Answering Exams

January 29 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

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  •  – Sergius III is consecrated pope, after coming out of retirement to take over the papacy from the deposed antipope Christopher.
  •  – Caliph Al-Mustakfi is blinded and deposed by Emir Mu’izz al-Dawla, ruler of the Buyid Empire. He is succeeded by Al-Muti as caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate.
  •  – First Mongol invasion of Đại Việt: Đại Việt defeats the Mongols at the battle of Đông Bộ Đầu, forcing the Mongols to withdraw from the .
  •  – War of the Sixth Coalition: defeats and  in the Battle of Brienne.
  •  – Stamford Raffles lands on the island of .
  •  – “” is published in The  in , the first publication with the name of the author, .
  •  – Henry Clay introduces the Compromise of  to the U.S. Congress.
  •  – Queen Victoria issues a Warrant under the Royal sign-manual that establishes the Victoria Cross to recognise acts of valour by British military personnel during the Crimean War.
  •  –  is admitted as the 34th U.S. state.
  •  – The Bear River Massacre: A detachment of  Volunteers led by Colonel Patrick Edward Connor engage the Shoshone at Bear River, Washington Territory, killing hundreds of men, and children.
  •  – Karl Benz patents the first successful gasoline-driven automobile.
  •  – Liliuokalani is proclaimed the last monarch and only queen regnant of the Kingdom of Hawaii.
  •  – Charles Curtis of Kansas becomes the first Native American U.S. Senator.
  •  – Mexican Revolution: Mexicali is captured by the Mexican Liberal Party, igniting the Magonista rebellion of .
  •  – : Paris is first bombed by  zeppelins.
  •  – Ukrainian–Soviet War: The Bolshevik Red Army, on its way to besiege Kiev, is met by a small group of military students at the Battle of Kruty.
  • 1918 – Ukrainian–Soviet War: An armed uprising organized by the Bolsheviks in anticipation of the encroaching Red Army begins at the Kiev Arsenal, which will be put down six days later.
  •  – The first inductees into the Baseball Hall of Fame are announced.
  •  – Three trains on the Nishinari Line; present Sakurajima Line, in Osaka, , collide and explode while approaching Ajikawaguchi Station. One hundred and eighty-one people are killed.
  •  – Alexandros Koryzis becomes Prime Minister of  upon the sudden death of his predecessor, dictator Ioannis Metaxas.
  •  – : The first day of the Battle of Rennell Island, USS Chicago (CA-29) is torpedoed and heavily damaged by bombers.
  •  – War II: Approximately 38 people are killed and about a dozen injured when the Polish village of Koniuchy (present-day Kaniūkai, Lithuania) is attacked by Soviet partisan units.
  • 1944 – In Bologna, , the Anatomical theatre of the Archiginnasio is completely destroyed in an air-raid, during the Second World War.
  •  – The  Socialist Party is founded in Karachi.
  •  – The first Melodifestivalen is held in Cirkus, Stockholm, .
  •  – The first inductees into the Pro Football Hall of Fame are announced.
  •  – The “ultimate high” of the hippie era, the Mantra-Rock Dance, takes place in San Francisco and features Janis Joplin, Grateful Dead, and Allen Ginsberg.
  •  – The Rubik’s Cube makes its debut at the Ideal Toy Corp. in Earl’s Court, London.
  •  – Cold War: Hungary establishes diplomatic relations with , making it the first Eastern Bloc nation to do so.
  •  – Gulf War: The Battle of Khafji, the first major ground engagement of the war, as well as its deadliest, begins.
  •  –  Jacques Chirac announces a “definitive end” to French nuclear weapons testing.
  •  – Thousands of student protesters in  storm parliament and demand that President Abdurrahman Wahid resign due to alleged involvement in corruption scandals.
  •  – In his State of the Union address, President George W. Bush describes “regimes that sponsor terror” as an Axis of evil, in which he includes Iraq, Iran and North .
