Answering Exams

January 16 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

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  •  – Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus is granted the title Augustus by the Roman Senate, marking the beginning of the Roman Empire.
  •  –  Siyaj K’ak’ conquers Tikal, enlarging the domain of King Spearthrower Owl of Teotihuacán.
  •  – Gothic War: The Ostrogoths, under King Totila, conquer Rome after a long siege, by bribing the Isaurian garrison.
  •  – Emir Abd-ar-Rahman III established the Caliphate of Córdoba.
  •  – The Council of Nablus is held, establishing the earliest surviving written laws of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.
  •  – Saint Marcellus’s flood kills at least 25,000 people on the shores of the North Sea.
  •  – The Medici family is appointed official banker of the Papacy.
  •  – The first  of the Spanish language (Gramática de la lengua castellana) is presented to Queen Isabella I.
  •  – Grand Duke Ivan IV of Muscovy becomes the first Tsar of , replacing the -year-old Grand Duchy of  with the Tsardom of Russia.
  •  – Philip II becomes King of .
  •  – Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England.
  •  – The first edition of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha ( One of Don Quixote) by Miguel de Cervantes is published in Madrid, Spain.
  •  – The Scottish Parliament ratifies the Act of Union, paving the way for the creation of Great Britain.
  •  – Forces of the  Empire defeat a 5,000-strong army of the Durrani Empire in the Battle of Narela.
  •  – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Cape St. .
  •  – Virginia enacts the Statute for Religious Freedom authored by .
  •  – Peninsular War: The British defeat the French at the Battle of La Coruña.
  •  – John C. Frémont is appointed  of the new  Territory.
  •  – Hartley Colliery disaster: Two hundred and four men and boys killed in a mining disaster, prompting a change in which henceforth required all collieries to have at least two means of escape.
  •  – Russo-Turkish War (–78): Battle of Philippopolis: Captain Aleksandr Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule.
  •  – The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act, establishing the  Civil Service, is enacted by Congress.
  •  – The United States Senate accepts the Anglo- treaty of  in which the renounces its claims to the Samoan islands.
  •  – Ernest Shackleton’s expedition finds the magnetic South Pole.
  •  – Nebraska becomes the 36th state to approve the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. With the necessary three-quarters of the states approving the amendment, Prohibition is constitutionally mandated in the United States one year later.
  •  – Zeta Phi Beta Sorority Incorporated was founded on the campus of Howard University.
  • 1920 – The League of Nations holds its first council meeting in Paris, .
  •  – The Marxist Left in and the Transcarpathian Ukraine holds its founding congress in Ľubochňa.
  •  – Crash of TWA Flight 3, killing all 22 aboard, including film star Carole Lombard.
  •  –  moves into his underground bunker, the so-called Führerbunker.
  •  – Hello, Dolly! opened on Broadway, beginning a run of 2, performances.
  •  – Czech student Jan Palach commits suicide by self-immolation in Prague, Czechoslovakia, in protest against the Soviets’ crushing of the Prague Spring the year before.
  • 1969 – Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5 perform the first-ever docking of manned spacecraft in orbit, the first-ever transfer of crew from one space vehicle to another, and the only time such a transfer was accomplished with a space walk.
  •  – The last Shah flees Iran with his family for good and relocates to Egypt.
  •  – Coalition Forces to war with Iraq, beginning the Gulf War.
  •  – El Salvador officials and rebel leaders sign the Chapultepec Peace Accords in  City,  ending the 12-year Salvadoran Civil War that claimed at least 75,000 lives.
  •  – Congolese  Laurent-Désiré Kabila is assassinated by one of his own bodyguards.
  • 2001 – President   former President Theodore Roosevelt a posthumous  for his service in the Spanish–American War.
  •  – The UN Security Council unanimously establishes an arms embargo and the freezing of assets of Osama bin Laden, al-Qaeda, and the remaining members of the Taliban.
  •  – The Space Shuttle Columbia takes off for mission STS-107 which would be its final one. Columbia disintegrated 16 days later on re-entry.
