Answering Exams

May 14 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

  •  – The Siege of Nicaea begins during the First Crusade.
  •  – Battle of Lewes: Henry III of England is captured and forced to sign the Mise of Lewes, making Simon de Montfort the effective ruler of England.
  •  – Battle of Agnadello: In northern , French forces defeat the .
  •  – Jamestown, Virginia is settled as an colony.
  •  – The Protestant Union, a coalition of Protestant  states, is founded to defend the rights, land and safety of each member against the  and Catholic states.
  •  – Henry IV of  is assassinated by Catholic zealot François Ravaillac, and Louis XIII ascends the throne.
  •  – Four-year-old Louis XIV becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Louis XIII.
  •  – War of the Austrian Succession: A British fleet under Admiral George Anson defeats the French at the First Battle of Cape Finisterre.
  •  – Edward Jenner administers the first smallpox inoculation.
  •  – The 6th Congress recesses, and the process of moving the U.S. Government from Philadelphia to Washington, D.C., begins the following day.
  •  – William Clark and 42 men depart from Camp Dubois to join Meriwether Lewis at St. Charles, , marking the beginning of the Lewis and Clark Expedition‘s historic journey up the Missouri River.
  •  – Paraguay: Pedro Juan Caballero, Fulgencio Yegros and José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia start actions to depose the Spanish .
  •  – The Treaties of Velasco are signed in Velasco, .
  •  –  Civil War: The Battle of Jackson takes place.
  •  – Boshin War: The Battle of Utsunomiya Castle ends as former Tokugawa shogunate forces withdraw northward.
  •  – The first game of rugby in is played in between  and the Rugby Football Club.
  •  – The last witchcraft trial held in the United States begins in Salem, Massachusetts, after Lucretia Brown, an adherent of Christian , accused Daniel Spofford of attempting to harm her through his mental powers.
  •  – The first group of 463 Indian indentured laborers arrives in Fiji aboard the Leonidas.
  •  – Governor of  William Sulzer approves the charter for the Rockefeller Foundation, which begins operations with a $100 million donation from John D. Rockefeller.
  •  – Cape Town Mayor, Sir Harry Hands, inaugurates the Two-minute silence.
  •  – Virginia Woolf’s novel Mrs Dalloway is published.
  •  – Five unarmed civilians are killed in the Ådalen shootings, as the Swedish military is called in to deal with protesting workers.
  •  – The Constitution of the  is ratified by a popular vote.
  •  – Lina Medina becomes the youngest confirmed mother in medical history at the age of five.
  •  –  War II: Rotterdam, Netherlands is bombed by the Luftwaffe of Nazi despite a ceasefire, killing about people and destroying the historic city center.
  •  – : A submarine sinks AHS Centaur off the coast of Queensland.
  •  – Israel is declared to be an state and a provisional government is established. Immediately after the declaration, Israel is attacked by the neighboring Arab states, triggering the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.
  •  – Trains run on the Talyllyn Railway in Wales for the first time since preservation, making it the first railway in the world to be operated by volunteers.
  •  – Cold War: Eight Communist bloc , including the , sign a mutual defense treaty called the Warsaw Pact.
  •  – Civil rights movement: A white mob twice attacks a Freedom Riders bus near Anniston, Alabama, before fire-bombing the bus and attacking the civil rights protesters who flee the burning vehicle.
  •  – Andreas Baader is freed from custody by Ulrike Meinhof, Gudrun Ensslin and others, a pivotal moment in the formation of the Red Army Faction.
  •  – Skylab, the United States’ first space station, is launched.
  • – A Dan-Air Boeing leased to IAS Cargo Airlines crashes on approach to Lusaka Airport (now Kenneth Kaunda Airport) in Lusaka, Zambia, killing six people.
  •  – Salvadoran Civil War: the Sumpul River massacre occurs in Chalatenango, El Salvador.
  •  – Carrollton bus collision: A drunk driver traveling the wrong way on Interstate 71 near Carrollton, hits a converted school bus carrying a church youth group. Twenty-seven die in the crash and ensuing fire.
  •  – The Constitutional Court of  overturns the impeachment of  Roh Moo-hyun.
  • 2004 – Rico Linhas Aéreas Flight 4815 crashes into the Amazon rainforest during approach to Eduardo Gomes International Airport in Manaus, , killing people.
