Labor Omnia Vincit, which means “Work conquers all things”.
  • 1821 – Missouri is admitted as the 24th U.S. state.
  • 1846 – The Smithsonian Institution is chartered by the United States Congress after James Smithson donates $500,000.
  • 1856 – The Last Island hurricane strikes Louisiana, resulting in over 200 deaths.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Battle of Wilson’s Creek: A mixed force of Confederate, Missouri State Guard, and Arkansas State troops defeat outnumbered attacking Union forces in the southwestern part of the state.
  • 1864 – After Uruguay’s governing Blanco Party refuses Brazil’s demands, José Antônio Saraiva announces that the Brazilian military will begin reprisals, beginning the Uruguayan War.
  • 1897 – German chemist Felix Hoffmann discovers an improved way of synthesizing acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin).
  • 1901 – The U.S. Steel recognition strike by the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers begins.
  • 1904 – Russo-Japanese War: The Battle of the Yellow Sea between the Russian and Japanese battleship fleets takes place.
  • 1905 – Russo-Japanese War: Peace negotiations begin in Portsmouth, New Hampshire.
  • 1913 – Second Balkan War: Delegates from Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Montenegro, and Greece sign the Treaty of Bucharest, ending the war.
  • 1920 – World War I: Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI’s representatives sign the Treaty of Sèvres that divides up the Ottoman Empire between the Allies.
  • 1932 – A 5.1 kilograms (11 lb) chondrite-type meteorite breaks into at least seven pieces and lands near the town of Archie in Cass County, Missouri.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Guam comes to an effective end.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Narva ends with a combined German–Estonian force successfully defending Narva, Estonia, from invading Soviet troops.
  • 1948 – Candid Camera makes its television debut after being on radio for a year as Candid Microphone.
  • 1949 – U.S. President Harry S. Truman signs the National Security Act Amendment, streamlining the defense agencies of the United States government, and replacing the Department of War with the United States Department of Defense.
  • 1953 – First Indochina War: The French Union withdraws its forces from Operation Camargue against the Viet Minh in central Vietnam.
  • 1954 – At Massena, New York, the groundbreaking ceremony for the Saint Lawrence Seaway is held.
  • 1961 – Vietnam War: The U.S. Army begins Operation Ranch Hand, spraying an estimated 20 million US gallons (76,000 m3) of defoliants and herbicides over rural areas of South Vietnam in an attempt to deprive the Viet Cong of food and vegetation cover.
  • 1966 – The Heron Road Bridge collapses while being built, killing nine workers in the deadliest construction accident in both Ottawa and Ontario.
  • 1969 – A day after murdering Sharon Tate and four others, members of Charles Manson’s cult kill Leno and Rosemary LaBianca.
  • 1971 – The Society for American Baseball Research is founded in Cooperstown, New York.
  • 1977 – In Yonkers, New York, 24-year-old postal employee David Berkowitz (“Son of Sam”) is arrested for a series of killings in the New York City area over the period of one year.
  • 1978 – Three members of the Ulrich family are killed in an accident. This leads to the Ford Pinto litigation.
  • 1981 – Murder of Adam Walsh: The head of John Walsh’s son is found. This inspires the creation of the television series America’s Most Wanted and the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children.
  • 1988 – Japanese American internment: U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, providing $20,000 payments to Japanese Americans who were either interned in or relocated by the United States during World War II.
  • 1990 – The Magellan space probe reaches Venus.
  • 1993 – Two earthquakes affect New Zealand. A 7.0 Mw  shock (intensity VI (Strong)) in the South Island was followed nine hours later by a 6.4 Mw  event (intensity VII (Very strong)) in the North Island.
  • 1995 – Oklahoma City bombing: Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols are indicted for the bombing. Michael Fortier pleads guilty in a plea-bargain for his testimony.
  • 1997 – Sixteen people are killed when Formosa Airlines Flight 7601 crashes near Beigan Airport in the Matsu Islands of Taiwan.
  • 1998 – HRH Prince Al-Muhtadee Billah is proclaimed the crown prince of Brunei with a Royal Proclamation.
  • 1999 – Los Angeles Jewish Community Center shooting.
  • 2001 – The 2001 Angola train attack occurred, causing 252 deaths.
  • 2003 – European heat wave: The highest temperature ever recorded in the United Kingdom, 38.5 °C (101.3 °F) in Kent, England.
  • 2003 – The Okinawa Urban Monorail is opened in Naha, Okinawa.
  • 2009 – Twenty people are killed in Handlová, Trenčín Region, in the deadliest mining disaster in Slovakia’s history.
  • 2012 – The Marikana massacre begins near Rustenburg, South Africa, resulting in the deaths of 47 people.
  • 2014 – Forty people are killed when Sepahan Airlines Flight 5915 crashes at Tehran’s Mehrabad Airport.
  • 2019 – 32 are killed and 1,000,000 are evacuated as Typhoon Lekima makes landfall in Zhejiang, China. Earlier it had caused flooding in the Philippines.

Births on August 10

  • 941 – Lê Hoàn, Vietnamese emperor (d. 1005)
  • 1267 – James II of Aragon (d. 1327)
  • 1296 – John of Bohemia (d. 1346)
  • 1360 – Francesco Zabarella, Italian cardinal (d. 1417)
  • 1397 – Albert II of Germany (d. 1439)
  • 1439 – Anne of York, Duchess of Exeter, Duchess of York (d. 1476)
  • 1449 – Bona of Savoy, Duchess of Savoy (d. 1503)
  • 1466 – Francesco II Gonzaga, Marquess of Mantua (d. 1519)
  • 1489 – Jacob Sturm von Sturmeck, German lawyer and politician (d. 1553)
  • 1520 – Madeleine of Valois (d. 1537)
  • 1528 – Eric II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1584)
  • 1547 – Francis II, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg (d. 1619)
  • 1560 – Hieronymus Praetorius, German organist and composer (d. 1629)
  • 1602 – Gilles de Roberval, French mathematician and academic (d. 1675)
  • 1645 – Eusebio Kino, Italian priest and missionary (d. 1711)
  • 1734 – Naungdawgyi, Burmese king (d. 1763)
  • 1737 – Anton Losenko, Russian painter and academic (d. 1773)
  • 1740 – Samuel Arnold, English organist and composer (d. 1802)
  • 1744 – Alexandrine Le Normant d’Étiolles, French daughter of Madame de Pompadour (d. 1754)
  • 1755 – Narayan Rao, fifth Peshwa of the Maratha Empire (d. 1773)
  • 1782 – Vicente Guerrero, Mexican insurgent leader and President of Mexico (d. 1831)
  • 1805 – Ferenc Toldy, German-Hungarian historian and critic (d. 1875)
  • 1809 – John Kirk Townsend, American ornithologist and explorer (d. 1851)
  • 1810 – Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, Italian soldier and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1861)
  • 1814 – Henri Nestlé, German businessman, founded Nestlé (d. 1890)
  • 1814 – John C. Pemberton, United States soldier and Confederate general (d. 1881)
  • 1821 – Jay Cooke, American financier, founded Jay Cooke & Company (d. 1905)
  • 1823 – Hugh Stowell Brown, English minister and reformer (d. 1886)
  • 1825 – István Türr, Hungarian soldier, architect, and engineer, co-designed the Corinth Canal (d. 1908)
  • 1827 – Lovro Toman, Slovenian lawyer and politician (d. 1870)
  • 1839 – Aleksandr Stoletov, Russian physicist and academic (d. 1896)
  • 1845 – Abai Qunanbaiuli, Kazakh poet, composer, and philosopher (d. 1904)
  • 1848 – William Harnett, Irish-American painter and educator (d. 1892)
  • 1856 – William Willett, English inventor, founded British Summer Time (d. 1915)
  • 1860 – Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande, Indian singer and musicologist (d. 1936)
  • 1865 – Alexander Glazunov, Russian composer, conductor, and educator (d. 1936)
  • 1868 – Hugo Eckener, German pilot and businessman (d. 1954)
  • 1869 – Laurence Binyon, English poet, playwright, and scholar (d. 1943)
  • 1870 – Trần Tế Xương a Vietnamese poet and satirist (d. 1907)
  • 1872 – William Manuel Johnson, American bassist (d. 1972)
  • 1874 – Herbert Hoover, American engineer and politician, 31st President of the United States (d. 1964)
  • 1874 – Antanas Smetona, Lithuanian jurist and politician, President of Lithuania from 1919 to 1920 and from 1926 to 1940. (d. 1944)
  • 1877 – Frank Marshall, American chess player and author (d. 1944)
  • 1878 – Alfred Döblin, Polish-German physician and author (d. 1957)
  • 1880 – Robert L. Thornton, American businessman and politician, Mayor of Dallas (d. 1964)
  • 1884 – Panait Istrati, Romanian journalist and author (d. 1935)
  • 1888 – Prince Christopher of Greece and Denmark (d. 1940)
  • 1889 – Charles Darrow, American game designer, created Monopoly (d. 1967)
  • 1889 – Zofia Kossak-Szczucka, Polish writer and member of the WW II Polish Resistance (d. 1968)
  • 1890 – Angus Lewis Macdonald, Canadian lawyer and politician, 12th Premier of Nova Scotia (d. 1954)
  • 1894 – V. V. Giri, Indian lawyer and politician, 4th President of India (d. 1980)
  • 1895 – Hammy Love, Australian cricketer (d. 1969)
  • 1897 – John W. Galbreath, American businessman and philanthropist, founded Darby Dan Farm (d. 1988)
  • 1897 – Jack Haley, American actor and singer (d. 1979)
  • 1900 – Arthur Porritt, Baron Porritt, New Zealand physician and politician, 11th Governor-General of New Zealand (d. 1994)
  • 1902 – Norma Shearer, Canadian-American actress (d. 1983)
  • 1902 – Curt Siodmak, German-English author and screenwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1902 – Arne Tiselius, Swedish biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1903 – Ward Moore, American author (d. 1978)
  • 1905 – Era Bell Thompson, American journalist and author (d. 1986)
  • 1907 – Su Yu, Chinese general and politician (d. 1984)
  • 1908 – Rica Erickson, Australian botanist, historian, and author (d. 2009)
  • 1908 – Billy Gonsalves, American soccer player (d. 1977)
  • 1909 – Leo Fender, American businessman, founded Fender Musical Instruments Corporation (d. 1991)
  • 1909 – Richard J. Hughes, American politician, 45th Governor of New Jersey, and Chief Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court (d. 1992)
  • 1910 – Guy Mairesse, French race car driver (d. 1954)
  • 1911 – Leonidas Andrianopoulos, Greek footballer (d. 2011)
  • 1911 – A. N. Sherwin-White, English historian and author (d. 1993)
  • 1912 – Jorge Amado, Brazilian novelist and poet (d. 2001)
  • 1913 – Noah Beery Jr., American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1913 – Kalevi Kotkas, Estonian-Finnish high jumper and discus thrower (d. 1983)
  • 1913 – Wolfgang Paul, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1993)
  • 1914 – Jeff Corey, American actor and director (d. 2002)
  • 1914 – Carlos Menditeguy, Argentinian race car driver and polo player (d. 1973)
  • 1914 – Ray Smith, English cricketer (d. 1996)
  • 1918 – Eugene P. Wilkinson, American admiral (d. 2013)
  • 1920 – Red Holzman, American basketball player and coach (d. 1998)
  • 1922 – Al Alberts, American pop singer (The Four Aces) and composer (d. 2009)
  • 1923 – Bill Doolittle, American football player and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1923 – Rhonda Fleming, American actress
  • 1923 – Fred Ridgway, English cricketer and footballer (d. 2015)
  • 1923 – SM Sultan, Bangladeshi painter and illustrator (d. 1994)
  • 1924 – Nancy Buckingham, English author
  • 1924 – Martha Hyer, American actress (d. 2014)
  • 1924 – Jean-François Lyotard, French philosopher, sociologist, and literary theorist (d. 1998)
  • 1925 – George Cooper, English general (d. 2020)
  • 1926 – Marie-Claire Alain, French organist and educator (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Carol Ruth Vander Velde, American mathematician (d. 1972)
  • 1927 – Jimmy Martin, American singer and guitarist (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – Vernon Washington, American actor (d. 1988)
  • 1928 – Jimmy Dean, American singer, actor, and businessman, founded the Jimmy Dean Food Company (d. 2010)
  • 1928 – Eddie Fisher, American singer and actor (d. 2010)
  • 1928 – Gerino Gerini, Italian race car driver (d. 2013)
  • 1928 – Gus Mercurio, American-Australian actor (d. 2010)
  • 1930 – Barry Unsworth, English-Italian author and academic (d. 2012)
  • 1931 – Dolores Alexander, American journalist and activist (d. 2008)
  • 1931 – Tom Laughlin, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1932 – Alexander Goehr, English composer and academic
  • 1932 – Gaudencio Rosales, Filipino cardinal
  • 1933 – Elizabeth Butler-Sloss, Baroness Butler-Sloss, English lawyer and judge
  • 1933 – Rocky Colavito, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1933 – Keith Duckworth, English engineer, founded Cosworth (d. 2005)
  • 1934 – Tevfik Kış, Turkish wrestler and trainer
  • 1935 – Ian Stewart, Baron Stewartby, English politician, Minister of State for the Armed Forces (d. 2018)
  • 1935 – Ad van Luyn, Dutch bishop
  • 1936 – Malene Schwartz, Danish actress
  • 1937 – Anatoly Sobchak, Russian scholar and politician, Mayor of Saint Petersburg (d. 2000)
  • 1938 – Tony Ross, English author and illustrator
  • 1939 – Kate O’Mara, English actress (d. 2014)
  • 1939 – Charlie Rose, American lawyer and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1940 – Bobby Hatfield, American singer-songwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1940 – Sid Waddell, English sportscaster (d. 2012)
  • 1941 – Anita Lonsbrough, English swimmer and journalist
  • 1941 – Susan Dorothea White, Australian painter and sculptor
  • 1942 – Betsey Johnson, American fashion designer
  • 1942 – Michael Pepper, English physicist and engineer
  • 1943 – Louise Forestier, Canadian singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1943 – Jimmy Griffin, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2005)
  • 1943 – Michael Mantler, American trumpet player and composer
  • 1943 – Shafqat Rana, Indian-Pakistani cricketer
  • 1943 – Ronnie Spector, American singer-songwriter
  • 1947 – Ian Anderson, Scottish-English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1947 – Anwar Ibrahim, Malaysian academic and politician, 7th Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
  • 1947 – John Spencer, English rugby player and manager
  • 1947 – Alan Ward, English cricketer
  • 1948 – Nick Stringer, English actor
  • 1950 – Patti Austin, American singer-songwriter
  • 1951 – Juan Manuel Santos, Colombian businessman and politician, 59th President of Colombia
  • 1952 – Daniel Hugh Kelly, American actor
  • 1952 – Diane Venora, American actress
  • 1954 – Peter Endrulat, German footballer
  • 1954 – Rick Overton, American screenwriter, actor and comedian
  • 1955 – Jim Mees, American set designer (d. 2013)
  • 1955 – Mel Tiangco, Filipino journalist and talk show host
  • 1956 – Dianne Fromholtz, Australian tennis player
  • 1956 – José Luis Montes, Spanish footballer and manager (d. 2013)
  • 1956 – Fred Ottman, American wrestler
  • 1956 – Charlie Peacock, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer
  • 1956 – Perween Warsi, Indian-English businesswoman
  • 1957 – Fred Ho, American saxophonist, composer, and playwright (d. 2014)
  • 1957 – Andres Põime, Estonian architect
  • 1957 – Aqeel Abbas Jafari, Pakistani writer, poet, architect and chief editor Urdu Dictionary Board
  • 1958 – Michael Dokes, American boxer (d. 2012)
  • 1958 – Jack Richards, English cricketer, coach, and manager
  • 1958 – Rosie Winterton, English nurse and politician, Shadow Leader of the House of Commons
  • 1959 – Rosanna Arquette, American actress, director, and producer
  • 1959 – Albert Owen, Welsh sailor and politician
  • 1959 – Mark Price, English drummer
  • 1959 – Florent Vollant, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1960 – Antonio Banderas, Spanish actor and producer
  • 1960 – Annely Ojastu, Estonian sprinter and long jumper
  • 1960 – Kenny Perry, American golfer
  • 1961 – Jon Farriss, Australian drummer, songwriter, and producer
  • 1962 – Suzanne Collins, American author and screenwriter
  • 1962 – Julia Fordham, English singer-songwriter
  • 1963 – Phoolan Devi, Indian lawyer and politician (d. 2001)
  • 1963 – Anton Janssen, Dutch footballer and coach
  • 1963 – Andrew Sullivan, English-American journalist and author
  • 1964 – Aaron Hall, American singer-songwriter
  • 1964 – Kåre Kolve, Norwegian saxophonist and composer
  • 1964 – Hiro Takahashi, Japanese singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2005)
  • 1965 – Claudia Christian, American actress, singer, writer, and director
  • 1965 – Mike E. Smith, American jockey and sportscaster
  • 1965 – John Starks, American basketball player and coach
  • 1966 – Charlie Dimmock, English gardener and television host
  • 1966 – Hansi Kürsch, German singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1967 – Philippe Albert, Belgian footballer and sportscaster
  • 1967 – Riddick Bowe, American boxer
  • 1967 – Gus Johnson, American sportscaster
  • 1967 – Todd Nichols, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1967 – Reinout Scholte, Dutch cricketer
  • 1968 – Michael Bivins, American singer and producer
  • 1968 – Greg Hawgood, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1969 – Emily Symons, Australian actress
  • 1969 – Brian Drummond, Canadian voice actor
  • 1970 – Doug Flach, American tennis player
  • 1970 – Bret Hedican, American ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1970 – Brendon Julian, New Zealand-Australian cricketer and journalist
  • 1970 – Steve Mautone, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1971 – Sal Fasano, American baseball player and coach
  • 1971 – Stephan Groth, Danish singer-songwriter
  • 1971 – Roy Keane, Irish footballer and manager
  • 1971 – Mario Kindelán, Cuban boxer
  • 1971 – Robby Maria, Austrian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1971 – Paul Newlove, English rugby player
  • 1971 – Kevin Randleman, American mixed martial artist and wrestler (d. 2016)
  • 1971 – Justin Theroux, American actor
  • 1972 – Dilana, South African-American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1972 – Lawrence Dallaglio, English rugby player and sportscaster
  • 1972 – Angie Harmon, American model and actress
  • 1972 – Christofer Johnsson, Swedish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1973 – Lisa Raymond, American tennis player
  • 1973 – Javier Zanetti, Argentinian footballer
  • 1974 – Haifaa al-Mansour, Saudi Arabian director and producer
  • 1974 – Luis Marín, Costa Rican footballer and manager
  • 1974 – Rachel Simmons, American scholar and author
  • 1974 – David Sommeil, French footballer
  • 1975 – İlhan Mansız, Turkish footballer and figure skater
  • 1976 – Roadkill, American wrestler
  • 1976 – Ian Murray, Scottish businessman and politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Scotland
  • 1977 – Danny Griffin, Irish footballer
  • 1977 – Matt Morgan, English comedian, actor, and radio host
  • 1978 – Danny Allsopp, Australian footballer
  • 1978 – Marcus Fizer, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Chris Read, English cricketer
  • 1979 – JoAnna Garcia, American actress
  • 1979 – Dinusha Fernando, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1979 – Ted Geoghegan, American author, screenwriter, and producer
  • 1979 – Brandon Lyon, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Rémy Martin, French rugby player
  • 1979 – Matjaž Perc, Slovene physicist
  • 1979 – Yannick Schroeder, French race car driver
  • 1980 – Wade Barrett, English boxer, wrestler, and actor
  • 1981 – Taufik Hidayat, Indonesian badminton player
  • 1982 – John Alvbåge, Swedish footballer
  • 1982 – Josh Anderson, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Julia Melim, Brazilian actress
  • 1983 – Kyle Brown, American soccer player
  • 1983 – C. B. Dollaway, American mixed martial artist
  • 1983 – Héctor Faubel, Spanish motorcycle racer
  • 1983 – Alexander Perezhogin, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Mathieu Roy, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Ryan Eggold, American actor and composer
  • 1984 – Mokomichi Hayami, Japanese model and actor
  • 1984 – Jigar Naik, English cricketer
  • 1985 – Melissa Barrera, American television host
  • 1985 – Enrico Cortese, Italian footballer
  • 1985 – Roy O’Donovan, Irish footballer
  • 1985 – Kakuryū Rikisaburō, Mongolian sumo wrestler
  • 1985 – Julia Skripnik, Estonian tennis player
  • 1986 – Andrea Hlaváčková, Czech tennis player
  • 1987 – Jim Bakkum, Dutch singer and actor
  • 1987 – Ari Boyland, New Zealand actor and singer
  • 1989 – Sam Gagner, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1989 – Ben Sahar, Israeli footballer
  • 1989 – Brenton Thwaites, Australian actor
  • 1990 – Cruze Ah-Nau, Australian rugby player
  • 1991 – Marcus Foligno, American-Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1991 – Chris Tremain, Australian cricketer
  • 1991 – Dagný Brynjarsdóttir, Icelandic footballer
  • 1991 – Nikos Korovesis, Greek footballer
  • 1992 – Chanel Simmonds, South African tennis player
  • 1992 – Oliver Rowland, English race car driver
  • 1992 – Go Ah-sung, South Korean actress
  • 1993 – Andre Drummond, American basketball player
  • 1993 – Yuto Nakajima, Japanese actor, dancer, model, singer, and idol
  • 1993 – Shin Hye-jeong, South Korean singer
  • 1994 – Bernardo Silva, Portuguese footballer
  • 1996 – Lauren Tait, Scottish netball player
  • 1997 – Kylie Jenner, American television personality and model

Deaths on August 10

  • 258 – Lawrence of Rome, Spanish-Italian deacon and saint (b. 225)
  • 794 – Fastrada, Frankish noblewoman (b. 765)
  • 796 – Eanbald, archbishop of York
  • 847 – Al-Wathiq, Abbasid caliph (b. 816)
  • 955 – Bulcsú, Hungarian tribal chieftain (horka)
  • 955 – Conrad (‘the Red’), duke of Lorraine
  • 1241 – Eleanor, Fair Maid of Brittany (b. 1184)
  • 1250 – Eric IV of Denmark (b. 1216)
  • 1284 – Tekuder, Khan of the Mongol Ilkhanate
  • 1316 – Felim mac Aedh Ua Conchobair, King of Connacht
  • 1322 – John of La Verna, Italian ascetic (b. 1259)
  • 1410 – Louis II, Duke of Bourbon (b. 1337)
  • 1535 – Ippolito de’ Medici, Italian cardinal (b. 1509)
  • 1536 – Francis III, Duke of Brittany, Dauphin of France, Brother of Henry II (b. 1518)
  • 1653 – Maarten Tromp, Dutch admiral (b. 1598)
  • 1655 – Alfonso de la Cueva, 1st Marquis of Bedmar, Spanish cardinal and diplomat (b. 1572)
  • 1660 – Esmé Stewart, 2nd Duke of Richmond (b. 1649)
  • 1723 – Guillaume Dubois, French cardinal and politician, French Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (b. 1656)
  • 1759 – Ferdinand VI of Spain (b. 1713)
  • 1784 – Allan Ramsay, Scottish-English painter (b. 1713)
  • 1796 – Ignaz Anton von Indermauer, Austrian nobleman and government official (b. 1759)
  • 1802 – Franz Aepinus, German-Russian philosopher and academic (b. 1724)
  • 1806 – Michael Haydn, Austrian composer and educator (b. 1737)
  • 1839 – Sir John St Aubyn, 5th Baronet, English lawyer and politician (b. 1758)
  • 1862 – Hon’inbō Shūsaku, Japanese Go player (b. 1829)
  • 1875 – Karl Andree, German geographer and journalist (b. 1808)
  • 1889 – Arthur Böttcher, German pathologist and anatomist (b. 1831)
  • 1890 – John Boyle O’Reilly, Irish-born poet, journalist and fiction writer (b. 1844)
  • 1896 – Otto Lilienthal, German pilot and engineer (b. 1848)
  • 1904 – Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau, French lawyer and politician, 68th Prime Minister of France (b. 1846)
  • 1913 – Johannes Linnankoski, Finnish author (b. 1869)
  • 1915 – Henry Moseley, English physicist and engineer (b. 1887)
  • 1916 – John J. Loud, American inventor (b. 1844)
  • 1918 – Erich Löwenhardt, German lieutenant and pilot (b. 1897)
  • 1920 – Ádám Politzer, Hungarian-Austrian physician and academic (b. 1835)
  • 1929 – Pierre Fatou, French mathematician and astronomer (b. 1878)
  • 1929 – Aletta Jacobs, Dutch physician (b. 1854)
  • 1932 – Rin Tin Tin, American acting dog (b. 1918)
  • 1933 – Alf Morgans, Welsh-Australian politician, 4th Premier of Western Australia (b. 1850)
  • 1945 – Robert H. Goddard, American physicist and engineer (b. 1882)
  • 1948 – Kan’ichi Asakawa, Japanese-American historian, author, and academic (b. 1873)
  • 1948 – Andrew Brown, Scottish footballer and coach (b. 1870)
  • 1948 – Montague Summers, English clergyman and author (b. 1880)
  • 1949 – Homer Burton Adkins, American chemist (b. 1892)
  • 1954 – Robert Adair, American-born British actor (b. 1900)
  • 1958 – Frank Demaree, American baseball player and manager (b. 1910)
  • 1960 – Hamide Ayşe Sultan, Ottoman princess (b. 1887)
  • 1961 – Julia Peterkin, American author (b. 1880)
  • 1963 – Estes Kefauver, American lawyer and politician (b. 1903)
  • 1963 – Ernst Wetter, Swiss lawyer and jurist (b. 1877)
  • 1969 – János Kodolányi, Hungarian author (b. 1899)
  • 1976 – Bert Oldfield, Australian cricketer (b. 1894)
  • 1979 – Dick Foran, American actor and singer (b. 1910)
  • 1979 – Walter Gerlach, German physicist and academic (b. 1889)
  • 1980 – Yahya Khan, Pakistani general and politician, 3rd President of Pakistan (b. 1917)
  • 1982 – Anderson Bigode Herzer, Brazilian author and poet (b. 1962)
  • 1985 – Nate Barragar, American football player and sergeant (b. 1906)
  • 1987 – Georgios Athanasiadis-Novas, Greek lawyer and politician, 163rd Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1893)
  • 1991 – Lưu Trọng Lư, Vietnamese poet and playwright (b. 1912)
  • 1993 – Euronymous, Norwegian singer, guitarist, and producer (b. 1968)
  • 1997 – Jean-Claude Lauzon, Canadian director and screenwriter (b. 1953)
  • 1997 – Conlon Nancarrow, American-Mexican pianist and composer (b. 1912)
  • 1999 – Jennifer Paterson, English chef and television presenter (b. 1928)
  • 1999 – Acharya Baldev Upadhyaya, Indian historian, scholar, and critic (b. 1899)
  • 2000 – Gilbert Parkhouse, Welsh cricketer and rugby player (b. 1925)
  • 2001 – Lou Boudreau, American baseball player and manager (b. 1917)
  • 2002 – Michael Houser, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1962)
  • 2002 – Kristen Nygaard, Norwegian computer scientist and politician (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Henry Cabot Lodge Bohler, American lieutenant and pilot (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – James E. Faust, American lawyer and religious leader (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Jean Rédélé, French race car driver and pilot, founded Alpine (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Tony Wilson, English journalist, producer, and manager, co-founded Factory Records (b. 1950)
  • 2008 – Isaac Hayes, American singer-songwriter, pianist, producer, and actor (b. 1942)
  • 2010 – Markus Liebherr, German-Swiss businessman (b. 1948)
  • 2010 – Adam Stansfield, English footballer (b. 1978)
  • 2010 – David L. Wolper, American director and producer (b. 1928)
  • 2011 – Billy Grammer, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – Philippe Bugalski, French race car driver (b. 1963)
  • 2012 – Ioan Dicezare, Romanian general and pilot (b. 1916)
  • 2012 – Irving Fein, American producer and manager (b. 1911)
  • 2012 – William W. Momyer, American general and pilot (b. 1916)
  • 2012 – Carlo Rambaldi, Italian special effects artist (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – William P. Clark Jr., American judge and politician, 12th United States National Security Advisor (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – Jonathan Dawson, Australian historian and academic (b. 1941)
  • 2013 – Eydie Gormé, American singer and actress (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – David C. Jones, American general (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Jody Payne, American singer and guitarist (b. 1936)
  • 2013 – Amy Wallace, American author (b. 1955)
  • 2014 – Jim Command, American baseball player and scout (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Dotty Lynch, American journalist and academic (b. 1945)
  • 2014 – Kathleen Ollerenshaw, English mathematician, astronomer, and politician, Lord Mayor of Manchester (b. 1912)
  • 2014 – Bob Wiesler, American baseball player (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – Buddy Baker, American race car driver and sportscaster (b. 1941)
  • 2015 – Endre Czeizel, Hungarian physician, geneticist, and academic (b. 1935)
  • 2015 – Knut Osnes, Norwegian footballer and coach (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Eriek Verpale, Belgian author and poet (b. 1952)
  • 2017 – Ruth Pfau, German-Pakistani doctor and nun (b. 1929)
  • 2019 – Jeffrey Epstein, American financier (b. 1953)

