Answering Exams

January 22 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

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  •  – Eight-month-old Constantine is crowned as co- (Caesar) by his father Heraclius at Constantinople.
  •  – Battle of Basing: The West Saxons led by King Æthelred I are defeated by the Danelaw Vikings at Basing.
  •  – The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrives at the Vatican.
  • 15 – The  under Selim I defeats the Mamluk Sultanate and captures present-day Egypt at the Battle of Ridaniya.
  •  – The Ava Kingdom falls to the Taungoo Dynasty in what is now Myanmar.
  •  – The Convention Parliament convenes to determine whether James II and VII, the last Roman Catholic monarch of England, Ireland and , had vacated the thrones of England and Ireland when he fled to in .
  •  – The Portuguese royal family arrives in  after fleeing the French army’s invasion of  two months earlier.
  •  – The Ashantis defeat British forces in the Gold Coast.
  •  – Second Anglo-Sikh War: The Siege of Multan ends after nine months when the last Sikh defenders of Multan, Punjab, surrender.
  •  – The January Uprising breaks out in , Lithuania and Belarus. The aim of the national movement is to regain Polish–Lithuanian–Ruthenian Commonwealth from occupation by .
  •  – The Battle of Isandlwana during the Anglo-Zulu War results in a British defeat.
  • 1879 – The Battle of Rorke’s Drift, also during the Anglo-Zulu War and just some 15 km away from Isandlwana, results in a British victory.
  •  – Columbia Phonograph is formed in Washington, D.C.
  •  – The United Mine Workers of America is founded in Columbus, .
  •  – Edward VII is proclaimed King after the death of his mother, Queen Victoria.
  •  – Bloody  in Saint Petersburg, beginning of the  revolution.
  •  – SS Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than .
  •  – Over people are killed in Guadalajara, , when a train plunges off the tracks into a deep canyon.
  •  –  War I:   of the still-neutral calls for “peace without victory” in Europe.
  •  – Act Zluky is signed, unifying the Ukrainian People’s Republic and the West Ukrainian National Republic.
  •  – Ramsay MacDonald becomes the first Labour Prime Minister of the .
  •  – Teddy Wakelam gives the first live commentary of a football match, between Arsenal F.C. and Sheffield United at Highbury.
  •  – : British and Commonwealth troops capture Tobruk from Italian forces during Operation Compass.
  •  – World War II: Australian and American forces defeat army and navy units in the bitterly fought Battle of Buna–Gona.
  •  – World War II: The Allies commence Operation Shingle, an assault on Anzio and Nettuno, .
  •  – In Iran, Qazi  declares the people’s Republic of Mahabad at Chahar Cheragh Square in the Kurdish city of Mahabad; he becomes the new president and Haji Baba Sheikh becomes the prime minister.
  • 1946 – Creation of the Central Intelligence Group, forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency.
  •  – KTLA, the first commercial television station west of the Mississippi River, begins operation in .
  •  – Israel withdraws from the Sinai Peninsula.
  • 1957 – The City “Mad Bomber”, George P. Metesky, is arrested in Waterbury, Connecticut and charged with planting more than 30 bombs.
  •  – The Élysée Treaty of cooperation between France and is signed by Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer.
  •  – Apollo 5 lifts off carrying the first Lunar module into space.
  • 1968 – Operation Igloo White, a electronic surveillance system to stop communist infiltration into South  begins installation.
  •  – The Boeing , the world’s first “jumbo jet”, enters commercial service for launch customer Pan American Airways with its maiden voyage from John F. Kennedy Airport to London Heathrow Airport.
  •  – The  Declaration, one of the two most important documents to the uncodified constitution of the Commonwealth of Nations, is issued.
  •  – The Supreme Court of the United States delivers its decisions in Roe v. Wade and Doe v. Bolton, legalizing elective abortion in all fifty states.
  • 1973 – The crew of Apollo 17 addresses a joint session of Congress after the completion of the final Apollo moon landing mission.
  • 1973 – A chartered Boeing  explodes in flames upon landing at Kano Airport, Nigeria, killing .