  •  – Ellen Johnson Sirleaf is sworn in as Liberia’s new president. She becomes ’s first female elected head of state.
  •  – Thirty-three out of freed hostages are injured and 23 killed in terrorist attacks in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso on a hotel and a nearby restaurant.
  •  – Myanmar police open fire on a group of ethnic Rakhine protesters, killing seven and wounding twelve.
  •  – The impeachment of Donald John Trump formally moves into its trial phase in the United States Senate.

Births on January 16

  •  – Sheng Zong, of the Liao Dynasty (d. )
  •  – Isaac Komnenos, son of Byzantine emperor Alexios I Komnenos (d. )
  •  – Edmund Crouchback, politician, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports (d. )
  • 1362 – Robert de Vere, duke of Ireland (d. )
  •  – René of Anjou, (d. )
  •  – Johannes Schöner, German astronomer and cartographer (d. 1547)
  •  – Anthony Denny, confidant of Henry VIII of England (d. )
  •  – Bayinnaung, king of Burma (d. )
  •  – Jakobea of Baden, Margravine of Baden by birth, Duchess of Jülich-Cleves-Berg by marriage (d. )
  •  – François de Vendôme, duke of Beaufort (d. )
  •  – Lucas Achtschellinck, Belgian painter and educator (d. )
  •  – Guru Har Rai, Sikh Guru (d. )
  •  – Dorothe Engelbretsdatter, Norwegian author and poet (d. )
  •  – Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, French soldier and diplomat (d. )
  •  – Peter Scheemakers, Belgian sculptor and educator (d. )
  •  – Niccolò Piccinni, Italian composer and educator (d. )
  •  – Vittorio Alfieri, Italian poet and playwright (d. )
  • 1757 – Richard Goodwin Keats, English admiral and politician, 3rd Commodore-Governor of Newfoundland (d. )
  •  – Charles Henry Davis, American admiral (d. 1877)
  •  – Henry Halleck, American lawyer, general, and scholar (d. )
  •  – John C. Breckinridge, American general and politician, 14th  of the United States (d. )
  • 1834 – Robert R. Hitt, American lawyer and politician, 13th United States Assistant Secretary of State (d. )
  •  – Francis II of the Two Sicilies (d. )
  •  – Franz Brentano, German philosopher and psychologist (d. )
  •  – William Hall-Jones, English- politician, 16th Prime Minister of  (d. )
  •  – Johnston Forbes-Robertson, English and manager (d. )
  • 1853 – Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, Greek-English general (d. )
  • 1853 – André Michelin, French businessman, co-founded the Michelin Tyre Company (d. )
  •  – Jüri Jaakson, Estonian businessman and politician, State Elder of Estonia (d. 1942)
  • 1872 – Henri Büsser, French organist, composer, and conductor (d. )
  •  – Robert W. Service, English-Canadian poet and author (d. )
  • 1875 – Leonor Michaelis, German biochemist and physician (d. )
  •  – Claude Buckenham, English and footballer (d. 1937)
  • 1878 – Harry Carey, , director, , and screenwriter (d. 1947)
  •  – Samuel Jones, American high jumper (d. )
  •  – Margaret Wilson, American author (d. 1973)
  •  – Zhou Zuoren, author and translator (d. )
  •  – Osip Brik, Russian avant garde writer and literary critic (d. 1945)
  •  – Homer Burton Adkins, American chemist (d. 1949)
  •  – Daisy Kennedy, Australian-English violinist (d. )
  • 1894 – Irving Mills, American publisher (d. )
  •  – Evripidis Bakirtzis, Greek soldier and politician (d. 1947)
  • 1895 – T. M. Sabaratnam, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician (d. )
  • 1895 – Nat Schachner, American lawyer, chemist, and author (d. )
