Answering Exams

January 9 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

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  •  – Byzantine  Zeno is forced to flee his capital at Constantinople, and his , Basiliscus gains control of the empire.
  •  – Twelfth Council of Toledo: King Erwig of the Visigoths initiates a council in which he implements diverse measures against the Jews in .
  •  – Jin–Song Wars: Invading Jurchen soldiers from the Jin dynasty besiege and sack Bianjing (Kaifeng), the capital of the Song dynasty of , and abduct Emperor Qinzong of Song and others, ending the Northern Song dynasty.
  •  – The Jewish population of Basel, believed by the residents to be the cause of the ongoing Black Death, is rounded up and incinerated.
  •  – The trial of Joan of Arc begins in Rouen.
  • 60 – Ahmad Shah Durrani defeats the Marathas in the Battle of Barari Ghat.<refFrançois Xavier Wendel (191). Wendel’s memoirs on the origin, growth and present state of Jat power in Hindustan (). Institut français de Pondichéry. p. 61.</ref>
  •  – Connecticut becomes the fifth state to ratify the Constitution.
  •  – Treaty of Jassy between Russian and  is signed.
  •  – Jean-Pierre Blanchard becomes the first person to fly in a balloon in the .
  •  – British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger introduces an income tax of two shillings to the pound to raise funds for Great Britain’s war effort in the Napoleonic Wars.
  •  – Admiral Horatio Lord  receives a state funeral and is interred in St Paul’s Cathedral.
  •  – Humphry Davy tests his safety lamp for miners at Hebburn Colliery.
  •  – The Portuguese prince Pedro I of  decides to stay in  against the orders of the Portuguese King João VI, beginning the Brazilian independence process.
  •  – The French Academy of Sciences announces the Daguerreotype photography process.
  •  – The 7.9 Mw  Fort Tejon earthquake shakes Central and Southern  with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent).
  •  – Anson Jones, the last of the Republic of , commits suicide.
  •  – : “” incident occurs near , .
  • 1861 – Mississippi becomes the second state to secede from the Union before the outbreak of the American Civil War.
  •  – Umberto I becomes King of .
  •  – New England Telephone and Telegraph installs the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.
  •  – Hallam Tennyson, 2nd Baron Tennyson, son of the poet Alfred Tennyson, becomes the second -General of .
  •  – Ernest Shackleton, leading the Nimrod Expedition to the South Pole, plants the British flag 97 nautical miles ( km; 112 ) from the South Pole, the farthest anyone had ever reached at that time.
  •  – The Phi Beta Sigma fraternity is founded by African-American students at Howard University in Washington D.C., United States.
  •  – : The Battle of Gallipoli concludes with an Ottoman Empire victory when the last Allied forces are evacuated from the peninsula.
  •  – War I: The Battle of Rafa is fought near the Egyptian border with Palestine.
  •  – Battle of Bear Valley: The last battle of the American Indian Wars.
  •  – Greco-Turkish War: The First Battle of İnönü, the first battle of the war, begins near Eskişehir in Anatolia.
  •  – Juan de la Cierva makes the first autogyro flight.
  • 1923 – Lithuanian residents of the Memel Territory rebel against the League of Nations’ decision to leave the area as a mandated region under French control.
  •  – A fire at the Laurier Palace movie theatre in Montreal, Quebec, , kills 78 children.
  •  – : First flight of the Avro Lancaster.
  •  – World War II: The Sixth United States Army begins the invasion of Lingayen Gulf.
  •  – British Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden resigns from office following his failure to retake the Suez Canal from Egyptian sovereignty.
  •  – President of Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser opens construction on the Aswan Dam by detonating ten tons of dynamite to demolish twenty tons of granite on the east bank of the Nile.
  •  – British authorities announce they have uncovered the Soviet Portland Spy Ring in London.
  •  – Martyrs’ Day: Several Panamanian youths try to raise the Panamanian flag in the U.S.-controlled  Canal Zone, leading to fighting between U.S. military and Panamanian civilians.
  •  – The Mirzapur Cadet  formally opens for academic activities in East (now Bangladesh).
  •  – Representatives from the United States and Iraq meet at the Geneva Peace Conference to try to find a peaceful resolution to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.
