Answering Exams

January 20 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

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  •  – Pope Fabian is martyred during the Decian persecution.
  •  – King Chindasuinth, at the urging of bishop Braulio of Zaragoza, crowns his son Recceswinth as co-ruler of the Visigothic Kingdom.
  •  – The first parliament to include not only Lords but also representatives of the major towns holds its first meeting in the Palace of Westminster, now commonly known as the “Houses of Parliament”.
  •  – Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of .
  •  – Edward Balliol surrenders his claim to the Scottish throne to Edward III in exchange for an English pension.
  •  – Christian II is forced to abdicate as King of Denmark and Norway.
  • 1567 – Battle of Rio de Janeiro: Portuguese forces under the command of Estácio de Sá definitively drive the French out of Rio de Janeiro.
  •  – The Mexican city of León is founded by order of the viceroy Don Martín Enríquez de Almanza.
  •  – The High for the trial of Charles I begins its proceedings.
  •  – The Kingdom of Great Britain signed preliminary  of peace with , setting the stage to the official end of hostilities in the American Revolutionary War later that year.
  •  – Invading Siamese forces attempt to exploit the political chaos in , but are ambushed and annihilated at the Mekong river by the Tây Sơn in the Battle of Rạch Gầm-Xoài Mút.
  •  – The third and main part of First Fleet arrives at Botany Bay. Arthur Phillip decides that Port Jackson is a more suitable location for a colony.
  •  – In the Battle of Yungay,  defeats an alliance between  and Bolivia.
  •  –  Island is occupied by the British.
  •  – The last day of the Constantinople Conference results in agreement for political reforms in the Balkans.
  •  – The  Senate allows the Navy to lease Pearl Harbor as a naval base.
  •  – The British K-class submarine HMS K5 sinks in the English Channel; all 56 on board die.
  • 1921 – The first Constitution of Turkey is adopted, making fundamental changes in the source and exercise of sovereignty by consecrating the principle of national sovereignty.
  •  – The first full-length talking motion picture filmed outdoors, In Old Arizona, is released.
  •  – King George V of the dies. His eldest son succeeds to the throne, becoming Edward VIII. The title Prince of Wales is not used for another 22 years.
  •  – Franklin D. Roosevelt and John Nance Garner are sworn in for their second terms as U.S.  and U.S. ; it is the first time a Presidential Inauguration takes place on January 20 since the 20th Amendment changed the dates of presidential terms.
  •  – A officer is killed in Bucharest, Romania, sparking a rebellion and pogrom by the Iron Guard, killing Jews and 30 soldiers.
  •  –  War II: At the Wannsee Conference held in the suburb of Wannsee, senior Nazi German officials discuss the implementation of the “Final Solution to the Jewish question”.
  •  – : The provisional government of Béla Miklós in Hungary agrees to an armistice with the Allies.
  • 1945 – World War II:  begins the evacuation of 1.8 million people from East , a task which will take nearly two months.
  •  – Point Four Program a program for economic aid to poor announced by United States President Harry S. Truman in his inaugural address for a full term as President.
  •  – Dwight D. Eisenhower is inaugurated as the 34th President of the United .
  •  – In the United States, the National Negro Network is established with 40 charter member stations.
  •  – John F. Kennedy is inaugurated the 35th President of the , becoming the second youngest man to take the office, and the first Catholic.
  •  –  is inaugurated the 37th President of the United States of America.
  •  – launched its nuclear weapons program, a few weeks after its defeat in the Bangladesh Liberation War, as well as the Indo-Pakistani War of .
  •  – Jimmy Carter is inaugurated the 39th President of the United States of America.
  •  – Ronald Reagan is inaugurated the 40th President of the United States of America. Twenty minutes later, Iran releases 52 American hostages.
  •  – In the United States,  King, Jr. Day is celebrated as a federal holiday for the first time.
  •  – George H. W. Bush is inaugurated the 41st President of the United States of America.
  •  – Protests in Azerbaijan, part of the Dissolution of the .
  •  – Sudan’s government imposes Islamic  nationwide, worsening the civil war between the ’s Muslim north and Christian south.
  •  – Air Inter Flight 148, an Airbus A320-, crashes into a mountain near Strasbourg, France killing 87 of the people on board.
  •  –  is inaugurated the 42nd President of the United States of America.
  •  – George W. Bush is inaugurated the 43rd President of the United States of America.
  • 2001 – President of the  Joseph Estrada is ousted in a nonviolent 4-day revolution, and is succeeded by Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.
