Answering Exams

January 17 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

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  •  – Octavian divorces his wife Scribonia and marries Livia Drusilla, ending the fragile peace between the Second Triumvirate and Sextus Pompey.
  •  – Saint MarcellusR; flood kills at least 25,000 people on the shores of the North Sea.
  •  – Pope Gregory XI reaches Rome, after deciding to move the Papacy back to Rome from Avignon.
  •  – Giovanni da Verrazzano sets sail westward from Madeira to find a sea route to the Pacific Ocean.
  •  – grants religious toleration to the Huguenots in the Edict of Saint-Germain.
  • 155 – During the French Wars of , Henry IV of France declares war on .
  •  –  Susenyos I of surprises an Oromo army at Ebenat; his army reportedly kills 12,000 Oromo at the cost of 400 of his men.
  •  – England’s Long Parliament passes the “Vote of No Addresses”, breaking off negotiations with King Charles I and thereby setting the scene for the second phase of the  Civil War.
  •  – Captain  leads the first expedition to sail south of the Antarctic Circle.
  •  – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Cowpens: Continental troops under Brigadier  Daniel Morgan defeat British forces under Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton at the battle in .
  •  – Maltese patriot Dun Mikiel Xerri, along with a number of other patriots, is executed.
  •  – Mexican : In the Battle of Calderón Bridge, a heavily outnumbered Spanish force of 6,000 troops defeats nearly 100,000 Mexican revolutionaries.
  •  – The signs the Sand River Convention with the South African Republic.
  •  – A group of Modoc warriors defeats the  Army in the First Battle of the Stronghold, part of the Modoc War.
  •  – A British force defeats a large Dervish army at the Battle of Abu Klea in the Sudan.
  •  – Lorrin A. Thurston, along with the Citizens’ Committee of Public Safety, led the Overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii and the government of Queen Liliʻuokalani.
  •  – The United States takes possession of Wake Island in the Pacific Ocean.
  •  – El Yunque National Forest in Puerto Rico becomes part of the United States National Forest System as the Luquillo Forest Reserve.
  •  – Anton Chekhov’s The Cherry Orchard receives its premiere performance at the  Theatre.
  •  – British polar explorer Captain Robert Falcon Scott reaches the South Pole, one month after Roald Amundsen.
  •  –  defeats Ottoman Turkey in the Battle of Sarikamish during the Caucasus Campaign of  War I.
  •  – The United States pays Denmark $25 million for the Virgin Islands.
  •  – Finnish Civil War: The first serious battles take place between the Red Guards and the White Guard.
  •  – Alcohol Prohibition begins in the United States as the Volstead Act goes into effect.
  •  – Popeye the Sailor Man, a cartoon character created by E. C. Segar, first appears in the Thimble Theatre comic strip.
  •  – Franco-Thai War: Vichy French forces inflict a decisive defeat over the Royal Thai Navy.
  •  – : Greek submarine Papanikolis captures the 200-ton sailing vessel Agios Stefanos and mans her with part of her crew.
  •  – World War II: Allied forces launch the first of four assaults on Monte Cassino with the intention of breaking through the Winter Line and seizing Rome, an effort that would ultimately take four months and cost 105,000 Allied casualties.
  •  – World War II: The Vistula–Oder Offensive forces troops out of Warsaw.
  • 1945 – The SS-Totenkopfverbände begin the evacuation of the Auschwitz concentration camp as Soviet forces close in.
  • 1945 – Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg is taken into Soviet custody while in Hungary; he is never publicly seen again.
  •  – The UN Security Council holds its first session.
  •  – The Renville Agreement between the Netherlands and  is ratified.
  •  – The Great Brink’s Robbery: Eleven thieves steal more than $2 million from an armored car company’s offices in Boston.
  • 1950 –  Security Council Resolution 79 relating to arms control is adopted.
  •  – U.S.  Dwight D. Eisenhower delivers a televised farewell address to the nation three days before leaving office, in which he warns against the accumulation of power by the “military–industrial complex” as well as the dangers of massive spending, especially deficit spending.
