Answering Exams

September 16 – History, Events, Births, Deaths, Holidays and Observances On This Day

  • 681 – Pope Honorius I is posthumously excommunicated by the Sixth Ecumenical Council.
  • 1400 – Owain Glyndŵr is declared Prince of Wales by his followers.
  • 1620 – Pilgrims set sail from England on the Mayflower.
  • 1701 – James Francis Edward Stuart, sometimes called the “Old Pretender”, becomes the Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland.
  • 1732 – In Campo Maior, Portugal, a storm hits the Armory and a violent explosion ensues, killing two thirds of its inhabitants.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Harlem Heights is fought.
  • 1779 – American Revolutionary War: The Franco-American Siege of Savannah begins.
  • 1810 – With the Grito de Dolores, Father Miguel Hidalgo begins Mexico’s fight for independence from Spain.
  • 1863 – Robert College, in Istanbul, the first American educational institution outside the United States, is founded by Christopher Robert, an American philanthropist.
  • 1880 – The Cornell Daily Sun prints its first issue in Ithaca, New York. The Sun is the United States’ oldest, continuously-independent college daily.
  • 1893 – Settlers make a land run for prime land in the Cherokee Strip in Oklahoma.
  • 1908 – The General Motors Corporation is founded.
  • 1914 – World War I: The Siege of Przemyśl (present-day Poland) begins.
  • 1920 – The Wall Street bombing: A bomb in a horse wagon explodes in front of the J. P. Morgan building in New York City killing 38 and injuring 400.
  • 1940 – World War II: Italian troops conquer Sidi Barrani.
  • 1943 – World War II: The German Tenth Army reports that it can no longer contain the Allied bridgehead around Salerno.
  • 1945 – World War II: The Japanese occupation of Hong Kong comes to an end.
  • 1955 – The military coup to unseat President Juan Perón of Argentina is launched at midnight.
  • 1955 – A Zulu-class submarine becomes the first to launch a ballistic missile.
  • 1956 – TCN-9 Sydney is the first Australian television station to commence regular broadcasts.
  • 1959 – The first successful photocopier, the Xerox 914, is introduced in a demonstration on live television from New York City.
  • 1961 – The United States National Hurricane Research Project drops eight cylinders of silver iodide into the eyewall of Hurricane Esther. Wind speed reduces by 10%, giving rise to Project Stormfury.
  • 1961 – Typhoon Nancy, with possibly the strongest winds ever measured in a tropical cyclone, makes landfall in Osaka, Japan, killing 173 people.
  • 1961 – Pakistan establishes its Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission with Abdus Salam as its head.
  • 1963 – Malaysia is formed from the Federation of Malaya, Singapore, North Borneo (Sabah) and Sarawak. However, Singapore soon leaves this new country.
  • 1966 – The Metropolitan Opera House opens at Lincoln Center in New York City with the world premiere of Samuel Barber’s opera Antony and Cleopatra.
  • 1970 – King Hussein of Jordan declares war against the Palestine Liberation Organization, the conflict which became to be known as Black September.
  • 1975 – Papua New Guinea gains independence from Australia.
  • 1975 – Cape Verde, Mozambique, and São Tomé and Príncipe join the United Nations.
  • 1975 – The first prototype of the Mikoyan MiG-31 interceptor makes its maiden flight.
  • 1976 – Armenian champion swimmer Shavarsh Karapetyan saves 20 people from a trolleybus that had fallen into a Yerevan reservoir.
  • 1978 – The 7.4 Mw  Tabas earthquake affects the city of Tabas, Iran with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent). At least 15,000 people were killed.
  • 1979 – Eight people escaped from East Germany to the west in a homemade hot air balloon.
  • 1979 – The Sugarhill Gang were formed and rappers delight was released.
  • 1982 – Lebanon War: The Sabra and Shatila massacre in Lebanon takes place.
  • 1987 – The Montreal Protocol is signed to protect the ozone layer from depletion.
  • 1990 – The railroad between the People’s Republic of China and Kazakhstan is completed at Dostyk, adding a sizable link to the concept of the Eurasian Land Bridge.
