Answering Exams

February 26 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

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  • BC – Epoch (origin) of PtolemyR;s Nabonassar Era.
  •  – Valentinian I is proclaimed 
  •  – Mongol–Jin War: The Mongols capture Kaifeng, the capital of the Jin dynasty, after besieging it for months.
  •  – Battle of Benevento: An army led by Charles, Count of Anjou, defeats a combined and Sicilian force led by Manfred, King of Sicily. Manfred is killed in the battle and Pope Clement IV invests Charles as king of Sicily and Naples.
  •  – The Ava Kingdom and the royal city of Ava (Inwa) founded by King Thado Minbya
  •  – The Janszoon voyage of –06 becomes the first expedition to set foot on , although it is mistaken as a part of New Guinea.
  •  – Galileo Galilei is formally banned by the Roman from teaching or defending the view that the earth orbits the sun.
  •  – The British East Company factory on Balambangan Island is destroyed by Moro pirates
  •  – The first Christiansborg Palace in Copenhagen burns down.
  •  –  escapes from Elba.
  •  –  and  sign a treaty granting citizens extraterritoriality rights, opening three ports to trade, and ending ’s status as a tributary state of Qing dynasty .
  •  – Kinemacolor, the first successful color motion picture process, is first shown to the public at the Palace Theatre in London.
  •  – HMHS Britannic, sister to the RMS Titanic, is launched at Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast.
  •  –   signs an act of Congress establishing the Grand Canyon National Park.
  •  – President Calvin Coolidge signs an executive order establishing the ,000 acre Grand Teton National Park in Wyoming.
  •  –  orders the Luftwaffe to be re-formed, violating the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles.
  • 1935 – Robert Watson-Watt carries out a demonstration near Daventry which leads directly to the development of radar in the .
  •  – In the February 26 Incident, young Japanese military officers attempt to stage a coup against the government.
  •  –  Massey is sworn in as the first Canadian-born  General of .
  •  – A -bound Alitalia airliner crashes into a cemetery in Shannon, Ireland, shortly after takeoff, killing 34 of the 52 persons on board.
  •  – Apollo program: Launch of AS-201, the first flight of the Saturn IB rocket
  •  – U.N. Secretary-General U Thant signs  proclamation of the vernal equinox as Earth Day.
  •  – The Superliner railcar enters revenue service with Amtrak.
  •  – Egypt and Israel establish full diplomatic relations.
  •  – Iran–Contra affair: The Tower Commission rebukes President Ronald Reagan for not controlling his national security staff.
  •  – Nagorno-Karabakh War: Khojaly Massacre: Armenian armed forces open fire on Azeri civilians at a military post outside the town of Khojaly leaving hundreds dead.
  •  –  bombing: In New York City, a truck bomb parked below the North Tower of the  explodes, killing six and injuring over a thousand people.
  •  – The ’s oldest investment banking institute, Barings Bank, collapses after a rogue securities broker Nick Leeson loses $1.4 billion by speculating on the  Monetary Exchange using futures contracts.
  •  – The New York Philharmonic performs in Pyongyang, North Korea; this is the first event of its kind to take place in North Korea.
  •  – Trayvon Martin was shot and killed at the age of 17 in Sanford, Florida.
  • 2012 – A train derails in Burlington, Ontario, Canada killing at least three people and injuring 45.
  •  – A hot air balloon crashes near Luxor, Egypt, killing 19 people.