  • 1961 – Former Congolese Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba is murdered in circumstances suggesting the support and complicity of the governments of Belgium and the United States.
  •  – Palomares incident: A B-52 bomber collides with a KC- Stratotanker over Spain, killing seven airmen, and dropping three 70-kiloton nuclear bombs near the town of Palomares and another one into the sea.
  •  – Black Panther Party members Bunchy Carter and John Huggins are killed during a meeting in Campbell Hall on the campus of UCLA.
  •  – Capital punishment in the United States resumes after a ten-year hiatus, as convicted murderer Gary Gilmore is executed by firing squad in Utah.
  •  – President of the  Ferdinand Marcos lifts martial  eight years and five months after declaring it.
  •  – Gulf War: Operation Desert Storm begins early in the morning as aircraft strike positions across Iraq, it is also the first major combat sortie for the F-. LCDR Scott Speicher’s F/A-18C Hornet from VFA-81 is shot down by a Mig-25 and is the first American casualty of the War. Iraq fires eight Scud missiles into Israel in an unsuccessful bid to provoke Israeli retaliation.
  • 1991 – Crown prince Harald V of Norway becomes King Harald V, following the death of his father, King Olav V.
  •  – During a visit to Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa apologizes for forcing into sexual slavery during World War II.
  •  – The 6.7 Mw  Northridge earthquake shakes the Greater Area with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), leaving 57 people dead and more than 8,700 injured.
  •  – The 6.9 Mw  Great Hanshin earthquake shakes the southern Hyōgo Prefecture with a maximum Shindo of VII, leaving 5,–6, people dead, and ,–310,000 displaced.
  •  – The  applies for membership of the .
  •  – Cape Canaveral Air Force Station: A Delta II carrying the GPS IIR-1 satellite explodes 13 seconds after launch, dropping tons of burning rocket remains around the launch pad.
  •  – Lewinsky scandal: Matt Drudge breaks the story of the –Monica Lewinsky affair on his Drudge Report website.
  •  – Mount Nyiragongo erupts in the  Republic of the Congo, displacing an estimated 400,000 people.
  •  – The Doomsday Clock is set to five minutes to midnight in response to North ’s nuclear testing.
  •  – Rioting begins between Muslim and Christian groups in Jos, Nigeria, results in at least 200 deaths.

Births on January 17

  •  – Philip II, Duke of Burgundy (d. )
  •  – Antonio del Pollaiolo, Italian artist (d.c. )
  •  – Frederick III, Elector of Saxony (d. )
  • 1463 – Antoine Duprat, French cardinal (d. )
  •  – Guidobaldo da Montefeltro, Italian captain (d. )
  •  – George Spalatin, German priest and reformer (d. )
  •  – Leonhart Fuchs, German physician and botanist (d. 1566)
  •  – Pope Pius V (d. )
  •  – Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk, English Duke (d. )
  •  – Gaspard Bauhin, Swiss botanist, physician, and academic (d. )
  •  – Robert Fludd, English physician, astrologer, and mathematician (d. )
  •  – William Backhouse, English alchemist and astrologer (d. )
  •  – Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Spanish playwright and poet (d. )
  •  – Thomas Fairfax, English general and politician (d. )
  •  – Jonathan Singletary Dunham, American settler (d. )
  •  – Antonio Veracini, Italian violinist and composer (d. )
  •  – Antonio Maria Valsalva, Italian anatomist and physician (d. )
  •  – Archibald Bower, Scottish historian and author (d. )
  •  – Benjamin Franklin, American publisher, inventor, and politician, 6th President of  (d. )
  •  – John Stanley, English organist and composer (d. )
  •  – William Vernon, American businessman (d. )
  •  – Johann Gottfried Müthel, German pianist and composer (d. )
