Answering Exams

January 15 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

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  •  – Otho seizes power in Rome, proclaiming himself  of Rome, beginning a reign of only three months.
  •  – King Francis I of  gives Jean-François Roberval a commission to settle the province of New  () and provide for the spread of the “Holy Catholic faith”.
  •  – Elizabeth I is crowned  in Westminster Abbey, London.
  •  – Truce of Yam-Zapolsky: cedes Livonia to the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
  •  – The British Museum opens to the public.
  • – American Revolutionary War: New Connecticut (present day Vermont) declares its independence.
  •  – Superintendent of Finance Robert Morris addresses the U.S. Congress to recommend establishment of a national mint and decimal coinage.
  •  – War of : American frigate USS , commanded by Commodore Stephen Decatur, is captured by a squadron of four British frigates.
  •  – A paper by David Brewster is read to the , belatedly announcing his discovery of what we now call the biaxial class of doubly-refracting crystals. On the same day, Augustin-Jean Fresnel signs a “supplement” (submitted four days later) on reflection of polarized light.
  •  – Greek : Demetrios Ypsilantis is elected president of the legislative assembly.
  •  – : Fort Fisher in North Carolina falls to the Union, thus cutting off the last major seaport of the Confederacy.
  •  – Forty people die when ice covering the boating lake at Regent’s Park, London, collapses.
  •  – A political cartoon for the first time symbolizes the  with a donkey (“A Live Jackass Kicking a Dead Lion” by Thomas Nast for Harper’s Weekly).
  •  – The first in Afrikaans, Die Afrikaanse Patriot, is published in Paarl.
  •  – The Coca-Cola Company, then known as the Pemberton Medicine Company, is incorporated in Atlanta.
  •  – James Naismith publishes the rules of basketball.
  •  – The Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority becomes the first Greek-letter organization founded and established by African American  .
  •  – Construction ends on the Buffalo Bill Dam in Wyoming, , which was the highest dam in the at the time, at  ft (99 m).
  •  – Palestinian Arabic-language Falastin newspaper founded.
  •  – Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent socialists in , are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps at the end of the Spartacist uprising.
  • 1919 – Great Molasses Flood: A wave of molasses released from an exploding storage tank sweeps through Boston, Massachusetts, killing 21 and injuring 150.
  •  – The 8.0 Mw  Nepal–Bihar earthquake strikes Nepal and Bihar with a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme), killing an estimated 6,000–10,700 people.
  •  – The first building to be completely covered in glass, built for the Owens-Illinois Glass Company, is completed in Toledo, .
  •  – Spanish Civil War: Nationalists and  both withdraw after suffering heavy losses, ending the Second Battle of the Corunna Road.
  •  – : The Soviet counter-offensive at Voronezh begins.
  • 1943 – The Pentagon is dedicated in Arlington, Virginia.
  •  – The Black Dahlia murder: the dismembered corpse of Elizabeth Short was found in .
  •  –  Civil War: The Communist forces take over Tianjin from the Nationalist Government.
  •  – The Derveni papyrus, Europe’s oldest surviving manuscript dating to 340 BC, is found in northern .
  • 1962 – Netherlands New Guinea Conflict: Indonesian Navy  patrol boat RI Macan Tutul commanded by Commodore Yos Sudarso sunk in Arafura Sea by the  Navy.
  •  – The First Nigerian Republic, led by Abubakar Tafawa Balewa is overthrown in a d’état.
  •  – The first Super Bowl is played in Los Angeles. The Green Bay Packers defeat the  City Chiefs 35–10.
  •  – The  launches Soyuz 5.
  •  – Nigerian Civil War: Biafran rebels surrender following an unsuccessful 32-month fight for independence from Nigeria.
  • 1970 – Muammar Gaddafi is proclaimed premier of Libya.
  •  –  War: Citing progress in peace negotiations, President  announces the suspension of offensive action in North .
  •  – The Alvor Agreement is signed, ending the Angolan War of Independence and giving Angola independence from .
  •  – Gerald Ford’s would-be assassin, Sara Jane Moore, is sentenced to life in prison.
  •  – Pope John Paul II receives a delegation from Solidarity (Polish trade union) at the Vatican led by Lech Wałęsa.
