Answering Exams

September 27 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

  • 1066 – William the Conqueror and his army set sail from the mouth of the Somme river, beginning the Norman conquest of England.
  • 1331 – The Battle of Płowce between the Poland and the Teutonic Order is fought.
  • 1422 – After the brief Gollub War, the Teutonic Knights sign the Treaty of Melno with Poland and Lithuania
  • 1529 – The Siege of Vienna begins when Suleiman I attacks the city.
  • 1540 – The Society of Jesus (Jesuits) receives its charter from Pope Paul III.
  • 1590 – Pope Urban VII dies 13 days after being chosen as the Pope, making his reign the shortest papacy in history.
  • 1605 – The armies of Sweden are defeated by the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Battle of Kircholm.
  • 1669 – The Venetians surrender the fortress of Candia to the Ottomans, thus ending the 21-year-long Siege of Candia.
  • 1777 – American Revolution: Lancaster, Pennsylvania becomes the capital of the United States for one day after Congress evacuates Philadelphia.
  • 1791 – The National Assembly votes to award full citizenship to Jews in France.
  • 1822 – Jean-François Champollion announces that he has deciphered the Rosetta Stone.
  • 1825 – The world’s first public railway to use steam locomotives, the Stockton and Darlington Railway, is ceremonially opened.
  • 1854 – The steamship SS Arctic sinks with 300 people on board.
  • 1875 – The merchant sailing ship Ellen Southard is wrecked in a storm at Liverpool.
  • 1903 – The Wreck of the Old 97, an American rail disaster that became the subject of a popular ballad.
  • 1908 – Production of the Model T automobile begins at the Ford Piquette Avenue Plant in Detroit.
  • 1916 – Iyasu V is proclaimed deposed as ruler of Ethiopia in a palace coup in favor of his aunt Zewditu.
  • 1922 – King Constantine I of Greece abdicates his throne in favor of his eldest son, George II.
  • 1928 – The Republic of China is recognized by the United States.
  • 1930 – Bobby Jones wins the (pre-Masters) Grand Slam of golf.
  • 1938 – The ocean liner Queen Elizabeth is launched in Glasgow.
  • 1940 – World War II: The Tripartite Pact is signed in Berlin by Germany, Japan and Italy.
  • 1941 – The Greek National Liberation Front is established with Georgios Siantos as acting leader.
  • 1941 – The SS Patrick Henry is launched, becoming the first of more than 2,700 Liberty ships.
  • 1942 – Last day of the Matanikau action on Guadalcanal as United States Marines barely escape after being surrounded by Japanese forces.
  • 1944 – The Kassel Mission results in the largest loss by a USAAF group on any mission in World War II.
  • 1949 – Zeng Liansong’s design is chosen as the flag of the People’s Republic of China.
  • 1956 – USAF Captain Milburn G. Apt becomes the first person to exceed Mach 3. Shortly thereafter, the Bell X-2 goes out of control and Captain Apt is killed.
  • 1959 – Typhoon Vera kills nearly 5,000 people in Japan.
  • 1962 – The Yemen Arab Republic is established.
  • 1962 – Rachel Carson’s book Silent Spring is published, inspiring an environmental movement and the creation of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
  • 1964 – The British TSR-2 aircraft XR219 makes its maiden flight.
  • 1975 – The last use of capital punishment in Spain sparks worldwide protests.
  • 1977 – Japan Airlines Flight 715 crashes on approach to Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport in Subang, Malaysia, killing 34 of the 79 people on board.
  • 1983 – Richard Stallman announces the GNU Project to develop a free Unix-like operating system.
  • 1988 – The National League for Democracy is formed by Aung San Suu Kyi and others to fight dictatorship in Myanmar.
  • 1993 – The Sukhumi massacre takes place in Abkhazia.
  • 1996 – The Battle of Kabul ends in a Taliban victory, who establish the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.
  • 1996 – Confusion on a tanker ship results in the Julie N. oil spill in Portland, Maine.
