Answering Exams

January 8 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

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  •  – Jin Huaidi becomes of in succession to his father, Jin Huidi, despite a challenge from his uncle, Sima Ying
  •  – Alfred the Great leads a West Saxon army to repel an invasion by Danelaw Vikings.
  •  – François Grimaldi, disguised as a monk, leads his men to capture the fortress protecting the Rock of Monaco, establishing his family as the rulers of Monaco
  •  – The papal bull Romanus Pontifex  the Kingdom of  exclusive trade and colonization rights to all of south of Cape Bojador
  •  – Louis XII of  marries Anne of Brittany in accordance with a set by his predecessor, .
  •  – The first Lithuanian-language , the Catechism of Martynas Mažvydas, is published in Königsberg.
  •  – The premiere of George Frideric Handel’s Ariodante takes place at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden.
  •  – Second Jacobite rising: Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Stirling.
  •  – George Washington delivers the first State of the Union address in City.
  •  – Cape Colony in southern Africa becomes a British colony as a result of the Battle of Blaauwberg.
  •  – An unsuccessful slave revolt is led by Charles Deslondes in the north American settlements of St. Charles and St. James, Louisiana.
  •  – War of : Battle of New Orleans: Andrew Jackson leads American forces in victory over the British.
  •  – The  Party of the  is organized.
  •  – The United States national debt is zero for the only time.
  •  – : Second Battle of Springfield.
  •  – African American men are granted the right to vote in Washington, D.C.
  •  –  and his warriors fight their last battle against the United States Cavalry at Wolf Mountain, .
  •  – Herman Hollerith is issued  patent #,791 for the ‘ of Applying Statistics’ — his punched card calculator.
  •  – The Blackstone Library is dedicated, marking the beginning of the Chicago Public Library system.
  •  – The African National Congress is founded, under the name South African Native National Congress (SANNC).
  •  – U.S.   announces his “Fourteen Points” for the aftermath of .
  •  – The steel strike of  ends in failure for the Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers labor union.
  • 1 – Crown Prince Nguyễn Phúc Vĩnh Thuỵ ascends the throne to become the last monarch of .
  • – Abdul-Aziz ibn Saud is crowned King of Hejaz.
  •  – Kashf-e hijab decree is made and immediately enforced by Reza Shah, Iran’s head of state, banning the wearing of Islamic veils in public.
  •  – : Britain introduces food rationing.
  •  – War II: Philippine Commonwealth troops under the Philippine Commonwealth Army units enter the province of Ilocos Sur in Northern Luzon and attack  Imperial forces.
  •  – Operation Auca: Five U.S. missionaries are killed by the Huaorani of Ecuador shortly after making contact with them.
  •  – Charles de Gaulle is proclaimed as the first President of the French Fifth Republic.
  •  – In France a referendum supports Charles de Gaulle’s policies in Algeria.
  •  – Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa is exhibited in the United States for the first time, at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.
  •  – President  declares a “War on Poverty” in the United States.
  •  – Bowing to pressure, President of  Zulfikar Ali Bhutto releases Bengali leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman from prison, who had been arrested after declaring the independence of Bangladesh.
  •  – Soviet space mission Luna 21 is launched.
  • 1973 – Watergate scandal: The trial of seven men accused of illegal entry into  headquarters at Watergate begins.
  •  – Ella T. Grasso becomes  of Connecticut, the first woman to serve as a in the United States other than by succeeding her husband.
  •  – Three bombs explode in , , , within 37 minutes, killing seven. The bombings are attributed to an Armenian separatist group.
  •  – A local farmer reports a UFO sighting in Trans-en-Provence, France, claimed to be “perhaps the most completely and carefully documented sighting of all time”.
  •  – Breakup of the Bell System: AT&T agrees to divest itself of twenty-two subdivisions.
  •  – Kegworth air disaster: British Midland Flight 92, a Boeing -400, crashes into the M1 motorway, killing 47 of the people on board.
  •  – Russian cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov on Soyuz TM-18 leaves for Mir. He would stay on the space station until , , for a record days in space.
  •  – An Antonov An-32 cargo aircraft crashes into a crowded market in Kinshasa, Zaire, killing up to on the ground; two of six crew members are also killed.
  •  – President George W. Bush signs into law the No Child Left Behind Act.