  • 1973 – In a bout for the world heavyweight boxing championship in Kingston, Jamaica, challenger George Foreman knocks down champion Joe Frazier six times in the first two rounds before the fight is stopped by referee Arthur Mercante.
  •  – The  Macintosh, the first consumer computer to popularize the computer mouse and the graphical user interface, is introduced during a Super Bowl XVIII television commercial.
  •  – Philippine security forces open fire on a crowd of 10,000–15,000 demonstrators at Malacañang Palace, Manila, killing 13.
  •  – Rebel forces occupy Zaire’s national radio station in Kinshasa and broadcast a demand for the government’s resignation.
  • 1992 – Space Shuttle program: the space shuttle Discovery launches on STS-42 carrying Dr. Roberta Bondar, who becomes the first Canadian woman and the first neurologist in space.
  •  – Israeli–Palestinian conflict: Beit Lid massacre: In central Israel, near Netanya, two Gazans blow themselves up at a military transit point, killing 19 Israelis.
  •  – Space Shuttle program: space shuttle Endeavor launches on STS-89 to dock with the Russian space station Mir.
  •  – Australian missionary Graham Staines and his two sons are burned alive by radical Hindus while sleeping in their car in Eastern .
  •  – Kmart becomes the largest retailer in United States history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
  •  – Evo Morales is inaugurated as President of Bolivia, becoming the ’s first indigenous president.
  •  – At least 88 people are killed when two car bombs explode in the Bab Al-Sharqi market in central Baghdad, Iraq.
  •  – An explosion near a civilian trolley-bus in Donetsk kills at least thirteen people.

Births on January 22

  •  – Emperor Montoku of (d. )
  •  – Ibn Taymiyyah, Syrian scholar and theologian (d. )
  •  – Ivan III of Russia (d. )
  •  –  de Valois, Duke of Orléans, (d. )
  •  – Walter Raleigh, poet, soldier, courtier, and explorer (d. )
  •  – Francis Bacon, English philosopher and politician, Attorney for England and Wales (d. )
  •  – Sir Robert Cotton, 1st Baronet, of Connington, English historian and politician, founded the Cotton library (d. )
  •  – John Donne, English poet and cleric in the Church of England, wrote the Holy Sonnets (d. 1631)
  •  – Pierre Gassendi, French mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher (d. )
  •  – William Kidd, Scottish sailor and pirate hunter (probable; d. )
  •  – Richard Blackmore, English physician and poet (d. )
  •  – Nicolas Lancret, French painter (d. )
  • 1729 – Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, philosopher and author (d. )
  •  – Philip Carteret, English admiral and explorer (d. )
  •  – Noah Phelps, American soldier, lawyer, and judge (d. )
  • 1781 – François Habeneck, French violinist and conductor (d. 1849)
  •  – Lord Byron, English poet and playwright (d. 1824)
  •  – Lady Lucy Whitmore, English noblewoman, hymn writer (d. )
  • 1796 – Karl Ernst Claus, Estonian-Russian chemist, botanist, and academic (d. )
  •  – Maria Leopoldina of  (d. )
  •  – Ludger Duvernay, Canadian , publisher, and politician (d. )
  •  – Richard Upjohn, English-American architect (d. )
  •  – Dayrolles Eveleigh-de-Moleyns, 4th Baron Ventry, Irish hereditary peer (d. )
  •  – Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1917)
  • 1840 – Ernest Wilberforce, English bishop (d. )
  • 1849 – August Strindberg, Swedish novelist, poet, and playwright (d. )
  •  – Beatrice Webb, English sociologist and economist (d. 1943)
  •  – George Fuller, Australian politician, 22nd Premier of New South Wales (d. )
  •  – Wilbur Scoville, American chemist and pharmacist (d. )
  •  – Gisela Januszewska, Jewish-Austrian physician (d. 1943)
  •  – José Vicente de Freitas, Portuguese colonel and politician, 97th Prime Minister of Portugal (d. )
  •  – Edward Harkness, American philanthropist (d. 1940)
  • 1874 – Jay Hughes, American baseball player and coach (d. 1924)
  •  – D. W. Griffith, American director, , and screenwriter (d. )
