August 8 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

  • 870 – Treaty of Meerssen: King Louis the German and his half-brother Charles the Bald partition the Middle Frankish Kingdom into two larger east and west divisions.
  • 1220 – Sweden is defeated by Estonian tribes in the Battle of Lihula.
  • 1264 – Mudéjar revolt: Muslim rebel forces took the Alcázar of Jerez de la Frontera after defeating the Castilian garrison.
  • 1503 – King James IV of Scotland marries Margaret Tudor, daughter of King Henry VII of England at Holyrood Abbey in Edinburgh, Scotland.
  • 1509 – Krishnadeva Raya is crowned Emperor of Vijayanagara at Chittoor.
  • 1576 – The cornerstone for Tycho Brahe’s Uraniborg observatory is laid on the island of Hven.
  • 1585 – John Davis enters Cumberland Sound in search of the Northwest Passage.
  • 1588 – Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines: The naval engagement ends, ending the Spanish Armada’s attempt to invade England.
  • 1605 – The city of Oulu, Finland, is founded by Charles IX of Sweden.
  • 1647 – The Irish Confederate Wars and Wars of the Three Kingdoms: Battle of Dungan’s Hill: English Parliamentary forces defeat Irish forces.
  • 1648 – Mehmed IV (1648–1687) succeeds Ibrahim I (1640–1648) as Ottoman Emperor.
  • 1709 – Bartolomeu de Gusmão demonstrates the lifting power of hot air in an audience before the king of Portugal in Lisbon, Portugal.
  • 1786 – Mont Blanc on the French-Italian border is climbed for the first time by Jacques Balmat and Dr. Michel-Gabriel Paccard.
  • 1793 – The insurrection of Lyon occurs during the French Revolution.
  • 1794 – Joseph Whidbey leads an expedition to search for the Northwest Passage near Juneau, Alaska.
  • 1831 – Four hundred Shawnee people agree to relinquish their lands in Ohio in exchange for land west of the Mississippi River in the Treaty of Wapakoneta.
  • 1844 – The Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, headed by Brigham Young, is reaffirmed as the leading body of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Following his defeat in the Battle of Gettysburg, General Robert E. Lee sends a letter of resignation to Confederate President Jefferson Davis (which is refused upon receipt).
  • 1870 – The Republic of Ploiești, a failed Radical-Liberal rising against Domnitor Carol of Romania.
  • 1876 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for his mimeograph.
  • 1908 – Wilbur Wright makes his first flight at a racecourse at Le Mans, France. It is the Wright Brothers’ first public flight.
  • 1918 – World War I: The Battle of Amiens begins a string of almost continuous Allied victories with a push through the German front lines (Hundred Days Offensive).
  • 1919 – The Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919 is signed. It establishes peaceful relations between Afghanistan and the UK, and confirms the Durand line as the mutual border. In return, the UK is no longer obligated to subsidize the Afghan government.
  • 1929 – The German airship Graf Zeppelin begins a round-the-world flight.
  • 1940 – The “Aufbau Ost” directive is signed by Wilhelm Keitel.
  • 1942 – Quit India Movement is launched in India against the British rule in response to Mohandas Gandhi’s call for swaraj or complete independence.
  • 1945 – The London Charter is signed by France, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union and the United States, establishing the laws and procedures for the Nuremberg trials.
  • 1946 – First flight of the Convair B-36, the world’s first mass-produced nuclear weapon delivery vehicle, the heaviest mass-produced piston-engined aircraft, with the longest wingspan of any military aircraft, and the first bomber with intercontinental range.
  • 1963 – Great Train Robbery: In England, a gang of 15 train robbers steal £2.6 million in bank notes.
  • 1963 – The Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU), the current ruling party of Zimbabwe, is formed by a split from the Zimbabwe African People’s Union.
  • 1967 – The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is founded by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.
  • 1969 – At a zebra crossing in London, photographer Iain Macmillan takes the iconic photo that becomes the cover image of the Beatles’ album Abbey Road.
  • 1973 – Kim Dae-jung, a South Korean politician and later president of South Korea, is kidnapped.
  • 1974 – President Richard Nixon, in a nationwide television address, announces his resignation from the office of the President of the United States effective noon the next day.
  • 1988 – The 8888 Uprising begins in Rangoon (Yangon), Burma (Myanmar). Led by students, hundreds of thousands join in nationwide protests against the one-party regime. On September 18, the demonstrations end in a military crackdown, killing thousands.
  • 1988 – The first night baseball game in the history of Chicago’s Wrigley Field (game was rained out in the fourth inning).
  • 1989 – Space Shuttle program: STS-28 Mission: Space Shuttle Columbia takes off on a secret five-day military mission.
  • 1990 – Iraq occupies Kuwait and the state is annexed to Iraq. This would lead to the Gulf War shortly afterward.
  • 1991 – The Warsaw radio mast, at one time the tallest construction ever built, collapses.
  • 1993 – The 7.8 Mw  Guam earthquake shakes the island with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), causing around $250 million in damage and injuring up to 71 people.
  • 1998 – Iranian consulate in Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan is raided by Taliban leading to the deaths of ten Iranian diplomats and a journalist.
  • 2000 – Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley is raised to the surface after 136 years on the ocean floor and 30 years after its discovery by undersea explorer E. Lee Spence.
  • 2007 – An EF2 tornado touches down in Kings County and Richmond County, New York, the most powerful tornado in New York to date and the first in Brooklyn since 1889.
  • 2008 – A EuroCity express train en route from Kraków, Poland to Prague, Czech Republic strikes a part of a motorway bridge that had fallen onto the railroad track near Studénka railway station in the Czech Republic and derails, killing eight people and injuring 64 others.
  • 2010 – China Floods: A mudslide in Zhugqu County, Gansu, China, kills more than 1,400 people.
  • 2013 – A suicide bombing at a funeral in the Pakistani city of Quetta kills at least 31 people.
  • 2015 – Eight people are killed in a shooting in Harris County, Texas.
  • 2016 – Terrorists attack a government hospital in Quetta, Pakistan with a suicide blast and shooting, killing between 70 and 94 people, and injuring around 130 others.

Births on August 8

  • 422 – Casper, ruler of the Maya city of Palenque
  • 1079 – Emperor Horikawa of Japan (d. 1107)
  • 1170 – Saint Dominic, founder of the Dominicans (d. 1221)
  • 1306 – Rudolf II, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1353)
  • 1492 – Matteo Tafuri, Italian alchemist (d. 1582)
  • 1518 – Conrad Lycosthenes, French-German scholar and author (d. 1561)
  • 1558 – George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland, English noble (d. 1605)
  • 1605 – Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, English lawyer and politician, Governor of Newfoundland (d. 1675)
  • 1640 – Amalia Catharina, German poet and composer (d. 1697)
  • 1646 – Godfrey Kneller, German-English painter (d. 1723)
  • 1673 – John Ker, Scottish spy (d. 1726)
  • 1693 – Laurent Belissen, French composer (d. 1762)
  • 1694 – Francis Hutcheson, Irish philosopher and academic (d. 1746)
  • 1709 – Hermann Anton Gelinek, German-Italian monk and violinist (d. 1779)
  • 1720 – Carl Fredrik Pechlin, Swedish general and politician (d. 1796)
  • 1754 – Hipólito Ruiz López, Spanish botanist (d. 1816)
  • 1758 – Friedrich Georg Weitsch, German painter (d. 1828)
  • 1779 – Louis de Freycinet, French navigator and explorer (d. 1842)
  • 1790 – Ferenc Kölcsey, Hungarian poet, critic, and politician (d. 1838)
  • 1807 – Emilie Flygare-Carlén, Swedish author (d. 1892)
  • 1814 – Esther Hobart Morris, American lawyer and judge (d. 1902)
  • 1822 – George Stoneman, Jr., United States Army cavalry officer (d. 1894)
  • 1839 – Nelson A. Miles, American general (d. 1925)
  • 1851 – George Turner, Australian politician, 18th Premier of Victoria (d. 1916)
  • 1856 – Thomas Anstey Guthrie, English journalist and author (d. 1934)
  • 1857 – Cécile Chaminade, French pianist and composer (d. 1944)
  • 1866 – Matthew Henson, American explorer (d. 1955)
  • 1874 – Albert Stanley, 1st Baron Ashfield, English businessman and politician, President of the Board of Trade (d. 1948)
  • 1875 – Arthur Bernardes, Brazilian lawyer and politician, 12th President of Brazil (d. 1955)
  • 1876 – Varghese Payyappilly Palakkappilly, Indian-Syrian priest, founded the Sisters of the Destitute (d. 1929)
  • 1879 – Bob Smith, American physician and surgeon, co-founded Alcoholics Anonymous (d. 1950)
  • 1879 – Emiliano Zapata, Mexican general and politician (d. 1919)
  • 1880 – Earle Page, Australian lawyer, academic, and politician, 11th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1961)
  • 1881 – Paul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist, German field marshal (d. 1954)
  • 1882 – Ladislas Starevich, Russian-French animator, screenwriter, and cinematographer (d. 1965)
  • 1884 – Sara Teasdale, American poet and educator (d. 1933)
  • 1889 – Hans Egede Budtz, Danish actor (d. 1968)
  • 1889 – Jack Ryder, Australian cricketer (d. 1977)
  • 1891 – Adolf Busch, German violinist and composer (d. 1952)
  • 1896 – Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, American author and academic (d. 1953)
  • 1898 – Marguerite Bise, French chef (d. 1965)
  • 1901 – Ernest Lawrence, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
  • 1902 – Paul Dirac, English-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1984)
  • 1904 – Achille Varzi, Italian racing driver (d. 1948)
  • 1905 – André Jolivet, French composer (d. 1974)
  • 1907 – Benny Carter, American saxophonist, trumpet player, and composer (d. 2003)
  • 1908 – Arthur Goldberg, American jurist and politician, 6th United States Ambassador to the United Nations (d. 1990)
  • 1909 – Charles Lyttelton, 10th Viscount Cobham, English cricketer and politician, 9th Governor-General of New Zealand (d. 1977)
  • 1909 – Jack Renshaw, Australian politician, 31st Premier of New South Wales (d. 1987)
  • 1909 – Bill Voce, England cricketer and coach (d. 1984)
  • 1910 – Jimmy Murphy, Welsh-English footballer and manager (d. 1989)
  • 1910 – Sylvia Sidney, American actress (d. 1999)
  • 1911 – Rosetta LeNoire, American actress (d. 2002)
  • 1915 – James Elliott, American runner and coach (d. 1981)
  • 1919 – Dino De Laurentiis, Italian actor and producer (d. 2010)
  • 1919 – John David Wilson, English animator and producer (d. 2013)
  • 1920 – Leo Chiosso, Italian songwriter and producer (d. 2006)
  • 1920 – Jimmy Witherspoon, American jump blues singer (d. 1997)
  • 1921 – William Asher, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2012)
  • 1921 – Webb Pierce, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1991)
  • 1921 – Esther Williams, American swimmer and actress (d. 2013)
  • 1922 – Rory Calhoun, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1922 – Rudi Gernreich, Austrian-American fashion designer, created the Monokini (d. 1985)
  • 1922 – Gertrude Himmelfarb, American historian, author, and academic (d. 2019)
  • 1922 – Károly Reich, Hungarian illustrator (d. 1988)
  • 1925 – Alija Izetbegović, Bosnian lawyer and politician, 1st President of Bosnia and Herzegovina (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Aziz Sattar, Malaysian actor, comedian, singer and director (d. 2014)
  • 1926 – Richard Anderson, American actor and producer (d. 2017)
  • 1927 – Johnny Temple, American baseball player and coach (d. 1994)
  • 1927 – Maia Wojciechowska, Polish-American author (d. 2002)
  • 1928 – Don Burrows, Australian saxophonist, clarinet player, and flute player (d. 2020)
  • 1929 – Larisa Bogoraz, Russian linguist and activist (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Luis García Meza Tejada, Bolivian general and politician, 68th President of Bolivia (d. 2018)
  • 1930 – Terry Nation, Welsh-American author and screenwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1930 – Jerry Tarkanian, American basketball player and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1931 – Roger Penrose, English physicist, mathematician, and philosopher
  • 1932 – Mel Tillis, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2017)
  • 1933 – Joe Tex, American soul singer-songwriter (d. 1982)
  • 1934 – Sarat Pujari, Indian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1935 – Donald P. Bellisario, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1935 – John Laws, Papua New Guinean-Australian singer and radio host
  • 1936 – Frank Howard, American baseball player and manager
  • 1936 – Jan Pieńkowski, Polish-English author and illustrator
  • 1937 – Dustin Hoffman, American actor and director
  • 1937 – Sheila Varian, American horse breeder (d. 2016)
  • 1937 – Cornelis Vreeswijk, Dutch-Swedish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (d. 1987)
  • 1938 – Jack Baldwin, English chemist and academic (d. 2020)
  • 1938 – Jacques Hétu, Canadian composer and educator (d. 2010)
  • 1938 – Connie Stevens, American actress and businesswoman
  • 1939 – Jana Andrsová, Czech actress and ballerina
  • 1939 – Viorica Viscopoleanu, Romanian long jumper
  • 1939 – Alexander Watson, American diplomat, United States Ambassador to Peru
  • 1940 – Dilip Sardesai, Indian cricketer (d. 2007)
  • 1940 – Dennis Tito, American engineer and businessman, founded Wilshire Associates
  • 1942 – James Blanchard, American diplomat and politician, 45th Governor of Michigan
  • 1942 – Dennis Canavan, Scottish educator and politician
  • 1942 – John Gustafson, English singer-songwriter and bass player (d. 2014)
  • 1942 – Vardo Rumessen, Estonian pianist and musicologist (d. 2015)
  • 1944 – John C. Holmes, American film actor (d. 1988)
  • 1944 – Michael Johnson, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2017)
  • 1944 – John Renbourn, English-Scottish guitarist and songwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1944 – Simon Taylor, English journalist and author
  • 1946 – Joe Bethancourt, American singer-songwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1947 – Ken Dryden, Canadian ice hockey player, lawyer, and politician
  • 1947 – Larry Wilcox, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1948 – Svetlana Savitskaya, Russian engineer and astronaut
  • 1948 – Margaret Urban Walker, American philosopher
  • 1949 – Keith Carradine, American actor
  • 1949 – Ricardo Londoño, Colombian racing driver (d. 2009)
  • 1950 – Willie Hall, American drummer and producer
  • 1950 – Ken Kutaragi, Japanese businessman, created PlayStation
  • 1951 – Martin Brest, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1951 – Phil Carlson, Australian cricketer
  • 1951 – Mohamed Morsi, Egyptian engineer, academic, and politician, 5th President of Egypt (d. 2019)
  • 1951 – Mamoru Oshii, Japanese director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1951 – Randy Shilts, American journalist and author (d. 1994)
  • 1951 – Louis van Gaal, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1952 – Anton Fig, South African-American drummer
  • 1952 – Jostein Gaarder, Norwegian author
  • 1952 – Doug Melvin, Canadian baseball player and manager
  • 1952 – Robin Quivers, American nurse, radio host/personality, and author
  • 1952 – Sudhakar Rao, Indian cricketer
  • 1953 – Mark Lazarowicz, English politician
  • 1953 – Nigel Mansell, English racing driver
  • 1953 – Don Most, American actor and director
  • 1954 – Nick Holtam, English bishop
  • 1955 – Diddú, Icelandic singer-songwriter
  • 1955 – Herbert Prohaska, Austrian footballer and manager
  • 1955 – Michael Roe, Irish racing driver
  • 1956 – Chris Foreman, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1956 – David Grant, English singer
  • 1956 – Cecilia Roth, Argentinian actress
  • 1957 – Dennis Drew, American keyboard player
  • 1958 – Deborah Norville, American journalist
  • 1959 – Caroline Ansink, Dutch flute player, composer, and educator
  • 1960 – Mustafa Balbay, Turkish journalist and politician
  • 1960 – Ulrich Maly, German politician, 16th Mayor of Nuremberg
  • 1961 – The Edge, British-Irish musician, singer and songwriter
  • 1961 – Daniel House, American bass player and producer
  • 1961 – Ron Klain, American lawyer and politician, Chief of Staff to the Vice President of the United States
  • 1961 – Bruce Matthews, American football player and coach
  • 1961 – Rikki Rockett, American glam rock drummer
  • 1962 – Kool Moe Dee, American musician, singer and actor
  • 1963 – Hur Jin-ho, South Korean director and screenwriter
  • 1963 – Ron Karkovice, American baseball player and manager
  • 1963 – Emi Shinohara, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1963 – Jon Turteltaub, American director and producer
  • 1963 – Stephen Walkom, Canadian ice hockey player, referee, and manager
  • 1964 – Anastasia M. Ashman, American blogger and author
  • 1964 – Giuseppe Conte, Prime Minister of Italy
  • 1964 – Scott Sandelin, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1964 – Paul Taylor, English cricketer
  • 1965 – Angus Fraser, English cricketer, manager, and journalist
  • 1965 – Kate Langbroek, Australian talk show host
  • 1966 – Chris Eubank, English boxer
  • 1966 – John Hudek, American baseball player and coach
  • 1967 – Marcelo Balboa, American soccer player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1968 – Yvie Burnett, Scottish soprano
  • 1968 – Aldo Calderón van Dyke, Honduran journalist (d. 2013)
  • 1968 – Abey Kuruvilla, Indian cricketer and coach
  • 1968 – Huey Morgan, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1969 – Monika Tsõganova, Estonian chess player
  • 1969 – Faye Wong, Chinese singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1970 – Trev Alberts, American football player and journalist
  • 1970 – Ben G. Davis, English chemist and academic
  • 1970 – José Francisco Molina, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1970 – Chester Williams, South African rugby player and coach
  • 1971 – Johnny Balentina, Dutch baseball player
  • 1972 – Joely Collins, Canadian actress and producer
  • 1972 – Andrea de Rossi, Italian rugby player and coach
  • 1972 – Axel Merckx, Belgian cyclist
  • 1972 – Steven Tweed, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1973 – Shane Lee, Australian cricketer and guitarist
  • 1973 – Gert Olesk, Estonian footballer and manager
  • 1973 – Scott Stapp, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1973 – Mark Wills, American singer-songwriter
  • 1973 – Ilka Agricola, German mathematician
  • 1974 – Manjul Bhargava, Canadian-American mathematician and academic
  • 1974 – Scott D’Amore, Canadian wrestler and manager
  • 1974 – Brian Harvey, English singer-songwriter
  • 1974 – Andy Priaulx, Guernseyan racing driver
  • 1975 – Mick Moss, English singer-songwriter
  • 1976 – JC Chasez, American singer and dancer
  • 1976 – Drew Lachey, American singer and actor
  • 1977 – Lindsay Sloane, American actress
  • 1977 – Darren Manzella, American sergeant (d. 2013)
  • 1977 – Rocky Thompson, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1977 – Nicolas Vogondy, French cyclist
  • 1977 – Mohammad Wasim, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1978 – Alan Maybury, Irish footballer and coach
  • 1978 – Louis Saha, French footballer
  • 1978 – Miho Shiraishi, Japanese actress
  • 1979 – Richard Harwood, English cellist
  • 1979 – Rashard Lewis, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Richard Lyons, Northern Irish racing driver
  • 1980 – Craig Breslow, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Jack Cassel, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Denisse Guerrero, Mexican singer-songwriter
  • 1980 – Mike Hindert, American singer and bass player
  • 1980 – Sabine Klaschka, German tennis player
  • 1980 – Diego Markwell, Dutch baseball player
  • 1980 – Pat Noonan, American soccer player
  • 1980 – Michael Urie, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1981 – Vanessa Amorosi, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1981 – Roger Federer, Swiss tennis player
  • 1981 – Meagan Good, American actress and producer
  • 1981 – Harel Skaat, Israeli singer-songwriter
  • 1982 – David Florence, English canoe racer
  • 1982 – Ross Ohlendorf, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Guy Burnet, English actor and producer
  • 1983 – Willie Tonga, Australian rugby league player
  • 1984 – Kirk Broadfoot, Scottish footballer
  • 1984 – Norbert Michelisz, Hungarian racing driver
  • 1984 – Martrez Milner, American football player
  • 1985 – Toby Flood, English rugby player
  • 1985 – Ryan Koolwijk, Dutch footballer
  • 1985 – James Morgan, Welsh actor and producer
  • 1985 – Brett Ratliff, American football player
  • 1985 – Anita Włodarczyk, Polish track and field athlete
  • 1986 – Kateryna Bondarenko, Ukrainian tennis player
  • 1986 – Pierre Garçon, American football player
  • 1986 – Chris Pressley, American football player
  • 1987 – Pierre Boulanger, French actor
  • 1987 – Tatjana Malek, German tennis player
  • 1988 – Princess Beatrice of York
  • 1988 – Danilo Gallinari, Italian basketball player
  • 1988 – Rinku Singh, Indian baseball player
  • 1988 – Laura Slade Wiggins, American actress and singer
  • 1989 – Ken Baumann, American actor and author
  • 1989 – Anthony Rizzo, American baseball player
  • 1989 – Hannah Miley, English-Scottish swimmer
  • 1989 – Prajakta Mali, Indian actress
  • 1990 – Vladimír Darida, Czech footballer
  • 1990 – Parker Kligerman, American race car driver
  • 1990 – Aleksandra Szwed, Polish actress and singer
  • 1990 – Kane Williamson, New Zealand cricket captain
  • 1991 – Nélson Oliveira, Portuguese footballer
  • 1991 – Tyrone Peachey, Australian rugby league player
  • 1992 – Josip Drmić, Swiss footballer
  • 1998 – Shawn Mendes, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1998 – Ronan Parke, English singer-songwriter
  • 2000 – Félix Auger-Aliassime, Canadian tennis player

Deaths on August 8

  • 117 – Trajan, Roman emperor (b. 53)
  • 753 – Hildegar, bishop of Cologne
  • 869 – Lothair II, Frankish king (b. 835)
  • 998 – Seo Hui, Korean politician and diplomat (b. 942)
  • 1002 – Almanzor, chief minister and de facto ruler of Córdoba
  • 1171 – Henry of Blois, bishop of Winchester (b. 1111)
  • 1303 – Henry of Castile the Senator, Spanish nobleman (b. 1230)
  • 1533 – Lucas van Leyden, Dutch artist (b. 1494)
  • 1555 – Oronce Finé, French mathematician and cartographer (b. 1494)
  • 1588 – Alonso Sánchez Coello, Spanish painter (b. 1532)
  • 1604 – Horio Tadauji, Japanese daimyō (b. 1578)
  • 1616 – Cornelis Ketel, Dutch painter (b. 1548)
  • 1631 – Konstantinas Sirvydas, Lithuanian priest, lexicographer, and academic (b. 1579)
  • 1684 – George Booth, 1st Baron Delamer, English politician (b. 1622)
  • 1719 – Christoph Ludwig Agricola, German painter (b. 1667)
  • 1747 – Madeleine de Verchères, Canadian raid leader (b. 1678)
  • 1746 – Francis Hutcheson, Irish philosopher (b. 1694)
  • 1759 – Carl Heinrich Graun, German tenor and composer (b. 1704)
  • 1827 – George Canning, English lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1770)
  • 1828 – Carl Peter Thunberg, Swedish botanist and psychologist (b. 1743)
  • 1858 – Marie-Claire Heureuse Félicité Bonheur, Haitian Empress (b. 1758)
  • 1863 – Angus MacAskill, Scottish-Canadian giant (b. 1825)
  • 1879 – Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher and academic (b. 1797)
  • 1887 – Alexander William Doniphan, American colonel, lawyer, and politician (b. 1808)
  • 1897 – Jacob Burckhardt, Swiss historian and academic (b. 1818)
  • 1898 – Eugène Boudin, French painter (b. 1824)
  • 1902 – James Tissot, French painter and illustrator (b. 1836)
  • 1902 – John Henry Twachtman, American painter and academic (b. 1853)
  • 1909 – Mary MacKillop, Australian nun and saint, co-founded the Sisters of St Joseph of the Sacred Heart (b. 1842)
  • 1911 – William P. Frye, American lawyer and politician (b. 1830)
  • 1920 – Eduard Birnbaum, Polish-born German cantor (b. 1855)
  • 1921 – Juhani Aho, Finnish journalist and author (b. 1861)
  • 1928 – Stjepan Radić, Croatian politician (b. 1871)
  • 1930 – Launceston Elliot, Scottish wrestler and weightlifter (b. 1874)
  • 1934 – Wilbert Robinson, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1863)
  • 1937 – Jimmie Guthrie, Scottish motorcycle racer (b. 1897)
  • 1940 – Johnny Dodds, American clarinet player and saxophonist (b. 1892)
  • 1944 – Erwin von Witzleben, German field marshal (b. 1881)
  • 1944 – Michael Wittmann, German commander (b. 1914)
  • 1947 – Anton Denikin, Russian general (b. 1872)
  • 1950 – Fergus McMaster, Australian businessman, founded Qantas (b. 1879)
  • 1959 – Albert Namatjira, Australian painter (b. 1902)
  • 1965 – Shirley Jackson, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1916)
  • 1969 – Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, German biologist and eugenicist (b. 1896)
  • 1971 – Freddie Spencer Chapman, English lieutenant (b. 1907)
  • 1973 – Vilhelm Moberg, Swedish historian and author (b. 1898)
  • 1974 – Elisabeth Abegg, German anti-Nazi resistance fighter (b. 1882)
  • 1975 – Cannonball Adderley, American saxophonist (b. 1928)
  • 1979 – Nicholas Monsarrat, English lieutenant and author (b. 1910)
  • 1980 – Paul Triquet, Canadian general, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1910)
  • 1981 – Thomas McElwee, Irish republican and PIRA volunteer (b. 1957)
  • 1982 – Eric Brandon, English racing driver and businessman (b. 1920)
  • 1984 – Richard Deacon, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 1984 – Ellen Raskin, American author and illustrator (b. 1928)
  • 1985 – Louise Brooks, American actress (b. 1906)
  • 1987 – Danilo Blanuša, Croatian mathematician and physicist (b. 1903)
  • 1988 – Félix Leclerc, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1914)
  • 1988 – Alan Napier, English actor (b. 1903)
  • 1991 – James Irwin, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1930)
  • 1992 – Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei, Iranian religious leader and scholar (b. 1899)
  • 1996 – Nevill Francis Mott, English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
  • 1996 – Jüri Randviir, Estonian chess player and journalist (b. 1927)
  • 1998 – Mahmoud Saremi, Iranian journalist (b. 1968)
  • 2003 – Dirk Hoogendam, Dutch-German SS officer (b. 1922)
  • 2003 – Falaba Issa Traoré, Malian director and playwright (b. 1930)
  • 2004 – Leon Golub, American painter and academic (b. 1922)
  • 2004 – Fay Wray, Canadian-American actress (b. 1907)
  • 2005 – Barbara Bel Geddes, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Ahmed Deedat, South African missionary and author (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – John H. Johnson, American publisher, founded the Johnson Publishing Company (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Gene Mauch, American baseball player and manager (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Dean Rockwell, American commander, wrestler, and coach (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – Monica Sjöö, Swedish-English painter (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Ma Lik, Chinese journalist and politician (b. 1952)
  • 2007 – Melville Shavelson, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1917)
  • 2008 – Orville Moody, American golfer (b. 1933)
  • 2009 – Daniel Jarque, Spanish footballer (b. 1983)
  • 2010 – Patricia Neal, American actress (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Fay Ajzenberg-Selove, German-American physicist and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Ruth Etchells, English poet and academic (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Surya Lesmana, Indonesian footballer and manager (b. 1944)
  • 2012 – Kurt Maetzig, German director and screenwriter (b. 1911)
  • 2013 – Karen Black, American actress (b. 1939)
  • 2013 – Johannes Bluyssen, Dutch bishop (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Fernando Castro Pacheco, Mexican painter, engraver, and illustrator (b. 1918)
  • 2013 – Igor Kurnosov, Russian chess player (b. 1985)
  • 2013 – Regina Resnik, American soprano and actress (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Menahem Golan, Israeli director and producer (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Charles Keating, English-American actor (b. 1941)
  • 2014 – Leonardo Legaspi, Filipino archbishop (b. 1935)
  • 2014 – Peter Sculthorpe, Australian composer and conductor (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Red Wilson, American football and baseball player (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Christopher Marshall, English physician and biologist (b. 1948)
  • 2015 – Sean Price, American rapper (b. 1972)
  • 2015 – Gus Mortson, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1925)
  • 2015 – Sam S. Walker, American general (b. 1925)
  • 2017 – Glen Campbell, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (b. 1936)
  • 2018 – Nicholas Bett, Kenyan track and field athlete (b. 1990)

Holidays and observances on August 8

  • Ceasefire Day (end of Iran-Iraq War) (Iraqi Kurdistan)
  • Christian Feast Day:
    • Altmann of Passau
    • Cyriacus
    • Dominic de Guzmán, founder of the Dominican Order.
    • Four Crowned Martyrs
    • Pope Hormisdas
    • Largus
    • Mary MacKillop
    • Smaragdus (and companions)
    • August 8 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which Children’s Day can fall, while August 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Sunday in August. (Argentina)
  • Earliest day on which Defence Forces Day can fall, while August 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Tuesday in August. (Zimbabwe)
  • Earliest day on which Father’s Day can fall, while August 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Sunday in August. (Brazil, Samoa)
  • Earliest day on which Heroes’ Day can fall, while August 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Monday in August. (Zimbabwe)
  • Earliest day on which Melon Day can fall, while August 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Sunday in August. (Turkmenistan)
  • Earliest day on which Sports Day can fall, while August 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Saturday in August. (Russia)
  • Father’s Day or Bā bā Day (爸爸節), Bā Bā is Mandarin for “father” and “8-8”, or August 8. (Mongolia, Taiwan)
  • Happiness Happens Day
  • International Cat Day
  • Namesday of the Queen (Sweden)
  • Nane Nane Day (Tanzania)
  • Signal Troops Day (Ukraine)

October 1- History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 91 days remain until the end of the year.

It is the first day of the fourth quarter of the year.

October 1 in history

  • 331 BC – Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela.
  • 366 – Pope Damasus I is consecrated.
  • 959 – Edgar the Peaceful becomes king of all England, in succession to Eadwig.
  • 965 – Pope John XIII is consecrated.
  • 1553 – Coronation of Queen Mary I of England.
  • 1588 – Coronation of Shah Abbas I of Persia.
  • 1730 – Ahmed III is forced to abdicate as the Ottoman sultan.
  • 1787 – Russians under Alexander Suvorov defeat the Turks at Kinburn.
  • 1791 – First session of the French Legislative Assembly.
  • 1795 – More than a year after the Battle of Sprimont, the Austrian Netherlands (present-day Belgium) are officially annexed by Revolutionary France.
  • 1800 – Via the Third Treaty of San Ildefonso, Spain cedes Louisiana to France, which would sell the land to the United States thirty months later.
  • 1814 – Opening of the Congress of Vienna, intended to redraw Europe’s political map after the defeat of Napoleon the previous spring.
  • 1827 – Russo-Persian War: The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination of Armenia.
  • 1829 – South African College is founded in Cape Town, South Africa. It will later separate into the University of Cape Town and the South African College Schools.
  • 1832 – Texian political delegates convene at San Felipe de Austin to petition for changes in the governance of Mexican Texas.
  • 1843 – The News of the World tabloid begins publication in London, UK.
  • 1861 – Mrs Beeton’s Book of Household Management is published, going on to sell 60,000 copies in its first year and remaining in print until the present day
  • 1887 – Balochistan is conquered by the British Empire.
  • 1890 – Yosemite National Park is established by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1891 – Stanford University opens its doors in California, United States.
  • 1898 – The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name k.u.k. Exportakademie.
  • 1903 – Baseball: The Boston Americans play the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first game of the modern World Series.
  • 1908 – Ford Model T automobiles are offered for sale at a price of US$825.
  • 1910 – A large bomb destroys the Los Angeles Times building, killing 21.
  • 1918 – World War I: The Egyptian Expeditionary Force captures Damascus.
  • 1918 – Sayid Abdullah becomes the last Khan of Khiva.
  • 1928 – The Soviet Union introduces its first five-year plan.
  • 1931 – The George Washington Bridge in the United States, linking New Jersey and New York, is opened.
  • 1931 – Clara Campoamor persuades the Constituent Cortes to enfranchise women in Spain’s new constitution.
  • 1936 – Francisco Franco is named head of the Nationalist government of Spain.
  • 1938 – Germany annexes the Sudetenland.
  • 1939 – World War II: After a one-month siege, German troops occupy Warsaw.
  • 1940 – The Pennsylvania Turnpike, often considered the first superhighway in the United States, opens to traffic.
  • 1942 – World War II: USS Grouper torpedoes Lisbon Maru, not knowing that she is carrying British prisoners of war from Hong Kong.
  • 1943 – World War II: After the Four Days of Naples, Allied troops enter the city.
  • 1946 – Nazi leaders are sentenced at the Nuremberg trials.
  • 1946 – The Daegu October Incident occurs in Allied-occupied Korea.
  • 1947 – The North American F-86 Sabre flies for the first time.
  • 1949 – The People’s Republic of China is established.
  • 1953 – Andhra State is formed, consisting of a Telugu-speaking area carved out of India’s Madras State.
  • 1953 – A Mutual Defense Treaty Between the United States and the Republic of Korea is concluded in Washington, D.C.
  • 1955 – The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region is established.
  • 1957 – First appearance of In God we trust on U.S. paper currency.
  • 1958 – The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics is replaced by NASA.
  • 1960 – Nigeria gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1961 – The United States Defense Intelligence Agency is formed, becoming the country’s first centralized military intelligence organization.
  • 1961 – East and West Cameroon merge to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon.
  • 1964 – The Free Speech Movement is launched on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley.
  • 1964 – Japanese Shinkansen (“bullet trains”) begin high-speed rail service from Tokyo to Osaka.
  • 1966 – West Coast Airlines Flight 956 crashes with no survivors in Oregon. This accident marks the first loss of a DC-9.
  • 1968 – Guyana nationalizes the British Guiana Broadcasting Service, which would eventually become part of the National Communications Network, Guyana.
  • 1969 – Concorde breaks the sound barrier for the first time.
  • 1971 – Walt Disney World opens near Orlando, Florida.
  • 1971 – The first practical CT scanner is used to diagnose a patient.
  • 1975 – Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines.
  • 1978 – Tuvalu gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1979 – Pope John Paul II begins his first pastoral visit to the United States.
  • 1979 – The MTR, the rapid transit railway system in Hong Kong, opens.
  • 1982 – Helmut Kohl replaces Helmut Schmidt as Chancellor of Germany through a constructive vote of no confidence.
  • 1982 – Epcot opens at Walt Disney World in Florida.
  • 1982 – Sony and Phillips launch the compact disc in Japan. On the same day, Sony released the model CDP-101 compact disc player, the first player of its kind.
  • 1985 – Israel-Palestinian conflict: Israel attacks the Palestine Liberation Organization headquarters in Tunisia during “Operation Wooden Leg”.
  • 1987 – The 5.9 Mw  Whittier Narrows earthquake shakes the San Gabriel Valley with a Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), killing eight and injuring 200.
  • 1989 – Denmark introduces the world’s first legal same-sex registered partnerships.
  • 1991 – Croatian War of Independence: The Siege of Dubrovnik begins.
  • 1994 – Palau enters a Compact of Free Association with the United States.
  • 2000 – Israel-Palestinian conflict: Palestinians protest the murder of 12-year-old Muhammad al-Durrah by the Israeli police in northern Israel, beginning the “October 2000 events”.
  • 2001 – Militants attack the state legislature building in Kashmir, killing 38.
  • 2009 – The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom takes over the judicial functions of the House of Lords.
  • 2012 – A ferry collision off the coast of Hong Kong kills 38 people and injures 102 others.
  • 2014 – A series of explosions at a gunpowder plant in Bulgaria completely destroys the factory, killing 15 people.
  • 2014 – A double bombing of an elementary school in Homs, Syria kills over 50 people.
  • 2015 – A gunman kills nine people at a community college in Oregon.
  • 2015 – Heavy rains trigger a major landslide in Guatemala, killing 280 people.
  • 2017 – An independence referendum, declared illegal by the Constitutional Court of Spain, takes place in Catalonia.
  • 2017 – Fifty-eight people are killed and 869 others injured in a mass shooting at a country music festival at the Las Vegas Strip in the United States; the gunman, Stephen Paddock, later commits suicide.

