October 5- History, Events, Births, Deaths Holidays and Observances On This Day

October 5 is the 278th day of the year (279th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 87 days remain until the end of the year.

October 5 in history

  • 610 – Heraclius arrives at Constantinople, kills Byzantine Emperor Phocas, and becomes emperor.
  • 816 – King Louis the Pious is crowned emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by the Pope.
  • 869 – The Fourth Council of Constantinople is convened to depose patriarch Photios I.
  • 1143 – King Alfonso VII of León and Castile recognises Portugal as a Kingdom.
  • 1450 – Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria expels Jews from his jurisdiction.
  • 1550 – The city of Concepción is founded, in present-day Chile.
  • 1607 – Assassins sent by the Pope attempt to kill Venetian statesman and scientist Paolo Sarpi.
  • 1665 – The University of Kiel is founded.
  • 1789 – French Revolution: The Women’s March on Versailles effectively terminates royal authority.
  • 1813 – War of 1812: The Army of the Northwest defeats a British and Native Canadian force threatening Detroit.
  • 1838 – The Killough massacre in east Texas sees eighteen Texian settlers either killed or kidnapped.
  • 1857 – The city of Anaheim, California is founded.
  • 1869 – The Saxby Gale devastates the Bay of Fundy region in Canada.
  • 1869 – The Hennepin Island tunnel collapses during construction, nearly destroying St. Anthony Falls.
  • 1877 – The Nez Perce War in the northwestern United States comes to an end.
  • 1905 – The Wright brothers pilot the Wright Flyer III in a new world record flight of 24 miles in 39 minutes.
  • 1910 – In a revolution in Portugal the monarchy is overthrown and a republic is declared.
  • 1911 – The Kowloon–Canton Railway commences service.
  • 1914 – World War I: An aircraft successfully destroys another aircraft with gunfire.
  • 1921 – The World Series is the first to be broadcast on radio.
  • 1930 – British airship R101 crashes in France en route to India on its maiden voyage.
  • 1936 – The Jarrow March sets off for London.
  • 1938 – In Nazi Germany, Jews’ passports are invalidated.
  • 1943 – Ninety-eight American POWs are executed by Japanese forces on Wake Island.
  • 1944 – The Provisional Government of the French Republic enfranchises women.
  • 1945 – A six-month strike by Hollywood set decorators turns into a bloody riot at the gates of the Warner Brothers studio.
  • 1947 – President Truman makes the first televised Oval Office address.
  • 1948 – The Ashgabat earthquake kills between 10,000 and 110,000 people.
  • 1966 – A reactor at the Enrico Fermi Nuclear Generating Station near Detroit suffers a partial meltdown.
  • 1968 – A Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association march in Derry is violently suppressed by police.
  • 1970 – The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is founded.
  • 1970 – The British Trade Commissioner is kidnapped by members of the FLQ, triggering the October Crisis in Canada.
  • 1974 – Bombs planted by the PIRA kill four British soldiers and one civilian.
  • 1982 – Tylenol products are recalled after bottles in Chicago laced with cyanide cause seven deaths.
  • 1984 – Marc Garneau becomes the first Canadian in space.
  • 1986 – Mordechai Vanunu’s story in The Sunday Times reveals Israel’s secret nuclear weapons.
  • 1988 – A Chilean opposition coalition defeats Augusto Pinochet in his re-election attempt.
  • 1990 – After 150 years The Herald newspaper in Melbourne, Australia, is published for the last time as a separate newspaper.
  • 1991 – An Indonesian Air Force C-130 crash kills 135 people.
  • 1999 – The Ladbroke Grove rail crash in west London kills 31 people.
  • 2000 – Mass demonstrations in Serbia force the resignation of Slobodan Milošević.
  • 2011 – In the Mekong River massacre, two Chinese cargo boats are hijacked and 13 crew members murdered.

Births in October 5

  • 1274 – Al-Dhahabi, Syrian scholar and historian (d. 1348)
  • 1338 – Alexios III of Trebizond (d. 1390)
  • 1377 – Louis II of Anjou (d. 1417)
  • 1422 – Catherine, Princess of Asturias, Spanish royal (d. 1424)
  • 1487 – Ludwig of Hanau-Lichtenberg, German nobleman (d. 1553)
  • 1520 – Alessandro Farnese, Italian cardinal and diplomat (d. 1589)
  • 1524 – Rani Durgavati, Queen of Gond (d. 1564)
  • 1609 – Paul Fleming, German physician and poet (d. 1640)
  • 1641 – Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan, French mistress of Louis XIV of France (d. 1707)
  • 1658 – Mary of Modena (d. 1718)
  • 1687 – Maria Maddalena Martinengo, Italian nun (d. 1737)
  • 1695 – John Glas, Scottish minister (d. 1773)
  • 1703 – Jonathan Edwards, American pastor and theologian (d. 1758)
  • 1712 – Francesco Guardi, Italian painter (d. 1793)
  • 1713 – Denis Diderot, French philosopher and critic (d. 1784)
  • 1715 – Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau, French economist and educator (d. 1789)
  • 1728 – Chevalier d’Éon, French diplomat and spy (d. 1810)
  • 1743 – Giuseppe Gazzaniga, Italian composer and educator (d. 1818)
  • 1781 – Bernard Bolzano, Czech mathematician and philosopher (d. 1848)
  • 1792 – Joseph Crosfield, English businessman (d. 1844)
  • 1795 – Alexander Keith, Scottish-Canadian brewer and politician, 13th Mayor of Halifax (d. 1873)
  • 1803 – Friedrich Bernhard Westphal, Danish-German painter (d. 1844)
  • 1816 – Ursula Frayne, Irish-Australian nun and missionary (d. 1885)
  • 1817 – Catherine Cooper Hopley, British author and naturalist (d. 1911)
  • 1820 – David Wilber, American lawyer and politician (d. 1890)
  • 1824 – Henry Chadwick, English-American historian and author (d. 1908)
  • 1829 – Chester A. Arthur, American general, lawyer, and politician, 21st President of the United States (d. 1886)
  • 1844 – Francis William Reitz, South African lawyer and politician, 5th State President of the Orange Free State (d. 1934)
  • 1848 – Guido von List, Austrian-German journalist and poet (d. 1919)
  • 1850 – Sergey Muromtsev, Russian lawyer and politician (d. 1910)
  • 1857 – Peadar Toner Mac Fhionnlaoich, Irish author and playwright (d. 1942)
  • 1858 – Helen Churchill Candee, American journalist and author (d. 1949)
  • 1864 – Louis Lumière, French director and producer (d. 1948)
  • 1873 – Lucien Mérignac, French fencer (d. 1941)
  • 1877 – Mike O’Neill, Irish-American baseball player and manager (d. 1959)
  • 1878 – Louise Dresser, American actress (d. 1965)
  • 1879 – Francis Peyton Rous, American pathologist and virologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1970)
  • 1882 – Robert H. Goddard, American physicist, engineer, and academic (d. 1945)
  • 1883 – Ernst Pittschau, German actor (d. 1951)
  • 1885 – Arunachalam Mahadeva, Sri Lankan politician and diplomat (d. 1969)
  • 1885 – Ida Rubinstein, Russian ballerina and actress (d. 1960)
  • 1887 – René Cassin, French judge and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1976)
  • 1887 – Manny Ziener, German actress (d. 1972)
  • 1888 – Mary Fuller, American actress and screenwriter (d. 1973)
  • 1889 – Teresa de la Parra, French-Venezuelan author and educator (d. 1936)
  • 1892 – Remington Kellogg, American zoologist and paleontologist (d. 1969)
  • 1894 – Bevil Rudd, South African runner and journalist (d. 1948)
  • 1898 – Nachum Gutman, Moldovan-Israeli painter and sculptor (d. 1980)
  • 1899 – Elda Anderson, American physicist and health researcher (d. 1961)
  • 1900 – Bing Xin, Chinese author and poet, known for her contributions to children’s literature (d. 1998)
  • 1900 – Margherita Bontade, Italian politician (d. 1992)
  • 1901 – John Alton, Austrian-American director and cinematographer (d. 1996)
  • 1902 – Larry Fine, American comedian (d. 1975)
  • 1902 – Ray Kroc, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1984)
  • 1903 – M. King Hubbert, American geophysicist and academic (d. 1989)
  • 1905 – John Hoyt, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1905 – Harriet E. MacGibbon, American actress (d. 1987)
  • 1907 – Mrs. Miller, American novelty singer (d. 1997)
  • 1907 – Ragnar Nurkse, Estonian-American economist and academic (d. 1959)
  • 1908 – Mehmet Ali Aybar, Turkish lawyer and politician (d. 1995)
  • 1908 – Joshua Logan, American director and screenwriter (d. 1988)
  • 1909 – Tony Malinosky, American baseball player and soldier (d. 2011)
  • 1911 – Pierre Dansereau, Canadian ecologist and academic (d. 2011)
  • 1911 – Brian O’Nolan, Irish author and playwright (d. 1966)
  • 1912 – Fritz Fischer, German physician (d. 2003)
  • 1913 – Eugene B. Fluckey, American admiral, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2007)
  • 1914 – Zhang Zhen, Chinese general and politician (d. 2015)
  • 1916 – Stetson Kennedy, American author and activist (d. 2011)
  • 1917 – Allen Ludden, American television personality and game show host (d. 1981)
  • 1917 – Magda Szabó, Hungarian author and poet (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Donald Pleasence, English actor (d. 1995)
  • 1921 – Bill Willis, American football player and coach (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Jim Godbolt, English historian and journalist (d. 2013)
  • 1922 – José Froilán González, Argentinian racing driver (d. 2013)
  • 1922 – Bil Keane, American soldier and cartoonist (d. 2011)
  • 1922 – Jock Stein, Scottish footballer and manager (d. 1985)
  • 1923 – Philip Berrigan, American priest and activist (d. 2002)
  • 1923 – Stig Dagerman, Swedish journalist and author (d. 1954)
  • 1923 – Albert Guðmundsson, Icelandic footballer and politician (d. 1994)
  • 1923 – Glynis Johns, South African-born British actress and singer
  • 1923 – Kailashpati Mishra, Indian lawyer and politician, 18th Governor of Gujarat (d. 2012)
  • 1924 – Bill Dana, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2017)
  • 1924 – José Donoso, Chilean author (d. 1996)
  • 1924 – Barbara Kelly, Canadian actress and screenwriter (d. 2007)
  • 1924 – Frederic Morton, Austrian-American banker, journalist, and author (d. 2015)
  • 1924 – Bob Thaves, American cartoonist (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Gail Davis, American actress (d. 1997)
  • 1925 – Herbert Kretzmer, South African-English journalist and songwriter
  • 1925 – Antoine Gizenga, Congolese politician (d. 2019)
  • 1925 – Walter Dale Miller, American lawyer and politician, 29th Governor of South Dakota (d. 2015)
  • 1926 – Avraham Adan, Israeli general (d. 2012)
  • 1926 – Willi Unsoeld, American mountaineer and educator (d. 1979)
  • 1928 – Louise Fitzhugh, American author and illustrator (d. 1974)
  • 1929 – Richard F. Gordon Jr., American captain, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2017)
  • 1929 – Bill Wirtz, American businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Pavel Popovich, Ukrainian general, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2009)
  • 1930 – Reinhard Selten, German economist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2016)
  • 1931 – Rosalie Gower, Canadian nurse and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1932 – Neal Ascherson, Scottish journalist and author
  • 1932 – Dean Prentice, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1932 – Michael John Rogers, English ornithologist and police officer (d. 2006)
  • 1933 – Doug Bailey, American political consultant, founded The Hotline (d. 2013)
  • 1933 – Diane Cilento, Australian actress and author (d. 2011)
  • 1933 – Billy Lee Riley, American rockabilly musician, singer-songwriter, and record producer (d. 2009)
  • 1934 – Kenneth D. Taylor, Canadian businessman and diplomat (d. 2015)
  • 1936 – Václav Havel, Czech poet, playwright, and politician, 1st President of the Czech Republic (d. 2011)
  • 1937 – Carlo Mastrangelo, American doo-wop singer (d. 2016)
  • 1937 – Barry Switzer, American football player and coach
  • 1938 – Johnny Duncan, American country singer (d. 2006)
  • 1938 – Teresa Heinz, Mozambican-American businesswoman and philanthropist
  • 1939 – Marie-Claire Blais, Canadian author and playwright
  • 1939 – A. R. Penck, German painter and sculptor (d. 2017)
  • 1939 – Walter Wolf, Austrian-Canadian businessman, founded Walter Wolf Racing
  • 1939 – Consuelo Ynares-Santiago, Filipino lawyer and jurist
  • 1940 – Rein Aun, Estonian decathlete and coach (d. 1995)
  • 1940 – John Byrne Cooke, American author and photographer (d. 2017)
  • 1940 – Bob Cowper, Australian cricketer
  • 1941 – Roy Book Binder, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1941 – Stephanie Cole, English actress
  • 1941 – Eduardo Duhalde, Argentinian lawyer and politician, 50th President of Argentina
  • 1942 – Billy Scott, American singer-songwriter (d. 2012)
  • 1942 – Richard Street, American singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1943 – Ben Cardin, American lawyer and politician
  • 1943 – Steve Miller, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1943 – Michael Morpurgo, English author, poet, and playwright
  • 1944 – Richard Rosser, Baron Rosser, English union leader and politician
  • 1945 – Brian Connolly, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1997)
  • 1945 – Geoff Leigh, English saxophonist and flute player
  • 1946 – Zahida Hina, Pakistani journalist and author
  • 1946 – Robin Lane Fox, English historian and author
  • 1946 – Heather MacRae, American actress
  • 1946 – Jean Perron, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1946 – David Watson, English footballer
  • 1947 – Brian Johnson, English singer-songwriter
  • 1947 – Michèle Pierre-Louis, Haitian politician, 14th Prime Minister of Haiti
  • 1948 – Carter Cornelius, American singer (d. 1991)
  • 1948 – Russell Mael, American vocalist
  • 1948 – Tawl Ross, American guitarist
  • 1948 – Zoran Živković, Serbian author and academic
  • 1949 – Peter Ackroyd, English biographer, novelist and critic
  • 1949 – Ralph Goodale, Canadian lawyer and politician, 36th Canadian Minister of Finance
  • 1949 – Bill James, American historian and author
  • 1949 – B. W. Stevenson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1988)
  • 1949 – Yashiki Takajin, Japanese singer and television host (d. 2014)
  • 1950 – “Fast” Eddie Clarke, English rock guitarist (d. 2018)
  • 1950 – Jeff Conaway, American actor and singer (d. 2011)
  • 1950 – Edward P. Jones, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1950 – James Rizzi, American painter and illustrator (d. 2011)
  • 1951 – Karen Allen, American actress
  • 1951 – Bob Geldof, British singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1952 – Clive Barker, English author, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1952 – Harold Faltermeyer, German keyboard player, composer, and producer
  • 1952 – Imran Khan, Pakistani cricketer and Prime Minister
  • 1953 – Philip Hampton, English-Scottish accountant and businessman
  • 1953 – Roy Laidlaw, Scottish rugby player
  • 1955 – John Alexander, English footballer
  • 1955 – Jean-Jacques Lafon, French singer-songwriter
  • 1955 – Adair Turner, Baron Turner of Ecchinswell, English academic and businessman
  • 1957 – Mark Geragos, American lawyer
  • 1957 – Lee Thompson, English singer-songwriter and saxophonist
  • 1957 – Bernie Mac, American actor, comedian, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1958 – André Kuipers, Dutch physician and astronaut
  • 1958 – Neil Peart, Australian footballer
  • 1958 – Neil deGrasse Tyson, American astrophysicist, cosmologist, and author
  • 1959 – Maya Lin, American architect and sculptor, designed the Vietnam Veterans Memorial and Civil Rights Memorial
  • 1959 – Kelly Joe Phelps, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1959 – David Shannon, American author and illustrator
  • 1959 – Kenan İpek, Turkish lawyer and judge
  • 1960 – Careca, Brazilian footballer
  • 1960 – Daniel Baldwin, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1960 – David Kirk, New Zealand rugby player and coach
  • 1961 – Pato Banton, English singer-songwriter
  • 1961 – David Bryson, American guitarist and singer-songwriter
  • 1961 – Sharon Cheslow, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1962 – Michael Andretti, American race car driver
  • 1962 – Thomas Herbst, German footballer and manager
  • 1962 – Caron Keating, British television host (d. 2004)
  • 1963 – Laura Davies, English golfer and sportscaster
  • 1963 – Tony Dodemaide, Australian cricketer
  • 1963 – Michael Hadschieff, Austrian speed skater
  • 1963 – Nick Robinson, English journalist and blogger
  • 1964 – Dave Dederer, American guitarist and singer
  • 1964 – Philip A. Haigh, English historian and author
  • 1964 – Malik Saidullaev, Russian businessman
  • 1964 – Korina Sanchez, Filipino journalist
  • 1965 – Trace Armstrong, American football player and agent
  • 1965 – Mario Lemieux, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1965 – Patrick Roy, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1966 – Dennis Byrd, American football player (d. 2016)
  • 1966 – Sean M. Carroll, American physicist, cosmologist, and academic
  • 1966 – Terri Runnels, American wrestler and manager
  • 1966 – Jan Verhaas, Dutch snooker player and referee
  • 1967 – Rex Chapman, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1967 – Guy Pearce, English-Australian actor
  • 1967 – Dorian West, Welsh-English rugby player
  • 1970 – Josie Bissett, American actress
  • 1970 – Matthew Knights, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1970 – Audie Pitre, American singer and bass player (d. 1997)
  • 1970 – Tord Gustavsen, Norwegian pianist and composer
  • 1970 – Cal Wilson, New Zealand comedian, actress, and screenwriter
  • 1971 – Tonia Antoniazzi, British politician
  • 1971 – Mauricio Pellegrino, Argentinian footballer and manager
  • 1972 – Annely Akkermann, Estonian banker and politician
  • 1972 – Aaron Guiel, Canadian baseball player
  • 1972 – Grant Hill, American basketball player and actor
  • 1972 – Thomas Roberts, American journalist and actor
  • 1973 – Cédric Villani, French mathematician and academic
  • 1974 – Rich Franklin, American mixed martial artist and actor
  • 1974 – Colin Meloy, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1974 – Anousjka van Exel, Dutch tennis player
  • 1975 – Bobo Baldé, French-Guinean footballer
  • 1975 – Carson Ellis, American painter and illustrator
  • 1975 – Parminder Nagra, English actress
  • 1975 – Monica Rial, American voice actress, director, and screenwriter
  • 1975 – Kate Winslet, English actress
  • 1976 – Ramzan Kadyrov, Russian-Chechen general and politician, 3rd President of the Chechen Republic
  • 1976 – Royston Tan, Singaporean director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1976 – J. J. Yeley, American race car driver
  • 1977 – Hugleikur Dagsson, Icelandic author, illustrator, and critic
  • 1977 – Vinnie Paz, Italian-American rapper and producer
  • 1977 – Konstantin Zyryanov, Russian footballer
  • 1978 – Mark Gower, English footballer
  • 1978 – Jesse Palmer, Canadian football player and sportscaster
  • 1978 – Shane Ryan, Irish footballer and hurler
  • 1978 – James Valentine, American guitarist
  • 1978 – Steinar Nickelsen, Norwegian organist and composer
  • 1978 – Morgan Webb, Canadian-American television host and producer
  • 1979 – Vince Grella, Australian footballer
  • 1979 – Curtis Sanford, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Paul Thomas, American bass player
  • 1980 – James Toseland, English motorcycle racer
  • 1981 – Jeanette Antolin, American gymnast
  • 1981 – Joel Lindpere, Estonian footballer
  • 1981 – Andy Nägelein, German footballer
  • 1982 – Michael Roos, Estonian-American football player
  • 1982 – Steve Williams, Australian-German rugby player
  • 1983 – Jesse Eisenberg, American actor and writer
  • 1983 – Florian Mayer, German tennis player
  • 1983 – Mashrafe Mortaza, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1984 – Naima Adedapo, American singer and dancer
  • 1984 – Kenwyne Jones, Trinidadian footballer
  • 1985 – Nicola Roberts, English singer-songwriter
  • 1986 – Mladen Bartulović, Croatian footballer
  • 1987 – Dillon Francis, American DJ and record producer
  • 1987 – Kevin Mirallas, Belgian footballer
  • 1987 – Tim Ream, American soccer player
  • 1987 – Park So-yeon, South Korean singer, dancer, and actress
  • 1987 – Javier Villa, Spanish racing driver
  • 1987 – Luigi Vitale, Italian footballer
  • 1988 – Benny Howell, English cricketer
  • 1988 – Bahar Kızıl, German singer-songwriter
  • 1988 – Kevin Olusola, American musician, beatboxer, singer-songwriter, rapper, and record producer
  • 1988 – Maja Salvador, Filipino actress, dancer, singer, and host
  • 1989 – Kelsey Adrian, Canadian basketball player
  • 1989 – Marcel Baude, German footballer
  • 1989 – Ify Ibekwe, American basketball player
  • 1990 – Nathan Peats, Australian rugby league player
  • 1992 – Kevin Magnussen, Danish racing driver
  • 1996 – Jayden Nikorima, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1999 – Connor McLennan, Scottish footballer
  • 2000 – Taahira Butterfield, Bermudian athlete
  • 2006 – Jacob Tremblay, Canadian actor

