Answering Exams

September 19 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

  • 634 – Siege of Damascus: The Rashidun Arabs under Khalid ibn al-Walid capture Damascus from the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1356 – Battle of Poitiers: An English army under the command of Edward, the Black Prince defeats a French army and captures King John II.
  • 1676 – Jamestown is burned to the ground by the forces of Nathaniel Bacon during Bacon’s Rebellion.
  • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: British forces win a tactically expensive victory over the Continental Army in the First Battle of Saratoga.
  • 1778 – The Continental Congress passes the first United States federal budget.
  • 1796 – George Washington’s Farewell Address is printed across America as an open letter to the public.
  • 1799 – French Revolutionary Wars: French-Dutch victory against the Russians and British in the Battle of Bergen.
  • 1846 – Two French shepherd children, Mélanie Calvat and Maximin Giraud, experience a Marian apparition on a mountaintop near La Salette, France, now known as Our Lady of La Salette.
  • 1852 – Annibale de Gasparis discovers the asteroid Massalia from the north dome of the Astronomical Observatory of Capodimonte.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Union troops under William Rosecrans defeat a Confederate force commanded by Sterling Price.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The first day of the Battle of Chickamauga, in northwestern Georgia, the bloodiest two-day battle of the conflict, and the only significant Confederate victory in the war’s Western Theater.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Union troops under Philip Sheridan defeat a Confederate force commanded by Jubal Early. With over 50,000 troops engaged, it was the largest battle fought in the Shenandoah Valley.
  • 1868 – La Gloriosa begins in Spain.
  • 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: The siege of Paris begins. The city will hold out for over four months before surrendering.
  • 1881 – U.S. President James A. Garfield dies of wounds suffered in a July 2 shooting. Vice President Chester A. Arthur becomes President upon Garfield’s death.
  • 1893 – In New Zealand, the Electoral Act of 1893 is consented to by the governor, giving all women in New Zealand the right to vote.
  • 1916 – World War I: During the East African Campaign, colonial forces of the Belgian Congo (Force Publique) under the command of Charles Tombeur capture the town of Tabora after heavy fighting.
  • 1939 – World War II: The Battle of Kępa Oksywska concludes, with Polish losses reaching roughly 14% of all the forces engaged.
  • 1940 – World War II: Witold Pilecki is voluntarily captured and sent to Auschwitz to smuggle out information and start a resistance movement.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Hürtgen Forest begins. It will become the longest individual battle that the U.S. Army has ever fought.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Moscow Armistice between Finland and the Soviet Union is signed.
  • 1946 – The Council of Europe is founded following a speech by Winston Churchill at the University of Zurich.
  • 1952 – The United States bars Charlie Chaplin from re-entering the country after a trip to England.
  • 1957 – Plumbbob Rainier becomes the first nuclear explosion to be entirely contained underground, producing no fallout.
  • 1970 – Michael Eavis hosts the first Glastonbury Festival.
  • 1970 – Kostas Georgakis, a Greek student of geology, sets himself ablaze in Matteotti Square in Genoa, Italy, as a protest against the dictatorial regime of Georgios Papadopoulos.
  • 1973 – King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden has his investiture.
  • 1976 – Turkish Airlines Flight 452 hits the Taurus Mountains, outskirt of Karatepe, Turkey, killing all 154 passengers and crew.
  • 1976 – Two Imperial Iranian Air Force F-4 Phantom II jets fly out to investigate an unidentified flying object, when both independently lose instrumentation and communications as they approach, only to have them restored upon withdrawal.
  • 1978 – The Solomon Islands join the United Nations.
  • 1982 – Scott Fahlman posts the first documented emoticons 🙂 and 🙁 on the Carnegie Mellon University bulletin board system.
  • 1983 – Saint Kitts and Nevis gains its independence.
  • 1985 – A strong earthquake kills thousands and destroys about 400 buildings in Mexico City.
