Answering Exams

January 3 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

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  •  –  Decius orders everyone in the Roman Empire (except Jews) to make sacrifices to the Roman gods.
  •  – Pope Leo X excommunicates  in the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem.
  •  – By the Coonan Cross Oath, the Eastern Church in cuts itself off from colonial Portuguese tutelage.
  •  – Benning Wentworth issues the first of the New Hampshire Grants, leading to the establishment of Vermont.
  • 1749 – The first issue of Berlingske, Denmark’s oldest continually operating , is published.
  •  – American  George Washington defeats British  Lord Cornwallis at the Battle of Princeton.
  •  – , the , and form a secret defensive alliance against  and .
  •  – The United Kingdom claims sovereignty over the Falkland Islands.
  •  – Joseph Jenkins Roberts is sworn in as the first  of Liberia.
  •  – : Delaware votes not to secede from the .
  •  – Meiji Restoration in : The Tokugawa shogunate is abolished; agents of Satsuma and Chōshū seize power.
  •  – Construction work begins on the Brooklyn Bridge in , United States.
  •  – In the Battle of Bapaume, an engagement in the Franco-Prussian War, General Louis Faidherbe’s forces bring about a Prussian retreat.
  •  – Sino-French War: Beginning of the Battle of Núi Bop
  •  – A magnitude 7.7 earthquake destroys the city of Almaty in Russian Turkestan.
  • 1911 – A gun battle in the East End of London left two dead and sparked a political row over the involvement of then-Home Secretary Winston Churchill.
  •  – An Atlantic coast storm sets the lowest confirmed barometric pressure reading for a non-tropical system in the continental United States.
  •  – Benito Mussolini announces he is taking dictatorial powers over .
  •  – Minnie D. Craig becomes the first woman elected as Speaker of the North Dakota House of Representatives, the first woman to hold a Speaker position anywhere in the United States.
  •  – The March of Dimes is established as a foundation to combat infant polio by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
  •  – : Top Ace Major Greg “Pappy” Boyington is shot down in his Vought F4U Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Mitsubishi A6M Zero.
  •  – War II: Admiral Chester W. Nimitz is placed in command of all U.S. Naval forces in preparation for planned assaults against Iwo Jima and Okinawa in Japan.
  •  – Popular Canadian American jockey George Woolf dies in a freak accident during a race; the annual George Woolf Memorial Jockey Award is created to honor him.
  •  – Proceedings of the U.S. Congress are televised for the first time.
  •  – The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, the central bank of the , is established.
  •  – Frances P. Bolton and her son, Oliver from , become the first mother and son to serve simultaneously in the U.S. Congress.
  •  – A fire damages the top part of the Eiffel Tower.
  •  – The Hamilton Watch Company introduces the first electric watch.
  •  – The West Indies Federation is formed.
  •  – Alaska is admitted as the 49th U.S. state.
  •  – Cold War: The United States severs diplomatic relations with Cuba over the latter’s nationalization of American assets.
  • 1961 – The SL-1 nuclear reactor is destroyed by a steam explosion in the only reactor incident in the United States to cause immediate fatalities.
  • 1961 – A protest by agricultural workers in Baixa de Cassanje, Portuguese Angola, turns into a revolt, opening the Angolan , the first of the Portuguese Colonial Wars.
  •  – Pope John XXIII excommunicates Fidel Castro.
  •  – The  Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, adopted by the General Assembly, comes into force.
  •  –  Computer is incorporated.
  • 0 – United States invasion of : Manuel Noriega, former leader of , surrenders to American forces.
  •  – In , Russia, George H. W. Bush and Boris Yeltsin sign the second Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START).
  •  – More than seven million people from the former apartheid Homelands receive South African citizenship.
  • 1994 – Baikal Airlines Flight  crashes near Irkutsk, Russia, resulting in deaths.
  •  – The Mars Polar Lander is launched by NASA.
  •  – Final daily edition of the Peanuts comic strip.
  •  – Israeli–Palestinian conflict: Israeli forces seize the Palestinian freighter Karine A in the Red Sea, finding 50 tons of weapons.
  •  – Flash Airlines Flight  crashes into the Red Sea, resulting in 148 deaths, making it one of the deadliest aviation accidents in Egyptian history.