Deaths in October 5

  • 578 – Justin II, Byzantine emperor (b. 520)
  • 610 – Phocas, Byzantine emperor
  • 989 – Henry III, duke of Bavaria (b. 940)
  • 1056 – Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1016)
  • 1111 – Robert II, count of Flanders (b. 1065)
  • 1112 – Sigebert of Gembloux, French monk, historian, and author (b. 1030)
  • 1214 – Alfonso VIII, king of Castile and Toledo (b. 1155)
  • 1225 – Al-Nasir, Abbasid caliph (b. 1158)
  • 1285 – Philip III, king of France (b. 1245)
  • 1354 – Giovanni Visconti, Italian cardinal (b. 1290)
  • 1398 – Blanche of Navarre, queen of France (b. 1330)
  • 1399 – Raymond of Capua, Italian priest and Master General (b. c. 1330)
  • 1524 – Joachim Patinir, Flemish landscape painter (b. c. 1480)
  • 1528 – Richard Foxe, English bishop and academic (b. 1448)
  • 1540 – Helius Eobanus Hessus, German poet and educator (b. 1488)
  • 1564 – Pierre de Manchicourt, Flemish composer and educator (b. 1510)
  • 1565 – Lodovico Ferrari, Italian mathematician and academic (b. 1522)
  • 1606 – Philippe Desportes, French poet and author (b. 1546)
  • 1629 – Heribert Rosweyde, Jesuit hagiographer (b. 1569)
  • 1714 – Kaibara Ekken, Japanese botanist and philosopher (b. 1630)
  • 1740 – Jean-Philippe Baratier, German astronomer and scholar (b. 1721)
  • 1777 – Johann Andreas Segner, Slovak-German mathematician, physicist, and physician (b. 1704)
  • 1802 – Sanité Bélair, Haitian freedom fighter (b. 1781)
  • 1805 – Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1738)
  • 1813 – Tecumseh, American tribal leader (b. 1768)
  • 1827 – William Mullins, 2nd Baron Ventry, Anglo-Irish politician and peer (b. 1761)
  • 1848 – Joseph Hormayr, Baron zu Hortenburg, Austrian-German historian and politician (b. 1781)
  • 1861 – Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Polish archbishop (b. 1778)
  • 1880 – Jacques Offenbach, German-French cellist and composer (b. 1819)
  • 1885 – Thomas C. Durant, American railroad tycoon (b. 1820)
  • 1895 – Ralph Tollemache, English priest (b. 1826)
  • 1913 – Hans von Bartels, German painter and educator (b. 1856)
  • 1914 – Albert Solomon, Australian politician, 23rd Premier of Tasmania (b. 1876)
  • 1918 – Roland Garros, French soldier and pilot (b. 1888)
  • 1921 – John Storey, Australian politician, 20th Premier of New South Wales (b. 1869)
  • 1927 – Sam Warner, Polish-American director, producer, and screenwriter, co-founded Warner Bros. (b. 1887)
  • 1929 – Varghese Payyappilly Palakkappilly, Indian priest, founded the Sisters of the Destitute (b. 1876)
  • 1930 – Christopher Thomson, 1st Baron Thomson, Indian-English soldier and politician, Secretary of State for Air (b. 1875)
  • 1933 – Renée Adorée, French-American actress (b. 1898)
  • 1933 – Nikolai Yudenich, Russian general (b. 1862)
  • 1936 – J. Slauerhoff, Dutch poet and author (b. 1898)
  • 1938 – Faustina Kowalska, Polish nun and saint (b. 1905)
  • 1938 – Albert Ranft, Swedish actor and director (b. 1858)
  • 1940 – Ballington Booth, English-American activist, co-founded the Volunteers of America (b. 1857)
  • 1940 – Lincoln Loy McCandless, American rancher and politician (b. 1859)
  • 1940 – Silvestre Revueltas, Mexican violinist, composer, and conductor (b. 1889)
  • 1941 – Louis Brandeis, American lawyer and jurist (b. 1856)
  • 1942 – Dorothea Klumpke, American astronomer (b. 1861)
  • 1943 – Leon Roppolo, American clarinet player and composer (b. 1902)
  • 1950 – Frederic Lewy, German-American neurologist and academic (b. 1885)
  • 1952 – Joe Jagersberger, Austrian racing driver (b. 1884)
  • 1967 – Clifton Williams, American astronaut (b. 1932)
  • 1976 – Barbara Nichols, American actress (b. 1928)
  • 1976 – Lars Onsager, Norwegian-American chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1981 – Gloria Grahame, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 1983 – Humberto Mauro, Brazilian director and screenwriter (b. 1897)
  • 1983 – Earl Tupper, American inventor and businessman, founded the Tupperware Corporation (b. 1907)
  • 1985 – Karl Menger, Austrian-American mathematician from the Vienna Circle (b. 1902)
  • 1986 – Mike Burgmann, Australian racing driver and accountant (b. 1947)
  • 1986 – Hal B. Wallis, American film producer (b. 1898)
  • 1986 – James H. Wilkinson, English mathematician and computer scientist (b. 1919)
  • 1992 – Eddie Kendricks, American singer-songwriter (b. 1939)
  • 1996 – Seymour Cray, American engineer and businessman, founded CRAY Inc (b. 1925)
  • 1997 – Brian Pillman, American football player and wrestler (b. 1962)
  • 2000 – Johanna Döbereiner, Brazilian agronomist (b. 1924)
  • 2000 – Cătălin Hîldan, Romanian footballer (b. 1976)
  • 2001 – Mike Mansfield, American soldier, politician, and diplomat, 22nd United States Ambassador to Japan (b. 1903)
  • 2002 – Chuck Rayner, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Dan Snyder, Canadian-American ice hockey player (b. 1978)
  • 2003 – Timothy Treadwell, American environmentalist, director, and producer (b. 1957)
  • 2004 – Rodney Dangerfield, American comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – William H. Dobelle, American biologist and academic (b. 1941)
  • 2004 – Maurice Wilkins, New Zealand-English physicist and biologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Antonio Peña, Mexican wrestling promoter, founded Lucha Libre AAA World Wide (b. 1953)
  • 2009 – Mike Alexander, English singer-songwriter and bass player (b. 1977)
  • 2010 – Bernard Clavel, French journalist and author (b. 1923)
  • 2010 – Mary Leona Gage, American model and actress, Miss USA 1957 (b. 1939)
  • 2010 – Steve Lee, Swiss singer-songwriter (b. 1963)
  • 2011 – Derrick Bell, American academic and scholar (b. 1930)
  • 2011 – Bert Jansch, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1943)
  • 2011 – Steve Jobs, American businessman, co-founder of Apple Inc. and Pixar (b. 1955)
  • 2011 – Charles Napier, American actor and singer (b. 1936)
  • 2011 – Fred Shuttlesworth, American activist, co-founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (b. 1922)
  • 2011 – Gökşin Sipahioğlu, Turkish photographer and journalist (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Keith Campbell, English biologist and academic (b. 1954)
  • 2012 – Vojin Dimitrijević, Croatian-Serbian lawyer and activist (b. 1932)
  • 2012 – James W. Holley, III, American dentist and politician (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Edvard Mirzoyan, Georgian-Armenian composer and educator (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – Claude Pinoteau, French director and screenwriter (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Ruth R. Benerito, American chemist and academic (b. 1916)
  • 2013 – Carlo Lizzani, Italian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Yakkun Sakurazuka, Japanese voice actress and singer (b. 1976)
  • 2014 – David Chavchavadze, English-American CIA officer and author (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Andrea de Cesaris, Italian racing driver (b. 1959)
  • 2014 – Geoffrey Holder, Trinidadian-American actor, singer, dancer, and choreographer (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Yuri Lyubimov, Russian actor and director (b. 1917)
  • 2015 – Chantal Akerman, Belgian-French actress, director, and producer (b. 1950)
  • 2015 – Joker Arroyo, Filipino lawyer and politician (b. 1927)
  • 2015 – Grace Lee Boggs, American philosopher, author, and activist (b. 1915)
  • 2015 – Henning Mankell, Swedish author and playwright (b. 1948)
  • 2016 – Brock Yates, American journalist and author (b. 1933)
  • 2017 – Eberhard van der Laan, Dutch politician, mayor of Amsterdam (b. 1955)

Holidays and observances in October 5

  • World Space Week (October 4–10)
  • Armed Forces Day (Indonesia)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Anna Schäffer
    • Faustina Kowalska
    • Blessed Francis Xavier Seelos (Roman Catholic Church)
    • Blessed Bartolo Longo
    • Thraseas
    • Hor and Susia (Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria)
    • Placid and Maurus
    • Placidus (martyr)
    • October 5 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Constitution Day (Vanuatu)
  • Engineer’s Day (Bolivia)
  • International Day of No Prostitution
  • Republic Day (Portugal)
  • Teachers’ Day (Pakistan)
  • Teachers’ Day (Russia)
  • World Teachers’ Day

October 20- History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 72 days remain until the end of the year.