  •  – Barack Obama is inaugurated as the 44th President of the United States of America, becoming the first African-American President of the United States.
  • 2009 – A protest movement in Iceland culminates as the 2009 Icelandic financial crisis protests start.
  •  – Donald Trump is inaugurated as the 45th President of the United States of America, becoming the oldest person to assume the office.
  •  – A group of four or five gunmen attack The Inter-Continental Hotel in Kabul, Afghanistan, sparking a 12-hour battle. The attack kills 40 people and injures many others.

Births on January 20

  •  – Gordian III, (d. )
  •  – Alp Arslan, Seljuk sultan (probable; d. )
  •  – Elizabeth of Bohemia, queen consort of Bohemia (d. )
  •  – Ashikaga Yoshimasa, shōgun (d. )
  •  – John George, Marquess of Montferrat, Italian noble (d. )
  • 1488 – Sebastian Münster, German scholar, cartographer, and cosmographer (d. )
  •  – Sebastian Franck, German humanist (probable; d. )
  •  – Sebastian de Aparicio, Spanish-Mexican rancher and missionary (d. )
  •  – Rafael Bombelli, Italian mathematician (d. )
  •  – Sebastian of  (d. )
  •  – Heribert Rosweyde, Jesuit hagiographer (d. )
  •  – Simon Marius, German astronomer and academic (d. )
  •  – Johann Hermann Schein, (d. )
  •  – Giovanni Vincenzo Gravina, Italian lawyer and jurist (d. )
  •  – Joseph-Hector Fiocco, Flemish violinist and composer (d. )
  •  – Jean-Jacques Barthélemy, French archaeologist and numismatist (d. )
  • 1716 – Charles III of  (d. 1788)
  •  – Richard Henry Lee, American lawyer and politician, President of the Continental Congress (d. )
  • 1741 – Carl Linnaeus the Younger, Swedish botanist and author (d. 1783)
  •  – Sir Albemarle Bertie, 1st Baronet, English admiral (d. )
  •  – Jérôme-Joseph de Momigny, Belgian-French composer and theorist (d. 1)
  •  – André-Marie Ampère, French physicist and mathematician (d. )
  •  – Joseph Hormayr, Baron zu Hortenburg, Austrian-German historian and politician (d. )
  • 1783 – Friedrich Dotzauer, German cellist and composer (d. )
  •  – Anson Jones, American physician and politician, 5th President of the Republic of  (d. )
  •  – Eugène Sue, French author and politician (d. )
  •  – Thomas Meik, Scottish engineer (d. )
  •  – David Wilmot, American politician, sponsor of Wilmot Proviso (d. )
  •  – George D. Robinson, American lawyer and politician, 34th  of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  •  – Ernest Chausson, French composer (d. )
  •  – Harriot Stanton Blatch, U.S. suffragist and organizer (d. )
  •  – Yvette Guilbert, French singer and actress (d. )
  •  – Guillaume Lekeu, Belgian pianist and composer (d. )
  •  – Johannes V. Jensen, Danish author, poet, and playwright,  laureate (d. )
  •  – Steve Bloomer, and coach (d. )
  •  – Josef Hofmann, Polish-American pianist and composer (d. )
  •  – Finlay Currie, Scottish-English (d. )
  •  – Ruth St. Denis, American dancer and educator (d. 1968)
  •  – Walter W. Bacon, American accountant and politician, 60th Governor of Delaware (d. )
  • 1 – Johnny Torrio, Italian-American mob boss (d. 1957)
  •  – Enoch L. Johnson, American mob boss (d. 1968)
  • 1883 – Forrest Wilson, American and author (d. 1942)
  •  – Lead Belly, American folk/blues musician and songwriter (d. 1949)
  •  – Allan Haines Loughead, American engineer and businessman, founded the Alco Hydro-Aeroplane Company (d. 1969)
  •  – Mischa Elman, Ukrainian-American violinist (d. )
  •  – Georg Åberg, Swedish triple jumper (d. )
  • 1894 – Harold Gray, American cartoonist, created Little Orphan Annie (d. 1968)
  • 1894 – Walter Piston, American composer, theorist, and academic (d. )
  •  – Gábor Szegő, Hungarian mathematician and academic (d. )
  • 1896 – George Burns, , comedian, and (d. )
  •  – U Razak, Burmese educator and politician (d. )
  • 1899 – Clarice Cliff, English potter (d. 1972)
  • 1899 – Kenjiro Takayanagi, Japanese engineer (d. 1990)
  •  – Dorothy Annan, English painter, potter, and muralist (d. )
  • 1900 – Colin Clive, English actor (d. 1937)
  •  – Leon Ames, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1902 – Kevin Barry, Irish Army volunteer (d. )