  •  – The first block of the blockchain of the decentralized payment system Bitcoin, called the  block, was established by the creator of the system, Satoshi Nakamoto.
  •  – Boko Haram militants raze the entire town of Baga in north-east Nigeria, starting the Baga massacre and killing as many as 2,000 people.
  •  – Following the fallout caused by the execution of Nimr al-Nimr, Iran ends its diplomatic relations with Saudi Arabia.
  •  – Chang’e 4 makes the first soft landing on the far side of the Moon, deploying the Yutu-2 lunar rover.
  •  – General Qasem Soleimani is killed by an American airstrike near Baghdad International Airport.

Births on January 3

  •  – Cicero, Roman philosopher, lawyer, and politician (d. )
  •  – Lü Bu, general and warlord (d. 199)
  •  – Emperor Tsuchimikado of Japan (d. )
  •  – Gian Girolamo Albani, Italian cardinal (d. )
  •  – James Harrington, political theorist (d. )
  •  – Pietro Metastasio, Italian poet and songwriter (d. )
  •  – Richard Gridley, American soldier and engineer (d. )
  •  – Fredrik Hasselqvist, Swedish biologist and explorer (d. )
  •  – Angelo Emo, Venetian admiral and statesman (d. )
  •  – Veerapandiya Kattabomman, Indian ruler (d. )
  •  – Francis Caulfeild, 2nd Earl of Charlemont (d. )
  •  – Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Polish archbishop (d. 1861)
  • – Lucretia Mott, American activist (d. )
  •  – Charles Pelham Villiers, English lawyer and politician (d. )
  •  – Douglas William Jerrold, English and playwright (d. )
  •  – Henriette Sontag, soprano and actress (d. )
  •  – Antoine Thomson d’Abbadie, French geographer, ethnologist, linguist, and astronomer (d. )
  •  – Samuel C. Pomeroy, American businessman and politician (d. )
  •  – Charles Piazzi Smyth, Italian-Scottish astronomer and academic (d. )
  •  – Karel Dežman, Slovenian archaeologist, botanist, and politician, Mayor of Ljubljana (d. )
  •  – Savitribai Phule, Indian poet, educator, and activist (d. 1897)
  •  – Sakamoto Ryōma, samurai and rebel leader (d. )
  •  – Father Damien, Flemish priest and missionary (d. 1889)
  •  – Ettore Marchiafava, Italian physician (d. )
  •  – Sophie Elkan, Swedish writer (d. )
  •  – Hubert Bland, English businessman (d. )
  • 1861 – Ernest Renshaw, English player (d. )
  • 1861 – William Renshaw, English tennis player (d. )
  •  – Matthew Nathan, English soldier and politician, 13th  of Queensland (d. )
  •  – Henry Lytton, English (d. )
  • 1870 – Henry Handel Richardson, Australian-English author (d. 1946)
  •  – Ichizō Kobayashi, Japanese businessman and collector, founded the Hankyu Hanshin Holdings (d. 1957)
  •  – Alexandros Diomidis, Greek banker and politician, 145th Prime Minister of  (d. )
  •  – Wilhelm Pieck, German carpenter and politician, 1st President of the German Republic (d. )
  •  – Josephine Hull, American actress (d. 1957)
  • 1880 – Francis Browne, Irish Jesuit priest and photographer (d. 1960)
  •  – Clement Attlee, English soldier, lawyer, and politician,  (d. )
  • 1883 – Duncan Gillis, Canadian discus thrower and hammer thrower (d. )
  •  – Raoul Koczalski, Polish pianist and composer (d. )
  • 1885 – Harry Elkins Widener, American businessman (d. )
  •  – John Gould Fletcher, American poet and author (d. 1950)
  • 1886 – Arthur Mailey, Australian (d. 1967)
  •  – August Macke, German-French painter (d. 1914)
  •  – J.R.R. Tolkien, English writer, poet, and philologist (d. )
  •  – ZaSu Pitts, American actress (d. 1963)
  • 1897 – Marion Davies, American actress and comedian (d. 1961)
  • 1898 – Carolyn Haywood, American author and (d. )
  • 1898 – Carlos Keller, Chilean historian, academic, and politician (d. )
  • 1900 – Donald J. Russell, American businessman (d. )
  •  – Ngô Đình Diệm, Vietnamese lawyer and politician, 1st President of the Republic of  (d. 1963)
  •  – Dante Giacosa, Italian engineer (d. )
  • 1905 – Anna May Wong, American actress (d. 1961)
  •  – Ray Milland, Welsh- and director (d. )