  •  – Space Shuttle Atlantis launches on the STS-132 mission to deliver the first shuttle-launched Russian ISS component — Rassvet. This was originally slated to be the final launch of Atlantis, before Congress approved STS-.
  •  – Agni Air Flight CHT crashes in Nepal after a failed -around, killing 15 people.

Births on May 14

  •  – Charles IV, Holy  (d. )
  •  – Margaret of Valois (d. )
  •  – Francesco Rasi, Italian singer-songwriter, theorbo player, and poet (d. )
  •  – Alice Barnham, wife of statesman Francis Bacon (d. )
  •  – Katakura Kagenaga, Japanese samurai (d. )
  •  – Johann Philipp Förtsch, (d. )
  •  – Sambhaji, Indian (d. )
  •  – Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia (d. 1732)
  •  – Peder Horrebow, Danish astronomer and mathematician (d. )
  •  – Hans Joachim von Zieten, Prussian (d. )
  •  – William Emerson, English mathematician and academic (d. )
  •  – Adolf Frederick, King of  (d. )
  •  – Ludovico Manin, the last Doge of Venice (d. )
  •  – Thomas Gainsborough, English painter (d. )
  •  – George Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney, Irish-English politician and diplomat, Governor of Grenada (d. )
  •  – Timothy Dwight IV, American minister, theologian, and academic (d. )
  • 1752 – Albrecht Thaer, German agronomist and author (d. )
  •  – Samuel Dexter, and politician, 4th United States Secretary of War, 3rd United States Secretary of the Treasury (d. )
  • 1771 – Robert Owen, Welsh businessman and social reformer (d. )
  • 1771 – Thomas Wedgwood, English photographer (d. )
  •  – Friedrich Ludwig Georg von Raumer, German historian and academic (d. )
  •  – Fanny Imlay, daughter of British feminist Mary Wollstonecraft (d. 1816)
  •  – Charles Beyer, German-English engineer, co-founded Beyer, Peacock and Company (d. )
  • 1817 –  Kaufmann, German poet and educator (d. )
  •  – James Martin, Irish-Australian politician, 6th Premier of New South Wales (d. )
  •  – Antonio Annetto Caruana, Maltese archaeologist and author (d. )
  •  – Rudolf Lipschitz, German mathematician and academic (d. )
  •  – Anna Laurens Dawes, and suffragist (d. )
  •  – Henri Julien, Canadian (d. )
  • 1863 – John Charles Fields, Canadian mathematician, founder of the Fields Medal (d. )
  •  – Kurt Eisner, German and politician, Prime Minister of  (d. )
  • 1868 – Magnus Hirschfeld, German physician and sexologist (d. 1935)
  •  – Arthur Rostron, English captain (d. 1940)
  •  – Elia Dalla Costa, Italian cardinal (d. 1961)
  • 1878 – J. L. Wilkinson, and manager (d. 1)
  • 1879 – Fred Englehardt, American jumper (d. )
  •  – Wilhelm , German field marshal (d. )
  •  – Lionel Hill, Australian politician, 30th Premier of South  (d. )
  • 1881 – George Murray Hulbert, American judge and politician (d. )
  •  – Otto Klemperer, German composer and conductor (d. 1973)
  •  – Ants Kurvits, Estonian general and politician, 10th Estonian Minister of War (d. 1943)
  •  – Archie Alexander, and engineer (d. )
  • 1893 – Louis Verneuil, French and playwright (d. )
  •  – Sidney Bechet, American saxophonist, clarinet player, and composer (d. )
  • 1897 – Ed Ricketts, American biologist and ecologist (d. 1948)
  •  – Charlotte Auerbach, German-Jewish Scottish folklorist, geneticist, and zoologist. (d.)