Births on February 26

  •  – Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia (d. )
  •  – Christopher of  (d. )
  • 1564 – Christopher Marlowe, playwright, poet and translator (d. )
  •  – Albert VI, Duke of Bavaria (d. )
  •  – Stefano Landi, Italian composer and educator (d. )
  •  – Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of Argyll, Scottish peer (d. )
  •  – Quirinus Kuhlmann, German Baroque poet and mystic (d. )
  •  – Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, English philosopher and politician (d. )
  •  – Antoine Augustin Calmet, French monk and theologian (d. )
  •  – Nicola Fago, Italian composer and teacher (d. )
  •  – Johan Ernst Gunnerus, Norwegian bishop, botanist and zoologist (d. )
  •  – Gian Francesco Albani, Italian cardinal (d. )
  •  – Maria Amalia, Duchess of Parma (d. )
  •  – Anton Reicha, Bohemian composer and flautist (d. )
  •  – Matija Nenadović, Serbian priest, historian, and politician, 1st Prime Minister of  (d. )
  •  – François Arago, French mathematician and politician, 25th Prime Minister of  (d. )
  •  – Benoît Paul Émile Clapeyron, French physicist and engineer (d. )
  •  – Victor Hugo, French author, poet, and playwright (d. )
  •  – Honoré Daumier, French painter, , and sculptor (d. )
  • 1808 – Nathan Kelley, American architect, designed the  Statehouse (d. )
  •  – Levi Strauss, German-American fashion designer, founded Levi Strauss & Co. (d. )
  •  – Camille Flammarion, French astronomer and author (d. )
  •  – Buffalo Bill, American soldier and hunter (d. )
  •  – John Harvey Kellogg, American surgeon, co-created Corn flakes (d. )
  •  – Émile Coué, French psychologist and pharmacist (d. )
  •  – Ferdinand I of Bulgaria (d. )
  • 1861 – Nadezhda Krupskaya, Russian soldier and politician (d. )
  •  – Herbert Henry Dow, Canadian-American businessman, founded the Dow Chemical Company (d. )
  •  – Henry Barwell, Australian politician, 28th Premier of South Australia (d. )
  • 1877 – Rudolph Dirks, German-American illustrator (d. )
  • 1879 – Frank Bridge, English viola player and composer (d. )
  •  – Kenneth Edgeworth, Irish astronomer (d. )
  •  – Janus Djurhuus, Faroese poet (d. 1948)
  •  – Husband E. Kimmel, American admiral (d. 1968)
  • 1885 – Aleksandras Stulginskis, Lithuanian farmer and politician, 2nd President of Lithuania (d. )
  •  –  Alexander, American baseball player and coach (d. )
  • 1887 – William Frawley, American and vaudevillian (d. 1966)
  • 1887 – Stefan Grabiński, Polish author and educator (d. 1936)
  •  – Wallace Fard , American religious leader, founded the Nation of  (disappeared )
  • 1893 – Dorothy Whipple, English novelist (d. 1966)
  •  – Andrei Zhdanov, Ukrainian-Russian civil servant and politician (d. 1948)
  •  –  Petitpierre, Swiss jurist and politician, 54th President of the Swiss Confederation (d. )
  •  – Halina Konopacka, Polish discus thrower and poet (d. )
  • 1900 – Fritz Wiessner, German-American mountaineer (d. )
  • 1902 – Jean Bruller, French author and illustrator, co-founded Les Éditions de Minuit (d. )
  •  – Giulio Natta, Italian chemist and academic,  laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1903 – Orde Wingate, English general (d. )
  •  – Madeleine Carroll, English actress (d. 1987)
  •  – Tex Avery, American animator, , and voice actor (d. 1980)
  • 1908 – Nestor Mesta Chayres, Mexican operatic tenor and bolero vocalist (d. 1971)
  • 1908 – Jean-Pierre Wimille, French race car driver (d. )
  • 1909 – Fanny Cradock, English chef, author, and critic (d. 1994)
  • 1909 – Talal of Jordan (d. 1972)
  •  – Vic Woodley, (d. )
  •  – Tarō Okamoto, Japanese painter and sculptor (d. )
  •  – Dane Clark, and director (d. )
  •  – George Barker, English author and poet (d. 1991)
  • 1914 – Robert Alda, American actor, singer, and director (d. )
  •  – Jackie Gleason, American actor and singer (d. 1987)
  •  – Otis R. Bowen, American physician and politician, 44th Governor of Indiana (d. 2013)
  • 1918 – Pyotr Masherov, Leader of Soviet Belarus (d. 1980)
  • 1918 – Theodore Sturgeon, American author and critic (d. )
  • 1919 – Mason Adams, American actor (d. )
  •  – Danny Gardella, American baseball player and trainer (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Tony Randall, American actor, director, and producer (d. )
  • 1920 – Lucjan Wolanowski, Polish and author (d. )
  •  –  Hutton, American actress and singer (d. )
  •  – Bill Johnston, Australian and businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Margaret Leighton, English actress (d. )
