Answering Exams

January 12 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

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  •  – Gustav I of  is crowned King of , having already reigned since his election in June .
  •  – Bayinnaung, who would on to assemble the largest empire in the history of Southeast , is crowned King of Burma.
  •  – The city of Belém, is founded on the Amazon River delta, by Portuguese captain Francisco Caldeira Castelo Branco.
  •  – John Rennie’s scheme to defend St Mary’s Church, Reculver, founded in , from coastal erosion is abandoned in favour of demolition, despite the church being an exemplar of Anglo-Saxon architecture and sculpture.
  • 1808 – The organizational meeting leading to the creation of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is held in Edinburgh.
  •  – The Palermo rising takes place in Sicily against the Bourbon Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
  •  – The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London.
  •  – Yohannes IV is crowned of  in Axum, the first imperial coronation in that city in over 200 years.
  •  – The National Trust is founded in the .
  •  – The University of the of  is formally established; three future Philippine  are among the first enrollees.
  •  – The  House of Representatives rejects a proposal to require states to give  the right to vote.
  •  – Both Oswald Boelcke and  Immelmann, for achieving eight aerial victories each over Allied aircraft, receive the  Empire’s highest military award, the Pour le Mérite as the first aviators to earn it.
  •  – The Minnie Pit Disaster coal mining accident occurs in Halmer End, Staffordshire, in which 155 men and boys die.
  •  – Acting to restore confidence in baseball after the Black Sox Scandal, Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis is elected as Major League Baseball’s first commissioner.
  •  – Hattie Caraway becomes the first woman elected to the United States Senate.
  •  – : United States  Franklin D. Roosevelt creates the National War Labor Board.
  •  –  War II: The Red Army begins the Vistula–Oder Offensive.
  •  – : Operation Chopper, the first American combat mission in the war, takes place.
  •  – Rebels in Zanzibar begin a revolt known as the Zanzibar Revolution and proclaim a republic.
  •  –  states that the United States should stay in South  until Communist aggression there is ended.
  •  – Dr. James Bedford becomes the first person to be cryonically preserved with intent of future resuscitation.
  •  – The  Jets of the American Football League defeat the Baltimore Colts of the National Football League to win Super Bowl III in what is considered to be one of the greatest upsets in history.
  •  – Biafra capitulates, ending the Nigerian Civil War.
  •  – The Harrisburg Seven: Rev. Philip Berrigan and five other activists are indicted on charges of conspiring to kidnap Henry Kissinger and of plotting to blow up the heating tunnels of federal buildings in Washington, D.C.
  •  – The  Security Council votes 11–1 to allow the Palestine Liberation Organization to participate in a Security Council debate (without voting rights).
  •  – Space Shuttle program: Congressman Bill  lifts off from Kennedy Space Center aboard Columbia on mission STS-61-C as a payload specialist.
  •  – A seven-day pogrom breaks out against the Armenian civilian population of Baku, Azerbaijan, during which Armenians were beaten, tortured, murdered, and expelled from the city.
  •  – Persian Gulf War: An act of the U.S. Congress authorizes the use of American military force to drive Iraq out of Kuwait.
  •  – Nineteen nations agree to forbid human cloning.
  •  – Downtown Disney opens to the public as part of the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, .
  •  – The world’s largest ocean liner, RMS Queen Mary 2, makes its maiden voyage.
  •  – Deep Impact launches from Cape Canaveral on a Delta II rocket.
  •  – A stampede during the Stoning of the Devil ritual on the last day at the Hajj in Mina, Saudi Arabia, kills at least Muslim pilgrims.
  •  – An earthquake in Haiti occurs, killing between ,000 and 300,000 people and destroying much of the capital Port-au-Prince.
  •  – Violent protests occur in Bucharest, Romania, as two-day-old demonstrations continue against President Traian Băsescu’s economic austerity measures. Clashes are reported in numerous Romanian between protesters and law enforcement officers.