  •  – The  deadline for the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from occupied Kuwait expires, preparing the way for the start of Operation Desert Storm.
  • 1991 – Elizabeth II, in her capacity as Queen of , signs letters patent allowing to become the first Commonwealth realm to institute its own Victoria Cross in its honours system.
  •  – Wikipedia, a free wiki content encyclopedia, goes online.
  •  – ESA’s SMART-1 lunar orbiter discovers elements such as calcium, aluminum, silicon, iron, and other surface elements on the Moon.
  •  – Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti, former Iraqi intelligence chief and half-brother of Saddam Hussein, and Awad Hamed al-Bandar, former chief judge of the Revolutionary Court, are executed by hanging in Iraq.
  •  –  Airways Flight  ditches safely in the Hudson River after the plane collides with birds less than two minutes after take-off.
  •  – A train carrying Egyptian Army recruits derails near Giza, Greater Cairo, killing 19 and injuring others.
  •  – The Swiss National Bank abandons the cap on the franc’s value relative to the euro, causing turmoil in financial markets
  •  – The Kenyan Army suffers its worst defeat ever in a battle with Al-Shabaab Islamic insurgents in El-Adde, . An estimated 150 Kenyan soldiers are killed in the battle.
  •  – Somali militants attack the DusitD2 hotel in Nairobi, Kenya killing at least 21 people and injuring 19.
  • 2019 – Theresa May’s government suffers the biggest government defeat in modern times, when MPs voting against the proposed  Union withdrawal agreement, giving her opponents a majority of .

Births on January 15

  •  – Seongjong of Goryeo, ruler (d. )
  •  – Afonso V of Portugal (d. )
  •  – Edzard I, Count of East Frisia, noble (d. )
  • 1481 – Ashikaga Yoshizumi, shōgun (d. )
  •  – Maeda Toshiie, Japanese (d. )
  •  – Henry Carey, 2nd Earl of Monmouth, politician (d. )
  •  – Molière, French and playwright (d. )
  •  – Algernon Sidney, British philosopher (d. )
  •  – Abraham de la Pryme, English archaeologist and historian (d. )
  •  – Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon, French poet and playwright (d. )
  •  – Philip Livingston, American merchant and politician (d. )
  •  – John Aikin, English surgeon and author (d. 1822)
  •  – Richard Martin, Irish activist and politician, co-founded the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to  (d. )
  •  – Franz Grillparzer, Austrian author, poet, and playwright (d. )
  •  – Alexander Griboyedov, Russian playwright, composer, and poet (d. )
  •  – Marjorie Fleming, Scottish poet and author (d. )
  •  – Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, French economist and politician (d. 1865)
  • 1812 – Peter Christen Asbjørnsen, Norwegian author and scholar (d. )
  • 1815 – William Bickerton, English-American religious leader, 3rd President of the Church of Christ (d. )
  • 1834 – Samuel Arza Davenport, American lawyer and politician (d. 1911)
  •  – Frederick Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby, English captain and politician, 6th  General of Canada (d. 1908)
  •  – Josef Breuer, Austrian physician and psychiatrist (d. )
  • 1842 – Mary MacKillop, Australian nun and saint, co-founded the Sisters of St Joseph of the Sacred Heart (d. )
  •  – Leonard , English soldier, eugenicist, and politician (d. 1943)
  • 1850 – Mihai Eminescu, Romanian , author, and poet (d. 1889)
  • 1850 – Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian-Swedish mathematician and physicist (d. )
  •  – Jacques Damala, Greek-French soldier and actor (d. 1889)
  •  – Giovanni Segantini, Italian painter (d. )
  •  – Archibald Peake, English-Australian politician, 25th Premier of South Australia (d. )
  •  – Wilhelm Marx, German lawyer and politician, 17th Chancellor of Germany (d. )
  •  – Nathan Söderblom, Swedish archbishop, historian, and academic,  laureate (d. )