  • 1985 – Tipper Gore and other political wives form the Parents Music Resource Center as Frank Zappa and other musicians testify at U.S. Congressional hearings on obscenity in rock music.
  • 1989 – A bomb destroys UTA Flight 772 in mid-air above the Tùnùrù Desert, Niger, killing all 170 passengers and crew.
  • 1991 – Ötzi the Iceman is discovered in the Alps on the border between Italy and Austria.
  • 1995 – The Washington Post and The New York Times publish the Unabomber’s manifesto.
  • 1997 – The Guelb El-Kebir massacre in Algeria kills 53 people.
  • 2006 – The Thai army stages a coup. The Constitution is revoked and martial law is declared.
  • 2010 – The leaking oil well in the Deepwater Horizon oil spill is sealed.
  • 2011 – Mariano Rivera of the New York Yankees surpasses Trevor Hoffman to become Major League Baseball’s all-time saves leader with 602.
  • 2016 – In the wake of a manhunt, the suspect in a series of bombings in New York and New Jersey is apprehended after a shootout with police.
  • 2017 – The 2017 Puebla earthquake strikes Mexico, causing 370 deaths and over 6,000 injuries, as well as extensive damage.
  • 2019 – A drone strike by the United States kills 30 civilian farmers in Afghanistan.

Births on September 19

  • AD 86 – Antoninus Pius, Roman emperor (d. 161)
  • 866 – Leo VI the Wise, Byzantine emperor (d. 912)
  • 931 – Mu Zong, emperor of the Liao Dynasty (d. 969)
  • 1377 – Albert IV, Duke of Austria (d. 1404)
  • 1426 – Marie of Cleves, Duchess of Orléans, French noble (d. 1487)
  • 1477 – Ferrante d’Este, Ferrarese nobleman and condottiero (d. 1540)
  • 1551 – Henry III of France (d. 1589)
  • 1560 – Thomas Cavendish, English naval explorer, led the third expedition to circumnavigate the globe (d. 1592)
  • 1608 – Alfonso Litta, Roman Catholic cardinal and archbishop (d. 1679)
  • 1638 – Isaac Milles, English minister (d. 1720)
  • 1662 – Jean-Paul Bignon, French priest and man of letters (d. 1743)
  • 1721 – William Robertson, Scottish historian (d. 1793)
  • 1749 – Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1822)
  • 1754 – John Ross Key, American lieutenant, lawyer, and judge (d. 1821)
  • 1759 – William Kirby, English priest and entomologist (d. 1850)
  • 1774 – Giuseppe Caspar Mezzofanti, Italian cardinal and linguist (d. 1849)
  • 1778 – Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux, Scottish lawyer and politician, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (d. 1868)
  • 1796 – Hartley Coleridge, English poet and author (d. 1849)
  • 1802 – Lajos Kossuth, Hungarian journalist, lawyer, and politician, Governor-President of Hungary (d. 1894)
  • 1803 – Maria Anna of Savoy (d. 1884)
  • 1811 – Orson Pratt, American mathematician and religious leader (d. 1881)
  • 1824 – William Sellers, American engineer, inventor, and businessperson (d. 1824)
  • 1828 – Fridolin Anderwert, Swiss judge and politician, President of the Swiss National Council (d. 1880)
  • 1856 – Arthur Morgan, Australian politician, 16th Premier of Queensland (d. 1916)
  • 1865 – Frank Eugene, American-German photographer (d. 1936)
  • 1867 – Arthur Rackham, English illustrator (d. 1939)
  • 1869 – Ben Turpin, American comedian and actor (d. 1940)
  • 1871 – Frederick Ruple, Swiss-American painter (d. 1938)
  • 1882 – Christopher Stone, English radio host (d. 1965)
  • 1883 – Mabel Vernon, American educator and activist (d. 1975)
  • 1887 – Lovie Austin, American pianist, composer, and bandleader (d. 1972)
  • 1887 – Lynne Overman, American actor and singer (d. 1943)
  • 1888 – James Waddell Alexander II, American mathematician and topologist (d. 1971)
  • 1888 – Porter Hall, American actor (d. 1953)
  • 1889 – Sarah Louise Delany, American physician and author (d. 1999)
  • 1894 – Rachel Field, American author and poet (d. 1942)
  • 1898 – Giuseppe Saragat, Italian lawyer and politician, 5th President of Italy (d. 1988)
