Answering Exams

April 1 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

It is the first day of the second quarter of the year, and the midway point of the first half of the year.

  • – According to one historianR;s account, ChristR;s Last Supper is held.
  •  –  Diocletian elevates his  Maximian to co- with the rank of Augustus and gives him control over the Western regions of the Roman Empire.
  •  – Crown Prince Jin Chengdi, age four, succeeds his father Jin Mingdi as emperor of the Eastern Jin dynasty.
  •  – Majorian is acclaimed emperor by the Roman army after defeating Alemanni near Lake Maggiore ().
  •  – Byzantine Emperor Justin I  his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne.
  •  – The daughter of Emperor Xiaoming of Northern Wei was made the “Emperor” as a male heir of the late emperor by Empress Dowager Hu. Deposed and replaced by Yuan Zhao the next day, she was the first female monarch in the History of , but is not widely recognised.
  •  – Robert II of  is married to Rozala of Italy. The marriage is arranged by his father, King Hugh Capet.
  •  – Richard Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, is defeated by knights loyal to King Henry III of England in the Battle of the Curragh in Ireland.
  • 123 – Robert Winchelsey leaves England for Rome, to be consecrated as Archbishop of Canterbury.
  •  – Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by from England.
  •  – Niels Ebbesen kills Gerhard III, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg in his bedroom, ending the -1340 interregnum in Denmark.
  •  – Potosí, Bolivia, is founded after the discovery of huge silver deposits in the area.
  •  – In the Eighty Years’ War, the Watergeuzen capture Brielle from the Seventeen Provinces, gaining the first foothold on land for what would become the  Republic.
  •  – A combined Spanish and Portuguese fleet of 52 ships commences the recapture of Bahia from the Dutch during the Dutch–Portuguese War.
  •  – In  City, the  House of Representatives achieves its first quorum and elects Frederick Muhlenberg of  as its first Speaker.
  •  – Samuel Morey received a patent for a compressionless “Gas or Vapor Engine”.
  •  – The Convention of , a political gathering of settlers in Mexican  to help draft a series of petitions to the Mexican government, begins in San Felipe de Austin.
  •  – Charles Dickens’ novel Hard Times begins serialisation in his magazine Household .
  •  –  Civil War: Union troops led by Philip Sheridan decisively defeat  troops led by George Pickett, cutting the Army of Northern Virginia’s last supply line.
  •  –  becomes a British crown colony.
  •  – The 3rd Duke of Buckingham opened the Brill Tramway, a short railway line to transport goods between his lands and the national rail network.
  •  – The White Star steamer RMS Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, killing in one of the worst marine disasters of the .
  •  – The University of Northern Colorado was established, as the Colorado State Normal School.
  •  – The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
  •  – The rank of Chief Petty Officer in the United States Navy is established.
  •  – The Territorial Force (renamed Territorial Army in ) is formed as a volunteer reserve component of the British Army.
  •  – The Royal Air Force is created by the merger of the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service.
  •  –  Hitler is sentenced to five years imprisonment for his participation in the “Beer Hall Putsch” but spends only nine months in jail.
  • 1924 – The Royal Canadian Air Force is formed.
  •  – The recently elected Nazis under Julius Streicher organize a one-day boycott of all Jewish-owned businesses in , ushering in a series of anti-Semitic acts.
  • 1933 –   Wally Hammond set a record for the highest individual innings of  not out, during a  match against .
  •  – ’s central banking institution, The Reserve Bank of , is formed.
  •  – Aden becomes a British crown colony.
  • 1937 – The Royal New Zealand Air Force is formed as an service.
  • 1937 – Spanish Civil War: Jaén,  is bombed by fascist forces, supporting Francoist Nationalists.
  •  – Spanish Civil War: Generalísimo Francisco Franco of the Spanish State announces the end of the Spanish Civil War, when the last of the  forces surrender.
  •  – Fântâna Albă massacre: Between 200 and 2,000 Romanian civilians are killed by Soviet Border Troops.
  • 1941 – A  in Iraq overthrows the regime of ‘Abd al-Ilah and installs Rashid Ali al-Gaylani as Prime Minister.