Holidays and observances on August 10

  • Argentine Air Force Day (Argentina)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Bessus
    • Blane (Roman Catholic Church)
    • Geraint of Dumnonia
    • Lawrence of Rome
    • Nicola Saggio
    • Nuestra Señora del Buen Suceso de Parañaque, Patroness of Parañaque, Philippines
    • August 10 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Declaration of Independence of Quito, proclaimed independence from Spain on August 10, 1809. Independence finally occurred on May 24, 1822 at the Battle of Pichincha. (Ecuador)
  • International Biodiesel Day
  • National Veterans Day (Indonesia)

August 9 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

  • 48 BC – Caesar’s Civil War: Battle of Pharsalus: Julius Caesar decisively defeats Pompey at Pharsalus and Pompey flees to Egypt.
  • 378 – Gothic War: Battle of Adrianople: A large Roman army led by Emperor Valens is defeated by the Visigoths. Valens is killed along with over half of his army.
  • 1173 – Construction of the campanile of the Cathedral of Pisa (now known as the Leaning Tower of Pisa) begins; it will take two centuries to complete.
  • 1329 – Quilon, the first Indian Christian Diocese, is erected by Pope John XXII; the French-born Jordanus is appointed the first Bishop.
  • 1428 – Sources cite biggest caravan trade between Podvisoki and Republic of Ragusa in 1428. Vlachs committed to Ragusan lord Tomo Bunić, that they will with 600 horses deliver 1500 modius of salt. Delivery was meant for Dobrašin Veseoković, and Vlachs price was half of delivered salt.
  • 1500 – Ottoman–Venetian War (1499–1503): The Ottomans capture Methoni, Messenia.
  • 1610 – The First Anglo-Powhatan War begins in colonial Virginia.
  • 1810 – Napoleon annexes Westphalia as part of the First French Empire.
  • 1814 – Indian Wars: The Creek sign the Treaty of Fort Jackson, giving up huge parts of Alabama and Georgia.
  • 1830 – Louis Philippe becomes the king of the French following abdication of Charles X.
  • 1842 – The Webster–Ashburton Treaty is signed, establishing the United States–Canada border east of the Rocky Mountains.
  • 1854 – Henry David Thoreau publishes Walden.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Cedar Mountain: At Cedar Mountain, Virginia, Confederate General Stonewall Jackson narrowly defeats Union forces under General John Pope.
  • 1877 – Indian Wars: Battle of the Big Hole: A small band of Nez Percé Indians clash with the United States Army.
  • 1892 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for a two-way telegraph.
  • 1902 – Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark are crowned King and Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • 1907 – The first Boy Scout encampment concludes at Brownsea Island in southern England.
  • 1914 – Start of the Battle of Mulhouse, part of a French attempt to recover the province of Alsace and the first French offensive of World War I.
  • 1925 – A train robbery takes place in Kakori, near Lucknow, India.
  • 1930 – Betty Boop makes her cartoon debut in Dizzy Dishes.
  • 1936 – Summer Olympic Games: Games of the XI Olympiad: Jesse Owens wins his fourth gold medal at the games.
  • 1942 – World War II: Battle of Savo Island: Allied naval forces protecting their amphibious forces during the initial stages of the Battle of Guadalcanal are surprised and defeated by an Imperial Japanese Navy cruiser force.
  • 1944 – The United States Forest Service and the Wartime Advertising Council release posters featuring Smokey Bear for the first time.
  • 1944 – Continuation War: The Vyborg–Petrozavodsk Offensive, the largest offensive launched by Soviet Union against Finland during the Second World War, ends to a strategic stalemate. Both Finnish and Soviet troops at the Finnish front dug to defensive positions, and the front remains stable until the end of the war.
  • 1945 – World War II: Nagasaki is devastated when an atomic bomb, Fat Man, is dropped by the United States B-29 Bockscar. Thirty-five thousand people are killed outright, including 23,200–28,200 Japanese war workers, 2,000 Korean forced workers, and 150 Japanese soldiers.
  • 1945 – The Red Army invades Japanese-occupied Manchuria.
  • 1960 – South Kasai secedes from the Congo.
  • 1965 – Singapore is expelled from Malaysia and becomes the only country to date to gain independence unwillingly.
  • 1969 – Followers of Charles Manson murder pregnant actress Sharon Tate (wife of Roman Polanski), coffee heiress Abigail Folger, Polish actor Wojciech Frykowski, men’s hairstylist Jay Sebring and recent high-school graduate Steven Parent.
  • 1970 – LANSA Flight 502 crashes after takeoff from Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport in Cusco, Peru, killing 99 of the 100 people on board, as well as two people on the ground.
  • 1971 – The Troubles: The British Army in Northern Ireland launches Operation Demetrius. Hundreds of people are arrested and interned, thousands are displaced, and twenty are killed in the violence that followed.
  • 1973 – Mars 7 is launched from the USSR.
  • 1974 – As a direct result of the Watergate scandal, Richard Nixon becomes the first President of the United States to resign from office. His Vice President, Gerald Ford, becomes president.
  • 1991 – The Italian prosecuting magistrate Antonino Scopelliti is murdered by the ‘Ndrangheta on behalf of the Sicilian Mafia while preparing the government’s case in the final appeal of the Maxi Trial.
  • 1993 – The Liberal Democratic Party of Japan loses a 38-year hold on national leadership.
  • 1999 – Russian President Boris Yeltsin fires his Prime Minister, Sergei Stepashin, and for the fourth time fires his entire cabinet.
  • 2006 – At least 21 suspected terrorists were arrested in the 2006 transatlantic aircraft plot that happened in the United Kingdom. The arrests were made in London, Birmingham, and High Wycombe in an overnight operation.
  • 2013 – Gunmen open fire at a Sunni mosque in the city of Quetta killing at least ten people and injuring 30.
  • 2014 – Michael Brown, an 18-year-old African American male in Ferguson, Missouri, was shot and killed by a Ferguson police officer after reportedly assaulting the officer and attempting to steal his weapon, sparking protests and unrest in the city.
  • 2019 – 220 million trees are planted in one day in Uttar Pradesh, India.

Births on August 9

  • 1201 – Arnold Fitz Thedmar, English historian and merchant (d. 1274)
  • 1537 – Francesco Barozzi, Italian mathematician and astronomer (d. 1604)
  • 1544 – Bogislaw XIII, Duke of Pomerania (d. 1606)
  • 1590 – John Webster, Colonial settler and governor of Connecticut (d. 1661)
  • 1593 – Izaak Walton, English writer (d. 1683)
  • 1603 – Johannes Cocceius, German-Dutch theologian and academic (d. 1669)
  • 1648 – Johann Michael Bach, German composer (d. 1694)
  • 1653 – John Oldham, English poet and translator (d. 1683)
  • 1674 – František Maxmilián Kaňka, Czech architect, designed the Veltrusy Mansion (d. 1766)
  • 1696 – Joseph Wenzel I, Prince of Liechtenstein (d. 1772)
  • 1722 – Prince Augustus William of Prussia (d. 1758)
  • 1726 – Francesco Cetti, Italian priest, zoologist, and mathematician (d. 1778)
  • 1748 – Bernhard Schott, German music publisher (d. 1809)
  • 1757 – Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton, American humanitarian; wife of Alexander Hamilton (d. 1854)
  • 1757 – Thomas Telford, Scottish architect and engineer, designed the Menai Suspension Bridge (d. 1834)
  • 1776 – Amedeo Avogadro, Italian physicist and chemist (d. 1856)
  • 1783 – Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1801)
  • 1788 – Adoniram Judson, American missionary and lexicographer (d. 1850)
  • 1797 – Charles Robert Malden, English lieutenant and surveyor (d. 1855)
  • 1805 – Joseph Locke, English engineer and politician (d. 1860)
  • 1845 – André Bessette, Canadian saint (d. 1937)
  • 1847 – Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo, French-Italian wife of Amadeo I of Spain (d. 1876)
  • 1848 – Alfred David Benjamin, Australian-born businessman and philanthropist. (d. 1900)
  • 1861 – Dorothea Klumpke, American astronomer and academic (d. 1942)
  • 1867 – Evelina Haverfield, Scottish nurse and activist (d. 1920)
  • 1872 – Archduke Joseph August of Austria (d. 1962)
  • 1874 – Reynaldo Hahn, Venezuelan composer and conductor (d. 1947)
  • 1875 – Albert Ketèlbey, English pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1959)
  • 1878 – Eileen Gray, Irish architect and furniture designer (d. 1976)
  • 1879 – John Willcock, Australian politician, 15th Premier of Western Australia, (d. 1956)
  • 1881 – Prince Antônio Gastão of Orléans-Braganza, Brazilian prince (d. 1918)
  • 1890 – Eino Kaila, Finnish philosopher and psychologist, attendant of the Vienna circle (d. 1958)
  • 1896 – Erich Hückel, German physicist and chemist (d. 1980)
  • 1896 – Jean Piaget, Swiss psychologist and philosopher (d. 1980)
  • 1899 – P. L. Travers, Australian-English author and actress (d. 1996)
  • 1901 – Charles Farrell, American actor and singer (d. 1990)
  • 1902 – Zino Francescatti, French violinist (d. 1991)
  • 1902 – Panteleimon Ponomarenko, Russian general and politician (d. 1984)
  • 1905 – Leo Genn, British actor and barrister (d. 1978)
  • 1909 – Vinayaka Krishna Gokak, Indian scholar, author, and academic (d. 1992)
  • 1909 – Willa Beatrice Player, Educator, First Black woman college president (d. 2003)
  • 1909 – Adam von Trott zu Solz, German lawyer and diplomat (d. 1944)
  • 1911 – William Alfred Fowler, American astronomer and astrophysicist, Nobel Laureate (d. 1996)
  • 1911 – Eddie Futch, American boxer and trainer (d. 2001)
  • 1911 – John McQuade, Northern Irish soldier, boxer, and politician (d. 1984)
  • 1913 – Wilbur Norman Christiansen, Australian astronomer and engineer (d. 2007)
  • 1914 – Ferenc Fricsay, Hungarian-Austrian conductor and director (d. 1963)
  • 1914 – Tove Jansson, Finnish author and illustrator (d. 2001)
  • 1914 – Joe Mercer, English footballer and manager (d. 1990)
  • 1915 – Mareta West, American astronomer and geologist (d. 1998)
  • 1918 – Kermit Beahan, American colonel (d. 1989)
  • 1918 – Giles Cooper, Irish soldier and playwright (d. 1966)
  • 1918 – Albert Seedman, American police officer (d. 2013)
  • 1919 – Joop den Uyl, Dutch journalist, economist, and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of the Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • 1919 – Ralph Houk, American baseball player and manager (d. 2010)
  • 1920 – Enzo Biagi, Italian journalist and author (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Ernest Angley, American evangelist and author
  • 1921 – J. James Exon, American soldier and politician, 33rd Governor of Nebraska (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Philip Larkin, English poet and novelist (d. 1985)
  • 1924 – Mathews Mar Barnabas, Indian metropolitan (d. 2012)
  • 1924 – Frank Martínez, American soldier and painter (d. 2013)
  • 1925 – David A. Huffman, American computer scientist, developed Huffman coding (d. 1999)
  • 1926 – Denis Atkinson, Barbadian cricketer (d. 2001)
  • 1927 – Daniel Keyes, American short story writer and novelist (d. 2014)
  • 1927 – Robert Shaw, English actor and screenwriter (d. 1978)
  • 1928 – Bob Cousy, American basketball player and coach
  • 1928 – Camilla Wicks, American violinist and educator
  • 1928 – Dolores Wilson, American soprano and actress (d. 2010)
  • 1929 – Abdi İpekçi, Turkish journalist and activist (d. 1979)
  • 1930 – Milt Bolling, American baseball player and scout (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Jacques Parizeau, Canadian economist and politician, 26th Premier of Quebec (d. 2015)
  • 1931 – Chuck Essegian, American baseball player and lawyer
  • 1931 – James Freeman Gilbert, American geophysicist and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1931 – Paula Kent Meehan, American businesswoman, co-founded Redken (d. 2014)
  • 1931 – Mário Zagallo, Brazilian footballer and coach
  • 1932 – Tam Dalyell, Scottish academic and politician (d. 2017)
  • 1932 – John Gomery, Canadian lawyer and jurist
  • 1933 – Tetsuko Kuroyanagi, Japanese actress, talk show host, and author
  • 1935 – Beverlee McKinsey, American actress (d. 2008)
  • 1936 – Julián Javier, Dominican-American baseball player
  • 1936 – Patrick Tse, Chinese-Hong Kong actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1938 – Leonid Kuchma, Ukrainian engineer and politician, 2nd President of Ukraine
  • 1938 – Rod Laver, Australian tennis player and coach
  • 1938 – Otto Rehhagel, German footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1939 – Hércules Brito Ruas, Brazilian footballer
  • 1939 – Vincent Hanna, Northern Irish journalist (d. 1997)
  • 1939 – The Mighty Hannibal, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2014)
  • 1939 – Billy Henderson, American singer (d. 2007)
  • 1939 – Bulle Ogier, French actress and screenwriter
  • 1939 – Romano Prodi, Italian academic and politician, 52nd Prime Minister of Italy
  • 1939 – Butch Warren, American bassist (d. 2013)
  • 1940 – Linda Keen, American mathematician and academic
  • 1942 – Tommie Agee, American baseball player (d. 2001)
  • 1942 – Jack DeJohnette, American drummer, pianist, and composer
  • 1942 – David Steinberg, Canadian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1943 – Ken Norton, American boxer and actor (d. 2013)
  • 1944 – George Armstrong, English footballer (d. 2000)
  • 1944 – Patrick Depailler, French race car driver (d. 1980)
  • 1944 – Sam Elliott, American actor and producer
  • 1944 – Patricia McKissack, American soldier, engineer, and author
  • 1944 – John Simpson, English journalist and author
  • 1945 – Barbara Delinsky, American author
  • 1945 – Aleksandr Gorelik, Russian figure skater and sportscaster (d. 2012)
  • 1945 – Tom O’Carroll, British paedophilia advocate
  • 1945 – Zurab Sakandelidze, Georgian basketball player (d. 2004)
  • 1945 – Posy Simmonds, English author and illustrator
  • 1946 – Rinus Gerritsen, Dutch rock bass player
  • 1946 – Jim Kiick, American football player
  • 1947 – Roy Hodgson, English footballer and manager
  • 1947 – Barbara Mason, American R&B/soul singer-songwriter
  • 1947 – John Varley, American author
  • 1948 – Bill Campbell, American baseball player and coach
  • 1949 – Jonathan Kellerman, American psychologist and author
  • 1949 – Ted Simmons, American baseball player and coach
  • 1951 – James Naughtie, Scottish journalist and radio host
  • 1951 – Steve Swisher, American baseball player and manager
  • 1952 – Prateep Ungsongtham Hata, Thai activist and politician
  • 1953 – Kay Stenshjemmet, Norwegian speed skater
  • 1953 – Jean Tirole, French economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1953 – Roberta Tovey, English actress and singer
  • 1954 – Ray Jennings, South African cricketer and coach
  • 1954 – Pete Thomas, English drummer
  • 1955 – John E. Sweeney, American lawyer and politician
  • 1956 – Gordon Singleton, Canadian Olympic Cyclist
  • 1957 – Melanie Griffith, American actress and producer
  • 1958 – Amanda Bearse, American actress, comedian and director
  • 1958 – James Lileks, American journalist and blogger
  • 1958 – Calie Pistorius, South African engineer and academic
  • 1959 – Kurtis Blow, American rapper, producer, and actor
  • 1959 – Michael Kors, American fashion designer
  • 1961 – Brad Gilbert, American tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1961 – John Key, New Zealand businessman and politician, 38th Prime Minister of New Zealand
  • 1962 – Louis Lipps, American football player and radio host
  • 1962 – Kevin Mack, American football player
  • 1962 – John “Hot Rod” Williams, American basketball player (d. 2015)
  • 1963 – Whitney Houston, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress (d. 2012)
  • 1963 – Jay Leggett, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1963 – Barton Lynch, Australian surfer
  • 1964 – Brett Hull, Canadian-American ice hockey player and manager
  • 1964 – Hoda Kotb, American journalist and television personality
  • 1966 – Vinny Del Negro, American basketball player and coach
  • 1966 – Linn Ullmann, Norwegian journalist and author
  • 1967 – Deion Sanders, American football and baseball player
  • 1968 – Gillian Anderson, American-British actress, activist and writer
  • 1968 – Eric Bana, Australian actor, comedian, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1968 – Sam Fogarino, American drummer
  • 1968 – McG, American director and producer
  • 1969 – Troy Percival, American baseball player and coach
  • 1970 – Rod Brind’Amour, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1970 – Chris Cuomo, American lawyer and journalist
  • 1973 – Filippo Inzaghi, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1973 – Kevin McKidd, Scottish actor and director
  • 1973 – Gene Luen Yang, American author and illustrator
  • 1974 – Derek Fisher, American basketball player and coach
  • 1974 – Stephen Fung, Hong Kong actor, singer, director, and screenwriter
  • 1974 – Matt Morris, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Kirill Reznik, American lawyer and politician
  • 1974 – Raphaël Poirée, French biathlete
  • 1975 – Mahesh Babu, Indian actor and producer
  • 1975 – Valentin Kovalenko, Uzbek football referee
  • 1975 – Mike Lamb, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Robbie Middleby, Australian soccer player
  • 1976 – Rhona Mitra, English actress and singer
  • 1976 – Audrey Tautou, French model and actress
  • 1976 – Jessica Capshaw, American actress
  • 1977 – Jason Frasor, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Chamique Holdsclaw, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Ravshan Irmatov, Uzbek football referee
  • 1977 – Adewale Ogunleye, American football player
  • 1977 – Ime Udoka, American basketball player and coach
  • 1977 – Mikaël Silvestre, French footballer
  • 1978 – Dorin Chirtoacă, Moldavian lawyer and politician, Mayor of Chișinău
  • 1978 – Ana Serradilla, Mexican actress and producer
  • 1978 – Wesley Sonck, Belgian footballer
  • 1979 – Michael Kingma, Australian basketball player
  • 1979 – Lisa Nandy, British politician
  • 1979 – Tony Stewart, American football player
  • 1981 – Jarvis Hayes, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Li Jiawei, Singaporean table tennis player
  • 1982 – Joel Anthony, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Tyson Gay, American sprinter
  • 1982 – Yekaterina Samutsevich, Russian singer and activist
  • 1982 – Kanstantsin Sivtsov, Belorussian cyclist
  • 1983 – Shane O’Brien, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Alicja Smietana, Polish-English violinist
  • 1984 – Paul Gallagher, Scottish footballer
  • 1985 – Luca Filippi, Italian race car driver
  • 1985 – Filipe Luís, Brazilian footballer
  • 1985 – Anna Kendrick, American actress and singer
  • 1985 – Hayley Peirsol, American swimmer
  • 1985 – JaMarcus Russell, American football player
  • 1985 – Chandler Williams, American football player (d. 2013)
  • 1986 – Michael Lerchl, German footballer
  • 1986 – Daniel Preussner, German rugby player
  • 1986 – Tyler Smith, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1987 – Marek Niit, Estonian sprinter
  • 1988 – Anthony Castonzo, American football player
  • 1988 – Willian, Brazilian footballer
  • 1988 – Vasilios Koutsianikoulis, Greek footballer
  • 1989 – Jason Heyward, American baseball player
  • 1989 – Stefano Okaka, Italian footballer
  • 1989 – Kento Ono, Japanese actor and model
  • 1990 – İshak Doğan, Turkish footballer
  • 1990 – Stuart McInally, Scottish rugby player
  • 1990 – Brice Roger, French skier
  • 1990 – Sarah McBride, American LGBT Activist
  • 1991 – Alice Barlow, English actress
  • 1991 – Alexa Bliss, American bodybuilder and wrestler
  • 1993 – Jun.Q, South Korean singer and actor
  • 1994 – Kelli Hubly, American soccer player
  • 1995 – Eli Apple, American football player
  • 1996 – Sanya Lopez, Filipino actress and model
  • 1999 – Deniss Vasiļjevs, Latvian figure skater

Deaths on August 9

  • 378 – Traianus, Roman general
  • 378 – Valens, Roman emperor (b. 328)
  • 803 – Irene of Athens (b. 752)
  • 833 – Al-Ma’mun, Iraqi caliph (b. 786)
  • 1048 – Pope Damasus II
  • 1107 – Emperor Horikawa of Japan (b. 1079)
  • 1173 – Najm ad-Din Ayyub, Kurdish soldier and politician
  • 1211 – William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber, exiled Anglo-Norman baron (b. 1144/53)
  • 1260 – Walter of Kirkham, Bishop of Durham
  • 1296 – Hugh, Count of Brienne, French crusader
  • 1341 – Eleanor of Anjou, queen consort of Sicily (b. 1289)
  • 1354 – Stephen, Duke of Slavonia, Hungarian prince (b. 1332)
  • 1420 – Pierre d’Ailly, French theologian and cardinal (b. 1351)
  • 1516 – Hieronymus Bosch, Early Netherlandish painter (b. circa 1450)
  • 1534 – Thomas Cajetan, Italian cardinal and philosopher (b. 1470)
  • 1580 – Metrophanes III of Constantinople (b. 1520)
  • 1601 – Michael the Brave, Romanian prince (b. 1558)
  • 1634 – William Noy, English lawyer and judge (b. 1577)
  • 1720 – Simon Ockley, English orientalist and academic (b. 1678)
  • 1744 – James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos, English academic and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Radnorshire (b. 1673)
  • 1816 – Johann August Apel, German jurist and author (b. 1771)
  • 1861 – Vincent Novello, English composer and publisher (b. 1781)
  • 1886 – Samuel Ferguson, Irish lawyer and poet (b. 1810)
  • 1910 – Huo Yuanjia, Chinese martial artist, co-founded the Chin Woo Athletic Association (b. 1868)
  • 1919 – Ruggero Leoncavallo, Italian composer and educator (b. 1857)
  • 1920 – Samuel Griffith, Welsh-Australian politician, 9th Premier of Queensland (b. 1845)
  • 1932 – John Charles Fields, Canadian mathematician, founder of the Fields Medal (b. 1863)
  • 1942 – Edith Stein, German nun and saint (b. 1891)
  • 1943 – Chaim Soutine, Belarusian-French painter and educator (b. 1893)
  • 1945 – Robert Hampton Gray, Canadian lieutenant and pilot, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1917)
  • 1945 – Harry Hillman, American runner and coach (b. 1881)
  • 1946 – Bert Vogler, South African cricketer (b. 1876)
  • 1948 – Hugo Boss, German fashion designer, founded Hugo Boss (b. 1885)
  • 1949 – Edward Thorndike, American psychologist and academic (b. 1874)
  • 1957 – Carl Clauberg, German Nazi physician (b. 1898)
  • 1962 – Hermann Hesse, German-born Swiss poet, novelist, and painter, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
  • 1963 – Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, American son of John F. Kennedy (b. 1963)
  • 1967 – Joe Orton, English author and playwright (b. 1933)
  • 1969 – Wojciech Frykowski, Polish-American actor and author (b. 1936)
  • 1969 – Sharon Tate, American model and actress (b. 1943)
  • 1969 – C. F. Powell, English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1972 – Sıddık Sami Onar, Turkish lawyer and academic (b. 1897)
  • 1974 – Bill Chase, American trumpet player and bandleader (b. 1934)
  • 1975 – Dmitri Shostakovich, Russian pianist and composer (b. 1906)
  • 1978 – James Gould Cozzens, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1903)
  • 1979 – Walter O’Malley, American businessman (b. 1903)
  • 1979 – Raymond Washington, American gang leader, founded the Crips (b. 1953)
  • 1980 – Jacqueline Cochran, American pilot (b. 1906)
  • 1981 – Max Hoffman, Austrian-born car importer and businessman (b. 1904)
  • 1985 – Clive Churchill, Australian rugby league player and coach (b. 1927)
  • 1988 – M. Carl Holman, American author, educator, poet, and playwright (b. 1919)
  • 1988 – Giacinto Scelsi, Italian composer and poet (b. 1905)
  • 1990 – Joe Mercer, English footballer and manager (b. 1914)
  • 1992 – Fereydoun Farrokhzad, Iranian singer and actor (b. 1938)
  • 1995 – Jerry Garcia, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1942)
  • 1996 – Frank Whittle, English soldier and engineer, invented the jet engine (b. 1907)
  • 1999 – Fouad Serageddin, Egyptian journalist and politician (b. 1910)
  • 2000 – John Harsanyi, Hungarian-American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – Nicholas Markowitz, American murder victim (b. 1984)
  • 2002 – Paul Samson, English guitarist (b. 1953)
  • 2003 – Jacques Deray, French director and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 2003 – Ray Harford, English footballer and manager (b. 1945)
  • 2003 – Gregory Hines, American actor, dancer, and choreographer (b. 1946)
  • 2003 – R. Sivagurunathan, Sri Lankan lawyer, journalist, and academic (b. 1931)
  • 2004 – Robert Lecourt, French lawyer and politician, Lord Chancellor of France (b. 1908)
  • 2004 – Tony Mottola, American guitarist and composer (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – David Raksin, American composer and educator (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – Judith Rossner, American author (b. 1935)
  • 2006 – Philip E. High, English author (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – James Van Allen, American physicist and academic (b. 1914)
  • 2007 – Joe O’Donnell, American photographer and journalist (b. 1922)
  • 2008 – Bernie Mac, American comedian, actor, screenwriter, and producer (b. 1957)
  • 2008 – Mahmoud Darwish, Palestinian author and poet (b. 1941)
  • 2010 – Calvin “Fuzz” Jones, American singer and bass player (b. 1926)
  • 2010 – Ted Stevens, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Carl Davis, American record producer (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Gene F. Franklin, American engineer, theorist, and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – Al Freeman, Jr., American actor, director, and educator (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – David Rakoff, Canadian-American actor and journalist (b. 1964)
  • 2012 – Carmen Belen Richardson, Puerto Rican-American actress (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Mel Stuart, American director and producer (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Harry Elliott, American baseball player and coach (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Eduardo Falú, Argentinian guitarist and composer (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – William Lynch, Jr., American lawyer and politician (b. 1947)
  • 2014 – J. F. Ade Ajayi, Nigerian historian and academic (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Andriy Bal, Ukrainian footballer and coach (b. 1958)
  • 2014 – Arthur G. Cohen, American businessman and philanthropist, co-founded Arlen Realty and Development Corporation (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Ed Nelson, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 2015 – Frank Gifford, American football player, sportscaster, and actor (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – John Henry Holland, American computer scientist and academic (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Walter Nahún López, Honduran footballer (b. 1977)
  • 2015 – David Nobbs, English author and screenwriter (b. 1935)
  • 2015 – Kayyar Kinhanna Rai, Indian journalist, author, and poet (b. 1915)
  • 2015 – Fikret Otyam, Turkish painter and journalist (b. 1926)
  • 2016 – Gerald Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster, third-richest British citizen. (b. 1951)

Holidays and observances on August 9

  • Battle of Gangut Day (Russia)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Candida Maria of Jesus
    • Edith Stein (St Teresa Benedicta of the Cross)
    • Firmus and Rusticus
    • Herman of Alaska (Russian Orthodox Church and related congregations; Episcopal Church (USA))
    • John Vianney (1950s – currently August 4)
    • Mary Sumner (Church of England)
    • Nath Í of Achonry
    • Romanus Ostiarius
    • Secundian, Marcellian and Verian
    • August 9 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples (United Nations)
  • National Day, celebrates the independence of Singapore from Malaysia in 1965.
  • National Peacekeepers’ Day, celebrated on Sunday closest to the day (Canada)
  • National Women’s Day (South Africa)

July 9

July 9 is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 175 days remain until the end of the year.