  •  – Carlos Pellicer, Mexican poet and academic (d. )
  •  – Margaret Booth, American producer and editor (d. 2002)
  • 1898 – Irving Rapper, American film director and producer (d. )
  • 1900 – Kiku Amino, author and translator (d. )
  • 1900 – Edith Frank, German- mother of Anne Frank (d. 1945)
  •  – Fulgencio Batista, Cuban colonel and politician, 9th President of Cuba (d. 1973)
  •  – Eric Liddell, Scottish runner, rugby player, and missionary (d. 1945)
  •  – William Grover-Williams, English-French race car driver (d. 1945)
  •  – Ernesto Halffter, Spanish composer and conductor (d. )
  • 1906 – Johannes Brenner, Estonian footballer and pilot (d. )
  • 1906 – Diana Wynyard, English actress (d. 1964)
  •  – Alexander Knox, Canadian-English actor and screenwriter (d. )
  • 1907 – Paul Nitze, American banker and politician, 10th United States Secretary of the Navy (d. )
  •  – Sammy Crooks, (d. 1981)
  • 1908 – Ethel Merman, American actress and singer (d. )
  • 1908 – Günther Prien, German captain (d. )
  • 1909 – Clement Greenberg, American critic (d. )
  •  – Dizzy Dean, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. )
  •  – Ivan Barrow, Jamaican cricketer (d. 1979)
  • 1911 – Eduardo Frei Montalva, Chilean lawyer and politician, 28th President of  (d. )
  • 1911 – Roger Lapébie, French cyclist (d. )
  •  – Roger Wagner, French-American conductor and educator (d. 1992)
  •  – Leslie H. Martinson, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2016)
  •  – Eddie Burns, Australian rugby league player and coach (d. 2004)
  • 1916 – Philip Lucock, English-Australian minister and politician (d. 1996)
  • 1917 – Carl Karcher, American businessman, founded Carl’s Jr. (d. )
  •  – Nel Benschop, Dutch poet and educator (d. )
  • 1918 – Allan Ekelund, Swedish director, producer, and production manager (d. )
  • 1918 – Clem Jones, Australian surveyor and politician, 8th Lord Mayor of Brisbane (d. )
  • 1918 – Stirling Silliphant, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1996)
  • 1919 – Jerome Horwitz, American chemist and academic (d. )
  • 1920 – Alberto Crespo, Argentinian race car driver (d. 1991)
  • 1920 – Elliott Reid, American actor and screenwriter (d. )
  • 1921 – Francesco Scavullo, American photographer (d. 2004)
  •  – Gene Feist, American director and playwright, co-founded the Roundabout Theatre Company (d. )
  • 1923 – Anthony Hecht, American poet (d. 2004)
  •  – Katy Jurado, Mexican actress (d. 2002)
  •  – Peter Hirsch, German-English metallurgist and academic
  • 1925 – James Robinson Risner, American general and pilot (d. 2013)
  •  – William Kennedy, American novelist and
  • 1928 – Pilar Lorengar, Spanish soprano and actress (d. 1996)
  •  – Stanley Jeyaraja Tambiah, Sri Lankan anthropologist and academic (d. 2014)
  •  – Mary Ann McMorrow, American lawyer and judge (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Norman Podhoretz, American journalist and author
  • 1931 – John Enderby, English physicist and academic
  • 1931 – Robert L. Park, American physicist and academic
  • 1931 – Johannes Rau, German journalist and politician, 8th Federal President of  (d. 2006)
  •  – Victor Ciocâltea, Romanian chess player (d. )
  • 1932 – Dian Fossey, American zoologist and anthropologist (d. 1985)
  •  – Susan Sontag, American novelist, essayist, and critic (d. 2004)
  •  – Bob Bogle, American rock guitarist and bass player (d. 2009)