October 20 in history

  • 1548 – The city of La Paz is founded by Alonso de Mendoza.
  • 1568 – The Spanish Duke of Alba defeats a Dutch rebel force under William the Silent.
  • 1572 – Eighty Years’ War: Three thousand Spanish soldiers wade through fifteen miles of water in one night to effect the relief of Goes.
  • 1720 – Caribbean pirate Calico Jack is captured by the Royal Navy.
  • 1740 – France, Prussia, Bavaria and Saxony refuse to honour the Pragmatic Sanction, and the War of the Austrian Succession begins.
  • 1781 – The Patent of Toleration, providing limited freedom of worship, is approved in Austria.
  • 1803 – The United States Senate ratifies the Louisiana Purchase.
  • 1818 – The Convention of 1818 is signed between the United States and the United Kingdom, which settles the Canada–United States border on the 49th parallel for most of its length.
  • 1827 – In the Battle of Navarino, a combined Turkish and Egyptian fleet is defeated by British, French and Russian naval forces in the last significant battle fought with wooden sailing ships.
  • 1883 – Peru and Chile sign the Treaty of Ancón, by which the Tarapacá province is ceded to the latter, bringing an end to Peru’s involvement in the War of the Pacific.
  • 1904 – Chile and Bolivia sign the Treaty of Peace and Friendship, delimiting the border between the two countries.
  • 1910 – The hull of the RMS Olympic, sister-ship to the ill-fated RMS Titanic, is launched from the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast.
  • 1935 – The Long March, a mammoth retreat undertaken by the armed forces of the Chinese Communist Party a year prior, ends.
  • 1941 – World War II: Thousands of civilians in German-occupied Serbia are murdered in the Kragujevac massacre.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Soviet Army and Yugoslav Partisans liberate Belgrade.
  • 1944 – Liquefied natural gas leaks from storage tanks in Cleveland and then explodes, leveling 30 blocks and killing 130 people.
  • 1944 – American general Douglas MacArthur fulfills his promise to return to the Philippines when he commands an Allied assault on the islands.
  • 1947 – The House Un-American Activities Committee begins its investigation into Communist infiltration of the Hollywood film industry, resulting in a blacklist that prevents some from working in the industry for years.
  • 1951 – The “Johnny Bright incident” occurs in Stillwater, Oklahoma.
  • 1952 – The Governor of Kenya declares a state of emergency and begins arresting hundreds of suspected leaders of the Mau Mau Uprising.
  • 1961 – The Soviet Union performs the first armed test of a submarine-launched ballistic missile, launching an R-13 from a Golf-class submarine.
  • 1962 – China launches simultaneous offensives in Ladakh and across the McMahon Line, igniting the Sino-Indian War.
  • 1968 – Former First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy marries Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis.
  • 1973 – “Saturday Night Massacre”: United States President Richard Nixon fires U.S. Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus after they refuse to fire special prosecutor Archibald Cox, who is finally fired by Robert Bork.
  • 1973 – The Sydney Opera House is opened by Elizabeth II after 14 years of construction.
  • 1976 – The ferry George Prince is struck by a ship while crossing the Mississippi River. Seventy-eight passengers and crew die, and only 18 people aboard the ferry survive.
  • 1977 – Rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd’s airplane crashes. Lead singer Ronnie Van Zant and guitarist Steve Gaines perish in the crash.
  • 1981 – Two police officers and an armored car guard are killed during an armed robbery carried out by members of the Black Liberation Army and Weather Underground.
  • 1982 – During the UEFA Cup match between FC Spartak Moscow and HFC Haarlem, 66 people are crushed to death in the Luzhniki disaster.
  • 1991 – A 6.8 Mw earthquake strikes the Uttarkashi region of India, killing more than 1,000 people.
  • 2011 – Libyan Civil War: Rebel forces capture Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi in his hometown of Sirte and kill him shortly thereafter.

Births in October 20

  • 888 – Zhu Youzhen, emperor of Later Liang (d. 923)
  • 1475 – Giovanni di Bernardo Rucellai, Italian poet and playwright (d. 1525)
  • 1496 – Claude, Duke of Guise (d. 1550)
  • 1554 – Bálint Balassi, Hungarian writer and noble (d. 1594)
  • 1612 – Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Burlington, Anglo-Irish nobleman, Lord High Treasurer of Ireland, Cavalier (d. 1698)
  • 1616 – Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian (d. 1680)
  • 1620 – Aelbert Cuyp, Dutch painter (d. 1691)
  • 1632 – Christopher Wren, English physicist, mathematician, and architect, designed St Paul’s Cathedral (d. 1723)
  • 1632 – Edward Hungerford, English politician (d. 1711)
  • 1660 – Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (d. 1723)
  • 1677 – Stanisław Leszczyński, King of Poland (d. 1766)
  • 1711 – Timothy Ruggles, American lawyer, jurist, and politician, (d. 1795)
  • 1718 – Catherine Gordon, Duchess of Gordon, Scottish aristocrat (d. 1779)
  • 1719 – Gottfried Achenwall, German historian, economist, and jurist (d. 1772)
  • 1740 – Isabelle de Charrière, Dutch author and poet (d. 1805)
  • 1759 – Chauncey Goodrich, American lawyer and politician, 8th Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut (d. 1815)
  • 1780 – Pauline Bonaparte, French sister of Napoleon (d. 1825)
  • 1784 – Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, English academic and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1865)
  • 1785 – George Ormerod, English historian and author (d. 1873)
  • 1790 – Patrick Matthew. Scottish farmer and biologist (d. 1874)
  • 1801 – Melchior Berri, Swiss architect and educator, designed the Natural History Museum of Basel (d. 1854)
  • 1808 – Karl Andree, German geographer and journalist (d. 1875)
  • 1819 – Báb, Iranian religious leader, founded Bábism (d. 1850)*1822 – Thomas Hughes, English lawyer and judge (d. 1896)
  • 1832 – Constantin Lipsius, German architect and theorist (d. 1894)
  • 1847 – Frits Thaulow, Norwegian painter (d. 1906)
  • 1854 – Arthur Rimbaud, French soldier and poet (d. 1891)
  • 1858 – John Burns, English union leader and politician, President of the Board of Trade (d. 1943)
  • 1859 – John Dewey, American psychologist and philosopher (d. 1952)
  • 1864 – James F. Hinkle, American banker and politician, 6th Governor of New Mexico (d. 1951)
  • 1874 – Charles Ives, American composer (d. 1954)
  • 1882 – Margaret Dumont, American actress (d. 1965)
  • 1882 – Bela Lugosi, Hungarian-American actor (d. 1956)
  • 1885 – Jelly Roll Morton, American pianist, composer, and bandleader (Red Hot Peppers and New Orleans Rhythm Kings) (d. 1941)
  • 1887 – Prince Yasuhiko Asaka of Japan (d. 1981)
  • 1889 – Johann Gruber, Austrian priest and saint (d. 1944)
  • 1890 – Aleksander Maaker, Estonian bagpipe player (d. 1968)
  • 1891 – Samuel Flagg Bemis, American historian and author (d. 1973)
  • 1891 – James Chadwick, English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1974)
  • 1893 – Charley Chase, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1940)
  • 1894 – Olive Thomas, American model and actress (d. 1920)
  • 1895 – Rex Ingram, American actor (d. 1969)
  • 1895 – Morrie Ryskind, American writer/director (d. 1985)
  • 1897 – Yi Un, South Korean general (d. 1970)
  • 1900 – Ismail al-Azhari, Sudanese politician, 3rd President of Sudan (d. 1969)
  • 1900 – Wayne Morse, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician (d. 1974)
  • 1901 – Frank Churchill, American film composer (d. 1942)
  • 1901 – Adelaide Hall, American-English singer, actress, and dancer (d. 1993)
  • 1904 – Tommy Douglas, Scottish-Canadian minister and politician, 7th Premier of Saskatchewan (d. 1986)
  • 1904 – Enolia McMillan, American educator and activist (d. 2006)
  • 1904 – Anna Neagle, English actress, singer, and producer (d. 1986)
  • 1907 – Arlene Francis, American actress and television personality (d. 2001)
  • 1908 – Stuart Hamblen, American singer-songwriter, actor, and radio show host (d. 1989)
  • 1909 – Carla Laemmle, American actress and photographer (d. 2014)
  • 1909 – Yasushi Sugiyama, Japanese painter (d. 1993)
  • 1910 – Chen Liting, Chinese director and playwright (d. 2013)
  • 1912 – Ruhi Su, Turkish singer-songwriter (d. 1985)
  • 1913 – Grandpa Jones, American singer-songwriter and banjo player (d. 1998)
  • 1914 – Fayard Nicholas, American actor, dancer, and choreographer (d. 2006)
  • 1917 – Stéphane Hessel, German-French activist and diplomat (d. 2013)
  • 1917 – Jean-Pierre Melville, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1973)
  • 1918 – Martin Drewes, German soldier and pilot (d. 2013)
  • 1918 – Robert Lochner, American-German soldier and journalist (d. 2003)
  • 1919 – Tracy Hall, American chemist and academic (d. 2008)
  • 1920 – Nick Cardy, American illustrator (d. 2013)
  • 1920 – Fanny de Sivers, Estonian-French linguist and academic (d. 2011)
  • 1920 – Siddhartha Shankar Ray, Indian lawyer and politician, Chief Minister of West Bengal (d. 2010)
  • 1921 – Manny Ayulo, American race car driver (d. 1955)
  • 1921 – Hans Warren, Dutch poet and author (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – John Anderson, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1922 – Franco Ventriglia, American opera singer (d. 2012)
  • 1923 – Robert Craft, American conductor and musicologist (d. 2015)
  • 1924 – Robert Peters, American poet, playwright, and critic (d. 2014)
  • 1925 – Art Buchwald, American soldier and journalist (d. 2007)
  • 1925 – Tom Dowd, American record producer and engineer (d. 2002)
  • 1925 – Roger Hanin, Algerian-French actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1926 – Edward Douglas-Scott-Montagu, 3rd Baron Montagu of Beaulieu, English lieutenant and politician, founded the National Motor Museum (d. 2015)
  • 1927 – Joyce Brothers, American psychologist, author, and actress (d. 2013)
  • 1927 – Gunturu Seshendra Sarma, Indian poet and critic (d. 2007)
  • 1928 – Michael O’Donnell, English physician, author, and journalist (d. 2019)
  • 1931 – Richard Caliguiri, American lawyer and politician, 54th Mayor of Pittsburgh (d. 1988)
  • 1931 – Mickey Mantle, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 1995)
  • 1931 – Ken Morrison, English businessman (d. 2017)
  • 1932 – Rosey Brown, American football player and coach (d. 2004)
  • 1932 – William Christopher, American actor and singer (d. 2016)
  • 1932 – Rokurō Naya, Japanese voice actor (d. 2014)
  • 1933 – Barrie Chase, American actress and dancer
  • 1934 – Bill Chase, American trumpet player (d. 1974)
  • 1934 – Eddie Harris, American saxophonist (d. 1996)
  • 1935 – Jerry Orbach, American actor and singer (d. 2004)
  • 1937 – Cancio Garcia, Filipino lawyer and jurist (d. 2013)
  • 1937 – Wanda Jackson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1937 – Juan Marichal, Dominican baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1937 – Emma Tennant, English author (d. 2017)
  • 1938 – Emidio Greco, Italian director and screenwriter (d. 2012)
  • 1938 – Iain Macmillan, Scottish photographer and educator (d. 2006)
  • 1939 – Patrick Hughes, English painter, illustrator, and photographer
  • 1940 – Kathy Kirby, English singer (d. 2011)
  • 1940 – Robert Pinsky, American poet and critic
  • 1940 – Jean-Pierre Dikongué Pipa, Cameroonian filmmaker
  • 1941 – Anneke Wills, English actress
  • 1942 – Earl Hindman, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1942 – Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, German biologist and geneticist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1942 – Bart Zoet, Dutch cyclist (d. 1992)
  • 1943 – Dunja Vejzović, Croatian soprano and actress
  • 1944 – Nalin de Silva, Sri Lankan physicist and philosopher
  • 1944 – David Mancuso, American party planner, created The Loft (d. 2016)
  • 1945 – Ric Lee, English drummer (Ten Years After)
  • 1946 – Diana Gittins, American-English sociologist, author, and academic
  • 1946 – Lewis Grizzard, American comedian and author (d. 1994)
  • 1946 – Elfriede Jelinek, Austrian author and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1946 – Richard Loncraine, English director and screenwriter
  • 1946 – Lucien Van Impe, Belgian cyclist
  • 1946 – Chris Woodhead, English civil servant and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1948 – Peter Combe, Australian entertainer
  • 1948 – Sandra Dickinson, American-English actress and composer
  • 1948 – Piet Hein Donner, Dutch jurist and politician, Dutch Minister of Justice
  • 1948 – Melih Gökçek, Turkish journalist and politician, Mayor of Ankara
  • 1949 – Valeriy Borzov, Ukrainian-Russian sprinter
  • 1949 – George Harris, British actor
  • 1950 – Tom Petty, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2017)
  • 1950 – William Russ, American actor and director
  • 1951 – Al Greenwood, American keyboard player
  • 1951 – Patrick Hall, English lawyer and politician
  • 1951 – Ken Ham, Australian-American evangelist
  • 1951 – Leif Pagrotsky, Swedish businessman and politician
  • 1951 – Claudio Ranieri, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1952 – Melanie Mayron, American actress and director
  • 1952 – Derek Ridgers, English photographer and art director
  • 1952 – Wilma Josefina Salgado, Ecuadorian politician and economist
  • 1953 – Keith Hernandez, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1953 – Richard McWilliam, American businessman and philanthropist, co-founded the Upper Deck Company (d. 2013)
  • 1953 – Bill Nunn, American actor (d. 2016)
  • 1954 – Steve Orich, American composer and conductor
  • 1955 – Thomas Newman, American composer and conductor
  • 1955 – David Profumo, English author and academic
  • 1955 – Aaron Pryor, American boxer
  • 1955 – Sheldon Whitehouse, American politician from the state of Rhode Island
  • 1956 – Danny Boyle, English director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1956 – Martin Taylor, English guitarist
  • 1957 – Jane Bonham-Carter, Baroness Bonham-Carter of Yarnbury, English politician
  • 1957 – Chris Cowdrey, English cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1957 – Hilda Solis, American academic and politician, 25th United States Secretary of Labor
  • 1958 – Valerie Faris, American director and producer
  • 1958 – Lynn Flewelling, American author and academic
  • 1958 – Scott Hall, American wrestler
  • 1958 – Mark King, English singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1958 – Dave Krieg, American football player
  • 1958 – Viggo Mortensen, American-Danish actor and producer
  • 1959 – Mark Little, Australian comedian, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1960 – Konstantin Aseev, Russian chess player and trainer (d. 2004)
  • 1961 – Audun Kleive, Norwegian drummer and composer
  • 1961 – Kate Mosse, English author and playwright
  • 1961 – Ian Rush, Welsh footballer and manager
  • 1961 – Les Stroud, Canadian director, producer, and harmonica player
  • 1961 – Michie Tomizawa, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1962 – David M. Evans, American director and screenwriter
  • 1962 – Dave Wong, Hong Kong-Taiwanese singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1963 – Julie Payette, Canadian engineer and astronaut
  • 1963 – Nikos Tsiantakis, Greek footballer
  • 1963 – Stan Valckx, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1964 – Kamala Harris, American lawyer and politician, 32nd Attorney General of California
  • 1964 – Tomoko Yamaguchi, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1965 – Norman Blake, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1965 – Jonathan I. Schwartz, American businessman
  • 1965 – Mikhail Shtalenkov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1965 – William Zabka, American actor and producer
  • 1966 – Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, Jordanian militant Islamist (d. 2006)
  • 1966 – Allan Donald, South African cricketer and coach
  • 1966 – Patrick Volkerding, American computer scientist and engineer, founded Slackware
  • 1967 – Elizabeth Carling, English actress and singer
  • 1967 – Kerrod Walters, Australian rugby league player
  • 1967 – Kevin Walters, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1968 – Susan Tully, English actress, director, and producer
  • 1969 – Laurie Daley, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1969 – Juan González, Puerto Rican-American baseball player
  • 1969 – Labros Papakostas, Greek high jumper
  • 1970 – Sander Boschker, Dutch footballer
  • 1970 – Neil Heywood, English-Chinese businessman (d. 2011)
  • 1970 – Aapo Ilves, Estonian poet and illustrator
  • 1970 – Michelle Malkin, American blogger and author
  • 1971 – Snoop Dogg, American rapper, producer, and actor
  • 1971 – Eddie Jones, American basketball player
  • 1971 – Kamiel Maase, Dutch runner
  • 1971 – Dannii Minogue, Australian singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1972 – Pie Geelen, Dutch swimmer
  • 1972 – Will Greenwood, English rugby player and sportscaster
  • 1972 – Brian Schatz, American academic and politician, 11th Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii
  • 1974 – Bashar Rahal, Emirati-American actor and producer
  • 1974 – Brian Limond, Scottish comedian and writer
  • 1974 – Ed Hale, American singer-songwriter, writer and socio-political activist
  • 1976 – Nikolaos Bacharidis, Greek footballer
  • 1976 – Dan Fogler, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1976 – Nicola Legrottaglie, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1977 – Matt Jansen, English footballer and manager
  • 1977 – Leila Josefowicz, Canadian-American violinist
  • 1977 – Erko Saviauk, Estonian footballer
  • 1977 – Sam Witwer, American actor and musician
  • 1978 – Virender Sehwag, Indian cricketer
  • 1978 – Paul Wilson, Scottish bass player and songwriter
  • 1979 – Vasyl Baranov, Ukrainian footballer
  • 1979 – Paul Ifill, English footballer
  • 1979 – John Krasinski, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1979 – Paul O’Connell, Irish rugby player
  • 1979 – Paul Terek, American decathlete
  • 1980 – Chad Robinson, Australian rugby league player (d. 2016)
  • 1980 – José Veras, Dominican baseball player
  • 1981 – Dimitris Papadopoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1981 – Francisco Javier Rodríguez, Mexican footballer
  • 1982 – Kristian Bak Nielsen, Danish footballer
  • 1982 – Becky Brewerton, Welsh golfer
  • 1983 – Flavio Cipolla, Italian tennis player
  • 1983 – Luis Saritama, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1983 – Michel Vorm, Dutch footballer
  • 1983 – Alona Tal, Israeli actress
  • 1984 – Mitch Lucker, American singer-songwriter (d. 2012)
  • 1984 – Florent Sinama Pongolle, French footballer
  • 1984 – Andrew Trimble, Irish rugby player
  • 1985 – Dominic McGuire, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Alphonso Smith, American football player
  • 1985 – James Sutton, English race car driver
  • 1986 – Wanlop Saechio, Thai footballer
  • 1986 – Elyse Taylor, Australian model
  • 1987 – Raphael Hackl, German rugby player
  • 1988 – Candice Swanepoel, South African supermodel and philanthropist
  • 1989 – Jess Glynne, English singer-songwriter
  • 1990 – Sam Mataora, Cook Islands rugby league player
  • 1991 – Zulfahmi Khairuddin, Malaysian motorcycle racer
  • 1992 – Ksenia Semyonova, Russian gymnast
  • 1992 – Ferhat Yazgan, Turkish footballer
  • 1996 – Anthony Sinisuka Ginting, Indonesian badminton player
  • 1998 – Jordan Ridley, Australian rules footballer

