Answering Exams

January 13 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

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  •  – The Nika riots break out, during the racing season at the Hippodrome in Constantinople, as a result of discontent with the rule of the  Justinian I.
  •  – Sicut Dudum, forbidding the enslavement of the Guanche natives in Canary Islands by the Spanish, is promulgated by Pope Eugene IV.
  •  – Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, is sentenced to death for treason, on the grounds of having quartered his arms to make them similar to those of the King, Henry VIII of England.
  •  – Nicolas Jean Hugon de Bassville, representative of Revolutionary , lynched by a mob in Rome
  •  – French Revolutionary Wars: A naval battle between a French ship of the line and two British frigates off the coast of Brittany ends with the French vessel running aground, resulting in over deaths.
  •  – War of : British troops capture Fort Peter in St. Marys, , the only battle of the war to take place in the state.
  •  – The design of the Greek flag is adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus.
  •  –  Andrew Jackson writes to Vice  Martin Van Buren expressing his opposition to ’s defiance of federal authority in the Nullification Crisis.
  •  – The steamship Lexington burns and sinks four miles off the coast of Long Island with the loss of 139 lives.
  •  – Dr. William Brydon, an assistant surgeon in the British East Company Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for being the sole survivor of an army of 4, men and 12,000 camp followers when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad, Afghanistan.
  •  – The Treaty of Cahuenga ends the Mexican–American War in .
  •  – Establishment of the Colony of Vancouver Island.
  • 1849 – Second Anglo-Sikh War – Battle of Chillianwala: British forces retreat from the Sikhs.
  •  – In Mozart Gardens Brooklyn Ada Anderson completed a great feat of pedestrianism – 2700 quarter miles in 2700 quarter hours, earning her $0.
  •  – The National Geographic Society is founded in Washington, D.C.
  •  – The  Labour Party of the holds its first meeting.
  • 1893 – U.S. Marines land in Honolulu, Hawaii from the USS Boston to prevent the queen from abrogating the Bayonet Constitution.
  •  – First Italo-Ethiopian War: the war’s opening battle, the Battle of Coatit, occurs; it is an Italian victory.
  •  – Émile Zola’s J’accuse…! exposes the Dreyfus affair.
  •  – The Rhoads Opera House fire in Boyertown,  kills 171 people.
  •  – The first public broadcast takes place; a live performance of the operas Cavalleria rusticana and Pagliacci are sent out over the airwaves from the Metropolitan Opera House in .
  • 1 – The 6.7 Mw  Avezzano earthquake shakes the Province of L’Aquila in with a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme), killing between 29,–32,.
  •  – The Reichstag Bloodbath of January 13, , the bloodiest demonstration in history.
  •  – A plebiscite in Saarland shows that 90.3% of those voting wish to join Nazi .
  •  – The Black bushfires burn 20,000 square kilometers of land in , claiming the lives of 71 people.
  •  – Henry Ford patents a plastic automobile, which is 30% lighter than a regular car.
  • 1942 – : First use of an aircraft ejection seat by a German pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter.
  •  – British submarine HMS Truculent collides with an oil tanker in the Thames Estuary, killing 64 men.
  • 1950 – Finland forms diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of .
  •  – First Indochina War: The Battle of Vĩnh Yên begins.
  •  – An article appears in Pravda accusing some of the most prestigious and prominent doctors, mostly Jews, in the of taking part in a vast plot to poison members of the top Soviet political and military leadership.
  •  – The Moroccan Army of Liberation ambushes a Spanish patrol in the Battle of Edchera.
  •  – Coup d’état in Togo results in the assassination of president Sylvanus Olympio.
  •  – Anti-Muslim riots break out in , resulting in 100 deaths.
  • 1964 – In Manchester, New Hampshire, fourteen-year-old Pamela Mason is murdered. Edward Coolidge is tried and convicted of the crime, but the conviction is set aside by the landmark Fourth Amendment case Coolidge v. New Hampshire ().
