Answering Exams

September 21 – History, Events, Births, Death, Holidays and Observances On This Day

  • 455 – Emperor Avitus enters Rome with a Gallic army and consolidates his power.
  • 1170 – The Kingdom of Dublin falls to Norman invaders.
  • 1217 – Livonian Crusade: The Estonian leader Lembitu and Livonian leader Kaupo the Accursed are killed in the Battle of St. Matthew’s Day.
  • 1435 – The Congress of Arras causes Burgundy to switch sides in the Hundred Years’ War.
  • 1745 – A Hanoverian army is defeated, in ten minutes, by the Jacobite forces of Prince Charles Edward Stuart
  • 1776 – Part of New York City is burned shortly after being occupied by British forces.
  • 1780 – American Revolutionary War: Benedict Arnold gives the British the plans to West Point.
  • 1792 – French Revolution: The National Convention abolishes the monarchy.
  • 1843 – John Williams Wilson takes possession of the Strait of Magellan on behalf of the Chilean government.
  • 1860 – Second Opium War: An Anglo-French force defeats Chinese troops at the Battle of Palikao.
  • 1896 – Anglo-Egyptian conquest of Sudan: British forces under the command of Horatio Kitchener take Dongola.
  • 1898 – Empress Dowager Cixi seizes power and ends the Hundred Days’ Reform in China.
  • 1921 – A storage silo in Oppau, Germany, explodes, killing 500–600 people.
  • 1933 – Salvador Lutteroth establishes Mexican professional wrestling.
  • 1934 – A large typhoon hits western Honshū, Japan, killing more than three thousand people.
  • 1937 – J. R. R. Tolkien’s The Hobbit is published.
  • 1938 – The Great Hurricane of 1938 makes landfall on Long Island in New York. The death toll is estimated at 500–700 people.
  • 1939 – Romanian Prime Minister Armand Călinescu is assassinated by the Iron Guard.
  • 1942 – The Holocaust in Ukraine: On the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur, Nazis send over 1,000 Jews of Pidhaitsi to Bełżec extermination camp.
  • 1942 – The Holocaust in Ukraine: In Dunaivtsi, Ukraine, Nazis murder 2,588 Jews.
  • 1942 – The Holocaust in Poland: At the end of Yom Kippur, Germans order Jews to permanently move from Konstantynów to Biała Podlaska.
  • 1942 – The Boeing B-29 Superfortress makes its maiden flight.
  • 1949 – The People’s Republic of China is proclaimed.
  • 1953 – Lieutenant No Kum-sok, a North Korean pilot, defects to South Korea with his jet fighter.
  • 1964 – Malta gains independence from the United Kingdom, but remains in the Commonwealth.
  • 1964 – The North American XB-70 Valkyrie, the world’s fastest bomber, makes its maiden flight from Palmdale, California.
  • 1965 – The Gambia, Maldives and Singapore are admitted as members of the United Nations.
  • 1971 – Bahrain, Bhutan and Qatar join the United Nations.
  • 1972 – Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos begins authoritarian rule by declaring martial law.
  • 1976 – Orlando Letelier is assassinated in Washington, D.C. He had been a member of the former Chilean Marxist government.
  • 1976 – Seychelles joins the United Nations.
  • 1981 – Belize is granted full independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1981 – Sandra Day O’Connor is unanimously approved by the U.S. Senate as the first female Supreme Court justice.
  • 1984 – Brunei joins the United Nations.
  • 1991 – Armenia gains independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1993 – Russian President Boris Yeltsin triggers a constitutional crisis when he suspends parliament and scraps the constitution.
  • 1996 – The Defense of Marriage Act is passed by the United States Congress.
  • 1999 – The Chi-Chi earthquake occurs in central Taiwan, leaving about 2,400 people dead.
  • 2001 – America: A Tribute to Heroes is broadcast by over 35 network and cable channels, raising over $200 million for the victims of the September 11 attacks.
  • 2001 – Ross Parker is murdered in Peterborough, England, by a gang of ten British Pakistani youths.
  • 2003 – The Galileo spacecraft is terminated by sending it into Jupiter’s atmosphere.