  • 1899 – Pierre Victor Auger, French physicist and academic (d. )
  • 1899 – Earle Combs, American baseball player and coach (d. )
  •  – Hal Borland, and author (d. )
  • 1900 – Walter Rehberg, Swiss pianist and composer (d. )
  • 1900 – Cai Chang, first leader of All- ’s Federation (d. )
  • 1900 – Leo Smit, pianist and composer (d. 1943)
  • 1900 – Edgar Wind, German-English historian, author, and academic (d. 1971)
  •  – Robert Ritter, German psychologist and physician (d. 1951)
  • 1903 – Billie Dove, (d. )
  •  – Hans Einstein, Swiss- and educator (d. 1973)
  • 1904 – Marcel Junod, Swiss physician and anesthesiologist (d. 1961)
  • 1905 – Jean Daniélou, French cardinal and theologian (d. )
  • 1905 – Herbert Morrison, American soldier and journalist (d. )
  • 1905 – Antonio Berni, Argentinian painter, illustrator, and engraver (d. )
  •  – Ayub Khan, Pakistani general and politician, 2nd President of  (d. 1974)
  • 1907 – Hans von der Groeben, German journalist and diplomat (d. )
  • 1908 –  Jeffrey, Australian nurse and author (d. )
  •  – Godfrey Rampling, English sprinter and colonel (d. )
  •  – Ken Viljoen, South African (d. 1974)
  • 1910 – Ne Win, Prime Minister and President of Burma (d. )
  •  – Gul Khan Nasir, Pakistani journalist, poet, and politician (d. )
  • 1914 – William Thomas Tutte, British codebreaker and mathematician (d. 2002)
  •  – Robert F. Christy, Canadian- and astronomer (d. 2012)
  • 1916 – Lance Dossor, English-Australian pianist and educator (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – Marco Zanuso, Italian architect and designer (d. )
  •  – Lou Harrison, and critic (d. )
  • 1917 – Norman Luboff, American composer and conductor (d. )
  • 1919 – Solange Chaput-Rolland, Canadian journalist and politician (d. 2001)
  • 1919 – John Hope, American soldier and meteorologist (d. 2002)
  •  – Richard Deacon, (d. )
  •  – Franjo Tuđman, Yugoslav historian; later 1st President of Croatia (d. )
  •  – Adnan Pachachi, Iraqi politician, Iraqi Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. )
  • 1923 – Mrinal Sen, Bangladeshi-Indian director, , and screenwriter (d. )
  • 1925 – Sophie Kurys, American baseball player (d. )
  • 1925 – Patrice Munsel, American soprano and actress (d. )
  • 1925 – Boris Parsadanian, Armenian-Estonian violinist and composer (d. 1997)
  • 1925 – Al Porcino, American trumpet player (d. 2013)
  • 1925 – Ninian Sanderson, Scottish race car driver (d. )
  •  – Eric Morecambe, English comedian and actor (d. 1984)
  •  – Herbert W. Franke, Austrian and author
  •  – Dub Jones, American R&B bass singer (d. 2000)
  • 1928 – Frederik H. Kreuger, Dutch engineer, author, and academic (d. )
  • 1928 – Brian Macdonald, Canadian dancer and choreographer (d. )
  •  – Barbara Branden, Canadian-American author (d. 2013)
  • 1929 – Henry McGee, English actor and singer (d. )
  • 1929 – Gump Worsley, Canadian ice player (d. )
  •  – William James, Australian general and physician (d. 2015)
  • 1931 – Alvin Lucier, American composer and academic
  • 1932 – Robert Bechtle, American lithographer and painter
  •  – Siân Phillips, Welsh actress and singer
  • 1935 – Ethel Johnson, American professional wrestler (d. 2018)
  • 1935 – Rudi Šeligo, Slovenian playwright and politician (d. 2004)
  •  – Bobby Darin, American singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1973)
  • 1936 – Dick Howser, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1987)
  • 1938 – Robert Boyd, English pediatrician and academic
  • 1939 – Rupert Neudeck, German journalist and humanitarian (d. 2016)
  • 1939 – Troy Shondell, American singer-songwriter (d. 2016)
  • 1940 – Chay Blyth, Scottish sailor and rower
  • 1940 – H. Jones, English colonel, Victoria Cross recipient (d. )
  • 1940 – George Mathewson, Scottish banker and businessman
  •  – Ada den Haan, Dutch swimmer
  • 1942 – Valeriy Brumel, Russian high jumper (d. 2003)
  • 1942 – Byron Dorgan, American lawyer and politician
  • 1942 – Alistair McAlpine, Baron McAlpine of West Green, English businessman and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1942 – Tony Pérez, Cuban-American baseball player and manager
  • 1942 – Malise Ruthven, Irish author and academic