  •  – Navigation errors lead to an accidental American bombing of the Swiss city of Schaffhausen.
  •  – : The Tenth United States Army attacks the Thirty-Second Army on Okinawa.
  •  – The 8.6 Mw  Aleutian Islands earthquake shakes the Aleutian Islands with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong). A destructive tsunami reaches the Hawaiian Islands resulting in dozens of deaths, mostly in Hilo, Hawaii.
  • – The only mutiny in the history of the Royal New Zealand Navy begins.
  •  – Cold War: Communist forces respond to the introduction of the Deutsche Mark by attempting to force the western powers to withdraw from .
  • 1948 – Faroe Islands gain autonomy from Denmark.
  •  –  Civil War: The   holds unsuccessful peace talks with the Nationalist Party in , after three years of fighting.
  • 1949 – The Government of repeals Japanese-Canadian internment after seven years.
  •  – United States  Dwight D. Eisenhower authorizes the creation of the United States Air Force Academy in Colorado.
  •  – The EOKA rebellion against the British Empire begins in , with the goal of unifying with .
  •  – The TIROS-1 satellite transmits the first television picture from space.
  •  – The Hawker Siddeley Harrier, the first operational fighter aircraft with Vertical/Short Takeoff and Landing capabilities, enters service with the Royal Air Force.
  •  – President  signs the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act into , requiring the Surgeon General’s warnings on tobacco products and banning cigarette advertising on television and in the United States, effective 1 January .
  • 1970 – The first of over ,000 AMC Gremlins are released into  to compete with foreign imported cars.
  • 1971 – Bangladesh Liberation War: The  Army massacre over 1,000 people in Keraniganj Upazila, Bangladesh.
  •  – Project Tiger, a tiger conservation project, is launched in the Jim Corbett National Park, India.
  •  – The Local Government Act  of England and Wales comes into effect.
  •  –  Inc. is formed by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne in Cupertino, , .
  •  – The Philippine of Commerce, through a presidential decree, becomes the Polytechnic University of the .
  •  – Iran becomes an Islamic republic by a 99% vote, officially overthrowing the Shah.
  • 1979 – Nickelodeon was launched in United States.
  •  – Communist Party of Nepal (Mashal) cadres attack a number of police stations in Kathmandu, seeking to incite a popular rebellion.
  •  – Margaret Thatcher’s new local government tax, the Community Charge (commonly known as the “poll tax”), is introduced in Scotland.
  •  –  County Metropolitan Transportation Authority is founded in , California, USA.
  •  – The government of Nova Scotia amalgamated the City of Halifax and the over 200 communities around the area to create the Halifax Regional Municipality.
  •  – Comet Hale–Bopp is seen passing at perihelion.
  •  – Nunavut is established as a Canadian territory carved out of the eastern part of the Northwest Territories.
  •  – An EP-3E United States Navy surveillance aircraft collides with a Chinese People’s Liberation Army Shenyang J-8 fighter jet. The Navy crew makes an emergency landing in Hainan, China and is detained.
  • 2001 – Former President of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević surrenders to police special forces, to be tried on war crimes charges.
  • 2001 – Same-sex marriage becomes legal in the Netherlands, the first contemporary to allow it.
  •  – Google announces Gmail to the public.
  •  – Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA) of the Government of the  is enforced, but later merged into National Crime Agency on 7 October .
  •  – After protests against the burning of the Quran turn violent, a mob attacks a  compound in Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan, resulting in the deaths of thirteen people, including eight foreign workers.
  •  – Nagorno-Karabakh clashes: The Four Day War or April War begins along the Nagorno-Karabakh line of contact on April 1.