  •  – Noboru Takeshita, Japanese soldier and politician, 74th Prime Minister of Japan (d. )
  • 1924 – Marc Bucci, American composer, lyricist, and dramatist (d. )
  • 1925 – Everton Weekes, Barbadian cricketer and referee
  • 1926 – Doris Belack, American actress (d. )
  • 1926 – Verne Gagne, American football player, wrestler, and trainer (d. )
  •  – Tom Kennedy, American game show host and actor
  •  – Fats Domino, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. )
  • 1928 – Ariel Sharon, Israeli general and politician, 11th Prime Minister of Israel (d. )
  •  – Ally MacLeod, Scottish footballer and manager (d. 2004)
  • 1931 – Robert Novak, American journalist and author (d. )
  • 1931 – Josephine Tewson, English actress
  •  – Johnny Cash, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (d. )
  •  – James Goldsmith, French-British businessman and politician (d. )
  • 1934 – Mohammed Lakhdar-Hamina, Algerian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1936 – José Policarpo, Portuguese cardinal (d. 2014)
  •  – Paul Dickson, American football player and coach (d. 2011)
  • 1939 – Chuck Wepner, American professional boxer
  •  – Oldřich Kulhánek, Czech painter, illustrator, and stage designer (d. 2013)
  •  – Jozef Adamec, Slovak footballer and manager (d. )
  • 1 – Paul Cotton, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1943 – Bill Duke, American actor and director
  • 1943 – Dante Ferretti, Italian director and
  • 1943 – Bob “The Bear” Hite, American singer-songwriter and musician (d. )
  • 1944 – Christopher Hope, South African author and poet
  • 1944 – Ronald Lauder, American businessman and diplomat,  Ambassador to
  •  – Peter Brock, Australian race car driver (d. 2006)
  • 1945 – Marta Kristen, Norwegian-American actress
  • 1945 – Mitch Ryder, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  •  – Colin Bell, English footballer
  • 1946 – Ahmed Zewail, Egyptian-American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. )
  •  – Sandie Shaw, English singer and psychotherapist
  • 1948 – Sharyn McCrumb, American author
  • 1949 – Simon Crean, Australian trade union leader and politician, 14th Australian Minister for the Arts
  • 1949 – Elizabeth George, American author and educator
  • 1949 – Emma Kirkby, English soprano
  • 1950 – Jonathan Cain, American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer
  • 1950 – Helen Clark, academic and politician, 37th Prime Minister of
  •  – Steve Bell, English cartoonist
  • 1951 – Wayne Goss, Australian lawyer and politician, 34th Premier of Queensland (d. 2014)
  •  – Michael Bolton, American singer-songwriter and actor
  •  – Prince Ernst August of Hanover
  • 1954 – Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Turkish politician, 12th President of Turkey
  •  – Andreas Maislinger, Austrian historian and academic, founded the Austrian Holocaust Memorial Service
  •  – Michel Houellebecq, French author, poet, screenwriter, and director
  •  – David Beasley, American lawyer and politician, 113th Governor of
  • 1957 – Joe Mullen, American ice player and coach
  • 1957 – Keena Rothhammer, American swimmer
  •  – Paul Ackford, English rugby player
  • 1958 – Greg Germann, American actor and director
  • 1958 – Susan Helms, American general, engineer, and astronaut
  • 1958 – Tim Kaine, American lawyer and politician, 70th Governor of Virginia
  • 1959 – Rolando Blackman, American basketball player and coach
  • 1959 – Ahmet Davutoğlu, Turkish political , academic, and politician, 37th Prime Minister of Turkey
  • 1960 – Jaz Coleman, English singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer
  •  – Ahn Cheol-soo, South physician, academic, and politician
  •  – Chase Masterson, American actress, singer, and activist
  •  – James Mitchell, and manager
  • 1966 – Garry Conille, Haitian physician and politician, 14th Prime Minister of Haiti
  • 1966 – Marc Fortier, French-Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1966 – Najwa Karam, Lebanese singer
  •  – Mark Carroll, Australian rugby league player
  • 1967 – Kazuyoshi Miura, Japanese footballer
  • 1968 – Tim Commerford, American bass player
  • 1969 – Hitoshi Sakimoto, Japanese composer and producer
  •  – Mark Harper, English accountant and politician, Minister of State for Immigration
  • 1970 – Scott Mahon, Australian rugby league player
  • 1971 – Erykah Badu, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1971 – Max Martin, Swedish-American record producer and songwriter