  • 1943 – Jack Bruce, Scottish-English singer-songwriter and bass player (d. 2014)
  • 1943 – L. Denis Desautels, Canadian accountant and civil servant
  • 1943 – Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson, Icelandic academic and politician, 5th President of Iceland
  • 1943 – Derek Leckenby, English pop-rock guitarist (d. 1994)
  • 1943 – Richard Peto, English statistician and epidemiologist
  •  – Gene Cornish, Canadian-
  • 1944 – George Lucas, , producer, and screenwriter, founded Lucasfilm
  • 1944 – David Kelly, Welsh scientist (d. 2003)
  •  – Francesca Annis, English actress
  • 1945 – George Nicholls, English rugby player
  • 1945 – Yochanan Vollach, Israeli footballer
  •  – Sarah Hogg, Viscountess Hailsham, English economist and journalist
  •  – Al Ciner, American pop-rock guitarist
  • 1947 – Ana Martín, Mexican actress, singer producer and former model (Miss 1963)
  • 1948 – Timothy Stevenson, English lawyer and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire
  • 1948 – Bob Woolmer, Indian-English cricketer and coach (d. 2007)
  •  – Sverre Årnes, Norwegian author, screenwriter, and director
  • 1949 – Walter Day, American game designer and businessman, founded Twin Galaxies
  • 1949 – Johan Schans, Dutch swimmer
  • 1949 – Klaus-Peter Thaler, German cyclist
  • 1951 – Jay Beckenstein, American saxophonist
  • 1952 – David Byrne, Scottish singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
  • 1952 – Michael Fallon, Scottish politician, Secretary of State for Defence
  • 1952 – Orna Grumberg, Israeli computer scientist and academic
  • 1952 – Raul Mälk, Estonian politician, 22nd Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1952 – Wim Mertens, Belgian composer, countertenor vocalist, pianist, guitarist, and musicologist.
  • 1952 – Donald R. McMonagle, , pilot, and astronaut
  • 1952 – Robert Zemeckis, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  •  – Tom Cochrane, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1953 – Hywel Williams, Welsh politician
  • 1955 – Marie Chouinard, Canadian dancer and choreographer
  • 1955 – Alasdair Fraser, Scottish fiddler
  • 1955 – Peter Kirsten, South African cricketer and rugby player
  • 1955 – Dennis Martínez, Nicaraguan baseball player and coach
  • 1955 – Jens Sparschuh, German author and playwright
  •  – Hazel Blears, English lawyer and politician, Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government
  • 1956 – Steve Hogarth, English singer-songwriter and keyboardist
  • 1958 – Christine Brennan, American journalist and author
  • 1958 – Chris Evans, English-Australian politician, 26th Australian Minister for Employment
  • 1958 – Rudy Pérez, Cuban-born American composer and music producer
  • 1958 – Wilma Rusman, Dutch runner
  • 1959 – Carlisle Best, Barbadian cricketer
  • 1959 – Patrick Bruel, French actor, singer, and poker player
  • 1959 – Markus Büchel, Liechtensteiner politician, 9th Prime Minister of  (d. 2013)
  • 1959 – Robert Greene, American author and translator
  • 1959 – John Holt, (d. 2013)
  • 1959 – Rick Vaive, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1959 – Heather Wheeler, English politician
  •  – Anne Clark, English singer-songwriter and poet
  • 1960 – Alec Dankworth, English bassist and composer
  • 1960 – Frank Nobilo, New Zealand golfer
  • 1960 – Ronan Tynan, Irish tenor
  • 1961 – David Quantick, English journalist and critic
  • 1961 – Tommy Rogers, (d. 2015)
  • 1961 – Tim Roth, English actor and director
  • 1961 – Alain Vigneault, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  •  – Ian Astbury, English-Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1962 – C.C. DeVille, American guitarist, songwriter, and actor
  • 1962 – Danny Huston, Italian-American actor and director
  • 1963 – Pat Borders, American baseball player and coach
  • 1963 – David Yelland, English journalist and author
  •  – James M. Kelly, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1964 – Suzy Kolber, American sportscaster and producer
  • 1964 – Alan McIndoe, Australian rugby league player
  • 1964 – Eric Peterson, American guitarist and songwriter
  •  – Eoin Colfer, Irish author