  •  – Government raids kill 143 Boko Haram fighters in Kolofata, Cameroon.
  •  – Ten people are killed and 15 wounded in a bombing near the Blue Mosque in Istanbul.
  •  – Taal Volcano in the Philippines erupts, and kills 39 people.

Births on January 12

  •  – Henry III of Nassau-Breda (d. )
  •  – Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy (d. )
  •  – Petrus Scriverius, historian and scholar (d. )
  •  – Jan Baptist van Helmont, Flemish chemist and physician (d. )
  •  – John Winthrop, lawyer and politician, 2nd  of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (d. )
  •  – Jusepe de Ribera, Spanish painter (d. )
  •  – François Duquesnoy, Flemish sculptor and educator (d. )
  •  – Jijabai Shahaji Bhosale, venerated mother of Indian king Chatrapati Maharaj (d. )
  • 1 – , French author and academic (d. )
  •  – Rosalba Carriera, Italian painter (d. )
  •  – Gaetano Latilla, Italian composer (d. )
  •  – Jacques Duphly, French organist and composer (d. )
  •  – Antonio de Ulloa, Spanish and politician, 1st Spanish Governor of Louisiana (d. )
  •  – Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Prussian field marshal (d. )
  •  – Samuel Langdon, American minister, theologian, and academic (d. )
  •  – Frances Brooke, English author and playwright (d. 1789)
  •  – Edmund Burke, Irish philosopher, academic, and politician (d. 1797)
  •  – Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Swiss philosopher and educator (d. )
  •  – Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies (d. )
  •  – Mikhail Speransky, Russian academic and politician (d. )
  •  – Sir Robert Inglis, 2nd Baronet, English politician (d. )
  • 1792 – Johan August Arfwedson, Swedish chemist and academic (d. )
  • 1797 – Gideon Brecher, Austrian physician and author (d. )
  •  – Priscilla Susan Bury, British botanist (d. 1872)
  •  – Étienne Lenoir, Belgian engineer, designed the internal combustion engine (d. )
  •  – Adolf Jensen, German pianist and composer (d. )
  •  – Jean Béraud, Russian-French painter and academic (d. )
  •  – Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro, Italian mathematician (d. )
  •  – John Singer Sargent, American painter and academic (d. 1925)
  •  – Swami Vivekananda, Indian monk and philosopher (d. )
  •  – Bhagwan Das, Indian philosopher, academic, and politician (d. )
  • 1873 – , Greek runner (d. )
  •  – Laura Adams Armer, American author and photographer (d. )
  •  – Fevzi Çakmak, Turkish field marshal and politician, Prime Minister of the Turkish Provisional Government (d. )
  • 1876 – Jack London, American novelist and (d. 1916)
  • 1876 – Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari, Italian composer and educator (d. )
  •  – Frank J. Corr, American lawyer and politician, 45th Mayor of Chicago (d. )
  •  – Ferenc Molnár, Hungarian-American author and playwright (d. )
  • 1879 – Ray Harroun, American race car driver and engineer (d. )
  • 1879 – Anton Uesson, Estonian engineer and politician, 17th Mayor of Tallinn (d. 1942)
  •  – Milton Sills, American and screenwriter (d. )
  •  –  Guinan, American entertainer and bootlegger (d. )
  •  – Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad, Indian-Pakistani spiritual leader (d. )
  •  – Johannes Vares, Estonian poet, physician, and politician (d. )
  •  – Mikhail Gurevich, Russian engineer and businessman, co-founded the Russian Aircraft Corporation (d. 1976)
  •  – Hermann Göring, German commander, pilot, and politician, Minister President of  (d. 1946)
  • 1893 – Alfred Rosenberg, Estonian-German architect and politician, Reich Minister for the Occupied Eastern Territories (d. 1946)
  •  – Georges Carpentier, French boxer and actor (d. )
  • 1895 – Leo Aryeh Mayer, Polish-Israeli scholar and academic (d. )