  • 1992 – The trial of the deposed Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega ends in the United States with a 40-year sentence for drug trafficking and money laundering.
  • 1992 – Black Wednesday: The British pound is forced out of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism by currency speculators and is forced to devalue against the German mark.
  • 1994 – The British government lifts the broadcasting ban imposed against members of Sinn Féin and Irish paramilitary groups in 1988.
  • 2004 – Hurricane Ivan makes landfall in Gulf Shores, Alabama as a Category 3 hurricane.
  • 2005 – The Camorra organized crime boss Paolo Di Lauro is arrested in Naples, Italy.
  • 2007 – One-Two-GO Airlines Flight 269 carrying 128 crew and passengers crashes in Thailand killing 89 people.
  • 2007 – Security guards working for Blackwater Worldwide shoot and kill 17 Iraqis in Nisour Square, Baghdad.
  • 2013 – A gunman kills twelve people at the Washington Navy Yard.
  • 2014 – The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant launches its Kobani offensive against Syrian–Kurdish forces.
  • 2019 – Five months before the COVID-19 stock market crash, an overnight spike in lending rates in the United States prompts the Federal Reserve to conduct operations in the repo market.

Births on September 16

  • AD 16 – Julia Drusilla, Roman daughter of Germanicus (d. 38)
  • 508 – Yuan Di, emperor of the Liang dynasty (d. 555)
  • 1295 – Elizabeth de Clare, English noblewoman (d. 1360)
  • 1462 – Pietro Pomponazzi, Italian philosopher (d. 1525)
  • 1507 – Jiajing Emperor of China (d. 1567)
  • 1541 – Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex, English nobleman (died 1576)
  • 1557 – Jacques Mauduit, French composer (d. 1627)
  • 1615 – Heinrich Bach, German organist and composer (d. 1692)
  • 1625 – Gregorio Barbarigo, Roman Catholic saint (d. 1697)
  • 1651 – Engelbert Kaempfer, German physician and botanist (d. 1716)
  • 1666 – Antoine Parent, French mathematician and theorist (d. 1716)
  • 1678 – Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, English philosopher and politician, Secretary of State for the Southern Department (d. 1751)
  • 1716 – Angelo Maria Amorevoli, Italian tenor and actor (d. 1798)
  • 1722 – Gabriel Christie, Scottish-Canadian general (d. 1799)
  • 1725 – Nicolas Desmarest, French geologist, zoologist, and author (d. 1815)
  • 1745 – Mikhail Kutuzov, Russian field marshal (d. 1813)
  • 1777 – Nathan Mayer Rothschild, German-English banker and financier (d. 1836)
  • 1782 – Daoguang Emperor of China (d. 1850)
  • 1823 – Francis Parkman, American historian and author (d. 1893)
  • 1823 – Ludwik Teichmann, Polish anatomist (d. 1895)
  • 1827 – Jean Albert Gaudry, French geologist and paleontologist (d. 1908)
  • 1828 – Per Pålsson, Swedish murderer (d. 1914)
  • 1830 – Patrick Francis Moran, Irish-Australian cardinal (d. 1911)
  • 1837 – Pedro V of Portugal (d. 1861)
  • 1838 – James J. Hill, Canadian-American railroad executive (d. 1916)
  • 1844 – Paul Taffanel, French flute player and conductor (d. 1908)
  • 1846 – Anna Kingsford, English author, poet, and activist (d. 1888)
  • 1853 – Albrecht Kossel, German physician and biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1927)
  • 1858 – Edward Marshall Hall, English lawyer and politician (d. 1927)
  • 1858 – Bonar Law, Canadian-Scottish banker and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1923)
  • 1859 – Yuan Shikai, Chinese general and politician, President of the Republic of China (d. 1916)
  • 1861 – Miriam Benjamin, African-American educator and inventor (d. 1947)
  • 1866 – Georg Voigt, German lawyer and politician, Mayor of Marburg (d. 1927)
  • 1870 – John Pius Boland, Irish tennis player and politician (d. 1958)
  • 1875 – James Cash Penney, American businessman and philanthropist, founded J. C. Penney (d. 1971)
  • 1876 – Marvin Hart, American boxer (d. 1931)