  •  – Robert C. Weaver becomes the first African American Cabinet member when he is appointed United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
  •  – Johnny Cash performs live at Folsom State Prison.
  •  – Prime Minister Kofi Abrefa Busia and President Edward Akufo-Addo of Ghana are ousted in a bloodless  by Colonel Ignatius Kutu Acheampong.
  •  – United States Food and Drug Administration requires all blood donations to be labeled “paid” or “volunteer” donors.
  •  – Shortly after takeoff, Air Florida Flight 90, a Boeing jet, crashes into Washington, D.C.’s 14th Street Bridge and falls into the Potomac River, killing 78 including four motorists.
  •  – A passenger train plunges into a ravine in , killing in the worst railroad disaster in .
  •  – A month-long violent struggle begins in Aden, South Yemen between supporters of Ali Nasir  and Abdul Fattah Ismail, resulting in thousands of casualties.
  •  – Lee Teng-hui becomes the first native Taiwanese President of the Republic of China.
  •  – Douglas Wilder becomes the first elected African American as he takes office as  of Virginia in Richmond, Virginia.
  •  – Soviet Union troops attack Lithuanian independence supporters in Vilnius, killing 14 people and wounding around others.
  •  – Space Shuttle program: Endeavour heads for space for the third time as STS-54 launches from the Kennedy Space Center.
  • 1993 – The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) is signed.
  •  – Alfredo Ormando sets himself on fire in St. Peter’s Square, protesting against homophobia.
  •  – An earthquake hits El Salvador, killing more than 800.
  •  – The passenger cruise ship Costa Concordia sinks off the coast of Italy due to the captain Francesco Schettino’s negligence and irresponsibility. There are 32 confirmed deaths.
  •  – A false emergency alert warning of an impending missile strike in Hawaii caused widespread panic in the state.
  •  – Taal Volcano in the  spews lava fountains while erupting in the crater.

Births on January 13

  •  – Guangwu of Han, emperor (d. 57)
  •  – Lucius Aelius, Roman adopted son of Hadrian (d. )
  • 915 – Al-Hakam II, Umayyad caliph (d. )
  •  – Henry II, king of Castile and León (d. )
  •  – Jeong Mong-ju, civil minister, diplomat and scholar (d. )
  •  – Infante John, Constable of  (d. )
  •  – Henry Percy, 5th Earl of Northumberland (d. )
  •  – Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg (d. )
  •  – Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet and soldier (d. )
  •  – Jan van Goyen, painter and (d. )
  •  – Maria Anna of , archduchess of (d. )
  •  – Antoinette Bourignon, French-Flemish mystic and author (d. )
  •  – Henry Booth, 1st Earl of Warrington, soldier and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (d. )
  •  – Christoph Graupner, German harpsichord player and composer (d. )
  •  – Richard Hurd, English bishop (d. )
  •  – Maler Müller, German poet, painter, and playwright (d. )
  •  – John Davis, American lawyer and politician, 14th Governor of Massachusetts (d. )
  •  – Paul Gavarni, French illustrator (d. )
  •  – Thomas Dyer, American lawyer and politician, 18th Mayor of Chicago (d. )
  • 1808 – Salmon P. Chase, American jurist and politician, 6th Chief Justice of the United States (d. )
  •  – Ernestine Rose, American suffragist, abolitionist, and freethinker (d. )
  • 1812 – Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (d. )
  •  – Horatio Alger, Jr., American novelist and (d. )
  •  – Félix Tisserand, French astronomer and academic (d. )
  • 1 – Oskar Minkowski, Lithuanian-German biologist and academic (d. )
  •  – Kostis Palamas, Greek poet and playwright (d. )
  •  –  Nonne, German neurologist and academic (d. )
  •  – Wilhelm Wien, German physicist and academic,  laureate (d. )
  •  – Princess Marie of Orléans (d. 1908)