  •  – Marianne Denicourt, French actress, director, and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Mike Inez, American rock bass player and songwriter
  • 1966 – Fab Morvan, French singer-songwriter, dancer and model
  • 1966 – Raphael Saadiq, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  •  – Natasha Kaiser-Brown, American sprinter and coach
  • 1967 – Tony Siragusa, player and journalist
  • – Mary DePiero, Canadian diver
  • – Cate Blanchett, Australian actress
  • 1969 – Sabine Schmitz, German race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1969 – Henry Smith, English politician
  • 1969 – Danny Wood, American singer-songwriter, record producer, and choreographer
  • 1971 – Deanne Bray, American actress
  • 1971 – Sofia Coppola, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1971 – Martin Reim, Estonian footballer and manager
  • – Kirstjen Nielsen, American attorney, 6th United States Secretary of Homeland Security
  • 1973 – Natalie Appleton, Canadian singer and actress
  • 1973 – Voshon Lenard,
  • 1973 – Fraser Nelson, Scottish journalist
  • 1973 – Hakan Ünsal, Turkish footballer and sportscaster
  • 1973 – Julian White, English rugby player
  • 1974 – Anu Välba, Estonian journalist
  •  – Nicki Sørensen, Danish cyclist
  • 1976 – Hunter Burgan,
  • 1976 – Brian Lawrence, American baseball player and coach
  • 1976 – Martine McCutcheon, English actress and singer
  • 1977 – Sophie Anderton, English model and actress
  • 1977 – Roy Halladay, American baseball player (d. )
  • 1977 – Ada Nicodemou, Cypriot-Australian actress
  • 1978 – Brent Harvey, Australian footballer
  • 1978 – Eddie House, American basketball player
  • 1978 – André Macanga, Angolan footballer and manager
  • 1978 – Gustavo Varela, Uruguayan footballer
  •  – Dan Auerbach, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1979 – Edwige Lawson-Wade, French basketball player
  • 1979 – Clinton Morrison, English-Irish footballer
  • 1979 – Carlos Tenorio, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1980 – Zdeněk Grygera, Czech footballer
  • 1980 – Pavel Londak, Estonian footballer
  • 1980 – Eugene Martineau, Dutch decathlete
  • 1980 – Júlia Sebestyén, Hungarian figure skater
  • 1980 – Hugo Southwell, English-Scottish rugby player
  • 1980 – Joe van Niekerk, South African rugby player
  • 1981 – Pranav Mistry, Indian computer scientist, invented SixthSense
  • 1983 – Anahí, Mexican singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1983 – Keeley Donovan, English journalist
  • 1983 – Frank Gore, American football player
  • 1983 – Uroš Slokar, Slovenian basketball player
  • 1983 – Tatenda Taibu, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1983 – Amber Tamblyn, American actress, author, model, director
  • 1984 – Gary Ablett, Jr., Australian footballer
  • 1984 – Luke Gregerson, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Olly Murs, English singer-songwriter
  • 1984 – Michael Rensing, German footballer
  • 1984 – Indrek Siska, Estonian footballer
  • 1984 – Mark Zuckerberg, American computer programmer and businessman, co-founded Facebook
  • 1985 – Dustin Lynch, American singer-songwriter
  • 1985 – Sam Perrett, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1985 – Simona Peycheva, Bulgarian gymnast
  • 1985 – Zack Ryder, American wrestler
  •  – Andrea Bovo, Italian footballer
  • 1986 – Clay Matthews III, American football player
  • 1986 – Marco Motta, Italian footballer
  • 1987 – Jeong Min-hyeong, South footballer (d. 2012)
  • 1987 – Franck Songo’o, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1987 – François Steyn, South African rugby player
  • 1988 – Jayne Appel, American basketball player
  • 1989 – Rob Gronkowski, American football player
  • 1989 – Alina Talay, Belorussian hurdler
  • 1993 – Miranda Cosgrove, American actress and singer
  • 1993 – Kristina Mladenovic, French player
  • 1993 – Bence Rakaczki, Hungarian footballer (d. 2014)
  • 1994 – Marcos Aoás Corrêa, Brazilian footballer
  • 1994 – Pernille Blume, Danish swimmer
  • 1994 – Bronte Campbell, Australian swimmer
  • 1994 – Dennis Praet, Belgian footballer
  •  – Bernardo Fernandes da Silva Junior, Brazilian footballer
  • 1995 – Jonah Placid, Australian rugby player
  •  – Martin Garrix, Dutch DJ
  • 2001 – Jack Hughes, American hockey player