  • 1998 – The Google internet search engine retroactively claims this date as its birthday.
  • 2001 – In Switzerland, a gunman shoots 18 citizens, killing 14 and then himself.
  • 2003 – The SMART-1 satellite is launched.
  • 2007 – NASA launches the Dawn probe to the asteroid belt.
  • 2008 – CNSA astronaut Zhai Zhigang becomes the first Chinese person to perform a spacewalk.
  • 2012 – In Minneapolis, a gunman shoots seven citizens, killing five and then himself.
  • 2014 – The eruption of Mount Ontake in Japan occurs.
  • 2019 – Over 2 million people participated in worldwide strikes to protest climate change across 2,400 locations worldwide.

Births on September 27

  • 808 – Ninmyō, Japanese emperor (d. 850)
  • 823 – Ermentrude of Orléans, queen of the Franks (d. 869)
  • 1271 – Wenceslaus II of Bohemia, king of Bohemia and Poland (d. 1305)
  • 1275 – John II, Duke of Brabant (d. 1312)
  • 1300 – Adolf, Count Palatine of the Rhine (d. 1327)
  • 1389 – Cosimo de’ Medici, ruler of Florence (d. 1464)
  • 1433 – Stanisław Kazimierczyk, Polish canon regular and saint (d. 1489)
  • 1442 – John de la Pole, 2nd Duke of Suffolk (d. 1491)
  • 1496 – Hieronymus Łaski, Polish diplomat (d. 1542)
  • 1507 – Guillaume Rondelet, French physician (d. 1566)
  • 1533 – Stefan Batory, King of Poland (d. 1586)
  • 1544 – Takenaka Shigeharu, Japanese samurai (d. 1579)
  • 1552 – Flaminio Scala, Italian playwright and stage actor (d. 1624)
  • 1598 – Robert Blake, English admiral (d. 1657)
  • 1601 – Louis XIII of France (d. 1643)
  • 1627 – Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet, French bishop and theologian (d. 1704)
  • 1643 – Solomon Stoddard, American pastor and librarian (d. 1729)
  • 1657 – Sofia Alekseyevna of Russia (d. 1704)
  • 1677 – Giovanni Carlo Maria Clari, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1754)
  • 1696 – Alphonsus Maria de’ Liguori, Italian bishop and saint (d. 1787)
  • 1719 – Abraham Gotthelf Kästner, German mathematician and epigrammatist (d. 1800)
  • 1722 – Samuel Adams, American philosopher and politician, 4th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1803)
  • 1729 – Michael Denis, Austrian lepidopterist, author, and poet (d. 1800)
  • 1739 – Francis Russell, Marquess of Tavistock, Irish politician (d. 1767)
  • 1765 – Antoine Philippe de La Trémoille, French general (d. 1794)
  • 1772 – Martha Jefferson Randolph, daughter of Thomas Jefferson who had twelve children (d. 1836)
  • 1783 – Agustín de Iturbide, Mexican royalist turned insurgent; first emperor of Mexico (d. 1824)
  • 1803 – Samuel Francis Du Pont, American admiral (d. 1865)
  • 1805 – George Müller, German-English evangelist and missionary, founded the Ashley Down Orphanage (d. 1898)
  • 1818 – Hermann Kolbe, German chemist and academic (d. 1884)
  • 1821 – Henri-Frédéric Amiel, Swiss philosopher, poet, and critic (d. 1881)
  • 1824 – William “Bull” Nelson, American general (d. 1862)
  • 1830 – William Babcock Hazen, American general (d. 1887)
  • 1838 – Lawrence Sullivan Ross, American general and politician, 19th Governor of Texas (d. 1898)
  • 1840 – Alfred Thayer Mahan, American captain and historian (d. 1914)
  • 1840 – Thomas Nast, German-American cartoonist (d. 1902)
  • 1842 – Alphonse François Renard, Belgian geologist and petrographer (d. 1903)
  • 1843 – Gaston Tarry, French mathematician and academic (d. 1913)
  • 1861 – Corinne Roosevelt Robinson, American poet and author (d. 1933)
  • 1864 – Andrej Hlinka, Slovak priest and politician (d. 1938)
  • 1866 – Eurosia Fabris, Italian saint (d. 1932)
  • 1871 – Grazia Deledda, Italian novelist and poet, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1936)
  • 1879 – Hans Hahn, Austrian mathematician and philosopher (d. 1934)
