Which approach holds that deviance is not a feature of a group or individual but a process of interaction through which one group becomes defined as deviant ?
A. labelling theory
B. control theory
C. functionalist theory
Which one of the following is an example of a ‘third generation’ or true cybercrime ?
A. international drug dealing via email
B. The global trade in online pornographyC. the vandalizing of virtual environments
D. theft of goods…
The approach to crime prevention based on increased surveillance (such as CCTV and Neighborhood Watch schemes) and target hardening (such as a car immobilizers and better home security) is known as what ?
A. the new criminology
What is Howard Becker’s famous definition of deviance ?
A. deviant behavior is behavior that is labelled so by the lawB. deviant behavior is behavior that people so label
C. deviant behavior is that labelled by the perpetrators
Which of the following statements about crime and deviance is false ?
A. the concept of ‘deviance’ is much broader than ‘crime’
B. deviance and crime very often overlap
C. the concept of deviance can be applied to individuals and…
What sociological theory of crime and deviance emphasizes sub-cultural belief systems as a major contributor to crime ?
A. Social Control theory
B. Anomie theoryC. Lower Class Focal Value theory
D. Social Process theory