Deaths on May 14

  •  – Pope Theodore I
  •  – Zhu Hongzhao, Chinese general and governor
  • 964 – Pope John XII (b. )
  •  – William Walcher, Bishop of Durham
  •  – William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke, English soldier and politician (b. )
  •  –  of Sweden (b. )
  •  – Tahmasp I, Shah of Persia (b. )
  •  – Magnus II, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg (b. )
  • 1608 – Charles III, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1543)
  • 1610 – Henry IV of France (b. 1553)
  • 1643 – Louis XIII of France (b. )
  •  – Friedrich Spanheim, Swiss theologian and academic (b. )
  •  – Georges de Scudéry, French author, poet, and playwright (b. 1601)
  •  – Antoine Furetière, French scholar, lexicographer, and author (b. )
  •  – Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée, French playwright and producer (b. )
  • 1761 – Thomas Simpson, English mathematician and academic (b. 1710)
  •  – Fanny Mendelssohn, German pianist and composer (b. 1805)
  •  – Ludwig Bechstein, German author (b. )
  • 1873 – Gideon Brecher, Austrian physician and author (b. )
  • 1878 – Ōkubo Toshimichi, Japanese samurai and politician (b. 1830)
  • 1881 – Mary Seacole, Jamaican-English nurse and author (b. 1805)
  •  – Volney Howard, American lawyer, jurist, and politician (b. )
  • 1893 – Ernst Kummer, German mathematician and academic (b. )
  •  – Carl Schurz, German-, journalist, and politician, 13th United States Secretary of the Interior (b. )
  •  – Frederick VIII of Denmark (b. )
  • 1912 – August Strindberg, Swedish playwright, novelist, poet, essayist (b. )
  • 1918 – James Gordon Bennett, Jr., American journalist and publisher (b. )
  • 1919 – Henry J. Heinz, , founded the H. J. Heinz Company (b. )
  • 1923 – N. G. Chandavarkar, Indian jurist and politician (b. )
  • 1923 – Charles de Freycinet, French engineer and politician, 43rd Prime Minister of France (b. 1828)
  • 1931 – David Belasco, American director, producer, and playwright (b. )
  •  – Lou Criger, American baseball player and manager (b. 1872)
  • 1935 – Magnus Hirschfeld, German physician and sexologist (b. 1868)
  • 1936 – Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby, English field marshal and diplomat, British High Commissioner in Egypt (b. )
  • 1940 – Emma Goldman, Lithuanian author and activist (b. 1869)
  • 1940 – Menno ter Braak, Dutch author (b. )
  • 1943 – Henri La Fontaine, Belgian lawyer and author,  laureate (b. )
  • 1945 – Heber J. Grant, American religious leader, 7th President of The Church of Christ of Latter-day  (b. )
  • 1945 – Wolfgang Lüth, Latvian-German captain (b. 1913)
  • 1945 – Isis Pogson, English astronomer and meteorologist (b. 1852)
  • 1953 – Yasuo Kuniyoshi, and photographer (b. 1893)
  •  – Heinz Guderian, Prussian-German general (b. 1888)
  • 1956 – Joan Malleson, English physician (b. 1889)
  • 1957 – Marie Vassilieff, Russian-French painter (b. )
  • 1959 – Sidney Bechet, American saxophonist, clarinet player, and composer (b. 1897)
  • 1959 – Infanta Maria Antonia of  (b. )
  • 1960 – Lucrezia Bori, Spanish soprano and actress (b. 1887)
  • 1962 – Florence Auer, American actress and screenwriter (b. 1880)
  • 1968 – Husband E. Kimmel, American admiral (b. )
  • 1969 – Enid Bennett, Australian-American actress (b. 1893)
  • 1969 – Frederick Lane, Australian swimmer (b. 1888)
  • 1970 – Billie Burke, American actress and singer (b. 1884)
  • 1973 – Jean Gebser, German linguist, philosopher, and poet (b. 1905)
  • 1976 – Keith Relf, English singer-songwriter, harmonica player, and producer (b. 1943)
  • 1979 – Jean Rhys, Dominican-English novelist (b. )
  • 1980 – Hugh Griffith, Welsh actor (b. 1912)
  • 1982 – Hugh Beaumont, American actor (b. 1909)
  • 1983 – Roger J. Traynor, and jurist, 23rd Chief Justice of  (b. 1900)
  • 1983 – Miguel Alemán Valdés, Mexican politician, 46th President of Mexico (b. 1900)
  • 1984 – Ted Hicks, Australian public servant and diplomat, Australian High Commissioner to New Zealand (b. 1910)
  • 1984 – Walter Rauff, German SS officer (b. 1906)
  • 1987 – Rita Hayworth, American actress and dancer (b. 1918)
  • 1987 – Vitomil Zupan, Slovenian poet and playwright (b. 1914)