Births on April 1

  •  – Emperor -Saga of (d. )
  •  – Louis IV, Holy  (d. )
  •  – Blanche of France, Duchess of Orléans (d. )
  •  – François de Bonne, Duke of Lesdiguières (d. )
  •  – William Harvey, English physician and academic (d. )
  •  – Charles de Saint-Évremond, French soldier and critic (d. )
  •  – Jean-Henri d’Anglebert, French organist and composer (d. )
  •  – Georg Mohr, Danish mathematician and academic (d. )
  •  – John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, English poet and courtier (d. )
  • 1697 – Antoine François Prévost, French novelist and translator (d. )
  •  – Pieter Hellendaal, Dutch-English organist, violinist, and composer (d. )
  •  – George Dance the Younger, English architect and surveyor (d. )
  •  – Joseph de Maistre, French philosopher, lawyer, and diplomat (d. )
  •  – Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, French lawyer and politician (d. 1826)
  •  – Luigi Schiavonetti, Italian engraver and etcher (d. )
  •  – Sophie Germain, French mathematician, physicist, and philosopher (d. )
  •  – William Mulready, Irish genre painter (d. )
  •  – Otto von Bismarck, German lawyer and politician, 1st Chancellor of the German Empire (d. )
  • 1815 – Edward Clark, and politician, 8th  of Texas (d. )
  •  – Simon Bolivar Buckner, and politician, 30th Governor of  (d. 1891)
  •  – Louis-Zéphirin Moreau, Canadian bishop (d. )
  •  – James Fisk, (d. )
  •  – Edwin Austin Abbey, American painter and (d. )
  • 1865 – Richard Adolf Zsigmondy, Austrian-German chemist and academic,  laureate (d. )
  •  – William Blomfield, New Zealand cartoonist and politician (d. )
  • 1866 – Ferruccio Busoni, Italian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1924)
  • 1866 – Ève Lavallière, French actress (d. 1929)
  •  – Edmond Rostand, French poet and playwright (d. 1918)
  • 1868 – Walter Mead, English cricketer (d. 1954)
  • 1871 – F. Melius Christiansen, Norwegian-American violinist and conductor (d. 1955)
  • 1873 – Sergei Rachmaninoff, Russian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. )
  •  – Ernest Barnes, English mathematician and theologian (d. )
  • 1874 – Prince Karl of  (d. )
  •  – Edgar Wallace, English , author, and playwright (d. )
  •  – C. Ganesha Iyer, Ceylon Tamil philologist (d. )
  •  – Stanislaus Zbyszko, Polish wrestler and strongman (d. )
  •  – Octavian Goga, Romanian Prime Minister (d. 1938)
  •  – Lon Chaney, , director, and screenwriter (d. )
  • 1883 – Edvard Drabløs, Norwegian and director (d. 1976)
  • 1883 – Laurette Taylor, Irish- (d. 1946)
  •  – Wallace Beery, American actor (d. 1949)
  • 1885 – Clementine Churchill, English wife of Winston Churchill (d. )
  • 1889 – K. B. Hedgewar, Indian physician and activist (d. )
  • 1893 – Cicely Courtneidge, Australian-English actress (d. )
  •  – Alberta Hunter, African-American singer-songwriter and nurse (d. )
  • 1898 – William James Sidis, Ukrainian-Russian Jewish American mathematician, anthropologist, and historian (d. 1944)
  •  – Gustavs Celmiņš, Latvian academic and politician (d. )
  • – Stefanie Clausen, Danish Olympic diver (d. )
  • 1901 – , and spy (d. )
  •  – Gaston Eyskens, Belgian economist and politician, 47th Prime Minister of Belgium (d. )
  • 1905 – Paul Hasluck, Australian historian, poet, and politician, 17th Governor-General of  (d. 1993)
  •  – Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev, Russian engineer, founded the Yakovlev Design Bureau (d. 1989)
  •  – Shivakumara Swami, Indian religious leader and philanthropist (d. )
  • 1908 – Abraham Maslow, American psychologist and academic (d. 1970)
  • 1908 – Harlow Rothert, American shot putter, lawyer, and academic (d. 1997)
  •  – Abner Biberman, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1977)
  • 1909 – Eddy Duchin, American pianist and bandleader (d. )
  •  – Harry Carney, American saxophonist and clarinet player (d. 1974)