  •  – Ruby Laffoon, American lawyer and politician, 43rd Governor of  (d. )
  • 1869 – Stanisław Wyspiański, Polish poet, playwright, and painter (d. )
  • 1870 – Pierre S. du Pont, American businessman and philanthropist (d. )
  • 1872 – Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian author and translator (d. )
  •  – Thomas Burke, American sprinter, coach, and journalist (d. )
  •  – Lewis Terman, American psychologist, eugenicist, and academic (d. )
  •  – Johanna Müller-Hermann, Austrian composer (d. 1941)
  •  – Mazo de la Roche, Canadian author and playwright (d. )
  •  – Henry Burr, Canadian singer, performer, and (d. 1941)
  • 1885 – Lorenz Böhler, Austrian physician and author (d. 1973)
  • 1885 – Grover Lowdermilk, American baseball player (d. )
  •  – Michiaki Kamada, Japanese admiral (d. 1947)
  • 1891 – Ray Chapman, American baseball player (d. 1920)
  • 1891 – Osip Mandelstam, Russian poet and translator (d. )
  •  – Ivor Novello, Welsh singer-songwriter and actor (d. )
  •  – Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
  •  – Marjorie Bennett, Australian-American actress (d. )
  •  – Nâzım Hikmet, Greek-Turkish author, poet, and playwright (d. )
  • 1902 – Saud of Saudi Arabia (d. 1969)
  •  – Paul A. Dever, American lieutenant and politician, 58th Governor of Massachusetts (d. )
  • 1907 – Janusz Kusociński, Polish runner and soldier (d. )
  • 1908 – Edward Teller, Hungarian-American physicist and academic (d. )
  • 1909 – Jean Bugatti, German-French engineer (d. )
  • 1909 – Gene Krupa, American drummer, composer, and actor (d. 1973)
  •  – Michel Debré, French lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of France (d. )
  •  – Eugène Brands, (d. )
  • 1913 – Lloyd Bridges, (d. )
  • 1913 – Miriam Hyde, Australian pianist and composer (d. 2005)
  • 1913 – Alexander Marinesko, Ukrainian-Russian lieutenant (d. 1963)
  •  – Stefan Bałuk, Polish general (d. )
  • 1914 – Hugh Trevor-Roper, English historian and academic (d. 2003)
  •  – K. A. Thangavelu, Indian film actor and comedian (d. )
  •  – João Figueiredo, Brazilian general and politician, 30th President of  (d. )
  • 1918 – Édouard Gagnon, Canadian cardinal (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Gamal Abdel Nasser, Egyptian colonel and politician, 2nd President of Egypt (d. 1970)
  • 1919 – Maurice Herzog, French mountaineer and politician, French Minister of Youth Affairs and  (d. )
  • 1919 – George Cadle Price, Belizean politician, 1st Prime Minister of Belize (d. )
  • 1920 – Bob Davies, American basketball player and coach (d. )
  • 1920 – Steve Gromek, American baseball player (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – John O’Connor, American cardinal (d. )
  •  – Babasaheb Bhosale, Indian lawyer and politician, 8th Chief Minister of Maharashtra (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Frank Thornton, English actor (d. 2013)
  •  – Sylvia Lawler, English geneticist (d. 1996)
  • 1922 – Eric Willis, Australian sergeant and politician, 34th Premier of New South Wales (d. 1999)
  •  – Ivor Cutler, Scottish pianist, songwriter, and poet (d. )
  • 1923 – Lee Teng-hui, Taiwanese-Chinese economist and politician, 4th President of the Republic of
  •  – George Lowe, -English mountaineer and explorer (d. 2013)
  • 1925 – Ruth Slenczynska, American pianist and composer
  • 1925 – Ignacio López Tarso, Mexican actor
  •  – Maria Schell, Austrian-Swiss actress (d. 2005)
  •  – Phyllis Coates, American actress
  •  – W. R. Mitchell, English journalist and author (d. 2015)
  • 1929 – Earl Hooker, American guitarist (d. 1970)
  • 1929 –  King, Jr., American minister and activist, Nobel Prize laureate (assassinated in 1968)
  •  – Eddie Graham, and promoter (d. )
  • 1931 – Lee Bontecou, American painter and sculptor
  •  – Lou Jones, American sprinter (d. 2006)
  •  – Frank Bough, English journalist and radio host
  • 1933 – Ernest J. Gaines, American author and academic (d. 2019)