  •  – Stanisław August Poniatowski, Polish-Lithuanian king (d. )
  •  – François-Joseph Gossec, French composer and conductor (d. )
  •  – Sir James Hall, 4th Baronet, Scottish geologist and geophysicist (d. )
  •  – August Neander, German historian and theologian (d. )
  •  – Antonio José Martínez, Spanish-American priest, rancher and politician (d. )
  •  – Ellen Wood, English author (d. )
  •  – Anne Brontë, English author and poet (d. )
  •  – Lewis A. Grant, American lawyer and general,  recipient (d. 1918)
  • 1828 – Ede Reményi, Hungarian violinist and composer (d. )
  • 1832 – Henry Martyn Baird, American historian and academic (d. )
  •  – August Weismann, German biologist, zoologist, and geneticist (d. )
  • 1850 – Joaquim Arcoverde de Albuquerque Cavalcanti, Brazilian cardinal (d. )
  • 1850 – Alexander Taneyev, Russian pianist and composer (d. 1918)
  •  – A. B. Frost, American author and (d. )
  •  – Alva Belmont, American suffragist (d. )
  • 1852 – T. Alexander Harrison, American painter and academic (d. 1930)
  •  – Wilhelm Kienzl, Austrian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1941)
  • 1857 – Eugene Augustin Lauste, French-American engineer (d. )
  •  – Tomás Carrasquilla, Colombian author (d. )
  •  – Douglas Hyde, Irish academic and politician, 1st President of Ireland (d. )
  •  – David Lloyd George, Welsh lawyer and politician,  (d. 1945)
  • 1863 – Konstantin Stanislavski, Russian and director (d. )
  •  – Sir Charles Fergusson, 7th Baronet, English general and politician, 3rd -General of  (d. )
  • 1867 – Carl Laemmle, German-born American film , co-founded Universal Studios (d. )
  • 1867 – Sir Alfred Rawlinson, 3rd Baronet, English colonel, pilot, and polo player (d. )
  •  – David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty, English admiral (d. )
  • 1871 – Nicolae Iorga, Romanian historian and politician, 34th Prime Minister of Romania (d. 1940)
  •  – Florencio Sánchez, Uruguayan and playwright (d. )
  •  – Frank Hague, American lawyer and politician, 30th Mayor of Jersey City (d. )
  •  – Marie Zdeňka Baborová-Čiháková, Czech botanist and zoologist (d. )
  • 1877 – May Gibbs, English-Australian author and illustrator (d. 1969)
  •  – Mack Sennett, Canadian-, director, and producer (d. )
  •  – Antoni Łomnicki, Polish mathematician and academic (d. 1941)
  • 1881 – Harry Price, English psychologist and author (d. 1948)
  •  – Noah Beery, Sr., American actor (d. 1946)
  •  – Compton Mackenzie, English-Scottish author, poet, and playwright (d. )
  •  – Glenn L. Martin, American pilot and businessman, founded the Glenn L. Martin Company (d. )
  • 1887 – Ola Raknes, Norwegian psychoanalyst and philologist (d. )
  •  – Babu Gulabrai, Indian philosopher and author (d. )
  •  – Marcel Petiot, French physician and serial killer (d. 1946)
  • 1898 – Lela Mevorah, Serbian librarian (d. 1972)
  • 1899 – Al Capone, American mob boss (d. )
  • 1899 – Robert Maynard Hutchins, American philosopher and academic (d. 1977)
  • 1899 – Nevil Shute, English engineer and author (d. 1960)
  •  – Aron Gurwitsch, Lithuanian-American philosopher and author (d. )
  • 1904 – Hem Vejakorn, Thai painter and illustrator (d. 1969)
  •  – Ray Cunningham, American baseball player (d. )
  • 1905 – Peggy Gilbert, American saxophonist and bandleader (d. 2007)
  • 1905 – Eduard Oja, Estonian composer, conductor, educator, and critic (d. 1950)
  • 1905 – Guillermo Stábile, Argentinian footballer and manager (d. 1966)
  • 1905 – Jan Zahradníček, Czech poet and translator (d. 1960)
  •  – Henk Badings, Indonesian- composer and engineer (d. )
  • 1907 – Alfred Wainwright, British fellwalker, guidebook author and illustrator (d. 1991)
  •  – Cus D’Amato, American boxing manager and trainer (d. )