  • 1879 – Frederick Schule, American hurdler and coach (d. 1962)
  • 1879 – Cyril Scott, English poet and composer (d. 1970)
  • 1882 – Dorothy Greenhough-Smith, English figure skater and tennis player (d. 1965)
  • 1885 – Harry Blackstone, Sr., American magician (d. 1965)
  • 1885 – Charles Benjamin Howard, Canadian businessman and politician (d. 1964)
  • 1892 – George Bambridge, English diplomat (d. 1943)
  • 1894 – Lothar von Richthofen, German lieutenant and pilot (d. 1922)
  • 1895 – Woolf Barnato, English race car driver and financier (d. 1948)
  • 1896 – Gilbert Ashton, English cricketer (d. 1981)
  • 1896 – Sam Ervin, American soldier and politician (d. 1985)
  • 1898 – Vincent Youmans, American composer and producer (d. 1946)
  • 1904 – Edvard Kocbek, Slovenian poet and politician (d. 1981)
  • 1905 – Conrad Heidkamp, German footballer and manager (d. 1994)
  • 1906 – William Empson, English poet and critic (d. 1984)
  • 1906 – Jim Thompson, American author and screenwriter (d. 1977)
  • 1906 – Sergei Varshavsky, Russian art collector and author (d. 1980)
  • 1907 – Bernard Miles, English actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1991)
  • 1911 – Marcey Jacobson, American-Mexican photographer (d. 2009)
  • 1913 – Albert Ellis, American psychologist and author (d. 2007)
  • 1916 – S. Yizhar, Israeli academic and politician (d. 2006)
  • 1917 – Louis Auchincloss, American novelist and essayist (d. 2010)
  • 1917 – Carl Ballantine, American magician and actor (d. 2009)
  • 1917 – William T. Orr, American actor and producer (d. 2002)
  • 1917 – Benjamin Rubin, American microbiologist (d. 2010)
  • 1918 – Martin Ryle, English astronomer and author, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1984)
  • 1918 – Malcolm Shepherd, 2nd Baron Shepherd (d. 2001)
  • 1918 – Konstantin Gerchik, the second head of the world’s first cosmodrome — “Baikonur” (1958-1961).
  • 1919 – Jayne Meadows, American actress and author (d. 2015)
  • 1919 – Charles H. Percy, American lieutenant and politician (d. 2011)
  • 1919 – James H. Wilkinson, American mathematician and computer scientist (d. 1986)
  • 1921 – Miklós Jancsó, Hungarian director and screenwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1921 – Milton Subotsky, American screenwriter and producer, co-founded Amicus Productions (d. 1991)
  • 1921 – Bernard Waber, American author and illustrator (d. 2013)
  • 1922 – Sammy Benskin, American pianist and bandleader (d. 1992)
  • 1922 – Arthur Penn, American director and producer (d. 2010)
  • 1924 – Ernest Becker, American-Canadian anthropologist, author, and academic (d. 1974)
  • 1924 – Bud Powell, American pianist and composer (d. 1966)
  • 1924 – Fred Singer, Austrian-American physicist and academic
  • 1924 – Josef Škvorecký, Czech-Canadian author and publisher (d. 2012)
  • 1925 – Robert Edwards, English physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
  • 1925 – George Gladir, American author (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Steve Stavro, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (d. 2006)
  • 1927 – Chrysostomos I of Cyprus (d. 2007)
  • 1927 – Red Rodney, American trumpet player (d. 1994)
  • 1927 – Romano Scarpa, Italian author and illustrator (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – Sada Thompson, American actress (d. 2011)
  • 1928 – Margaret Rule, English archaeologist and historian (d. 2015)
  • 1929 – Calvin Jones, American pianist, composer, and educator (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Bruno Junk, Estonian race walker (d. 1995)
  • 1929 – Barbara Murray, English actress (d. 2014)
  • 1930 – Paul Reichmann, Austrian-Canadian businessman, founded Olympia and York (d. 2013)
  • 1931 – Freddy Quinn, Austrian singer, guitarist, and actor