Events[edit]

  • 491 – Odoacer makes a night assault with his Heruli guardsmen, engaging Theoderic the Great in Ad Pinetam. Both sides suffer heavy losses, but in the end Theodoric forces Odoacer back into Ravenna.
  • 551 – A major earthquake strikes Beirut, triggering a devastating tsunami that affected the coastal towns of Byzantine Phoenicia, causing thousands of deaths.[1]
  • 660 – Korean forces under general Kim Yu-sin of Silla defeat the army of Baekje in the Battle of Hwangsanbeol.
  • 869 – The 8.4–9.0 Mw  Sanriku earthquake strikes the area around Sendai in northern Honshu, Japan. Inundation from the tsunami extended several kilometers inland.
  • 969 – The Fatimid general Jawhar leads the Friday prayer in Fustat in the name of Caliph al-Mu’izz li-Din Allah, thereby symbolically completing the Fatimid conquest of Egypt.[2]
  • 1357 – Emperor Charles IV assists in laying the foundation stone of Charles Bridge in Prague.
  • 1386 – The Old Swiss Confederacy makes great strides in establishing control over its territory by soundly defeating the Archduchy of Austria in the Battle of Sempach.
  • 1401 – Timur attacks the Jalairid Sultanate and destroys Baghdad.
  • 1540 – King Henry VIII of England annuls his marriage to his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves.
  • 1572 – Nineteen Catholics suffer martyrdom for their beliefs in the Dutch town of Gorkum.
  • 1609 – Bohemia is granted freedom of religion through the Letter of Majesty by the Holy Roman Emperor, Rudolf II.
  • 1701 – A Bourbon force under Nicolas Catinat withdraws from a smaller Habsburg force under Prince Eugene of Savoy in the Battle of Carpi.
  • 1745 – French victory in the Battle of Melle allows them to capture Ghent in the days after.
  • 1755 – The Braddock Expedition is soundly defeated by a smaller French and Native American force in its attempt to capture Fort Duquesne in what is now downtown Pittsburgh.
  • 1762 – Catherine the Great becomes Empress of Russia following the coup against her husband, Peter III.[3]
  • 1776 – George Washington orders the Declaration of Independence to be read out to members of the Continental Army in Manhattan, while thousands of British troops on Staten Island prepare for the Battle of Long Island.
  • 1789 – In Versailles, the National Assembly reconstitutes itself as the National Constituent Assembly and begins preparations for a French constitution.
  • 1790 – The Swedish Navy captures one third of the Russian Baltic fleet.
  • 1793 – The Act Against Slavery in Upper Canada bans the importation of slaves and will free those who are born into slavery after the passage of the Act at 25 years of age.
  • 1807 – The Treaties of Tilsit are signed by Napoleon I of France and Alexander I of Russia.
  • 1810 – Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland as part of the First French Empire.
  • 1811 – Explorer David Thompson posts a sign near what is now Sacajawea State Park in Washington state, claiming the Columbia District for the United Kingdom.
  • 1815 – Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord becomes the first Prime Minister of France.
  • 1816 – Argentina declares independence from Spain.
  • 1821 – Four hundred and seventy prominent Cypriots including Archbishop Kyprianos are executed in response to Cypriot aid to the Greek War of Independence.
  • 1850 – U.S. President Zachary Taylor dies after eating raw fruit and iced milk; he is succeeded in office by Vice President Millard Fillmore.
  • 1850 – Persian prophet Báb is executed in Tabriz, Persia.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The Siege of Port Hudson ends, giving the Union complete control of the Mississippi River.
  • 1868 – The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, guaranteeing African Americans full citizenship and all persons in the United States due process of law.
  • 1875 – The Herzegovina Uprising against Ottoman rule begins, which would last until 1878 and have far-reaching implications throughout the Balkans.
  • 1877 – The inaugural Wimbledon Championships begins.
  • 1893 – Daniel Hale Williams, American heart surgeon, performs the first successful open-heart surgery in United States without anesthesia.
  • 1896 – William Jennings Bryan delivers his Cross of Gold speech advocating bimetallism at the 1896 Democratic National Convention in Chicago.
  • 1900 – The Federation of Australia is given royal assent.
  • 1900 – The Governor of Shanxi province in North China orders the execution of 45 foreign Christian missionaries and local church members, including children.
  • 1918 – In Nashville, Tennessee, an inbound local train collides with an outbound express, killing 101 and injuring 171 people, making it the deadliest rail accident in United States history.
  • 1922 – Johnny Weissmuller swims the 100 meters freestyle in 58.6 seconds breaking the world swimming record and the ‘minute barrier’.
  • 1932 – The state of São Paulo revolts against the Brazilian Federal Government, starting the Constitutionalist Revolution.
  • 1937 – The silent film archives of Fox Film Corporation are destroyed by the 1937 Fox vault fire.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Allied invasion of Sicily soon causes the downfall of Mussolini and forces Hitler to break off the Battle of Kursk.
  • 1944 – World War II: American forces take Saipan, bringing the Japanese archipelago within range of B-29 raids, and causing the downfall of the Tojo government.
  • 1944 – World War II: Continuation War: Finland wins the Battle of Tali-Ihantala, the largest battle ever fought in northern Europe. The Red Army withdraws its troops from Ihantala and digs into a defensive position, thus ending the Vyborg–Petrozavodsk Offensive.
  • 1955 – The Russell–Einstein Manifesto calls for a reduction of the risk of nuclear warfare.
  • 1956 – The 7.7 Mw  Amorgos earthquake shakes the Cyclades island group in the Aegean Sea with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent). The shaking and the destructive tsunami that followed left fifty-three people dead. A damaging M7.2 aftershock occurred minutes after the mainshock.
  • 1958 – A 7.8 Mw  strike-slip earthquake in Alaska causes a landslide that produces a megatsunami. The runup from the waves reached 525 m (1,722 ft) on the rim of Lituya Bay; five people were killed.
  • 1962 – Starfish Prime tests the effects of a nuclear test at orbital altitudes.
  • 1979 – A car bomb destroys a Renault motor car owned by “Nazi hunters” Serge and Beate Klarsfeld outside their home in France in an unsuccessful assassination attempt.
  • 1982 – Pan Am Flight 759 crashes in Kenner, Louisiana, killing all 145 people on board and eight others on the ground.
  • 1986 – The New Zealand Parliament passes the Homosexual Law Reform Act legalising homosexuality in New Zealand.
  • 1993 – The Parliament of Canada passes the Nunavut Act leading to the 1999 creation of Nunavut, dividing the Northwest Territories into arctic (Inuit) and sub-arctic (Dene) lands based on a plebiscite.
  • 1995 – The Navaly church bombing is carried out by the Sri Lanka Air Force killing 125 Tamil civilian refugees.
  • 1999 – Days of student protests begin after Iranian police and hardliners attack a student dormitory at the University of Tehran.
  • 2002 – The African Union is established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, replacing the Organisation of African Unity (OAU). The organization’s first chairman is Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa.
  • 2006 – One hundred and twenty-five people are killed when S7 Airlines Flight 778, an Airbus A310 passenger jet, veers off the runway while landing in wet conditions at Irkutsk Airport in Siberia.
  • 2011 – South Sudan gains independence and secedes from Sudan.

Births[edit]

  • 1249 – Emperor Kameyama of Japan (d. 1305)
  • 1455 – Frederick IV of Baden, Dutch bishop (d. 1517)
  • 1511 – Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg (d. 1571)
  • 1526 – Elizabeth of Austria, Polish noble (d. 1545)
  • 1577 – Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, English-American soldier and politician, Colonial Governor of Virginia (d. 1618)
  • 1578 – Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1637)[4]
  • 1654 – Emperor Reigen of Japan (d. 1732)
  • 1686 – Philip Livingston, American merchant and politician (d. 1749)
  • 1689 – Alexis Piron, French epigrammatist and playwright (d. 1773)
  • 1721 – Johann Nikolaus Götz, German poet and author (d. 1781)
  • 1753 – William Waldegrave, 1st Baron Radstock, English admiral and politician, 34th Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland (d. 1825)
  • 1764 – Ann Ward, English author and poet (d. 1823)[5]
  • 1775 – Matthew Lewis, English author and playwright (d. 1818)
  • 1800 – Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, German physician, pathologist, and anatomist (d. 1885)
  • 1808 – Alexander William Doniphan, American lawyer and colonel (d. 1887)
  • 1819 – Elias Howe, American inventor, invented the sewing machine (d. 1867)
  • 1825 – A. C. Gibbs, American lawyer and politician, 2nd Governor of Oregon (d. 1886)
  • 1828 – Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano, Italian cardinal (d. 1913)
  • 1834 – Jan Neruda, Czech journalist and poet (d. 1891)
  • 1836 – Camille of Renesse-Breidbach (d. 1904)
  • 1848 – Robert I, Duke of Parma (d. 1907)
  • 1853 – William Turner Dannat, American painter (d. 1929)
  • 1856 – John Verran, English-Australian politician, 26th Premier of South Australia (d. 1932)
  • 1858 – Franz Boas, German-American anthropologist and linguist (d. 1942)
  • 1867 – Georges Lecomte, French author and playwright (d. 1958)
  • 1879 – Carlos Chagas, Brazilian physician and parasitologist (d. 1934)
  • 1879 – Ottorino Respighi, Italian composer and conductor (d. 1936)
  • 1887 – James Ormsbee Chapin, American-Canadian painter and illustrator (d. 1975)
  • 1887 – Saturnino Herrán, Mexican painter (d. 1918)
  • 1887 – Samuel Eliot Morison, American admiral and historian (d. 1976)
  • 1889 – Léo Dandurand, American-Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and referee (d. 1964)
  • 1893 – George Geary, English cricketer and coach (d. 1981)
  • 1901 – Barbara Cartland, prolific English author (d. 2000)
  • 1902 – Peter Acland, English soldier (d. 1993)
  • 1905 – Clarence Campbell, Canadian ice hockey player and referee (d. 1984)
  • 1907 – Eddie Dean, American singer-songwriter (d. 1999)
  • 1908 – Allamah Rasheed Turabi, Pakistani philosopher and scholar (d. 1973)
  • 1908 – Minor White, American photographer, critic, and educator (d. 1976)
  • 1909 – Basil Wolverton, American author and illustrator (d. 1978)
  • 1910 – Govan Mbeki, South African anti-apartheid and ANC leader and activist (d. 2001)
  • 1911 – Mervyn Peake, English author and illustrator (d. 1968)
  • 1911 – John Archibald Wheeler, American physicist and author (d. 2008)
  • 1914 – Willi Stoph, German engineer and politician, 4th Prime Minister of East Germany (d. 1999)
  • 1914 – Mac Wilson, Australian rules footballer (d. 2017)
  • 1915 – David Diamond, American composer and educator (d. 2005)
  • 1915 – Lee Embree, American sergeant and photographer (d. 2008)
  • 1916 – Dean Goffin, New Zealand composer (d. 1984)
  • 1916 – Edward Heath, English colonel and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – Krystyna Dańko, Polish orphan, survivor of Holocaust (d. 2019)
  • 1918 – Nicolaas Govert de Bruijn, Dutch mathematician and academic (d. 2012)
  • 1918 – Jarl Wahlström, Finnish 12th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – David C. Jones, American general (d. 2013)
  • 1922 – Angelines Fernández, Spanish-Mexican actress (d. 1994)
  • 1922 – Jim Pollard, American basketball player and coach (d. 1993)[6]
  • 1924 – Pierre Cochereau, French organist and composer (d. 1984)
  • 1925 – Guru Dutt, Indian actor, director, and producer (d. 1964)
  • 1925 – Charles E. Wicks, American engineer, author, and academic (d. 2010)
  • 1925 – Ronald I. Spiers, American ambassador
  • 1926 – Murphy Anderson, American illustrator (d. 2015)
  • 1926 – Ben Roy Mottelson, American-Danish physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1926 – Pedro Dellacha, Argentine football defender and coach (d. 2010)
  • 1926 – Mathilde Krim, Italian-American medical researcher and health educator (d. 2018)
  • 1927 – Ed Ames, American singer and actor
  • 1927 – Red Kelly, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and politician (d. 2019)
  • 1928 – Federico Bahamontes, Spanish cyclist
  • 1928 – Vince Edwards, American actor, singer, and director (d. 1996)
  • 1929 – Lee Hazlewood, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Jesse McReynolds, American singer and mandolin player
  • 1929 – Chi Haotian, Chinese general
  • 1929 – Hassan II of Morocco (d. 1999)
  • 1930 – K. Balachander, Indian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1930 – Buddy Bregman, American composer and conductor (d. 2017)
  • 1930 – Janice Lourie, American computer scientist and graphic artist
  • 1930 – Elsa Lystad, Norwegian actress
  • 1930 – Roy McLean, South African cricketer and rugby player (d. 2007)
  • 1931 – Haynes Johnson, American journalist and author (d. 2013)
  • 1931 – Sylvia Bacon, American judge
  • 1932 – Donald Rumsfeld, American captain and politician, 13th United States Secretary of Defense
  • 1932 – Amitzur Shapira, Israeli sprinter and long jumper (d. 1972)
  • 1933 – Oliver Sacks, English-American neurologist, author, and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1934 – Michael Graves, American architect, designed the Portland Building and the Humana Building (d. 2015)
  • 1935 – Wim Duisenberg, Dutch economist and politician, Dutch Minister of Finance (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – Mercedes Sosa, Argentinian singer and activist (d. 2009)
  • 1935 – Michael Williams, English actor (d. 2001)
  • 1936 – June Jordan, American poet and educator (d. 2002)
  • 1936 – David Zinman, American violinist and conductor
  • 1937 – David Hockney, English painter and photographer
  • 1938 – Brian Dennehy, American actor (d. 2020)[7]
  • 1938 – Sanjeev Kumar, Indian film actor (d. 1985)
  • 1940 – David B. Frohnmayer, American lawyer and politician, 12th Oregon Attorney General (d. 2015)
  • 1940 – Eugene Victor Wolfenstein, American psychoanalyst and theorist (d. 2010)
  • 1941 – Mac MacLeod, English musician
  • 1942 – David Chidgey, Baron Chidgey, English engineer and politician
  • 1942 – Richard Roundtree, American actor
  • 1943 – John Casper, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1944 – Judith M. Brown, Indian-English historian and academic
  • 1944 – John Cunniff, American ice hockey player and coach (d. 2002)
  • 1945 – Dean Koontz, American author and screenwriter
  • 1945 – Root Boy Slim, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1993)
  • 1946 – Bon Scott, Scottish-Australian singer-songwriter (d. 1980)
  • 1947 – Haruomi Hosono, Japanese singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer
  • 1947 – Mitch Mitchell, English drummer (d. 2008)
  • 1947 – O. J. Simpson, American football player and actor
  • 1947 – Patrick Wormald, English historian (d. 2004)
  • 1948 – Hassan Wirajuda, Indonesian lawyer and politician, 15th Indonesian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1949 – Raoul Cédras, Haitian military officer and politician[8]
  • 1950 – Amal ibn Idris al-Alami, Moroccan physician and neurosurgeon
  • 1950 – Adriano Panatta, Italian tennis player and sailor
  • 1950 – Viktor Yanukovych, Ukrainian engineer and politician, 4th President of Ukraine
  • 1951 – Chris Cooper, American actor
  • 1951 – Māris Gailis, Latvian politician, businessman, and former Prime Minister of Latvia
  • 1952 – John Tesh, American pianist, composer, and radio and television host
  • 1953 – Margie Gillis, Canadian dancer and choreographer
  • 1953 – Thomas Ligotti, American author
  • 1954 – Théophile Abega, Cameroonian footballer and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1954 – Kevin O’Leary, Canadian journalist and businessman
  • 1955 – Steve Coppell, English footballer and manager
  • 1955 – Lindsey Graham, American colonel, lawyer, and politician
  • 1955 – Jimmy Smits, American actor and producer
  • 1955 – Willie Wilson, American baseball player and manager
  • 1956 – Tom Hanks, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1956 – Michael Lederer, American author, poet, and playwright
  • 1957 – Marc Almond, English singer-songwriter
  • 1957 – Tim Kring, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1957 – Kelly McGillis, American actress
  • 1957 – Paul Merton, English comedian, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1958 – Abdul Latiff Ahmad, Malaysian politician
  • 1958 – Jacob Joseph, Malaysian football coach
  • 1959 – Jim Kerr, Scottish singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1959 – Kevin Nash, American wrestler
  • 1959 – Clive Stafford Smith, English lawyer and author
  • 1960 – Yūko Asano, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1960 – Wally Fullerton Smith, Australian rugby league player
  • 1960 – Eduardo Montes-Bradley, Argentinian journalist, photographer, and author
  • 1963 – Klaus Theiss, German footballer
  • 1964 – Courtney Love, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress
  • 1964 – Gianluca Vialli, Italian footballer and coach
  • 1965 – Frank Bello, American bass player
  • 1965 – Thomas Jahn, German director and screenwriter
  • 1965 – Jason Rhoades, American sculptor (d. 2006)
  • 1966 – Pamela Adlon, American actress and voice artist
  • 1966 – Zheng Cao, Chinese-American soprano and actress (d. 2013)
  • 1966 – Gary Glasberg, American television writer and producer (d. 2016)
  • 1966 – Marco Pennette, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1967 – Gunnar Axén, Swedish politician
  • 1967 – Yordan Letchkov, Bulgarian footballer
  • 1967 – Mark Stoops, American football player and coach
  • 1968 – Paolo Di Canio, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1968 – Lars Gyllenhaal, Swedish historian and author
  • 1969 – Nicklas Barker, Swedish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1969 – Jason Kearton, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1970 – Trent Green, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1970 – Masami Tsuda, Japanese author and illustrator
  • 1971 – Marc Andreessen, American software developer, co-founded Netscape
  • 1972 – Ara Babajian, American drummer and songwriter
  • 1973 – Kelly Holcomb, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1974 – Siân Berry, English environmentalist and politician
  • 1974 – Ian Bradshaw, Barbadian cricketer
  • 1974 – Gary Kelly, Irish footballer
  • 1974 – Nikola Šarčević, Swedish singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1975 – Shelton Benjamin, American wrestler
  • 1975 – Isaac Brock, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1975 – Robert Koenig, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1975 – Craig Quinnell, Welsh rugby player
  • 1975 – Jack White, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1976 – Thomas Cichon, Polish-German footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Fred Savage, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1976 – Radike Samo, Fijian-Australian rugby player
  • 1978 – Kara Goucher, American runner
  • 1978 – Nuno Santos, Portuguese footballer
  • 1979 – Gary Chaw, Malaysian Chinese singer-songwriter
  • 1981 – Lee Chun-soo, South Korean footballer
  • 1981 – Junauda Petrus, American author and performance artist[9][10]
  • 1982 – Alecko Eskandarian, American soccer player and manager
  • 1982 – Sakon Yamamoto, Japanese race car driver
  • 1984 – Chris Campoli, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Gianni Fabiano, Italian footballer
  • 1984 – Jacob Hoggard, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1984 – Ave Pajo, Estonian footballer
  • 1984 – Piia Suomalainen, Finnish tennis player
  • 1984 – LA Tenorio, Filipino basketball player
  • 1985 – Paweł Korzeniowski, Polish swimmer
  • 1985 – Ashley Young, English footballer
  • 1986 – Sébastien Bassong, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1986 – Simon Dumont, American skier
  • 1986 – Kiely Williams, American singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1987 – Gert Jõeäär, Estonian cyclist
  • 1987 – Rebecca Sugar, American animator, composer, and screenwriter
  • 1988 – Raul Rusescu, Romanian footballer
  • 1990 – Earl Bamber, New Zealand race car driver
  • 1990 – Fábio, Brazilian footballer
  • 1990 – Rafael, Brazilian footballer
  • 1991 – Mitchel Musso, American actor and singer[11]
  • 1993 – Mitch Larkin, Australian swimmer
  • 1993 – DeAndre Yedlin, American footballer
  • 1999 – Claire Corlett, American voice actress[12]

Deaths[edit]

  • 230 – Empress Dowager Bian, Cao Cao’s wife (b. 159)
  • 518 – Anastasius I Dicorus, Byzantine emperor (b. 430)
  • 715 – Naga, Japanese prince
  • 880 – Ariwara no Narihira, Japanese poet (b. 825)[13]
  • 981 – Ramiro Garcés, king of Viguera[14]
  • 1169 – Guido of Ravenna, Italian cartographer, entomologist and historian
  • 1228 – Stephen Langton, English cardinal and theologian (b. 1150)
  • 1270 – Stephen Báncsa, Hungarian cardinal (b. c. 1205)
  • 1386 – Leopold III, Duke of Austria (b. 1351)
  • 1441 – Jan van Eyck, Dutch painter
  • 1546 – Robert Maxwell, 5th Lord Maxwell, Scottish statesman (b. c. 1493)
  • 1553 – Maurice, Elector of Saxony (b. 1521)
  • 1654 – Ferdinand IV, King of the Romans (b. 1633)
  • 1706 – Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville, Canadian captain and explorer (b. 1661)
  • 1737 – Gian Gastone de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1671)
  • 1742 – John Oldmixon, English historian, poet, and playwright (b. 1673)
  • 1746 – Philip V of Spain (b. 1683)
  • 1747 – Giovanni Bononcini, Italian cellist and composer (b. 1670)
  • 1766 – Jonathan Mayhew, American minister (b. 1720)
  • 1795 – Henry Seymour Conway, English general and politician, Secretary of State for the Northern Department (b. 1721)
  • 1797 – Edmund Burke, Irish-English philosopher, academic, and politician (b. 1729)
  • 1828 – Cathinka Buchwieser, German operatic singer and actress (b. 1789)
  • 1850 – Báb, Persian religious leader, founded Bábism (b. 1819)
  • 1850 – Zachary Taylor, American general and politician, 12th President of the United States (b. 1784)
  • 1852 – Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan, American lawyer and politician, 2nd United States Secretary of the Interior (b. 1794)
  • 1856 – Amedeo Avogadro, Italian chemist and academic (b. 1776)
  • 1856 – James Strang, American religious leader and politician (b. 1813)
  • 1880 – Paul Broca, French physician and anatomist (b. 1824)
  • 1882 – Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean captain (b. 1848)
  • 1903 – Alphonse François Renard, Belgian geologist and photographer (b. 1842)
  • 1927 – John Drew, Jr., American actor (b. 1853)
  • 1932 – King Camp Gillette, American businessman, founded the Gillette Company (b. 1855)
  • 1937 – Oliver Law, American commander (b. 1899)
  • 1938 – Benjamin N. Cardozo, American lawyer and jurist (b. 1870)
  • 1947 – Lucjan Żeligowski, Polish-Lithuanian general and politician (b. 1865)
  • 1949 – Fritz Hart, English-Australian composer and conductor (b. 1874)
  • 1951 – Harry Heilmann, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1894)
  • 1955 – Don Beauman, English race car driver (b. 1928)
  • 1955 – Adolfo de la Huerta, Mexican politician and provisional president, 1920 (b. 1881)[15]
  • 1959 – Ferenc Talányi, Slovene journalist and painter (b. 1883)
  • 1962 – Georges Bataille, French philosopher, novelist, and poet (b. 1897)
  • 1961 – Whittaker Chambers, American spy and witness in Hiss case[16][17][18](b. 1901)
  • 1967 – Eugen Fischer, German physician and academic (b. 1874)
  • 1967 – Fatima Jinnah, Pakistani dentist and politician (b. 1893)
  • 1970 – Sigrid Holmquist, Swedish actress (b. 1899)
  • 1971 – Karl Ast, Estonian author and politician (b. 1886)
  • 1972 – Robert Weede, American opera singer (b. 1903)
  • 1974 – Earl Warren, American jurist and politician, 14th Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1891)
  • 1977 – Alice Paul, American activist (b. 1885)
  • 1979 – Cornelia Otis Skinner, American actress and author (b. 1899)
  • 1980 – Vinicius de Moraes, Brazilian poet, playwright, and composer (b. 1913)
  • 1984 – Edna Ernestine Kramer, American mathematician (b. 1902)[19]
  • 1985 – Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (b. 1896)
  • 1985 – Jimmy Kinnon, Scottish-American activist, founded Narcotics Anonymous (b. 1911)
  • 1986 – Patriarch Nicholas VI of Alexandria (b. 1915)
  • 1992 – Kelvin Coe, Australian ballet dancer (b. 1946)
  • 1992 – Eric Sevareid, American journalist (b. 1912)
  • 1993 – Metin Altıok, Turkish poet and educator (b. 1940)
  • 1994 – Bill Mosienko, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1921)
  • 1996 – Melvin Belli, American lawyer (b. 1907)
  • 1999 – Robert de Cotret, Canadian politician, 56th Secretary of State for Canada (b. 1944)
  • 2000 – Doug Fisher, English actor (b. 1941)
  • 2002 – Mayo Kaan, American bodybuilder (b. 1914)
  • 2002 – Rod Steiger, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – Paul Klebnikov, American journalist and historian (b. 1963)
  • 2004 – Isabel Sanford, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – Chuck Cadman, Canadian engineer and politician (b. 1948)
  • 2005 – Yevgeny Grishin, Russian speed skater (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Alex Shibicky, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – Milan Williams, American keyboard player and producer (b. 1948)
  • 2007 – Charles Lane, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 2008 – Séamus Brennan, Irish accountant and politician, Minister for Transport, Tourism and Sport (b. 1948)
  • 2010 – Jessica Anderson, Australian author and playwright (b. 1916)
  • 2011 – Don Ackerman, American basketball player (b. 1930)
  • 2011 – Facundo Cabral, Argentinian singer-songwriter (b. 1937)
  • 2012 – Shin Jae-chul, South Korean-American martial artist (b. 1936)
  • 2012 – Chick King, American baseball player (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Terepai Maoate, Cook Islander physician and politician, 6th Prime Minister of the Cook Islands (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Eugênio Sales, Brazilian cardinal (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Markus Büchel, Liechtensteiner politician, 9th Prime Minister of Liechtenstein (b. 1959)
  • 2013 – Andrew Nori, Solomon lawyer and politician (b. 1952)
  • 2013 – Kiril of Varna, Bulgarian metropolitan (b. 1954)
  • 2013 – Barbara Robinson, American author and poet (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Toshi Seeger, American activist, co-founded the Clearwater Festival (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Lorenzo Álvarez Florentín, Paraguayan violinist and composer (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – David Azrieli, Polish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Eileen Ford, American businesswoman, co-founded Ford Models (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – John Spinks, English guitarist and songwriter (b. 1953)
  • 2015 – Christian Audigier, French fashion designer (b. 1958)
  • 2015 – Saud bin Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Saudi Arabian economist and politician, Saudi Arabian Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1940)
  • 2019 – William E. Dannemeyer, American politician (b. 1929)[20]
  • 2019 – Ross Perot, American businessman and politician (b. 1930)[21]
  • 2019 – Fernando de la Rúa, 43rd President of Argentina (b. 1937)[22]
  • 2019 – Rip Torn, American actor (b. 1931)[23]
  • 2019 – Freddie Jones, English actor (b. 1927)[24]

Holidays and observances[edit]

  • Arbor Day (Cambodia)
  • Christian Feast Day:
    • Agilulfus of Cologne
    • Amandina of Schakkebroek (one of Martyrs of Southern Hunan)
    • Blessed Marija Petković
    • Everilda
    • Gregorio Grassi (one of Martyrs of Shanxi)
    • Martyr Saints of China
    • Martyrs of Gorkum
    • Our Lady of Itatí
    • Our Lady of Peace, Octave of the Visitation
    • Our Lady of the Rosary of Chiquinquirá
    • Pauline of the Agonizing Heart of Jesus
    • Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury (Anglican commemoration)
    • Veronica Giuliani
    • July 9 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Constitution Day (Australia)
  • Constitution Day (Palau)
  • Constitutionalist Revolution Day (São Paulo)
  • Day of the Employees of the Diplomatic Service (Azerbaijan)
  • Earliest day on which Martyrdom of the Báb can fall, while July 10 is the latest; observed on the 17th of Raḥmat (Bahá’í Faith)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the declaration of independence of the United Provinces of South America by the Congress of Tucumán in 1816. (Argentina)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of South Sudan from Sudan in 2011.
  • Nunavut Day (Nunavut)

December 13

December 13

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1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26
27 28 29 30 31
  2019 (Friday)
  2018 (Thursday)
  2017 (Wednesday)
  2016 (Tuesday)
  2015 (Sunday)
  2014 (Saturday)
  2013 (Friday)
  2012 (Thursday)
  2011 (Tuesday)
  2010 (Monday)

December 13 is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 18 days remain until the end of the year.