  • 1934 – Marilyn Horne, American soprano and actress
  •  – A. J. Foyt, American race car driver
  • 1935 – Udo Lattek, German footballer, manager, and sportscaster (d. )
  • 1936 – Michael White, Scottish actor and producer (d. 2016)
  • 1937 – Luiz Bueno, Brazilian race car driver (d. )
  • 1937 – Francis George, American cardinal (d. 2015)
  •  – Marina Vaizey, American journalist and critic
  •  – Ralph Gibson, American photographer
  • 1941 – Christine Truman, English player and sportscaster
  • 1942 – René Angélil, Canadian singer and manager (d. 2016)
  • 1942 – Barbara Lynn, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  •  – Gavin Bryars, English bassist and composer
  • 1943 – Ronnie Milsap, American singer and pianist
  •  – Dieter Moebius, Swiss-German keyboard player and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1944 – Jim Stafford, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1944 – Jill Tarter, American astronomer and biologist
  • 1944 – Judy Baar Topinka, American journalist and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1945 – Wim Suurbier, Dutch footballer and manager
  •  – Kabir Bedi, Indian actor
  • 1946 – Katia Ricciarelli, Italian soprano and actress
  • 1947 – Elaine Murphy, Baroness Murphy, English academic and politician
  • 1947 – Harvey Proctor, English politician
  • 1947 – Laura Schlessinger, American physiologist, talk show host, and author
  •  – John Carpenter, American director, producer, screenwriter, and composer
  • 1948 – Ants Laaneots, Estonian general
  • 1948 – Cliff Thorburn, Canadian snooker player
  • 1948 – Ruth Reichl, American journalist and critic
  • 1949 – Anne F. Beiler, American businesswoman, founded Auntie Anne’s
  • 1949 – R. F. Foster, Irish historian and academic
  • 1949 – Andrew Refshauge, Australian physician and politician, 13th Deputy Premier of New South Wales
  •  – Debbie Allen, American actress, dancer, and choreographer
  • 1950 – Robert Schimmel, American comedian, actor, and producer (d. )
  •  – Fuad II, King of Egypt
  • 1952 – Piercarlo Ghinzani, Italian race car driver and manager
  • 1952 – L. Blaine Hammond, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1952 – Julie Anne Peters, American engineer and author
  •  – Robert Jay Mathews, American militant, founded The Order (d. 1984)
  • 1954 – Wolfgang Schmidt, German discus thrower
  • 1954 – Vasili Zhupikov, Russian footballer and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1955 – Jerry M. Linenger, American captain, physician, and astronaut
  • 1 – Wayne Daniel, Barbadian cricketer
  • – Martin Jol, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1956 – Greedy Smith, Australian singer-songwriter and keyboardist (d. )
  • 1 – Jurijs Andrejevs, Latvian footballer and manager
  • – Ricardo Darín, Argentinian actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1957 – Mark Pawsey, English businessman and politician
  • 1958 – Anatoli Boukreev, Russian mountaineer and explorer (d. )
  • 1958 – Lena Ek, Swedish lawyer and politician, 9th Swedish Minister for the Environment
  • 1958 – Andris Šķēle, Latvian businessman and politician, 4th Prime Minister of Latvia
  •  – Lisa Milroy, Canadian painter and educator
  • 1959 – Sade, Nigerian-English singer-songwriter and producer
  •  – Kenneth Sivertsen, Norwegian guitarist and composer (d. 2006)
  •  – Joel Fitzgibbon, Australian electrician and politician, 51st Australian Minister of Defence