  • 2012 – Three Egyptian militants open fire on a group of Israeli soldiers in a southern Israel cross-border attack.
  • 2013 – Al-Shabaab Islamic militants attack the Westgate shopping mall in Kenya, killing at least 67 people.
  • 2019 – A 5.6 Mw earthquake shakes the Albanian port of Durrës. 49 people are injured in the capital, Tirana.

Births on September 21

  • 580 – Pope Vitalian (d. 672)
  • 953 – Abu Ishaq Ibrahim, Buyid prince
  • 1051 – Bertha of Savoy (d. 1087)
  • 1371 – Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg (d. 1440)
  • 1407 – Leonello d’Este, Marquis of Ferrara, Italian noble (d. 1450)
  • 1411 – Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York, English politician, Lord Protector of England (d. 1460)
  • 1415 – Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1493)
  • 1428 – Jingtai Emperor of China (d. 1457)
  • 1433 – Guillaume Fichet, French scholar and academic (d. 1480)
  • 1452 – Girolamo Savonarola, Italian priest and philosopher (d. 1498)
  • 1457 – Hedwig Jagiellon, Duchess of Bavaria, Polish princess (d. 1502)
  • 1552 – Barbara Longhi, Italian painter (d. 1638)
  • 1559 – Cigoli, Italian painter and architect (d. 1613)
  • 1629 – Philip Howard, English cardinal (d. 1694)
  • 1640 – Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, younger son of Louis XIII of France and his wife (d. 1701)
  • 1645 – Louis Jolliet, Canadian explorer (d. 1700)
  • 1706 – Polyxena of Hesse-Rotenburg (d. 1735)
  • 1756 – John Loudon McAdam, Scottish engineer (d. 1836)
  • 1758 – Christopher Gore, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 8th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1827)
  • 1760 – Ivan Dmitriev, Russian poet and politician, Minister of Justice for Imperial Russia (d. 1837)
  • 1776 – John Fitchett, English poet (d. 1838)
  • 1819 – Princess Louise Marie Thérèse of Artois (d. 1864)
  • 1840 – Murad V, Ottoman sultan (d. 1904)
  • 1842 – Abdul Hamid II, 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (d. 1918)
  • 1846 – Mihály Kolossa, Hungarian-Slovene author and poet (d. 1906)
  • 1849 – Maurice Barrymore, American actor (d. 1905)
  • 1853 – Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Dutch physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1926)
  • 1859 – Francesc Macià, Catalan colonel and politician, 122nd President of Catalonia (d. 1933)
  • 1860 – Wilson Kettle, Canadian centenarian (d. 1963)
  • 1862 – James E. Talmage, English-American religious leader and author (d. 1933)
  • 1863 – John Bunny, American actor (d. 1915)
  • 1866 – Charles Nicolle, French-Tunisian microbiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1936)
  • 1866 – H. G. Wells, English novelist, historian, and critic (d. 1946)
  • 1867 – Charles Bathurst, 1st Viscount Bledisloe, English politician, 4th Governor-General of New Zealand (d. 1958)
  • 1867 – Henry L. Stimson, American colonel, lawyer, and politician, 46th United States Secretary of State (d. 1950)
  • 1872 – Henry Tingle Wilde, English chief officer on the RMS Titanic (d. 1912)
  • 1873 – Papa Jack Laine, American drummer and bandleader (d. 1966)
  • 1874 – Gustav Holst, English composer and educator (d. 1934)
  • 1878 – Peter McWilliam, Scottish-English footballer and manager (d. 1951)
  • 1882 – Geevarghese Ivanios, Indian metropolitan (d. 1953)
  • 1884 – Dénes Kőnig, Hungarian mathematician and theorist (d. 1944)
  • 1890 – Max Immelmann, German lieutenant and pilot (d. 1916)
  • 1890 – Charles William Train, English sergeant, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1965)
  • 1894 – Anton Piëch, Austrian lawyer and businessman (d. 1952)
  • 1898 – Frances Mary Albrier, American civil rights activist (d. 1987)
  • 1899 – Frederick Coutts, Scottish 8th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1986)
  • 1902 – Luis Cernuda, Spanish poet and critic (d. 1963)
  • 1902 – Allen Lane, English publisher, founded Penguin Books (d. 1970)
  • 1902 – Howie Morenz, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1937)