  •  – Turkish Airlines Flight  crashes near Diyarbakır Airport, Turkey, killing the entire crew and 70 of the 75 passengers.
  • 2003 – Air Midwest Flight 5481 crashes at Charlotte-Douglas Airport, Charlotte, North Carolina, killing all 21 people on board.
  •  – The RMS Queen Mary 2, then the largest ocean liner ever built, is christened by her namesake’s granddaughter, Queen Elizabeth II.
  •  – The nuclear sub USS San Francisco collides at full speed with an undersea mountain south of Guam. One man is killed, but the sub surfaces and is repaired.
  •  – A 6.1-magnitude earthquake in northern Costa Rica kills 15 people and injures 32.
  •  – Gunmen from an offshoot the Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda attack a bus carrying the Togo national football team on its way to the  Africa Cup of Nations, killing three.
  •  – The attempted assassination of Arizona Representative Gabrielle Giffords and subsequent shooting in Casas Adobes, Arizona, in which five people were shot dead.
  •  – Joaquín Guzmán, widely regarded as the world’s most powerful drug trafficker, is recaptured following his escape from a maximum security prison in .
  •  – Ukraine International Airlines Flight  crashes immediately after takeoff at Tehran Imam Khomeini International Airport; all on board are killed. The plane was shot down by an anti-aircraft missile.

Births on January 8

  •  – Su Dongpo, calligrapher and poet (d. )
  •  – Kadi Burhan al-Din, poet, kadi, and ruler of Sivas (d. )
  • – Walraven II van Brederode, nobleman (d. )
  •  – John Frederick II, duke of Saxony (d. )
  • – Uesugi Kagekatsu, Japanese daimyō (d. )
  •  – Simon Episcopius, Dutch theologian and academic (d. )
  •  – Johannes Fabricius, astronomer and academic (d. )
  • 1587 – Jan Pieterszoon Coen, Governor- of the Dutch East Indies (d.
  •  – Ivan Gundulić, Croatian poet and playwright (d. )
  •  – Baltasar Gracián, Spanish priest and author (d. )
  •  – François-Henri de Montmorency, duc de Luxembourg, French general (d. )
  •  – Samuel von Pufendorf, German economist and jurist (d. )
  •  – Luis Manuel Fernández de Portocarrero, Spanish cardinal (d. )
  • 1638 – Elisabetta Sirani, Italian painter (d. )
  • 1735 – John Carroll, American archbishop, founder of Georgetown University (d. 1815)
  •  – Edmond-Charles Genêt, French-American translator and diplomat (d. )
  •  – Nicholas Biddle, American banker and financier (d. )
  •  – Rudolf of , Austrian archduke and archbishop (d. )
  •  – Lowell Mason, American composer and educator (d. )
  •  – John Bigler, American lawyer, politician, and diplomat, 3rd Governor of  (d. )
  • 1805 – Orson Hyde, American religious leader, 3rd President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles (d. )
  • 1812 – Sigismond Thalberg, Swiss pianist and composer (d. 1871)
  •  – Theophilus Shepstone, -South African politician (d. )
  •  – James Longstreet, American general and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Turkey (d. 1904)
  •  – Alfred Russel Wallace, Welsh geographer, biologist, and explorer (d. )
  •  – Wilkie Collins, English novelist, playwright, and short story writer (d. 1889)
  • 1824 – Francisco González Bocanegra, Mexican poet and composer (d. )
  •  – Hans von Bülow, German pianist and composer (d. )
  •  – Lawrence Alma-Tadema, Dutch-English painter and academic (d. 1912)
  •  – Frederick Abberline, English police officer (d. )
  • 1843 – Karl Eduard Heusner, German admiral (d. )
  •  – James Milton Carroll, American pastor and author (d. )
  •  – Fanny Bullock Workman, American mountaineer, geographer, and cartographer (d. )
  •  – Emma Booth, English author (d. )
  •  – Frank Doubleday, American publisher, founded the Doubleday Publishing Company (d. )
  •  – Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale (d. )
  •  – Winnaretta Singer, American philanthropist (d. )
  •  – William G. Conley, American educator and politician, 18th Governor of West Virginia (d. 1940)
  • 1867 – Emily Greene Balch, American economist and author,  laureate (d. 1961)
  •  – Miguel Primo de Rivera, Spanish general and politician, Prime Minister of  (d. )
  • 1871 – James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, Irish captain and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Northern Ireland (d. 1940)