Births in October 1

  • 86 BC – Sallust, Roman historian (d. 34 BC)
  • 208 – Alexander Severus, Roman emperor (d. 235)
  • 1207 – Henry III of England (d. 1272)
  • 1476 – Guy XVI, Count of Laval (d. 1531)
  • 1480 – Saint Cajetan, Italian Catholic priest and religious reformer (d. 1547)
  • 1507 – Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Italian architect, designed the Church of the Gesù (d. 1573)
  • 1526 – Dorothy Stafford, English noble (d. 1604)
  • 1540 – Johann Jakob Grynaeus, Swiss pastor and theologian (d. 1617)
  • 1542 – Álvaro de Mendaña de Neira, Spanish explorer (d. 1595)
  • 1550 – Anne of Saint Bartholomew, Spanish Discalced Carmelite nun (d. 1626)
  • 1554 – Leonardus Lessius, Jesuit theologian (d. 1623)
  • 1620 – Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem, Dutch painter (d. 1683)
  • 1671 – Luigi Guido Grandi, Italian monk, mathematician, and engineer (d. 1742)
  • 1685 – Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1740)
  • 1691 – Arthur Onslow, English lawyer and politician, Speaker of the House of Commons (d. 1768)
  • 1712 – William Shippen, American physician and politician (d. 1801)
  • 1719 – John Bligh, 3rd Earl of Darnley, British parliamentarian (d. 1781)
  • 1724 – Giovanni Battista Cirri, Italian cellist and composer (d. 1808)
  • 1729 – Anton Cajetan Adlgasser, German organist and composer (d. 1777)
  • 1730 – Richard Stockton, American lawyer, jurist, and politician (d. 1781)
  • 1760 – William Thomas Beckford, English author and politician (d. 1844)
  • 1762 – Anton Bernolák, Slovak priest and linguist (d. 1813)
  • 1771 – Pierre Baillot, French violinist and composer (d. 1842)
  • 1791 – Sergey Aksakov, Russian soldier and author (d. 1859)
  • 1808 – Mary Anna Custis Lee, American wife of Robert E. Lee (d. 1873)
  • 1832 – Caroline Harrison, American educator, 24th First Lady of the United States (d. 1892)
  • 1832 – Henry Clay Work, American composer and songwriter (d. 1884)
  • 1835 – Ádám Politzer, Hungarian-Austrian physician and anatomist (d. 1920)
  • 1842 – S. Subramania Iyer, Indian lawyer and jurist (d. 1924)
  • 1842 – Charles Cros, French poet and author (d. 1888)
  • 1846 – Nectarios of Aegina, Greek metropolitan and saint (d. 1920)
  • 1847 – Annie Besant, English-Indian activist and author (d. 1933)
  • 1865 – Paul Dukas, French composer, scholar, and critic (d. 1935)
  • 1878 – Othmar Spann, Austrian economist, sociologist, and philosopher (d. 1950)
  • 1881 – William Boeing, American engineer and businessman, founded the Boeing Company (d. 1956)
  • 1885 – Louis Untermeyer, American poet, anthologist, critic (d. 1977)
  • 1887 – Ned Hanlon, Australian politician, 26th Premier of Queensland (d. 1952)
  • 1887 – Shizuichi Tanaka, Japanese general (d. 1945)
  • 1890 – Stanley Holloway, English actor (d. 1982)
  • 1893 – Cliff Friend, American pianist and songwriter (d. 1974)
  • 1893 – Ip Man, Chinese martial artist (d. 1972)
  • 1894 – Edgar Krahn, Estonian mathematician and academic (d. 1961)
  • 1895 – Liaquat Ali Khan, Indian-Pakistani lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 1951)
  • 1896 – Ted Healy, American actor, singer, and screenwriter (d. 1937)
  • 1899 – Ernest Haycox, American author (d. 1950)
  • 1900 – Tom Goddard, English cricketer (d. 1966)
  • 1903 – Vladimir Horowitz, Russian-born American pianist and composer (d. 1989)
  • 1903 – Pierre Veyron, French race car driver (d. 1970)
  • 1904 – Otto Robert Frisch, Austrian-English physicist and academic (d. 1979)
  • 1904 – A. K. Gopalan, Indian educator and politician (d. 1977)
  • 1906 – S. D. Burman, Indian composer and singer (d. 1975)
  • 1907 – Maurice Bardèche, French journalist, author, and critic (d. 1998)
  • 1907 – Ödön Pártos, Hungarian-Israeli viola player and composer (d. 1977)
  • 1908 – Herman David Koppel, Danish pianist and composer (d. 1998)
  • 1909 – Sam Yorty, American captain and politician, 37th Mayor of Los Angeles (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Bonnie Parker, American criminal (d. 1934)
  • 1910 – Fritz Köberle, Austrian-Brazilian physician and pathologist (d. 1983)
  • 1910 – José Enrique Moyal, Australian physicist and engineer (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Chaim Pinchas Scheinberg, Polish-Israeli rabbi and scholar (d. 2012)
  • 1911 – Irwin Kostal, American songwriter, screenwriter, and publisher (d. 1994)
  • 1911 – Heinrich Mark, Estonian lawyer and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Estonia in exile (d. 2004)
  • 1912 – Kathleen Ollerenshaw, English mathematician, astronomer, and politician, Lord Mayor of Manchester (d. 2014)
  • 1913 – Hélio Gracie, Brazilian martial artist (d. 2009)
  • 1913 – Harry Lookofsky, American violinist and producer (d. 1998)
  • 1914 – Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian, lawyer, and author, 12th Librarian of Congress (d. 2004)
  • 1915 – Jerome Bruner, American psychologist and author (d. 2016)
  • 1917 – Cahal Daly, Irish cardinal and theologian (d. 2009)
  • 1919 – Bob Boyd, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1919 – Majrooh Sultanpuri, Indian poet and songwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – David Herbert Donald, American historian and author (d. 2009)
  • 1920 – Walter Matthau, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – James Whitmore, American actor (d. 2009)
  • 1922 – Chen-Ning Yang, Chinese-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1924 – Jimmy Carter, American naval lieutenant and politician, 39th President of the United States, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1924 – Bob Geigel, American wrestler and promoter (d. 2014)
  • 1924 – Leonie Kramer, Australian academic (d. 2016)
  • 1924 – William Rehnquist, American lawyer and jurist, 16th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Roger Williams, American pianist (d. 2011)
  • 1927 – Tom Bosley, American actor (d. 2010)
  • 1927 – Sherman Glenn Finesilver, American lawyer and judge (d. 2006)
  • 1927 – Sandy Gall, Malaysian-Scottish journalist and author
  • 1928 – Laurence Harvey, Lithuanian-English actor, director, and producer (d. 1973)
  • 1928 – Willy Mairesse, Belgian race car driver (d. 1969)
  • 1928 – George Peppard, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1928 – Zhu Rongji, Chinese engineer and politician, 5th Premier of the People’s Republic of China
  • 1929 – Ken Arthurson, Australian rugby player and coach
  • 1929 – Grady Chapman, American singer (d. 2011)
  • 1929 – Bonnie Owens, American singer-songwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1930 – Frank Gardner, Australian race car driver and manager (d. 2009)
  • 1930 – Richard Harris, Irish actor (d. 2002)
  • 1930 – Naimatullah Khan, Pakistani lawyer and politician, Mayor of Karachi
  • 1930 – Philippe Noiret, French actor (d. 2006)
  • 1931 – Sylvano Bussotti, Italian violinist and composer
  • 1931 – Anwar Shamim, Pakistani general (d. 2013)
  • 1931 – Alan Wagner, American radio host and critic (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Albert Collins, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1993)
  • 1934 – Emilio Botín, Spanish banker and businessman (d. 2014)
  • 1935 – Julie Andrews, English actress and singer
  • 1935 – Walter De Maria, American sculptor and drummer (d. 2013)
  • 1936 – Duncan Edwards, English footballer (d. 1958)
  • 1937 – Saeed Ahmed, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1938 – Tunç Başaran, Turkish actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2019)
  • 1938 – Mary McFadden, American fashion designer
  • 1938 – Stella Stevens, American actress and director
  • 1939 – George Archer, American golfer (d. 2005)
  • 1939 – Geoffrey Whitehead, English actor
  • 1940 – Steve O’Rourke, English race car driver and manager (d. 2003)
  • 1940 – Marc Savoy, American accordion player, created the Cajun accordion
  • 1940 – Phyllis Chesler, American feminist psychologist, and author of the best-seller, Women and Madness (1972)
  • 1942 – Herb Fame, American R&B singer
  • 1942 – Jean-Pierre Jabouille, French race car driver and engineer
  • 1942 – Robert Lelièvre, French singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1973)
  • 1942 – David Stancliffe, English bishop and scholar
  • 1942 – Günter Wallraff, German journalist and author
  • 1943 – Jean-Jacques Annaud, French director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1943 – Angèle Arsenault, Canadian singer-songwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1943 – Jerry Martini, American saxophonist
  • 1943 – Robert Slater, American author and journalist (d. 2014)
  • 1945 – Rod Carew, Panamanian-American baseball player and coach
  • 1945 – Donny Hathaway, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (d. 1979)
  • 1946 – Dave Holland, English bassist, composer, and bandleader
  • 1946 – Tim O’Brien, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1947 – Dave Arneson, American game designer, co-created Dungeons & Dragons (d. 2009)
  • 1947 – Dalveer Bhandari, Indian lawyer and judge
  • 1947 – Buzz Capra, American baseball player and coach
  • 1947 – Aaron Ciechanover, Israeli biologist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1947 – Stephen Collins, American actor and director
  • 1947 – Nevill Drury, English-Australian journalist and publisher (d. 2013)
  • 1947 – Adriano Tilgher, Italian politician
  • 1947 – Martin Turner, English singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1947 – Mariska Veres, Dutch singer (d. 2006)
  • 1948 – Cub Koda, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2000)
  • 1949 – Isaac Bonewits, American singer-songwriter, liturgist, and author (d. 2010)
  • 1949 – Sheila Gilmore, Scottish lawyer and politician
  • 1949 – André Rieu, Dutch violinist, composer, and conductor
  • 1950 – Elpida, Greek singer-songwriter
  • 1950 – Susan Greenfield, Baroness Greenfield, English neuroscientist, academic, and politician
  • 1950 – Mark Helias, American bassist and composer
  • 1950 – Sigbjørn Johnsen, Norwegian politician, Norwegian Minister of Finance
  • 1950 – Boris Morukov, Russian physician and astronaut (d. 2015)
  • 1950 – Randy Quaid, American actor
  • 1951 – Brian Greenway, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1952 – Jacques Martin, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager
  • 1952 – Bob Myrick, American baseball player (d. 2012)
  • 1952 – Ivan Sekyra, Czech singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2012)
  • 1952 – Earl Slick, American rock guitarist and songwriter
  • 1953 – Pete Falcone, American baseball player
  • 1953 – Viljar Loor, Estonian volleyball player (d. 2011)
  • 1953 – Miguel Lopez, Salvadorian-American soccer player
  • 1953 – Grete Waitz, Norwegian runner and coach (d. 2011)
  • 1953 – Klaus Wowereit, German civil servant and politician, Governing Mayor of Berlin
  • 1955 – Howard Hewett, American R&B singer-songwriter
  • 1955 – Morten Gunnar Larsen, Norwegian pianist and composer
  • 1955 – Jeff Reardon, American baseball player
  • 1956 – Andrus Ansip, Estonian engineer and politician, 15th Prime Minister of Estonia
  • 1956 – Theresa May, English politician, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 1957 – Kang Seok-woo, South Korean actor
  • 1957 – Éva Tardos, Hungarian mathematician and educator
  • 1958 – Martin Cooper, English saxophonist, composer, and painter
  • 1958 – Masato Nakamura, Japanese bass player and producer
  • 1959 – Mark Aizlewood, Welsh footballer and manager
  • 1959 – Brian P. Cleary, American author and poet
  • 1959 – Youssou N’Dour, Senegalese singer-songwriter, musician, and politician
  • 1960 – Joshua Wurman, American scientist, DOW inventor and storm chaser
  • 1961 – Gary Ablett, Sr., Australian footballer
  • 1961 – Rico Constantino, American wrestler and manager
  • 1961 – Corrie van Zyl, South African cricketer and coach
  • 1962 – Attaphol Buspakom, Thai footballer and manager (d. 2015)
  • 1962 – Nico Claesen, Belgian footballer and coach
  • 1962 – Esai Morales, American actor
  • 1962 – Paul Walsh, English footballer and sportscaster
  • 1963 – Jean-Denis Délétraz, Swiss race car driver
  • 1963 – Mark McGwire, American baseball player and coach
  • 1964 – Max Matsuura, Japanese songwriter, producer, and manager
  • 1964 – Jonathan Sarfati, Australian-New Zealand chess player and author
  • 1964 – Christopher Titus, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1964 – Harry Hill, English comedian and author
  • 1965 – Andreas Keller, German field hockey player
  • 1965 – Chris Reason, Australian journalist
  • 1965 – Cliff Ronning, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1965 – Mia Mottley, Barbadian prime minister
  • 1966 – George Weah, Liberian footballer and politician, 25th President of Liberia
  • 1966 – José Ángel Ziganda, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1967 – Mike Pringle, American-Canadian football player
  • 1967 – Scott Young, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1968 – Sacha Dean Biyan, Canadian photographer and journalist
  • 1968 – Rob Collard, English race car driver
  • 1968 – Mark Durden-Smith, British television presenter
  • 1968 – Phil de Glanville, English rugby player
  • 1968 – Kevin Griffin, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1968 – Jon Guenther, American author and engineer
  • 1968 – Jay Underwood, American actor and pastor
  • 1969 – Zach Galifianakis, American actor, comedian, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1969 – Joseph Patrick Moore, American musician, composer and producer
  • 1969 – Ori Kaplan, Israeli-American saxophonist and producer
  • 1969 – Marcus Stephen, Nauruan weightlifter and politician, 27th President of Nauru
  • 1969 – Igor Ulanov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Simon Davey, Welsh footballer and manager
  • 1970 – Alexei Zhamnov, Russian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1971 – Yvette Hermundstad, Swedish journalist
  • 1971 – Andrew O’Keefe, Australian lawyer and television host
  • 1971 – Jim Serdaris, Australian rugby league player
  • 1972 – Ronen Altman Kaydar, Israeli author and poet
  • 1972 – Jean Paulo Fernandes, Brazilian footballer
  • 1972 – Esa Holopainen, Finnish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1972 – Nicky Morgan, British politician
  • 1973 – Christian Borle, American actor and singer
  • 1973 – Rachid Chékhémani, French runner
  • 1973 – Jana Henke, German swimmer
  • 1973 – John Mackey, American composer
  • 1973 – John Thomson, American baseball player and coach
  • 1974 – Keith Duffy, Irish singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor
  • 1974 – Nick Graham, Australian rugby player
  • 1974 – Mats Lindgren, Swedish ice hockey player and coach
  • 1975 – Justin Leppitsch, Australian rules footballer
  • 1975 – Zoltán Sebescen, German footballer and coach
  • 1976 – Denis Gauthier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Ümit Karan, Turkish footballer
  • 1976 – Richard Oakes, English guitarist and songwriter
  • 1976 – Antonio Roybal, American painter and sculptor
  • 1976 – Mark Švets, Estonian footballer
  • 1977 – Christel Takigawa, French-Japanese journalist
  • 1977 – Jeffrey van Hooydonk, Belgian race car driver
  • 1978 – Nicole Atkins, American singer-songwriter
  • 1978 – Leticia Cline, American model and journalist
  • 1978 – Joe Keith, English footballer
  • 1978 – Dominic Thornely, Australian cricketer
  • 1979 – Curtis Axel, American wrestler
  • 1979 – Rudi Johnson, American football player
  • 1979 – Gilberto Martínez, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1979 – Ryan Pontbriand, American football player
  • 1979 – Marko Stanojevic, English-Italian rugby player
  • 1980 – Sarah Drew, American actress
  • 1980 – Antonio Narciso, Italian footballer
  • 1981 – Júlio Baptista, Brazilian footballer
  • 1981 – Tom Donnelly, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1981 – Rupert Friend, English actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1981 – Gaby Mudingayi, Belgian footballer
  • 1981 – Johnny Oduya, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Arnau Riera, Spanish footballer
  • 1981 – David Yelldell, German-American soccer player
  • 1982 – Haruna Babangida, Nigerian footballer
  • 1982 – Aleksandar Đuričić, Serbian author and playwright
  • 1983 – Mohamed Abdelwahab, Egyptian footballer (d. 2006)
  • 1983 – Mirko Vučinić, Montenegrin footballer
  • 1984 – Beck Bennett, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1984 – Matt Cain, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Daniel Guillén Ruiz, Spanish footballer
  • 1985 – Nazimuddin Ahmed, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1985 – Tim Deasy, English footballer
  • 1986 – Ricardo Vaz Tê, Portuguese footballer
  • 1986 – Justin Westhoff, Australian footballer
  • 1987 – Hiroki Aiba, Japanese actor and singer
  • 1987 – Lionel Ainsworth, English footballer
  • 1987 – Mitchell Aubusson, Australian rugby league player
  • 1989 – Brie Larson, American actress
  • 1990 – Jan Kirchhoff, German footballer
  • 1990 – Pedro Filipe Mendes, Portuguese footballer
  • 1990 – Albert Prosa, Estonian footballer
  • 1991 – Conor Clifford, Irish footballer
  • 1991 – Rain Veideman, Estonian basketball player
  • 1992 – Xander Bogaerts, Aruban baseball player
  • 1995 – Lauren Hill, American basketball player (d. 2015)

Deaths in October 1

  • 630 – Tajoom Uk’ab K’ahk’, Mayan king
  • 686 – Emperor Tenmu of Japan (b. 631)
  • 804 – Richbod, archbishop of Trier
  • 895 – Kong Wei, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty
  • 918 – Zhou, empress of Former Shu
  • 959 – Eadwig, English king (b. 941)
  • 961 – Artald, archbishop of Reims
  • 1040 – Alan III, Duke of Brittany (b. 997)
  • 1126 – Morphia of Melitene, Queen of Jerusalem
  • 1310 – Beatrice of Burgundy, Lady of Bourbon (b. 1257)
  • 1404 – Pope Boniface IX (b. 1356)
  • 1416 – Yaqub Spata, Albanian ruler
  • 1450 – Leonello d’Este, Marquis of Ferrara, Italian noble (b. 1407)
  • 1499 – Marsilio Ficino, Italian astrologer and philosopher (b. 1433)
  • 1500 – John Alcock, English bishop and politician, Lord Chancellor of the United Kingdom (b. 1430)
  • 1532 – Jan Mabuse, Flemish painter
  • 1567 – Pietro Carnesecchi, Italian humanist (b. 1508)
  • 1570 – Frans Floris, Flemish painter (b. 1520)
  • 1574 – Maarten van Heemskerck, Dutch painter (b. 1498)
  • 1578 – John of Austria (b. 1547)
  • 1588 – Edward James, English priest and martyr (b. 1557)
  • 1602 – Hernando de Cabezón, Spanish organist and composer (b. 1541)
  • 1609 – Giammateo Asola, Italian priest and composer (b. 1532)
  • 1652 – Jan Asselijn, Dutch painter (d. 1610)
  • 1684 – Pierre Corneille, French playwright (b. 1606)
  • 1693 – Pedro Abarca, Spanish theologian and academic (b. 1619)
  • 1708 – John Blow, English organist and composer (b. 1649)
  • 1768 – Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician and academic (b. 1687)
  • 1788 – William Brodie, Scottish businessman and politician (b. 1741)
  • 1837 – Robert Clark, American politician (b. 1777)
  • 1838 – Charles Tennant, Scottish chemist and businessman (b. 1768)
  • 1864 – Rose O’Neal Greenhow, American spy (b. 1817)
  • 1878 – Mindon Min, Burmese king (b. 1808)
  • 1885 – John Light Atlee, American physician and surgeon (b. 1799)
  • 1901 – Abdur Rahman Khan, Afghan emir (b. 1844)
  • 1913 – Eugene O’Keefe, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1827)
  • 1929 – Antoine Bourdelle, French sculptor and painter (b. 1861)
  • 1940 – Chiungtze C. Tsen, Chinese mathematician (b. 1898)
  • 1942 – Ants Piip, Estonian lawyer and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Estonia (b. 1884)
  • 1950 – Faik Ali Ozansoy, Turkish poet, educator, and politician (b. 1876)
  • 1951 – Peter McWilliam, Scottish-English footballer and manager (b. 1878)
  • 1953 – John Marin, American painter (b. 1870)
  • 1955 – Charles Christie, American film producer, founded Christie Film Company (b. 1880)
  • 1957 – Abdülhalik Renda, Turkish civil servant and politician, 6th Turkish Minister of National Defence (b. 1881)
  • 1958 – Robert Falk, Russian painter and educator (b. 1886)
  • 1959 – Enrico De Nicola, Italian journalist, lawyer, and politician, 1st President of Italy (b. 1877)
  • 1961 – Ludwig Bemelmans, Italian-American author and illustrator (b. 1898)
  • 1970 – Raúl Riganti, Argentinian race car driver (b. 1893)
  • 1972 – Louis Leakey, Kenyan-English archaeologist and paleontologist (b. 1903)
  • 1974 – Spyridon Marinatos, Greek archaeologist and academic (b. 1901)
  • 1975 – Al Jackson, Jr., American drummer, songwriter, and producer (b. 1935)
  • 1984 – Walter Alston, American baseball player and manager (b. 1911)
  • 1985 – Ninian Sanderson, Scottish race car driver (b. 1925)
  • 1985 – E. B. White, American essayist and journalist (b. 1899)
  • 1986 – Archie League, American air traffic controller (b. 1907)
  • 1988 – Sacheverell Sitwell, English author, poet, and critic (b. 1897)
  • 1990 – Curtis LeMay, American general (b. 1906)
  • 1992 – Petra Kelly, German activist and politician (b. 1947)
  • 1994 – Paul Lorenzen, German mathematician and philosopher (b. 1915)
  • 1997 – Jerome H. Lemelson, American engineer and philanthropist (b. 1923)
  • 2002 – Walter Annenberg, American publisher and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom (b. 1908)
  • 2004 – Richard Avedon, American photographer (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Bruce Palmer, Canadian bass player (b. 1946)
  • 2004 – Robert Vaidlo, Estonian journalist and author (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Fawaz al-Rabeiee, Saudi Arabian terrorist (b. 1979)
  • 2006 – Jerald Tanner, American author and activist (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Ronnie Hazlehurst, English conductor and composer (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Chris Mainwaring, Australian footballer and journalist (b. 1965)
  • 2007 – Al Oerter, American discus thrower (b. 1936)
  • 2008 – John Biddle, American cinematographer (b. 1925)
  • 2009 – Cintio Vitier, Cuban poet and author (b. 1921)
  • 2010 – Ian Buxton, English footballer and cricketer (b. 1938)
  • 2011 – Sven Tumba, Swedish ice hockey player and golfer (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Octavio Getino, Spanish-Argentinian director and screenwriter (b. 1935)
  • 2012 – Eric Hobsbawm, Egyptian-English historian and author (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Mark R. Kravitz, American lawyer and judge (b. 1950)
  • 2012 – Moshe Sanbar, Hungarian-Israeli economist and banker (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Shlomo Venezia, Greek-Italian Holocaust survivor and author (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Arnold Burns, American lawyer and politician, 21st United States Deputy Attorney General (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Tom Clancy, American author (b. 1947)
  • 2013 – Imero Fiorentino, American lighting designer (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Israel Gutman, Polish-Israeli historian and author (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Ole Danbolt Mjøs, Norwegian physician, academic, and politician (b. 1939)
  • 2013 – Jim Rountree, American football player and coach (b. 1936)
  • 2014 – Lynsey de Paul, English singer-songwriter, pianist, and actress (b. 1948)
  • 2014 – Shlomo Lahat, Israeli general and politician (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – José Martínez, Cuban-American baseball player and coach (b. 1942)
  • 2014 – Robert Serra, Venezuelan criminologist and politician (b. 1987)
  • 2015 – Božo Bakota, Croatian footballer (b. 1950)
  • 2015 – Don Edwards, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (b. 1915)
  • 2015 – Hadi Norouzi, Iranian footballer (b. 1985)
  • 2015 – Jacob Pressman, American rabbi and academic, co-founded American Jewish University (b. 1919)
  • 2017 – Dave Strader, American sportscaster (b. 1955)
  • 2018 – Charles Aznavour, French-Armenian singer, composer, writer, filmmaker and public figure (b. 1924)
  • 2019 – Karel Gott, Сzeсh singer (b. 1939)

Holidays and observances in October 1

  • Armed Forces Day (South Korea)
  • Beginning of the United States’ Fiscal Year
  • Children’s Day (El Salvador, Guatemala, Sri Lanka); celebrated on the first Friday of October (Singapore), assignation and recognition on the first Wednesday of October (Chile)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Abai (Syriac Orthodox Church)
    • Bavo of Ghent
    • Blessed Edward James
    • Nicetius (Roman Catholic Church)
    • Remigius
    • Thérèse of Lisieux
    • Protection/Patronage of the Theotokos (Eastern Catholic Churches)
    • October 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of Prosecutors (Azerbaijan)
  • Earliest day on which Teacher’s Day can fall, while October 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Sunday of October. (Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Ukraine)
  • Earliest day on which World Habitat Day can fall, while October 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Monday of October. (International)
  • Ground Forces Day (Russia)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Cyprus from United Kingdom in 1960.
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Nigeria from United Kingdom in 1960.
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Palau from the UN Trust Territory status in 1994.
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Tuvalu from United Kingdom in 1978.
  • International Day of Older Persons
  • Lincolnshire Day (United Kingdom)
  • National Day of the People’s Republic of China (People’s Republic of China)
  • Pancasila Sanctity Day (Indonesia)
  • Teacher’s Day (Uzbekistan)
  • Unification Day (Cameroon)

October 2- History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

October 2 is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 90 days remain until the end of the year.

October 2 in history

  • 829 – Theophilos succeeds his father Michael II as Byzantine Emperor.
  • 939 – Battle of Andernach: Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, crushes a rebellion against his rule, by a coalition of Eberhard of Franconia and other Frankish dukes.
  • 1187 – Siege of Jerusalem: Saladin captures Jerusalem after 88 years of Crusader rule.
  • 1263 – The Battle of Largs is fought between Norwegians and Scots.
  • 1470 – The Earl of Warwick’s rebellion forces King Edward IV of England to flee to the Netherlands, restoring Henry VI to the throne.
  • 1528 – William Tyndale publishes The Obedience of a Christian Man, which advocates the divine right of kings.
  • 1535 – Jacques Cartier discovers the present site of Montreal.
  • 1552 – Russo-Kazan Wars: Russian troops enter Kazan.
  • 1780 – American Revolutionary War: John André, a British Army officer, is hanged as a spy by the Continental Army.
  • 1789 – The United States Bill of Rights is sent to the various States for ratification.
  • 1814 – Chilean War of Independence: Royalist troops defeat Chilean forces of Bernardo O’Higgins and José Miguel Carrera.
  • 1835 – Texas Revolution: Mexican troops attempt to disarm the people of Gonzales, but encounter stiff resistance from a hastily assembled militia.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Confederates defeat a Union attack on Saltville, Virginia. A massacre of wounded Union prisoners (most of them are from a Black cavalry unit) ensues.
  • 1870 – A plebiscite held in Rome, supports annexation of city of Rome by the Kingdom of Italy.
  • 1919 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson suffers a massive stroke, leaving him incapacitated for several weeks.
  • 1928 – The “Prelature of the Holy Cross and the Work of God”, commonly known as Opus Dei, is founded.
  • 1937 – Rafael Trujillo orders the execution of Haitians living in the northwestern region of the Dominican Republic.
  • 1941 – World War II: In Operation Typhoon, the Wehrmacht attempts to capture Moscow before the onset of winter.
  • 1942 – World War II: Ocean Liner RMS Queen Mary accidentally rams and sinks HMS Curacoa, killing 337 crewmen aboard Curacoa.
  • 1944 – World War II: German troops end the Warsaw Uprising.
  • 1958 – Guinea declares its independence from France.
  • 1959 – Rod Serling’s anthology series The Twilight Zone premieres on CBS. The first episode is “Where Is Everybody?”
  • 1967 – Thurgood Marshall is sworn in as the first African-American justice of the United States Supreme Court.
  • 1968 – Mexican President Gustavo Díaz Ordaz orders soldiers to suppress a demonstration of unarmed students, ten days before the start of the 1968 Summer Olympics.
  • 1970 – An aircraft carrying the Wichita State University football team, administrators, and supporters crashes in Colorado, killing 31 people.
  • 1980 – Michael Myers becomes the first member of either chamber of Congress to be expelled since the Civil War.
  • 1990 – Xiamen Airlines Flight 8301 is hijacked and lands at Guangzhou, where it crashes into two other airliners on the ground, killing 128.
  • 1992 – Military police storm the Carandiru Penitentiary in São Paulo, Brazil during a prison riot. The resulting massacre leaves 111 prisoners dead.
  • 1996 – Aeroperú Flight 603 crashes into the ocean near Peru, killing all 70 people on board.
  • 1996 – The Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments are signed by U.S. President Bill Clinton.
  • 2000 – The Rijndael algorithm is chosen by NIST as the AES standard.
  • 2002 – The Beltway sniper attacks begin, extending over three weeks.
  • 2004 – The first parkrun, then known as the Bushy Park Time Trial, takes place in Bushy Park, London, UK.
  • 2006 – Five Amish girls are murdered in a shooting at a school in Pennsylvania, United States.
  • 2007 – President Roh Moo-hyun of South Korea goes to North Korea for an Inter-Korean summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong-il.
  • 2016 – Ethiopian protests break out during a festival in the Oromia region, killing dozens of people.

Births in October 2

  • 1452 – Richard III of England (d. 1485)
  • 1470 – Isabella of Aragon, Duchess of Milan (d. 1524)
  • 1470 – Isabella of Aragon, Queen of Portugal, Daughter of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon (d. 1498)
  • 1527 – William Drury, English politician (d. 1579)
  • 1538 – Charles Borromeo, Italian cardinal and saint (d. 1584)
  • 1589 – Muhammad Parviz, Mughal Empire emperor (d. 1626)
  • 1644 – François-Timoléon de Choisy, French historian and author (d. 1724)
  • 1704 – František Tůma, Czech organist and composer (d. 1774)
  • 1718 – Elizabeth Montagu, English author and critic (d. 1800)
  • 1727 – Ignaz Schiffermüller, Austrian entomologist and academic (d. 1806)
  • 1768 – William Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, English general and politician (d. 1854)
  • 1798 – Charles Albert, King of Sardinia (1831–49) (d. 1849)
  • 1800 – Nat Turner, American slave and uprising leader (d. 1831)
  • 1815 – James Agnew, Northern Irish-Australian politician, 16th Premier of Tasmania (d. 1901)
  • 1821 – Alexander P. Stewart, American general (d. 1908)
  • 1824 – Henry C. Lord, American businessman (d. 1884)
  • 1828 – Charles Floquet, French lawyer and politician, 55th Prime Minister of France (d. 1896)
  • 1832 – Edward Burnett Tylor, English anthropologist and academic (d. 1917)
  • 1847 – Paul von Hindenburg, German field marshal and politician, 2nd President of Germany (d. 1934)
  • 1851 – Ferdinand Foch, French field marshal and theorist (d. 1929)
  • 1852 – William Ramsay, Scottish-English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1916)
  • 1854 – Patrick Geddes, Scottish biologist, sociologist, geographer, and philanthropist (d. 1932)
  • 1869 – Mahatma Gandhi, Indian freedom fighter, activist and philosopher (d. 1948)
  • 1871 – Cordell Hull, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 47th United States Secretary of State, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1955)
  • 1871 – Martha Brookes Hutcheson, American landscaper and author (d. 1959)
  • 1873 – Stephen Warfield Gambrill, American lawyer and politician (d. 1924)
  • 1873 – Pelham Warner, English cricketer and manager (d. 1963)
  • 1875 – Pattie Ruffner Jacobs, American suffragist (d. 1935)
  • 1879 – Wallace Stevens, American poet and educator (d. 1955)
  • 1882 – Boris Shaposhnikov, Russian colonel (d. 1945)
  • 1883 – Lesley Ashburner, American hurdler (d. 1950)
  • 1883 – Karl von Terzaghi, Czech-American geologist and engineer (d. 1963)
  • 1890 – Groucho Marx, American comedian and actor (d. 1977)
  • 1893 – Leroy Shield, American composer and conductor (d. 1962)
  • 1895 – Ruth Cheney Streeter, American colonel (d. 1990)
  • 1897 – Bud Abbott, American comedian (d. 1974)
  • 1902 – John G. Crommelin, American admiral and politician (d. 1996)
  • 1902 – Leopold Figl, Austrian engineer and politician, 18th Chancellor of Austria (d. 1965)
  • 1904 – Graham Greene, English novelist, playwright, and critic (d. 1991)
  • 1904 – Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indian academic and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of India (d. 1966)
  • 1905 – Franjo Šeper, Croatian cardinal (d. 1981)
  • 1906 – Thomas Hollway, Australian politician, 36th Premier of Victoria (d. 1971)
  • 1906 – August Komendant, Estonian-American engineer and academic (d. 1992)
  • 1907 – Víctor Paz Estenssoro, Bolivian politician, 52nd President of Bolivia (d. 2001)
  • 1907 – Alexander R. Todd, Scottish-English biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1997)
  • 1909 – Alex Raymond, American cartoonist, creator of Flash Gordon (d. 1956)
  • 1911 – Jack Finney, American author and playwright (d. 1995)
  • 1912 – Frank Malina, American engineer and painter (d. 1981)
  • 1914 – Jack Parsons, American chemist, occultist, and engineer (d. 1952)
  • 1914 – Bernarr Rainbow, English organist, conductor, and historian (d. 1998)
  • 1915 – Chuck Williams, American author and businessman, founded Williams Sonoma (d. 2015)
  • 1917 – Christian de Duve, English-Belgian cytologist and biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
  • 1917 – Charles Drake, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1919 – John W. Duarte, English guitarist and composer (d. 2004)
  • 1919 – Jan Flinterman, Dutch race car driver and pilot (d. 1992)
  • 1921 – Edmund Crispin, English writer and composer (d. 1978)
  • 1921 – Albert Scott Crossfield, American pilot and engineer (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – Robert Runcie, English archbishop (d. 2000)
  • 1925 – Wren Blair, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Jan Morris, English-Welsh historian and author
  • 1928 – George McFarland, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1928 – Wolfhart Pannenberg, Polish-German theologian and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1929 – Peter Bronfman, Canadian businessman (d. 1996)
  • 1929 – Moses Gunn, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1930 – Dave Barrett, Canadian social worker and politician, 26th Premier of British Columbia (d. 2018)
  • 1932 – Maury Wills, American baseball player, manager, and sportscaster
  • 1933 – John Gurdon, English biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1933 – Phill Niblock, American composer and director
  • 1933 – Dave Somerville, Canadian singer (The Diamonds) (d. 2015)
  • 1934 – Richard Scott, Baron Scott of Foscote, South African-English lawyer and judge
  • 1934 – Earl Wilson, American baseball player and coach (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – Omar Sívori, Italian-Argentine footballer and manager (d. 2005)
  • 1936 – Dick Barnett, American basketball player and educator
  • 1936 – Feliciano Belmonte Jr., Filipino lawyer and politician, 20th Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines
  • 1936 – Connie Dierking, American basketball player (d. 2013)
  • 1937 – Johnnie Cochran, American lawyer (d. 2005)
  • 1938 – Nick Gravenites, American singer–songwriter and guitarist
  • 1938 – Waheed Murad, Pakistani actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1983)
  • 1938 – Rex Reed, American film critic
  • 1939 – Budhi Kunderan, Indian cricketer (d. 2006)
  • 1941 – Diana Hendry, English poet and author
  • 1941 – Ron Meagher, American rock bass player
  • 1942 – Steve Sabol, American director and producer, co-founded NFL Films (d. 2012)
  • 1943 – Anna Ford, English journalist and academic
  • 1943 – Franklin Rosemont, American poet, painter, and historian (d. 2009)
  • 1943 – Henri Szeps, Australian actor
  • 1944 – Vernor Vinge, American computer scientist and author
  • 1944 – Ton Koopman, Dutch conductor, organist, and harpsichordist
  • 1945 – Martin Hellman, American cryptographer and academic
  • 1945 – Don McLean, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1946 – Sonthi Boonyaratglin, Thai general and politician
  • 1946 – Peter Kellner, English journalist and author
  • 1947 – Ward Churchill, American author and activist
  • 1947 – Paul Jackson, English director and producer
  • 1948 – Trevor Brooking, English footballer and manager
  • 1948 – Avery Brooks, American actor and singer
  • 1948 – Donna Karan, American fashion designer, founded DKNY
  • 1948 – Siim Kallas, Estonian soldier and politician, 13th Prime Minister of Estonia
  • 1948 – Persis Khambatta, Indian model and actress, Femina Miss India 1965 (d. 1998)
  • 1948 – Chris LeDoux, American singer-songwriter and sculptor (d. 2005)
  • 1949 – Richard Hell, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1949 – Annie Leibovitz, American photographer
  • 1950 – Mike Rutherford, English guitarist and songwriter
  • 1951 – Sting, English singer-songwriter, bass player, and actor
  • 1952 – Jan Švejnar, Czech-American economist and politician
  • 1953 – Vanessa Bell Armstrong, American singer
  • 1953 – Muhammad Abdul Bari, Bangladeshi-English physicist and academic
  • 1954 – Lorraine Bracco, American actress and producer
  • 1955 – Philip Oakey, English singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer
  • 1955 – Nancy Rothwell, English physiologist and academic
  • 1956 – Peter Bruce, Scottish chemist and academic
  • 1956 – Freddie Jackson, American soul singer
  • 1956 – Viatcheslav Mukhanov, Russian-German cosmologist and physicist
  • 1957 – John Cook, American golfer
  • 1957 – Wade Dooley, English rugby player and police officer
  • 1957 – Dave Faulkner, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1957 – Kate St John, English singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1958 – Robbie Nevil, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1959 – Luis Fernández, French footballer and manager
  • 1960 – Glenn Anderson, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1960 – Django Bates, English pianist and composer
  • 1960 – Johan Lammerts, Dutch cyclist
  • 1960 – Joe Sacco, American journalist and cartoonist
  • 1960 – Tom Schweich, American lawyer and politician, 36th State Auditor of Missouri (d. 2015)
  • 1960 – Dereck Whittenburg, American basketball player and coach
  • 1961 – Jaan Toomik, Estonian director and producer
  • 1962 – James Hunter, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1962 – Mark Rypien, Canadian-American football player
  • 1963 – Keith Bradshaw, Australian cricketer and accountant
  • 1964 – Dirk Brinkmann, German field hockey player
  • 1965 – Darren Cahill, Australian tennis player and coach
  • 1965 – Tom Moody, Australian cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1967 – Frankie Fredericks, Namibian sprinter
  • 1967 – Gary L. Gregg, American political scientist, author, and academic
  • 1967 – Thomas Muster, Austrian tennis player
  • 1967 – Gillian Welch, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1968 – Victoria Derbyshire, English journalist and radio host
  • 1968 – Benjie Paras, Filipino basketball player and actor
  • 1968 – Jeff Martin, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1968 – Jana Novotná, Czech tennis player and sportscaster (d. 2017)
  • 1968 – Glen Wesley, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1968 – Kelly Willis, American country music singer-songwriter
  • 1969 – Badly Drawn Boy, English indie singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist
  • 1969 – Mitch English, American talk show host, comedian, weatherman
  • 1970 – Eddie Guardado, American baseball player and coach
  • 1970 – Patricia O’Callaghan, Canadian soprano and producer
  • 1970 – Kelly Ripa, American actress, producer, and talk show host
  • 1970 – Maribel Verdú, Spanish actress
  • 1971 – Tiffany Darwish, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1971 – Jim Root, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1972 – Aaron McKie, American basketball player and coach
  • 1973 – Melissa Harris-Perry, American journalist, author, and educator
  • 1973 – Lene Nystrøm, Norwegian singer-songwriter
  • 1973 – Proof, American rapper and actor (d. 2006)
  • 1973 – Scott Schoeneweis, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Maria Wetterstrand, Swedish politician
  • 1974 – Adel Ferdosipour, Iranian journalist and sportscaster
  • 1974 – Bjarke Ingels, Danish architect
  • 1974 – Brian Knight, American baseball player and umpire
  • 1974 – Michelle Krusiec, Taiwanese-American actress and producer
  • 1974 – Matthew Nicholson, Australian cricketer
  • 1974 – Mark Porter, New Zealand race car driver (d. 2006)
  • 1974 – Sam Roberts, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1974 – Paul Teutul Jr., American motorcycle designer, co-founded Orange County Choppers
  • 1974 – Kevin Van De Wege, American firefighter and politician
  • 1975 – Baiba Broka, Latvian politician
  • 1976 – Mark Chilton, English cricketer
  • 1976 – John Thornton, American football player
  • 1977 – Didier Défago, Swiss skier
  • 1978 – Ayumi Hamasaki, Japanese singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1978 – Matthew Hancock, English economist and politician, Minister for the Cabinet Office
  • 1979 – Primož Brezec, Slovenian basketball player
  • 1979 – Francisco Fonseca, Mexican footballer
  • 1979 – Maja Ivarsson, Swedish singer-songwriter
  • 1980 – Shane Andrus, American football player
  • 1981 – Ridzuan Fatah Hasan, Singaporean footballer
  • 1981 – Santi Kolk, Dutch footballer
  • 1981 – Luke Wilkshire, Australian footballer
  • 1982 – Tyson Chandler, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Esra Gümüş, Turkish volleyball player
  • 1982 – George Pettit, Canadian singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1982 – Gary Wilkinson, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Marion Bartoli, French tennis player
  • 1985 – Çağlar Birinci, Turkish footballer
  • 1985 – Buster Davis, American football player
  • 1985 – Brandon Jackson, American football player
  • 1986 – Camilla Belle, American actress
  • 1987 – Bojana Bobusic, Australian tennis player
  • 1987 – Joe Ingles, Australian basketball player
  • 1987 – Phil Kessel, American ice hockey player
  • 1987 – Joel Reinders, American football player
  • 1987 – Ricky Stenhouse Jr., American race car driver
  • 1988 – Brittany Howard, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1989 – Aaron Hicks, American baseball player
  • 1989 – George Nash, English rower
  • 1989 – Janine Gutierrez, Filipino actress
  • 1990 – Dean Bouzanis, Australian footballer
  • 1991 – Roberto Firmino, Brazilian footballer
  • 1991 – Jeanjos Parfait, Burundian musician
  • 1992 – Sirje Roops, Estonian footballer
  • 1993 – Michy Batshuayi, Belgian footballer
  • 1993 – Aaro Vainio, Finnish race car driver
  • 1994 – Joana Eidukonytė, Lithuanian tennis player
  • 1995 – Te Maire Martin, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1995 – Tepai Moeroa, Cook Islands rugby league player
  • 1996 – Tom Trbojevic, Australian rugby league player
  • 1997 – Hana Sugisaki, Japanese actress
  • 2002 – Jacob Sartorius, American singer