  • 1900 – Ricardo Cortez, American actor (d. 1977)
  • 1905 – Judith Auer, German World War II resistance fighter (d. 1944)
  • 1905 – Leon Jaworski, American lawyer, co-founded Fulbright & Jaworski (d. 1982)
  • 1907 – Lewis F. Powell, Jr., American lawyer and jurist (d. 1998)
  • 1908 – Paul Bénichou, French historian, author, and critic (d. 2001)
  • 1908 – Robert Lecourt, French lawyer, judge, and politician, Lord Chancellor of France (d. 2004)
  • 1908 – Tatsuo Shimabuku, Japanese martial artist, founded Isshin-ryū (d. 1975)
  • 1909 – Ferdinand Porsche, Austrian engineer and businessman (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Margaret Lindsay, American actress (d. 1981)
  • 1910 – Arturo M. Tolentino, Filipino diplomat and politician (d. 2004)
  • 1911 – William Golding, British novelist, playwright, and poet, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1993)
  • 1912 – Reuben David, Indian veterinarian and zoo founder (d. 1989)
  • 1912 – Kurt Sanderling, Polish-German conductor (d. 2011)
  • 1913 – Frances Farmer, American actress (d. 1970)
  • 1913 – Helen Ward, American singer (d. 1998)
  • 1915 – Germán Valdés, Mexican actor, singer, and producer (d. 1973)
  • 1918 – Pablita Velarde, Santa Clara Pueblo (Native American) painter (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – Roger Grenier, French journalist and author (d. 2017)
  • 1919 – Amalia Hernández, Mexican choreographer and dancer (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – Roger Angell, American journalist and author
  • 1921 – Paulo Freire, Brazilian philosopher, theorist, and academic (d. 1997)
  • 1921 – Billy Ward, American R&B singer-songwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – Damon Knight, American author and critic (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – Willie Pep, American boxer and referee (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – Emil Zátopek, Czech runner (d. 2000)
  • 1924 – Vern Benson, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 2014)
  • 1924 – Don Harron, Canadian actor and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1925 – Pete Murray, English radio and television host
  • 1925 – W. Reece Smith, Jr., American lawyer and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Masatoshi Koshiba, Japanese physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1926 – James Lipton, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2020)
  • 1926 – Duke Snider, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2011)
  • 1927 – Helen Carter, American singer (d. 1998)
  • 1927 – Rosemary Harris, English actress
  • 1927 – William Hickey, American actor (d. 1997)
  • 1927 – Nick Massi, American singer and bass player (The Four Seasons) (d. 2000)
  • 1928 – Adam West, American actor and businessman (d. 2017)
  • 1929 – Marge Roukema, American educator and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1930 – Muhal Richard Abrams, American pianist, composer, and educator (d. 2017)
  • 1930 – Bettye Lane, American photographer and journalist (d. 2012)
  • 1930 – Antonio Margheriti, Italian director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1931 – Brook Benton, American pop/R&B/rock & roll singer-songwriter (d. 1988)
  • 1931 – Derek Gardner, English engineer (d. 2011)
  • 1932 – Mike Royko, American journalist and author (d. 1997)
  • 1932 – Stefanie Zweig, German journalist and author (d. 2014)
  • 1933 – Gilles Archambault, Canadian journalist and author
  • 1933 – David McCallum, Scottish actor
  • 1934 – Brian Epstein, English talent manager (d. 1967)
  • 1934 – Austin Mitchell, English academic and politician
  • 1935 – Benjamin Thurman Hacker, American admiral (d. 2003)
  • 1936 – Martin Fay, Irish fiddler (d. 2012)
  • 1936 – Milan Marcetta, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2014)
  • 1936 – Al Oerter, American discus thrower (d. 2007)