Deaths in October 20

  • 460 – Aelia Eudocia, Byzantine wife of Theodosius II (b. 401)
  • 967 – Li Yixing, Chinese governor
  • 1122 – Ralph d’Escures, archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1139 – Henry X, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1108)
  • 1187 – Pope Urban III
  • 1327 – Teresa d’Entença, Countess of Urgell (b. 1300)
  • 1401 – Klaus Störtebeker, German pirate
  • 1423 – Henry Bowet, Archbishop of York
  • 1439 – Ambrose the Camaldulian, Italian theologian
  • 1438 – Jacopo della Quercia, Sienese sculptor (b. c. 1374)
  • 1524 – Thomas Linacre, English physician and scholar (b. 1460)
  • 1538 – Francesco Maria I della Rovere, Duke of Urbino, condottiero (b. 1490)
  • 1570 – João de Barros, Portuguese historian and author (b. 1496)
  • 1602 – Walter Leveson, Elizabethan member of parliament, Shropshire landowner (b. 1550)
  • 1640 – John Ball, English clergyman and theologian (b. 1585)
  • 1652 – Antonio Coello, Spanish poet and playwright (b. 1611)
  • 1713 – Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician and academic (b. 1652)
  • 1740 – Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1685)
  • 1865 – Champ Ferguson, American guerrilla leader (b. 1821)
  • 1870 – Michael William Balfe, Irish violinist and composer (b. 1808)
  • 1871 – Karl Christian Ulmann, Latvian-German theologian and academic (b. 1793)
  • 1880 – Lydia Maria Child, American journalist, author, and activist (b. 1802)
  • 1883 – George Chichester, 3rd Marquess of Donegall (b. 1797)
  • 1890 – Richard Francis Burton, English-Italian geographer and explorer (b. 1821)
  • 1894 – James Anthony Froude, English historian, novelist, biographer and editor (b. 1818)
  • 1900 – Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet and translator (b. 1846)
  • 1908 – Vaiben Louis Solomon, Australian politician, 21st Premier of South Australia (b. 1853)
  • 1910 – David B. Hill, American lawyer and politician, 29th Governor of New York (b. 1843)
  • 1926 – Eugene V. Debs, American union leader and politician (b. 1855)
  • 1928 – Jack Peddie, Scottish footballer (b. 1876)
  • 1935 – Arthur Henderson, Scottish-English politician, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1863)
  • 1936 – Anne Sullivan, American educator (b. 1866)
  • 1940 – Gunnar Asplund, Swedish architect and academic, co-designed Skogskyrkogården (b. 1885)
  • 1941 – Ken Farnes, English cricketer and soldier (b. 1911)
  • 1950 – Henry L. Stimson, American colonel, lawyer, and politician, 46th United States Secretary of State (b. 1867)
  • 1953 – Werner Baumbach, German colonel and pilot (b. 1916)
  • 1956 – Lawrence Dale Bell, American industrialist and founder of Bell Aircraft Corporation (b. 1894)
  • 1957 – Michalis Dorizas, Greek-American javelin thrower and football player (b. 1890)
  • 1964 – Herbert Hoover, American engineer and politician, 31st President of the United States (b. 1874)
  • 1967 – Shigeru Yoshida, Japanese politician and diplomat, 32nd Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1878)
  • 1968 – Bud Flanagan, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1896)
  • 1972 – Harlow Shapley, American astronomer and academic (b. 1885)
  • 1977 – Steve Gaines, American guitarist (b. 1949)
  • 1977 – Ronnie Van Zant, American singer-songwriter (b. 1948)
  • 1978 – Gunnar Nilsson, Swedish race car driver (b. 1948)
  • 1983 – Yves Thériault, Canadian author (b. 1915)
  • 1983 – Merle Travis, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1917)
  • 1984 – Carl Ferdinand Cori, Czech-American biochemist and pharmacologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1896)
  • 1984 – Paul Dirac, English-American physicist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1987 – Andrey Kolmogorov, Russian mathematician and academic (b. 1903)
  • 1988 – Sheila Scott, English pilot and author (b. 1922)
  • 1989 – Anthony Quayle, English actor and director (b. 1913)
  • 1990 – Joel McCrea, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 1992 – Werner Torkanowsky, German-American conductor (b. 1926)
  • 1993 – Yasushi Sugiyama, Japanese painter (b. 1909)
  • 1994 – Burt Lancaster, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1995 – Christopher Stone, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1942)
  • 1995 – John Tonkin, Australian politician, 20th Premier of Western Australia (b. 1902)
  • 1999 – Calvin Griffith, Canadian-American businessman (b. 1911)
  • 1999 – Jack Lynch, Irish footballer, lawyer, and politician, 5th Taoiseach of Ireland (b. 1917)
  • 2001 – Ted Ammon, American financier and banker (b. 1949)
  • 2003 – Jack Elam, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – Anthony Hecht, American poet and educator (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Chuck Hiller, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1934)
  • 2005 – Shirley Horn, American singer and pianist (b. 1934)
  • 2005 – Eva Švankmajerová, Czech painter and poet (b. 1940)
  • 2005 – André van der Louw, Dutch lawyer and politician, 16th Mayor of Rotterdam (b. 1933)
  • 2006 – Arnold Viiding, Estonian shot putter and discus thrower (b. 1911)
  • 2006 – Jane Wyatt, American actress (b. 1910)
  • 2007 – Max McGee, American football player and sportscaster (b. 1932)
  • 2008 – Gene Hickerson, American football player (b. 1935)
  • 2010 – W. Cary Edwards, American politician (b. 1944)
  • 2010 – Bob Guccione, American publisher, founded Penthouse magazine (b. 1930)
  • 2010 – Eva Ibbotson, Austrian-English author (b. 1925)
  • 2010 – Max Kohnstamm, Dutch historian and diplomat (b. 1914)
  • 2010 – Farooq Leghari, Pakistani politician, 8th President of Pakistan (b. 1940)
  • 2011 – Muammar Gaddafi, Libyan colonel and politician, Prime Minister of Libya (b. 1942)
  • 2011 – Mutassim Gaddafi, Libyan colonel (b. 1977)
  • 2011 – Abu-Bakr Yunis Jabr, Libyan politician (b. 1942)
  • 2012 – Przemysław Gintrowski, Polish poet and composer (b. 1951)
  • 2012 – Paul Kurtz, American philosopher and academic (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – Dave May, American baseball player (b. 1943)
  • 2012 – John McConnell, American activist, created Earth Day (b. 1915)
  • 2012 – E. Donnall Thomas, American physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Raymond Watson, American businessman (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Jovanka Broz, Croatian-Serbian colonel (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Don James, American football player and coach (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Lawrence Klein, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Joginder Singh, Kenyan race car driver (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Larri Thomas, American actress and dancer (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Sid Yudain, American journalist, founded Roll Call (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – René Burri, Swiss photographer and journalist (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Oscar de la Renta, Dominican-American fashion designer (b. 1932)
  • 2014 – Christophe de Margerie, French businessman (b. 1951)
  • 2015 – Makis Dendrinos, Greek basketball player and coach (b. 1950)
  • 2015 – Arno Gruen, German-Swiss psychologist and psychoanalyst (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Kazimierz Łaski, Polish-Austrian economist and academic (b. 1921)
  • 2015 – Michael Meacher, English academic and politician, Secretary of State for the Environment, Transport and the Regions (b. 1939)
  • 2015 – Ian Steel, Scottish cyclist and manager (b. 1928)
  • 2016 – Robert E. Kramek, former United States Coast Guard admiral (b. 1939)
  • 2016 – Junko Tabei, Japanese mountaineer (b. 1939)
  • 2018 – Wim Kok, Dutch prime minister (b. 1938)
  • 2019 – Aquilino Pimentel Jr., Filipino politician (b. 1933)

Holidays and observances in October 20

  • Christian feast days:
    • Acca of Hexham
    • Aderald
    • Artemius
    • Caprasius of Agen
    • Hedwig (in Canada, moved from Oct. 16)
    • Irene of Tomar
    • Magdalene of Nagasaki
    • Margaret Marie Alacoque (in Canada, moved from Oct. 16)
    • Maria Bertilla Boscardin
    • Mater Admirabilis
    • October 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Arbor Day (Czech Republic)
  • Heroes’ Day (Kenya)
  • Revolution Day (Guatemala), one of the two Patriotic Days (Guatemala)
  • Vietnamese Women’s Day (Vietnam)
  • World Osteoporosis Day
  • World Statistics Day

November 25 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

November 25 is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 36 days remain until the end of the year.