  • 1866 – Vasily Kalinnikov, Russian bassoon player and composer (d. )
  • 1866 – George Gurdjieff, Russian-French mystic and philosopher (d. )
  •  – Prince Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta (d. 1931)
  •  – Ross Granville Harrison, American biologist and anatomist (d. 1959)
  •  – Lionel Groulx, Canadian priest and historian (d. )
  •  – Essington Lewis, Australian engineer and businessman (d. )
  • 1883 – Nathaniel Cartmell, American runner and coach (d. 1967)
  •  – Alfred Fuller, Canadian-American businessman, founded the Fuller Brush Company (d. )
  •  –  Ross, Canadian-American ice player and coach (d. 1964)
  • – Sophie Tucker, Russian-born American singer and actress (d. 1966)
  •  – Jüri Uluots, Estonian journalist, lawyer, and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Estonia (d. )
  • 1892 – Ermanno Aebi, Italian-Swiss footballer (d. )
  • 1893 – Charles Arnison, English lieutenant and pilot (d. )
  • 1893 – Roy Cazaly, Australian footballer and coach (d. 1963)
  • 1893 – Clark Ashton Smith, American poet, sculptor, painter, and author (d. 1961)
  • 1893 – Chaim Soutine, Belarusian-French painter (d. 1943)
  •  – Shimizugawa Motokichi, sumo wrestler (d. 1967)
  • 1900 – Gertrude Mary Cox, American mathematician (d. 1978)
  • 1901 – A. B. , Jr., American novelist, screenwriter, historian (d. 1991)
  • 1901 – Mieczysław Żywczyński, Polish priest and historian (d. 1978)
  •  – Karl Menger, Austrian-American mathematician from the Vienna Circle (d. 1985)
  •  – Richard Addinsell, English composer (d. )
  • 1904 – Nathan Milstein, Ukrainian-American violinist and composer (d. )
  • 1904 – Dick Rowley, Irish footballer, centre forward (d. )
  •  – Kay Francis, American actress (d. 1968)
  • 1905 – Jack London, English sprinter and pianist (d. 1966)
  •  – Zhou Youguang, Chinese linguist, sinologist, and academic (d. )
  •  – Helm Glöckler, German race car driver (d. 1993)
  • 1910 – Yannis Tsarouchis, Greek painter and illustrator (d. )
  •  – Joh Bjelke-Petersen, -Australian farmer and politician, 31st Premier of Queensland (d. )
  •  – Osa Massen, Danish-American actress (d. )
  • 1914 – Ted Willis, Baron Willis, English author, playwright, and screenwriter (d. 1992)
  •  – Robert Stack, American (d. )
  •  – Necati Cumalı, Greek-Turkish author and poet (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – Dachine Rainer, American-English author and poet (d. )
  • 1921 – Arthur Stevens, , outside right (d. }
  •  – Albert Lamorisse, French director and (d. )
  •  – Daniil Shafran, Russian cellist (d. )
  • 1923 – Willem Slijkhuis, Dutch runner (d. 2003)
  •  – Paul Feyerabend, Austrian-Swiss philosopher and academic (d. )
  • 1924 – Roland Petit, French dancer and choreographer (d. )
  •  – Rosemary Murphy, American actress (d. )
  • 1925 – Vanita Smythe, American singer and actress (d. 1994)
  • 1925 – Ron Tauranac, Australian engineer and businessman
  • 1925 – Gwen Verdon, American actress and dancer (d. 2000)
  •  – Michael Bond, English soldier and author, created Paddington Bear (d. 2017)
  • 1926 – Carolyn Gold Heilbrun, American author and academic (d. 2003)
  • 1926 – Melba Liston, American trombonist and composer (d. )
  • 1 – Brock Adams, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 5th United States Secretary of Transportation (d. )
  • – Liz Anderson, American singer-songwriter (d. 2011)
  • 1927 – Sydney Brenner, South African biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. )
  •  – Joe Pass, American guitarist and composer (d. 1994)
  •  – Frances Sternhagen, American actress
  • 1931 – Ian Hendry, English actor (d. 1984)
  • 1931 – Charles Reilly, , comedian, director, game show panelist, and television personality (d. 2007)
  •  – Barry Bishop, American mountaineer, photographer, and scholar (d. 1994)