  •  – The Assembly of the Serb People in Bosnia and Herzegovina proclaims the creation of Republika Srpska, a new state within Yugoslavia.
  • 1992 – The first discoveries of extrasolar  are announced by astronomers Aleksander Wolszczan and Dale Frail. They discovered two orbiting the pulsar PSR +12.
  •  – First Chechen War: Chechen separatists launch a raid against the helicopter airfield and later a civilian hospital in the city of Kizlyar in the neighboring Dagestan, which turns into a massive hostage crisis involving thousands of civilians.
  •  – An inflatable boat carrying illegal Albanian emigrants stalls near the Karaburun Peninsula en route to Brindisi, Italy; exposure to the elements kills 28. This is the second deadliest marine disaster in Albanian history.
  •  – Mahmoud Abbas wins the election to succeed Yasser Arafat as President of the Palestinian National Authority, replacing interim president Rawhi Fattouh.
  • 2005 – The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement and the Government of Sudan sign the Comprehensive Peace Agreement to end the Second Sudanese Civil War.
  •  –  CEO Steve Jobs introduces the original iPhone at a Macworld keynote in San Francisco.
  •  – Iran Air Flight 277 crashes near Urmia in the northwest of the , killing 77 people.
  •  – An explosion at a Mitsubishi Materials chemical plant in Yokkaichi, , kills at least five people and injures 17 others.
  •  – The perpetrators of the Charlie Hebdo shooting in Paris two days earlier are both killed after a hostage situation; a second hostage situation, related to the Charlie Hebdo shooting, occurs at a Jewish market in Vincennes.
  • 2015 – A mass poisoning at a funeral in Mozambique involving beer that was contaminated with Burkholderia gladioli leaves 75 dead and over people ill.

Births on January 9

  •  – Emperor Daizong of Tang (d. )
  •  – Juan Ramón Folch III de Cardona, Aragonese admiral (d. )
  •  – Crinitus, Italian scholar and author (d. )
  • – Pope Gregory XV (d. )
  •  – Charles Bonaventure de Longueval, Count of Bucquoy, French commander (d. )
  •  – Simon Vouet, French painter (d. )
  •  – William Dugard, printer (d. )
  •  – Empress Meishō of Japan (d. )
  •  – Sir William Villiers, 3rd Baronet, English noble and politician (d. )
  •  – Reinhard Keiser, (d. )
  •  – Tiberius Hemsterhuis, philologist and critic (d. )
  •  – Thomas Warton, English poet, historian, and critic (d. )
  •  – John Jervis, 1st Earl of St , English admiral and politician (d. )
  •  – Caleb Strong, American lawyer and politician, 6th Governor of Massachusetts (d. )
  •  – Luísa Todi, Portuguese soprano and actress (d. )
  •  – Cassandra Austen, English painter and (d. )
  •  – Hammamizade İsmail Dede Efendi, Turkish Ney player and composer (d. )
  •  – Gilbert Abbott à Beckett, English and author (d. )
  •  – Antoine Samuel Adam-Salomon, French sculptor and photographer (d. )
  • 1819 – James Francis, English-Australian businessman and politician, 9th Premier of Victoria (d. )
  • 1822 – Carol Benesch, Czech-Romanian architect, designed the Peleș Castle (d. )
  • 1823 – Friedrich von Esmarch, surgeon and academic (d. )
  •  – Thomas William Robertson, English director and playwright (d. )
  • 1829 – Adolf Schlagintweit, German botanist and explorer (d. 1857)
  •  – Félix-Gabriel Marchand, Canadian journalist and politician, 11th Premier of Quebec (d. )
  • 1839 – John Knowles Paine, American composer and academic (d. )
  •  – Princess Frederica of Hanover (d. )
  •  – John Hartley, English player (d. )
  •  – Lady Randolph Churchill, American-born wife of Lord Randolph Churchill, mother of Sir Winston Churchill (d. 1921)
  • 1856 – Anton Aškerc, Slovenian priest and poet (d. )
  •  – Carrie Chapman Catt, American activist, founded the League of Voters and  Alliance of  (d. )
  •  – Vladimir Steklov, Russian mathematician and physicist (d. 1926)
  •  – S. P. L. Sørensen, Danish chemist and academic (d. )
  •  – Joseph Strauss, American engineer, co-designed the Golden Gate Bridge (d. )