  •  – The first direct commercial flights from mainland (from Guangzhou) to  since arrived in Taipei. Shortly afterwards, a China Airlines flight lands in .
  •  – The Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt rules that people who do not adhere to one of the three government-recognised religions, while not allowed to any belief outside of those three, are still eligible to receive government identity documents.
  • 2009 –  of Illinois Rod Blagojevich is removed from office following his conviction of several corruption charges, including the alleged solicitation of personal benefit in exchange for an appointment to the  Senate as a replacement for then-U.S. president-elect Barack Obama.
  •  – SCAT Airlines Flight  crashes near the Kazakh city of Almaty, killing 21 people.
  • 2013 – Alabama bunker hostage crisis: After shooting and killing of school bus driver, 66 years old Charles Albert , Jr, by 65 year old  era veteran, Jimmy Lee Dykes.
  •  – Quebec City mosque shooting: Alexandre Bissonnette opens fire at mosque in Sainte-Foy, Quebec, killing six and wounding 19 others in a spree shooting.

Births on January 29

  •  – Shi Zong, of the Liao Dynasty (d. )
  •  – Johann Reuchlin, German-born humanist and scholar (d. )
  •  – Giuliano Bugiardini, Italian painter (d. )
  •  – Katharina von Bora, wife of ; formerly a Roman Catholic nun (d. )
  •  – Lelio Sozzini, Italian humanist and reformer (d. )
  •  – Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange (d. )
  •  – Franciscus Junius, pioneer of Germanic philology (d. )
  •  – Countess Amalie Elisabeth of Hanau-Münzenberg (d. )
  •  – Johann Georg Graevius, German scholar and critic (d. 1)
  •  – Juan de Galavís, Spanish Roman Catholic archbishop of Santo Domingo and Bogotá (d. )
  •  – Emanuel Swedenborg, Swedish astronomer, philosopher, and theologian (d. )
  •  – Giuseppe Bonno, Austrian composer (d. )
  •  – Georg Christoph Wagenseil, Austrian organist and composer (d. )
  •  – Jeffery Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst, field marshal and politician, 19th Governor of  (d. )
  •  – Paul Rabaut, French pastor (d. )
  •  – Thomas Paine, prominent for publishing Common Sense (), which established him as one of the Founding Fathers of the United States (d. )
  •  – Christian VII of Denmark (d. )
  •  –  Cleaveland, American general, lawyer, and politician, founded Cleveland,  (d. )
  •  – Henry Lee III, American general and politician, 9th Governor of Virginia (d. )
  •  – Albert Gallatin, Swiss-American ethnologist, linguist, and politician, 4th United States Secretary of the Treasury (d. )
  •  – Daniel Auber, French composer (d. )
  •  – Johannes Bernardus van Bree, violinist, composer, and conductor (d. )
  •  – Ernst Kummer, Polish-German mathematician and academic (d. )
  • 1810 – Mary Whitwell Hale, American teacher, school founder, and hymnwriter (d. )
  •  – , American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 25th President of the United States (d. )
  •  – Karol Olszewski, Polish chemist, mathematician, and physicist (d. )
  •  – Frederic Hymen Cowen, Jamaican-English pianist, composer, and conductor (d. )
  •  – Henry Ward Ranger, American painter and academic (d. 1916)
  •  – Anton Chekhov, Russian playwright and short story writer (d. )
  • 1861 – Florida Ruffin Ridley, African-American civil rights activist, teacher, editor, and writer (d. 1943)
  • 1862 – Frederick Delius, English composer (d. )
  •  – Julio Peris Brell, Spanish painter (d. 1944)
  • 1866 – Romain Rolland, French historian, author, and playwright,  laureate (d. 1944)
  •  – Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, Spanish and author (d. )
  •  – Süleyman Nazif, Turkish poet and civil servant (d. )
  •  – John D. Rockefeller, Jr., American businessman and philanthropist (d. )