  • 1877 – Jacob Schick, American-Canadian inventor and businessman, founded Schick Razors (d. 1937)
  • 1878 – Karl Albiker, German sculptor, lithographer, and educator (d. 1961)
  • 1880 – Clara Ayres, American nurse (d. 1917)
  • 1880 – Alfred Noyes, English author, poet, and playwright (d. 1958)
  • 1881 – Clive Bell, English philosopher and critic (d. 1964)
  • 1883 – T. E. Hulme, English poet and critic (d. 1917)
  • 1886 – Jean Arp, Alsatian sculptor and painter (d. 1966)
  • 1887 – Nadia Boulanger, French composer and educator (d. 1979)
  • 1888 – W. O. Bentley, English race car driver and engineer, founded Bentley Motors Limited (d. 1971)
  • 1888 – Frans Eemil Sillanpää, Finnish author, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1964)
  • 1890 – Avigdor Hameiri, Israeli author (d. 1970)
  • 1891 – Karl Dönitz, German admiral and politician, President of Germany (d. 1980)
  • 1891 – Stephanie von Hohenlohe, Austrian-German spy (d. 1972)
  • 1893 – Alexander Korda, Hungarian-English director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1956)
  • 1893 – Albert Szent-Györgyi, Hungarian-American physiologist and biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1895 – Zainal Abidin Ahmad, Malaysian author and scholar (d. 1973)
  • 1897 – Milt Franklyn, American composer (d. 1962)
  • 1898 – H. A. Rey, American author and illustrator, co-created Curious George (d. 1977)
  • 1899 – Hans Swarowsky, Hungarian-Austrian conductor and educator (d. 1975)
  • 1901 – Josef Schächter, Austrian rabbi and philosopher from the Vienna Circle (d. 1994)
  • 1905 – Vladimír Holan, Czech poet and author (d. 1980)
  • 1906 – Jack Churchill, Sri Lankan-English colonel (d. 1996)
  • 1910 – Erich Kempka, German colonel and chauffeur (d. 1975)
  • 1910 – Karl Kling, German race car driver and manager (d. 2003)
  • 1911 – Wilfred Burchett, Australian journalist and author (d. 1983)
  • 1911 – Paul Henning, American screenwriter and producer (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Allen Funt, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1999)
  • 1915 – Cy Walter, American pianist (d. 1968)
  • 1916 – Robert Llewellyn Bradshaw, Caribbean politician, 1st Prime Minister of Saint Kitts and Nevis (d. 1978)
  • 1916 – Frank Farrell, Australian rugby league player and policeman (d. 1985)
  • 1916 – M. S. Subbulakshmi, an Indian Carnatic vocalist (d. 2004)
  • 1916 – Frank Leslie Walcott, Barbadian cricketer, umpire, and politician (d. 1999)
  • 1916 – Marie Vieux-Chauvet, Haitian writer (d. 1973)
  • 1918 – Władysław Kędra, Polish pianist (d. 1968)
  • 1919 – Bill Daley, American football player and sportscaster (d. 2015)
  • 1919 – Laurence J. Peter, Canadian-American hierarchiologist and educator (d. 1990)
  • 1919 – Andy Russell, American singer and actor (d. 1992)
  • 1920 – Staryl C. Austin, American air force general (d. 2015)
  • 1920 – Sheila Quinn, English nurse and educator (d. 2016)
  • 1920 – Art Sansom, American cartoonist (d. 1991)
  • 1921 – Ursula Franklin, German-Canadian metallurgist (d. 2016)
  • 1921 – Jon Hendricks, American singer-songwriter (d. 2017)
  • 1921 – Korla Pandit, American pianist and composer (d. 1998)
  • 1922 – Guy Hamilton, French-English director and screenwriter (d. 2016)
  • 1922 – Janis Paige, American actress and singer
  • 1923 – Lee Kuan Yew, Singaporean lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Singapore (d. 2015)
  • 1924 – Lauren Bacall, American actress (d. 2014)
  • 1925 – Charlie Byrd, American singer and guitarist (d. 1999)
  • 1925 – Charles Haughey, Irish accountant, lawyer, and politician, 7th Taoiseach of Ireland (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – B.B. King, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1926 – Eric Gross, Austrian-Australian pianist and composer (d. 2011)
  • 1926 – John Knowles, American novelist (d. 2001)
  • 1926 – Roger McKee, American baseball player (d. 2014)
  • 1926 – Robert H. Schuller, American pastor and author (d. 2015)