  •  – Hayim Nahman Bialik, Ukrainian-Austrian journalist, author, and poet (d. )
  • 1873 – Thomas Curtis, American sprinter and hurdler (d. )
  • 1873 – John Flanagan, Irish-American hammer thrower (d. 1938)
  •  – Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American sculptor and collector, founded the Whitney Museum of American  (d. )
  •  – John B. Watson, American psychologist and academic (d. )
  • 1881 – Lascelles Abercrombie, English poet and critic (d. 1938)
  • 1881 – Giovanni Papini, , author, and poet (d. )
  •  – Charles Bacon, American runner and hurdler (d. )
  •  – Lloyd Loar, American sound engineer and instrument designer (d. )
  •  – Vrindavan Lal Verma, Indian author and playwright (d. )
  •  – Karel Čapek, Czech author and playwright (d. 1938)
  • 1890 – Kurt Tucholsky, German-Swedish journalist and author (d. 1935)
  •  – August Gailit, Estonian journalist and author (d. 1960)
  •  – Eva Bowring, American lawyer and politician (d. )
  •  – Edwin Baker, Canadian soldier and educator, co-founded the Canadian National Institute for the Blind (d. 1968)
  • 1896 – Warwick Braithwaite, -English conductor and director (d. )
  •  – Karl Löwith, German philosopher, author, and academic (d. )
  •  – Gracie Fields, English actress and singer (d. )
  •  – Harald Tammer, Estonian journalist and weightlifter (d. 1942)
  • 1900 – Richard Halliburton, American journalist and author (d. 1939)
  •  – Vilma Bánky, Hungarian-American actress (d. 1991)
  • 1901 – Chic Young, American cartoonist (d. 1973)
  •  – Rudolf Bing, American impresario and businessman (d. )
  • 1902 – Josemaría Escrivá, Spanish priest and saint, founded Opus Dei (d. )
  •  – Eldred G. Smith, American patriarch (d. )
  • 1907 – Earl W. Renfroe, African American orthodontist, educator, and activist (d. )
  • 1908 – Simone de Beauvoir, French philosopher and author (d. )
  • 1909 – Anthony Mamo, Maltese lawyer and politician, 1st President of  (d. )
  • 1909 – Patrick Peyton, Irish-American priest, television personality, and activist (d. 1992)
  •  – Tom Evenson, English runner (d. 1997)
  • 1912 – Ralph Tubbs, English architect, designed the Dome of Discovery (d. 1996)
  •  – , American commander, lawyer, and politician, 37th President of the United States (d. )
  • 1914 – Kenny Clarke, American jazz drummer and bandleader (d. 1985)
  •  – Anita Louise, American actress (d. )
  • 1916 – Fernando Lamas, Argentinian-, singer, and director (d. )
  • 1916 – Vic Mizzy, American soldier, pianist, and composer (d. )
  • 1918 – Alma Ziegler, American baseball player and golfer (d. 2005)
  •  – William Morris Meredith, Jr., American poet and academic (d. 2007)
  •  – Clive Dunn, English (d. )
  • 1920 – Hakim Said, Pakistani scholar and politician, 20th Governor of Sindh (d. )
  • 1921 – Ágnes Keleti, Hungarian Olympic gymnast
  • 1921 – Lister Sinclair, Indian-Canadian broadcaster and playwright (d. )
  •  – Har Gobind Khorana, Indian-American biochemist and academic, Nobel laureate (d. 2011)
  • 1922 – Ahmed Sékou Touré, Guinean politician, 1st President of Guinea (d. )
  •  – Sergei Parajanov, Georgian-Armenian director and screenwriter (d. )
  •  – Len Quested, defender and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1925 – Lee Van Cleef, American actor (d. )
  • 1926 – Jean-Pierre Côté, Canadian lawyer and politician, 23rd Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (d. )
  •  – Judith Krantz, American novelist (d. )
  • 1928 – Domenico Modugno, Italian singer-songwriter, actor, and politician (d. 1994)
  •  – Brian Friel, Irish author, playwright, and director (d. 2015)
  • 1929 – Heiner Müller, German poet, playwright, and director (d. )
  •  – Algis Budrys, Lithuanian-American author and critic (d. 2008)
  •  – Robert García, American soldier and politician (d. )
  • 1933 – Roy Dwight, English footballer, outside forward
  • 1933 – Wilbur Smith, Zambian-English journalist and author