  • 1933 – Peter Maitlis, English chemist and academic
  • 1934 – V. S. Ramadevi, Indian civil servant and politician, 13th Governor of Karnataka (d. 2013)
  • 1937 – Margaret O’Brien, American actress and singer
  • 1938 – Ashraf Aman, Pakistani engineer and mountaineer
  • 1938 – Estrella Blanca, Mexican wrestler
  • 1938 – Chuni Goswami, Indian footballer and
  • 1939 – Per Ahlmark, Swedish journalist and politician, 1st Deputy Prime Minister of  (d. )
  • 1939 – Tony Bullimore, British sailor
  • 1941 – Captain Beefheart, American singer-songwriter, musician, and artist (d. )
  •  – Frank Joseph Polozola, American academic and judge (d. 2013)
  • 1943 – George Ambrum, Australian rugby league player (d. )
  • 1943 – Margaret Beckett, English metallurgist and politician, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
  • 1943 – Stuart E. Eizenstat, American lawyer and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the
  • 1943 – Mike Marshall, American baseball player
  • 1944 – Jenny Nimmo, English author
  •  – Ko Chun-hsiung, Taiwanese actor, director, and politician (d. 2015)
  • 1945 – Vince Foster, American lawyer and political figure (d. )
  • 1945 – William R. Higgins, American colonel (d. 1990)
  • 1945 – Princess Michael of Kent
  • 1945 – David Pleat, , manager, and sportscaster
  • 1946 – Charles Brown, American actor (d. )
  • 1947 – Mary Hogg, English lawyer and judge
  • 1947 – Andrea Martin, American-Canadian actress, singer, and screenwriter
  •  – Ronnie Van Zant, American singer-songwriter (d. )
  • 1949 – Luis Alvarado, Puerto Rican-American baseball player (d. 2001)
  • 1949 – Alasdair Liddell, English businessman (d. 2012)
  • 1949 – Ian Stewart, Scottish runner
  • 1949 – Howard Twitty, American golfer
  •  – Marius Trésor, French footballer and coach
  •  – Boris Blank, Swiss singer-songwriter
  • 1952 – Andrzej Fischer, Polish footballer
  •  – Randy White, American football player
  • 1954 – Jose Dalisay, Jr., Filipino poet, author, and screenwriter
  •  – Nigel Benson, English author and
  • 1955 – Andreas Gursky, German photographer
  • 1955 – Khalid Islambouli, Egyptian lieutenant (d. 1982)
  • 1956 – Vitaly Kaloyev, Russian architect
  • 1956 – Mayawati, Indian educator and politician, 23rd Chief Minister of
  • 1956 – Marc Trestman, American football player and coach
  •  – David Ige, American politician
  • 1957 – Marty Lyons, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1957 – Andrew Tyrie, English journalist and politician
  • 1957 – Mario Van Peebles, American actor and director
  • 1958 – Ken Judge, Australian footballer and coach (d. 2016)
  • 1958 – Boris Tadić, Serbian psychologist and politician, 16th President of
  •  – Greg Dowling, Australian rugby league player
  • 1959 – Pavle Kozjek, Slovenian mountaineer and photographer (d. )
  • 1959 – Pete Trewavas, English bass player and songwriter
  • 1961 – Serhiy N. Morozov, Ukrainian footballer and coach
  • 1961 – Yves Pelletier, Canadian actor and director
  • 1963 – Conrad Lant, English singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1963 – Bruce Schneier, American cryptographer and author
  •  – Osmo Tapio Räihälä, Finnish composer
  •  – Maurizio Fondriest, Italian cyclist
  • 1965 – Bernard Hopkins, American boxer and coach
  • 1965 – James Nesbitt, Northern Irish actor
  • 1966 – Lisa Lisa, American R&B singer
  • 1967 – Ted Tryba, American golfer
  • 1968 – Chad Lowe, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1969 – Delino DeShields, American baseball player and manager
  • 1970 – Shane McMahon, American wrestler and businessman
  •  – Regina King, American actress
  •  – Shelia Burrell, American heptathlete
  • 1972 – Christos Kostis, Greek footballer
  • 1972 – Claudia Winkleman, English journalist and critic
  • 1973 – Essam El Hadary, Egyptian footballer
  • 1973 – Suparno Satpathy, Indian socio-political leader