November 25 in History

  • 571 BC – Servius Tullius, king of Rome, celebrates a triumph for his victory over the Etruscans.
  • 1034 – Máel Coluim mac Cináeda, King of Scots, dies. His grandson, Donnchad, son of Bethóc and Crínán of Dunkeld, inherits the throne.
  • 1120 – The White Ship sinks in the English Channel, drowning William Adelin, son and heir of Henry I of England.
  • 1177 – Baldwin IV of Jerusalem and Raynald of Châtillon defeat Saladin at the Battle of Montgisard.
  • 1343 – A tsunami, caused by an earthquake in the Tyrrhenian Sea, devastates Naples and the Maritime Republic of Amalfi, among other places.
  • 1487 – Elizabeth of York is crowned Queen of England.
  • 1491 – The siege of Granada, the last Moorish stronghold in Spain, ends with the Treaty of Granada.
  • 1510 – Portuguese conquest of Goa: Portuguese naval forces under the command of Afonso de Albuquerque, and local mercenaries working for privateer Timoji, seize Goa from the Bijapur Sultanate, resulting in 451 years of Portuguese colonial rule.
  • 1667 – A deadly earthquake rocks Shemakha in the Caucasus, killing 80,000 people.
  • 1678 – Trunajaya rebellion: After a long and logistically challenging march, the allied Mataram and Dutch troops successfully assaulted the rebel stronghold of Kediri.
  • 1755 – King Ferdinand VI of Spain grants royal protection to the Beaterio de la Compañia de Jesus, now known as the Congregation of the Religious of the Virgin Mary.
  • 1758 – French and Indian War: British forces capture Fort Duquesne from French control. Later, Fort Pitt will be built nearby and grow into modern Pittsburgh.
  • 1759 – An earthquake hits the Mediterranean destroying Beirut and Damascus and killing 30,000-40,000.
  • 1783 – American Revolutionary War: The last British troops leave New York City three months after the signing of the Treaty of Paris.
  • 1795 – Partitions of Poland: Stanisław August Poniatowski, the last king of independent Poland, is forced to abdicate and is exiled to Russia.
  • 1826 – The Greek frigate Hellas arrives in Nafplion to become the first flagship of the Hellenic Navy.
  • 1833 – A massive undersea earthquake, estimated magnitude between 8.7-9.2, rocks Sumatra, producing a massive tsunami all along the Indonesian coast.
  • 1839 – A cyclone slams into south-eastern India, with high winds and a 40-foot storm surge destroying the port city of Coringa (which has never been completely rebuilt). The storm wave swept inland, taking with it 20,000 ships and thousands of people. An estimated 300,000 deaths resulted from the disaster.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Missionary Ridge: At Missionary Ridge in Tennessee, Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant break the Siege of Chattanooga by routing Confederate troops under General Braxton Bragg.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: A group of Confederate operatives calling themselves the Confederate Army of Manhattan starts fires in more than 20 locations in an unsuccessful attempt to burn down New York City.
  • 1874 – The United States Greenback Party is established as a political party consisting primarily of farmers affected by the Panic of 1873.
  • 1876 – American Indian Wars: In retaliation for the American defeat at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, United States Army troops sack the sleeping village of Cheyenne Chief Dull Knife at the headwaters of the Powder River.
  • 1905 – Prince Carl of Denmark arrives in Norway to become King Haakon VII of Norway.
  • 1908 – A fire breaks out on SS Sardinia as it leaves Malta’s Grand Harbour, resulting in the ship’s grounding and the deaths of at least 118 people.
  • 1915 – Albert Einstein presents the field equations of general relativity to the Prussian Academy of Sciences.
  • 1917 – World War I: German forces defeat Portuguese army of about 1,200 at Negomano on the border of modern-day Mozambique and Tanzania.
  • 1918 – Vojvodina, formerly Austro-Hungarian crown land, proclaims its secession from Austria–Hungary to join the Kingdom of Serbia.
  • 1926 – The deadliest November tornado outbreak in U.S. history kills 76 people and injures more than 400.
  • 1936 – In Berlin, Germany and Japan sign the Anti-Comintern Pact, agreeing to consult on measures “to safeguard their common interests” in the case of an unprovoked attack by the Soviet Union against either nation. The pact is renewed on the same day five years later with additional signatories.
  • 1940 – World War II: First flights of both the de Havilland Mosquito and Martin B-26 Marauder.
  • 1941 – HMS Barham is sunk by a German torpedo during World War II.
  • 1943 – World War II: Statehood of Bosnia and Herzegovina is re-established at the State Anti-fascist Council for the National Liberation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • 1947 – Red Scare: The “Hollywood Ten” are blacklisted by Hollywood movie studios.
  • 1947 – New Zealand ratifies the Statute of Westminster and thus becomes independent of legislative control by the United Kingdom.
  • 1950 – The Great Appalachian Storm of November 1950 impacts 22 American states, killing 353 people, injuring over 160, and causing US$66.7 million in damages (1950 dollars).
  • 1952 – Agatha Christie’s murder-mystery play The Mousetrap opens at the Ambassadors Theatre in London. It will become the longest continuously-running play in history.
  • 1952 – Korean War: After 42 days of fighting, the Battle of Triangle Hill ends with Chinese victory, American and South Korean units abandon their attempt to capture the “Iron Triangle”.
  • 1958 – French Sudan gains autonomy as a self-governing member of the French Community.
  • 1960 – The Mirabal sisters of the Dominican Republic are assassinated.
  • 1963 – President John F. Kennedy is buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C.; his assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, is buried on the same day in Fort Worth, Texas.
  • 1970 – In Japan, author Yukio Mishima and one compatriot commit ritualistic seppuku after an unsuccessful coup attempt.
  • 1973 – Georgios Papadopoulos, head of the military Regime of the Colonels in Greece, is ousted in a hardliners’ coup led by Brigadier General Dimitrios Ioannidis.
  • 1975 – Suriname gains independence from the Netherlands.
  • 1977 – Former Senator Benigno Aquino, Jr., is found guilty by the Philippine Military Commission No. 2 and is sentenced to death by firing squad. He is later assassinated in 1983.
  • 1981 – Pope John Paul II appoints Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger (the future Pope Benedict XVI) Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.
  • 1984 – Thirty-six top musicians gather in a Notting Hill studio and record Band Aid’s “Do They Know It’s Christmas?” in order to raise money for famine relief in Ethiopia.
  • 1986 – Iran–Contra affair: U.S. Attorney General Edwin Meese announces that profits from covert weapons sales to Iran were illegally diverted to the anti-communist Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
  • 1986 – The King Fahd Causeway is officially opened in the Persian Gulf.
  • 1987 – Typhoon Nina pummels the Philippines with category 5 winds of 165 mph and a surge that destroys entire villages. At least 1,036 deaths are attributed to the storm.
  • 1992 – The Federal Assembly of Czechoslovakia votes to split the country into the Czech Republic and Slovakia, with effect from January 1, 1993.
  • 1996 – An ice storm strikes the central U.S., killing 26 people. A powerful windstorm affects Florida and winds gust over 90 mph, toppling trees and flipping trailers.
  • 1999 – A 5-year-old Cuban boy, Elian Gonzalez, is rescued by fishermen while floating in an inner tube off the Florida coast.
  • 2000 – The 2000 Baku earthquake, with a Richter magnitude of 7.0, leaves 26 people dead in Baku, Azerbaijan, and becomes the strongest earthquake in the region in 158 years.
  • 2008 – Cyclone Nisha strikes northern Sri Lanka, killing 15 people and displacing 90,000 others while dealing the region the highest rainfall in nine decades.
  • 2009 – Jeddah floods: Freak rains swamp the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, during an ongoing Hajj pilgrimage. Three thousand cars are swept away and 122 people perish in the torrents, with 350 others missing.

Births on November 25

  • 902 – Emperor Taizong of Liao (d. 947)
  • 1075 – Emperor Taizong of Jin (d. 1135)
  • 1454 – Catherine Cornaro, Queen of Cyprus (d. 1510)
  • 1467 – Thomas Dacre, 2nd Baron Dacre, Knight of Henry VIII of England (d. 1525)
  • 1493 – Osanna of Cattaro, Dominican visionary and anchoress (d. 1565)
  • 1562 – Lope de Vega, Spanish playwright and poet (d. 1635)
  • 1566 – John Heminges, English actor (d. 1630)
  • 1577 – Piet Pieterszoon Hein, Dutch admiral (d. 1629)
  • 1587 – Sir Gervase Clifton, 1st Baronet, English politician (d. 1666)
  • 1609 – Henrietta Maria of France (d. 1669)
  • 1638 – Catherine of Braganza (d. 1705)
  • 1666 – Giuseppe Giovanni Battista Guarneri, Italian violin maker (d. 1740)
  • 1703 – Jean-François Séguier, French astronomer and botanist (d. 1784)
  • 1752 – Johann Friedrich Reichardt, German composer and critic (d. 1814)
  • 1753 – Robert Townsend, American spy (d. 1838)
  • 1758 – John Armstrong, Jr., American general and politician, 7th United States Secretary of War (d. 1843)
  • 1778 – Mary Anne Schimmelpenninck, English author and activist (d. 1856)
  • 1787 – Franz Xaver Gruber, Austrian organist and composer (d. 1863)
  • 1814 – Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (d. 1878)
  • 1815 – William Sawyer, Canadian merchant and politician (d. 1904)
  • 1817 – John Bigelow, American lawyer and politician, United States Ambassador to France (d. 1911)
  • 1835 – Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1919)
  • 1841 – Ernst Schröder, German mathematician and academic (d. 1902)
  • 1843 – Henry Ware Eliot, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1919)
  • 1844 – Karl Benz, German engineer and businessman, founded Mercedes-Benz (d. 1929)
  • 1845 – José Maria de Eça de Queirós, Portuguese-French journalist and author (d. 1900)
  • 1846 – Carrie Nation, American activist (d. 1911)
  • 1858 – Alfred Capus, French journalist, author, and playwright (d. 1922)
  • 1862 – Ethelbert Nevin, American pianist and composer (d. 1901)
  • 1862 – Gustaf Söderström, Swedish tug of war competitor, shot putter, and discus thrower (d. 1958)
  • 1865 – Kate Gleason, American engineer, businesswoman, and philanthropist (d. 1933)
  • 1867 – Talaat Harb, Egyptian economist, founded the Banque Misr (d. 1941)
  • 1868 – Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse (d. 1937)
  • 1869 – Ben Lindsey, American lawyer and judge (d. 1934)
  • 1870 – Winthrop Ames, American director, producer, and playwright (d. 1937)
  • 1870 – Maurice Denis, French painter of Les Nabis movement (d. 1943)
  • 1872 – Robert Maysack, American gymnast and triathlete (d. 1960)
  • 1873 – Albert Henry Krehbiel, American painter and illustrator (d. 1945)
  • 1874 – Joe Gans, American boxer (d. 1910)
  • 1876 – Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1936)
  • 1877 – Harley Granville-Barker, British actor, director and playwright (d. 1946)
  • 1880 – John Flynn, Australian minister and pilot, founded the Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia (d. 1951)
  • 1880 – Elsie J. Oxenham, English author (d. 1960)
  • 1881 – Jacob Fichman, Romanian-Israeli poet and critic (d. 1958)
  • 1881 – Pope John XXIII (d. 1963)
  • 1883 – Harvey Spencer Lewis, American mystic and author (d. 1939)
  • 1887 – Nikolai Vavilov, Russian botanist and geneticist (d. 1943)
  • 1889 – Reşat Nuri Güntekin, Turkish author and playwright (d. 1956)
  • 1890 – Isaac Rosenberg, English soldier and poet (d. 1918)
  • 1891 – Ōnishiki Uichirō, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 26th Yokozuna (d. 1941)
  • 1893 – Joseph Wood Krutch, American author and critic (d. 1970)
  • 1895 – Wilhelm Kempff, German pianist and composer (d. 1991)
  • 1895 – Anastas Mikoyan, Soviet politician, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (d. 1978)
  • 1895 – Helen Hooven Santmyer, American poet and author (d. 1986)
  • 1895 – Ludvík Svoboda, Czech general and politician, 8th President of Czechoslovakia (d. 1979)
  • 1896 – Albertus Soegijapranata, Indonesian archbishop (d. 1963)
  • 1896 – Virgil Thomson, American composer and critic (d. 1989)
  • 1898 – Debaki Bose, Indian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1971)
  • 1898 – Aarne Viisimaa, Estonian tenor and director (d. 1989)
  • 1900 – Rudolf Höss, German SS officer (d. 1947)
  • 1900 – Helen Gahagan Douglas, American actress and politician (d. 1980)
  • 1901 – Arthur Liebehenschel, German SS officer (d. 1948)
  • 1902 – Eddie Shore, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (d. 1985)
  • 1904 – Lillian Copeland, American discus thrower and shot putter (d. 1964)
  • 1904 – Toni Ortelli, Italian composer and conductor (d. 2000)
  • 1905 – Samiha Ayverdi, Turkish mystic and author (d. 1993)
  • 1906 – Alice Ambrose, American philosopher and logician (d. 2001)
  • 1907 – John Stuart Hindmarsh, English race car driver and pilot (d. 1938)
  • 1908 – Natyaguru Nurul Momen, Bangladeshi playwright, author, educator, director and media personality (d. 1990)
  • 1909 – P. D. Eastman, American author and illustrator (d. 1986)
  • 1911 – Roelof Frankot, Dutch painter and photographer (d. 1984)
  • 1913 – Lewis Thomas, American physician, etymologist, and educator (d. 1993)
  • 1914 – Joe DiMaggio, American baseball player and coach (d. 1999)
  • 1914 – Léon Zitrone, Russian-French journalist (d. 1995)
  • 1915 – Augusto Pinochet, Chilean general and politician, 30th President of Chile (d. 2006)
  • 1915 – Armando Villanueva, Peruvian politician, 121st Prime Minister of Peru (d. 2013)
  • 1916 – Peg Lynch, American actress and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1917 – Luigi Poggi, Italian cardinal (d. 2010)
  • 1917 – Alparslan Türkeş, Cypriot-Turkish colonel and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey (d. 1997)
  • 1919 – Norman Tokar, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1979)
  • 1920 – Ricardo Montalbán, Mexican-American actor, singer, and director (d. 2009)
  • 1920 – Noel Neill, American actress (d. 2016)
  • 1922 – Shelagh Fraser, English actress (d. 2000)
  • 1922 – Ilja Hurník, Czech composer and playwright (d. 2013)
  • 1922 – Fernance B. Perry, Portuguese-American businessman and philanthropist (d. 2014)
  • 1923 – Mauno Koivisto, Finnish banker and politician, 9th President of Finland (d. 2017)
  • 1923 – Art Wall Jr., American golfer (d. 2001)
  • 1924 – Paul Desmond, American saxophonist and composer (d. 1977)
  • 1924 – Sybil Stockdale, American activist, co-founded the National League of Families (d. 2015)
  • 1924 – Takaaki Yoshimoto, Japanese poet, philosopher, and critic (d. 2012)
  • 1926 – Poul Anderson, American author (d. 2001)
  • 1926 – Jeffrey Hunter, American actor and producer (d. 1969)
  • 1926 – Ranganath Misra, Indian lawyer and jurist, 21st Chief Justice of India (d. 2012)
  • 1927 – John K. Cooley, American journalist and author (d. 2008)
  • 1929 – Judy Crichton, American director and producer (d. 2007)
  • 1931 – Nat Adderley, American cornet and trumpet player (d. 2000)
  • 1932 – Takayo Fischer, American actress and singer
  • 1933 – Kathryn Crosby, American actress and singer
  • 1935 – Robert Berner, American geologist and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1936 – Trisha Brown, American dancer and choreographer (d. 2017)
  • 1936 – Phoebe S. Leboy, American biochemist (d. 2012)
  • 1938 – Erol Güngör, Turkish sociologist and psychologist (d. 1983)
  • 1938 – Rosanna Schiaffino, Italian actress (d. 2009)
  • 1939 – Martin Feldstein, American economist and academic (d. 2019)
  • 1940 – Reinhard Furrer, Austrian-German physicist and astronaut (d. 1995)
  • 1940 – Joe Gibbs, American football player and coach
  • 1940 – Jan Jongbloed, Dutch footballer and coach
  • 1940 – Karl Offmann, Mauritian politician, 3rd President of Mauritius
  • 1940 – Shyamal Kumar Sen, Indian jurist and politician, 21st Governor of West Bengal
  • 1940 – Percy Sledge, American singer (d. 2015)
  • 1941 – Christos Papanikolaou, Greek pole vaulter
  • 1941 – Gerald Seymour, English journalist and author
  • 1941 – Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi, Pakistani spiritual leader and author
  • 1942 – Bob Lind, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1942 – Mimis Papaioannou, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1943 – Jerry Portnoy, American singer-songwriter and harmonica player
  • 1944 – Ben Stein, American actor, television personality, game show host, lawyer, and author
  • 1944 – Michael Kijana Wamalwa, Kenyan lawyer and politician, 8th Vice President of Kenya (d. 2003)
  • 1945 – Gail Collins, American journalist and author
  • 1945 – Patrick Nagel, American painter and illustrator (d. 1984)
  • 1945 – George Webster, American football player (d. 2007)
  • 1946 – Marc Brown, American author and illustrator
  • 1946 – Mike Doyle, English footballer (d. 2011)
  • 1947 – Jonathan Kaplan, French-American director and producer
  • 1947 – John Larroquette, American actor
  • 1948 – Jacques Dupuis, Canadian lawyer and politician, 14th Deputy Premier of Quebec
  • 1948 – Lars Eighner, American author
  • 1949 – Kerry O’Keeffe, Australian cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1950 – Chris Claremont, English-American author
  • 1950 – Giorgio Faletti, Italian author, screenwriter, and actor (d. 2014)
  • 1950 – Alexis Wright, Australian author
  • 1951 – Bucky Dent, American baseball player and manager
  • 1951 – Charlaine Harris, American author and poet
  • 1951 – Bill Morrissey, American singer-songwriter (d. 2011)
  • 1951 – Arturo Pérez-Reverte, Spanish author and journalist
  • 1951 – Johnny Rep, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1952 – Crescent Dragonwagon, American author and educator
  • 1952 – John Lynch, American businessman and politician, 80th Governor of New Hampshire
  • 1952 – Gabriele Oriali, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1953 – Graham Eadie, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1953 – Mark Frost, American author, screenwriter, and producer
  • 1953 – Jeffrey Skilling, American businessman
  • 1955 – Don Hahn, American director and producer
  • 1955 – Kurt Niedermayer, German footballer and manager
  • 1955 – Connie Palmen, Dutch author
  • 1955 – Bruno Tonioli, Italian dancer and choreographer
  • 1957 – Bob Ehrlich, American lawyer and politician, 60th Governor of Maryland
  • 1958 – Naomi Oreskes, American historian of science
  • 1959 – Charles Kennedy, Scottish journalist and politician (d. 2015)
  • 1959 – Steve Rothery, English guitarist and songwriter
  • 1960 – Amy Grant, American singer-songwriter
  • 1960 – John F. Kennedy Jr., American lawyer, journalist, and publisher (d. 1999)
  • 1961 – Paul Comstive, English footballer (d. 2013)
  • 1962 – Scott Cam, Australian carpenter and television host
  • 1962 – Gilbert Delorme, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1962 – Hironobu Sakaguchi, Japanese game designer, founded Mistwalker
  • 1962 – Jimon Terakado, Japanese comedian and actor
  • 1963 – Kevin Chamberlin, American actor and director
  • 1963 – Holly Cole, Canadian singer and actress
  • 1963 – Chip Kelly, American football player and coach
  • 1963 – Bernie Kosar, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1964 – Mark Lanegan, American singer-songwriter
  • 1965 – Tim Armstrong, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1965 – Cris Carter, American football player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1966 – Stacy Lattisaw, American R&B singer
  • 1967 – Anthony Nesty, Surinamese swimmer
  • 1967 – Gregg Turkington, Australian comedian and singer
  • 1968 – Jacqueline Hennessy, Canadian actress and journalist
  • 1968 – Jill Hennessy, Canadian actress and singer
  • 1968 – Erick Sermon, American rapper and producer
  • 1969 – Kim Ofstad, Norwegian drummer and composer
  • 1971 – Magnus Arvedson, Swedish ice hockey player and coach
  • 1971 – Göksel Demirpençe, Turkish singer-songwriter
  • 1972 – Deepa Marathe, Indian cricketer
  • 1973 – Steven de Jongh, Dutch cyclist
  • 1973 – Octavio Dotel, Dominican baseball player
  • 1973 – Erick Strickland, American basketball player
  • 1973 – Eddie Steeples, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1974 – Kenneth Mitchell, Canadian actor
  • 1975 – Abdelkader Benali, Moroccan-Dutch journalist and author
  • 1976 – Clint Mathis, American soccer player and coach
  • 1976 – Donovan McNabb, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1976 – Olena Vitrychenko, Ukrainian gymnast and coach
  • 1977 – Guillermo Cañas, Argentinian tennis player
  • 1977 – Marcus Marshall, Australian race car driver
  • 1978 – Ringo Sheena, Japanese singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1979 – Michael Lehan, American football player
  • 1980 – John-Michael Liles, American ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Josh Mathews, American wrestler and sportscaster
  • 1980 – Aaron Mokoena, South African footballer
  • 1980 – Alviro Petersen, South African cricketer
  • 1980 – Nick Swisher, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Steffen Thier, German rugby player
  • 1981 – Xabi Alonso, Spanish footballer
  • 1981 – Lee Bum-ho, South Korean baseball player
  • 1981 – Barbara Pierce Bush, American activist
  • 1981 – Jenna Bush Hager, American journalist
  • 1981 – Jared Jeffries, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Chevon Troutman, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Mitchell Claydon, Australian-English cricketer
  • 1983 – Kirsty Crawford, Scottish singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1983 – Jhulan Goswami, Indian cricketer
  • 1984 – Peter Siddle, Australian cricketer
  • 1985 – Remona Fransen, Dutch pentathlete
  • 1986 – Katie Cassidy, American actress
  • 1986 – Craig Gardner, English footballer
  • 1988 – Nodar Kumaritashvili, Georgian luger (d. 2010)
  • 1988 – Jay Spearing, English footballer
  • 1989 – Tom Dice, Belgian singer-songwriter
  • 1990 – Rye Rye, American rapper, dancer, and actress
  • 1990 – Everton Heleno dos Santos, Brazilian footballer
  • 1991 – Kyler Fackrell, American football player
  • 1991 – Jamie Grace, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress
  • 1991 – Philipp Grubauer, German ice hockey player
  • 1991 – Luca Tremolada, Italian footballer
  • 1991 – Kevin Woo, American-South Korean singer and dancer
  • 1992 – Ana Bogdan, Romanian tennis player
  • 1993 – Danny Kent, English motorcycle racer