  • 1927 – Peter Falk, American actor (d. 2011)
  • 1927 – Jack Kelly, American actor and politician (d. 1992)
  • 1927 – Sadako Ogata, Japanese academic and diplomat, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
  • 1928 – Rex Trailer, American television host, actor, and singer (d. 2013)
  • 1928 – Lady Gwen Thompson, English author and educator (d. 1986)
  • 1928 – Patricia Wald, American judge (d. 2019)
  • 1929 – Jamshid bin Abdullah of Zanzibar, last sultan of Zanzibar
  • 1929 – Stan Stephens, American politician, 20th Governor of Montana
  • 1930 – Anne Francis, American actress (d. 2011)
  • 1931 – K. D. Arulpragasam, Sri Lankan zoologist and academic (d. 2003)
  • 1931 – Little Willie Littlefield, American-Dutch singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 2013)
  • 1932 – Micky Stewart, English cricketer and coach
  • 1933 – Steve Shirley, German-English businesswoman and philanthropist, founded Xansa
  • 1934 – Elgin Baylor, American basketball player and coach
  • 1934 – George Chakiris, American actor, singer, and dancer
  • 1934 – Ronnie Drew, Irish singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2008)
  • 1934 – Dick Heckstall-Smith, English saxophonist (d. 2004)
  • 1935 – Carl Andre, American sculptor
  • 1935 – Billy Boy Arnold, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1935 – Jules Bass, American director, producer, composer, and author
  • 1935 – Bob Kiley, American-English businessman (d. 2016)
  • 1935 – Esther Vilar, Argentinian-German author and playwright
  • 1937 – Aleksandr Medved, Russian wrestler
  • 1937 – Vince Naimoli, American businessman and philanthropist
  • 1939 – Breyten Breytenbach, South African-French poet and painter
  • 1939 – Bill McGill, American basketball player (d. 2014)
  • 1940 – Hamiet Bluiett, American jazz saxophonist and composer (d. 2018)
  • 1940 – Butch Buchholz, American tennis player
  • 1941 – Joe Butler, American singer, autoharp player, and drummer
  • 1941 – Richard Perle, American political scientist and politician
  • 1942 – Bernie Calvert, English bass player and keyboard player
  • 1942 – Susan L. Graham, American computer scientist and academic
  • 1943 – Wang Houjun, Chinese footballer and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1943 – James Alan McPherson, American short story writer and essayist (d. 2016)
  • 1944 – Linda Kaye Henning, American actress
  • 1944 – Betty Kelly, American soul/R&B singer
  • 1946 – Sonny LeMaire, American country music singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1946 – Mike Reynolds, Australian lawyer and politician
  • 1946 – Camilo Sesto, Spanish singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2019)
  • 1947 – Dusty Hughes, English director and playwright
  • 1948 – Ron Blair, American bass player
  • 1948 – Rosemary Casals, American tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1948 – Julia Donaldson, English author and playwright
  • 1948 – Kenney Jones, English drummer
  • 1948 – Susan Ruttan, American actress
  • 1949 – Ed Begley Jr., American actor and environmental activist
  • 1950 – David Bellamy, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1950 – Henry Louis Gates Jr., American historian, scholar, and journalist
  • 1950 – Loyd Grossman, American-English singer, guitarist, and television host
  • 1951 – Vince Bell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1951 – Andy Irvine, Scottish rugby player and coach
  • 1952 – Tony Cunningham, English educator and politician
  • 1952 – Česlovas Laurinavičius, Lithuanian historian
  • 1952 – Karen Muir, South African swimmer and physician (d. 2013)
  • 1952 – Mickey Rourke, American boxer and actor
  • 1953 – Kurt Fuller, American character actor
  • 1953 – Alan Barton, English singer and guitarist (d. 1995)
  • 1953 – Nancy Huston, Canadian-American author and translator
  • 1953 – Mark Malloch Brown, Baron Malloch-Brown, English journalist and politician, 2nd Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations
  • 1953 – Jerry Pate, American golfer and sportscaster
  • 1953 – Manuel Pellegrini, Chilean footballer and manager
  • 1953 – Eric Vail, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1954 – Sanjoy Bandopadhyay, Indian sitar player and composer
  • 1954 – Earl Klugh, American guitarist and composer
  • 1954 – William McKeen, American author and academic
  • 1954 – Colin Newman, English singer-songwriter, guitarist and producer
  • 1954 – Frank Reed, American singer-songwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1954 – Roger Woolley, Australian cricketer
  • 1955 – Ron Brewer, American basketball player
  • 1955 – Robin Yount, American baseball player and coach
  • 1956 – Maggie Atkinson, English educator and civil servant
  • 1956 – David Copperfield, American magician and actor
  • 1956 – Ross Greenberg, American journalist and antivirus pioneer (d. 2017)
  • 1956 – Dave Schulthise, American bass player (d. 2004)
  • 1956 – Kazuharu Sonoda, Japanese wrestler (d. 1987)
  • 1957 – DC Drake, American wrestler
  • 1957 – Clara Furse, English businesswoman
  • 1957 – Norman Lamb, English lawyer and politician
  • 1957 – David McCreery, Northern Irish footballer and manager
  • 1957 – Anca Parghel, Romanian singer and pianist (d. 2008)
  • 1958 – Orel Hershiser, American baseball player and coach
  • 1958 – Neville Southall, Welsh footballer and manager
  • 1958 – Jennifer Tilly, American actress and poker player
  • 1959 – Peter Keleghan, Canadian actor and screenwriter
  • 1959 – Tim Raines, American baseball player, coach, and manager
  • 1959 – Dave Richardson, South African cricketer, manager, and lawyer
  • 1959 – Victory Tischler-Blue, American bass player, director, and producer
  • 1960 – Graham Haynes, American trumpet player and composer
  • 1960 – Mike Mignola, American author and illustrator
  • 1961 – Bilinda Butcher, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1961 – Philip Lafon, Canadian wrestler
  • 1961 – Annamária Szalai, Hungarian journalist, economist, and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1962 – Seth, Canadian author and illustrator
  • 1963 – Richard Marx, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1964 – Mary Coustas, Australian actress and screenwriter
  • 1964 – Rossy de Palma, Spanish-French model and actress
  • 1964 – Dave Sabo, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1964 – Molly Shannon, American actress, comedian and producer
  • 1965 – Katy Kurtzman, American actress and producer
  • 1965 – Karl-Heinz Riedle, German footballer and manager
  • 1965 – Stephen Shareaux, American singer-songwriter
  • 1966 – John Bel Edwards, American attorney and politician
  • 1966 – Wil McCarthy, American author and playwright
  • 1966 – Scott Workman, American stuntman and actor (d. 2013)
  • 1966 – Kevin Young, American hurdler
  • 1967 – Hiroya Oku, Japanese author and illustrator
  • 1968 – Marc Anthony, American singer-songwriter, actor, and producer
  • 1968 – Walt Becker, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1968 – Tommy Keane, Irish footballer (d. 2012)
  • 1969 – Justine Frischmann, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1969 – Janno Gibbs, Filipino singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1970 – Mark Schultz, American singer-songwriter
  • 1971 – Joel Heyman, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1971 – Amy Poehler, American actress, comedian, and producer
  • 1971 – Richard Slinger, American wrestler
  • 1971 – Shawntel Smith, American beauty pageant contestant
  • 1971 – Charlie Jacobs, chief executive officer of Delaware North’s Boston Holdings
  • 1972 – Mark Bruener, American football player
  • 1972 – Mike Doyle, American actor and producer
  • 1972 – Alessandro Nunziati, Italian singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1973 – George Corrie, English footballer