Deaths in October 2

  • 534 – Athalaric, Italian king (b. 516)
  • 829 – Michael II, Byzantine emperor (b. 770)
  • 939 – Eberhard III, duke of Franconia
  • 939 – Gilbert, Duke of Lorraine (b. 890)
  • 1264 – Pope Urban IV
  • 1348 – Alice de Lacy, 4th Countess of Lincoln (b. 1281)
  • 1559 – Jacquet of Mantua, French-Italian composer (b. 1483)
  • 1588 – Bernardino Telesio, Italian philosopher and scientist (b. 1509)
  • 1626 – Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, 1st Count of Gondomar, Spanish academic and diplomat (b. 1567)
  • 1629 – Antonio Cifra, Italian composer (b. 1584)
  • 1629 – Pierre de Bérulle, French cardinal and theologian (b. 1575)
  • 1678 – Wu Sangui, Qing Chinese general (b. 1612)
  • 1685 – David Teniers III, Flemish painter (b. 1638)
  • 1708 – Anne Jules de Noailles, French general (b. 1650)
  • 1709 – Ivan Mazepa, Ukrainian diplomat (b. 1639)
  • 1724 – François-Timoléon de Choisy, French historian and author (b. 1644)
  • 1746 – Josiah Burchett, English admiral and politician (b. 1666)
  • 1764 – William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1720)
  • 1775 – Fukuda Chiyo-ni, Japanese nun and poet (b. 1703)
  • 1780 – John André, English soldier (b. 1750)
  • 1782 – Charles Lee, English-born American general (b. 1732)
  • 1786 – Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel, English admiral and politician (b. 1725)
  • 1803 – Samuel Adams, American philosopher and politician, 4th Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1722)
  • 1804 – Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, French engineer (b. 1725)
  • 1850 – Sarah Biffen, English painter (b. 1784)
  • 1853 – François Arago, French mathematician, physicist, astronomer, and politician, 25th Prime Minister of France (b. 1786)
  • 1920 – Max Bruch, German composer and conductor (b. 1838)
  • 1927 – Svante Arrhenius, Swedish physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1859)
  • 1938 – Alexandru Averescu, Romanian field marshal and politician, 24th Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1859)
  • 1938 – André Lagache, French race car driver and engineer (b. 1885)
  • 1943 – John Evans, English-Australian politician, 21st Premier of Tasmania (b. 1855)
  • 1947 – P. D. Ouspensky, Russian-English mathematician and philosopher (b. 1878)
  • 1953 – John Marin, American painter (b. 1870)
  • 1955 – Humphrey Barclay, English priest (b. 1882)
  • 1955 – William Orthwein, American swimmer and water polo player (b. 1881)
  • 1962 – Boris Yakovlevich Bukreev, Russian mathematician and author (b. 1859)
  • 1968 – Marcel Duchamp, French painter and sculptor (b. 1887)
  • 1971 – Jessie Arms Botke, American painter (b. 1883)
  • 1973 – Paul Hartman, American actor and dancer (b. 1904)
  • 1973 – Paavo Nurmi, Finnish runner (b. 1897)
  • 1974 – Vasily Shukshin, Russian actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 1975 – K. Kamaraj, Indian lawyer and politician (b. 1903)
  • 1981 – Harry Golden, American journalist and author (b. 1902)
  • 1981 – Hazel Scott, Trinidadian-American activist, actress, and musician (b. 1920)
  • 1985 – Rock Hudson, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 1987 – Madeleine Carroll, English actress (b. 1906)
  • 1987 – Peter Medawar, Brazilian-English biologist and zoologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)
  • 1988 – Alec Issigonis, Greek-English car designer, designed the Mini (b. 1906)
  • 1988 – Hamengkubuwono IX, Indonesian politician, 2nd Vice President of Indonesia (b. 1912)
  • 1991 – Hazen Argue, Canadian politician (b. 1921)
  • 1991 – Demetrios I of Constantinople (b. 1914)
  • 1994 – Harriet Nelson, American actress and singer (b. 1909)
  • 1996 – Robert Bourassa, Canadian lawyer and politician, 22nd Premier of Quebec (b. 1933)
  • 1996 – Andrey Lukanov, Bulgarian lawyer and politician, 40th Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1938)
  • 1998 – Gene Autry, American actor, singer, and guitarist (b. 1907)
  • 1998 – Olivier Gendebien, Belgian race car driver (b. 1924)
  • 1999 – Heinz G. Konsalik, German journalist and author (b. 1921)
  • 2000 – David Tonkin, Australian politician, 38th Premier of South Australia (b. 1929)
  • 2001 – Franz Biebl, German composer and academic (b. 1906)
  • 2002 – Heinz von Foerster, Austrian-American physicist and philosopher (b. 1911)
  • 2003 – John Thomas Dunlop, American scholar and politician, 14th United States Secretary of Labor (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Nipsey Russell, American comedian and actor (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – August Wilson, American author and playwright (b. 1945)
  • 2006 – Helen Chenoweth-Hage, American politician (b. 1938)
  • 2006 – Paul Halmos, Hungarian-American mathematician (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Tex Coulter, American football player (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Christopher Derrick, English author and critic (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – George Grizzard, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Dan Keating, Irish Republican Army volunteer (b. 1902)
  • 2007 – Tawn Mastrey, American radio host and producer (b. 1954)
  • 2010 – Kwa Geok Choo, Singaporean lawyer and scholar (b. 1920)
  • 2011 – Peter L. Benson, American psychologist and academic (b. 1946)
  • 2012 – Nguyễn Chí Thiện, Vietnamese-American poet and activist (b. 1939)
  • 2012 – Charles Roach, Trinidadian-Canadian lawyer and activist (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – J. Philippe Rushton, English-Canadian psychologist, theorist, academic (b. 1943)
  • 2013 – Gottfried Fischer, German psychologist, therapist, and academic (b. 1944)
  • 2013 – Herman Hugg, American painter and sculptor (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Jonathan Kaufer, American director and screenwriter (b. 1955)
  • 2013 – Abraham Nemeth, American mathematician and academic (b. 1918)
  • 2013 – Kaare Ørnung, Norwegian pianist and educator (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Robert Flower, Australian footballer (b. 1955)
  • 2014 – Vaughn O. Lang, American general (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Frederic Tamler Sommers, American philosopher and academic (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Eric Arturo Delvalle, Panamanian lawyer and politician, President of Panama (b. 1937)
  • 2015 – Brian Friel, Irish author, playwright, and director (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Rodolfo Frigeri, Argentinian economist and politician, Argentinian Minister of Finance (b. 1942)
  • 2015 – Coleridge Goode, Jamaican-English bassist and composer (b. 1914)
  • 2015 – James Mutende, Ugandan veterinarian, economist, and politician (b. 1962)
  • 2015 – Johnny Paton, Scottish footballer, coach, and manager (b. 1923)
  • 2016 – Neville Marriner, British conductor (b. 1924)
  • 2016 – Gary Reed, American comic book writer (b. 1956)
  • 2017 – Tom Petty, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1950)

Holidays and observances in October 2

  • Batik Day (Indonesia)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Memorial of the Holy Guardian Angels
    • Leodegar
    • October 2 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Gandhi’s birthday-related observances:
    • Gandhi Jayanti (India)
    • International Day of Non-Violence
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Guinea from France in 1958.
  • National Grandparents Day (Italy)

October 3- History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 89 days remain until the end of the year.

October 3 in history

  • 2457 BC – Gaecheonjeol, Hwanung (환웅) purportedly descended from heaven. South Korea’s National Foundation Day.
  • 52 BC – Vercingetorix, leader of the Gauls, surrenders to the Romans under Julius Caesar, ending the siege and battle of Alesia.
  • 42 BC – Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fight a decisive battle with Caesar’s assassins Brutus and Cassius.
  • 382 – Roman Emperor Theodosius I concludes a peace treaty with the Goths and settles them in the Balkans.
  • 1283 – Dafydd ap Gruffydd, prince of Gwynedd in Wales, is the first nobleman to be executed by hanging, drawing and quartering.
  • 1392 – Muhammed VII becomes the twelfth sultan of the Emirate of Granada.
  • 1574 – The Siege of Leiden is lifted by the Watergeuzen.
  • 1683 – Qing dynasty naval commander Shi Lang receives the surrender of the Tungning kingdom on Taiwan after the Battle of Penghu.
  • 1712 – The Duke of Montrose issues a warrant for the arrest of Rob Roy MacGregor.
  • 1739 – The Treaty of Niš is signed by the Ottoman Empire and Russia at the end of the Russian–Turkish War.
  • 1789 – George Washington proclaims a Thanksgiving Day for that year.
  • 1792 – A militia departs from the Spanish stronghold of Valdivia to quell a Huilliche uprising in southern Chile.
  • 1795 – Slave rebel leader Tula is executed in Curaçao.
  • 1863 – The last Thursday in November is declared as Thanksgiving Day by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln.
  • 1873 – Chief Kintpuash and companions are hanged for their part in the Modoc War of northern California.
  • 1912 – U.S. forces defeat Nicaraguan rebels at the Battle of Coyotepe Hill.
  • 1918 – King Boris III of Bulgaria accedes to the throne.
  • 1919 – Cincinnati Reds pitcher Adolfo Luque becomes the first Latin player to appear in a World Series.
  • 1929 – The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes is renamed to Yugoslavia by King Alexander I.
  • 1930 – The German Socialist Labour Party in Poland – Left is founded.
  • 1932 – Iraq gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1935 – Second Italo-Abyssinian War: Italy invades Ethiopia.
  • 1942 – A German V-2 rocket reaches a record 85 km (46 nm) in altitude.
  • 1943 – World War II: German forces murder 92 civilians in Lyngiades, Greece.
  • 1949 – WERD, the first black-owned radio station in the United States, opens in Atlanta.
  • 1951 – Korean War: The First Battle of Maryang San pits Commonwealth troops against communist Chinese troops.
  • 1952 – The United Kingdom successfully tests a nuclear weapon to become the world’s third nuclear power.
  • 1957 – The California State Superior Court rules that the book Howl and Other Poems is not obscene.
  • 1962 – Project Mercury: Wally Schirra in Sigma 7 launched from Cape Canaveral for a six-orbit flight.
  • 1963 – A violent coup in Honduras begins two decades of military rule.
  • 1978 – A Finnish Air Force DC-3 crashes, killing all 15 people on board.
  • 1981 – The hunger strike at the Maze Prison in Northern Ireland ends after seven months and ten deaths.
  • 1985 – The Space Shuttle Atlantis makes its maiden flight.
  • 1986 – TASCC, a superconducting cyclotron at the Chalk River Laboratories in Canada, is officially opened.
  • 1989 – A coup in Panama City is suppressed and 11 participants are executed.
  • 1990 – The German Democratic Republic is abolished and becomes part of the Federal Republic of Germany.
  • 1991 – Nadine Gordimer is announced as the winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature.
  • 1993 – An American attack against a warlord in Mogadishu fails; eighteen US soldiers and over 350 Somalis die.
  • 1995 – The O. J. Simpson murder case ended with a verdict of not guilty.
  • 2008 – The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 for the U.S. financial system is signed by President George W. Bush.
  • 2009 – Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Turkey join together in the Turkic Council.
  • 2010 – The 19th Commonwealth Games commence in Delhi.
  • 2013 – At least 360 migrants are killed when their boat sinks near the Italian island of Lampedusa.
  • 2015 – Forty-two are killed and 33 go missing in the Kunduz hospital airstrike.

Births in October 3

  • 85 BC – Gaius Cassius Longinus, Roman politician (d. 42 BC)
  • 1292 – Eleanor de Clare, English noblewoman (d. 1337)
  • 1390 – Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (d. 1447)
  • 1458 – Saint Casimir, Prince of Poland and Duke of Lithuania (d. 1484)
  • 1554 – Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke, English poet (d. 1628)
  • 1610 – Gabriel Lalemant, French-Canadian missionary and saint (d. 1649)
  • 1631 – Sebastian Anton Scherer, German organist and composer (d. 1712)
  • 1713 – Antoine Dauvergne, French violinist and composer (d. 1797)
  • 1716 – Giovanni Battista Beccaria, Italian physicist and academic (d. 1781)
  • 1720 – Johann Uz, German poet and judge (d. 1796)
  • 1790 – John Ross, American tribal chief (d. 1866)
  • 1797 – Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1870)
  • 1800 – George Bancroft, American historian and politician, 17th United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1891)
  • 1804 – Townsend Harris, American merchant, politician, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Japan (d. 1878)
  • 1804 – Allan Kardec, French author, translator, educator and founder of modern Spiritism (d. 1869)
  • 1828 – Woldemar Bargiel, German composer and educator (d. 1897)
  • 1837 – Nicolás Avellaneda, Argentinian journalist and politician, 8th President of Argentina (d. 1885)
  • 1846 – James Jackson Putnam, American neurologist and academic (d. 1918)
  • 1848 – Henry Lerolle, French painter and art collector (d. 1929)
  • 1858 – Eleonora Duse, Italian-American actress (d. 1924)
  • 1862 – Johnny Briggs, English cricketer and rugby player (d. 1902)
  • 1863 – Pyotr Kozlov, Russian archaeologist and explorer (d. 1935)
  • 1865 – Gustave Loiseau, French painter (d. 1935)
  • 1866 – Josephine Sabel, American singer & comedian (d. 1945)
  • 1867 – Pierre Bonnard, French painter (d. 1947)
  • 1869 – Alfred Flatow, German gymnast (d. 1942)
  • 1875 – Dr. Atl, Mexican painter (d. 1964)
  • 1879 – Warner Oland, Swedish-American actor and singer (d. 1938)
  • 1882 – A. Y. Jackson, Canadian painter and academic (d. 1974)
  • 1885 – Sophie Treadwell, American playwright and journalist (d. 1970)
  • 1886 – Alain-Fournier, French soldier, author, and critic (d. 1914)
  • 1888 – Wade Boteler, American actor and screenwriter (d. 1943)
  • 1889 – Carl von Ossietzky, German journalist and activist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1938)
  • 1890 – Emilio Portes Gil, Mexican politician, President of Mexico 1928-1930 (d. 1978)
  • 1894 – Elmer Robinson, American lawyer and politician, 33rd Mayor of San Francisco (d. 1982)
  • 1894 – Walter Warlimont, German general (d. 1976)
  • 1895 – Giovanni Comisso, Italian author and poet (d. 1969)
  • 1895 – Sergei Yesenin, Russian poet (d. 1925)
  • 1896 – Auvergne Doherty, Australian businesswoman (d. 1961)
  • 1896 – Gerardo Diego, Spanish poet and critic (d. 1987)
  • 1897 – Louis Aragon, French author and poet (d. 1982)
  • 1898 – Leo McCarey, American director and screenwriter (d. 1969)
  • 1898 – Adolf Reichwein, German economist and educator (d. 1944)
  • 1899 – Gertrude Berg, American actress, screenwriter and producer (d. 1966)
  • 1900 – Thomas Wolfe, American novelist (d. 1938)
  • 1901 – Jean Grémillon, French director, composer, and screenwriter (d. 1959)
  • 1904 – Ernst-Günther Schenck, German colonel and physician (d. 1998)
  • 1905 – Tekin Arıburun, Turkish soldier and politician, President of Turkey (d. 1993)
  • 1906 – Natalie Savage Carlson, American author (d. 1997)
  • 1908 – Johnny Burke, American songwriter (d. 1964)
  • 1911 – Michael Hordern, English actor (d. 1995)
  • 1915 – Ray Stark, American film producer (d. 2004)
  • 1916 – James Herriot, English veterinarian and author (d. 1995)
  • 1919 – James M. Buchanan, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
  • 1921 – Ray Lindwall, Australian cricketer and soldier (d. 1996)
  • 1923 – Edward Oliver LeBlanc, Dominican lawyer and politician, 1st Premier of Dominica (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Harvey Kurtzman, American cartoonist (d. 1993)
  • 1924 – Arkady Vorobyov, Russian weightlifter and coach (d. 2012)
  • 1925 – Gore Vidal, American novelist, screenwriter, and critic (d. 2012)
  • 1925 – George Wein, American pianist and producer, co-founded the Newport Folk Festival
  • 1928 – Erik Bruhn, Danish dancer and choreographer (d. 1986)
  • 1928 – Edward L. Moyers, American businessman (d. 2006)
  • 1928 – Shridath Ramphal, Guyanese academic and politician, 2nd Commonwealth Secretary-General
  • 1931 – Glenn Hall, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1932 – Terence English, South African-English surgeon and academic
  • 1933 – Neale Fraser, Australian tennis player
  • 1934 – Benjamin Boretz, American composer and theorist
  • 1934 – Miguel-Ángel Cárdenas, Colombian-Dutch painter and illustrator (d. 2015)
  • 1934 – Harold Henning, South African golfer (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Simon Nicholson, English sculptor and painter (d. 1990)
  • 1935 – Charles Duke, American general, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1936 – Steve Reich, American composer
  • 1938 – Eddie Cochran, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (d. 1960)
  • 1938 – David Hart Dyke, English captain
  • 1938 – Jack Hodgins, Canadian author and academic
  • 1938 – Dave Obey, American lawyer and politician
  • 1939 – Bob Armstrong, American wrestler and trainer
  • 1940 – Alan O’Day, American singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1940 – Jean Ratelle, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1940 – Mike Troy, American swimmer (d. 2019)
  • 1941 – Chubby Checker, American singer-songwriter
  • 1941 – Andrea de Adamich, Italian race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1941 – John Elliott, Australian businessman
  • 1943 – Jeff Bingaman, American soldier and politician, 25th Attorney General of New Mexico
  • 1943 – Baki İlkin, Turkish civil servant and diplomat
  • 1944 – Pierre Deligne, Belgian mathematician and academic
  • 1944 – Roy Horn, German-American magician and actor
  • 1945 – Tony Brown, English footballer and sportscaster
  • 1945 – Christopher Bruce, English dancer and choreographer
  • 1945 – Jo Ritzen, Dutch economist and politician, Dutch Minister of Education
  • 1946 – P. P. Arnold, American soul singer
  • 1947 – John Perry Barlow, American poet, songwriter, blogger, and activist (d. 2018)
  • 1947 – Ben Cauley, American trumpet player and songwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1947 – Fred DeLuca, American businessman (d. 2015)
  • 1947 – Anne Dorte of Rosenborg (d. 2014)
  • 1947 – Takis Michalos, Greek water polo player and coach (d. 2010)
  • 1949 – Lindsey Buckingham, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1949 – J. P. Dutta, Indian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1949 – Aleksandr Rogozhkin, Russian director and screenwriter
  • 1949 – Laurie Simmons, American photographer and director
  • 1950 – Ronnie Laws, American jazz, R&B, and funk saxophone player
  • 1951 – Keb’ Mo’, American blues musician and songwriter
  • 1951 – Kathryn D. Sullivan, American geologist and astronaut
  • 1951 – Dave Winfield, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1952 – Bruce Arians, American football coach
  • 1952 – Gary Troup, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1954 – Eddie DeGarmo, American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer
  • 1954 – Dennis Eckersley, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1954 – Al Sharpton, American minister, talk show host, and political activist
  • 1954 – Stevie Ray Vaughan, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 1990)
  • 1955 – Moshe Kam, American engineering educator
  • 1955 – John S. Lesmeister, American educator and politician, 30th North Dakota State Treasurer (d. 2006)
  • 1955 – Allen Woody, American bass player and songwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1955 – Buket Uzuner, Turkish author
  • 1956 – Hart Bochner, Canadian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1957 – Roberto Azevêdo, Brazilian engineer and diplomat, 6th Director-General of the World Trade Organization
  • 1957 – Tim Westwood, English radio and television host
  • 1958 – Chen Yanyin, Chinese sculptor
  • 1958 – Louise Lecavalier, Canadian dancer and choreographer
  • 1959 – Craig Bellamy, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1959 – Fred Couples, American golfer
  • 1959 – Greg Proops, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1959 – Jack Wagner, American actor and singer
  • 1961 – Rebecca Stephens, English journalist and mountaineer
  • 1961 – Ludger Stühlmeyer, German cantor, composer, and musicologist
  • 1962 – Tommy Lee, Greek-American singer-songwriter, drummer, and producer
  • 1962 – Simon Scarrow, Nigerian-English novelist
  • 1963 – Benny Anders, American basketball player
  • 1963 – Dan Goldie, American tennis player
  • 1964 – Clive Owen, English actor
  • 1965 – Annemarie Verstappen, Dutch swimmer
  • 1965 – Jan-Ove Waldner, Swedish table tennis player
  • 1966 – Darrin Fletcher, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1967 – Rob Liefeld, American author and illustrator
  • 1967 – Chris Collingwood, English-American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1968 – Paul Crichton, English footballer and manager
  • 1968 – Greg Foster, American basketball player and coach
  • 1968 – Marko Rajamäki, Finnish footballer and manager
  • 1968 – Donald Sild, Estonian javelin thrower
  • 1969 – Garry Herbert, English rower and sportscaster
  • 1969 – Gwen Stefani, American singer-songwriter, actress, and fashion designer
  • 1969 – Tetsuya, Japanese singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer
  • 1970 – Elmar Liitmaa, Estonian guitarist and songwriter
  • 1970 – Jimmy Ray, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1971 – Wil Cordero, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and coach
  • 1971 – Kevin Richardson, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1972 – Komla Dumor, Ghanaian-English journalist (d. 2014)
  • 1972 – G. Love, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and harmonica player
  • 1972 – Guy Oseary, Israeli–American talent manager and businessman
  • 1973 – Neve Campbell, Canadian actress and producer
  • 1973 – Angélica Gavaldón, American-Mexican tennis player and coach
  • 1973 – Lena Headey, British actress
  • 1973 – Eirik Hegdal, Norwegian saxophonist and composer
  • 1974 – Mike Johnson, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1974 – Marianne Timmer, Dutch speed skater
  • 1975 – India Arie, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1975 – Phil Greening, English rugby player and coach
  • 1975 – Satoko Ishimine, Japanese singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1976 – Herman Li, Hong Kong-English guitarist and producer
  • 1976 – Seann William Scott, American actor and producer
  • 1977 – Daniel Hollie, American wrestler
  • 1977 – Eric Munson, American baseball player and coach
  • 1977 – Luca Tognozzi, Italian footballer
  • 1978 – Gerald Asamoah, Ghanaian-German footballer
  • 1978 – Neil Clement, English footballer
  • 1978 – Claudio Pizarro, Peruvian footballer
  • 1978 – Jake Shears, American singer-songwriter
  • 1979 – Josh Klinghoffer, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1979 – John Morrison, American wrestler and actor
  • 1979 – Danny O’Donoghue, Irish singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1980 – Anquan Boldin, American football player
  • 1980 – Sheldon Brookbank, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Lindsey Kelk, English journalist and author
  • 1980 – Héctor Reynoso, Mexican footballer
  • 1980 – Ivan Turina, Croatian footballer (d. 2013)
  • 1981 – Danny Coid, English footballer
  • 1981 – Zlatan Ibrahimović, Swedish footballer
  • 1981 – Andreas Isaksson, Swedish footballer
  • 1981 – Jonna Lee, Swedish singer and musician
  • 1981 – Ronald Rauhe, German kayaker
  • 1981 – Matt Sparrow, English footballer
  • 1983 – Fred, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Thiago Alves, Brazilian mixed martial artist
  • 1983 – Andreas Papathanasiou, Cypriot footballer
  • 1983 – Tessa Thompson, American actress
  • 1984 – Yoon Eun-hye, South Korean singer and actress
  • 1984 – Bruno Gervais, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Jessica Parker Kennedy, Canadian actress
  • 1984 – Anthony Le Tallec, French footballer
  • 1984 – Ashlee Simpson, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1985 – Courtney Lee, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Lewis Brown, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1986 – Jackson Martínez, Colombian footballer
  • 1987 – Robert Grabarz, English high jumper
  • 1987 – Martin Plowman, English race car driver
  • 1987 – Starley, Australian pop singer
  • 1988 – Alicia Vikander, Swedish actress
  • 1988 – Dustin Gazley, American ice hockey player
  • 1988 – ASAP Rocky, American rapper and songwriter
  • 1989 – Nate Montana, American football player
  • 1989 – Alex Trimble, Irish singer
  • 1990 – Johan Le Bon, French cyclist
  • 1991 – Jenny McLoughlin, English sprinter
  • 1991 – Aki Takajo, Japanese singer
  • 1993 – Raffaele Di Gennaro, Italian footballer
  • 1994 – Victoria Bosio, Argentinian tennis player
  • 1995 – Lil Tracy, American rapper
  • 1997 – Jin Boyang, Chinese figure skater

Deaths in October 3

  • 42 BC – Gaius Cassius Longinus, Roman politician (b. 85 BC)
  • 818 – Ermengarde, queen of the Franks
  • 900 – Muhammad ibn Zayd, Tabaristan emir
  • 959 – Gérard of Brogne, Frankish abbot
  • 1078 – Iziaslav I of Kiev (b. 1024)
  • 1226 – Francis of Assisi, Italian friar and saint (b. 1181)
  • 1283 – Dafydd ap Gruffydd, Welsh prince (b. 1238)
  • 1369 – Margaret, Countess of Tyrol (b. 1318)
  • 1399 – Eleanor de Bohun, English noble (b. 1360)
  • 1568 – Elisabeth of Valois (b. 1545)
  • 1596 – Florent Chrestien, French poet (b. 1541)
  • 1611 – Charles, Duke of Mayenne (b. 1554)
  • 1629 – Giorgi Saakadze, Georgian commander and politician (b. 1570)
  • 1649 – Giovanni Diodati, Swiss-Italian clergyman and theologian (b. 1576)
  • 1653 – Marcus Zuerius van Boxhorn, Dutch linguist and academic (b. 1612)
  • 1656 – Myles Standish, English captain (b. 1584)
  • 1690 – Robert Barclay, Scottish theologian and politician, 2nd Governor of East Jersey (b. 1648)
  • 1701 – Joseph Williamson, English politician, Secretary of State for the Northern Department (b. 1633)
  • 1801 – Philippe Henri, marquis de Ségur, French general and politician, French Minister of Defence (b. 1724)
  • 1833 – François, marquis de Chasseloup-Laubat, French general and engineer (b. 1754)
  • 1838 – Black Hawk, American tribal leader (b. 1767)
  • 1860 – Rembrandt Peale, American painter and curator (b. 1778)
  • 1867 – Elias Howe, American engineer, invented the sewing machine (b. 1819)
  • 1873 – Kintpuash, American tribal leader (b. 1837)
  • 1877 – James Roosevelt Bayley, American archbishop (b. 1814)
  • 1877 – Rómulo Díaz de la Vega, Mexican general and president (1855) (b. 1800)
  • 1881 – Orson Pratt, American mathematician and religious leader (b. 1811)
  • 1890 – Joseph Hergenröther, German historian and cardinal (b. 1824)
  • 1891 – Édouard Lucas, French mathematician and theorist (b. 1842)
  • 1896 – William Morris, English author and poet (b. 1834)
  • 1907 – Jacob Nash Victor, American engineer (b. 1835)
  • 1911 – Rosetta Jane Birks, Australian suffragist (b. 1856)
  • 1917 – Eduardo Di Capua, Neapolitan composer, singer and songwriter (b. 1865)
  • 1929 – Jeanne Eagels, American actress (b. 1894)
  • 1929 – Gustav Stresemann, German politician, Chancellor of Germany, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1878)
  • 1931 – Carl Nielsen, Danish violinist, composer, and conductor (b. 1865)
  • 1936 – John Heisman, American football player and coach (b. 1869)
  • 1953 – Arnold Bax, English composer and poet (b. 1883)
  • 1959 – Tochigiyama Moriya, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 27th Yokozuna (b. 1892)
  • 1963 – Refet Bele, Turkish general (b. 1877)
  • 1965 – Zachary Scott, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1966 – Rolf Maximilian Sievert, Swedish physicist and academic (b. 1896)
  • 1967 – Woody Guthrie, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1912)
  • 1967 – Malcolm Sargent, English organist, composer, and conductor (b. 1895)
  • 1969 – Skip James, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1902)
  • 1979 – Nicos Poulantzas, Greek-French sociologist and philosopher (b. 1936)
  • 1980 – Friedrich Karm, Estonian footballer (b. 1907)
  • 1981 – Anna Hedvig Büll, Estonian-German missionary (b. 1887)
  • 1986 – Vince DiMaggio, American baseball player and manager (b. 1912)
  • 1987 – Jean Anouilh, French playwright and screenwriter (b. 1910)
  • 1987 – Kalervo Palsa, Finnish painter (b. 1947)
  • 1988 – Franz Josef Strauss, Bavarian lieutenant and politician, Minister President of Bavaria (b. 1915)
  • 1990 – Stefano Casiraghi, Italian-Monegasque businessman (b. 1960)
  • 1990 – Eleanor Steber, American soprano and educator (b. 1914)
  • 1993 – Katerina Gogou, Greek actress, poet, and author (b. 1940)
  • 1993 – Gary Gordon, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1960)
  • 1993 – Randy Shughart, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1958)
  • 1994 – John C. Champion, American producer and screenwriter (b. 1923)
  • 1994 – Dub Taylor, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1995 – Ma. Po. Si., Indian author and politician (b. 1906)
  • 1997 – Michael Adekunle Ajasin, Nigerian politician, 3rd Governor of Ondo State (b. 1908)
  • 1998 – Roddy McDowall, English-American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1999 – Akio Morita, Japanese businessman, co-founded Sony (b. 1921)
  • 2000 – Benjamin Orr, American singer-songwriter and bass player (b. 1947)
  • 2001 – Costas Hajihristos, Greek actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1921)
  • 2002 – Bruce Paltrow, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1943)
  • 2003 – Florence Stanley, American actress (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – William Steig, American sculptor, author, and illustrator (b. 1907)
  • 2004 – John Cerutti, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1960)
  • 2004 – Janet Leigh, American actress (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Ronnie Barker, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Nurettin Ersin, Turkish general (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – Lucilla Andrews, Egyptian-Scottish nurse and author (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – John Crank, English mathematician and physicist (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Peter Norman, Australian runner (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Alberto Ramento, Filipino bishop (b. 1937)
  • 2007 – M. N. Vijayan, Indian journalist, author, and academic (b. 1930)
  • 2009 – Vladimir Beekman, Estonian poet and translator (b. 1929)
  • 2009 – Olga Dahl, Swedish genealogist (b. 1917)
  • 2010 – Ben Mondor, Canadian-American businessman (b. 1925)
  • 2010 – Abraham Sarmiento, Filipino lawyer and jurist (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – Abdul Haq Ansari, Indian theologian and scholar (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Robert F. Christy, American physicist and astrophysicist (b. 1916)
  • 2012 – Billy Hullin, Welsh rugby player (b. 1942)
  • 2012 – Albie Roles, English footballer (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Sari Abacha, Nigerian footballer (b. 1978)
  • 2013 – Sergei Belov, Russian basketball player and coach (b. 1944)
  • 2013 – Bob Chance, American baseball player (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Frank D’Rone, American singer and guitarist (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Chuck Smith, American pastor, founded the Calvary Chapel movement (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Joan Thirsk, English cryptologist, historian, and academic (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Ewen Gilmour, New Zealand comedian and television host (b. 1963)
  • 2014 – Benedict Groeschel, American priest, psychologist, and talk show host (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Jean-Jacques Marcel, French footballer (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Kevin Metheny, American businessman (b. 1954)
  • 2014 – Ward Ruyslinck, Belgian author (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Denis Healey, English soldier and politician, Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer (b. 1917)
  • 2015 – Muhammad Nawaz Khan, Pakistani historian and author (b. 1943)
  • 2015 – Javed Iqbal, Pakistani philosopher and judge (b. 1925)
  • 2015 – Gerald Squires, Canadian painter and illustrator (b. 1937)
  • 2018 – Peter Wales, English cricketer (b. 1928)

Holidays and observances in October 3

  • Christian feast day:
    • Abd-al-Masih
    • Adalgott
    • Blessed Szilárd Bogdánffy
    • Dionysius the Areopagite
    • Émilie de Villeneuve
    • Ewald the Black and Ewald the Fair
    • Francis Borgia
    • George Bell and John Raleigh Mott (Episcopal Church)
    • Gerard of Brogne
    • Hesychius of Sinai
    • Théodore Guérin
    • October 3 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • German Unity Day (Germany)
  • Morazán Day (Honduras)
  • National Day, celebrates the independence of Iraq from the United Kingdom in 1932.
  • National Foundation Day or Gaecheonjeol (South Korea)
  • On social media: “Mean Girls Day”, a widespread phenomenon in celebration of the film Mean Girls
  • On social media: “Fullmetal Alchemist Day”, a similar celebration of the Japanese shōnen manga series Fullmetal Alchemist

October 9- History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

October 9 is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 83 days remain until the end of the year.