  •  – Havergal Brian, English composer (d. )
  •  – Georges Catroux, French general and diplomat (d. )
  •  – W. C. Fields, American , comedian, and screenwriter (d. )
  •  – Alice Catherine Evans, American microbiologist (d. )
  •  – Juhan Aavik, Estonian-Swedish composer and conductor (d. )
  •  – Sydney Chapman, English mathematician and geophysicist (d. )
  • 1888 – Wellington Koo, statesman (d. )
  • 1891 – Elizaveta Gerdt, Russian ballerina and educator (d. 1975)
  • 1891 – R. Norris Williams, Swiss-American player and banker (d. )
  •  – Ernst Lubitsch, German American film director, , writer, and actor (d. )
  •  – Muna Lee, American poet and author (d. )
  • 1901 – Allen B. DuMont, American engineer and broadcaster, founded the DuMont Television Network (d. 1965)
  • 1901 – E. P. Taylor, Canadian businessman and horse breeder (d. 1989)
  •  – Yeshayahu Leibowitz, Russian-Israeli biochemist and philosopher (d. )
  •  – Barnett Newman, American painter and etcher (d. 1970)
  •  – Joe Primeau, Canadian ice player and coach (d. 1989)
  •  – Victor Mature, (d. )
  • 1915 – Bill Peet, American author and (d. 2002)
  • 1915 – John Serry Sr., Italian-American concert accordionist and composer (d.)
  •  – John Raitt, American actor and singer (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – John Forsythe, American actor (d. )
  •  – Geraldine Pittman Woods, American administrator and embryologist (d. 1999)
  •  – Jack Burke Jr., American golfer
  • 1923 – Paddy Chayefsky, American author and screenwriter (d. )
  •  – , Pakistani-British physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996)
  • 1926 – Amelita Ramos, 11th First Lady of the
  • 1927 – Edward Abbey, American environmentalist and author (d. 1989)
  •  – Elio Petri, Italian director and screenwriter (d. 1982)
  • 1929 – Joseph Kruskal, American mathematician and computer (d. 2010)
  •  – Leslie Bricusse, English playwright and composer
  • 1931 – Ferenc Mádl, Hungarian academic and politician, 2nd President of Hungary (d. )
  •  – Raman Subba Row, English and referee
  • 1932 – , (d. )
  •  – Sacha Distel, French singer and guitarist (d. )
  • 1934 – Branko Miljković, Serbian poet and academic (d. )
  • 1936 – Veturi Sundararama Murthy, Indian poet and songwriter (d. 2010)
  •  – Hassan Habibi, lawyer and politician, 1st  of Iran (d. 2013)
  • 1937 – Bobby Scott, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (d. )
  •  – Germaine Greer, Australian journalist and author
  • 1940 – Katharine Ross, American actress and author
  • 1940 – Kunimitsu Takahashi, Japanese motorcycle racer and race car driver
  • 1941 – Robin Morgan, American actress, journalist, and author
  • 1943 – Tony Blackburn, English and television host
  • 1943 – Pat Quinn, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. )
  • 1944 – Andrew Loog Oldham, English record producer and manager
  • 1944 – Patrick Lipton Robinson, Jamaican lawyer and judge
  • 1944 – Pauline van der Wildt, Dutch swimmer
  •  – Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta, Malian academic and politician, Prime Minister of Mali
  • 1945 – Jim Nicholson, Northern Irish politician
  • 1945 – Tom Selleck, American actor and businessman
  • 1946 – Bettye LaVette, American singer-songwriter
  • 1947 – Linda B. Buck, American biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1947 – David Byron, English singer-songwriter (d. 1985)
  • 1947 – Marián Varga, Slovak organist and composer
  • 1948 – Raymond Keene, English chess player and author
  • 1949 – doris davenport, American poet and teacher
  • 1949 – Evgeny Lovchev, Russian footballer and manager
  • 1949 – Tommy Ramone, Hungarian-American drummer and producer (d. 2014)
  •  – Ann Jillian, American actress and singer
  • 1950 – Jody Scheckter, South African race car driver and sportscaster
  •  – Fereydoon Forooghi, Iranian singer-songwriter (d. 2001)