Deaths on November 25

  • 311 – Pope Peter I of Alexandria
  • 734 – Bilge Khagan, Turkic emperor (b. 683)
  • 1034 – Malcolm II of Scotland (b. 954)
  • 1120 – William Adelin, son of Henry I of England (sinking of the White Ship) (b. 1103)
  • 1185 – Pope Lucius III (b. 1097)
  • 1326 – Prince Koreyasu, Japanese shōgun (b. 1264)
  • 1374 – Philip II, Prince of Taranto (b. 1329)
  • 1456 – Jacques Cœur, French merchant and banker (b. 1395)
  • 1560 – Andrea Doria, Italian admiral (b. 1466)
  • 1565 – Hu Zongxian, Chinese general (b. 1512)
  • 1626 – Edward Alleyn, English actor, founded Dulwich College (b. 1566)
  • 1694 – Ismaël Bullialdus, French astronomer and mathematician (b. 1605)
  • 1700 – Stephanus Van Cortlandt, American lawyer and politician, 10th Mayor of New York City (b. 1643)
  • 1748 – Isaac Watts, English hymnwriter and theologian (b. 1674)
  • 1755 – Johann Georg Pisendel, German violinist and composer (b. 1687)
  • 1785 – Richard Glover, English poet and politician (b. 1712)
  • 1865 – Heinrich Barth, German explorer and scholar (b. 1821)
  • 1884 – Hermann Kolbe, German chemist and academic (b. 1818)
  • 1885 – Thomas A. Hendricks, American lawyer and politician, 21st Vice President of the United States (b. 1819)
  • 1885 – Alfonso XII of Spain (b. 1857)
  • 1909 – Edward P. Allen, American lawyer and politician (b. 1839)
  • 1920 – Gaston Chevrolet, French-American race car driver and businessman (b. 1892)
  • 1925 – Vajiravudh, Siam king (b. 1880)
  • 1934 – N. E. Brown, English plant taxonomist and authority on succulents (b. 1849)
  • 1944 – Kenesaw Mountain Landis, American lawyer and judge (b. 1866)
  • 1948 – Kanbun Uechi, Japanese martial artist, founded Uechi-ryū (b. 1877)
  • 1949 – Bill Robinson, American actor and dancer (b. 1878)
  • 1950 – Mao Anying, Chinese general (b. 1922)
  • 1950 – Johannes V. Jensen, Danish author and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1873)
  • 1950 – Gustaf John Ramstedt, Finnish linguist and diplomat (b. 1873)
  • 1956 – Alexander Dovzhenko, Ukrainian-Russian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1894)
  • 1957 – Prince George of Greece and Denmark (b. 1869)
  • 1959 – Gérard Philipe, French actor (b. 1922)
  • 1961 – Hubert Van Innis, Belgian archer (b. 1866)
  • 1963 – Alexander Marinesko, Russian lieutenant (b. 1913)
  • 1965 – Myra Hess, English pianist and educator (b. 1890)
  • 1968 – Upton Sinclair, American novelist, critic, and essayist (b. 1878)
  • 1968 – Paul Siple, American geographer and explorer (b. 1908)
  • 1970 – Yukio Mishima, Japanese author, actor, and director (b. 1925)
  • 1972 – Henri Coandă, Romanian engineer, designed the Coandă-1910 (b. 1886)
  • 1973 – Laurence Harvey, Lithuania-born English actor (b. 1928)
  • 1974 – Nick Drake, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1948)
  • 1974 – U Thant, Burmese lawyer and diplomat, 3rd Secretary-General of the United Nations (b. 1909)
  • 1981 – Jack Albertson, American actor and singer (b. 1907)
  • 1983 – Saleem Raza (Pakistani singer), Pakistani Christian playback singer (b. 1932)
  • 1984 – Yashwantrao Chavan, Indian lawyer and politician, 5th Deputy Prime Minister of India (b. 1913)
  • 1985 – Geoffrey Grigson, English poet and critic (b. 1905)
  • 1985 – Franz Hildebrandt, German pastor and theologian (b. 1909)
  • 1987 – Harold Washington, American lawyer and politician, 51st Mayor of Chicago (b. 1922)
  • 1989 – Alva R. Fitch, American general (b. 1907)
  • 1990 – Merab Mamardashvili, Georgian philosopher and academic (b. 1930)
  • 1991 – Eleanor Audley, American actress and voice artist (b. 1905)
  • 1995 – Léon Zitrone, Russian-French journalist (b. 1914)
  • 1997 – Hastings Banda, Malawian physician and politician, 1st President of Malawi (b. 1898)
  • 1998 – Nelson Goodman, American philosopher and academic (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Flip Wilson, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1933)
  • 1999 – Valentín Campa, Mexican union leader and politician (b. 1904)
  • 2000 – Hugh Alexander, American baseball player and scout (b. 1917)
  • 2002 – Karel Reisz, Czech-English director and producer (b. 1926)
  • 2004 – Ed Paschke, American painter and academic (b. 1939)
  • 2005 – George Best, Northern Irish footballer (b. 1946)
  • 2005 – Richard Burns, English race car driver (b. 1971)
  • 2006 – Luciano Bottaro, Italian author and illustrator (b. 1931)
  • 2006 – Valentín Elizalde, Mexican singer-songwriter (b. 1979)
  • 2006 – Phyllis Fraser, American actress and publisher, co-founded Beginner Books (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Kenneth M. Taylor, American lieutenant and pilot (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Peter Lipton, American philosopher and academic (b. 1954)
  • 2010 – Alfred Balk, American journalist and author (b. 1930)
  • 2010 – Peter Christopherson, English keyboard player, songwriter, and director (b. 1955)
  • 2010 – C. Scott Littleton, American anthropologist and academic (b. 1933)
  • 2010 – Bernard Matthews, English businessman, founded Bernard Matthews Farms (b. 1930)
  • 2011 – Vasily Alekseyev, Russian weightlifter and coach (b. 1942)
  • 2011 – Coco Robicheaux, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1947)
  • 2012 – Lars Hörmander, Swedish mathematician and educator (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Dave Sexton, English footballer and manager (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Dinah Sheridan, English actress (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Jim Temp, American football player and businessman (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Lou Brissie, American baseball player (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Ricardo Fort, Argentinian businessman (b. 1968)
  • 2013 – Bill Foulkes, English footballer and manager (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Chico Hamilton, American drummer and bandleader (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Egon Lánský, Czech journalist and politician (b. 1934)
  • 2013 – Al Plastino, American author and illustrator (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Irvin J. Borowsky, American publisher and philanthropist (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Sitara Devi, Indian dancer, and choreographer (b. 1920)
  • 2014 – Petr Hapka, Czech composer and conductor (b. 1944)
  • 2014 – Denham Harman, American biogerontologist and academic (b. 1916)
  • 2015 – O’Neil Bell, Jamaican boxer (b. 1974)
  • 2015 – Jeremy Black, English admiral (b. 1932)
  • 2015 – Svein Christiansen, Norwegian drummer and composer (b. 1941)
  • 2015 – Lennart Hellsing, Swedish author and translator (b. 1919)
  • 2015 – Elmo Williams, American director, producer, and editor (b. 1913)
  • 2016 – Fidel Castro, Communist leader of Cuba, and revolutionary (b. 1926)
  • 2016 – Ron Glass, American actor (b. 1945)

Holidays and observances on November 25

  • Christian feast day:
    • Catherine Labouré
    • Catherine of Alexandria and its related observances
    • Elizabeth of Reute
    • Isaac Watts (Lutheran Church and Church of England)
    • James Otis Sargent Huntington (Episcopal Church)
    • November 25 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Suriname from the Netherlands in 1975.
  • International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women
  • National Day (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
  • Teachers’ Day (Indonesia)
  • Vajiravudh Memorial Day (Thailand)