  • 1934 – Bart Starr, American football player and coach (d. 2019)
  • 1935 – Bob Denver, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – Dick Enberg, American sportscaster (d. 2017)
  • 1935 – John Graham, New Zealand rugby player and educator (d. 2017)
  • 1935 – Brian Harradine, Australian politician (d. 2014)
  •  – Anne Rivers Siddons, American author
  • 1936 – Marko Veselica, Croatian academic and politician (d. 2017)
  • 1938 – Claudette Boyer, Canadian educator and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1939 – Susannah York, English actress and activist (d. 2011)
  •  – Barbara Buczek, Polish composer (d. )
  • 1940 – Ruth Dreifuss, Swiss journalist and politician, 86th President of the Swiss Confederation
  • 1941 – Joan Baez, American singer-songwriter, guitarist and activist
  • 1941 – Gilles Vaillancourt, Canadian politician
  • 1942 – John Dunning, American author
  • 1942 – Judy Malloy, American poet and author
  • 1943 – Robert Drewe, Australian author and playwright
  • 1943 – Elmer MacFadyen, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 2007)
  • 1943 – Scott Walker, American singer-songwriter, bass player, and (d. 2019)
  • 1944 – Harun Farocki, German filmmaker (d. 2014)
  • 1944 – Jimmy Page, English guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1944 – Mihalis Violaris, Cypriot singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1945 – Levon Ter-Petrosyan, Syrian-Armenian scholar and politician, 1st President of Armenia
  •  – Mohammad Ishaq Khan, Indian historian and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1946 – Mogens Lykketoft, Danish politician, 45th Danish Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1947 – Ronnie Landfield, American painter and educator
  •  – Bill Cowsill, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2006)
  • 1948 – Jan Tomaszewski, Polish footballer, manager, and politician
  •  – Alec Jeffreys, English geneticist and academic
  • 1950 – David Johansen, American musician and actor
  • 1950 – Sandy Martin, American actress
  •  – Crystal Gayle, American singer-songwriter and producer
  •  – Kaushik Basu, Indian economist and academic
  • 1952 – Hugh Bayley, English politician
  • 1952 – Mike Capuano, American lawyer and politician
  •  – Javad Alizadeh, cartoonist and painter
  •  – Philippa Gregory, Kenyan-English author and academic
  •  – Michiko Kakutani, American journalist and critic
  • 1955 – J.K. Simmons, American actor
  • 1956 – Waltraud Meier, German soprano and actress
  • 1956 – Imelda , English actress and singer
  • 1958 – Stephen Neale, English philosopher and academic
  •  – Mark Martin, American race car driver and coach
  • 1959 – Rigoberta Menchú, Guatemalan activist and politician,  laureate
  • 1959 – Otis Nixon, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Lisa Walters, Canadian golfer
  • 1961 – Didier Camberabero, French rugby player
  • 1961 – Oliver Goldstick, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1961 – Henry Omaga-Diaz, Filipino journalist
  •  – Ray Houghton, Scottish-born footballer
  •  – Irwin McLean, Northern Irish biologist and academic
  • 1964 – Stan Javier, Dominican baseball player and manager
  • 1965 – Iain Dowie, English-Northern Irish footballer and coach
  • 1965 – Eric Erlandson, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1965 – Haddaway, Trinidadian-German singer and musician
  • 1965 – Andrei Nazarov, Estonian decathlete and coach
  • 1965 – Joely Richardson, English actress
  •  – Stephen Metcalfe, English politician
  •  – Matt Bevin, American politician, 62nd governor of
  • 1967 – Claudio Caniggia, Argentinian footballer
  • 1967 – Dave Matthews, South African-American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1967 – Gary Teichmann, South African rugby player
  • 1968 – Jimmy Adams, Jamaican and coach
  • 1968 – Joey Lauren Adams, American actress
  • 1968 – Mardi Lunn, Australian golfer
  • 1968 – Giorgos Theofanous, Greek-Cypriot composer and producer