Events[edit]

  • 1294 – Saint Celestine V resigns the papacy after only five months to return to his previous life as an ascetic hermit.
  • 1545 – The Council of Trent begins.
  • 1577 – Sir Francis Drake sets sail from Plymouth, England, on his round-the-world voyage.
  • 1636 – The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. This organization is recognized today as the founding of the National Guard of the United States.
  • 1642 – Abel Tasman is the first recorded European to sight New Zealand.
  • 1643 – English Civil War: The Battle of Alton takes place in Hampshire.
  • 1758 – The English transport ship Duke William sinks in the North Atlantic, killing over 360 people.
  • 1769 – Dartmouth College is founded by the Reverend Eleazar Wheelock, with a royal charter from King George III, on land donated by Royal governor John Wentworth.
  • 1818 – Cyril VI of Constantinople resigns from his position as Ecumenical Patriarch.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: At the Battle of Fredericksburg, Confederate General Robert E. Lee defeats Union Major General Ambrose Burnside.
  • 1867 – A Fenian bomb explodes in Clerkenwell, London, killing six.
  • 1928 – George Gershwin’s An American in Paris is first performed.
  • 1936 – An annular solar eclipse occurred and was visible from Australia, New Zealand on December 14th (Monday), and Oeno Island in Pitcairn Islands on December 13th (Sunday).[1]
  • 1937 – Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanking: The city of Nanjing, defended by the National Revolutionary Army under the command of General Tang Shengzhi, falls to the Japanese. This is followed by the Nanking Massacre, in which Japanese troops rape and slaughter hundreds of thousands of civilians.
  • 1938 – The Holocaust: The Neuengamme concentration camp opens in the Bergedorf district of Hamburg, Germany.
  • 1939 – World War II: Battle of the River Plate: Captain Hans Langsdorff of the German Deutschland-class cruiser (pocket battleship) Admiral Graf Spee engages with Royal Navy cruisers HMS ExeterHMS Ajax and HMS Achilles.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Massacre of Kalavryta by German occupying forces in Greece.
  • 1949 – The Knesset votes to move the capital of Israel to Jerusalem.
  • 1959 – Archbishop Makarios III becomes the first President of Cyprus.
  • 1960 – While Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia visits Brazil, his Imperial Bodyguard seizes the capital and proclaims him deposed and his son, Crown Prince Asfa Wossen, Emperor.
  • 1962 – NASA launches Relay 1, the first active repeater communications satellite in orbit.
  • 1967 – Constantine II of Greece attempts an unsuccessful counter-coup against the Regime of the Colonels.
  • 1968 – Brazilian President Artur da Costa e Silva issues AI-5 (Institutional Act No. 5), enabling government by decree and suspending habeas corpus.
  • 1972 – Apollo program: Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt begin the third and final extra-vehicular activity (EVA) or “Moonwalk” of Apollo 17. To date they are the last humans to set foot on the Moon.
  • 1974 – Malta becomes a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • 1977 – Air Indiana Flight 216 crashes near Evansville Regional Airport, killing 29, including the University of Evansville basketball team, support staff, and boosters of the team.
  • 1981 – General Wojciech Jaruzelski declares martial law in Poland, largely due to the actions by Solidarity.
  • 1982 – The 6.0 Ms  North Yemen earthquake shakes southwestern Yemen with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), killing 2,800, and injuring 1,500.
  • 1988 – PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat gives a speech at a UN General Assembly meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, after United States authorities refused to grant him a visa to visit UN headquarters in New York.
  • 1989 – The Troubles: Attack on Derryard checkpoint: The Provisional Irish Republican Army launches an attack on a British Army temporary vehicle checkpoint near Rosslea, Northern Ireland. Two British soldiers are killed and two others are wounded.
  • 2001 – Sansad Bhavan, the building housing the Indian Parliament, is attacked by terrorists. Twelve people are killed, including the terrorists.
  • 2002 – European Union enlargement: The EU announces that Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia will become members on May 1, 2004.
  • 2003 – Iraq War: Operation Red Dawn: Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein is captured near his home town of Tikrit.
  • 2007 – The Treaty of Lisbon is signed by members states of the European Union.
  • 2011 – A murder–suicide in Liège, Belgium, kills six and wounds 125 people at a Christmas market.
  • 2018 – A high-speed train crashes in Ankara, Turkey, killing at least nine people and injuring 84.[2]

Births[edit]

  • 1272 – King Frederick III of Sicily (d. 1337)
  • 1363 – Jean Gerson, chancellor of the University of Paris (d. 1429)[3]
  • 1476 – Lucy Brocadelli, Dominican tertiary and stigmatic (d. 1544)[4]
  • 1484 – Paul Speratus, German Lutheran (d. 1551)[5]
  • 1491 – Martín de Azpilcueta, Spanish theologian and economist (d. 1586)
  • 1499 – Justus Menius, German Lutheran pastor (d. 1558)
  • 1521 – Pope Sixtus V (d. 1590)
  • 1533 – Eric XIV of Sweden (d. 1577)
  • 1553 – Henry IV of France (d. 1610)
  • 1560 – Maximilien de Béthune, Duke of Sully, 2nd Prime Minister of France (d. 1641)
  • 1585 – William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet (d. 1649)
  • 1640 – Robert Plot, English chemist and academic (d. 1696)
  • 1662 – Francesco Bianchini, Italian astronomer and philosopher (d. 1729)
  • 1678 – Yongzheng Emperor of China (d. 1735)
  • 1720 – Carlo Gozzi, Italian playwright (d. 1804)
  • 1724 – Franz Aepinus, German astronomer and philosopher (d. 1802)
  • 1769 – James Scarlett Abinger, English judge (d. 1844)
  • 1780 – Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner, German chemist, invented the Döbereiner’s lamp (d. 1849)
  • 1784 – Archduke Louis of Austria (d. 1864)
  • 1797 – Heinrich Heine, German journalist, poet, and critic (d. 1856)
  • 1804 – Joseph Howe, Canadian journalist and politician, 5th Premier of Nova Scotia (d. 1873)
  • 1814 – Ana Néri, Brazilian nurse and philanthropist (d. 1880)
  • 1816 – Werner von Siemens, German engineer and businessman, founded Siemens (d. 1892)
  • 1818 – Mary Todd Lincoln, 16th First Lady of the United States (d. 1882)
  • 1830 – Mathilde Fibiger, Danish feminist, novelist and telegraphist (d. 1892)
  • 1836 – Franz von Lenbach, German painter and academic (d. 1904)
  • 1854 – Herman Bavinck, Dutch philosopher, theologian, and academic (d. 1921)
  • 1856 – Svetozar Boroević, Croatian-Austrian field marshal (d. 1920)
  • 1860 – Lucien Guitry, French actor (d. 1925)
  • 1864 – Emil Seidel, American woodcarver and politician, 36th Mayor of Milwaukee (d. 1947)
  • 1867 – Kristian Birkeland, Norwegian physicist and author (d. 1917)
  • 1870 – Edward LeSaint, American actor and director (d. 1940)
  • 1871 – Emily Carr, Canadian painter and author (d. 1945)
  • 1874 – Josef Lhévinne, Russian pianist and educator (d. 1944)
  • 1882 – Jane Edna Hunter, African-American social worker (d. 1971)[6]
  • 1883 – Belle da Costa Greene, American librarian and bibliographer (d. 1950)[7]
  • 1884 – Aimilios Veakis, Greek actor, director, and playwright (d. 1951)
  • 1885 – Annie Dale Biddle Andrews, American mathematician (d. 1940)
  • 1887 – George Pólya, Hungarian-American mathematician and academic (d. 1985)
  • 1887 – Alvin C. York, American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1964)
  • 1897 – Albert Aalbers, Dutch architect, designed the Savoy Homann Bidakara Hotel (d. 1961)
  • 1897 – Drew Pearson, American journalist and author (d. 1969)
  • 1900 – Jonel Perlea, Romanian-American conductor and educator (d. 1970)
  • 1901 – Olev Roomet, Estonian singer, violinist, and bagpipe player (d. 1987)
  • 1902 – Panagiotis Kanellopoulos, Greek philosopher and politician, 138th Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1986)
  • 1902 – Talcott Parsons, American sociologist and academic (d. 1979)
  • 1903 – Ella Baker, American activist (d. 1986)
  • 1903 – Carlos Montoya, Spanish guitarist and composer (d. 1993)
  • 1905 – Ann Barzel, American writer and dance critic (d. 2007)[8]
  • 1906 – Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark (d. 1968)
  • 1906 – Laurens van der Post, South African-English soldier and author (d. 1996)
  • 1908 – Plinio Corrêa de Oliveira, Brazilian historian and activist (d. 1995)
  • 1908 – Van Heflin, American actor (d. 1971)
  • 1908 – Elizabeth Alexander, British geologist, academic, and physicist (d. 1958)
  • 1911 – Trygve Haavelmo, Norwegian economist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1911 – Kenneth Patchen, American poet and painter (d. 1972)
  • 1912 – Luiz Gonzaga, Brazilian singer-songwriter and accordion player (d. 1989)
  • 1913 – Arnold Brown, English-Canadian missionary, 11th General of The Salvation Army (d. 2002)
  • 1914 – Alan Bullock, English historian and author (d. 2004)
  • 1914 – Larry Noble, English comedian and actor (d. 1993)
  • 1915 – B. J. Vorster, South African lawyer and politician, 4th State President of South Africa (d. 1983)
  • 1916 – Archie Moore, American boxer (d. 1998)
  • 1916 – Leonard Weisgard, American author and illustrator (d. 2000)
  • 1918 – Bill Vukovich, Serbian-American race car driver (d. 1955)
  • 1919 – Hans-Joachim Marseille, German captain and pilot (d. 1942)
  • 1920 – George P. Shultz, American economist and politician, 60th United States Secretary of State
  • 1921 – Turgut Demirağ, Turkish film producer, director and screenwriter (d. 1987)
  • 1923 – Philip Warren Anderson, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2020)
  • 1923 – Terence Beckett, English businessman (d. 2013)
  • 1923 – Edward Bede Clancy, Australian cardinal (d. 2014)
  • 1923 – Larry Doby, American baseball player and manager (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Dick Van Dyke, American actor, singer, and dancer
  • 1926 – Carl Erskine, American major-league baseball player
  • 1926 – George Rhoden, Jamaican runner
  • 1927 – James Wright, American poet and academic (d. 1980)
  • 1929 – Christopher Plummer, Canadian actor and producer
  • 1930 – Robert Prosky, American actor (d. 2008)
  • 1933 – Doug Mohns, Canadian-American ice hockey player (d. 2014)
  • 1934 – Richard D. Zanuck, American film producer (d. 2012)
  • 1934 – Antoinette Rodez Schiesler, American chemist (d. 1996)
  • 1935 – Joe Christopher, Virgin Islander baseball player
  • 1935 – Kenneth Hall, American football player
  • 1935 – Lindy McDaniel, American baseball player
  • 1935 – Türkan Saylan, Turkish physician and academic (d. 2009)
  • 1935 – Arthur Summons, Australian rugby player
  • 1936 – Prince Karim al-Husayn Shāh, Aga Khan IV,[9] Swiss-English businessman
  • 1936 – J. C. Martin, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1937 – Rob Houwer, Dutch director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1937 – Ulf G. Lindén, Swedish businessman (d. 2009)
  • 1938 – Gus Johnson, American basketball player (d. 1987)[10]
  • 1938 – Tom Shaw, American golfer
  • 1940 – Sanjaya Lall, Indian economist and academic (d. 2005)
  • 1941 – John Davidson, American actor and game show host
  • 1942 – Howard Brenton, English playwright and screenwriter
  • 1942 – Anna Eshoo, American lawyer and politician
  • 1943 – Ferguson Jenkins, Canadian baseball and basketball player
  • 1943 – Marti Webb, British actress and singer
  • 1944 – Hwang Jang-lee, Japanese-South Korean martial artist and actor
  • 1945 – Herman Cain, American businessman and political activist
  • 1948 – Jeff Baxter, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1948 – Lillian Board, South African-English sprinter (d. 1970)
  • 1948 – Ted Nugent, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1948 – Brian Wilson, Scottish journalist and politician, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs
  • 1949 – Robert Lindsay, English actor and singer
  • 1949 – R. A. MacAvoy, American computer programmer and author
  • 1949 – Randy Owen, American country music singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1949 – Tom Verlaine, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1950 – Linda Bellos, English businesswoman and politician
  • 1950 – Wendie Malick, American actress, model and comedian
  • 1950 – Julia Slingo, English meteorologist and academic
  • 1950 – Tom Vilsack, American lawyer and politician, 30th United States Secretary of Agriculture
  • 1952 – Junkyard Dog, American football player and wrestler (d. 1998)
  • 1952 – John Francome, English jockey and sportscaster
  • 1952 – Larry Kenon, American basketball player
  • 1952 – Jean Rouaud, French author
  • 1953 – Berton Averre, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1953 – Ben Bernanke, American economist and academic
  • 1953 – Bill Castro, Dominican baseball player and coach
  • 1953 – Jim Davidson, English comedian, actor, and television host
  • 1953 – Bob Gainey, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager
  • 1953 – Thomas Kurzhals, German keyboard player and songwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1954 – John Anderson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1954 – Steve Forbert, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1954 – Harsh Vardhan, Indian otolaryngologist and politician, Indian Minister of Science and Technology
  • 1955 – Joseph Mahmoud, Moroccan-French runner
  • 1956 – Dale Berra, American baseball player
  • 1956 – Phil Hubbard, American basketball player and coach
  • 1956 – Jean-Marie Messier, French businessman
  • 1957 – Steve Buscemi, American actor and director
  • 1957 – Eric Marienthal, American saxophonist
  • 1959 – Heino Enden, Estonian basketball player and coach
  • 1959 – Staffan William-Olsson, Swedish guitarist and composer
  • 1960 – Richard Dent, American football player
  • 1961 – Harry Gregson-Williams, English composer, conductor, and producer
  • 1961 – Irene Sáez, Venezuelan model and politician, Governor of Nueva Esparta
  • 1961 – Gary Zimmerman, American football player
  • 1962 – Roger Ilegems, Belgian cyclist
  • 1962 – Jamie Raskin, American lawyer, academic, and politician
  • 1962 – Rex Ryan, American football player and coach
  • 1962 – Rob Ryan, American football player and coach
  • 1964 – hide, Japanese recording artist, the former lead guitarist of X Japan (d. 1998)
  • 1966 – Mike Tirico, American sportscaster
  • 1967 – Jamie Foxx, American actor, singer, songwriter, producer, and comedian
  • 1967 – Bo Pelini, American football player and coach
  • 1969 – Sergei Fedorov, Russian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1970 – Tonja Buford-Bailey, American hurdler and coach
  • 1970 – Eoin Jess, Scottish footballer
  • 1970 – Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner, Austrian mountaineer
  • 1971 – Naomi Long, Northern Irish engineer and politician, 54th Lord Mayor of Belfast
  • 1971 – Park Jin-young, South Korean singer-songwriter, producer, and record executive
  • 1971 – Scott Sattler, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
  • 1971 – Leanne Wood, Welsh academic and politician
  • 1972 – Chris Grant, Australian footballer
  • 1972 – James Murdoch, Australian-American businessman, son of Rupert Murdoch
  • 1974 – Sara Cox, English broadcaster
  • 1975 – Bates Battaglia, American ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Tom DeLonge, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1975 – Kostas Kiassos, Greek footballer
  • 1975 – Matthew LeCroy, American baseball player and coach
  • 1975 – Bahar Mert, Turkish volleyball player
  • 1976 – Josh Fogg, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Søren Friis, Danish footballer
  • 1976 – Radosław Sobolewski, Polish footballer
  • 1976 – Rama Yade, Senegalese-French politician
  • 1977 – Sascha Kindred, German-English swimmer
  • 1978 – Kaspars Kambala, Latvian basketball player
  • 1978 – B.J. Penn, American mixed martial artist and wrestler
  • 1979 – Matjaž Smodiš, Slovenian basketball player
  • 1979 – Luke Steele, Australian singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1980 – Patrik Antonius, Finnish tennis player, coach, and poker player
  • 1980 – Ryan France, English footballer
  • 1980 – Danil Haustov, Estonian swimmer
  • 1981 – Amy Lee, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1981 – Mathis Bailey, American-Canadian novelist and fiction writer
  • 1982 – Dan Hamhuis, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Ayumi Kinoshita, Japanese actress and model
  • 1982 – Ricky Nolasco, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Tuka Rocha, Brazilian race car driver (d. 2019)
  • 1982 – Koutaro Tanaka, Japanese actor
  • 1982 – Dominik Werling, German footballer
  • 1983 – Matt Deis, American bass player and songwriter
  • 1983 – Otylia Jędrzejczak, Polish swimmer
  • 1983 – Janeth Jepkosgei, Kenyan runner
  • 1984 – Santi Cazorla, Spanish footballer
  • 1984 – Hanna-Maria Seppälä, Finnish swimmer[11]
  • 1985 – Michael Bumpus, American football player
  • 1985 – Laurence Leboeuf, Canadian actress
  • 1985 – Alby Mathewson, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1986 – Mathieu Gnanligo, Beninese sprinter
  • 1988 – Rickie Fowler, American golfer
  • 1988 – Olly Lancashire, English footballer
  • 1988 – James Tamou, New Zealand-Australian rugby league player
  • 1989 – Hellen Onsando Obiri, Kenyan runner[12]
  • 1989 – Ben Ridge, Australian rugby league player
  • 1989 – Taylor Swift, American singer-songwriter, record producer and actress
  • 1991 – Sénah Mango, Togolese footballer
  • 1991 – Aaron Telitz, American race car driver
  • 1996 – Gleyber Torres, Venezuelan baseball player[13]

Deaths[edit]

  • 558 – Childebert I, Frankish king (b. 496)
  • 769 – Du Hongjian, Chinese politician (b. 709)
  • 838 – Pepin I of Aquitaine (b. 797)
  • 859 – Angilbert II, archbishop of Milan
  • 1124 – Pope Callixtus II (b. 1065)
  • 1126 – Henry IX, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1075)
  • 1204 – Maimonides, Spanish rabbi and philosopher (b. 1135)
  • 1250 – Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1194)
  • 1272 – Bertold of Regensburg, German preacher
  • 1404 – Albert I, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1336)
  • 1466 – Donatello, Italian painter and sculptor (b. 1386)
  • 1516 – Johannes Trithemius, German cryptographer and historian (b. 1462)
  • 1521 – Manuel I of Portugal (b. 1469)
  • 1557 – Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia, Italian mathematician and engineer (b. 1499)
  • 1565 – Conrad Gessner, Swiss botanist and physician (b. 1516)
  • 1621 – Katarina Stenbock, queen of Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1535)
  • 1671 – Antonio Grassi, Italian Roman Catholic priest(b. 1592)
  • 1716 – Charles de La Fosse, French painter (b. 1640)
  • 1721 – Alexander Selkirk, Scottish sailor (b. 1676)
  • 1729 – Anthony Collins, English philosopher and author (b. 1676)
  • 1754 – Mahmud I, Ottoman sultan (b. 1696)
  • 1758 – Noël Doiron, Canadian Acadia leader (b. 1684)
  • 1769 – Christian Fürchtegott Gellert, German poet and hymn-writer (b. 1715)
  • 1783 – Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin, Swedish astronomer and demographer (b. 1717)
  • 1784 – Samuel Johnson, English poet and lexicographer (b. 1709)
  • 1814 – Charles-Joseph, 7th Prince of Ligne, Belgian-Austrian field marshal (b. 1735)
  • 1837 – Herman of Alaska, Russian missionary and saint (b. 1756)
  • 1849 – Johann Centurius Hoffmannsegg, German botanist and entomologist (b. 1766)
  • 1862 – Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb, American general, lawyer, and politician (b. 1823)
  • 1863 – Christian Friedrich Hebbel, German poet and playwright (b. 1813)
  • 1868 – Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, German botanist and explorer (b. 1794)
  • 1881 – August Šenoa, Croatian author and poet (b. 1838)
  • 1883 – Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (b. 1812)
  • 1893 – Georg August Rudolph, German lawyer and politician, 3rd Mayor of Marburg (b. 1816)
  • 1895 – Ányos Jedlik, Hungarian physicist and engineer (b. 1800)
  • 1908 – Augustus Le Plongeon, French photographer and historian (b. 1825)
  • 1919 – Woldemar Voigt, German physicist and academic (b. 1850)
  • 1922 – Arthur Wesley Dow, American painter and photographer (b. 1857)
  • 1922 – Hannes Hafstein, Icelandic poet and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Iceland (b. 1861)
  • 1924 – Samuel Gompers, English-born American labor leader, founded the American Federation of Labor (b. 1850)
  • 1927 – Mehmet Nadir, Turkish mathematician and academic (b. 1856)
  • 1930 – Fritz Pregl, Slovenian-Austrian chemist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1869)
  • 1931 – Gustave Le Bon, French psychologist, sociologist, and anthropologist (b. 1840)
  • 1932 – Georgios Jakobides, Greek painter and sculptor (b. 1853)
  • 1935 – Victor Grignard, French chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1871)
  • 1942 – Wlodimir Ledóchowski, Austrian-Polish religious leader, 26th Superior-General of the Society of Jesus (b. 1866)
  • 1942 – Robert Robinson Taylor, American architect (b. 1868)
  • 1944 – Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-French painter and theorist (b. 1866)
  • 1945 – Irma Grese, German concentration camp guard (b. 1923)
  • 1945 – Josef Kramer, German concentration camp commandant (b. 1906)
  • 1945 – Elisabeth Volkenrath, Polish-German concentration camp supervisor (b. 1919)
  • 1947 – Henry James, American lawyer and author (b. 1879)
  • 1947 – Nicholas Roerich, Russian archaeologist, painter, and philosopher (b. 1874)
  • 1950 – Abraham Wald, Hungarian mathematician and academic (b. 1902)
  • 1954 – John Raymond Hubbell, American director and composer (b. 1879)
  • 1955 – Egas Moniz, Portuguese psychiatrist and neurosurgeon, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1874)
  • 1960 – Dora Marsden, English author and activist (b. 1882)
  • 1961 – Grandma Moses, American painter (b. 1860)
  • 1962 – Harry Barris, American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1905)
  • 1969 – Raymond A. Spruance, American admiral and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the Philippines (b. 1886)
  • 1973 – Henry Green, English author (b. 1905)
  • 1974 – Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoğlu, Egyptian-Turkish journalist, author, and politician (b. 1889)
  • 1975 – Cyril Delevanti, English-American actor (b. 1889)
  • 1977 – Oğuz Atay, Turkish engineer and author (b. 1934)
  • 1979 – Jon Hall, American actor and director (b. 1915)
  • 1979 – Behçet Necatigil, Turkish author, poet and translator (b. 1916)
  • 1983 – Alexander Schmemann, Estonian-American priest and theologian (b. 1921)
  • 1983 – Nichita Stănescu, Romanian poet and critic (b. 1933)
  • 1986 – Heather Angel, British-American actress (b. 1909)
  • 1986 – Ella Baker, American activist (b. 1903)
  • 1986 – Smita Patil, Indian actress and journalist (b. 1955)
  • 1992 – K. C. Irving, Canadian businessman (b. 1899)
  • 1992 – Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1899)
  • 1993 – Vanessa Duriès, French author (b. 1972)
  • 1995 – Ann Nolan Clark, American author and educator (b. 1896)
  • 1996 – Edward Blishen, English author and educator (b. 1920)
  • 1997 – Don E. Fehrenbacher, American historian, author, and academic (b. 1920)
  • 1998 – Lew Grade, Ukrainian-born British impresario and media proprietor (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Richard Thomas, Royal Naval Officer (b. 1922)
  • 1998 – Wade Watts, civil rights activist (b. 1919)
  • 2001 – Michael Bradshaw, British-Canadian actor (b. 1933)
  • 2001 – Chuck Schuldiner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1967)
  • 2002 – Zal Yanovsky, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1944)
  • 2003 – Māris Čaklais, Latvian poet and journalist (b. 1940)
  • 2003 – William V. Roth, Jr., American lawyer and politician (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Andre Rodgers, Bahamian baseball player (b. 1934)
  • 2004 – David Wheeler, English computer scientist and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Stanley Williams, American gang leader, co-founded the Crips (b. 1953)
  • 2006 – Lamar Hunt, American businessman, co-founded the American Football League and World Championship Tennis (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Mark Partridge, Rhodesian lawyer and politician (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Floyd Red Crow Westerman, American actor and activist (b. 1936)
  • 2008 – John Drake, New Zealand rugby player and journalist (b. 1959)
  • 2010 – James Dibble, Australian journalist (b. 1923)
  • 2010 – Richard Holbrooke, American journalist and diplomat, 22nd United States Ambassador to the United Nations (b. 1941)
  • 2010 – Enrique Morente, Spanish singer-songwriter (b. 1942)
  • 2011 – T. J. Bass, American physician and author (b. 1932)
  • 2011 – Kabir Chowdhury, Bangladeshi author and academic (b. 1923)
  • 2011 – Russell Hoban, American author and illustrator (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – Ian Black, Scottish footballer (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Marcel Cellier, Swiss organist and producer (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Vivian Kellogg, American baseball player and manager (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Kim Kuk-tae, North Korean politician (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Harvey Littleton, American glass artist and educator (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Ernst Albrecht, German economist and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Lower Saxony (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – William E. May, American theologian and academic (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Phil Stern, American photographer (b. 1919)
  • 2014 – Taitetsu Unno, Japanese scholar and author (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Benedict Anderson, Chinese-American political scientist and academic (b. 1936)
  • 2015 – John Bannon, Australian academic and politician, 39th Premier of South Australia (b. 1943)
  • 2015 – Peter Ryan, Australian journalist and author (b. 1923)
  • 2016 – Thomas Schelling, American economist and educator (b. 1921)
  • 2016 – David Strangway, Canadian geophysicist and university administrator (b. 1934)
  • 2016 – Alan Thicke, Canadian-American actor and composer (b. 1947)
  • 2017 – Warrel Dane, American singer (b. 1961)
  • 2018 – Noah Klieger, Israeli journalist and Holocaust survivor (b. 1926)[14]

Holidays and observances[edit]

  • Acadian Remembrance Day (Acadians)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Antiochus of Sulcis
    • Judoc (Joyce)
    • Lucy, and its related observances:
      • National Day, celebrates the independence of Saint Lucia from United Kingdom in 1979.
      • Saint Lucy’s Day (mainly Scandinavia, some regions of Italy (for example, Sicily, Veneto and Trentino), Malta, Hungary and Croatia).
    • Odile of Alsace
    • December 13 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Martial Law Victims Remembrance Day (Poland)
  • Nanking Massacre Memorial Day (China)
  • Nusantara Day (Indonesia)
  • Republic Day (Malta)
  • Sailor’s Day (Brazil)

October 18

October 18 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 74 days remain until the end of the year.