  •  – Séverine Deneulin, international development academic
  • 1974 – Ray King, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Mary Pierce, Canadian-American player and coach
  • 1976 – Doug Gottlieb, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1976 – Iryna Lishchynska, Ukrainian runner
  • 1976 – Scott Murray, Scottish rugby player
  • 1976 – Florentin Petre, Romanian footballer and manager
  •  – Eddie Cahill, American actor
  • 1978 – Franco Pellizotti, Italian cyclist
  • 1978 – Ryan Sidebottom, English cricketer
  •  – Drew Brees, American football player
  • 1979 – Michalis Morfis, Cypriot footballer
  • 1979 – Martin Petrov, Bulgarian footballer
  •  – Matt Holliday, American baseball player
  • 1981 – El Hadji Diouf, Senegalese football player
  • 1981 – Pitbull, and producer
  • 1981 – Dylan Armstrong, Canadian shot putter and hammer thrower
  • 1981 – Vanessa Henke, German tennis player
  • 1981 – Sean Lamont, Scottish rugby player
  • 1982 – Benjamin Agosto, American skater
  • 1982 – Armando Galarraga, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1982 – Brett Lebda, American ice player
  • 1982 – Ari Pulkkinen, Finnish pianist and composer
  • 1982 – Francis Zé, Cameroonian footballer
  •  – Jermaine Pennant, English footballer
  • 1983 – Hugo Viana, Portuguese footballer
  •  – Ben Shapiro, American author and commentator
  • 1985 – René Adler, German footballer
  • 1985 – Enrico Patrizio, Italian rugby player
  • 1985 – Kenneth Emil Petersen, Danish footballer
  • 1986 – Fred Davis, American football player
  •  – Greg Inglis, Australian rugby league player
  • 1987 – Tsegaye Kebede, Ethiopian runner
  • 1987 – David Knight, English footballer
  • 1987 – Kelleigh Ryan, Canadian fencer
  • 1987 – Michael Seater, Canadian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  •  – Daniel Caligiuri, German footballer
  • 1988 – Skrillex, American DJ and producer
  •  – Alexei Cherepanov, Russian ice hockey player (d. 2008)
  • 1990 – Paul Blake, English sprinter
  • 1990 – Fernando Forestieri, Italian footballer
  • 1990 – Robert Trznadel, Polish footballer
  • 1991 – Marc Bartra, Spanish footballer
  • 1991 – Nicolai Jørgensen, Danish footballer
  • 1991 – Darya Klishina, Russian long jumper
  • 1991 – James Mitchell, Australian basketball player
  •  – Joël Veltman, Dutch footballer
  • 1994 – Eric Dier, English footballer
  • 1998 – Alexandra Eade, Australian artistic gymnast
  • 2004 – Grace VanderWaal, American singer-songwriter

Deaths on January 15

  • AD 69 – Galba, (b. )
  •  – Chak Tok Ich’aak I, Mayan ruler
  •  – Íte of Killeedy, Irish nun and saint (b. )
  •  – Theophylact, Byzantine emperor (b. )
  •  – Rudolph of France (b. )
  •  – Wang Jingchong, Chinese general
  •  – Berengaria of Barcelona, queen consort of Castile (b. )
  • 1568 – Nicolaus Olahus, Romanian archbishop (b. )
  •  – Catherine Carey, lady-in-waiting to Elizabeth I of England (b. )
  •  – Martha Leijonhufvud, Swedish noblewoman (b. )
  • 1595 – Murad III, Ottoman Sultan (b. )
  • 1623 – Paolo Sarpi, Italian lawyer, historian, and scholar (b. )
  •  – John Cosin, English bishop and academic (b. )
  • 1683 – Philip Warwick, English politician (b. )
  •  – Giovanni Battista Sammartini, Italian organist and composer (b. )
  •  – John Landen, English mathematician and theorist (b. )
  •  – Dru Drury, English entomologist and author (b. )
  •  – Anton Bernolák, Slovak linguist and priest (b. 1762)
  • 1815 – Emma, Lady Hamilton, English-French mistress of Horatio , 1st Viscount  (b. )
  • 1855 – Henri Braconnot, French chemist and pharmacist (b. )
  •  – Isaac Nathan, English-Australian composer and journalist (b. )
  • 1866 – Massimo d’Azeglio, Piedmontese-Italian statesman, novelist and painter (b. )
  • 1876 – Eliza McCardle Johnson, American wife of Andrew Johnson, 18th First Lady of the United States (b. )
  • 1885 – Leopold Damrosch, German-American composer and conductor (b. )