  •  – Aristotle Onassis, Greek shipping magnate (d. )
  •  – Paula Wessely, Austrian actress and producer (d. )
  •  – Fleur Cowles, American author and (d. 2009)
  •  – Gōgen Yamaguchi, Japanese martial artist (d. 1989)
  •  – Joy Adamson, -born Kenyan painter and author (d. )
  •  – W. Cleon Skousen, American author and academic (d. )
  •  – Ghulam Ishaq Khan, Pakistani businessman and politician, 7th President of Pakistan (d. 2006)
  •  – Juan García Esquivel, Mexican pianist, composer, and bandleader (d. )
  • 1918 – Nevin Scrimshaw, American (d. )
  • 1920 – Federico Fellini, Italian director and screenwriter (d. 1993)
  • 1920 – DeForest Kelley, American actor (d. )
  • 1920 – Thorleif Schjelderup, Norwegian ski jumper and author (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – Telmo Zarra, Spanish footballer (d. 2006)
  •  – Ray Anthony, American trumpet player, composer, bandleader, and actor
  • 1922 – Don Mankiewicz, American author and screenwriter (d. )
  •  – Slim Whitman, American country and western singer-songwriter and musician (d. 2013)
  • 1 – Yvonne Loriod, French pianist and composer (d. )
  •  – Jamiluddin Aali, Pakistani poet, playwright, and critic (d. 2015)
  • 1925 – Ernesto Cardenal, Nicaraguan priest, poet, and politician (d. )
  •  – Patricia Neal, American actress (d. 2010)
  • 1926 – David Tudor, American pianist and composer (d. 1996)
  •  – Qurratulain Hyder, Indian-Pakistani journalist and academic (d. )
  • 1 – Antonio de Almeida, French conductor and musicologist (d. )
  • 1929 – Arte Johnson, American actor and comedian (d. )
  • 1929 – Masaharu Kawakatsu, Japanese biologist
  • 1929 – Fireball Roberts, American race car driver (d. 1)
  •  – Buzz Aldrin, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut
  •  – David Lee, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1931 – Hachidai Nakamura, Japanese pianist and composer (d. 1992)
  •  – Lou Fontinato, Canadian ice player (d. )
  •  – Hennie Aucamp, South African poet, author, and academic (d. )
  • 1934 – Tom Baker, English actor
  •  – Dorothy Provine, American actress, singer, and dancer (d. 2010)
  • 1937 – Bailey Howell, American basketball player
  • 1938 – Derek Dougan, Irish-English footballer and journalist (d. 2007)
  •  – Paul Coverdell, American captain and politician (d. 2000)
  • 1939 – Chandra Wickramasinghe, Sri Lankan-English mathematician, astronomer, and biologist
  • 1940 – Carol Heiss, American figure skater and actress
  • 1940 – Krishnam Raju, Indian actor and politician
  • 1940 – Mandé Sidibé, Malian economist and politician, Prime Minister of Mali (d. 2009)
  • 1942 – Linda Moulton Howe, American journalist and producer
  • 1944 – José Luis Garci, Spanish director and producer
  • 1944 – Farhad Mehrad, singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2002)
  • 1944 – Pat Parker, African American poet
  • 1945 – Christopher Martin-Jenkins, English journalist and sportscaster (d. 2013)
  • 1945 – Eric Stewart, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1946 – David Lynch, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1946 – Vladimír Merta, Czech singer-songwriter, guitarist, and journalist
  • 1947 – Cyrille Guimard, French cyclist and sportscaster
  •  – Nancy Kress, American author and academic
  • 1948 – Natan Sharansky, Ukrainian-Israeli physicist and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Israel
  • 1949 – Göran Persson, Swedish lawyer and politician, 31st Prime Minister of
  • 1950 – Daniel Benzali, Brazilian-American actor
  • 1950 – William Mgimwa, Tanzanian banker and politician, 13th Tanzanian Minister of Finance (d. 2014)
  • 1950 – , Nigerien politician, President of Niger
  •  – Iván Fischer, Hungarian conductor and composer
  •  – Nikos Sideris, Greek psychiatrist and poet
  • 1952 – Paul Stanley, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1952 – John Witherow, South African-English journalist and author
  • 1953 – Jeffrey Epstein, American financier and convicted sex offender (d. 2019)
  • 1954 – Alison Seabeck, English lawyer and politician