  • 1937 – Abner Haynes, American football player
  • 1939 – Bruce Bastin, English musicologist and author
  • 1939 – Louise Botting, English journalist and author
  • 1939 – Carl Schultz, Hungarian-Australian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1939 – Moshe Weinberg, Israeli wrestling coach (d. 1972)
  • 1940 – Bill Medley, American singer-songwriter
  • 1940 – Zandra Rhodes, English fashion designer, founded the Fashion and Textile Museum
  • 1940 – Sylvia Tyson, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1940 – Ed Westfall, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1940 – Paul Williams, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1941 – Umberto Bossi, Italian politician
  • 1941 – Cass Elliot, American singer (d. 1974)
  • 1941 – Jim Fox, English pentathlete
  • 1941 – Mariangela Melato, Italian actress (d. 2013)
  • 1942 – Freda Payne, American singer and actress
  • 1943 – André Boudrias, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1943 – Joe Morgan, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1943 – Indrek Toome, Estonian businessman and politician
  • 1944 – Anders Björck, Swedish politician, 25th Swedish Minister of Defence
  • 1944 – Edmund Joensen, Faroese politician, 9th Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands
  • 1944 – İsmet Özel, Turkish poet and scholar
  • 1945 – Kate Adie, English journalist and author
  • 1945 – David Bromberg, American multi-instrumentalist, singer, and songwriter
  • 1945 – Randolph Mantooth, American actor
  • 1946 – Gerald Brisco, American wrestler
  • 1946 – Brian Henton, English race car driver
  • 1947 – Henry Bromell, American novelist and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1947 – Thomas H. Cook, American author and academic
  • 1947 – Lol Creme, English musician, songwriter, and music video director
  • 1947 – Brian Hill, American basketball player and coach
  • 1947 – Tanith Lee, English author (d. 2015)
  • 1948 – Mykhaylo Fomenko, Ukrainian footballer and manager
  • 1948 – Jeremy Irons, English actor
  • 1949 – Twiggy, English model, actress, and singer
  • 1949 – Ringo Mendoza, Mexican wrestler
  • 1949 – Barry Scheck, American lawyer, co-founded the Innocence Project
  • 1950 – Joan Lunden, American television journalist, anchor, and author
  • 1950 – Michael Proctor, English physicist, mathematician, and academic
  • 1951 – Daniel Lanois, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1952 – Rhys Chatham, American trumpet player, guitarist, and composer
  • 1952 – Bernard de Dryver, Belgian race car driver
  • 1952 – Henry Kaiser, American guitarist and composer
  • 1952 – Nile Rodgers, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1952 – George Warrington, American businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1953 – Wayne Clark, Australian cricketer
  • 1953 – Sarana VerLin, American singer-songwriter and violinist
  • 1954 – Adam Phillips, Welsh psychotherapist and author
  • 1954 – Eleni Vitali, Greek singer-songwriter
  • 1955 – Richard Burmer, American composer and engineer (d. 2006)
  • 1955 – Rex Smith, American actor and singer
  • 1957 – Chris Roupas, American basketball player
  • 1958 – Lita Ford, English-American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1958 – Kevin Hooks, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1960 – Mario Batali, American chef and author
  • 1960 – Loïc Bigois, French aerodynamicist and engineer
  • 1960 – Yolanda Saldívar, American murderer
  • 1961 – Artur Ekert, Polish-English physicist and academic
  • 1962 – Cheri Oteri, American actress, comedian, and screenwriter
  • 1962 – Ken Rosenthal, American sportscaster
  • 1963 – Jarvis Cocker, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1963 – David Seaman, English footballer
  • 1963 – Urmas Tartes, Estonian biologist and photographer
  • 1964 – Patrick Marber, English actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1964 – Daniel Wincott, British political scientist