  • 1962 – Maxine Jones, American R&B singer–songwriter and actress
  •  – James May, British journalist/co-host of Top Gear
  • 1964 – Gail Graham, Canadian golfer
  • 1966 – Jack McDowell, American baseball player
  •  – Rebecca Stead, American author
  • 1969 – Neil Back, English rugby player and coach
  • 1969 – Marinus Bester, German footballer
  • 1969 – Stevie Jackson, Scottish guitarist and songwriter
  • 1969 – Roy Jones Jr., American boxer
  •  – Ron Villone, American baseball player and coach
  •  – Sergi Bruguera, Spanish tennis player and coach
  • 1971 – Josh Evans, American film producer, screenwriter and actor
  • 1971 – Jonathan Mangum, American actor
  •  – Ruben Bagger, Danish footballer
  • 1972 – Ang Christou, Australian footballer
  • 1972 – Yuri Alekseevich Drozdov, Russian footballer and manager
  • 1972 – Ezra Hendrickson, Vincentian footballer and manager
  • 1972 – Joe Horn, American football player and coach
  • 1974 – Marlon Anderson, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1974 – John Hopoate, Tongan-Australian rugby league player and boxer
  • 1974 – Kate Moss, English model and fashion designer
  •  – Viktor Maslov, Russian race car driver
  • 1976 – Martina Moravcová, Slovak swimmer
  • 1977 – Jeff Foster, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Alfredo Amézaga, Mexican baseball player
  • 1979 – Aaliyah, American singer and actress (d. 2001)
  • 1979 – Brenden Morrow, Canadian ice player
  • 1979 – Jason Ward, Canadian ice hockey player
  •  – Lin-Manuel Miranda, American actor, playwright, and composer
  • 1980 – Albert Pujols, Dominican-American baseball player
  • 1981 – Jamie Lundmark, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Paul Rofe, Australian cricketer
  • 1981 – Bobby Zamora, English footballer, striker
  • 1982 – Preston, English singer-songwriter
  • 1982 – Tuncay, Turkish footballer
  • 1983 – Emanuel Pogatetz, Austrian footballer
  • 1983 – Andriy Rusol, Ukrainian footballer
  • 1984 – Stephan Lichtsteiner, Swiss footballer
  • 1984 – Miroslav Radović, Serbian footballer
  • 1985 – Joe Flacco, American football player
  • 1985 – Jayde Herrick, Australian cricketer
  • 1985 – Gintaras Januševičius, Russian-Lithuanian pianist
  • 1985 – Twins Jonathan and Simon Richter, Danish-Gambian footballers
  • 1985 – Sidharth Malhotra, Indian actor
  •  – Johannes Rahn, German footballer
  • 1986 – Mark Trumbo, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Reto Ziegler, Swiss footballer, left back
  •  – Jake Epstein, Canadian actor
  • 1987 – Charlotte Henshaw, English swimmer
  •  – Nicklas Bendtner, Danish footballer
  • 1988 – Jorge Torres Nilo, Mexican footballer
  • 1991 – Matt Duchene, Canadian ice hockey player
  •  – Hannes Anier, Estonian footballer
  • 1993 – Amandine Hesse, French tennis player
  • 1994 – Chris Smith, Australian rugby league player
  • 1995 – Mikaela Turik, Australian-Canadian cricketer
  •  – Cameron Murray, Australian rugby league player
  • 2003 – Adriana Hernández, Mexican rhythmic gymnast

Deaths on January 16

  •  – Gao Jifu, Chinese politician and chancellor (b. 596)
  • 957 – Abu Bakr ibn Ali al-Madhara’i, Tulunid vizier (b. )
  •  – Polyeuctus of Constantinople, Byzantine patriarch (b. 956)
  •  – Shinran Shonin, Japanese founder of the Jodo Shinshu branch of Pure Land Buddhism
  •  – Buqa, Mongol minister
  •  – Nikephoros Choumnos, Byzantine monk, scholar, and politician (b. )
  •  – Joanna of Châtillon, duchess of Athens (b. c.)