September 5 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

  • 917 – Liu Yan declares himself emperor, establishing the Southern Han state in southern China, at his capital of Panyu.
  • 1590 – Alexander Farnese’s army forces Henry IV of France to lift the siege of Paris.
  • 1661 – Fall of Nicolas Fouquet: Louis XIV Superintendent of Finances is arrested in Nantes by D’Artagnan, captain of the king’s musketeers.
  • 1666 – Great Fire of London ends: Ten thousand buildings, including Old St Paul’s Cathedral, are destroyed, but only six people are known to have died.
  • 1697 – War of the Grand Alliance : A French warship commanded by Captain Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville defeated an English squadron at the Battle of Hudson’s Bay.
  • 1698 – In an effort to Westernize his nobility, Tsar Peter I of Russia imposes a tax on beards for all men except the clergy and peasantry.
  • 1725 – Wedding of Louis XV and Maria Leszczyńska.
  • 1774 – First Continental Congress assembles in Philadelphia.
  • 1781 – Battle of the Chesapeake in the American Revolutionary War: The British Navy is repelled by the French Navy, contributing to the British surrender at Yorktown.
  • 1791 – Olympe de Gouges writes the Declaration of the Rights of Woman and of the Female Citizen.
  • 1793 – French Revolution: The French National Convention initiates the Reign of Terror.
  • 1798 – Conscription is made mandatory in France by the Jourdan law.
  • 1812 – War of 1812: The Siege of Fort Wayne begins when Chief Winamac’s forces attack two soldiers returning from the fort’s outhouses.
  • 1816 – Louis XVIII has to dissolve the Chambre introuvable (“Unobtainable Chamber”).
  • 1836 – Sam Houston is elected as the first president of the Republic of Texas.
  • 1839 – The United Kingdom declares war on the Qing dynasty of China.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The Army of Northern Virginia crosses the Potomac River at White’s Ford in the Maryland Campaign.
  • 1877 – American Indian Wars: Oglala Sioux chief Crazy Horse is bayoneted by a United States soldier after resisting confinement in a guardhouse at Fort Robinson in Nebraska.
  • 1882 – The first United States Labor Day parade is held in New York City.
  • 1882 – Tottenham Hotspur, a Premier League football club from North London, is founded (as Hotspur F.C.).
  • 1887 – A fire at the Theatre Royal, Exeter, kills 186.
  • 1905 – Russo-Japanese War: In New Hampshire, United States, the Treaty of Portsmouth, mediated by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt, ends the war.
  • 1906 – The first legal forward pass in American football is thrown by Bradbury Robinson of St. Louis University to teammate Jack Schneider in a 22–0 victory over Carroll College (Wisconsin).
  • 1914 – World War I: First Battle of the Marne begins. Northeast of Paris, the French attack and defeat German forces who are advancing on the capital.
  • 1915 – The pacifist Zimmerwald Conference begins.
  • 1921 – Roscoe “Fatty” Arbuckle party in San Francisco ends with the death of the young actress Virginia Rappe: One of the first scandals of the Hollywood community.
  • 1927 – The first Oswald the Lucky Rabbit cartoon, Trolley Troubles, produced by Walt Disney, is released by Universal Pictures.
  • 1932 – The French Upper Volta is broken apart between Ivory Coast, French Sudan, and Niger.
  • 1937 – Spanish Civil War: Llanes falls to the Nationalists following a one-day siege.
  • 1938 – Chile: A group of youths affiliated with the fascist National Socialist Movement of Chile are executed after surrendering during a failed coup.
  • 1941 – Whole territory of Estonia is occupied by Nazi Germany.
  • 1942 – World War II: Japanese high command orders withdrawal at Milne Bay, the first major Japanese defeat in land warfare during the Pacific War.
  • 1943 – World War II: The 503rd Parachute Infantry Regiment lands and occupies Lae Nadzab Airport, near Lae in the Salamaua–Lae campaign.
  • 1944 – Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg constitute Benelux.
  • 1945 – Cold War: Igor Gouzenko, a Soviet Union embassy clerk, defects to Canada, exposing Soviet espionage in North America, signalling the beginning of the Cold War.
  • 1945 – Iva Toguri D’Aquino, a Japanese American suspected of being wartime radio propagandist Tokyo Rose, is arrested in Yokohama.
  • 1948 – In France, Robert Schuman becomes President of the Council while being Foreign minister; as such, he is the negotiator of the major treaties of the end of World War II.
  • 1957 – Cuban Revolution: Fulgencio Batista bombs the revolt in Cienfuegos.
  • 1960 – Poet Léopold Sédar Senghor is the first elected President of Senegal.
  • 1960 – Muhammad Ali (then known as Cassius Clay) wins the gold medal in the light heavyweight boxing competition at the Olympic Games in Rome.
  • 1969 – My Lai Massacre: U.S. Army Lieutenant William Calley is charged with six specifications of premeditated murder for the death of 109 Vietnamese civilians in My Lai.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: Operation Jefferson Glenn begins: The United States 101st Airborne Division and the South Vietnamese 1st Infantry Division initiate a new operation in Thừa Thiên–Huế Province.
  • 1970 – Jochen Rindt becomes the only driver to posthumously win the Formula One World Drivers’ Championship (in 1970), after being killed in practice for the Italian Grand Prix.
  • 1972 – Munich massacre: A Palestinian terrorist group called “Black September” attacks and takes hostage 11 Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympic Games. Two die in the attack and nine are murdered the following day.
  • 1975 – Sacramento, California: Lynette Fromme attempts to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford.
  • 1977 – Voyager Program: NASA launches the Voyager 1 spacecraft.
  • 1978 – Camp David Accords: Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat begin peace discussions at Camp David, Maryland.
  • 1980 – The Gotthard Road Tunnel opens in Switzerland as the world’s longest highway tunnel at 10.14 miles (16.32 km) stretching from Göschenen to Airolo.
  • 1984 – STS-41-D: The Space Shuttle Discovery lands after its maiden voyage.
  • 1984 – Western Australia becomes the last Australian state to abolish capital punishment.
  • 1986 – Pan Am Flight 73 from Mumbai, India with 358 people on board is hijacked at Karachi International Airport.
  • 1990 – Sri Lankan Civil War: Sri Lankan Army soldiers slaughter 158 civilians.
  • 1991 – The current international treaty defending indigenous peoples, Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989, comes into force.
  • 1996 – Hurricane Fran makes landfall near Cape Fear, North Carolina as a Category 3 storm with 115 mph sustained winds. Fran caused over $3 billion in damage and killed 27 people.
  • 2012 – An accidental explosion at a Turkish Army ammunition store in Afyon, western Turkey kills 25 soldiers and wounds four others.

Births on September 5

  • 699 – Abu Hanifa, Iraqi scholar (d. 767)
  • 989 – Fan Zhongyan, Chinese chancellor (d. 1052)
  • 1187 – Louis VIII, king of France (d. 1226)
  • 1201 – Alix of Thouars, duchess of Brittany (d. 1221)
  • 1319 – Peter IV, king of Aragon (d. 1387)
  • 1451 – Isabel Neville, daughter of Richard Neville (d. 1476)
  • 1500 – Maria of Jever, ruler of the Lordship of Jever (d. 1575)
  • 1533 – Jacopo Zabarella, Italian philosopher and logician (d. 1589)
  • 1540 – Magnus of Holstein, prince of Denmark (d. 1583)
  • 1567 – Date Masamune, Japanese daimyō (d. 1636)
  • 1568 – Tommaso Campanella, Italian poet, philosopher, and theologian (d. 1639)
  • 1638 – Louis XIV, king of France (d. 1715)
  • 1641 – Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland, English diplomat (d. 1702)
  • 1642 – Maria of Orange-Nassau, Dutch princess (d. 1688)
  • 1651 – William Dampier, English explorer (d. 1715)
  • 1666 – Gottfried Arnold, German historian and theologian (d. 1714)
  • 1667 – Giovanni Girolamo Saccheri, Italian priest, mathematician, and philosopher (d. 1733)
  • 1694 – František Václav Míča, Czech conductor and composer (d. 1744)
  • 1695 – Carl Gustaf Tessin, Swedish politician and diplomat (d. 1770)
  • 1722 – Frederick Christian, Prince-Elector of Saxony (d. 1763)
  • 1725 – Jean-Étienne Montucla, French mathematician and theorist (d. 1799)
  • 1735 – Johann Christian Bach, German-English viol player and composer (d. 1782)
  • 1750 – Robert Fergusson, Scottish poet and author (d. 1774)
  • 1769 – John Shortland, English commander (d. 1810)
  • 1771 – Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen (d. 1847)
  • 1772 – Fath-Ali Shah Qajar, Iranian king (d. 1834)
  • 1774 – Caspar David Friedrich, German painter and etcher (d. 1840)
  • 1775 – Juan Martín Díez, Spanish general (d. 1825)
  • 1781 – Anton Diabelli, Austrian composer and publisher (d. 1858)
  • 1787 – François Sulpice Beudant, French mineralogist and geologist (d. 1850)
  • 1791 – Giacomo Meyerbeer, German pianist and composer (d. 1864)
  • 1792 – Ours-Pierre-Armand Petit-Dufrénoy, French geologist and mineralogist (d. 1857)
  • 1806 – Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière, French general and politician, French Minister of War (d. 1865)
  • 1817 – Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian poet, author, and playwright (d. 1875)
  • 1818 – Edmund Kennedy, Australian explorer and surveyor (d. 1848)
  • 1826 – John Wisden, English cricketer and businessman (d. 1884)
  • 1827 – Goffredo Mameli, Italian poet and songwriter (d. 1849)
  • 1829 – Lester Allan Pelton, American inventor (d. 1908)
  • 1831 – Victorien Sardou, French author and playwright (d. 1908)
  • 1833 – George Huntington Hartford, American businessman (d. 1917)
  • 1836 – Justiniano Borgoño, Peruvian soldier and politician, 57th President of Peru (d. 1921)
  • 1847 – Jesse James, American outlaw (d. 1882)
  • 1856 – Thomas E. Watson, American lawyer, publisher, and politician (d. 1922)
  • 1867 – Amy Beach, American pianist and composer (d. 1944)
  • 1871 – Friedrich Akel, Estonian physician and politician, Head of State of Estonia (d 1941)
  • 1872 – V. O. Chidambaram Pillai, Indian lawyer and politician (d. 1936)
  • 1872 – Horace Rice, Australian tennis player (d. 1950)
  • 1873 – Cornelius Vanderbilt III, American general and engineer (d. 1942)
  • 1874 – Nap Lajoie, American baseball player and manager (d. 1959)
  • 1876 – Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb, German field marshal (d. 1956)
  • 1880 – José María of Manila, Spanish-Filipino priest and martyr (d. 1936)
  • 1881 – Otto Bauer, Austrian philosopher and politician, Foreign Minister of Austria (d. 1938)
  • 1881 – Henry Maitland Wilson, 1st Baron Wilson, English field marshal (d. 1964)
  • 1883 – Otto Erich Deutsch, Austrian musicologist and scholar (d. 1967)
  • 1888 – Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Indian philosopher and politician, 2nd President of India (d. 1975)
  • 1892 – Joseph Szigeti, Hungarian violinist and educator (d. 1973)
  • 1897 – Morris Carnovsky, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1897 – Arthur Nielsen, American market analyst, founded ACNielsen (d. 1980)
  • 1899 – Humphrey Cobb, American author and screenwriter (d. 1944)
  • 1899 – Helen Creighton, Canadian author and educator (d. 1989)
  • 1901 – Florence Eldridge, American actress (d. 1988)
  • 1901 – Mario Scelba, Italian politician, 33rd Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1991)
  • 1902 – Jean Dalrymple, American playwright, producer, manager, and publicist (d. 1998)
  • 1902 – Darryl F. Zanuck, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1979)
  • 1904 – Vera Bradford, Australian pianist and educator (d. 2004)
  • 1905 – Maurice Challe, French general (d. 1979)
  • 1905 – Arthur Koestler, Hungarian-English journalist and author (d. 1983)
  • 1905 – Justiniano Montano, Filipino lawyer and politician (d. 2005)
  • 1906 – Ralston Crawford, American painter, lithographer, and photographer (d. 1978)
  • 1906 – Sunnyland Slim, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1995)
  • 1908 – Josué de Castro, Brazilian physician, geographer, and activist (d. 1973)
  • 1908 – Joaquín Nin-Culmell, German-American pianist and composer (d. 2004)
  • 1908 – Cecilia Seghizzi, Italian composer and painter (d. 2019)
  • 1909 – Hans Carste, German pianist and conductor (d. 1971)
  • 1909 – Bernard Delfont, Russian-English talent manager (d. 1994)
  • 1909 – Archie Jackson, Scottish-Australian cricketer (d. 1933)
  • 1910 – Leila Mackinlay, English author (d. 1996)
  • 1910 – Phiroze Palia, Indian cricketer (d. 1981)
  • 1912 – John Cage, American composer and theorist (d. 1992)
  • 1912 – Kristina Söderbaum, Swedish-German actress and photographer (d. 2001)
  • 1912 – Frank Thomas, American voice actor, animator, and screenwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1914 – Stuart Freeborn, English make up artist (d. 2013)
  • 1914 – Gail Kubik, American violinist, composer, and educator (d. 1984)
  • 1914 – Nicanor Parra, Chilean physicist, mathematician, and poet (d. 2018)
  • 1916 – Frank Shuster, Canadian comedian, actor, and screenwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1916 – Frank Yerby, American novelist (d. 1991)
  • 1917 – Pedro E. Guerrero, American photographer (d. 2012)
  • 1917 – Sören Nordin, Swedish harness racer and trainer (d. 2008)
  • 1918 – Luis Alcoriza, Mexican actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1992)
  • 1918 – Bob Katter, Sr., Australian captain and politician (d. 1990)
  • 1918 – Fred McCarthy, American cartoonist and monk (d. 2009)
  • 1919 – Elisabeth Volkenrath, German SS officer (d. 1945)
  • 1920 – Peter Racine Fricker, English-American composer and educator (d. 1990)
  • 1920 – Fons Rademakers, Dutch-Swiss actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Murray Henderson, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1921 – Jack Valenti, American businessman, created the MPAA film rating system (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Denys Wilkinson, English physicist and academic (d. 2016)
  • 1923 – David Hamer, Australian captain and politician (d. 2002)
  • 1923 – Ken Meuleman, Australian cricketer (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Paul Dietzel, American football player and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1924 – Frank Armitage, Australian-American artist (d. 2016)
  • 1925 – Justin Kaplan, American author (d. 2014)
  • 1927 – Paul Volcker, American economist and academic (d. 2019)
  • 1928 – Joyce Hatto, English pianist and educator (d. 2006)
  • 1928 – Albert Mangelsdorff, German trombonist and educator (d. 2005)
  • 1929 – Bob Newhart, American comedian and actor
  • 1929 – Andriyan Nikolayev, Russian general, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2004)
  • 1932 – Carol Lawrence, American actress and singer
  • 1932 – Robert H. Dennard, American electrical engineer and inventor
  • 1933 – Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa, Chilean cardinal
  • 1934 – Paul Josef Cordes, German cardinal
  • 1934 – Dennis Letts, American actor and educator (d. 2008)
  • 1934 – Kevin McNamara, English politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
  • 1935 – Werner Erhard, American author and philanthropist, founded Werner Erhard and Associates and The Hunger Project
  • 1935 – Helen Gifford, Australian composer and educator
  • 1936 – Robert Burns, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1936 – John Danforth, American politician and diplomat, 24th United States Ambassador to the United Nations
  • 1936 – Jonathan Kozol, American sociologist, author, and educator
  • 1936 – Bill Mazeroski, American baseball player and coach
  • 1936 – Knuts Skujenieks, Latvian poet, journalist, and translator
  • 1937 – Antonio Valentín Angelillo, Argentinian footballer and manager
  • 1937 – Dick Clement, English director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1938 – John Ferguson, Sr., Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager (d. 2007)
  • 1938 – Doreen Massey, Baroness Massey of Darwen, English politician
  • 1939 – Claudette Colvin, American nurse and activist
  • 1939 – William Devane, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1939 – George Lazenby, Australian actor
  • 1939 – John Stewart, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2008)
  • 1939 – George Tremlett, English journalist, author, and politician
  • 1940 – Valerie Howarth, Baroness Howarth of Breckland, English politician
  • 1940 – Raquel Welch, American actress and singer
  • 1941 – Dave Dryden, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1942 – Werner Herzog, German actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1942 – Eduardo Mata, Mexican conductor and composer (d. 1995)
  • 1943 – Dulce Saguisag, Filipino social worker and politician, 10th Filipino Secretary of Social Welfare and Development (d. 2007)
  • 1944 – Dario Bellezza, Italian poet, author, and playwright (d. 1996)
  • 1944 – Gareth Evans, Australian lawyer and politician, 33rd Australian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1945 – Eva Bergman, Swedish director and screenwriter
  • 1945 – Al Stewart, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1946 – Kyongae Chang, South Korean astrophysicist and academic
  • 1946 – Dennis Dugan, American actor and director
  • 1946 – Dean Ford, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist (Marmalade) (d. 2018)
  • 1946 – Freddie Mercury, Tanzanian-English singer-songwriter and producer (d. 1991)
  • 1946 – Loudon Wainwright III, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1947 – Mel Collins, Manx saxophonist and flute player
  • 1947 – Chip Davis, American pianist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1947 – Buddy Miles, American singer-songwriter and drummer (d. 2008)
  • 1947 – Bruce Yardley, Australian cricketer and sportscaster (d. 2019)
  • 1948 – Benita Ferrero-Waldner, Austrian lawyer, politician, and diplomat, Foreign Minister of Austria
  • 1949 – Clem Clempson, English guitarist and songwriter
  • 1950 – Rosie Cooper, English businesswoman and politician
  • 1950 – Cathy Guisewite, American cartoonist, created Cathy
  • 1951 – Paul Breitner, German footballer
  • 1951 – Michael Keaton, American actor and producer
  • 1951 – Jamie Oldaker, American drummer and percussionist
  • 1952 – David Glen Eisley, American rock singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1953 – Victor Davis Hanson, American historian and journalist
  • 1953 – Murray Mexted, New Zealand rugby player and sportscaster
  • 1953 – Eiki Nestor, Estonian engineer and politician, Estonian Minister of Social Affairs
  • 1953 – Paul Piché, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1954 – Richard Austin, Jamaican footballer and cricketer (d. 2015)
  • 1954 – Frederick Kempe, American journalist and author
  • 1956 – Roine Stolt, Swedish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1957 – Rudi Gores, German footballer and manager
  • 1957 – Peter Winnen, Dutch cyclist
  • 1958 – Lars Danielsson, Swedish bassist, composer, and producer
  • 1959 – Frank Schirrmacher, German journalist and publisher (d. 2014)
  • 1960 – Don Kulick, Swedish anthropologist and academic
  • 1961 – Marc-André Hamelin, Canadian pianist and composer
  • 1962 – Tracy Edwards, English sailor and coach
  • 1962 – John McGrath, Welsh businessman
  • 1963 – Juan Alderete, American bass player and songwriter
  • 1963 – Jeff Brantley, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1963 – Terry Ellis, American R&B singer–songwriter and actress
  • 1963 – Taki Inoue, Japanese race car driver and manager
  • 1964 – Frank Farina, Australian footballer and manager
  • 1964 – Sergei Loznitsa, Belarusian-Ukrainian director and screenwriter
  • 1964 – Ken Norman, American basketball player
  • 1964 – Thomas Mikal Ford, American actor (d. 2016)
  • 1965 – David Brabham, Australian race car driver
  • 1965 – Hoshitango Imachi, Japanese wrestler
  • 1965 – Nick Talbot, English geneticist and academic
  • 1966 – Achero Mañas, Spanish actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Milinko Pantić, Serbian footballer and manager
  • 1967 – Matthias Sammer, German footballer and manager
  • 1967 – Jane Sixsmith, English field hockey player
  • 1968 – Serhiy Kovalets, Ukrainian footballer and manager
  • 1968 – Dennis Scott, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1968 – Robin van der Laan, Dutch footballer and coach
  • 1968 – Brad Wilk, American singer-songwriter and drummer
  • 1969 – Leonardo Araújo, Brazilian footballer and manager
  • 1969 – Mariko Kouda, Japanese voice actress, singer, and radio host
  • 1969 – Mark Ramprakash, English cricketer and coach
  • 1969 – Dweezil Zappa, American actor and musician
  • 1970 – Liam Lynch, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, puppeteer, and director
  • 1970 – Mohammad Rafique, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1970 – Gilbert Remulla, Filipino journalist and politician
  • 1970 – Johnny Vegas, English actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1971 – Adam Hollioake, Australian cricketer and mixed martial artist
  • 1972 – Shane Sewell, Canadian-American wrestler and referee
  • 1972 – Guy Whittall, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1973 – Paddy Considine, English actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1973 – Rose McGowan, American actress
  • 1974 – Lauren Jeska, British transgender fell runner convicted of the attempted murder of Ralph Knibbs
  • 1974 – Rawl Lewis, Grenadian cricketer
  • 1974 – Ken-Marti Vaher, Estonian politician, Estonian Minister of the Interior
  • 1975 – Rod Barajas, American baseball player and manager
  • 1975 – George Boateng, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1975 – Randy Choate, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Matt Geyer, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1976 – Tatiana Gutsu, Ukrainian gymnast
  • 1977 – Rosevelt Colvin, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1977 – Joseba Etxeberria, Spanish footballer
  • 1977 – Minoru Fujita, Japanese wrestler
  • 1977 – Nazr Mohammed, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Laura Bertram, Canadian actress
  • 1978 – Chris Jack, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1978 – Sylvester Joseph, Antiguan cricketer
  • 1978 – Zhang Zhong, Chinese chess player
  • 1979 – John Carew, Norwegian footballer
  • 1979 – Stacey Dales, Canadian basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1979 – Julien Lizeroux, French skier
  • 1979 – Salvatore Mastronunzio, Italian footballer
  • 1979 – George O’Callaghan, Irish footballer
  • 1980 – Franco Costanzo, Argentinian footballer
  • 1980 – Kevin Simm, British singer
  • 1981 – Daniel Moreno, Spanish cyclist
  • 1981 – Kai Rüütel, Estonian opera singer
  • 1981 – Filippo Volandri, Italian tennis player
  • 1982 – Alexandre Geijo, Spanish-Swiss footballer
  • 1983 – Eugen Bopp, Ukrainian-German footballer
  • 1983 – Pablo Granoche, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1983 – Lincoln Riley, American football coach
  • 1983 – Antony Sweeney, English footballer
  • 1984 – Alison Bell, Scottish field hockey player 
  • 1984 – Chris Anker Sørensen, Danish cyclist
  • 1985 – Ryan Guy, American soccer player
  • 1986 – Colt McCoy, American football player
  • 1986 – Pragyan Ojha, Indian cricketer
  • 1988 – Denni Avdić, Swedish footballer
  • 1988 – Felipe Caicedo, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1989 – Elena Delle Donne, American basketball player
  • 1989 – José Ángel Valdés, Spanish footballer
  • 1989 – Ben Youngs, English rugby player
  • 1990 – Antonio Esposito, Italian footballer
  • 1990 – Francesca Segarelli, Dominican tennis player
  • 1990 – Lance Stephenson, American basketball player
  • 1990 – Yuna Kim, South Korean figure skater
  • 1990 – Franco Zuculini, Argentinian footballer
  • 1991 – Zeki Yavru, Turkish footballer
  • 1994 – Gregorio Paltrinieri, Italian swimmer
  • 1995 – Szabina Szlavikovics, Hungarian tennis player
  • 1996 – Richairo Zivkovic, Dutch footballer
  • 1996 – Sigrid, Norwegian singer