  •  – David Wechsler, Romanian-American psychologist and author (d. )
  •  – Pierre Bernac, French opera singer and educator (d. )
  • 1899 – Paul Hermann Müller, Swiss chemist and academic,  laureate (d. 1965)
  •  – Karl Künstler, German SS officer (d. 1945)
  •  – Igor Kurchatov, Russian physicist and academic (d. )
  • 1903 – Andrew J. Transue, American politician and attorney (Morissette v. United States) (d. )
  •  – Mississippi Fred McDowell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. )
  •  – Nihal Atsız, Turkish author, poet, and philosopher (d. 1975)
  • 1905 – James Bennett Griffin, American archaeologist and academic (d. )
  • 1905 – Tex Ritter, and singer (d. )
  •  – Emmanuel Levinas, Lithuanian-French historian, philosopher, and academic (d. 1995)
  •  – Sergei Korolev, Russian colonel and engineer (d. 1966)
  •  – Jean Delannoy, French actor, director, and screenwriter (d. )
  • 1908 – Clement Hurd, American (d. )
  •  – Patsy Kelly, American actress and comedian (d. 1981)
  • 1910 – Luise Rainer, German-English actress (d. )
  •  – Richard Kuremaa, Estonian footballer (d. 1991)
  •  – Mieko Kamiya, psychiatrist and psychologist (d. 1979)
  • 1915 – Paul Jarrico, American screenwriter and (d. 1997)
  • 1915 – Joseph-Aurèle Plourde, Canadian archbishop and academic (d. )
  • 1916 – Ruth R. Benerito, American chemist and inventor (d. 2013)
  • 1916 – Mary Wilson, Baroness Wilson of Rievaulx, British poet and Spouse of the (d. )
  • 1916 – P. W. Botha, South African politician, 8th Prime Minister of South  (d. 2006)
  •  – Walter Hendl, American pianist, composer, and conductor (d. )
  • 1917 – Jimmy Skinner, Canadian ice player and coach (d. 2007)
  • – James Farmer, American activist, and politician, co-founded Congress of Racial Equality (d. )
  • 1920 – Jerzy Zubrzycki, Polish-Australian sociologist and academic (d. )
  •  – Tadeusz Żychiewicz, Polish journalist and historian (d. )
  •  – Ira Hayes, American marine who raised the U.S. flag on Iwo Jima (d. )
  •  – Olivier Gendebien, Belgian racing driver and businessman (d. 1998)
  • 1925 – Bill Burrud, American television host, producer, and actor (d. 1990)
  •  – Morton Feldman, American composer and academic (d. )
  • 1926 – Ray Price, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2013)
  •  – Ruth Brown, American R&B singer-songwriter and actress (d. 2006)
  •  – Alasdair MacIntyre, Scottish-American philosopher and academic
  • 1929 – Jaakko Hintikka, Finnish philosopher and logician (d. 2015)
  • 1930 – Tim Horton, Canadian ice hockey player and businessman, founded Tim Hortons (d. 1974)
  • 1930 – Jennifer Johnston, Irish author and playwright
  • 1930 – Glenn Yarbrough, American singer and actor (d. 2016)
  • 1933 – Pavlos Matesis, Greek author and playwright (d. 2013)
  • 1934 – Alan Sharp, Scottish-American author and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1934 – Mick Sullivan, English rugby player and coach (d. 2016)
  • 1935 – Teresa del Conde, Mexican historian and critic (d. )
  • 1935 – Kreskin, American mentalist
  •  – Jennifer Hilton, Baroness Hilton of Eggardon, English police officer and politician
  • 1936 – Raimonds Pauls, Latvian pianist and composer
  • 1936 – Brajanath Ratha, Indian poet and activist (d. 2014)
  • 1936 – Mufti Mohammad Sayeed, Indian lawyer and politician, Indian Minister of Home Affairs (d. 2016)
  •  – Shirley Eaton, English actress
  •  – Qazi Hussain Ahmad, Pakistani scholar and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1940 – Bob Hewitt, Australian-South African player
  • 1940 – Ronald Shannon Jackson, American drummer and composer (d. 2013)
  • 1940 – Dick Motz, (d. 2007)