  •  – Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford (b. )
  •  – Muhammed V of Granada, Nasrid emir (b. )
  •  – John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter, English politician, Lord Great Chamberlain (b. )
  •  – Erasmo of Narni, Italian mercenary (b. )
  •  – George Spalatin, German priest and reformer (b. )
  • 1547 – Johannes Schöner, German astronomer and cartographer (b. 1477)
  •  – Christiern Pedersen, Danish publisher and scholar (b. 1480)
  •  – Edward Clinton, 1st Earl of Lincoln, English admiral and politician (b. )
  •  – Murad III, Ottoman sultan (b. )
  •  – Charles Annibal Fabrot, French lawyer (b. )
  •  – Higashiyama, Japanese emperor (b. 1675)
  •  – Joseph Vaz, Indian-Sri Lankan priest and saint (b. )
  •  – Barthold Heinrich Brockes, German poet and playwright (b. )
  •  – Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch lawyer and scholar (b. )
  •  – Ivan Trubetskoy, Russian field marshal and politician (b. )
  •  – Francis Blomefield, English historian and author (b. )
  •  – Edward Gibbon, English historian and politician (b. )
  • 1809 – John Moore, Scottish general and politician (b. )
  •  – Alexander J. Dallas, Jamaican-American lawyer and politician, 6th United States Secretary of the Treasury (b. )
  • 1834 – Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette, French mathematician and academic (b. )
  •  – Thaddeus William Harris, American entomologist and botanist (b. )
  •  – Anton Schindler, Austrian secretary and author (b. 1795)
  •  – Edmond François Valentin About, French journalist and author (b. )
  •  – Octave Crémazie, Canadian-French poet and bookseller (b. )
  •  – Amilcare Ponchielli, Italian composer and academic (b. 1834)
  •  – Léo Delibes, French pianist and composer (b. 1836)
  • 1898 – Charles Pelham Villiers, English lawyer and politician (b. )
  • 1901 – Jules Barbier, French poet and playwright (b. )
  • 1901 – Arnold Böcklin, Swiss painter and academic (b. 1827)
  • 1901 –  Rhodes Revels, American soldier, minister, and politician (b. )
  • 1906 – Marshall Field, American businessman and philanthropist, founded Marshall Field’s (b. 1834)
  • 1917 – George Dewey, American admiral (b. )
  • 1919 – Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, Brazilian lawyer and politician, 5th President of  (b. )
  • 1933 – Bekir Sami Kunduh, Turkish politician (b. )
  • 1936 – Albert Fish, American serial killer, rapist and cannibal (b. 1870)
  • 1938 – Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay Indian author and playwright (b. 1876)
  • 1942 – Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (b. )
  • 1942 – Villem Grünthal-Ridala, Estonian poet and linguist (b. 1885)
  • 1942 – Carole Lombard, American actress and comedian (b. 1908)
  • 1942 – Ernst Scheller, German lawyer and politician, Mayor of Marburg (b. 1899)
  • 1957 – Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone, English general and politician, 16th Governor General of  (b. 1874)
  • 1957 – Arturo Toscanini, Italian cellist and conductor (b. 1867)
  • 1959 – Phan Khôi, Vietnamese journalist and author (b. )
  •  – Arthur Darby, English rugby player (b. 1876)
  • 1961 –  Schöne, German swimmer (b. 1880)
  • 1962 – Frank Hurley, Australian photographer, director, producer, and cinematographer (b. 1885)
  • 1962 – Ivan Meštrović, Croatian sculptor and architect, designed the Monument to the Unknown Hero (b. 1883)
  • 1967 – Robert J. Van de Graaff, American physicist and academic (b. 1901)
  • 1968 – Bob Jones Sr., American evangelist, founded Bob Jones University (b. 1883)
  • 1968 – Panagiotis Poulitsas, Greek archaeologist and judge (b. )
  • 1969 – Vernon Duke, Russian-American composer and songwriter (b. 1903)
  • 1971 – Philippe Thys, Belgian cyclist (b. )
  • 1972 – Teller Ammons, American soldier and politician, 28th Governor of Colorado (b. 1895)
  • 1972 – Ross Bagdasarian, Sr., American singer-songwriter, pianist, producer, and actor, created Alvin and the Chipmunks (b. 1919)
  • 1973 – Edgar Sampson, American musician and composer (b. 1907)
  • 1975 – Israel Abramofsky, Russian-American painter (b. 1888)
  • 1978 – A. V. Kulasingham, Sri Lankan journalist, lawyer, and politician (b. 1890)
  • 1981 – Bernard Lee, English actor (b. 1908)
  • 1983 – Virginia Mauret, American musician and dancer