  • 1932 – Geoff Bent, English footballer (d. 1958)
  • 1932 – Michael Colvin, English captain and politician (d. 2000)
  • 1932 – Gabriel Loubier, Canadian politician
  • 1932 – Oliver E. Williamson, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1932 – Marcia Neugebauer, American geophysicist
  • 1933 – Rodney Cotterill, Danish-English physicist and neuroscientist (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Paul Goble, English-American author and illustrator (d. 2017)
  • 1933 – Greg Morris, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1934 – Wilford Brimley, American actor
  • 1934 – Claude Jarman, Jr., American actor and producer
  • 1934 – Dick Schaap, American sportscaster and author (d. 2001)
  • 1935 – Al MacNeil, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1936 – Don Cornelius, American television host and producer (Soul Train) (d. 2012)
  • 1936 – Gordon Honeycombe, English actor, playwright, and author (d. 2015)
  • 1937 – Vasyl Durdynets, Ukrainian politician and diplomat, 8th Prime Minister of Ukraine
  • 1938 – Jean-Loup Dabadie, French journalist, songwriter, and screenwriter
  • 1939 – Nicholas Haslam, English interior designer and author
  • 1939 – Carol Lynn Pearson, American author, poet, and playwright
  • 1939 – Kathy Whitworth, American golfer
  • 1940 – Josephine Barstow, English soprano and actress
  • 1940 – Benoni Beheyt, Belgian cyclist
  • 1941 – Peter Bonetti, English footballer and coach (d. 2020)
  • 1941 – Serge Ménard, Canadian lawyer and politician
  • 1941 – Don Nix, American saxophonist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1942 – Dith Pran, Cambodian photographer and journalist (d. 2008)
  • 1942 – Alvin Stardust, English singer and actor (d. 2014)
  • 1943 – Prince Amedeo, Duke of Aosta
  • 1943 – Randy Bachman, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1944 – Ian Garnett, English admiral
  • 1944 – Angélica María, American-born Mexican singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1944 – Gary Sutherland, American baseball player and scout
  • 1945 – Jack Goldstein, Canadian-American painter (d. 2003)
  • 1945 – Bob Spiers, Scottish-English director and producer (d. 2008)
  • 1946 – Nicos Anastasiades, Cypriot lawyer and politician, 7th President of Cyprus
  • 1946 – T. C. Cannon, American painter and sculptor (d. 1978)
  • 1947 – Dick Advocaat, Dutch football manager and former player
  • 1947 – Richard Court, Australian politician, 26th Premier of Western Australia
  • 1947 – Barbara Dickson, Scottish singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1947 – Denis Lawson, Scottish actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1947 – Meat Loaf, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
  • 1948 – Tom Braidwood, Canadian actor, director, and producer
  • 1948 – Les Chapman, English footballer and manager
  • 1948 – Duncan Fletcher, Rhodesian-Zimbabwean cricketer and coach
  • 1949 – Graham Richardson, Australian journalist and politician, 39th Australian Minister for Health
  • 1949 – Mike Schmidt, American baseball player and coach
  • 1949 – Jahn Teigen, Norwegian singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2020)
  • 1950 – Cary-Hiroyuki Tagawa, Japanese-American actor and martial artist
  • 1951 – Paul Craig, English author and academic
  • 1951 – Geoff Gallop, Australian politician, 27th Premier of Western Australia
  • 1951 – Michel Rivard, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1951 – Jim Shooter, American author and illustrator
  • 1951 – David Starobin, American guitarist, producer, and director
  • 1951 – Steve Soper, English race car driver
  • 1952 – Katie Fforde, English author
  • 1952 – Dumitru Prunariu, Romanian pilot, engineer, and astronaut