  •  – McKeeva Bush, Caymanian politician, Premier of the Cayman Islands
  •  – Maria Larsson, Swedish educator and politician, Swedish Minister of Health and Social Affairs
  • 1956 – Bill Maher, American comedian, political commentator, media critic, television host, and producer
  • 1956 – John Naber, American swimmer
  • 1957 – Andy Sheppard, English saxophonist and composer
  •  – Lorenzo Lamas, American actor, director, and producer
  •  – Tami Hoag, American author
  • 1959 – R. A. Salvatore, American author
  •  – Apa Sherpa, Nepalese-American mountaineer
  • 1960 – Scott Thunes, American bass player
  • 1960 – Will Wright, American video game designer, co-founded Maxis
  •  – James Denton, American actor
  • 1963 – Mark Ryden, American painter and illustrator
  •  – Ozzie Guillén, Venezuelan-American baseball player and manager
  • 1964 – Ron Harper, American basketball player and coach
  • 1964 – Jack Lewis, American soldier and author
  • 1964 – Kazushige Nojima, Japanese screenwriter and songwriter
  • 1964 – Aquilino Pimentel III, Filipino lawyer and politician
  • 1964 – Fareed Zakaria, Indian-American journalist and author
  •  – Colin Calderwood, Scottish footballer defender and manager
  • 1965 – Sophie, Countess of Wessex
  • 1965 – Warren Joyce, English footballer and manager
  • 1965 – John Michael Montgomery, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1965 – Anton Weissenbacher, Romanian footballer
  •  – Rainn Wilson, American actor
  • 1967 – Stacey Dash, American actress and television journalist
  • 1967 – Kellyanne Conway, American political strategist and pundit
  • 1968 – Nick Anderson, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1968 – Junior Murray, Grenadian
  • 1969 – Patrick K. Kroupa, American computer hacker and activist, co-founded MindVox
  • 1969 – Nicky Wire, Welsh singer-songwriter and bass player
  •  – Edwin McCain, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1970 – Skeet Ulrich, American actor
  • 1971 – Derrick Green, American singer
  • 1971 – Gary Barlow, English singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer
  • 1971 – Ger McDonnell, Irish mountaineer and engineer (d. )
  • 1971 – Jung Woong-in, South actor
  • 1971 – Questlove, American drummer, DJ, and producer
  • 1971 – Wakanohana Masaru, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 66th Yokozuna
  • 1972 – Nikki Haley, American accountant and politician, 116th Governor of
  •  – Stephen Crabb, Scottish-Welsh politician, Secretary of State for Wales
  • 1973 – Queen Mathilde of Belgium
  •  – David Dei, Italian footballer and coach
  • 1975 – Norberto Fontana, Argentinian racing driver
  • 1975 – Zac Goldsmith, English journalist and politician
  • 1976 – Kirsty Gallacher, Scottish journalist and sportscaster
  • 1976 – Michael Myers, American football player
  • 1976 – Gretha Smit, speed skater
  • 1977 – Paul Adams, South African cricketer and coach
  •  – Salvatore Aronica, Italian footballer
  • 1978 – Sonja Kesselschläger, German heptathlete
  • 1978 – Allan Søgaard, Danish footballer
  •  – Choo Ja-hyun, South Korean actress
  • 1979 – Will Young, English singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1980 – Karl Anderson,
  • 1980 – Philippe Cousteau, Jr., American-French oceanographer and journalist
  • 1980 – Philippe Gagnon, Canadian swimmer
  • 1980 – Kim Jeong-hoon, South Korean singer and actor
  • 1980 – Petra Rampre, Slovenian player
  • 1980 – Matthew Tuck, Welsh singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1981 – Freddy Guzmán, Dominican baseball player
  • 1981 – Owen Hargreaves, English footballer
  • 1981 – Jason Richardson, American basketball player
  •  – Ruchi Sanghvi, Indian computer engineer
  • 1982 – Fredrik Strømstad, Norwegian footballer
  • 1983 – Geovany Soto, Puerto Rican-American baseball player
  • 1983 – Mari Yaguchi, Japanese singer and actress
  •  – Malek Jaziri, Tunisian tennis player
  • 1985 – Marina Inoue, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1985 – Tanel Sokk, Estonian basketball player
  •  – Janin Lindenberg, German sprinter
  • 1987 – Marco Simoncelli, Italian motorcycle racer (d. )