  • 1951 – Andy Roberts, Caribbean cricketer
  •  – Peter Baumann, German keyboard player and songwriter
  • 1953 – Charlie Wilson, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1953 – Teresa Teng, Taiwanese singer (d. )
  •  – Christian Bjelland IV, Norwegian businessman and collector
  • 1954 – Terry Kinney, American actor and director
  • 1954 – Oprah Winfrey, American talk show host, actress, and producer, founded Harpo Productions
  •  – Jan Jakub Kolski, Polish director, screenwriter, and cinematographer
  •  – Philippe Dintrans, French rugby player
  • 1957 – Ron Franscell, American author and journalist
  • 1957 – Grażyna Miller, and poet
  • 1959 – Mike Foligno, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1960 – Gia Carangi, American supermodel (d. )
  • 1960 – Greg Louganis, American diver and author
  • 1961 – Petra Thümer, German swimmer and photographer
  •  – Nicholas Turturro, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  •  – John Anthony Gallagher, English- rugby player
  • 1965 – Dominik Hašek, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1965 – Peter Lundgren, Swedish tennis player and coach
  •  – Romário, Brazilian footballer, manager, and politician
  • 1967 – Stacey King, American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1968 – Edward Burns, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1968 – Susi Erdmann, German luger and bobsledder
  • 1970 – Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore, Indian colonel and politician
  • 1970 – Heather Graham, American actress
  • 1970 – Jörg Hoffmann, German swimmer
  • 1970 – Paul Ryan, American economist and politician, 62nd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
  • 1970 – Mohammed Yusuf, Nigerian Islamist leader, founded Boko Haram (d. 2009)
  • 1975 – Sara Gilbert, American actress, producer, and talk show host
  • 1980 – Ivan Klasnic, German-Croatian footballer
  • 1982 – Adam Lambert, American singer, songwriter and actor
  •  – Natalie du Toit, South African swimmer
  • 1984 – Nuno Morais, Portuguese footballer
  • 1985 – Marc Gasol, Spanish basketball player
  •  – José Abreu, Cuban baseball player
  •  – Tatyana Chernova, Russian heptathlete
  • 1988 – Shay Logan, English footballer
  • 1988 – Aydın Yılmaz, Turkish footballer
  • 1989 – Kevin Shattenkirk, American ice hockey player
  •  – Kyary Pamyu Pamyu, Japanese singer

Deaths on January 29

  •  – Ali, cousin and son-in- of  (b. 601)
  •  – Princess Ōku of Japan (b. 661)
  •  – An Lushan, Chinese general (b. 703)
  •  – Salih ibn Wasif, Muslim general
  •  – Pope Gelasius II (b. )
  •  – Adolf, Count Palatine of the Rhine (b. )
  •  – Louis, Duke of Savoy (b. )
  •  – Elias Ammerbach, German organist and composer (b. )
  •  – Frederick I, Duke of Württemberg (b. )
  • 1647 – Francis Meres, English priest and author (b. 1565)
  •  – Jerónimo Lobo, Portuguese missionary and author (b. )
  •  – Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of Dorset, English poet and courtier (b. )
  • 1737 – George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, Scottish-English field marshal and politician, Colonial Governor of Virginia (b. )
  •  – André-Hercule de Fleury, French cardinal (b. )
  •  – Louis Racine, French poet (b. )
  •  – George III of the  (b. )
  •  – Paul François Jean Nicolas, vicomte de Barras, French captain and politician (b. )
  • 1829 – István Pauli, Hungarian-Slovenian priest and poet (b. )
  • 1870 – Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1797)
  • 1871 – Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé, Canadian author (b. )
  • 1888 – Edward Lear, English poet and illustrator (b. )
  •  – Alfred Sisley, French-English painter (b. )
  • 1906 – Christian IX of Denmark (b. 1818)
  • 1928 – Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, Scottish field marshal (b. 1861)