  • 1973 – Camiel Eurlings, Dutch businessman and member of the International Olympic Committee
  • 1973 – Justin Haythe, American author and screenwriter
  • 1973 – Alexander Vinokourov, Kazakh cyclist and manager
  • 1974 – Loona, Dutch singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1974 – Monique Brumby, Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1974 – Joaquin Castro, American lawyer and politician
  • 1974 – Julian Castro, American lawyer and politician, 16th United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
  • 1975 – Jason Leffler, American race car driver (d. 2013)
  • 1975 – Shannon Noll, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1976 – Elīna Garanča, Latvian soprano
  • 1976 – Tina Barrett, English singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress
  • 1976 – Greg Buckner, American basketball player and coach
  • 1977 – Gregory Ball, American captain and politician
  • 1977 – Musiq Soulchild, American singer-songwriter
  • 1978 – Dan Dickau, American basketball player and coach
  • 1978 – Claudia Marx, German runner
  • 1978 – Sensei, Mexican wrestler
  • 1978 – Brian Sims, American lawyer, politician, and LGBT activist
  • 1979 – Fanny, French singer
  • 1979 – Bobby Korecky, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Patrik Štefan, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Kenny van Weeghel, Dutch wheelchair racer
  • 1981 – Fan Bingbing, Chinese actress, singer, and producer
  • 1981 – Alexis Bledel, American actress
  • 1981 – LaVerne Jones-Ferrette, Virgin Islander sprinter
  • 1982 – Leon Knight, English footballer
  • 1982 – Michele Rizzo, Italian rugby player
  • 1982 – Fiete Sykora, German footballer
  • 1982 – Ryan Thomson, Scottish footballer
  • 1983 – John Afoa, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1983 – Katerine Avgoustakis, Belgian singer and pianist
  • 1983 – Jennifer Blake, Canadian wrestler
  • 1983 – Kirsty Coventry, Zimbabwean swimmer
  • 1983 – Brandon Moss, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Legedu Naanee, American football player
  • 1984 – Sabrina Bryan, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress
  • 1984 – Serginho Catarinense, Brazilian footballer
  • 1984 – Katie Melua, Georgian-English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1985 – Max Minghella, English actor
  • 1986 – Gordon Beckham, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Kyla Pratt, American actress and singer
  • 1987 – Merve Boluğur, Turkish actress
  • 1987 – Kyle Lafferty, Irish footballer
  • 1987 – Louis Ngwat-Mahop, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1987 – Burry Stander, South African cyclist (d. 2013)
  • 1987 – Travis Wall, American dancer and choreographer
  • 1988 – Teddy Geiger, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress
  • 1989 – Lancelot Bravado, American wrestler
  • 1989 – Braden Holtby, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1989 – José Salomón Rondón, Venezuelan footballer
  • 1989 – Dustin Tokarski, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1991 – Diāna Bukājeva, Latvian tennis player
  • 1991 – Alexandra Paul, Canadian figure skater
  • 1991 – Kyle Smith, English motorcycle racer
  • 1992 – Vytenis Čižauskas, Lithuanian basketball player
  • 1992 – Nick Jonas, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1992 – Jake Roche, English singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1993 – Sam Byram, English footballer
  • 1994 – Mitchell Moses, Australian rugby league player

Deaths on September 16

  • 307 – Flavius Valerius Severus, Roman emperor
  • 655 – Pope Martin I
  • 1087 – Pope Victor III (b. 1026)
  • 1100 – Bernold of Constance, German priest and historian (b. 1054)
  • 1226 – Pandulf Verraccio, Roman ecclesiastical politician
  • 1343 – Philip III of Navarre (b. 1306)
  • 1345 – John IV, Duke of Brittany (b. 1295)
  • 1360 – William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton (b. 1319)