Events[edit]

  • 320 – Pappus of Alexandria, Greek philosopher, observes an eclipse of the Sun and writes a commentary on The Great Astronomer (Almagest).
  • 614 – King Chlothar II promulgates the Edict of Paris (Edictum Chlotacharii), a sort of Frankish Magna Carta that defend the rights of the Frankish nobles while it excludes Jews from all civil employment in the Frankish Kingdom.
  • 629 – Dagobert I is crowned King of the Franks.
  • 1009 – The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, a Christian church in Jerusalem, is completely destroyed by the Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, who hacks the Church’s foundations down to bedrock.
  • 1016 – The Danes defeat the English in the Battle of Assandun.
  • 1081 – The Normans defeat the Byzantine Empire in the Battle of Dyrrhachium.
  • 1356 – Basel earthquake, the most significant historic seismological event north of the Alps, destroys the town of Basel, Switzerland.
  • 1540 – Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto’s forces destroy the fortified town of Mabila in present-day Alabama, killing Tuskaloosa.
  • 1561 – In Japan the fourth Battle of Kawanakajima was fought between the forces of Uesugi Kenshin and Takeda Shingen; resulting in a draw.
  • 1565 – Ships belonging to the Matsura clan of Japan fail to capture the Portuguese trading carrack in the Battle of Fukuda Bay, the first recorded naval battle between Japan and the West.
  • 1599 – Michael the Brave, Prince of Wallachia, defeats the Army of Andrew Báthory in the Battle of Șelimbăr, leading to the first recorded unification of the Romanian people.
  • 1648 – Boston Shoemakers form first American labor organization.
  • 1748 – Signing of the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ends the War of the Austrian Succession.
  • 1775 – African-American poet Phillis Wheatley is freed from slavery.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: The Burning of Falmouth (now Portland, Maine).
  • 1779 – American Revolutionary War: The Franco-American Siege of Savannah is lifted.
  • 1797 – Treaty of Campo Formio is signed between France and Austria
  • 1851 – Herman Melville’s Moby-Dick is first published as The Whale by Richard Bentley of London.
  • 1860 – The Second Opium War finally ends at the Convention of Peking with the ratification of the Treaty of Tientsin, an unequal treaty.
  • 1867 – United States takes possession of Alaska after purchasing it from Russia for $7.2 million. Celebrated annually in the state as Alaska Day.
  • 1898 – The United States takes possession of Puerto Rico from Spain.
  • 1912 – First Balkan War: King Peter I of Serbia issues a declaration “To the Serbian People”, as his country joins the war.
  • 1914 – The Schoenstatt Movement is founded in Germany.
  • 1921 – The Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic is formed as part of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.
  • 1922 – The British Broadcasting Company (later Corporation) is founded by a consortium, to establish a nationwide network of radio transmitters to provide a national broadcasting service.
  • 1929 – The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council overrules the Supreme Court of Canada in Edwards v. Canada when it declares that women are considered “Persons” under Canadian law.
  • 1944 – World War II: Soviet Union begins the liberation of Czechoslovakia from Nazi Germany.
  • 1944 – World War II: The state funeral of Field Marshal Erwin Rommel takes place in Ulm Germany.
  • 1945 – The USSR’s nuclear program receives plans for the United States plutonium bomb from Klaus Fuchs at the Los Alamos National Laboratory.
  • 1945 – A group of the Venezuelan Armed Forces, led by Mario Vargas, Marcos Pérez Jiménez and Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, stages a coup d’état against president Isaías Medina Angarita, who is overthrown by the end of the day.
  • 1945 – Argentine military officer and politician Juan Perón marries actress Eva Duarte.
  • 1954 – Texas Instruments announces the first transistor radio.
  • 1963 – Félicette, a black and white female Parisian stray cat becomes the first cat launched into space.
  • 1967 – The Soviet probe Venera 4 reaches Venus and becomes the first spacecraft to measure the atmosphere of another planet.
  • 1977 – German Autumn: a set of events revolving around the kidnapping of Hanns Martin Schleyer and the hijacking of a Lufthansa flight by the Red Army Faction (RAF) comes to an end when Schleyer is murdered and various RAF members allegedly commit suicide.
  • 1979 – The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) begins allowing people to have home satellite earth stations without a federal government license.
  • 1991 – The Supreme Council of Azerbaijan adopts a declaration of independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 2003 – Bolivian gas conflict: Bolivian President Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada, is forced to resign and leave Bolivia.
  • 2007 – Karachi bombing: A suicide attack on a motorcade carrying former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto kills 139 and wounds 450 more. Bhutto herself is uninjured.

Births[edit]

  • 1127 – Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan (d. 1192)
  • 1130 – Zhu Xi, Chinese philosopher (d. 1200)
  • 1405 – Pope Pius II (d. 1464)[1]
  • 1444 – John de Mowbray, 4th Duke of Norfolk (d. 1476)
  • 1482 – Philipp III, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg (d. 1538)
  • 1517 – Manuel da Nóbrega, Portuguese-Brazilian priest and missionary (d. 1570)
  • 1523 – Anna Jagiellon, daughter of Sigismund I of Poland (d. 1596)
  • 1536 – William Lambarde, English antiquarian and politician (d. 1601)
  • 1547 – Justus Lipsius, Belgian philologist and scholar (d. 1606)
  • 1553 – Luca Marenzio, Italian composer (d. 1599)
  • 1569 – Giambattista Marino, Italian poet (d. 1625)
  • 1587 – Lady Mary Wroth, English poet (d. 1651)
  • 1596 – Edward Winslow, American Pilgrim leader (d. 1655)
  • 1616 – Nicholas Culpeper, English botanist (d. 1654)
  • 1630 – Henry Powle, English politician (d. 1692)
  • 1634 – Luca Giordano, Italian painter and illustrator (d. 1705)
  • 1653 – Abraham van Riebeeck, South African-Dutch merchant and politician, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1713)
  • 1662 – Matthew Henry, Welsh minister and scholar (d. 1714)
  • 1663 – Prince Eugene of Savoy (d. 1736)
  • 1668 – John George IV, Elector of Saxony (d. 1694)
  • 1701 – Charles le Beau, French historian and author (d. 1778)
  • 1706 – Baldassare Galuppi, Italian harpsichord player and composer (d. 1785)
  • 1741 – Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, French general and author (d. 1803)
  • 1777 – Heinrich von Kleist, German author and poet (d. 1811)
  • 1785 – Thomas Love Peacock, English author and poet (d. 1866)
  • 1792 – Lucas Alamán, Mexican politician and historian (d. 1853)
  • 1804 – Mongkut, Thai king (d. 1868)
  • 1822 – Midhat Pasha, Ottoman civil servant and politician, 238th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (d. 1883)
  • 1831 – Frederick III, German Emperor (d. 1888)
  • 1836 – Frederick August Otto Schwarz, American businessman, founded FAO Schwarz (d. 1911)
  • 1850 – Basil Hall Chamberlain, English-Swiss historian, author, and academic (d. 1935)
  • 1854 – Billy Murdoch, Australian cricketer (d. 1911)
  • 1859 – Henri Bergson, French philosopher and theologian, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1941)
  • 1862 – Mehmet Esat Bülkat, Ottoman general (d. 1952)
  • 1865 – Arie de Jong, Dutch linguist and author (d. 1957)
  • 1865 – Logan Pearsall Smith, American-English author and critic (d. 1946)
  • 1868 – Ernst Didring, Swedish author (d. 1931)
  • 1870 – D. T. Suzuki, Japanese author and scholar (d. 1966)
  • 1872 – Mikhail Kuzmin, Russian poet and author (d. 1936)
  • 1873 – Ivanoe Bonomi, Italian lawyer and politician, 25th Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1951)
  • 1875 – Len Braund, English cricketer, coach, and umpire (d. 1955)
  • 1878 – James Truslow Adams, American historian and author (d. 1949)
  • 1880 – Ze’ev Jabotinsky, Ukrainian-Russian general, journalist, and theorist (d. 1940)
  • 1881 – Max Gerson, German-born American physician (d. 1959)
  • 1882 – Lucien Petit-Breton, French cyclist (d. 1917)
  • 1887 – Takashi Sakai, Japanese general and politician, Governor of Hong Kong (d. 1946)
  • 1888 – Paul Vermoyal, French actor (d. 1925)
  • 1893 – Sidney Holland, New Zealand lieutenant and politician, 25th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1961)
  • 1893 – George Ohsawa, Japanese philosopher and academic (d. 1966)
  • 1894 – H. L. Davis, American author and poet (d. 1960)
  • 1894 – Tibor Déry, Hungarian author and translator (d. 1977)
  • 1897 – Isabel Briggs Myers, American theorist and author (d. 1980)
  • 1898 – Lotte Lenya, Austrian singer and actress (d. 1981)
  • 1902 – Miriam Hopkins, American actress (d. 1972)
  • 1902 – Pascual Jordan, German physicist and theorist (d. 1980)
  • 1903 – Lina Radke, German runner and coach (d. 1983)
  • 1904 – A. J. Liebling, American journalist and author (d. 1963)
  • 1904 – Haim Shirman, Ukrainian-Israeli scholar and academic (d. 1981)
  • 1905 – Jan Gies, Dutch activist (d. 1993)
  • 1905 – Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Ivorian union leader and politician, 1st President of Côte d’Ivoire (d. 1993)
  • 1906 – James Brooks, American painter and educator (d. 1992)
  • 1909 – Norberto Bobbio, Italian philosopher and theorist (d. 2004)
  • 1914 – Raymond Lambert, Swiss mountaineer (d. 1997)
  • 1915 – Victor Sen Yung, American actor (d. 1980)
  • 1918 – Molly Geertsema, Dutch lawyer and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of the Netherlands (d. 1991)
  • 1918 – Konstantinos Mitsotakis, Greek lawyer and politician, 178th Prime Minister of Greece (d. 2017)
  • 1918 – Bobby Troup, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor (d. 1999)
  • 1919 – Ric Nordman, Canadian captain and politician (d. 1996)
  • 1919 – Anita O’Day, American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – Pierre Trudeau, Canadian lawyer, academic, and politician, 15th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 2000)
  • 1919 – Camilla Williams, American soprano and educator (d. 2012)
  • 1920 – Melina Mercouri, Greek actress, singer, and politician, 9th Greek Minister of Culture (d. 1994)
  • 1921 – Jerry Cooke, Ukrainian-American photographer and journalist (d. 2005)
  • 1921 – Jesse Helms, American soldier, journalist, and politician (d. 2008)
  • 1921 – Beatrice Helen Worsley, Mexican-Canadian computer scientist and academic (d. 1972)
  • 1923 – Jessie Mae Hemphill, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2008)
  • 1924 – Buddy MacMaster, Canadian singer-songwriter and fiddler (d. 2014)
  • 1925 – Ramiz Alia, Albanian politician, 1st President of Albania (d. 2011)
  • 1926 – Chuck Berry, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2017)
  • 1926 – Klaus Kinski, German-American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1991)
  • 1927 – Marv Rotblatt, American baseball player (d. 2013)
  • 1927 – George C. Scott, American actor and director (d. 1999)
  • 1928 – Keith Jackson, American sportscaster and actor
  • 1928 – Maurice El Mediouni, Algerian pianist and composer
  • 1928 – Dick Taverne, English lawyer and politician
  • 1929 – Violeta Chamorro, Nicaraguan publisher and politician, President of Nicaragua
  • 1929 – Hillard Elkins, American producer and manager (d. 2010)
  • 1929 – Kees Fens, Dutch author and critic (d. 2008)
  • 1930 – Flora Fraser, 21st Lady Saltoun, Scottish politician
  • 1930 – Esther Hautzig, Lithuanian-American author (d. 2009)
  • 1931 – Chris Albertson, Icelandic-American historian, journalist, and producer
  • 1931 – Roger Climpson, English-Australian journalist
  • 1931 – Ien Dales, Dutch civil servant and politician, Dutch Minister of the Interior (d. 1994)
  • 1932 – Vytautas Landsbergis, Lithuanian musicologist and politician
  • 1933 – Forrest Gregg, American football player and coach
  • 1933 – Irwin M. Jacobs, American electrical engineer, businessman, and entrepreneur
  • 1933 – Ludovico Scarfiotti, Italian race car driver (d. 1968)
  • 1934 – Inger Stevens, Swedish-American actress (d. 1970)
  • 1935 – Peter Boyle, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1936 – Jaime Lucas Ortega y Alamino, Cuban cardinal
  • 1938 – Robert Dove, American lawyer and politician
  • 1938 – Dawn Wells, American model and actress, Miss Nevada 1959
  • 1939 – Flavio Cotti, Swiss lawyer and politician, 82nd President of the Swiss Confederation
  • 1939 – Mike Ditka, American football player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1939 – Lee Harvey Oswald, American assassin of John F. Kennedy (d. 1963)
  • 1939 – Jan Erik Vold, Norwegian poet, author, and translator
  • 1940 – Cynthia Weil, American songwriter
  • 1940 – Talitha Getty, actress and model of Dutch extraction (d. 1971)
  • 1941 – Timothy Bell, Baron Bell, English businessman
  • 1941 – Martha Burk, American psychologist and author
  • 1942 – Gianfranco Ravasi, Italian cardinal and scholar
  • 1943 – Christine Charbonneau, Canadian singer-songwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1943 – Birthe Rønn Hornbech, Danish police officer and politician, Danish Minister for Ecclesiastical Affairs
  • 1945 – Huell Howser, American television host and actor (d. 2013)
  • 1945 – Chris Shays, American politician
  • 1946 – James Robert Baker, American author and screenwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1946 – Frank Beamer, American football player and coach
  • 1946 – Dafydd Elis-Thomas, Welsh academic and politician
  • 1946 – Howard Shore, Canadian composer, conductor, and producer
  • 1947 – Paul Chuckle, English comedian, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1947 – Job Cohen, Dutch scholar and politician, Mayor of Amsterdam
  • 1947 – Laura Nyro, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1997)
  • 1947 – Gary Sullivan, Australian rugby league player
  • 1948 – Hans Köchler, Austrian philosopher, author, and academic
  • 1948 – Ntozake Shange, American author, poet, and playwright
  • 1949 – Joe Egan, Scottish singer-songwriter
  • 1949 – George Hendrick, American baseball player and coach
  • 1949 – Gary Richrath, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1950 – Wendy Wasserstein, American playwright and author (d. 2006)
  • 1951 – Mike Antonovich, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1951 – Pam Dawber, American actress and producer
  • 1951 – Terry McMillan, American author and screenwriter
  • 1951 – David Normington, English civil servant and politician
  • 1951 – Nic Potter, English bass player and songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1952 – Roy Dias, Sri Lankan cricketer and coach
  • 1952 – Paul Geroski, American-English economist and academic (d. 2005)
  • 1952 – Chuck Lorre, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1952 – Patrick Morrow, Canadian mountaineer and photographer
  • 1952 – Bảo Ninh, Vietnamese soldier and author
  • 1952 – Allen Ripley, American baseball player (d. 2014)
  • 1952 – Jerry Royster, American baseball player, coach, and manager
  • 1954 – Nick Houghton, English general
  • 1954 – Arliss Howard, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1955 – Jean-Pierre Hautier, Belgian journalist and television host (d. 2012)
  • 1955 – Vanessa Briscoe Hay, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1955 – Timmy Mallett, English radio and television host
  • 1955 – Stu Mead, American painter and illustrator
  • 1955 – David Twohy, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1955 – Rita Verdonk, Dutch journalist and politician, Dutch Minister of Justice
  • 1955 – Denis Watson, Zimbabwean golfer
  • 1955 – Mark Welland, English physicist and academic
  • 1956 – Craig Bartlett, American animator, producer, screenwriter, and voice actor
  • 1956 – Martina Navratilova, Czech-American tennis player and coach
  • 1956 – Jim Talent, American lawyer and politician
  • 1957 – Jon Lindstrom, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1957 – Catherine Ringer, French singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress
  • 1958 – Thomas Hearns, American boxer
  • 1958 – Megumi Ishii, Japanese actress and politician
  • 1958 – Letitia James, American lawyer, activist and politician[2]
  • 1958 – Kjell Samuelsson, Swedish ice hockey player and coach
  • 1959 – Kirby Chambliss, American pilot
  • 1959 – Mauricio Funes, Salvadoran politician, former President of El Salvador
  • 1959 – Milcho Manchevski, Macedonian-American director and screenwriter
  • 1959 – John Nord, American wrestler
  • 1960 – Erin Moran, American actress (d. 2017)
  • 1960 – Jean-Claude Van Damme, Belgian martial artist, actor, and producer, and screenwriter
  • 1961 – Wynton Marsalis, American trumpet player, composer, and educator
  • 1961 – Rick Moody, American author and composer
  • 1961 – Gladstone Small, Barbadian-English cricketer
  • 1962 – Min Ko Naing, Burmese activist
  • 1962 – Vincent Spano, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1963 – Sigvart Dagsland, Norwegian singer, pianist and composer
  • 1964 – Dan Lilker, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1964 – Charles Stross, English journalist, author, and programmer
  • 1965 – Curtis Stigers, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1965 – Zakir Naik, an Indian Islamic preacher; founder and president of the Islamic Research Foundation (IRF)
  • 1966 – Dave Price, American journalist and game show host
  • 1967 – Eric Stuart, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and voice actor
  • 1968 – Rhod Gilbert, Welsh comedian
  • 1968 – Stuart Law, Australian cricketer and coach
  • 1968 – Michael Stich, German tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1969 – Volker Neumüller, German talent manager
  • 1969 – Nelson Vivas, Argentinian footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1970 – Doug Mirabelli, American baseball player and coach
  • 1970 – Mike Starink, Dutch television host and actor
  • 1971 – Nick O’Hern, Australian golfer
  • 1972 – Mika Ninagawa, Japanese photographer and director
  • 1972 – Alex Tagliani, Canadian race car driver
  • 1973 – Stephen Allan, Australian golfer
  • 1973 – James Foley, American photographer and journalist (d. 2014)
  • 1973 – Michalis Kapsis, Greek footballer
  • 1973 – Rachel Nichols, American journalist and sportscaster
  • 1973 – Sarah Winckless, English rower
  • 1974 – Robbie Savage, Welsh footballer and sportscaster
  • 1974 – Peter Svensson, Swedish guitarist and songwriter
  • 1974 – Zhou Xun, Chinese actress and singer
  • 1974 – Amish Tripathi, Indian author
  • 1975 – Alex Cora, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1975 – Josh Sawyer, American video game designer
  • 1977 – Flavia Colgan, Brazilian-American journalist
  • 1977 – Kunal Kapoor, Indian actor
  • 1977 – Ryan Nelsen, New Zealand-American soccer player and coach
  • 1977 – David Vuillemin, French motorcycle racer
  • 1978 – Mike Tindall, English rugby player
  • 1978 – Kenji Wu, Taiwanese singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1979 – Damon Scott, British entertainer
  • 1979 – Jaroslav Drobný, Czech footballer
  • 1979 – Hikaru Kawamura, Japanese model
  • 1979 – Ne-Yo, American singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, and actor
  • 1980 – Birsen Yavuz, Turkish sprinter and hurdler
  • 1981 – Nathan Hauritz, Australian cricketer
  • 1981 – Tina Hergold, Slovenian tennis player
  • 1981 – Greg Warren, American football player
  • 1982 – Thierry Amiel, French singer-songwriter
  • 1982 – Michael Dingsdag, Dutch footballer
  • 1982 – Mark Sampson, Welsh footballer and manager
  • 1982 – Simon Gotch, American wrestler
  • 1983 – Dante, Brazilian footballer
  • 1984 – Robert Harting, German discus thrower
  • 1984 – Freida Pinto, Indian actress and model
  • 1984 – Esperanza Spalding, American singer-songwriter and bassist
  • 1984 – Lindsey Vonn, American skier
  • 1984 – Milo Yiannopoulos, British journalist and public speaker
  • 1985 – Yoenis Céspedes, Cuban baseball player
  • 1985 – Andrew Garcia, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1986 – Wilma Elles, German actress and fashion designer
  • 1987 – Zac Efron, American actor and singer
  • 1987 – Freja Beha Erichsen, Danish model
  • 1988 – Tessa Schram, Dutch director and actress
  • 1989 – Laci Green, American YouTube personality, video blogger, sex educator, and activist
  • 1989 – Riisa Naka, Japanese model and actress
  • 1990 – Bristol Palin, American public speaker and reality television personality
  • 1990 – Brittney Griner, American professional basketball player
  • 1990 – Drew Crawford, American basketball player[3]
  • 1991 – Roly Bonevacia, Dutch footballer
  • 1992 – John John Florence, American professional surfer
  • 1993 – Ivan Cavaleiro, Portuguese professional footballer
  • 1991 – Tyler Posey, American actor and musician
  • 1994 – Pascal Wehrlein, German-Mauritian Formula One driver

Deaths[edit]

  • AD 31 – Lucius Aelius Sejanus, Roman politician (b. 20 BC)
  • 325 – Emperor Ming of Jin (b. 299)
  • AD 707 – Pope John VII (b. 650)
  • 1035 – Sancho III of Pamplona (b. 992)
  • 1081 – Nikephoros Palaiologos, Byzantine general
  • 1101 – Hugh I, Count of Vermandois (b. 1053)
  • 1141 – Leopold, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1108)
  • 1214 – John de Gray, bishop of Norwich
  • 1366 – Petrus Torkilsson, Archbishop of Uppsala
  • 1382 – James Butler, 2nd Earl of Ormond, Irish politician, Lord Justice of Ireland (b. 1331)
  • 1417 – Pope Gregory XII (b. 1326)
  • 1442 – Infante João of Portugal (b. 1400)
  • 1480 – Uhwudong, Korean dancer and poet (b. 1440)
  • 1503 – Pope Pius III (b. 1439)
  • 1508 – Patrick Hepburn, 1st Earl of Bothwell, Lord High Admiral of Scotland
  • 1511 – Philippe de Commines, French-speaking Fleming in the courts of Burgundy and France (b. 1447)
  • 1526 – Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón, Spanish explorer (b. 1475)
  • 1541 – Margaret Tudor, queen of James IV of Scotland (born 1489)
  • 1545 – John Taverner, English organist and composer (b. 1490)
  • 1558 – Mary of Hungary (b. 1505)
  • 1561 – Yamamoto Kansuke, Japanese samurai (b. 1501)
  • 1564 – Johannes Acronius Frisius, Dutch physician and mathematician (b. 1520)
  • 1570 – Manuel da Nóbrega, Portuguese-Brazilian priest and missionary (b. 1517)
  • 1604 – Igram van Achelen, Dutch lawyer and politician (b. 1528)
  • 1646 – Isaac Jogues, French priest, missionary, and martyr (b. 1607)
  • 1667 – Fasilides, Ethiopian emperor (b. 1603)
  • 1678 – Jacob Jordaens, Belgian painter illustrator (b. 1593)
  • 1739 – António José da Silva, Brazilian-Portuguese playwright (b. 1705)
  • 1744 – Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough (b. 1660)
  • 1770 – John Manners, Marquess of Granby, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Derbyshire (b. 1721)
  • 1775 – Christian August Crusius, German philosopher and theologian (b. 1715)
  • 1817 – Etienne Nicolas Méhul, French pianist and composer (b. 1763)
  • 1865 – Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, English soldier and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1784)
  • 1871 – Charles Babbage, English mathematician and engineer, invented the mechanical computer (b. 1791)
  • 1876 – Francis Preston Blair, American journalist (b. 1791)
  • 1886 – Philipp Franz von Siebold, German physician and botanist (b. 1796)
  • 1889 – Antonio Meucci, Italian-American engineer (b. 1808)
  • 1892 – William W. Chapman, American lawyer and politician (b. 1808)
  • 1893 – Charles Gounod, French composer and educator (b. 1818)
  • 1908 – Nozu Michitsura, Japanese field marshal (b. 1840)
  • 1911 – Alfred Binet, French psychologist and author (b. 1857)
  • 1921 – Ludwig III of Bavaria (b. 1845)
  • 1931 – Thomas Edison, American engineer and businessman, invented the light bulb and phonograph (b. 1847)
  • 1934 – Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish pathologist, histologist, and neuroscientist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
  • 1935 – Gaston Lachaise, French-American sculptor (b. 1882)
  • 1941 – Manuel Teixeira Gomes, Portuguese lawyer and politician, 7th President of Portugal (b. 1860)
  • 1942 – Mikhail Nesterov, Russian painter (b. 1862)
  • 1947 – Michiaki Kamada, Japanese admiral (b. 1890)
  • 1948 – Walther von Brauchitsch, German field marshal (b. 1881)
  • 1956 – Yoshio Markino, Japanese painter and author (b. 1869)
  • 1959 – Boughera El Ouafi, Algerian-French runner (b. 1898)
  • 1961 – Tsuru Aoki, Japanese-American actress (b. 1892)
  • 1962 – Iván Petrovich, Serbian-German actor and singer (b. 1894)
  • 1965 – Henry Travers, Irish-American actor (b. 1874)
  • 1966 – Elizabeth Arden, Canadian-American businesswoman, founded Elizabeth Arden, Inc. (b. 1878)
  • 1966 – S. S. Kresge, American businessman, founded Kmart (b. 1867)
  • 1973 – Margaret Caroline Anderson, American publisher, founded The Little Review (b. 1886)
  • 1973 – Walt Kelly, American illustrator and animator (b. 1913)
  • 1973 – Leo Strauss, German-American political scientist, philosopher, and academic (b. 1899)
  • 1975 – K. C. Douglas, American rural blues singer (b. 1913)
  • 1975 – Al Lettieri, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1975 – Graham Haberfield, English actor (b. 1941)
  • 1976 – Viswanatha Satyanarayana, Indian poet and author (b. 1895)
  • 1977 – Andreas Baader, German militant (b. 1943)
  • 1977 – Gudrun Ensslin, German militant leader, founded the Red Army Faction (b. 1940)
  • 1978 – Ramón Mercader, Spanish journalist, assassin of Leon Trotsky (b. 1914)
  • 1980 – Edwin Way Teale, American photographer and author (b. 1899)
  • 1982 – Dwain Esper, American director and producer (b. 1892)
  • 1982 – Pierre Mendès France, French lawyer and politician, 143rd Prime Minister of France (b. 1907)
  • 1982 – John Robarts, Canadian lawyer and politician, 17th Premier of Ontario (b. 1917)
  • 1982 – Bess Truman, American wife of Harry S. Truman, 40th First Lady of the United States (b. 1885)
  • 1983 – Diego Abad de Santillán, Spanish economist and author (b. 1897)
  • 1983 – Willie Jones, American baseball player (b. 1925)
  • 1984 – Henri Michaux, French painter and poet (b. 1899)
  • 1987 – Adriaan Ditvoorst, Dutch director and screenwriter (b. 1940)
  • 1988 – Frederick Ashton, Ecuadorian dancer and choreographer (b. 1904)
  • 2000 – Julie London, American singer and actress (b. 1926)
  • 2000 – Gwen Verdon, American actress and dancer (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Preston Smith, American businessman and politician, 40th Governor of Texas (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – Manuel Vázquez Montalbán, Spanish journalist, author, and critic (b. 1939)
  • 2005 – Johnny Haynes, English-Scottish footballer (b. 1934)
  • 2005 – Bill King, American sportscaster (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Mario Francesco Pompedda, Italian cardinal (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Anna Russell, English-Canadian singer and actress (b. 1911)
  • 2006 – Laurie Taitt, Guyanese-English hurdler (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Alan Coren, English journalist and author (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – William J. Crowe, American admiral and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Vincent DeDomenico, American businessman, founded the Napa Valley Wine Train (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Lucky Dube, South African singer-songwriter and keyboard player (b. 1964)
  • 2008 – Dee Dee Warwick, American singer (b. 1945)
  • 2009 – Adriaan Kortlandt, Dutch ethologist and biologist (b. 1918)
  • 2009 – Nancy Spero, American painter and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2010 – Marion Brown, American saxophonist and musicologist (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Brain Damage, American wrestler (b. 1977)
  • 2012 – Sylvia Kristel, Dutch model and actress (b. 1952)
  • 2012 – Slater Martin, American basketball player and coach (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – George Mattos, American pole vaulter (b. 1929)
  • 2012 – Albert Lee Ueltschi, American pilot and businessman, founded FlightSafety International (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – David S. Ware, American saxophonist and composer (b. 1949)
  • 2013 – Tom Foley, American lawyer and politician, 57th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Bum Phillips, American football player and coach (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Allan Stanley, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Bill Young, American sergeant and politician (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Mariano Lebrón Saviñón, Dominican author and academic (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Edward Regan, American academic and politician (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Sidney Shapiro, American-Chinese author and translator (b. 1915)
  • 2015 – Robert Dickerson, Australian painter (b. 1924)
  • 2015 – Gamal El-Ghitani, Egyptian journalist and author (b. 1945)
  • 2015 – Robert W. Farquhar, American engineer (b. 1932)
  • 2015 – Frank Watkins, American bass player (b. 1968)
  • 2015 – Paul West, English-American author, poet, and academic (b. 1930)

Holidays and observances[edit]

  • Alaska Day (Alaska, United States)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Justus of Beauvais
    • Luke the Evangelist
    • Peter of Alcantara, can also be celebrated on October 19.
    • October 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Independence Day (Azerbaijan), celebrates the independence of Azerbaijan from the Soviet Union in 1991.
  • Necktie Day (Croatia)
  • Persons Day (Canada)
  • World Menopause Day

October 1- History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 91 days remain until the end of the year.