October 9 in history

  • 768 – Carloman I and Charlemagne are crowned kings of the Franks.
  • 1238 – James I of Aragon founds the Kingdom of Valencia.
  • 1410 – The first known mention of the Prague astronomical clock.
  • 1446 – The hangul alphabet is published in Korea.
  • 1594 – Troops of the Portuguese Empire are defeated on Sri Lanka, bringing an end to the Campaign of Danture.
  • 1604 – Supernova 1604 is sighted, the most recent supernova to be observed within the Milky Way.
  • 1635 – Roger Williams is banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony after religious and policy disagreements.
  • 1701 – The Collegiate School of Connecticut (later renamed Yale University) is chartered in Old Saybrook.
  • 1708 – Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya.
  • 1740 – Dutch colonists and Javanese natives begin massacring the ethnic Chinese population in Batavia, eventually killing 10,000.
  • 1760 – Seven Years’ War: Russian and Austrian troops briefly occupy Berlin.
  • 1790 – A severe earthquake in northern Algeria causes severe damage and a tsunami in the Mediterranean Sea and kills three thousand.
  • 1799 – HMS Lutine sinks with the loss of 240 men and a cargo worth £1,200,000.
  • 1804 – Hobart, capital of Tasmania, is founded.
  • 1806 – Prussia begins the War of the Fourth Coalition against France.
  • 1812 – War of 1812: In a naval engagement on Lake Erie, American forces capture two British ships: HMS Detroit and HMS Caledonia.
  • 1820 – Guayaquil declares independence from Spain.
  • 1824 – Slavery in Latin America: Slavery is abolished in Costa Rica.
  • 1825 – Restauration arrives in New York Harbor from Norway, the first organized immigration from Norway to the United States.
  • 1831 – Ioannis Kapodistrias, the first head of state of independent Greece, is assassinated.
  • 1834 – Opening of the Dublin and Kingstown Railway, the first public railway on the island of Ireland.
  • 1847 – Slavery in the British and French Caribbean: Slavery is abolished in Saint Barthélemy.
  • 1854 – Crimean War: The siege of Sevastopol begins.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Union troops repel a Confederate attempt to capture Fort Pickens.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Union cavalrymen defeat Confederate forces at Toms Brook, Virginia.
  • 1873 – A meeting at the U.S. Naval Academy establishes the U.S. Naval Institute.
  • 1874 – The Universal Postal Union is created by the Treaty of Bern.
  • 1900 – The Cook Islands become a territory of the United Kingdom.
  • 1907 – Las Cruces, New Mexico is incorporated.
  • 1911 – An accidental bomb explosion triggers the Wuchang Uprising against the Chinese monarchy.
  • 1913 – The steamship SS Volturno catches fire in the mid-Atlantic.
  • 1914 – World War I: The Siege of Antwerp comes to an end.
  • 1918 – The Finnish Parliament offers to Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse the throne of a short-lived Kingdom of Finland.
  • 1919 – The Cincinnati Reds win the World Series, resulting in the Black Sox Scandal.
  • 1934 – An Ustashe assassin kills King Alexander I of Yugoslavia and Louis Barthou, Foreign Minister of France, in Marseille.
  • 1936 – Boulder Dam (later Hoover Dam) begins to generate electricity and transmit it to Los Angeles.
  • 1937 – Murder of 9 Catholic priests in Zhengding, China, who protected the local population from the advancing Japanese army.
  • 1941 – A coup in Panama declares Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango the new president.
  • 1942 – Australia’s Statute of Westminster Adoption Act 1942 receives royal assent.
  • 1950 – The Goyang Geumjeong Cave massacre in Korea begins.
  • 1962 – Uganda becomes an independent Commonwealth realm.
  • 1962 – A visible light-emitting diode (LED) is first demonstrated in Syracuse, New York.
  • 1963 – In Italy, a large landslide a causes a giant wave to overtop the Vajont Dam, killing over 2,000.
  • 1966 – Vietnam War: South Korean troops commit the Binh Tai Massacre.
  • 1967 – A day after his capture, Ernesto “Che” Guevara is executed for attempting to incite a revolution in Bolivia.
  • 1969 – In Chicago, the National Guard is called in as demonstrations continue over the trial of the “Chicago Eight”.
  • 1970 – The Khmer Republic is proclaimed in Cambodia.
  • 1980 – Pope John Paul II greets the Dalai Lama during a private audience in Vatican City.
  • 1981 – President François Mitterrand abolishes capital punishment in France.
  • 1983 – South Korean President Chun Doo-hwan survives an assassination attempt in Rangoon, Burma (present-day Yangon, Myanmar), but the blast kills 21 and injures 17 others.
  • 1986 – The Phantom of the Opera, eventually the second longest running musical in London, opens at Her Majesty’s Theatre.
  • 1995 – An Amtrak Sunset Limited train is derailed by saboteurs near Palo Verde, Arizona.
  • 2003 – Mission: Space opens to the public in Walt Disney World.
  • 2006 – North Korea conducts its first nuclear test.
  • 2009 – First lunar impact of NASA’s Lunar Precursor Robotic Program.
  • 2012 – Pakistani Taliban attempt to assassinate outspoken schoolgirl Malala Yousafzai.
  • 2016 – The Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army launches its first attack on Myanmar security forces along the Bangladesh–Myanmar border.
  • 2019 – Turkey begins its military offensive in north-eastern Syria.

Births in October 9

  • 1201 – Robert de Sorbon, French minister and theologian, founded the Collège de Sorbonne (d. 1274)
  • 1221 – Salimbene di Adam, Italian historian and scholar (d. 1290)
  • 1261 – Denis of Portugal (d. 1325)
  • 1328 – Peter I of Cyprus (d. 1369)
  • 1581 – Claude Gaspard Bachet de Méziriac, French mathematician, poet, and scholar (d. 1638)
  • 1586 – Leopold V, Archduke of Austria (d. 1632)
  • 1593 – Nicolaes Tulp, Dutch anatomist and politician (d. 1674)
  • 1609 – Thomas Weston, 4th Earl of Portland, English noble (d. 1688)
  • 1623 – Ferdinand Verbiest, Flemish Jesuit missionary in China (d. 1688)
  • 1704 – Johann Andreas Segner, German mathematician, physicist, and physician (d. 1777)
  • 1757 – Charles X of France (d. 1836)
  • 1796 – Joseph Bonomi the Younger, British Egyptologist and sculptor (d. 1878)
  • 1835 – Camille Saint-Saëns, French composer and conductor (d. 1921)
  • 1837 – Francis Wayland Parker, American theorist and academic (d. 1902)
  • 1840 – Simeon Solomon, English painter (d. 1905)
  • 1845 – Carl Gustav Thulin, Swedish shipowner (d. 1918)
  • 1850 – Hermann von Ihering, German-Brazilian zoologist (d. 1930)
  • 1852 – Hermann Emil Fischer, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1919)
  • 1858 – Mihajlo Pupin, Serbian-American physicist and chemist (d. 1935)
  • 1859 – Alfred Dreyfus, French colonel (d. 1935)
  • 1863 – Edward Bok, Dutch-American journalist and author (d. 1930)
  • 1864 – Reginald Dyer, British brigadier general (d. 1927)
  • 1871 – Georges Gauthier, Canadian archbishop (d. 1940)
  • 1873 – Carl Flesch, Hungarian violinist and educator (d. 1944)
  • 1873 – Karl Schwarzschild, German physicist and astronomer (d. 1916)
  • 1873 – Charles Rudolph Walgreen, American pharmacist and businessman, founded Walgreens (d. 1939)
  • 1874 – Nicholas Roerich, Russian archaeologist and painter (d. 1947)
  • 1877 – Gopabandhu Das, Indian journalist, poet, and activist (d. 1928)
  • 1879 – Max von Laue, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1960)
  • 1880 – Charlie Faust, American baseball player (d. 1915)
  • 1883 – Maria Filotti, Greek-Romanian actress (d. 1956)
  • 1886 – Rube Marquard, American baseball player and manager (d. 1980)
  • 1888 – Nikolai Bukharin, Russian journalist and politician (d. 1938)
  • 1888 – Irving Cummings, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1959)
  • 1890 – Aimee Semple McPherson, Canadian-American evangelist, founded the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel (d. 1944)
  • 1892 – Ivo Andrić, Yugoslav novelist, poet, and short story writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975)
  • 1893 – Mário de Andrade, Brazilian author, poet, and photographer (d. 1945)
  • 1897 – M. Bhaktavatsalam, Indian lawyer and politician, 6th Chief Minister of Madras State (d. 1987)
  • 1898 – Tawfiq al-Hakim, Egyptian author and playwright (d. 1987)
  • 1898 – Joe Sewell, American baseball player and member of the Baseball Hall of Fame (d. 1990)
  • 1899 – Bruce Catton, American historian and author (d. 1978)
  • 1900 – Joseph Friedman, American inventor, invented the bendy straw (d. 1982)
  • 1900 – Alastair Sim, Scottish-English actor and academic (d. 1976)
  • 1900 – Joseph Zubin, Lithuanian-American psychologist and academic (d. 1990)
  • 1901 – Alice Lee Jemison, Seneca political activist and journalist (d. 1964)
  • 1902 – Freddie Young, English cinematographer (d. 1998)
  • 1903 – Walter O’Malley, American lawyer and businessman (d. 1979)
  • 1906 – J. R. Eyerman, American photographer and journalist (d. 1985)
  • 1906 – Léopold Sédar Senghor, Senegalese poet and politician, 1st President of Senegal (d. 2001)
  • 1907 – Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, English academic and politician, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain (d. 2001)
  • 1907 – Jacques Tati, French actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1982)
  • 1907 – Horst Wessel, German SA officer (d. 1930)
  • 1908 – Harry Hooton, Australian poet and critic (d. 1961)
  • 1908 – Werner von Haeften, German lieutenant (d. 1944)
  • 1908 – Lee Wiley, American singer (d. 1975)
  • 1909 – Donald Coggan, English archbishop (d. 2000)
  • 1911 – Joe Rosenthal, American photographer (d. 2006)
  • 1914 – Edward Andrews, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1915 – Clifford M. Hardin, American academic and politician, 17th United States Secretary of Agriculture (d. 2010)
  • 1915 – Belva Plain, American author (d. 2010)
  • 1918 – E. Howard Hunt, American CIA officer and author (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Charles Read, Australian air marshal (d. 2014)
  • 1918 – Bebo Valdés, Cuban-Swedish pianist, composer, and bandleader (d. 2013)
  • 1920 – Jens Bjørneboe, Norwegian author and educator (d. 1976)
  • 1920 – Yusef Lateef, American saxophonist, composer, and educator (d. 2013)
  • 1920 – Jason Wingreen, American actor and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1921 – Michel Boisrond, French director and screenwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1921 – Tadeusz Różewicz, Polish poet and playwright (d. 2014)
  • 1922 – Léon Dion, Canadian political scientist and academic (d. 1997)
  • 1922 – Philip “Fyvush” Finkel, American actor (d. 2016)
  • 1922 – Olga Guillot, Cuban-American singer (d. 2010)
  • 1923 – Donald Sinden, English actor (d. 2014)
  • 1924 – Immanuvel Devendrar, Indian soldier (d. 1957)
  • 1924 – Arnie Risen, American basketball player (d. 2012)
  • 1926 – Danièle Delorme, French actress and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1927 – John Margetson, English scholar and diplomat, British Ambassador to the Netherlands
  • 1928 – Einojuhani Rautavaara, Finnish composer and educator (d. 2016)
  • 1930 – Hank Lauricella, American football player, lieutenant, and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1931 – Tony Booth, English actor (d. 2017)
  • 1931 – Homer Smith, American football player and coach (d. 2011)
  • 1932 – Robert McBain, English actor and photographer (d. 2004)
  • 1933 – Peter Mansfield, English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2017)
  • 1933 – Bill Tidy, English soldier and cartoonist
  • 1934 – Jill Ker Conway, Australian historian and author (d. 2018)
  • 1934 – Abdullah Ibrahim, South African pianist and composer
  • 1935 – Prince Edward, Duke of Kent
  • 1935 – Don McCullin, English photographer and journalist
  • 1936 – Brian Blessed, English actor
  • 1936 – Mick Young, Australian politician (d. 1996)
  • 1938 – Heinz Fischer, Austrian academic and politician, 11th President of Austria
  • 1938 – John Sutherland, English journalist, author, and academic
  • 1939 – Nicholas Grimshaw, English architect and academic
  • 1939 – John Pilger, Australian-English journalist, director, and producer
  • 1939 – Stephen Sedley, English lawyer and judge
  • 1939 – O. V. Wright, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 1980)
  • 1940 – Gordon J. Humphrey, American soldier, pilot, and politician
  • 1940 – John Lennon, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 1980)
  • 1940 – Joe Pepitone, American baseball player and coach
  • 1941 – Brian Lamb, American broadcaster, founded C-SPAN
  • 1941 – Trent Lott, American lawyer and politician
  • 1941 – Omali Yeshitela, political activist and founder of the Uhuru Movement
  • 1942 – Michael Palmer, American physician and author (d. 2013)
  • 1943 – Douglas Kirby, American psychologist and author (d. 2012)
  • 1943 – Jimmy Montgomery, English footballer and coach
  • 1943 – Mike Peters, American cartoonist
  • 1944 – Rita Donaghy, Baroness Donaghy, English academic and politician
  • 1944 – John Entwistle, English singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer (d. 2002)
  • 1944 – Nona Hendryx, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1945 – Taiguara, Uruguayan-Brazilian singer-songwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1945 – Amjad Ali Khan, Indian classical Sarod player
  • 1947 – John Doubleday, English sculptor and painter
  • 1947 – France Gall, French singer (d. 2018)
  • 1947 – William E. McAnulty Jr., American lawyer and judge (d. 2007)
  • 1947 – Tony Zappone, American photographer and journalist
  • 1948 – Jackson Browne, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1948 – John Gray, English cricketer and rugby player
  • 1949 – Rod Temperton, English keyboard player, songwriter, and producer (d. 2016)
  • 1949 – Mark Hopkinson, American mass murderer (d. 1992)
  • 1950 – Brian Downing, American baseball player
  • 1950 – Yoshiyuki Konishi, Japanese fashion designer
  • 1950 – Reichi Nakaido, Japanese singer and guitarist
  • 1950 – Jody Williams, American academic and activist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1952 – Simon Drew, English illustrator
  • 1952 – Sharon Osbourne, English television host and manager
  • 1952 – John Rose, English businessman
  • 1952 – Dennis Stratton, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1953 – Sally Burgess, South African-English soprano and educator
  • 1953 – Hank Pfister, American tennis player
  • 1953 – Tony Shalhoub, American actor and producer
  • 1954 – Scott Bakula, American actor
  • 1954 – James Fearnley, English musician
  • 1954 – John O’Hurley, American actor and game show host
  • 1954 – Rubén Magnano, Argentine-Italian professional basketball coach
  • 1955 – Linwood Boomer, Canadian actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1955 – Steve Ovett, English runner and sportscaster
  • 1955 – Peter Saville, English graphic designer and art director
  • 1957 – Don Garber, American businessman
  • 1957 – Ini Kamoze, Jamaican singer-songwriter
  • 1958 – Al Jourgensen, Cuban-American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1958 – Alan Nunnelee, American lawyer and politician (d. 2015)
  • 1958 – Mike Singletary, American football player and coach
  • 1959 – Boris Nemtsov, Russian academic and politician, First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia (d. 2015)
  • 1960 – Kenny Garrett, American saxophonist and composer
  • 1961 – Julian Bailey, English race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1961 – Kurt Neumann, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1961 – Ellen Wheeler, American actress, director, and producer
  • 1962 – Jorge Burruchaga, Argentinian footballer and manager
  • 1962 – Paul Radisich, New Zealand race car driver
  • 1962 – Hugh Robertson, English soldier and politician, Minister for Sport and the Olympics
  • 1962 – Ōnokuni Yasushi, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 62nd Yokozuna
  • 1963 – Andy Platt, English rugby league player
  • 1964 – Guillermo del Toro, Mexican-American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1965 – Jimbo Fisher, American football player and coach
  • 1966 – David Cameron, English politician, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 1966 – Christopher Östlund, Swedish publisher, founded Plaza Magazine
  • 1967 – Carling Bassett-Seguso, Canadian tennis player
  • 1967 – Eddie Guerrero, American wrestler (d. 2005)
  • 1967 – Gheorghe Popescu, Romanian footballer
  • 1968 – Anbumani Ramadoss, Indian politician
  • 1969 – Guto Bebb, Welsh businessman and politician
  • 1969 – Darren Britt, Australian rugby league player
  • 1969 – Simon Fairweather, Australian archer
  • 1969 – PJ Harvey, English musician, singer-songwriter, writer, poet, and composer
  • 1969 – Christine Hough, Canadian figure skater and coach
  • 1969 – Giles Martin, English songwriter and producer
  • 1969 – Steve McQueen, English director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1970 – Kenny Anderson, American basketball player and coach
  • 1970 – Steve Jablonsky, American composer
  • 1970 – Annika Sörenstam, Swedish golfer and architect
  • 1971 – Wayne Bartrim, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1973 – Fabio Lione, Italian singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1974 – Shmuel Herzfeld, American rabbi
  • 1975 – Haylie Ecker, Australian violinist
  • 1975 – Sean Lennon, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor
  • 1975 – Mark Viduka, Australian footballer
  • 1976 – William Alexander, American author and educator
  • 1976 – Lee Peacock, Scottish footballer and coach
  • 1976 – Özlem Türköne, Turkish journalist and politician
  • 1976 – Nick Swardson, American actor and comedian
  • 1977 – Emanuele Belardi, Italian footballer
  • 1977 – Brian Roberts, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Nicky Byrne, Irish singer-songwriter
  • 1978 – Juan Dixon, American basketball player and coach
  • 1979 – Vernon Fox, American football player and coach
  • 1979 – Alex Greenwald, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
  • 1979 – Todd Kelly, Australian race car driver
  • 1979 – Chris O’Dowd, Irish actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1979 – Brandon Routh, American model and actor
  • 1979 – Gonzalo Sorondo, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1980 – Lucy Akello, Ugandan social worker and politician
  • 1980 – Filip Bobek, Polish actor
  • 1980 – Pāvels Doroševs, Latvian football goalkeeper
  • 1980 – Kert Kütt, Estonian footballer
  • 1980 – Amir Nussbaum, Israeli footballer
  • 1980 – Ibrahim Fazeel, Maldivian footballer
  • 1980 – Sarah Lovell, Australian politician
  • 1980 – Fábio Pinto, Brazilian footballer
  • 1980 – Thami Tsolekile, South African cricketer
  • 1980 – Warren Waugh, English footballer
  • 1980 – Henrik Zetterberg, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Zachery Ty Bryan, American actor
  • 1981 – Darius Miles, American basketball player
  • 1983 – Stephen Gionta, American ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Farhaan Behardien, South African cricketer
  • 1983 – Jang Mi-ran, South Korean weightlifter
  • 1983 – Andreas Zuber, Austrian race car driver
  • 1985 – David Plummer, American swimmer
  • 1986 – Derek Holland, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Laure Manaudou, French swimmer
  • 1986 – Stephane Zubar, French footballer
  • 1987 – Samantha Murray, English tennis player
  • 1987 – Bill Walker, American basketball player
  • 1988 – David Tyrrell, Australian rugby league player
  • 1989 – Russell Packer, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1990 – Kevin Kampl, German-Slovene footballer
  • 1991 – Tyson Frizell, Australian-Welsh rugby league player
  • 1992 – Tyler James Williams, American actor and rapper
  • 1993 – Ani Amiraghyan, Armenian tennis player
  • 1993 – Lauren Davis, American tennis player
  • 1993 – Jayden Hodges, Australian rugby league player
  • 1993 – Scotty McCreery, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1993 – Wesley So, Filipino-American chess grandmaster
  • 1996 – Bella Hadid, American model
  • 2001 – Kyla Leibel, Canadian swimmer

Deaths in October 9

  • 680 – Ghislain, Frankish anchorite and saint
  • 892 – Al-Tirmidhi, Persian scholar and hadith compiler (b. 824)
  • 1047 – Pope Clement II
  • 1212 – Philip I of Namur, Marquis of Namur (b. 1175)
  • 1253 – Robert Grosseteste, English bishop and philosopher (b. 1175)
  • 1273 – Elisabeth of Bavaria, Queen of Germany (b. 1227)
  • 1296 – Louis III, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1269)
  • 1390 – John I of Castile (b. 1358)
  • 1555 – Justus Jonas, German academic and reformer (b. 1493)
  • 1562 – Gabriele Falloppio, Italian anatomist and physician (b. 1523)
  • 1569 – Vladimir of Staritsa (b. 1533)
  • 1581 – Louis Bertrand, Spanish missionary and saint (b. 1526)
  • 1613 – Henry Constable, English poet (b. 1562)
  • 1619 – Joseph Pardo, Italian rabbi and merchant (b. 1561)
  • 1691 – William Sacheverell, English politician (b. 1638)
  • 1729 – Richard Blackmore, English physician and poet (b. 1654)
  • 1793 – Jean Joseph Marie Amiot, French missionary and linguist (b. 1718)
  • 1797 – Vilna Gaon, Lithuanian rabbi and scholar (b. 1720)
  • 1806 – Benjamin Banneker, American astronomer and surveyor (b. 1731)
  • 1808 – John Claiborne, American lawyer and politician (b. 1777)
  • 1831 – Ioannis Kapodistrias, Russian-Greek lawyer and politician, Governor of Greece (b. 1776)
  • 1873 – George Ormerod, English historian and author (b. 1785)
  • 1897 – Jan Heemskerk, Dutch lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1818)
  • 1900 – Heinrich von Herzogenberg, Austrian composer and conductor (b. 1843)
  • 1911 – Jack Daniel, American businessman, founded Jack Daniel’s (b. 1849)
  • 1924 – Valery Bryusov, Russian author, poet, and critic (b. 1873)
  • 1934 – Alexander I of Yugoslavia, King of Yugoslavia also known as Alexander the Unifier (b. 1888)
  • 1934 – Louis Barthou, French union leader and politician, 78th Prime Minister of France (b. 1862)
  • 1937 – Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse (b. 1868)
  • 1940 – Wilfred Grenfell, English-American physician and missionary (b. 1865)
  • 1941 – Helen Morgan, American singer and actress (b. 1900)
  • 1943 – Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1865)
  • 1945 – Gottlieb Hering, German captain (b. 1887)
  • 1946 – Frank Castleman, American football player, baseball player, and coach (b. 1877)
  • 1947 – Yukio Sakurauchi, Japanese businessman and politician, 27th Japanese Minister of Finance (b. 1888)
  • 1950 – George Hainsworth, Canadian ice hockey player and politician (b. 1895)
  • 1953 – James Finlayson, Scottish-American actor (b. 1887)
  • 1955 – Theodor Innitzer, Austrian cardinal (b. 1875)
  • 1956 – Marie Doro, American actress (b. 1882)
  • 1958 – Pope Pius XII (b. 1876)
  • 1959 – Shirō Ishii, Japanese general and biologist (b. 1892)
  • 1962 – Milan Vidmar, Slovenian chess player and engineer (b. 1885)
  • 1967 – Che Guevara, Argentinian-Cuban physician, politician and guerrilla leader (b. 1928)
  • 1967 – Cyril Norman Hinshelwood, English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
  • 1967 – André Maurois, French soldier and author (b. 1885)
  • 1967 – Joseph Pilates, German-American fitness trainer, developed Pilates (b. 1883)
  • 1969 – Don Hoak, American baseball player (b. 1928)
  • 1972 – Miriam Hopkins, American actress (b. 1902)
  • 1974 – Oskar Schindler, Czech-German businessman (b. 1908)
  • 1975 – Noon Meem Rashid, Pakistani poet (b. 1910)
  • 1976 – Walter Warlimont, German general (b. 1894)
  • 1978 – Jacques Brel, Belgian singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1929)
  • 1982 – Herbert Meinhard Mühlpfordt, German historian and physician (b. 1893)
  • 1985 – Emílio Garrastazu Médici, Brazilian general and politician, 28th President of Brazil (b. 1905)
  • 1987 – Clare Boothe Luce, American author, playwright, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Italy (b. 1903)
  • 1987 – William P. Murphy, American physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1988 – Felix Wankel, German engineer, invented the Wankel engine (b. 1902)
  • 1989 – Yusuf Atılgan, Turkish author and playwright (b. 1921)
  • 1989 – Penny Lernoux, American journalist and author (b. 1940)
  • 1995 – Alec Douglas-Home, British cricketer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1903)
  • 1996 – Walter Kerr, American author, composer, and critic (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Milt Jackson, American vibraphone player and composer (b. 1923)
  • 1999 – Akhtar Hameed Khan, Pakistani economist and scholar (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – David Dukes, American actor (b. 1945)
  • 2000 – Patrick Anthony Porteous, Indian-Scottish colonel, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1918)
  • 2001 – Herbert Ross, American director, producer, and choreographer (b. 1927)
  • 2002 – Sopubek Begaliev, Kyrgyzstani economist and politician (b. 1931)
  • 2002 – Charles Guggenheim, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – Carolyn Gold Heilbrun, American author and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Carl Fontana, American jazz trombonist (b. 1928)
  • 2004 – Jacques Derrida, Algerian-French philosopher and academic (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Louis Nye, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 2006 – Danièle Huillet, French filmmaker (b. 1933)
  • 2006 – Paul Hunter, English snooker player (b. 1978)
  • 2006 – Kanshi Ram, Indian lawyer and politician (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Enrico Banducci, American businessman, founded hungry i (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Carol Bruce, American actress and singer (b. 1919)
  • 2009 – Stuart M. Kaminsky, American author and educator (b. 1934)
  • 2009 – John Daido Loori, American Zen Buddhist monastic and teacher (b. 1931)
  • 2009 – Horst Szymaniak, German footballer (b. 1934)
  • 2010 – Maurice Allais, French economist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
  • 2011 – Pavel Karelin, Russian ski jumper (b. 1989)
  • 2012 – Sammi Kane Kraft, American actress (b. 1992)
  • 2012 – Kenny Rollins, American basketball player (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Harris Savides, American cinematographer (b. 1957)
  • 2013 – Solomon Lar, Nigerian educator and politician, 4th Governor of Plateau State (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Srihari, Indian actor
  • 2013 – Wilfried Martens, Belgian lawyer and politician, 60th Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1936)
  • 2013 – Edmund Niziurski, Polish sociologist, lawyer, and author (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Boris Buzančić, Croatian actor and politician, 47th Mayor of Zagreb (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Jan Hooks, American actress and comedienne (b. 1957)
  • 2014 – Carolyn Kizer, American poet and academic (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Peter A. Peyser, American soldier and politician (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Rita Shane, American soprano and educator (b. 1936)
  • 2015 – Ray Duncan, American businessman (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – Geoffrey Howe, Welsh lawyer and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Ravindra Jain, Indian composer and director (b. 1944)
  • 2016 – Andrzej Wajda, Polish film and theatre director (b. 1926)
  • 2017 – Jean Rochefort, French actor (b. 1930)

Holidays and observances in October 9

  • Christian feast day:
    • Abraham
    • Denis
    • Dionysius the Areopagite
    • Ghislain
    • Innocencio of Mary Immaculate and Martyrs of Asturias
    • Blessed John Henry Newman
    • John Leonardi
    • Luis Beltran
    • Robert Grosseteste (Church of England)
    • Wilfred Grenfell (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • October 9 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Fire Prevention Day (Canada, United States)
  • Hangul Day (South Korea)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Uganda from United Kingdom in 1962. (Uganda)
  • Independence of Guayaquil from Spain in 1820 (Ecuador)
  • Leif Erikson Day (United States, Iceland and Norway)
  • National Day of Commemorating the Holocaust (Romania)
  • National Nanotechnology Day (United States)
  • Takayama Autumn Festival (Takayama, Japan)
  • World Post Day

October 10- History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

October 10 is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 82 days remain until the end of the year.

October 10 in history

  • 680 – The Battle of Karbala was fought.
  • 732 – Charles Martel’s forces defeat an Umayyad army near Tours, France.
  • 1471 – Sten Sture the Elder, the Regent of Sweden, with the help of farmers and miners, repels an attack by King Christian I of Denmark.
  • 1575 – Roman Catholic forces under Henry I, Duke of Guise defeat the Protestants, capturing Philippe de Mornay among others.
  • 1580 – Over 600 Papal troops land in Ireland to support the Second Desmond Rebellion.
  • 1631 – Thirty Years’ War: An army of the Electorate of Saxony seizes Prague.
  • 1760 – In a treaty with the Dutch colonial authorities, the Ndyuka people of Suriname – descended from escaped slaves – gain territorial autonomy.
  • 1780 – The Great Hurricane of 1780 kills 20,000–30,000 in the Caribbean.
  • 1814 – War of 1812: The United States Revenue Marine attempts to defend the cutter Eagle from the Royal Navy.
  • 1845 – In Annapolis, Maryland, the Naval School (later the United States Naval Academy) opens with 50 students.
  • 1846 – Triton, the largest moon of the planet Neptune, is discovered by English astronomer William Lassell.
  • 1868 – The Ten Years’ War begins against Spanish rule in Cuba.
  • 1871 – Chicago burns after a barn accident. The fire lasts from October 8–10.
  • 1903 – The Women’s Social and Political Union is founded in support of the enfranchisement of British women.
  • 1911 – The day after a bomb explodes prematurely, the Wuchang Uprising begins against the Chinese monarchy.
  • 1913 – U.S. President Wilson triggers the explosion of the Gamboa Dike, completing major construction on the Panama Canal.
  • 1918 – RMS Leinster is torpedoed and sunk by UB-123, killing 564, the worst-ever on the Irish Sea.
  • 1920 – The Carinthian plebiscite determines that the larger part of the Duchy of Carinthia should remain part of Austria.
  • 1928 – Chiang Kai-shek becomes Chairman of the Republic of China.
  • 1933 – A United Airlines Boeing 247 is destroyed by sabotage, the first such proven case in the history of commercial aviation.
  • 1935 – In Greece, a coup d’état ends the Second Hellenic Republic.
  • 1938 – Abiding by the Munich Agreement, Czechoslovakia completes its withdrawal from the Sudetenland.
  • 1945 – The Double Tenth Agreement is signed by the Communist Party and the Kuomintang about the future of China.
  • 1954 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Sultanate of Muscat, Neil Innes, sends a signal to the Sultanate’s forces, accompanied with oil explorers, to penetrate Fahud, marking the beginning of Jebel Akhdar War between the Imamate of Oman and the Sultanate of Muscat.
  • 1957 – U.S. President Eisenhower apologizes to Ghanaian finance minister Gbedemah after he is refused service in a Delaware restaurant.
  • 1957 – The Windscale fire results in Britain’s worst nuclear accident.
  • 1963 – France cedes control of the Bizerte naval base to Tunisia.
  • 1963 – The Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty comes into effect.
  • 1964 – The Tokyo Summer Olympics opening ceremony is the first to be relayed live by satellites.
  • 1966 – The Beach Boys release one of their biggest singles, ranked the 6th greatest song by Rolling Stone, “Good Vibrations”.
  • 1967 – The Outer Space Treaty comes into force.
  • 1970 – Fiji becomes independent.
  • 1970 – Canada’s October Crisis escalates when Quebec’s vice-premier is kidnapped by members of the FLQ.
  • 1973 – U.S. Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns after being charged with evasion of federal income tax.
  • 1975 – Papua New Guinea joins the United Nations.
  • 1980 – The 7.1 Mw  El Asnam earthquake shakes northern Algeria, killing 2,633 and injuring 8,369.
  • 1980 – The Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front is founded in El Salvador.
  • 1985 – US Navy aircraft intercept an Egyptian airliner carrying the perpetrators of the Achille Lauro hijacking, and force it to land in Italy.
  • 1986 – A 5.7 Mw  San Salvador earthquake shakes El Salvador, killing 1,500.
  • 1997 – Austral Líneas Aéreas Flight 2553 crashes and explodes in Uruguay, killing 74.
  • 1998 – A Lignes Aériennes Congolaises jetliner is shot down by rebels in Kindu, Democratic Republic of the Congo, killing 41 people.
  • 2007 – Team Fortress 2 is released by Valve Corporation
  • 2009 – Armenia and Turkey sign the Zurich Protocols, intended to normalize relations. However, they are never ratified by either side.
  • 2010 – The Netherlands Antilles are dissolved as a country.
  • 2015 – Twin bomb blasts in the Turkish capital Ankara kill 102 and injure 400.
  • 2018 – Hurricane Michael makes landfall in the Florida Panhandle as a catastrophic Category 5 hurricane. It kills 57 people in the United States, 45 in Florida, and causes an estimated $25.1 billion in damage.