  • 1970 – Lara Fabian, Belgian-Italian singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1971 – Angie Martinez, , actress, and host
  • 1971 – Hal Niedzviecki, Canadian author and critic
  • 1971 – Scott Thornton, Canadian ice player
  •  – Jay Powell, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Rawson Stovall, American video game producer and author
  • 1973 – Sean Paul, Jamaican rapper, singer-songwriter, musician, record producer, and actor
  • 1975 – James Beckford, Jamaican long jumper
  •  – Radek Bonk, Czech ice hockey player
  •  – Mathieu Garon, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Gennaro Gattuso, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1978 – Chad Johnson, American football player and actor
  • 1978 – AJ McLean, American singer
  •  – Édgar Álvarez, Honduran footballer
  • 1980 – Sergio García, Spanish golfer
  • 1980 – Luke Patten, Australian rugby league player and referee
  • 1980 – Francisco Pavón, Spanish footballer
  • 1980 – Wang Zulan, singer
  •  – Euzebiusz Smolarek, Polish footballer and manager
  • 1982 – Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge
  • 1984 – Drew Brown, American musician and songwriter
  • 1984 – Benjamin Danso, German rugby player
  • 1985 – Juan Francisco Torres, Spanish footballer
  • 1986 – Jéferson Gomes, Brazilian footballer
  • 1986 – Uwe Hünemeier, German footballer
  • 1986 – Amanda Mynhardt, South African netball player
  •  – Sam Bird, English race car driver
  • 1987 – Lucas Leiva, Brazilian footballer
  • 1987 – Paolo Nutini, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1987 – Jami Puustinen, Finnish footballer
  •  – Katherine Copely, American ice dancer
  • 1988 – Marc Crosas, Spanish footballer
  • 1988 – Lee Yeon-hee, South actress
  • 1989 – Michael Beasley, American basketball player
  • 1989 – Nina Dobrev, Bulgarian-Canadian actress
  • 1989 – Michaëlla Krajicek, Dutch tennis player
  • 1989 – Yana Maksimava, Belarusian heptathlete
  • 1989 – Chris Sandow, Australian rugby league player
  • 1989 – Jordan Turner, English rugby league player
  • 1990 – Justin Blackmon, American football player
  • 1991 – Edon Hasani, Albanian football player
  • 1991 – Alvaro Soler, Spanish singer-songwriter
  • 1993 – Katarina Johnson-Thompson, English long jumper and heptathlete
  • 1993 – Marcus Peters, American football player
  • 1993 – Kevin Korjus, Estonian race car driver
  • 1995 – Braden Uele, New Zealand rugby league player
  •  – Shannon Tavarez, American actress (d. )

Deaths on January 9

  •  – Adrian of Canterbury, abbot and scholar
  •  – Emperor Xizong of Jin (b. )
  •  – Birger Brosa, Jarl of 
  •  – Abû ‘Uthmân Sa’îd ibn Hakam al Qurashi, Minorcan ruler (b. )
  •  – Wen Tianxiang, general and scholar (b. )
  •  – Giulia della Rena, Italian saint (b. )
  •  – Adam Moleyns, Bishop of Chichester
  •  – William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent, English soldier (b. )
  •  – John Cicero, Elector of Brandenburg (b. )
  •  – Demetrios Chalkokondyles, Greek scholar and academic (b. )
  •  – Anne of Brittany, queen of  of  and Louis XII of  (b. )
  •  – Wang Yangming, Chinese Neo-Confucian scholar (b. )
  •  – Johannes Aventinus, Bavarian historian and philologist (b. 1477)
  •  – Guillaume du Bellay, French general and diplomat (b. )
  •  – Amago Haruhisa, warlord (b. 1514)
  • 1571 – Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon, French admiral (b. )
  •  – Jasper Heywood, English poet and scholar (b. )
  •  – Leonard Holliday, Lord Mayor of London (b. )
  •  – Alix Le Clerc, French Canoness Regular and foundress (b. )
  • – Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle, French author, poet, and playwright (b. )
  •  – Antonio de Benavides, colonial governor of Florida (b. )
  • 1766 – Thomas Birch, English historian and author (b. )
  • 1799 – Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian mathematician and philosopher (b. )
  •  – Jean Étienne Championnet, French general (b. 1762)