  •  – Victor Borge, Danish-American pianist and conductor (d. 2000)
  •  – Frenchy Bordagaray, American baseball player and manager (d. 2000)
  • 1911 – John Sturges, American director and (d. )
  • 1912 – Federico Borrell García, Spanish soldier (d. 1936)
  • 1912 – Renaude Lapointe, Canadian journalist and politician (d. 2002)
  • 1912 – Armand Lohikoski, American-Finnish actor, director, and screenwriter (d. )
  •  – Jack Levine, American painter and soldier (d. )
  •  –  Furness, American actress and television journalist (d. 1994)
  • 1916 – Fred Haas, American golfer (d. 2004)
  •  – Albert Mol, author and actor (d. 2002)
  • 1917 – Vernon A. Walters, American general and diplomat, 17th United States Ambassador to the United Nations (d. 2002)
  • 1917 – Roger Williams Straus, Jr., American journalist and publisher, co-founded Farrar, Straus and Giroux (d. 2004)
  •  – Herbie Nichols, American pianist and composer (d. 1963)
  •  – Siegfried Buback, German lawyer and politician, Attorney General of  (d. 1977)
  • 1920 – Renato Carosone, Italian singer-songwriter and pianist (d. )
  • 1921 – Chetan Anand, Indian director and screenwriter (d. )
  • 1921 – Isabella Bashmakova, Russian historian of mathematics (d. 2005)
  •  – Bill Travers, English actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1994)
  •  – Hank Stram, American football coach and sportscaster (d. 2005)
  •  – Otto Beisheim, German businessman and philanthropist, founded Metro AG (d. )
  • 1924 – André Franquin, Belgian author and illustrator (d. 1997)
  • 1924 – Nell Rankin, American soprano and educator (d. 2005)
  • 1925 – Jill Balcon, English actress (d. 2009)
  •  – W. Michael Blumenthal, American economist and politician, 64th United States Secretary of the Treasury
  • 1926 – George Martin, English composer, conductor, and producer (d. 2016)
  • – Abdul Rahman Ya’kub, lawyer and politician, 3rd Chief Minister of Sarawak (d. 2015)
  •  – Sergio Leone, Italian director, producer, and screenwriter (d. )
  • 1929 – Ernst Mahle, German-Brazilian composer and conductor
  • 1929 – Gordon Moore, American businessman, co-founder of Intel Corporation
  •  – Robert Loggia, American actor and director (d. 2015)
  •  – Dabney Coleman, American actor
  • 1932 – Eeles Landström, Finnish pole vaulter and politician
  • 1933 – Geoffrey Bindman, English lawyer
  • 1933 – Anne Stevenson, American-English poet and author
  •  – Marpessa Dawn, American-French actress, singer, and dancer (d. )
  • 1934 – Carla Anderson Hills, American lawyer and politician, 5th United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
  • 1935 – Raymond Garneau, Canadian businessman and politician
  •  – Glen A. Larson, American director, producer, and screenwriter, created Battlestar Galactica (d. )
  • 1938 – Robin Butler, Baron Butler of Brockwell, English academic and politician
  • 1938 – K. Ganeshalingam, Sri Lankan accountant and politician, Mayor of Colombo (d. )
  • 1939 – Arik Einstein, Israeli singer-songwriter and actor (d. 2013)
  • 1939 – Bobby Hull, Canadian ice player
  •  – Leo de Berardinis, Italian actor and director (d. 2008)
  • 1940 – Bernard Blaut, Polish footballer and coach (d. )
  •  – Malcolm Dick, rugby player
  •  – John Marsden, Australian lawyer and activist (d. 2006)
  • 1942 – John Thaw, English actor and producer, played Inspector Morse (d. 2002)
  •  – Van Dyke Parks, American singer-songwriter, musician, composer, author, and actor
  • 1944 – Blanche d’Alpuget, Australian author
  • 1945 – Stephen Stills, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1946 – John Paul Jones, English bass player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1946 – Michalis Kritikopoulos, Greek footballer (d. 2002)
  • 1947 – Fran Cotton, English rugby player
  • 1947 – Zulema, American singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1948 – Ian Nankervis, Australian footballer
  • 1950 – Victoria Principal, American actress and businesswoman
  • 1950 – Linda Steiner, American journalist and academic