  •  – Busher Jackson, Canadian ice player (d. 1966)
  • 1911 – John S. McCain Jr., American admiral (d. 1981)
  • 1911 – George Stigler, American economist and academic,  laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1914 – Anacleto Angelini, Italian-Chilean businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1914 – Irving Brecher, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. )
  • 1914 – Paul Royle, Australian lieutenant and pilot (d. )
  • 1914 – William Stafford, American poet and author (d. )
  •  – Peter Frelinghuysen Jr., American lieutenant and politician (d. )
  • 1917 – M. G. Ramachandran, Indian actor, director, and politician, 5th Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu (d. 1987)
  • 1918 – Keith Joseph, English lawyer and politician, Secretary of State for Education (d. 1994)
  • 1918 – George M. Leader, American soldier and politician, 36th Governor of Pennsylvania (d. )
  • 1920 – Georges Pichard, French author and illustrator (d. )
  •  – Asghar Khan, Pakistani general and politician (d. )
  • 1921 – Jackie Henderson, Scottish footballer, forward (d. 2005)
  • 1921 – Charlie Mitten, , outside forward and manager (d. 2002)
  • 1921 – Antonio Prohías, Cuban cartoonist (d. 1)
  •  – Luis Echeverría, Mexican academic and politician, 50th President of
  • 1922 – Nicholas Katzenbach, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 65th United States Attorney General (d. )
  • 1922 –  White, American actress, game show panelist, television personality, and animal rights activist
  •  – Rangeya Raghav, Indian author and playwright (d. )
  •  – Rik De Saedeleer, Belgian footballer and journalist (d. 2013)
  • 1924 – Jewel Plummer Cobb, American biologist, cancer researcher, and academic (d. )
  •  – Gunnar Birkerts, Latvian-American architect (d. 2017)
  • 1925 – Robert Cormier, American author and journalist (d. )
  • 1925 – Abdul Hafeez Kardar, Pakistani and author (d. 1996)
  •  – Newton N. Minow, American lawyer and politician
  • 1926 – Moira Shearer, Scottish-English ballerina and actress (d. )
  • 1926 – Clyde Walcott, Barbadian cricketer (d. 2006)
  •  – Thomas Anthony Dooley III, American physician and humanitarian (d. 1961)
  • 1927 – Eartha Kitt, American actress and singer (d. 2008)
  • 1927 – Harlan Mathews, American lawyer and politician (d. )
  • 1927 – E. W. Swackhamer, American director and producer (d. 1994)
  • 1928 – Jean Barraqué, French composer (d. 1973)
  • 1928 – Vidal Sassoon, English-American hairdresser and businessman (d. 2012)
  • 1929 – Jacques Plante, Canadian-Swiss ice hockey player, coach, and sportscaster (d. )
  • 1929 – Tan Boon Teik, -Singaporean lawyer and politician, Attorney-General of  (d. 2012)
  •  – James Earl Jones, American actor
  • 1931 – Douglas Wilder, American sergeant and politician, 66th Governor of Virginia
  • 1931 – Don Zimmer, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 2014)
  •  – Sheree North, American actress and dancer (d. 2005)
  • 1933 – Dalida, Egyptian-French singer and actress (d. 1987)
  • 1933 – Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan, French-Pakistani diplomat, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (d. 2003)
  • 1933 – Shari Lewis, American actress, puppeteer/ventriloquist, and television host (d. 1998)
  • 1934 – Donald Cammell, Scottish-American director and screenwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1935 – Ruth Ann Minner, American businesswoman and politician, 72nd Governor of Delaware
  • 1936 – John Boyd, English academic and diplomat, British ambassador to
  • 1936 – A. Thangathurai, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician (d. 1997)
  • 1937 – Alain Badiou, French philosopher and academic
  • 1938 – John Bellairs, American author and academic (d. 1991)