Deaths on September 5

  • 590 – Authari, Lombard king (b. 540)
  • 714 – Shang, emperor of the Tang Dynasty
  • 1165 – Nijō, emperor of Japan (b. 1143)
  • 1235 – Henry I, duke of Brabant (b. 1165)
  • 1311 – Amadeus Aba, Hungarian oligarch
  • 1336 – Charles d’Évreux, count of Étampes (b. 1305)
  • 1526 – Alonso de Salazar, Spanish explorer
  • 1548 – Catherine Parr, Sixth and last Queen of Henry VIII of England (b. c. 1512)
  • 1562 – Katharina Zell, German Protestant reformer (b. 1497)
  • 1569 – Edmund Bonner, Bishop of London (b. c. 1500)
  • 1607 – Pomponne de Bellièvre, French politician, Chancellor of France (b. 1529)
  • 1629 – Domenico Allegri, Italian singer-songwriter (b. 1585)
  • 1734 – Nicolas Bernier, French composer (b. 1664)
  • 1786 – Jonas Hanway, English merchant and philanthropist (b. 1712)
  • 1803 – Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, French general and author (b. 1741)
  • 1803 – François Devienne, French flute player and composer (b. 1759)
  • 1836 – Ferdinand Raimund, Austrian actor and playwright (b. 1790)
  • 1838 – Charles Percier, French architect and interior decorator (b. 1764)
  • 1857 – Auguste Comte, French sociologist and philosopher (b. 1798)
  • 1876 – Manuel Blanco Encalada, Chilean admiral and politician, 1st President of Chile (b. 1790)
  • 1877 – Crazy Horse, American tribal leader (b. 1849)
  • 1894 – George Stoneman, Jr., United States Army cavalry officer (b. 1822)
  • 1898 – Sarah Emma Edmonds, Canadian-American nurse, soldier, and spy (b. 1841)
  • 1901 – Ignacij Klemenčič, Slovenian physicist and academic (b. 1853)
  • 1902 – Rudolf Virchow, German anthropologist, pathologist, and biologist (b. 1821)
  • 1906 – Ludwig Boltzmann, Austrian physicist and philosopher (b. 1844)
  • 1909 – Louis Bouveault, French chemist (b. 1864)
  • 1912 – Arthur MacArthur, Jr., American general (b. 1845)
  • 1917 – Marian Smoluchowski, Austrian-Polish physicist and mountaineer (b. 1872)
  • 1920 – Robert Harron, American actor (b. 1893)
  • 1922 – Georgette Agutte, French painter (b. 1867)
  • 1926 – Karl Harrer, German journalist and politician (b. 1890)
  • 1930 – Robert Means Thompson, American soldier, businessman, and philanthropist (b. 1849)
  • 1931 – John Thomson, Scottish footballer (b. 1909)
  • 1932 – Francisco Acebal, Spanish journalist, author, and playwright (b. 1866)
  • 1932 – Paul Bern, German-American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1889)
  • 1934 – Sidney Myer, Russian-Australian businessman, founded Myer Stores (b. 1878)
  • 1936 – Gustave Kahn, French poet and critic (b. 1859)
  • 1942 – François de Labouchère, French soldier and pilot (b. 1917)
  • 1945 – Clem Hill, Australian cricketer and footballer (b. 1877)
  • 1948 – Richard C. Tolman, American physicist and chemist (b. 1881)
  • 1953 – Richard Walther Darré, Argentinian-German agronomist and politician (b. 1895)
  • 1954 – Eugen Schiffer, German lawyer and politician, Vice-Chancellor of Germany (b. 1860)
  • 1955 – Haydn Bunton, Sr., Australian footballer and coach (b. 1911)
  • 1965 – Thomas Johnston, Scottish journalist and politician, Secretary of State for Scotland (b. 1882)
  • 1966 – Dezső Lauber, Hungarian golfer, tennis player, and architect (b. 1879)
  • 1970 – Jochen Rindt, German-Austrian race car driver (b. 1942)
  • 1972 – Alan Kippax, Australian cricketer and businessman (b. 1897)
  • 1973 – Jack Fournier, American baseball player and coach (b. 1889)
  • 1977 – Marcel Thiry, Belgian poet and activist (b. 1897)
  • 1979 – Alberto di Jorio, Italian cardinal (b. 1884)
  • 1980 – Don Banks, Australian composer and educator (b. 1923)
  • 1982 – Douglas Bader, English captain and pilot (b. 1910)
  • 1984 – Adam Malik, Indonesian politician and diplomat, 3rd Vice President of Indonesia (b. 1917)
  • 1984 – Jane Roberts, American psychic and author (b. 1929)
  • 1985 – Johannes Hint, Estonian engineer (b. 1914)
  • 1986 – Neerja Bhanot, Indian model and youngest recipient of country’s highest peacetime military award Ashok Chakra (b. 1963)
  • 1988 – Gert Fröbe, German actor and singer (b. 1913)
  • 1989 – Philip Baxter, Welsh-English engineer and academic (b. 1905)
  • 1990 – Hugh Foot, Baron Caradon, English academic and diplomat (b. 1907)
  • 1990 – Jerry Iger, American cartoonist and publisher, co-founded Eisner & Iger (b. 1903)
  • 1990 – Ivan Mihailov, Bulgarian politician (b. 1896)
  • 1991 – Sharad Joshi, Indian author and poet (b. 1931)
  • 1992 – Fritz Leiber, American author and poet (b. 1910)
  • 1993 – Claude Renoir, French cinematographer (b. 1914)
  • 1994 – Shimshon Amitsur, Israeli mathematician and scholar (b. 1921)
  • 1994 – John Newman, Australian politician (b. 1946)
  • 1995 – Benyamin Sueb, Indonesian comedian, actor, and singer (b. 1939)
  • 1995 – Salil Chowdhury, Indian music composer, who mainly composed for Bengali, Hindi, Malayalam film and other films. (b. 1922)
  • 1996 – Basil Salvadore D’Souza, Indian bishop (b. 1926)
  • 1997 – Leon Edel, American author and critic (b. 1907)
  • 1997 – Georg Solti, Hungarian conductor and director (b. 1912)
  • 1997 – Mother Teresa, Albanian-Indian nun, missionary, and saint, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)
  • 1998 – Ferdinand Biondi, Canadian radio host (b. 1909)
  • 1998 – Willem Drees, Jr., Dutch economist and politician, Dutch Minister of Transport (b. 1922)
  • 1998 – Verner Panton, Danish interior designer (b. 1926)
  • 1998 – Leo Penn, American actor and director (b. 1921)
  • 1999 – Alan Clark, English historian and politician, Minister for Defence Procurement (b. 1928)
  • 1999 – Allen Funt, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1914)
  • 1999 – Bryce Mackasey, Canadian businessman and politician, Postmaster General of Canada (b. 1921)
  • 2000 – Roy Fredericks, Guyanese cricketer and politician (b. 1942)
  • 2000 – Abdul Haris Nasution, Indonesian general and politician, 12th Indonesian Minister of Defense (b. 1918)
  • 2001 – Justin Wilson, American chef and author (b. 1914)
  • 2001 – Vladimir Žerjavić, Croatian economist and academic (b. 1912)
  • 2002 – David Todd Wilkinson, American cosmologist and astronomer (b. 1935)
  • 2003 – Gisele MacKenzie, Canadian-American singer and actress (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Roberto Viaux, Chilean general (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Jennifer Dunn, American engineer and politician (b. 1941)
  • 2007 – Paul Gillmor, American lawyer and politician (b. 1939)
  • 2007 – Thomas Hansen, Norwegian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1976)
  • 2007 – D. James Kennedy, American pastor and author (b. 1930)
  • 2007 – Nikos Nikolaidis, Greek director and screenwriter (b. 1939)
  • 2009 – Gani Fawehinmi, Nigerian lawyer and activist (b. 1938)
  • 2010 – Hedley Beare, Australian author and academic (b. 1932)
  • 2010 – Guillaume Cornelis van Beverloo, Belgian-Dutch poet and painter (b. 1922)
  • 2012 – Ediz Bahtiyaroğlu, Turkish-Bosnian footballer (b. 1986)
  • 2012 – Ian Dick, Australian cricketer and field hockey player (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Victoria Fyodorova, Russian-American actress and author (b. 1946)
  • 2012 – John Oaksey, English jockey and journalist (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Edwin Bideau, American lawyer and politician (b. 1950)
  • 2013 – Geoffrey Goodman, English pilot, journalist, and author (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Isamu Jordan, American journalist and academic (b. 1975)
  • 2014 – Bruce Morton, American journalist (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Mara Neusel, German mathematician, author, and academic (b. 1964)
  • 2015 – Goh Eng Wah, Malaysian-Singaporean businessman, founded Eng Wah Global (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Aadesh Shrivastava, Indian singer-songwriter (b. 1964)
  • 2015 – Chester Stranczek, American baseball player and businessman (b. 1929)
  • 2016 – Hugh O’Brian, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 2016 – Phyllis Schlafly, American lawyer, writer, and political activist (b. 1924)
  • 2018 – Bhagwatikumar Sharma, Indian Gujarati writer and journalist (b. 1934)
  • 2018 – Beatriz Segall, Brazilian actress (b. 1926)
  • 2019 – Francisco Toledo, Mexican painter, sculptor, and graphic artist (b. 1940)

Holidays and observances on September 5

  • Christian feast day:
    • Bertin
    • Charbel (martyr)
    • Genebald
    • Gregorio Aglipay (Episcopal Church)
    • Mother Teresa
    • Ursicinus of Ravenna
    • Zechariah and Elisabeth (Anglican and Eastern Orthodox Church)
    • September 5 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest date on which Jeûne genevois can fall, while September 11 is the latest; celebrated on Thursday after the first Sunday of September. (Canton of Geneva)
  • International Day of Charity
  • Teacher’s Day (India)
  • The flag-flying day for Denmark’s deployed personnel (Denmark)
  • First day of school in Vietna