  • 1903 – Preston Tucker, American engineer and businessman, designed the Tucker Sedan (d. 1956)
  • 1904 – Hans Hartung, German-French painter (d. 1989)
  • 1905 – Robert Lebel, Canadian businessman and politician (d. 1999)
  • 1906 – Henry Beachell, American biologist and botanist (d. 2006)
  • 1909 – Kwame Nkrumah, Ghanaian educator and politician, 1st President of Ghana (d. 1972)
  • 1910 – Meinrad Schütter, Swiss composer (d. 2006)
  • 1912 – Chuck Jones, American animator, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1912 – György Sándor, Hungarian pianist and composer (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – Françoise Giroud, Swiss-French journalist and politician, French Minister of Culture (d. 2003)
  • 1917 – Phyllis Nicolson, English mathematician and academic (d. 1968)
  • 1918 – John Gofman, American physicist, chemist, and biologist (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Karl Slover, American actor (d. 2011)
  • 1918 – Juan José Arreola, Mexican writer and academic (d. 2001)
  • 1919 – Mario Bunge, Argentinian-Canadian physicist and philosopher (d. 2020)
  • 1919 – Herman Fowlkes, Jr., American trumpet player and educator (d. 1993)
  • 1919 – Fazlur Rahman Malik, Pakistani philosopher and scholar (d. 1988)
  • 1920 – Kenneth McAlpine, British race car driver
  • 1921 – John McHale, American baseball player and manager (d. 2008)
  • 1923 – Fred Hunt, British jazz pianist (d. 1986)
  • 1924 – Hermann Buhl, Austrian mountaineer (d. 1957)
  • 1926 – Don Dunstan, Fijian-Australian lawyer and politician, 35th Premier of South Australia (d. 1999)
  • 1926 – Donald A. Glaser, American physicist and neurobiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Fereydoon Moshiri, Iranian poet and critic (d. 2000)
  • 1929 – Sándor Kocsis, Hungarian footballer and manager (d. 1979)
  • 1929 – Edgar Valter, Estonian author and illustrator (d. 2006)
  • 1929 – Bernard Williams, English-Italian philosopher and academic (d. 2003)
  • 1930 – John Morgan, Welsh-Canadian actor and screenwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1930 – Bob Stokoe, English footballer and manager (d. 2004)
  • 1931 – Larry Hagman, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2012)
  • 1932 – Shirley Conran, English journalist and author
  • 1932 – Marjorie Fletcher, English Director of the Women’s Royal Naval Service (d. 2008)
  • 1932 – Don Preston, American keyboard player and composer
  • 1933 – Allan Jeans, Australian footballer and coach (d. 2011)
  • 1933 – Dick Simon, American race car driver
  • 1934 – Leonard Cohen, Canadian singer-songwriter and poet (d. 2016)
  • 1934 – María Rubio, Mexican actress (d. 2018)
  • 1935 – Jimmy Armfield, English footballer and manager (d. 2018)
  • 1935 – Henry Gibson, American actor (d. 2009)
  • 1936 – Ian Albery, English manager and producer
  • 1936 – Dickey Lee, American pop-country singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1936 – Yury Luzhkov, Russian soldier and politician, 2nd Mayor of Moscow (d. 2019)
  • 1936 – Diane Rehm, American journalist and radio host
  • 1937 – John D’Amico, Canadian ice hockey player and referee (d. 2005)
  • 1938 – Doug Moe, American basketball player and coach
  • 1938 – Olu Falae, Nigerian politician and government official
  • 1939 – Agnivesh, Indian philosopher, academic, and politician
  • 1940 – Ron Fenton, English footballer, coach, and manager (d. 2013)
  • 1940 – Hermann Knoflacher, Austrian engineer and academic
  • 1940 – Bill Kurtis, American journalist and producer
  • 1941 – Jack Brisco, American wrestler and manager (d. 2010)
  • 1941 – R. James Woolsey, Jr., American scholar and diplomat, 16th Director of Central Intelligence
  • 1942 – Sam McDowell, American baseball player
  • 1943 – David Hood, American session bassist and trombone player (Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section)
  • 1943 – Jerry Bruckheimer, American film and television producer
  • 1944 – Steve Beshear, American lawyer and politician, 61st Governor of Kentucky