  •  – Tom Gola, American basketball player, coach, and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1935 – Rip Taylor, American actor and comedian (d. 2019)
  •  – Renato Bruson, Italian opera singer
  •  – Guy Dodson, New Zealand-English biochemist and academic (d. 2012)
  •  – Cabu, French cartoonist (d. )
  • 1938 – Daevid Allen, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2015)
  • 1938 – Richard Anthony, Egyptian-French singer-songwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1938 – Dave Edwards, American captain and politician (d. )
  • 1938 – Tord Grip, Swedish footballer and manager
  • 1938 – Anna Home, English screenwriter and producer
  • 1939 – Edgardo Cozarinsky, Argentinian author, screenwriter, and director
  • 1939 – Jacek Gmoch, Polish footballer and coach
  • 1939 – Cesare Maniago, Canadian ice hockey player
  •  – Edmund White, American novelist, memoirist, and essayist
  •  – Pasqual Maragall, Spanish academic and politician, 127th President of the Generalitat de Catalunya
  • 1941 – Meinhard Nehmer, German bobsledder
  • 1943 – William Duckworth, American composer and author (d. 2012)
  • 1943 – Richard Moll, American actor
  • 1945 – Gordon McVie, English oncologist and author
  • 1945 – Peter Simpson, English footballer
  •  – Ordal Demokan, Turkish physicist and academic (d. 2004)
  • 1946 – Eero Koivistoinen, Finnish saxophonist, composer, and conductor
  •  – John Lees, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1947 – Jacek Majchrowski, Polish historian, lawyer, and politician
  • 1947 – Carles Rexach, Spanish footballer and coach
  •  – Gaj Singh, Indian lawyer and politician
  • 1949 – Rakesh Sharma, Indian commander, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1949 – Brandon Tartikoff, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1997)
  • 1950 – Clive Betts, English economist and politician
  • 1950 – Bob Forsch, American baseball player (d. 2011)
  • 1950 – Gholam Hossein Mazloumi, footballer and manager (d. 2014)
  •  – Stephen Glover, English journalist, co-founded The Independent
  • 1953 – Silvana Gallardo, American actress and producer (d. 2012)
  •  – Richard Blackford, English composer
  • 1954 – Trevor Rabin, South African-American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  •  – Paul Kelly, Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1955 – Jay McInerney, American novelist and critic
  • 1955 – Anne Pringle, English diplomat, British Ambassador to
  •  – Claudia Emerson, American poet and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1957 – Mary Glindon, English lawyer and politician
  • 1957 – Mark O’Meara, American golfer
  • 1957 – Lorrie Moore, American short story writer
  • 1958 – Francisco Buyo, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1958 – Juan Pedro de Miguel, Spanish handball player (d. )
  • 1959 – Winnie Byanyima, Ugandan engineer, politician, and diplomat
  •  – Eric Betzig, American physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1960 – Matthew Bourne, English choreographer and director
  • 1961 – Wayne Coyne, American singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1961 – Kelly Hrudey, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1961 – Julia Louis-Dreyfus, American actress, comedian, and producer
  •  – Trace Adkins, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1962 – Paul Higgins, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1964 – Penelope Ann Miller, American actress
  • 1966 – Patrick Dempsey, American actor and race car driver
  • 1966 – Leo Visser, Dutch speed skater and pilot
  • 1968 – Mike Whitlow, English footballer and coach
  •  – Stefania Belmondo, Italian skier
  • 1969 – Stephen Hendry, Scottish snooker player and journalist
  • 1970 – Frank Kooiman, Dutch footballer
  • 1970 – Marco Pantani, Italian cyclist (d. 2004)