  • 1953 – Diane Abbott, English journalist and politician, Shadow Secretary of State for International Development
  • 1953 – Mata Amritanandamayi, Indian guru and saint
  • 1953 – Claudio Gentile, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1953 – Greg Ham, Australian keyboard player, saxophonist and songwriter (d. 2012)
  • 1954 – Ray Hadley, Australian radio host and sportscaster
  • 1954 – Dmitry Sitkovetsky, Russian violinist and conductor
  • 1954 – Larry Wall, American computer programmer and author
  • 1956 – Steve Archibald, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1957 – Bill Athey, English cricketer, footballer, and coach
  • 1957 – Peter Sellars, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1958 – Shaun Cassidy, American actor, singer, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1958 – Irvine Welsh, Scottish author and playwright
  • 1959 – Beth Heiden, American speed skater and cyclist
  • 1960 – Jean-Marc Barr, German-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1962 – Gavin Larsen, New Zealand cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1963 – Marc Maron, American comedian, actor, and radio host
  • 1964 – Predrag Brzaković, Serbian footballer (d. 2012)
  • 1964 – Tracy Camp, American computer scientist and academic
  • 1964 – Johnny du Plooy, South African boxer (d. 2013)
  • 1964 – Stephan Jenkins, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1965 – Steve Kerr, American basketball player, coach and sportscaster
  • 1965 – Bernard Lord, Canadian lawyer and politician, 30th Premier of New Brunswick
  • 1965 – Peter MacKay, Canadian lawyer and politician, 50th Canadian Minister of Justice
  • 1965 – Alexis Stewart, American radio and television host
  • 1966 – Don Jamieson, American comedian and television host
  • 1966 – Debbie Wasserman Schultz, American politician
  • 1966 – Stephanie Wilson, American engineer and astronaut
  • 1966 – Lorenzo Cherubini, Italian singer-songwriter and rapper
  • 1967 – Uche Okechukwu, Nigerian footballer
  • 1968 – Mari Kiviniemi, Finnish politician, 41st Prime Minister of Finland
  • 1970 – Yoshiharu Habu, Japanese chess player and author
  • 1970 – Tamara Taylor, Canadian actress
  • 1971 – Horacio Sandoval, Mexican illustrator
  • 1972 – Sylvia Crawley, American basketball player and coach
  • 1972 – Clara Hughes, Canadian cyclist and speed skater
  • 1972 – Gwyneth Paltrow, American actress, blogger, and businesswoman
  • 1972 – Craig L. Rice, American politician
  • 1973 – Vratislav Lokvenc, Czech footballer
  • 1973 – Stanislav Pozdnyakov, Russian fencer
  • 1974 – Carrie Brownstein, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress
  • 1976 – Matt Harding, American video game designer and dancer
  • 1976 – Jason Phillips, American baseball player and coach
  • 1976 – Francesco Totti, Italian footballer
  • 1977 – Andrus Värnik, Estonian javelin thrower
  • 1978 – Brad Arnold, American rock singer-songwriter
  • 1978 – Jon Rauch, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Mihaela Ursuleasa, Romanian pianist (d. 2012)
  • 1979 – Jon Garland, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Zita Görög, Hungarian actress and model
  • 1979 – Christian Jones, Australian race car driver
  • 1979 – Steve Simpson, Australian rugby league player
  • 1980 – Asashōryū Akinori, Mongolian sumo wrestler, the 68th Yokozuna
  • 1980 – Ehron VonAllen, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1981 – Sophie Crumb, American author and illustrator
  • 1981 – Brendon McCullum, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1981 – Lakshmipathy Balaji, Indian cricketer
  • 1982 – Jon McLaughlin, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1982 – Markus Rosenberg, Swedish footballer