  • 1944 – Marcus Binney, English historian and author
  • 1944 – Fannie Flagg, American actress, comedian, and author
  • 1944 – Hamilton Jordan, American politician, 8th White House Chief of Staff (d. 2008)
  • 1944 – Bobby Tench, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1945 – Richard Childress, American race car driver and businessman
  • 1945 – Shaw Clifton, Northern Irish 18th General of The Salvation Army
  • 1945 – Kay Ryan, American poet and educator
  • 1946 – Rose Garrard, English sculptor and author
  • 1946 – Moritz Leuenberger, Swiss lawyer and politician, 87th President of the Swiss Confederation
  • 1946 – Mart Siimann, Estonian psychologist and politician, 12th Prime Minister of Estonia
  • 1947 – Don Felder, American musician and songwriter (Eagles)
  • 1947 – Keith Harris, English ventriloquist and singer (d. 2015)
  • 1947 – Rupert Hine, English musician, songwriter, and record producer
  • 1947 – Stephen King, American author and screenwriter
  • 1947 – Ed Nimmervoll, Austrian-Australian journalist, historian, and author (d. 2014)
  • 1947 – Marsha Norman, American playwright and author
  • 1948 – Jack Dromey, English union leader and politician
  • 1948 – Mitsuo Momota, Japanese wrestler
  • 1949 – Henry Butler, American pianist and photographer
  • 1949 – Artis Gilmore, American basketball player and radio host
  • 1949 – Odilo Scherer, Brazilian cardinal
  • 1950 – Charles Clarke, English economist and politician, Secretary of State for Education
  • 1950 – Bill Murray, American actor, comedian, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1951 – Bruce Arena, American soccer player and manager
  • 1951 – Aslan Maskhadov, Chechen general and politician, 3rd President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (d. 2005)
  • 1952 – Dave Gregory, English guitarist and keyboard player
  • 1952 – John Taylor, Baron Taylor of Warwick, English lawyer and politician
  • 1953 – Arie Luyendyk, Dutch race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1953 – Reinhard Marx, German cardinal
  • 1954 – Shinzō Abe, Japanese lawyer and politician, 90th Prime Minister of Japan
  • 1954 – Thomas S. Ray, American ecologist and academic
  • 1954 – Phil “Philthy Animal” Taylor, English rock drummer (Motörhead) (d. 2015)
  • 1955 – Richard Hieb, American engineer and astronaut
  • 1955 – Mika Kaurismäki, Finnish director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1956 – Jack Givens, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1956 – Marta Kauffman, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1956 – Ricky Morton, American wrestler
  • 1957 – Ethan Coen, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1957 – Mark Levin, American lawyer, radio host, and author
  • 1957 – Sidney Moncrief, American basketball player and coach
  • 1957 – Kevin Rudd, Australian politician and diplomat, 26th Prime Minister of Australia
  • 1958 – Rick Mahorn, American basketball player and coach
  • 1958 – Simon Mayo, English radio host
  • 1959 – Crin Antonescu, Romanian educator and politician, former Interim President of Romania
  • 1959 – Andrzej Buncol, Polish footballer
  • 1959 – Dave Coulier, American actor, comedian, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1959 – Danny Cox, English-American baseball player and coach
  • 1959 – Corinne Drewery, English singer-songwriter (Swing Out Sister) and fashion designer
  • 1960 – David James Elliott, Canadian-American actor and director
  • 1960 – Masoumeh Ebtekar, Iranian journalist, politician and scientist, first woman Vice President of Iran
  • 1960 – Kelley Eskridge, American author and screenwriter
  • 1960 – Musalia Mudavadi, Kenyan politician and Former Deputy Prime Minister
  • 1960 – Graham Southern, English art dealer and gallery owner
  • 1960 – Maurizio Cattelan, Italian sculptor
  • 1961 – Billy Collins, Jr., American boxer (d. 1984)
  • 1961 – Dan Borislow, American businessman, invented the magicJack (d. 2014)