  •  – Tom Jones, American baseball player and manager (d. )
  • 1879 – Francis Picabia, French painter and poet (d. )
  •  – Bill O’Neill, Canadian-American baseball player (d. )
  • 1880 – Frigyes Riesz, Hungarian mathematician and academic (d. )
  •  – Ira Thomas, American baseball player and manager (d. )
  •  – John J. Becker, American pianist, composer, and conductor (d. )
  •  – Helen Hoyt, American poet and author (d. )
  • 1889 – Henri Pélissier, French cyclist (d. )
  • 1889 – Amos Strunk, American baseball player and manager (d. )
  • 1890 – Fred M. Vinson, American judge and politician, 13th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1953)
  •  – Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher and politician (d. )
  •  – Marcel Dassault, French businessman, founded Dassault Aviation (d. )
  •  – Conrad Veidt, German-, director, and producer (d. 1943)
  •  – Rosa Ponselle, American operatic soprano (d. )
  • 1897 – Dilipkumar Roy, a Bengali Indian musician, musicologist, novelist, poet and essayist. (d. )
  •  – Ross Barnett, American lawyer and politician, 52nd  of Mississippi (d. 1987)
  • 1898 – Sergei Eisenstein, Russian director and screenwriter (d. 1948)
  • 1898 – Denise Legeay, French actress (d. 1968)
  •  – Martti Haavio, Finnish poet and mythologist (d. 1973)
  •  – Ernst Busch, German and singer (d. 1980)
  •  – Daniel Kinsey, American hurdler, coach, and academic (d. 1970)
  •  – Fritz Houtermans, Polish-German physicist and academic (d. )
  •  – George Balanchine, Georgian-American dancer, choreographer, and director, co-founded the New York City Ballet (d. )
  • 1904 – Arkady Gaidar, Russian journalist and author (d. 1941)
  • 1905 – Willy Hartner, German physicist, historian, and academic (d. 1981)
  • 1 – Robert E. Howard, American author and poet (d. )
  • 1907 – Douglas Corrigan, American pilot and engineer (d. 1995)
  • 1907 – Dixie Dean, (d. 1980)
  •  – Lev Landau, Azerbaijani-Russian physicist and academic,  laureate (d. 1968)
  • 1908 – Prince Oana, American baseball player and manager (d. )
  •  – Martha Norelius, Swedish-born American swimmer (d. )
  • 1909 – Porfirio Rubirosa, Dominican racing driver, polo player, and diplomat (d. )
  • 1909 – Ann Sothern, American actress and singer (d. )
  • 1909 – U Thant, Burmese educator and diplomat, 3rd  Secretary-General (d. )
  •  – Bruno Kreisky, Austrian lawyer and politician, 22nd Chancellor of Austria (d. )
  •  – Henry Bauchau, Belgian psychoanalyst and author (d. )
  • 1913 – William Conway, Irish cardinal (d. )
  • 1913 – Carl F. H. Henry, American theologian and publisher (d. )
  • 1914 – Dimitris Dragatakis, Greek violinist and composer (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – Heinrich Albertz, German theologian and politician, Mayor of  (d. )
  •  – Bill Durnan, Canadian ice player and coach (d. 1972)
  • 1916 – Henri Dutilleux, French pianist, composer, and educator (d. )
  • 1916 – Harilal Upadhyay, Indian author, poet, and astrologist (d. )
  •  – Elmer Lach, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1919 – Diomedes Olivo, Dominican baseball player and scout (d. 1977)
  • 1920 – Irving Kristol, American journalist, author, and academic, founded The National Interest (d. )
  • 1920 – Alf Ramsey, English footballer and coach (d. 1999)
  •  – Howard Moss, American poet, playwright and critic (d. 1987)
  • 1923 – Diana Douglas, British-American actress (d. 2015)
  • 1924 – J. J. Johnson, American trombonist and composer (d. 2001)
  • 1924 – Ján Chryzostom Korec, Slovak cardinal (d. 2015)
  • 1924 – Charles Lisanby, American production designer and director (d. 2013)
  •  – Johnny Bucha, American baseball player (d. )
  • 1925 – Bobby Young, American baseball player (d. )
  • 1927 – Lou Creekmur, American football player and sportscaster (d. 2009)
  • 1927 – Joe Perry, American footballer (d. )
  •  – Yoshihiko Amino, Japanese historian, author, and academic (d. )
  •  – Petr Eben, Czech composer, organist and choirmaster (d. 2007)