Births in October 10

  • AD 19 – Tiberius Gemellus, Roman son of Drusus Julius Caesar and Livilla (d. 38)
  • 786 – Saga, emperor of Japan (d. 842)
  • 867 – Li Siyuan, Chinese emperor (d. 933)
  • 1332 – King Charles II of Navarre (d. 1387)
  • 1344 – Mary of Waltham, duchess of Brittany (d. 1361)
  • 1355 – Zhu Biao, Chinese prince (d. 1392)
  • 1421 – John Paston, English politician (d. 1466)
  • 1486 – Charles III, Duke of Savoy (d. 1553)
  • 1554 – Arnold III, Count of Bentheim-Steinfurt-Tecklenburg-Limburg and Lord of Rheda (d. 1606)
  • 1560 – Jacobus Arminius, Dutch theologian (d. 1609)
  • 1567 – Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain (d. 1597)
  • 1584 – Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke (d. 1649)
  • 1599 – Étienne Moulinié, French composer and director (d. 1676)
  • 1629 – Richard Towneley, English mathematician and astronomer (d. 1707)
  • 1646 – Françoise-Marguerite de Sévigné, French noblewoman (d. 1705)
  • 1656 – Nicolas de Largillière, French painter and academic (d. 1746)
  • 1669 – Johann Nicolaus Bach, German organist and composer (d. 1753)
  • 1678 – John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll, Scottish general and politician, Lord High Commissioner to the Parliament of Scotland (d. 1743)
  • 1684 – Jean-Antoine Watteau, French painter (d. 1721)
  • 1700 – Lambert-Sigisbert Adam, French sculptor and illustrator (d. 1759)
  • 1731 – Henry Cavendish, French-English chemist, physicist, and philosopher (d. 1810)
  • 1780 – John Abercrombie, Scottish physician and philosopher (d. 1844)
  • 1794 – William Whiting Boardman, American judge and politician (d. 1871)
  • 1810 – Alfred Kennerley, English-Australian politician, 10th Premier of Tasmania (d. 1897)
  • 1813 – Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer and philanthropist (d. 1901)
  • 1819 – Heinrich Joseph Dominicus Denzinger, German theologian and author (d. 1883)
  • 1825 – Paul Kruger, South African soldier and politician, 5th President of the South African Republic (d. 1904)
  • 1828 – Samuel J. Randall, American captain, lawyer and politician, 33rd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1890)
  • 1830 – Isabella II of Spain (d. 1904)
  • 1834 – Aleksis Kivi, Finnish author and playwright (d. 1872)
  • 1837 – Robert Gould Shaw, American colonel (d. 1863)
  • 1842 – Emily Dobson, Australian philanthropist (d. 1934)
  • 1858 – Maurice Prendergast, American painter and academic (d. 1924)
  • 1861 – Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian explorer, scientist, and humanitarian, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1930)
  • 1864 – T. Frank Appleby, American businessman and politician (d. 1924)
  • 1870 – Louise Mack, Australian journalist, author, and poet (d. 1935)
  • 1872 – Dionysios Kasdaglis, Egyptian-Greek tennis player (d. 1931)
  • 1877 – William Morris, 1st Viscount Nuffield, English businessman and philanthropist, founded Morris Motors (d. 1963)
  • 1884 – Nikolai Klyuev, Russian poet and author (d. 1937)
  • 1884 – Ida Wüst, German actress and screenwriter (d. 1958)
  • 1885 – Walter Anderson, Belarusian-German ethnologist and academic (d. 1962)
  • 1885 – Jean Peyrière, French actor (d. 1965)
  • 1889 – Han van Meegeren, Dutch painter and forger (d. 1947)
  • 1895 – Alfred Neuland, Estonian weightlifter (d. 1966)
  • 1895 – Fridolf Rhudin, Swedish actor (d. 1935)
  • 1895 – Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • 1898 – Lilly Daché, French-American fashion designer (d. 1989)
  • 1900 – Helen Hayes, American actress (d. 1993)
  • 1901 – Alberto Giacometti, Swiss sculptor and painter (d. 1966)
  • 1902 – K. Shivaram Karanth, Indian journalist, author, and activist (d. 1997)
  • 1903 – Prince Charles, Count of Flanders (d. 1983)
  • 1903 – Vernon Duke, Russian-American composer and songwriter (d. 1969)
  • 1903 – Bei Shizhang, Chinese biologist and academic (d. 2009)
  • 1905 – Aksella Luts, Estonian actress, screenwriter, dancer, and choreographer(d. 2005)
  • 1906 – Paul Creston, American composer and educator (d. 1985)
  • 1906 – Fei Mu, Chinese director and screenwriter (d. 1951)
  • 1906 – R. K. Narayan, Indian author (d. 2001)
  • 1908 – Johnny Green, American conductor and composer (d. 1989)
  • 1908 – Mercè Rodoreda, Catalan author and poet (d. 1983)
  • 1909 – Robert F. Boyle, American production designer and art director (d. 2010)
  • 1910 – Julius Shulman, American photographer and environmentalist (d. 2009)
  • 1911 – Clare Hollingworth, English journalist and author (d. 2017)
  • 1912 – Ram Vilas Sharma, Indian poet and critic (d. 2000)
  • 1913 – Claude Simon, Malagasy-French novelist and critic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Tommy Fine, American baseball player and businessman (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Ivory Joe Hunter, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1974)
  • 1915 – Harry Edison, American trumpet player and composer (d. 1999)
  • 1917 – Thelonious Monk, American pianist and composer (d. 1982)
  • 1919 – Willard Estey, Canadian academic and jurist (d. 2002)
  • 1919 – Gerry Gomez, Trinidadian cricketer, manager, and umpire (d. 1996)
  • 1919 – Kim Ki-young, South Korean director, screenwriter, producer, and editor (d. 1997)
  • 1919 – William Kruskal, American mathematician and statistician (d. 2005)
  • 1919 – Edgar Laprade, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2014)
  • 1920 – Gail Halvorsen, American air force pilot known as the “Berlin Candy Bomber.”
  • 1922 – Merv Pregulman, American football player, businessman, and philanthropist (d. 2012)
  • 1923 – Louis Gottlieb, American singer and bass player (d. 1996)
  • 1923 – Nicholas Parsons, English actor and game show host (d. 2020)
  • 1923 – Murray Walker, English journalist and sportscaster
  • 1924 – James Clavell, Australian-American director, producer, screenwriter, and author (d. 1994)
  • 1924 – Ludmilla Tchérina, French actress, ballerina, and choreographer (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Ed Wood, American actor, director, producer, screenwriter (d. 1978)
  • 1926 – Oscar Brown, American singer-songwriter, playwright, and actor (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Richard Jaeckel, American actor (d. 1997)
  • 1927 – Dana Elcar, American actor and director (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – Jon Locke, American actor (d. 2013)
  • 1927 – Thomas Wilson, American-Scottish composer and educator (d. 2001)
  • 1928 – Leyla Gencer, Turkish soprano (d. 2008)
  • 1928 – Sheila Walsh, English author (d. 2009)
  • 1929 – Ayten Alpman, Turkish singer (d. 2012)
  • 1929 – Herb Levinson, American actor (d. 2012)
  • 1929 – Bernard Mayes, English-American journalist and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1930 – Eugenio Castellotti, Italian race car driver (d. 1957)
  • 1930 – Yves Chauvin, French chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2015)
  • 1930 – Harold Pinter, English playwright, screenwriter, director Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2008)
  • 1932 – Harry Smith, English footballer
  • 1933 – Jay Sebring, American hair stylist and businessman (d. 1969)
  • 1935 – Khalil al-Wazir, Palestinian commander, founded Fatah (d. 1988)
  • 1935 – André Bureau, Canadian lawyer and businessman (d. 2019)
  • 1935 – Judith Chalmers, English television host and actress
  • 1936 – Gerhard Ertl, German physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1937 – Bruce Devlin, Australian golfer and sportscaster
  • 1937 – Peter Underwood, Australian lawyer and politician, 27th Governor of Tasmania (d. 2014)
  • 1938 – Oleg Gordievsky, Russian intelligence officer and author
  • 1938 – Daidō Moriyama, Japanese photographer
  • 1938 – Lily Tuck, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1938 – Leroy Hood, American biologist and academic
  • 1939 – Joe Pitts, American captain and politician
  • 1940 – Winston Churchill, English journalist and politician (d. 2010)
  • 1941 – Peter Coyote, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1941 – Ken Saro-Wiwa, Nigerian author and activist (d. 1995)
  • 1942 – Janis Hansen, American singer and author (d. 2017)
  • 1942 – Radu Vasile, Romanian historian and politician, 57th Prime Minister of Romania (d. 2013)
  • 1943 – Frederick Barthelme, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1945 – Christopher Hill, English bishop
  • 1945 – Vanburn Holder, Barbadian cricketer
  • 1945 – Headman Shabalala, South African bass singer (d. 1991)
  • 1946 – Charles Dance, English actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1946 – Naoto Kan, Japanese lawyer and politician, 61st Prime Minister of Japan
  • 1946 – Peter Mahovlich, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1946 – Anne Mather, English author and screenwriter
  • 1946 – John Prine, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2020)
  • 1946 – Raymond Tallis, English physician, philosopher, author, and academic
  • 1946 – Chris Tarrant, English radio and television host
  • 1946 – Ben Vereen, American actor, singer, and dancer
  • 1946 – Willard White, Jamaican-English actor and singer
  • 1947 – Gary Beach, American actor and singer (d. 2018)
  • 1947 – Giant Haystacks, English wrestler (d. 1998)
  • 1947 – Ojārs Arvīds Feldbergs, Latvian sculptor
  • 1948 – Sue Campbell, Baroness Campbell of Loughborough, English academic and businesswoman
  • 1948 – Cyril Neville, American R&B percussionist and singer
  • 1948 – Séverine, French singer and actress
  • 1949 – Warren Burt, American-Australian composer
  • 1949 – Lance Cairns, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1949 – Wang Wanxing, Chinese activist
  • 1950 – Charlie George, English footballer
  • 1950 – Nora Roberts, American author
  • 1951 – Epeli Ganilau, Fijian general and politician, 16th Minister for Fijian Affairs
  • 1951 – Kevin McFoy Dunn, American guitarist, songwriter and producer
  • 1952 – Dela Smith, English educator
  • 1953 – Fiona Rae, Scottish painter
  • 1953 – Midge Ure, Scottish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1953 – Aleksander Veingold, Estonian chess player and coach
  • 1953 – Gus Williams, American basketball player
  • 1954 – Rekha, Indian actress
  • 1954 – David Lee Roth, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1954 – Fernando Santos, Portuguese footballer and manager
  • 1956 – Amanda Burton, Northern Irish actress and producer
  • 1956 – David Hempleman-Adams, English businessman and adventurer
  • 1956 – Taur Matan Ruak, East Timorese politician, 3rd President of East Timor
  • 1957 – Rumiko Takahashi, Japanese author and illustrator
  • 1958 – Tanya Tucker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1959 – Michael Cobley, English-Scottish author
  • 1959 – Kirsty MacColl, English singer-songwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1959 – Bill Rammell, English academic and politician, Minister of State for the Armed Forces
  • 1959 – Julia Sweeney, American actress, comedian, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1959 – Bradley Whitford, American actor and producer
  • 1959 – Arif Peçenek, Turkish football player and manager (d. 2013)
  • 1960 – Ron Flockhart, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1960 – Eric Martin, American singer-songwriter
  • 1960 – Russell Slade, English football manager
  • 1960 – Paul Thiebaud, American art dealer (d. 2010)
  • 1960 – Simon Townshend, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1961 – Scott Hoffman, American drummer
  • 1961 – Henrik Jørgensen, Danish runner
  • 1961 – Martin Kemp, English singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1962 – Thomas Rusch, German photographer
  • 1963 – Jolanda de Rover, Dutch swimmer
  • 1963 – Anita Mui, Hong Kong singer and actress (d. 2003)
  • 1963 – Daniel Pearl, American-Israeli journalist (d. 2002)
  • 1963 – Vegard Ulvang, Norwegian skier
  • 1964 – Sarah Lancashire, English actress and director
  • 1964 – Crystal Waters, American singer-songwriter, musician and producer
  • 1965 – Toshi, Japanese singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1965 – Chris Penn, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1965 – Rebecca Pidgeon, American-English singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1966 – Tony Adams, English footballer and manager
  • 1966 – Bai Ling, Chinese-American model and actress
  • 1966 – Derrick McKey, American basketball player
  • 1967 – Michael Giacchino, American composer
  • 1967 – Jonathan Littell, American-French author and humanitarian
  • 1967 – Mike Malinin, American drummer and producer
  • 1967 – Gavin Newsom, American businessman and politician, 40th and current Governor of California
  • 1967 – Jacek Zieliński, Polish footballer and coach
  • 1968 – Bart Brentjens, Dutch cyclist
  • 1968 – Feridun Düzağaç, Turkish singer-songwriter
  • 1968 – Chris Ofili, British painter
  • 1968 – Marinos Ouzounidis, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1969 – Manu Bennett, New Zealand-Australian actor
  • 1969 – Francis Escudero, Filipino lawyer and politician
  • 1969 – Brett Favre, American football player
  • 1969 – Shawn Jamison, American basketball player and coach
  • 1969 – Wendi McLendon-Covey, American actress
  • 1969 – Dilsa Demirbag Sten, Swedish journalist and author
  • 1970 – Dean Kiely, Irish footballer
  • 1970 – Silke Kraushaar-Pielach, German sled racer
  • 1970 – Matthew Pinsent, English rower and sportscaster
  • 1971 – Graham Alexander, English-Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1971 – Ian Bennett, English footballer
  • 1971 – Evgeny Kissin, Russian pianist
  • 1972 – Jun Lana, Filipino director, producer, playwright, and screenwriter
  • 1972 – Dean Roland, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1972 – Alexei Zhitnik, Ukrainian-Russian ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Mario Lopez, American actor, television personality, and producer
  • 1973 – Scott Morriss, English bass player and songwriter
  • 1973 – Zach Thornton, American soccer player and coach
  • 1974 – Asi Cohen, Israeli actor and screenwriter
  • 1974 – Julio Ricardo Cruz, Argentinian footballer
  • 1974 – Dale Earnhardt, Jr., American race car driver and actor
  • 1974 – Lucy Powell, English politician
  • 1974 – Chris Pronger, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Ihsahn, Norwegian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1975 – Ramón Morales, Mexican footballer and manager
  • 1975 – Plácido Polanco, Dominican-American baseball player
  • 1976 – Bob Burnquist, Brazilian-American skateboarder
  • 1976 – Pat Burrell, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Shane Doan, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Scott Dobie, English footballer
  • 1978 – Jodi Lyn O’Keefe, American model and actress
  • 1978 – Naomi Levari, Israeli film producer and director
  • 1979 – Kangta, South Korean singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
  • 1979 – Nicolás Massú, Chilean tennis player
  • 1979 – Mýa, American singer-songwriter, producer, dancer, and actress
  • 1979 – Joel Przybilla, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Hitomi Satō, Japanese actress
  • 1980 – Blaž Emeršič, Slovenian ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Casey FitzSimmons, American football player
  • 1980 – Elvis Hammond, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1980 – Tim Maurer, American singer-songwriter
  • 1981 – Una Foden, Irish singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1981 – Gavin Shuker, English lawyer and politician
  • 1982 – Yasser Al-Qahtani, Saudi Arabian footballer
  • 1982 – Amon Buchanan, Australian footballer
  • 1982 – David Cal, Spanish sprint canoeist
  • 1982 – Dan Stevens, English actor
  • 1983 – Vusimuzi Sibanda, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1983 – Nikos Spyropoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1983 – Tolga Zengin, Turkish footballer
  • 1984 – Stephanie Cheng, Hong Kong singer
  • 1984 – Jean-Baptiste Grange, French skier
  • 1984 – Lzzy Hale, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1984 – Chiaki Kuriyama, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1984 – Paul Posluszny, American football player
  • 1984 – Troy Tulowitzki, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Dominique Cornu, Belgian cyclist
  • 1985 – Bronson Harrison, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1985 – Marina Diamandis, Welsh singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1985 – Sandra Záhlavová, Czech tennis player
  • 1986 – Ezequiel Garay, Argentinian footballer
  • 1986 – Lucy Griffiths, English actress
  • 1986 – Nathan Jawai, Australian basketball player
  • 1986 – Andrew McCutchen, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Ellen Andrea Wang, Norwegian bassist and composer
  • 1987 – Rodjun Cruz, Filipino actor and dancer
  • 1987 – Ryan Mathews, American football player
  • 1987 – Colin Slade, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1987 – Junior Madozein, Central African basketball player
  • 1988 – Luis Cardozo, Paraguayan footballer
  • 1988 – Shaun Fensom, Australian rugby league player
  • 1988 – Brown Ideye, Nigerian footballer
  • 1988 – Rose McIver, New Zealand actress
  • 1988 – Emmanuel Nwachi, Nigerian footballer
  • 1988 – Toby Smith, Australian-New Zealand rugby player
  • 1989 – Emer Kenny, English actress and screenwriter
  • 1989 – Aimee Teegarden, American actress and producer
  • 1990 – Geno Smith, American football player
  • 1990 – Rakul Preet Singh, Indian actress
  • 1991 – Michael Carter-Williams, American basketball player
  • 1991 – Gabriella Cilmi, Australian singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1991 – Lali Espósito, Argentinian actress and singer
  • 1991 – Manuel Giandonato, Italian footballer
  • 1991 – Mariana Pajón, Colombian cyclist
  • 1991 – Xherdan Shaqiri, Swiss footballer
  • 1993 – Jayden Stockley, English footballer
  • 1994 – Tereza Smitková, Czech tennis player
  • 1995 – Brenko Lee, Australian rugby league player
  • 1995 – Courtland Sutton, American football player
  • 1996 – Roni Allén, Finnish ice hockey player

Deaths in October 10

  • AD 19 – Germanicus, Roman general (b. 15 BC)
  • 644 – Paulinus of York, English bishop and missionary
  • 680 – Abbas ibn Ali, son of Imam Ali
  • 680 – Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayn, son of Al-Husayn
  • 680 – Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn, son of Al-Husayn
  • 680 – Habib ibn Madhahir
  • 680 – Husayn ibn Ali, third Shia Imam and grandson of Muhammad (b. 626)
  • 827 – Pope Valentine (b. 800)
  • 937 – Wang Lingmou, chancellor of Wu
  • 1213 – Frederick II, Duke of Lorraine
  • 1308 – Patrick Dunbar, 8th Earl of Dunbar
  • 1359 – Hugh IV of Cyprus (b. 1295)
  • 1503 – Peter II, Duke of Bourbon (b. 1438)
  • 1581 – Bayinnaung, Burmese king (b. 1516)
  • 1659 – Abel Tasman, Dutch merchant and explorer (b. 1603)
  • 1674 – Thomas Traherne, English poet (b. c. 1637)
  • 1691 – Isaac de Benserade, French author and poet (b. 1613)
  • 1708 – David Gregory, Scottish mathematician and astronomer (b. 1659)
  • 1714 – Pierre Le Pesant, sieur de Boisguilbert, French economist and academic (b. 1646)
  • 1720 – Antoine Coysevox, French sculptor (b. 1640)
  • 1723 – William Cowper, 1st Earl Cowper, English lawyer and politician, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1665)
  • 1725 – Philippe de Rigaud Vaudreuil, French politician, Governor of New France (b. 1643)
  • 1747 – John Potter, English archbishop and academic (b. 1674)
  • 1759 – Granville Elliott, English general (b. 1713)
  • 1765 – Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1688)
  • 1795 – Francesco Antonio Zaccaria, Italian historian and theologian (b. 1714)
  • 1800 – Gabriel Prosser, American rebel leader (b. 1776)
  • 1806 – Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia (b. 1772)
  • 1827 – Ugo Foscolo, Italian author and poet (b. 1778)
  • 1837 – Charles Fourier, French philosopher and academic (b. 1772)
  • 1857 – George Washington Parke Custis, American author and playwright (b. 1781)
  • 1872 – William H. Seward, American lawyer and politician, 24th United States Secretary of State (b. 1801)
  • 1875 – Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian author, poet, and playwright (b. 1817)
  • 1876 – Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville, French geologist and meteorologist (b. 1814)
  • 1893 – Lip Pike, American baseball player and manager (b. 1845)
  • 1901 – Lorenzo Snow, American religious leader, 5th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1814)
  • 1913 – Adolphus Busch, German-American brewer and businessman, co-founded Anheuser-Busch (b. 1839)
  • 1913 – Katsura Tarō, Japanese general and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1848)
  • 1914 – Carol I of Romania (b. 1839)
  • 1918 – Henry Dobson, Australian politician, 17th Premier of Tasmania (b. 1841)
  • 1922 – Andreas Karkavitsas, Greek physician and author (b. 1866)
  • 1927 – August Kitzberg, Estonian author and playwright (b. 1855)
  • 1927 – Gustave Whitehead, German-American pilot and engineer (b. 1874)
  • 1930 – Adolf Engler, German botanist and academic (b. 1844)
  • 1935 – Gustave Loiseau, French painter (b. 1865)
  • 1940 – Berton Churchill, Canadian-American actor and singer (b. 1876)
  • 1948 – Ted Horn, American race car driver (b. 1910)
  • 1949 – Chikuhei Nakajima, Japanese engineer, businessman, and politician, founded Nakajima Aircraft Company (b. 1884)
  • 1953 – Erima Harvey Northcroft, New Zealand general, lawyer, and judge (b. 1884)
  • 1957 – Karl Genzken, German physician (b. 1885)
  • 1962 – Stancho Belkovski, Bulgarian-Polish architect (b. 1891)
  • 1963 – Roy Cazaly, Australian footballer and coach (b. 1893)
  • 1963 – Édith Piaf, French singer-songwriter and actress (b. 1915)
  • 1964 – Eddie Cantor, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor (b. 1892)
  • 1964 – Heinrich Neuhaus, Ukrainian-Russian pianist and educator (b. 1888)
  • 1966 – Charlotte Cooper, English-Scottish tennis player (b. 1870)
  • 1966 – Louise Thuliez, French school teacher, resistance fighter during World War I and World War II and author (b. 1881)
  • 1970 – Édouard Daladier, French captain and politician, 105th Prime Minister of France (b. 1884)
  • 1971 – John Cawte Beaglehole, New Zealand historian and scholar (b. 1901)
  • 1973 – Ludwig von Mises, Ukrainian-American economist and sociologist (b. 1881)
  • 1974 – Werner Heyking, Danish actor (b. 1913)
  • 1976 – Silvana Armenulić, Bosnian singer and actress (b. 1939)
  • 1976 – Mirsada Mirjana Bajraktarević, Bosnian singer-songwriter (b. 1951)
  • 1977 – Angelo Muscat, Maltese-English actor (b. 1930)
  • 1978 – Ralph Marterie, Italian-American trumpet player and bandleader (b. 1914)
  • 1978 – Ralph Metcalfe, American sprinter and politician (b. 1910)
  • 1979 – Christopher Evans, English psychologist, computer scientist, and author (b. 1931)
  • 1979 – Paul Paray, French organist, composer, and conductor (b. 1886)
  • 1982 – Jean Effel, French painter and journalist (b. 1908)
  • 1983 – Ralph Richardson, English actor (b. 1902)
  • 1985 – Yul Brynner, Russian actor (b. 1920)
  • 1985 – Orson Welles, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1915)
  • 1986 – Gleb Wataghin, Ukrainian-Italian physicist and academic (b. 1899)
  • 1987 – Behice Boran, Turkish Marxist politician, author and sociologist (b. 1910)
  • 1990 – Tom Murton, American penologist and activist (b. 1928)
  • 1990 – Nikolaos Pavlopoulos, Greek sculptor and academic (b. 1909)
  • 1991 – Nickolaus Hirschl, Austrian wrestler, discus thrower, and shot putter (b. 1906)
  • 1997 – Michael J. S. Dewar, Indian-born American theoretical chemist who developed the Dewar–Chatt–Duncanson model (b. 1918)
  • 1998 – Clark Clifford, American captain, lawyer, and politician 9th United States Secretary of Defense (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Marvin Gay, Sr., American minister (b. 1914)
  • 1998 – Tommy Quaid, Irish hurler and manager (b. 1957)
  • 2000 – Sirimavo Bandaranaike, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Eddie Futch, American boxer and trainer (b. 1911)
  • 2001 – Vasily Mishin, Russian engineer (b. 1917)
  • 2003 – Eila Hiltunen, Finnish sculptor (b. 1922)
  • 2003 – Eugene Istomin, American pianist (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – Ken Caminiti, American baseball player (b. 1963)
  • 2004 – Christopher Reeve, American actor, producer, and activist (b. 1952)
  • 2004 – Arthur H. Robinson, American geographer and cartographer (b. 1915)
  • 2004 – Maurice Shadbolt, New Zealand author and playwright (b. 1932)
  • 2005 – Wayne C. Booth, American educator and critic (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – Milton Obote, Ugandan politician, 2nd President of Uganda (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Michael John Rogers, English ornithologist and academic (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Ian Scott, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1934)
  • 2008 – Kazuyoshi Miura, Japanese businessman (b. 1947)
  • 2009 – Stephen Gately, Irish singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor (b. 1976)
  • 2010 – Solomon Burke, American singer-songwriter and preacher (b. 1940)
  • 2010 – Joan Sutherland, Australian-Swiss soprano and actress (b. 1926)
  • 2011 – Jagjit Singh, Indian singer-songwriter (b. 1941)
  • 2012 – Sam Gibbons, American captain and politician (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Alex Karras, American football player, wrestler, and actor (b. 1935)
  • 2012 – Piotr Lenartowicz, Polish philosopher and educator (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Basil L. Plumley, American sergeant (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Mark Poster, American philosopher and educator (b. 1941)
  • 2012 – Kyaw Zaw, Burmese commander and politician (b. 1919)
  • 2013 – Scott Carpenter, American commander, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Jay Conrad Levinson, American author and educator (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Sohei Miyashita, Japanese politician, Japanese Minister of Defense (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Cal Smith, American singer and guitarist (b. 1932)
  • 2014 – Olav Dale, Norwegian saxophonist and composer (b. 1958)
  • 2014 – Damiana Eugenio, Filipino author and academic (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Valeri Karpov, Russian ice hockey player (b. 1971)
  • 2014 – Lari Ketner, American football and basketball player (b. 1977)
  • 2014 – Pavel Landovský, Czech actor, director, and playwright (b. 1936)
  • 2014 – Ed Nimmervoll, Austrian-Australian journalist, historian, and author (b. 1947)
  • 2015 – Diepreye Alamieyeseigha, Nigerian politician, Governor of Bayelsa State (b. 1952)
  • 2015 – Hilla Becher, German photographer and educator (b. 1934)
  • 2015 – Manorama Indian (Tamil) actress (b. 1937)
  • 2015 – Richard F. Heck, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1931)
  • 2015 – Steve Mackay, American saxophonist and composer (b. 1949)
  • 2015 – Sybil Stockdale, American activist, co-founded the National League of Families (b. 1924)
  • 2016 – Donn Fendler, American author and speaker (b. 1926)

Holidays and observances in October 10

  • Arbor Day (Poland)
  • Army Day (Sri Lanka)
  • Capital Liberation Day (Vietnam)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Blessed Angela Truszkowska
    • Cerbonius
    • Daniel Comboni
    • Eulampius and Eulampia
    • Gereon and companions
    • Blessed María Catalina Irigoyen Echegaray (Maria Desposorios)
    • Paulinus of York (in England)
    • Pinytus
    • Tanca
    • Vida Dutton Scudder (Episcopal Church)
    • Viktor of Xanten
    • October 10 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Double Ten Day (The National Day of Republic of China), celebrates outbreak of the Wuchang Uprising in 1911 that led to founding of the Republic of China in 1912
  • Fiji Day, celebrates the independence of Fiji from United Kingdom in 1970
  • Finnish Literature Day (Finland)
  • Independence Day, commemorates the proclamation of Cuba’s independence from Spain and the beginning of the Ten Years’ War in 1868.
  • Party Foundation Day (North Korea)
  • World Day Against the Death Penalty
  • World Mental Health Day

October 19- History, Events, Births, Deaths Holidays and Observances On This Day

October 19 is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 73 days remain until the end of the year.

October 19 in history

  • 202 BC – Second Punic War: At the Battle of Zama, Roman legions under Scipio Africanus defeat Hannibal Barca, leader of the army defending Carthage.
  • 439 – The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa.
  • 1216 – King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry.
  • 1386 – The Universität Heidelberg holds its first lecture, making it the oldest German university.
  • 1453 – Hundred Years’ War: Three months after the Battle of Castillon, England loses its last possessions in southern France.
  • 1466 – The Thirteen Years’ War between Poland and the Teutonic Order ends with the Second Treaty of Thorn.
  • 1469 – Ferdinand II of Aragon marries Isabella I of Castile, a marriage that paves the way to the unification of Aragon and Castile into a single country, Spain.
  • 1512 – Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology.
  • 1579 – James VI of Scotland is celebrated as an adult ruler by a festival in Edinburgh.
  • 1596 – The Spanish ship San Felipe runs aground on the coast of Japan and its cargo is confiscated by local authorities
  • 1649 – New Ross town in Ireland surrenders to Oliver Cromwell.
  • 1781 – American Revolutionary War: The siege of Yorktown comes to an end.
  • 1789 – John Jay is sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the United States.
  • 1805 – War of the Third Coalition: Austrian General Mack surrenders his army to Napoleon at the Battle of Ulm.
  • 1812 – The French invasion of Russia fails when Napoleon begins his retreat from Moscow.
  • 1813 – War of the Sixth Coalition: Napoleon is forced to retreat from Germany after the Battle of Leipzig.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Battle of Cedar Creek ends the last Confederate threat to Washington, DC.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Confederate agents based in Canada rob three banks in Saint Albans, Vermont.
  • 1866 – In accordance with the Treaty of Vienna, Austria cedes Veneto and Mantua to France, which immediately awards them to Italy in exchange for the earlier Italian acquiescence to the French annexation of Savoy and Nice.
  • 1900 – Max Planck discovers Planck’s law of black-body radiation.
  • 1912 – Italo-Turkish War: Italy takes possession of what is now Libya from the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1914 – First World War: The First Battle of Ypres begins.
  • 1921 – The Portuguese Prime Minister and several officials are murdered in the Bloody Night coup.
  • 1922 – British Conservative MPs vote to terminate the coalition government with the Liberal Party.
  • 1933 – Konstantin von Neurath withdraws Germany from the League of Nations.
  • 1935 – The League of Nations places economic sanctions on Italy for its invasion of Ethiopia.
  • 1943 – The cargo vessel Sinfra is attacked by Allied aircraft at Crete and sunk. 2,098 Italian prisoners of war drown with it.
  • 1943 – Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University.
  • 1944 – United States forces land in the Philippines.
  • 1944 – A coup is launched against Juan Federico Ponce Vaides, beginning the ten-year Guatemalan Revolution.
  • 1950 – China defeats the Tibetan Army at Chambo.
  • 1950 – Korean War: The Battle of Pyongyang ends in a United Nations victory. Hours later, the Chinese Army begins crossing the border into Korea.
  • 1950 – Iran becomes the first country to accept technical assistance from the United States under the Point Four Program.
  • 1956 – The Soviet Union and Japan sign a Joint Declaration, officially ending the state of war between the two countries that had existed since August 1945.
  • 1960 – The United States imposes a near-total trade embargo against Cuba.
  • 1973 – President Nixon rejects an Appeals Court decision that he turn over the Watergate tapes.
  • 1974 – Niue becomes a self-governing colony of New Zealand.
  • 1984 – A Roman Catholic priest, Jerzy Popiełuszko, associated with the Solidarity Union, is killed by three agents of the Polish Communist internal intelligence agency.
  • 1986 – The president of Mozambique and a prominent leader of FRELIMO, along with 33 others, die when their aircraft crashes into the Lebombo Mountains.
  • 1987 – The United States Navy conducts Operation Nimble Archer, an attack on two Iranian oil platforms in the Persian Gulf.
  • 1987 – Black Monday: The Dow Jones Industrial Average falls by 22%, 508 points.
  • 1988 – The British government imposes a broadcasting ban on television and radio interviews with members of Sinn Féin and eleven Irish republican and Ulster loyalist paramilitary groups.
  • 1989 – The convictions of the Guildford Four are quashed by the Court of Appeal of England and Wales, after they had spent 15 years in prison.
  • 2001 – SIEV X, an Indonesian fishing boat en route to Christmas Island, carrying over 400 migrants, sinks in international waters with the loss of 353 people.
  • 2003 – Mother Teresa is beatified by Pope John Paul II.
  • 2005 – Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity.
  • 2005 – Hurricane Wilma becomes the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record with a minimum pressure of 882 mb.
  • 2012 – A bomb explosion kills eight people and injures 110 more in Lebanon.
  • 2013 – At least 105 people are injured in a train crash in Buenos Aires.