  • 1893 – Fanny Kemble, English actress (b. 1809)
  • 1896 – Mathew Brady, American photographer and journalist (b. 1822)
  • 1905 – George Thorn, Australian politician, 6th Premier of Queensland (b. )
  • 1909 – Arnold Janssen, German priest and missionary (b. )
  •  – Modest Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Russian playwright and translator (b. 1850)
  • 1919 – Karl Liebknecht, German politician (b. )
  • 1919 – Rosa Luxemburg, German economist, theorist, and philosopher (b. 1871)
  • 1926 – Enrico Toselli, Italian pianist and composer (b. )
  • 1929 – George Cope, American painter (b. 1855)
  • 1936 – Henry Forster, 1st Baron Forster, English cricketer and politician, 7th Governor-General of Australia (b. 1866)
  • 1937 – Anton Holban, Romanian author, theoretician, and educator (b. 1902)
  • 1945 – Wilhelm Wirtinger, Austrian-German mathematician and theorist (b. 1865)
  • 1948 – Josephus Daniels, American publisher and diplomat, 41st United States Secretary of the Navy (b. )
  • 1950 – Henry H. Arnold, American general (b. )
  • 1951 – Ernest Swinton, British Army officer (b. )
  • 1951 – Nikolai Vekšin, Estonian-Russian captain and sailor (b. )
  • 1952 – Ned Hanlon, Australian sergeant and politician, 26th Premier of Queensland (b. 1887)
  • 1955 – Yves Tanguy, French-American painter (b. )
  • 1959 – Regina Margareten, Hungarian businesswoman (b. 1863)
  • 1964 – Jack Teagarden, American singer-songwriter and trombonist (b. 1905)
  • 1967 – David Burliuk, Ukrainian author and illustrator (b. 1882)
  • 1968 – Bill Masterton, Canadian-American ice hockey player (b. 1938)
  • 1970 – Frank Clement, English race car driver (b. 1886)
  • 1970 – William T. Piper, American engineer and businessman, founded Piper Aircraft (b. )
  • 1972 – Daisy Ashford, English author (b. 1881)
  • 1973 – Coleman Francis, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1919)
  • 1973 – Ivan Petrovsky, Russian mathematician and academic (b. )
  • 1974 – Harold D. Cooley, American lawyer and politician (b. )
  • 1981 – Graham Whitehead, English race car driver (b. 1922)
  • 1982 – Red Smith, American journalist (b. 1905)
  • 1983 – Armin Öpik, Estonian-Australian paleontologist and geologist (b. )
  • 1983 – Shepperd Strudwick, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1984 – Fazıl Küçük, Cypriot journalist and politician (b. )
  • 1987 – Ray Bolger, American actor, singer, and dancer (b. )
  • 1988 – Seán MacBride, Irish republican activist and politician, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
  • 1990 – Gordon Jackson, Scottish-English actor (b. 1923)
  • 1990 – Peggy van Praagh, English ballerina, choreographer, and director (b. 1910)
  • 1993 – Sammy Cahn, American songwriter (b. 1913)
  • 1994 – Georges Cziffra, Hungarian-French pianist and composer (b. 1921)
  • 1994 – Harry Nilsson, American singer-songwriter (b. 1941)
  • 1994 – Harilal Upadhyay, Indian author, poet, and astrologist (b. 1916)
  • 1996 – Les Baxter, American pianist and composer (b. 1922)
  • 1996 – Moshoeshoe II of Lesotho (b. 1938)
  • 1998 – Gulzarilal Nanda, Indian economist and politician, Prime Minister of  (b. 1898)
  • 1998 – Junior Wells, American singer-songwriter and harmonica player (b. 1934)
  • 1999 –  Box, English composer and producer (b. )
  • 2000 – Georges-Henri Lévesque, Canadian-Dominican priest and sociologist (b. 1903)
  • 2001 – Leo Marks, English cryptographer, playwright, and screenwriter (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Michael Anthony Bilandic, American politician, 49th Mayor of Chicago (b. 1923)
  • 2002 – Eugène Brands, Dutch painter (b. 1913)
  • 2003 – Doris Fisher, American singer-songwriter (b. 1915)
  • 2004 – Olivia Goldsmith, American author (b. 1949)