  • 1910 – Bob Van Osdel, American high jumper and soldier (d. )
  • 1911 – Augusta Braxton Baker, African American librarian (d. )
  •  – Memos Makris, Greek sculptor (d. 1993)
  •  – O. W. Fischer, Austrian-Swiss actor and director (d. 2004)
  • – Sheila May Edmonds, British mathematician (d. )
  •  – Sydney Newman, Canadian screenwriter and , co-created Doctor Who (d. 1997)
  • 1917 – Melville Shavelson, , producer, and screenwriter (d. )
  •  – Joseph Murray, American surgeon and soldier, Nobel Prize laureate (d. )
  • 1920 – Toshiro Mifune, Japanese actor (d. 1997)
  •  – William Bergsma, and educator (d. )
  • 1921 – Arthur “Guitar Boogie” Smith, , fiddler, and composer (d. )
  •  – Duke Jordan, American pianist and composer (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – William Manchester, and author (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Brendan Byrne, , judge, and politician, 47th Governor of New Jersey (d. )
  •  – Anne McCaffrey, American-Irish author (d. 2011)
  • 1927 – Walter Bahr, American , coach, and manager (d. 2018)
  • 1927 – Amos Milburn, American R&B singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1980)
  • 1927 – Ferenc Puskás, Hungarian footballer and manager (d. 2006)
  • 1929 – Jonathan Haze, American actor, producer, screenwriter, and production manager
  • 1929 – Milan Kundera, Czech-born novelist, poet, and playwright
  • 1929 – Payut Ngaokrachang, Thai animator and director (d. )
  • 1929 – Jane Powell, American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1930 – Grace Lee Whitney, American actress and singer (d. )
  •  – George Baker, Bulgarian-English actor and screenwriter (d. 2011)
  • 1931 – Rolf Hochhuth, German author and playwright (d. )
  • 1932 – Debbie Reynolds, Scottish-Irish American actress, singer, and dancer (d. 2016)
  • 1933 – Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, Algerian-French physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1933 – Dan Flavin, American sculptor and educator (d. 1)
  •  – Vladimir Posner, French-American journalist and radio host
  • 1935 – Larry McDonald, American physician and politician (d. )
  •  – Peter Collinson, English-American director and producer (d. 1980)
  • 1936 – Jean-Pascal Delamuraz, Swiss politician, 80th President of the Swiss Confederation (d. 1998)
  • 1936 – Tarun Gogoi, Indian politician, 14th Chief Minister of Assam
  • 1936 – Abdul Qadeer Khan, Indian-Pakistani physicist, chemist, and engineer
  • 1937 – Jordan Charney, American actor
  • 1939 – Ali MacGraw, American model and actress
  • 1939 – Phil Niekro, and manager
  • 1940 – Wangari Maathai, Kenyan environmentalist and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2011)
  • 1941 – Gideon Gadot, Israeli journalist and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1941 – Ajit Wadekar, Indian cricketer, coach, and manager (d. 2018)
  •  – Samuel R. Delany, and critic
  • 1942 – Richard D. Wolff, and academic
  • 1943 – Dafydd Wigley, Welsh academic and politician
  • 1946 – Nikitas Kaklamanis, Greek academic and politician, Greek Minister of Health and Social Security
  • 1946 – Ronnie Lane, English bass player, songwriter, and producer (d. 1997)
  • 1946 – Arrigo Sacchi, Italian footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1947 – Alain Connes, French mathematician and academic
  • 1947 – Philippe Kirsch, Canadian lawyer and judge
  • 1947 – Francine Prose, American novelist, short story writer, and critic
  • 1947 – Norm Van Lier, , coach, and sportscaster (d. )
  • 1948 – Jimmy Cliff, Jamaican singer and musician
  • 1948 – Javier Irureta, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1948 – Peter Law, Welsh politician and independent Member of parliament(d. 2006)
  • 1949 – Gérard Mestrallet, French businessman
  • 1949 – Paul Manafort, American lobbyist, political consultant, and convicted felon