  •  – Long John Baldry, English-Canadian singer-songwriter and voice actor (d. 2005)
  • 1941 – Fiona Caldicott, English psychiatrist and psychotherapist
  • 1941 – Chet Jastremski, American swimmer and physician (d. 2014)
  • 1942 – Bernardine Dohrn, American domestic terrorist, political activist and academic
  •  – Hans Henning Atrott, German author and theorist
  • 1944 – Joe Frazier, American boxer (d. )
  • 1944 – Cynthia Robinson, American R&B trumpet player and singer (d 2015)
  • 1945 – Maggie Bell, Scottish singer-songwriter
  • 1946 – Hazel Cosgrove, Lady Cosgrove, Scottish lawyer and judge
  • 1946 – George Duke, American keyboard player, composer, and educator (d. 2013)
  • 1 – Richard Carwardine, English historian and academic
  • – Tom Dempsey, American football player and educator
  • 1947 – Sally Hamwee, Baroness Hamwee, English politician
  • 1948 – Kenny Allen,
  • 1948 – Anthony Andrews, English actor and producer
  • 1948 – Gordon Campbell, Canadian educator and politician, 34th Premier of British Columbia
  • 1948 – Brendan Foster, English runner and sportscaster
  • 1948 – William Nicholson, English author and screenwriter
  •  – Kentarō Haneda, Japanese pianist and composer (d. 2007)
  • 1949 – Ottmar Hitzfeld, German footballer and manager
  • 1949 – Hamadi Jebali, Tunisian engineer, journalist, and politician, 19th Prime Minister of Tunisia
  • 1949 – Haruki Murakami, Japanese novelist, short-story writer, and essayist
  • 1950 – Sheila Jackson Lee, American lawyer, judge, and politician
  • 1950 – Göran Lindblad, Swedish dentist and politician
  • 1950 – Bob McEwen, American businessman and politician
  • 1950 – Dorrit Moussaieff, Israeli-Icelandic jewelry designer and businesswoman, 5th First Lady of Iceland
  •  – Kirstie Alley, American actress and producer
  • 1951 – Chris Bell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. )
  • 1951 – Rush Limbaugh, American talk show host and author
  • 1951 – Drew Pearson, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1952 – Phil Perry, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1952 – Ricky Van Shelton, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1952 – John Walker, New Zealand runner and politician
  • 1952 – Walter Mosley, American novelist
  •  – Mary Harron, Canadian director and screenwriter
  •  – Howard Stern, American host, actor, and author
  • 1954 – Martin Kylhammar, Swedish of culture and society
  • 1955 – Tom Ardolino, American rock drummer (NRBQ) (d. 2012)
  •  – Nikolai Noskov, Russian rock singer and singer-songwriter
  •  – John Lasseter, American animator, director, and producer
  • 1957 – Jeremy Sams, English director, playwright, and composer
  • 1958 – Christiane Amanpour, English-born -American journalist
  • 1958 – Curt Fraser, American-Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1959 – B. Brian Blair, and politician
  • 1959 – Per Gessle, Swedish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1960 – Oliver Platt, Canadian-American actor
  • 1960 – Dominique Wilkins, French-American basketball player and manager
  •  – Simon Russell Beale, -born English actor and historian
  • 1962 – Joe Quesada, American author and illustrator
  • 1962 – Richie Richardson, Antiguan cricketer
  • 1962 – Luna Vachon, American-Canadian wrestler and manager (d. 2010)
  • 1963 – François Girard, Canadian director and screenwriter
  • 1963 – Nando Reis, Brazilian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1964 – Jeff Bezos, American computer and businessman, founded Amazon.com
  • 1965 – Raekwon,
  • 1965 – Rob Zombie, American singer-songwriter, producer, actor, and director
  • 1966 – Olivier Martinez, French actor
  • 1966 – Craig Parry, Australian golfer
  • 1967 – Vendela Kirsebom, Norwegian-Swedish model and actress