It is the first day of the fourth quarter of the year.

October 1 in history

  • 331 BC – Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela.
  • 366 – Pope Damasus I is consecrated.
  • 959 – Edgar the Peaceful becomes king of all England, in succession to Eadwig.
  • 965 – Pope John XIII is consecrated.
  • 1553 – Coronation of Queen Mary I of England.
  • 1588 – Coronation of Shah Abbas I of Persia.
  • 1730 – Ahmed III is forced to abdicate as the Ottoman sultan.
  • 1787 – Russians under Alexander Suvorov defeat the Turks at Kinburn.
  • 1791 – First session of the French Legislative Assembly.
  • 1795 – More than a year after the Battle of Sprimont, the Austrian Netherlands (present-day Belgium) are officially annexed by Revolutionary France.
  • 1800 – Via the Third Treaty of San Ildefonso, Spain cedes Louisiana to France, which would sell the land to the United States thirty months later.
  • 1814 – Opening of the Congress of Vienna, intended to redraw Europe’s political map after the defeat of Napoleon the previous spring.
  • 1827 – Russo-Persian War: The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination of Armenia.
  • 1829 – South African College is founded in Cape Town, South Africa. It will later separate into the University of Cape Town and the South African College Schools.
  • 1832 – Texian political delegates convene at San Felipe de Austin to petition for changes in the governance of Mexican Texas.
  • 1843 – The News of the World tabloid begins publication in London, UK.
  • 1861 – Mrs Beeton’s Book of Household Management is published, going on to sell 60,000 copies in its first year and remaining in print until the present day
  • 1887 – Balochistan is conquered by the British Empire.
  • 1890 – Yosemite National Park is established by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1891 – Stanford University opens its doors in California, United States.
  • 1898 – The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name k.u.k. Exportakademie.
  • 1903 – Baseball: The Boston Americans play the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first game of the modern World Series.
  • 1908 – Ford Model T automobiles are offered for sale at a price of US$825.
  • 1910 – A large bomb destroys the Los Angeles Times building, killing 21.
  • 1918 – World War I: The Egyptian Expeditionary Force captures Damascus.
  • 1918 – Sayid Abdullah becomes the last Khan of Khiva.
  • 1928 – The Soviet Union introduces its first five-year plan.
  • 1931 – The George Washington Bridge in the United States, linking New Jersey and New York, is opened.
  • 1931 – Clara Campoamor persuades the Constituent Cortes to enfranchise women in Spain’s new constitution.
  • 1936 – Francisco Franco is named head of the Nationalist government of Spain.
  • 1938 – Germany annexes the Sudetenland.
  • 1939 – World War II: After a one-month siege, German troops occupy Warsaw.
  • 1940 – The Pennsylvania Turnpike, often considered the first superhighway in the United States, opens to traffic.
  • 1942 – World War II: USS Grouper torpedoes Lisbon Maru, not knowing that she is carrying British prisoners of war from Hong Kong.
  • 1943 – World War II: After the Four Days of Naples, Allied troops enter the city.
  • 1946 – Nazi leaders are sentenced at the Nuremberg trials.
  • 1946 – The Daegu October Incident occurs in Allied-occupied Korea.
  • 1947 – The North American F-86 Sabre flies for the first time.
  • 1949 – The People’s Republic of China is established.
  • 1953 – Andhra State is formed, consisting of a Telugu-speaking area carved out of India’s Madras State.
  • 1953 – A Mutual Defense Treaty Between the United States and the Republic of Korea is concluded in Washington, D.C.
  • 1955 – The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region is established.
  • 1957 – First appearance of In God we trust on U.S. paper currency.
  • 1958 – The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics is replaced by NASA.
  • 1960 – Nigeria gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1961 – The United States Defense Intelligence Agency is formed, becoming the country’s first centralized military intelligence organization.
  • 1961 – East and West Cameroon merge to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon.
  • 1964 – The Free Speech Movement is launched on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley.
  • 1964 – Japanese Shinkansen (“bullet trains”) begin high-speed rail service from Tokyo to Osaka.
  • 1966 – West Coast Airlines Flight 956 crashes with no survivors in Oregon. This accident marks the first loss of a DC-9.
  • 1968 – Guyana nationalizes the British Guiana Broadcasting Service, which would eventually become part of the National Communications Network, Guyana.
  • 1969 – Concorde breaks the sound barrier for the first time.
  • 1971 – Walt Disney World opens near Orlando, Florida.
  • 1971 – The first practical CT scanner is used to diagnose a patient.
  • 1975 – Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines.
  • 1978 – Tuvalu gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1979 – Pope John Paul II begins his first pastoral visit to the United States.
  • 1979 – The MTR, the rapid transit railway system in Hong Kong, opens.
  • 1982 – Helmut Kohl replaces Helmut Schmidt as Chancellor of Germany through a constructive vote of no confidence.
  • 1982 – Epcot opens at Walt Disney World in Florida.
  • 1982 – Sony and Phillips launch the compact disc in Japan. On the same day, Sony released the model CDP-101 compact disc player, the first player of its kind.
  • 1985 – Israel-Palestinian conflict: Israel attacks the Palestine Liberation Organization headquarters in Tunisia during “Operation Wooden Leg”.
  • 1987 – The 5.9 Mw  Whittier Narrows earthquake shakes the San Gabriel Valley with a Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), killing eight and injuring 200.
  • 1989 – Denmark introduces the world’s first legal same-sex registered partnerships.
  • 1991 – Croatian War of Independence: The Siege of Dubrovnik begins.
  • 1994 – Palau enters a Compact of Free Association with the United States.
  • 2000 – Israel-Palestinian conflict: Palestinians protest the murder of 12-year-old Muhammad al-Durrah by the Israeli police in northern Israel, beginning the “October 2000 events”.
  • 2001 – Militants attack the state legislature building in Kashmir, killing 38.
  • 2009 – The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom takes over the judicial functions of the House of Lords.
  • 2012 – A ferry collision off the coast of Hong Kong kills 38 people and injures 102 others.
  • 2014 – A series of explosions at a gunpowder plant in Bulgaria completely destroys the factory, killing 15 people.
  • 2014 – A double bombing of an elementary school in Homs, Syria kills over 50 people.
  • 2015 – A gunman kills nine people at a community college in Oregon.
  • 2015 – Heavy rains trigger a major landslide in Guatemala, killing 280 people.
  • 2017 – An independence referendum, declared illegal by the Constitutional Court of Spain, takes place in Catalonia.
  • 2017 – Fifty-eight people are killed and 869 others injured in a mass shooting at a country music festival at the Las Vegas Strip in the United States; the gunman, Stephen Paddock, later commits suicide.

Births in October 1

  • 86 BC – Sallust, Roman historian (d. 34 BC)
  • 208 – Alexander Severus, Roman emperor (d. 235)
  • 1207 – Henry III of England (d. 1272)
  • 1476 – Guy XVI, Count of Laval (d. 1531)
  • 1480 – Saint Cajetan, Italian Catholic priest and religious reformer (d. 1547)
  • 1507 – Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Italian architect, designed the Church of the Gesù (d. 1573)
  • 1526 – Dorothy Stafford, English noble (d. 1604)
  • 1540 – Johann Jakob Grynaeus, Swiss pastor and theologian (d. 1617)
  • 1542 – Álvaro de Mendaña de Neira, Spanish explorer (d. 1595)
  • 1550 – Anne of Saint Bartholomew, Spanish Discalced Carmelite nun (d. 1626)
  • 1554 – Leonardus Lessius, Jesuit theologian (d. 1623)
  • 1620 – Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem, Dutch painter (d. 1683)
  • 1671 – Luigi Guido Grandi, Italian monk, mathematician, and engineer (d. 1742)
  • 1685 – Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1740)
  • 1691 – Arthur Onslow, English lawyer and politician, Speaker of the House of Commons (d. 1768)
  • 1712 – William Shippen, American physician and politician (d. 1801)
  • 1719 – John Bligh, 3rd Earl of Darnley, British parliamentarian (d. 1781)
  • 1724 – Giovanni Battista Cirri, Italian cellist and composer (d. 1808)
  • 1729 – Anton Cajetan Adlgasser, German organist and composer (d. 1777)
  • 1730 – Richard Stockton, American lawyer, jurist, and politician (d. 1781)
  • 1760 – William Thomas Beckford, English author and politician (d. 1844)
  • 1762 – Anton Bernolák, Slovak priest and linguist (d. 1813)
  • 1771 – Pierre Baillot, French violinist and composer (d. 1842)
  • 1791 – Sergey Aksakov, Russian soldier and author (d. 1859)
  • 1808 – Mary Anna Custis Lee, American wife of Robert E. Lee (d. 1873)
  • 1832 – Caroline Harrison, American educator, 24th First Lady of the United States (d. 1892)
  • 1832 – Henry Clay Work, American composer and songwriter (d. 1884)
  • 1835 – Ádám Politzer, Hungarian-Austrian physician and anatomist (d. 1920)
  • 1842 – S. Subramania Iyer, Indian lawyer and jurist (d. 1924)
  • 1842 – Charles Cros, French poet and author (d. 1888)
  • 1846 – Nectarios of Aegina, Greek metropolitan and saint (d. 1920)
  • 1847 – Annie Besant, English-Indian activist and author (d. 1933)
  • 1865 – Paul Dukas, French composer, scholar, and critic (d. 1935)
  • 1878 – Othmar Spann, Austrian economist, sociologist, and philosopher (d. 1950)
  • 1881 – William Boeing, American engineer and businessman, founded the Boeing Company (d. 1956)
  • 1885 – Louis Untermeyer, American poet, anthologist, critic (d. 1977)
  • 1887 – Ned Hanlon, Australian politician, 26th Premier of Queensland (d. 1952)
  • 1887 – Shizuichi Tanaka, Japanese general (d. 1945)
  • 1890 – Stanley Holloway, English actor (d. 1982)
  • 1893 – Cliff Friend, American pianist and songwriter (d. 1974)
  • 1893 – Ip Man, Chinese martial artist (d. 1972)
  • 1894 – Edgar Krahn, Estonian mathematician and academic (d. 1961)
  • 1895 – Liaquat Ali Khan, Indian-Pakistani lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 1951)
  • 1896 – Ted Healy, American actor, singer, and screenwriter (d. 1937)
  • 1899 – Ernest Haycox, American author (d. 1950)
  • 1900 – Tom Goddard, English cricketer (d. 1966)
  • 1903 – Vladimir Horowitz, Russian-born American pianist and composer (d. 1989)
  • 1903 – Pierre Veyron, French race car driver (d. 1970)
  • 1904 – Otto Robert Frisch, Austrian-English physicist and academic (d. 1979)
  • 1904 – A. K. Gopalan, Indian educator and politician (d. 1977)
  • 1906 – S. D. Burman, Indian composer and singer (d. 1975)
  • 1907 – Maurice Bardèche, French journalist, author, and critic (d. 1998)
  • 1907 – Ödön Pártos, Hungarian-Israeli viola player and composer (d. 1977)
  • 1908 – Herman David Koppel, Danish pianist and composer (d. 1998)
  • 1909 – Sam Yorty, American captain and politician, 37th Mayor of Los Angeles (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Bonnie Parker, American criminal (d. 1934)
  • 1910 – Fritz Köberle, Austrian-Brazilian physician and pathologist (d. 1983)
  • 1910 – José Enrique Moyal, Australian physicist and engineer (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Chaim Pinchas Scheinberg, Polish-Israeli rabbi and scholar (d. 2012)
  • 1911 – Irwin Kostal, American songwriter, screenwriter, and publisher (d. 1994)
  • 1911 – Heinrich Mark, Estonian lawyer and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Estonia in exile (d. 2004)
  • 1912 – Kathleen Ollerenshaw, English mathematician, astronomer, and politician, Lord Mayor of Manchester (d. 2014)
  • 1913 – Hélio Gracie, Brazilian martial artist (d. 2009)
  • 1913 – Harry Lookofsky, American violinist and producer (d. 1998)
  • 1914 – Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian, lawyer, and author, 12th Librarian of Congress (d. 2004)
  • 1915 – Jerome Bruner, American psychologist and author (d. 2016)
  • 1917 – Cahal Daly, Irish cardinal and theologian (d. 2009)
  • 1919 – Bob Boyd, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1919 – Majrooh Sultanpuri, Indian poet and songwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – David Herbert Donald, American historian and author (d. 2009)
  • 1920 – Walter Matthau, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – James Whitmore, American actor (d. 2009)
  • 1922 – Chen-Ning Yang, Chinese-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1924 – Jimmy Carter, American naval lieutenant and politician, 39th President of the United States, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1924 – Bob Geigel, American wrestler and promoter (d. 2014)
  • 1924 – Leonie Kramer, Australian academic (d. 2016)
  • 1924 – William Rehnquist, American lawyer and jurist, 16th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Roger Williams, American pianist (d. 2011)
  • 1927 – Tom Bosley, American actor (d. 2010)
  • 1927 – Sherman Glenn Finesilver, American lawyer and judge (d. 2006)
  • 1927 – Sandy Gall, Malaysian-Scottish journalist and author
  • 1928 – Laurence Harvey, Lithuanian-English actor, director, and producer (d. 1973)
  • 1928 – Willy Mairesse, Belgian race car driver (d. 1969)
  • 1928 – George Peppard, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1928 – Zhu Rongji, Chinese engineer and politician, 5th Premier of the People’s Republic of China
  • 1929 – Ken Arthurson, Australian rugby player and coach
  • 1929 – Grady Chapman, American singer (d. 2011)
  • 1929 – Bonnie Owens, American singer-songwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1930 – Frank Gardner, Australian race car driver and manager (d. 2009)
  • 1930 – Richard Harris, Irish actor (d. 2002)
  • 1930 – Naimatullah Khan, Pakistani lawyer and politician, Mayor of Karachi
  • 1930 – Philippe Noiret, French actor (d. 2006)
  • 1931 – Sylvano Bussotti, Italian violinist and composer
  • 1931 – Anwar Shamim, Pakistani general (d. 2013)
  • 1931 – Alan Wagner, American radio host and critic (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Albert Collins, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1993)
  • 1934 – Emilio Botín, Spanish banker and businessman (d. 2014)
  • 1935 – Julie Andrews, English actress and singer
  • 1935 – Walter De Maria, American sculptor and drummer (d. 2013)
  • 1936 – Duncan Edwards, English footballer (d. 1958)
  • 1937 – Saeed Ahmed, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1938 – Tunç Başaran, Turkish actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2019)
  • 1938 – Mary McFadden, American fashion designer
  • 1938 – Stella Stevens, American actress and director
  • 1939 – George Archer, American golfer (d. 2005)
  • 1939 – Geoffrey Whitehead, English actor
  • 1940 – Steve O’Rourke, English race car driver and manager (d. 2003)
  • 1940 – Marc Savoy, American accordion player, created the Cajun accordion
  • 1940 – Phyllis Chesler, American feminist psychologist, and author of the best-seller, Women and Madness (1972)
  • 1942 – Herb Fame, American R&B singer
  • 1942 – Jean-Pierre Jabouille, French race car driver and engineer
  • 1942 – Robert Lelièvre, French singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1973)
  • 1942 – David Stancliffe, English bishop and scholar
  • 1942 – Günter Wallraff, German journalist and author
  • 1943 – Jean-Jacques Annaud, French director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1943 – Angèle Arsenault, Canadian singer-songwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1943 – Jerry Martini, American saxophonist
  • 1943 – Robert Slater, American author and journalist (d. 2014)
  • 1945 – Rod Carew, Panamanian-American baseball player and coach
  • 1945 – Donny Hathaway, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (d. 1979)
  • 1946 – Dave Holland, English bassist, composer, and bandleader
  • 1946 – Tim O’Brien, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1947 – Dave Arneson, American game designer, co-created Dungeons & Dragons (d. 2009)
  • 1947 – Dalveer Bhandari, Indian lawyer and judge
  • 1947 – Buzz Capra, American baseball player and coach
  • 1947 – Aaron Ciechanover, Israeli biologist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1947 – Stephen Collins, American actor and director
  • 1947 – Nevill Drury, English-Australian journalist and publisher (d. 2013)
  • 1947 – Adriano Tilgher, Italian politician
  • 1947 – Martin Turner, English singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1947 – Mariska Veres, Dutch singer (d. 2006)
  • 1948 – Cub Koda, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2000)
  • 1949 – Isaac Bonewits, American singer-songwriter, liturgist, and author (d. 2010)
  • 1949 – Sheila Gilmore, Scottish lawyer and politician
  • 1949 – André Rieu, Dutch violinist, composer, and conductor
  • 1950 – Elpida, Greek singer-songwriter
  • 1950 – Susan Greenfield, Baroness Greenfield, English neuroscientist, academic, and politician
  • 1950 – Mark Helias, American bassist and composer
  • 1950 – Sigbjørn Johnsen, Norwegian politician, Norwegian Minister of Finance
  • 1950 – Boris Morukov, Russian physician and astronaut (d. 2015)
  • 1950 – Randy Quaid, American actor
  • 1951 – Brian Greenway, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1952 – Jacques Martin, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager
  • 1952 – Bob Myrick, American baseball player (d. 2012)
  • 1952 – Ivan Sekyra, Czech singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2012)
  • 1952 – Earl Slick, American rock guitarist and songwriter
  • 1953 – Pete Falcone, American baseball player
  • 1953 – Viljar Loor, Estonian volleyball player (d. 2011)
  • 1953 – Miguel Lopez, Salvadorian-American soccer player
  • 1953 – Grete Waitz, Norwegian runner and coach (d. 2011)
  • 1953 – Klaus Wowereit, German civil servant and politician, Governing Mayor of Berlin
  • 1955 – Howard Hewett, American R&B singer-songwriter
  • 1955 – Morten Gunnar Larsen, Norwegian pianist and composer
  • 1955 – Jeff Reardon, American baseball player
  • 1956 – Andrus Ansip, Estonian engineer and politician, 15th Prime Minister of Estonia
  • 1956 – Theresa May, English politician, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 1957 – Kang Seok-woo, South Korean actor
  • 1957 – Éva Tardos, Hungarian mathematician and educator
  • 1958 – Martin Cooper, English saxophonist, composer, and painter
  • 1958 – Masato Nakamura, Japanese bass player and producer
  • 1959 – Mark Aizlewood, Welsh footballer and manager
  • 1959 – Brian P. Cleary, American author and poet
  • 1959 – Youssou N’Dour, Senegalese singer-songwriter, musician, and politician
  • 1960 – Joshua Wurman, American scientist, DOW inventor and storm chaser
  • 1961 – Gary Ablett, Sr., Australian footballer
  • 1961 – Rico Constantino, American wrestler and manager
  • 1961 – Corrie van Zyl, South African cricketer and coach
  • 1962 – Attaphol Buspakom, Thai footballer and manager (d. 2015)
  • 1962 – Nico Claesen, Belgian footballer and coach
  • 1962 – Esai Morales, American actor
  • 1962 – Paul Walsh, English footballer and sportscaster
  • 1963 – Jean-Denis Délétraz, Swiss race car driver
  • 1963 – Mark McGwire, American baseball player and coach
  • 1964 – Max Matsuura, Japanese songwriter, producer, and manager
  • 1964 – Jonathan Sarfati, Australian-New Zealand chess player and author
  • 1964 – Christopher Titus, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1964 – Harry Hill, English comedian and author
  • 1965 – Andreas Keller, German field hockey player
  • 1965 – Chris Reason, Australian journalist
  • 1965 – Cliff Ronning, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1965 – Mia Mottley, Barbadian prime minister
  • 1966 – George Weah, Liberian footballer and politician, 25th President of Liberia
  • 1966 – José Ángel Ziganda, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1967 – Mike Pringle, American-Canadian football player
  • 1967 – Scott Young, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1968 – Sacha Dean Biyan, Canadian photographer and journalist
  • 1968 – Rob Collard, English race car driver
  • 1968 – Mark Durden-Smith, British television presenter
  • 1968 – Phil de Glanville, English rugby player
  • 1968 – Kevin Griffin, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1968 – Jon Guenther, American author and engineer
  • 1968 – Jay Underwood, American actor and pastor
  • 1969 – Zach Galifianakis, American actor, comedian, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1969 – Joseph Patrick Moore, American musician, composer and producer
  • 1969 – Ori Kaplan, Israeli-American saxophonist and producer
  • 1969 – Marcus Stephen, Nauruan weightlifter and politician, 27th President of Nauru
  • 1969 – Igor Ulanov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Simon Davey, Welsh footballer and manager
  • 1970 – Alexei Zhamnov, Russian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1971 – Yvette Hermundstad, Swedish journalist
  • 1971 – Andrew O’Keefe, Australian lawyer and television host
  • 1971 – Jim Serdaris, Australian rugby league player
  • 1972 – Ronen Altman Kaydar, Israeli author and poet
  • 1972 – Jean Paulo Fernandes, Brazilian footballer
  • 1972 – Esa Holopainen, Finnish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1972 – Nicky Morgan, British politician
  • 1973 – Christian Borle, American actor and singer
  • 1973 – Rachid Chékhémani, French runner
  • 1973 – Jana Henke, German swimmer
  • 1973 – John Mackey, American composer
  • 1973 – John Thomson, American baseball player and coach
  • 1974 – Keith Duffy, Irish singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor
  • 1974 – Nick Graham, Australian rugby player
  • 1974 – Mats Lindgren, Swedish ice hockey player and coach
  • 1975 – Justin Leppitsch, Australian rules footballer
  • 1975 – Zoltán Sebescen, German footballer and coach
  • 1976 – Denis Gauthier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Ümit Karan, Turkish footballer
  • 1976 – Richard Oakes, English guitarist and songwriter
  • 1976 – Antonio Roybal, American painter and sculptor
  • 1976 – Mark Švets, Estonian footballer
  • 1977 – Christel Takigawa, French-Japanese journalist
  • 1977 – Jeffrey van Hooydonk, Belgian race car driver
  • 1978 – Nicole Atkins, American singer-songwriter
  • 1978 – Leticia Cline, American model and journalist
  • 1978 – Joe Keith, English footballer
  • 1978 – Dominic Thornely, Australian cricketer
  • 1979 – Curtis Axel, American wrestler
  • 1979 – Rudi Johnson, American football player
  • 1979 – Gilberto Martínez, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1979 – Ryan Pontbriand, American football player
  • 1979 – Marko Stanojevic, English-Italian rugby player
  • 1980 – Sarah Drew, American actress
  • 1980 – Antonio Narciso, Italian footballer
  • 1981 – Júlio Baptista, Brazilian footballer
  • 1981 – Tom Donnelly, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1981 – Rupert Friend, English actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1981 – Gaby Mudingayi, Belgian footballer
  • 1981 – Johnny Oduya, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Arnau Riera, Spanish footballer
  • 1981 – David Yelldell, German-American soccer player
  • 1982 – Haruna Babangida, Nigerian footballer
  • 1982 – Aleksandar Đuričić, Serbian author and playwright
  • 1983 – Mohamed Abdelwahab, Egyptian footballer (d. 2006)
  • 1983 – Mirko Vučinić, Montenegrin footballer
  • 1984 – Beck Bennett, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1984 – Matt Cain, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Daniel Guillén Ruiz, Spanish footballer
  • 1985 – Nazimuddin Ahmed, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1985 – Tim Deasy, English footballer
  • 1986 – Ricardo Vaz Tê, Portuguese footballer
  • 1986 – Justin Westhoff, Australian footballer
  • 1987 – Hiroki Aiba, Japanese actor and singer
  • 1987 – Lionel Ainsworth, English footballer
  • 1987 – Mitchell Aubusson, Australian rugby league player
  • 1989 – Brie Larson, American actress
  • 1990 – Jan Kirchhoff, German footballer
  • 1990 – Pedro Filipe Mendes, Portuguese footballer
  • 1990 – Albert Prosa, Estonian footballer
  • 1991 – Conor Clifford, Irish footballer
  • 1991 – Rain Veideman, Estonian basketball player
  • 1992 – Xander Bogaerts, Aruban baseball player
  • 1995 – Lauren Hill, American basketball player (d. 2015)