  • 1950 – Vesna Vulović, Serbian plane crash survivor and Guinness World Record holder
  •  – Linda Dobbs, English lawyer and judge
  • 1951 – Gary Nairn, Australian surveyor and politician, 14th Special Minister of State
  •  – Esperanza Aguirre, Spanish civil servant and politician, 3rd President of the Community of Madrid
  • 1952 – Gianfranco Fini, and politician, Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1952 – Jim Ross, American professional wrestling commentator
  • 1953 – Justin Fleming, Australian playwright and author
  • 1953 – Mohammed Waheed Hassan, Maldivian educator and politician, 5th President of the Maldives
  • 1953 – Peter Taylor, English football winger and manager
  • 1956 – Mel Gibson, American-Australian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1958 – Shim Hyung-rae, South actor, director, and producer
  • 1960 – Russell Spence, English racing driver
  • 1962 – Darren Daulton, American baseball player (d. )
  • 1962 – Gavin Hastings, Scottish rugby player
  • 1963 – Stewart Hosie, Scottish businessman and politician
  • 1963 – Aamer Malik, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1963 – Alex Wheatle, English author and playwright
  •  – Bruce LaBruce, Canadian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1964 – Cheryl Miller, American basketball player and coach
  • 1 – Chetan Sharma, Indian cricketer
  •  – Michael Caines, English chef
  • 1969 – Lorenzo Fertitta, American entrepreneur, casino executive and promoter
  • 1969 – Jarmo Lehtinen, Finnish racing driver
  • 1969 – Michael Schumacher, German racing driver
  • 1969 – Gerda Weissensteiner, Italian luger and bobsledder
  •  – Cory Cross, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1971 – Lee Il-hwa, South Korean actress
  • 1973 – Dan Harmon, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1974 – Robert-Jan Derksen, Dutch golfer
  • 1974 – Alessandro Petacchi, Italian cyclist
  •  – Jason Marsden, American actor
  • 1975 – Thomas Bangalter, French DJ, musician (Daft Punk), and producer
  • 1975 – Danica McKellar, American actress, writer, and mathematician
  • 1976 – Angelos Basinas, Greek footballer
  • 1976 – Nicholas Gonzalez, American actor and producer
  • 1977 – Lee Bowyer, and coach
  • 1977 – A. J. Burnett, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Mayumi Iizuka, Japanese voice actress and singer
  •  – Dimitra Kalentzou, Greek basketball player
  • 1978 – Dominic Wood, English comedian and former magician
  •  – Bryan Clay, American decathlete
  • 1980 – Angela Ruggiero, American ice hockey player
  • 1980 – David Tyree, American football player
  • 1980 – Kurt Vile, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1980 – Mary Wineberg, American sprinter
  •  – Eli Manning, American football playe
  •  – Peter Clarke, English footballer
  • 1982 – Lasse Nilsson, Swedish footballer
  • 1982 – Park Ji-yoon, South Korean singer and actress
  • – Billy Mehmet, English-Irish footballer
  • 1985 – Linas Kleiza, Lithuanian basketball player
  • 1985 – Evan Moore, American football player
  • 1986 – Dana Hussain, Iraqi sprinter
  • 1986 – Greg Nwokolo, Indonesian footballer
  • 1986 – Dmitry Starodubtsev, Russian pole vaulter
  •  – Reto Berra, Swiss professional ice hockey goaltender
  • 1987 – Kim Ok-bin, South Korean actress and singer
  •  – Ikechi Anya, Scottish-Nigerian footballer
  • 1988 – Matt Frattin, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1988 – J. R. Hildebrand, American racing driver
  • 1989 – Ben Matulino, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1989 – Kōhei Uchimura, Japanese artistic gymnast
  • 1990 – Yoichiro Kakitani, Japanese footballer
  •  – Jerson Cabral, Dutch footballer
  • 1991 – Özgür Çek, Turkish footballer
  • 1991 – Sébastien Faure, French footballer
  • 1991 – Dane Gagai, Australian rugby league player
  • 1994 – Isaquias Queiroz, Brazilian sprint canoeist
  • 1997 – Kyron McMaster, British Virgin Islands hurdler