  • 1968 – Junichi Masuda, Japanese director, producer, and composer
  • 1968 – Heather Mills, English businesswoman, activist and model
  • 1968 – Mauro Silva, Brazilian footballer
  • 1969 – David Mitchell, English novelist
  • 1969 – Margaret Nagle, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1970 – Zack de la Rocha, American singer-songwriter
  • 1971 – Scott Burrell, American basketball player and coach
  • 1972 –  Gandhi, Indian politician
  • 1972 – Espen Knutsen, Norwegian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1972 – Paul Wilson, Australian cricketer and umpire
  •  – Brian Culbertson, American pianist and producer
  • 1973 – Hande Yener, Turkish singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1974 – Melanie C, English singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1974 – Tor Arne Hetland, Norwegian skier
  • 1975 – Jason Freese, American saxophonist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1975 – Jocelyn Thibault, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  •  – Yoandy Garlobo, Cuban baseball player
  • 1978 – Luis Ayala, Mexican baseball player
  • 1978 – Maurizio Zaffiri, Italian rugby player
  • 1979 – Marián Hossa, Slovak ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Lee Bo-young, South actress and model
  • 1979 – Grzegorz Rasiak, Polish footballer
  • 1979 – David Zabriskie, American cyclist
  •  – Bobby Crosby, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Amerie, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1981 – João Paulo Daniel, Brazilian footballer
  • 1981 – Dan Klecko, American football player
  • 1981 – Angus Macdonald, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1981 – Luis Ernesto Pérez, Mexican footballer
  •  – Paul-Henri Mathieu, French tennis player
  • 1982 – Hans Van Alphen, Belgian decathlete
  • 1982 – Dean Whitehead, English footballer
  • 1982 – Dontrelle Willis, American baseball player
  •  – Daniel Sepulveda, American football player
  • 1984 – Jonathan Zydko, French footballer
  •  – Artem Milevskiy, Ukrainian footballer
  • 1985 – Issa Rae, American actress, writer, director, producer and web series creator
  • 1985 – Borja Valero, Spanish footballer
  • 1986 – Kehoma Brenner, German rugby player
  • 1986 – Miguel Ángel Nieto, Spanish footballer
  • 1987 – Naya Rivera, American actress and singer
  • 1987 – Salvatore Sirigu, Italian footballer
  • 1988 – Claude Giroux, Canadian ice hockey player
  •  – Thiemo-Jérôme Kialka, German footballer
  • 1989 – Axel Witsel, Belgian footballer
  • 1991 – Pixie Lott, English singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress
  • 1991 – Matt Srama, Australian rugby league player
  •  – Ishak Belfodil, Algerian footballer
  • 1992 – Samuele Longo, Italian footballer
  •  – Zayn Malik, English singer-songwriter
  • 1993 – Simone Pecorini, Italian footballer
  • 1993 – Do Kyungsoo, South Korean singer and member of boy band EXO
  • 1995 – Sarah Mehain, Canadian Paralympic swimmer
  • 1995 – Alessio Romagnoli, Italian footballer

Deaths of January 12

  •  – Benedict Biscop, English scholar and saint, founded the Monkwearmouth–Jarrow Abbey (b. 628)
  •  – Ahmad Samani, Samanid emir
  • 947 – Sang Weihan, chief of staff (b. )
  •  – Louis I, Landgrave of Thuringia
  •  – Aelred of Rievaulx, English monk and saint (b. )
  •  – John Dalderby, bishop of Lincoln
  •  – Marie of Brabant, Queen of  (b. )
  •  – Eleanor Maltravers, English noblewoman (b. )
  •  – Maximilian I, Holy  (b. )
  •  – Pierre de Fermat, French mathematician and lawyer (b. )
  • 1674 – Giacomo Carissimi, Italian priest and composer (b. )
  •  – Marguerite Bourgeoys, French-Canadian nun and saint, founded the Congregation of Notre Dame of Montreal (b. )