  • 1964 – Trisha Yearwood, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1965 – Andrew Leeds, Australian rugby player and coach
  • 1965 – Tim Scott, American politician
  • 1965 – Sunita Williams, American captain, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1966 – Soledad O’Brien, American journalist and producer
  • 1966 – Yoshihiro Takayama, Japanese wrestler and mixed martial artist
  • 1967 – Jim Abbott, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Aleksandr Karelin, Russian wrestler and politician
  • 1968 – Jimmy Bower, American drummer and songwriter
  • 1968 – Monica Crowley, American talk show host and author
  • 1969 – Candy Dulfer, Dutch saxophonist
  • 1969 – Jacek Frąckiewicz, Polish footballer
  • 1969 – Alkinoos Ioannidis, Cypriot singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1969 – Michael Symon, American chef and author
  • 1969 – Kostya Tszyu, Russian-Australian boxer
  • 1969 – Tapio Wilska, Finnish singer-songwriter
  • 1970 – Dan Bylsma, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1970 – Gilbert Dionne, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Antoine Hey, German footballer and manager
  • 1970 – Victor Williams, American actor
  • 1971 – Sanaa Lathan, American actress
  • 1971 – Mike Sadlo, German footballer and manager
  • 1972 – Matt Cockbain, Australian rugby player and coach
  • 1972 – Ryan Girdler, Australian rugby league player
  • 1972 – N. K. Jemisin, American writer
  • 1972 – Ashot Nadanian, Armenian chess player and coach
  • 1973 – Nick Colgan, Irish footballer and coach
  • 1973 – Cristiano da Matta, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1973 – David Zepeda, Mexican actor, model and singer
  • 1973 – Javier Duarte, Mexican politician
  • 1974 – Jimmy Fallon, American comedian and talk show host
  • 1975 – Marcus Dunstan, American director and screenwriter
  • 1976 – Raja Bell, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Jay Electronica, American rapper and producer
  • 1976 – Jan Hlaváč, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Alison Sweeney, American actress and television host
  • 1976 – Sergey Tsinkevich, Belarusian footballer and referee
  • 1977 – Poon Yiu Cheuk, Hong Kong footballer and coach
  • 1977 – Aakash Chopra, Indian cricketer
  • 1977 – Ryan Dusick, American musician (Maroon 5) and record producer
  • 1977 – Tommaso Rocchi, Italian footballer
  • 1977 – Mike Smith, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Emil Sutovsky, Israeli chess player
  • 1978 – Nick Johnson, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Jorge López Montaña, Spanish footballer
  • 1978 – Nigel Mitchell, English radio and television host
  • 1980 – James Ellison, English motorcycle racer
  • 1980 – Sara Quin, Canadian singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1980 – Tegan Quin, Canadian singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1980 – Dimitri Yachvili, French rugby player
  • 1981 – Damiano Cunego, Italian cyclist
  • 1981 – Rick DiPietro, American ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Rika Fujiwara, Japanese tennis player
  • 1982 – Shaun Barker, English footballer
  • 1982 – Eduardo Carvalho, Portuguese footballer
  • 1982 – Eleni Daniilidou, Greek tennis player
  • 1982 – Jordan Parise, American ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Joey Devine, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Charlie Haeger, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Eva Marie, American wrestler
  • 1984 – Ángel Reyna, Mexican footballer
  • 1984 – Danny Valencia, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Kevin Zegers, Canadian actor
  • 1985 – Gio González, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Alun Wyn Jones, Welsh rugby player
  • 1985 – Renee Young, Canadian journalist
  • 1985 – Song Joong-ki, South Korean actor