  •  – Mariví Bilbao, Spanish actress (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Éamon de Buitléar, Irish accordion player and director (d. 2013)
  •  – Sam Cooke, American singer-songwriter (d. )
  • 1931 – Galina Zybina, Russian shot putter and javelin thrower
  •  – Berthold Grünfeld, Norwegian psychiatrist and academic (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Piper Laurie, American actress
  • 1932 – Tom Fisher Railsback, American politician, member of the Illinois and U.S. House of Representatives
  •  – Yuri Chesnokov, Russian volleyball player and coach (d. )
  •  – Vijay Anand, Indian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Bill Bixby, American actor and director (d. 1993)
  • 1934 – Graham Kerr, English chef and author
  • 1 – Alexander Men, Russian priest and scholar (d. 1990)
  • 1936 – Ong Teng Cheong, Singaporean architect and politician, 5th President of Singapore (d. 2002)
  • 1936 – Alan J. Heeger, American physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1937 – Edén Pastora, Nicaraguan politician
  • 1937 – Joseph Wambaugh, American police officer and author
  •  – Peter Beard, Australian photographer and author (d. )
  • 1938 – Joe Esposito, American author (d. )
  • 1938 – Altair Gomes de Figueiredo, Brazilian footballer
  •  – Jørgen Garde, Danish admiral (d. 1996)
  • 1939 – Alfredo Palacio, Ecuadoran physician and politician, President of Ecuador
  • 1939 – Luigi Simoni, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1939 – J. C. Tremblay, Canadian ice hockey player and scout (d. 1994)
  • 1940 – John Hurt, English actor (d. )
  • 1940 – George Seifert, American football player and coach
  • 1940 – Gillian Shephard, English educator and politician, Secretary of State for Education
  • 1941 – Jaan Kaplinski, Estonian poet, philosopher, and critic
  • 1942 – Mimis Domazos, Greek footballer
  • 1943 – Michael Spicer, English journalist and politician (d. )
  • 1944 – Khosrow Golsorkhi, journalist, poet, and activist (d. 1974)
  • 1944 – Uto Ughi, Italian violinist and conductor
  •  – Jophery Brown, American baseball player, actor, and stuntman (d. )
  • 1945 – Jean-Pierre Nicolas, French racing driver and manager
  • 1945 – Christoph Schönborn, Austrian cardinal
  • 1945 – Alojz Uran, Slovenian archbishop
  • 1946 – Malcolm McLaren, English singer-songwriter and manager (d. 2010)
  • 1946 – Serge Savard, Canadian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1947 – Vladimir Oravsky, Czech-Swedish author and director
  • 1948 – Gilbert Levine, American conductor and academic
  •  – Mike Caldwell, American baseball player and coach
  • 1949 – J.P. Pennington, American country-rock singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1949 – Steve Perry, American singer-songwriter and producer
  •  – Paul Bew, Northern Irish historian and academic
  • 1950 – Frank Schade, American basketball player and coach
  •  – Ondrej Nepela, Slovak figure skater and coach (d. )
  • 1951 – Leon Roberts, American baseball player and manager
  • 1952 – Ramón Avilés, Puerto Rican-American baseball player
  • 1953 – Winfried Berkemeier, German footballer and manager
  • 1953 – Myung-whun Chung, South pianist and conductor
  • 1953 – Jim Jarmusch, American director and screenwriter
  • 1955 – Thomas David Jones, American captain, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1955 – Timothy R. Ferguson, American politician
  • 1956 – Steve Riley, American drummer
  • 1957 – Mike Bossy, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1957 – Brian Dayett, American baseball player and manager
  • 1957 – Godfrey Thoma, Nauruan politician
  • 1957 – Francis Wheen, English journalist and author
  • 1958 – Nikos Anastopoulos, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1958 – Filiz Koçali, Turkish journalist and politician
  •  – Linda Blair, American actress
  •  – Michael Hutchence, Australian singer-songwriter (d. )
  • 1961 – Quintin Dailey, American basketball player (d. 2010)