  • 1982 – Lil Wayne, American rapper, producer, and actor
  • 1982 – Darrent Williams, American football player (d. 2007)
  • 1983 – Jeon Hye-bin, South Korean actress and singer
  • 1984 – Paul Bevan, Australian footballer
  • 1984 – Davide Capello, Italian footballer
  • 1984 – John Lannan, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Avril Lavigne, Canadian singer-songwriter, actress, and fashion designer
  • 1984 – Wouter Weylandt, Belgian cyclist (d. 2011)
  • 1985 – Massimo Bertocchi, Canadian decathlete
  • 1985 – Daniel Pudil, Czech footballer
  • 1985 – Ibrahim Touré, Ivorian footballer (d. 2014)
  • 1986 – Vin Mazzaro, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Matt Shoemaker American baseball player
  • 1986 – Ricardo Risatti, Argentinian race car driver
  • 1987 – Ádám Bogdán, Hungarian footballer
  • 1987 – Austin Carlile, American singer-songwriter
  • 1987 – Vanessa James, French figure skater
  • 1987 – Olga Puchkova, Russian tennis player
  • 1988 – Lisa Ryzih, German pole vaulter
  • 1989 – Park Tae-hwan, South Korean swimmer
  • 1991 – Ousmane Barry, Guinean footballer
  • 1991 – Simona Halep, Romanian tennis player
  • 1991 – Anete Paulus, Estonian footballer
  • 1991 – Rio Uchida, Japanese model and actress
  • 1992 – Lachlan Burr, Australian rugby league player
  • 1992 – Luc Castaignos, Dutch footballer
  • 1992 – Pak Kwang-ryong, North Korean footballer
  • 1992 – Ryan O’Shaughnessy, Irish singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1992 – Gabriel Vasconcelos Ferreira, Brazilian footballer
  • 1992 – Granit Xhaka, Swiss footballer
  • 1993 – Lisandro Magallán, Argentinian footballer
  • 1993 – Monica Puig, Puerto Rican-American tennis player
  • 1993 – Vinnie Sunseri, American football player
  • 1994 – Dylan Walker, Australian rugby league player
  • 1998 – Ioana Mincă, Romanian tennis player
  • 2001 – David Malukas, American racing driver
  • 2002 – Jenna Ortega, American actress

Deaths on September 27

  • 765 – Pugu Huai’en, Chinese general during the Tang Dynasty
  • 936 – Gyeon Hwon, king of Hubaekje (b. 867)
  • 1111 – Vekenega, Croatian Benedictine abbess
  • 1125 – Richeza of Berg, Duchess of Bohemia (b.c. 1095)
  • 1194 – Renaud de Courtenay, Anglo-Norman nobleman (b. 1125)
  • 1249 – Raymond VII, Count of Toulouse (b. 1197)
  • 1404 – William of Wykeham, English bishop (b. 1320)
  • 1536 – Felice della Rovere, illegitimate daughter of Pope Julius II (b. 1483)
  • 1612 – Piotr Skarga, Polish Jesuit and polemicist (b. 1536)
  • 1637 – Lorenzo Ruiz, Filipino saint (b. c.1600)
  • 1657 – Olimpia Maidalchini, Roman noble (b. 1591)
  • 1557 – Emperor Go-Nara of Japan (b. 1497)
  • 1590 – Pope Urban VII (b. 1521)
  • 1651 – Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria (b. 1573)
  • 1660 – Vincent de Paul, French priest and saint (b. 1581)
  • 1674 – Robert Arnauld d’Andilly, French writer (b. 1589)
  • 1700 – Pope Innocent XII (b. 1615)
  • 1719 – George Smalridge, English bishop (b. 1662)
  • 1730 – Laurence Eusden, English poet and author (b. 1688)
  • 1735 – Peter Artedi, Swedish ichthyologist and zoologist (b. 1705)
  • 1742 – Hugh Boulter, Irish archbishop (b. 1672)
  • 1783 – Étienne Bézout, French mathematician and theorist (b. 1730)
  • 1832 – Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, German philosopher and author (b. 1781)
  • 1833 – Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Indian humanitarian and reformer (b. 1772)
  • 1838 – Bernard Courtois, French chemist and pharmacist (b. 1777)
  • 1876 – Braxton Bragg, American general (b. 1817)
  • 1886 – Charles Gordon Greene, American journalist and politician (b. 1804)
  • 1891 – Ivan Goncharov, Russian author and critic (b. 1812)
  • 1898 – Thomas Joseph Byrnes, Australian politician, 12th Premier of Queensland (b. 1860)