  •  – Uwa Elderson Echiéjilé, Nigerian footballer
  • 1988 – Jeffrén Suárez, Spanish footballer
  • 1989 – Nick Foles, American football player
  • 1989 – Washington Santana da Silva, Brazilian footballer
  • 1989 – Jared Waerea-Hargreaves, rugby league player
  • 1990 – Ray Thompson, Australian rugby league player
  • 1991 – Ciara Hanna, American actress and model
  • 1991 – Tom Cairney, Scottish footballer, midfielder
  • 1991 – Polona Hercog, Slovenian tennis player
  • 1991 – Jolyon Palmer, English racing driver
  • 1992 – Jorge Zárate, Mexican footballer
  • 1993 – Lorenzo Crisetig, Italian footballer
  •  – Seán Kavanagh, Irish footballer, defender
  • 1994 – Lucas Piazon, Brazilian footballer
  •  – Joey Badass, and actor
  • 1995 – Calum Chambers, English footballer, defender

Deaths on January 20

  •  – Al-Shafi‘i, Arab scholar and jurist (b. )
  • 842 – Theophilos, Byzantine (b. )
  • 882 – , king of the East Kingdom
  • 924 – Li Jitao, of Later Tang
  • 928 – Zhao Guangfeng, Chinese official and chancellor
  • 1029 – Heonae, Korean queen and regent (b. 964)
  •  – Wulfstan, bishop of Worcester
  •  – Henry, English bishop and saint
  •  – Shi Zong, Chinese emperor of Jin (b. )
  •  – Frederick VI, duke of Swabia (b. )
  • 1191 – Theobald V, count of Blois (b. )
  • 1265 – John Maunsell, English Lord Chancellor
  •  – John de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford (b. )
  •  – Robert, (b. )
  •  – John II, king of Sicily (b. )
  • 1568 – Myles Coverdale, English bishop and translator (b. 1488)
  •  – Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1552)
  •  – Isaac Ambrose, English minister and author (b. )
  •  – Anne of Austria, Queen and regent of France (b. )
  •  – Humphrey Hody, English scholar and theologian (b. )
  •  – François de la Chaise, French priest (b. 1624)
  •  – John Hervey, 1st Earl of Bristol, English politician (b. )
  •  – Charles Yorke, English lawyer and politician, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. )
  •  – David Garrick, English actor, producer, playwright, and manager (b. )
  •  – Benjamin Chew, American lawyer and judge (b. )
  •  – Charles IV, Spanish king (b. )
  •  – John Soane, English architect, designed the Bank of England (b. )
  • 1841 – Jørgen Jørgensen, Danish explorer (b. )
  • 1841 – Minh Mạng, Vietnamese emperor (b. )
  • 1848 – Christian VIII, Danish king (b. )
  •  – Adam Oehlenschläger, Danish poet and playwright (b. 1779)
  •  – Ōnomatsu Midorinosuke, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 6th Yokozuna (b. 1794)
  • 1873 – Basil Moreau, French priest, founded the Congregation of Holy Cross (b. 1799)
  •  – Jean-François Millet, French painter and educator (b. 1814)
  • 1891 – Kalākaua, king of Hawaii (b. 1836)
  • 1900 – John Ruskin, English painter and critic (b. 1819)
  •  – Zénobe Gramme, Belgian engineer, invented the Gramme machine (b. )
  • 1907 – Agnes Mary Clerke, Irish astronomer and author (b. )
  • 1908 – John Ordronaux, American surgeon and academic (b. )
  • 1913 – José Guadalupe Posada, Mexican engraver and illustrator (b. 1852)
  • 1915 – Arthur Guinness, 1st Baron Ardilaun, Irish businessman, philanthropist, and politician (b. )
  • 1920 – Georg Lurich, Estonian-Russian wrestler and strongman (b. 1876)
  • 1921 – Mary Watson Whitney, American astronomer and academic (b. )
  •  – Henry “Ivo” Crapp, Australian footballer and umpire (b. )
  • 1936 – George V of the United Kingdom (b. 1865)
  • 1940 – Omar Bundy, American general (b. )
  • 1944 – James McKeen Cattell, American psychologist and academic (b. 1860)
  • 1947 – Josh Gibson, American baseball player (b. )
  • 1947 – Andrew Volstead, American member of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1860)
  • 1954 – Warren Bardsley, Australian cricketer (b. )
  • 1954 – Fred Root, English cricketer and umpire (b. )
  • 1955 – Robert P. T. Coffin, American author and poet (b. )
  • 1962 – Robinson Jeffers, American poet and philosopher (b. 1887)
  • 1965 – Alan Freed, American radio host (b. 1922)
  • 1971 – Broncho Billy Anderson, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1880)