  • 1971 – Hélène Segara, French singer-songwriter and actress
  •  – Marshall Faulk, American football player
  • 1973 – Ole Gunnar Solskjær, Norwegian footballer and manager
  • 1973 – Jenny Thompson, American swimmer
  •  – Sébastien Loeb, French race car driver
  • 1974 – Mikee Cojuangco-Jaworski, Filipina television actress, host and equestrienne
  • 1976 – Nalini Anantharaman, French mathematician
  • 1976 – Chad Urmston, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  •  – Marty Reasoner, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1977 – Tim Thomas, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Shane Williams, Welsh rugby union player
  • 1978 – Abdoulaye Faye, Senegalese footballer
  • 1979 – Corinne Bailey Rae, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1979 – Steve Evans, Welsh footballer
  • 1979 – Pedro Mendes, Portuguese international footballer, midfielder
  • 1980 – Steve Blake, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Kertus Davis, American race car driver
  • 1981 – Oh Seung-bum, South Korean footballer
  •  – Li Na, player
  • 1982 – Matt Prior, South African-English cricketer
  • 1982 – Nate Ruess, American singer-songwriter
  •  – Jerome Harrison, American football player
  • 1983 – Pepe, Brazilian-Portuguese footballer
  •  – Emmanuel Adebayor, Togolese international footballer, forward
  • 1984 – Natalia Lafourcade, Mexican singer-songwriter
  • 1984 – Beren Saat, Turkish actress
  • 1985 – Fernando Llorente, Spanish international footballer, striker
  • 1986 – Hannah Kearney, American skier
  • 1989 – Gabriel Obertan, French footballer
  •  – Kateřina Cachová, Czech heptathlete
  • 1990 – Takanoiwa Yoshimori, Mongolian sumo wrestler
  • 1991 – Lee Chae-rin, South Korean singer
  • 1992 – Mikael Granlund, Finnish professional hockey player
  • 1992 – Michael Chee Kam, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1997 – Reghan Tumilty, Scottish footballer

Deaths on February 26

  •  – Porphyry of Gaza, Greek bishop and saint (b. )
  • 943 – Muirchertach mac Néill, king of Ailech (Ireland)
  •  – Roger II of Sicily (b. )
  • 1266 – Manfred, King of Sicily (b. )
  •  – Margaret of England, Queen consort of Scots (b. )
  •  – Fatima bint al-Ahmar, Nasrid princess in the Emirate of Granada (b. c.)
  •  – Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March, English commander (b. )
  •  – John de Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford, English politician (b. )
  •  – Lorenzino de’ Medici, Italian writer and assassin (b. )
  •  – Eric XIV of  (b. )
  •  – Maria of Austria, Holy Roman Empress, spouse of Maximilian II (b. )
  •  – John Still, English bishop (b. )
  •  – Antonio Possevino, Italian priest and diplomat (b. 1533)
  •  – Anna Vasa of Sweden, Polish and Swedish princess (b. 1568)
  •  – William Brade, English violinist and composer (b. )
  •  – Claude Gaspard Bachet de Méziriac, French mathematician and linguist (b. )
  •  – Thomas d’Urfey, English poet and playwright (b. )
  •  – Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria (b. )
  • 1770 – Giuseppe Tartini, Italian violinist and composer (b. )
  •  – Joshua Rowley, English admiral (b. )
  • 1802 – Esek Hopkins, American admiral (b. 1718)
  • 1806 – Thomas-Alexandre Dumas, Haitian-French general (b. )
  •  – Robert R. Livingston, American lawyer and politician, 1st United States Secretary of Foreign Affairs (b. 1746)
  • 1815 – Prince Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (b. )
  •  – Joseph de Maistre, French lawyer and diplomat (b. )
  • 1864 – Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, Canadian jurist and politician, 3rd Premier of Canada East (b. )
  •  – Alexandros Koumoundouros, Greek lawyer and politician, 56th Prime Minister of  (b. )
  • 1887 – Anandi Gopal Joshi, First Indian physician (b. )
  •  – Karl Davydov, Russian cellist and composer (b. )
  • 1903 – Richard Jordan Gatling, American engineer, invented the Gatling gun (b. )
  • 1906 – Jean Lanfray, Swiss convicted murderer (b. )
  • 1913 – Felix Draeseke, and academic (b. )
  • 1921 – Carl Menger, Polish-Austrian economist and academic (b. )
  • 1930 – Mary Whiton Calkins, American philosopher and psychologist (b. )
  • 1931 – Otto Wallach, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. )
  • 1936 – February 26 Incident:
    • Takahashi Korekiyo, Japanese accountant and politician, 20th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1854)