Births in October 19

  • 879 – Yingtian, empress of the Khitan Liao Dynasty (d. 953)
  • 1276 – Prince Hisaaki of Japan (d. 1328)
  • 1433 – Marsilio Ficino, Italian astrologer and philosopher (d. 1499)
  • 1507 – Viglius, Dutch politician (d. 1577)
  • 1545 – John Juvenal Ancina, Italian Oratorian and bishop (d. 1604)
  • 1582 – Dmitry of Uglich, Russian crown prince and saint (d. 1591)
  • 1605 – Thomas Browne, English physician and author (d. 1682)
  • 1609 – Gerrard Winstanley, English Protestant religious reformer (d. 1676)
  • 1610 – James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde, English-Irish general, academic, and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (d. 1688)
  • 1613 – Charles of Sezze, Italian Franciscan friar and saint (d. 1670)
  • 1658 – Adolphus Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1704)
  • 1680 – John Abernethy, Irish minister (d. 1740)
  • 1688 – William Cheselden, English surgeon and anatomist (d. 1752)
  • 1718 – Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie, French general and politician, French Secretary of State for War (d. 1804)
  • 1720 – John Woolman, American-English preacher, journalist, and activist (d. 1772)
  • 1721 – Joseph de Guignes, French orientalist and sinologist (d. 1800)
  • 1784 – Leigh Hunt, English poet and critic (d. 1859)
  • 1789 – Theophilos Kairis, Greek priest and philosopher (d. 1853)
  • 1810 – Cassius Marcellus Clay, American journalist, lawyer, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Russia (d. 1903)
  • 1814 – Theodoros Vryzakis, Greek painter (d. 1878)
  • 1826 – Ralph Tollemache, English priest (d. 1895)
  • 1850 – Annie Smith Peck, American mountaineer and academic (d. 1935)
  • 1851 – Empress Myeongseong of Korea (d. 1895)
  • 1858 – George Albert Boulenger, Belgian-English zoologist and botanist (d. 1937)
  • 1862 – Auguste Lumière, French director and producer (d. 1954)
  • 1868 – Bertha Knight Landes, American academic and politician, Mayor of Seattle (d. 1943)
  • 1873 – Jaap Eden, Dutch speed skater and cyclist (d. 1925)
  • 1873 – Bart King, American cricketer (d. 1965)
  • 1876 – Mordecai Brown, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1945)
  • 1876 – Mihkel Pung, Estonian lawyer and politician, 11th Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1941)
  • 1879 – Emma Bell Miles, American writer, poet, and artist (d. 1919)
  • 1882 – Umberto Boccioni, Italian painter and sculptor (d. 1916)
  • 1885 – Charles E. Merrill, American banker and philanthropist, co-founded Merrill Lynch Wealth Management (d. 1956)
  • 1895 – Frank Durbin, American soldier (d. 1999)
  • 1895 – Lewis Mumford, American historian, sociologist, and philosopher (d. 1990)
  • 1896 – Bob O’Farrell, American baseball player and manager (d. 1988)
  • 1897 – Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, Pakistani chemist and scholar (d. 1994)
  • 1899 – Miguel Ángel Asturias, Guatemalan journalist, author, and poet, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1974)
  • 1900 – Erna Berger, German soprano and actress (d. 1990)
  • 1900 – Bill Ponsford, Australian cricketer and baseball player (d. 1991)
  • 1900 – Roy Worters, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1957)
  • 1901 – Arleigh Burke, American admiral (d. 1996)
  • 1903 – Tor Johnson, Swedish wrestler and actor (d. 1971)
  • 1907 – Roger Wolfe Kahn, American bandleader and composer (d. 1962)
  • 1908 – Geirr Tveitt, Norwegian pianist and composer (d. 1981)
  • 1909 – Marguerite Perey, French physicist and academic (d. 1975)
  • 1910 – Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Indian-American astrophysicist, astronomer, and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
  • 1910 – Shunkichi Hamada, Japanese field hockey player (d. 2009)
  • 1910 – Paul Robert, French lexicographer and publisher (d. 1980)
  • 1913 – Vinicius de Moraes, Brazilian poet, playwright, and composer (d. 1980)
  • 1914 – Juanita Moore, American actress (d. 2014)
  • 1916 – Jean Dausset, French-Spanish immunologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2009)
  • 1916 – Emil Gilels, Ukrainian-Russian pianist (d. 1985)
  • 1916 – Minoru Yasui, American soldier, lawyer, and activist (d. 1986)
  • 1917 – Sharadchandra Shankar Shrikhande, Indian mathematician
  • 1917 – William Joel Blass, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1917 – Walter Munk, Austrian-American oceanographer, author, and academic (d. 2019)
  • 1918 – Charles Evans, English-Welsh mountaineer, surgeon, and educator (d. 1995)
  • 1918 – Russell Kirk, American theorist and author (d. 1994)
  • 1918 – Robert Schwarz Strauss, American lawyer and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Russia (d. 2014)
  • 1920 – LaWanda Page, American actress (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – Harry Alan Towers, English-Canadian screenwriter and producer (d. 2009)
  • 1920 – Pandurang Shastri Athavale, Indian activist, philosopher, and spiritual leader (d. 2003)
  • 1920 – Peter Aduja, Filipino American Hawaii Legislature representative (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – George Nader, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – Jack Anderson, American journalist and author (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Ruth Carter Stevenson, American art collector, founded the Amon Carter Museum of American Art (d. 2013)
  • 1923 – Baby Dalupan, Filipino basketball player and coach (d. 2016)
  • 1925 – Bernard Hepton, English actor and producer (d. 2018)
  • 1925 – Czesław Kiszczak, Polish general and politician, 11th Prime Minister of the People’s Republic of Poland (d. 2015)
  • 1925 – Emilio Eduardo Massera, Argentinian admiral (d. 2010)
  • 1926 – Arne Bendiksen, Norwegian singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2009)
  • 1926 – Joel Feinberg, American philosopher and academic (d. 2004)
  • 1926 – Vladimir Shlapentokh, Ukrainian-American sociologist, historian, political scientist, and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1926 – Marjorie Tallchief, American ballerina
  • 1927 – Pierre Alechinsky, Belgian painter and illustrator
  • 1927 – Stephen Keynes, English businessman (d. 2017)
  • 1928 – Lou Scheimer, American animator, producer, and voice actor, co-founded the Filmation Company (d. 2013)
  • 1929 – Lewis Wolpert, South African-English biologist, author, and academic
  • 1930 – John Evans, Baron Evans of Parkside, English union leader and politician (d. 2016)
  • 1930 – Mavis Nicholson, Welsh-English journalist
  • 1931 – Ed Emberley, American author and illustrator
  • 1931 – John le Carré, English intelligence officer and author
  • 1931 – Atsushi Miyagi, Japanese tennis player
  • 1932 – Robert Reed, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1933 – Brian Booth, Australian cricketer and educator
  • 1933 – Anthony Skingsley, English air marshal (d. 2019)
  • 1934 – Yakubu Gowon, Nigerian general and politician, 3rd Head of State of Nigeria
  • 1934 – Dave Guard, American folk music singer-songwriter, arranger, and musician (d. 1991)
  • 1935 – Don Ward, Canadian-American ice hockey player (d. 2014)
  • 1936 – James Bevel, American civil rights activist and minister (d. 2008)
  • 1937 – Marilyn Bell, Canadian swimmer
  • 1937 – Peter Max, German-American illustrator
  • 1937 – Terence Thomas, Baron Thomas of Macclesfield, English banker and politician (d. 2018)
  • 1938 – Bill Morris, Baron Morris of Handsworth, Jamaican-English union leader and politician
  • 1939 – David Clark, Baron Clark of Windermere, Scottish academic and politician, Minister for the Cabinet Office
  • 1940 – Larry Chance, American singer-songwriter
  • 1940 – Michael Gambon, Irish-British actor
  • 1940 – Rosny Smarth, Haitian lawyer and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Haiti
  • 1941 – Peter Thornley, English professional wrestler best known for the ring character Kendo Nagasaki
  • 1941 – Simon Ward, English actor (d. 2012)
  • 1942 – Andrew Vachss, American lawyer and author
  • 1943 – Robin Holloway, English composer and academic
  • 1943 – Takis Ikonomopoulos, Greek footballer and coach
  • 1943 – L. E. Modesitt, Jr., American author and poet
  • 1944 – George McCrae, American singer
  • 1944 – Peter Tosh, Jamaican singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1987)
  • 1945 – Angus Deaton, Scottish-American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1945 – Divine, American drag queen performer, and actor (d. 1988)
  • 1945 – Patricia Ireland, American lawyer and activist
  • 1945 – Gloria Jones, American singer-songwriter
  • 1945 – John Lithgow, American actor
  • 1945 – Jeannie C. Riley, American singer
  • 1945 – Martin Welz, South African journalist
  • 1946 – Bob Holland, Australian cricketer and surveyor (d. 2017)
  • 1946 – Philip Pullman, English author and academic
  • 1946 – Keith Reid, English songwriter and lyricist
  • 1947 – Giorgio Cavazzano, Italian author and illustrator
  • 1948 – James Howard Kunstler, American author and critic
  • 1948 – Dave Mallow, American voice actor and screenwriter
  • 1948 – Patrick Simmons, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1949 – Lynn Dickey, American football player and radio host
  • 1949 – Jamie McGrigor, English-Scottish politician
  • 1950 – Yeslam bin Ladin, Saudi Arabian-Swiss businessman
  • 1951 – Demetrios Christodoulou, Greek mathematician and physicist
  • 1951 – Annie Golden, American actress and singer
  • 1951 – Kurt Schrader, American veterinarian and politician
  • 1952 – Peter Bone, English accountant and politician
  • 1952 – Verónica Castro, Mexican actress and singer
  • 1953 – Lionel Hollins, American basketball player and coach
  • 1954 – Sam Allardyce, English footballer and manager
  • 1954 – Deborah Blum, American journalist and author
  • 1954 – Joe Bryant, American basketball player and coach
  • 1955 – Dan Gutman, American author
  • 1955 – LaSalle Ishii, Japanese actor and director
  • 1956 – Steve Doocy, American journalist and author
  • 1956 – Elena Garanina, Soviet ice dancer and coach
  • 1956 – Grover Norquist, American activist, founded Americans for Tax Reform
  • 1956 – Didier Theys, Belgian race car driver and coach
  • 1956 – Carlo Urbani, Italian physician (d. 1993)
  • 1956 – Bruce Weber, American basketball player and coach
  • 1957 – Dorinda Clark-Cole, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1957 – Ray Richmond, American journalist and critic
  • 1957 – Karl Wallinger, Welsh singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer
  • 1958 – Carolyn Browne, English diplomat, British Ambassador to Kazakhstan
  • 1958 – Hiromi Hara, Japanese footballer and manager
  • 1958 – Tiriel Mora, Australian actor
  • 1958 – Michael Steele, American journalist and politician, 7th Lieutenant Governor of Maryland
  • 1959 – Nir Barkat, Israeli businessman and politician, Mayor of Jerusalem
  • 1959 – Martin Kusch, German philosopher and academic
  • 1960 – Dawn Coe-Jones, Canadian golfer (d. 2016)
  • 1960 – Jennifer Holliday, American actress and singer
  • 1960 – Takeshi Koshida, Japanese footballer
  • 1960 – Susan Straight, American author and academic
  • 1960 – Ayuo Takahashi, Japanese-American singer-songwriter
  • 1960 – Dan Woodgate, English musician, songwriter, composer, and record producer
  • 1961 – Sunny Deol, Indian actor and producer
  • 1961 – Cliff Lyons, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1962 – Tracy Chevalier, American-English author
  • 1962 – Brian Henninger, American golfer
  • 1962 – Bendik Hofseth, Norwegian saxophonist and composer
  • 1962 – Evander Holyfield, American boxer and actor
  • 1962 – Svetlana Zainetdinova, Soviet-Estonian chess player and coach
  • 1963 – Sinitta, American-British singer
  • 1964 – Ty Pennington, American model, carpenter and television host
  • 1965 – Brad Daugherty, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1965 – Todd Park Mohr, American rock singer-songwriter and musician (Big Head Todd and the Monsters)
  • 1966 – Jon Favreau, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Dimitris Lyacos, Greek poet and playwright
  • 1966 – David Vann, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1967 – Amy Carter, American illustrator and activist
  • 1967 – Yōji Matsuda, Japanese actor
  • 1967 – Yoko Shimomura, Japanese pianist and composer
  • 1968 – Rodney Carrington, American comedian, actor, and singer
  • 1969 – John Edward, American psychic and author
  • 1969 – Trey Parker, American actor, animator, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1969 – Erwin Sánchez, Bolivian footballer and manager
  • 1970 – Andrew Griffiths, English politician
  • 1970 – Chris Kattan, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1972 – Keith Foulke, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Pras, American rapper-songwriter (Fugees), record producer, and actor
  • 1973 – Hicham Arazi, Moroccan tennis player
  • 1973 – Okan Buruk, Turkish footballer and manager
  • 1973 – Joaquin Gage, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Burak Güven, Turkish singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1976 – Omar Gooding, American actor and producer
  • 1976 – Jostein Gulbrandsen, Norwegian guitarist and composer
  • 1976 – Desmond Harrington, American actor
  • 1976 – Paul Hartley, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Hiroshi Sakai, Japanese footballer
  • 1976 – Dan Smith, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Michael Young, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Habib Beye, French-Senegalese footballer
  • 1977 – Louis-José Houde, Canadian comedian and actor
  • 1977 – Jason Reitman, Canadian-American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1977 – Raúl Tamudo, Spanish footballer
  • 1977 – Mo Twister, Filipino radio and television host
  • 1978 – Enrique Bernoldi, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1978 – Zakhar Dubensky, Russian footballer
  • 1978 – Henri Sorvali, Finnish guitarist and keyboard player
  • 1979 – José Luis López, Mexican footballer
  • 1979 – Brian Robertson, American trombonist
  • 1979 – Sachiko Sugiyama, Japanese volleyball player
  • 1980 – José Bautista, Dominican baseball player
  • 1980 – Rajai Davis, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Leon Bott, Australian rugby league player
  • 1981 – Heikki Kovalainen, Finnish race car driver
  • 1982 – Atom Araullo, Filipino journalist
  • 1982 – Gillian Jacobs, American actress and director
  • 1982 – Louis Oosthuizen, South African golfer
  • 1982 – Gonzalo Pineda, Mexican footballer
  • 1982 – Daan van Bunge, Dutch cricketer
  • 1983 – Rebecca Ferguson, Swedish actress
  • 1983 – Andy Lonergan, English footballer
  • 1983 – Cara Santa Maria, American neuroscientist and blogger
  • 1984 – Danka Barteková, Slovak skeet shooter
  • 1987 – Tsunenori Aoki, Japanese actor
  • 1987 – Sam Groth, Australian tennis player
  • 1988 – Zeph Ellis, English rapper and producer
  • 1988 – Markiyan Kamysh, Ukrainian writer
  • 1988 – Chris Lawrence, Australian rugby league player
  • 1989 – James Gavet, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1989 – Miroslav Stoch, Slovakian footballer
  • 1989 – Rakuto Tochihara, Japanese actor
  • 1989 – Janine Tugonon, Filipino model and television host
  • 1990 – Tom Kilbey, English footballer
  • 1990 – Endō Shōta, Japanese sumo wrestler
  • 1990 – Janet Leon, Swedish singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1991 – Colton Dixon, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1992 – Shiho, Japanese actress and model
  • 1993 – Abby Sunderland, American sailor
  • 1994 – Agnė Sereikaitė, Lithuanian speed skater
  • 1996 – Bernadeth Pons, Filipino volleyball athlete
  • 1999 – Carlotta Truman, German singer-songwriter

Deaths in October 19

  • 727 – Frithuswith, English saint (b. 650)
  • 993 – Conrad I, King of Burgundy (b. c. 925)
  • 1216 – John, King of England (b. 1167)
  • 1287 – Bohemond VII, Count of Tripoli
  • 1354 – Yusuf I, Sultan of Granada (b. 1318)
  • 1375 – Cansignorio della Scala, Lord of Verona (b. 1340)
  • 1401 – John Charleton, 4th Baron Cherleton (b. 1362)
  • 1432 – John de Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk, English politician, Earl Marshal of England (b. 1392)
  • 1587 – Francesco I de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1541)
  • 1595 – Philip Howard, 20th Earl of Arundel, English nobleman (b. 1537)
  • 1608 – Martin Delrio, Flemish theologian and author (b. 1551)
  • 1609 – Jacobus Arminius, Dutch Reformed theologian (b. 1560)
  • 1619 – Fujiwara Seika, Japanese philosopher and educator (b. 1561)
  • 1636 – Marcin Kazanowski, Polish politician (b. 1566)
  • 1678 – Samuel Dirksz van Hoogstraten, Dutch painter (b. 1627)
  • 1682 – Thomas Browne, English physician and author (b. 1605)
  • 1723 – Godfrey Kneller, German-English painter (b. 1646)
  • 1745 – Jonathan Swift, Irish satirist and essayist (b. 1667)
  • 1772 – Andrea Belli, Maltese architect and businessman (b. 1703)
  • 1790 – Lyman Hall, American physician and politician, 16th Governor of Georgia (b. 1724)
  • 1796 – Michel de Beaupuy, French general (b. 1755)
  • 1813 – Józef Poniatowski, Polish general (b. 1763)
  • 1815 – Paolo Mascagni, Italian physician and anatomist (b. 1755)
  • 1842 – Aleksey Koltsov, Russian poet and author (b. 1808)
  • 1851 – Marie Thérèse of France (b. 1778)
  • 1856 – William Sprague III, American businessman and politician, 14th Governor of Rhode Island (b. 1799)
  • 1889 – Luís I of Portugal (b. 1838)
  • 1897 – George Pullman, American engineer and businessman, founded the Pullman Company (b. 1831)
  • 1901 – Carl Frederik Tietgen, Danish businessman and philanthropist, founded GN Store Nord (b. 1829)
  • 1905 – Virgil Earp, American marshal (b. 1843)
  • 1916 – Ioannis Frangoudis, Greek general and target shooter (b. 1863)
  • 1918 – Harold Lockwood, American actor (b. 1887)
  • 1924 – Louis Zborowski, English race car driver and engineer (b. 1895)
  • 1936 – Lu Xun, Chinese author and critic (b. 1881)
  • 1937 – Ernest Rutherford, New Zealand-English physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1871)
  • 1943 – Camille Claudel, French sculptor and illustrator (b. 1864)
  • 1944 – Dénes Kőnig, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1884)
  • 1945 – Plutarco Elías Calles, Mexican general and politician, 40th President of Mexico (b. 1877)
  • 1945 – N. C. Wyeth, American painter and illustrator (b. 1882)
  • 1950 – Edna St. Vincent Millay, American poet and playwright (b. 1892)
  • 1952 – Edward S. Curtis, American ethnologist and photographer (b. 1868)
  • 1956 – Isham Jones, American saxophonist, songwriter, and bandleader (b. 1894)
  • 1960 – George Wallace, Australian comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1895)
  • 1961 – Şemsettin Günaltay, Turkish historian and politician, 9th Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1883)
  • 1964 – Sergey Biryuzov, Marshal of the Soviet Union (b. 1904)
  • 1964 – Nettie Palmer, Australian poet and critic (b. 1885)
  • 1964 – Christopher Vane, 10th Baron Barnard, English soldier and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Durham (b. 1888)
  • 1965 – Edward Willis Redfield, American painter and educator (b. 1869)
  • 1969 – Lacey Hearn, American sprinter (b. 1881)
  • 1970 – Lázaro Cárdenas, Mexican general and politician, 44th President of Mexico (b. 1895)
  • 1978 – Gig Young, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1983 – Maurice Bishop, Aruban-Grenadian lawyer and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Grenada (b. 1944)
  • 1984 – Jerzy Popiełuszko, Polish priest and activist (b. 1947)
  • 1985 – Alfred Rouleau, Canadian businessman (b. 1915)
  • 1986 – Dele Giwa, Nigerian journalist, co-founded Newswatch Magazine (b. 1947)
  • 1986 – Samora Machel, Mozambican commander and politician, 1st President of Mozambique (b. 1933)
  • 1987 – Jacqueline du Pré, English cellist and educator (b. 1945)
  • 1987 – Hermann Lang, German race car driver (b. 1909)
  • 1988 – Son House, American singer and guitarist (b. 1902)
  • 1992 – Magnus Pyke, English scientist and television host (b. 1908)
  • 1994 – Martha Raye, American actress and comedian (b. 1916)
  • 1995 – Don Cherry, American trumpet player (b. 1936)
  • 1995 – Harilaos Perpessas, Greek pianist and composer (b. 1907)
  • 1997 – Glen Buxton, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1947)
  • 1997 – Ken Wood, English businessman (b. 1916)
  • 1999 – James C. Murray, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (b. 1917)
  • 1999 – Nathalie Sarraute, Russian-French lawyer and author (b. 1900)
  • 2002 – Nikolay Rukavishnikov, Russian physicist and astronaut (b. 1932)
  • 2003 – Road Warrior Hawk, American wrestler (b. 1957)
  • 2003 – Alija Izetbegović, Bosniak lawyer and politician, 1st President of Bosnia and Herzegovina (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Margaret Murie, American environmentalist and author (b. 1902)
  • 2003 – Nello Pagani, Italian motorcycle racer and race car driver (b. 1911)
  • 2005 – Ryan Dallas Cook, American trombonist (b. 1982)
  • 2006 – James Glennon, American cinematographer (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Phyllis Kirk, American actress (b. 1927)
  • 2007 – Winifred Asprey, American mathematician and computer scientist (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Randall Forsberg, American activist and author (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Michael Maidens, English footballer (b. 1987)
  • 2007 – Jan Wolkers, Dutch author, sculptor, and painter (b. 1925)
  • 2008 – Richard Blackwell, American actor, fashion designer, and critic (b. 1922)
  • 2009 – Howard Unruh, American murderer (b. 1921)
  • 2009 – Joseph Wiseman, Canadian-American actor (b. 1918)
  • 2010 – Tom Bosley, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 2011 – Kakkanadan, Indian author (b. 1935)
  • 2012 – Lincoln Alexander, Canadian lawyer and politician, 24th Lieutenant Governor of Ontario (b. 1922)
  • 2012 – Wissam al-Hassan, Lebanese general (b. 1965)
  • 2012 – Wiyogo Atmodarminto, Indonesian general and politician, 10th Governor of Jakarta (b. 1922)
  • 2012 – Mike Graham, American wrestler (b. 1951)
  • 2012 – Fiorenzo Magni, Italian cyclist (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – John Bergamo, American drummer and composer (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Noel Harrison, English singer, actor, and skier (b. 1934)
  • 2013 – Ronald Shannon Jackson, American drummer and composer (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Mikihiko Renjō, Japanese author (b. 1948)
  • 2013 – Mahmoud Zoufonoun, Iranian-American violinist and composer (b. 1920)
  • 2014 – John Holt, Jamaican singer-songwriter (b. 1947)
  • 2014 – Stephen Paulus, American composer (b. 1949)
  • 2014 – Raphael Ravenscroft, English saxophonist and composer (b. 1954)
  • 2014 – Serena Shim, Lebanese-American journalist (b. 1984)
  • 2015 – Leon Bramlett, American football player and politician (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Bill Daley, American football player and sportscaster (b. 1919)
  • 2015 – Fleming Mackell, Canadian ice hockey player and singer (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Ali Treki, Libyan politician and diplomat, Libyan Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1938)
  • 2016 – Phil Chess, Czech-American record producer, co-founded Chess Records (b. 1921)
  • 2016 – Giovanni Steffè, Italian rower (b. 1928)
  • 2017 – Umberto Lenzi, Italian film director (b. 1931)

Holidays and observances in October 19

  • Christian feast day:
    • Aaron (Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria)
    • Aquilinus of Évreux
    • Desiderius (Didier) of Auxerre
    • Frideswide
    • Henry Martyn (Anglican Communion)
    • Isaac Jogues, Jean de Brébeuf, and Companions
    • Blessed Jerzy Popiełuszko
    • Paul of the Cross
    • Ptolemaeus and Lucius
    • Varus
    • Veranus of Cavaillon
    • William Carey (Episcopal Church)
    • October 19 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Constitution Day, in honor of the country’s independence (self-governing in free association with New Zealand) in 1974. (Niue)
  • Mother Teresa Day (Albania)

October 21- History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

October 21 is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 71 days remain until the end of the year.

October 21 in history

  • 1096 – A Seljuk Turkish army successfully fight off the People’s Crusade.
  • 1097 – Crusaders led by Godfrey of Bouillon, Bohemund of Taranto, and Raymond IV, Count of Toulouse, begin the Siege of Antioch.
  • 1209 – Otto IV is crowned emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by Pope Innocent III.
  • 1392 – Japanese Emperor Go-Kameyama abdicates in favor of rival claimant Go-Komatsu.
  • 1512 – Martin Luther joins the theological faculty of the University of Wittenberg.
  • 1520 – Ferdinand Magellan discovers a strait now known as the Strait of Magellan.
  • 1520 – João Álvares Fagundes discovers the islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, bestowing them their original name of “Islands of the 11,000 Virgins”.
  • 1600 – Tokugawa Ieyasu defeats the leaders of rival Japanese clans in the Battle of Sekigahara and becomes shōgun of Japan.
  • 1774 – The flag of Taunton, Massachusetts is the first to include the word “Liberty”.
  • 1797 – In Boston Harbor, the 44-gun United States Navy frigate USS Constitution is launched.
  • 1805 – Napoleonic Wars: A British fleet led by Lord Nelson defeats a combined French and Spanish fleet under Admiral Villeneuve in the Battle of Trafalgar.
  • 1824 – Portland cement is patented.
  • 1854 – Florence Nightingale and a staff of 38 nurses are sent to the Crimean War.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Union forces under Colonel Edward Baker are defeated by Confederate troops in the second major battle of the war.
  • 1867 – The Medicine Lodge Treaty is signed by southern Great Plains Indian leaders. The treaty requires Native American Plains tribes to relocate to a reservation in western Oklahoma.
  • 1879 – Thomas Edison applies for a patent for his design for an incandescent light bulb.
  • 1888 – Foundation of the Swiss Social Democratic Party.
  • 1892 – Opening ceremonies for the World’s Columbian Exposition are held in Chicago, though because construction was behind schedule, the exposition did not open until May 1, 1893.
  • 1895 – The Republic of Formosa collapses as Japanese forces invade.
  • 1907 – The 1907 Qaratog earthquake hits the borders of Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, killing between 12,000 and 15,000 people.
  • 1910 – HMS Niobe arrives in Halifax Harbour to become the first ship of the Royal Canadian Navy.
  • 1921 – President Warren G. Harding delivers the first speech by a sitting U.S. President against lynching in the deep South.
  • 1931 – A secret society in the Imperial Japanese Army launches an abortive coup d’état attempt.
  • 1940 – The first edition of the Ernest Hemingway novel For Whom the Bell Tolls is published.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Provisional Government of Free India is formally established in Japanese-occupied Singapore.
  • 1944 – World War II: The first kamikaze attack damages HMAS Australia as the Battle of Leyte Gulf begins.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Nemmersdorf massacre against the German civilians takes place.
  • 1944 – World War II: The city of Aachen falls to American forces after three weeks of fighting, making it the first German city to fall to the Allies.
  • 1945 – French women vote for the first time during the 1945 French legislative election.
  • 1950 – Korean War: Heavy fighting begins between British and Australian forces against the North Koreans during the Battle of Yongju.
  • 1956 – The Mau Mau Uprising in Kenya is defeated.
  • 1959 – In New York City, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum opens to the public.
  • 1959 – President Eisenhower approves the transfer of all US Army space-related activities to NASA, including most of the Army Ballistic Missile Agency.
  • 1965 – Comet Ikeya–Seki approaches perihelion, passing 450,000 kilometers (279,617 miles) from the sun.
  • 1966 – A colliery spoil tip collapses on the village of Aberfan in Wales, killing 144 people, mostly schoolchildren.
  • 1967 – The National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam organizes a march of fifty thousand people from the Lincoln Memorial to the Pentagon.
  • 1969 – The 1969 Somali coup d’état establishes a Marxist–Leninist administration.
  • 1971 – A gas explosion kills 22 people at a shopping centre near Glasgow, Scotland.
  • 1973 – Fred Dryer of the Los Angeles Rams becomes the first player in NFL history to score two safeties in the same game.
  • 1978 – Australian civilian pilot Frederick Valentich vanishes over the Bass Strait south of Melbourne, after reporting contact with an unidentified aircraft.
  • 1979 – Moshe Dayan resigns from the Israeli government because of strong disagreements with Prime Minister Menachem Begin over policy towards the Arabs.
  • 1981 – Andreas Papandreou becomes Prime Minister of Greece, ending an almost 50-year-long system of power dominated by conservative forces.
  • 1983 – The metre is defined as the distance light travels in a vacuum in 1/299,792,458 of a second.
  • 1986 – In Lebanon, pro-Iran kidnappers claim to have abducted American writer Edward Tracy (he is released in August 1991).
  • 1987 – The Jaffna hospital massacre is carried out by Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka, killing 70 ethnic Tamil patients, doctors and nurses.
  • 1994 – North Korea and the United States sign an Agreed Framework that requires North Korea to stop its nuclear weapons program and agree to inspections.
  • 1994 – In Seoul, South Korea, 32 people are killed when a span of the Seongsu Bridge collapses.
  • 2005 – Images of the dwarf planet Eris are taken and subsequently used in documenting its discovery.
  • 2019 – Thirty people are killed in a fiery bus crash in western Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • 2019 – In Canada, the 2019 Canadian Federal Election ends, resulting in incumbent Prime Minister Justin Trudeau remaining in office, albeit in a minority government. (Global) (CBC)

Births in October 21

  • 1328 – Hongwu Emperor of China (d. 1398)
  • 1409 – Alessandro Sforza, Italian condottiero (d. 1473)
  • 1449 – George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence, Irish-English son of Cecily Neville, Duchess of York (d. 1478)
  • 1527 – Louis I, Cardinal of Guise (d. 1578)
  • 1536 – Joachim Ernest, Prince of Anhalt (d. 1586)
  • 1581 – Domenichino, Italian painter (d. 1641)
  • 1650 – Jean Bart, French admiral (d. 1702)
  • 1658 – Henri de Boulainvilliers, French nobleman (d. 1722)
  • 1675 – Emperor Higashiyama of Japan (d. 1710)
  • 1687 – Nicolaus I Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician and theorist (d. 1759)
  • 1712 – James Steuart, Scottish economist and author (d. 1780)
  • 1725 – Franz Moritz von Lacy, Austrian field marshal (d. 1801)
  • 1757 – Pierre Augereau, French general (d. 1816)
  • 1762 – Herman Willem Daendels, Dutch general, lawyer, and politician, 36th Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1818)
  • 1772 – Samuel Taylor Coleridge, English poet, philosopher, and critic (d. 1834)
  • 1775 – Giuseppe Baini, Italian priest, composer, and critic (d. 1844)
  • 1790 – Alphonse de Lamartine, French poet and politician, French Head of State (d. 1869)
  • 1811 – Filippo Colini, Italian operatic baritone (d. 1863)
  • 1821 – Sims Reeves, English tenor and actor (d. 1900)
  • 1833 – Alfred Nobel, Swedish chemist and engineer, invented dynamite and founded the Nobel Prize (d. 1896)
  • 1845 – Will Carleton, American poet and journalist (d. 1912)
  • 1847 – Giuseppe Giacosa, Italian poet and playwright (d. 1906)
  • 1851 – George Ulyett, English cricketer and footballer (d. 1898)
  • 1868 – Ernest Swinton, British Army officer (d. 1951)
  • 1874 – Tan Kah Kee, Chinese businessman, community leader, communist and philanthropist (d.1961)
  • 1877 – Oswald Avery, Canadian-American physician and microbiologist (d. 1955)
  • 1884 – Claire Waldoff, German singer and actress (d. 1957)
  • 1886 – Eugene Burton Ely, American soldier and pilot (d. 1911)
  • 1887 – Krishna Singh, Indian lawyer and politician, 1st Chief Minister of Bihar (d. 1961)
  • 1894 – Edogawa Ranpo, Japanese author and critic (d. 1965)
  • 1895 – Paavo Johansson, Finnish javelin thrower and decathlete (d. 1983)
  • 1895 – Edna Purviance, American actress (d. 1958)
  • 1896 – Esther Shumiatcher-Hirschbein, Russian-Canadian poet and screenwriter (d.1985)
  • 1898 – Eduard Pütsep, Estonian wrestler and actor (d. 1960)
  • 1900 – Andrée Boisson, French Olympic fencer (d. 1973)
  • 1907 – Nikos Engonopoulos, Greek painter and poet (d. 1985)
  • 1908 – Niyazi Berkes, Cypriot-English sociologist and academic (d. 1988)
  • 1911 – Mary Blair, American illustrator and animator (d. 1978)
  • 1912 – Don Byas, American saxophonist and educator (d. 1972)
  • 1912 – Alfredo Pián, Argentinian race car driver (d. 1990)
  • 1912 – Georg Solti, Hungarian-English conductor and director (d. 1997)
  • 1914 – Martin Gardner, American mathematician and author (d. 2010)
  • 1915 – Owen Bradley, American country music record producer (d. 1998)
  • 1917 – Dizzy Gillespie, American trumpet player, composer, and bandleader (d. 1993)
  • 1918 – Milton Himmelfarb, American sociologist and author (d. 2006)
  • 1918 – Albertina Sisulu, South African anti-apartheid activist (d. 2011)
  • 1919 – Jim Wallwork, English-Canadian sergeant and pilot (d. 2013)
  • 1921 – Malcolm Arnold, English composer (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – Bruce Beeby, Australian-English actor (d. 2013)
  • 1921 – Robert Clothier, Canadian actor (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – Jim Shumate, American fiddler and composer (d. 2013)
  • 1921 – Ingrid van Houten-Groeneveld, Dutch astronomer and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1922 – Liliane Bettencourt, French businesswoman and philanthropist (d. 2017)
  • 1923 – Samuel Khachikian, Iranian director, screenwriter, and author (d. 2001)
  • 1924 – Joyce Randolph, American actress
  • 1924 – Julie Wilson, American actress and singer (d. 2015)
  • 1925 – Celia Cruz, Cuban-American singer (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Virginia Zeani, Romanian soprano and educator
  • 1926 – Bob Rosburg, American golfer (d. 2009)
  • 1926 – Leonard Rossiter, English actor (d. 1984)
  • 1927 – Fritz Wintersteller, Austrian mountaineer
  • 1927 – Howard Zieff, American director and photographer (d. 2009)
  • 1928 – Whitey Ford, American baseball player and coach
  • 1928 – Eudóxia Maria Froehlich, Brazilian zoologist (d. 2015)
  • 1928 – Vern Mikkelsen, American basketball player and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1929 – Pierre Bellemare, French radio and television host (d. 2018)
  • 1929 – Fritz Hollaus, Austrian footballer (d. 1994)
  • 1929 – Ursula K. Le Guin, American author and critic (d. 2018)
  • 1930 – Ivan Silayev, Russian engineer and politician, 19th Prime Minister of Russia
  • 1931 – Shammi Kapoor, Indian actor and director (d. 2011)
  • 1931 – Jim Parks junior, English cricketer and manager
  • 1932 – Pál Csernai, Hungarian footballer and manager (d. 2013)
  • 1933 – Maureen Duffy, English author, poet, and playwright
  • 1933 – Francisco Gento, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1935 – Derek Bell, Irish harp player, pianist, and songwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1935 – Mel Street, American country music singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1978)
  • 1937 – Said Afandi al-Chirkawi, Russian spiritual leader and scholar (d. 2012)
  • 1937 – Hank Nelson, Australian historian and academic (d. 2012)
  • 1938 – Carl Brewer, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2001)
  • 1940 – Geoffrey Boycott, English cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1940 – Frances FitzGerald, American journalist and author
  • 1940 – Rhoda Gemignani, American actress
  • 1940 – Manfred Mann, South African-English keyboard player and producer
  • 1940 – Marita Petersen, Faroese educator and politician, Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands (d. 2001)
  • 1941 – Steve Cropper, American guitarist, songwriter, producer, and actor
  • 1942 – Elvin Bishop, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1942 – Allan Grice, Australian race car driver and politician
  • 1942 – Lou Lamoriello, American ice hockey player, coach, and manager
  • 1942 – Judy Sheindlin, American judge and television host
  • 1942 – Christopher A. Sims, American economist and statistician, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1942 – John Stevens, Baron Stevens of Kirkwhelpington, English police officer and academic
  • 1943 – Tariq Ali, Pakistani historian and author
  • 1943 – Ron Elliott, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and composer
  • 1944 – Mandy Rice-Davies, English model and actress (d. 2014)
  • 1944 – Michael Tugendhat, English lawyer and judge
  • 1945 – Nikita Mikhalkov, Russian filmmaker
  • 1945 – Michael White, English journalist
  • 1946 – Jane Heal, English philosopher and academic
  • 1946 – Jim Hill, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1946 – Lux Interior, American singer-songwriter (d. 2009)
  • 1946 – Lee Loughnane, American singer-songwriter and trumpet player
  • 1948 – Shaye J. D. Cohen, American historian and academic
  • 1948 – Allen Henry Vigneron, American archbishop
  • 1949 – Michel Brière, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1971)
  • 1949 – Mike Keenan, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1949 – Benjamin Netanyahu, Israeli captain and politician, 9th Prime Minister of Israel
  • 1950 – Ronald McNair, American physicist and astronaut (d. 1986)
  • 1950 – Leela Vernon, Belizean musician and cultural conservationist (d. 2017)
  • 1952 – Patti Davis, American actress and author
  • 1952 – Allen Hoey, American poet and author
  • 1952 – Brent Mydland, German-American keyboard player (d. 1990)
  • 1953 – Charlotte Caffey, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1953 – Eric Faulkner, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1953 – Keith Green, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and minister (d. 1982)
  • 1953 – Marc Johnson, American bassist, composer, and bandleader
  • 1953 – Peter Mandelson, English journalist and politician, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
  • 1954 – Brian Tobin, Canadian journalist and politician, 6th Premier of Newfoundland
  • 1955 – Dick DeVos, American businessman
  • 1955 – Fred Hersch, American pianist and composer
  • 1955 – Rich Mullins, American singer-songwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1956 – Carrie Fisher, American actress and screenwriter (d. 2016)
  • 1956 – Mike Tully, American pole vaulter
  • 1957 – Julian Cope, English singer-songwriter
  • 1957 – Wolfgang Ketterle, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1957 – Steve Lukather, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1958 – Andre Geim, Russian-English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1959 – George Bell, Dominican baseball player
  • 1959 – Rose McDowall, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1959 – Andy Picheta, English director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1959 – Kevin Sheedy, Welsh-Irish footballer and manager
  • 1959 – Ken Watanabe, Japanese actor and producer
  • 1962 – David Campese, Australian rugby player and coach
  • 1964 – Jon Carin, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1965 – Ion Andoni Goikoetxea, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1965 – Horace Hogan, American wrestler
  • 1965 – Hisashi Imai, Japanese singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1966 – Phillip Price, Welsh golfer
  • 1966 – Igor Prins, Estonian footballer and manager
  • 1966 – Arne Sandstø, Norwegian footballer and manager
  • 1967 – Georgi Dakov, Bulgarian high jumper (d. 1996)
  • 1967 – Paul Ince, English footballer and manager
  • 1967 – Gavin Lovegrove, New Zealand javelin thrower and graphic designer
  • 1968 – Alexandros Alexandris, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1968 – Kerstin Andreae, German politician
  • 1969 – Michael Hancock, Australian rugby league player
  • 1969 – Mo Lewis, American football player
  • 1970 – Louis Koo, Hong Kong actor and singer
  • 1971 – Hal Duncan, Scottish author and poet
  • 1971 – Damien Martyn, Australian cricketer
  • 1971 – Nick Oliveri, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1971 – Conor O’Shea, Irish rugby player and coach
  • 1971 – Paul Telfer, Scottish footballer and coach
  • 1971 – Thomas Ulsrud, Norwegian curler
  • 1972 – Matthew Friedberger, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1972 – Orlando Thomas, American football player (d. 2014)
  • 1972 – Evhen Tsybulenko, Ukrainian scholar and academic
  • 1972 – Ashutosh Agashe, Indian businessman and cricketer
  • 1973 – Lera Auerbach, Russian-American pianist and composer
  • 1973 – Charlie Lowell, American pianist and songwriter
  • 1974 – Costel Busuioc, Romanian tenor
  • 1975 – Toby Hall, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Henrique Hilário, Portuguese footballer
  • 1976 – Henrik Gustavsson, Swedish footballer
  • 1976 – Jeremy Miller, American actor and singer
  • 1976 – Lavinia Miloșovici, Romanian gymnast
  • 1976 – Josh Ritter, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1976 – Mélanie Turgeon, Canadian skier
  • 1978 – Joey Harrington, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1978 – Henrik Klingenberg, Finnish singer and keyboard player
  • 1979 – Khalil Greene, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Gabe Gross, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Kim Kardashian, American reality television personality, actress, model, businesswoman and socialite
  • 1980 – Brian Pittman, American bass player
  • 1981 – Martin Castrogiovanni, Argentinian-Italian rugby player
  • 1981 – Nemanja Vidić, Serbian footballer
  • 1982 – Matt Dallas, American actor
  • 1982 – Jim Henderson, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Antony Kay, English footballer
  • 1982 – Hari Kondabolu, American comedian, actor, and podcaster
  • 1982 – Ray Ventrone, American football player
  • 1982 – Lee Chong Wei, Malaysian badminton player
  • 1982 – James White, American basketball player
  • 1983 – Casey Fien, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Zack Greinke, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Brent Hayden, Canadian swimmer
  • 1983 – Gonzalo Klusener, Argentinian footballer
  • 1983 – Andy Marte, Dominican baseball player (d. 2017)
  • 1983 – Amber Rose, American model
  • 1983 – Chris Sherrington, English-Scottish martial artist
  • 1983 – Ninet Tayeb, Israeli singer
  • 1983 – Shelden Williams, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Anna Bogdanova, Russian heptathlete
  • 1984 – Tom Brandstater, American football player
  • 1984 – Kenny Cooper, American soccer player
  • 1984 – Anouk Leblanc-Boucher, Canadian speed skater
  • 1984 – José Lobatón, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1984 – Marvin Mitchell, American football player
  • 1984 – Kieran Richardson, English footballer
  • 1985 – Simone Bracalello, Italian footballer
  • 1985 – Dean Collis, Australian rugby league player
  • 1986 – Almen Abdi, Swiss footballer
  • 1986 – Chibuzor Chilaka, Nigerian footballer
  • 1986 – Scott Rendell, English footballer
  • 1987 – Justin De Fratus, American baseball player
  • 1987 – Andrey Grechin, Russian swimmer
  • 1988 – Ricki Olsen, Danish footballer
  • 1988 – Daniel Schorn, Austrian cyclist
  • 1988 – Natalie Wynn, creator of YouTube channel ContraPoints
  • 1989 – Mads Dahm, Norwegian footballer
  • 1989 – Luke Murphy, English footballer
  • 1989 – Jonathan Viera, Spanish footballer
  • 1989 – Sam Vokes, English-Welsh footballer
  • 1990 – Bengali-Fodé Koita, French footballer
  • 1990 – Mathieu Peybernes, French footballer
  • 1990 – Ricky Rubio, Spanish basketball player
  • 1991 – Tom Eastman, English footballer
  • 1991 – Geoffry Hairemans, Belgian footballer
  • 1991 – Rob Keogh, English cricketer
  • 1991 – Vadaine Oliver, English footballer
  • 1991 – Harry Pell, English footballer
  • 1992 – Marzia Bisognin, Italian businessperson and former YouTuber
  • 1992 – Bernard Tomic, German-Australian tennis player
  • 1995 – Cameron Burgess, Scottish-Australian footballer
  • 1995 – Antoinette Guedia Mouafo, Cameroonian swimmer