  • 1961 – Nancy Travis, American actress and producer
  • 1962 – Rob Morrow, American actor
  • 1963 – Curtly Ambrose, Antiguan cricketer and bass player
  • 1963 – Cecil Fielder, American baseball player and manager
  • 1963 – Angus Macfadyen, Scottish actor and screenwriter
  • 1963 – Mamoru Samuragochi, Japanese composer
  • 1963 – Trevor Steven, English footballer
  • 1963 – David J. Wales, British academic and educator
  • 1964 – Jorge Drexler, Uruguayan singer-songwriter
  • 1964 – Lester Quitzau, Canadian guitarist
  • 1965 – Frédéric Beigbeder, French author and critic
  • 1965 – Cheryl Hines, American actress
  • 1965 – Johanna Vuoksenmaa, Finnish director and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Kerrin Lee-Gartner, Canadian skier and journalist
  • 1967 – Faith Hill, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1967 – Suman Pokhrel, Nepali poet, lyricist and playwright
  • 1967 – Tyler Stewart, Canadian drummer
  • 1968 – Kevin Buzzard, British mathematician
  • 1968 – David Jude Jolicoeur, American rapper, songwriter, and producer (De La Soul)
  • 1968 – Ricki Lake, American actress, producer, and talk show host
  • 1969 – Anne Burrell, American chef and television host
  • 1969 – Jason Christiansen, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Curtis Leschyshyn, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1970 – Melissa Ferrick, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1970 – Samantha Power, Irish-American journalist, academic, and diplomat, 28th United States Ambassador to the United Nations
  • 1971 – John Crawley, English cricketer and academic
  • 1971 – Alfonso Ribeiro, American actor and golf player
  • 1971 – Luke Wilson, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1972 – Olivia Bonamy, French actress
  • 1972 – Liam Gallagher, English singer-songwriter
  • 1972 – Jon Kitna, American football player and coach
  • 1973 – Vanessa Grigoriadis, American journalist and author
  • 1973 – Virginia Ruano Pascual, Spanish tennis player
  • 1973 – Oswaldo Sánchez, Mexican footballer
  • 1974 – Bryce Drew, American basketball player and coach
  • 1974 – Jana Kandarr, German tennis player
  • 1974 – Andy Todd, English footballer and manager
  • 1975 – Doug Davis, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Jonas Bjerre, Danish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1976 – Poul Hübertz, Danish footballer and manager
  • 1977 – Kārlis Lācis, Latvian pianist and composer
  • 1977 – Andre Pärn, Estonian basketball player
  • 1977 – Kohei Sato, Japanese wrestler
  • 1977 – Brian Tallet, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Paulo Costanzo, Canadian actor, director, and producer
  • 1978 – Luke Godden, Australian footballer
  • 1978 – Doug Howlett, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1979 – James Allan, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1979 – Richard Dunne, Irish footballer
  • 1979 – Chris Gayle, Jamaican cricketer
  • 1979 – Julian Gray, English footballer
  • 1979 – Monika Merl, German runner
  • 1980 – Nyree Kindred, Welsh swimmer
  • 1980 – Tomas Scheckter, South African race car driver
  • 1980 – Autumn Reeser, American actress
  • 1980 – Kareena Kapoor, Indian actress
  • 1981 – Nicole Richie, American actress, fashion designer, and author
  • 1981 – Sarah Whatmore, English singer-songwriter
  • 1982 – Eduardo Azevedo, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1982 – Christos Tapoutos, Greek basketball player
  • 1982 – Rowan Vine, English footballer
  • 1983 – Ndiss Kaba Badji, Senegalese athlete
  • 1983 – Alex Bailey, British footballer
  • 1983 – Dwayne Barker, English rugby league player
  • 1983 – Sarah Rees Brennan, Irish writer
  • 1983 – Stipe Buljan, Croatian footballer
  • 1983 – John Castillo, Colombian footballer
  • 1983 – Fernando Cavenaghi, Argentine footballer
  • 1983 – Wagner Diniz, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Moustapha Djallit, Algerian footballer
  • 1983 – Francesco Dracone, Italian race car driver