  • 1911 – Auguste Michel-Lévy, French geologist and academic (b. 1844)
  • 1915 – Remy de Gourmont, French novelist, poet, and critic (b. 1858)
  • 1917 – Edgar Degas, French painter and sculptor (b. 1834)
  • 1919 – Adelina Patti, Italian-French opera singer (b. 1843)
  • 1921 – Engelbert Humperdinck, German composer and educator (b. 1854)
  • 1934 – Ellen Willmott, English horticulturalist (b. 1858)
  • 1935 – Alan Gray, English composer and organist (b. 1855)
  • 1940 – Walter Benjamin, German philosopher and critic (b. 1892)
  • 1940 – Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Austrian physician and neuroscientist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1857)
  • 1942 – Douglas Albert Munro, United States Coast Guard signalman, posthumously awarded Medal of Honor, (b. 1919)
  • 1944 – Aimee Semple McPherson, Canadian-American evangelist, founded the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel (b. 1890)
  • 1956 – Gerald Finzi, English composer and educator (b. 1901)
  • 1956 – Babe Didrikson Zaharias, American basketball player and golfer (b. 1911)
  • 1960 – Sylvia Pankhurst, English activist (b. 1882)
  • 1960 – Hilda Doolittle. American poet, novelist, and memoirist (b. 1886)
  • 1965 – Clara Bow, American actress (b. 1905)
  • 1965 – William Stanier, English engineer, co-designed the London, Midland and Scottish Railway (b. 1876)
  • 1967 – Felix Yusupov, Russian husband of Princess Irina Alexandrovna of Russia (b. 1887)
  • 1972 – S. R. Ranganathan, Indian mathematician, librarian, and academic (b. 1892)
  • 1974 – Silvio Frondizi, Argentinian lawyer and academic (b. 1907)
  • 1975 – Jack Lang, Australian lawyer and politician, 23rd Premier of New South Wales (b. 1876)
  • 1979 – Gracie Fields, English actress and singer (b. 1898)
  • 1979 – Jimmy McCulloch, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1953)
  • 1981 – Robert Montgomery, American actor, singer, director, and producer (b. 1904)
  • 1983 – Wilfred Burchett, Australian journalist and author (b. 1911)
  • 1984 – Chronis Exarhakos, Greek actor (b. 1932)
  • 1985 – Lloyd Nolan, American actor (b. 1902)
  • 1986 – Cliff Burton, American bass player and songwriter (b. 1962)
  • 1991 – Joe Hulme, English footballer and cricketer (b. 1904)
  • 1992 – Zhang Leping, Chinese comic artist (b. 1910)
  • 1993 – Jimmy Doolittle, American general, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1896)
  • 1993 – Fraser MacPherson, Canadian saxophonist and educator (b. 1928)
  • 1996 – Mohammad Najibullah, Afghan physician and politician, 7th President of Afghanistan (b. 1947)
  • 1997 – Walter Trampler, American viola player and educator (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Doak Walker, American football player (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Jean Lucas, French race car driver (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Donald O’Connor, American actor, singer, and dancer (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – John E. Mack, American psychiatrist and author (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Ronald Golias, Brazilian comedian and actor (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Mary Lee Settle, American novelist, essayist, and memoirist (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – Helmut Kallmeyer, German chemist and soldier (b. 1910)
  • 2007 – Dale Houston, American singer-songwriter (b. 1940)
  • 2007 – Kenji Nagai, Japanese photographer and journalist (b. 1957)
  • 2008 – Henri Pachard, American director and producer (b. 1939)
  • 2009 – Ivan Dykhovichny, Russian director and screenwriter (b. 1947)
  • 2009 – Charles Houston, American physician and mountaineer (b. 1913)