  • 1971 – Minanogawa Tōzō, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 34th Yokozuna (b. )
  • 1973 – Lorenz Böhler, Austrian physician and surgeon (b. )
  • 1973 – Amílcar Cabral, Guinea Bissauan-Cape Verdian engineer and politician (b. 1924)
  • 1977 – Dimitrios Kiousopoulos, Greek jurist and politician, 151st Prime Minister of  (b. 1892)
  • 1980 – William Roberts, English soldier and painter (b. 1895)
  • 1983 – Garrincha, Brazilian footballer (b. )
  • 1984 – Johnny Weissmuller, American swimmer and actor (b. )
  • 1988 – Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, Pakistani activist and politician (b. 1890)
  • 1988 – Dora Stratou, Greek dancer and choreographer (b. 1903)
  • 1989 – Alamgir Kabir, Bangladeshi director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1938)
  • 1990 – Barbara Stanwyck, American actress (b. 1907)
  • 1993 – Audrey Hepburn, British actress and humanitarian activist (b. 1929)
  • 1994 – Matt Busby, Scottish footballer and coach (b. 1909)
  • 1994 – Jaramogi Oginga Odinga, first Kenyan Vice-President (b. 1911)
  • 1996 – Gerry Mulligan, American saxophonist and composer (b. 1927)
  • 2002 – Carrie Hamilton, American actress and singer (b. 1963)
  •  – Al Hirschfeld, American painter and illustrator (b. 1903)
  • 2003 – Nedra Volz, American actress (b. 1908)
  •  – Alan Brown, English racing driver (b. )
  • 2004 – T. Nadaraja, Sri Lankan lawyer and academic (b. )
  •  – Per Borten, Norwegian lawyer and politician, 18th Prime Minister of Norway (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Jan Nowak-Jeziorański, Polish journalist and politician (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Miriam Rothschild, English zoologist, entomologist, and author (b. 1908)
  • 2009 – Stéphanos II Ghattas, Egyptian patriarch (b. 1920)
  •  – Etta James, American singer-songwriter (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – John Levy, American bassist and manager (b. )
  • 2012 – Ioannis Kefalogiannis, Greek politician, Greek Minister of the Interior (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Alejandro Rodriguez, Venezuelan-American pediatrician and psychiatrist (b. 1918)
  • 2013 – Pavlos Matesis, Greek author and playwright (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Toyo Shibata, Japanese poet and author (b. 1911)
  • 2014 – Claudio Abbado, Italian conductor (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Otis G. Pike, American judge and politician (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Jonas Trinkūnas, Lithuanian ethnologist and academic (b. 1939)
  • 2015 – Edgar Froese, Russian-German keyboard player and songwriter (b. 1944)
  • 2016 – Mykolas Burokevičius, Lithuanian carpenter and politician (b. 1927)
  • 2016 – Edmonde Charles-Roux, French journalist and author (b. 1920)
  • 2018 – Paul Bocuse, French chef (b. 1926)
  • 2018 – Naomi Parker Fraley, American naval machiner (b. 1921)
  • 2020 – Jaroslav Kubera, Czech politician (b. 1947)
  • 2020 – Tom Fisher Railsback, American politician, member of the Illinois and U.S. House of Representatives

Holidays and observances on January 20

  • Armed Forces Day (Mali)
  • Army Day (Laos)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Abadios
    • Blessed Basil Moreau
    • Eustochia Smeralda Calafato
    • Euthymius the Great
    • Fabian
    • Manchán of Lemanaghan
    • Maria Cristina of the Immaculate Conception Brando
    • Richard Rolle (Church of England)
    • Sebastian
    • Stephen Min Kuk-ka (one of The Korean Martyrs)
    • January 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Heroes’ Day ()
  • Inauguration Day, held every four years in odd-numbered years immediately following years divisible by 4, except for the public ceremony when January 20 falls on (the public ceremony is held the following day; however, the terms of offices still begin on the 20th) (United States of America, not a federal holiday for all government employees but only for those working in the Capital region)
  • Martyrs’ Day (Azerbaijan)
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