  • 1961 – Daniel Johnston, American musician
  •  – Jimmy Herring, American guitarist
  • 1962 – Huw Irranca-Davies, Welsh lawyer and politician
  • 1962 – Mizan Zainal Abidin of Terengganu, Yang di-Pertuan Agong of
  • 1964 – Nigel Benn, English-Australian boxer
  • 1964 – Stojko Vranković, Croatian basketball player
  • 1965 – Steven Adler, American rock drummer
  • 1965 – DJ Jazzy Jeff, American DJ and producer
  • 1965 – Diane Lane, American actress
  • 1965 – Andrew Roachford, English singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1966 – Craig Salvatori, Australian rugby league player and coach
  •  – Nick Gillingham, English swimmer
  • 1968 – Guy Fieri, American chef, author, and television host
  • 1968 – Heath, Japanese singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1968 – Frank Leboeuf, French footballer, sportscaster, and actor
  • 1968 – Mauricio Serna, Colombian footballer
  •  – Olivia d’Abo, English-American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1969 – Keith Gordon, American baseball player and coach
  • 1970 – Jason Lowrie, rugby league player and coach
  • 1970 – Abraham Olano, Spanish cyclist
  • 1971 – Stan Collymore, English footballer and sportscaster
  • 1972 – Terry Hill, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1973 – Rogério Ceni, Brazilian footballer
  • 1974 – Cameron McConville, Australian racing driver and sportscaster
  • 1974 – Joseph Muscat, Maltese journalist and politician, 13th Prime Minister of
  • 1976 – Jimmy Anderson, American baseball player and coach
  • 1976 – James Dearth, American football player
  • 1977 – Mario Domm, Mexican singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer
  • 1977 – Anna Linkova, Russian player
  • 1977 – Hidetoshi Nakata, Japanese footballer
  • 1977 – Luciano Andrade Rissutt, Brazilian footballer
  •  – Chone Figgins, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Aidan Burley, New Zealand-English politician
  • 1979 – Carlos Ruiz, Panamanian baseball player
  • 1979 – Chor Boogie, American artist
  • 1980 – Jonathan Woodgate, English footballer
  • 1981 – Willa Ford, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1981 – Beverley Mitchell, American actress
  • 1981 – Ben Moody, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor
  • 1981 – Ibrahima Sonko, French footballer
  • 1981 – Guy Wilks, English racing driver
  •  – Fabricio Coloccini, Argentinian footballer
  • 1983 – Shaun Cody, American football player
  • 1984 – Ben Eager, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Ubaldo Jiménez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1984 – Leon Powe, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Maceo Rigters, footballer
  • 1985 – Fotios Papoulis, Greek footballer
  • 1985 – Yan Xu, Singaporean table tennis player
  • 1986 – Maher Magri, Tunisian footballer
  • 1986 – Matt Simon, Australian footballer
  • 1987 – Astrid Jacobsen, Norwegian skier
  • 1987 – Shane Long, Irish footballer
  •  – Asher Allen, American football player
  • 1988 – Greg Oden, American basketball player
  • 1988 – Marcel Schmelzer, German footballer
  • 1989 – Theo Robinson, English-Jamaican footballer
  • 1990 – Alizé Cornet, French tennis player
  • 1990 – Dean Whare, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1990 – Logic,
  • 1990 – Phil Wang, British- comedian
  •  – Stefan Kolb, German footballer
  • 1996 – Joshua Ho-Sang, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1998 – Silento, American rapper, singer and songwriter

Deaths on January 22

  •  – Cao Rui, emperor (b. 205)
  •  – Anastasius of Persia, monk
  • 906 – He, empress of the Tang Dynasty
  • 935 – Ma, empress of Southern Han
  •  – Ælfric Puttoc, archbishop of York
  •  – Wang Chongyang, Chinese Daoist and co-founder of the Quanzhen School (b. )
  •  – Ferdinand II of León (b. )
  •  – Louis I, Duke of Bourbon (b. )
  •  – Hadım Sinan Pasha, Ottoman politician, 32nd Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (b. ?)