Deaths in October 1

  • 630 – Tajoom Uk’ab K’ahk’, Mayan king
  • 686 – Emperor Tenmu of Japan (b. 631)
  • 804 – Richbod, archbishop of Trier
  • 895 – Kong Wei, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty
  • 918 – Zhou, empress of Former Shu
  • 959 – Eadwig, English king (b. 941)
  • 961 – Artald, archbishop of Reims
  • 1040 – Alan III, Duke of Brittany (b. 997)
  • 1126 – Morphia of Melitene, Queen of Jerusalem
  • 1310 – Beatrice of Burgundy, Lady of Bourbon (b. 1257)
  • 1404 – Pope Boniface IX (b. 1356)
  • 1416 – Yaqub Spata, Albanian ruler
  • 1450 – Leonello d’Este, Marquis of Ferrara, Italian noble (b. 1407)
  • 1499 – Marsilio Ficino, Italian astrologer and philosopher (b. 1433)
  • 1500 – John Alcock, English bishop and politician, Lord Chancellor of the United Kingdom (b. 1430)
  • 1532 – Jan Mabuse, Flemish painter
  • 1567 – Pietro Carnesecchi, Italian humanist (b. 1508)
  • 1570 – Frans Floris, Flemish painter (b. 1520)
  • 1574 – Maarten van Heemskerck, Dutch painter (b. 1498)
  • 1578 – John of Austria (b. 1547)
  • 1588 – Edward James, English priest and martyr (b. 1557)
  • 1602 – Hernando de Cabezón, Spanish organist and composer (b. 1541)
  • 1609 – Giammateo Asola, Italian priest and composer (b. 1532)
  • 1652 – Jan Asselijn, Dutch painter (d. 1610)
  • 1684 – Pierre Corneille, French playwright (b. 1606)
  • 1693 – Pedro Abarca, Spanish theologian and academic (b. 1619)
  • 1708 – John Blow, English organist and composer (b. 1649)
  • 1768 – Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician and academic (b. 1687)
  • 1788 – William Brodie, Scottish businessman and politician (b. 1741)
  • 1837 – Robert Clark, American politician (b. 1777)
  • 1838 – Charles Tennant, Scottish chemist and businessman (b. 1768)
  • 1864 – Rose O’Neal Greenhow, American spy (b. 1817)
  • 1878 – Mindon Min, Burmese king (b. 1808)
  • 1885 – John Light Atlee, American physician and surgeon (b. 1799)
  • 1901 – Abdur Rahman Khan, Afghan emir (b. 1844)
  • 1913 – Eugene O’Keefe, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1827)
  • 1929 – Antoine Bourdelle, French sculptor and painter (b. 1861)
  • 1940 – Chiungtze C. Tsen, Chinese mathematician (b. 1898)
  • 1942 – Ants Piip, Estonian lawyer and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Estonia (b. 1884)
  • 1950 – Faik Ali Ozansoy, Turkish poet, educator, and politician (b. 1876)
  • 1951 – Peter McWilliam, Scottish-English footballer and manager (b. 1878)
  • 1953 – John Marin, American painter (b. 1870)
  • 1955 – Charles Christie, American film producer, founded Christie Film Company (b. 1880)
  • 1957 – Abdülhalik Renda, Turkish civil servant and politician, 6th Turkish Minister of National Defence (b. 1881)
  • 1958 – Robert Falk, Russian painter and educator (b. 1886)
  • 1959 – Enrico De Nicola, Italian journalist, lawyer, and politician, 1st President of Italy (b. 1877)
  • 1961 – Ludwig Bemelmans, Italian-American author and illustrator (b. 1898)
  • 1970 – Raúl Riganti, Argentinian race car driver (b. 1893)
  • 1972 – Louis Leakey, Kenyan-English archaeologist and paleontologist (b. 1903)
  • 1974 – Spyridon Marinatos, Greek archaeologist and academic (b. 1901)
  • 1975 – Al Jackson, Jr., American drummer, songwriter, and producer (b. 1935)
  • 1984 – Walter Alston, American baseball player and manager (b. 1911)
  • 1985 – Ninian Sanderson, Scottish race car driver (b. 1925)
  • 1985 – E. B. White, American essayist and journalist (b. 1899)
  • 1986 – Archie League, American air traffic controller (b. 1907)
  • 1988 – Sacheverell Sitwell, English author, poet, and critic (b. 1897)
  • 1990 – Curtis LeMay, American general (b. 1906)
  • 1992 – Petra Kelly, German activist and politician (b. 1947)
  • 1994 – Paul Lorenzen, German mathematician and philosopher (b. 1915)
  • 1997 – Jerome H. Lemelson, American engineer and philanthropist (b. 1923)
  • 2002 – Walter Annenberg, American publisher and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom (b. 1908)
  • 2004 – Richard Avedon, American photographer (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Bruce Palmer, Canadian bass player (b. 1946)
  • 2004 – Robert Vaidlo, Estonian journalist and author (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Fawaz al-Rabeiee, Saudi Arabian terrorist (b. 1979)
  • 2006 – Jerald Tanner, American author and activist (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Ronnie Hazlehurst, English conductor and composer (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Chris Mainwaring, Australian footballer and journalist (b. 1965)
  • 2007 – Al Oerter, American discus thrower (b. 1936)
  • 2008 – John Biddle, American cinematographer (b. 1925)
  • 2009 – Cintio Vitier, Cuban poet and author (b. 1921)
  • 2010 – Ian Buxton, English footballer and cricketer (b. 1938)
  • 2011 – Sven Tumba, Swedish ice hockey player and golfer (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Octavio Getino, Spanish-Argentinian director and screenwriter (b. 1935)
  • 2012 – Eric Hobsbawm, Egyptian-English historian and author (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Mark R. Kravitz, American lawyer and judge (b. 1950)
  • 2012 – Moshe Sanbar, Hungarian-Israeli economist and banker (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Shlomo Venezia, Greek-Italian Holocaust survivor and author (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Arnold Burns, American lawyer and politician, 21st United States Deputy Attorney General (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Tom Clancy, American author (b. 1947)
  • 2013 – Imero Fiorentino, American lighting designer (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Israel Gutman, Polish-Israeli historian and author (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Ole Danbolt Mjøs, Norwegian physician, academic, and politician (b. 1939)
  • 2013 – Jim Rountree, American football player and coach (b. 1936)
  • 2014 – Lynsey de Paul, English singer-songwriter, pianist, and actress (b. 1948)
  • 2014 – Shlomo Lahat, Israeli general and politician (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – José Martínez, Cuban-American baseball player and coach (b. 1942)
  • 2014 – Robert Serra, Venezuelan criminologist and politician (b. 1987)
  • 2015 – Božo Bakota, Croatian footballer (b. 1950)
  • 2015 – Don Edwards, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (b. 1915)
  • 2015 – Hadi Norouzi, Iranian footballer (b. 1985)
  • 2015 – Jacob Pressman, American rabbi and academic, co-founded American Jewish University (b. 1919)
  • 2017 – Dave Strader, American sportscaster (b. 1955)
  • 2018 – Charles Aznavour, French-Armenian singer, composer, writer, filmmaker and public figure (b. 1924)
  • 2019 – Karel Gott, Сzeсh singer (b. 1939)

Holidays and observances in October 1

  • Armed Forces Day (South Korea)
  • Beginning of the United States’ Fiscal Year
  • Children’s Day (El Salvador, Guatemala, Sri Lanka); celebrated on the first Friday of October (Singapore), assignation and recognition on the first Wednesday of October (Chile)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Abai (Syriac Orthodox Church)
    • Bavo of Ghent
    • Blessed Edward James
    • Nicetius (Roman Catholic Church)
    • Remigius
    • Thérèse of Lisieux
    • Protection/Patronage of the Theotokos (Eastern Catholic Churches)
    • October 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of Prosecutors (Azerbaijan)
  • Earliest day on which Teacher’s Day can fall, while October 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Sunday of October. (Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Ukraine)
  • Earliest day on which World Habitat Day can fall, while October 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Monday of October. (International)
  • Ground Forces Day (Russia)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Cyprus from United Kingdom in 1960.
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Nigeria from United Kingdom in 1960.
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Palau from the UN Trust Territory status in 1994.
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Tuvalu from United Kingdom in 1978.
  • International Day of Older Persons
  • Lincolnshire Day (United Kingdom)
  • National Day of the People’s Republic of China (People’s Republic of China)
  • Pancasila Sanctity Day (Indonesia)
  • Teacher’s Day (Uzbekistan)
  • Unification Day (Cameroon)

October 2- History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

October 2 is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 90 days remain until the end of the year.

October 2 in history

  • 829 – Theophilos succeeds his father Michael II as Byzantine Emperor.
  • 939 – Battle of Andernach: Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, crushes a rebellion against his rule, by a coalition of Eberhard of Franconia and other Frankish dukes.
  • 1187 – Siege of Jerusalem: Saladin captures Jerusalem after 88 years of Crusader rule.
  • 1263 – The Battle of Largs is fought between Norwegians and Scots.
  • 1470 – The Earl of Warwick’s rebellion forces King Edward IV of England to flee to the Netherlands, restoring Henry VI to the throne.
  • 1528 – William Tyndale publishes The Obedience of a Christian Man, which advocates the divine right of kings.
  • 1535 – Jacques Cartier discovers the present site of Montreal.
  • 1552 – Russo-Kazan Wars: Russian troops enter Kazan.
  • 1780 – American Revolutionary War: John André, a British Army officer, is hanged as a spy by the Continental Army.
  • 1789 – The United States Bill of Rights is sent to the various States for ratification.
  • 1814 – Chilean War of Independence: Royalist troops defeat Chilean forces of Bernardo O’Higgins and José Miguel Carrera.
  • 1835 – Texas Revolution: Mexican troops attempt to disarm the people of Gonzales, but encounter stiff resistance from a hastily assembled militia.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Confederates defeat a Union attack on Saltville, Virginia. A massacre of wounded Union prisoners (most of them are from a Black cavalry unit) ensues.
  • 1870 – A plebiscite held in Rome, supports annexation of city of Rome by the Kingdom of Italy.
  • 1919 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson suffers a massive stroke, leaving him incapacitated for several weeks.
  • 1928 – The “Prelature of the Holy Cross and the Work of God”, commonly known as Opus Dei, is founded.
  • 1937 – Rafael Trujillo orders the execution of Haitians living in the northwestern region of the Dominican Republic.
  • 1941 – World War II: In Operation Typhoon, the Wehrmacht attempts to capture Moscow before the onset of winter.
  • 1942 – World War II: Ocean Liner RMS Queen Mary accidentally rams and sinks HMS Curacoa, killing 337 crewmen aboard Curacoa.
  • 1944 – World War II: German troops end the Warsaw Uprising.
  • 1958 – Guinea declares its independence from France.
  • 1959 – Rod Serling’s anthology series The Twilight Zone premieres on CBS. The first episode is “Where Is Everybody?”
  • 1967 – Thurgood Marshall is sworn in as the first African-American justice of the United States Supreme Court.
  • 1968 – Mexican President Gustavo Díaz Ordaz orders soldiers to suppress a demonstration of unarmed students, ten days before the start of the 1968 Summer Olympics.
  • 1970 – An aircraft carrying the Wichita State University football team, administrators, and supporters crashes in Colorado, killing 31 people.
  • 1980 – Michael Myers becomes the first member of either chamber of Congress to be expelled since the Civil War.
  • 1990 – Xiamen Airlines Flight 8301 is hijacked and lands at Guangzhou, where it crashes into two other airliners on the ground, killing 128.
  • 1992 – Military police storm the Carandiru Penitentiary in São Paulo, Brazil during a prison riot. The resulting massacre leaves 111 prisoners dead.
  • 1996 – Aeroperú Flight 603 crashes into the ocean near Peru, killing all 70 people on board.
  • 1996 – The Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments are signed by U.S. President Bill Clinton.
  • 2000 – The Rijndael algorithm is chosen by NIST as the AES standard.
  • 2002 – The Beltway sniper attacks begin, extending over three weeks.
  • 2004 – The first parkrun, then known as the Bushy Park Time Trial, takes place in Bushy Park, London, UK.
  • 2006 – Five Amish girls are murdered in a shooting at a school in Pennsylvania, United States.
  • 2007 – President Roh Moo-hyun of South Korea goes to North Korea for an Inter-Korean summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong-il.
  • 2016 – Ethiopian protests break out during a festival in the Oromia region, killing dozens of people.

Births in October 2

  • 1452 – Richard III of England (d. 1485)
  • 1470 – Isabella of Aragon, Duchess of Milan (d. 1524)
  • 1470 – Isabella of Aragon, Queen of Portugal, Daughter of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon (d. 1498)
  • 1527 – William Drury, English politician (d. 1579)
  • 1538 – Charles Borromeo, Italian cardinal and saint (d. 1584)
  • 1589 – Muhammad Parviz, Mughal Empire emperor (d. 1626)
  • 1644 – François-Timoléon de Choisy, French historian and author (d. 1724)
  • 1704 – František Tůma, Czech organist and composer (d. 1774)
  • 1718 – Elizabeth Montagu, English author and critic (d. 1800)
  • 1727 – Ignaz Schiffermüller, Austrian entomologist and academic (d. 1806)
  • 1768 – William Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, English general and politician (d. 1854)
  • 1798 – Charles Albert, King of Sardinia (1831–49) (d. 1849)
  • 1800 – Nat Turner, American slave and uprising leader (d. 1831)
  • 1815 – James Agnew, Northern Irish-Australian politician, 16th Premier of Tasmania (d. 1901)
  • 1821 – Alexander P. Stewart, American general (d. 1908)
  • 1824 – Henry C. Lord, American businessman (d. 1884)
  • 1828 – Charles Floquet, French lawyer and politician, 55th Prime Minister of France (d. 1896)
  • 1832 – Edward Burnett Tylor, English anthropologist and academic (d. 1917)
  • 1847 – Paul von Hindenburg, German field marshal and politician, 2nd President of Germany (d. 1934)
  • 1851 – Ferdinand Foch, French field marshal and theorist (d. 1929)
  • 1852 – William Ramsay, Scottish-English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1916)
  • 1854 – Patrick Geddes, Scottish biologist, sociologist, geographer, and philanthropist (d. 1932)
  • 1869 – Mahatma Gandhi, Indian freedom fighter, activist and philosopher (d. 1948)
  • 1871 – Cordell Hull, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 47th United States Secretary of State, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1955)
  • 1871 – Martha Brookes Hutcheson, American landscaper and author (d. 1959)
  • 1873 – Stephen Warfield Gambrill, American lawyer and politician (d. 1924)
  • 1873 – Pelham Warner, English cricketer and manager (d. 1963)
  • 1875 – Pattie Ruffner Jacobs, American suffragist (d. 1935)
  • 1879 – Wallace Stevens, American poet and educator (d. 1955)
  • 1882 – Boris Shaposhnikov, Russian colonel (d. 1945)
  • 1883 – Lesley Ashburner, American hurdler (d. 1950)
  • 1883 – Karl von Terzaghi, Czech-American geologist and engineer (d. 1963)
  • 1890 – Groucho Marx, American comedian and actor (d. 1977)
  • 1893 – Leroy Shield, American composer and conductor (d. 1962)
  • 1895 – Ruth Cheney Streeter, American colonel (d. 1990)
  • 1897 – Bud Abbott, American comedian (d. 1974)
  • 1902 – John G. Crommelin, American admiral and politician (d. 1996)
  • 1902 – Leopold Figl, Austrian engineer and politician, 18th Chancellor of Austria (d. 1965)
  • 1904 – Graham Greene, English novelist, playwright, and critic (d. 1991)
  • 1904 – Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indian academic and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of India (d. 1966)
  • 1905 – Franjo Šeper, Croatian cardinal (d. 1981)
  • 1906 – Thomas Hollway, Australian politician, 36th Premier of Victoria (d. 1971)
  • 1906 – August Komendant, Estonian-American engineer and academic (d. 1992)
  • 1907 – Víctor Paz Estenssoro, Bolivian politician, 52nd President of Bolivia (d. 2001)
  • 1907 – Alexander R. Todd, Scottish-English biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1997)
  • 1909 – Alex Raymond, American cartoonist, creator of Flash Gordon (d. 1956)
  • 1911 – Jack Finney, American author and playwright (d. 1995)
  • 1912 – Frank Malina, American engineer and painter (d. 1981)
  • 1914 – Jack Parsons, American chemist, occultist, and engineer (d. 1952)
  • 1914 – Bernarr Rainbow, English organist, conductor, and historian (d. 1998)
  • 1915 – Chuck Williams, American author and businessman, founded Williams Sonoma (d. 2015)
  • 1917 – Christian de Duve, English-Belgian cytologist and biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
  • 1917 – Charles Drake, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1919 – John W. Duarte, English guitarist and composer (d. 2004)
  • 1919 – Jan Flinterman, Dutch race car driver and pilot (d. 1992)
  • 1921 – Edmund Crispin, English writer and composer (d. 1978)
  • 1921 – Albert Scott Crossfield, American pilot and engineer (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – Robert Runcie, English archbishop (d. 2000)
  • 1925 – Wren Blair, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Jan Morris, English-Welsh historian and author
  • 1928 – George McFarland, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1928 – Wolfhart Pannenberg, Polish-German theologian and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1929 – Peter Bronfman, Canadian businessman (d. 1996)
  • 1929 – Moses Gunn, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1930 – Dave Barrett, Canadian social worker and politician, 26th Premier of British Columbia (d. 2018)
  • 1932 – Maury Wills, American baseball player, manager, and sportscaster
  • 1933 – John Gurdon, English biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1933 – Phill Niblock, American composer and director
  • 1933 – Dave Somerville, Canadian singer (The Diamonds) (d. 2015)
  • 1934 – Richard Scott, Baron Scott of Foscote, South African-English lawyer and judge
  • 1934 – Earl Wilson, American baseball player and coach (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – Omar Sívori, Italian-Argentine footballer and manager (d. 2005)
  • 1936 – Dick Barnett, American basketball player and educator
  • 1936 – Feliciano Belmonte Jr., Filipino lawyer and politician, 20th Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines
  • 1936 – Connie Dierking, American basketball player (d. 2013)
  • 1937 – Johnnie Cochran, American lawyer (d. 2005)
  • 1938 – Nick Gravenites, American singer–songwriter and guitarist
  • 1938 – Waheed Murad, Pakistani actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1983)
  • 1938 – Rex Reed, American film critic
  • 1939 – Budhi Kunderan, Indian cricketer (d. 2006)
  • 1941 – Diana Hendry, English poet and author
  • 1941 – Ron Meagher, American rock bass player
  • 1942 – Steve Sabol, American director and producer, co-founded NFL Films (d. 2012)
  • 1943 – Anna Ford, English journalist and academic
  • 1943 – Franklin Rosemont, American poet, painter, and historian (d. 2009)
  • 1943 – Henri Szeps, Australian actor
  • 1944 – Vernor Vinge, American computer scientist and author
  • 1944 – Ton Koopman, Dutch conductor, organist, and harpsichordist
  • 1945 – Martin Hellman, American cryptographer and academic
  • 1945 – Don McLean, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1946 – Sonthi Boonyaratglin, Thai general and politician
  • 1946 – Peter Kellner, English journalist and author
  • 1947 – Ward Churchill, American author and activist
  • 1947 – Paul Jackson, English director and producer
  • 1948 – Trevor Brooking, English footballer and manager
  • 1948 – Avery Brooks, American actor and singer
  • 1948 – Donna Karan, American fashion designer, founded DKNY
  • 1948 – Siim Kallas, Estonian soldier and politician, 13th Prime Minister of Estonia
  • 1948 – Persis Khambatta, Indian model and actress, Femina Miss India 1965 (d. 1998)
  • 1948 – Chris LeDoux, American singer-songwriter and sculptor (d. 2005)
  • 1949 – Richard Hell, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1949 – Annie Leibovitz, American photographer
  • 1950 – Mike Rutherford, English guitarist and songwriter
  • 1951 – Sting, English singer-songwriter, bass player, and actor
  • 1952 – Jan Švejnar, Czech-American economist and politician
  • 1953 – Vanessa Bell Armstrong, American singer
  • 1953 – Muhammad Abdul Bari, Bangladeshi-English physicist and academic
  • 1954 – Lorraine Bracco, American actress and producer
  • 1955 – Philip Oakey, English singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer
  • 1955 – Nancy Rothwell, English physiologist and academic
  • 1956 – Peter Bruce, Scottish chemist and academic
  • 1956 – Freddie Jackson, American soul singer
  • 1956 – Viatcheslav Mukhanov, Russian-German cosmologist and physicist
  • 1957 – John Cook, American golfer
  • 1957 – Wade Dooley, English rugby player and police officer
  • 1957 – Dave Faulkner, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1957 – Kate St John, English singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1958 – Robbie Nevil, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1959 – Luis Fernández, French footballer and manager
  • 1960 – Glenn Anderson, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1960 – Django Bates, English pianist and composer
  • 1960 – Johan Lammerts, Dutch cyclist
  • 1960 – Joe Sacco, American journalist and cartoonist
  • 1960 – Tom Schweich, American lawyer and politician, 36th State Auditor of Missouri (d. 2015)
  • 1960 – Dereck Whittenburg, American basketball player and coach
  • 1961 – Jaan Toomik, Estonian director and producer
  • 1962 – James Hunter, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1962 – Mark Rypien, Canadian-American football player
  • 1963 – Keith Bradshaw, Australian cricketer and accountant
  • 1964 – Dirk Brinkmann, German field hockey player
  • 1965 – Darren Cahill, Australian tennis player and coach
  • 1965 – Tom Moody, Australian cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1967 – Frankie Fredericks, Namibian sprinter
  • 1967 – Gary L. Gregg, American political scientist, author, and academic
  • 1967 – Thomas Muster, Austrian tennis player
  • 1967 – Gillian Welch, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1968 – Victoria Derbyshire, English journalist and radio host
  • 1968 – Benjie Paras, Filipino basketball player and actor
  • 1968 – Jeff Martin, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1968 – Jana Novotná, Czech tennis player and sportscaster (d. 2017)
  • 1968 – Glen Wesley, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1968 – Kelly Willis, American country music singer-songwriter
  • 1969 – Badly Drawn Boy, English indie singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist
  • 1969 – Mitch English, American talk show host, comedian, weatherman
  • 1970 – Eddie Guardado, American baseball player and coach
  • 1970 – Patricia O’Callaghan, Canadian soprano and producer
  • 1970 – Kelly Ripa, American actress, producer, and talk show host
  • 1970 – Maribel Verdú, Spanish actress
  • 1971 – Tiffany Darwish, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1971 – Jim Root, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1972 – Aaron McKie, American basketball player and coach
  • 1973 – Melissa Harris-Perry, American journalist, author, and educator
  • 1973 – Lene Nystrøm, Norwegian singer-songwriter
  • 1973 – Proof, American rapper and actor (d. 2006)
  • 1973 – Scott Schoeneweis, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Maria Wetterstrand, Swedish politician
  • 1974 – Adel Ferdosipour, Iranian journalist and sportscaster
  • 1974 – Bjarke Ingels, Danish architect
  • 1974 – Brian Knight, American baseball player and umpire
  • 1974 – Michelle Krusiec, Taiwanese-American actress and producer
  • 1974 – Matthew Nicholson, Australian cricketer
  • 1974 – Mark Porter, New Zealand race car driver (d. 2006)
  • 1974 – Sam Roberts, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1974 – Paul Teutul Jr., American motorcycle designer, co-founded Orange County Choppers
  • 1974 – Kevin Van De Wege, American firefighter and politician
  • 1975 – Baiba Broka, Latvian politician
  • 1976 – Mark Chilton, English cricketer
  • 1976 – John Thornton, American football player
  • 1977 – Didier Défago, Swiss skier
  • 1978 – Ayumi Hamasaki, Japanese singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1978 – Matthew Hancock, English economist and politician, Minister for the Cabinet Office
  • 1979 – Primož Brezec, Slovenian basketball player
  • 1979 – Francisco Fonseca, Mexican footballer
  • 1979 – Maja Ivarsson, Swedish singer-songwriter
  • 1980 – Shane Andrus, American football player
  • 1981 – Ridzuan Fatah Hasan, Singaporean footballer
  • 1981 – Santi Kolk, Dutch footballer
  • 1981 – Luke Wilkshire, Australian footballer
  • 1982 – Tyson Chandler, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Esra Gümüş, Turkish volleyball player
  • 1982 – George Pettit, Canadian singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1982 – Gary Wilkinson, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Marion Bartoli, French tennis player
  • 1985 – Çağlar Birinci, Turkish footballer
  • 1985 – Buster Davis, American football player
  • 1985 – Brandon Jackson, American football player
  • 1986 – Camilla Belle, American actress
  • 1987 – Bojana Bobusic, Australian tennis player
  • 1987 – Joe Ingles, Australian basketball player
  • 1987 – Phil Kessel, American ice hockey player
  • 1987 – Joel Reinders, American football player
  • 1987 – Ricky Stenhouse Jr., American race car driver
  • 1988 – Brittany Howard, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1989 – Aaron Hicks, American baseball player
  • 1989 – George Nash, English rower
  • 1989 – Janine Gutierrez, Filipino actress
  • 1990 – Dean Bouzanis, Australian footballer
  • 1991 – Roberto Firmino, Brazilian footballer
  • 1991 – Jeanjos Parfait, Burundian musician
  • 1992 – Sirje Roops, Estonian footballer
  • 1993 – Michy Batshuayi, Belgian footballer
  • 1993 – Aaro Vainio, Finnish race car driver
  • 1994 – Joana Eidukonytė, Lithuanian tennis player
  • 1995 – Te Maire Martin, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1995 – Tepai Moeroa, Cook Islands rugby league player
  • 1996 – Tom Trbojevic, Australian rugby league player
  • 1997 – Hana Sugisaki, Japanese actress
  • 2002 – Jacob Sartorius, American singer

Deaths in October 2

  • 534 – Athalaric, Italian king (b. 516)
  • 829 – Michael II, Byzantine emperor (b. 770)
  • 939 – Eberhard III, duke of Franconia
  • 939 – Gilbert, Duke of Lorraine (b. 890)
  • 1264 – Pope Urban IV
  • 1348 – Alice de Lacy, 4th Countess of Lincoln (b. 1281)
  • 1559 – Jacquet of Mantua, French-Italian composer (b. 1483)
  • 1588 – Bernardino Telesio, Italian philosopher and scientist (b. 1509)
  • 1626 – Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, 1st Count of Gondomar, Spanish academic and diplomat (b. 1567)
  • 1629 – Antonio Cifra, Italian composer (b. 1584)
  • 1629 – Pierre de Bérulle, French cardinal and theologian (b. 1575)
  • 1678 – Wu Sangui, Qing Chinese general (b. 1612)
  • 1685 – David Teniers III, Flemish painter (b. 1638)
  • 1708 – Anne Jules de Noailles, French general (b. 1650)
  • 1709 – Ivan Mazepa, Ukrainian diplomat (b. 1639)
  • 1724 – François-Timoléon de Choisy, French historian and author (b. 1644)
  • 1746 – Josiah Burchett, English admiral and politician (b. 1666)
  • 1764 – William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1720)
  • 1775 – Fukuda Chiyo-ni, Japanese nun and poet (b. 1703)
  • 1780 – John André, English soldier (b. 1750)
  • 1782 – Charles Lee, English-born American general (b. 1732)
  • 1786 – Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel, English admiral and politician (b. 1725)
  • 1803 – Samuel Adams, American philosopher and politician, 4th Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1722)
  • 1804 – Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, French engineer (b. 1725)
  • 1850 – Sarah Biffen, English painter (b. 1784)
  • 1853 – François Arago, French mathematician, physicist, astronomer, and politician, 25th Prime Minister of France (b. 1786)
  • 1920 – Max Bruch, German composer and conductor (b. 1838)
  • 1927 – Svante Arrhenius, Swedish physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1859)
  • 1938 – Alexandru Averescu, Romanian field marshal and politician, 24th Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1859)
  • 1938 – André Lagache, French race car driver and engineer (b. 1885)
  • 1943 – John Evans, English-Australian politician, 21st Premier of Tasmania (b. 1855)
  • 1947 – P. D. Ouspensky, Russian-English mathematician and philosopher (b. 1878)
  • 1953 – John Marin, American painter (b. 1870)
  • 1955 – Humphrey Barclay, English priest (b. 1882)
  • 1955 – William Orthwein, American swimmer and water polo player (b. 1881)
  • 1962 – Boris Yakovlevich Bukreev, Russian mathematician and author (b. 1859)
  • 1968 – Marcel Duchamp, French painter and sculptor (b. 1887)
  • 1971 – Jessie Arms Botke, American painter (b. 1883)
  • 1973 – Paul Hartman, American actor and dancer (b. 1904)
  • 1973 – Paavo Nurmi, Finnish runner (b. 1897)
  • 1974 – Vasily Shukshin, Russian actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 1975 – K. Kamaraj, Indian lawyer and politician (b. 1903)
  • 1981 – Harry Golden, American journalist and author (b. 1902)
  • 1981 – Hazel Scott, Trinidadian-American activist, actress, and musician (b. 1920)
  • 1985 – Rock Hudson, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 1987 – Madeleine Carroll, English actress (b. 1906)
  • 1987 – Peter Medawar, Brazilian-English biologist and zoologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)
  • 1988 – Alec Issigonis, Greek-English car designer, designed the Mini (b. 1906)
  • 1988 – Hamengkubuwono IX, Indonesian politician, 2nd Vice President of Indonesia (b. 1912)
  • 1991 – Hazen Argue, Canadian politician (b. 1921)
  • 1991 – Demetrios I of Constantinople (b. 1914)
  • 1994 – Harriet Nelson, American actress and singer (b. 1909)
  • 1996 – Robert Bourassa, Canadian lawyer and politician, 22nd Premier of Quebec (b. 1933)
  • 1996 – Andrey Lukanov, Bulgarian lawyer and politician, 40th Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1938)
  • 1998 – Gene Autry, American actor, singer, and guitarist (b. 1907)
  • 1998 – Olivier Gendebien, Belgian race car driver (b. 1924)
  • 1999 – Heinz G. Konsalik, German journalist and author (b. 1921)
  • 2000 – David Tonkin, Australian politician, 38th Premier of South Australia (b. 1929)
  • 2001 – Franz Biebl, German composer and academic (b. 1906)
  • 2002 – Heinz von Foerster, Austrian-American physicist and philosopher (b. 1911)
  • 2003 – John Thomas Dunlop, American scholar and politician, 14th United States Secretary of Labor (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Nipsey Russell, American comedian and actor (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – August Wilson, American author and playwright (b. 1945)
  • 2006 – Helen Chenoweth-Hage, American politician (b. 1938)
  • 2006 – Paul Halmos, Hungarian-American mathematician (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Tex Coulter, American football player (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Christopher Derrick, English author and critic (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – George Grizzard, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Dan Keating, Irish Republican Army volunteer (b. 1902)
  • 2007 – Tawn Mastrey, American radio host and producer (b. 1954)
  • 2010 – Kwa Geok Choo, Singaporean lawyer and scholar (b. 1920)
  • 2011 – Peter L. Benson, American psychologist and academic (b. 1946)
  • 2012 – Nguyễn Chí Thiện, Vietnamese-American poet and activist (b. 1939)
  • 2012 – Charles Roach, Trinidadian-Canadian lawyer and activist (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – J. Philippe Rushton, English-Canadian psychologist, theorist, academic (b. 1943)
  • 2013 – Gottfried Fischer, German psychologist, therapist, and academic (b. 1944)
  • 2013 – Herman Hugg, American painter and sculptor (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Jonathan Kaufer, American director and screenwriter (b. 1955)
  • 2013 – Abraham Nemeth, American mathematician and academic (b. 1918)
  • 2013 – Kaare Ørnung, Norwegian pianist and educator (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Robert Flower, Australian footballer (b. 1955)
  • 2014 – Vaughn O. Lang, American general (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Frederic Tamler Sommers, American philosopher and academic (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Eric Arturo Delvalle, Panamanian lawyer and politician, President of Panama (b. 1937)
  • 2015 – Brian Friel, Irish author, playwright, and director (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Rodolfo Frigeri, Argentinian economist and politician, Argentinian Minister of Finance (b. 1942)
  • 2015 – Coleridge Goode, Jamaican-English bassist and composer (b. 1914)
  • 2015 – James Mutende, Ugandan veterinarian, economist, and politician (b. 1962)
  • 2015 – Johnny Paton, Scottish footballer, coach, and manager (b. 1923)
  • 2016 – Neville Marriner, British conductor (b. 1924)
  • 2016 – Gary Reed, American comic book writer (b. 1956)
  • 2017 – Tom Petty, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1950)

Holidays and observances in October 2

  • Batik Day (Indonesia)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Memorial of the Holy Guardian Angels
    • Leodegar
    • October 2 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Gandhi’s birthday-related observances:
    • Gandhi Jayanti (India)
    • International Day of Non-Violence
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Guinea from France in 1958.
  • National Grandparents Day (Italy)

October 3- History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 89 days remain until the end of the year.