Deaths in October 21

  • 645 – Zhenzhu Khan, khan of Xueyantuo
  • 1023 – Gero, Archbishop of Magdeburg
  • 1096 – Walter Sans Avoir, a leader of the First Crusade
  • 1125 – Cosmas of Prague, Bohemian priest and historian (b. 1045)
  • 1204 – Robert de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Leicester, English politician
  • 1221 – Alix, Duchess of Brittany (b. 1201)
  • 1266 – Birger Jarl, Swedish politician (b. 1210)
  • 1314 – Geoffrey de Geneville, 1st Baron Geneville
  • 1422 – Charles VI of France (b. 1368)
  • 1500 – Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado of Japan (b. 1442)
  • 1505 – Paul Scriptoris, German mathematician and educator (b. 1460)
  • 1556 – Pietro Aretino, Italian author (b. 1492)
  • 1558 – Julius Caesar Scaliger, Italian physician and scholar (b. 1484)
  • 1600 – Ōtani Yoshitsugu, Japanese samurai (b. 1558)
  • 1623 – William Wade, English politician and diplomat, Lieutenant of the Tower of London (b. 1546)
  • 1662 – Henry Lawes, English pianist and composer (b. 1595)
  • 1687 – Edmund Waller, English poet and politician (b. 1606)
  • 1765 – Giovanni Paolo Panini, Italian painter and architect (b. 1691)
  • 1775 – Peyton Randolph, American lawyer and politician, 1st President of the Continental Congress (b. 1721)
  • 1777 – Samuel Foote, English actor and playwright (b. 1720)
  • 1805 – John Cooke, English captain (b. 1763)
  • 1805 – George Duff, Scottish captain (b. 1764)
  • 1805 – Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, English admiral (b. 1758)
  • 1821 – Dorothea Ackermann, German actress (b. 1752)
  • 1835 – Muthuswami Dikshitar, Indian poet and composer (b. 1775)
  • 1861 – Edward Dickinson Baker, American congressman and colonel (b. 1811)
  • 1872 – Jacques Babinet, French physicist, mathematician, and astronomer (b. 1794)
  • 1873 – Johan Sebastian Welhaven, Norwegian author, poet, and critic (b. 1807)
  • 1896 – James Henry Greathead, South African-English engineer (b. 1844)
  • 1903 – Jinmaku Kyūgorō, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 12th Yokozuna (b. 1829)
  • 1904 – Isabelle Eberhardt, Swiss explorer and journalist (b. 1877)
  • 1907 – Jules Chevalier, French priest, founded the Missionaries of the Sacred Heart (b. 1824)
  • 1931 – Arthur Schnitzler, Austrian author and playwright (b. 1862)
  • 1938 – Dorothy Hale, American actress (b. 1905)
  • 1940 – William G. Conley, American journalist, lawyer, and politician, 18th Governor of West Virginia (b. 1866)
  • 1941 – Alexander Greenlaw Hamilton, Australian biologist (b. 1852)
  • 1944 – Alois Kayser, German-French missionary (b. 1877)
  • 1952 – Hans Merensky, South African geologist and philanthropist (b. 1871)
  • 1963 – Józef Franczak, Polish sergeant (b. 1918)
  • 1965 – Bill Black, American bass player and bandleader (b. 1926)
  • 1969 – Jack Kerouac, American novelist and poet (b. 1922)
  • 1969 – Wacław Sierpiński, Polish mathematician and academic (b. 1882)
  • 1970 – Li Linsi, Chinese educator and diplomat (b. 1896)
  • 1971 – Minnie Evans, Potawatomi leader (b. 1888)
  • 1973 – Nasif Estéfano, Argentinian race car driver (b. 1932)
  • 1975 – Charles Reidpath, American runner and general (b. 1887)
  • 1977 – Ferit Tüzün, Turkish composer (b. 1929)
  • 1978 – Anastas Mikoyan, Armenian-Russian civil servant and politician (b. 1895)
  • 1980 – Hans Asperger, Austrian physician and psychologist (b. 1906)
  • 1982 – Radka Toneff, Norwegian singer-songwriter (b. 1952)
  • 1983 – Joseph P. Lordi, American government official (b. 1919)
  • 1984 – François Truffaut, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1932)
  • 1985 – Dan White, American assassin and politician (b. 1946)
  • 1986 – Lionel Murphy, Australian jurist and politician, 22nd Attorney-General of Australia (b. 1922)
  • 1989 – Jean Image, Hungarian-French director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1910)
  • 1990 – Dany Chamoun, Lebanese engineer and politician (b. 1934)
  • 1990 – Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar, Indian philosopher and author (b. 1921)
  • 1991 – Lorenc Antoni, Albanian composer, conductor, and musicologist (b. 1909)
  • 1992 – Ante Ciliga, Croatian politician, writer and publisher (b. 1898)
  • 1992 – Jim Garrison, American lawyer and judge (b. 1921)
  • 1993 – Sam Zolotow, American journalist and critic (b. 1899)
  • 1995 – Maxene Andrews, American singer (b. 1916)
  • 1995 – Jesús Blasco, Spanish author and illustrator (b. 1919)
  • 1995 – Nancy Graves, American sculptor and painter (b. 1939)
  • 1995 – Shannon Hoon, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1967)
  • 1996 – Georgios Zoitakis, Greek general and politician (b. 1910)
  • 1998 – Francis W. Sargent, American soldier and politician, 64th Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1915)
  • 1999 – Lars Bo, Danish author and illustrator (b. 1924)
  • 1999 – Ahmet Taner Kışlalı, Turkish political scientist, lawyer, and politician (b. 1939)
  • 2002 – Edward J. Mortola, American academic and president of Pace University (b. 1917)
  • 2003 – Louise Day Hicks, American politician (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Luis A. Ferré, Puerto Rican engineer and politician, 3rd Governor of Puerto Rico (b. 1904)
  • 2003 – Elliott Smith, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1969)
  • 2006 – Sandy West, American singer-songwriter and drummer (b. 1959)
  • 2007 – Paul Fox, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1951)
  • 2010 – A. Ayyappan, Indian poet and translator (b. 1949)
  • 2011 – Hikmet Bilâ, Turkish journalist and author (b. 1954)
  • 2011 – Tone Pavček, Slovenian poet and author (b. 1928)
  • 2012 – Yash Chopra, Indian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1932)
  • 2012 – Antoni Dobrowolski, Polish educator (b. 1904)
  • 2012 – Jaroslav Kozlík, Czech volleyball player and educator (b. 1907)
  • 2012 – Alf Kumalo, South African photographer and journalist (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – George McGovern, American historian, lieutenant, and politician (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Bud Adams, American businessman (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Gianni Ferrio, Italian composer and conductor (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Rune T. Kidde, Danish author, poet, and illustrator (b. 1957)
  • 2013 – Colonel Robert Morris, American singer-songwriter and drummer (b. 1954)
  • 2013 – Major Owens, American librarian and politician (b. 1936)
  • 2013 – Tony Summers, Welsh swimmer (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Oscar Yanes, Venezuelan journalist and author (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Ben Bradlee, American journalist and author (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Nelson Bunker Hunt, American businessman (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani, Iranian cleric and politician, Prime Minister of Iran (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Edith Kawelohea McKinzie, Hawaiian genealogist, author, and hula expert (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Gough Whitlam, Australian lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 21st Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1916)
  • 2015 – France Bučar, Slovenian lawyer and politician (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Marty Ingels, American actor (b. 1936)
  • 2015 – Norman W. Moore, English conservationist and author (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Sheldon Wolin, American philosopher, theorist, and academic (b. 1922)

Holidays and observances in October 21

  • Apple Day (United Kingdom)
  • Armed Forces Day (Honduras)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Asterius of Ostia
    • Berthold of Parma
    • Blessed Charles of Austria (Roman Catholic Church)
    • Fintán of Taghmon
    • Hilarion
    • John of Bridlington
    • Laura of Saint Catherine of Siena
    • Leticia (one of The Korean Martyrs)
    • Malchus of Syria
    • Peter Yu Tae-chol
    • Severinus of Bordeaux
    • Tuda of Lindisfarne
    • Ursula
    • Viator of Lyons
    • October 21 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Egyptian Naval Day (Egypt)
  • Indian Police Commemoration Day (India)
  • National Nurses’ Day (Thailand)
  • Ndadaye Day (Burundi)
  • Overseas Chinese Day (Republic of China)
  • Trafalgar Day (the British Empire in the 19th and early 20th century)
  • Birth of the Báb (2017) (Bahá’í)

October 26- History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 66 days remain until the end of the year.

October 26 in history

  • 1185 – The Uprising of Asen and Peter begins on the feast day of St. Demetrius of Thessaloniki and ends with the creation of the Second Bulgarian Empire.
  • 1341 – The Byzantine civil war of 1341–47 formally begins with the proclamation of John VI Kantakouzenos as Byzantine Emperor.
  • 1377 – Tvrtko I is crowned the first king of Bosnia.
  • 1520 – Charles V is crowned as Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1597 – Imjin War: Korean Admiral Yi Sun-sin routs the Japanese Navy of 300 ships with only 13 ships at the Battle of Myeongnyang.
  • 1640 – The Treaty of Ripon is signed, restoring peace between Covenanter Scotland and King Charles.
  • 1689 – General Piccolomini of Austria burns down Skopje to prevent the spread of cholera; he died of the disease himself soon after.
  • 1774 – The first Continental Congress adjourns in Philadelphia.
  • 1813 – War of 1812: A combined force of British regulars, Canadian militia, and Mohawks defeat the Americans in the Battle of the Chateauguay.
  • 1825 – The Erie Canal opens, allowing direct passage from the Hudson River to Lake Erie.
  • 1859 – The Royal Charter Storm kills at least eight hundred people in the British Isles.
  • 1860 – The Expedition of the Thousand ends when Giuseppe Garibaldi presents his conquests to King Victor Emmanuel of Sardinia.
  • 1863 – The Football Association is founded.
  • 1892 – Ida B. Wells publishes Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in All Its Phases.
  • 1905 – King Oscar II recognizes the dissolution of the union between Norway and Sweden.
  • 1909 – An Jung-geun assassinates Japan’s Resident-General of Korea.
  • 1912 – First Balkan War: The Ottomans lose the cities of Thessaloniki and Skopje.
  • 1917 – First World War: Brazil declares war on the Central Powers.
  • 1918 – Erich Ludendorff, quartermaster-general of the Imperial German Army, is dismissed by Kaiser Wilhelm II for refusing to cooperate in peace negotiations.
  • 1921 – The Chicago Theatre opens.
  • 1936 – The first electric generator at Hoover Dam goes into full operation.
  • 1942 – World War II: In the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands during the Guadalcanal Campaign, one U.S. aircraft carrier is sunk and another carrier is heavily damaged, while two Japanese carriers and one cruiser are heavily damaged.
  • 1943 – World War II: First flight of the Dornier Do 335 “Pfeil”.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Leyte Gulf ends with an overwhelming American victory.
  • 1947 – Kashmir conflict: The Maharaja of Kashmir and Jammu signs the Instrument of Accession with India.
  • 1955 – After the last Allied troops have left the country, and following the provisions of the Austrian Independence Treaty, Austria declares that it will never join a military alliance.
  • 1955 – Ngô Đình Diệm declares himself Premier of South Vietnam.
  • 1956 – Hungarian Revolution: In the towns of Mosonmagyaróvár and Esztergom, Hungarian secret police forces massacre civilians. As rebel strongholds in Budapest hold, fighting spreads throughout the country.
  • 1958 – Pan American Airways makes the first commercial flight of the Boeing 707 from New York City to Paris.
  • 1967 – Mohammad Reza Pahlavi crowns himself Emperor of Iran.
  • 1968 – Soviet cosmonaut Georgy Beregovoy pilots Soyuz 3 into space for a four-day mission.
  • 1970 – Muhammad Ali boxes for the first time after Ali’s three-year hiatus due to draft evasion.
  • 1977 – Ali Maow Maalin, the last natural case of smallpox, develops a rash in Somalia. The World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention consider this date to be the anniversary of the eradication of smallpox, the most spectacular success of vaccination.
  • 1979 – Park Chung-hee, President of South Korea, is assassinated by Korean CIA head Kim Jae-gyu.
  • 1980 – The Peter Muhlenberg Memorial in Washington, D.C. is dedicated.
  • 1985 – The Australian government returns ownership of Uluru to the local Pitjantjatjara Aboriginals.
  • 1989 – China Airlines Flight 204 crashes after take off from Hualien Airport in Taiwan, killing all 54 people on board.
  • 1991 – Three months after the end of the Ten-Day War, the last soldier of the Yugoslav People’s Army leaves the territory of the Republic of Slovenia.
  • 1994 – Jordan and Israel sign a peace treaty.
  • 1995 – Mossad agents assassinate Islamic Jihad leader Fathi Shaqaqi in his hotel in Malta.
  • 1995 – An avalanche hits the Icelandic village Flateyri, destroying 29 homes and burying 45 people, 20 of whom died.
  • 1999 – Britain’s House of Lords votes to end the right of hereditary peers to vote in Britain’s upper chamber of Parliament.
  • 2000 – A wave of protests forces Robert Guéï to step down as president after the Ivorian presidential election.
  • 2000 – The Sony PlayStation 2 is launched in North American markets with 27 launch titles.
  • 2001 – The United States passes the USA PATRIOT Act into law.
  • 2002 – Approximately 50 Chechen terrorists and 150 hostages die when Russian special forces troops storm a theater building in Moscow, which had been occupied by the terrorists during a musical performance three days before.
  • 2003 – The Cedar Fire, the third-largest fire in California history, kills 15 people, consumes 250,000 acres (1,000 km2), and destroys 2,200 homes around San Diego.
  • 2015 – A 7.5 magnitude earthquake strikes in the Hindu Kush mountain range in northeastern Afghanistan, killing 398 people and leaving 2,536 people injured.
  • 2016 – An earthquake of magnitude 6.6 strikes central Italy.

Births in October 26

  • 1416 – Edmund Grey, 1st Earl of Kent, English politician, Lord High Treasurer (d. 1490)
  • 1427 – Sigismund, Archduke of Austria (d. 1496)
  • 1431 – Ercole I d’Este, Duke of Ferrara, Italian politician (d. 1505)
  • 1473 – Friedrich of Saxony, Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights (d. 1510)
  • 1483 – Hans Buchner, German Renaissance composer (d. 1538)
  • 1491 – Zhengde Emperor of China (d. 1521)
  • 1518 – John Basset, Devonshire gentleman (d. 1541)
  • 1529 – Anna of Hesse, princess of Hesse (d. 1591)
  • 1551 – Charlotte de Sauve, French courtesan (d. 1617)
  • 1556 – Ahmad Baba al Massufi, Malian academic (d. 1627)
  • 1564 – Hans Leo Hassler, German organist and composer (d. 1612)
  • 1609 – William Sprague, English-American settler, co-founded Charlestown, Massachusetts (d. 1675)
  • 1612 – Henry Wilmot, 1st Earl of Rochester (d. 1658)
  • 1673 – Dimitrie Cantemir, Moldavian geographer, historian, and philosopher (d. 1723)
  • 1684 – Kurt Christoph Graf von Schwerin, Prussian field marshal (d. 1757)
  • 1685 – Domenico Scarlatti, Italian harpsichord player and composer (d. 1757)
  • 1694 – Johan Helmich Roman, Swedish composer and academic (d. 1758)
  • 1747 – Ivan Mane Jarnović, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1804)
  • 1757 – Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher and academic (d. 1823)
  • 1759 – Georges Danton, French lawyer and politician, French Minister of Justice (d. 1794)
  • 1768 – Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish general and politician (d. 1844)
  • 1794 – Konstantin Thon, Russian architect, designed the Grand Kremlin Palace and the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour (d. 1881)
  • 1795 – Nikolaos Mantzaros, Greek composer and theorist (d. 1872)
  • 1797 – Giuditta Pasta, Italian soprano (d. 1865)
  • 1799 – Margaret Agnes Bunn, Scottish actress (d. 1883)
  • 1800 – Helmuth von Moltke the Elder, Prussian field marshal (d. 1891)
  • 1802 – Miguel I of Portugal (d. 1866)
  • 1803 – Joseph Hansom, English architect and publisher, designed Birmingham Town Hall (d. 1882)
  • 1842 – Vasily Vereshchagin, Russian soldier and painter (d. 1904)
  • 1849 – Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, German mathematician and academic (d. 1917)
  • 1850 – Grigore Tocilescu, Romanian archaeologist and historian (d. 1909)
  • 1854 – C. W. Post, American businessman, founded Post Foods (d. 1914)
  • 1860 – Frank Eaton, American marshal and author (d. 1958)
  • 1865 – Benjamin Guggenheim, American businessman (d. 1912)
  • 1869 – Washington Luís, Brazilian lawyer and politician, 13th President of Brazil (d. 1957)
  • 1871 – Guillermo Kahlo, German-Mexican photographer (d. 1941)
  • 1873 – A. K. Fazlul Huq, Bangladeshi-Pakistani lawyer and politician, 5th Pakistani Minister of Interior (d. 1962)
  • 1873 – Thorvald Stauning, Danish union leader and politician, 24th Prime Minister of Denmark (d. 1942)
  • 1874 – Martin Lowry, English chemist and academic (d. 1936)
  • 1874 – Abby Aldrich Rockefeller, American philanthropist, founded the Museum of Modern Art (d. 1948)
  • 1875 – H.B. Warner, English actor (d. 1958)
  • 1880 – Andrei Bely, Russian novelist, poet, and critic (d. 1934)
  • 1881 – Louis Bastien, French cyclist and fencer (d. 1963)
  • 1883 – Napoleon Hill, American philosopher and author (d. 1970)
  • 1883 – Paul Pilgrim, American runner (d. 1958)
  • 1884 – William Hogenson, American sprinter (d. 1965)
  • 1890 – Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi, Indian journalist and politician (d. 1931)
  • 1893 – Miloš Crnjanski, Serbian poet and author (d. 1977)
  • 1894 – Florence Nagle, English trainer and breeder of racehorses (d. 1988)
  • 1899 – Judy Johnson, American baseball player and coach (d. 1989)
  • 1900 – Ibrahim Abboud, Sudanese politician and general, 1st President of Sudan (d. 1983)
  • 1900 – Karin Boye, Swedish poet and novelist (d. 1941)
  • 1902 – Beryl Markham, Kenyan horse trainer and author (d. 1986)
  • 1902 – Jack Sharkey, American boxer and referee (d. 1994)
  • 1902 – Henrietta Hill Swope, American astronomer and academic (d. 1980)
  • 1903 – Mahn Ba Khaing, Burmese politician (d. 1947)
  • 1905 – George Bernard Flahiff, Canadian cardinal (d. 1989)
  • 1906 – Primo Carnera, Italian boxer and actor (d. 1967)
  • 1909 – Ignace Lepp, French psychologist and author (d. 1966)
  • 1909 – Dante Quinterno, Argentinian author and illustrator (d. 2003)
  • 1910 – John Krol, American cardinal (d. 1996)
  • 1911 – Sid Gillman, American football player and coach (d. 2003)
  • 1911 – Mahalia Jackson, American singer (d. 1972)
  • 1911 – Sorley MacLean, Scottish poet and educator (d. 1996)
  • 1912 – Don Siegel, American director and producer (d. 1991)
  • 1913 – Charlie Barnet, American saxophonist, composer, and bandleader (d. 1991)
  • 1914 – Jackie Coogan, American actor and director (d. 1984)
  • 1915 – Ray Crawford, American race car driver, fighter ace, test pilot, and businessman (d. 1996)
  • 1915 – Joe Fry, English race car driver (d. 1950)
  • 1916 – François Mitterrand, French lawyer and politician, 21st President of France (d. 1996)
  • 1916 – Boyd Wagner, American colonel and pilot (d. 1942)
  • 1919 – Princess Ashraf of Iran (d. 2016)
  • 1919 – Frank Bourgholtzer, American journalist (d. 2010)
  • 1919 – Edward Brooke, American captain and politician, 47th Massachusetts Attorney General (d. 2015)
  • 1919 – Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran (d. 1980)
  • 1920 – Sarah Lee Lippincott, American astronomer and academic (d. 2019)
  • 1921 – Joe Fulks, American basketball player (d. 1976)
  • 1922 – Madelyn Dunham, American grandmother of Barack Obama (d. 2008)
  • 1922 – Fred Wood, English actor (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Robert Hinde, English zoologist and academic (d. 2016)
  • 1924 – Shaw Taylor, English actor and television host (d. 2015)
  • 1925 – Jan Wolkers, Dutch sculptor, painter, and author (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Panos Gavalas, Greek singer (d. 1988)
  • 1927 – Warne Marsh, American saxophonist (Supersax) (d. 1987)
  • 1928 – Francisco Solano López, Argentinian illustrator (d. 2011)
  • 1929 – Neal Matthews Jr., American country/gospel singer (The Jordanaires) (d. 2000)
  • 1931 – Suhaila Noah, Spouse of the Prime Minister of Malaysia (d. 2014)
  • 1933 – Takis Kanellopoulos, Greek director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1990)
  • 1933 – Andrew P. O’Rourke, American judge and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1934 – Hot Rod Hundley, American basketball player and sportscaster (d. 2015)
  • 1934 – Hans-Joachim Roedelius, German keyboard player and producer
  • 1935 – Mike Gray, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1935 – Gloria Conyers Hewitt, American mathematician and academic
  • 1936 – Al Casey, American guitarist (d. 2006)
  • 1936 – Shelley Morrison, American actress (d. 2019)
  • 1936 – György Pauk, Hungarian violinist and educator
  • 1936 – Etelka Kenéz Heka, Hungarian writer, poet and singer
  • 1940 – Eddie Henderson, American trumpet player and educator
  • 1940 – John Horgan, Irish academic and politician
  • 1941 – Steven Kellogg, American author and illustrator
  • 1941 – Charlie Landsborough, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1942 – Bob Hoskins, English actor, singer, and director (d. 2014)
  • 1942 – Milton Nascimento, Brazilian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1942 – Zdenko Runjić, Croatian songwriter and producer (d. 2004)
  • 1942 – Jonathan Williams, English race car driver and pilot (d. 2014)
  • 1944 – Jim McCann, Irish singer and guitarist (d. 2015)
  • 1945 – Pat Conroy, American author (d. 2016)
  • 1945 – Demetris Th. Gotsis, Greek poet and author
  • 1945 – Nancy Davis Griffeth, American computer scientist and academic
  • 1945 – Jaclyn Smith, American actress and producer
  • 1946 – Kevin Barron, English electrician and politician
  • 1946 – Keith Hopwood, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1946 – Pat Sajak, American journalist, actor, and game show host
  • 1946 – Holly Woodlawn, Puerto Rican actress and author (d. 2015)
  • 1947 – Ricardo Asch, Argentinian gynecologist and endocrinologist
  • 1947 – Ian Ashley, German-English race car driver
  • 1947 – Hillary Clinton, American lawyer and politician, 67th United States Secretary of State and 44th First Lady of the United States
  • 1947 – Reg Empey, Northern Irish businessman and politician, Lord Mayor of Belfast
  • 1947 – Trevor Joyce, Irish poet and scholar
  • 1947 – Kenzo Kitakata, Japanese author
  • 1948 – Toby Harrah, American baseball player and coach
  • 1949 – Antonio Carpio, Filipino lawyer and jurist, Senior Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines
  • 1949 – Steve Rogers, American baseball player
  • 1949 – Kevin Sullivan, American wrestler and booker
  • 1951 – Bootsy Collins, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1951 – Tommy Mars, American keyboard player
  • 1951 – Julian Schnabel, American painter, director, and screenwriter
  • 1952 – Bobby Bandiera, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1952 – Edward Garnier, English lawyer and politician, Solicitor General for England and Wales
  • 1952 – Andrew Motion, English poet and author
  • 1952 – David Was, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1953 – Roger Allam, British actor
  • 1953 – Tim Hely Hutchinson, English publisher
  • 1953 – Joe Meriweather, American basketball player and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1953 – Keith Strickland, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1954 – Vasilis Hatzipanagis, Greek footballer
  • 1954 – Adam Mars-Jones, English author and critic
  • 1954 – James Pickens Jr., American actor
  • 1954 – D. W. Moffett, American actor and director
  • 1956 – Stephen Gumley, Australian engineer and businessman
  • 1956 – Rita Wilson, American actress and producer
  • 1957 – Bob Golic, American football player and radio host
  • 1958 – Shaun Woodward, English journalist and politician, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
  • 1959 – Paul Farmer, American anthropologist and physician
  • 1959 – Evo Morales, Bolivian soldier and politician, 80th President of Bolivia
  • 1961 – Gerald Malloy, American lawyer and politician
  • 1961 – Dylan McDermott, American actor
  • 1961 – Joey Salceda, Filipino politician
  • 1961 – Uhuru Kenyatta, Kenyan President
  • 1962 – Cary Elwes, English actor and producer
  • 1962 – Jack Morelli, American comic book professional and author
  • 1963 – Ted Demme, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2002)
  • 1963 – Natalie Merchant, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1964 – Tom Cavanagh, Canadian actor and producer
  • 1965 – Kelly Rowan, Canadian actress and producer
  • 1965 – Ken Rutherford, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1966 – Sverre Gjørvad, Norwegian drummer and composer
  • 1966 – Masaharu Iwata, Japanese keyboard player and composer
  • 1966 – Jeanne Zelasko, American journalist and sportscaster
  • 1967 – Douglas Alexander, Scottish lawyer and politician, former Minister of State for Europe
  • 1967 – Keith Urban, New Zealand-American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1968 – Miyuki Imori, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1970 – Dian Bachar, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1970 – Lisa Ryder, Canadian actress
  • 1971 – Jim Butcher, American author
  • 1971 – Audley Harrison, English boxer
  • 1971 – Ronnie Irani, English cricketer
  • 1971 – Anthony Rapp, American actor and singer
  • 1972 – Matsuko Deluxe, Japanese journalist and author
  • 1972 – Daniel Elena, Monegasque race car driver
  • 1973 – Austin Healey, English rugby player and sportscaster
  • 1973 – Seth MacFarlane, American voice actor, singer, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1973 – Taka Michinoku, Japanese wrestler and trainer
  • 1974 – Raveena Tandon, Indian actress, producer, and former model
  • 1977 – Jon Heder, American actor and producer
  • 1977 – Marisha Pessl, American author
  • 1978 – Sari Abacha, Nigerian footballer (d. 2013)
  • 1978 – Jimmy Aggrey, English footballer and actor
  • 1978 – Eva Kaili, Greek journalist and politician
  • 1978 – CM Punk, American wrestler, mixed martial artist, and actor
  • 1978 – Dave Zastudil, American football player
  • 1979 – Movsar Barayev, Chechen terrorist (d. 2002)
  • 1980 – Cristian Chivu, Romanian footballer
  • 1980 – Claire Cooper, English actress
  • 1980 – Koichi Watanabe, Japanese kick-boxer
  • 1981 – Sam Brown, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1981 – Martina Schild, Swiss skier
  • 1981 – Guy Sebastian, Malaysian-Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1981 – Chou Ssu-Chi, Taiwanese baseball player
  • 1982 – Nicola Adams, English boxer
  • 1982 – Adam Carroll, Irish race car driver
  • 1983 – Francisco Liriano, Dominican baseball player
  • 1983 – Dmitri Sychev, Russian footballer
  • 1983 – Luke Watson, South African rugby player
  • 1984 – Sasha Cohen, American figure skater
  • 1984 – Adriano Correia, Brazilian footballer
  • 1984 – Mathieu Crépel, French snowboarder
  • 1984 – Jefferson Farfán, Peruvian footballer
  • 1984 – Amanda Overmyer, American singer-songwriter
  • 1985 – Andrea Bargnani, Italian basketball player
  • 1985 – Kafoumba Coulibaly, Ivorian footballer
  • 1985 – Monta Ellis, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Kieran Read, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1986 – Ibor Bakar, French footballer
  • 1986 – Jakub Rzeźniczak, Polish footballer
  • 1986 – Marco Ruben, Argentinian footballer
  • 1986 – Schoolboy Q, German-American rapper
  • 1987 – Abudramae Bamba, Ivorian footballer
  • 1987 – Shawn Lauvao, American football player
  • 1988 – Greg Zuerlein, American figure skater
  • 1989 – Dre Kirkpatrick, American football player
  • 1989 – Emil Sayfutdinov, Russian motorcycle racer
  • 1990 – Mark Swanepoel, South African rugby player
  • 1991 – Riho Iida, Japanese model and actress
  • 1991 – Blas Cantó, Spanish singer
  • 1992 – Joseph Cramarossa, Canadian hockey player
  • 1994 – Waqa Blake, Fijian rugby league player
  • 1994 – Allie DeBerry, American model and actress
  • 1995 – Yuta Nakamoto, Japanese singer and menber of South Korean boyband NCT
  • 1996 – Rebecca Tunney, English gymnast
  • 2002 – Julian Dennison, New Zealand actor
  • 2002 – Lee Eunsang, South Korean singer and former member of X1

Deaths in October 26

  • 664 – Cedd, English monk and bishop (b. 620)
  • 760 – Cuthbert, archbishop of Canterbury
  • 899 – Alfred the Great, English king (b. 849)
  • 930 – Li Qi, chancellor of Later Liang (b. 871)
  • 1111 – Gómez González, Castilian nobleman and military leader
  • 1440 – Gilles de Rais, French knight (b. 1404)
  • 1555 – Olympia Fulvia Morata, Italian-German scholar and educator (b. 1526)
  • 1580 – Anna of Austria, Queen of Spain (b. 1549)
  • 1609 – Matsudaira Tadayori, Japanese samurai and daimyō (b. 1582)
  • 1631 – Michael Maestlin, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1550)
  • 1633 – Horio Tadaharu, Japanese daimyō (b. 1596)
  • 1671 – Sir John Gell, 1st Baronet, English politician (b. 1593)
  • 1675 – William Sprague, English settler, co-founded Charlestown, Massachusetts (b. 1609)
  • 1686 – John Egerton, 2nd Earl of Bridgewater, English captain and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire (b. 1623)
  • 1717 – Catherine Sedley, Countess of Dorchester (b. 1657)
  • 1751 – Philip Doddridge, English minister and hymn-writer (b. 1702)
  • 1764 – William Hogarth, English painter and engraver (b. 1697)
  • 1773 – Amédée-François Frézier, French mathematician, engineer, and explorer (b. 1682)
  • 1803 – Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford, English politician, Lord President of the Council (b. 1721)
  • 1806 – John Graves Simcoe, English general and politician, 1st Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada (b. 1752)
  • 1817 – Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin, Dutch-Austrian chemist and botanist (b. 1727)
  • 1864 – William T. Anderson, American captain (b. 1838)
  • 1866 – John Kinder Labatt, Irish-Canadian brewer, founded the Labatt Brewing Company (b. 1803)
  • 1871 – Robert Anderson (Civil War), American general (b. 1805)
  • 1890 – Carlo Collodi, Italian journalist and author (b. 1826)
  • 1896 – Paul-Armand Challemel-Lacour, French philosopher, academic, and politician, French Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1827)
  • 1902 – Elizabeth Cady Stanton, American activist (b. 1815)
  • 1909 – Itō Hirobumi, Japanese samurai and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1841)
  • 1919 – Akashi Motojiro, Japanese general (b. 1864)
  • 1927 – Jūkichi Yagi, Japanese poet (b. 1898)
  • 1929 – Swan Hennessy, Irish-American composer (b. 1866)
  • 1930 – Waldemar Haffkine, Russian-Swiss physician and microbiologist (b. 1860)
  • 1930 – Harry Payne Whitney, American businessman and horse breeder (b. 1872)
  • 1931 – Charles Comiskey, American baseball player and manager (b. 1859)
  • 1932 – Margaret Brown, American philanthropist and activist (b. 1867)
  • 1937 – Józef Dowbor-Muśnicki, Polish general (b. 1867)
  • 1941 – Arkady Gaidar, Russian journalist and author (b. 1904)
  • 1943 – Aurel Stein, Hungarian-English archaeologist and academic (b. 1862)
  • 1944 – Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom (b. 1857)
  • 1944 – Hiroyoshi Nishizawa, Japanese lieutenant and pilot (b. 1920)
  • 1944 – William Temple, English archbishop and theologian (b. 1881)
  • 1945 – Aleksey Krylov, Russian mathematician and engineer (b. 1863)
  • 1945 – Paul Pelliot, French sinologist and explorer (b. 1878)
  • 1946 – Ioannis Rallis, Greek lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1878)
  • 1947 – Edwin Savage, English priest and author (b. 1862)
  • 1949 – Lionel Halsey, English admiral and courtier (b. 1872)
  • 1952 – Hattie McDaniel, American actress and singer (b. 1895)
  • 1956 – Walter Gieseking, French-German pianist and composer (b. 1895)
  • 1957 – Gerty Cori, Czech-American biochemist and physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1896)
  • 1957 – Nikos Kazantzakis, Greek philosopher, author, and playwright (b. 1883)
  • 1960 – Toshizō Nishio, Japanese general (b. 1881)
  • 1961 – Sadae Inoue, Japanese general (b. 1886)
  • 1962 – Louise Beavers, American actress (b. 1902)
  • 1963 – Elizabeth Gunn, New Zealand pediatrician (b. 1879)
  • 1965 – Sylvia Likens, 16-year-old group torture/murder victim in Indianapolis (b. 1949)
  • 1966 – Alma Cogan, English singer (b. 1932)
  • 1972 – Igor Sikorsky, Ukrainian-American engineer and academic, founded Sikorsky Aircraft (b. 1889)
  • 1973 – Semyon Budyonny, Marshal of the Soviet Union (b. 1883)
  • 1974 – Bidia Dandaron, Russian author and educator (b. 1914)
  • 1976 – Deryck Cooke, English musicologist and author (b. 1919)
  • 1978 – Alexander Gerschenkron, Ukrainian-American historian, critic, and academic (b. 1904)
  • 1979 – Park Chung-hee, South Korean general and politician, 3rd President of South Korea (b. 1917)
  • 1984 – Gus Mancuso, American baseball player and coach (b. 1905)
  • 1986 – Jackson Scholz, American runner (b. 1897)
  • 1989 – Charles J. Pedersen, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
  • 1991 – Sherry Hawco, Canadian gymnast (b. 1964)[8]
  • 1993 – Oro, Mexican wrestler (b. 1971)
  • 1994 – Wilbert Harrison, American singer and guitarist (b. 1929)
  • 1995 – Wilhelm Freddie, Danish painter and sculptor (b. 1909)
  • 1995 – Gorni Kramer, Italian bassist, songwriter, and bandleader (b. 1913)
  • 1998 – Kenkichi Iwasawa, Japanese mathematician and academic (b. 1917)
  • 1999 – Hoyt Axton, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (b. 1938)
  • 1999 – Eknath Easwaran, Indian-American author and educator (b. 1910)
  • 2001 – Hüseyin Hilmi Işık, Turkish scholar and academic (b. 1911)
  • 2002 – Jacques Massu, French general (b. 1908)
  • 2002 – Sally Hoyt Spofford, American ornithologist (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Bobby Ávila, Mexican baseball player and politician (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Keith Parkinson, American illustrator (b. 1958)
  • 2005 – George Swindin, English footballer and manager (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – Tillman Franks, American bassist and songwriter (b. 1920)
  • 2006 – Pontus Hultén, Swedish art collector and curator (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Nicolae Dobrin, Romanian footballer and manager (b. 1947)
  • 2007 – Friedman Paul Erhardt, German-American chef and television host (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Arthur Kornberg, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize (b. 1918)
  • 2008 – Tony Hillerman, American journalist, author, and educator (b. 1925)
  • 2008 – Delmar Watson, American actor and photographer (b. 1926)
  • 2009 – Teel Bivins, American lawyer and politician, 18th United States Ambassador to Sweden (b. 1947)
  • 2009 – Yoshirō Muraki, Japanese production designer and art director(b. 1924)
  • 2009 – George Naʻope, American singer and dancer (b. 1928)
  • 2009 – Troy Smith, American businessman, founded Sonic Drive-In (b. 1922)
  • 2010 – Glen Little, American clown (b. 1925)
  • 2010 – Mbah Maridjan, Indonesian spiritual leader (b. 1927)
  • 2010 – Romeu Tuma, Brazilian police officer and politician (b. 1931)
  • 2011 – Jona Senilagakali, Fijian physician and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Fiji (b. 1929)
  • 2012 – Mac Ahlberg, Swedish-Italian director, screenwriter, and cinematographer (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Arnold Greenberg, American businessman, co-founded Snapple (b. 1932)
  • 2012 – John M. Johansen American architect, designed the Morris A. Mechanic Theatre (b. 1916)
  • 2012 – Alan Kirschenbaum, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1961)
  • 2012 – Björn Sieber, Austrian skier (b. 1989)
  • 2012 – Alan Stretton, Australian general (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Ritva Arvelo, Finnish actress, director, and screenwriter (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Ron Davies, Welsh photographer (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Doug Ireland, American journalist and activist (b. 1946)
  • 2013 – Al Johnson, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1948)
  • 2013 – Andries Maseko, South African footballer (b. 1955)
  • 2013 – Gabriel of Komana (b. 1946)
  • 2014 – Vic Allen, English sociologist, economist, and historian (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – Mo Collins, American football player and coach (b. 1976)
  • 2014 – Germain Gagnon, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1942)
  • 2014 – Senzo Meyiwa, South African footballer (b. 1987)
  • 2014 – Brian Moore, Australian rugby league player (b. 1944)[9]
  • 2014 – Jeff Robinson, American baseball player (b. 1961)
  • 2014 – Gordy Soltau, American football player and sportscaster (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Oscar Taveras, Dominican baseball player (b. 1992)
  • 2015 – Willis Carto, American activist and theorist (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Leo Kadanoff, American physicist and academic (b. 1937)
  • 2015 – Giuseppe Nazzaro, Italian-Syrian bishop and theologian (b. 1937)
  • 2017 – Ali Ashraf Darvishian, Iranian novelist, short story writer and academic. (b. 1941)

Holidays and observances in October 26

  • Accession Day (Jammu and Kashmir, India)
  • Angam Day (Nauru)
  • Armed Forces Day (Benin)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Alfred the Great (Catholic Church, Anglican Church, Eastern Orthodox Church)
    • Amandus of Strasbourg
    • Beóán (Bean) of Mortlach
    • Blessed Celine Borzecka
    • Cedd
    • Cuthbert of Canterbury
    • Demetrius of Thessaloniki
    • Eadfrith of Leominster
    • Eata of Hexham
    • Pope Evaristus (Aristus)
    • Fulk of Pavia (Roman Catholic Church)
    • Philipp Nicolai, Johann Heermann and Paul Gerhardt (Lutheran Church)
    • Quadragesimus
    • Quodvultdeus
    • Rusticus of Narbonne
    • Witta (Albinus) of Büraburg
    • Eastern Orthodox liturgics
  • National Day, celebrates the anniversary of the Declaration of Neutrality in 1955. (Austria)
  • Intersex Awareness Day[10]

November 3- History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 58 days remain until the end of the year.