  • 1949 – Sammy , Northern Irish footballer and coach
  • 1949 – Gil Scott-Heron, American singer-songwriter and author (d. 2011)
  •  – Samuel Alito, American lawyer and jurist
  • 1950 – Loris Kessel, Swiss racing driver (d. 2010)
  • 1950 – Daniel Paillé, Canadian academic and politician
  • 1951 – John Abizaid, American general
  • 1951 – Frederic Schwartz, , co-designed Empty Sky (d. 2014)
  •  – Annette O’Toole, American actress
  • 1952 – Bernard Stiegler, French philosopher and academic
  • 1953 – Barry Sonnenfeld, American cinematographer, director, and producer
  • 1953 – Alberto Zaccheroni, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1954 – Jeff Porcaro, , songwriter, and producer (d. )
  • 1955 – Don Hasselbeck, player and sportscaster
  • 1955 – Humayun Akhtar Khan, Pakistani politician, 5th Commerce Minister of Pakistan
  • 1955 – Terry Nichols, American criminal
  •  – David Gower, English cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1957 – Denise Nickerson, American actress (d. 2019)
  • 1958 – D. Boon, American singer and musician (d. )
  •  – Helmuth Duckadam, Romanian footballer
  • 1961 – Susan Boyle, Scottish singer
  • 1961 – Sergio Scariolo, Italian professional basketball head coach
  • 1961 – Mark White, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • – Mark Shulman, American author
  • 1962 – Chris Grayling, English journalist and politician, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain
  • 1962 – Samboy Lim, Filipino basketball player and manager
  • 1962 – Phillip Schofield, English television host
  •  – Teodoro de Villa Diaz, Filipino guitarist and songwriter (d. 1988)
  • 1963 – Aprille Ericsson-Jackson, American aerospace engineer
  •  – Erik Breukink, Dutch cyclist and manager
  • 1964 – Kevin Duckworth, American basketball player (d. )
  • 1964 – John Morris, English cricketer
  • 1964 – José Rodrigues dos Santos, Portuguese journalist, author, and educator
  •  – Jane Adams, , television, and stage actress
  • 1965 – Mark Jackson, American basketball player and coach
  •  – Chris Evans, English radio and television host
  • 1966 – Mehmet Özdilek, Turkish footballer and manager
  • 1967 – Nicola Roxon, Australian lawyer and politician, 34th Attorney-General for Australia
  • 1968 – Mike Baird, Australian politician, 44th Premier of New South Wales
  • 1968 – Andreas Schnaas, German actor and director
  • 1968 – Alexander Stubb, Finnish academic and politician, 43rd Prime Minister of Finland
  • 1969 – Lev Lobodin, Ukrainian-Russian decathlete
  • 1969 – Andrew Vlahov, Australian basketball player
  • 1969 – Dean Windass, and manager
  • 1970 – Brad Meltzer, American author, screenwriter, and producer
  • 1971 – Sonia Bisset, Cuban javelin thrower
  • 1971 – Shinji Nakano, Japanese racing driver
  • 1972 – Darren McCarty, Canadian ice player and sportscaster
  • 1972 – Jesse Tobias, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1973 – Christian Finnegan, and actor
  • 1973 – Stephen Fleming, New Zealand cricketer and coach
  • 1973 – Rachel Maddow, American journalist and author
  • 1974 – Hugo Ibarra, Argentinian footballer and manager
  •  – John Butler, American-Australian singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1975 – Magdalena Maleeva, Bulgarian player
  • 1976 – Hazem El Masri, Lebanese-Australian rugby league player and educator
  • 1976 – David Gilliland, American race car driver
  • 1976 – David Oyelowo, English actor
  • 1976 – Clarence Seedorf, Dutch-Brazilian footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Yuka Yoshida, Japanese tennis player
  • 1977 – Vitor Belfort, Brazilian- and mixed martial artist
  • 1977 – Haimar Zubeldia, Spanish cyclist
  • 1978 – Antonio de Nigris, Mexican footballer (d. 2009)
  • 1978 – Mirka Federer, Slovak-Swiss tennis player
  • 1978 – Anamaria Marinca, Romanian-English actress