  • 1986 – Leon Best, English footballer
  • 1986 – Sally Pearson, Australian athlete
  • 1986 – Ryan Succop, American football player
  • 1986 – Peter Vack, American actor
  • 1987 – Carlos Quintero, Colombian footballer
  • 1988 – Kenny Britt, American football player
  • 1989 – Tyreke Evans, American basketball player
  • 1989 – George Springer, American baseball player
  • 1990 – Saki Fukuda, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1990 – Savvas Gentsoglou, Greek footballer
  • 1990 – Stephon Gilmore, American football player
  • 1990 – Evgeny Novikov, Russian race car driver
  • 1990 – Kieran Trippier, English footballer
  • 1992 – Jiro Kuroshio, Japanese wrestler
  • 1992 – Diego Antonio Reyes, Mexican footballer
  • 1994 – Alex Etel, English actor

Deaths on September 19

  • 643 – Goeric of Metz, Frankish bishop and saint
  • 656 – Pope Martin I
  • 690 – Theodore of Tarsus, English archbishop and saint (b. 602)
  • 961 – Helena Lekapene, Byzantine empress
  • 979 – Gotofredo I, archbishop of Milan
  • 1123 – Emperor Taizu of Jin (b. 1068)
  • 1147 – Igor II of Kiev
  • 1339 – Emperor Go-Daigo of Japan (b. 1288)
  • 1356 – Peter I, Duke of Bourbon (b. 1311)
  • 1356 – Walter VI, Count of Brienne (b. 1304)
  • 1580 – Catherine Brandon, Duchess of Suffolk, English noblewoman (b. 1519)
  • 1589 – Jean-Antoine de Baïf, French poet (b. 1532)
  • 1605 – Edward Lewknor, English politician (b. 1542)
  • 1668 – William Waller, English general and politician (b. 1597)
  • 1692 – Giles Corey, American farmer and accused wizard (b. c. 1612)
  • 1710 – Ole Rømer, Danish astronomer and instrument maker (b. 1644)
  • 1812 – Mayer Amschel Rothschild, German banker (b. 1744)
  • 1843 – Gaspard-Gustave de Coriolis, French mathematician, physicist, and engineer (b. 1792)
  • 1863 – Hans Christian Heg, Norwegian-American colonel and politician (b. 1829)
  • 1868 – William Sprague, American minister and politician (b. 1809)
  • 1873 – Robert Mackenzie, English-Australian politician, 3rd Premier of Queensland (b. 1811)
  • 1881 – James A. Garfield, American general, lawyer, and politician, and the 20th President of the United States (b. 1831)
  • 1893 – Alexander Tilloch Galt, English-Canadian politician, 1st Canadian Minister of Finance (b. 1817)
  • 1902 – Masaoka Shiki, Japanese poet, author, and critic (b. 1867)
  • 1905 – Thomas John Barnardo, Irish-English philanthropist (b. 1845)
  • 1906 – Maria Georgina Grey, English educator, founded the Girls’ Day School Trust (b. 1816)
  • 1924 – Alick Bannerman, Australian cricketer and coach (b. 1854)
  • 1927 – Michael Ancher, Danish painter (b. 1849)
  • 1935 – Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Russian scientist and engineer (b. 1857)
  • 1936 – Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande, Indian singer and musicologist (b. 1860)
  • 1942 – Condé Montrose Nast, American publisher, founded Condé Nast Publications (b. 1873)
  • 1944 – Guy Gibson, Indian-English commander, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1918)
  • 1949 – George Shiels, Irish-Canadian playwright (b. 1886)
  • 1949 – Nikos Skalkottas, Greek violinist and composer (b. 1901)
  • 1955 – John D. Dingell, Sr., American journalist and politician (b. 1894)
  • 1965 – Lionel Terray, French mountaineer (b. 1921)
  • 1967 – Zinaida Serebriakova, Ukrainian-French painter (b. 1884)
  • 1968 – Chester Carlson, American physicist and lawyer (b. 1906)
  • 1968 – Red Foley, American singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1910)
  • 1972 – Robert Casadesus, French pianist and composer (b. 1899)
  • 1973 – Gram Parsons, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1946)
  • 1975 – Pamela Brown, English actress (b. 1917)
  • 1978 – Étienne Gilson, French historian and philosopher (b. 1884)
  • 1985 – Italo Calvino, Italian novelist, short story writer, and journalist (b. 1923)