  • 1938 – Toini Gustafsson, Swedish cross skier
  • 1939 – Christodoulos of Athens, Greek archbishop (d. 2008)
  • 1939 – Maury Povich, American talk show host and producer
  • 1940 – Nerses Bedros XIX Tarmouni, Egyptian-Armenian patriarch (d. 2015)
  • 1940 – Kipchoge Keino, Kenyan athlete
  • 1940 – Tabaré Vázquez, Uruguayan physician and politician, 39th President of Uruguay
  • 1941 – István Horthy, Jr., Hungarian physicist and architect
  •  –  Ali, American boxer and activist (d. )
  • 1942 – Ita Buttrose, Australian journalist and author
  • 1942 – Ulf Hoelscher, German violinist and educator
  • 1942 – Nigel McCulloch, English bishop
  • 1943 – Chris Montez, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1943 – René Préval, Haitian agronomist and politician, 52nd President of Haiti (d. 2017)
  • 1944 – Ann Oakley, English sociologist, author, and academic
  • 1945 – Javed Akhtar, Indian poet, playwright, and composer
  • 1945 – Anne Cutler, Australian psychologist and academic
  • 1948 – Davíð Oddsson, Icelandic politician, 21st Prime Minister of Iceland
  • 1949 – Anita Borg, American computer and academic (d. 2003)
  • 1949 – Gyude Bryant, Liberian businessman and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1949 – Augustin Dumay, French violinist and conductor
  • 1949 – Andy Kaufman, American actor and comedian (d. )
  • 1949 – Mick Taylor, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1950 – Luis López Nieves, Puerto Rican-American author and academic
  •  – Tom Deitz, American author (d. )
  • 1952 – Darrell Porter, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2002)
  • 1952 – Ryuichi Sakamoto, Japanese pianist, composer, and producer
  •  – Jeff , American bass player and educator
  • 1953 – Carlos Johnson, American singer and guitarist
  •  – Robert F. Kennedy, Jr., American lawyer, host, activist, and environmentalist
  • 1955 – Steve Earle, American singer-songwriter, musician, record producer, author and actor
  • 1955 – Pietro Parolin, Italian cardinal
  • 1955 – Steve Javie, American basketball player and referee
  • 1956 – Damian Green, English journalist and politician
  • 1956 – Paul Young, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  •  – Steve Harvey, American actor, comedian, television personality and game show host
  • 1957 – Ann Nocenti, American journalist and author
  •  – Tony Kouzarides, , cancer researcher
  •  – Susanna Hoffs, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress
  • 1960 – John Crawford, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1960 – Chili Davis, Jamaican-American baseball player and coach
  • 1961 – Brian Helgeland, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1962 – Jun Azumi, Japanese broadcaster and politician, 46th Japanese Minister of Finance
  • 1962 – Jim Carrey, Canadian-American actor and producer
  • 1962 – Sebastian Junger, American journalist and author
  • 1963 – Kai Hansen, German singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1963 – Colin Gordon, English footballer, striker, agent, manager, chief executive
  •  – Michelle Obama, American lawyer and activist, 46th First Lady of the United States
  • 1964 – John Schuster, Samoan-New Zealand rugby player
  •  – Sylvain Turgeon, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1966 – Trish Johnson, English golfer
  • 1966 – Joshua Malina, American actor
  •  – Richard Hawley, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  •  – Rowan Pelling, English journalist and author
  • 1968 – Ilja Leonard Pfeijffer, Dutch author, poet, and scholar
  • 1969 – Naveen Andrews, English actor
  • 1969 – Lukas Moodysson, Swedish director, screenwriter, and author
  • 1969 – Tiësto, Dutch DJ and producer
  •  – Cássio Alves de Barros, Brazilian footballer