  •  – Iuliu Maniu, Romanian lawyer and politician, 32nd Prime Minister of Romania (d. )
  •  – Arturs Alberings, Latvian lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of Latvia (d. 1934)
  •  – Charles Bryant, English-American and director (d. )
  •  – Henrik Shipstead, American dentist and politician (d. )
  • 1881 – Linnie Marsh Wolfe, American librarian and author (d. 1945)
  •  – Pavel Filonov, and poet (d. )
  • 1883 – Patrick J. Hurley, American general, politician, and diplomat, 51st United States Secretary of War (d. 1963)
  •  – John Curtin, Australian and politician, 14th Prime Minister of  (d. 1945)
  • 1885 – Mór Kóczán, Hungarian javelin thrower and pastor (d. 1972)
  • 1885 – A. J. Muste, Dutch-American pastor and activist (d. )
  •  – Richard Courant, German-American mathematician and academic (d. 1972)
  • 1891 – Walther Bothe, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. )
  • 1891 – Storm Jameson, English journalist and author (d. )
  • 1891 – Bronislava Nijinska, Russian dancer and choreographer (d. 1972) name=”Jöckle1995″>Clemens Jöckle (1995). Encyclopedia of . Alpine Fine Arts Collection. p. 319. ISBN -0-88168--7.</ref>
  •  – Jaromír Weinberger, Czech-American composer and academic (d. 1967)
  •  – Dennis Wheatley, English soldier and author (d. 1977)
  •  – S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 4th Prime Minister of  (d. 1959)
  •  – Dorothy Adams, American character actress (d. )
  • 1900 – Merlyn Myer, Australian philanthropist (d. 1982)
  •  – Georgy Malenkov, Russian engineer and politician (d. 1988)
  • 1902 – Carl Rogers, American psychologist and academic (d. )
  • 1904 – Karl Brandt, German physician and SS officer (d. 1948)
  • 1904 – Tampa Red, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 1981)
  •  – Carl Gustav Hempel, German philosopher from the Vienna and the Circle (d. )
  • 1905 – Giacinto Scelsi, Italian composer and poet (d. 1988)
  •  – Serge Poliakoff, Russian-French painter (d. )
  •  – Keizō Hayashi, Japanese general and civil servant (d. )
  •  – Fearless Nadia, Australian-Indian actress and stuntwoman (d. 1996)
  • 1908 – William Hartnell, English actor (d. 1975)
  •  – Ashapoorna Devi, Indian author and poet (d. 1995)
  • 1909 – Willy Millowitsch, German actor, director, and screenwriter (d. )
  • 1909 – Bruce Mitchell, South African (d. 1995)
  • 1909 – Evelyn Wood, American author and educator (d. 1995)
  •  – Galina Ulanova, Russian actress and ballerina (d. )
  •  – Gypsy Rose Lee, American actress, dancer, and author (d. )
  • 1912 – José Ferrer, Puerto Rican- and director (d. )
  • 1912 – Lawrence Walsh, Canadian-American lawyer, judge, and politician, 4th United States Deputy Attorney General (d. )
  •  – Walker Cooper, American baseball player and manager (d. 1991)
  •  – Peter Matthew Hillsman Taylor, American novelist, short story writer, and playwright (d. 1994)
  •  – Dale D. Myers, American engineer (d. )
  •  – Larry Storch, American actor and comedian
  • 1923 – Giorgio Tozzi, American opera singer and actor (d. 2011)
  • 1923 – Johnny Wardle, English cricketer (d. )
  • 1923 – Joseph Weizenbaum, German-American computer and author (d. )
  •  – Benjamin Lees, Chinese-American soldier and composer (d. 2010)
  • 1924 – Ron Moody, English actor and singer (d. 2015)
  • 1925 – Mohan Rakesh, Indian author and playwright (d. 1972)
  • 1926 – Evelyn Lear, American operatic soprano (d. )
  • 1926 – Lazzaro Donati, Italian artist (d. 1977)
  • 1926 – Kerwin Mathews, American actor (d. )
  • 1926 – Kelucharan Mohapatra, Indian dancer and choreographer (d. 2004)
  • 1926 – Hanae Mori, Japanese fashion designer
  • 1926 – Soupy Sales, American comedian and actor (d. 2009)
  •  – Charles Tomlinson, English poet and academic (d. 2015)
  •  – Slade Gorton, American colonel, lawyer, and politician, 14th Attorney General of Washington
  • 1928 – Gaston Miron, Canadian poet and author (d. 1996)
  • 1928 – Luther Perkins, American guitarist (d. )
  • 1929 – Saeed Jaffrey, Indian-British actor (d. 2015)
  • 1931 – Bill Graham, German-American businessman (d. 1991)
  • 1931 – Clarence Benjamin Jones, American lawyer and scholar
  •  – Nolan Miller, American fashion and jewelry designer (d. 2012)
  • 1933 – Charles Osgood, American soldier and journalist