  • 1978 – Etan Thomas, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Ruth Beitia, Spanish high jumper
  • 1980 – Dennis Kruppke, German footballer
  • 1980 – Randy Orton,
  • 1980 – Bijou Phillips, American actress and model
  • 1981 – Antonis Fotsis, Greek basketball player
  • 1981 – Bjørn Einar Romøren, Norwegian ski jumper
  •  – Taran Killam, American actor, voice artist, comedian, and writer
  • 1982 – Andreas Thorkildsen, Norwegian javelin thrower
  • 1983 – Ólafur Ingi Skúlason, Icelandic footballer
  • 1983 – Sean Taylor, (d. 2007)
  • 1984 – Gilberto Macena, Brazilian footballer
  • 1985 – Daniel Murphy, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Beth Tweddle, English gymnast
  • 1986 – Hillary Scott, American country singer-songwriter
  • 1987 – Ding Junhui, Chinese professional snooker player
  • 1987 – Gianluca Musacci, Italian footballer
  • 1987 – Oliver Turvey, English racing driver
  • 1988 – Brook Lopez, American basketball player
  • 1988 – Robin Lopez, American basketball player
  • 1989 – Jan Blokhuijsen, Dutch speed skater
  • 1989 – David N’Gog, French footballer
  • 1989 – Christian Vietoris, German racing driver
  •  – Julia Fischer, German discus thrower
  • 1992 – Deng Linlin, Chinese gymnast
  •  – Logan Paul, American Youtuber and actor
  • 1997 – Álex Palou, Spanish racing driver

Deaths on April 1

  • 996 – John XV, pope of the
  •  – Shen Zong, Chinese emperor (b. )
  •  – Hugh of Châteauneuf, French bishop (b. )
  • – Eleanor of Aquitaine, queen of France and England (b. )
  •  – Amalric II, king of Cyprus and Jerusalem
  • 1282 – Abaqa Khan, ruler of the Mongol Ilkhanate (b. 1234)
  •  – Nuno Álvares Pereira, Portuguese general (b. )
  •  – Blanche I, queen of Navarre and Sicily (b. )
  •  – Zbigniew Oleśnicki, Polish cardinal and statesman (b. )
  •  – Francisco de Peñalosa, Spanish composer (b. )
  •  – Sigismund I, king of (b. )
  •  – Alonso Mudarra, Spanish guitarist and composer (b. )
  •  – Françoise d’Orléans-Longueville, French princess (b. )
  •  – Cristofano Allori, Italian painter and educator (b. )
  •  – Franz Egon of Fürstenberg, Bavarian bishop (b. 1625)
  •  – Floyer Sydenham, English scholar and academic (b. )
  •  – Benjamin Pierce, American soldier and politician, 11th Governor of New Hampshire (b. )
  • 1865 – Giuditta Pasta, Italian soprano (b. )
  • 1872 – Frederick Denison Maurice, English theologian and academic (b. )
  • 1878 – John C.W. Daly, English-Canadian soldier and politician (b. )
  •  – David Wilber, American politician (b. )
  • 1890 – Alexander Mozhaysky, Russian soldier, pilot, and engineer (b. 1825)
  •  – Rube Waddell, American baseball player (b. )
  • 1914 – Charles Wells, English founder of Charles Wells Ltd (b. )
  • 1917 – Scott Joplin, American pianist and composer (b. 1868)
  • 1920 – Walter Simon, German banker and philanthropist (b. )
  • 1922 – Charles I, emperor of (b. )
  • 1922 – Hermann Rorschach, Swiss psychologist and author (b. )
  • 1924 – Jacob Bolotin, American physician (b. )
  • 1924 – Lloyd Hildebrand, English cyclist (b. )
  • 1924 – Stan Rowley, Australian sprinter (b. 1876)
  • 1946 – Noah Beery, Sr., American actor (b. )
  • 1947 – George II, king of Greece (b. 1890)
  • 1950 – Charles R. Drew, American physician and surgeon (b. )
  • 1950 – Recep Peker, Turkish soldier and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1889)
  • 1962 – Jussi Kekkonen, Finnish captain and businessman (b. 1910)
  • 1965 – Helena Rubinstein, Polish- (b. 1870)
  • 1966 – Brian O’Nolan, Irish author (b. 1911)
  • 1968 – Lev Landau, Azerbaijani-Russian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908)
  • 1976 –  Ernst, German painter and sculptor (b. 1891)
  • 1981 – Eua Sunthornsanan, Thai singer-songwriter and bandleader (b. 1910)
  • 1984 – Marvin Gaye, American singer-songwriter (b. 1939)
  • 1984 – Elizabeth Goudge, English author (b. 1900)