October 3 in history

  • 2457 BC – Gaecheonjeol, Hwanung (환웅) purportedly descended from heaven. South Korea’s National Foundation Day.
  • 52 BC – Vercingetorix, leader of the Gauls, surrenders to the Romans under Julius Caesar, ending the siege and battle of Alesia.
  • 42 BC – Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fight a decisive battle with Caesar’s assassins Brutus and Cassius.
  • 382 – Roman Emperor Theodosius I concludes a peace treaty with the Goths and settles them in the Balkans.
  • 1283 – Dafydd ap Gruffydd, prince of Gwynedd in Wales, is the first nobleman to be executed by hanging, drawing and quartering.
  • 1392 – Muhammed VII becomes the twelfth sultan of the Emirate of Granada.
  • 1574 – The Siege of Leiden is lifted by the Watergeuzen.
  • 1683 – Qing dynasty naval commander Shi Lang receives the surrender of the Tungning kingdom on Taiwan after the Battle of Penghu.
  • 1712 – The Duke of Montrose issues a warrant for the arrest of Rob Roy MacGregor.
  • 1739 – The Treaty of Niš is signed by the Ottoman Empire and Russia at the end of the Russian–Turkish War.
  • 1789 – George Washington proclaims a Thanksgiving Day for that year.
  • 1792 – A militia departs from the Spanish stronghold of Valdivia to quell a Huilliche uprising in southern Chile.
  • 1795 – Slave rebel leader Tula is executed in Curaçao.
  • 1863 – The last Thursday in November is declared as Thanksgiving Day by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln.
  • 1873 – Chief Kintpuash and companions are hanged for their part in the Modoc War of northern California.
  • 1912 – U.S. forces defeat Nicaraguan rebels at the Battle of Coyotepe Hill.
  • 1918 – King Boris III of Bulgaria accedes to the throne.
  • 1919 – Cincinnati Reds pitcher Adolfo Luque becomes the first Latin player to appear in a World Series.
  • 1929 – The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes is renamed to Yugoslavia by King Alexander I.
  • 1930 – The German Socialist Labour Party in Poland – Left is founded.
  • 1932 – Iraq gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1935 – Second Italo-Abyssinian War: Italy invades Ethiopia.
  • 1942 – A German V-2 rocket reaches a record 85 km (46 nm) in altitude.
  • 1943 – World War II: German forces murder 92 civilians in Lyngiades, Greece.
  • 1949 – WERD, the first black-owned radio station in the United States, opens in Atlanta.
  • 1951 – Korean War: The First Battle of Maryang San pits Commonwealth troops against communist Chinese troops.
  • 1952 – The United Kingdom successfully tests a nuclear weapon to become the world’s third nuclear power.
  • 1957 – The California State Superior Court rules that the book Howl and Other Poems is not obscene.
  • 1962 – Project Mercury: Wally Schirra in Sigma 7 launched from Cape Canaveral for a six-orbit flight.
  • 1963 – A violent coup in Honduras begins two decades of military rule.
  • 1978 – A Finnish Air Force DC-3 crashes, killing all 15 people on board.
  • 1981 – The hunger strike at the Maze Prison in Northern Ireland ends after seven months and ten deaths.
  • 1985 – The Space Shuttle Atlantis makes its maiden flight.
  • 1986 – TASCC, a superconducting cyclotron at the Chalk River Laboratories in Canada, is officially opened.
  • 1989 – A coup in Panama City is suppressed and 11 participants are executed.
  • 1990 – The German Democratic Republic is abolished and becomes part of the Federal Republic of Germany.
  • 1991 – Nadine Gordimer is announced as the winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature.
  • 1993 – An American attack against a warlord in Mogadishu fails; eighteen US soldiers and over 350 Somalis die.
  • 1995 – The O. J. Simpson murder case ended with a verdict of not guilty.
  • 2008 – The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 for the U.S. financial system is signed by President George W. Bush.
  • 2009 – Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Turkey join together in the Turkic Council.
  • 2010 – The 19th Commonwealth Games commence in Delhi.
  • 2013 – At least 360 migrants are killed when their boat sinks near the Italian island of Lampedusa.
  • 2015 – Forty-two are killed and 33 go missing in the Kunduz hospital airstrike.

Births in October 3

  • 85 BC – Gaius Cassius Longinus, Roman politician (d. 42 BC)
  • 1292 – Eleanor de Clare, English noblewoman (d. 1337)
  • 1390 – Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (d. 1447)
  • 1458 – Saint Casimir, Prince of Poland and Duke of Lithuania (d. 1484)
  • 1554 – Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke, English poet (d. 1628)
  • 1610 – Gabriel Lalemant, French-Canadian missionary and saint (d. 1649)
  • 1631 – Sebastian Anton Scherer, German organist and composer (d. 1712)
  • 1713 – Antoine Dauvergne, French violinist and composer (d. 1797)
  • 1716 – Giovanni Battista Beccaria, Italian physicist and academic (d. 1781)
  • 1720 – Johann Uz, German poet and judge (d. 1796)
  • 1790 – John Ross, American tribal chief (d. 1866)
  • 1797 – Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1870)
  • 1800 – George Bancroft, American historian and politician, 17th United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1891)
  • 1804 – Townsend Harris, American merchant, politician, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Japan (d. 1878)
  • 1804 – Allan Kardec, French author, translator, educator and founder of modern Spiritism (d. 1869)
  • 1828 – Woldemar Bargiel, German composer and educator (d. 1897)
  • 1837 – Nicolás Avellaneda, Argentinian journalist and politician, 8th President of Argentina (d. 1885)
  • 1846 – James Jackson Putnam, American neurologist and academic (d. 1918)
  • 1848 – Henry Lerolle, French painter and art collector (d. 1929)
  • 1858 – Eleonora Duse, Italian-American actress (d. 1924)
  • 1862 – Johnny Briggs, English cricketer and rugby player (d. 1902)
  • 1863 – Pyotr Kozlov, Russian archaeologist and explorer (d. 1935)
  • 1865 – Gustave Loiseau, French painter (d. 1935)
  • 1866 – Josephine Sabel, American singer & comedian (d. 1945)
  • 1867 – Pierre Bonnard, French painter (d. 1947)
  • 1869 – Alfred Flatow, German gymnast (d. 1942)
  • 1875 – Dr. Atl, Mexican painter (d. 1964)
  • 1879 – Warner Oland, Swedish-American actor and singer (d. 1938)
  • 1882 – A. Y. Jackson, Canadian painter and academic (d. 1974)
  • 1885 – Sophie Treadwell, American playwright and journalist (d. 1970)
  • 1886 – Alain-Fournier, French soldier, author, and critic (d. 1914)
  • 1888 – Wade Boteler, American actor and screenwriter (d. 1943)
  • 1889 – Carl von Ossietzky, German journalist and activist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1938)
  • 1890 – Emilio Portes Gil, Mexican politician, President of Mexico 1928-1930 (d. 1978)
  • 1894 – Elmer Robinson, American lawyer and politician, 33rd Mayor of San Francisco (d. 1982)
  • 1894 – Walter Warlimont, German general (d. 1976)
  • 1895 – Giovanni Comisso, Italian author and poet (d. 1969)
  • 1895 – Sergei Yesenin, Russian poet (d. 1925)
  • 1896 – Auvergne Doherty, Australian businesswoman (d. 1961)
  • 1896 – Gerardo Diego, Spanish poet and critic (d. 1987)
  • 1897 – Louis Aragon, French author and poet (d. 1982)
  • 1898 – Leo McCarey, American director and screenwriter (d. 1969)
  • 1898 – Adolf Reichwein, German economist and educator (d. 1944)
  • 1899 – Gertrude Berg, American actress, screenwriter and producer (d. 1966)
  • 1900 – Thomas Wolfe, American novelist (d. 1938)
  • 1901 – Jean Grémillon, French director, composer, and screenwriter (d. 1959)
  • 1904 – Ernst-Günther Schenck, German colonel and physician (d. 1998)
  • 1905 – Tekin Arıburun, Turkish soldier and politician, President of Turkey (d. 1993)
  • 1906 – Natalie Savage Carlson, American author (d. 1997)
  • 1908 – Johnny Burke, American songwriter (d. 1964)
  • 1911 – Michael Hordern, English actor (d. 1995)
  • 1915 – Ray Stark, American film producer (d. 2004)
  • 1916 – James Herriot, English veterinarian and author (d. 1995)
  • 1919 – James M. Buchanan, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
  • 1921 – Ray Lindwall, Australian cricketer and soldier (d. 1996)
  • 1923 – Edward Oliver LeBlanc, Dominican lawyer and politician, 1st Premier of Dominica (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Harvey Kurtzman, American cartoonist (d. 1993)
  • 1924 – Arkady Vorobyov, Russian weightlifter and coach (d. 2012)
  • 1925 – Gore Vidal, American novelist, screenwriter, and critic (d. 2012)
  • 1925 – George Wein, American pianist and producer, co-founded the Newport Folk Festival
  • 1928 – Erik Bruhn, Danish dancer and choreographer (d. 1986)
  • 1928 – Edward L. Moyers, American businessman (d. 2006)
  • 1928 – Shridath Ramphal, Guyanese academic and politician, 2nd Commonwealth Secretary-General
  • 1931 – Glenn Hall, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1932 – Terence English, South African-English surgeon and academic
  • 1933 – Neale Fraser, Australian tennis player
  • 1934 – Benjamin Boretz, American composer and theorist
  • 1934 – Miguel-Ángel Cárdenas, Colombian-Dutch painter and illustrator (d. 2015)
  • 1934 – Harold Henning, South African golfer (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Simon Nicholson, English sculptor and painter (d. 1990)
  • 1935 – Charles Duke, American general, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1936 – Steve Reich, American composer
  • 1938 – Eddie Cochran, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (d. 1960)
  • 1938 – David Hart Dyke, English captain
  • 1938 – Jack Hodgins, Canadian author and academic
  • 1938 – Dave Obey, American lawyer and politician
  • 1939 – Bob Armstrong, American wrestler and trainer
  • 1940 – Alan O’Day, American singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1940 – Jean Ratelle, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1940 – Mike Troy, American swimmer (d. 2019)
  • 1941 – Chubby Checker, American singer-songwriter
  • 1941 – Andrea de Adamich, Italian race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1941 – John Elliott, Australian businessman
  • 1943 – Jeff Bingaman, American soldier and politician, 25th Attorney General of New Mexico
  • 1943 – Baki İlkin, Turkish civil servant and diplomat
  • 1944 – Pierre Deligne, Belgian mathematician and academic
  • 1944 – Roy Horn, German-American magician and actor
  • 1945 – Tony Brown, English footballer and sportscaster
  • 1945 – Christopher Bruce, English dancer and choreographer
  • 1945 – Jo Ritzen, Dutch economist and politician, Dutch Minister of Education
  • 1946 – P. P. Arnold, American soul singer
  • 1947 – John Perry Barlow, American poet, songwriter, blogger, and activist (d. 2018)
  • 1947 – Ben Cauley, American trumpet player and songwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1947 – Fred DeLuca, American businessman (d. 2015)
  • 1947 – Anne Dorte of Rosenborg (d. 2014)
  • 1947 – Takis Michalos, Greek water polo player and coach (d. 2010)
  • 1949 – Lindsey Buckingham, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1949 – J. P. Dutta, Indian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1949 – Aleksandr Rogozhkin, Russian director and screenwriter
  • 1949 – Laurie Simmons, American photographer and director
  • 1950 – Ronnie Laws, American jazz, R&B, and funk saxophone player
  • 1951 – Keb’ Mo’, American blues musician and songwriter
  • 1951 – Kathryn D. Sullivan, American geologist and astronaut
  • 1951 – Dave Winfield, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1952 – Bruce Arians, American football coach
  • 1952 – Gary Troup, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1954 – Eddie DeGarmo, American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer
  • 1954 – Dennis Eckersley, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1954 – Al Sharpton, American minister, talk show host, and political activist
  • 1954 – Stevie Ray Vaughan, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 1990)
  • 1955 – Moshe Kam, American engineering educator
  • 1955 – John S. Lesmeister, American educator and politician, 30th North Dakota State Treasurer (d. 2006)
  • 1955 – Allen Woody, American bass player and songwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1955 – Buket Uzuner, Turkish author
  • 1956 – Hart Bochner, Canadian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1957 – Roberto Azevêdo, Brazilian engineer and diplomat, 6th Director-General of the World Trade Organization
  • 1957 – Tim Westwood, English radio and television host
  • 1958 – Chen Yanyin, Chinese sculptor
  • 1958 – Louise Lecavalier, Canadian dancer and choreographer
  • 1959 – Craig Bellamy, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1959 – Fred Couples, American golfer
  • 1959 – Greg Proops, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1959 – Jack Wagner, American actor and singer
  • 1961 – Rebecca Stephens, English journalist and mountaineer
  • 1961 – Ludger Stühlmeyer, German cantor, composer, and musicologist
  • 1962 – Tommy Lee, Greek-American singer-songwriter, drummer, and producer
  • 1962 – Simon Scarrow, Nigerian-English novelist
  • 1963 – Benny Anders, American basketball player
  • 1963 – Dan Goldie, American tennis player
  • 1964 – Clive Owen, English actor
  • 1965 – Annemarie Verstappen, Dutch swimmer
  • 1965 – Jan-Ove Waldner, Swedish table tennis player
  • 1966 – Darrin Fletcher, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1967 – Rob Liefeld, American author and illustrator
  • 1967 – Chris Collingwood, English-American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1968 – Paul Crichton, English footballer and manager
  • 1968 – Greg Foster, American basketball player and coach
  • 1968 – Marko Rajamäki, Finnish footballer and manager
  • 1968 – Donald Sild, Estonian javelin thrower
  • 1969 – Garry Herbert, English rower and sportscaster
  • 1969 – Gwen Stefani, American singer-songwriter, actress, and fashion designer
  • 1969 – Tetsuya, Japanese singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer
  • 1970 – Elmar Liitmaa, Estonian guitarist and songwriter
  • 1970 – Jimmy Ray, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1971 – Wil Cordero, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and coach
  • 1971 – Kevin Richardson, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1972 – Komla Dumor, Ghanaian-English journalist (d. 2014)
  • 1972 – G. Love, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and harmonica player
  • 1972 – Guy Oseary, Israeli–American talent manager and businessman
  • 1973 – Neve Campbell, Canadian actress and producer
  • 1973 – Angélica Gavaldón, American-Mexican tennis player and coach
  • 1973 – Lena Headey, British actress
  • 1973 – Eirik Hegdal, Norwegian saxophonist and composer
  • 1974 – Mike Johnson, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1974 – Marianne Timmer, Dutch speed skater
  • 1975 – India Arie, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1975 – Phil Greening, English rugby player and coach
  • 1975 – Satoko Ishimine, Japanese singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1976 – Herman Li, Hong Kong-English guitarist and producer
  • 1976 – Seann William Scott, American actor and producer
  • 1977 – Daniel Hollie, American wrestler
  • 1977 – Eric Munson, American baseball player and coach
  • 1977 – Luca Tognozzi, Italian footballer
  • 1978 – Gerald Asamoah, Ghanaian-German footballer
  • 1978 – Neil Clement, English footballer
  • 1978 – Claudio Pizarro, Peruvian footballer
  • 1978 – Jake Shears, American singer-songwriter
  • 1979 – Josh Klinghoffer, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1979 – John Morrison, American wrestler and actor
  • 1979 – Danny O’Donoghue, Irish singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1980 – Anquan Boldin, American football player
  • 1980 – Sheldon Brookbank, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Lindsey Kelk, English journalist and author
  • 1980 – Héctor Reynoso, Mexican footballer
  • 1980 – Ivan Turina, Croatian footballer (d. 2013)
  • 1981 – Danny Coid, English footballer
  • 1981 – Zlatan Ibrahimović, Swedish footballer
  • 1981 – Andreas Isaksson, Swedish footballer
  • 1981 – Jonna Lee, Swedish singer and musician
  • 1981 – Ronald Rauhe, German kayaker
  • 1981 – Matt Sparrow, English footballer
  • 1983 – Fred, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Thiago Alves, Brazilian mixed martial artist
  • 1983 – Andreas Papathanasiou, Cypriot footballer
  • 1983 – Tessa Thompson, American actress
  • 1984 – Yoon Eun-hye, South Korean singer and actress
  • 1984 – Bruno Gervais, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Jessica Parker Kennedy, Canadian actress
  • 1984 – Anthony Le Tallec, French footballer
  • 1984 – Ashlee Simpson, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1985 – Courtney Lee, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Lewis Brown, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1986 – Jackson Martínez, Colombian footballer
  • 1987 – Robert Grabarz, English high jumper
  • 1987 – Martin Plowman, English race car driver
  • 1987 – Starley, Australian pop singer
  • 1988 – Alicia Vikander, Swedish actress
  • 1988 – Dustin Gazley, American ice hockey player
  • 1988 – ASAP Rocky, American rapper and songwriter
  • 1989 – Nate Montana, American football player
  • 1989 – Alex Trimble, Irish singer
  • 1990 – Johan Le Bon, French cyclist
  • 1991 – Jenny McLoughlin, English sprinter
  • 1991 – Aki Takajo, Japanese singer
  • 1993 – Raffaele Di Gennaro, Italian footballer
  • 1994 – Victoria Bosio, Argentinian tennis player
  • 1995 – Lil Tracy, American rapper
  • 1997 – Jin Boyang, Chinese figure skater

Deaths in October 3

  • 42 BC – Gaius Cassius Longinus, Roman politician (b. 85 BC)
  • 818 – Ermengarde, queen of the Franks
  • 900 – Muhammad ibn Zayd, Tabaristan emir
  • 959 – Gérard of Brogne, Frankish abbot
  • 1078 – Iziaslav I of Kiev (b. 1024)
  • 1226 – Francis of Assisi, Italian friar and saint (b. 1181)
  • 1283 – Dafydd ap Gruffydd, Welsh prince (b. 1238)
  • 1369 – Margaret, Countess of Tyrol (b. 1318)
  • 1399 – Eleanor de Bohun, English noble (b. 1360)
  • 1568 – Elisabeth of Valois (b. 1545)
  • 1596 – Florent Chrestien, French poet (b. 1541)
  • 1611 – Charles, Duke of Mayenne (b. 1554)
  • 1629 – Giorgi Saakadze, Georgian commander and politician (b. 1570)
  • 1649 – Giovanni Diodati, Swiss-Italian clergyman and theologian (b. 1576)
  • 1653 – Marcus Zuerius van Boxhorn, Dutch linguist and academic (b. 1612)
  • 1656 – Myles Standish, English captain (b. 1584)
  • 1690 – Robert Barclay, Scottish theologian and politician, 2nd Governor of East Jersey (b. 1648)
  • 1701 – Joseph Williamson, English politician, Secretary of State for the Northern Department (b. 1633)
  • 1801 – Philippe Henri, marquis de Ségur, French general and politician, French Minister of Defence (b. 1724)
  • 1833 – François, marquis de Chasseloup-Laubat, French general and engineer (b. 1754)
  • 1838 – Black Hawk, American tribal leader (b. 1767)
  • 1860 – Rembrandt Peale, American painter and curator (b. 1778)
  • 1867 – Elias Howe, American engineer, invented the sewing machine (b. 1819)
  • 1873 – Kintpuash, American tribal leader (b. 1837)
  • 1877 – James Roosevelt Bayley, American archbishop (b. 1814)
  • 1877 – Rómulo Díaz de la Vega, Mexican general and president (1855) (b. 1800)
  • 1881 – Orson Pratt, American mathematician and religious leader (b. 1811)
  • 1890 – Joseph Hergenröther, German historian and cardinal (b. 1824)
  • 1891 – Édouard Lucas, French mathematician and theorist (b. 1842)
  • 1896 – William Morris, English author and poet (b. 1834)
  • 1907 – Jacob Nash Victor, American engineer (b. 1835)
  • 1911 – Rosetta Jane Birks, Australian suffragist (b. 1856)
  • 1917 – Eduardo Di Capua, Neapolitan composer, singer and songwriter (b. 1865)
  • 1929 – Jeanne Eagels, American actress (b. 1894)
  • 1929 – Gustav Stresemann, German politician, Chancellor of Germany, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1878)
  • 1931 – Carl Nielsen, Danish violinist, composer, and conductor (b. 1865)
  • 1936 – John Heisman, American football player and coach (b. 1869)
  • 1953 – Arnold Bax, English composer and poet (b. 1883)
  • 1959 – Tochigiyama Moriya, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 27th Yokozuna (b. 1892)
  • 1963 – Refet Bele, Turkish general (b. 1877)
  • 1965 – Zachary Scott, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1966 – Rolf Maximilian Sievert, Swedish physicist and academic (b. 1896)
  • 1967 – Woody Guthrie, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1912)
  • 1967 – Malcolm Sargent, English organist, composer, and conductor (b. 1895)
  • 1969 – Skip James, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1902)
  • 1979 – Nicos Poulantzas, Greek-French sociologist and philosopher (b. 1936)
  • 1980 – Friedrich Karm, Estonian footballer (b. 1907)
  • 1981 – Anna Hedvig Büll, Estonian-German missionary (b. 1887)
  • 1986 – Vince DiMaggio, American baseball player and manager (b. 1912)
  • 1987 – Jean Anouilh, French playwright and screenwriter (b. 1910)
  • 1987 – Kalervo Palsa, Finnish painter (b. 1947)
  • 1988 – Franz Josef Strauss, Bavarian lieutenant and politician, Minister President of Bavaria (b. 1915)
  • 1990 – Stefano Casiraghi, Italian-Monegasque businessman (b. 1960)
  • 1990 – Eleanor Steber, American soprano and educator (b. 1914)
  • 1993 – Katerina Gogou, Greek actress, poet, and author (b. 1940)
  • 1993 – Gary Gordon, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1960)
  • 1993 – Randy Shughart, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1958)
  • 1994 – John C. Champion, American producer and screenwriter (b. 1923)
  • 1994 – Dub Taylor, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1995 – Ma. Po. Si., Indian author and politician (b. 1906)
  • 1997 – Michael Adekunle Ajasin, Nigerian politician, 3rd Governor of Ondo State (b. 1908)
  • 1998 – Roddy McDowall, English-American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1999 – Akio Morita, Japanese businessman, co-founded Sony (b. 1921)
  • 2000 – Benjamin Orr, American singer-songwriter and bass player (b. 1947)
  • 2001 – Costas Hajihristos, Greek actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1921)
  • 2002 – Bruce Paltrow, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1943)
  • 2003 – Florence Stanley, American actress (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – William Steig, American sculptor, author, and illustrator (b. 1907)
  • 2004 – John Cerutti, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1960)
  • 2004 – Janet Leigh, American actress (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Ronnie Barker, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Nurettin Ersin, Turkish general (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – Lucilla Andrews, Egyptian-Scottish nurse and author (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – John Crank, English mathematician and physicist (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Peter Norman, Australian runner (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Alberto Ramento, Filipino bishop (b. 1937)
  • 2007 – M. N. Vijayan, Indian journalist, author, and academic (b. 1930)
  • 2009 – Vladimir Beekman, Estonian poet and translator (b. 1929)
  • 2009 – Olga Dahl, Swedish genealogist (b. 1917)
  • 2010 – Ben Mondor, Canadian-American businessman (b. 1925)
  • 2010 – Abraham Sarmiento, Filipino lawyer and jurist (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – Abdul Haq Ansari, Indian theologian and scholar (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Robert F. Christy, American physicist and astrophysicist (b. 1916)
  • 2012 – Billy Hullin, Welsh rugby player (b. 1942)
  • 2012 – Albie Roles, English footballer (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Sari Abacha, Nigerian footballer (b. 1978)
  • 2013 – Sergei Belov, Russian basketball player and coach (b. 1944)
  • 2013 – Bob Chance, American baseball player (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Frank D’Rone, American singer and guitarist (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Chuck Smith, American pastor, founded the Calvary Chapel movement (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Joan Thirsk, English cryptologist, historian, and academic (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Ewen Gilmour, New Zealand comedian and television host (b. 1963)
  • 2014 – Benedict Groeschel, American priest, psychologist, and talk show host (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Jean-Jacques Marcel, French footballer (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Kevin Metheny, American businessman (b. 1954)
  • 2014 – Ward Ruyslinck, Belgian author (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Denis Healey, English soldier and politician, Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer (b. 1917)
  • 2015 – Muhammad Nawaz Khan, Pakistani historian and author (b. 1943)
  • 2015 – Javed Iqbal, Pakistani philosopher and judge (b. 1925)
  • 2015 – Gerald Squires, Canadian painter and illustrator (b. 1937)
  • 2018 – Peter Wales, English cricketer (b. 1928)

Holidays and observances in October 3

  • Christian feast day:
    • Abd-al-Masih
    • Adalgott
    • Blessed Szilárd Bogdánffy
    • Dionysius the Areopagite
    • Émilie de Villeneuve
    • Ewald the Black and Ewald the Fair
    • Francis Borgia
    • George Bell and John Raleigh Mott (Episcopal Church)
    • Gerard of Brogne
    • Hesychius of Sinai
    • Théodore Guérin
    • October 3 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • German Unity Day (Germany)
  • Morazán Day (Honduras)
  • National Day, celebrates the independence of Iraq from the United Kingdom in 1932.
  • National Foundation Day or Gaecheonjeol (South Korea)
  • On social media: “Mean Girls Day”, a widespread phenomenon in celebration of the film Mean Girls
  • On social media: “Fullmetal Alchemist Day”, a similar celebration of the Japanese shōnen manga series Fullmetal Alchemist
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