  • 1931 – Henri Mathias Berthelot, French general during World War I (b. 1861)
  • 1933 – Sara Teasdale, American poet (b. 1884)
  • 1934 – Fritz Haber, Polish-German chemist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. )
  • 1941 – Ioannis Metaxas, Greek general and politician, 130th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1871)
  • 1944 – William Allen White, American journalist and author (b. 1868)
  • 1946 – Harry Hopkins, American businessman and politician, 8th United States Secretary of Commerce (b. )
  • 1948 – Prince Aimone, Duke of Aosta (b. )
  • 1950 – Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Kuwaiti ruler (b. )
  • 1951 – Frank Tarrant, Australian cricketer and umpire (b. 1880)
  • 1956 – H. L. Mencken, American journalist and critic (b. 1880)
  • 1959 – Winifred Brunton, South African painter and illustrator (b. 1880)
  • 1962 – Fritz Kreisler, Austrian-American violinist and composer (b. )
  • 1963 – Robert Frost, American poet and playwright (b. 1874)
  • 1964 – Alan Ladd, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1969 – Allen Welsh Dulles, American banker, lawyer, and diplomat, 5th Director of Central Intelligence (b. 1893)
  • 1970 – B. H. Liddell Hart, French-English soldier, historian, and journalist (b. 1895)
  •  – Freddie Prinze, American comedian and actor (b. 1954)
  •  – Frank Nicklin, Australian politician, 28th Premier of Queensland (b. 1895)
  • 1980 – Jimmy Durante, American entertainer (b. 1893)
  • 1991 – Yasushi Inoue, Japanese author and poet (b. 1907)
  •  – Willie Dixon, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1915)
  • 1993 – Adetokunbo Ademola, Nigerian lawyer and jurist, 2nd Chief Justice of Nigeria (b. 1906)
  • 1994 – Ulrike Maier, Austrian skier (b. 1967)
  • 1999 – Lili St. Cyr, American model and dancer (b. 1918)
  • 2002 – Harold Russell, Canadian-American soldier and actor (b. )
  • 2003 – Frank Moss, American lawyer and politician (b. 1911)
  • 2004 – Janet Frame, New Zealand author and poet (b. )
  • 2005 – Ephraim Kishon, Israeli author, screenwriter, and director (b. 1924)
  •  – Nam June Paik, South -American artist, (b. 1932)
  •  – Bengt Lindström, Swedish painter and sculptor (b. )
  • 2008 – Margaret Truman, American singer and author (b. 1924)
  • 2009 – Hélio Gracie, Brazilian martial artist (b. 1913)
  • 2011 – Milton Babbitt, American composer, educator, and theorist (b. 1916)
  •  – Ranjit Singh Dyal, Indian general and politician, 10th Lieutenant Governor of Puducherry (b. 1928)
  • 2012 – Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, Italian lawyer and politician, 9th President of Italy (b. 1918)
  • 2012 – Camilla Williams, American soprano and educator (b. )
  • 2014 – François Cavanna, French journalist and author (b. 1923)
  •  – Colleen McCullough, Australian neuroscientist, author, and academic (b. 1937)
  • 2015 – Rod McKuen, American singer-songwriter and poet (b. 1933)
  • 2015 – Alexander Vraciu, American commander and pilot (b. 1918)
  •  – Jean-Marie Doré, Guinean lawyer and politician, 11th Prime Minister of Guinea (b. )
  • 2016 – Jacques Rivette, French director, screenwriter, and critic (b. 1928)
  •  – George Fernandes, Indian politician (b. )
  • 2019 – James Ingram, American musician (b. )

Holidays and observances on January 29

  • Christian feast day:
    • Andrei Rublev (Episcopal Church ())
    • Aquilinus of Milan
    • Constantius of Perugia
    • Dallán Forgaill
    • Gildas
    • Juniper
    • Sabinian of Troyes
    • Sulpitius I of Bourges
    • Valerius of Trèves
    • January 29 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which Fat  can fall, while is the latest; celebrated on before Ash . ()
  • Kansas Day (Kansas, United States)
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