  • 1970 – Jeremy Roenick, American ice hockey player and actor
  • 1970 – Genndy Tartakovsky, Russian-American animator, director, and producer
  •  – Giorgos Balogiannis, Greek basketball player
  • 1971 – Richard Burns, English race car driver (d. 2005)
  • 1971 – Kid Rock, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
  • 1971 – Sylvie Testud, French actress, director, and screenwriter
  • 1973 – Cuauhtémoc Blanco, Mexican footballer and actor
  • 1973 – Chris Bowen, Australian politician, 37th Treasurer of
  • 1973 – Liz Ellis, Australian netball player and sportscaster
  • 1973 – Aaron Ward, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  •  – Yang Chen, footballer and manager
  • 1974 – Vesko Kountchev, Bulgarian viola player, composer, and producer
  • 1974 – Derrick Mason, American football player
  • 1975 – Freddy Rodriguez, American actor
  •  – Lisa Llorens, Australian Paralympian
  • 1978 – Ricky Wilson, English singer-songwriter
  •  – Maksim Chmerkovskiy, Ukrainian-American dancer and choreographer
  • 1980 – Zooey Deschanel, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1980 – Modestas Stonys, Lithuanian footballer
  • 1981 – Warren Feeney, Northern Irish footballer and manager
  •  – Dwyane Wade, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Amanda Wilkinson, Canadian singer
  •  – Álvaro Arbeloa, Spanish footballer
  • 1983 – Johannes Herber, German basketball player
  • 1983 – Rick Kelly, Australian race car driver
  • 1983 – Marcelo Garcia, Brazilian martial artist
  • 1984 – Calvin Harris, Scottish singer-songwriter, DJ, and producer
  • 1985 – Pablo Barrientos, Argentinian footballer
  • 1985 – Betsy Ruth, and manager
  • 1985 – Simone Simons, Dutch singer-songwriter
  • 1987 – Cody Decker, American baseball player
  •  – Andrea Antonelli, Italian motorcycle racer (d. 2013)
  • 1988 – Will Genia, Australian rugby player
  • 1988 – Héctor Moreno, Mexican footballer
  •  – Taylor Jordan, American baseball player
  • 1989 – Kelly Marie Tran, American actress
  •  – Santiago Tréllez, Colombian footballer
  • 1991 – Trevor Bauer, American baseball player
  • 1991 – Esapekka Lappi, Finnish Rally Driver
  • 1991 – Slade Griffin, Australian rugby league player
  • 1991 – Alise Post, American BMX rider
  • 1993 – Frankie Cocozza, British singer
  • 1994 – Mark Steketee, Australian cricketer
  • 1998 – Jeff Reine-Adelaide, French footballer
  • 1998 – Sophie Molineux, Australian cricketer
  • 2000 – Devlin DeFrancesco, Canadian race car driver

Deaths on January 17

  •  – Theodosius I, (b. )
  •  – Sulpitius the Pious, French bishop and saint
  •  – Joseph of Freising, German bishop
  •  – Mas’ud I of Ghazni, Sultan of the Ghaznavid Empire (b. 998)
  •  – André de Montbard, fifth Grand Master of the Knights Templar
  •  – Thierry, Count of Flanders (b. )
  •  – Albert of Riga, German bishop (b. )
  •  – Saint Roseline, Carthusian nun (b. )
  •  – John of Brittany, Earl of Richmond (b. )
  •  – Henry of Asti, Greek patriarch
  • 1345 – Martino Zaccaria, Genoese Lord of Chios
  •  – Peter I of  (b. )
  •  – Elisabeth of Lorraine-Vaudémont, French translator (b. )
  •  – Skanderbeg, Albanian soldier and politician (b. )
  •  – Qi Jiguang, Chinese general (b. )
  •  – Feodor I of Russia (b. )
  •  – Fausto Veranzio, Croatian bishop and lexicographer (b. )
  •  – John Ray, English botanist and historian (b. )
  •  – Benjamin Church, American colonel (b. )
  •  – Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann, German architect (b. 1662)
  •  – Jean-François Dandrieu, French organist and composer (b. )
  •  – Tomaso Albinoni, Italian violinist and composer (b. 1671)
  •  – Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga, Spanish-French composer (b. 1806)
  • 1834 – Giovanni Aldini, Italian physicist and academic (b. )