  • 2009 – William Safire, American author and journalist (b. 1929)
  • 2010 – George Blanda, American football player (b. 1927)
  • 2010 – Balaji Sadasivan, Singaporean neurosurgeon and politician, Minister of Foreign Affairs for Singapore (b. 1955)
  • 2010 – Trevor Taylor, English race car driver (b. 1936)
  • 2011 – David Croft, English director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1922)
  • 2011 – Imre Makovecz, Hungarian architect (b. 1935)
  • 2011 – Johnny “Country” Mathis, American singer-songwriter (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Eddie Bert, American trombonist (b. 1922)
  • 2012 – Herbert Lom, Czech-English actor (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – John Silber, American academic and politician (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Sanjay Surkar, Indian director and screenwriter (b. 1959)
  • 2012 – Frank Wilson, American songwriter and producer (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Gates Brown, American baseball player and coach (b. 1939)
  • 2013 – Oscar Castro-Neves, Brazilian-American guitarist, composer, and conductor (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Elvin R. Heiberg III, American general and engineer (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Tuncel Kurtiz, Turkish actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1936)
  • 2013 – A. C. Lyles, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1918)
  • 2013 – Albert Naughton, English rugby player (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Gaby Aghion, French fashion designer, founded Chloé (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Eugie Foster, American journalist and author (b. 1971)
  • 2014 – Taylor Hardwick, American architect and educator, designed Haydon Burns Library and Friendship Fountain Park (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Wally Hergesheimer, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Abdelmajid Lakhal, Tunisian actor and director (b. 1939)
  • 2014 – James Traficant, American lawyer and politician (b. 1941)
  • 2015 – Syed Ahmed, Indian author and politician, 16th Governor of Manipur (b. 1945)
  • 2015 – Wilton Felder, American saxophonist and bass player (b. 1940)
  • 2015 – Pietro Ingrao, Italian journalist and politician (b. 1915)
  • 2015 – Denise Lor, American singer and actress (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Kallen Pokkudan, Indian activist and author (b. 1937)
  • 2015 – Frank Tyson, English-Australian cricketer, coach, and journalist (b. 1930)
  • 2016 – David Hahn, American Boy Scout famous for attempting to build a nuclear reactor in a shed in his backyard (b. 1976)
  • 2017 – Hugh Hefner, American publisher, founder of Playboy Enterprises (b. 1926)
  • 2018 – Kavita Mahajan, Indian author and translator (b.1967)
  • 2018 – Michael Payton, American football quarterback (b.1970)
  • 2018 – Manoharsinhji Pradyumansinhji, Indian nobleman and politician

Holidays and observances on September 27

  • Christian feast days:
    • Adheritus
    • Caius of Milan
    • Our Lady, Star of the Sea
    • Vincent de Paul
    • Thomas Traherne (Episcopal Church (United States))
    • September 27 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Consumación de la Independencia (Mexico)
  • French Community Holiday (French community of Belgium)
  • Independence Day (Turkmenistan), celebrates the independence of Turkmenistan from USSR in 1991.
  • Meskel (Ethiopian and Eritrean Orthodox Church, following Julian calendar, September 28 on leap years)
  • National Gay Men’s HIV/AIDS Awareness Day (United States)
  • Polish Underground State’s Day (Poland)
  • World Tourism Day (International)
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