  •  – Bernhard Knipperdolling, German religious leader (b. )
  • 1536 – John of Leiden, Anabaptist leader from the Dutch city of Leiden (b. )
  • 1552 – Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset, English general and politician, Lord High Treasurer of England (b. )
  •  – Wang Zhi, Chinese pirate
  •  – James Hamilton, Duke of Châtellerault (b. )
  •  – Cristofano Malvezzi, Italian organist and composer (b. )
  •  – Shah Jahan, Mughal emperor (b. 1592)
  •  – Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (b. )
  •  – John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1690)
  •  – Johann Gottlob Lehmann, German meteorologist and geologist (b. )
  •  – Jeremiah Dixon, English surveyor and astronomer (b. 1733)
  • 1779 – Claudius Smith, American guerrilla leader (b. )
  •  – Lewis Morris, American judge and politician (b. )
  • 1840 – Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German physician, physiologist, and anthropologist (b. )
  •  –  Pallotti, Italian missionary and saint (b. )
  • 1879 – Anthony Durnford, Irish colonel (b. )
  • 1879 – Henry Pulleine, English colonel (b. )
  • 1892 – Joseph P. Bradley, American lawyer and jurist (b. )
  • 1900 – David Edward Hughes, Welsh-American physicist, co-invented the microphone (b. 1831)
  • 1901 – Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (b. )
  • 1901 – Emil Erlenmeyer, German chemist and academic (b. )
  •  – George Streeter, American captain and businessman (b. )
  • 1922 – Fredrik Bajer, Danish educator and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1837)
  • 1922 – Pope Benedict XV (b. )
  • 1922 – Camille Jordan, French mathematician and academic (b. 1838)
  • 1925 – Fanny Bullock Workman, American geographer and mountain climber (b. )
  • 1927 – James Ford Rhodes, American historian and author (b. )
  • 1929 – R. C. Lehmann, English journalist, author, and politician (b. )
  • 1930 – Stephen Mather, American businessman and conservationist, co-founded the Thorkildsen-Mather Borax Company (b. 1867)
  • 1931 – László Batthyány-Strattmann, Hungarian physician and ophthalmologist (b. )
  • 1945 – Else Lasker-Schüler, German poet and playwright (b. 1869)
  • 1949 – William Thomas Walsh, American author, poet, and playwright (b. 1891)
  • 1950 – Alan Hale, Sr., American actor and director (b. 1892)
  • 1951 – Lawson Robertson, Scottish-American sprinter and high jumper (b. )
  • 1955 – Jonni Myyrä, Finnish-American athlete (b. 1892)
  • 1957 – Ralph Barton Perry, American philosopher and academic (b. )
  • 1959 – Mike Hawthorn, English race car driver (b. 1929)
  • 1964 – Marc Blitzstein, American pianist and composer (b. 1905)
  • 1966 – Herbert Marshall, English actor (b. 1890)
  • 1968 – Duke Kahanamoku, American swimmer and water polo player (b. 1890)
  • 1971 – Harry Frank Guggenheim, American businessman and publisher, co-founded Newsday (b. 1890)
  • 1973 – , American lieutenant and politician, 36th President of the United States (b. 1908)
  •  – Andrew George Burry, Swiss-American businessman and philanthropist (b. )
  • 1977 – Ibrahim bin Abdullah Al Suwaiyel, Saudi Arabian diplomat (b. 1916)
  • 1978 – Oliver Leese, English general (b. )
  • 1978 – Herbert Sutcliffe, English and soldier (b. 1894)
  • 1979 – Ali Hassan Salameh, Palestinian rebel leader (b. 1940)
  • 1980 – Yitzhak Baer, German-Israeli historian and academic (b. )
  • 1981 – Ishtiaq Hussain Qureshi, Pakistani historian and academic (b. 1903)
  • 1982 – Eduardo Frei Montalva, Chilean lawyer and politician, 28th President of  (b. 1911)
  • 1985 – Arthur Bryant, English historian and journalist (b. 1899)
  • 1987 – R. Budd Dwyer, American educator and politician, 30th Treasurer of  (b. 1939)
  • 1989 – S. Vithiananthan, Sri Lankan author and academic (b. 1924)
  • 1991 – Robert Choquette, Canadian author, poet and diplomat (b. 1905)