  •  – William Ashhurst, English banker and politician, Lord Mayor of London (b. )
  •  – John Horsley, English-Scottish historian and author (b. )
  •  – John Eccles, English composer (b. )
  •  – Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange (b. )
  •  – Johann Melchior Molter, German violinist and composer (b. )
  •  – Hugh Mercer, Scottish-American general and physician (b. )
  •  – François Bigot, French politician (b. 1703)
  •  – Richard Challoner, English bishop (b. )
  •  – Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel, German philosopher, poet, and critic (b. 1772)
  •  – Marie-Antoine Carême, French chef (b. )
  •  – William , 1st Baron , English academic and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1759)
  • 1856 – Ľudovít Štúr, Slovak philologist and politician (b. )
  •  – Václav Hanka, Czech philologist and author (b. )
  • 1892 – James Caulfeild, 3rd Earl of Charlemont, Irish politician, Lord Lieutenant of Tyrone (b. )
  • 1892 – William Reeves, Irish bishop and historian (b. 1815)
  • 1899 –  Walker, American businessman, founded Canadian Club (b. )
  •  – Hermann Minkowski, Lithuanian-German mathematician and academic (b. )
  • 1911 – Andreas Papagiannakopoulos, Greek journalist, judge, and politician (b. )
  • 1916 – Georgios Theotokis, Greek lawyer and politician, 80th Prime Minister of  (b. )
  • 1921 – Gervase Elwes, English tenor and actor (b. 1866)
  • 1926 – Austin Chapman, Australian businessman and politician, 4th Australian Minister for Defence (b. 1864)
  • 1934 – Paul Kochanski, Polish violinist and composer (b. )
  • 1938 – Oscar Florianus Bluemner, German-American painter and illustrator (b. )
  • 1940 – Ralph Hitz, Austrian-American hotelier (b. )
  • 1940 – Edward Smith, English lieutenant, Victoria Cross recipient (b. )
  •  – Jan Campert, Dutch journalist and critic (b. 1902)
  • 1944 – Lance C. Wade, American commander and pilot (b. 1915)
  • 1958 – Charles Hatfield, American meteorologist (b. )
  • 1960 – Nevil Shute, English engineer and author (b. 1899)
  • 1962 – Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams, Russian journalist and activist (b. 1869)
  • 1965 – Lorraine Hansberry, American author, playwright, and director (b. 1936)
  • 1967 – Burhan Asaf Belge, Turkish diplomat (b. 1887)
  • 1971 – John Tovey, 1st Baron Tovey, English admiral (b. )
  • 1973 – Roy Franklin Nichols, American historian and academic (b. 1896)
  • 1974 – Princess Patricia of Connaught (b. )
  • 1976 – Agatha Christie, English crime novelist, short story writer, and playwright (b. 1890)
  • 1977 – Henri-Georges Clouzot, French director and screenwriter (b. 1907)
  •  – Nikolai Podgorny, Ukrainian engineer and politician (b. 1903)
  • 1988 – Connie Mulder, South African politician (b. 1925)
  • 1988 – Piero Taruffi, Italian racing driver and motorcycle racer (b. 1906)
  • 1990 – Laurence J. Peter, Canadian-American author and educator (b. )
  • 1991 – Robert Jackson, Australian public servant and diplomat (b. 1911)
  • 1992 – Kumar Gandharva, a Hindustani classical singer (b. 1924)
  • 1994 – Gustav Naan, Estonian physicist and philosopher (b. 1919)
  •  – Joachim Nitsche, German mathematician and academic (b. 1926)
  • 1997 – Jean-Edern Hallier, French author (b. 1936)
  • 1997 – Charles Brenton Huggins, Canadian-American physician and physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1901)
  • 1998 – Roger Clark, English racing driver (b. )
  • 1999 – Doug Wickenheiser, Canadian-American ice hockey player (b. 1961)
  •  – Marc Davis, American animator and screenwriter (b. )
  • 2000 – Bobby Phills, American basketball player (b. 1969)
  • 2001 – Luiz Bonfá, Brazilian guitarist and composer (b. 1922)