  • 1983 – Scott Evans, American actor
  • 1983 – Anna Favella, Italian actress
  • 1983 – Éder Monteiro Fernandes, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Kristian Gidlund, Swedish drummer and journalist (d. 2013)
  • 1983 – Maggie Grace, American actress
  • 1983 – Bryan Willis Hamilton, American musician
  • 1983 – Liam Harrison, British rugby league player
  • 1983 – Cristian Hidalgo, Spanish footballer
  • 1983 – Greg Jennings, American football player
  • 1983 – Dorothea Kalpakidou, Greek discus thrower
  • 1983 – Derek Landri, American footballer
  • 1983 – C. S. Magaoay, American researcher and activist
  • 1983 – Joseph Mazzello, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1983 – Anna Meares, Italian track cyclist
  • 1983 – Reggie Nelson, American footballer
  • 1983 – Mark Nerkowski, American soccer player
  • 1983 – Dênis Oliveira de Souza, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Rasmus Persson, Swedish radio personality
  • 1983 – Marcin Piekarski, Polish luger
  • 1983 – Rafael Marques Pinto, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Tori Polk, American athlete
  • 1983 – Miguel Potes Mina, Colombian footballer
  • 1983 – Javier Alejandro Rabbia, Argentine footballer
  • 1983 – Wakakirin Shinichi, Japanese sumo wrestler and mixed martial artist
  • 1983 – Joana Solnado, Portuguese actress
  • 1983 – Ben Richardson, British cinematographer
  • 1983 – Asa Taccone, American musician
  • 1983 – Ronny Toma, Italian footballer
  • 1983 – Sanka Wijegunaratne, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1983 – Ycare, French singer songwriter
  • 1984 – Ben Wildman-Tobriner, American swimmer
  • 1984 – Wale, American rapper
  • 1985 – Justin Durant, American football player
  • 1986 – Faris Badwan, English singer-songwriter
  • 1986 – Lindsey Stirling, American violinist and composer
  • 1987 – Jimmy Clausen, American football player
  • 1987 – Anthony Don, Australian rugby league player
  • 1987 – Marcelo Estigarribia, Paraguayan footballer
  • 1987 – Murilo Maccari, Brazilian footballer
  • 1987 – Ashley Paris, American basketball player
  • 1987 – Courtney Paris, American basketball player
  • 1987 – Michał Pazdan, Polish footballer
  • 1987 – Ivelisse Vélez, Puerto Rican wrestler
  • 1988 – Doug Baldwin, American football player
  • 1988 – Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Pakistani politician
  • 1989 – Jason Derulo, American singer-songwriter
  • 1989 – Sandor Earl, Australian rugby league player
  • 1989 – Emma Watkins, Australian singer and actress
  • 1990 – Al-Farouq Aminu, American basketball player
  • 1990 – Danny Batth, English footballer
  • 1990 – Rob Cross, English darts player
  • 1990 – Ivan Dorschner, American-Filipino model and actor
  • 1990 – Sam Kasiano, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1991 – Anastassia Kovalenko, Estonian motorcycle racer
  • 1992 – Kim Jong-dae, South Korean singer-songwriter
  • 1992 – Rodrigo Godínez, Mexican footballer
  • 1993 – Kirsty Gilmour, Scottish badminton player
  • 1993 – Kwon Mina, South Korean singer and actress
  • 1993 – Ante Rebić, Croatian footballer
  • 1998 – Máscara de Bronce, Mexican wrestler
  • 1999 – Wang Junkai, Chinese singer
  • 1999 – Alexander Isak, Eritrean-Swedish professional footballer

Deaths on September 21

  • 19 BC – Virgil, Roman poet (b. 70 BC)
  • 454 – Flavius Aetius, Roman general and politician (b. 396)
  • 687 – Pope Conon (b. 630)
  • 1026 – Otto-William, Count of Burgundy
  • 1217 – Lembitu, Estonian king and military leader
  • 1217 – Caupo of Turaida
  • 1235 – Andrew II of Hungary (b. 1175)
  • 1256 – William of Kilkenny, Lord Chancellor of England
  • 1327 – Edward II of England (b. 1284)
  • 1397 – Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, English admiral (b. 1346)
  • 1558 – Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1500)
  • 1576 – Gerolamo Cardano, Italian mathematician, physician, and astrologer (b. 1501)