  •  – Greta Thunberg, Swedish environmental activist

Deaths on January 3

  • – Anterus, the pope of the
  •  – Yuan of Yin, Chinese emperor (b. 276)
  •  – Fujiwara no Yukinari, Japanese calligrapher (b. )
  •  – Fujiwara no Michinaga, Japanese nobleman (b. 966)
  •  – Walkelin, Norman bishop of Winchester
  •  – Philip V, king of France (b. )
  •  – Catherine of Valois, queen consort of Henry V (b. )
  •  – Ali-Shir Nava’i, Turkic poet, linguist, and mystic (b. )
  •  – Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, Portuguese explorer and navigator (b. )
  •  – Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg (b. )
  •  – Jeremiah Horrocks, English astronomer and mathematician (b. )
  •  – Mathieu Molé, French politician (b. )
  •  – George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. )
  •  – Louis I, prince of Monaco (b. )
  •  – Luca Giordano, Italian painter and illustrator (b. )
  •  – Ferdinando Galli-Bibiena, Italian painter and architect (b. )
  • 1777 – William Leslie, Scottish captain (b. )
  •  – Claude Bourgelat, French surgeon and lawyer (b. )
  •  – Baldassare Galuppi, Italian composer (b. )
  •  – Josiah Wedgwood, English potter, founded the Wedgwood Company (b. )
  •  – Louis-Gabriel Suchet, French general (b. )
  • 1871 – Kuriakose Elias Chavara, Indian priest and saint (b. )
  • 1875 – Pierre Larousse, French lexicographer and publisher (b. )
  •  – William Harrison Ainsworth, English author (b. 1805)
  •  – James Merritt Ives, American lithographer and businessman, co-founded Currier and Ives (b. )
  •  – Alois Hitler, Austrian civil servant (b. )
  • 1911 – Alexandros Papadiamantis, Greek author and poet (b. )
  • 1915 – James Elroy Flecker, English poet, author, and playwright (b. 1884)
  • 1916 –  M. Dodge, American general and politician (b. 1831)
  • 1922 – Wilhelm Voigt, German criminal (b. )
  • 1923 – Jaroslav Hašek, Czech journalist and author (b. 1883)
  •  – Carl David Tolmé Runge, German physicist and mathematician (b. )
  •  – Joseph Joffre, French general (b. )
  • 1933 – Wilhelm Cuno, German lawyer and politician, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1876)
  • 1933 – Jack Pickford, Canadian-American actor, director, and producer (b. )
  • 1943 – Walter James, Australian lawyer and politician, 5th Premier of Western  (b. 1863)
  • 1944 – Jurgis Baltrušaitis, Lithuanian poet, critic, and translator (b. 1873)
  • 1945 – Edgar Cayce, American psychic and author (b. 1877)
  • 1945 – Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish journalist and explorer (b. )
  • 1946 – William Joyce, American-British pro-Axis propaganda broadcaster (b. )
  • 1956 – Alexander Gretchaninov, Russian-American pianist and composer (b. )
  • 1956 – Dimitrios Vergos, Greek wrestler, weightlifter, and shot putter (b. 1886)
  • 1956 – Joseph Wirth, German educator and politician, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1876)
  • 1958 – Cafer Tayyar Eğilmez, Turkish general (b. 1877)
  • 1959 – Edwin Muir, Scottish poet, author, and translator (b. 1887)
  • 1960 – Eric P. Kelly, American journalist, author, and academic (b. 1884)
  • 1962 – Hermann Lux, German footballer and manager (b. )
  •  – Milton Avery, American painter (b. 1885)
  •  – Sammy Younge Jr., American civil rights activist (b. 1944)
  • 1967 – Mary Garden, Scottish-American soprano and actress (b. )
  • 1967 – Reginald Punnett, British (b. 1875)
  • 1967 – Jack Ruby, American businessman and murderer (b. 1911)
  • 1969 – Jean Focas, Greek-French astronomer (b. 1909)
  • 1969 – Tzavalas Karousos, Greek-French actor (b. 1904)
  •  – Gladys Aylward, English missionary and humanitarian (b. )
  •  – Mohan Rakesh, Indian author and playwright (b. 1925)
  • 1975 – Victor Kraft, Austrian philosopher from the Vienna Circle (b. 1880)
  • 1975 – James McCormack, American general (b. 1910)
  • 1977 – William Gropper, American lithographer, cartoonist, and painter (b. 1897)
  •  – Conrad Hilton, American businessman, founded the Hilton Hotels & Resorts (b. 1887)