  •  – Lola Montez, Irish actress and dancer (b. )
  • 1863 – Horace Vernet, French painter (b. 1789)
  •  – Alexander Dargomyzhsky, Russian composer (b. )
  •  – Edward Shepherd Creasy, English historian and jurist (b. )
  •  – Hermann Schlegel, German ornithologist and herpetologist (b. )
  • 1887 – William Giblin, Australian lawyer and politician, 13th Premier of Tasmania (b. )
  • 1888 – Big Bear, Canadian tribal chief (b. )
  •  – George Bancroft, American historian and politician, 17th United States Secretary of the Navy (b. )
  • 1893 – Rutherford B. Hayes, American general, lawyer, and politician, 19th President of the United States (b. )
  • 1903 – Ignaz Wechselmann, Hungarian architect and philanthropist (b. 1828)
  • 1908 – Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. )
  •  – Francis Smith, Australian lawyer, judge, and politician, 4th Premier of Tasmania (b. )
  • 1911 – Francis Galton, English polymath, anthropologist, and geographer (b. 1822)
  • 1927 – Juliette Gordon Low, American founder of the Girl Scouts of the  (b. 1860)
  • 1930 – Gauhar Jaan, One of the first performers to record music on 78 rpm records in . (b. 1873)
  • 1931 – Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia (b. )
  • 1932 – Ahmet Derviş, Turkish general (b. 1881)
  • 1932 – Albert Jacka, Australian captain, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1893)
  • 1933 – Louis Comfort Tiffany, American stained glass artist (b. )
  • 1936 – Mateiu Caragiale, Romanian journalist, author, and poet (b. 1885)
  • 1942 – Walther von Reichenau, German field marshal (b. 1884)
  • 1947 – Pyotr Krasnov, Russian historian and general (b. 1869)
  • 1947 – Jean-Marie-Rodrigue Villeneuve, Canadian cardinal (b. 1883)
  • 1951 – Jyoti Prasad Agarwala, Indian poet, playwright, and director (b. 1903)
  • 1952 – Walter Briggs Sr., American businessman (b. 1877)
  • 1961 – Patrice Lumumba, Congolese politician, 1st Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (b. 1925)
  • 1970 – Simon Kovar, Russian-American bassoon player and educator (b. )
  • 1972 – Betty Smith, American author and playwright (b. )
  • 1977 – Dougal Haston, Scottish mountaineer (b. 1940)
  • 1977 – Gary Gilmore, American murderer (b. 1940)
  • 1981 – Loukas Panourgias, Greek footballer and lawyer (b. 1899)
  • 1984 – Kostas Giannidis, Greek pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1903)
  • 1987 – Hugo Fregonese, Argentinian director and screenwriter (b. 1908)
  • 1988 – Percy Qoboza, South African journalist and author (b. 1938)
  • 1991 – Olav V of Norway (b. 1903)
  • 1992 – Frank Pullen, English soldier and businessman (b. 1915)
  • 1993 – Albert Hourani, English-Lebanese historian and academic (b. 1915)
  • 1994 – Yevgeni Ivanov, Russian spy (b. 1926)
  • 1994 – Helen Stephens, American runner, shot putter, and discus thrower (b. 1918)
  • 1996 – Barbara Jordan, American lawyer and politician (b. 1936)
  • 1996 – Sylvia Lawler, English geneticist (b. 1922))
  • 1997 – Bert Kelly, Australian farmer and politician, 20th Australian Minister for the Navy (b. 1912)
  • 1997 – , American astronomer and academic, discovered  (b. 1906)
  • 2000 – Philip Jones, English trumpet player and educator (b. 1928)
  • 2000 – Ion Rațiu, Romanian journalist and politician (b. 1917)
  • 2002 – Camilo José Cela, Spanish author and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1916)
  • 2002 – Roman Personov, Russian physicist and academic (b. 1932)
  • 2003 – Richard Crenna, American actor and director (b. 1926)
  •  – Raymond Bonham Carter, English banker (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Harry Brecheen, American baseball player and coach (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Ray Stark, American film producer (b. 1915)