  • 1933 – Jean-Marie Straub, French director and screenwriter
  • 1933 – Willie Tasby, American baseball player
  • 1934 – Jacques Anquetil, French cyclist (d. 1987)
  • 1934 – Gene Freese, American baseball player and manager (d. )
  • 1934 – Roy Kinnear, British actor (d. 1988)
  • 1934 – Alexandra , American author (d. 2004)
  •  – Lewis H. Lapham, American publisher, founded Lapham’s Quarterly
  • 1935 – Elvis Presley, American singer, guitarist, and actor (d. 1977)
  • 1936 – Zdeněk Mácal, Czech-American conductor
  • 1936 – Robert May, Baron May of Oxford, Australian-English zoologist, ecologist, and academic (d. 2020)
  •  – Shirley Bassey, Welsh singer
  •  – Bob Eubanks, American game show host and
  • 1938 – Yevgeny Nesterenko, Russian opera singer and educator
  •  – Carolina Herrera, Venezuelan-American fashion designer
  • 1939 – Ruth Maleczech, American actress (d. 2013)
  • 1939 – Alan Wilson, English mathematician and academic
  • 1940 – Mark Bretscher, and academic
  • 1940 – Cristy Lane, American country and gospel singer
  • 1941 – Graham Chapman, English actor and screenwriter (d. 1989)
  •  – Stephen Hawking, English physicist and author (d. )
  • 1942 – Junichirō Koizumi, Japanese politician, 56th Prime Minister of
  • 1942 – Yvette Mimieux, American actress
  • 1942 – Royce Waltman, American basketball player and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1943 – Charles Murray, American political scientist and author
  •  – Terry Brooks, American lawyer and author
  • 1945 – Nancy Bond, American author and academic
  • 1945 – Phil Beal, , defender
  • 1945 – Kadir Topbaş, Turkish architect and politician, 31st Mayor of Istanbul
  •  – Robby Krieger, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1946 – Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo, Mexican drug lord
  •  – Don Bendell, American rancher and author
  • 1947 – David Bowie, English singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (d. 2016)
  • 1947 – David Gates, American journalist and novelist
  • 1947 – Antti Kalliomäki, Finnish pole vaulter and politician
  • 1947 – Luke Williams, -
  • 1948 – Gillies MacKinnon, Scottish director and screenwriter
  •  – Lawrence Rowe, Jamaican cricketer
  •  – Kenny Anthony, Saint Lucian politician, 5th Prime Minister of Saint Lucia
  • 1951 – Karen Tei Yamashita, American author and academic
  • – Vladimir Feltsman, Russian-American pianist and educator
  • 1952 – Peter McCullagh, Irish mathematician and academic
  • 1953 – Bruce Sutter, American baseball player
  •  – Konstantinos Kypriotis, Greek martial artist (d. 1995)
  •  – Spiros Livathinos, Greek footballer and coach
  • 1955 – Mike Reno, Canadian singer and drummer
  • 1957 – Nacho Duato, Spanish dancer and choreographer
  •  – Betsy DeVos, American businesswoman and politician, 11th Secretary of Education
  • 1958 – Rey Misterio, Sr., Mexican wrestler, trainer, and actor
  • 1959 – Kim Duk-koo, South boxer (d. 1982)
  • 1959 – Paul Hester, Australian drummer (d. 2005)
  • 1960 – Dave Weckl, American drummer
  • 1961 – Calvin Smith, American sprinter
  •  – Willie Anderson, American basketball player
  • 1966 – Igor Vyazmikin, Russian ice player (d. 2009)
  • 1966 – Andrew Wood, American singer-songwriter (d. )
  • 1967 – Torsten Gowitzke, German footballer and manager
  • 1967 – Steven Jacobs, Australian television host and actor
  • 1967 – R. Kelly, American singer-songwriter, record producer, and former professional basketball player
  • 1967 – Tom Watson, English politician
  •  – Jason Giambi, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Jesper Jansson, Swedish footballer
  • 1971 – Pascal Zuberbühler, Swiss footballer and coach
  • 1972 – Paul Clement, English footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1972 – Giuseppe Favalli, Italian footballer
  • 1973 – Mike Cameron, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Harris Jayaraj, Indian composer and producer
  •  – Kenneth Andam, Ghanaian sprinter and businessman
  • 1976 – Carl Pavano, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Amber Benson, American actress, writer, director, and producer
  • 1977 – Francesco Coco, Italian footballer
  •  – Seol Ki-hyeon, South Korean footballer and manager