  • 1993 – Kōbō Abe, Japanese playwright and photographer (b. 1924)
  • 1994 – Jean-Louis Barrault, French actor and director (b. )
  • 1994 – Telly Savalas, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 1996 – Israel Eldad, Polish-Israeli philosopher and author (b. 1910)
  • 1997 – Billy Mackenzie, Scottish singer-songwriter (b. 1957)
  • 1999 – Graham Staines, Australian-Indian missionary and translator (b. 1941)
  •  – Craig Claiborne, American journalist, author, and critic (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – Anne Hébert, Canadian author and poet (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Tommie Agee, American baseball player (b. 1942)
  • 2001 – Roy Brown, American clown and puppeteer (b. 1932)
  • 2003 – Bill Mauldin, American soldier and cartoonist (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Billy May, American trumpet player and composer (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – Tom Mead, Australian journalist and politician (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – Ann Miller, American actress, singer, and dancer (b. 1923)
  •  – César Gutiérrez, Venezuelan baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Carlo Orelli, Italian soldier (b. 1894)
  • 2005 – Consuelo Velázquez, Mexican pianist and songwriter (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Aydın Güven Gürkan, Turkish academic and politician, Turkish Minister of Labor and Social Security (b. 1941)
  • 2007 – Ngô Quang Trưởng, Vietnamese general (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Abbé Pierre, French priest and activist (b. 1912)
  • 2007 – Liz Renay, American actress, author and performer (b. )
  •  – Heath Ledger, Australian actor and director (b. 1979)
  • 2008 – Miles Lerman, Polish Holocaust survivor and activist (b. 1920)
  • 2009 – Billy Werber, American baseball player (b. 1908)
  • 2010 – Louis R. Harlan, American historian and author (b. 1922)
  • 2010 – Jean Simmons, English-American actress (b. 1929)
  • 2012 – Simon Marsden, English photographer and author (b. 1948)
  • 2012 – Joe Paterno, American football player and coach (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Clarence Tillenius, Canadian painter and environmentalist (b. 1913)
  • 2012 – Dick Tufeld, American actor, announcer, narrator and voice actor (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Robert Bonnaud, French historian and academic (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Hinton Mitchem, American businessman and politician (b. 1938)
  • 2014 – Maziar Partow, Iranian cinematographer (b. 1933)
  • 2015 – Fabrizio de Miranda, Italian engineer and academic, co-designed the Rande Bridge (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Wendell H. Ford, American lieutenant and politician, 53rd Governor of  (b. 1924)
  • 2015 – Margaret Bloy Graham, Canadian author and (b. 1920)
  • 2016 – Homayoun Behzadi, Iranian footballer and coach (b. 1942)
  • 2016 – Cecil Parkinson, English politician (b. 1931)
  • 2016 – Lois Ramsey, Australian actress (b. 1922)
  • 2016 – Kamer Genç, Turkish politician (b. 1940)
  • 2017 – Masaya Nakamura, Japanese businessman (b. 1925)
  • 2017 – Yordano Ventura, Dominican baseball player (b. 1991)
  •  – Ursula K. Le Guin, American sci-fi and fantasy novelist (b. 1929)

Holidays and observances on January 22

  • Christian feast day:
    • Anastasius of Persia
    • Gaudentius of Novara
    • László Batthyány-Strattmann
    • Laura Vicuna
    • Vincent Pallotti
    • Vincent of Saragossa
    • Vincent, Orontius, and Victor
    • Blessed William Joseph Chaminade
    • January 22 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of Unity of Ukraine (Ukraine)
  • Grandfather’s Day (Poland)
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