  • 1986 – Erik Bruhn, Danish actor, director, and choreographer (b. )
  • 1987 – Henri Cochet, French tennis player (b. 1901)
  •  – Martha Graham, American dancer and choreographer (b. )
  • 1991 – Jaime Guzmán, Chilean lawyer and politician (b. 1946)
  • 1992 – Michael Havers, Baron Havers, English lawyer and politician, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain (b. )
  • 1993 – Kulwicki, American race car driver (b. 1954)
  • 1994 – Robert Doisneau, French photographer (b. )
  • 1995 – H. Adams Carter, American mountaineer, journalist, and educator (b. 1914)
  • 1995 – Francisco Moncion, Dominican American ballet dancer, choreographer, charter member of the New York City Ballet (b. 1918)
  • 1995 – Lucie Rie, Austrian-English potter (b. )
  • 1997 – Makar Honcharenko, Ukrainian footballer and manager (b. 1912)
  • 1998 – Rozz Williams, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1963)
  • 1999 – Jesse Stone, American pianist, songwriter, and producer (b. 1901)
  • 2001 – Trịnh Công Sơn, Vietnamese guitarist and composer (b. 1939)
  • 2002 – Simo Häyhä, Finnish soldier and sniper (b. 1905)
  •  – Leslie Cheung, singer-songwriter and actor (b. )
  • 2004 – Ioannis Kyrastas, Greek footballer and manager (b. 1952)
  • 2004 – Carrie Snodgress, American actress (b. 1945)
  •  – Paul Bomani, Tanzanian politician and diplomat, 1st Tanzanian Minister of Finance (b )
  • 2005 – Robert Coldwell Wood, American political and academic (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – In Tam, Cambodian general and politician, 26th Prime Minister of Cambodia (b. 1916)
  • 2010 – John Forsythe, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 2010 – Tzannis Tzannetakis, Greek soldier and politician, 175th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – Lionel Bowen, Australian soldier, lawyer, and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1922)
  • 2012 – Giorgio Chinaglia, Italian-American soccer player and radio host (b. 1947)
  • 2012 – Miguel de la Madrid, Mexican banker, academic, and politician, 52nd President of (b. 1934)
  • 2013 –  Blah, Liberian general and politician, 23rd President of Liberia (b. 1947)
  • 2013 – Karen Muir, South African swimmer and physician (b. 1952)
  • 2014 – King Fleming, American pianist and bandleader (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Jacques Le Goff, French historian and author (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Rolf Rendtorff, German theologian and academic (b. 1925)
  • 2015 – Nicolae Rainea, Romanian footballer and referee (b. 1933)
  •  – Lonnie Brooks, American blues singer and guitarist (b. 1933)
  • 2017 – Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Soviet and Russian poet and writer (b. 1932)
  • 2018 – Steven Bochco, American television writer and producer (b. 1943)
  • 2019 – Vonda N. McIntyre, American author (b. 1948)

Holidays and observances on April 1

  • Christian feast day:
    • Cellach of Armagh
    • Hugh of Grenoble
    • Frederick Denison Maurice (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • Mary of Egypt
    • Melito of Sardis
    • Nuno Álvares Pereira
    • Tewdrig
    • Theodora
    • Walric, abbot of Leuconay
    • April 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which Sizdah Be-dar can fall, while is the latest; celebrated on the 13th day after vernal equinox. (Iran)
  • Islamic Republic Day (Iran) falls on this day if the Vernal Equinox falls on .
  • Veneralia was held on April 1 during Ancient Rome, however this date does not lock into the modern .
  • April Fools’ Day
  • Odisha Day (Odisha, India)
  • Arbor Day ()
  • Civil Service Day ()
  • Cyprus National Day (Cyprus)
  • Edible Day
  • Fossil Fools Day
  • Kha b-Nisan, the Assyrian New Year (Assyrian people)
  • National Civil Service Day (Thailand)
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