  • 1986 – Herbert W. Armstrong, American evangelist, author, and publisher (b. 1892)
  • 1987 – Bertram Wainer, Australian physician and activist (b. 1928)
  • 1988 – Andrija Artuković, Croatian politician, war criminal, and Porajmos perpetrator, 1st Minister of Interior of the Independent State of Croatia (b. 1899)
  • 1995 – Eric Mottram, English poet and critic (b. 1924)
  • 1996 – Marcia Davenport, American author and critic (b. 1903)
  • 1996 – Kaye Webb, English journalist and publisher (b. 1914)
  • 1999 – Jim McClelland, Australian lawyer, jurist, and politician, 12th Minister for Industry and  (b. 1915)
  •  – Robert R. Wilson, American physicist and academic (b. 1914)
  • 2001 – Auberon Waugh, English author and journalist (b. 1939)
  • 2002 – Robert Hanbury Brown, English astronomer and physicist (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Richard Wainwright, English politician (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – Kalevi Sorsa, Finnish politician 34th Prime Minister of Finland (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Marjorie Williams, American journalist and author (b. 1958)
  • 2006 – Stanley Biber, American soldier and physician (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Benny Parsons, American race car driver and sportscaster (b. 1941)
  • 2009 – Joe Erskine, American boxer and runner (b. 1930)
  • 2009 – John Mortimer, English lawyer and author (b. 1923)
  • 2009 – Andrew Wyeth, American painter (b. 1917)
  • 2010 – Glen Bell, American businessman, founded Taco Bell (b. 1923)
  • 2010 – Jyoti Basu, Indian lawyer and politician, 9th Chief Minister of West  (b. 1914)
  • 2010 – Takumi Shibano, Japanese author and translator (b. )
  • 2012 – Joe Bygraves, Jamaican-English boxer (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Jimmy Castor, American singer-songwriter and saxophonist (b. )
  • 2012 – Sigursteinn Gíslason, Icelandic footballer and manager (b. 1968)
  • 2012 – Lorna Kesterson, American journalist and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – Gustav Leonhardt, Dutch pianist, conductor, and musicologist (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Wayne D. Anderson, American baseball player and coach (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – André Cassagnes, French technician and toy maker, created the Etch A Sketch (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Gussie Moran, American tennis player and sportscaster (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Pauline Phillips, American journalist and host, created Dear Abby (b. 1918)
  • 2013 – Glen P. Robinson, American businessman, founded Scientific Atlanta (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – Gary Arlington, American author and (b. 1938)
  • 2014 – Ruth Duccini, American actress (b. 1918)
  • 2014 – Dave Madden, Canadian-American actor (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Hiroo Onoda, Japanese lieutenant (b. )
  • 2015 – Miriam Akavia, Polish-Israeli author and translator (b. )
  • 2015 – Yao Beina, Chinese singer (b. 1981)
  • 2016 – Joannis Avramidis, Greek sculptor (b. 1922)
  • 2016 – Ted Marchibroda, American football player and coach (b. 1931)
  •  – Eugene Cernan, American captain, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1934)
  • 2018 – Ed Doolan, British radio presenter (b. 1941)
  • 2018 – Oliver Ivanović, Kosovo Serb politician (b. 1953)
  • 2019 – John C. Bogle, American businessman, investor, and philanthropist (b. 1929)
  • 2019 – Lorna Doom, American musician (b. 1958)
  • 2019 – Chris Wilson, Australian musician (b. 1956)
  • 2020 – Christopher Tolkien, British academic and editor (died 2020)

Holidays and observances on January 16

  • Christian feast day:
    • Pope Benjamin (Coptic)
    • Berard of Carbio
    • Blaise (Armenian Apostolic)
    • Fursey
    • Joseph Vaz
    • Honoratus of Arles
    • Pope Marcellus I
    • Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God (Coptic Church)
    • Titian of Oderzo
    • Eve of Saint Anthony observed with ritual bonfires in San Bartolomé de Pinares
    • January 16 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • National Religious Freedom Day (United States)
  • Teacher’s Day (Myanmar)
  • Teachers’ Day ()
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