  • 1380 – Charles V of France (b. 1338)
  • 1394 – Antipope Clement VII (b. 1342)
  • 1406 – Cyprian, Metropolitan of Moscow (b. 1336)
  • 1498 – Tomás de Torquemada, Spanish friar (b. 1420)
  • 1581 – Peter Niers, notorious German bandit (date of birth unknown)
  • 1583 – Catherine Jagiellon, queen of John II of Sweden (b. 1526)
  • 1589 – Michael Baius, Belgian theologian and academic (b. 1513)
  • 1607 – Mary Stuart, English-Scottish princess (b. 1605)
  • 1672 – Anne Bradstreet, English poet (b. 1612)
  • 1701 – James II of England (b. 1633)
  • 1736 – Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, Polish-Dutch physicist and engineer, invented the thermometer (b. 1686)
  • 1792 – Nguyễn Huệ, Vietnamese emperor (b. 1753)
  • 1803 – Nicolas Baudin, French explorer, hydrographer, and cartographer (b. 1754)
  • 1819 – John Jeffries, American physician and surgeon (b. 1744)
  • 1824 – Louis XVIII of France (b. 1755)
  • 1843 – Ezekiel Hart, Canadian businessman and politician (b. 1770)
  • 1845 – Thomas Davis, Irish poet and publisher (b. 1814)
  • 1865 – Christian de Meza, Danish general (b. 1792)
  • 1887 – Sakaigawa Namiemon, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 14th Yokozuna (b. 1841)
  • 1896 – Antônio Carlos Gomes, Brazilian composer (b. 1836)
  • 1896 – Pavlos Kalligas, Greek jurist and politician, Foreign Minister of Greece (b. 1814)
  • 1898 – Ramón Emeterio Betances, Puerto Rican surgeon and politician (b. 1827)
  • 1911 – Edward Whymper, English-French mountaineer, explorer, and author (b. 1840)
  • 1914 – C. X. Larrabee, American businessman (b. 1843)
  • 1925 – Leo Fall, Czech-Austrian composer (b. 1873)
  • 1925 – Alexander Friedmann, Russian physicist and mathematician (b. 1888)
  • 1931 – Omar Mukhtar, Libyan theorist and educator (b. 1862)
  • 1932 – Millicent Lilian “Peg” Entwistle, British stage and screen actress (b. 1908)
  • 1932 – Ronald Ross, Indian-English physician and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1857)
  • 1933 – George Gore, American baseball player and manager (b. 1857)
  • 1936 – Jean-Baptiste Charcot, French physician and explorer (b. 1867)
  • 1940 – Charles Cochrane-Baillie, 2nd Baron Lamington, English-Scottish politician, 8th Governor of Queensland (b. 1860)
  • 1944 – Gustav Bauer, German journalist and politician, 11th Chancellor of Germany (b. 1870)
  • 1945 – John McCormack, Irish tenor and actor (b. 1884)
  • 1946 – James Hopwood Jeans, English physicist, astronomer, and mathematician (b. 1877)
  • 1950 – Pedro de Cordoba, American actor (b. 1881)
  • 1955 – Leo Amery, Indian-English journalist and politician, Secretary of State for the Colonies (b. 1873)
  • 1961 – Hasan Polatkan, Turkish politician, 15th Turkish Minister of Finance (b. 1915)
  • 1961 – Fatin Rüştü Zorlu, Turkish diplomat and politician, 21st Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1910)
  • 1965 – Ahn Eak-tai, North Korean composer and conductor (b. 1906)
  • 1965 – Fred Quimby, American animator and producer (b. 1886)
  • 1973 – Víctor Jara, Chilean singer-songwriter, teacher and theatre director (b. 1932)
  • 1976 – Bertha Lutz, Brazilian feminist and scientist (b. 1894)
  • 1977 – Marc Bolan, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1947)
  • 1977 – Maria Callas, Greek operatic soprano (b. 1923)
  • 1980 – Jean Piaget, Swiss psychologist and philosopher (b. 1896)
  • 1984 – Louis Réard, French engineer and fashion designer, created the bikini (b. 1897)
  • 1984 – Richard Brautigan, American novelist, poet, and short story writer (b. 1935)
  • 1987 – Christopher Soames, English soldier and politician, Governor of Southern Rhodesia (b. 1920)
  • 1991 – Olga Spessivtseva, Russian-American ballerina (b. 1895)
  • 1992 – Millicent Fenwick, American journalist and politician (b. 1910)
  • 1993 – František Jílek, Czech conductor (b. 1913)
  • 1993 – Oodgeroo Noonuccal, Australian poet and activist (b. 1920)