  •  – Noble Wimberly Jones, American physician and politician (b. )
  •  – William Hedley, English engineer (b. 1773)
  • 1848 – Caroline Herschel, German-English astronomer (b. )
  • 1856 – Neophytos Vamvas, Greek cleric and educator (b. )
  • 1858 – Anson Jones, American physician and politician; 4th President of the Republic of Texas (b. )
  • 1873 – Napoleon III, French politician, 1st President of France (b. )
  •  – Samuel Gridley Howe, American physician and activist (b. )
  • 1878 – Victor Emmanuel II of Italy (b. )
  •  – Aaron Lufkin Dennison, American-English businessman (b. )
  • 1901 – Richard Copley Christie, English lawyer and academic (b. )
  • 1908 – Wilhelm Busch, German poet, illustrator, and painter (b. 1832)
  • 1908 – Abraham Goldfaden, Russian actor, playwright, and author (b. )
  •  – Edwin Arthur Jones, American violinist and composer (b. )
  • 1911 – Edvard Rusjan, Italian-Slovene pilot and engineer (b. 1886)
  • 1917 – Luther D. Bradley, American cartoonist (b. 1853)
  • 1918 – Charles-Émile Reynaud, French and educator, invented the Praxinoscope (b. )
  • 1923 – Katherine Mansfield, New Zealand novelist, short story writer, and essayist (b. )
  • 1924 – Ponnambalam Arunachalam, Sri Lankan civil servant and politician (b. 1853)
  • 1927 – Houston Stewart Chamberlain, English-German philosopher and author (b. )
  •  – Edward Bok, Dutch-American journalist and author (b. )
  • 1931 – Wayne Munn, American football player and wrestler (b. 1896)
  • 1936 – John Gilbert, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1899)
  • 1939 – Johann Strauss III, Austrian violinist, composer, and conductor (b. )
  • 1941 – Dimitrios Golemis, Greek runner (b. )
  • 1945 – Shigekazu Shimazaki, Japanese admiral and pilot (b. 1908)
  • 1945 – Jüri Uluots, Estonian journalist and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Estonia (b. 1890)
  • 1945 – Osman Cemal Kaygılı, Turkish journalist, author, and playwright (b. 1890)
  • 1946 – Countee Cullen, American poet and playwright (b. 1903)
  • 1947 – Karl Mannheim, Hungarian-English sociologist and academic (b. 1893)
  • 1960 – Elsie J. Oxenham, English author and educator (b. )
  • 1961 – Emily Greene Balch, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. )
  • 1964 – Halide Edib Adıvar, Turkish author and academic (b. 1884)
  • 1971 – Elmer Flick, American baseball player and scout (b. 1876)
  • 1972 – Ted Shawn, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1891)
  • 1975 – Pierre Fresnay, French actor and screenwriter (b. 1897)
  • 1975 – Pyotr Novikov, Russian mathematician and theorist (b. 1901)
  • 1979 – Pier Luigi Nervi, Italian engineer and architect, designed the Tour de la Bourse and Pirelli Tower (b. 1891)
  • 1981 – Kazimierz Serocki, Polish pianist and composer (b. 1922)
  • 1984 – Bob Dyer, American-Australian radio and television host (b. 1909)
  • 1985 – Robert Mayer, German-English businessman and philanthropist (b. 1879)
  • 1987 – Arthur Lake, American actor (b. )
  • 1988 – Peter L. Rypdal, Norwegian fiddler and composer (b. 1909)
  • 1989 – Bill Terry, American baseball player and manager (b. 1898)
  • 1990 – Spud Chandler, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1907)
  • 1990 – Cemal Süreya, Turkish poet and journalist (b. 1931)
  • 1992 – Steve Brodie, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 1992 – Bill Naughton, English playwright and screenwriter (b. 1910)
  • 1993 – Paul Hasluck, Australian historian and politician, 17th Governor-General of Australia (b. 1905)
  • 1994 – Johnny Temple, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1927)
  • 1995 – Souphanouvong, Laotian politician, 1st President of Laos (b. 1909)
  • 1995 – Peter Cook, English actor and screenwriter (b. )
  • 1996 – Walter M. Miller, Jr., American soldier and author (b. 1923)
  • 1996 – Abdullah al-Qasemi, Saudi atheist, writer, and intellectual (b. 1907)
  • 1997 – Edward Osóbka-Morawski, Polish politician, Prime Minister of  (b. 1909)