November 3 in History

  • 361 – Emperor Constantius II dies of a fever at Mopsuestia in Cilicia; on his deathbed he is baptised and declares his cousin Julian rightful successor.
  • 644 – Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second Muslim caliph, is assassinated by a Persian slave in Medina.
  • 1333 – The River Arno flooding causing massive damage in Florence as recorded by the Florentine chronicler Giovanni Villani.
  • 1468 – Liège is sacked by Charles I of Burgundy’s troops.
  • 1492 – Peace of Etaples between Henry VII of England and Charles VIII of France.
  • 1493 – Christopher Columbus first sights the island of Dominica in the Caribbean Sea.
  • 1534 – English Parliament passes the first Act of Supremacy, making King Henry VIII head of the Anglican Church, supplanting the pope and the Roman Catholic Church.
  • 1592 – The city of San Luis Potosí is founded.
  • 1783 – The American Continental Army is disbanded.
  • 1793 – French playwright, journalist and feminist Olympe de Gouges is guillotined.
  • 1812 – Napoleon’s armies are defeated at the Battle of Vyazma.
  • 1817 – The Bank of Montreal, Canada’s oldest chartered bank, opens in Montreal.
  • 1838 – The Times of India, the world’s largest circulated English language daily broadsheet newspaper is founded as The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce.
  • 1848 – A greatly revised Dutch constitution, drafted by Johan Rudolph Thorbecke, severely limiting the powers of the Dutch monarchy, and strengthening the powers of parliament and ministers, is proclaimed.
  • 1867 – Giuseppe Garibaldi and his followers are defeated in the Battle of Mentana and fail to end the Pope’s Temporal power in Rome (it would be achieved three years later).
  • 1868 – John Willis Menard (R-Louisiana) was the first African American elected to the United States Congress. Because of an electoral challenge, he was never seated.
  • 1881 – The Mapuche uprising of 1881 begins in Chile.
  • 1898 – France withdraws its troops from Fashoda (now in Sudan), ending the Fashoda Incident.
  • 1903 – With the encouragement of the United States, Panama separates from Colombia.
  • 1908 – William Howard Taft is elected the 27th President of the United States.
  • 1911 – Chevrolet officially enters the automobile market in competition with the Ford Model T.
  • 1918 – Austria-Hungary enters into the Armistice of Villa Giusti with the Allies, and the Habsburg-ruled empire dissolves.
  • 1918 – The German Revolution of 1918–19 begins when 40,000 sailors take over the port in Kiel.
  • 1929 – The Gwangju Student Independence Movement occurred.
  • 1930 – Getúlio Vargas becomes Head of the Provisional Government in Brazil after a bloodless coup on October 24.
  • 1932 – Panagis Tsaldaris becomes the 142nd Prime Minister of Greece.
  • 1935 – George II of Greece regains his throne through a popular, though possibly fixed, plebiscite.
  • 1936 – Franklin D. Roosevelt is re-elected President of the United States.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Koli Point action begins during the Guadalcanal Campaign and ends on November 12.
  • 1943 – World War II: Five hundred aircraft of the U.S. 8th Air Force devastate Wilhelmshaven harbor in Germany.
  • 1944 – World War II: Two supreme commanders of the Slovak National Uprising, Generals Ján Golian and Rudolf Viest are captured, tortured and later executed by German forces.
  • 1946 – The Constitution of Japan is adopted through Emperor’s assent.
  • 1949 – Chinese Civil War: The Battle of Dengbu Island occurs.
  • 1956 – Suez Crisis: The Khan Yunis killings by the Israel Defense Forces in Egyptian-controlled Gaza result in the deaths of 275 Palestinians.
  • 1956 – Hungarian Revolution: A new Hungarian government is formed, in which many members of banned non-Communist parties participate. During negotiations on Tököl Island ostensibly on Soviet troop withdrawal, the KGB arrests Pál Maléter and other Hungarian Revolutionary commanders, effectively decapitating the Revolution’s military leadership. János Kádár and Ferenc Münnich form a counter-government in Moscow as Soviet troops ready for the final assault.
  • 1957 – Sputnik program: The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 2. On board is the first animal to enter orbit, a dog named Laika.
  • 1960 – The land that would become the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge was established by an Act of Congress after a year-long legal battle that pitted local residents against Port Authority of New York and New Jersey officials wishing to turn the Great Swamp into a major regional airport for jet aircraft.
  • 1964 – Lyndon B. Johnson is elected to a full term as U.S. president, winning 61% of the vote and 44 states, while Washington D.C. residents are able to vote in a presidential election for the first time, casting the majority of their votes for Lyndon Johnson.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: The Battle of Dak To begins.
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon addresses the nation on television and radio, asking the “silent majority” to join him in solidarity on the Vietnam War effort and to support his policies.
  • 1973 – Mariner program: NASA launches the Mariner 10 toward Mercury. On March 29, 1974, it becomes the first space probe to reach that planet.
  • 1975 – Syed Nazrul Islam, A. H. M. Qamaruzzaman, Tajuddin Ahmad, and Muhammad Mansur Ali, Bangladeshi politicians and Sheikh Mujibur Rahman loyalists, are murdered in the Dhaka Central Jail.
  • 1978 – Dominica gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1979 – Greensboro massacre: Five members of the Communist Workers Party are shot dead and seven are wounded by a group of Klansmen and neo-Nazis during a “Death to the Klan” rally in Greensboro, North Carolina, United States.
  • 1982 – The Salang Tunnel fire in Afghanistan by kills 150–2000 people.
  • 1986 – Iran–Contra affair: The Lebanese magazine Ash-Shiraa reports that the United States has been secretly selling weapons to Iran in order to secure the release of seven American hostages held by pro-Iranian groups in Lebanon.
  • 1986 – The Compact of Free Association becomes law, granting the Federated States of Micronesia and the Marshall Islands independence from the United States.
  • 1988 – Sri Lankan Tamil mercenaries attempt to overthrow the Maldivian government. At President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom’s request, the Indian military suppresses the rebellion within 24 hours.
  • 1992 — Democratic Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton defeats Republican President George H. W. Bush and Independent candidate Ross Perot in the 1992 U.S. presidential election.
  • 1996 – Abdullah Çatlı, leader of the Turkish ultranationalist organization Grey Wolves, dies in the Susurluk car crash, leading to the resignation of the Turkish Interior Minister, Mehmet Ağar (a leader of the True Path Party, DYP).
  • 1997 – The United States imposes economic sanctions against Sudan in response to its human rights abuses of its own citizens and its material and political assistance to Islamic extremist groups across the Middle East and Eastern Africa.
  • 2014 – One World Trade Center officially opens. It is the replacement for the World Trade Center Twin Towers, in New York City, after the towers were each destroyed by airplanes during the September 11 attacks.

Births on November 3

  • AD 39 – Lucan, Roman poet (d. 65)
  • 1500 – Benvenuto Cellini, Italian sculptor and painter (d. 1571)
  • 1505 – Achilles Gasser, German physician and astrologer (d. 1577)
  • 1527 – Tilemann Heshusius, Gnesio-Lutheran theologian (d. 1588)
  • 1560 – Annibale Carracci, Italian painter and illustrator (d. 1609)
  • 1587 – Samuel Scheidt, German organist, composer, and educator (d. 1654)
  • 1604 – Osman II, Ottoman sultan (d. 1622)
  • 1618 – Aurangzeb, Mughal emperor of India (d. 1707)
  • 1656 – Georg Reutter, Austrian organist and composer (d. 1738)
  • 1659 – Hui-bin Jang, Royal consort (d. 1701)
  • 1689 – Jan Josef Ignác Brentner, Czech composer (d. 1742)
  • 1749 – Daniel Rutherford, Scottish chemist and physician (d. 1819)
  • 1757 – Robert Smith, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 6th United States Secretary of State (d. 1842)
  • 1777 – Princess Sophia of the United Kingdom (d. 1848)
  • 1793 – Stephen F. Austin, American businessman and politician (d. 1836)
  • 1794 – William Cullen Bryant, American poet and journalist (d. 1878)
  • 1799 – William Sprague III, American lawyer and politician, 14th Governor of Rhode Island (d. 1856)
  • 1801 – Karl Baedeker, German author and publisher, founded the Baedeker Publishing Company (d. 1859)
  • 1801 – Vincenzo Bellini, Italian composer (d. 1835)
  • 1815 – John Mitchel, Irish journalist and activist (d. 1875)
  • 1816 – Jubal Early, American general and lawyer (d. 1894)
  • 1816 – Calvin Fairbank, American minister and activist (d. 1898)
  • 1845 – Edward Douglass White, American lawyer, jurist, and politician, 9th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1921)
  • 1852 – Emperor Meiji of Japan (d. 1912)
  • 1854 – Carlo Fornasini, Italian micropalaeontologist (d. 1931)
  • 1856 – Jim McCormick, Scottish-American baseball player and manager (d. 1918)
  • 1857 – Mikhail Alekseyev, Russian general (d. 1918)
  • 1862 – Henry George, Jr., American journalist and politician (d. 1916)
  • 1863 – Alfred Perot, French physicist and academic (d. 1925)
  • 1871 – Albert Goldthorpe, English rugby player and manager (d. 1943)
  • 1875 – Emīls Dārziņš, Latvian composer and conductor (d. 1910)
  • 1876 – Stephen Alencastre, American bishop and missionary (d. 1940)
  • 1877 – Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, Chilean general and politician, 20th President of Chile (d. 1960)
  • 1878 – Bangalore Nagarathnamma, Indian Carnatic singer and activist (d. 1952)
  • 1882 – Yakub Kolas, Belarusian writer (d. 1956)
  • 1884 – Joseph William Martin, Jr., American publisher and politician, 49th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1968)
  • 1887 – Samuil Marshak, Russian author and poet (d. 1964)
  • 1890 – Harry Stephen Keeler, American author (d. 1967)
  • 1890 – Eustáquio van Lieshout, Dutch-Brazilian priest and missionary (d. 1943)
  • 1894 – William George Barker, Canadian pilot and colonel, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1930)
  • 1894 – Sofoklis Venizelos, Greek captain and politician, 133rd Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1964)
  • 1896 – Gustaf Tenggren, Swedish-American illustrator and animator (d. 1970)
  • 1899 – Ralph Greenleaf, American billiards player (d. 1950)
  • 1899 – Rezső Seress, Hungarian pianist and composer (d. 1968)
  • 1899 – Gleb Wataghin, Ukrainian-Italian physicist and academic (d. 1986)
  • 1900 – Adolf Dassler, German businessman, founded Adidas (d. 1978)
  • 1901 – Leopold III of Belgium (d. 1983)
  • 1901 – André Malraux, French historian, theorist, and author (d. 1976)
  • 1903 – Walker Evans, American photographer and journalist (d. 1975)
  • 1903 – Ishtiaq Hussain Qureshi, Pakistani historian and educator (d. 1981)
  • 1905 – Lois Mailou Jones, American painter and academic (d. 1998)
  • 1906 – Julia Boyer Reinstein, American teacher and historian (d. 1998)
  • 1908 – Giovanni Leone, Italian lawyer and politician, 6th President of Italy (d. 2001)
  • 1908 – Bronko Nagurski, Canadian-American football player, wrestler, and coach (d. 1990)
  • 1909 – James Reston, Scottish-American journalist and author (d. 1995)
  • 1910 – Karel Zeman, Czech director, animator, production designer, and screenwriter (d. 1989)
  • 1911 – Kick Smit, Dutch footballer and manager (d. 1974)
  • 1912 – Alfredo Stroessner, Paraguayan general and politician, 46th President of Paraguay (d. 2006)
  • 1915 – Hal Jackson, American journalist and radio host (d. 2012)
  • 1917 – Annapurna Maharana, Indian activist (d. 2012)
  • 1918 – Claude Barma, French director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1992)
  • 1918 – Bob Feller, American sailor, baseball player, and sportscaster (d. 2010)
  • 1918 – Elizabeth P. Hoisington, American general (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Russell B. Long, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician (d. 2003)
  • 1919 – Jesús Blasco, Spanish author and illustrator (d. 1995)
  • 1919 – Ludovic Kennedy, Scottish journalist and author (d. 2009)
  • 1919 – Květa Legátová, Czech author (d. 2012)
  • 1920 – Oodgeroo Noonuccal, Australian poet, educator, and activist (d. 1993)
  • 1921 – Charles Bronson, American soldier and actor (d. 2003)
  • 1922 – Dennis McDermott, English-Canadian union leader and diplomat, Canadian Ambassador to Ireland (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Tomás Ó Fiaich, Irish cardinal (d. 1990)
  • 1923 – Yamaguchi Hitomi, Japanese author and critic (d. 1995)
  • 1924 – Marc Breaux, American actor, director, and choreographer (d. 2013)
  • 1924 – Violetta Elvin, Russian ballerina
  • 1924 – Samuel Ruiz, Mexican bishop (d. 2011)
  • 1926 – Valdas Adamkus, Lithuanian engineer and politician, 3rd President of Lithuania
  • 1926 – Maurice Couture, Canadian archbishop (d. 2018)
  • 1926 – Robert W. Wilson, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 2013)
  • 1927 – Harrison McCain, Canadian businessman, co-founded McCain Foods (d. 2004)
  • 1927 – Peggy McCay, American actress (d. 2018)
  • 1927 – Odvar Nordli, Norwegian politician, 21st Prime Minister of Norway (d. 2018)
  • 1928 – Goseki Kojima, Japanese illustrator (d. 2000)
  • 1928 – Bill Morrison, Australian politician and diplomat, 37th Australian Minister for Defence (d. 2013)
  • 1928 – Osamu Tezuka, Japanese animator and producer (d. 1989)
  • 1928 – George Yardley, American basketball player (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Alfonso Orueta, Chilean footballer, manager, and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1930 – Phil Crane, American academic and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1930 – William H. Dana, American engineer, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2014)
  • 1930 – Mable John, American blues singer
  • 1930 – D. James Kennedy, American pastor and author (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Brian Robinson, English cyclist
  • 1930 – Tsutomu Seki, Japanese astronomer and academic
  • 1930 – Lois Smith, American actress
  • 1930 – Frits Staal, Dutch philosopher and scholar (d. 2012)
  • 1931 – Yon Hyong-muk, North Korean soldier and politician, 7th Premier of North Korea (d. 2005)
  • 1931 – Monica Vitti, Italian actress, singer, and screenwriter
  • 1931 – Michael Fu Tieshan, Chinese bishop (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Albert Reynolds, Irish businessman and politician, 9th Taoiseach of Ireland (d. 2014)
  • 1933 – John Barry, English-American composer and conductor (d. 2011)
  • 1933 – Ken Berry, American actor, singer, and dancer (d. 2018)
  • 1933 – Jeremy Brett, English actor (d. 1995)
  • 1933 – Aneta Corsaut, American actress (d. 1995)
  • 1933 – Michael Dukakis, American lawyer, academic, and politician, 65th Governor of Massachusetts
  • 1933 – Amartya Sen, Indian economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1934 – Kenneth Baker, Baron Baker of Dorking, English poet and politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
  • 1934 – Hans Janmaat, Dutch businessman, educator, and politician (d. 2002)
  • 1935 – Ingrid Rüütel, Estonian philologist and academic, 3rd First Lady of Estonia
  • 1936 – Roy Emerson, Australian-American tennis player and coach
  • 1936 – Takao Saito, Japanese author and illustrator, created Golgo 13
  • 1937 – Dietrich Möller, German lawyer and politician, 15th Mayor of Marburg
  • 1938 – Martin Dunwoody, English mathematician and academic
  • 1938 – Akira Kobayashi, Japanese actor
  • 1938 – Jean Rollin, French actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1940 – Sonny Rhodes, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1942 – Martin Cruz Smith, American author and screenwriter
  • 1943 – Bert Jansch, Scottish-English singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2011)
  • 1944 – Jan Boerstoel, Dutch poet and songwriter
  • 1945 – Ken Holtzman, American baseball player and manager
  • 1945 – Gerd Müller, German footballer and manager
  • 1945 – Nick Simper, English bass guitarist
  • 1946 – Reinhard Karl, German mountaineer, photographer, and author (d. 1982)
  • 1946 – Wataru Takeshita, Japanese lawyer and politician
  • 1947 – Mazie Hirono, Japanese-American lawyer and politician, 9th Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii
  • 1947 – Siiri Oviir, Estonian lawyer and politician, 3rd Estonian Minister of Social Affairs
  • 1947 – Faraj Sarkohi, Iranian journalist and critic
  • 1948 – Lulu, Scottish singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1948 – Takashi Kawamura, Japanese politician
  • 1948 – Helmuth Koinigg, Austrian race car driver (d. 1974)
  • 1948 – Rick Kreuger, American baseball player and coach
  • 1948 – Rainer Zobel, German footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1949 – Mike Evans, American actor and screenwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1949 – Osamu Fujimura, Japanese engineer and politician
  • 1949 – Stephen Oliver, English biochemist and academic
  • 1949 – Larry Holmes, American boxer and talk show host
  • 1949 – Anna Wintour, English-American journalist
  • 1950 – Massimo Mongai, Italian journalist and author (d. 2016)
  • 1950 – Joe Queenan, American author and critic
  • 1951 – Dwight Evans, American baseball player and coach
  • 1951 – Ed Murawinski, American cartoonist
  • 1951 – André Wetzel, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1952 – Roseanne Barr, American comedian, actress, and producer
  • 1952 – Jim Cummings, American voice actor
  • 1952 – David Ho, Taiwanese-American scientist
  • 1953 – Kate Capshaw, American actress and producer
  • 1953 – Helios Creed, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1953 – Larry Herndon, American baseball player and coach
  • 1953 – Dennis Miller, American comedian, producer, and talk show host
  • 1953 – Vilma Santos, Filipino actress and politician
  • 1954 – Adam Ant, English singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1954 – Kathy Kinney, American actress and comedian
  • 1955 – Teresa De Sio, Italian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1955 – Anne Milton, English nurse and politician
  • 1955 – Phil Simms, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1956 – Cathy Jamieson, Scottish politician, 2nd Scottish Minister for Justice
  • 1956 – Kevin Murphy, American actor, puppeteer, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1956 – Gary Ross, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1956 – Bob Welch, American baseball player and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1957 – Peter Gregson, Scottish-English engineer and academic
  • 1957 – Dolph Lundgren, Swedish actor, director, producer, screenwriter, and martial artist
  • 1957 – Gary Olsen, English actor (d. 2000)
  • 1958 – Brady Hoke, American football coach
  • 1959 – Hal Hartley, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1960 – Karch Kiraly, American volleyball player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1960 – Ian McNabb, English singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1961 – David Armstrong-Jones, 2nd Earl of Snowdon, English businessman
  • 1961 – Dave Hahn, Japanese-American mountaineer and journalist
  • 1962 – Gabe Newell, American businessman, co-founded the Valve
  • 1962 – David J. Schiappa, American lawyer and politician
  • 1962 – Jacqui Smith, English lawyer and politician
  • 1963 – Davis Guggenheim, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1963 – Shigeaki Hattori, Japanese race car driver
  • 1963 – Ian Wright, English footballer, manager, and sportscaster
  • 1964 – Algimantas Briaunis, Lithuanian footballer and manager
  • 1964 – Bryan Young, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1965 – Gert Heerkes, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1965 – Ann Scott, French-English author
  • 1965 – Mike Springer, American golfer
  • 1967 – Mike O’Neill, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Mark Roberts, Welsh singer and guitarist
  • 1967 – Steven Wilson, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1968 – Alberto Iñurrategi, Spanish mountaineer
  • 1968 – Paul Quantrill, Canadian baseball player and coach
  • 1969 – Robert Miles, Swiss-Italian DJ and producer (d. 2017)
  • 1969 – Niels van Steenis, Dutch rower
  • 1970 – Geir Frigård, Norwegian footballer
  • 1970 – Jeanette J. Epps, American aerospace engineer and astronaut
  • 1971 – Diego Alessi, Italian race car driver
  • 1971 – Unai Emery, Spanish football manager and former player
  • 1971 – Dylan Moran, Irish actor, comedian, and screenwriter
  • 1971 – Alison Williamson, English archer
  • 1971 – Dwight Yorke, Tobagonian footballer and coach
  • 1972 – Ugo Ehiogu, English footballer and manager (d. 2017)
  • 1972 – Michael Hofmann, German footballer
  • 1972 – Marko Koers, Dutch runner
  • 1973 – Ben Fogle, English television host and author
  • 1973 – Sticky Fingaz, American rapper, producer, and actor
  • 1973 – Christian Picciolini, American businessman and manager
  • 1973 – Chrissie Swan, Australian radio and television host
  • 1973 – Mick Thomson, American guitarist
  • 1974 – Tariq Abdul-Wahad, French basketball player and coach
  • 1975 – Darren Sharper, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1976 – Guillermo Franco, Argentinian-Mexican footballer
  • 1976 – Jake Shimabukuro, American ukulele player and composer
  • 1977 – Marcel Ketelaer, German footballer
  • 1977 – Greg Plitt, American model and actor (d. 2015)
  • 1978 – Tim McIlrath, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1978 – Jonas Howden Sjøvaag, Norwegian drummer
  • 1978 – Hiroko Sakai, Japanese softball player
  • 1979 – Pablo Aimar, Argentinian footballer
  • 1979 – Beau McDonald, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1980 – Hans Andersen, Danish motorcycle racer
  • 1981 – Diego López, Spanish footballer
  • 1981 – Vicente Matías Vuoso, Argentinian-Mexican footballer
  • 1981 – Rodrigo Millar, Chilean footballer
  • 1981 – Sten Pentus, Estonian race car driver
  • 1982 – Moniek Kleinsman, Dutch speed skater
  • 1982 – Evgeni Plushenko, Russian figure skater
  • 1982 – Egemen Korkmaz, Turkish footballer
  • 1982 – Janel McCarville, American professional basketball player
  • 1983 – Myrna Braza, Norwegian singer-songwriter
  • 1984 – Christian Bakkerud, Danish race car driver (d. 2011)
  • 1984 – Ryo Nishikido, Japanese singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1984 – LaMarr Woodley, American football player
  • 1985 – Tyler Hansbrough, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Philipp Tschauner, German footballer
  • 1986 – Paul Derbyshire, Italian rugby player
  • 1986 – Piet Velthuizen, Dutch footballer
  • 1986 – Heo Young-saeng, South Korean singer
  • 1987 – Courtney Barnett, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1987 – Colin Kaepernick, American football player
  • 1987 – Ty Lawson, American basketball player
  • 1987 – Felix Schütz, German ice hockey player
  • 1987 – Gemma Ward, Australian model and actress
  • 1987 – Kyle Seager, American baseball player
  • 1988 – Jessie Loutit, Canadian rower
  • 1989 – Paula DeAnda, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1989 – Joyce Jonathan, French singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1990 – Ellyse Perry, Australian footballer and cricketer
  • 1992 – Joe Clarke, English slalom canoeist
  • 1992 – Valeria Solovyeva, Russian tennis player
  • 1995 – Kendall Jenner, American television personality and model
  • 1997 – Kyle Benjamin, American race car driver
  • 1997 – Connor McGovern, American football player
  • 1997 – Izuchuckwu Anthony, Nigerian footballer
  • 1997 – Filip Forejtek, Czech skier
  • 1997 – Sarthak Golui, Indian footballer
  • 1997 – Agustín Guiffrey, Argentinian footballer
  • 1997 – Michael Kelly, Scottish footballer
  • 1997 – Takumi Kitamura, Japanese actor
  • 1997 – Marco Klepoch, Slovak figure skater
  • 1997 – Łukasz Kozub, Polish volleyball player
  • 1997 – Lázaro Martínez, Cuban athlete

Deaths on November 3

  • 361 – Constantius II, Roman emperor (b. 317)
  • 644 – Umar, caliph (b. 584)
  • 753 – Saint Pirmin, Spanish-German monk and saint (b. 700)
  • 1219 – Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester, English baron and rebel
  • 1220 – Urraca of Castile, Queen of Portugal, spouse of King Afonso II of Portugal (b. 1186)
  • 1254 – John III Doukas Vatatzes, Byzantine emperor (b. 1193)
  • 1324 – Petronilla de Meath, Irish suspected witch
  • 1373 – Jeanne de Valois, Queen of Navarre (b. 1343)
  • 1428 – Thomas Montacute, 4th Earl of Salisbury, English general and politician (b. 1388)
  • 1456 – Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond, father of King Henry VII of England (b. 1431)
  • 1580 – Jerónimo Zurita y Castro, Spanish historian and author (b. 1512)
  • 1584 – Charles Borromeo, Italian cardinal and saint (b. 1538)
  • 1599 – Andrew Báthory, Prince of Transylvania (b. c. 1563)
  • 1600 – Richard Hooker, English priest and theologian (b. 1554)
  • 1639 – Martin de Porres, Peruvian saint (b. 1579)
  • 1643 – John Bainbridge, English astronomer and academic (b. 1582)
  • 1643 – Paul Guldin, Swiss astronomer and mathematician (b. 1577)
  • 1676 – Köprülü Fazıl Ahmed Pasha, Ottoman soldier and politician, 110th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1635)
  • 1711 – John Ernest Grabe, German theologian and academic (b. 1666)
  • 1787 – Robert Lowth, English bishop and academic (b. 1710)
  • 1793 – Olympe de Gouges, French playwright and activist (b. 1748)
  • 1794 – François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, French cardinal and diplomat (b. 1715)
  • 1850 – William E. Shannon, Irish-born American politician (b. 1821/1822)
  • 1858 – Harriet Taylor Mill, English philosopher and author (b. 1807)
  • 1869 – Andreas Kalvos, Greek poet and playwright (b. 1792)
  • 1890 – Ulrich Ochsenbein, Swiss lawyer and politician, 1st President of the Swiss National Council (b. 1811)
  • 1891 – Louis Lucien Bonaparte, English-Italian philologist and politician (b. 1813)
  • 1900 – Carrie Steele Logan, American philanthropist, founder of the oldest black orphanage in the United States (b. ~1829)
  • 1914 – Georg Trakl, Austrian-Polish pharmacist and poet (b. 1887)
  • 1917 – Léon Bloy, French author and poet (b. 1846)
  • 1918 – Aleksandr Lyapunov, Russian mathematician and physicist (b. 1857)
  • 1926 – Annie Oakley, American entertainer and target shooter (b. 1860)
  • 1927 – Karel Matěj Čapek-Chod, Czech journalist and author (b. 1860)
  • 1929 – Olav Aukrust, Norwegian poet and educator (b. 1883)1933 – Pierre Paul Émile Roux, French physician, bacteriologist, and immunologist (b. 1853)
  • 1939 – Charles Tournemire, French organist and composer (b. 1870)
  • 1949 – Solomon R. Guggenheim, American art collector and philanthropist, founded the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (b. 1861)
  • 1954 – Henri Matisse, French painter and sculptor (b. 1869)
  • 1956 – Jean Metzinger, French artist, (b. 1883)
  • 1957 – Wilhelm Reich, Ukrainian-Austrian psychotherapist and author (b. 1897)
  • 1960 – Paul Willis, American actor and director (b. 1901)
  • 1962 – L. O. Wenckebach, Dutch sculptor and painter (b. 1895)
  • 1968 – Vern Stephens, American baseball player (b. 1920)
  • 1969 – Zeki Rıza Sporel, Turkish footballer (b. 1898)
  • 1973 – Marc Allégret, Swiss-French director and screenwriter (b. 1900)
  • 1975 – Tajuddin Ahmad, Bangladeshi politician, 1st Prime Minister of Bangladesh (b. 1925)
  • 1975 – Muhammad Mansur Ali, Bangladeshi captain and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Bangladesh (b. 1919)
  • 1975 – Syed Nazrul Islam, Bangladeshi lawyer and politician, President of Bangladesh (b. 1925)
  • 1975 – Abul Hasnat Muhammad Qamaruzzaman, Bangladeshi lawyer and politician (b. 1926)
  • 1980 – Caroline Mytinger, American painter and author (b. 1897)
  • 1983 – Alfredo Antonini, Italian-American conductor and composer (b. 1901)
  • 1983 – Jerry Pentland, Australian fighter ace (b. 1894)
  • 1987 – Mary Shane, American sportscaster and educator (b. 1945)
  • 1988 – Henri van Praag, Dutch philosopher, theologian, and educator (b. 1916)
  • 1989 – Dorothy Fuldheim, American journalist (b. 1893)
  • 1990 – Kenan Erim, Turkish archaeologist and academic (b. 1929)
  • 1990 – Nusret Fişek, Turkish physician and politician, Turkish Minister of Health (b. 1914)
  • 1990 – Mary Martin, American actress and singer (b. 1913)
  • 1991 – Chris Bender, American singer (b. 1972)
  • 1993 – Léon Theremin, Russian physicist and engineer, invented the Theremin (b. 1895)
  • 1994 – Valter Palm, Estonian-American boxer (b. 1905)
  • 1995 – Gordon S. Fahrni, Canadian physician (b. 1887)
  • 1996 – Jean-Bédel Bokassa, Central African general and politician, 2nd President of the Central African Republic (b. 1921)
  • 1998 – Bob Kane, American author and illustrator, co-created Batman (b. 1915)
  • 1999 – Ian Bannen, Scottish actor (b. 1928)
  • 2001 – Ernst Gombrich, Austrian-English historian and author (b. 1909)
  • 2002 – Lonnie Donegan, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1931)
  • 2002 – Jonathan Harris, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 2003 – Rasul Gamzatov, Russian poet and educator (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Sergejs Žoltoks, Latvian ice hockey player (b. 1972)
  • 2006 – Paul Mauriat, French pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Marie Rudisill, American author (b. 1911)
  • 2006 – Alberto Spencer, Ecuadorean footballer (b. 1937)
  • 2007 – Aleksandr Dedyushko, Belarusian-Russian actor (b. 1962)
  • 2007 – Martin Meehan, PIRA volunteer and Irish republican politician (b. 1945)
  • 2007 – Ryan Shay, American runner (b. 1979)
  • 2008 – Jean Fournet, French conductor (b. 1913)
  • 2009 – Francisco Ayala, Spanish sociologist, author, and critic (b. 1906)
  • 2009 – Archie Baird, Scottish footballer, journalist, and educator (b. 1919)
  • 2009 – Carl Ballantine, American magician and actor (b. 1917)
  • 2010 – Jerry Bock, American composer (b. 1928)
  • 2010 – Viktor Chernomyrdin, Russian politician and diplomat, 30th Prime Minister of Russia (b. 1938)
  • 2010 – Jim Clench, Canadian bass player (b. 1949)
  • 2011 – Peeter Kreitzberg, Estonian lawyer and politician (b. 1948)
  • 2012 – Carmélia Alves, Brazilian singer (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – George Chesterton, English cricketer and coach (b. 1922)
  • 2012 – Tommy Godwin, American-English cyclist and coach (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Mükerrem Hiç, Turkish academic, author, and politician (b. 1929)
  • 2012 – Thomas K. McCraw, American historian and academic (b. 1940)
  • 2012 – Kailashpati Mishra, Indian activist and politician, 18th Governor of Gujarat (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Nick Cardy, American soldier and illustrator (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Gerard Cieślik, Polish footballer and manager (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Gamani Corea, Sri Lankan economist and diplomat (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – William J. Coyne, American lawyer and politician (b. 1936)
  • 2013 – Rupert Gerritsen, Australian historian and author (b. 1953)
  • 2013 – Leonard Long, Australian painter and educator (b. 1911)
  • 2014 – Augusto Martelli, Italian composer and conductor (b. 1940)
  • 2014 – Gordon Tullock, American economist and academic (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Sadashiv Amrapurkar, Indian actor (b. 1950)
  • 2015 – Ahmed Chalabi, Iraqi businessman and politician (b. 1944)
  • 2015 – Howard Coble, American captain, lawyer, and politician (b. 1931)
  • 2015 – Tom Graveney, English cricketer and sportscaster (b. 1927)
  • 2016 – Kay Starr, American singer (b. 1922)

Holidays and observances on November 3

  • Christian feast day:
    • Acepsimas of Hnaita and companions (Greek Orthodox Church)
    • Clydog
    • Cristiolus
    • Ermengol (Hermengaudius)
    • Gaudiosus of Tarazona
    • Gwenhael
    • Hubertus
    • Libertine
    • Malachy O’ More
    • Blessed Manuel Lozano Garrido
    • Martin de Porres
    • Papulus
    • Pirmin
    • Richard Hooker (Anglican Communion)
    • Rumwold of Buckingham
    • Blessed Rupert Mayer
    • Silvia
    • Winifred
    • November 3 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Culture Day (Japan)
  • Flag Day (United Arab Emirates)
  • Independence Day / Separation Day, celebrates the separation and independence of Panama from Colombia in 1903.
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Dominica from the United Kingdom in 1978.
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of the Federated States of Micronesia from the United States in 1986.
  • Independence Day of Cuenca (Ecuador)
  • Mother’s Day (East Timor)
  • Victory Day (Maldives)
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