  • 2001 – William Redington Hewlett, American engineer and businessman, co-founded Hewlett-Packard (b. 1913)
  •  – Cyrus Vance, American lawyer and politician, 57th U.S. Secretary of State (b. 1917)
  •  – Dean Amadon, American ornithologist and author (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – Kinji Fukasaku, Japanese actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1930)
  • 2003 – Leopoldo Galtieri, Argentine general and politician, 44th President of Argentina (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Maurice Gibb, Manx-Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1949)
  • 2003 – Alan Nunn May, English physicist and spy (b. 1911)
  • 2004 – Olga Ladyzhenskaya, Russian mathematician and academic (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – Amrish Puri, Indian actor (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Pablita Velarde, Santa Clara Pueblo (Native American) painter (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Alice Coltrane, American pianist and composer (b. 1937)
  • 2007 – James Killen, Australian soldier, lawyer, and politician, 38th Australian Minister for Defence (b. 1925)
  • 2008 – Max Beck, American intersex advocate (b. 1966)
  • 2009 – Claude Berri, French actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1934)
  • 2010 – Daniel Bensaïd, French philosopher and author (b. 1946)
  • 2010 – Hasib Sabbagh, Palestinian businessman and philanthropist, co-founded Consolidated Contractors Company (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Bjørn G. Andersen, Norwegian geologist and academic (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Glenda Dickerson, American director, choreographer, and educator (b. 1945)
  • 2012 – Bill Janklow, American lawyer and politician, 27th Governor of South Dakota (b. 1939)
  • 2012 – Charles H. Price II, American businessman and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom (b. )
  • 2012 – Jim Stanley, American football player and coach (b. 1935)
  • 2013 – Precious Bryant, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1942)
  • 2013 – Eugene Patterson, American journalist and activist (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – Alexandra Bastedo, English actress (b. 1946)
  • 2014 – Connie Binsfeld, American educator and politician, 58th Lieutenant Governor of Michigan (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – George Dement, American soldier, businessman, and politician (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Trevor Colbourn, American historian and academic (b. )
  • 2015 – Robert Gover, American journalist and author (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Carl Long, American baseball player (b. 1935)
  • 2015 – Elena Obraztsova, Russian soprano and actress (b. 1939)
  • 2015 – Inge Vermeulen, Brazilian-Dutch field hockey player (b. 1985)
  • 2017 – William Peter Blatty, American writer and filmmaker (b. 1928)
  • 2017 – Graham Taylor, former Grimsby Town player and former manager of the England football team. (b. 1944)
  • 2018 – Keith Jackson, American sports commentator and journalist (b. 1928)
  • 2020 – Sir Roger Scruton, English philosopher, and writer (b. 1944)

Holidays and observances on January 12

  • Christian feast day:
    • Aelred of Rievaulx
    • Benedict Biscop
    • Bernard of Corleone
    • Marguerite Bourgeoys
    • Tatiana
    • January 12 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which Lee–Jackson Day can fall while is the latest, celebrated on the before  King Day. (Commonwealth of Virginia)
  • Memorial Day (Turkmenistan)
  • National Youth Day ()
  • Prosecutor General’s Day ()
  • Zanzibar Revolution Day ()
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