  • 1988 – Willem Drees, Dutch politician and historian, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1948–1958) (b. 1886)
  • – Aladár Gerevich, Hungarian fencer (b. 1910)
  •  – Nie Rongzhen, Chinese general and politician, Mayor of  (b. 1899)
  • 1993 – William Randolph Hearst, Jr., American journalist and publisher (b. 1908)
  • 1994 – Cihat Arman, Turkish footballer and manager (b. )
  • 1994 – W. Graham Claytor Jr., American businessman, lieutenant, and politician, 15th United States Secretary of the Navy (b. 1914)
  • 1995 – Christian B. Anfinsen, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1916)
  • 1997 – Harry Blackstone Jr., American magician and author (b. 1934)
  • 1997 – Boris Parsadanian, Armenian-Estonian violinist and composer (b. 1925)
  •  – Marjory Stoneman Douglas, American journalist and environmentalist (b. 1890)
  • 1998 – Frank Sinatra, American singer and actor (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – Keizō Obuchi, Japanese politician, 84th Prime Minister of  (b. )
  • 2001 – Paul Bénichou, French writer, intellectual, critic, and literary historian (b. 1908)
  • 2001 – Gil Langley, Australian cricketer, footballer, and politician (b. 1919)
  • 2003 – Dave DeBusschere, American basketball player and coach (b. 1940)
  • 2003 – Wendy Hiller, English actress (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – Robert Stack, American actor and producer (b. 1919)
  • 2004 – Anna Lee, English-American actress (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Jimmy Martin, (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Lew Anderson, American actor and saxophonist (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – Stanley Kunitz, American poet and translator (b. 1905)
  • 2006 – Eva Norvind, Mexican actress, director, and producer (b. 1944)
  • 2007 – Mary Scheier, American sculptor and educator (b. 1908)
  • 2007 – Ülo Jõgi, Estonian historian and author (b. 1921)
  • 2010 – Frank J. Dodd, American businessman and politician, president of the New Jersey Senate (b. 1938)
  • 2010 – Norman Hand, American football player (b. 1972)
  • 2010 – Goh Keng Swee, Singaporean soldier and politician, 2nd Deputy Prime Minister of  (b. 1918)
  • 2012 – Ernst Hinterberger, Austrian author and screenwriter (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Mario Trejo, Argentinian poet, playwright, and journalist (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Wayne Brown, American accountant and politician, 14th Mayor of Mesa (b. 1936)
  • 2013 – Arsen Chilingaryan, Armenian footballer and manager (b. 1962)
  • 2013 – Asghar Ali Engineer, Indian author and activist (b. 1939)
  • 2013 – Ray Guy, Canadian journalist (b. 1939)
  • 2014 – Jeffrey Kruger, English-American businessman (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Emanuel Raymond Lewis, American librarian and author (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Morvin Simon, New Zealand historian, composer, and conductor (b. 1944)
  • 2015 – B.B. King, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1925)
  • 2015 – Micheál O’Brien, Irish footballer and hurler (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Stanton J. Peale, American astrophysicist and academic (b. 1937)
  • 2015 – Franz Wright, Austrian-American poet and translator (b. 1953)
  • 2016 – Darwyn Cooke, American comic writer and artist (b. 1962)
  • 2017 – Powers Boothe, American actor (b. 1948)
  • 2018 – Tom Wolfe, American author (b. 1931)
  • 2019 – Tim Conway, American actor, writer (b. 1933)

Holidays and observances on May 14

  • Christian feast day:
    • Boniface of Tarsus
    • Engelmund of Velsen
    • Matthias the Apostle (Roman Catholic Church, Anglican Communion)
    • Michael Garicoïts
    • Mo Chutu of Lismore (Roman Catholic Church)
    • Victor and Corona
    • May 14 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which the first day of Sanja Matsuri can fall, while is the latest; celebrated on the third weekend of May. (Sensō-ji, Tokyo)
  • Flag Day (Paraguay)
  • Hastings Banda’s Birthday (Malawi)
  • National Unification Day (Liberia)
  • The first day of Izumo-taisha Shrine Grand Festival. (Izumo-taisha)
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