  • 1970 – Shonda Rhimes, American actress, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1972 – Mark Bosnich, Australian footballer and sportscaster
  • 1972 – Nicole Eggert, American actress
  • 1972 – Vitaly Scherbo, Belarusian gymnast
  • 1973 – Nikolai Khabibulin, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Gigi Galli, Italian race driver
  • 1974 – Sergei Brylin, Russian ice hockey player and coach
  •  – Rune Eriksen, Norwegian guitarist and composer
  • 1975 – Mailis Reps, Estonian academic and politician, 31st Estonian Minister of Education and Research
  • 1975 – Andrew Yang, American entrepreneur, founder of Venture for America, and 2020 presidential candidate
  • 1976 – Mario Yepes, Colombian footballer
  • 1 – Orlando Bloom, English actor and producer
  • 1977 – -Hyun Kim, South Korean golfer
  • 1977 – Elliot Mason, English trombonist and keyboard player
  • 1977 – James Posey, American basketball player and coach
  • 1978 – Nate Silver, American journalist and statistician, developed PECOTA
  •  – Katy Brand, English actress and screenwriter
  •  – Krzysztof Czerwiński, Polish organist and conductor
  • 1980 – Nils-Eric Johansson, Swedish footballer
  • 1980 – Akira Kaji, Japanese footballer
  • 1980 – Wolfgang Loitzl, Austrian ski jumper
  • 1980 – Mirko Soltau, German footballer
  •  – Reggie Brown, American football player
  • 1981 – Darrell Rasner, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Yujiro Takahashi, Japanese wrestler
  • 1982 – Kamran Akmal,
  • 1982 – Guillermo Coria, Argentinian player
  • 1982 – Constantinos Makrides, Cypriot footballer
  • 1982 – Ruth Wilson, English actress
  •  – Ender Arslan, Turkish basketball player
  • 1983 – Sebastian Kneißl, German footballer
  • 1983 – Mauricio Martín Romero, Argentinian footballer
  • 1984 – Matteo Cavagna, Italian footballer
  • 1984 – Kamghe Gaba, German sprinter
  • 1984 – Nick Mangold, American football player
  • 1985 – Luke Robinson,
  • 1986 – Joannie Rochette, Canadian figure skater
  •  – Stefano Del Sante, Italian footballer
  • 1987 – Jack Johnson, American ice hockey player
  • 1987 – Florica Leonida, Romanian gymnast
  • 1987 – Steven Michaels, Australian rugby league player
  • 1987 – Daniel Oss, Italian cyclist
  • 1987 – Marc Staal, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1987 – Sven Wetzel, German rugby player
  • 1988 – Josh Freeman, American football player
  • 1989 – Morgan Burnett, American football player
  • 1989 – Doug Martin, American football player
  • 1990 – Vincenzo Fiorillo, Italian footballer
  • 1990 – Liam Hemsworth, Australian actor
  • 1991 – Rob Kiernan, English-Irish footballer
  • 1992 – Adam Matthews, Welsh footballer
  • 1992 – Dinah Pfizenmaier, German tennis player
  • 1993 – Max Whitlock, English artistic gymnast
  • 1997 – Micah Hart, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1997 – Connor McDavid, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1997 – Ivan Provorov, Russian ice hockey player

Deaths on January 13

  •  – Gaius Marius, Roman and politician (b. 157 BC)
  •  – Remigius, French bishop and saint (b. )
  •  – Mungo, English-Scottish bishop and saint
  •  – Jitō, Japanese emperor (b. )
  • 858 – Æthelwulf, king of Wessex
  •  – Charles the Fat, king and emperor (b. )
  • 927 – Berno of Cluny, Frankish monk and abbot
  •  – Fujiwara no Teishi, Japanese empress (b. 977)
  •  – Robert de Craon, Grand Master of the Knights Templar
  •  – Suger, French historian and politician (b. )
  •  – Henry II, count palatine and duke of Austria (b. )
  •  – Bonacossa Borri, Italian noblewoman (b. )
  •  – Frederick I, duke and king of Germany
  •  – Meinhard III, German nobleman (b. )
  • 1400 – Thomas le Despenser, 1st Earl of Gloucester, English politician (b. )
  •  – Edmund Spenser, English poet, Chief Secretary for Ireland (b. )
  •  – Jane Dormer, English lady-in-waiting (b. )