  • 1996 – McGeorge Bundy, American intelligence officer and diplomat, 6th United States National Security Advisor (b. 1919)
  • 1996 – Gene Nelson, American actor, dancer, and director (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Samuel Z. Arkoff, American producer (b. 1918)
  • 2002 – James Gregory, American actor (b. 1911)
  • 2003 – Sheb Wooley, American singer-songwriter (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Michael Donaghy, American-English poet and author (b. 1954)
  • 2005 – Harry Freedman, Canadian horn player, composer, and educator (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Gordon Gould, American physicist and academic, invented the laser (b. 1920)
  • 2006 – Floyd Curry, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Robert Jordan, American engineer and author (b. 1948)
  • 2008 – Norman Whitfield, American songwriter and producer (b. 1940)
  • 2009 – Myles Brand, American philosopher and academic (b. 1942)
  • 2009 – Ernst Märzendorfer, Austrian conductor (b. 1921)
  • 2009 – Mary Travers, American singer-songwriter (b. 1936)
  • 2010 – George N. Parks, American educator and bandleader (b. 1953)
  • 2010 – Jim Towers, English footballer (b. 1933)
  • 2011 – Willie “Big Eyes” Smith, American singer-songwriter, harmonica player, and drummer (b. 1936)
  • 2011 – Enamul Haque Chowdhury, Bangladeshi politician (b. 1948)
  • 2012 – Roman Kroitor, Canadian director and producer, co-founded IMAX (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Julien J. LeBourgeois, American admiral (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Friedrich Zimmermann, German lawyer and politician, German Federal Minister of the Interior (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Scott Adams, American football player (b. 1966)
  • 2013 – Ratiba El-Hefny, Egyptian soprano and director (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – Patsy Swayze, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1927)
  • 2015 – Guy Béart, Egyptian-French singer-songwriter (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – Julio Brady, Virgin Islander lawyer, judge, and politician, 5th Lieutenant Governor of the United States Virgin Islands (b. 1942)
  • 2015 – Kurt Oppelt, Austrian figure skater and coach (b. 1932)
  • 2015 – Allan Wright, English captain and pilot (b. 1920)
  • 2016 – Edward Albee, American director and playwright (b. 1928)
  • 2016 – Gabriele Amorth, Italian priest and exorcist (b. 1925)
  • 2016 – Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, Italian economist and politician, 10th President of Italy and 49th Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1920)
  • 2016 – W. P. Kinsella, American novelist (b. 1935)
  • 2016 – António Mascarenhas Monteiro, Cabo Verdean politician, 2nd President of Cape Verde (b. 1944)
  • 2016 – Gérard Louis-Dreyfus, French-born American businessman (b. 1932)
  • 2017 – Marcelo Rezende, Brazilian journalist (b. 1951)
  • 2017 – Arjan Singh, Marshal of the Indian Air Force (b. 1919)
  • 2018 – James Burdette Thayer, American brigadier general (b. 1920)
  • 2019 – H. S. Dillon, Indonesian politician and human rights defender

Holidays and observances on September 16

  • Christian feast day:
    • Andrew Kim Taegon (one of The Korean Martyrs)
    • Curcodomus
    • Cyprian (Catholic Church)
    • Edith of Wilton
    • Euphemia
    • Ludmila
    • Ninian
    • Pope Cornelius
    • September 16 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics).
  • Cry of Dolores, celebrates the declaration of independence of Mexico from Spain in 1810. See Fiestas Patrias
  • Independence Day (Papua New Guinea), celebrates the independence of Papua New Guinea from Australia in 1975.
  • International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer
  • Malaysian Armed Forces Day (Malaysia)
  • Malaysia Day (Malaysia, Singapore)
  • Martyrs’ Day (Libya)
  • National Heroes Day (Saint Kitts and Nevis)
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