  • 1979 – Adrian Mutu, Romanian footballer
  • 1979 – Stipe Pletikosa, Croatian footballer
  • 1979 – Sarah Polley, Canadian actress, director, and screenwriter
  •  – Adam Goodes, Australian footballer
  • 1980 – Rachel Nichols, American actress and producer
  • 1981 – Jeff Francis, Canadian baseball player
  • 1981 – Trent Waterhouse, Australian rugby league player
  • 1982 – Gaby Hoffmann, American actress
  •  – Jon Daly, Irish footballer
  •  – Jeff Francoeur, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Jeon Ji-ae, South Korean actress
  • 1984 – Kim Jong-un, North Korean soldier and politician, 3rd Supreme Leader of North  (probable)
  • 1986 – David Silva, Spanish footballer
  • 1988 – Adrián López, Spanish footballer
  • 1988 – Michael Mancienne, English footballer
  • 1989 – Aaron Cruden, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1991 – Josh Hazlewood, Australian cricketer
  • 1991 – Stefan Johansen, Norwegian footballer
  • 1991 – Stefan Savić, Montenegrin footballer
  • 1991 – Shin Ji-min, South Korean singer and rapper
  • 1992 – Stefanie Dolson, American basketball player
  • 1992 – Koke, Spanish footballer
  • 1992 – Apostolos Vellios, Greek footballer

Deaths on January 8

  • 307 – Hui of Jin, Chinese emperor (b. )
  •  – Severinus of Noricum, Italian apostle and saint
  • 871 – Bagsecg, Viking warrior and leader
  • 926 – Athelm, archbishop of Canterbury
  •  – Adèle of France, countess of Flanders (b. )
  •  – Edgar, king of (b. )
  •  – Celestine III, pope of the (b. )
  •  – Andronikos III, emperor of Trebizond
  •  – Giotto, Italian painter and architect, designed Scrovegni Chapel and Giotto’s Campanile (b. )
  •  – Charles de La Cerda, French nobleman (b. )
  •  – Stephen Zaccaria, archbishop of Patras
  •  – Lawrence Giustiniani, Italian bishop and saint (b. )
  •  – Thomas Ebendorfer, Austrian historian and academic (b. )
  •  – Beatrice of Portugal, duchess of Savoy (b. )
  •  – Albert Alcibiades, margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach (b. )
  •  – Philibert de l’Orme, French sculptor and architect, designed the Château d’Anet (b. )
  •  – John George, Elector of Brandenburg (b. )
  •  – Galileo Galilei, Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher (b. 1564)
  •  –  Amyraut, French physician and theologian (b. )
  •  – John Dalrymple, 1st Earl of Stair, Scottish soldier and politician, Scottish Secretary of State (b. )
  •  – Arcangelo Corelli, Italian violinist and composer (b. )
  •  – John Baskerville, English printer and type designer (b. )
  •  – Jack Broughton, English boxer (b. )
  •  – Justus Möser, German lawyer and jurist (b. )
  • 1815 – Edward Pakenham, Anglo-Irish general and politician (b. )
  •  – Eli Whitney, American engineer and theorist, invented the cotton gin (b. )
  •  – Mihály Bertalanits, Slovene-Hungarian poet and educator (b. 1788)
  • 1854 – William Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, English field marshal and politician, Lieutenant-General of the Ordnance (b. )
  • 1865 – Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre, French general and politician, French Minister of Defence (b. )
  •  – Charles Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, French historian and archaeologist (b. )
  • 1878 – Nikolay Nekrasov, Russian poet and critic (b. 1821)
  • 1878 – Gauchito Gil, Argentinian saint (b. )
  •  – Emperor Norton, English-American businessman (b. 1811)
  • 1883 – Miska Magyarics, Slovene-Hungarian poet (b. 1825)
  • 1896 – William Rainey Marshall, American banker and politician, 5th Governor of Minnesota (b. 1825)
  • 1896 – Paul Verlaine, French poet and writer (b. 1844)
  •  – John Barry, Irish soldier, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1873)
  • 1912 – Friedrich Schrempf, German journalist and politician (b. )
  •  – Simon Bolivar Buckner, American general and 30th Governor of  (b. 1823)
  •  – Rembrandt Bugatti, Italian sculptor (b. )
  • 1916 – Ada Rehan, Irish-American actress (b. 1860)
  • 1918 – Johannes Pääsuke, Estonian photographer and director (b. 1892)
  • 1918 – Ellis H. Roberts, American journalist and politician, 20th Treasurer of the United States (b. )
  • 1920 – Josef Josephi, Polish-born singer and actor (b.1852)
  • 1925 – George Bellows, American painter (b.)