  • 1980 – Joy Adamson, Austrian-Kenyan author (b. 1910)
  • 1980 – George Sutherland Fraser, Scottish poet and academic (b. 1915)
  • 1981 – Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone (b. 1883)
  • 1988 – Rose Ausländer, Ukrainian-German poet and author (b. 1901)
  • 1989 – Sergei Sobolev, Russian mathematician and academic (b. 1909)
  • 1992 – Judith Anderson, British actress (b. 1897)
  • 2002 – Satish Dhawan, Indian engineer (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Jimmy Stewart, Scottish racing driver (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Koo Chen-fu, Taiwanese businessman and diplomat (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – Egidio Galea, Maltese Roman Catholic priest, missionary, and educator (b. )
  • 2005 – Jyotindra Nath Dixit, Indian diplomat, 2nd Indian National Security Adviser (b. 1936)
  • 2006 – Steve Rogers, Australian rugby player and coach (b. )
  • 2006 – Bill Skate, Papua New Guinean politician, 5th Prime Minister of  (b. 1954)
  • 2007 – János Fürst, Hungarian violinist and conductor (b. 1935)
  • 2007 – William Verity, Jr., American businessman and politician, 27th United States Secretary of Commerce (b. 1917)
  • 2008 – Choi Yo-sam, South Korean boxer (b. 1972)
  • 2009 – Betty Freeman, American philanthropist and photographer (b. 1921)
  • 2009 – Pat Hingle, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 2009 – Hisayasu Nagata, Japanese politician (b. 1969)
  • 2010 – Gustavo Becerra-Schmidt, Chilean- and academic (b. 1925)
  • 2010 – Mary Daly, American theologian and scholar (b. 1928)
  • – Vicar, Chilean cartoonist (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Robert L. Carter, American lawyer and judge (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Winifred Milius Lubell, American author and illustrator (b. 1914)
  • 2012 – Josef Škvorecký, Czech-Canadian author and publisher (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Bob Weston, English guitarist and songwriter (b. 1947)
  • 2013 – Alfie Fripp, English soldier and pilot (b. 1913)
  • 2013 – Ivan Mackerle, Czech cryptozoologist, explorer, and author (b. 1942)
  • 2013 – William Maxson, American general (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Sergiu Nicolaescu, Romanian actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Phil Everly, American singer and guitarist (b. 1939)
  • 2014 – George Goodman, American economist and author (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Saul Zaentz, American film producer (b. 1921)
  • 2015 – Martin Anderson, American economist and academic (b. 1936)
  • 2015 – Edward Brooke, American captain and politician, 47th Massachusetts Attorney General (b. 1919)
  • 2016 – Paul Bley, Canadian-American pianist and composer (b. 1932)
  • 2016 – Peter Naur, Danish computer scientist, astronomer, and academic (b. 1928)
  • 2016 – Bill Plager, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1945)
  • 2016 – Igor Sergun, Russian general and diplomat (b. 1957)
  • 2017 – H. S. Mahadeva Prasad, Indian politician (b. 1958)
  •  – Colin Brumby, Australian composer (b. 1933)
  • 2019 – Herb Kelleher, American businessman, co-founder of Southwest Airlines (b. 1931)
  • 2020 – Qasem Soleimani, Iranian major general, commander of the Iranian Quds Force (b. 1957)

Holidays and observances on January 3

  • Anniversary of the 1966 Coup d’état (Burkina Faso)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Daniel of Padua
    • Genevieve
    • Holy Name of
    • Kuriakose Elias Chavara (Syro-Malabar Catholic Church)
    • Pope Anterus
    • William Passavant (Episcopal Church)
    • January 3 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Ministry of Religious Affairs Day ()
  • Tamaseseri Festival (Hakozaki Shrine, Fukuoka, Japan)
  • The first day of Nakhatsenendyan toner, celebrated until (Armenia).
  • The tenth of the Twelve Days of Christmas (Western )
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