  • 1997 – Jesse White, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 1998 – Kenichi Fukui, Japanese chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
  • 1998 – Imi Lichtenfeld, Slovakian-Israeli martial artist, founded Krav Maga (b. 1910)
  • 2000 – Arnold Alexander Hall, English engineer and academic (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – Nigel Tranter, Scottish historian and author (b. 1909)
  •  – Maurice Prather, American photographer and director (b. 1926)
  •  – Will McDonough, American journalist (b. 1935)
  • 2004 – Norberto Bobbio, Italian philosopher and academic (b. 1909)
  • 2006 – Andy Caldecott, Australian motorcycle racer (b. 1964)
  • 2006 – W. Cleon Skousen, American author and academic (b. 1913)
  • 2007 – Elmer Symons, South African motorcycle racer (b. )
  • 2007 – Jean-Pierre Vernant, French anthropologist and historian (b. 1914)
  • 2008 – Johnny Grant, American radio host and producer (b. 1923)
  • 2008 – John Harvey-Jones, English businessman and television host (b. 1924)
  • 2009 – Rob Gauntlett, English mountaineer and explorer (b. 1987)
  • 2009 – T. Llew Jones, Welsh author and poet (b. 1914)
  • 2011 – Makinti Napanangka, Australian painter (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Brian Curvis, Welsh boxer (b. 1937)
  • 2012 – Augusto Gansser-Biaggi, Swiss geologist and academic (b. 1910)
  • 2012 – William G. Roll, German-American psychologist and parapsychologist (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Malam Bacai Sanhá, Guinea-Bissau politician, President of Guinea-Bissau (b. 1947)
  • 2012 – László Szekeres, Hungarian physician and academic (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Brigitte Askonas, Austrian-English immunologist and academic (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – James M. Buchanan, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1919)
  • 2013 – Robert L. Rock, American businessman and politician, 42nd Lieutenant Governor of Indiana (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – John Wise, Canadian farmer and politician, 23rd Canadian Minister of Agriculture (b. 1935)
  • 2014 – Amiri Baraka, American poet, playwright, and academic (b. 1934)
  • 2014 – Josep Maria Castellet, Spanish poet and critic (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Paul du Toit, South African painter and sculptor (b. 1965)
  • 2014 – Dale T. Mortensen, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1939)
  • 2015 – Michel Jeury, French author (b. 1934)
  • 2015 – Robert V. Keeley, Lebanese-American soldier and diplomat, United States Ambassador to  (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Józef Oleksy, Polish economist and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Poland (b. 1946)
  • 2015 – Bud Paxson, American broadcaster and businessman, founded the Home Shopping Network and Pax TV (b. 1935)
  • 2015 – Abdul Rahman Ya’kub, politician, 3rd Chief Minister of Sarawak (b. 1928)
  • 2015 – Roy Tarpley, American basketball player (b. 1964)
  •  – John Harvard, Canadian journalist and politician, 23rd Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba (b. 1938)
  • 2016 – Angus Scrimm, American actor and author (b. 1926)
  • 2017 – Zygmunt Bauman, Polish sociologist (b. 1925)
  •  – Kato Ottio, Papua New Guinean rugby league player (b. 1994)
  • 2019 – Verna Bloom, American actress (b. 1938)
  • 2019 – Paul Koslo, German-Canadian actor (b. 1944)

Holidays and observances on January 9

  • Christian feast day:
    • Adrian of Canterbury
    • Berhtwald
    • Translation of the Black Nazarene (Manila, )
    • Philip II, Metropolitan of
    • Julia Chester Emery (Episcopal Church ())
    • Stephen (old calendar Eastern Orthodox)
    • January 9 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Start of Hōonkō (Nishi Honganji) January 9–16 (Jōdo Shinshū Buddhism)
  • Martyrs’ Day (Panama)
  • Non-Resident Indian Day ()
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