  • 1586 – Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, French cardinal and diplomat (b. 1517)
  • 1629 – Jan Pieterszoon Coen, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (b. 1587)
  • 1637 – William V, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (b. 1602)
  • 1643 – Emperor Hong Taiji of China (b. 1592)
  • 1709 – Ivan Mazepa, Ukrainian statesman, Hetman of Zaporizhian Host (b. 1639)
  • 1719 – Johann Heinrich Acker, German historian and academic (b. 1647)
  • 1743 – Jai Singh II, Indian king (b. 1688)
  • 1748 – John Balguy, English philosopher and author (b. 1686)
  • 1796 – François Séverin Marceau-Desgraviers, French general (b. 1769)
  • 1798 – George Read, American lawyer and politician, 3rd Governor of Delaware (b. 1733)
  • 1812 – Emanuel Schikaneder, German actor and playwright (b. 1751)
  • 1832 – Walter Scott, Scottish novelist, playwright, and poet (b. 1771)
  • 1860 – Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher and author (b. 1788)
  • 1874 – Jean-Baptiste Élie de Beaumont, French geologist and engineer (b. 1798)
  • 1880 – Manuel Montt, Chilean scholar and politician, 6th President of Chile (b. 1809)
  • 1887 – Wazid Ali Shah, last Nawab of Awadh (b. 1822)
  • 1904 – Chief Joseph, American tribal leader (b. 1840)
  • 1905 – Nikolay Benardos, Ukrainian inventor (b. 1842)
  • 1906 – Samuel Arnold, American conspirator (b. 1838)
  • 1926 – Léon Charles Thévenin, French engineer (b. 1857)
  • 1933 – Kenji Miyazawa, Japanese author and poet (b. 1896)
  • 1937 – Osgood Perkins, American actor (b. 1892)
  • 1938 – Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić, Croatian author and poet (b. 1874)
  • 1939 – Armand Călinescu, Romanian economist and politician, 39th Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1893)
  • 1942 – John Symes, English cricketer (b. 1879)
  • 1944 – Alexander Koshetz, Ukrainian choral conductor, arranger, composer (b. 1875)
  • 1944 – Artur Phleps, Romanian general (b. 1881)
  • 1947 – Harry Carey, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1878)
  • 1953 – Necmettin Sadak, Turkish publisher and politician, 10th Turkish Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1890)
  • 1954 – Mikimoto Kōkichi, Japanese businessman (b. 1858)
  • 1956 – Bill Struth, Scottish footballer and manager (b. 1875)
  • 1957 – Haakon VII of Norway (b. 1872)
  • 1958 – Peter Whitehead, English race car driver (b. 1914)
  • 1961 – Ed Oliver, American golfer (b. 1915)
  • 1962 – Bo Carter, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1892)
  • 1963 – Paulino Masip, Spanish author, playwright, and screenwriter (b. 1899)
  • 1964 – Josef Müller, Croatian entomologist (b. 1880)
  • 1966 – Paul Reynaud, French lawyer and politician, 118th Prime Minister of France (b. 1878)
  • 1971 – Bernardo Houssay, Argentinian physiologist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1972 – Henry de Montherlant, French essayist, novelist, and dramatist (b. 1896)
  • 1974 – Walter Brennan, American actor (b. 1894)
  • 1974 – Jacqueline Susann, American author and actress (b. 1918)
  • 1975 – Bedri Rahmi Eyüboğlu, Turkish painter and poet (b. 1911)
  • 1976 – Orlando Letelier, Chilean economist and politician, Minister of Foreign Affairs for Chile (b. 1932)
  • 1982 – Ivan Bagramyan, Russian general (b. 1897)
  • 1983 – Andrew Brewin, Canadian politician (b. 1907)
  • 1983 – Bob Donham, American basketball player (b. 1926)
  • 1983 – Bada Rajan, Indian mobster (b. unknown)
  • 1983 – Birgit Tengroth, Swedish actor (b. 1915)
  • 1983 – Willy Trenk-Trebitsch, Austrian actor (b. 1902)
  • 1983 – Xavier Zubiri, Basque philosopher (b. 1898)
  • 1985 – Gu Long, Chinese author and screenwriter (b. 1937)
  • 1987 – Jaco Pastorius, American bass player, composer, and producer (b. 1951)
  • 1988 – Glenn Robert Davis, American lieutenant and politician (b. 1914)
  • 1989 – Rajini Thiranagama, Sri Lankan physician and academic (b. 1954)
  • 1990 – Takis Kanellopoulos, Greek director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1933)