  •  – Jan Brueghel the Elder, Flemish painter (b. 1568)
  •  – Henry Howard, 6th Duke of Norfolk, English nobleman (b. )
  •  – , English religious leader, founded the Religious  (b. )
  •  – Maria Sibylla Merian, German entomologist and illustrator (b. )
  •  – Johann Georg Walch, German theologian and author (b. )
  •  – Luc Urbain de Bouëxic, French admiral (b. )
  •  – John Anderson, Scottish philosopher and educator (b. )
  • 1832 – Thomas Lord, English cricketer, founded Lord’s Ground (b. )
  •  – Ferdinand Ries, German pianist and composer (b. )
  •  – William Mason, American surgeon and politician (b. )
  • 1864 – Stephen Foster, American composer and songwriter (b. )
  •  – William Scamp, English architect and engineer (b. )
  •  – Wilhelm Mauser, German engineer and businessman, co-founded the Mauser Company (b. )
  • 1885 – Schuyler Colfax, American journalist and politician, 17th  of the United States (b. )
  •  – Solomon Bundy, American lawyer and politician (b. 1823)
  • 1905 – George Thorn, Australian farmer and politician, 6th Premier of Queensland (b. 1838)
  • 1906 – Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist and academic (b. 1859)
  •  – Jakob Hurt, Estonian theologist and linguist (b. )
  •  – Mary Slessor, Scottish-Nigerian missionary (b. )
  •  – Victoriano Huerta, Mexican military officer and president, –1914 (b. )
  • 1923 – Alexandre Ribot, French academic and politician, Prime Minister of France (b. 1842)
  • 1924 – Georg Hermann Quincke, German physicist and academic (b. 1834)
  • 1929 – Wyatt Earp, American police officer (b. 1848)
  • 1929 – H. B. Higgins, Irish-Australian judge and politician, 3rd Attorney-General for Australia (b. )
  •  – Paul Ulrich Villard, French physicist and chemist (b. 1860)
  • 1941 – James Joyce, Irish novelist, short story writer, and poet (b. 1882)
  • 1943 – Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Swiss painter and sculptor (b. 1889)
  •  – Lyonel Feininger, German-American painter and illustrator (b. )
  • 1957 – A. E. Coppard English poet and short story writer (b. 1878)
  • 1958 – Jesse L. Lasky, American film producer, co-founded Paramount Pictures (b. )
  • 1962 – Ernie Kovacs, American actor and game show host (b. 1919)
  • 1963 – Sylvanus Olympio, Togolese businessman and politician, President of Togo (b. 1902)
  • 1967 – Anatole de Grunwald, Russian-English screenwriter and producer (b. 1910)
  • 1971 – Robert Still, English composer and educator (b. 1910)
  • 1973 – Sabahattin Eyüboğlu, Turkish screenwriter and producer (b. 1908)
  • 1974 – Raoul Jobin, Canadian tenor and educator (b. 1906)
  • 1974 – Salvador Novo, Mexican playwright and poet (b. 1904)
  • 1976 – Margaret Leighton, English actress (b. 1922)
  • 1977 – Henri Langlois, Turkish-French historian, co-founded the Cinémathèque Française (b. 1914)
  • 1978 – Hubert Humphrey, American pharmacist, academic, and politician, 38th Vice President of the United States (b. 1911)
  • 1978 – Joe McCarthy, American baseball player and manager (b. 1887)
  • 1979 – Donny Hathaway, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (b. 1945)
  • 1979 – Marjorie Lawrence, Australian-American soprano (b. 1907)
  • 1980 – Andre Kostelanetz, Russian-American conductor (b. 1901)
  • 1982 – Marcel Camus, French director and screenwriter (b. )
  • 1983 – René Bonnet, French race car driver and engineer (b. 1904)
  • 1986 – Abdul Fattah Ismail, Yemeni educator and politician, 4th President of South Yemen (b. 1939)
  • 1986 – Kevin Longbottom, Australian rugby league player (b. 1940)
  • 1988 – Chiang Ching-kuo, Chinese politician, President of the Republic of China (b. 1910)
  • 1993 – Camargo Guarnieri, Brazilian composer and conductor (b. 1907)
  •  – Max Harris, Australian journalist, poet, and author (b. 1921)