    • Saitō Makoto, Japanese admiral and politician, 30th Prime Minister of Japan (b. )
    • Jōtarō Watanabe, Japanese general (b. 1874)
  • 1943 – Theodor Eicke, German general (b. )
  • 1945 – Sándor Szurmay, Minister of Defence of the Hungarian portion of Austria-Hungary (b. )
  • 1947 – Heinrich Häberlin, Swiss judge and politician, President of the Swiss National Council (b. )
  • 1950 – Harry Lauder, Scottish comedian and singer (b. )
  • 1951 – Sabiha Kasimati, Albanian ichthyologist (b. 1912) executed with 20 others
  • 1952 – Theodoros Pangalos, Greek general and politician, President of Greece (b. )
  •  – Karl Albiker, German sculptor, lithographer, and educator (b. 1878)
  • 1961 – Mohammed V of Morocco (b. 1909)
  • 1966 – Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Indian poet and politician (b. 1883)
  • 1969 – Levi Eshkol, Israeli soldier and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Israel (b. )
  • 1969 – Karl Jaspers, German-Swiss psychiatrist and philosopher (b. 1883)
  • 1981 – Robert Aickman, English author and activist (b. 1914)
  • 1981 – Howard Hanson, American composer, conductor, and educator (b. 1896)
  • 1985 – Tjalling Koopmans, -American economist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)
  • 1989 – Roy Eldridge, American trumpet player (b. 1911)
  • 1993 – Constance Ford, American model and actress (b. )
  • 1994 – Bill Hicks, American comedian (b. 1961)
  • 1995 – Jack Clayton, English director and producer (b. 1921)
  • 1997 – David Doyle, American actor (b. 1929)
  • 1998 – Theodore Schultz, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)
  • 2000 – George L. Street III, American captain,  recipient (b. 1913)
  • 2002 – Lawrence Tierney, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 2004 – Adolf Ehrnrooth, Finnish general (b. )
  • 2004 – Boris Trajkovski, Macedonian politician, 2nd President of the Republic of Macedonia (b. 1956)
  • 2005 – Jef Raskin, American computer scientist, created Macintosh (b. 1943)
  • 2006 – Georgina Battiscombe, British biographer (b. 1905)
  • 2008 – Bodil Udsen, Danish actress (b. 1925)
  • 2009 – Johnny Kerr, American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster (b. 1932)
  • 2009 – Wendy Richard, English actress (b. 1943)
  • 2009 – Norm Van Lier, American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster (b. 1947)
  •  – Jun Seba, also known as “Nujabes”, Japanese record producer, DJ, composer and arranger (b. 1974)
  • 2011 – Arnošt Lustig, Czech author, playwright, and screenwriter (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Richard Carpenter, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Marie-Claire Alain, French organist and educator (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Stéphane Hessel, German-French diplomat and author (b. 1917)
  • 2013 – Simon Li, judge and politician (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Sorel Etrog, Romanian-Canadian sculptor, painter, and illustrator (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Phyllis Krasilovsky, American author and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Paco de Lucía, Spanish guitarist, songwriter, and producer (b. 1947)
  • 2015 – Sheppard Frere, English historian and archaeologist (b. 1916)
  • 2015 – Theodore Hesburgh, American priest, theologian, educator, and academic (b. 1917)
  • 2015 – Earl Lloyd, American basketball player and coach (b. 1928)
  • 2015 – Tom Schweich, American lawyer and politician, 36th State Auditor of  (b. 1960)
  • 2016 – Andy Bathgate, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager (b. 1932)
  • 2016 – Don Getty, Canadian football player and politician, 11th Premier of Alberta (b. 1933)
  • 2017 – Joseph Wapner, American lieutenant and judge (b. 1919)

Holidays and observances on February 26

  • Christian feast day:
    • Alexander of Alexandria
    • Emily Malbone Morgan (Episcopal Church ())
    • Isabelle of France
    • Li Tim-Oi (Anglican Church of Canada)
    • Porphyry of Gaza
    • February 26 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • The first day of Ayyám-i-Há (Bahá’í Faith) (Please note that this observance is only locked into this date the  on this date if Bahá’í Naw-Rúz takes place on , which it doesn’t in all years)
  • Day of Remembrance for Victims of Khojaly Massacre (Azerbaijan)
  • Liberation Day (Kuwait)
  • Saviours’ Day (Nation of Islam)
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