  • 1934 – Andrei Bely, Russian novelist, poet, and critic (b. 1880)
  • 1934 – Alexandre Stavisky, Ukrainian-French financier (b. )
  • 1935 – Rauf Yekta, Turkish musicologist and author (b. 1871)
  • 1938 – Johnny Gruelle, American author and (b. 1880)
  • 1941 – Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, English general (b. )
  • 1942 – Joseph Franklin Rutherford, American lawyer and religious leader (b. )
  • 1943 – Richard Hillary, Australian pilot and author (b. 1919)
  • 1943 – Andres Larka, Estonian general and politician, 1st Estonian Minister of War (b. 1879)
  • 1944 – William Kissam Vanderbilt II, American lieutenant and sailor (b. 1878)
  • 1945 – Karl Ernst Krafft, Swiss astrologer and author (b. 1900)
  • 1948 – Kurt Schwitters, German painter and graphic designer (b. )
  •  – Joseph Schumpeter, Czech-American economist and academic (b. 1883)
  • 1952 – Antonia Maury, American astronomer and astrophysicist (b. 1866)
  • 1953 – Hugh Binney, English admiral and politician, 16th Governor of Tasmania (b. 1883)
  • 1954 – Eduard Wiiralt, Estonian-French painter and illustrator (b. )
  • 1956 – Jim Elliot, American missionary and martyr (b. 1928)
  • 1958 – Mary Colter, American architect, designed the Desert View Watchtower (b. 1869)
  • 1961 – Schoolboy Rowe, American baseball player and coach (b. 1910)
  • 1963 – Kay Sage, American painter (b. 1898)
  • 1969 – Albert Hill, English runner and coach (b. 1889)
  • 1969 – Elmar Kaljot, Estonian footballer and coach (b. 1901)
  • 1970 – Georges Guibourg, French actor, singer, and playwright (b. 1891)
  • 1972 – Kenneth Patchen, American poet and author (b. 1911)
  • 1975 – Richard Tucker, American tenor (b. 1913)
  • 1976 – Zhou Enlai, Chinese soldier and politician, 1st Premier of the People’s Republic of China (b. 1898)
  • 1976 – Robert Forgan, Scottish-English physician and politician (b. 1891)
  • 1979 – Sara Carter, American singer-songwriter and harp player (b. 1898)
  • 1980 – John Mauchly, American physicist and academic (b. 1907)
  • 1981 – Matthew Beard, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 1982 – Grégoire Aslan, Swiss-English actor and screenwriter (b. 1908)
  • 1983 – Gerhard Barkhorn, German general and pilot (b. 1919)
  • 1983 – Tom McCall, American journalist and politician, 30th Governor of Oregon (b. 1913)
  • 1983 – Gale Page, American actress (b. 1910)
  • 1984 – Eerik Kumari, Estonian ornithologist and academic (b. 1912)
  • 1986 – Pierre Fournier, French cellist and educator (b. 1906)
  • 1990 – Bernard Krigstein, American illustrator (b. 1919)
  • 1990 – Terry-Thomas, English actor and comedian (b. 1911)
  • 1991 – Steve Clark, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1960)
  • 1994 – Pat Buttram, American actor and comedian (b. 1915)
  • 1994 – Harvey Haddix, American baseball player and coach (b. 1925)
  • 1996 – Metin Göktepe, Turkish photographer and journalist (b. 1968)
  • 1996 – François Mitterrand, French sergeant and politician, 21st President of France (b. 1916)
  • 1996 – Howard Taubman, American author and critic (b. 1907)
  • 1997 – , American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
  • 1998 – Michael Tippett, English composer and conductor (b. 1905)
  • 2002 – Alexander Prokhorov, Australian-Russian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1916)
  • 2002 – Dave Thomas, American businessman and philanthropist, founded Wendy’s (b. )
  • 2003 – Ron Goodwin, English composer and conductor (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – John A. Gambling, American host (b. 1930)
  •  – Tony Banks, Baron Stratford, Northern Irish broadcaster and politician, Minister for Sport and the  (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Jane Bolin, American lawyer and judge (b. 1908)