  • 1987 – Einar Gerhardsen, Norwegian civil servant and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Norway (b. 1897)
  • 1989 – Willie Steele, American long jumper (b. 1923)
  • 1990 – Hermes Pan, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1910)
  • 1992 – Jacques Pic, French chef (b. 1932)
  • 1995 – Orville Redenbacher, American businessman, founded his own eponymous brand (b. 1907)
  • 1998 – Patricia Hayes, English actress (b. 1909)
  • 2000 – Ann Doran, American actress (b. 1911)
  • 2001 – Rhys Jones, Welsh-Australian archaeologist and academic (b. 1941)
  • 2002 – Robert Guéï, Ivorian politician, 3rd President of Côte d’Ivoire (b. 1941)
  • 2003 – Slim Dusty, Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – Eddie Adams, American photographer and journalist (b. 1933)
  • 2004 – Skeeter Davis, American singer-songwriter (b. 1931)
  • 2004 – Damayanti Joshi, Indian dancer and choreographer (b. 1928)
  • 2004 – Ellis Marsalis, Sr., American businessman and activist (b. 1908)
  • 2006 – Elizabeth Allen, American actress (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Danny Flores, American singer-songwriter and saxophonist (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Martha Holmes, American photographer and journalist (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Roy Schuiten, Dutch cyclist and manager (b. 1950)
  • 2008 – Earl Palmer, American rhythm and blues drummer (b. 1924)
  • 2009 – Milton Meltzer, American historian and author (b. 1915)
  • 2009 – Eduard Zimmermann, German journalist (b. 1929)
  • 2011 – Thomas Capano, American lawyer and politician (b. 1949)
  • 2011 – Dolores Hope, American singer (b. 1909)
  • 2011 – George Cadle Price, 1st Prime Minister of Belize (b. 1919)
  • 2012 – Rino Ferrario, Italian footballer (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Cecil Gordon, American race car driver (b. 1941)
  • 2012 – Bettye Lane, American photographer and journalist (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Itamar Singer, Romanian-Israeli historian and author (b. 1946)
  • 2013 – Robert Barnard, English author and critic (b. 1936)
  • 2013 – John Reger, American football player (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – William Ungar, Polish-American author and philanthropist, founded the National Envelope Corporation (b. 1913)
  • 2013 – John D. Vanderhoof, American banker and politician, 37th Governor of Colorado (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Hiroshi Yamauchi, Japanese businessman (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Audrey Long, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Jackie Collins, English novelist (b. 1937)
  • 2015 – Todd Ewen, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1966)
  • 2015 – Masajuro Shiokawa, Japanese economist and politician, 63rd Japanese Minister of Finance (b. 1921)
  • 2018 – Arthur Mitchell, American ballet dancer & choreographer (b.1934)
  • 2018 – Bernard “Bunny” Carr, Irish TV presenter (b.1927)
  • 2019 – Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Tunisian soldier, politician, 2nd President of Tunisia (b. 1936)

Holidays and observances on September 19

  • Christian feast day:
    • Alonso de Orozco Mena
    • Emilie de Rodat
    • Goeric of Metz
    • Januarius (Western Christianity)
      • Feast of San Gennaro
    • Our Lady of La Salette
    • Theodore of Tarsus (Anglican Communion, Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church)
    • Trophimus, Sabbatius, and Dorymedon
    • September 19 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Armed Forces Day (Chile)
  • Day of the First Public Appearance of the Slovak National Council
  • Second day of Fiestas Patrias (Chile)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Saint Kitts and Nevis from the United Kingdom in 1983.
  • International Talk Like a Pirate Day
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