  • 1991 – Gordon Bashford, English engineer (b. 1916)
  • 1992 – Tarachand Barjatya, Indian film producer, founded Rajshri Productions (b. 1914)
  • 1995 – Rudy Perpich, American dentist and politician, 34th Governor of Minnesota (b. 1928)
  • 1998 – Florence Griffith Joyner, American sprinter (b. 1959)
  • 2000 – Jacques Flynn, Canadian lawyer and politician, 35th Canadian Minister of Justice (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – Leonid Rogozov, Russian physician and surgeon (b. 1934)
  • 2002 – Robert L. Forward, American physicist and science fiction author (b. 1932)
  • 2004 – Bob Mason, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1952)
  • 2006 – Tasos Athanasiadis, Greek author (b. 1913)
  • 2007 – Hallgeir Brenden, Norwegian skier (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Alice Ghostley, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Rex Humbard, American evangelist and television host (b. 1919)
  • 2009 – Robert Ginty, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1948)
  • 2011 – John Du Cann, English guitarist (b. 1946)
  • 2011 – Jun Henmi, Japanese author and poet (b. 1939)
  • 2011 – Pamela Ann Rymer, American lawyer and judge (b. 1941)
  • 2012 – José Curbelo, Cuban-American pianist and manager (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Yehuda Elkana, Israeli historian and philosopher (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Sven Hassel, Danish-German soldier and author (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Bill King, English commander, sailor, and author (b. 1910)
  • 2012 – Tom Umphlett, American baseball player and manager (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Kofi Awoonor, Ghanaian author, poet, and diplomat (b. 1935)
  • 2013 – Michel Brault, Canadian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Harl H. Haas, Jr., American lawyer, jurist, and politician (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Walter Wallmann, German lawyer and politician, Minister-President of Hesse (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Ko Wierenga, Dutch lawyer and politician (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Michael Harari, Israeli intelligence officer (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Caldwell Jones, American basketball player and coach (b. 1950)
  • 2014 – Sheldon Patinkin, American director and playwright (b. 1935)
  • 2015 – Yoram Gross, Polish-Australian director and producer (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Ray Warleigh, Australian-English saxophonist and flute player (b. 1938)
  • 2015 – Richard Williamson, American footballer and coach (b. 1941)
  • 2018 – Trần Đại Quang, President of Vietnam (b. 1956)
  • 2018 – Vitaliy Masol, Ukrainian Former Prime Minister (b.1928)

Holidays and observances on September 21

  • Autumnal equinox observances in the Northern Hemisphere, vernal equinox observances in the Southern Hemisphere (see September 22):
    • Spring Day (Argentina)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Ephigenia of Ethiopia
    • Laurent-Joseph-Marius Imbert (one of the Korean Martyrs)
    • Matthew the Evangelist (Western Church)
    • Nativity of the Theotokos (Orthodox Church, Julian calendar)
    • September 21 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Arbor Day (Brazil)
  • Commemoration of the Declaration of Martial Law (Philippines)
  • Customs Service Day (Poland)
  • Founder’s Day and National Volunteer Day (Ghana)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Armenia from the Soviet Union in 1991.
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Belize from the United Kingdom in 1981.
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Malta from the United Kingdom in 1964.
  • International Day of Peace (International)
  • National Pecan Cookie Day (United States)
  • Student’s Day (Bolivia)
  • Victory over the Golden Horde in the Battle of Kulikovo (Russia)
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