  • 2004 – Noble Willingham, American actor (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Charlie Bell, Australian businessman (b. 1960)
  • 2005 – Virginia Mayo, American actress, singer, and dancer (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Albert Schatz, American microbiologist and academic (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Zhao Ziyang, Chinese politician, 3rd Premier of the People’s Republic of  (b. )
  • 2006 – Pierre Grondin, Canadian surgeon (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Art Buchwald, American journalist and author (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Yevhen Kushnaryov, Ukrainian engineer and politician (b. 1951)
  • 2008 – Bobby Fischer, American chess player and author (b. 1943)
  • 2008 – Ernie Holmes, American football player, wrestler, and actor (b. 1948)
  • 2009 – Anders Isaksson, Swedish journalist and historian (b. 1943)
  • 2010 – Gaines Adams, American football player (b. 1983)
  • 2010 – Jyoti Basu, Indian politician and CM of West for 23 years (b. 1914)
  • 2010 – Michalis Papakonstantinou, Greek journalist and politician, Foreign Minister of  (b. 1919)
  • 2010 – Erich Segal, American author and screenwriter (b. 1937)
  • 2011 – Don Kirshner, American songwriter and producer (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Ernie Alexander, American educator and politician (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Julius Meimberg, German soldier and pilot (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Johnny Otis, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – Marty Springstead, American baseball player and umpire (b. 1937)
  • 2013 – Mehmet Ali Birand, Turkish journalist and author (b. 1941)
  • 2013 – Jakob Arjouni, German author (b. 1964)
  • 2013 – Yves Debay, Belgian journalist (b. 1954)
  • 2013 – John Nkomo, Zimbabwean politician,  of Zimbabwe (b. 1934)
  • 2013 – Lizbeth Webb, English soprano and actress (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin, Indian spiritual leader, 52nd Da’i al-Mutlaq (b. 1915)
  • 2014 – Francine Lalonde, Canadian educator and politician (b. 1940)
  • 2014 – Alistair McAlpine, Baron McAlpine of West Green, English businessman and politician (b. 1942)
  • 2014 – John J. McGinty III, American captain, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1940)
  • 2014 – Sunanda Pushkar, Indian-Canadian businesswoman (b. 1962)
  • 2014 – Suchitra Sen, Indian film actress (b. 1931)
  • 2015 – Ken Furphy, English footballer and manager (b. 1931)
  • 2015 – Faten Hamama, Egyptian actress and producer (b. 1931)
  • 2015 – Don Harron, Canadian actor and screenwriter (b. 1924)
  • 2016 – Blowfly, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1939)
  • 2016 – Melvin Day, New Zealand painter and historian (b. 1923)
  • 2016 – V. Rama Rao, Indian lawyer and politician, 12th Governor of Sikkim (b. 1935)
  • 2016 – Sudhindra Thirtha, Indian religious leader (b. 1926)
  • 2017 – Tirrel Burton, American football player and coach (b. 1929)
  • 2018 – Jessica Falkholt, Australian actress (b. 1988)
  •  – S. Balakrishnan, Malayalam movie composer (b. 1948)
  •  – Derek Fowlds, British actor (b.1937)

Holidays and observances on January 17

  • Christian feast day:
    • Anthony the Great
    • Blessed Angelo Paoli
    • Blessed Gamelbert of Michaelsbuch
    • Charles Gore (Church of England)
    • Jenaro Sánchez Delgadillo (one of  of the Cristero War)
    • Mildgyth
    • Our Lady of Pontmain
    • Sulpitius the Pious
    • January 17 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • National Day (Menorca, Spain)
  • The opening ceremony of Patras Carnival, celebrated until Clean . (Patras)
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