  • 2007 – Arthur Cockfield, Baron Cockfield, English lawyer and politician, Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Yvonne De Carlo, Canadian-American actress and singer (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – David Ervine, Northern Irish politician and activist (b. 1953)
  • 2007 – Iwao Takamoto, American animator, director, and producer (b. 1925)
  • 2008 – George Moore, Australian jockey and trainer (b. 1923)
  • 2009 – Lasantha Wickrematunge, Sri Lankan Journalist (b. 1958)
  • 2010 – Art Clokey, American animator, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. )
  • 2011 – Jiří Dienstbier, Czech journalist and politician (b. 1937)
  • 2011 – Thorbjørn Svenssen, Norwegian footballer (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Dave Alexander, American singer and pianist (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – T. J. Hamblin, English haematologist and academic (b. 1943)
  • 2012 – John Madin, English architect, designed the Birmingham Central Library (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Bernhard Schrader, German chemist and academic (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Alexis Weissenberg, Bulgarian-French pianist and educator (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Kenojuak Ashevak, Canadian sculptor and illustrator (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Jeanne Manford, American educator and activist, co-founded PFLAG (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Alasdair Milne, Indian-English director and producer (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Vicente T. Blaz, American general and politician (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Madeline Gins, American poet and architect (b. 1941)
  • 2014 – Irma Heijting-Schuhmacher, Dutch-Australian swimmer (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Antonino P. Roman, Filipino lawyer and politician (b. 1939)
  • 2015 – Andraé Crouch, American singer-songwriter, producer, and pastor (b. 1942)
  • 2015 – Kep Enderby, Australian lawyer, judge, and politician, 23rd Attorney-General for Australia (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Patsy Garrett, American actress and singer (b. 1921)
  • 2016 – Maria Teresa de Filippis, Italian racing driver (b. 1926)
  • 2016 – German Moreno, Filipino television host, actor, comedian and talent manager (b. 1933)
  •  – Nicolai Gedda, Swedish operatic tenor (b. 1925)
  • 2017 – James Mancham, Seychellois politician (b. 1939)
  • 2017 – Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Iranian politician (b. 1934)
  • 2017 – Peter Sarstedt, Indian-British singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1941)
  • 2020 – Pat Dalton, Australian rules footballer (b. 1942)
  • 2020 – Buck Henry, American actor, screenwriter, and director (b. 1930)

Holidays and observances on January 8

  • Babinden (Belarus, Russia)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Abo of Tiflis
    • Apollinaris Claudius
    • Blessed Eurosia Fabris
    • Gauchito Gil (Folk Catholicism)
    • Gudula
    • Harriet Bedell (Episcopal Church ())
    • Lawrence Giustiniani
    • Lucian of Beauvais
    • Maximus of Pavia
    • Our Lady of Prompt Succor (Roman Catholic Church)
    • Pega (Anglican and Roman Catholic churches)
    • Severinus of Noricum
    • Thorfinn of Hamar
    • January 8 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Commonwealth Day (Northern Mariana Islands)
  • Earliest day on which Children’s Day can fall, while is the latest; celebrated on the second in January. ()
  • Earliest day on which Lee–Jackson Day can fall, while January 14 is the latest; celebrated on before  King Jr. Day. (Virginia)
  • Typing Day (International observance)
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