  • 2005 – Victoria de los Ángeles, Spanish soprano and actress (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Walter Ernsting, German author (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Elizabeth Janeway, American author and critic (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Ruth Warrick, American actress (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Kuwaiti ruler (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Awad Hamed al-Bandar, Iraqi lawyer and judge (b. 1945)
  • 2007 – Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti, Iraqi intelligence officer (b. 1951)
  • 2007 – James Hillier, Canadian-American computer and academic, co-invented the electron microscope (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Pura Santillan-Castrence, Filipino educator and diplomat (b. 1905)
  • 2007 – Bo Yibo, Chinese commander and politician, Vice Premier of the People’s Republic of China (b. 1908)
  • 2008 – Robert V. Bruce, American historian, author, and academic (b. 1923)
  • 2008 – Brad Renfro, American actor (b. 1982)
  • 2009 – Lincoln Verduga Loor, Ecuadorian journalist and politician (b. 1917)
  • 2011 – Nat Lofthouse, English footballer and manager (b. 1925)
  • 2011 – Pierre Louis-Dreyfus, French soldier, race car driver, and businessman (b. 1908)
  • 2011 – Susannah York, English actress and activist (b. 1939)
  • 2012 – Ed Derwinski, American soldier and politician, 1st United States Secretary of Veterans Affairs (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Manuel Fraga Iribarne, Spanish lawyer and politician, 3rd President of the Xunta of Galicia (b. 1922)
  • 2012 – Carlo Fruttero, and author (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Samuel Jaskilka, American general (b. 1919)
  • 2012 – Ib Spang Olsen, Danish author and illustrator (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – Hulett C. Smith, American lieutenant and politician, 27th Governor of West Virginia (b. 1918)
  • 2013 – Nagisa Oshima, Japanese director and screenwriter (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – John Thomas, American high jumper (b. 1941)
  • 2014 – Curtis Bray, American football player and coach (b. 1970)
  • 2014 – John Dobson, Chinese-American astronomer and author (b. 1915)
  • 2014 – Roger Lloyd-Pack, English actor (b. 1944)
  • 2015 – Ervin Drake, American songwriter and composer (b. 1919)
  • 2015 – Kim Fowley, American singer-songwriter, producer, and manager (b. 1939)
  • 2015 – Ray Nagel, American football player and coach (b. 1927)
  • 2016 – Francisco X. Alarcón, American poet and educator (b. 1954)
  • 2016 – Ken Judge, Australian footballer and coach (b. 1958)
  • 2016 – Manuel Velázquez, Spanish footballer (b. 1943)
  •  – Jimmy Snuka, Fijian professional wrestler (b. 1943)
  • 2018 – Dolores O’Riordan, Irish pop singer (b. 1971)
  • 2019 – Carol Channing, American actress (b. 1921)
  • 2019 – Ida Kleijnen, Dutch chef (b. 1936)

Holidays and observances on January 15

  • Arbor Day (Egypt)
  • Armed Forces Day (Nigeria)
  • Army Day (India)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Abeluzius (Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church)
    • Arnold Janssen
    • Francis Ferdinand de Capillas (one of Martyr of China)
    • Ita
    • Our Lady of the Poor
    • Macarius of Egypt (Western )
    • Maurus and Placidus (Order of Saint Benedict)
    • Paul the Hermit
    • January 15 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which Martin Luther King Jr. Day can fall (the 15th being his birthday), while is the latest; celebrated on the third in January. (United States)
  • Earliest day on which Sinulog Festival can fall, while January 21 is the latest; celebrated on the third in January. ()
  • John Chilembwe Day (Malawi)
  • Korean Alphabet Day (North )
  • Ocean Duty Day ()
  • Sagichō at Tsurugaoka Hachimangū. (Kamakura, )
  • Teacher’s Day (Venezuela)
  • The second day of the sidereal winter solstice festivals in India (see ):
    • Thai Pongal, Tamil harvest festival
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