  •  – Frank Shuster, Canadian actor, comedian, and screenwriter (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Norman , American director and screenwriter (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Arne Næss, Jr., Norwegian businessman and mountaineer (b. 1937)
  • 2005 – Earl Cameron, Canadian journalist (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Nell Rankin, American soprano and actress (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Frank Fixaris, American journalist and sportscaster (b. 1934)
  • 2006 – Marc Potvin, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (b. 1967)
  • 2007 – Michael Brecker, American saxophonist and composer (b. 1949)
  • 2007 – Danny Oakes, American race car driver (b. 1911)
  •  – Johnny Podres, American baseball player and coach (b. 1932)
  •  – Dai Llewellyn, Welsh humanitarian activist and politician (b. 1946)
  • 2009 – Patrick McGoohan, Irish-American actor, director, and producer (b. 1928)
  • 2009 – Mansour Rahbani, Lebanese poet, composer, and producer (b. 1925)
  • 2009 – W. D. Snodgrass, American poet (b. 1926)
  • 2009 – Nancy Bird Walton, Australian pilot (b. 1915)
  •  – Teddy Pendergrass, American singer-songwriter (b. 1950)
  • 2011 – Albert Heijn, Dutch businessman (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – Rauf Denktaş, Turkish-Cypriot lawyer and politician, 1st President of Northern  (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Guido Dessauer, German physicist and engineer (b. 1915)
  • 2012 – Miljan Miljanić, Serbian footballer and manager (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Diogenes Allen, American philosopher and theologian (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Rodney Mims Cook, Sr., American lieutenant and politician (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Chia-Chiao Lin, Chinese-American mathematician and academic (b. 1916)
  • 2014 – Bobby Collins, Scottish footballer and manager (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Randal Tye Thomas, American journalist and politician (b. 1978)
  • 2014 – Waldemar von Gazen, German general and lawyer (b. )
  • 2015 – Mark Juddery, Australian journalist and author (b. 1971)
  • 2015 – Robert White, American soldier and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Paraguay (b. 1926)
  • 2016 – Brian Bedford, English-American actor and director (b. 1935)
  • 2016 – Giorgio Gomelsky, Georgian-American director, producer, songwriter, and manager (b. 1934)
  • 2016 – Lawrence Phillips, American football player (b. 1975)
  • 2017 – Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon, English photographer and sometime member of the (b. 1930)
  • 2017 – Dick Gautier, American actor (b. 1931)
  • 2017 – Magic Alex, Greek electronics engineer (b. 1942)
  • 2019 – Phil Masinga, South African footballer (b. 1969)

Holidays and observances on January 13

  • Christian feast day:
    • Blessed Veronica of Milan
    • Elian
    • Hilary of Poitiers
    • Mungo
    • St. Knut’s Day or Tjugondag Knut, the last day of Christmas. ( and Finland)
    • January 13 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Constitution Day (Mongolia)
  • Democracy Day ()
  • Korean-American Day (Korean-American community, United States)
  • Liberation Day (Togo)
  • Old New Year’s Eve (Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, , Republic of Srpska, North Macedonia), and its related observances:
    • Malanka (Ukraine, Russia, Belarus)
  • Sidereal winter solstice’s eve celebrations in South and Southeast Asian cultures; the last day of the six-month Dakshinayana period (see ):
    • Bhogi (Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu)
    • Lohri (Punjab, , Himachal Pradesh)
    • Uruka (Assam)
  • Stephen Foster Memorial Day (United States)
  • Yennayer (Berbers)
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